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TrueBlue Reports Fourth Quarter and Full-Year 2023 Results

February 21, 2024 4:05 PM

Strong performance in renewable energy and disciplined cost management delivered results at high end of company outlook

TACOMA, Wash.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- TrueBlue (NYSE: TBI) today announced its fourth quarter and full-year results for 2023.

Fourth Quarter 2023 Financial Highlights

Commentary

“We are managing through this market cycle with agility and discipline,” said Taryn Owen, President and CEO of TrueBlue. “While general market demand remains soft with hiring trends impacted by reduced business spend, we are capitalizing on attractive verticals, such as renewable energy, and maintaining a high level of engagement with clients to ensure we are well positioned as conditions improve.”

“As we enter 2024, we are laser-focused on leveraging our inherent strengths to capture market share and managing our cost structure with discipline to enhance our long-term profitability,” continued Ms. Owen. “Key components to this strategy include advancement of our digital transformation, expansion in high-growth and under-penetrated end markets, and enhanced focus through a simplified organizational structure. These priorities position us to drive efficiencies and secure opportunities to deliver long-term, profitable growth.”

Results

Fourth quarter revenue was $492 million, a decrease of 12 percent compared to revenue of $558 million in the fourth quarter of 2022. Net loss per diluted share was $0.08 compared to net income per diluted share of $0.21 in the prior year period. Adjusted net income1 per diluted share was $0.08 compared to adjusted net income per diluted share of $0.39 in the prior year period.

Full-year revenue was $1.9 billion, a decrease of 15 percent compared to revenue of $2.3 billion in 2022. Net loss per diluted share was $0.45 compared to net income per diluted share of $1.86 in 2022. Adjusted net income per diluted share was $0.28 compared to adjusted net income per diluted share of $2.36 in 2022.

2024 Outlook

TrueBlue is providing certain forward-looking information to help investors form their own estimates, which can be found in the quarterly earnings presentation filed today.

Management will discuss fourth quarter 2023 results on a webcast at 2:00 p.m. PT (5:00 p.m. ET), today, Wednesday, Feb. 21, 2024. The webcast can be accessed on the Investor Relations section of the TrueBlue website: investor.trueblue.com.

About TrueBlue

TrueBlue (NYSE: TBI) is a leading provider of specialized workforce solutions that help clients achieve business growth and improve productivity. In 2023, TrueBlue served approximately 67,000 clients and connected approximately 464,000 people with work. Its PeopleReady segment offers on-demand, industrial staffing, PeopleScout offers recruitment process outsourcing (RPO) and managed service provider (MSP) solutions, and PeopleManagement offers contingent, on-site industrial staffing and commercial driver services. Learn more at www.trueblue.com.

1 Refer to the financial statements accompanying this release for more information regarding non-GAAP terms.

Forward-looking statements and non-GAAP financial measures

This document contains forward-looking statements relating to our plans and expectations including, without limitation, statements regarding the future performance and operations of our business, expectations regarding stabilization in demand, and expected growth from our digital investments, all of which are subject to risks and uncertainties. Such statements are based on management’s expectations and assumptions as of the date of this release and involve many risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements including: (1) national and global economic conditions which can be negatively impacted by factors such as rising interest rates, inflation, political instability, epidemics and global trade uncertainty, (2) our ability to maintain profit margins, (3) our ability to successfully execute on business strategies and further digitalize our business model, (4) our ability to attract sufficient qualified candidates and employees to meet the needs of our clients, (5) our ability to attract and retain clients, (6) our ability to access sufficient capital to finance our operations, including our ability to comply with covenants contained in our revolving credit facility, (7) new laws, regulations, and government incentives that could affect our operations or financial results, (8) any reduction or change in tax credits we utilize, including the Work Opportunity Tax Credit, and (9) the timing and amount of common stock repurchases, if any, which will be determined at management’s discretion and depend upon several factors, including market and business conditions, the trading price of our common stock and the nature of other investment opportunities. Other information regarding factors that could affect our results is included in our Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) filings, including the company’s most recent reports on Forms 10-K and 10-Q, copies of which may be obtained by visiting our website at www.trueblue.com under the Investor Relations section or the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. We assume no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by law. Any other references to future financial estimates are included for informational purposes only and subject to risk factors discussed in our most recent filings with the SEC.

