Form 8-K CATERPILLAR INC For: Oct 27

October 27, 2020 6:31 AM

Exhibit 99.1
Caterpillar Inc.                                     
3Q 2020 Earnings Release

October 27, 2020

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Caterpillar Reports Third-Quarter 2020 Results
Third Quarter
($ in billions except profit per share)20202019
Sales and Revenues$9.9$12.8
Third-quarter sales and revenues decreased 23%; profit per share declined 54%
Profit Per Share$1.22$2.66
Strong balance sheet; $9.3 billion of enterprise cash

DEERFIELD Ill. – Caterpillar Inc. (NYSE: CAT) today announced third-quarter 2020 sales and revenues of $9.9 billion, a 23% decrease compared with $12.8 billion in the third quarter of 2019. The decline was primarily due to lower sales volume driven by lower end-user demand for equipment and services.
Third-quarter 2020 profit per share was $1.22, compared with $2.66 profit per share in the third quarter of 2019. Profit per share in the third quarter of 2020 included pre-tax remeasurement losses of $77 million, or $0.12 per share, resulting from the settlements of pension obligations. Profit per share benefited from lower than expected taxes in the quarter.
Operating profit margin was 10.0% for the third quarter of 2020, compared with 15.8% for the third quarter of 2019.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, enterprise operating cash flow was $4.3 billion. Caterpillar ended the third quarter with $9.3 billion of enterprise cash and more than $14 billion of available liquidity sources.
“I’m proud of our global team’s performance as we continue to safely navigate the pandemic while remaining firmly committed to serving our customers,” said Caterpillar Chairman and CEO Jim Umpleby. “Our third-quarter results largely aligned with our expectations, and we’re encouraged by positive signs in certain industries and geographies. We’re executing our strategy and are ready to respond quickly to changing market conditions.”
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CONSOLIDATED RESULTS
Consolidated Sales and Revenues
conssalesandrevenues3q20201.jpg

The chart above graphically illustrates reasons for the change in consolidated sales and revenues between the third quarter of 2019 (at left) and the third quarter of 2020 (at right). Caterpillar management utilizes these charts internally to visually communicate with the company’s Board of Directors and employees.
Total sales and revenues for the third quarter of 2020 were $9.881 billion, a decrease of $2.877 billion, or 23%, compared with $12.758 billion in the third quarter of 2019. The decline was mostly due to lower sales volume driven by lower end-user demand for equipment and services and the impact from changes in dealer inventories. Dealers decreased inventories more during the third quarter of 2020 than during the third quarter of 2019.
Sales were lower across all regions and the three primary segments.
Sales and Revenues by Segment
(Millions of dollars)Third Quarter 2019Sales
Volume
Price
Realization
CurrencyInter-Segment / OtherThird Quarter 2020$
Change
%
Change
Construction Industries$5,289 $(1,150)$(60)$(17)$(6)$4,056 $(1,233)(23%)
Resource Industries2,310 (425)(46)(4)(19)1,816 (494)(21%)
Energy & Transportation5,452 (1,086)(16)15 (204)4,161 (1,291)(24%)
All Other Segment111 (3)— (3)106 (5)(5%)
Corporate Items and Eliminations(1,188)45 — — 232 (911)277  
Machinery, Energy & Transportation11,974 (2,619)(121)(6)— 9,228 (2,746)(23%)
Financial Products Segment865 — — — (141)724 (141)(16%)
Corporate Items and Eliminations(81)— — — 10 (71)10  
Financial Products Revenues784 — — — (131)653 (131)(17%)
Consolidated Sales and Revenues$12,758 $(2,619)$(121)$(6)$(131)$9,881 $(2,877)(23%)
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Sales and Revenues by Geographic Region
North AmericaLatin AmericaEAMEAsia/PacificExternal Sales and RevenuesInter-SegmentTotal Sales and Revenues
(Millions of dollars)$% Chg$% Chg$% Chg$% Chg$% Chg$% Chg$% Chg
Third Quarter 2020          
Construction Industries$1,781 (35%)$230 (44%)$796 (24%)$1,241 14%$4,048 (23%)$(43%)$4,056 (23%)
Resource Industries487 (38%)269 (23%)384 (3%)564 (13%)1,704 (22%)112 (15%)1,816 (21%)
Energy & Transportation1,584 (26%)221 (42%)1,113 (9%)557 (33%)3,475 (24%)686 (23%)4,161 (24%)
All Other Segment10 900%(83%)(88%)13 8%25 (7%)81 (4%)106 (5%)
Corporate Items and Eliminations(22)(2)— — (24)(887)(911)
Machinery, Energy & Transportation 3,840 (31%)719 (37%)2,294 (14%)2,375 (8%)9,228 (23%)— —%9,228 (23%)
Financial Products Segment448 (20%)63 (20%)100 (2%)113 (9%)724 (16%)— —%724 (16%)
Corporate Items and Eliminations(37)(10)(10)(14)(71)— (71)
Financial Products Revenues411 (21%)53 (17%)90 (4%)99 (9%)653 (17%)— —%653 (17%)
Consolidated Sales and Revenues$4,251 (30%)$772 (36%)$2,384 (14%)$2,474 (8%)$9,881 (23%)$— —%$9,881 (23%)
Third Quarter 2019              
Construction Industries$2,728 $413 $1,048 $1,086  $5,275 $14 $5,289 
Resource Industries789 349 396 645  2,179 131 2,310 
Energy & Transportation2,129 378 1,224 831  4,562 890 5,452 
All Other Segment12  27 84 111 
Corporate Items and Eliminations(62)(7)(1)(69)(1,119)(1,188)
Machinery, Energy & Transportation5,585  1,147  2,669  2,573  11,974  —  11,974  
Financial Products Segment560 79 102 124  865 — 865 
Corporate Items and Eliminations(43)(15)(8)(15) (81)— (81)
Financial Products Revenues517  64  94  109  784  —  784  
Consolidated Sales and Revenues$6,102  $1,211  $2,763  $2,682  $12,758  $—  $12,758  

