Form 497K GOLDMAN SACHS TRUST
Class P: GSSPX
Before you invest, you may want to review the Goldman Sachs Alternative Premia Funds (the Fund) Prospectus, which contains more information about the Fund and its risks. You can find the Funds Prospectus, reports to shareholders and other information about the Fund online at https://www.gsam.com/content/gsam/us/en/advisors/fund-center/summary-prospectuses.html. You can also get this information at no cost by calling 800-621-2550, or by sending an e-mail request to firstname.lastname@example.org. The Funds Prospectus and Statement of Additional Information (SAI), both dated April 29, 2020, are incorporated by reference into this Summary Prospectus.
It is our intention that beginning on January 1, 2021, paper copies of the Funds annual and semi-annual shareholder reports will no longer be sent by mail, unless you specifically request paper copies of the reports from the Fund or from your financial intermediary. Instead, the reports will be made available on a website, and you will be notified by mail each time a report is posted and provided with a website link to access the report.
If you already elected to receive shareholder reports electronically, you will not be affected by this change and you need not take any action. At any time, you may elect to receive reports and certain communications from the Fund electronically by calling the applicable toll-free number below or by contacting your financial intermediary.
You may elect to receive all future shareholder reports in paper free of charge. If you hold shares of the Fund directly with the Funds transfer agent, you can inform the transfer agent that you wish to receive paper copies of reports by calling toll-free 800-621-2550 for Class P shareholders. If you hold shares of the Fund through a financial intermediary, please contact your financial intermediary to make this election. Your election to receive reports in paper will apply to all Goldman Sachs Funds held in your account if you invest through your financial intermediary or all Goldman Sachs Funds held with the Funds transfer agent if you invest directly with the transfer agent.
The Fund seeks long-term absolute return.
|FEES AND EXPENSES OF THE FUND|
This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy and hold shares of the Fund.
ANNUAL FUND OPERATING EXPENSES (expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)
Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses2
Fee Waiver and Expense Limitation3
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Waiver and Expense Limitation
The Other Expenses have been restated to reflect expenses expected to be incurred during the current fiscal year.
The Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses do not correlate to the ratios of net and total expenses to average net assets provided in the Financial Highlights, which reflect the operating expenses of the Fund and do not include Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses.
The Investment Adviser has agreed to: (i) waive a portion of its management fee payable by the Fund in an amount equal to any management fees it earns as an investment adviser to the affiliated funds in which the Fund invests, except those management fees it earns from the Funds investments of cash collateral received in connection with securities lending transactions in affiliated funds; (ii) waive a portion of its management fee in an amount equal to the management fee paid to the Investment Adviser by the AP Subsidiary (as defined below) at an annual rate of 0.42% of the AP Subsidiarys average daily net assets; and (iii) reduce or limit Other Expenses (excluding acquired fund fees and expenses, transfer agency fees and expenses, taxes, dividend and interest expenses on short sales, interest, brokerage fees, expenses of shareholder meetings, litigation and indemnification, and extraordinary expenses) to 0.114% of the Funds average daily net assets. The management fee waiver arrangement with respect to the AP Subsidiary may not be discontinued by the Investment Adviser as long as its contract with the AP Subsidiary is in place. The other management fee waiver and expense limitation arrangements will remain in effect through at least April 29, 2021, and prior to such date the Investment Adviser may not terminate the arrangements without the approval of the Board of Trustees.
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This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in the Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.
The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in Class P Shares of the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your Class P Shares at the end of those periods. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Funds operating expenses remain the same (except that the Example incorporates the fee waiver and expense limitation arrangements for only the first year). Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
|1 Year||3 Years||5 Years||10 Years|
Class P Shares
The Fund pays transaction costs when it buys and sells securities or instruments (i.e., turns over its portfolio). A high rate of portfolio turnover may result in increased transaction costs, including brokerage commissions, which must be borne by the Fund and its shareholders, and is also likely to result in higher short-term capital gains for taxable shareholders. These costs are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the expense example above, but are reflected in the Funds performance. The Funds portfolio turnover rate for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 was 0% of the average value of its portfolio. However, the Funds portfolio turnover rate is calculated without regard to transactions involving certain short-term instruments or derivatives. If such transactions were included in the calculation, the Fund would have a higher portfolio turnover rate.
The Fund seeks to provide exposure to a diversified range of alternative investment strategies (Alternative Risk Premia) using both long and short positions within a variety of asset classes. The Fund seeks to maintain a consistent level of volatility over the long term.
