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Form 424B2 CITIGROUP INC

June 30, 2022 2:43 PM EDT

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The information in this preliminary pricing supplement is not complete and may be changed. A registration statement relating to these securities has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. This preliminary pricing supplement and the accompanying product supplement, underlying supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus are not an offer to sell these securities, nor are they soliciting an offer to buy these securities, in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED JUNE 30, 2022 

Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.

July , 2022

Medium-Term Senior Notes, Series N

Pricing Supplement No. 2022-USNCH12935

Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2)

Registration Statement Nos. 333-255302 and 333-255302-03

Barrier Securities with Upside Reset Feature Linked to the S&P 500® Index Due July 31, 2025

The securities offered by this pricing supplement are unsecured debt securities issued by Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. and guaranteed by Citigroup Inc. Unlike conventional debt securities, the securities do not pay interest and do not repay a fixed amount of principal at maturity. Instead, the securities offer a payment at maturity that may be greater than, equal to or less than the stated principal amount, depending on the performance of the underlying specified below.

Upside participation with reset feature. The securities offer the potential for a positive return at maturity reflecting participation in a limited range of potential appreciation of the underlying from the upside barrier value to the final underlying value. The upside barrier value will initially be equal to the initial underlying value, which is the closing value of the underlying on the pricing date. However, if a reset event occurs, meaning that the closing value of the underlying has fallen below the reset barrier value specified below on any scheduled trading day during the observation period specified below, the upside barrier value will be reset downward and will be equal to the reset barrier value. If a reset event does not occur, the securities offer a positive return at maturity only if the final underlying value is greater than the initial underlying value. If a reset event does occur, the securities offer a positive return at maturity if the final underlying value is greater than the reset barrier value. If a reset event occurs, any appreciation of the underlying from the reset barrier value will be measured as a percentage of the initial underlying value, which will result in a lower return than if it were measured as a percentage of the reset barrier value.

Contingent repayment of principal with downside exposure. If the final underlying value is less than the upside barrier value but greater than or equal to the downside barrier value, you will be repaid the stated principal amount of your securities at maturity. However, if the final underlying value is less than the downside barrier value, you will have full downside exposure to the underlying from the initial underlying value. If the final underlying value is less than the downside barrier value, you will lose 1% of the stated principal amount of your securities for every 1% by which the final underlying value is less than the downside barrier value.

To obtain the modified exposure to the underlying that the securities provide, investors must be willing to (i) forgo any appreciation of the underlying in excess of the maximum return at maturity specified below, (ii) forgo any dividends with respect to the underlying over the term of the securities, (iii) accept an investment that may have limited or no liquidity and (iv) accept the risk of not receiving any amount due under the securities if we and Citigroup Inc. default on our obligations. All payments on the securities are subject to the credit risk of Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. and Citigroup Inc.

KEY TERMS  
Issuer: Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Citigroup Inc.
Guarantee: All payments due on the securities are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by Citigroup Inc.
Underlying: S&P 500® Index (ticker symbol: “SPX”)
Stated principal amount: $1,000 per security
Pricing date: July 26, 2022
Issue date: July 29, 2022
Valuation date: July 28, 2025, subject to postponement if such date is not a scheduled trading day or certain market disruption events occur
Maturity date: July 31, 2025
Payment at maturity:

You will receive at maturity for each security you then hold:

   If the final underlying value is greater than the upside barrier value: $1,000 + the return amount, subject to the maximum return at maturity

   If the final underlying value is less than or equal to the upside barrier value but greater than or equal to the downside barrier value: $1,000

   If the final underlying value is less than the downside barrier value: $1,000 + ($1,000 × the underlying downside return)

If the final underlying value is less than the downside barrier value, you will receive significantly less than the stated principal amount of your securities, and possibly nothing, at maturity.

Return amount: $1,000 × the underlying upside return
Upside barrier value:

    If a reset event has not occurred: the initial underlying value

   If a reset event has occurred: the reset barrier value

Maximum return at maturity:

     If a reset event has not occurred: at least $450 per security (at least 45.00% of the stated principal amount) (to be determined on the pricing date)

     If a reset event has occurred: $600 per security (60.00% of the stated principal amount)

The payment at maturity per security will not exceed the stated principal amount plus the maximum return at maturity.

Initial underlying value:      , the closing value of the underlying on the pricing date
Reset barrier value:      , 85% of the initial underlying value
Downside barrier value:      , 80% of the initial underlying value
Listing: The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange
Underwriter: Citigroup Global Markets Inc. (“CGMI”), an affiliate of the issuer, acting as principal
Underwriting fee and issue price: Issue price(1) Underwriting fee(2) Proceeds to issuer(3)
Per security: $1,000.00 $ $
Total: $ $ $
         

(Key Terms continued on next page)

(1) Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. currently expects that the estimated value of the securities on the pricing date will be at least $850.00 per security, which will be less than the issue price. The estimated value of the securities is based on CGMI’s proprietary pricing models and our internal funding rate. It is not an indication of actual profit to CGMI or other of our affiliates, nor is it an indication of the price, if any, at which CGMI or any other person may be willing to buy the securities from you at any time after issuance. See “Valuation of the Securities” in this pricing supplement.