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Consolidated Operating Profit
consopprofit3q20201a.jpg
The chart above graphically illustrates reasons for the change in consolidated operating profit between the third quarter of 2019 (at left) and the third quarter of 2020 (at right). Caterpillar management utilizes these charts internally to visually communicate with the company’s Board of Directors and employees. The bar titled Other includes consolidating adjustments and Machinery, Energy & Transportation’s other operating (income) expenses.
Operating profit for the third quarter of 2020 was $985 million, a decrease of $1.035 billion, or 51%, compared with $2.020 billion in the third quarter of 2019. The decrease was primarily due to lower sales volume. Favorable selling, general and administrative (SG&A) and research and development (R&D) expenses were mostly offset by unfavorable price realization and lower profit from financial products.
SG&A/R&D expenses benefited from reduced short-term incentive compensation expense and other cost reductions related to lower sales volumes.
Profit (Loss) by Segment
(Millions of dollars)Third Quarter 2020Third Quarter 2019$
Change
%
 Change
Construction Industries$585 $940 $(355)(38 %)
Resource Industries167 311 (144)(46 %)
Energy & Transportation492 1,021 (529)(52 %)
All Other Segment27 (21)48 n/a
Corporate Items and Eliminations(346)(363)17  
Machinery, Energy & Transportation925 1,888 (963)(51 %)
Financial Products Segment142 218 (76)(35 %)
Corporate Items and Eliminations(15)21 (36)
Financial Products127 239 (112)(47 %)
Consolidating Adjustments(67)(107)40 
Consolidated Operating Profit$985 $2,020 $(1,035)(51 %)


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Other Profit/Loss and Tax Items
Other income (expense) in the third quarter of 2020 was income of $14 million, compared with income of $88 million in the third quarter of 2019. The change was primarily due to the unfavorable impacts from foreign currency exchange gains (losses) and lower investment and interest income.
The provision for income taxes for the third quarter of 2020 reflected an estimated annual tax rate of 31%, excluding the discrete items discussed below, compared with 26% for the third quarter of 2019. The increase in the estimated annual tax rate was primarily related to changes in the expected geographic mix of profits from a tax perspective for 2020, including the impact of U.S. tax on non-U.S. earnings as a result of U.S. tax reform.
In the third quarter of 2020, the company recorded discrete tax benefits of $80 million to adjust prior year U.S. taxes and $13 million for the settlement of stock-based compensation awards with associated tax deductions in excess of cumulative U.S. GAAP compensation expense. In addition, the company recorded a $12 million tax benefit related to the $77 million of remeasurement losses resulting from the settlements of pension obligations.