In addition, we use several non-GAAP financial measures when presenting our financial results in this document. Please refer to the reconciliations between our GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures in the appendix to this document and on our website at www.trueblue.com under the Investor Relations section for additional information on both current and historical periods. The presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures is used to enhance the understanding of certain aspects of our financial performance. It is not meant to be considered in isolation, superior to, or as a substitute for the directly comparable financial measures prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

TRUEBLUE, INC.

SUMMARY CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

Q4 2023

Q4 2022

2023

2022

14 weeks ended (1)

13 weeks ended

53 weeks ended (1)

52 weeks ended

(in thousands, except per share data)

Dec 31, 2023

Dec 25, 2022

Dec 31, 2023

Dec 25, 2022

Revenue from services

$

492,171

$

557,695

$

1,906,243

$

2,254,184

Cost of services

363,889

409,846

1,400,184

1,652,040

Gross profit

128,282

147,849

506,059

602,144

Selling, general and administrative expense

129,961

133,733

494,603

500,686

Depreciation and amortization

6,946

7,258

25,821

29,273

Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charge

9,485

Income (loss) from operations

(8,625

)

6,858

(23,850

)

72,185

Interest and other income (expense), net

1,223

133

3,205

1,231

Income (loss) before tax expense (benefit)

(7,402

)

6,991

(20,645

)

73,416

Income tax expense (benefit)

(4,851

)

(54

)

(6,472

)

11,143

Net income (loss)

$

(2,551

)

$

7,045

$

(14,173

)

$

62,273

Net (loss) income per common share:

Basic

$

(0.08

)

$

0.22

$

(0.45

)

$

1.89

Diluted

$

(0.08

)

$

0.21

$

(0.45

)

$

1.86

Weighted average shares outstanding:

Basic

31,079

32,486

31,317

32,889

Diluted

31,079

33,014

31,317

33,447

(1)

Our fiscal period ends on the Sunday closest to the last day of Dec. In fiscal years consisting of 53 weeks, the final quarter consists of 14 weeks, while in fiscal years consisting of 52 weeks, all quarters consist of 13 weeks.

TRUEBLUE, INC.

SUMMARY CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

(in thousands)

Dec 31, 2023

Dec 25, 2022

ASSETS

Cash and cash equivalents

$

61,885

$

72,054

Accounts receivable, net

252,538

314,275

Other current assets

40,570

43,883

Total current assets

354,993

430,212

Property and equipment, net

104,906

95,823

Restricted cash and investments

192,985

213,734

Goodwill and intangible assets, net

94,639

109,989

Other assets, net

151,860

169,650

Total assets

$

899,383

$

1,019,408

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Accounts payable and other accrued expenses

$

56,401

$

76,644

Accrued wages and benefits

80,120

92,237

Current portion of workers’ compensation claims reserve

44,866

50,005

Other current liabilities

22,712

23,989

Total current liabilities

204,099

242,875

Workers’ compensation claims reserve, less current portion

151,649

201,005

Other long-term liabilities

85,762

79,213

Total liabilities

441,510

523,093

Shareholders’ equity

457,873

496,315

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

$

899,383

$

1,019,408

TRUEBLUE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

53 weeks ended

(in thousands)

Dec 31, 2023

Dec 25, 2022

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net income (loss)

$

(14,173

)

$

62,273

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

25,821

29,273

Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charge

9,485

Provision for credit losses

4,972

4,462

Stock-based compensation

13,907

9,687

Deferred income taxes

(9,902

)

3,933

Non-cash lease expense

12,591

12,920

Other operating activities

(3,831

)

7,862

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

Accounts receivable

56,761

34,765

Income taxes receivable and payable

(1,317

)

(2,665

)

Operating lease right-of-use-asset

118

Other assets

31,366

(16,142

)

Accounts payable and other accrued expenses

(19,210

)

(1,501

)

Accrued wages and benefits

(12,113

)

(7,938

)

Workers’ compensation claims reserve

(54,495

)

(5,184

)

Operating lease liabilities

(12,796

)

(13,052

)

Other liabilities

7,688

1,692

Net cash provided by operating activities

34,754

120,503

Cash flows from investing activities:

