Form 497 GOLDMAN SACHS TRUST

January 4, 2021 5:19 PM
Goldman Sachs Trust
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style="display:none">~ http://www.gsamfunds.com/role/AverageAnnualTotalReturnsTransposedFinancialSquareGovernmentFundDrexelHamiltonClassShares column period compact * ~</div>The Investment Adviser has agreed to reduce or limit “Other Expenses” (excluding acquired fund fees and expenses, administration fees, transfer agency fees and expenses, taxes, interest, brokerage fees, expenses of shareholder meetings, litigation and indemnification, and extraordinary expenses) to 0.014% of the Fund’s average daily net assets. This arrangement will remain in effect through at least December 29, 2021, and prior to such date the Investment Adviser may not terminate the arrangement without the approval of the Board of Trustees.Because Drexel Hamilton Class Shares have not had returns for a full calendar year as of the date of this Prospectus, the figures shown above provide performance for Institutional Shares of the Fund (which are not offered in this Prospectus). Drexel Hamilton Class Shares would have substantially similar annual returns because the shares are invested in the same portfolio of securities and the annual returns would differ only to the extent that the share classes do not have the same expenses.The Fund’s “Other Expenses” have been restated to reflect expenses expected to be incurred during the current fiscal year.The Investment Adviser has agreed to reduce or limit “Other Expenses” (excluding acquired fund fees and expenses, administration fees, transfer agency fees and expenses, taxes, interest, brokerage fees, expenses of shareholder meetings, litigation and indemnification, and extraordinary expenses) to 0.014% of the Fund’s average daily net assets through at least December 29, 2021, and prior to such date the Investment Adviser may not terminate the arrangement without the approval of the Board of Trustees. 0000822977 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009258Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009260Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009259Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009243Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009261Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009242Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000051190Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:DrexelHamiltonClassMember gst1:S000009258Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009244Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:DrexelHamiltonClassMember gst1:S000009242Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009258Member gst1:C000025292Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009260Member gst1:C000025306Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009259Member gst1:C000025299Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009243Member gst1:C000025207Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009261Member gst1:C000025313Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009242Member gst1:C000025200Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000051190Member gst1:C000161179Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:DrexelHamiltonClassMember gst1:S000009258Member gst1:C000214496Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:SelectSharesMember gst1:S000009244Member gst1:C000025214Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:DrexelHamiltonClassMember gst1:S000009242Member gst1:C000214495Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:DrexelHamiltonClassMember gst1:S000009258Member gst1:C000025288Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 0000822977 gst1:DrexelHamiltonClassMember gst1:S000009242Member gst1:C000025196Member 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 iso4217:USD xbrli:pure
Prospectus
Select Shares
December 29, 2020
GOLDMAN SACHS MONEY MARKET FUNDS
It is our intention that beginning on January 1, 2021, paper copies of the Funds’ annual and semi-annual shareholder reports will not be sent by mail, unless you specifically request paper copies of the reports from a Fund or from your financial intermediary. Instead, the reports will be made available on a website, and you will be notified by mail each time a report is posted and provided with a website link to access the report.
If you already elected to receive shareholder reports electronically, you will not be affected by this change and you need not take any action. At any time, you may elect to receive reports and certain communications from a Fund electronically by calling the toll-free number below or by contacting your financial intermediary.
You may elect to receive all future shareholder reports in paper free of charge. If you hold shares of a Fund directly with the Fund’s transfer agent, you can inform the transfer agent that you wish to receive paper copies of reports by calling toll-free 800-621-2550. If you hold shares of a Fund through a financial intermediary, please contact your financial intermediary to make this election. Your election to receive reports in paper will apply to all Goldman Sachs Funds held in your account if you invest through your financial intermediary or all Goldman Sachs Funds held with the Funds’ transfer agent if you invest directly with the transfer agent.
THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION HAS NOT APPROVED OR DISAPPROVED THESE SECURITIES OR PASSED UPON THE ADEQUACY OF THIS PROSPECTUS. ANY REPRESENTATION TO THE CONTRARY IS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE.
AN INVESTMENT IN A FUND IS NOT A BANK DEPOSIT AND IS NOT INSURED OR GUARANTEED BY THE FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION OR ANY OTHER GOVERNMENT AGENCY.
Financial Square Funds
SM
Prime Obligations Fund: GSPXX
Money Market Fund: GSMXX
Treasury Obligations Fund: GSOXX
Treasury Instruments Fund: GSIXX
Treasury Solutions Fund: GSFXX
Government Fund: GSGXX
Federal Instruments Fund: FIJXX
Investor Funds
SM
Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund: GSTXX
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Table of Contents

 
Financial Square Prime Obligations Fund—Summary
Investment Objective
The Goldman Sachs Financial Square Prime Obligations Fund (the “Fund”) seeks to maximize current income to the extent consistent with the preservation of capital and the maintenance of liquidity by investing exclusively in high quality money market instruments.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the table and Example below.
Shareholder Fees
(fees paid directly from your investment)
 
Prime
Obligations
Fund
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Purchases None
Maximum Deferred Sales Charge (Load) None
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Reinvested Dividends None
Redemption Fees None
Exchange Fees None
Annual Fund Operating Expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
Management Fees 0.16%
Other Expenses 0.05%
Administration Fees 0.03%
All Other Expenses 0.02%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
0.21%
    
Expense Example
This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.
The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in Select Shares of the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your Select Shares at the end of those periods. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
 
1 Year
3 Years
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares $22 $68 $118 $268
    
Principal Strategy
The Fund pursues its investment objective by investing in securities issued or guaranteed by the United States or certain U.S. government agencies or instrumentalities (“U.S. Government Securities”), obligations of banks (which may exceed 25% of its total assets), commercial paper and other short-term obligations of U.S. companies, states, municipalities and other entities, and repurchase agreements. The Fund may also invest in U.S. dollar-denominated obligations of foreign banks, foreign companies and foreign governments. The Fund may, but does not currently intend to, invest in Euro certificates of deposit. The Fund may not invest more than 25% of its total assets in the securities of any one foreign government.
The Fund intends to be an “institutional money market fund” under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”). Although the Fund is a money market fund, the net asset value (“NAV”) of the Fund’s shares will fluctuate with changes in the values of its portfolio securities.
1

 
Under Rule 2a-7, the Fund may invest only in U.S. dollar-denominated securities that meet certain risk-limiting conditions relating to portfolio quality, maturity, diversification and liquidity.
Principal Risks of the Fund
You could lose money by investing in the Fund. Because the share price of the Fund will fluctuate, when you sell your shares they may be worth more or less than what you originally paid for them. The Fund may impose a fee upon the sale of your shares or may temporarily suspend your ability to sell shares if the Fund’s liquidity falls below required minimums because of market conditions or other factors. An investment in the Fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The Fund’s sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the Fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the Fund at any time. The Fund should not be relied upon as a complete investment program. There can be no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The Fund's principal risks are presented below in alphabetical order, and not in the order of importance or potential exposure.
Banking Industry Risk.
  An adverse development in the banking industry (domestic or foreign) may affect the value of the Fund’s investments more than if the Fund were not invested to such a degree in the banking industry. Banks may be particularly susceptible to certain economic factors such as interest rate changes, adverse developments in the real estate market, fiscal, regulatory and monetary policy and general economic cycles.
Credit/Default Risk.
  An issuer or guarantor of a security held by the Fund, or a bank or other financial institution that has entered into a repurchase agreement with the Fund, may default on its obligation to pay interest and repay principal or default on any other obligation. Additionally, the credit quality of securities may deteriorate rapidly, which may impair the Fund’s liquidity and cause significant deterioration in NAV.
Floating NAV Risk.
The Fund does not maintain a stable NAV per share. The value of the Fund’s shares will be calculated to four decimal places and will fluctuate with changes in the values of the Fund’s portfolio securities. When you sell your shares, they may be worth more or less than what you originally paid for them. This may result in a capital gain or loss.
Foreign Risk.
  Foreign securities may be subject to risk of loss because of more or less foreign government regulation, less public information, less stringent investor protections and disclosure standards and less economic, political and social stability in the countries in which the Fund invests. The imposition of sanctions, confiscations, trade restrictions (including tariffs) and other government restrictions by the United States and other governments, or from problems in share registration, settlement or custody, may also result in losses. In addition, the Fund will be subject to the risk that an issuer of foreign sovereign debt or the government authorities that control the repayment of the debt may be unable or unwilling to repay the principal or interest when due.
Interest Rate Risk.
  When interest rates increase, the Fund’s yield will tend to be lower than prevailing market rates, and the market value of its investments will generally decline. The risks associated with changing interest rates may have unpredictable effects on the markets and the Fund’s investments. A low or negative interest rate environment poses additional risks to the Fund, because low or negative yields on the Fund’s portfolio holdings may have an adverse impact on the Fund’s ability to provide a positive yield to its shareholders, pay expenses out of current income, or minimize the volatility of the Fund’s NAV per share and/or achieve its investment objective. Fluctuations in interest rates may also affect the liquidity of the Fund’s investments.
Large Shareholder Transactions Risk.
The Fund may experience adverse effects when certain large shareholders purchase or redeem large amounts of shares of the Fund. Such large shareholder redemptions, which may occur rapidly or unexpectedly, may cause the Fund to sell portfolio securities at times when it would not otherwise do so, which may negatively impact the  Fund's   NAV  and liquidity. Similarly, large Fund share purchases may adversely affect the  Fund's performance to the extent that the Fund is delayed in investing new cash or otherwise maintains a larger cash position than it ordinarily would. These transactions may also accelerate the realization of taxable income to shareholders if such sales of investments resulted in gains, and may also increase transaction costs. In addition, a large redemption could result in the  Fund's  current expenses being allocated over a smaller asset base, leading to an increase in the  Fund's  expense ratio.
Liquidity Risk
.
The Fund may make investments that are illiquid or that may become less liquid in response to market developments or adverse investor perceptions. Illiquid investments may be more difficult to value. The liquidity of portfolio securities can deteriorate rapidly due to credit events affecting issuers or guarantors, such as a credit rating downgrade, or due to general market conditions or a lack of willing buyers. An inability to sell one or more portfolio positions, or selling such positions at an unfavorable time and/or under unfavorable conditions, can increase the volatility of the Fund’s NAV per share. Liquidity risk may also refer to the risk that the Fund will not be able to pay redemption proceeds within the allowable time period because of unusual market conditions, an unusually high volume of redemption requests, or other reasons. Liquidity risk may be the result of, among other things, the reduced number and capacity of traditional market participants to make a market in fixed income securities or the lack of an active market. The potential for liquidity risk may be magnified by a rising interest rate environment or other circumstances where investor redemptions from money market and other fixed income mutual funds may be higher than normal, potentially causing increased supply in the market due to selling activity.
2

 
Market Risk
.
The market value of the securities in which the Fund invests may go up or down in response to the prospects of individual companies, particular sectors or governments and/or general economic conditions throughout the world due to increasingly interconnected global economies and financial markets. Events such as war, acts of terrorism, social unrest, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health threats could also significantly impact the Fund and its investments.
Municipal Securities Risk.
  Municipal securities are subject to credit/default risk, interest rate risk and certain additional risks. The Fund may be more sensitive to adverse economic, business or political developments if it invests a substantial portion of its assets in the debt securities of similar projects (such as those relating to education, health care, housing, transportation, and utilities), industrial development bonds, or in particular types of municipal securities (such as general obligation bonds, private activity bonds and moral obligation bonds). While interest earned on municipal securities is generally not subject to federal tax, any interest earned on taxable municipal securities is fully taxable at the federal level and may be subject to tax at the state level.
U.S. Government Securities Risk.
The U.S. government may not provide financial support to U.S. government agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored enterprises if it is not obligated to do so by law. Certain U.S. Government Securities, including securities issued by the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”) and Federal Home Loan Banks, are neither issued nor guaranteed by the U.S. Treasury and, therefore, are not backed by the full faith and credit of the United States. The maximum potential liability of the issuers of some U.S. Government Securities held by the Fund may greatly exceed their current resources, including any legal right to support from the U.S. Treasury. It is possible that issuers of U.S. Government Securities will not have the funds to meet their payment obligations in the future.
Performance
The bar chart and table below provide an indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing: (a) changes in the performance of the Fund’s Select Shares from year to year; and (b) the average annual total returns of the Fund’s Select Shares. The Fund’s past performance is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future. Performance reflects fee waivers and/or expense limitations in effect during the periods shown. Updated performance information is available at no cost at
www.gsamfunds.com/performance
or by calling 1-800-621-2550.
CALENDAR YEAR

The total return illustrated in the table above for the 9-month period ended September 30, 2020 was 0.61%.
During the periods shown in the chart above:
Returns
Quarter ended
Best Quarter Return 0.66% March 31, 2019
Worst Quarter Return 0.00% September 30, 2013
    
AVERAGE ANNUAL TOTAL RETURN
    
 
For the period ended December 31, 2019
1 Year
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares
(Inception 1/31/2000)
2.35% 1.17% 0.61%
    
Portfolio Management
Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P. is the investment adviser for the Fund (the “Investment Adviser” or “GSAM”).
Buying and Selling Fund Shares
For important information about purchase and sale of Fund shares, please see “Buying and Selling Fund Shares” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
3

 
Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions are taxable, and will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account. Investments made through tax-deferred arrangements may become taxable upon withdrawal from such arrangements.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and
Other Financial Intermediaries
For important information about financial intermediary compensation, please see “Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
4

 
Financial Square Money Market Fund—Summary
Investment Objective
The Goldman Sachs Financial Square Money Market Fund (the “Fund”) seeks to maximize current income to the extent consistent with the preservation of capital and the maintenance of liquidity by investing exclusively in high quality money market instruments.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the table and Example below.
Shareholder Fees
(fees paid directly from your investment)
 
Money
Market
Fund
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Purchases None
Maximum Deferred Sales Charge (Load) None
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Reinvested Dividends None
Redemption Fees None
Exchange Fees None
Annual Fund Operating Expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
Management Fees 0.16%
Other Expenses 0.05%
Administration Fees 0.03%
All Other Expenses 0.02%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
0.21%
    
Expense Example
This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.
The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in Select Shares of the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your Select Shares at the end of those periods. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
 
1 Year
3 Years
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares $22 $68 $118 $268
    
Principal Strategy
The Fund pursues its investment objective by investing in securities issued or guaranteed by the United States or certain U.S. government agencies or instrumentalities (“U.S. Government Securities”), obligations of banks (which may exceed 25% of its total assets), commercial paper and other short-term obligations of U.S. companies, states, municipalities and other entities, and repurchase agreements. The Fund may also invest in U.S. dollar-denominated obligations of foreign banks, foreign companies and foreign governments. The Fund may not invest more than 25% of its total assets in the securities of any one foreign government.
The Fund intends to be an “institutional money market fund” under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”). Although the Fund is a money market fund, the net asset value (“NAV”) of the Fund’s shares will fluctuate with changes in the values of its portfolio securities.
5

 
Under Rule 2a-7, the Fund may invest only in U.S. dollar-denominated securities that meet certain risk-limiting conditions relating to portfolio quality, maturity, diversification and liquidity.
Principal Risks of the Fund
You could lose money by investing in the Fund. Because the share price of the Fund will fluctuate, when you sell your shares they may be worth more or less than what you originally paid for them. The Fund may impose a fee upon the sale of your shares or may temporarily suspend your ability to sell shares if the Fund’s liquidity falls below required minimums because of market conditions or other factors. An investment in the Fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The Fund’s sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the Fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the Fund at any time. The Fund should not be relied upon as a complete investment program. There can be no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The Fund's principal risks are presented below in alphabetical order, and not in the order of importance or potential exposure.
Banking Industry Risk.
  An adverse development in the banking industry (domestic or foreign) may affect the value of the Fund’s investments more than if the Fund were not invested to such a degree in the banking industry. Banks may be particularly susceptible to certain economic factors such as interest rate changes, adverse developments in the real estate market, fiscal, regulatory and monetary policy and general economic cycles.
Credit/Default Risk.
  An issuer or guarantor of a security held by the Fund, or a bank or other financial institution that has entered into a repurchase agreement with the Fund, may default on its obligation to pay interest and repay principal or default on any other obligation. Additionally, the credit quality of securities may deteriorate rapidly, which may impair the Fund’s liquidity and cause significant deterioration in NAV.
Floating NAV Risk.
The Fund does not maintain a stable NAV per share. The value of the Fund’s shares will be calculated to four decimal places and will fluctuate with changes in the values of the Fund’s portfolio securities. When you sell your shares, they may be worth more or less than what you originally paid for them. This may result in a capital gain or loss.
Foreign Risk.
  Foreign securities may be subject to risk of loss because of more or less foreign government regulation, less public information, less stringent investor protections and disclosure standards and less economic, political and social stability in the countries in which the Fund invests. The imposition of sanctions, confiscations, trade restrictions (including tariffs) and other government restrictions by the United States and other governments, or from problems in share registration, settlement or custody, may also result in losses. In addition, the Fund will be subject to the risk that an issuer of foreign sovereign debt or the government authorities that control the repayment of the debt may be unable or unwilling to repay the principal or interest when due.
Interest Rate Risk.
  When interest rates increase, the Fund’s yield will tend to be lower than prevailing market rates, and the market value of its investments will generally decline. The risks associated with changing interest rates may have unpredictable effects on the markets and the Fund’s investments. A low or negative interest rate environment poses additional risks to the Fund, because low or negative yields on the Fund’s portfolio holdings may have an adverse impact on the Fund’s ability to provide a positive yield to its shareholders, pay expenses out of current income, or minimize the volatility of the Fund’s NAV per share and/or achieve its investment objective. Fluctuations in interest rates may also affect the liquidity of the Fund’s investments.
Large Shareholder Transactions Risk.
The Fund may experience adverse effects when certain large shareholders purchase or redeem large amounts of shares of the Fund. Such large shareholder redemptions, which may occur rapidly or unexpectedly, may cause the Fund to sell portfolio securities at times when it would not otherwise do so, which may negatively impact the  Fund's   NAV  and liquidity. Similarly, large Fund share purchases may adversely affect the  Fund's performance to the extent that the Fund is delayed in investing new cash or otherwise maintains a larger cash position than it ordinarily would. These transactions may also accelerate the realization of taxable income to shareholders if such sales of investments resulted in gains, and may also increase transaction costs. In addition, a large redemption could result in the  Fund's  current expenses being allocated over a smaller asset base, leading to an increase in the  Fund's  expense ratio.
Liquidity Risk
.
The Fund may make investments that are illiquid or that may become less liquid in response to market developments or adverse investor perceptions. Illiquid investments may be more difficult to value. The liquidity of portfolio securities can deteriorate rapidly due to credit events affecting issuers or guarantors, such as a credit rating downgrade, or due to general market conditions or a lack of willing buyers. An inability to sell one or more portfolio positions, or selling such positions at an unfavorable time and/or under unfavorable conditions, can increase the volatility of the Fund’s NAV per share. Liquidity risk may also refer to the risk that the Fund will not be able to pay redemption proceeds within the allowable time period because of unusual market conditions, an unusually high volume of redemption requests, or other reasons. Liquidity risk may be the result of, among other things, the reduced number and capacity of traditional market participants to make a market in fixed income securities or the lack of an active market. The potential for liquidity risk may be magnified by a rising interest rate environment or other circumstances where investor redemptions from money market and other fixed income mutual funds may be higher than normal, potentially causing increased supply in the market due to selling activity.
6