(2) CGMI will receive an underwriting fee of up to $32.50 for each security sold in this offering. The total underwriting fee and proceeds to issuer in the table above give effect to the actual total underwriting fee. For more information on the distribution of the securities, see “Supplemental Plan of Distribution” in this pricing supplement. In addition to the underwriting fee, CGMI and its affiliates may profit from expected hedging activity related to this offering, even if the value of the securities declines. See “Use of Proceeds and Hedging” in the accompanying prospectus.

(3) The per security proceeds to issuer indicated above represent the minimum per security proceeds to issuer for any security, assuming the maximum per security underwriting fee. As noted above, the underwriting fee is variable.

Investing in the securities involves risks not associated with an investment in conventional debt securities. See “Summary Risk Factors” beginning on page PS-8.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of the securities or determined that this pricing supplement and the accompanying product supplement, underlying supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus are truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

You should read this pricing supplement together with the accompanying product supplement, underlying supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus, which can be accessed via the hyperlinks below:

Product Supplement No. EA-02-09 dated May 11, 2021             Underlying Supplement No. 10 dated May 11, 2021

Prospectus Supplement and Prospectus each dated May 11, 2021

The securities are not bank deposits and are not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other governmental agency, nor are they obligations of, or guaranteed by, a bank.

 

 

Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 
KEY TERMS (continued)
Final underlying value: The closing value of the underlying on the valuation date
Reset event: A reset event will occur if, on any scheduled trading day during the observation period, the closing value of the underlying is less than the reset barrier value
Observation period: The period from but excluding the pricing date to and including July 26, 2023
Underlying upside return: (i) The final underlying value minus the upside barrier value, divided by (ii) the initial underlying value
Underlying downside return: (i) The final underlying value minus the initial underlying value, divided by (ii) the initial underlying value
CUSIP / ISIN: 17330PM97 / US17330PM971

 

Additional Information

 

The terms of the securities are set forth in the accompanying product supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus, as supplemented by this pricing supplement. The accompanying product supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus contain important disclosures that are not repeated in this pricing supplement. For example, the accompanying product supplement contains important information about how the closing value of the underlying will be determined and about adjustments that may be made to the terms of the securities upon the occurrence of market disruption events and other specified events with respect to the underlying. The accompanying underlying supplement contains information about the underlying that is not repeated in this pricing supplement. It is important that you read the accompanying product supplement, underlying supplement, prospectus supplement and prospectus together with this pricing supplement in deciding whether to invest in the securities. Certain terms used but not defined in this pricing supplement are defined in the accompanying product supplement.

 

 PS-2
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

Payout Diagrams

 

The diagrams below illustrate your payment at maturity for a range of hypothetical percentage changes from the initial underlying value to the final underlying value. The actual downside barrier value will be determined on the pricing date. Payout Diagram A assumes that a reset event has not occurred. Payout Diagram B assumes that a reset event has occurred. The actual maximum return at maturity will be determined on the pricing date.

 

Investors in the securities will not receive any dividends with respect to the underlying. The diagrams and examples below do not show any effect of lost dividend yield over the term of the securities. See “Summary Risk Factors—You will not receive dividends or have any other rights with respect to the underlying” below.

 

Payout Diagram A
Reset Event Has Not Occurred
n The Securities     n The Underlying
 PS-3
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 
Payout Diagram B
Reset Event Has Occurred
n The Securities    n The Underlying
 PS-4
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

Hypothetical Examples

 

The table below indicates what your payment at maturity and total return on the securities would be for various hypothetical percentage changes from the initial underlying value to the final underlying value, depending on whether a reset event occurs. Your actual payment at maturity and total return on the securities will depend on the actual final underlying value and on whether a reset event actually occurs. The actual maximum return at maturity will be determined on the pricing date.

