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Form 424B2 CITIGROUP INC

July 6, 2022 10:00 AM EDT

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The information in this preliminary pricing supplement is not complete and may be changed. A registration statement relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. This preliminary pricing supplement and the accompanying product supplement, underlying supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus are not an offer to sell these securities, nor are they soliciting an offer to buy these securities, in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED JULY 6, 2022

 

Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.

July-- ---, 2022

Medium-Term Senior Notes, Series N

Pricing Supplement No. 2022-USNCH13015

Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2)

Registration Statement Nos. 333-255302 and 333-255302-03

Autocallable Enhanced Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due July----, 2024

Overview

The securities offered by this pricing supplement are unsecured senior debt securities issued by Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. and guaranteed by Citigroup Inc.  Unlike conventional debt securities, the securities do not pay interest, do not guarantee the repayment of principal at maturity and are subject to potential automatic early redemption on the terms described below.  Your return on the securities will depend on the performance of the S&P 500® Index (the “underlying index”) from the initial index level to the final index level.

The securities offer the potential for automatic early redemption at a premium following the potential autocall date if the closing level of the underlying index on that date is greater than or equal to the initial index level. If the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to maturity, the securities will provide for modified exposure to the performance of the underlying index, with (i) a return of the stated principal amount plus a premium if the final index level is greater than or equal to the barrier level specified below and (ii) 1-to-1 participation in any appreciation of the underlying index in excess of the premium applicable to the final valuation dates. In exchange for these features, investors in the securities must be willing to (i) forgo any dividends that may be paid on the underlying index and (ii) accept full downside exposure to the underlying index if the underlying index depreciates by more than 15% from the initial index level to the final index level.  If the underlying index depreciates by more than 15% from the initial index level to the final index level, you will lose 1% of the stated principal amount of your securities for every 1% by which the final index level is less than the initial index level.  There is no minimum payment at maturity.

Investors in the securities must be willing to accept (i) an investment that may have limited or no liquidity and (ii) the risk of not receiving any amount due under the securities if we and Citigroup Inc. default on our obligations. All payments on the securities are subject to the credit risk of Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. and Citigroup Inc.

KEY TERMS  
Issuer: Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Citigroup Inc.
Guarantee: All payments due on the securities are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Citigroup Inc.
Underlying index: The S&P 500® Index (ticker symbol: “SPX”)
Aggregate stated principal amount: $
Stated principal amount: $1,000 per security
Pricing date: July     , 2022 (expected to be July 8, 2022)
Issue date: July     , 2022 (expected to be July 13, 2022)
Potential autocall date: Expected to be July 21, 2023, subject to postponement if such date is not a scheduled trading day or if certain market disruption events occur as if such date were a final valuation date
Final valuation dates: Expected to be July 1, 2024, July 2, 2024, July 3, 2024, July 5, 2024 and July 8, 2024, each subject to postponement if such date is not a scheduled trading day or if certain market disruption events occur
Maturity date: Unless earlier redeemed, July     , 2024 (expected to be July 11, 2024), subject to postponement as described under “Additional Information” below
Automatic early redemption: If, on the potential autocall date, the closing level of the underlying index is greater than or equal to the initial index level, each security you then hold will be automatically redeemed on the third business day immediately following that potential autocall date for an amount in cash equal to $1,000 plus the related premium.
Premium:

The premium applicable to the potential autocall date and the final valuation dates is set forth below.  The premium may be significantly less than the appreciation of the underlying index from the pricing date to the potential autocall date.

  •   July 21, 2023: 12.100% of the stated principal amount
  •   Final valuation dates: 24.200% of the stated principal amount
Payment at maturity:

If the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to maturity, you will be entitled to receive at maturity, for each $1,000 stated principal amount security you then hold:

If the final index level is greater than or equal to the barrier level: 

$1,000 + the greater of (i) the premium applicable to the final valuation dates and (ii) ($1,000 × the index return) 

If the final index level is less than the barrier level: $1,000 + ($1,000 × the index return) 

If the final index level is less than the barrier level, your payment at maturity will be less, and possibly significantly less, than $850 per security.  You should not invest in the securities unless you are willing and able to bear the risk of losing up to all of your investment.

Listing: The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange
Underwriter: Citigroup Global Markets Inc. (“CGMI”), an affiliate of the issuer, acting as principal
Underwriting fee and issue price: Issue price(1)(2) Underwriting fee(3) Proceeds to issuer(3)
Per security: $1,000.00 $15.00 $985.00
Total: $ $ $

(Key Terms continued on next page) 

(1) Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. currently expects that the estimated value of the securities on the pricing date will be at least $927.50 per security, which will be less than the issue price.  The estimated value of the securities is based on CGMI’s proprietary pricing models and our internal funding rate.  It is not an indication of actual profit to CGMI or other of our affiliates, nor is it an indication of the price, if any, at which CGMI or any other person may be willing to buy the securities from you at any time after issuance.  See “Valuation of the Securities” in this pricing supplement.