 
Market Risk
.
The market value of the securities in which the Fund invests may go up or down in response to the prospects of individual companies, particular sectors or governments and/or general economic conditions throughout the world due to increasingly interconnected global economies and financial markets. Events such as war, acts of terrorism, social unrest, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health threats could also significantly impact the Fund and its investments.
Municipal Securities Risk.
  Municipal securities are subject to credit/default risk, interest rate risk and certain additional risks. The Fund may be more sensitive to adverse economic, business or political developments if it invests a substantial portion of its assets in the debt securities of similar projects (such as those relating to education, health care, housing, transportation, and utilities), industrial development bonds, or in particular types of municipal securities (such as general obligation bonds, private activity bonds and moral obligation bonds). While interest earned on municipal securities is generally not subject to federal tax, any interest earned on taxable municipal securities is fully taxable at the federal level and may be subject to tax at the state level.
U.S. Government Securities Risk.
The U.S. government may not provide financial support to U.S. government agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored enterprises if it is not obligated to do so by law. Certain U.S. Government Securities, including securities issued by the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”) and Federal Home Loan Banks, are neither issued nor guaranteed by the U.S. Treasury and, therefore, are not backed by the full faith and credit of the United States. The maximum potential liability of the issuers of some U.S. Government Securities held by the Fund may greatly exceed their current resources, including any legal right to support from the U.S. Treasury. It is possible that issuers of U.S. Government Securities will not have the funds to meet their payment obligations in the future.
Performance
The bar chart and table below provide an indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing: (a) changes in the performance of the Fund’s Select Shares from year to year; and (b) the average annual total returns of the Fund’s Select Shares. The Fund’s past performance is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future. Performance reflects fee waivers and/or expense limitations in effect during the periods shown. Updated performance information is available at no cost at
www.gsamfunds.com/performance
or by calling 1-800-621-2550.
CALENDAR YEAR

The total return illustrated in the table above for the 9-month period ended September 30, 2020 was 0.58%.
During the periods shown in the chart above:
Returns
Quarter ended
Best Quarter Return 0.66% March 31, 2019
Worst Quarter Return 0.01% March 31, 2014
    
AVERAGE ANNUAL TOTAL RETURN
    
 
For the period ended December 31, 2019
1 Year
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares
(Inception 1/31/2000)
2.35% 1.19% 0.64%
    
Portfolio Management
Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P. is the investment adviser for the Fund (the “Investment Adviser” or “GSAM”).
Buying and Selling Fund Shares
For important information about purchase and sale of Fund shares, please see “Buying and Selling Fund Shares” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
7

 
Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions are taxable, and will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account. Investments made through tax-deferred arrangements may become taxable upon withdrawal from such arrangements.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and
Other Financial Intermediaries
For important information about financial intermediary compensation, please see “Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
8

 
Financial Square Treasury Obligations Fund—Summary
Investment Objective
The Goldman Sachs Financial Square Treasury Obligations Fund (the “Fund”) seeks to maximize current income to the extent consistent with the preservation of capital and the maintenance of liquidity by investing exclusively in high quality money market instruments.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the table and Example below.
Shareholder Fees
(fees paid directly from your investment)
 
Treasury
Obligations
Fund
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Purchases None
Maximum Deferred Sales Charge (Load) None
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Reinvested Dividends None
Redemption Fees None
Exchange Fees None
Annual Fund Operating Expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
Management Fees 0.18%
Other Expenses 0.05%
Administration Fees 0.03%
All Other Expenses 0.02%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
0.23%
    
Expense Example
This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.
The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in Select Shares of the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your Select Shares at the end of those periods. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
 
1 Year
3 Years
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares $24 $74 $130 $293
    
Principal Strategy
The Fund pursues its investment objective by investing only in U.S. Treasury Obligations, which include securities issued or guaran- teed by the U.S. Treasury where the payment of principal and interest is backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government (“U.S. Treasury Obligations”), and repurchase agreements collateralized by U.S. Treasury Obligations.
The Fund intends to be a “government money market fund,” as such term is defined in or interpreted under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (“Investment Company Act”). “Government money market funds” are money market funds that invest at least 99.5% of their total assets in cash, securities issued or guaranteed by the United States or certain U.S. government agencies or instrumentalities (“U.S. Government Securities”), and/or repurchase agreements that are collateralized fully by
9

 
cash or U.S. Government Securities. “Government money market funds” are exempt from requirements that permit money market funds to impose a “liquidity fee” and/or “redemption gate” that temporarily restricts redemptions. As a “government money market fund,” the Fund values its securities using the amortized cost method. The Fund seeks to maintain a stable net asset value (“NAV”) of $1.00 per share.
Under Rule 2a-7, the Fund may invest only in U.S. dollar-denominated securities that meet certain risk-limiting conditions relating to portfolio quality, maturity and liquidity.
Principal Risks of the Fund
You could lose money by investing in the Fund. Although the Fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it cannot guarantee it will do so. An investment in the Fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The Fund’s sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the Fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the Fund at any time. The Fund should not be relied upon as a complete investment program. There can be no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The Fund's principal risks are presented below in alphabetical order, and not in the order of importance or potential exposure.
Credit/Default Risk.
  An issuer or guarantor of a security held by the Fund, or a bank or other financial institution that has entered into a repurchase agreement with the Fund, may default on its obligation to pay interest and repay principal or default on any other obligation. Additionally, the credit quality of securities may deteriorate rapidly, which may impair the Fund’s liquidity and cause significant deterioration in NAV.
Interest Rate Risk.
  When interest rates increase, the Fund’s yield will tend to be lower than prevailing market rates, and the market value of its investments will generally decline. The risks associated with changing interest rates may have unpredictable effects on the markets and the Fund’s investments. A low or negative interest rate environment poses additional risks to the Fund, because low or negative yields on the Fund’s portfolio holdings may have an adverse impact on the Fund’s ability to provide a positive yield to its shareholders, pay expenses out of current income, or, at times, maintain a stable $1.00 share price and/or achieve its investment objective. Fluctuations in interest rates may also affect the liquidity of the Fund’s investments.
Large Shareholder Transactions Risk.
The Fund may experience adverse effects when certain large shareholders purchase or redeem large amounts of shares of the Fund. Such large shareholder redemptions, which may occur rapidly or unexpectedly, may cause the Fund to sell portfolio securities at times when it would not otherwise do so, which may negatively impact the  Fund's   NAV  and liquidity. Similarly, large Fund share purchases may adversely affect the  Fund's performance to the extent that the Fund is delayed in investing new cash or otherwise maintains a larger cash position than it ordinarily would. These transactions may also accelerate the realization of taxable income to shareholders if such sales of investments resulted in gains, and may also increase transaction costs. In addition, a large redemption could result in the  Fund's  current expenses being allocated over a smaller asset base, leading to an increase in the  Fund's  expense ratio.
Liquidity Risk
.
The Fund may make investments that are illiquid or that may become less liquid in response to market developments or adverse investor perceptions. Illiquid investments may be more difficult to value. The liquidity of portfolio securities can deteriorate rapidly due to credit events affecting issuers or guarantors, such as a credit rating downgrade, or due to general market conditions or a lack of willing buyers. An inability to sell one or more portfolio positions, or selling such positions at an unfavorable time and/or under unfavorable conditions, can adversely affect the Fund’s ability to maintain a stable $1.00 share price. Liquidity risk may also refer to the risk that the Fund will not be able to pay redemption proceeds within the allowable time period because of unusual market conditions, an unusually high volume of redemption requests, or other reasons. Liquidity risk may be the result of, among other things, the reduced number and capacity of traditional market participants to make a market in fixed income securities or the lack of an active market. The potential for liquidity risk may be magnified by a rising interest rate environment or other circumstances where investor redemptions from money market and other fixed income mutual funds may be higher than normal, potentially causing increased supply in the market due to selling activity.
Market Risk
.
The market value of the securities in which the Fund invests may go up or down in response to the prospects of governments and/or general economic conditions throughout the world due to increasingly interconnected global economies and financial markets. Events such as war, acts of terrorism, social unrest, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health threats could also significantly impact the Fund and its investments.
Stable NAV Risk.
  The Fund may not be able to maintain a stable $1.00 share price at all times. If any money market fund that intends to maintain a stable NAV fails to do so (or if there is a perceived threat of such a failure), other such money market funds, including the Fund, could be subject to increased redemption activity, which could adversely affect the Fund’s NAV. Shareholders of the Fund should not rely on or expect the Investment Adviser or an affiliate to purchase distressed assets from the Fund, make capital infusions into the Fund, enter into capital support agreements with the Fund or take other actions to help the Fund maintain a stable $1.00 share price.
10

 
Performance
The bar chart and table below provide an indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing: (a) changes in the performance of the Fund’s Select Shares from year to year; and (b) the average annual total returns of the Fund’s Select Shares.
 
The Fund’s past performance is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future.
 
Performance reflects fee waivers and/or expense limitations in effect during the periods shown. Updated performance information is available at no cost at
www.gsamfunds.com/performance
or by calling 1-800-621-2550.
CALENDAR YEAR

The total return illustrated in the table above for the 9-month period ended September 30, 2020 was 0.35%.
During the periods shown in the chart above:
Returns
Quarter ended
Best Quarter Return 0.56% June 30, 2019
Worst Quarter Return 0.00% September 30, 2015
    
AVERAGE ANNUAL TOTAL RETURN
    
 
For the period ended December 31, 2019
1 Year
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares
(Inception 1/31/2000)
2.05% 0.93% 0.47%
    
Portfolio Management
Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P. is the investment adviser for the Fund (the “Investment Adviser” or “GSAM”).
Buying and Selling Fund Shares
For important information about purchase and sale of Fund shares, please see “Buying and Selling Fund Shares” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions are taxable, and will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account. Investments made through tax-deferred arrangements may become taxable upon withdrawal from such arrangements.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and
Other Financial Intermediaries
For important information about financial intermediary compensation, please see “Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
11

 
Financial Square Treasury Instruments Fund—Summary
Investment Objective
The Goldman Sachs Financial Square Treasury Instruments Fund (the “Fund”) seeks to maximize current income to the extent consistent with the preservation of capital and the maintenance of liquidity by investing exclusively in high quality money market instruments.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the table and Example below.
Shareholder Fees
(fees paid directly from your investment)
 
Treasury
Instruments
Fund
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Purchases None
Maximum Deferred Sales Charge (Load) None
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Reinvested Dividends None
Redemption Fees None
Exchange Fees None
Annual Fund Operating Expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
Management Fees 0.18%
Other Expenses 0.05%
Administration Fees 0.03%
All Other Expenses 0.02%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
0.23%
    
Expense Example
This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.
The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in Select Shares of the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your Select Shares at the end of those periods. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
 
1 Year
3 Years
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares $24 $74 $130 $293
    
Principal Strategy
The Fund pursues its investment objective by investing only in U.S. Treasury Obligations, which include securities issued or guaran- teed by the U.S. Treasury where the payment of principal and interest is backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government (“U.S. Treasury Obligations”), the interest from which is generally exempt from state income taxation.
The Fund intends to be a “government money market fund,” as such term is defined in or interpreted under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (“Investment Company Act”). “Government money market funds” are money market funds that invest at least 99.5% of their total assets in cash and securities issued or guaranteed by the United States or certain U.S. government agencies or instrumentalities (“U.S. Government Securities”). Although “government money market funds” may also invest in repurchase agreements that are collateralized fully by cash or U.S. Government Securities, the Fund may not invest in
12

 
repurchase agreements. “Government money market funds” are exempt from requirements that permit money market funds to impose a “liquidity fee” and/or “redemption gate” that temporarily restricts redemptions. As a “government money market fund,” the Fund values its securities using the amortized cost method. The Fund seeks to maintain a stable net asset value (“NAV”) of $1.00 per share.
Under Rule 2a-7, the Fund may invest only in U.S. dollar-denominated securities that meet certain risk-limiting conditions relating to portfolio quality, maturity and liquidity.
Principal Risks of the Fund
You could lose money by investing in the Fund. Although the Fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it cannot guarantee it will do so. An investment in the Fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The Fund’s sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the Fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the Fund at any time. The Fund should not be relied upon as a complete investment program. There can be no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The Fund's principal risks are presented below in alphabetical order, and not in the order of importance or potential exposure.
Credit/Default Risk.
  An issuer or guarantor of a security held by the Fund may default on its obligation to pay interest and repay principal or default on any other obligation. Additionally, the credit quality of securities may deteriorate rapidly, which may impair the Fund’s liquidity and cause significant deterioration in NAV.
Interest Rate Risk.
  When interest rates increase, the Fund’s yield will tend to be lower than prevailing market rates, and the market value of its investments will generally decline. The risks associated with changing interest rates may have unpredictable effects on the markets and the Fund’s investments. A low or negative interest rate environment poses additional risks to the Fund, because low or negative yields on the Fund’s portfolio holdings may have an adverse impact on the Fund’s ability to provide a positive yield to its shareholders, pay expenses out of current income, or, at times, maintain a stable $1.00 share price and/or achieve its investment objective. Fluctuations in interest rates may also affect the liquidity of the Fund’s investments.
Large Shareholder Transactions Risk.
The Fund may experience adverse effects when certain large shareholders purchase or redeem large amounts of shares of the Fund. Such large shareholder redemptions, which may occur rapidly or unexpectedly, may cause the Fund to sell portfolio securities at times when it would not otherwise do so, which may negatively impact the  Fund's   NAV  and liquidity. Similarly, large Fund share purchases may adversely affect the  Fund's performance to the extent that the Fund is delayed in investing new cash or otherwise maintains a larger cash position than it ordinarily would. These transactions may also accelerate the realization of taxable income to shareholders if such sales of investments resulted in gains, and may also increase transaction costs. In addition, a large redemption could result in the  Fund's  current expenses being allocated over a smaller asset base, leading to an increase in the  Fund's  expense ratio.
Liquidity Risk
.
The Fund may make investments that are illiquid or that may become less liquid in response to market developments or adverse investor perceptions. Illiquid investments may be more difficult to value. The liquidity of portfolio securities can deteriorate rapidly due to credit events affecting issuers or guarantors, such as a credit rating downgrade, or due to general market conditions or a lack of willing buyers. An inability to sell one or more portfolio positions, or selling such positions at an unfavorable time and/or under unfavorable conditions, can adversely affect the Fund’s ability to maintain a stable $1.00 share price. Liquidity risk may also refer to the risk that the Fund will not be able to pay redemption proceeds within the allowable time period because of unusual market conditions, an unusually high volume of redemption requests, or other reasons. Liquidity risk may be the result of, among other things, the reduced number and capacity of traditional market participants to make a market in fixed income securities or the lack of an active market. The potential for liquidity risk may be magnified by a rising interest rate environment or other circumstances where investor redemptions from money market and other fixed income mutual funds may be higher than normal, potentially causing increased supply in the market due to selling activity.
Market Risk
.
The market value of the securities in which the Fund invests may go up or down in response to the prospects of governments and/or general economic conditions throughout the world due to increasingly interconnected global economies and financial markets. Events such as war, acts of terrorism, social unrest, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health threats could also significantly impact the Fund and its investments.
Stable NAV Risk.
  The Fund may not be able to maintain a stable $1.00 share price at all times. If any money market fund that intends to maintain a stable NAV fails to do so (or if there is a perceived threat of such a failure), other such money market funds, including the Fund, could be subject to increased redemption activity, which could adversely affect the Fund’s NAV. Shareholders of the Fund should not rely on or expect the Investment Adviser or an affiliate to purchase distressed assets from the Fund, make capital infusions into the Fund, enter into capital support agreements with the Fund or take other actions to help the Fund maintain a stable $1.00 share price.
Performance
The bar chart and table below provide an indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing: (a) changes in the performance of the Fund’s Select Shares from year to year; and (b) the average annual total returns of the Fund’s Select Shares. The Fund’s past performance is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future. Performance reflects fee waivers and/or expense limitations in effect during the periods shown. Updated performance information is available at no cost at
www.gsamfunds.com/performance
or by calling 1-800-621-2550.
13

 
CALENDAR YEAR

The total return illustrated in the table above for the 9-month period ended September 30, 2020 was 0.36%.
During the periods shown in the chart above:
Returns
Quarter ended
Best Quarter Return 0.55% June 30, 2019
Worst Quarter Return 0.00% September 30, 2015
    
AVERAGE ANNUAL TOTAL RETURN
    
 
For the period ended December 31, 2019
1 Year
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares
(Inception
 
1/31/2000)
2.02% 0.91% 0.46%
    
Portfolio Management
Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P. is the investment adviser for the Fund (the “Investment Adviser” or “GSAM”).
Buying and Selling Fund Shares
For important information about purchase and sale of Fund shares, please see “Buying and Selling Fund Shares” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions are taxable, and will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account. Investments made through tax-deferred arrangements may become taxable upon withdrawal from such arrangements.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and
Other Financial Intermediaries
For important information about financial intermediary compensation, please see “Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
14

 
Financial Square Treasury Solutions Fund—Summary
Investment Objective
The Goldman Sachs Financial Square Treasury Solutions Fund (the “Fund”) seeks to maximize current income to the extent consistent with the preservation of capital and the maintenance of liquidity by investing exclusively in high quality money market instruments.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the table and Example below.
Shareholder Fees
(fees paid directly from your investment)
 
Treasury
Solutions Fund
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Purchases None
Maximum Deferred Sales Charge (Load) None
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Reinvested Dividends None
Redemption Fees None
Exchange Fees None
Annual Fund Operating Expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
Management Fees 0.18%
Other Expenses 0.05%
Administration Fees 0.03%
All Other Expenses 0.02%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
0.23%
    
Expense Example
This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.
The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in Select Shares of the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your Select Shares at the end of those periods. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
 
1 Year
3 Years
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares $24 $74 $130 $293
    
Principal Strategy
The Fund pursues its investment objective by investing only in U.S. Treasury Obligations, which include securities issued or guaran- teed by the U.S. Treasury where the payment of principal and interest is backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government (“U.S. Treasury Obligations”), and repurchase agreements with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York collateralized by U.S. Treasury Obligations.
The Fund intends to be a “government money market fund,” as such term is defined in or interpreted under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (“Investment Company Act”). “Government money market funds” are money market funds that invest at least 99.5% of their total assets in cash, securities issued or guaranteed by the United States or certain U.S. government agencies or instrumentalities (“U.S. Government Securities”), and/or repurchase agreements that are collateralized fully by
15

 
cash or U.S. Government Securities. “Government money market funds” are exempt from requirements that permit money market funds to impose a “liquidity fee” and/or “redemption gate” that temporarily restricts redemptions. As a “government money market fund,” the Fund values its securities using the amortized cost method. The Fund seeks to maintain a stable net asset value (“NAV”) of $1.00 per share.
Under Rule 2a-7, the Fund may invest only in U.S. dollar-denominated securities that meet certain risk-limiting conditions relating to portfolio quality, maturity and liquidity.
Principal Risks of the Fund
You could lose money by investing in the Fund. Although the Fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it cannot guarantee it will do so. An investment in the Fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The Fund’s sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the Fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the Fund at any time. The Fund should not be relied upon as a complete investment program. There can be no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The Fund's principal risks are presented below in alphabetical order, and not in the order of importance or potential exposure.
Credit/Default Risk.
  An issuer or guarantor of a security held by the Fund, or a bank or other financial institution that has entered into a repurchase agreement with the Fund, may default on its obligation to pay interest and repay principal or default on any other obligation. Additionally, the credit quality of securities may deteriorate rapidly, which may impair the Fund’s liquidity and cause significant deterioration in NAV.
Interest Rate Risk.
  When interest rates increase, the Fund’s yield will tend to be lower than prevailing market rates, and the market value of its investments will generally decline. The risks associated with changing interest rates may have unpredictable effects on the markets and the Fund’s investments. A low or negative interest rate environment poses additional risks to the Fund, because low or negative yields on the Fund’s portfolio holdings may have an adverse impact on the Fund’s ability to provide a positive yield to its shareholders, pay expenses out of current income, or, at times, maintain a stable $1.00 share price and/or achieve its investment objective. Fluctuations in interest rates may also affect the liquidity of the Fund’s investments.
Large Shareholder Transactions Risk.
The Fund may experience adverse effects when certain large shareholders purchase or redeem large amounts of shares of the Fund. Such large shareholder redemptions, which may occur rapidly or unexpectedly, may cause the Fund to sell portfolio securities at times when it would not otherwise do so, which may negatively impact the  Fund's   NAV  and liquidity. Similarly, large Fund share purchases may adversely affect the  Fund's performance to the extent that the Fund is delayed in investing new cash or otherwise maintains a larger cash position than it ordinarily would. These transactions may also accelerate the realization of taxable income to shareholders if such sales of investments resulted in gains, and may also increase transaction costs. In addition, a large redemption could result in the  Fund's  current expenses being allocated over a smaller asset base, leading to an increase in the  Fund's  expense ratio.
Liquidity Risk
.
The Fund may make investments that are illiquid or that may become less liquid in response to market developments or adverse investor perceptions. Illiquid investments may be more difficult to value. The liquidity of portfolio securities can deteriorate rapidly due to credit events affecting issuers or guarantors, such as a credit rating downgrade, or due to general market conditions or a lack of willing buyers. An inability to sell one or more portfolio positions, or selling such positions at an unfavorable time and/or under unfavorable conditions, can adversely affect the Fund’s ability to maintain a stable $1.00 share price. Liquidity risk may also refer to the risk that the Fund will not be able to pay redemption proceeds within the allowable time period because of unusual market conditions, an unusually high volume of redemption requests, or other reasons. Liquidity risk may be the result of, among other things, the reduced number and capacity of traditional market participants to make a market in fixed income securities or the lack of an active market. The potential for liquidity risk may be magnified by a rising interest rate environment or other circumstances where investor redemptions from money market and other fixed income mutual funds may be higher than normal, potentially causing increased supply in the market due to selling activity.
Market Risk
.
The market value of the securities in which the Fund invests may go up or down in response to the prospects of governments and/or general economic conditions throughout the world due to increasingly interconnected global economies and financial markets. Events such as war, acts of terrorism, social unrest, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health threats could also significantly impact the Fund and its investments.
Stable NAV Risk.
  The Fund may not be able to maintain a stable $1.00 share price at all times. If any money market fund that intends to maintain a stable NAV fails to do so (or if there is a perceived threat of such a failure), other such money market funds, including the Fund, could be subject to increased redemption activity, which could adversely affect the Fund’s NAV. Shareholders of the Fund should not rely on or expect the Investment Adviser or an affiliate to purchase distressed assets from the Fund, make capital infusions into the Fund, enter into capital support agreements with the Fund or take other actions to help the Fund maintain a stable $1.00 share price.
16