 

Hypothetical Percentage Change from Initial Underlying Value to Final Underlying Value Hypothetical Payment at Maturity per Security if a Reset Event Has Not Occurred Hypothetical Total Return on Securities at Maturity(1) if a Reset Event Has Not Occurred Hypothetical Payment at Maturity per Security if a Reset Event Has Occurred Hypothetical Total Return on Securities at Maturity(1) if a Reset Event Has Occurred
100.00% $1,450.00 45.00% $1,600.00 60.00%
75.00% $1,450.00 45.00% $1,600.00 60.00%
50.00% $1,450.00 45.00% $1,600.00 60.00%
45.00% $1,450.00 45.00% $1,600.00 60.00%
40.00% $1,400.00 40.00% $1,550.00 55.00%
20.00% $1,200.00 20.00% $1,350.00 35.00%
10.00% $1,100.00 10.00% $1,250.00 25.00%
5.00% $1,050.00 5.00% $1,200.00 20.00%
0.00% $1,000.00 0.00% $1,150.00 15.00%
-5.00% $1,000.00 0.00% $1,100.00 10.00%
-10.00% $1,000.00 0.00% $1,050.00 5.00%
-15.00% $1,000.00 0.00% $1,000.00 0.00%
-20.00% $1,000.00 0.00% $1,000.00 0.00%
-20.01% $799.90 -20.01% $799.90 -20.01%
-40.00% $600.00 -40.00% $600.00 -40.00%
-50.00% $500.00 -50.00% $500.00 -50.00%
-75.00% $250.00 -75.00% $250.00 -75.00%
-100.00% $0.00 -100.00% $0.00 -100.00%

 

(1) Hypothetical total return on securities at maturity = hypothetical payment at maturity per security minus $1,000 stated principal amount per security, divided by $1,000 stated principal amount per security.

 

The examples below illustrate how to determine the payment at maturity on the securities, assuming the various hypothetical final underlying values indicated below. The examples are solely for illustrative purposes, do not show all possible outcomes and are not a prediction of what the actual payment at maturity on the securities will be. The actual payment at maturity will depend on the actual final underlying value.

 

The examples below are based on the following hypothetical values and do not reflect the actual initial underlying value, reset barrier value or downside barrier value. In addition, the maximum return at maturity is based on the lowest value indicated on the cover. The actual maximum return at maturity will be determined on the pricing date. For the actual values, see the cover page of this pricing supplement. We have used these hypothetical values, rather than the actual values, to simplify the calculations and aid understanding of how the securities work. However, you should understand that the actual payment at maturity on the securities will be calculated based on the actual initial underlying value, reset barrier value, and downside barrier value, and not the hypothetical values indicated below.

 

Hypothetical initial underlying value: 100
Hypothetical reset barrier value: 85 (85% of the hypothetical initial underlying value)
Hypothetical downside barrier value: 80 (80% of the hypothetical initial underlying value)

 

The hypothetical examples below illustrate the calculation of your payment at maturity on the securities, assuming that the final underlying value is as indicated below.

 

 PS-5
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 
  Hypothetical final underlying value Has a reset event occurred? Hypothetical payment at maturity per $1,000 security
Example 1 160 No $1,450
Example 2 120 No $1,200
Example 3 90 No $1,000
Example 4 30 No $300
Example 5 160 Yes $1,600
Example 6 120 Yes $1,350
Example 7 83 Yes $1,000
Example 8 30 Yes $300

 

Example 1: The final underlying value is 160 and, because a reset event has not occurred, the upside barrier value equals the initial underlying value. Because the final underlying value is greater than the upside barrier value in this scenario, you would receive a payment per security calculated as follows:

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000 + the return amount, subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × the underlying upside return), subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + [$1,000 × ((160 - 100) / 100)], subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × 60%), subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + $600, subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,450

 

In this scenario, the underlying has appreciated from the intial underlying value to the final underlying value, but the return amount exceeds the maximum return at maturity. Because a reset event has not occurred, the maximum return at maturity would be equal to $450. As a result, your total return at maturity would be limited to the maximum return at maturity, and an investment in the securities would underperform a hypothetical alternative investment providing 1-to-1 exposure to the appreciation of the underlying without a maximum return.

 

Example 2: The final underlying value is 120 and, because a reset event has not occurred, the upside barrier value equals the initial underlying value. Because the final underlying value is greater than the upside barrier value in this scenario, you would receive a payment per security calculated as follows:

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000 + the return amount, subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × the underlying upside return), subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + [$1,000 × ((120 - 100) / 100)], subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × 20%), subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + $200, subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,200

 

In this scenario, your total return at maturity would reflect the appreciation of the underlying from the initial underlying value to the final underlying value

 

Example 3: The final underlying value is 90 and, because a reset event has not occurred, the upside barrier value equals the initial underlying value. Because the final underlying value is less than the upside barrier value but greater than the downside barrier value in this scenario, you would receive a payment at maturity equal to $1,000 per security. In this scenario, you would be repaid the stated principal amount of your securities but would not receive any positive return on your investment.

 

Example 4: The final underlying value is 30. In this example, the final underlying value is less than the downside barrier value. In this scenario, a reset event did not occur, but the payment at maturity would be the same regardless of whether a reset event occurred.