(2) The issue price for investors purchasing the securities in fiduciary accounts is $985.00 per security.

(3) CGMI will receive an underwriting fee of $15.00 for each security sold in this offering.  J.P. Morgan Securities LLC and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. will act as placement agents for the securities and, from the underwriting fee to CGMI, will receive a placement fee of $15.00 for each security they sell in this offering to accounts other than fiduciary accounts.  CGMI and the placement agents will forgo an underwriting fee and placement fee for sales to fiduciary accounts.  For more information on the distribution of the securities, see “Supplemental Plan of Distribution” in this pricing supplement.  In addition to the underwriting fee, CGMI and its affiliates may profit from expected hedging activity related to this offering, even if the value of the securities declines.  See “Use of Proceeds and Hedging” in the accompanying prospectus.    

Investing in the securities involves risks not associated with an investment in conventional debt securities. See “Summary Risk Factors” beginning on page PS-8.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of the securities or determined that this pricing supplement and the accompanying product supplement, underlying supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus are truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense. 

You should read this pricing supplement together with the accompanying product supplement, underlying supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus, each of which can be accessed via the hyperlinks below: 

Product Supplement No. EA-02-09 dated May 11, 2021 Prospectus Supplement and Prospectus, each dated May 11, 2021

Underlying Supplement No. 10 dated May 11, 2021 

The securities are not bank deposits and are not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other governmental agency, nor are they obligations of, or guaranteed by, a bank. 

 
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
Autocallable Contingent Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due May ----, 2024
KEY TERMS (continued)
Initial index level:       , the closing level of the underlying index on the trade date
Final index level: The arithmetic average of the closing level of the underlying index on each of the final valuation dates
Index return: (i) The final index level minus the initial index level, divided by (ii) the initial index level
Barrier level:       , 85% of the initial index level
CUSIP / ISIN: 17330PP52 / US17330PP529
 PS-2
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
Autocallable Contingent Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due May ----, 2024

Additional Information

 

General. The terms of the securities are set forth in the accompanying product supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus, as supplemented by this pricing supplement. The accompanying product supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus contain important disclosures that are not repeated in this pricing supplement. For example, certain events may occur that could affect your payment at maturity. These events and their consequences are described in the accompanying product supplement in the sections “Description of the Securities—Consequences of a Market Disruption Event; Postponement of a Valuation Date” and “Description of the Securities—Certain Additional Terms for Securities Linked to an Underlying Index—Discontinuance or Material Modification of an Underlying Index,” and not in this pricing supplement (except as set forth in the next paragraph). The accompanying underlying supplement contains important disclosures regarding the underlying index that are not repeated in this pricing supplement. It is important that you read the accompanying product supplement, underlying supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus together with this pricing supplement before deciding whether to invest in the securities. Certain terms used but not defined in this pricing supplement are defined in the accompanying product supplement.

 

Postponement of a Final Valuation Date; Postponement of the Maturity Date.  If any scheduled final valuation date is not a scheduled trading day, that final valuation date will be postponed to the next succeeding scheduled trading day.  In addition, if a market disruption event occurs on any scheduled final valuation date, the calculation agent may, but is not required to, postpone that final valuation date to the next succeeding scheduled trading day on which a market disruption event does not occur.  If any final valuation date is postponed so that it coincides with a subsequent scheduled final valuation date, each such subsequent final valuation date will be postponed to the next succeeding scheduled trading day (subject to further postponement as provided above if a market disruption event occurs on such succeeding scheduled trading day).  However, in no event will any scheduled final valuation date be postponed more than five scheduled trading days after that originally scheduled final valuation date as a result of a market disruption event occurring on that scheduled final valuation date or on an earlier scheduled final valuation date (in each case, as any such scheduled final valuation date may be postponed).  If the last final valuation date is postponed so that it falls less than three business days prior to the scheduled maturity date, the maturity date will be postponed to the third business day after the last final valuation date as postponed.  The provisions in this paragraph supersede the related provisions in the accompanying product supplement to the extent the provisions in this paragraph are inconsistent with those provisions.  The terms “scheduled trading day” and “market disruption event” are defined in the accompanying product supplement.

 

 PS-3
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
Autocallable Contingent Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due May ----, 2024

Hypothetical Payment Upon Automatic Early Redemption

 

The table below illustrates how the amount payable per security will be calculated if the closing level of the underlying index on the potential autocall date is greater than or equal to the initial index level or the final index level with respect to the final valuation dates is greater than or equal to the barrier level.