 
Performance
The bar chart and table below provide an indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing: (a) changes in the performance of the Fund’s Select Shares from year to year; and (b) the average annual total returns of the Fund’s Select Shares. The Fund’s past performance is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future. Performance reflects fee waivers and/or expense limitations in effect during the periods shown. Updated performance information is available at no cost at
www.gsamfunds.com/performance
or by calling 1-800-621-2550.
CALENDAR YEAR

The total return illustrated in the table above for the 9-month period ended September 30, 2020 was 0.36%.
During the periods shown in the chart above:
Returns
Quarter ended
Best Quarter Return 0.55% June 30, 2019
Worst Quarter Return 0.00% September 30, 2015
    
AVERAGE ANNUAL TOTAL RETURN
    
 
For the period ended December 31, 2019
1 Year
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares
(Inception 1/31/2000)
2.04% 0.92% 0.46%
    
Portfolio Management
Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P. is the investment adviser for the Fund (the “Investment Adviser” or “GSAM”).
Buying and Selling Fund Shares
For important information about purchase and sale of Fund shares, please see “Buying and Selling Fund Shares” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions are taxable, and will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account. Investments made through tax-deferred arrangements may become taxable upon withdrawal from such arrangements.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and
Other Financial Intermediaries
For important information about financial intermediary compensation, please see “Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
17

 
Financial Square Government Fund—Summary
Investment Objective
The Goldman Sachs Financial Square Government Fund (the “Fund”) seeks to maximize current income to the extent consistent with the preservation of capital and the maintenance of liquidity by investing exclusively in high quality money market instruments.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the table and Example below.
Shareholder Fees
(fees paid directly from your investment)
 
Government
Fund
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Purchases None
Maximum Deferred Sales Charge (Load) None
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Reinvested Dividends None
Redemption Fees None
Exchange Fees None
Annual Fund Operating Expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
Management Fees 0.16%
Other Expenses 0.05%
Administration Fees 0.03%
All Other Expenses 0.02%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
0.21%
    
Expense Example
This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.
The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in Select Shares of the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your Select Shares at the end of those periods. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
 
1 Year
3 Years
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares $22 $68 $118 $268
    
Principal Strategy
The Fund pursues its investment objective by investing only in “government securities,” as such term is defined in or interpreted under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (“Investment Company Act”), and repurchase agreements collateralized by such securities. “Government securities” generally are securities issued or guaranteed by the United States or certain U.S. government agencies or instrumentalities (“U.S. Government Securities”).
The Fund intends to be a “government money market fund,” as such term is defined in or interpreted under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act. “Government money market funds” are money market funds that invest at least 99.5% of their total assets in cash, U.S. Government Securities, and/or repurchase agreements that are collateralized fully by cash or U.S. Government Securities. “Government money market funds” are exempt from requirements that permit money market funds to impose a “liquidity fee” and/or “redemption gate” that temporarily restricts redemptions. As a “government money market fund,” the Fund values its securities using the amortized cost method. The Fund seeks to maintain a stable net asset value (“NAV”) of $1.00 per share.
18

 
Under Rule 2a-7, the Fund may invest only in U.S. dollar-denominated securities that meet certain risk-limiting conditions relating to portfolio quality, maturity and liquidity.
Principal Risks of the Fund
You could lose money by investing in the Fund. Although the Fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it cannot guarantee it will do so. An investment in the Fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The Fund’s sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the Fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the Fund at any time. The Fund should not be relied upon as a complete investment program. There can be no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The Fund's principal risks are presented below in alphabetical order, and not in the order of importance or potential exposure.
Credit/Default Risk.
  An issuer or guarantor of a security held by the Fund, or a bank or other financial institution that has entered into a repurchase agreement with the Fund, may default on its obligation to pay interest and repay principal or default on any other obligation. Additionally, the credit quality of securities may deteriorate rapidly, which may impair the Fund’s liquidity and cause significant deterioration in NAV.
Interest Rate Risk.
  When interest rates increase, the Fund’s yield will tend to be lower than prevailing market rates, and the market value of its investments will generally decline. The risks associated with changing interest rates may have unpredictable effects on the markets and the Fund’s investments. A low or negative interest rate environment poses additional risks to the Fund, because low or negative yields on the Fund’s portfolio holdings may have an adverse impact on the Fund’s ability to provide a positive yield to its shareholders, pay expenses out of current income, or, at times, maintain a stable $1.00 share price and/or achieve its investment objective. Fluctuations in interest rates may also affect the liquidity of the Fund’s investments.
Large Shareholder Transactions Risk.
The Fund may experience adverse effects when certain large shareholders purchase or redeem large amounts of shares of the Fund. Such large shareholder redemptions, which may occur rapidly or unexpectedly, may cause the Fund to sell portfolio securities at times when it would not otherwise do so, which may negatively impact the  Fund's   NAV  and liquidity. Similarly, large Fund share purchases may adversely affect the  Fund's performance to the extent that the Fund is delayed in investing new cash or otherwise maintains a larger cash position than it ordinarily would. These transactions may also accelerate the realization of taxable income to shareholders if such sales of investments resulted in gains, and may also increase transaction costs. In addition, a large redemption could result in the  Fund's  current expenses being allocated over a smaller asset base, leading to an increase in the  Fund's  expense ratio.
Liquidity Risk
.
The Fund may make investments that are illiquid or that may become less liquid in response to market developments or adverse investor perceptions. Illiquid investments may be more difficult to value. The liquidity of portfolio securities can deteriorate rapidly due to credit events affecting issuers or guarantors, such as a credit rating downgrade, or due to general market conditions or a lack of willing buyers. An inability to sell one or more portfolio positions, or selling such positions at an unfavorable time and/or under unfavorable conditions, can adversely affect the Fund’s ability to maintain a stable $1.00 share price. Liquidity risk may also refer to the risk that the Fund will not be able to pay redemption proceeds within the allowable time period because of unusual market conditions, an unusually high volume of redemption requests, or other reasons. Liquidity risk may be the result of, among other things, the reduced number and capacity of traditional market participants to make a market in fixed income securities or the lack of an active market. The potential for liquidity risk may be magnified by a rising interest rate environment or other circumstances where investor redemptions from money market and other fixed income mutual funds may be higher than normal, potentially causing increased supply in the market due to selling activity.
Market Risk
.
The market value of the securities in which the Fund invests may go up or down in response to the prospects of individual companies, particular sectors or governments and/or general economic conditions throughout the world due to increasingly interconnected global economies and financial markets. Events such as war, acts of terrorism, social unrest, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health threats could also significantly impact the Fund and its investments.
Stable NAV Risk.
  The Fund may not be able to maintain a stable $1.00 share price at all times. If any money market fund that intends to maintain a stable NAV fails to do so (or if there is a perceived threat of such a failure), other such money market funds, including the Fund, could be subject to increased redemption activity, which could adversely affect the Fund’s NAV. Shareholders of the Fund should not rely on or expect the Investment Adviser or an affiliate to purchase distressed assets from the Fund, make capital infusions into the Fund, enter into capital support agreements with the Fund or take other actions to help the Fund maintain a stable $1.00 share price.
U.S. Government Securities Risk.
The U.S. government may not provide financial support to U.S. government agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored enterprises if it is not obligated to do so by law. Certain U.S. Government Securities, including securities issued by the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”) and Federal Home Loan Banks, are neither issued nor guaranteed by the U.S. Treasury and, therefore, are not backed by the full faith and credit of the United States. The maximum potential liability of the issuers of some U.S. Government Securities held by the Fund may greatly exceed their current resources, including any legal right to support from the U.S. Treasury. It is possible that issuers of U.S. Government Securities will not have the funds to meet their payment obligations in the future.
19

 
Performance
The bar chart and table below provide an indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing: (a) changes in the performance of the Fund’s Select Shares from year to year; and (b) the average annual total returns of the Fund’s Select Shares. The Fund’s past performance is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future. Performance reflects fee waivers and/or expense limitations in effect during the periods shown. Updated performance information is available at no cost at
www.gsamfunds.com/performance
or by calling 1-800-621-2550.
CALENDAR YEAR

The total return illustrated in the table above for the 9-month period ended September 30, 2020 was 0.37%.
During the periods shown in the chart above:
Returns
Quarter ended
Best Quarter Return 0.57% June 30, 2019
Worst Quarter Return 0.00% September 30, 2015
    
AVERAGE ANNUAL TOTAL RETURN
    
 
For the period ended December 31, 2019
1 Year
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares
(Inception 1/31/2000)
2.09% 0.96% 0.49%
    
Portfolio Management
Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P. is the investment adviser for the Fund (the “Investment Adviser” or “GSAM”).
Buying and Selling Fund Shares
For important information about purchase and sale of Fund shares, please see “Buying and Selling Fund Shares” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions are taxable, and will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account. Investments made through tax-deferred arrangements may become taxable upon withdrawal from such arrangements.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and
Other Financial Intermediaries
For important information about financial intermediary compensation, please see “Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
20

 
Financial Square Federal Instruments Fund—Summary
Investment Objective
The Goldman Sachs Financial Square Federal Instruments Fund (the “Fund”) seeks to maximize current income to the extent consistent with the preservation of capital and the maintenance of liquidity by investing exclusively in high quality money market instruments.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the table and Example below.
Shareholder Fees
(fees paid directly from your investment)
 
Federal
Instruments
Fund
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Purchases None
Maximum Deferred Sales Charge (Load) None
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Reinvested Dividends None
Redemption Fees None
Exchange Fees None
Annual Fund Operating Expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
Management Fees 0.18%
Other Expenses 0.06%
Administration Fees 0.03%
All Other Expenses 0.03%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
0.24%
Fee Waiver and Expense Limitation
1
(0.01)%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Waiver and Expense Limitation
0.23%
1
The Investment Adviser has agreed to reduce or limit “Other Expenses” (excluding acquired fund fees and expenses, administration fees, transfer agency fees and expenses, taxes, interest, brokerage fees, expenses of shareholder meetings, litigation and indemnification, and extraordinary expenses) to 0.014% of the Fund’s average daily net assets. This arrangement will remain in effect through at least December 29, 2021, and prior to such date the Investment Adviser may not terminate the arrangement without the approval of the Board of Trustees.
    
Expense Example
This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.
The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in Select Shares of the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your Select Shares at the end of those periods. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same (except that the Example incorporates the expense limitation arrangement for only the first year). Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
 
1 Year
3 Years
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares $24 $76 $134 $305
    
21

 
Principal Strategy
The Fund pursues its investment objective by investing only in “government securities,” as such term is defined in or interpreted under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (“Investment Company Act”), the interest from which is generally exempt from state income taxation. “Government securities” generally are securities issued or guaranteed by the United States or certain U.S. government agencies or instrumentalities (“U.S. Government Securities”).
The Fund intends to be a “government money market fund,” as such term is defined in or interpreted under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act. “Government money market funds” are money market funds that invest at least 99.5% of their total assets in cash and U.S. Government Securities. Although “government money market funds” may also invest in repurchase agreements that are collateralized fully by cash or U.S. Government Securities, the Fund may not invest in repurchase agreements. “Government money market funds” are exempt from requirements that permit money market funds to impose a “liquidity fee” and/or “redemption gate” that temporarily restricts redemptions. As a “government money market fund,” the Fund values its securities using the amortized cost method. The Fund seeks to maintain a stable net asset value (“NAV”) of $1.00 per share.
Under Rule 2a-7, the Fund may invest only in U.S. dollar-denominated securities that meet certain risk-limiting conditions relating to portfolio quality, maturity and liquidity.
Principal Risks of the Fund
You could lose money by investing in the Fund. Although the Fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it cannot guarantee it will do so. An investment in the Fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The Fund’s sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the Fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the Fund at any time. The Fund should not be relied upon as a complete investment program. There can be no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The Fund's principal risks are presented below in alphabetical order, and not in the order of importance or potential exposure.
Credit/Default Risk.
  An issuer or guarantor of a security held by the Fund may default on its obligation to pay interest and repay principal or default on any other obligation. Additionally, the credit quality of securities may deteriorate rapidly, which may impair the Fund’s liquidity and cause significant deterioration in NAV.
Interest Rate Risk.
  When interest rates increase, the Fund’s yield will tend to be lower than prevailing market rates, and the market value of its investments will generally decline. The risks associated with changing interest rates may have unpredictable effects on the markets and the Fund’s investments. A low or negative interest rate environment poses additional risks to the Fund, because low or negative yields on the Fund’s portfolio holdings may have an adverse impact on the Fund’s ability to provide a positive yield to its shareholders, pay expenses out of current income, or, at times, maintain a stable $1.00 share price and/or achieve its investment objective. Fluctuations in interest rates may also affect the liquidity of the Fund’s investments.
Large Shareholder Transactions Risk.
The Fund may experience adverse effects when certain large shareholders purchase or redeem large amounts of shares of the Fund. Such large shareholder redemptions, which may occur rapidly or unexpectedly, may cause the Fund to sell portfolio securities at times when it would not otherwise do so, which may negatively impact the  Fund's   NAV  and liquidity. Similarly, large Fund share purchases may adversely affect the  Fund's performance to the extent that the Fund is delayed in investing new cash or otherwise maintains a larger cash position than it ordinarily would. These transactions may also accelerate the realization of taxable income to shareholders if such sales of investments resulted in gains, and may also increase transaction costs. In addition, a large redemption could result in the  Fund's  current expenses being allocated over a smaller asset base, leading to an increase in the  Fund's  expense ratio.
Liquidity Risk
.
The Fund may make investments that are illiquid or that may become less liquid in response to market developments or adverse investor perceptions. Illiquid investments may be more difficult to value. The liquidity of portfolio securities can deteriorate rapidly due to credit events affecting issuers or guarantors, such as a credit rating downgrade, or due to general market conditions or a lack of willing buyers. An inability to sell one or more portfolio positions, or selling such positions at an unfavorable time and/or under unfavorable conditions, can adversely affect the Fund’s ability to maintain a stable $1.00 share price. Liquidity risk may also refer to the risk that the Fund will not be able to pay redemption proceeds within the allowable time period because of unusual market conditions, an unusually high volume of redemption requests, or other reasons. Liquidity risk may be the result of, among other things, the reduced number and capacity of traditional market participants to make a market in fixed income securities or the lack of an active market. The potential for liquidity risk may be magnified by a rising interest rate environment or other circumstances where investor redemptions from money market and other fixed income mutual funds may be higher than normal, potentially causing increased supply in the market due to selling activity.
Market Risk
.
The market value of the securities in which the Fund invests may go up or down in response to the prospects of individual companies, particular sectors or governments and/or general economic conditions throughout the world due to increasingly interconnected global economies and financial markets. Events such as war, acts of terrorism, social unrest, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health threats could also significantly impact the Fund and its investments.
22

 
Stable NAV Risk.
  The Fund may not be able to maintain a stable $1.00 share price at all times. If any money market fund that intends to maintain a stable NAV fails to do so (or if there is a perceived threat of such a failure), other such money market funds, including the Fund, could be subject to increased redemption activity, which could adversely affect the Fund’s NAV. Shareholders of the Fund should not rely on or expect the Investment Adviser or an affiliate to purchase distressed assets from the Fund, make capital infusions into the Fund, enter into capital support agreements with the Fund or take other actions to help the Fund maintain a stable $1.00 share price.
U.S. Government Securities Risk.
The U.S. government may not provide financial support to U.S. government agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored enterprises if it is not obligated to do so by law. Certain U.S. Government Securities, including securities issued by the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”) and Federal Home Loan Banks, are neither issued nor guaranteed by the U.S. Treasury and, therefore, are not backed by the full faith and credit of the United States. The maximum potential liability of the issuers of some U.S. Government Securities held by the Fund may greatly exceed their current resources, including any legal right to support from the U.S. Treasury. It is possible that issuers of U.S. Government Securities will not have the funds to meet their payment obligations in the future.
Performance
The bar chart and table below provide an indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing: (a) changes in the performance of the Fund’s Select Shares from year to year; and (b) the average annual total returns of the Fund’s Select Shares. The Fund’s past performance is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future. Performance reflects fee waivers and/or expense limitations in effect during the periods shown. Updated performance information is available at no cost at
www.gsamfunds.com/performance
or by calling 1-800-621-2550.
CALENDAR YEAR

The total return illustrated in the table above for the 9-month period ended September 30, 2020 was 0.39%.
During the periods shown in the chart above:
Returns
Quarter ended
Best Quarter Return 0.56% June 30, 2019
Worst Quarter Return 0.04% March 31, 2016
    
AVERAGE ANNUAL TOTAL RETURN
    
 
For the period ended December 31, 2019
1 Year
Since
Inception
Select Shares
(Inception 10/30/2015)
2.05% 1.11%
    
Portfolio Management
Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P. is the investment adviser for the Fund (the “Investment Adviser” or “GSAM”).
Buying and Selling Fund Shares
For important information about purchase and sale of Fund shares, please see “Buying and Selling Fund Shares” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions are taxable, and will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account. Investments made through tax-deferred arrangements may become taxable upon withdrawal from such arrangements.
23

 
Payments to Broker-Dealers and
Other Financial Intermediaries
For important information about financial intermediary compensation, please see “Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
24

 
Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund—Summary
Investment Objective
The Goldman Sachs Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund (the “Fund”) seeks to maximize current income to the extent consistent with the preservation of capital and the maintenance of liquidity by investing exclusively in high quality money market instruments.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund
This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold and sell shares of the Fund. You may pay other fees, such as brokerage commissions and other fees to financial intermediaries, which are not reflected in the table and Example below.
Shareholder Fees
(fees paid directly from your investment)
 
Tax-Exempt
Money
Market Fund
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Purchases None
Maximum Deferred Sales Charge (Load) None
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Reinvested Dividends None
Redemption Fees None
Exchange Fees None
Annual Fund Operating Expenses
(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
Management Fees 0.16%
Other Expenses 0.07%
Administration Fees 0.03%
All Other Expenses 0.04%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses
0.23%
Expense Limitation
1
(0.02)%
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Expense Limitation
0.21%
1
The Investment Adviser has agreed to reduce or limit “Other Expenses” (excluding acquired fund fees and expenses, administration fees, transfer agency fees and expenses, taxes, interest, brokerage fees, expenses of shareholder meetings, litigation and indemnification, and extraordinary expenses) to 0.014% of the Fund’s average daily net assets through at least December 29, 2021, and prior to such date the Investment Adviser may not terminate the arrangement without the approval of the Board of Trustees.
    