Capital expenditures

(31,276

)

(30,626

)

Payments for company-owned life insurance

(2,347

)

Proceeds from company-owned life insurance

1,662

Purchases of restricted held-to-maturity investments

(34,110

)

(18,031

)

Maturities of restricted held-to-maturity investments

33,749

27,712

Net cash used in investing activities

(32,322

)

(20,945

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Purchases and retirement of common stock

(34,178

)

(60,939

)

Net proceeds from employee stock purchase plans

856

980

Common stock repurchases for taxes upon vesting of restricted stock

(4,161

)

(4,480

)

Other

(100

)

(253

)

Net cash used in financing activities

(37,583

)

(64,692

)

Change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reclassified to assets held-for-sale

(300

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

(874

)

(2,420

)

Net change in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

(36,325

)

32,446

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

135,631

103,185

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

99,306

$

135,631

TRUEBLUE, INC.

SEGMENT DATA

(Unaudited)

Q4 2023

Q4 2022

2023

2022

14 weeks ended (1)

13 weeks ended

53 weeks ended (1)

52 weeks ended

(in thousands)

Dec 31, 2023

Dec 25, 2022

Dec 31, 2023

Dec 25, 2022

Revenue from services:

PeopleReady

$

285,185

$

314,580

$

1,096,318

$

1,272,852

PeopleScout

47,204

68,676

229,334

317,518

PeopleManagement

159,782

174,439

580,591

663,814

Total company

$

492,171

$

557,695

$

1,906,243

$

2,254,184

Segment profit (2):

PeopleReady

$

7,920

$

22,467

$

26,606

$

87,743

PeopleScout

2,910

2,499

26,922

44,771

PeopleManagement

2,781

4,141

6,963

15,811

Total segment profit

13,611

29,107

60,491

148,325

Corporate unallocated expense

(8,462

)

(8,101

)

(31,507

)

(31,326

)

Total company Adjusted EBITDA (3)

5,149

21,006

28,984

116,999

Third-party processing fees for hiring tax credits (4)

67

(108

)

(253

)

(594

)

Amortization of software as a service assets (5)

(1,233

)

(810

)

(4,117

)

(2,985

)

Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charge

(9,485

)

PeopleReady technology upgrade costs (6)

(440

)

(1,779

)

(1,342

)

(7,935

)

Executive leadership transition (7)

(3,296

)

(5,788

)

1,422

Other adjustments, net (8)

(1,926

)

(4,193

)

(6,028

)

(5,449

)

EBITDA (3)

(1,679

)

14,116

1,971

101,458

Depreciation and amortization

(6,946

)

(7,258

)

(25,821

)

(29,273

)

Interest and other income (expense), net

1,223

133

3,205

1,231

Income (loss) before tax benefit (expense)

(7,402

)

6,991

(20,645

)

73,416

Income tax benefit (expense)

4,851

54

6,472

(11,143

)

Net income (loss)

$

(2,551

)

$

7,045

$

(14,173

)

$

62,273

(1)

Our fiscal period ends on the Sunday closest to the last day of Dec. In fiscal years consisting of 53 weeks, the final quarter consists of 14 weeks, while in fiscal years consisting of 52 weeks, all quarters consist of 13 weeks.

(2)

We evaluate performance based on segment revenue and segment profit. Segment profit includes revenue, related cost of services, and ongoing operating expenses directly attributable to the reportable segment. Segment profit excludes depreciation and amortization expense, unallocated corporate general and administrative expense, interest expense, other income, income taxes, and other adjustments not considered to be ongoing.

(3)

See the Non-GAAP Financial Measures table on the next page for definitions of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA.

(4)

These third-party processing fees are associated with generating hiring tax credits.

(5)

Amortization of software as a service assets is reported in selling, general and administrative expense.

(6)

Costs associated with upgrading legacy PeopleReady technology.

(7)

Cost associated with our CEO and CFO transitions, including accelerated vesting of stock awards and other separation related payments.