 

If the closing level of the underlying index on the potential autocall date is greater than or equal to the initial index level or the final index level with respect to the final valuation dates is greater than or equal to the barrier level… . . . then you will receive the following payment per $1,000 security upon automatic early redemption or at maturity, as applicable:
July 21, 2023 $1,000.00 + applicable premium = $1,000.00 + $121.00 = $1,121.00
Final valuation dates

$1,000 + the greater of (i) the applicable premium and (ii) ($1,000 × the index return)

= $1,000 + the greater of (i) $242.00 and (ii) ($1,000 × the index return)

 

If the closing level of the underlying index on the autocall date is less than the initial index level and the final index level is less than the barrier level, you will not receive the payment indicated above following that date.  In order to receive the payment indicated above, the closing level of the underlying index on the potential autocall date must be greater than or equal to the initial index level or the final index level with respect to the final valuation dates must be greater than or equal to the barrier level.

 

 PS-4
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
Autocallable Contingent Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due May ----, 2024

Payment at Maturity Diagram

 

The diagram below illustrates your payment at maturity, assuming the securities have not previously been automatically redeemed, for a range of hypothetical index returns.

 

Investors in the securities will not receive any dividends that may be paid on the underlying index.  The diagram and examples below do not show any effect of lost dividend yield over the term of the securities.  See “Summary Risk Factors—You will have no rights and will not receive dividends with respect to the underlying index” below.

 

Contingent Barrier Notes
Payment at Maturity Diagram
n The Securities n The Underlying Index
 PS-5
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
Autocallable Contingent Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due May ----, 2024

Hypothetical Examples of the Payment at Maturity

 

The table and examples below illustrate various hypothetical payments at maturity assuming a hypothetical initial index level of 100.00, a hypothetical barrier level of 85.00 and various hypothetical final index levels, assuming the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to maturity.  Your actual payment at maturity per security will depend on the actual initial index level, barrier level and final index level and may differ substantially from the examples shown.  It is impossible to predict whether you will realize a gain or loss on your investment in the securities.  Figures in the table and examples below have been rounded for ease of analysis. The table and examples below are intended to illustrate how your payment at maturity will depend on whether the final index level is greater than or less than the initial index level and by how much.

 

Hypothetical Final Index Level Hypothetical Index Return Hypothetical Payment at Maturity per Security Hypothetical Total Return on Securities at Maturity(1)
200.00 100.00% $2,000.00 100.00%
190.00 90.00% $1,900.00 90.00%
180.00 80.00% $1,800.00 80.00%
170.00 70.00% $1,700.00 70.00%
160.00 60.00% $1,600.00 60.00%
150.00 50.00% $1,500.00 50.00%
140.00 40.00% $1,400.00 40.00%
130.00 30.00% $1,300.00 30.00%
124.20 24.20% $1,242.00 24.20%
120.00 20.00% $1,242.00 24.20%
110.00 10.00% $1,242.00 24.20%
100.00 0.00% $1,242.00 24.20%
95.00 5.00% $1,242.00 24.20%
90.00 -10.00% $1,242.00 24.20%
85.00 -15.00% $1,242.00 24.20%
84.99 -15.01% $849.90 -15.01%
80.00 -20.00% $800.00 -20.00%
70.00 -30.00% $700.00 -30.00%
60.00 -40.00% $600.00 -40.00%
50.00 -50.00% $500.00 -50.00%
40.00 -60.00% $400.00 -60.00%
30.00 -70.00% $300.00 -70.00%
20.00 -80.00% $200.00 -80.00%
10.00 -90.00% $100.00 -90.00%
0.00 -100.00% $0.00 -100.00%

 

(1) Hypothetical total return on securities at maturity = (i) hypothetical payment at maturity per security minus $1,000 stated principal amount per security, divided by (ii) $1,000 stated principal amount per security

 

Example 1—Upside Scenario A. The hypothetical final index level is 110.00 (a 10.00% increase from the hypothetical initial index level), which is greater than the hypothetical barrier level.

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000 + the greater of (i) the premium applicable to the final valuation dates and (ii) ($1,000 × the index return)

 

= $1,000 + the greater of (i) $242.00 and (ii) ($1,000 × 10.00%)

 

= $1,000 + $242.00

 

= $1,242.00

 

In this scenario, the underlying index appreciated from the hypothetical initial index level to the hypothetical final index level and the premium applicable to the final valuation dates is greater than the return you would have received based on the performance of the underlying index. As a result, your payment at maturity per security would be equal to the $1,000 stated principal amount plus the premium applicable to the final valuation dates.

 

 PS-6
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
Autocallable Contingent Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due May ----, 2024

Example 2—Upside Scenario B. The hypothetical final index level is 175.00 (a 75.00% increase from the hypothetical initial index level), which is greater than the hypothetical barrier level.

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000 + the greater of (i) the premium applicable to the final valuation dates and (ii) ($1,000 × the index return)

 

= $1,000 + the greater of (i) $242.00 and (ii) ($1,000 × 75%)

 

= $1,000 + $750.00

 

= $1,750.00

 

In this scenario, the underlying index appreciated from the hypothetical initial index level to the hypothetical final index level and the 75% return based on the performance of the underlying index is greater than the premium applicable to the final valuation dates. As a result, your total return on the securities at maturity would reflect 1-to-1 exposure to the positive performance of the underlying.