Alternative Risk Premia are multi-asset, quantitatively-driven investment strategies that seek to capture diversified sources of returns. Alternative Risk Premia may be classified into certain styles, including carry, value, momentum, and structural. Carry styles seek to capitalize on the tendency for higher yielding assets to outperform lower yielding assets. Value styles seek to take advantage of the tendency for assets with low or high market prices to revert to their fundamental valuation. Momentum styles seek to exploit the tendency for recent relative price movements to continue in the near future. Structural styles seek to profit from anomalies or mispricing present in the market.
The Investment Adviser will allocate to Alternative Risk Premia across a range of asset classes, which may include equities, fixed income, credit, currencies, and commodities. Exposure to these asset classes may be implemented directly or indirectly by investing in (i) global equity and fixed income securities; (ii) unaffiliated investment companies, including exchange-traded funds (ETFs); (iii) affiliated investment companies, including ETFs, that currently exist or that may become available for investment in the future for which Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P. or an affiliate now or in the future acts as investment adviser or principal underwriter; (iv) derivative instruments, including foreign exchange forward contracts, options, futures contracts and options and swaps on futures contracts, credit, currency, index, interest rate, and total return swaps; and (iv) structured securities. Given the dynamic nature of the Investment Advisers process and the underlying exposures within the Fund, the Funds overall exposure to derivative instruments will vary over time.
Investment in the Subsidiary. The Fund may gain exposure to the commodities markets by investing in a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Fund organized as a company under the laws of the Cayman Islands, Cayman CommodityAP, Ltd. (the AP Subsidiary). The AP Subsidiary is advised by the Investment Adviser and seeks to gain commodities exposure.
The Fund may invest up to 25% of its total assets in the AP Subsidiary. The AP Subsidiary primarily obtains its commodity exposure by investing in commodity-linked derivative instruments, which may include but are not limited to total return swaps, commodity (U.S. or foreign) futures and commodity-linked notes. Commodity-linked swaps are derivative instruments whereby the cash flows agreed upon between counterparties are dependent upon the price of the underlying commodity or commodity index over the life of the swap. Commodity futures contracts are standardized, exchange-traded contracts that provide for the sale or purchase of, or economic exposure to the price of, a commodity or a specified basket of commodities at a future time. The value of these commodity-linked derivatives will rise and fall in response to changes in the underlying commodity or commodity index. Commodity-linked derivatives expose the AP Subsidiary and the Fund economically to movements in commodity prices. Such instruments may be leveraged so that small changes in the underlying commodity prices would result in disproportionate changes in the value of the instrument. Neither the Fund nor the AP Subsidiary invests directly in physical commodities. The AP Subsidiary may also invest in other instruments, including fixed income securities, either as investments or to serve as margin or collateral for its swap positions, and foreign currency transactions (including forward contracts).
The Fund may make investment decisions that deviate from those generated by the Investment Advisers proprietary investment model, at the discretion of the Investment Adviser. In addition, the Investment Adviser may, in its discretion, make changes to the quantitative methodology used by the Fund, and the Fund may use other proprietary methodologies based on the Investment Advisers proprietary research.
The Funds primary benchmark index is the ICE BofAML USD LIBOR Three-Month Constant Maturity Index.
|PRINCIPAL RISKS OF THE FUND|
Loss of money is a risk of investing in the Fund. The investment program of the Fund is speculative, entails substantial risks and includes alternative investment techniques not employed by traditional mutual funds. The Fund should not be relied upon as a complete investment program. The Funds investment techniques (if they do not perform as designed) may increase the volatility of performance and the risk of investment loss, including the loss of the entire amount that is invested, and there can be no assurance that the investment objective of the Fund will be achieved. Moreover, certain investment techniques which the Fund may employ in its investment program can substantially increase the adverse impact to which the Funds investments may be subject. There is no assurance that the investment processes of the Fund will be successful, that the techniques utilized therein will be implemented successfully or that they are adequate for their intended uses, or that the discretionary element of the investment processes of the Fund will be exercised in a manner that is successful or that is not
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adverse to the Fund. An investment in the Fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) or any government agency. Investors should carefully consider these risks before investing. The Funds principal risks are presented below in alphabetical order, and not in the order of importance or potential exposure.
Absence of Regulation. The Fund engages in over-the-counter (OTC) transactions, which trade in a dealer network, rather than on an exchange. In general, there is less governmental regulation and supervision of transactions in the OTC markets than of transactions entered into on organized exchanges.