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CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES
(Millions of dollars)
Segment Sales
Third Quarter 2019Sales VolumePrice RealizationCurrencyInter-SegmentThird Quarter 2020$
Change
%
Change
Total Sales$5,289 $(1,150)$(60)$(17)$(6)$4,056 $(1,233)(23 %)
Sales by Geographic Region
Third Quarter 2020Third Quarter 2019$
Change
%
Change
North America$1,781 $2,728 $(947)(35 %)
Latin America230 413 (183)(44 %)
EAME796 1,048 (252)(24 %)
Asia/Pacific1,241 1,086 155 14 %
External Sales4,048 5,275 (1,227)(23 %)
Inter-segment14 (6)(43 %)
Total Sales$4,056 $5,289 $(1,233)(23 %)
Segment Profit
Third Quarter 2020Third Quarter 2019
Change
%
Change
Segment Profit$585 $940 $(355)(38 %)
Segment Profit Margin14.4 %17.8 %(3.4 pts)
Construction Industries’ total sales were $4.056 billion in the third quarter of 2020, a decrease of $1.233 billion, or 23%, compared with $5.289 billion in the third quarter of 2019. The decrease was due to lower sales volume, driven by lower end-user demand and the impact from changes in dealer inventories. During the third quarter of 2020, dealers decreased inventories in all regions except for Asia/Pacific where dealers increased inventories, compared with the third quarter of 2019 when dealer inventories were about flat in all regions except for Asia/Pacific where dealers decreased inventories. Overall, dealers decreased inventories more during the third quarter of 2020 than during the third quarter of 2019.
In North America, sales decreased mostly due to lower sales volume driven by lower end-user demand and the impact from changes in dealer inventories. The lower end-user demand was driven primarily by pipeline and road construction.
Sales declined in Latin America primarily due to the impact from changes in dealer inventories and unfavorable currency impacts from a weaker Brazilian real.
In EAME, sales decreased mostly because of lower sales volume across the region, driven by lower end-user demand and the impact from changes in dealer inventories.
Sales increased in Asia/Pacific primarily due to the impact of changes in dealer inventories, partially offset by unfavorable price realization. The increase in sales was primarily driven by China demand, which was partially offset by lower sales in the rest of the region.
Construction Industries’ profit was $585 million in the third quarter of 2020, a decrease of $355 million, or 38%, compared with $940 million in the third quarter of 2019. The decrease was mainly due to lower sales volume and unfavorable price realization, partially offset by favorable manufacturing costs and lower SG&A/R&D expenses. Favorable manufacturing costs were driven by lower period manufacturing costs and favorable variable labor and burden. SG&A/R&D expenses and period manufacturing costs both benefited from cost reductions related to lower sales volumes.
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RESOURCE INDUSTRIES
(Millions of dollars)
Segment Sales
Third Quarter 2019Sales VolumePrice RealizationCurrencyInter-SegmentThird Quarter 2020$
Change
%
Change
Total Sales$2,310 $(425)$(46)$(4)$(19)$1,816 $(494)(21 %)
Sales by Geographic Region
Third Quarter 2020Third Quarter 2019$
Change
%
Change
North America$487 $789 $(302)(38 %)
Latin America269 349 (80)(23 %)
EAME384 396 (12)(3 %)
Asia/Pacific564 645 (81)(13 %)
External Sales1,704 2,179 (475)(22 %)
Inter-segment112 131 (19)(15 %)
Total Sales$1,816 $2,310 $(494)(21 %)
Segment Profit
Third Quarter 2020Third Quarter 2019
Change
%
Change
Segment Profit$167 $311 $(144)(46 %)
Segment Profit Margin9.2 %13.5 %(4.3 pts)
Resource Industries’ total sales were $1.816 billion in the third quarter of 2020, a decrease of $494 million, or 21%, compared with $2.310 billion in the third quarter of 2019. The decrease was due to lower sales volume driven by lower end-user demand for equipment and aftermarket parts, partially offset by the impact of changes in dealer inventories. Dealers decreased inventories more during the third quarter of 2019 than during the third quarter of 2020. End-user demand was lower across non-residential construction and quarry and aggregates and mining, primarily in North America.
Resource Industries’ profit was $167 million in the third quarter of 2020, a decrease of $144 million, or 46%, compared with $311 million in the third quarter of 2019. The decrease was mainly because of lower sales volume and unfavorable price realization, partially offset by favorable manufacturing costs and lower SG&A/R&D expenses. Favorable manufacturing costs were driven by lower period manufacturing costs, favorable material costs and lower warranty expense, partially offset by unfavorable cost absorption. Cost absorption was unfavorable as inventory increased in the third quarter of 2019, compared with a decrease in the third quarter of 2020. SG&A/R&D expenses, along with period manufacturing costs, benefited from lower short-term incentive compensation expense, other cost-reduction actions implemented in response to lower sales volumes and benefits from prior restructuring programs.
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ENERGY & TRANSPORTATION
(Millions of dollars)
Segment Sales
Third Quarter 2019Sales VolumePrice RealizationCurrencyInter-SegmentThird Quarter 2020$
Change
%
Change
Total Sales$5,452 $(1,086)$(16)$15 $(204)$4,161 $(1,291)(24 %)
Sales by Application
Third Quarter 2020Third Quarter 2019$
Change
%
Change
Oil and Gas$734 $1,246 $(512)(41 %)
Power Generation1,034 1,123 (89)(8 %)
Industrial730 980 (250)(26 %)
Transportation977 1,213 (236)(19 %)
External Sales3,475 4,562 (1,087)(24 %)
Inter-segment686 890 (204)(23 %)
Total Sales$4,161 $5,452 $(1,291)(24 %)
Segment Profit
Third Quarter 2020Third Quarter 2019
Change
%
Change
Segment Profit$492 $1,021 $(529)(52 %)
Segment Profit Margin11.8 %18.7 %(6.9 pts)
Energy & Transportation’s total sales were $4.161 billion in the third quarter of 2020, a decrease of $1.291 billion, or 24%, compared with $5.452 billion in the third quarter of 2019. Sales declined across all applications and inter-segment engine sales.
Oil and Gas – Sales decreased mainly due to lower demand in North America for reciprocating engines used in gas compression and decreased sales of engine aftermarket parts. In addition, sales were lower for turbines and turbine-related services.
Power Generation – Sales decreased primarily due to lower sales volume in engine aftermarket parts, and small reciprocating engine applications, as well as turbines and turbine-related services. The sales decrease was partially offset by an increase in large reciprocating engine applications, mainly for data centers.
Industrial – Sales decreased due to lower demand across all regions.
Transportation – Sales declined in rail due to lower deliveries of locomotives and related services, primarily in North America, and in marine due to lower sales of engine aftermarket parts, primarily in EAME.
Energy & Transportation’s profit was $492 million in the third quarter of 2020, a decrease of $529 million, or 52%, compared with $1.021 billion in the third quarter of 2019. The decrease was due to lower sales volume, partially offset by lower SG&A/R&D expenses and period manufacturing costs. SG&A/R&D expenses and period manufacturing costs were mostly impacted by a reduction in short-term incentive compensation expense and other cost-reduction actions implemented in response to lower sales volumes. In addition, segment profit was unfavorably impacted by other operating income/expense and higher inventory write-downs during the third quarter of 2020.