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000 + ($1,000 × the underlying downside return)

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × ((30 - 100) / 100))

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × -70%)

 

= $1,000 + -$700 = $300

 

 PS-6
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

In this scenario, the underlying has depreciated from the initial underlying value to the final underlying value and the final underlying value is less than the downside barrier value. As a result, your total return at maturity in this scenario would be negative and would reflect 1-to-1 exposure to the negative performance of the underlying.

 

Example 5: The final underlying value is 160 and, because a reset event has occurred, the upside barrier value equals the reset barrier value. Because the final underlying value is greater than the upside barrier value in this scenario, you would receive a payment per security calculated as follows:

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000 + the return amount, subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × the underlying upside return), subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + [$1,000 × ((160 - 85) / 100)], subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × 75%), subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + $750, subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,600

 

In this scenario, your total return at maturity would reflect the appreciation of the underlying from the reset barrier value to the final underlying value, expressed as a percentage of the initial underlying value and subject to the maximum return at maturity. Because a reset event has occurred, the maximum return at maturity would be equal to $600. As a result, your total return at maturity would be limited to the maximum return at maturity, and an investment in the securities would underperform a hypothetical alternative investment providing 1-to-1 exposure to the appreciation of the underlying without a maximum return.

 

Example 6: The final underlying value is 120 and, because a reset event has occurred, the upside barrier value equals the reset barrier value. Because the final underlying value is greater than the upside barrier value in this scenario, you would receive a payment per security calculated as follows:

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000 + the return amount, subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × the underlying upside return), subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + [$1,000 × ((120 - 85) / 100)], subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × 35%), subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,000 + $350, subject to the maximum return at maturity

 

= $1,350

 

In this scenario, your total return at maturity would reflect the appreciation of the underlying from the reset barrier value to the final underlying value, expressed as a percentage of the initial underlying value.

 

Example 7: The final underlying value is 83 and, because a reset event has occurred, the upside barrier value equals the reset barrier value. Because the final underlying value is less than the upside barrier value but greater than the downside barrier value in this scenario, you would receive a payment at maturity equal to $1,000 per security. In this scenario, you would be repaid the stated principal amount of your securities but would not receive any positive return on your investment.

 

Example 8: The final underlying value is 30. In this example, the final underlying value is less than the downside barrier value. In this scenario, a reset event occurred, but the payment at maturity would be the same regardless of whether a reset event occurred.

 

Payment at maturity per security = $1,000 + ($1,000 × the underlying downside return)

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × ((30 - 100) / 100))

 

= $1,000 + ($1,000 × -70%)

 

= $1,000 + -$700

 

= $300

 

In this scenario, the underlying has depreciated from the initial underlying value to the final underlying value and the final underlying value is less than the downside barrier value. As a result, your total return at maturity in this scenario would be negative and would reflect 1-to-1 exposure to the negative performance of the underlying.

 

 PS-7
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

Summary Risk Factors

 

An investment in the securities is significantly riskier than an investment in conventional debt securities. The securities are subject to all of the risks associated with an investment in our conventional debt securities (guaranteed by Citigroup Inc.), including the risk that we and Citigroup Inc. may default on our obligations under the securities, and are also subject to risks associated with the underlying. Accordingly, the securities are suitable only for investors who are capable of understanding the complexities and risks of the securities. You should consult your own financial, tax and legal advisors as to the risks of an investment in the securities and the suitability of the securities in light of your particular circumstances.

 

The following is a summary of certain key risk factors for investors in the securities. You should read this summary together with the more detailed description of risks relating to an investment in the securities contained in the section “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities” beginning on page EA-7 in the accompanying product supplement. You should also carefully read the risk factors included in the accompanying prospectus supplement and in the documents incorporated by reference in the accompanying prospectus, including Citigroup Inc.’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and any subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, which describe risks relating to the business of Citigroup Inc. more generally.

 

Citigroup Inc. will release quarterly earnings on July 15, 2022, which is during the marketing period and prior to the pricing date of these securities.

 

You may lose a significant portion or all of your investment. Unlike conventional debt securities, the securities do not repay a fixed amount of principal at maturity. Instead, your payment at maturity will depend on the performance of the underlying. If the final underlying value is less than the downside barrier value, you will lose 1% of the stated principal amount of your securities for every 1% by which the underlying has depreciated from the initial underlying value to the final underlying value. There is no minimum payment at maturity on the securities, and you may lose up to all of your investment.

 

Your potential return on the securities is limited. Your potential total return on the securities at maturity is limited to the maximum return at maturity, even if the underlying appreciates from the upside barrier value to the final underlying value by significantly more than the maximum return at maturity. If the underlying appreciates from the upside barrier value to the final underlying value by more than the maximum return at maturity, the securities will underperform an alternative investment providing 1-to-1 exposure to the performance of the underlying from the upside barrier value to the final underlying value. When lost dividends are taken into account, the securities may underperform an alternative investment providing 1-to-1 exposure to the performance of the underlying even if the underlying appreciates by less than the maximum return at maturity.