Commodity Sector Risk. Exposure to the commodities markets may subject the Fund to greater volatility than investments in more traditional securities. The value of commodity-linked investments may be affected by changes in overall market movements, commodity index volatility, changes in interest rates, or factors affecting a particular industry or commodity, such as drought, floods, weather, livestock disease, embargoes, tariffs and international economic, business, political and regulatory developments. The prices of energy, industrial metals, precious metals, agriculture and livestock sector commodities may fluctuate widely due to factors such as changes in value, supply and demand and governmental regulatory policies. The commodity-linked investments in which the AP Subsidiary enters into may involve counterparties in the financial services sector, and events affecting the financial services sector may cause the AP Subsidiarys, and therefore the Funds, share value to fluctuate.
Counterparty Risk. Many of the protections afforded to cleared transactions, such as the security afforded by transacting through a clearing house, might not be available in connection with OTC transactions. Therefore, in those instances in which the Fund enters into uncleared OTC transactions, the Fund will be subject to the risk that its direct counterparty will not perform its obligations under the transactions and that the Fund will sustain losses.
Credit/Default Risk. An issuer or guarantor of fixed income securities or instruments held by the Fund (which may have low credit ratings) may default on its obligation to pay interest and repay principal or default on any other obligation. Additionally, the credit quality of securities may deteriorate rapidly, which may impair the Funds liquidity and cause significant deterioration in net asset value (NAV). These risks are more pronounced in connection with the Funds investments in non-investment grade fixed income securities.
Derivatives Risk. The Funds use of options, futures, forwards, swaps, structured securities and other derivative instruments may result in losses. These instruments, which may pose risks in addition to and greater than those associated with investing directly in securities, currencies or other instruments, may be illiquid or less liquid, volatile, difficult to price and leveraged so that small changes in the value of the underlying instruments may produce disproportionate losses to the Fund. Certain derivatives are also subject to counterparty risk, which is the risk that the other party in the transaction will not fulfill its contractual obligation. The use of derivatives is a highly specialized activity that involves investment techniques and risks different from those associated with investments in more traditional securities and instruments.
Expenses Risk. By investing in pooled investment vehicles (including investment companies and ETFs), partnerships and real estate investment trusts (REITs) indirectly through the Fund, the investor will incur a proportionate share of the expenses of those other pooled investment vehicles, partnerships and REITs held by the Fund (including operating costs and investment management fees), in addition to the expenses of the Fund.
Foreign and Emerging Countries Risk. Foreign securities may be subject to risk of loss because of more or less foreign government regulation, less public information and less economic, political and social stability in the countries in which the Fund invests. The imposition of exchange controls, sanctions, confiscations, trade restrictions (including tariffs) and other government restrictions by the United States and other governments, or from problems in share registration, settlement or custody, may also result in losses. Foreign risk also involves the risk of negative foreign currency rate fluctuations, which may cause the value of securities denominated in such foreign currency (or other instruments through which the Fund has exposure to foreign currencies) to decline in value. Currency exchange rates may fluctuate significantly over short periods of time. These risks may be more pronounced in connection with the Funds investments in securities of issuers located in emerging countries.
Interest Rate Risk. When interest rates increase, fixed income securities or instruments held by the Fund will generally decline in value. Long-term fixed income securities or instruments will normally have more price volatility because of this risk than short-term fixed income securities or instruments. The risks associated with changing interest rates may have unpredictable effects on the markets and the Funds investments. Fluctuations in interest rates may also affect the liquidity of fixed income securities and instruments held by the Fund.
Investment Style Risk. Different investment styles (e.g., growth, value or quantitative) tend to shift in and out of favor depending upon market and economic conditions and investor sentiment. The Fund may outperform or underperform other funds that invest in similar asset classes but employ different investment styles.
Large Shareholder Transactions Risk. The Fund may experience adverse effects when certain large shareholders purchase or redeem large amounts of shares of the Fund. Such large shareholder redemptions, which may occur rapidly or unexpectedly, may cause the Fund to sell portfolio securities at times when it would not otherwise do so, which may negatively impact the Funds NAV and liquidity. Similarly, large Fund share purchases may adversely affect the Funds performance to the extent that the Fund is delayed in investing new cash or otherwise maintains a larger cash position than it ordinarily would. These transactions may also accelerate the realization of taxable income to shareholders if such sales of investments resulted in gains, and may also increase transaction costs. In addition, a large redemption could result in the Funds current expenses being allocated over a smaller asset base, leading to an increase in the Funds expense ratio.
Leverage Risk. Borrowing and the use of derivatives may result in leverage and may make the Fund more volatile. The use of leverage may cause the Fund to liquidate portfolio positions to satisfy its obligations or to meet asset segregation requirements when it may
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not be advantageous to do so. The use of leverage by the Fund can substantially increase the adverse impact to which the Funds investment portfolio may be subject.