(8)

Other adjustments for the 14 and 53 weeks ended December 31, 2023 primarily include workforce reduction costs of $1.8 million and $5.1 million, respectively. The 53 weeks ended December 31, 2023 also includes adjustments to COVID-19 government subsidies of $0.5 million. Other adjustments for the 13 and 52 weeks ended December 25, 2022 primarily include accelerated software costs of $4.2 million. The 52 weeks ended December 25, 2022 also includes costs of $1.1 million incurred while transitioning to a new third party administrator for workers’ compensation.

TRUEBLUE, INC.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES AND NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS

In addition to financial measures presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP, we monitor certain non-GAAP key financial measures. The presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures is used to enhance the understanding of certain aspects of our financial performance. It is not meant to be considered in isolation, superior to, or as a substitute for the directly comparable financial measures prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.

Non-GAAP measure

Definition

Purpose of adjusted measures

Adjusted net income and

Adjusted net income per diluted share

Net income (loss) and net income (loss) per diluted share, excluding:

– amortization of intangibles,

– amortization of software as a service assets,

– goodwill and intangible asset impairment charge,

– accelerated depreciation,

– PeopleReady technology upgrade costs,

– executive leadership transition,

– other adjustments, net, and

– tax effect of the adjustments to U.S. GAAP.

– Enhances comparability on a consistent basis and provides investors with useful insight into the underlying trends of the business.

– Used by management to assess performance and effectiveness of our business strategies.

– Provides a measure, among others, used in the determination of incentive compensation for management.

EBITDA and

Adjusted EBITDA

EBITDA excludes from net income (loss):

– income tax expense (benefit),

– interest and other (income) expense, net, and

– depreciation and amortization.

Adjusted EBITDA, further excludes:

– third-party processing fees for hiring tax credits,

– amortization of software as a service assets,

– goodwill and intangible asset impairment charge,

– PeopleReady technology upgrade costs,

– executive leadership transition,

– other adjustments, net.

– Enhances comparability on a consistent basis and provides investors with useful insight into the underlying trends of the business.

– Used by management to assess performance and effectiveness of our business strategies.

– Provides a measure, among others, used in the determination of incentive compensation for management.

Adjusted SG&A expense

Selling, general and administrative expense excluding:

– third-party processing fees for hiring tax credits,

– amortization of software as a service assets,

– PeopleReady technology upgrade costs,

– executive leadership transition,

– other adjustments, net.

– Enhances comparability on a consistent basis and provides investors with useful insight into the underlying trends of the business.

1.

RECONCILIATION OF U.S. GAAP NET INCOME (LOSS) TO ADJUSTED NET INCOME AND ADJUSTED NET INCOME PER DILUTED SHARE

(Unaudited)

Q4 2023

Q4 2022

2023

2022

14 weeks ended (1)

13 weeks ended

53 weeks ended (1)

52 weeks ended

(in thousands, except for per share data)

Dec 31, 2023

Dec 25, 2022

Dec 31, 2023

Dec 25, 2022

Net income (loss)

$

(2,551

)

$

7,045

$

(14,173

)

$

62,273

Amortization of intangible assets

1,355

1,265

5,175

5,746

Amortization of software as a service assets (2)

810

2,985

Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charge

9,485

Accelerated depreciation (3)

1,658

PeopleReady technology upgrade costs (4)

440

1,779

1,342

7,935

Executive leadership transition costs (5)

3,296

5,788

(1,422

)

Other adjustments, net (6)

1,926

4,193

6,028

5,449

Tax effect of adjustments to net income (loss) (7)

(1,824

)

(2,092

)

(4,920

)

(5,811

)

Adjusted net income

$

2,642

$

13,000

$

8,725

$

78,813

Adjusted net income per diluted share

$

0.08

$

0.39

$

0.28

$

2.36

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

31,450

33,014

31,590

33,447

Margin / % of revenue:

Net income (loss)

(0.5

) %

1.3

%

(0.7

) %

2.8

%

Adjusted net income

0.5

%

2.3

%

0.5

%

3.5

%

2.