Expense Example
This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.
The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in Select Shares of the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your Select Shares at the end of those periods. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same (except that the Example incorporates the expense limitation arrangement for only the first year). Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
 
1 Year
3 Years
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares $22 $72 $127 $291
    
Principal Strategy
The Fund pursues its investment objective by investing at least 80% of its net assets plus any borrowings for investment purposes (measured at the time of investment) (“Net Assets”) in securities issued by or on behalf of states, territories and possessions of the United States and their political subdivisions, agencies, authorities and instrumentalities, and the District of Columbia, the interest
25

 
from which, if any, is in the opinion of bond counsel excluded from gross income for federal income tax purposes, and generally not an item of tax preference under the federal alternative minimum tax (“AMT”). The Investment Adviser ordinarily expects 100% of the Fund’s assets will be invested in municipal obligations, but the Fund may invest in short-term taxable instruments for temporary investment purposes.
The Fund intends to be a “retail money market fund,” as such term is defined in or interpreted under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”). “Retail money market funds” are money market funds that have policies and procedures reasonably designed to limit all beneficial owners of the fund to natural persons. As a “retail money market fund,” the Fund values its securities using the amortized cost method. The Fund seeks to maintain a stable net asset value (“NAV”) of $1.00 per share.
Under Rule 2a-7, the Fund may invest only in U.S. dollar-denominated securities that meet certain risk-limiting conditions relating to portfolio quality, maturity, diversification and liquidity.
Principal Risks of the Fund
You could lose money by investing in the Fund. Although the Fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it cannot guarantee it will do so. The Fund may impose a fee upon the sale of your shares or may temporarily suspend your ability to sell shares if the Fund’s liquidity falls below required minimums because of market conditions or other factors. An investment in the Fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The Fund’s sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the Fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the Fund at any time. The Fund should not be relied upon as a complete investment program. There can be no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The Fund's principal risks are presented below in alphabetical order, and not in the order of importance or potential exposure.
Credit/Default Risk.
  An issuer or guarantor of a security held by the Fund may default on its obligation to pay interest and repay principal or default on any other obligation. This also includes the risk of default on foreign letters of credit, guarantees or insurance policies that back municipal securities. Additionally, the credit quality of securities may deteriorate rapidly, which may impair the Fund’s liquidity and cause significant deterioration in NAV.
Geographic and Sector Risk.
  If the Fund invests a significant portion of its total assets in certain issuers within the same state, geographic region or economic sector, an adverse economic, business, political, environmental or other development affecting that state, region or sector may affect the value of the Fund’s investments more than if its investments were not so focused.
Interest Rate Risk.
  When interest rates increase, the Fund’s yield will tend to be lower than prevailing market rates, and the market value of its investments will generally decline. The risks associated with changing interest rates may have unpredictable effects on the markets and the Fund’s investments. A low or negative interest rate environment poses additional risks to the Fund, because low or negative yields on the Fund’s portfolio holdings may have an adverse impact on the Fund’s ability to provide a positive yield to its shareholders, pay expenses out of current income, or, at times, maintain a stable $1.00 share price and/or achieve its investment objective. Fluctuations in interest rates may also affect the liquidity of the Fund’s investments.
Large Shareholder Transactions Risk.
The Fund may experience adverse effects when certain large shareholders (including financial intermediaries who may make investment decisions on behalf of underlying clients) purchase or redeem large amounts of shares of the Fund. Such large shareholder redemptions, which may occur rapidly or unexpectedly, may cause the Fund to sell portfolio securities at times when it would not otherwise do so, which may negatively impact the  Fund's   NAV  and liquidity. Similarly, large Fund share purchases may adversely affect the  Fund's performance to the extent that the Fund is delayed in investing new cash or otherwise maintains a larger cash position than it ordinarily would. These transactions may also accelerate the realization of taxable income to shareholders if such sales of investments resulted in gains, and may also increase transaction costs. In addition, a large redemption could result in the  Fund's  current expenses being allocated over a smaller asset base, leading to an increase in the  Fund's  expense ratio.
Liquidity Risk
.
The Fund may make investments that are illiquid or that may become less liquid in response to market developments or adverse investor perceptions. Illiquid investments may be more difficult to value. The liquidity of portfolio securities can deteriorate rapidly due to credit events affecting issuers or guarantors, such as a credit rating downgrade, or due to general market conditions or a lack of willing buyers. An inability to sell one or more portfolio positions, or selling such positions at an unfavorable time and/or under unfavorable conditions, can adversely affect the Fund’s ability to maintain a stable $1.00 share price. Liquidity risk may also refer to the risk that the Fund will not be able to pay redemption proceeds within the allowable time period because of unusual market conditions, an unusually high volume of redemption requests, or other reasons. Liquidity risk may be the result of, among other things, the reduced number and capacity of traditional market participants to make a market in fixed income securities or the lack of an active market. The potential for liquidity risk may be magnified by a rising interest rate environment or other circumstances where investor redemptions from money market and other fixed income mutual funds may be higher than normal, potentially causing increased supply in the market due to selling activity.
26

 
Market Risk
.
The market value of the securities in which the Fund invests may go up or down in response to the prospects of individual companies, particular sectors or governments and/or general economic conditions throughout the world due to increasingly interconnected global economies and financial markets. Events such as war, acts of terrorism, social unrest, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health threats could also significantly impact the Fund and its investments.
Municipal Securities Risk.
  Municipal securities are subject to credit/default risk, interest rate risk and certain additional risks. The Fund may be more sensitive to adverse economic, business or political developments if it invests a substantial portion of its assets in the debt securities of similar projects (such as those relating to education, health care, housing, transportation, and utilities), industrial development bonds, or in particular types of municipal securities (such as general obligation bonds, private activity bonds and moral obligation bonds). While interest earned on municipal securities is generally not subject to federal tax, any interest earned on taxable municipal securities is fully taxable at the federal level and may be subject to tax at the state level.
Stable NAV Risk.
  The Fund may not be able to maintain a stable $1.00 share price at all times. If any money market fund that intends to maintain a stable NAV fails to do so (or if there is a perceived threat of such a failure), other such money market funds, including the Fund, could be subject to increased redemption activity, which could adversely affect the Fund’s NAV. Shareholders of the Fund should not rely on or expect the Investment Adviser or an affiliate to purchase distressed assets from the Fund, make capital infusions into the Fund, enter into capital support agreements with the Fund or take other actions to help the Fund maintain a stable $1.00 share price.
Tax Risk.
  Future legislative or administrative changes or court decisions may materially affect the value of the Fund’s portfolio holdings and/or the ability of the Fund to pay federal tax-exempt dividends. The Fund would not be a suitable investment within IRAs, other tax-exempt or tax-deferred accounts, or for investors who are not sensitive to the federal tax consequences of their investments.
Performance
The bar chart and table below provide an indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing: (a) changes in the performance of the Fund’s Select Shares from year to year; and (b) the average annual total returns of the Fund’s Select Shares. The Fund’s past performance is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future. Performance reflects fee waivers and/or expense limitations in effect during the periods shown. Updated performance information is available at no cost at
www.gsamfunds.com/performance
or by calling 1-800-621-2550.
CALENDAR YEAR

The total return illustrated in the table above for the 9-month period ended September 30, 2020 was 0.36%.
During the periods shown in the chart above:
Returns
Quarter ended
Best Quarter Return 0.37% June 30, 2019
Worst Quarter Return 0.00% September 30, 2015
   
AVERAGE ANNUAL TOTAL RETURN
    
 
For the period ended December 31, 2019
1 Year
5 Years
10 Years
Select Shares
(Inception 1/31/2000)
1.28% 0.69% 0.36%
    
Portfolio Management
Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P. is the investment adviser for the Fund (the “Investment Adviser” or “GSAM”).
Buying and Selling Fund Shares
Investments in the Fund are limited to accounts beneficially owned by natural persons. For important information about purchase and sale of Fund shares, please see “Buying and Selling Fund Shares” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
27

 
Tax Information
The Fund’s distributions that are designated as “exempt interest dividends” are generally not subject to federal income tax. To the extent that Fund distributions are attributable to interest on certain federal obligations or interest on obligations of your state of residence or its municipalities or authorities, they will in most cases be exempt from state and local income taxes. The Fund intends to avoid investments which pay interest that is a preference item in determining AMT liability.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and
Other Financial Intermediaries
For important information about financial intermediary compensation, please see “Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries” on page 29 of the Prospectus.
28

 
Additional Summary Information
Buying and Selling Fund Shares
Generally, Select Shares may be purchased only through certain intermediaries that have a relationship with Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC (“Goldman Sachs”), including banks, trust companies, brokers, registered investment advisers and other financial institutions (“Intermediaries”) that have agreed to provide certain administration services to their customers who are the beneficial owners of Select Shares. The minimum initial investment requirement imposed upon Intermediaries for the purchase of Select Shares is generally $10 million, and there is no minimum imposed upon additional investments. Intermediaries may, however, impose a minimum amount for initial and additional investments in Select Shares, and may establish other requirements such as a minimum account balance.
You may purchase and redeem (sell) shares of the Fund on any business day through an Intermediary.
Investments in the Investor Funds
SM
are limited to accounts beneficially owned by natural persons.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries
If you purchase the Fund through an Intermediary, the Fund and/or its related companies may pay the Intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the Intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your Intermediary’s website for more information.
29

 
Investment Management Approach
INVESTMENT OBJECTIVEs
The Funds seek to maximize current income to the extent consistent with the preservation of capital and the maintenance of liquidity by investing exclusively in high quality money market instruments.
The investment objective of each Fund (except as provided below) cannot be changed without approval of a majority of the outstanding shares of that Fund. The investment objectives of Financial Square Federal Instruments Fund may be changed without shareholder approval upon sixty days’ notice.
PRINCIPAL INVESTMENT STRATEGIES
Financial Square Funds—Institutional Money Market Funds
An “institutional money market fund” is a money market fund that is neither a “government money market fund” nor a “retail money market fund” (each of which is described in more detail below). An institutional money market fund is required to price its shares at a NAV reflecting market-based values of its portfolio securities (i.e., at a “floating” NAV) rounded to the fourth decimal place (e.g., $1.0000). In addition, the board of trustees of an institutional money market fund is permitted to impose a liquidity fee (of up to 2%) on redemptions from the fund or a redemption gate that temporarily suspends redemptions from the fund for up to 10 business days during a 90 day period, as described under
“Shareholder Guide—How To Sell Shares—What Are The Potential Restrictions On Institutional And Retail Fund Redemptions?”
below.
The Board of Trustees of the Goldman Sachs Trust (the “Board”) has approved, upon the recommendation of GSAM, the designation of each of the following Funds as an institutional money market fund under Rule 2a-7 (collectively, the “Institutional Funds”):
Prime Obligations Fund
The Prime Obligations Fund pursues its investment objective by investing in U.S. Government Securities, obligations of banks (which may exceed 25% of its assets), commercial paper and other short-term obligations of U.S. companies, states, municipalities and other entities, and repurchase agreements. The Fund may also invest in U.S. dollar-denominated obligations of foreign banks, foreign companies and foreign governments. The Fund may, but does not currently intend to, invest in Euro certificates of deposit. The Fund may not invest more than 25% of its total assets in the securities of any one foreign government.
Money Market Fund
The Money Market Fund pursues its investment objective by investing in U.S. Government Securities, obligations of banks (which may exceed 25% of its total assets), commercial paper and other short-term obligations of U.S. companies, states, municipalities and other entities, and repurchase agreements. The Fund may also invest in U.S. dollar-denominated obligations of foreign banks, foreign companies and foreign governments. The Fund may not invest more than 25% of its total assets in the securities of any one foreign government.
30

 
Investment Management Approach
Financial Square Funds—Government Money Market Funds
A “government money market fund” is a money market fund that invests at least 99.5% of its total assets in cash, U.S. Government Securities, and/or repurchase agreements that are collateralized fully by cash or U.S. Government Securities. The Treasury Instruments Fund and Federal Instruments Fund may not invest in repurchase agreements. Government money market funds may seek to maintain a stable NAV per share of $1.00 based on the amortized cost method of valuation. Government money market funds are also exempt from the requirements relating to the imposition of liquidity fees and/or redemption gates.
The Board has approved, upon the recommendation of GSAM, the designation of each of the following Funds as a government money market fund under Rule 2a-7 (collectively, the “Government Funds”):
Treasury Obligations Fund
The Treasury Obligations Fund pursues its investment objective by investing only in U.S. Treasury Obligations and repurchase agreements collateralized by U.S. Treasury Obligations. The Fund’s policy of limiting its investments to U.S. Treasury Obligations and related repurchase agreements is a fundamental investment restriction.
Treasury Instruments Fund
The Treasury Instruments Fund pursues its investment objective by investing only in U.S. Treasury Obligations, the interest from which is generally exempt from state income taxation. Shareholders will be provided with sixty days’ notice in the manner prescribed by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) before any change in the Fund’s policy to invest at least 80% of its net assets plus any borrowings for investment purposes (measured at the time of investment) in the particular type of investment suggested by its name.
Treasury Solutions Fund
The Treasury Solutions Fund pursues its investment objective by investing only in U.S. Treasury Obligations and repurchase agreements with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York collateralized by U.S. Treasury Obligations. Shareholders will be provided with sixty days’ notice in the manner prescribed by the SEC before any change in the Fund’s policy to invest at least 80% of its net assets plus any borrowings for investment purposes (measured at the time of investment) in the particular type of investment suggested by its name.
Government Fund
The Government Fund pursues its investment objective by investing only in U.S. Government Securities, and repurchase agreements collateralized by such securities. Shareholders will be provided with sixty days’ notice in the manner prescribed by the SEC before any change in the Fund’s policy to invest at least 80% of its net assets plus any borrowings for investment purposes (measured at the time of investment) in the particular type of investment suggested by its name.
Federal Instruments Fund
The Federal Instruments Fund pursues its investment objective by investing only in U.S. Government Securities, the interest from which is generally exempt from state income taxation. Shareholders will be provided with sixty days’ notice in the manner prescribed by the SEC before any change in the Fund’s policy to invest at least 80% of its net assets plus any borrowings for investment purposes (measured at the time of investment) in the particular type of investment suggested by its name.
31

 
Investor Funds—Retail Money Market Funds
A “retail money market fund” is a money market fund that has policies and procedures reasonably designed to limit all beneficial owners of the fund to natural persons. Similar to government money market funds, retail money market funds may seek to maintain a stable NAV per share of $1.00 based on the amortized cost method of valuation. However, similar to institutional money market funds, a retail money market fund’s board of trustees is permitted to impose a liquidity fee (of up to 2%) on redemptions from the fund or a redemption gate that temporarily suspends redemptions from the fund for up to 10 business days during a 90 day period, as described under
“Shareholder Guide—How To Sell Shares—What Are The Potential Restrictions On Institutional And Retail Fund Redemptions?”
below.
The Board has approved, upon the recommendation of GSAM, the designation of the following fund as a retail money market fund under Rule 2a-7 (the “Retail Fund”):
Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund (Retail)
The Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund pursues its investment objective by investing at least 80% of its Net Assets in securities issued by or on behalf of states, territories and possessions of the United States and their political subdivisions, agencies, authorities and instrumentalities, and the District of Columbia, the interest from which, if any, is in the opinion of bond counsel excluded from gross income for federal income tax purposes, and generally not an item of tax preference under the AMT. The Investment Adviser ordinarily expects 100% of the Fund’s assets will be invested in municipal obligations, but the Fund may invest in short-term taxable instruments for temporary investment purposes. The Fund’s policy to invest at least 80% of its Net Assets in municipal obligations, the interest from which, if any, is in the opinion of bond counsel excluded from gross income for federal income tax purposes, is a fundamental investment restriction.
All Funds
Under normal circumstances, the cash positions of the Financial Square Treasury Obligations Fund, Financial Square Treasury Instruments Fund, Financial Square Treasury Solutions Fund, Financial Square Government Fund, Financial Square Federal Instruments Fund and the Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund will not exceed 20% of the Fund’s net assets plus any borrowings for investment purposes (measured at the time of investment). A Fund may hold uninvested cash in lieu of appropriate money market instruments at the Fund’s custodian bank under certain circumstances, including adverse market conditions or the prevailing interest rate environment, or when the Investment Adviser believes there is an insufficient supply of appropriate money market instruments in which to invest, or in the case of unusually large cash inflows, anticipated redemptions or pending investments. A Fund may earn custodial credits or interest on these cash positions. However, these cash positions may not produce income or may produce low income. As a result, a Fund’s current yield may be adversely affected during such periods when cash is held uninvested. Cash positions may also subject a Fund to additional risks and costs, such as increased exposure to the Fund’s custodian bank and any fees imposed for large cash balances or for maintaining the Fund’s account at the custodian bank.
Goldman Sachs Money Market Team’s Investment Philosophy:
Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P. (“GSAM
®
”) serves as investment adviser to the Funds. GSAM is referred to in the Prospectus as the “Investment Adviser.”
The Funds are managed to seek preservation of capital, daily liquidity and maximum current income. With each Fund, the Investment Adviser follows a conservative, risk-managed investment process that seeks to:
Manage credit risk
Manage interest rate risk
Manage liquidity
32

 
Investment Management Approach
INVESTMENT PROCESS
1.
Managing Credit Risk
The Investment Adviser’s process for managing credit risk emphasizes:
Intensive research
—The Credit Department, a separate operating entity of Goldman Sachs, approves all money market fund eligible securities for the Funds. Sources for the Credit Department’s analysis include third-party inputs, such as financial statements and media sources, ratings releases and company meetings, as well as the Investment Research, Legal and Compliance departments of Goldman Sachs.
Timely updates
—A Credit Department-approved list of securities is continuously communicated on a “real-time” basis to the portfolio management team via computer link.
The Result: An “approved” list of high-quality credits
—The Investment Adviser’s portfolio management team uses this approved list to construct portfolios which offer the best available risk-return trade-off within the “approved” credit universe. If a security is removed from the “approved” list, the Investment Adviser may not purchase that security for a Fund, although it is not required to sell that security.
2.
Managing Interest Rate Risk
Three main steps are followed in seeking to manage interest rate risk:
Establish weighted average maturity (“WAM”) and weighted average life (“WAL”) targets
—WAM (the weighted average time until the yield of a portfolio reflects any changes in the current interest rate environment) and WAL (designed to more accurately measure “spread risk”) are constantly revisited and adjusted as market conditions change. An overall strategy is developed by the Investment Adviser based on insights gained from weekly meetings with both Goldman Sachs economists and economists from outside the firm.
Implement optimum portfolio structure
—Proprietary models that seek the optimum balance of risk and return, in conjunction with the Investment Adviser’s analysis of factors such as market events, short-term interest rates and each Fund’s asset volatility, are used to identify the most effective portfolio structure.
Conduct rigorous analysis of new securities
—The Investment Adviser’s five-step process includes legal, credit, historical index and liquidity analysis, as well as price stress testing to determine the suitability of potential investments for the Funds.
3.
Managing Liquidity
Factors that the Investment Adviser’s portfolio managers continuously monitor and that affect liquidity of a money market portfolio include:
Each Fund’s investors and other factors that influence the asset volatility of the Funds;
Technical events that influence the trading range of federal funds and other short-term fixed income markets; and
Bid-ask spreads associated with securities in the portfolios.
References in the Prospectus to a Fund’s benchmark are for informational purposes only, and unless otherwise noted are not an indication of how a particular Fund is managed.
Additional Fund Characteristics and Restrictions
The Funds:
Each Institutional Fund will price its shares at a floating NAV, rounded to the fourth decimal place (e.g., $1.0000).
  Each Government and Retail Fund will use the amortized cost method of valuation, as permitted by Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act, to seek to maintain a stable NAV of $1.00 per share. Under Rule 2a-7, each Fund may invest only in U.S. dollar-denominated securities that are either (i) U.S. Government Securities, (ii) issued by other investment companies that are money market funds, or (iii) determined by the Investment Adviser to present minimal credit risks to the Fund. Permissible investments must also meet certain risk-limiting conditions relating to portfolio maturity, diversification, and liquidity. These operating policies may be more restrictive than the fundamental policies set forth in the Statement of Additional Information (the “SAI”). In order to maintain a rating from a rating organization, each Fund may be subject to additional investment restrictions.
Taxable Funds:
Financial Square Prime Obligations, Financial Square Money Market, Financial Square Treasury Obligations, Financial Square Treasury Solutions and Financial Square Government Funds.
Tax-Advantaged Funds:
Financial Square Treasury Instruments and Financial Square Federal Instruments Funds.
Tax-Exempt Fund:
Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund.
The Investors:
The Funds are generally designed for investors seeking a higher rate of return and convenient liquidation privileges. In addition, the Government Funds and Retail Funds are designed for investors seeking a stable NAV per share. The Funds are particularly suitable for banks, corporations and other financial institutions that seek investment of short-term funds for their own
33