Liquidity Risk. The Fund may make investments that are illiquid or that may become less liquid in response to market developments or adverse investor perceptions. Illiquid investments may be more difficult to value. Liquidity risk may also refer to the risk that the Fund will not be able to pay redemption proceeds within the allowable time period because of unusual market conditions, an unusually high volume of redemption requests or other reasons. To meet redemption requests, the Fund may be forced to sell securities, at an unfavorable time and/or under unfavorable conditions. Liquidity risk may be the result of, among other things, the reduced number and capacity of traditional market participants to make a market in fixed income securities or the lack of an active market. The potential for liquidity risk may be magnified by a rising interest rate environment or other circumstances where investor redemptions from fixed income mutual funds may be higher than normal, potentially causing increased supply in the market due to selling activity. These risks may be more pronounced in connection with the Funds investments in securities of issuers located in emerging market countries. Redemptions by large shareholders may have a negative impact on the Funds liquidity.
Management Risk. A strategy used by the Investment Adviser may fail to produce the intended results. The Investment Adviser attempts to execute a complex strategy for the Fund using proprietary quantitative models. Investments selected using these models may perform differently than expected as a result of the factors used in the models, the weight placed on each factor, changes from the factors historical trends, and technical issues in the construction and implementation of the models (including, for example, data problems and/or software issues). There is no guarantee that the Investment Advisers use of these quantitative models will result in effective investment decisions for the Fund. Additionally, commonality of holdings across quantitative money managers may amplify losses.
Market Risk. The value of the securities in which the Fund invests may go up or down in response to the prospects of individual companies, particular sectors or governments and/or general economic conditions throughout the world due to increasingly interconnected global economies and financial markets. Events such as war, acts of terrorism, social unrest, natural disasters, the spread of infectious illness or other public health threats could also significantly impact the Fund and its investments.
Mid-Cap and Small-Cap Risk. Investments in mid-capitalization and small-capitalization companies involve greater risks than those associated with larger, more established companies. These securities may be subject to more abrupt or erratic price movements and may lack sufficient market liquidity, and these issuers often face greater business risks.
Non-Hedging Foreign Currency Trading Risk. The Fund may engage in forward foreign currency transactions for both hedging and non-hedging purposes. The Investment Adviser may purchase or sell foreign currencies through the use of forward contracts based on the Investment Advisers judgment regarding the direction of the market for a particular foreign currency or currencies. In pursuing this strategy, the Investment Adviser seeks to profit from anticipated movements in currency rates by establishing long and/or short positions in forward contracts on various foreign currencies. Foreign exchange rates can be extremely volatile and a variance in the degree of volatility of the market or in the direction of the market from that anticipated by the Investment Adviser may produce significant losses to the Fund. Some of these transactions may also be subject to interest rate risk.
Other Investment Companies Risk. By investing in other investment companies (including ETFs) indirectly through the Fund, investors will incur a proportionate share of the expenses of the other investment companies held by the Fund (including operating costs and investment management fees) in addition to the fees regularly borne by the Fund. In addition, the Fund will be affected by the investment policies, practices and performance of such investment companies in direct proportion to the amount of assets the Fund invests therein.
Portfolio Turnover Rate Risk. A high rate of portfolio turnover involves correspondingly greater expenses which must be borne by the Fund and its shareholders, and is also likely to result in short-term capital gains taxable to shareholders.
Short Position Risk. The Fund may enter into a short position through a futures contract, an option or swap agreement or through short sales of any instrument that the Fund may purchase for investment. Taking short positions involves leverage of the Funds assets and presents various risks. If the value of the underlying instrument or market in which the Fund has taken a short position increases, then the Fund will incur a loss equal to the increase in value from the time that the short position was entered into plus any related interest payments or other fees. Taking short positions involves the risk that losses may be disproportionate, may exceed the amount invested and may be unlimited.
Stock Risk. Stock prices have historically risen and fallen in periodic cycles. U.S. and foreign stock markets have experienced periods of substantial price volatility in the past and may do so again in the future.
Subsidiary Risk. The AP Subsidiary is not registered under the Investment Company Act and is not subject to all the investor protections of the Investment Company Act. Changes in the laws of the United States and/or the Cayman Islands could result in the inability of the Fund and/or the AP Subsidiary to operate as described in the Prospectus and the SAI and could adversely affect the Fund.