 

Example 3— Upside Scenario C. The hypothetical final index level is 90.00 (a 10.00% decrease from the hypothetical initial index level), which is less than the hypothetical initial index level but greater than the hypothetical barrier level.

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000 + the greater of (i) the premium applicable to the final valuation dates and (ii) ($1,000 × the index return)

 

= $1,000 + the greater of (i) $242.00 and (ii) ($1,000 × -10%)

 

= $1,000 + $242.00

 

= $1,242.00

 

In this scenario, the underlying index depreciated from the hypothetical initial index level to the hypothetical final index level by less than 15% and the premium applicable to the final valuation dates is greater than the return you would have received based on the performance of the underlying index. As a result, your payment at maturity per security would be equal to the $1,000 stated principal amount plus the premium applicable to the final valuation dates.

 

Example 4—Downside Scenario. The hypothetical final index level is 30.00 (a 70.00% decrease from the hypothetical initial index level), which is less than the hypothetical barrier level.

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000 + ($1,000 × the index return)

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × -70.00%)

 

= $1,000 + -$700.00

 

= $300.00

 

In this scenario, the underlying index depreciated from the hypothetical initial index level to the hypothetical final index level. As a result, your total return at maturity in this scenario would be negative and would reflect 1-to-1 exposure to the negative performance of the underlying index.

 

 PS-7
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
Autocallable Contingent Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due May ----, 2024

 

Summary Risk Factors

 

An investment in the securities is significantly riskier than an investment in conventional debt securities.  The securities are subject to all of the risks associated with an investment in our conventional debt securities (guaranteed by Citigroup Inc.), including the risk that we and Citigroup Inc. may default on our obligations under the securities, and are also subject to risks associated with the underlying index.  Accordingly, the securities are suitable only for investors who are capable of understanding the complexities and risks of the securities.  You should consult your own financial, tax and legal advisors as to the risks of an investment in the securities and the suitability of the securities in light of your particular circumstances.

 

The following is a summary of certain key risk factors for investors in the securities.  You should read this summary together with the more detailed description of risks relating to an investment in the securities contained in the section “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities” beginning on page EA-7 in the accompanying product supplement.  You should also carefully read the risk factors included in the accompanying prospectus supplement and in the documents incorporated by reference in the accompanying prospectus, including Citigroup Inc.’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and any subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, which describe risks relating to the business of Citigroup Inc. more generally.

 

§You may lose some or all of your investment. Unlike conventional debt securities, the securities do not provide for the repayment of the stated principal amount at maturity in all circumstances. Instead, your payment at maturity will depend on the performance of the underlying index. If the securities are not automatically redeemed prior to maturity and the final index level is less than the barrier level, you will lose 1% of the stated principal amount of the securities for every 1% by which the final index level is less than the initial index level. There is no minimum payment at maturity on the securities, and you may lose up to all of your investment.

 

§The barrier feature of the securities exposes you to particular risks. If the final index level is less than the barrier level, the contingent repayment of the stated principal amount at maturity will not apply and you will lose 1% of the stated principal amount of the securities for every 1% by which the final index level is less than the initial index level. Unlike securities with a non-contingent barrier feature, the securities offer no protection at all if the underlying index depreciates by more than 15% from the initial index level to the final index level. As a result, you may lose your entire investment in the securities.

 

§The securities do not pay interest. Unlike conventional debt securities, the securities do not pay interest or any other amounts prior to maturity. You should not invest in the securities if you seek current income during the term of the securities.

 

§Investing in the securities is not equivalent to investing in the underlying index or the stocks that constitute the underlying index. You will not have voting rights, rights to receive dividends or other distributions or any other rights with respect to the stocks that constitute the underlying index. As of July 1, 2022, the average dividend yield of the underlying index was approximately 1.68% per year. While it is impossible to know the future dividend yield of the underlying index, if this average dividend yield were to remain constant for the term of the securities, you would be forgoing an aggregate yield of approximately 3.35% (assuming no reinvestment of dividends) by investing in the securities instead of investing directly in the stocks that constitute the underlying index or in another investment linked to the underlying index that provides for a pass-through of dividends. The payment scenarios described in this pricing supplement do not show any effect of lost dividend yield over the term of the securities.

 

§The payment at maturity on the securities is based on the arithmetic average of the closing level of the underlying index on each of the five final valuation dates.  As a result, you are subject to the risk that the closing level of the underlying index on each of the five final valuation dates will result in a less favorable return than you would have received had the final index level been based on the closing level on other days during the term of the securities.  If you had invested in another instrument linked to the underlying index that you could sell for full value at a time selected by you, you might have achieved better returns.  In addition, because the final index level is based on the average of the closing levels of the underlying index on each of the five final valuation dates, your return on the securities may be less favorable than it would have been if it were based on the closing level of the underlying index on only one of those five dates.