 
  accounts or for the accounts of their customers, except that investments in the Retail Funds are limited to accounts beneficially owned by natural persons. For more information on the investor eligibility requirements for the Retail Funds, please see
“Shareholder Guide—How to Buy Shares—Who May Purchase Select Shares of the Retail Funds?”
below.
  Shares of the Financial Square Government Fund are intended to qualify as eligible investments for federally chartered credit unions pursuant to Sections 107(7), 107(8) and 107(15) of the Federal Credit Union Act, Part 703 of the National Credit Union Administration (“NCUA”) Rules and Regulations, and NCUA Letter Number 155. The Financial Square Government Fund intends to review changes in the applicable laws, rules and regulations governing eligible investments for federally chartered credit unions, and to take such action as may be necessary so that shares of the Financial Square Government Fund qualify as eligible investments under the Federal Credit Union Act and the regulations thereunder. Shares of the Financial Square Government Fund, however, may or may not qualify as eligible investments for particular state-chartered credit unions. A state-chartered credit union should consult qualified legal counsel to determine whether the Financial Square Government Fund is a permissible investment under the laws applicable to it.
Investment Restrictions:
Each Fund is subject to certain investment restrictions that are described in detail under “Investment Restrictions” in the SAI. Fundamental investment restrictions and the investment objective of each Fund (except as provided below) cannot be changed without approval of a majority of the outstanding shares of that Fund. The Financial Square Federal Instruments Fund’s investment objectives may be changed without shareholder approval upon sixty days’ notice. All investment objectives and policies not specifically designated as fundamental are non-fundamental and may be changed by the Board without shareholder approval.
Maximum Remaining Maturity of Portfolio Investments:
13 months (as determined pursuant to Rule 2a-7) at the time of purchase.
Dollar-Weighted Average Portfolio Maturity:
Not more than 60 days (as required by Rule 2a-7).
Dollar-Weighted Average Portfolio Life:
Not more than 120 days (as required by Rule 2a-7).
Portfolio Diversification:
Diversification can help a Fund reduce the risks of investing. In accordance with Rule 2a-7, each Fund may not invest more than 5% of the value of its total assets at the time of purchase in the securities of any single issuer and certain affiliates of that issuer. However, each Fund may invest up to 25% of the value of its total assets in the securities of a single issuer for up to three business days. These limitations do not apply to cash, certain repurchase agreements, U.S. Government Securities or securities of other investment companies that are money market funds. Securities subject to demand features and guarantees are subject to additional diversification requirements as described in the SAI.
Portfolio Liquidity:
The Funds are required to maintain a sufficient degree of liquidity necessary to meet reasonably foreseeable redemption requests. In addition, each Fund (except for the Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund) must hold at least 10% of its total assets in “daily liquid assets” and 30% of its total assets in “weekly liquid assets.” The Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund must hold at least 30% of its total assets in “weekly liquid assets.” For these purposes, daily and weekly liquid assets are calculated as of the end of each business day. Daily liquid assets generally include: (a) cash; (b) direct obligations of the U.S. Government; (c) securities that will mature or are subject to a demand feature that is exercisable and payable within one business day; or (d) amounts receivable and due unconditionally within one business day on pending sales of portfolio securities. Weekly liquid assets generally include: (a) cash; (b) direct obligations of the U.S. Government; (c) certain U.S. Government agency discount notes with remaining maturities of 60 days or less; (d) securities that will mature or are subject to a demand feature that is exercisable and payable within five business days; or (e) amounts receivable and due unconditionally within five business days on pending sales of portfolio securities. In addition, a Fund may not acquire an illiquid security if, after the purchase, more than 5% of the Fund’s total assets would consist of illiquid assets.
Liquidity Fees and Redemption Gates (Institutional Funds and Retail Funds Only):
Under Rule 2a-7, the Board is permitted to impose a liquidity fee on redemptions (up to 2%) or a redemption gate that temporarily suspends redemptions (for up to 10 business days during a 90 day period) from an Institutional or Retail Fund, in the event that the Institutional or Retail Fund’s weekly liquid assets fall below certain designated thresholds. The Board generally expects that a liquidity fee or redemption gate would be imposed, if at all, during periods of extraordinary market stress. While the Board may, in its discretion, impose a liquidity fee or redemption gate at any time after the weekly liquid assets of an Institutional or Retail Fund falls below 30% of the Fund’s total assets, the Board generally expects that a liquidity fee or redemption gate would be imposed, if at all, as of the beginning of the next business day following the announcement that the Fund has imposed the liquidity fee or redemption gate.
  Announcements regarding the imposition of liquidity fees or redemption gates, or the termination of liquidity fees or redemption gates, will be filed with the SEC on Form N-CR and will be available on the Funds’ website (http://www.gsamfunds.com). In addition, the Institutional and Retail Funds will make such announcements through a supplement to the Prospectus and may also make such announcements through a press release or by other means. For more information on liquidity fees and redemption gates, please see
“Shareholder Guide—How To Sell Shares—What Are The Potential Restrictions On Institutional And Retail Fund Redemptions
?” below.
Financial Square Federal Instruments Fund:
The Investment Adviser will generally seek to place purchase orders for the Financial Square Federal Instruments Fund’s portfolio transactions with women-, minority- and veteran-owned broker-dealers, subject to the Investment Adviser’s duty to seek the best execution for the Fund’s orders.
    
34

 
Investment Management Approach
INVESTMENT PRACTICES AND SECURITIES
Although each Fund’s principal investment strategies are described in the Summary—Principal Strategy sections of the Prospectus, the following table identifies some of the investment techniques that may (but are not required to) be used by the Funds in seeking to achieve their investment objectives. The table also highlights the differences and similarities among the Funds in their use of these techniques and other investment practices and investment securities. Numbers in the table show allowable usage only; for actual usage, consult the Funds’ annual/semi-annual reports. For more information about these and other investment practices and securities, see Appendix A.
Each Fund publishes on its website (http://www.gsamfunds.com) the following:
A schedule of its portfolio holdings (and certain related information as required by Rule 2a-7, including the Fund’s WAM and WAL) as of the last business day of each month, no later than five business days after the end of the prior month. This information will be available on the Funds’ website for at least six months.
A schedule of its portfolio holdings on a weekly basis, with no lag required between the date of the information and the date on which the information is disclosed. This weekly holdings information will be available on the website until the next publish date.
A link to an SEC website where you may obtain the Fund’s most recent 12 months of publicly available portfolio holdings information, as filed with the SEC on Form N-MFP no later than five business days after the end of each month.
A graph depicting the Fund’s daily and weekly liquid assets and daily net inflows and outflows as of each business day for the preceding six months, as of the end of the preceding business day.
A graph depicting the Fund’s current market-based NAV per share (rounded to the fourth decimal place), as of each business day for the preceding six months, as of the end of the preceding business day. A Fund’s current market-based NAV is based on available market quotations of the Fund’s portfolio securities as provided by a third party pricing vendor or broker on the preceding business day. The mark-to-market valuation methodology includes marking to market all securities of the Funds, including securities with remaining maturities of 60 days or less. This market value NAV report is for informational purposes only with respect to the Government and Retail Funds, which seek to maintain a stable NAV of $1.00 per share based on the amortized cost method of valuation.
In the event that a Fund files information regarding certain material events with the SEC on Form N-CR, the Fund will disclose on its website certain information that the Fund is required to report on Form N-CR. Such material events include the provision of any financial support by an affiliated person of a Fund or a decline in weekly liquid assets below 10% of the Fund’s total assets. This information will appear on a Fund’s website no later than the same business day on which the Fund files Form N-CR with the SEC and will be available on the Fund’s website for at least one year.
In addition, certain portfolio statistics (other than portfolio holdings information) are available on a daily basis by calling 1-800-621-2550. A description of the Funds’ policies and procedures with respect to the disclosure of the Funds’ portfolio holdings is available in the Funds’ SAI.
35

 
Investment Policies Matrix
 
Financial Square Funds
 
Financial Square
Prime Obligations
Financial Square
Money Market
Financial Square
Treasury Obligations
Financial Square
Treasury Instruments
U.S. Treasury Obligations
1
U.S. Government Securities    
Bank Obligations
Over 25% of total assets may be invested in U.S. and foreign (US$) banks
2

Over 25% of total assets may be invested in U.S. and foreign (US$) banks
   
Commercial Paper
U.S. and foreign (US$) commercial paper

U.S. and foreign (US$) commercial paper
   
Short-Term Obligations of Corporations and Other Entities
U.S. and foreign (US$) entities

U.S. and foreign (US$) entities
   
Repurchase Agreements  
Asset-Backed and Receivables-Backed Securities    
Foreign Government Obligations (US$)
4
4
   
Municipals
5
5
   
Custodial Receipts    
Investment Companies
Up to 10% of total assets in other investment companies
7

Up to 10% of total assets in other investment companies
7
   
Private Activity Bonds    
Credit Quality First Tier
10
First Tier
10
First Tier
10
First Tier
10
Summary of Taxation for Distributions
11
Taxable federal and state
12
Taxable federal and state
12
Taxable federal and state
12
Taxable federal and generally exempt from state taxation
Miscellaneous May invest in obligations of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Reverse repurchase agreements (
i.e.
, where the Fund is the borrower of cash) not permitted.
May invest in obligations of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Reverse repurchase agreements (
i.e.
, where the Fund is the borrower of cash) not permitted.
Reverse repurchase agreements (
i.e.
, where the Fund is the borrower of cash) not permitted.
Under extraordinary circumstances, may hold U.S. Government Securities subject to state taxation. Reverse repurchase agreements (
i.e.
, where the Fund is the borrower of cash) not permitted.
36

 
Investment Policies Matrix
1
Issued or guaranteed by the U.S. Treasury.
2
The Fund may invest in U.S. dollar-denominated obligations of foreign banks. The Fund may, but does not currently intend to, invest in Euro certificates of deposit.
4
The Fund may invest in U.S. dollar-denominated obligations (limited to commercial paper and other notes) issued or guaranteed by a foreign government. The Fund may also invest in U.S. dollar-denominated obligations issued or guaranteed by any entity located or organized in a foreign country that maintains a short-term foreign currency rating in the highest short-term ratings category by the requisite number of nationally recognized statistical rating organizations (“NRSROs”). The Fund may not invest more than 25% of its total assets in the securities of any one foreign government.
5
Will only make such investments when yields on such securities are attractive compared to those of other taxable investments.
7
This percentage limitation does not apply to a Fund’s investments in investment companies that are money market funds (including exchange-traded funds) where a higher percentage limitation is permitted under the terms of an SEC exemptive order or SEC exemptive rule.
10
First Tier Securities are (a) securities rated in the highest short-term rating category by at least two NRSROs, or if only one NRSRO has assigned a rating, by that NRSRO; (b) securities issued or guaranteed by, or otherwise allow a Fund under certain conditions to demand payment from, an entity with such ratings; or (c) securities subject to repurchase agreements that are collateralized by First Tier Securities. U.S. Government Securities are considered First Tier Securities. Securities without short-term ratings may be purchased if they are deemed to be of comparable quality by the Investment Adviser to First Tier Securities. In addition, a Fund may generally rely on the credit quality of the guarantee or demand feature in determining the credit quality of a security supported by a guarantee or demand feature.
11
See “Taxation” for an explanation of the tax consequences summarized in the table above.
12
Taxable in many states except for interest income distributions from U.S. Treasury Obligations and certain U.S. Government Securities.
Note: See Appendix A for a description of, and certain criteria applicable to, each of these categories of investments.
37

 
 
Financial Square Funds
Investor Fund
 
Financial Square
Treasury Solutions
Financial Square
Government
Financial Square
Federal Instruments
Investor Tax-Exempt
Money Market
U.S. Treasury Obligations
1
 
U.S. Government Securities    
Bank Obligations        
Commercial Paper      
Tax-exempt only
Short-Term Obligations of Corporations and Other Entities        
Repurchase Agreements
3
 
Asset-Backed and Receivables-Backed Securities        
Foreign Government Obligations (US$)        
Municipals      
At least 80% of net assets in tax-exempt municipal obligations (except in extraordinary circumstances)
6
Custodial Receipts      
Investment Companies  
Up to 10% of total assets in other investment companies
7
 
Up to 10% of total assets in other investment companies
7
Private Activity Bonds      
Does not intend to invest if subject to AMT
8,9
Credit Quality First Tier
10
First Tier
10
First Tier
10
First Tier
10
Summary of Taxation for Distributions
11
Taxable federal and state
12
Taxable federal and state
12
Taxable federal and generally exempt from state taxation Tax-exempt federal and taxable state
13
Miscellaneous Reverse repurchase agreements (
i.e.
, where the Fund is the borrower of cash) not permitted.
Reverse repurchase agreements (
i.e.
, where the Fund is the borrower of cash) not permitted.
Under extraordinary circumstances, may hold U.S. Government Securities subject to state taxation. Reverse repurchase agreements (
i.e.
, where the Fund is the borrower of cash) not permitted.
May (but does not currently intend to) invest up to 20% of net assets in securities subject to AMT and may temporarily invest in the taxable money market instruments described herein. Reverse repurchase agreements (
i.e.
, where the Fund is the borrower of cash) not permitted.
38

 
Investment Policies Matrix
1
Issued or guaranteed by the U.S. Treasury.
3
The Fund may only enter into repurchase agreements with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
6
The Investment Adviser ordinarily expects that 100% of the Fund’s assets will be invested in municipal obligations, but the Fund may invest in short-term taxable instruments for temporary investment purposes.
7
This percentage limitation does not apply to a Fund’s investments in investment companies that are money market funds (including exchange-traded funds) where a higher percentage limitation is permitted under the terms of an SEC exemptive order or SEC exemptive rule.
8
If such policy should change, private activity bonds subject to AMT would not exceed 20% of the Fund’s net assets under normal market conditions.
9
No more than 25% of the value of the Fund’s total assets may be invested in industrial development bonds or similar obligations where the non-governmental entities supplying the revenues from which such bonds or obligations are to be paid are in the same industry.
10
First Tier Securities are (a) securities rated in the highest short-term rating category by at least two NRSROs, or if only one NRSRO has assigned a rating, by that NRSRO; (b) securities issued or guaranteed by, or otherwise allow a Fund under certain conditions to demand payment from, an entity with such ratings; or (c) securities subject to repurchase agreements that are collateralized by First Tier Securities. U.S. Government Securities are considered First Tier Securities. Securities without short-term ratings may be purchased if they are deemed to be of comparable quality by the Investment Adviser to First Tier Securities. In addition, a Fund may generally rely on the credit quality of the guarantee or demand feature in determining the credit quality of a security supported by a guarantee or demand feature.
11
See “Taxation” for an explanation of the tax consequences summarized in the table above.
12
Taxable in many states except for interest income distributions from U.S. Treasury Obligations and certain U.S. Government Securities.
13
Taxable except for distributions from interest on obligations of an investor’s state of residence in certain states.
Note: See Appendix A for a description of, and certain criteria applicable to, each of these categories of investments.
39

 
Risks of the Funds
You could lose money by investing in the Fund (which, for the remainder of this Prospectus, refers to one or more of the Funds offered in this Prospectus). An investment in the Fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The principal risks of the Fund are discussed in the Summary sections of the Prospectus. The following section provides additional information on the risks that apply to the Fund, which may result in a loss of your investment. The risks applicable to the Fund are presented below in alphabetical order, and not in the order of importance or potential exposure. The Fund should not be relied upon as a complete investment program. There can be no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective.
 
Financial Square Funds
 
Investor Funds
 
Institutional Funds
 
Government Funds
 
Retail Fund
✓ Principal Risk
•  Additional Risk
Prime
Obligations
Fund
Money
Market
Fund
 
Treasury
Obligations
Fund
Treasury
Instruments
Fund
Treasury
Solutions
Fund
Government
Fund
Federal
Instruments
Fund
 
Tax-Exempt
Money
Market
Fund
Banking Industry                
Credit/Default    
Floating and Variable Rate Obligations    
Floating NAV                
Foreign                
Geographic and Sector                  
Interest Rate    
Large Shareholder Transactions    
Liquidity    
Management    
Market    
Municipal              
Stable NAV        
Tax                  
U.S. Government Securities            
Banking Industry Risk
—An adverse development in the banking industry (domestic or foreign) may affect the value of the  Financial Square Prime Obligations Fund's and Financial Square Money Market Fund's  investments more than if the  Funds were  not invested to such a degree in the banking industry. The  Financial Square Prime Obligations Fund and Financial Square Money Market Fund  may invest more than 25% of  their  total assets in bank obligations. Banks may be particularly susceptible to certain economic factors such as interest rate changes, adverse developments in the real estate market, fiscal and monetary policy and general economic cycles. For example, deteriorating economic and business conditions can disproportionately impact companies in the banking industry due to increased defaults on payments by borrowers. Moreover, political and regulatory changes can affect the operations and financial results of companies in the banking industry, potentially imposing additional costs and expenses or restricting the types of business activities of these companies.
Credit/Default Risk
—An issuer or guarantor of a security held by the Fund, or a bank or other financial institution that has entered into a repurchase agreement with the Fund, may default on its obligation to pay interest and repay principal or default on any other obligation. Even if such an entity does not default on a payment, an instrument’s value may decline if the market believes that the entity has become less able or willing to make timely payments. In addition, with respect to the Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund, this includes the risk of default on letters of credit, guarantees or insurance policies that back municipal securities. The credit quality of the Fund’s portfolio securities or instruments may meet the Fund’s credit quality requirements at the time of purchase but then deteriorate thereafter, and such a deterioration can occur rapidly. In certain instances, the downgrading or default of a single holding or guarantor of the Fund’s holdings may impair the Fund’s liquidity and have the potential to cause significant NAV deterioration.
Floating and Variable Rate Obligations Risk—
Floating rate and variable rate obligations are debt instruments issued by companies or other entities with interest rates that reset periodically (typically, daily, monthly, quarterly, or semi-annually) in response to changes in the market rate of interest on which the interest rate is based. For floating and variable rate obligations, there may be a lag between an actual change in the underlying interest rate benchmark and the reset time for an interest payment of such an obligation, which could harm or benefit the Fund, depending on the interest rate environment or other circumstances. In a rising
40