 

The securities do not pay interest. Unlike conventional debt securities, the securities do not pay interest or any other amounts prior to maturity. You should not invest in the securities if you seek current income during the term of the securities.

 

You will not receive dividends or have any other rights with respect to the underlying during the term of the securities. You will not receive any dividends with respect to the underlying during the term of the securities. This lost dividend yield may be significant over the term of the securities. The payment scenarios described in this pricing supplement do not show any effect of lost dividend yield over the term of the securities. In addition, you will not have voting rights or any other rights with respect to the underlying or the stocks included in the underlying.

 

Your payment at maturity depends on the closing value of the underlying on the valuation date. Because your payment at maturity depends on the closing value of the underlying on the valuation date, you are subject to the risk that the closing value of the underlying on that day may be lower, and possibly significantly lower, than on one or more other dates during the term of the securities. If you had invested directly in the underlying or in another instrument linked to the underlying that you could sell for full value at a time selected by you, or if the payment at maturity were based on an average of closing values of the underlying, you might have achieved better returns.

 

The securities are subject to the credit risk of Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. and Citigroup Inc. If we default on our obligations under the securities and Citigroup Inc. defaults on its guarantee obligations, you may not receive anything owed to you under the securities.

 

The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange and you may not be able to sell them prior to maturity. The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange. Therefore, there may be little or no secondary market for the securities. CGMI currently intends to make a secondary market in relation to the securities and to provide an indicative bid price for the securities on a daily basis. Any indicative bid price for the securities provided by CGMI will be determined in CGMI’s sole discretion, taking into account prevailing market conditions and other relevant factors, and will not be a representation by CGMI that the securities can be sold at that price, or at all. CGMI may suspend or terminate making a market and providing indicative bid prices without notice, at any time and for any reason. If CGMI suspends or terminates making a market, there may be no secondary market at all for the securities because it is likely that CGMI will be the only broker-dealer that is willing to buy your securities prior to maturity. Accordingly, an investor must be prepared to hold the securities until maturity.

 

The estimated value of the securities on the pricing date, based on CGMI’s proprietary pricing models and our internal funding rate, is less than the issue price. The difference is attributable to certain costs associated with selling, structuring and hedging the securities that are included in the issue price. These costs include (i) any selling concessions or other fees paid in connection with the offering of the securities, (ii) hedging and other costs incurred by us and our affiliates in connection with the

 

 PS-8
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

offering of the securities and (iii) the expected profit (which may be more or less than actual profit) to CGMI or other of our affiliates in connection with hedging our obligations under the securities. These costs adversely affect the economic terms of the securities because, if they were lower, the economic terms of the securities would be more favorable to you. The economic terms of the securities are also likely to be adversely affected by the use of our internal funding rate, rather than our secondary market rate, to price the securities. See “The estimated value of the securities would be lower if it were calculated based on our secondary market rate” below.

 

The estimated value of the securities was determined for us by our affiliate using proprietary pricing models. CGMI derived the estimated value disclosed on the cover page of this pricing supplement from its proprietary pricing models. In doing so, it may have made discretionary judgments about the inputs to its models, such as the volatility of the closing value of the underlying, the dividend yield on the underlying and interest rates. CGMI’s views on these inputs may differ from your or others’ views, and as an underwriter in this offering, CGMI’s interests may conflict with yours. Both the models and the inputs to the models may prove to be wrong and therefore not an accurate reflection of the value of the securities. Moreover, the estimated value of the securities set forth on the cover page of this pricing supplement may differ from the value that we or our affiliates may determine for the securities for other purposes, including for accounting purposes. You should not invest in the securities because of the estimated value of the securities. Instead, you should be willing to hold the securities to maturity irrespective of the initial estimated value.

 

The estimated value of the securities would be lower if it were calculated based on our secondary market rate. The estimated value of the securities included in this pricing supplement is calculated based on our internal funding rate, which is the rate at which we are willing to borrow funds through the issuance of the securities. Our internal funding rate is generally lower than our secondary market rate, which is the rate that CGMI will use in determining the value of the securities for purposes of any purchases of the securities from you in the secondary market. If the estimated value included in this pricing supplement were based on our secondary market rate, rather than our internal funding rate, it would likely be lower. We determine our internal funding rate based on factors such as the costs associated with the securities, which are generally higher than the costs associated with conventional debt securities, and our liquidity needs and preferences. Our internal funding rate is not an interest rate that is payable on the securities.