RECONCILIATION OF U.S. GAAP NET INCOME (LOSS) TO EBITDA AND ADJUSTED EBITDA

(Unaudited)

Q4 2023

Q4 2022

2023

2022

14 weeks ended (1)

13 weeks ended

53 weeks ended (1)

52 weeks ended

(in thousands)

Dec 31, 2023

Dec 25, 2022

Dec 31, 2023

Dec 25, 2022

Net income (loss)

$

(2,551

)

$

7,045

$

(14,173

)

$

62,273

Income tax expense (benefit)

(4,851

)

(54

)

(6,472

)

11,143

Interest and other (income) expense, net

(1,223

)

(133

)

(3,205

)

(1,231

)

Depreciation and amortization

6,946

7,258

25,821

29,273

EBITDA

(1,679

)

14,116

1,971

101,458

Third-party processing fees for hiring tax credits (8)

(67

)

108

253

594

Amortization of software as a service assets (2)

1,233

810

4,117

2,985

Goodwill and intangible asset impairment charge

9,485

PeopleReady technology upgrade costs (4)

440

1,779

1,342

7,935

Executive leadership transition costs (5)

3,296

5,788

(1,422

)

Other adjustments, net (6)

1,926

4,193

6,028

5,449

Adjusted EBITDA

$

5,149

$

21,006

$

28,984

$

116,999

Margin / % of revenue:

Net income (loss)

(0.5

) %

1.3

%

(0.7

) %

2.8

%

Adjusted EBITDA

1.0

%

3.8

%

1.5

%

5.2

%

3.

RECONCILIATION OF U.S. GAAP SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSE TO ADJUSTED SG&A EXPENSE

(Unaudited)

Q4 2023

Q4 2022

2023

2022

14 weeks ended (1)

13 weeks ended

53 weeks ended (1)

52 weeks ended

(in thousands)

Dec 31, 2023

Dec 25, 2022

Dec 31, 2023

Dec 25, 2022

Selling, general and administrative expense

$

129,961

$

133,733

$

494,603

$

500,686

Third-party processing fees for hiring tax credits (8)

67

(108

)

(253

)

(594

)

Amortization of software as a service assets (2)

(1,233

)

(810

)

(4,117

)

(2,985

)

PeopleReady technology upgrade costs (4)

(440

)

(1,779

)

(1,342

)

(7,935

)

Executive leadership transition costs (5)

(3,296

)

(5,788

)

1,422

Other adjustments, net (6)

(1,246

)

(4,193

)

(4,145

)

(5,449

)

Adjusted SG&A expense

$

123,813

$

126,843

$

478,958

$

485,145

% of revenue:

Selling, general and administrative expense

26.4

%

24.0

%

25.9

%

22.2

%

Adjusted SG&A expense

25.2

%

22.7

%

25.1

%

21.5

%

(1)

Our fiscal period ends on the Sunday closest to the last day of December. In fiscal years consisting of 53 weeks, the final quarter consists of 14 weeks, while in fiscal years consisting of 52 weeks, all quarters consist of 13 weeks.

(2)

Amortization of software as a service assets is reported in selling, general and administrative expense. Note, amortization of software as a service assets was included as an adjustment to net income during transitory periods ending with fiscal 2022 and is only considered an adjustment to EBITDA going forward to be consistent with the treatment of depreciation and amortization.

(3)

Accelerated depreciation for the existing systems being replaced by the upgraded PeopleReady technology platform.

(4)

Costs associated with upgrading legacy PeopleReady technology.

(5)

Cost associated with our CEO and CFO transitions, including accelerated vesting of stock awards and other separation related payments.

(6)

Other adjustments for the 14 and 53 weeks ended December 31, 2023 primarily include workforce reduction costs of $1.8 million and $5.1 million, respectively. The 53 weeks ended December 31, 2023 also includes adjustments to COVID-19 government subsidies of $0.5 million. Other adjustments for the 13 and 52 weeks ended December 25, 2022 primarily include accelerated software costs of $4.2 million. The 52 weeks ended December 25, 2022 also includes costs of $1.1 million incurred while transitioning to a new third party administrator for workers’ compensation.

(7)

Tax effect of the adjustments to U.S. GAAP net income (loss). The tax effect includes the application of our statutory rate of 26% to all taxable / deductible adjustments. Note, prior periods were reported using the effective rate for the respective period and have been recast to conform to the current presentation for comparability. Please refer to the reconciliations on the financial results page under the investor relations section of our website for additional information on comparable historical periods.

(8)

These third-party processing fees are associated with generating hiring tax credits.

Investor Relations

[email protected]

Source: TrueBlue

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