 
Risks of the Funds
  interest rate environment, for example, a floating or variable rate obligation that does not reset immediately would prevent the Fund from taking full advantage of rising interest rates in a timely manner. However, in a declining interest rate environment, the Fund may benefit from a lag due to an obligation’s interest rate payment not being immediately impacted by a decline in interest rates.
  Certain floating and variable rate obligations have an interest rate floor feature, which prevents the interest rate payable by the security from dropping below a specified level as compared to a reference interest rate (the “reference rate”), such as LIBOR. Such a floor protects the Fund from losses resulting from a decrease in the reference rate below the specified level. However, if the reference rate is below the floor, there will be a lag between a rise in the reference rate and a rise in the interest rate payable by the obligation, and the Fund may not benefit from increasing interest rates for a significant amount of time.
  The London InterBank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) is the average interest rate at which a selection of large global banks borrow from one another, and has been widely used as a benchmark rate for adjustments to floating and variable rate obligations. In 2017, the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”) warned that LIBOR may cease to be available or appropriate for use by 2021. The unavailability or replacement of LIBOR may affect the value, liquidity or return on certain Fund investments
and may result in costs incurred in connection with closing out positions and entering into new trades. Any pricing adjustments to the Fund’s investments resulting from a substitute reference rate may adversely affect the Fund’s performance and/or NAV.
Floating NAV Risk
—The Institutional Funds do not maintain a stable NAV per share. The value of an Institutional Fund’s shares will be calculated to four decimal places (e.g., $1.0000) and will fluctuate with changes in the market values of the Fund’s portfolio securities. When you sell your shares, they may be worth more or less than what you originally paid for them. This may result in a capital gain or loss.
Foreign Risk
—When the Fund invests in foreign securities, it may be subject to risk of loss not typically associated with U.S. issuers. Loss may result because of more or less foreign government regulation, less public information, less stringent investor protections and disclosure standards, less liquid, developed or efficient trading markets, greater volatility and less economic, political and social stability in the countries in which the Fund invests. Loss may also result from, among other things, deteriorating economic and business conditions in other countries, including the United States, regional and global conflicts, the imposition of exchange controls (including repatriation restrictions), sanctions, foreign taxes, confiscation of assets and property, trade restrictions (including tariffs), expropriations and other government restrictions by the United States and other governments, higher transaction costs, difficulty enforcing contractual obligations or from problems in share registration, settlement or custody. The Fund or the Investment Adviser may determine not to invest in, or may limit its overall investment in, a particular issuer, country or geographic region due to, among other things, heightened risks regarding repatriation restrictions, confiscation of assets and property, expropriation or nationalization. The Financial Square Prime Obligations Fund and Financial Square Money Market Fund or the Investment Adviser may determine not to invest in, or may limit its overall investment in, a particular issuer, country or geographic region due to, among other things, heightened risks regarding repatriation restrictions, confiscation of assets and property, expropriation or nationalization. The  Financial Square Prime Obligations Fund and Financial Square Money Market Fund may not invest more than 25% of their total assets in the securities of any one foreign government. For more information about these risks, see Appendix A.
Geographic and Sector Risk—
If the Fund invests a significant portion of its total assets in securities of issuers within the same state, geographic region or economic sector, an adverse economic, business, political, environmental or other development affecting that state, region or sector may affect the value of the Fund’s investments more than if its investments were not so focused.
Interest Rate Risk
—During periods of rising interest rates, the Fund’s yield (and the market value of its investments) will tend to be lower than prevailing market rates; in periods of falling interest rates, the Fund’s yield will tend to be higher. The risks associated with changing interest rates may have unpredictable effects on the markets and the Fund’s investments. A low interest rate environment poses additional risks to the Fund, which are heightened in a very low or negative interest rate environment. Low or negative interest rates may continue for the foreseeable future. Low or negative yields on the Fund’s portfolio holdings may have an adverse impact on the Fund’s ability to provide a positive yield to its shareholders, pay expenses out of current income, or, at times, maintain a stable $1.00 share price or minimize the volatility of the Fund’s NAV per share, as applicable, and/or achieve its investment objective. A wide variety of market factors can cause interest rates to rise or fall, including central bank monetary policy, inflationary or deflationary pressures and changes in general market and economic conditions. Fluctuations in interest rates may also affect the liquidity of the Fund’s investments.
  Interest rates in the United States are currently at historically low levels. Certain countries have experienced negative interest rates on certain fixed-income instruments. Very low or negative interest rates may magnify interest rate risk. Changing interest rates, including rates that fall below zero, may have unpredictable effects on markets, may result in heightened market volatility and may detract from Fund performance to the extent the Fund is exposed to such interest rates and/or volatility.
Large Shareholder Transactions Risk
—The Fund may experience adverse effects when certain large shareholders, such as other funds, institutional investors (including those trading by use of non-discretionary mathematical formulas), financial intermediaries (who may make investment decisions on behalf of underlying clients and/or include the Fund in their investment model),
41

 
  individuals, accounts and Goldman Sachs affiliates, purchase or redeem large amounts of shares of the Fund. Such large shareholder redemptions, which may occur rapidly or unexpectedly, may cause the Fund to sell portfolio securities at times when it would not otherwise do so, which may negatively impact the Fund’s NAV and liquidity. Similarly, large Fund share purchases may adversely affect the Fund’s performance to the extent that the Fund is delayed in investing new cash or otherwise maintains a larger cash position than it ordinarily would. These transactions may also accelerate the realization of taxable income to shareholders if such sales of investments resulted in gains, and may also increase transaction costs. In addition, a large redemption could result in the Fund’s current expenses being allocated over a smaller asset base, leading to an increase in the Fund’s expense ratio.
Liquidity Risk
—The Fund may make investments that are illiquid or that may become less liquid in response to market developments or adverse investor perceptions. While the Fund endeavors to maintain a high level of liquidity in its portfolio, the liquidity of portfolio securities can deteriorate rapidly due to credit events affecting issuers or guarantors, such as a credit rating downgrade, or due to general market conditions and a lack of willing buyers. When there is no willing buyer and investments cannot be readily sold at the desired time or price, the Fund may have to accept a lower price or may not be able to sell the instrument at all. An inability to sell one or more portfolio positions can adversely affect the Fund’s ability to maintain a stable $1.00 share price or increase the volatility of the Fund’s NAV per share, as applicable, or prevent the Fund from being able to take advantage of other investment opportunities. Investments that are illiquid or that trade in lower volumes may be more difficult to value.
  To the extent that the traditional dealer counterparties that engage in fixed income trading do not maintain inventories of bonds (which provide an important indication of their ability to “make markets”) that keep pace with the growth of the bond markets over time, relatively low levels of dealer inventories could lead to decreased liquidity and increased volatility in the fixed income markets. Additionally, market participants other than the Fund may attempt to sell fixed income holdings at the same time as the Fund, which could cause downward pricing pressure and contribute to illiquidity.
  Liquidity risk may also refer to the risk that the Fund will not be able to pay redemption proceeds within the allowable time period because of unusual market conditions, an unusually high volume of redemption requests, or other reasons. While the Fund reserves the right to meet redemption requests through in-kind distributions, the Fund may instead choose to raise cash to meet redemption requests through sales of portfolio securities or permissible borrowings. If the Fund is forced to sell securities at an unfavorable time and/or under unfavorable conditions, such sales may adversely affect the Fund’s ability to maintain a stable $1.00 share price or minimize the volatility of the Fund’s NAV per share, as applicable.
  Certain shareholders, including clients or affiliates of the Investment Adviser and/or other funds managed by the Investment Adviser, may from time to time own or control a significant percentage of the Fund’s shares. These shareholders may include, for example, institutional investors, funds of funds, discretionary advisory clients, and other shareholders whose buy-sell decisions are controlled by a single decision maker. Redemptions by these shareholders of their shares of the Fund, or a high volume of redemption requests generally, may further increase the Fund’s liquidity risk and may impact the Fund’s NAV.
Management Risk
—A strategy used by the Investment Adviser may fail to produce the intended results.
Market Risk—
The value of the securities in which the Fund  invests may go up or down in response to the prospects of individual companies, particular sectors or governments and/or general economic conditions throughout the world. Price changes may be temporary or last for extended periods. The Fund's investments may be overweighted from time to time in one or more sectors or countries, which will increase the Fund's exposure to risk of loss from adverse developments affecting those sectors or countries.
  Global economies and financial markets are becoming increasingly interconnected, and conditions and events in one country, region or financial market may adversely impact issuers in a different country, region or financial market. Furthermore, local, regional and global events such as war, acts of terrorism, social unrest, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health threats could also adversely impact issuers, markets and economies, including in ways that cannot necessarily be foreseen. The Fund could be negatively impacted if the value of a portfolio holding were harmed by such political or economic conditions or events. In addition, governmental and quasi-governmental organizations have taken a number of unprecedented actions designed to support the markets. Such conditions, events and actions may result in greater market risk.
Municipal Securities Risk—
Municipal securities are subject to credit/default risk, interest rate risk and certain additional risks. The Fund may be more sensitive to adverse economic, business or political developments if it invests a substantial portion of its assets in the debt securities of similar projects (such as those relating to education, health care, housing, transportation, and utilities), industrial development bonds, or in particular types of municipal securities (such as general obligation bonds, private activity bonds and moral obligation bonds). While interest earned on municipal securities is generally not subject to federal tax, any interest earned on taxable municipal securities is fully taxable at the federal level and may be subject to tax at the state level. Specific risks are associated with different types of municipal securities. Certain of the municipalities in which the Fund may invest may experience significant financial difficulties, which may lead to bankruptcy or default. 
42

 
Risks of the Funds
  With respect to general obligation bonds, the full faith, credit and taxing power of the municipality that issues a general obligation bond secures payment of interest and repayment of principal. Timely payments depend on the issuer’s credit quality, ability to raise tax revenues and ability to maintain an adequate tax base. With respect to revenue bonds, payments of interest and principal are made only from the revenues generated by a particular facility, class of facilities or the proceeds of a special tax, or other revenue source, and depends on the money earned by that source. Private activity bonds are issued by municipalities and other public authorities to finance development of industrial facilities for use by a private enterprise. The private enterprise pays the principal and interest on the bond, and the issuer does not pledge its full faith, credit and taxing power for repayment. If the private enterprise defaults on its payments, the Fund may not receive any income or get its money back from the investment. Moral obligation bonds are generally issued by special purpose public authorities of a state or municipality. If the issuer is unable to meet its obligations, repayment of these bonds becomes a moral commitment, but not a legal obligation, of the state or municipality. Municipal notes are shorter term municipal debt obligations. They may provide interim financing in anticipation of, and are secured by, tax collection, bond sales or revenue receipts. If there is a shortfall in the anticipated proceeds, the notes may not be fully repaid and the Fund may lose money. In a municipal lease obligation, the issuer agrees to make payments when due on the lease obligation. The issuer will generally appropriate municipal funds for that purpose, but is not obligated to do so. Although the issuer does not pledge its unlimited taxing power for payment of the lease obligation, the lease obligation is secured by the leased property. However, if the issuer does not fulfill its payment obligation it may be difficult to sell the property and the proceeds of a sale may not cover the Fund’s loss.
  In addition, third party credit quality or liquidity enhancements are frequently a characteristic of the structure of municipal securities purchased by money market funds. Problems encountered by such third parties (such as municipal security insurers or banks issuing a liquidity enhancement facility), including credit rating downgrades or changes in the market’s perception of creditworthiness, may negatively impact a municipal security even though the related municipal issuer is not experiencing problems.
Stable NAV Risk
—The Government and Retail Funds may not be able to maintain a stable $1.00 share price at all times. If any money market fund that intends to maintain a stable NAV fails to do so (or if there is a perceived threat of such a failure), other such money market funds, including the Government and Retail Funds, could be subject to increased redemption activity, which could adversely affect the Fund’s NAV. The Government and Retail Funds may, among other things, reduce or withhold any income and/or gains generated from its investments to the extent necessary to maintain a stable $1.00 share price. Shareholders of the Government and Retail Funds should not rely on or expect the Investment Adviser or an affiliate to purchase distressed assets from the Fund, make capital infusions into the Fund, enter into capital support agreements with the Fund or take other actions to help the Fund maintain a stable $1.00 share price.
Tax Risk—
Future legislative or administrative changes or court decisions may materially affect the value of the Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund’s portfolio holdings and/or the ability of the Fund to pay federal tax-exempt dividends. This Fund would not be a suitable investment within IRAs, other tax-exempt or tax-deferred accounts, or for investors who are not sensitive to the federal tax consequences of their investments.
U.S. Government Securities Risk—
The U.S. government may not provide financial support to U.S. government agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored enterprises if it is not obligated to do so by law. Certain U.S. Government Securities, including securities issued by the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”) and Federal Home Loan Banks, are neither issued nor guaranteed by the U.S. Treasury and, therefore, are not backed by the full faith and credit of the United States. The maximum potential liability of the issuers of some U.S. Government Securities held by the Fund may greatly exceed their current resources, including any legal right to support from the U.S. Treasury. It is possible that issuers of U.S. Government Securities will not have the funds to meet their payment obligations in the future. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have been operating under conservatorship, with the Federal Housing Finance Agency (“FHFA”) acting as their conservator, since September 2008. The entities are dependent upon the continued support of the U.S. Department of the Treasury and FHFA in order to continue their business operations. These factors, among others, could affect the future status and role of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and the value of their securities and the securities which they guarantee. Additionally, the U.S. government and its agencies and instrumentalities do not guarantee the market values of their securities, which may fluctuate.
More information about the Fund’s portfolio securities and investment techniques, and their associated risks, is provided in Appendix A. You should consider the investment risks discussed in this section and in Appendix A. Both are important to your investment choice.
43

 
Service Providers
INVESTMENT ADVISERS
    
Investment Adviser
Financial Square Funds
Investor Funds
Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P. (“GSAM”)
200 West Street
New York, New York 10282
Prime Obligations
Money Market
Treasury Obligations
Treasury Instruments
Treasury Solutions
Government
Federal Instruments
Tax-Exempt Money Market
GSAM has been registered as an investment adviser with the SEC since 1990 and is an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. and an affiliate of Goldman Sachs. Founded in 1869, The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. is a publicly-held financial holding company and a leading global investment banking, securities and investment management firm. As of September 30, 2020, GSAM, including its investment advisory affiliates, had assets under supervision of approximately $1.6 trillion.
The Investment Adviser provides day-to-day advice regarding the Fund’s portfolio transactions. The Investment Adviser makes the investment decisions for the Fund and places purchase and sale orders for the Fund’s portfolio transactions in U.S. and foreign markets. As permitted by applicable law and exemptive relief obtained by the Investment Adviser, Goldman Sachs and the Fund, these orders may be directed to any broker-dealers, including Goldman Sachs and its affiliates. While the Investment Adviser is ultimately responsible for the management of the Fund, it is able to draw upon the research and expertise of its asset management affiliates for portfolio decisions and management with respect to certain portfolio securities. In addition, the Investment Adviser has access to the research and certain proprietary technical models developed by Goldman Sachs (subject to legal, internal, regulatory and Chinese Wall restrictions), and will apply quantitative and qualitative analysis in determining the appropriate allocations among categories of issuers and types of securities.
The Investment Adviser also performs the following additional services for the Fund (to the extent not performed by others pursuant to agreements with the Fund):
Supervises all non-advisory operations of the Fund
Provides personnel to perform necessary executive, administrative and clerical services to the Fund
Arranges for the preparation of all required tax returns, reports to shareholders, prospectuses and statements of additional information and other reports filed with the SEC and other regulatory authorities
Maintains the records of the Fund
Provides office space and all necessary office equipment and services
An investment in the Fund may be negatively impacted because of the operational risks arising from factors such as processing errors and human errors, inadequate or failed internal or external processes, failures in systems and technology, changes in personnel, and errors caused by third-party service providers or trading counterparties. Although the Fund attempts to minimize such failures through controls and oversight, it is not possible to identify all of the operational risks that may affect the Fund or to develop processes and controls that completely eliminate or mitigate the occurrence of such failures. The Fund and its shareholders could be negatively impacted as a result.
Pursuant to SEC exemptive orders, certain Funds may enter into principal transactions in certain money market instruments, including repurchase agreements, with Goldman Sachs.
44

 
Service Providers
MANAGEMENT FEES AND OTHER EXPENSES
As compensation for its services and its assumption of certain expenses, the Investment Adviser is entitled to the following fees, computed daily and payable monthly, at the annual rates listed below (as a percentage of each respective Fund’s average daily net assets):
Financial Square Funds
Contractual Rate
Actual Rate
For the Fiscal
Year Ended
August 31, 2020*
Prime Obligations 0.16% 0.14%
Money Market 0.16% 0.13%
Treasury Obligations 0.18% 0.18%
Treasury Instruments 0.18% 0.18%
Treasury Solutions 0.18% 0.18%
Government 0.16% 0.16%
Federal Instruments 0.18% 0.13%
Investor Funds    
Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund 0.16% 0.16%
*
The Actual Rate may not correlate to the Contractual Rate as a result of management fee waivers that may be in effect from time to time.
The Investment Adviser may waive a portion of its management fee, including fees earned as the Investment Adviser to any of the affiliated funds in which the Fund invests, except those management fees it earns from the Fund’s investments of cash collateral received in connection with securities lending transactions in affiliated funds, from time to time, and may discontinue or modify any such waivers in the future, consistent with the terms of any fee waiver arrangements in place. The Investment Adviser may voluntarily waive a portion of its management fees, and these waivers may exceed what is stipulated in any fee waiver arrangements. These temporary waivers may be modified or terminated at any time at the option of the Investment Adviser, without shareholder approval.
The Investment Adviser has agreed to reduce or limit each Fund’s “Other Expenses” (excluding acquired fund fees and expenses, transfer agency fees and expenses, taxes, interest, brokerage fees, expenses of shareholder meetings, litigation and indemnification, and extraordinary expenses) equal on an annualized basis to 0.014% of each Fund’s average daily net assets through at least December 29, 2021, and prior to such date the Investment Adviser may not terminate this expense limitation arrangement without the approval of the Board of Trustees. The expense limitation arrangement may be modified or terminated at any time at the option of the Investment Adviser and without shareholder approval after such date, although the Investment Adviser does not presently intend to do so. A Fund’s “Other Expenses” or “Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses” (as applicable) may be further reduced by any custody and transfer agency fee credits received by the Fund.
A discussion regarding the basis for the Board of Trustees’ approval of the Management Agreements for the Funds in 2020 is available in the Funds’ Annual Report dated August 31, 2020.
DISTRIBUTOR AND TRANSFER AGENT
Goldman Sachs, 200 West Street, New York, NY 10282, serves as the exclusive distributor (the “Distributor”) of the Fund’s shares. Goldman Sachs, 71 S. Wacker Drive, Chicago, IL 60606, also serves as the Fund’s transfer agent (the “Transfer Agent”) and, as such, performs various shareholder servicing functions.
For its transfer agency services, Goldman Sachs is entitled to receive a transfer agency fee equal, on an annualized basis, to 0.01% of average daily net assets of the Fund. Goldman Sachs may voluntarily agree to waive all or a portion of the Fund’s transfer agency fees. These temporary waivers may be modified or terminated at any time at the option of Goldman Sachs, without shareholder approval.
From time to time, Goldman Sachs or any of its affiliates may purchase and hold shares of the Fund. Goldman Sachs and its affiliates reserve the right to redeem at any time some or all of the shares acquired for their own account.
ACTIVITIES OF GOLDMAN SACHS AND ITS AFFILIATES AND OTHER
ACCOUNTS MANAGED BY GOLDMAN SACHS
The involvement of the Investment Adviser, Goldman Sachs and their affiliates in the management of, or their interest in, other accounts and other activities of Goldman Sachs will present conflicts of interest with respect to the Fund and will, under certain circumstances, limit the Fund’s investment activities. Goldman Sachs is a worldwide, full service investment banking, broker dealer,
45