Because there is not an active market for traded instruments referencing our outstanding debt obligations, CGMI determines our secondary market rate based on the market price of traded instruments referencing the debt obligations of Citigroup Inc., our parent company and the guarantor of all payments due on the securities, but subject to adjustments that CGMI makes in its sole discretion. As a result, our secondary market rate is not a market-determined measure of our creditworthiness, but rather reflects the market’s perception of our parent company’s creditworthiness as adjusted for discretionary factors such as CGMI’s preferences with respect to purchasing the securities prior to maturity.

 

The estimated value of the securities is not an indication of the price, if any, at which CGMI or any other person may be willing to buy the securities from you in the secondary market. Any such secondary market price will fluctuate over the term of the securities based on the market and other factors described in the next risk factor. Moreover, unlike the estimated value included in this pricing supplement, any value of the securities determined for purposes of a secondary market transaction will be based on our secondary market rate, which will likely result in a lower value for the securities than if our internal funding rate were used. In addition, any secondary market price for the securities will be reduced by a bid-ask spread, which may vary depending on the aggregate stated principal amount of the securities to be purchased in the secondary market transaction, and the expected cost of unwinding related hedging transactions. As a result, it is likely that any secondary market price for the securities will be less than the issue price.

 

The value of the securities prior to maturity will fluctuate based on many unpredictable factors. The value of your securities prior to maturity will fluctuate based on the closing value of the underlying, the volatility of the closing value of the underlying, the dividend yield on the underlying, interest rates generally, the time remaining to maturity and our and Citigroup Inc.’s creditworthiness, as reflected in our secondary market rate, among other factors described under “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities—Risk Factors Relating to All Securities—The value of your securities prior to maturity will fluctuate based on many unpredictable factors” in the accompanying product supplement. Changes in the closing value of the underlying may not result in a comparable change in the value of your securities. You should understand that the value of your securities at any time prior to maturity may be significantly less than the issue price.

 

Immediately following issuance, any secondary market bid price provided by CGMI, and the value that will be indicated on any brokerage account statements prepared by CGMI or its affiliates, will reflect a temporary upward adjustment. The amount of this temporary upward adjustment will steadily decline to zero over the temporary adjustment period. See “Valuation of the Securities” in this pricing supplement.

 

Our offering of the securities is not a recommendation of the underlying. The fact that we are offering the securities does not mean that we believe that investing in an instrument linked to the underlying is likely to achieve favorable returns. In fact, as we are part of a global financial institution, our affiliates may have positions (including short positions) in the underlying or in instruments related to the underlying, and may publish research or express opinions, that in each case are inconsistent with an investment linked to the underlying. These and other activities of our affiliates may affect the closing value of the underlying in a way that negatively affects the value of and your return on the securities.

 

 PS-9
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 
The closing value of the underlying may be adversely affected by our or our affiliates’ hedging and other trading activities. We expect to hedge our obligations under the securities through CGMI or other of our affiliates, who may take positions in the underlying or in financial instruments related to the underlying and may adjust such positions during the term of the securities. Our affiliates also take positions in the underlying or in financial instruments related to the underlying on a regular basis (taking long or short positions or both), for their accounts, for other accounts under their management or to facilitate transactions on behalf of customers. These activities could affect the closing value of the underlying in a way that negatively affects the value of and your return on the securities. They could also result in substantial returns for us or our affiliates while the value of the securities declines.

 

We and our affiliates may have economic interests that are adverse to yours as a result of our affiliates’ business activities. Our affiliates engage in business activities with a wide range of companies. These activities include extending loans, making and facilitating investments, underwriting securities offerings and providing advisory services. These activities could involve or affect the underlying in a way that negatively affects the value of and your return on the securities. They could also result in substantial returns for us or our affiliates while the value of the securities declines. In addition, in the course of this business, we or our affiliates may acquire non-public information, which will not be disclosed to you.

 

The calculation agent, which is an affiliate of ours, will make important determinations with respect to the securities. If certain events occur during the term of the securities, such as market disruption events and other events with respect to the underlying, CGMI, as calculation agent, will be required to make discretionary judgments that could significantly affect your return on the securities. In making these judgments, the calculation agent’s interests as an affiliate of ours could be adverse to your interests as a holder of the securities. See “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities—Risk Factors Relating to All Securities—The calculation agent, which is an affiliate of ours, will make important determinations with respect to the securities” in the accompanying product supplement.

 

Changes that affect the underlying may affect the value of your securities. The sponsor of the underlying may at any time make methodological changes or other changes in the manner in which it operates that could affect the value of the underlying. We are not affiliated with the underlying sponsor and, accordingly, we have no control over any changes such sponsor may make. Such changes could adversely affect the performance of the underlying and the value of and your return on the securities.