Swaps Risk. In a standard swap transaction, two parties agree to exchange the returns, differentials in rates of return or some other amount earned or realized on the notional amount of predetermined investments or instruments, which may be adjusted for an interest factor. Swaps can involve greater risks than direct investment in securities, because swaps may be leveraged and subject to counterparty risk (e.g., the risk of a counterpartys defaulting on the obligation or bankruptcy), credit risk and pricing risk (i.e., swaps may be difficult to value). Swaps may also be considered illiquid. It may not be possible for the AP Subsidiary to liquidate a swap position at an advantageous time or price, which may result in significant losses.
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Tax Risk. Based on a private letter ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the Fund seeks to gain exposure to the commodity markets through investments in the AP Subsidiary.
The tax treatment of the Funds investments in the AP Subsidiary could affect whether income derived from such investments is qualifying income under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the Code), or otherwise affect the character, timing and/or amount of the Funds taxable income or any gains and distributions made by the Fund. If the IRS were to successfully assert that a Funds income from such investments was not qualifying income, the Fund may fail to qualify as a regulated investment company (RIC) under Subchapter M of the Code if over 10% of its gross income was derived from these investments. If the Fund failed to qualify as a RIC, it would be subject to federal and state income tax on all of its taxable income at regular corporate tax rates with no deduction for any distributions paid to shareholders, which would significantly adversely affect the returns to, and could cause substantial losses for, Fund shareholders.
Shareholders should review Other Information under Taxation on page 61 of the Prospectus for more information.
U.S. Government Securities Risk. The U.S. government may not provide financial support to U.S. government agencies, instrumentalities or sponsored enterprises if it is not obligated to do so by law. U.S. Government securities issued by those agencies, instrumentalities and sponsored enterprises, including those issued by the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae), Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) and the Federal Home Loan Banks, are neither issued nor guaranteed by the U.S. Treasury and, therefore, are not backed by the full faith and credit of the United States. The maximum potential liability of the issuers of some U.S. Government securities held by the Fund may greatly exceed their current resources, including any legal right to support from the U.S. Treasury. It is possible that issuers of U.S. Government securities will not have the funds to meet their payment obligations in the future.
The bar chart and table below provide an indication of the risks of investing in the Fund by showing: (a) changes in the performance of the Funds Class P Shares from year to year; and (b) how the average annual total returns of the Funds Class P Shares compare to those of a broad-based securities market index. The Funds past performance, before and after taxes, is not necessarily an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future. Updated performance information is available at no cost at https://www.gsam.com/content/dam/gsam/pdfs/us/en/fund-resources/monthly-highlights/retail-fund-facts.pdf?sa=n&rd=n or by calling the appropriate phone number on the back cover of the Prospectus.
Performance reflects applicable fee waivers and/or expense limitations in effect during the periods shown.
AVERAGE ANNUAL TOTAL RETURN
For the period ended
December 31, 2019
Class P Shares (Inception 4/17/18)
Returns Before Taxes
Returns After Taxes on Distributions
Returns After Taxes on Distributions and Sale of Fund Shares
ICE BofAML USD LIBOR Three-Month Constant Maturity Index (reflects no deduction for fees or expenses)
After-tax returns are calculated using the historical highest individual federal marginal income tax rates and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes. Actual after-tax returns depend on an investors tax situation and may differ from those shown. In addition, the after-tax returns shown are not relevant to investors who hold Fund shares through tax-deferred arrangements such as 401(k) plans or individual retirement accounts.
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Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P. is the investment adviser for the Fund (the Investment Adviser or GSAM).
Portfolio Managers: Federico Gilly, Managing Director, has managed the Fund since 2017; and James Park, Managing Director, has managed the Fund since 2020.
|BUYING AND SELLING FUND SHARES|
The Fund does not impose minimum purchase requirements for initial or subsequent investments in Class P Shares.
You may purchase and redeem (sell) Class P Shares of the Fund on any business day through the Goldman Sachs Private Wealth Management business unit, The Goldman Sachs Trust Company, N.A., The Goldman Sachs Trust Company of Delaware, The Ayco Company, L.P. or with certain intermediaries that are authorized to offer Class P Shares.
The Funds distributions are taxable, and will be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains, unless you are investing through a tax-deferred arrangement, such as a 401(k) plan or an individual retirement account. Investments through tax-deferred arrangements may become taxable upon withdrawal from such arrangements.
|PAYMENTS TO BROKER-DEALERS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES|
If you purchase the Fund through an intermediary that is authorized to offer Class P Shares, the Fund and/or its related companies may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your intermediarys website for more information.
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