 
asset management and financial services organization and a major participant in global financial markets that provides a wide range of financial services to a substantial and diversified client base that includes corporations, financial institutions, governments and individuals. As such, it acts as a broker-dealer, investment adviser, investment banker, underwriter, research provider, administrator, financier, adviser, market maker, trader, prime broker, derivatives dealer, clearing agent, lender, counterparty, agent, principal, distributor, investor or in other commercial capacities for accounts or companies or affiliated or unaffiliated investment funds (including pooled investment vehicles and private funds) in which one or more accounts, including the Fund, invest. In those and other capacities, Goldman Sachs and its affiliates advise and deal with clients and third parties in all markets and transactions and purchase, sell, hold and recommend a broad array of investments, including securities, derivatives, loans, commodities, currencies, credit default swaps, indices, baskets and other financial instruments and products for their own accounts or for the accounts of their customers and have other direct and indirect interests in the global fixed income, currency, commodity, equities, bank loans and other markets in which the Fund may directly and indirectly invest. Thus, it is expected that the Fund will have multiple business relationships with and will invest in, engage in transactions with, make voting decisions with respect to, or obtain services from entities for which Goldman Sachs and its affiliates perform or seek to perform investment banking or other services. The Investment Adviser and/or certain of its affiliates are the managers of the Goldman Sachs Funds. The Investment Adviser and its affiliates earn fees from this and other relationships with the Fund. Although management fees paid by the Fund to the Investment Adviser and certain other fees paid to the Investment Adviser’s affiliates are based on asset levels, the fees are not directly contingent on Fund performance, and the Investment Adviser and its affiliates will still receive significant compensation from the Fund even if shareholders lose money. Goldman Sachs and its affiliates engage in proprietary trading and advise accounts and funds which have investment objectives similar to those of the Fund and/or which engage in and compete for transactions in the same types of securities, currencies and instruments as the Fund. Goldman Sachs and its affiliates will not have any obligation to make available any information regarding their proprietary activities or strategies, or the activities or strategies used for other accounts managed by them, for the benefit of the management of the Fund. The results of the Fund’s investment activities, therefore, will likely differ from those of Goldman Sachs, its affiliates, and other accounts managed by Goldman Sachs, and it is possible that the Fund could sustain losses during periods in which Goldman Sachs and its affiliates and other accounts achieve significant profits on their trading for Goldman Sachs or other accounts. In addition, the Fund may enter into transactions in which Goldman Sachs and its affiliates or their other clients have an adverse interest. For example, the Fund may take a long position in a security at the same time that Goldman Sachs and its affiliates or other accounts managed by the Investment Adviser or its affiliates take a short position in the same security (or vice versa). These and other transactions undertaken by Goldman Sachs, its affiliates or Goldman Sachs-advised clients may, individually or in the aggregate, adversely impact the Fund. Transactions by one or more Goldman Sachs-advised clients or the Investment Adviser may have the effect of diluting or otherwise disadvantaging the values, prices or investment strategies of the Fund. The Fund’s activities will, under certain circumstances, be limited because of regulatory restrictions applicable to Goldman Sachs and its affiliates, and/or their internal policies designed to comply with such restrictions. As a global financial services firm, Goldman Sachs and its affiliates also provide a wide range of investment banking and financial services to issuers of securities and investors in securities. Goldman Sachs, its affiliates and others associated with it are expected to create markets or specialize in, have positions in and/or effect transactions in, securities of issuers held by the Fund, and will likely also perform or seek to perform investment banking and financial services for one or more of those issuers. Goldman Sachs and its affiliates are expected to have business relationships with and purchase or distribute or sell services or products from or to distributors, consultants or others who recommend the Fund or who engage in transactions with or for the Fund. For more information about conflicts of interest, see the section entitled “Potential Conflicts of Interest” in the SAI.
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Distributions
Distributions will be distributed monthly. You may choose to have distributions paid in:
Cash
Additional shares of the same Fund
Shares of a similar or an equivalent class of another Goldman Sachs Fund.
Special restrictions may apply. See the SAI.
You may indicate your election on your account application. Any changes may be submitted in writing or via telephone, in some instances, to the Transfer Agent (either directly or through your Intermediary) at any time. If you do not indicate any choice, dividends and distributions will be reinvested automatically in the applicable Fund.
The election to reinvest distributions in additional shares will not affect the tax treatment of such distributions, which will be treated as received by you and then used to purchase the shares.
All or substantially all of the Fund’s net investment income will be declared as a dividend daily. Distributions will normally, but not always, be declared as of the following times:
Financial Square Funds
Dividend Declaration Time
(Eastern Time)
Prime Obligations 3:00 p.m.
Money Market 3:00 p.m.
Treasury Obligations 5:00 p.m.
Treasury Instruments 3:00 p.m.
Treasury Solutions 3:00 p.m.
Government 5:00 p.m.
Federal Instruments 3:00 p.m.
Investor Funds  
Tax-Exempt Money Market 2:00 p.m.
Distributions will be reinvested as of the last calendar day of each month. Cash distributions normally will be paid on or about the first business day of each month. Net short-term capital gains, if any, will be distributed in accordance with federal income tax requirements and may be reflected in the Fund’s daily declared dividends. Net short-term capital gains may at times represent a significant component of the Fund’s daily declared dividends (e.g., during periods of extremely low interest rates). The Fund may distribute at least annually other realized capital gains, if any, after reduction by available realized capital losses.
In order to avoid excessive fluctuations in the amount of monthly capital gains distributions, the Fund may defer or accelerate the timing of the distributions of short-term capital gains (or any portion thereof). In addition, the Fund may reduce or withhold any income and/or realized gains generated from its investments to the extent necessary to maintain a stable $1.00 share price  or minimize principal volatility.
The realized gains and losses are not expected to be of an amount which would affect a Government or Retail Fund’s NAV of $1.00 per share.
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Shareholder Guide
The following section will provide you with answers to some of the most frequently asked questions regarding buying and selling the Funds’ Select Shares. Certain features of Select Shares, including whether they transact at a fluctuating or stable $1.00 share price, depend on a Fund’s classification as either an “institutional,” “government” or “retail” fund, as shown below:
Financial Square Funds
 
Investor Funds
Institutional Funds
 
Government Funds
 
Retail Fund
  Money Market Fund
 
  Federal Instruments Fund
 
  Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund
  Prime Obligations Fund
 
  Government Money Market Fund
   
   
  Treasury Instruments Fund
   
   
  Treasury Obligations Fund
   
   
  Treasury Solutions Fund
   
    
How to Buy Shares
How Can I Purchase Select Shares Of The Fund?
Generally, Select Shares may be purchased only through certain intermediaries, including banks, trust companies, brokers, registered investment advisers and other financial institutions (“Intermediaries”). Certain Intermediaries have been authorized by Goldman Sachs Trust (the “Trust”) to accept purchase, redemption or exchange orders on behalf of the Fund (except the Financial Square Money Market Fund) for their customers (“Authorized Institutions”). You should contact your Intermediary to learn whether it is authorized to accept orders on behalf of the Fund (i.e., an Authorized Institution). Generally, shareholders may not buy Select Shares directly from a Fund.
Customers of an Intermediary will normally give their order instructions to the Intermediary, and the Intermediary will, in turn, place the order with the Transfer Agent. Intermediaries are responsible for transmitting accepted orders and payments to the Transfer Agent within the time period agreed upon by them and will set times by which orders and payments must be received by them from their customers. The Trust, Transfer Agent, Investment Adviser and their affiliates will not be responsible for any loss in connection with orders that are not transmitted to the Transfer Agent by an Intermediary on a timely basis.
The Fund will be deemed to have received an order for purchase, redemption or exchange of Fund shares when the order is accepted in “proper form” by the Transfer Agent (or, if applicable, by an Authorized Institution) on a business day, and the order will be priced at the Fund’s current NAV per share next determined after acceptance by the Transfer Agent (or, if applicable, by an Authorized Institution). Orders that are transmitted by mail or fax will be priced at the Fund’s current NAV per share determined on the day on which the order is received and accepted in proper form by the Transfer Agent. Generally, these orders will be priced at the last NAV per share determined on that day. For shareholders that place trades directly with the Fund’s Transfer Agent, proper form generally means that specific trade details and customer identifying information must be received by the Transfer Agent at the time an order is submitted. Intermediaries of the Fund may have different requirements regarding what constitutes proper form for trade instructions. Please contact your Intermediary for more information.
To place an order for Fund shares, Intermediaries should either:
Place an order with Goldman Sachs at 1-800-621-2550 and wire federal funds;
Place an order through certain electronic trading platforms, if available (e.g., National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC)) (the NSCC is not available for orders for the Financial Square Money Market Fund); or
With respect to shares of a Government or Retail Fund only, send a check payable to Goldman Sachs Funds—(Name of Fund and Class of Shares), P.O. Box 06050, Chicago, IL 60606-6306. The Fund will not accept checks drawn on foreign banks, third party checks, temporary checks, cash or cash equivalents, e.g., cashier’s checks, official bank checks, money orders, traveler’s cheques or credit card checks. In limited situations involving the transfer of retirement assets, the Fund may accept cashier’s checks or official bank checks. It is expected that checks will be converted to federal funds within two business days of receipt. Checks will not be accepted by an Institutional Fund.
It is strongly recommended that payment for all Select Shares be effected by wiring federal funds.
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Shareholder Guide
Who May Purchase Select Shares Of The Retail Fund?
Investments in the Retail Fund are limited to accounts beneficially owned by natural persons. Natural persons are permitted to invest in the Retail Fund through certain tax-advantaged savings accounts, trusts and other retirement and investment accounts, including, for example:
Participant-directed defined contribution plans;
Individual retirement accounts;
Simplified employee pension arrangements;
Simple retirement accounts;
Custodial accounts;
Deferred compensation plans for government or tax-exempt organization employees;
Archer medical savings accounts;
College savings plans;
Health savings account plans;
Ordinary trusts and estates of natural persons; or
Certain other retirement and investment accounts having an institutional decision maker (e.g., a plan sponsor in certain retirement arrangements or an investment adviser managing discretionary investment accounts).
In order to make an initial investment in a Retail Fund, you must furnish to the Transfer Agent or your Intermediary an account application that provides certain information (e.g., Social Security Number or government-issued identification, such as a driver’s license or passport) that confirms your eligibility to invest in the Fund. Accounts that are not beneficially owned by natural persons (for example, accounts not associated with a Social Security Number), such as those opened by businesses, including small businesses, defined benefit plans and endowments, are not eligible to invest in the Retail Fund. Accounts that are not eligible to invest in the Retail Fund will be involuntarily redeemed from the Fund.
Intermediaries are required to adopt and implement policies, procedures and internal controls reasonably designed to limit all beneficial owners of a Retail Fund to natural persons and, upon request, provide the Fund with satisfactory evidence that such policies, procedures and internal controls are in place. In addition, Intermediaries are required to involuntarily redeem their customers that do not satisfy the eligibility requirements, as set forth above.
What Should I Know When I Purchase Select Shares Through An Intermediary?
If shares of the Fund are held in an account maintained and serviced by your Intermediary, all recordkeeping, transaction processing and payments of distributions relating to your account will be performed by your Intermediary, and not by the Fund and its Transfer Agent. Since the Fund will have no record of your transactions, you should contact your Intermediary to purchase, redeem or exchange shares, to make changes in or give instructions concerning your account or to obtain information about your account. The transfer of shares from an account with one Intermediary to an account with another Intermediary involves special procedures and may require you to obtain historical purchase information about the shares in the account from Intermediary. If your Intermediary’s relationship with Goldman Sachs is terminated, and you do not transfer your account to another Intermediary, the Trust reserves the right to redeem your shares. The Trust will not be responsible for any loss in an investor’s account or tax liability resulting from a redemption.
Intermediaries that invest in shares on behalf of their customers may charge fees directly to their customer accounts in connection with their investments. You should contact your Intermediary for information regarding such charges, as these fees, if any, may affect the return such customers realize with respect to their investments. These Intermediaries may receive payments from the Funds or Goldman Sachs for the services provided by them with respect to Select Shares. These payments may be in addition to other payments borne by the Funds.
Intermediaries may provide the following services in connection with their customers’ investments in Select Shares:
Administration services
Act, directly or through an agent, as the sole shareholder of record
Maintain account records for customers
Process orders to purchase, redeem and exchange shares for customers
Process confirmation statements and payments for customers
Pursuant to a select administration plan adopted by the Board, Intermediaries are entitled to receive payments for their services from the Trust. These payments are equal to 0.03% (annualized) of the average daily net assets of the Select Shares of the Funds that are attributable to or held in the name of an Intermediary for its customers. Goldman Sachs may voluntarily agree to waive all or a portion of a Fund’s administration fees. These temporary waivers may be modified or terminated at any time at the option of Goldman Sachs, without shareholder approval.
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The Investment Adviser, Distributor and/or their affiliates may make payments or provide services to Intermediaries to promote the sale, distribution and/or servicing of shares of the Funds and other Goldman Sachs Funds. These payments are made out of the Investment Adviser’s, Distributor’s and/or their affiliates’ own assets, and are not an additional charge to the Fund. The payments are in addition to the administration fees described in the Prospectus. Such payments are intended to compensate Intermediaries for, among other things: marketing shares of the Funds and other Goldman Sachs Funds, which may consist of payments relating to the Funds’ inclusion on preferred or recommended fund lists or in certain sales programs sponsored by the Intermediaries; access to an Intermediary’s registered representatives or salespersons, including at conferences and other meetings; assistance in training and education of personnel; marketing support; the provision of analytical or other data to the Investment Adviser or its affiliates relating to sales of shares of the Fund and other Goldman Sachs Funds; the support or purchase of technology platforms/software; and/or other specified services intended to assist in the distribution and marketing of the Funds and other Goldman Sachs Funds, including provision of consultative services to the Investment Adviser or its affiliates relating to marketing and/or sale of shares of the Fund and other Goldman Sachs Funds. These payments may also, to the extent permitted by applicable regulations, sponsor various trainings and educational programs. The payments by the Investment Adviser, Distributor and/or their affiliates, which are in addition to the fees paid for these services by the Funds, may also compensate Intermediaries for sub-accounting, sub-transfer agency, administrative and/or shareholder processing services. These additional payments may exceed amounts earned on these assets by the Investment Adviser, Distributor and/or their affiliates for the performance of these or similar services. The amount of these additional payments is normally not expected to exceed 0.50% (annualized) of the amount sold or invested through the Intermediaries. In addition, certain Intermediaries may have access to certain services from the Investment Adviser, Distributor and/or their affiliates, including research reports, economic analysis, and portfolio analysis, portfolio construction and similar tools and software. In certain cases, Intermediaries may not pay for these products or services or may only pay for a portion of the total cost of these products or services. Please refer to the “Payments to Others (Including Intermediaries)” section of the SAI for more information about these payments and services.
The payments made by the Investment Adviser, Distributor and/or their affiliates and the services provided by an Intermediary may differ for different Intermediaries. The presence of these payments, receipt of these services and the basis on which an Intermediary compensates its registered representatives or salespersons may create an incentive for a particular Intermediary, registered representative or salesperson to highlight, feature or recommend Funds based, at least in part, on the level of compensation paid. You should contact your Intermediary for more information about the payments it receives and any potential conflicts of interest.
In addition to Select Shares, each Fund also offers other classes of shares to investors. These other share classes are subject to different fees and expenses (which affect performance) and are entitled to different services than Select Shares. Information regarding these other share classes may be obtained from your Intermediary or from Goldman Sachs by calling the number on the back cover of the Prospectus.
What Is My Minimum Investment In The Funds?
Minimum initial investment $10 million in Select Shares of a Fund alone or in combination with other assets under the management of GSAM and its affiliates
Minimum additional investment No minimum
The minimum investment requirement is applied only at the intermediary level, and is not applied to clients individually, for the following groups of investors: (i) clients of bank or brokerage intermediaries offering capital market or treasury services to corporations, non-profit organizations, certain other institutional clients and, under certain limited circumstances, high-net worth individuals; (ii) current or former clients of discretionary investment programs offered by banks, broker-dealers, or other financial intermediaries; and (iii) certain brokerage clients as determined from time to time by the Investment Adviser and/or the Distributor. In determining the minimum investment requirement, client assets may be aggregated with assets of its subsidiaries and certain affiliates, if applicable.
The minimum investment requirement does not apply to certain section 401(k), profit sharing, money purchase pension, tax-sheltered annuity, defined benefit pension, or other employee benefit plans that are sponsored by one or more employers (including governmental or church employers) or employee organizations.
An Intermediary may, however, impose a different minimum amount for initial and additional investments in Select Shares, and may establish other requirements such as a minimum account balance. An Intermediary may redeem Select Shares held by non-complying accounts, and may impose a charge for any special services.
The minimum investment requirement may be waived for current and former officers, partners, directors or employees of Goldman Sachs and/or any of its affiliates and any Trustee or officer of the Trust. Please see “Shares of the Trust” in the SAI for additional information about minimum investments.
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Shareholder Guide
What Else Should I Know About Share Purchases?
The Trust reserves the right to:
Refuse to open an account or require an Intermediary to refuse to open an account if you fail to (i) provide a taxpayer identification number, a Social Security Number or other government-issued identification (e.g., for an individual, a driver’s license or passport); or (ii) certify that such number or other information is correct (if required to do so under applicable law).
Reject or restrict any purchase or exchange order by a particular purchaser (or group of related purchasers) for any reason in its discretion. With respect to the Retail Funds, this includes when the Trust or Intermediary cannot reasonably verify that the purchaser is a natural person or acting on behalf of an account beneficially owned by a natural person.
Close a Fund to new investors from time to time and reopen any such Fund whenever it is deemed appropriate by the Investment Adviser.
Provide for, modify or waive the minimum investment requirements.
Modify the manner in which Select Shares are offered.
The Board has not adopted policies and procedures with respect to frequent purchases and redemptions of Fund shares in light of the nature and high quality of the Funds’ investments.
Shares of the Funds are only registered for sale in the United States and certain of its territories. Generally, shares of the Funds will only be offered or sold to “U.S. persons” and all offerings or other solicitation activities will be conducted within the United States, in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (“Securities Act”).
A Fund may allow you to purchase shares through an Intermediary with securities instead of cash if consistent with the Fund’s investment policies and operations and approved by the Investment Adviser.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Trust and Goldman Sachs reserve the right to reject or restrict purchase or exchange requests from any investor. The Trust and Goldman Sachs will not be liable for any loss resulting from rejected purchase or exchange orders.
Please be advised that abandoned or unclaimed property laws for certain states (to which your account may be subject) require financial organizations to transfer (escheat) unclaimed property (including shares of a Fund) to the appropriate state if no activity occurs in an account for a period of time specified by state law. For IRA accounts escheated to a state under these abandoned property laws, the escheatment will generally be treated as a taxable distribution to you; federal and any applicable state income tax will be withheld. This may apply to your Roth IRA as well.
Customer Identification Program.
  Federal law requires the Funds to obtain, verify and record identifying information for certain investors, which will be reviewed solely for customer identification purposes, which may include the name, residential or business street address, date of birth (for an individual), Social Security Number or taxpayer identification number or other information, for each investor who opens an account directly with the Funds. Applications without the required information may not be accepted by the Funds. Throughout the life of your account, the Funds may request updated identifying information in accordance with their Customer Identification Program. After accepting an application, to the extent permitted by applicable law or their Customer Identification Program, the Funds reserve the right to: (i) place limits on transactions in any account until the identity of the investor is verified; (ii) refuse an investment in the Funds; or (iii) involuntarily redeem an investor’s shares and close an account in the event that the Funds are unable to verify an investor’s identity or are unable to obtain all required information. The Funds and their agents will not be responsible for any loss or any tax liability in an investor’s account resulting from the investor’s delay in providing all required information or from closing an account and redeeming an investor’s shares pursuant to their Customer Identification Program.
How Are Shares Priced?
The price you pay when you buy shares is a Fund’s next-determined NAV per share after the Transfer Agent (or, if applicable, an Authorized Institution) has received and accepted your order in proper form. The price you receive when you sell shares is a Fund’s next-determined NAV per share after the Transfer Agent (or, if applicable, an Authorized Institution) has received and accepted your order in proper form, with the redemption proceeds reduced by any applicable charges. The Funds generally calculate NAV as follows:
NAV = (Value of Assets of the Class)
– (Liabilities of the Class)
  Number of Outstanding Shares of the Class
Institutional Funds
—Each Institutional Fund is required to price its shares at a NAV per share reflecting market-based values of its portfolio holdings (i.e., at a “floating” NAV) rounded to the fourth decimal place (e.g., $1.0000). An Institutional Fund’s investments for which market quotations are readily available are valued at market value on the basis of quotations provided by pricing services or securities dealers. If accurate quotations are not readily available, if an Institutional Fund’s accounting agent is unable for other reasons to facilitate pricing of individual securities or calculate the Fund’s NAV, or if the Investment Adviser believes that such quotations do not accurately reflect fair value, the fair value of the Fund’s investments may be determined in
51

 
  good faith under valuation procedures established by the Board. Thus, such pricing may be based on subjective judgments and it is possible that the prices resulting from such valuation procedures may differ materially from the value realized on a sale. The securities in which a Fund invests do not typically have readily available market quotations because these securities are not actively traded in the secondary markets.
Using fair valuation involves the risk that the values used by a Fund to price its investments may be different from those used by other investment companies and investors to price the same investments.
Fixed income securities are generally valued on the basis of prices (including evaluated prices) and quotations provided by pricing services or securities dealers. Pricing services may use matrix pricing or valuation models, which utilize certain inputs and assumptions, including, but not limited to, yield or price with respect to comparable fixed income securities, to determine current value. Pricing services generally value fixed income securities assuming orderly transactions of an institutional round lot size, but the Fund may hold or transact in such securities in smaller odd lot sizes. Odd lots may trade at lower prices than institutional round lots.
Investments in other open-end registered investment companies (if any), excluding investments in ETFs, are valued based on the NAV of those open-end registered investment companies (which may use fair value pricing as discussed in their prospectuses). Investments in ETFs will generally be valued at the last sale price or official closing price on the exchange on which they are principally traded.
Government and Retail Funds
—The Government and Retail Funds seek to maintain a stable NAV per share of $1.00 based on the amortized cost method of valuation. This method involves valuing an instrument at its cost and thereafter applying a constant amortization to maturity of any discount or premium, regardless of the impact of fluctuating interest rates on the market value of the investment. Amortized cost will normally approximate market value. There can be no assurance that a Fund will be able at all times to maintain a stable NAV per share of $1.00.
The NAV per share of each share class of the Funds is generally calculated by the Funds’ accounting agent at the following times on each business day:
Fund
Daily NAV
Calculation Time(s)
  Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market
2:00 p.m. Eastern Time
  Financial Square Prime Obligations
3:00 p.m. Eastern Time
  Financial Square Federal Instruments
 