 

The U.S. federal tax consequences of an investment in the securities are unclear. There is no direct legal authority regarding the proper U.S. federal tax treatment of the securities, and we do not plan to request a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”). Consequently, significant aspects of the tax treatment of the securities are uncertain, and the IRS or a court might not agree with the treatment of the securities as prepaid forward contracts. If the IRS were successful in asserting an alternative treatment of the securities, the tax consequences of the ownership and disposition of the securities might be materially and adversely affected. Moreover, future legislation, Treasury regulations or IRS guidance could adversely affect the U.S. federal tax treatment of the securities, possibly retroactively.

 

If you are a non-U.S. investor, you should review the discussion of withholding tax issues in “United States Federal Tax Considerations—Non-U.S. Holders” below.

 

You should read carefully the discussion under “United States Federal Tax Considerations” and “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities” in the accompanying product supplement and “United States Federal Tax Considerations” in this pricing supplement. You should also consult your tax adviser regarding the U.S. federal tax consequences of an investment in the securities, as well as tax consequences arising under the laws of any state, local or non-U.S. taxing jurisdiction.

 

 PS-10
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

Information About the S&P 500® Index

 

The S&P 500® Index consists of the common stocks of 500 issuers selected to provide a performance benchmark for the large capitalization segment of the U.S. equity markets. It is calculated and maintained by S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC.

 

Please refer to the section “Equity Index Descriptions— The S&P U.S. Indices” in the accompanying underlying supplement for additional information.

 

We have derived all information regarding the S&P 500® Index from publicly available information and have not independently verified any information regarding the S&P 500® Index. This pricing supplement relates only to the securities and not to the S&P 500® Index. We make no representation as to the performance of the S&P 500® Index over the term of the securities.

 

The securities represent obligations of Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. (guaranteed by Citigroup Inc.) only. The sponsor of the S&P 500® Index is not involved in any way in this offering and has no obligation relating to the securities or to holders of the securities.

 

Historical Information

 

The closing value of the S&P 500® Index on June 28, 2022 was 3,821.55.

 

The graph below shows the closing value of the S&P 500® Index for each day such value was available from January 3, 2012 to June 28, 2022. We obtained the closing values from Bloomberg L.P., without independent verification. You should not take historical closing values as an indication of future performance.

 

S&P 500® Index – Historical Closing Values

January 3, 2012 to June 28, 2022

 PS-11
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

United States Federal Tax Considerations

 

You should read carefully the discussion under “United States Federal Tax Considerations” and “Risk Factors Relating to the Securities” in the accompanying product supplement and “Summary Risk Factors” in this pricing supplement.

 

In the opinion of our counsel, Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP, a security should be treated as a prepaid forward contract for U.S. federal income tax purposes. By purchasing a security, you agree (in the absence of an administrative determination or judicial ruling to the contrary) to this treatment. There is uncertainty regarding this treatment, and the IRS or a court might not agree with it. Moreover, our counsel’s opinion is based on market conditions as of the date of this preliminary pricing supplement and is subject to confirmation on the pricing date.

 

Assuming this treatment of the securities is respected and subject to the discussion in “United States Federal Tax Considerations” in the accompanying product supplement, the following U.S. federal income tax consequences should result under current law:

 

·You should not recognize taxable income over the term of the securities prior to maturity, other than pursuant to a sale or exchange.

 

·Upon a sale or exchange of a security (including retirement at maturity), you should recognize capital gain or loss equal to the difference between the amount realized and your tax basis in the security. Such gain or loss should be long-term capital gain or loss if you held the security for more than one year.

 

We do not plan to request a ruling from the IRS regarding the treatment of the securities. An alternative characterization of the securities could materially and adversely affect the tax consequences of ownership and disposition of the securities, including the timing and character of income recognized. In addition, the U.S. Treasury Department and the IRS have requested comments on various issues regarding the U.S. federal income tax treatment of “prepaid forward contracts” and similar financial instruments and have indicated that such transactions may be the subject of future regulations or other guidance. Furthermore, members of Congress have proposed legislative changes to the tax treatment of derivative contracts. Any legislation, Treasury regulations or other guidance promulgated after consideration of these issues could materially and adversely affect the tax consequences of an investment in the securities, possibly with retroactive effect. You should consult your tax adviser regarding possible alternative tax treatments of the securities and potential changes in applicable law.

 

Non-U.S. Holders. Subject to the discussions below and in “United States Federal Tax Considerations” in the accompanying product supplement, if you are a Non-U.S. Holder (as defined in the accompanying product supplement) of the securities, you generally should not be subject to U.S. federal withholding or income tax in respect of any amount paid to you with respect to the securities, provided that (i) income in respect of the securities is not effectively connected with your conduct of a trade or business in the United States, and (ii) you comply with the applicable certification requirements.