 

§The securities may be automatically redeemed prior to maturity, limiting the term of the securities.  The securities will be automatically redeemed prior to maturity if the closing level of the underlying index on the potential autocall date is greater than or equal to the initial index level. Thus, the term of the securities may be limited to as short as approximately one year. If the securities are automatically redeemed prior to maturity, you will not have the opportunity to participate in any appreciation of the underlying index. Moreover, you may not be able to reinvest your funds in another investment that provides a similar yield with a similar level of risk.

 

§The securities are subject to the credit risk of Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. and Citigroup Inc. If we default on our obligations under the securities and Citigroup Inc. defaults on its guarantee obligations, you may not receive anything owed to you under the securities.

 

§The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange and you may not be able to sell them prior to maturity. The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange. Therefore, there may be little or no secondary market for the securities. CGMI currently intends to make a secondary market in relation to the securities and to provide an indicative bid price for the

 

 PS-8
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
Autocallable Contingent Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due May ----, 2024

securities on a daily basis. Any indicative bid price for the securities provided by CGMI will be determined in CGMI’s sole discretion, taking into account prevailing market conditions and other relevant factors, and will not be a representation by CGMI that the securities can be sold at that price, or at all. CGMI may suspend or terminate making a market and providing indicative bid prices without notice, at any time and for any reason. If CGMI suspends or terminates making a market, there may be no secondary market at all for the securities because it is likely that CGMI will be the only broker-dealer that is willing to buy your securities prior to maturity. Accordingly, an investor must be prepared to hold the securities until maturity.

 

§The estimated value of the securities on the pricing date, based on CGMI’s proprietary pricing models and our internal funding rate, will be less than the issue price. The difference is attributable to certain costs associated with selling, structuring and hedging the securities that are included in the issue price. These costs include (i) the placement fees paid in connection with the offering of the securities, (ii) hedging and other costs incurred by us and our affiliates in connection with the offering of the securities and (iii) the expected profit (which may be more or less than actual profit) to CGMI or other of our affiliates in connection with hedging our obligations under the securities. These costs adversely affect the economic terms of the securities because, if they were lower, the economic terms of the securities would be more favorable to you. The economic terms of the securities are also likely to be adversely affected by the use of our internal funding rate, rather than our secondary market rate, to price the securities. See “The estimated value of the securities would be lower if it were calculated based on our secondary market rate” below.

 

§The estimated value of the securities was determined for us by our affiliate using proprietary pricing models. CGMI derived the estimated value disclosed on the cover page of this pricing supplement from its proprietary pricing models. In doing so, it may have made discretionary judgments about the inputs to its models, such as the volatility of the underlying index, dividend yields on the stocks that constitute the underlying index and interest rates. CGMI’s views on these inputs may differ from your or others’ views, and as an underwriter in this offering, CGMI’s interests may conflict with yours. Both the models and the inputs to the models may prove to be wrong and therefore not an accurate reflection of the value of the securities. Moreover, the estimated value of the securities set forth on the cover page of this pricing supplement may differ from the value that we or our affiliates may determine for the securities for other purposes, including for accounting purposes. You should not invest in the securities because of the estimated value of the securities. Instead, you should be willing to hold the securities to maturity irrespective of the initial estimated value.

 

§The estimated value of the securities would be lower if it were calculated based on our secondary market rate. The estimated value of the securities included in this pricing supplement is calculated based on our internal funding rate, which is the rate at which we are willing to borrow funds through the issuance of the securities. Our internal funding rate is generally lower than our secondary market rate, which is the rate that CGMI will use in determining the value of the securities for purposes of any purchases of the securities from you in the secondary market. If the estimated value included in this pricing supplement were based on our secondary market rate, rather than our internal funding rate, it would likely be lower. We determine our internal funding rate based on factors such as the costs associated with the securities, which are generally higher than the costs associated with conventional debt securities, and our liquidity needs and preferences. Our internal funding rate is not an interest rate that we will pay to investors in the securities, which do not bear interest.

 

Because there is not an active market for traded instruments referencing our outstanding debt obligations, CGMI determines our secondary market rate based on the market price of traded instruments referencing the debt obligations of Citigroup Inc., our parent company and the guarantor of all payments due on the securities, but subject to adjustments that CGMI makes in its sole discretion.  As a result, our secondary market rate is not a market-determined measure of our creditworthiness, but rather reflects the market’s perception of our parent company’s creditworthiness as adjusted for discretionary factors such as CGMI’s preferences with respect to purchasing the securities prior to maturity.