  Financial Square Treasury Instruments
 
  Financial Square Treasury Solutions
 
  Financial Square Government
5:00 p.m. Eastern Time
  Financial Square Treasury Obligations
 
  Financial Square Money Market
8:00 a.m., 12:00 p.m. and 3:00 p.m. Eastern Time
Shares of the Government and Retail Funds will also generally be priced throughout the day by the Funds’ accounting agent for the purpose of fulfilling intra-day purchase or redemption orders. Except as provided below, Fund shares will be priced on any day the New York Stock Exchange is open, except for days on which the Federal Reserve Bank is closed for local holidays. Shares of the Government and Retail Funds may be priced by the Funds’ accounting agent on days on which the Federal Reserve Bank is closed for local holidays (i.e., Columbus Day and Veterans Day). Fund shares will generally not be priced on any day the New York Stock Exchange is closed, although Fund shares may be priced on days when the New York Stock Exchange is closed if the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association (“SIFMA”) recommends that the bond markets remain open for all or part of the day.
On any business day when the SIFMA recommends that the bond markets close early, each Fund reserves the right to close at or prior to the SIFMA recommended closing time. If a Fund does so, it will cease granting same business day credit for purchase and redemption orders received after the Fund’s closing time and credit will be given on the next business day.
The Trust reserves the right to advance the time by which purchase and redemption orders must be received for same business day credit as otherwise permitted by the SEC.
Most money market securities settle on the same day as they are traded and are required to be recorded and factored into the Fund’s NAV on the trade date (T). Investment transactions not settling on the same day as they are traded may be recorded and factored into a Fund’s first scheduled NAV calculation on the business day following trade date (T+1), consistent with industry practice. The use of T+1 accounting generally does not, but may, result in a NAV that differs materially from the NAV that would result if all transactions were reflected on their trade dates.
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Shareholder Guide
Note: The time at which transactions and shares are priced and the time by which orders must be received may be changed in case of an emergency or if regular trading on the New York Stock Exchange and/or the bond markets stopped at a time other than its regularly scheduled closing time. In the event the New York Stock Exchange and/or the bond markets do not open for business, the Trust may, but is not required to, open one or more Funds for purchase, redemption and exchange transactions if the Federal Reserve wire payment system is open. To learn whether a Fund is open for business during this situation, please call the appropriate phone number found on the back cover of the Prospectus.
Each Fund relies on various sources to calculate its NAV. The ability of the Funds’ accounting agent to calculate the NAV per share of each share class of the Funds is subject to operational risks associated with processing or human errors, systems or technology failures, and errors caused by third party service providers, data sources, or trading counterparties. Such failures may result in delays in the calculation of a Fund’s NAV and/or the inability to calculate NAV over extended time periods. The Funds may be unable to recover any losses associated with such failures, and it may be necessary for alternative procedures to be followed to price portfolio securities when determining a Fund’s NAV. These risks are heightened for the Financial Square Money Market Fund, which generally prices its shares multiple times per day. In the event of operational or other disruptions or the imposition of a liquidity fee or redemption gate, the Board has the ability to suspend one or more pricing times of the Financial Square Money Market Fund and designate a new time at which the Fund’s NAV per share will be calculated once per day without prior notice.
When Do Shares Begin Earning Dividends?
If a purchase order is received by the Transfer Agent (or, if applicable, the Authorized Institution) on a business day by the deadline specified below and payment in federal funds is wired to and received by the Fund by the close of the Federal Reserve wire transfer system (normally, 6:00 p.m. Eastern Time), then dividends will begin to accrue on the same business day that the wire purchase order is received:
Fund
Deadline for Same Business Day
Dividend Accrual
  Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market
2:00 p.m. Eastern Time
  Financial Square Money Market
3:00 p.m. Eastern Time
  Financial Square Prime Obligations
 
  Financial Square Federal Instruments
 
  Financial Square Treasury Instruments
 
  Financial Square Treasury Solutions
 
  Financial Square Government
5:00 p.m. Eastern Time
  Financial Square Treasury Obligations
 
If payment is received on a business day after the deadline specified above, you will not earn dividends on the day the purchase order is received. Also, in the event a purchase order is placed by the deadline specified above but an anticipated wire payment is not received by the Fund by the close of the Federal Reserve wire transfer system that same day, your purchase will be cancelled and you may be liable for any resulting losses or fees incurred by the Fund, the Transfer Agent, or the Fund’s custodian. For purchase orders accompanied by check, dividends will normally begin to accrue within two business days of the Transfer Agent’s receipt of the check.
How to Sell Shares
How Can I Sell Select Shares Of The Funds?
Generally, Select Shares may be sold (redeemed) only through Intermediaries. Customers of an Intermediary will normally give their redemption instructions to the Intermediary, and the Intermediary will, in turn, place the order with the Transfer Agent. On any business day a Fund is open, the Fund will generally redeem its Select Shares upon request at their NAV per share next-determined after the Transfer Agent (or, if applicable, the Authorized Institution) has received and accepted a redemption order in proper form, as described under
“How To Buy Shares—How Can I Purchase
Select Shares
Of The Funds?”
above.
Redemptions may be requested via electronic trading platform (through your Intermediary), in writing or by telephone (unless the Intermediary opts out of the telephone redemption privilege on the account application). A Fund may transfer redemption proceeds to an account with your Intermediary. In the alternative, your Intermediary may request that redemption proceeds be sent to you by check or wire (if the wire instructions are designated in the current records of the Transfer Agent). You should contact your Intermediary to discuss redemptions and redemption proceeds.
Redemptions from an Institutional or Retail Fund may be subject to a liquidity fee or redemption gate imposed by the Fund, as described under
“How To Sell Shares—What Are The Potential Restrictions On Institutional And Retail Fund Redemptions?”
below.
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When Do I Need A Medallion Signature To Redeem Shares?
Generally, a redemption request must be in writing and signed by an authorized person with a Medallion signature guarantee if:
You would like the redemption proceeds sent to an address that is not your address of record; or
You would like the redemption proceeds sent to a domestic bank account that is not designated in the current records of the Transfer Agent.
A Medallion signature guarantee must be obtained from a bank, brokerage firm or other financial intermediary that is a member of an approved Medallion Guarantee Program or that is otherwise approved by the Trust. A notary public cannot provide a Medallion signature guarantee. The written request may be confirmed by telephone with both the requesting party and the designated Intermediary to verify instructions. Additional documentation may be required.
What Do I Need To Know About Telephone Redemption Requests?
The Trust, the Distributor and the Transfer Agent will not be liable for any loss you may incur in the event that the Trust accepts unauthorized telephone redemption requests that the Trust reasonably believes to be genuine. The Trust may accept telephone redemption instructions from any person identifying himself or herself as the owner of an account or the owner’s registered representative where the owner has not declined in writing to use this service. Thus, you risk possible losses if a telephone redemption is not authorized by you.
In an effort to prevent unauthorized or fraudulent redemption and exchange requests by telephone, Goldman Sachs and DST Asset Manager Solutions, Inc. (“DST”) each employ reasonable procedures specified by the Trust to confirm that such instructions are genuine. The following general policies are currently in effect:
Telephone requests are recorded.
Proceeds of telephone redemption requests will be sent to your address of record or authorized account designated in the current records of the Transfer Agent (unless you provide written instructions and a Medallion signature guarantee, indicating another address or account).
For the 30-day period following a change of address, telephone redemptions will only be filled by a wire transfer to the authorized account designated in the current records of the Transfer Agent (see immediately preceding bullet point). In order to receive the redemption by check during this time period, the redemption request must be in the form of a written letter (a Medallion signature guarantee may be required).
The telephone redemption option does not apply to Select Shares held in an account maintained and serviced by your Intermediary. If your Select Shares are held in an account with an Intermediary, you should contact your registered representative of record, who may make telephone redemptions on your behalf.
The telephone redemption option may be modified or terminated at any time without prior notice.
Note: It may be difficult to make telephone redemptions in times of unusual economic or market conditions.
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Shareholder Guide
When Will Redemption Proceeds Be Paid?
Redemption proceeds will normally be paid to the domestic bank account designated in the current records of the Transfer Agent, on the same day of the redemption order, if the redemption order is accepted in proper form by the Transfer Agent or your Authorized Institution, if any, by the times listed in the chart below:
Fund Receives Redemption Request
Redemption Proceeds
Dividends
  Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market
   
  By 2:00 p.m. Eastern Time
Wired same business day Not earned on day request is accepted
     
  Checks sent next business day Earned on day request is accepted
  Financial Square Money Market
   
  Financial Square Prime Obligations
   
  Financial Square Federal Instruments
   
  Financial Square Treasury Instruments
   
  Financial Square Treasury Solutions
   
  By 3:00 p.m. Eastern Time
Wired same business day Not earned on day request is accepted
     
  Checks sent next business day Earned on day request is accepted
  Financial Square Government
   
  Financial Square Treasury Obligations
   
  By 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time
Wired same business day Not earned on day request is accepted
     
  Checks sent next business day Earned on day request is accepted
Redemption proceeds will normally be paid by the close of the Federal Reserve wire transfer system (normally, 6:00 p.m. Eastern Time). You will not earn a dividend on the day a redemption order is accepted, except for redemption proceeds paid by check, which earn a dividend on the day a redemption order is accepted.
Although redemption proceeds will normally be paid as described above, under certain circumstances (such as unusual market conditions or in cases of very large redemptions or excessive trading), redemption proceeds may be paid the next business day following receipt of a properly executed wire transfer redemption request (or up to three business days later with respect to the Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund). Redemption requests or payments may be postponed or suspended for longer than one day (or for longer than seven days with respect to the Investor Tax-Exempt Money Market Fund) only for periods during which there is a non-routine closure of the Federal Reserve wire payment system or applicable Federal Reserve Banks or as permitted under those circumstances specifically enumerated under Section 22(e) of the Investment Company Act and Rule 22e-3 thereunder, namely if (i) the New York Stock Exchange is closed for trading or trading is restricted; (ii) an emergency exists which makes the disposal of securities owned by a Fund or the fair determination of the value of a Fund’s net assets not reasonably practicable; (iii) the SEC, by order or regulation, permits the suspension of the right of redemption; or (iv) a Fund, as part of a liquidation of the Fund, has suspended redemption of shares.
If you are selling shares you recently paid for by check, the Fund will pay you when your check has cleared, which may take up to 15 days.
If the Federal Reserve Bank is closed on the day that the redemption proceeds would ordinarily be wired, wiring the redemption proceeds may be delayed until the Federal Reserve Bank reopens.
To change the bank wiring instructions designated in the current records of the Transfer Agent, you must send written instructions signed by an authorized person designated in the current records of the Transfer Agent. A Medallion signature guarantee may be required if you are requesting a redemption in conjunction with the change.
None of the Trust, Investment Adviser or Goldman Sachs assumes any responsibility for the performance of your bank or Intermediary in the transfer process. If a problem with such performance arises, you should deal directly with your bank or Intermediary.
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What Else Do I Need To Know About Redemptions?
The following generally applies to redemption requests:
Additional documentation may be required when deemed appropriate by the Transfer Agent. A redemption request will not be in proper form until such additional documentation has been received.
Intermediaries are responsible for the timely transmittal of redemption requests by their customers to the Transfer Agent. In order to facilitate the timely transmittal of redemption requests, Intermediaries may set times by which they must receive redemption requests. Intermediaries may also require additional documentation from you. The Trust, Transfer Agent, Investment Adviser and their affiliates will not be responsible for any loss in connection with orders that are not transmitted to the Transfer Agent by an Intermediary on a timely basis.
The Trust reserves the right to:
Redeem your shares in the event your Intermediary’s relationship with Goldman Sachs is terminated and you do not transfer your account to another Intermediary.
Redeem your shares if your account balance is below the required Fund minimum. The Funds will give you 60 days prior written notice to allow you to purchase sufficient additional shares of the Funds in order to avoid such redemption. Different rules may apply to investors who have established brokerage accounts with Goldman Sachs in accordance with the terms and conditions of their account agreements.
Redeem your shares if a Fund determines that you do not meet its requirements concerning investor eligibility as set forth in the Prospectus (e.g., for Retail Funds, if the account is not beneficially owned by a natural person).
Redeem your shares in the case of actual or suspected threatening conduct or actual or suspected fraudulent, suspicious or illegal activity by you or any other individual associated with your account.
Subject to applicable law, redeem your shares in other circumstances determined by the Board to be in the best interest of the Trust.
Pay redemptions by a distribution in-kind of securities (instead of cash). If you receive redemption proceeds in-kind, you should expect to incur transaction costs upon the disposition of those securities. In addition, if you receive redemption proceeds in-kind, you will be subject to market gains or losses upon the disposition of those securities.
Reinvest any amounts (e.g., dividends, distributions or redemption proceeds) which you have elected to receive by check should your check remain uncashed for more than 180 days. No interest will accrue on amounts represented by uncashed checks. Your check will be reinvested in your account at the NAV on the day of the reinvestment. When reinvested, those amounts are subject to the risk of loss like any Fund investment. If you elect to receive distributions in cash and a check remains uncashed for more than 180 days, your cash election may be changed automatically to reinvest and your future dividend and capital gains distributions will be reinvested in the Fund at the NAV as of the date of payment of the distribution. This provision may not apply to certain retirement or qualified accounts, accounts with a non-U.S. address or closed accounts. Your participation in a systematic withdrawal program may be terminated if a check remains uncashed.
Charge an additional fee in the event a redemption is made via wire transfer.
Each Fund typically expects to meet redemption requests by using holdings of cash or cash equivalents and/or proceeds from the sale of portfolio holdings. In addition, under stressed market conditions, as well as for other temporary or emergency purposes, the Funds may distribute redemption proceeds in-kind (instead of cash), access a line of credit or overdraft facility, or borrow through other sources to meet redemption requests.
None of the Trust, Investment Adviser, or Goldman Sachs will be responsible for any loss in an investor’s account or tax liability resulting from an involuntary redemption.
Can I Exchange My Investment From One Goldman Sachs Fund To Another Goldman Sachs Fund?
You may exchange Select Shares of a Goldman Sachs Fund at NAV for certain shares of another Goldman Sachs Fund. However, investors are not permitted to exchange shares from or into the Financial Square Money Market Fund.
The exchange privilege may be materially modified or withdrawn at any time upon 60 days written notice. You should contact your Intermediary to arrange for exchanges of shares of a Fund for shares of another Goldman Sachs Fund.
You should keep in mind the following factors when making or considering an exchange:
You should obtain and carefully read the prospectus of the Goldman Sachs Fund you are acquiring before making an exchange. You should be aware that not all Goldman Sachs Funds offer all share classes.
Currently, the Funds do not impose any charge for exchanges, although the Funds may impose a charge in the future.
All exchanges which represent an initial investment in a Goldman Sachs Fund must satisfy the minimum initial investment requirement of that Fund. This requirement may be waived at the discretion of the Trust. Exchanges into a Fund need not meet the traditional minimum initial investment requirements for that Fund if the entire balance of the original Goldman Sachs Fund account is exchanged.
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Shareholder Guide
Exchanges are available only in states where exchanges may be legally made.
It may be difficult to make telephone exchanges in times of unusual economic or market conditions.
Goldman Sachs and DST may use reasonable procedures described above in
“How To Sell Shares—What Do I Need To Know About Telephone Redemption Requests?”
in an effort to prevent unauthorized or fraudulent telephone exchange requests.
Normally, a telephone exchange will be made only to an identically registered account.
A Medallion signature guarantee may be required.
Exchanges into a Goldman Sachs Fund or certain shares of a Goldman Sachs Fund that are closed to new or certain types of investors, in accordance with its investor eligibility requirements, may be restricted.
Exchanges from an Institutional or Retail Fund into another Goldman Sachs Fund may be subject to a liquidity fee or redemption gate imposed by the Institutional or Retail Fund, as described in “How To Sell Shares—What Are The Potential Restrictions On Institutional And Retail Fund Redemptions?” below.
For federal income tax purposes, an exchange from one Goldman Sachs Fund to another is treated as a redemption of the shares surrendered in the exchange, on which you may be subject to tax, followed by a purchase of shares received in the exchange. You should consult your tax adviser concerning the tax consequences of an exchange.
What Are The Potential Restrictions On Institutional And Retail Fund Redemptions?
Under Rule 2a-7, the Board is permitted to impose a liquidity fee on redemptions (up to 2%) or temporarily restrict redemptions from an Institutional or Retail Fund for up to 10 business days during a 90-day period (a “redemption gate”), in the event that the Fund’s weekly liquid assets fall below the following thresholds:
30% weekly liquid assets
—If the weekly liquid assets of an Institutional or Retail Fund falls below 30% of the Fund’s total assets as of the end of a business day, and the Board determines it is in the best interests of the Fund, the Board may impose a liquidity fee of no more than 2% of the amount redeemed and/or a redemption gate that temporarily suspends the right of redemption.
10% weekly liquid assets
—If the weekly liquid assets of an Institutional or Retail Fund falls below 10% of the Fund’s total assets as of the end of a business day, the Fund will impose, at the beginning of the next business day, a liquidity fee of 1% of the amount redeemed, unless the Board determines that imposing such a fee would not be in the best interests of the Fund or determines that a lower or higher fee (not to exceed 2%) would be in the best interests of the Fund.
If an Institutional or Retail Fund imposes a redemption gate, the Fund and your Intermediary will not accept redemption orders or orders for exchanges from the Fund into another Goldman Sachs Fund until the Fund has notified shareholders that the redemption gate has been lifted. Any redemption or exchange orders submitted while a redemption gate is in effect will be cancelled without further notice. If you still wish to redeem or exchange shares once the redemption gate has been lifted, you will need to submit a new redemption or exchange request to the Institutional or Retail Fund or your Intermediary. Unprocessed purchase orders that the Institutional or Retail Fund received prior to notification of the imposition of a liquidity fee or redemption gate will be cancelled unless re-confirmed. Under certain circumstances, an Institutional or Retail Fund may honor redemption or exchange orders (or pay redemptions without adding a liquidity fee to the redemption amount) if the Fund can verify that the redemption or exchange order was submitted to an Intermediary or the Transfer Agent before the Fund imposed a liquidity fee or redemption gate.
The Board generally expects that a liquidity fee or redemption gate would be imposed, if at all, during periods of extraordinary market stress. While the Board may, in its discretion, impose a liquidity fee or redemption gate at any time after the weekly liquid assets of an Institutional or Retail Fund falls below 30% of the Fund’s total assets, the Board generally expects that a liquidity fee or redemption gate would be imposed only after the Fund has notified Intermediaries and shareholders that a liquidity fee or redemption gate will be imposed (generally, as of the beginning of the next business day following the announcement that the Fund has imposed the liquidity fee or redemption gate). Announcements regarding the imposition of liquidity fees or redemption gates, or the termination of liquidity fees or redemption gates, will be filed with the SEC on Form N-CR and will be available on the website of the Institutional Fund or Retail Fund (http://www.gsamfunds.com). In addition, the Institutional and Retail Fund will make such announcements through a supplement to its Prospectus and may make such announcements through a press release or by other means.