 

As discussed under “United States Federal Tax Considerations—Tax Consequences to Non-U.S. Holders” in the accompanying product supplement, Section 871(m) of the Code and Treasury regulations promulgated thereunder (“Section 871(m)”) generally impose a 30% withholding tax on dividend equivalents paid or deemed paid to Non-U.S. Holders with respect to certain financial instruments linked to U.S. equities (“U.S. Underlying Equities”) or indices that include U.S. Underlying Equities. Section 871(m) generally applies to instruments that substantially replicate the economic performance of one or more U.S. Underlying Equities, as determined based on tests set forth in the applicable Treasury regulations. However, the regulations, as modified by an IRS notice, exempt financial instruments issued prior to January 1, 2023 that do not have a “delta” of one. Based on the terms of the securities and representations provided by us as of the date of this preliminary pricing supplement, our counsel is of the opinion that the securities should not be treated as transactions that have a “delta” of one within the meaning of the regulations with respect to any U.S. Underlying Equity and, therefore, should not be subject to withholding tax under Section 871(m). However, the final determination regarding the treatment of the securities under Section 871(m) will be made as of the pricing date for the securities, and it is possible that the securities will be subject to withholding tax under Section 871(m) based on the circumstances as of that date.

 

A determination that the securities are not subject to Section 871(m) is not binding on the IRS, and the IRS may disagree with this treatment. Moreover, Section 871(m) is complex and its application may depend on your particular circumstances, including your other transactions. You should consult your tax adviser regarding the potential application of Section 871(m) to the securities.

 

If withholding tax applies to the securities, we will not be required to pay any additional amounts with respect to amounts withheld.

 

You should read the section entitled “United States Federal Tax Considerations” in the accompanying product supplement. The preceding discussion, when read in combination with that section, constitutes the full opinion of Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP regarding the material U.S. federal tax consequences of owning and disposing of the securities.

 

You should also consult your tax adviser regarding all aspects of the U.S. federal income and estate tax consequences of an investment in the securities and any tax consequences arising under the laws of any state, local or non-U.S. taxing jurisdiction.

 

Supplemental Plan of Distribution

 

CGMI, an affiliate of Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc. and the underwriter of the sale of the securities, is acting as principal and will receive an underwriting fee of up to $32.50 for each security sold in this offering. The actual underwriting fee will be equal to the selling concession provided to selected dealers, as described in this paragraph. From this underwriting fee, CGMI will pay selected dealers not affiliated with CGMI a variable selling concession of up to $32.50 for each security they sell.

 

 PS-12
Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
 

See “Plan of Distribution; Conflicts of Interest” in the accompanying product supplement and “Plan of Distribution” in each of the accompanying prospectus supplement and prospectus for additional information.

 

Valuation of the Securities

 

CGMI calculated the estimated value of the securities set forth on the cover page of this pricing supplement based on proprietary pricing models. CGMI’s proprietary pricing models generated an estimated value for the securities by estimating the value of a hypothetical package of financial instruments that would replicate the payout on the securities, which consists of a fixed-income bond (the “bond component”) and one or more derivative instruments underlying the economic terms of the securities (the “derivative component”). CGMI calculated the estimated value of the bond component using a discount rate based on our internal funding rate. CGMI calculated the estimated value of the derivative component based on a proprietary derivative-pricing model, which generated a theoretical price for the instruments that constitute the derivative component based on various inputs, including the factors described under “Summary Risk Factors—The value of the securities prior to maturity will fluctuate based on many unpredictable factors” in this pricing supplement, but not including our or Citigroup Inc.’s creditworthiness. These inputs may be market-observable or may be based on assumptions made by CGMI in its discretionary judgment.

 

The estimated value of the securities is a function of the terms of the securities and the inputs to CGMI’s proprietary pricing models. As of the date of this preliminary pricing supplement, it is uncertain what the estimated value of the securities will be on the pricing date because certain terms of the securities have not yet been fixed and because it is uncertain what the values of the inputs to CGMI’s proprietary pricing models will be on the pricing date.

 

For a period of approximately three months following issuance of the securities, the price, if any, at which CGMI would be willing to buy the securities from investors, and the value that will be indicated for the securities on any brokerage account statements prepared by CGMI or its affiliates (which value CGMI may also publish through one or more financial information vendors), will reflect a temporary upward adjustment from the price or value that would otherwise be determined. This temporary upward adjustment represents a portion of the hedging profit expected to be realized by CGMI or its affiliates over the term of the securities. The amount of this temporary upward adjustment will decline to zero on a straight-line basis over the three-month temporary adjustment period. However, CGMI is not obligated to buy the securities from investors at any time. See “Summary Risk Factors—The securities will not be listed on any securities exchange and you may not be able to sell them prior to maturity.”

 

© 2022 Citigroup Global Markets Inc. All rights reserved. Citi and Citi and Arc Design are trademarks and service marks of Citigroup Inc. or its affiliates and are used and registered throughout the world.

 

 PS-13

 

 



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