 

§The estimated value of the securities is not an indication of the price, if any, at which CGMI or any other person may be willing to buy the securities from you in the secondary market. Any such secondary market price will fluctuate over the term of the securities based on the market and other factors described in the next risk factor. Moreover, unlike the estimated value included in this pricing supplement, any value of the securities determined for purposes of a secondary market transaction will be based on our secondary market rate, which will likely result in a lower value for the securities than if our internal funding rate were used. In addition, any secondary market price for the securities will be reduced by a bid-ask spread, which may vary depending on the aggregate stated principal amount of the securities to be purchased in the secondary market transaction, and the expected cost of unwinding related hedging transactions. As a result, it is likely that any secondary market price for the securities will be less than the issue price.

 

§The value of the securities prior to maturity will fluctuate based on many unpredictable factors. The value of your securities prior to maturity will fluctuate based on the level and volatility of the underlying index and a number of other factors, including the price and volatility of the stocks that constitute the underlying index, the dividend yields on the stocks that constitute the underlying index, interest rates generally, the time remaining to maturity and our and Citigroup Inc.’s creditworthiness, as reflected in our secondary market rate. Changes in the level of the underlying index may not result in a comparable change in the value of your securities. You should understand that the value of your securities at any time prior to maturity may be significantly less than the issue price.

 

§Immediately following issuance, any secondary market bid price provided by CGMI, and the value that will be indicated on any brokerage account statements prepared by CGMI or its affiliates, will reflect a temporary upward adjustment. The

 

 PS-9
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
Autocallable Contingent Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due May ----, 2024

 

amount of this temporary upward adjustment will steadily decline to zero over the temporary adjustment period. See “Valuation of the Securities” in this pricing supplement.

 

§Our offering of the securities does not constitute a recommendation of the underlying index by CGMI or its affiliates or by the placement agents or their affiliates.  The fact that we are offering the securities does not mean that we believe, or that the placement agents or their affiliates believe, that investing in an instrument linked to the underlying index is likely to achieve favorable returns.  In fact, as we and the placement agents are part of global financial institutions, our affiliates and the placement agents and their affiliates may have positions (including short positions) in the stocks that constitute the underlying index or in instruments related to the underlying index or such stocks over the term of the securities, and may publish research or express opinions, that in each case are inconsistent with an investment linked to the underlying index.  These and other activities of our affiliates or the placement agents or their affiliates may affect the level of the underlying index in a way that has a negative impact on your interests as a holder of the securities.

 

§The level of the underlying index may be adversely affected by our or our affiliates’ hedging and other trading activities.  We expect to hedge our obligations under the securities through CGMI or other of our affiliates, who may take positions directly in the stocks that constitute the underlying index and other financial instruments related to the underlying index or such stocks and may adjust such positions during the term of the securities. Our affiliates and the placement agents and their affiliates also trade the stocks that constitute the underlying index and other financial instruments related to the underlying index or such stocks on a regular basis (taking long or short positions or both), for their accounts, for other accounts under their management or to facilitate transactions on behalf of customers. These activities could affect the level of the underlying index in a way that negatively affects the value of the securities. They could also result in substantial returns for us or our affiliates or the placement agents or their affiliates while the value of the securities declines.

 

§We and our affiliates or the placement agents or their affiliates may have economic interests that are adverse to yours as a result of our affiliates’ or their business activities. Our affiliates or the placement agents or their affiliates may currently or from time to time engage in business with the issuers of the stocks that constitute the underlying index, including extending loans to, making equity investments in or providing advisory services to such issuers. In the course of this business, we or our affiliates or the placement agents or their affiliates may acquire non-public information about such issuers, which we and they will not disclose to you. Moreover, if any of our affiliates or the placement agents or their affiliates is or becomes a creditor of any such issuer, they may exercise any remedies against such issuer that are available to them without regard to your interests.

 

§The calculation agent, which is an affiliate of ours, will make important determinations with respect to the securities.  If certain events occur, such as market disruption events or the discontinuance of the underlying index, CGMI, as calculation agent, will be required to make discretionary judgments that could significantly affect your payment at maturity.  In making these judgments, the calculation agent’s interests as an affiliate of ours could be adverse to your interests as a holder of the securities.

 

§Adjustments to the underlying index may affect the value of your securities. S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC (the “underlying index publisher”) may add, delete or substitute the stocks that constitute the underlying index or make other methodological changes that could affect the level of the underlying index. The underlying index publisher may discontinue or suspend calculation or publication of the underlying index at any time without regard to your interests as holders of the securities.

 

§The U.S. federal tax consequences of an investment in the securities are unclear.  There is no direct legal authority regarding the proper U.S. federal tax treatment of the securities, and we do not plan to request a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”).  Consequently, significant aspects of the tax treatment of the securities are uncertain, and the IRS or a court might not agree with the treatment of the securities as prepaid forward contracts.  If the IRS were successful in asserting an alternative treatment of the securities, the tax consequences of the ownership and disposition of the securities might be materially and adversely affected.  Moreover, future legislation, Treasury regulations or IRS guidance could adversely affect the U.S. federal tax treatment of the securities, possibly retroactively.

 

If you are a non-U.S. investor, you should review the discussion of withholding tax issues in “United States Federal Tax Considerations—Non-U.S. Holders” below.

 

You should read carefully the discussion under “United States Federal Tax Considerations” and “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities” in the accompanying product supplement and “United States Federal Tax Considerations” in this pricing supplement.  You should also consult your tax adviser regarding the U.S. federal tax consequences of an investment in the securities, as well as tax consequences arising under the laws of any state, local or non-U.S. taxing jurisdiction.

 

 PS-10
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
Autocallable Contingent Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due May ----, 2024

Information About the S&P 500® Index

 

The S&P 500® Index consists of common stocks of 500 issuers selected to provide a performance benchmark for the large capitalization segment of the U.S. equity markets. It is calculated and maintained by S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC. The S&P 500® Index is reported by Bloomberg L.P. under the ticker symbol “SPX.”

 

“Standard & Poor’s,” “S&P” and “S&P 500®” are trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC and have been licensed for use by Citigroup Inc. and its affiliates. For more information, see “Equity Index Descriptions—The S&P U.S. Indices—License Agreement” in the accompanying underlying supplement.

 

Please refer to the section “Equity Index Descriptions—The S&P U.S. Indices—The S&P 500® Index” in the accompanying underlying supplement for important disclosures regarding the S&P 500® Index.

 

Historical Information

 

The closing level of the underlying index on July 1, 2022 was 3,825.33.

 

The graph below shows the closing level of the underlying index for each day such level was available from January 3, 2012 to July 1, 2022. We obtained the closing levels from Bloomberg L.P., without independent verification.  You should not take the historical levels of the underlying index as an indication of future performance.

 

S&P 500® Index – Historical Closing Levels
January 3, 2012 to July 1, 2022
 PS-11
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
Autocallable Contingent Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due May ----, 2024

United States Federal Tax Considerations

 

You should read carefully the discussion under “United States Federal Tax Considerations” and “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities” in the accompanying product supplement and “Summary Risk Factors” in this pricing supplement.  

 

In the opinion of our counsel, Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP, a security should be treated as a prepaid forward contract for U.S. federal income tax purposes.  By purchasing a security, you agree (in the absence of an administrative determination or judicial ruling to the contrary) to this treatment.  There is uncertainty regarding this treatment, and the IRS or a court might not agree with it. Moreover, our counsel’s opinion is based on market conditions as of the date of this preliminary pricing supplement and is subject to confirmation on the pricing date.

 

Assuming this treatment of the securities is respected and subject to the discussion in “United States Federal Tax Considerations” in the accompanying product supplement, the following U.S. federal income tax consequences should result under current law:

 

·You should not recognize taxable income over the term of the securities prior to maturity, other than pursuant to a sale or exchange.

 

·Upon a sale or exchange of a security (including retirement at maturity), you should recognize capital gain or loss equal to the difference between the amount realized and your tax basis in the security.  Such gain or loss should be long-term capital gain or loss if you held the security for more than one year.

 

We do not plan to request a ruling from the IRS regarding the treatment of the securities. An alternative characterization of the securities could materially and adversely affect the tax consequences of ownership and disposition of the securities, including the timing and character of income recognized. In addition, the U.S. Treasury Department and the IRS have requested comments on various issues regarding the U.S. federal income tax treatment of “prepaid forward contracts” and similar financial instruments and have indicated that such transactions may be the subject of future regulations or other guidance. Furthermore, members of Congress have proposed legislative changes to the tax treatment of derivative contracts. Any legislation, Treasury regulations or other guidance promulgated after consideration of these issues could materially and adversely affect the tax consequences of an investment in the securities, possibly with retroactive effect. You should consult your tax adviser regarding possible alternative tax treatments of the securities and potential changes in applicable law.

 

Non-U.S. Holders. Subject to the discussions below and in “United States Federal Tax Considerations” in the accompanying product supplement, if you are a Non-U.S. Holder (as defined in the accompanying product supplement) of the securities, you generally should not be subject to U.S. federal withholding or income tax in respect of any amount paid to you with respect to the securities, provided that (i) income in respect of the securities is not effectively connected with your conduct of a trade or business in the United States, and (ii) you comply with the applicable certification requirements.

 

As discussed under “United States Federal Tax Considerations—Tax Consequences to Non-U.S. Holders” in the accompanying product supplement, Section 871(m) of the Code and Treasury regulations promulgated thereunder (“Section 871(m)”) generally impose a 30% withholding tax on dividend equivalents paid or deemed paid to Non-U.S. Holders with respect to certain financial instruments linked to U.S. equities (“U.S. Underlying Equities”) or indices that include U.S. Underlying Equities.  Section 871(m) generally applies to instruments that substantially replicate the economic performance of one or more U.S. Underlying Equities, as determined based on tests set forth in the applicable Treasury regulations.  However, the regulations, as modified by an IRS notice, exempt financial instruments issued prior to January 1, 2023 that do not have a “delta” of one.  Based on the terms of the securities and representations provided by us as of the date of this preliminary pricing supplement, our counsel is of the opinion that the securities should not be treated as transactions that have a “delta” of one within the meaning of the regulations with respect to any U.S. Underlying Equity and, therefore, should not be subject to withholding tax under Section 871(m).  However, the final determination regarding the treatment of the securities under Section 871(m) will be made as of the pricing date for the securities, and it is possible that the securities will be subject to withholding tax under Section 871(m) based on the circumstances as of that date.

 

A determination that the securities are not subject to Section 871(m) is not binding on the IRS, and the IRS may disagree with this treatment.  Moreover, Section 871(m) is complex and its application may depend on your particular circumstances, including your other transactions.  You should consult your tax adviser regarding the potential application of Section 871(m) to the securities.

 

If withholding tax applies to the securities, we will not be required to pay any additional amounts with respect to amounts withheld.

 

You should read the section entitled “United States Federal Tax Considerations” in the accompanying product supplement.  The preceding discussion, when read in combination with that section, constitutes the full opinion of Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP regarding the material U.S. federal tax consequences of owning and disposing of the securities.  

 

 PS-12
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
Autocallable Contingent Barrier Notes Based on the S&P 500® Index Due May ----, 2024

You should also consult your tax adviser regarding all aspects of the U.S. federal income and estate tax consequences of an investment in the securities and any tax consequences arising under the laws of any state, local or non-U.S. taxing jurisdiction.

 

Supplemental Plan of Distribution

 

CGMI, an affiliate of Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. and the underwriter of the sale of the securities, is acting as principal and will receive an underwriting fee of $15.00 for each security sold in this offering.  J.P. Morgan Securities LLC and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. will act as placement agents for the securities and, from the underwriting fee to CGMI, will receive a placement fee of $15.00 for each security they sell in this offering to accounts other than fiduciary accounts.  The amount of the underwriting fee to CGMI will be equal to the placement fee paid to the placement agents.  CGMI and the placement agents will forgo an underwriting fee and placement fee for sales to fiduciary accounts.  In addition to the underwriting fee, CGMI and its affiliates may profit from expected hedging activity related to this offering, even if the value of the securities declines.  See “Use of Proceeds and Hedging” in the accompanying prospectus. For the avoidance of doubt, the fees and commissions described on the cover of this pricing supplement will not be rebated or subject to amortization if the securities are automatically redeemed.

 

See “Plan of Distribution; Conflicts of Interest” in the accompanying product supplement and “Plan of Distribution” in each of the accompanying prospectus supplement and prospectus for additional information.

 

Valuation of the Securities

 

CGMI calculated the estimated value of the securities set forth on the cover page of this pricing supplement based on proprietary pricing models. CGMI’s proprietary pricing models generated an estimated value for the securities by estimating the value of a hypothetical package of financial instruments that would replicate the payout on the securities, which consists of a fixed-income bond (the “bond component”) and one or more derivative instruments underlying the economic terms of the securities (the “derivative component”). CGMI calculated the estimated value of the bond component using a discount rate based on our internal funding rate. CGMI calculated the estimated value of the derivative component based on a proprietary derivative-pricing model, which generated a theoretical price for the instruments that constitute the derivative component based on various inputs, including the factors described under “Summary Risk Factors—The value of the securities prior to maturity will fluctuate based on many unpredictable factors” in this pricing supplement, but not including our or Citigroup Inc.’s creditworthiness. These inputs may be market-observable or may be based on assumptions made by CGMI in its discretionary judgment.

 

The estimated value of the securities is a function of the terms of the securities and the inputs to CGMI’s proprietary pricing models.  As of the date of this preliminary pricing supplement, it is uncertain what the estimated value of the securities will be on the pricing date because it is uncertain what the values of the inputs to CGMI’s proprietary pricing models will be on the pricing date.

 

For a period of approximately six months following issuance of the securities, the price, if any, at which CGMI would be willing to buy the securities from investors, and the value that will be indicated for the securities on any brokerage account statements prepared by CGMI or its affiliates (which value CGMI may also publish through one or more financial information vendors), will reflect a temporary upward adjustment from the price or value that would otherwise be determined. This temporary upward adjustment represents a portion of the hedging profit expected to be realized by CGMI or its affiliates over the term of the securities. The amount of this temporary upward adjustment will decline to zero on a straight-line basis over the six-month temporary adjustment period.  However, CGMI is not obligated to buy the securities from investors at any time.  See “Summary Risk Factors—The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange and you may not be able to sell them prior to maturity.”

 

© 2022 Citigroup Global Markets Inc. All rights reserved. Citi and Citi and Arc Design are trademarks and service marks of Citigroup Inc. or its affiliates and are used and registered throughout the world.

 

 PS-13


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