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FINANCIAL PRODUCTS SEGMENT
(Millions of dollars)
Revenues by Geographic Region
Third Quarter 2020Third Quarter 2019$
Change
%
Change
North America$448 $560 $(112)(20 %)
Latin America63 79 (16)(20 %)
EAME100 102 (2)(2 %)
Asia/Pacific113 124 (11)(9 %)
Total Revenues$724 $865 $(141)(16 %)
Segment Profit
Third Quarter 2020Third Quarter 2019
Change
%
Change
Segment Profit$142 $218 $(76)(35 %)
Financial Products’ segment revenues were $724 million in the third quarter of 2020, a decrease of $141 million, or 16%, from the third quarter of 2019. The decrease was primarily because of lower average financing rates across all regions and lower average earning assets primarily in North America.
Financial Products’ segment profit was $142 million in the third quarter of 2020, compared with $218 million in the third quarter of 2019. The decrease was due to higher provision for credit losses, lower net yield on average earning assets and lower average earning assets at Cat Financial. These unfavorable impacts were partially offset by a reduction in SG&A expenses primarily due to lower short-term incentive compensation and employee benefit expenses.
At the end of the third quarter of 2020, past dues at Cat Financial were 3.81%, compared with 3.19% at the end of the third quarter of 2019. Past dues increased primarily due to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, offset by decreases in the Caterpillar Power Finance and Latin American portfolios. Write-offs, net of recoveries, were $125 million for the third quarter of 2020, compared with $103 million for the third quarter of 2019. As of September 30, 2020, Cat Financial's allowance for credit losses totaled $460 million, or 1.74% of finance receivables, compared with $515 million, or 1.92% of finance receivables at June 30, 2020. The decrease in the allowance for credit losses was primarily driven by write-offs of previously reserved accounts in the Caterpillar Power Finance portfolio. The allowance for credit losses at year-end 2019 was $424 million, or 1.50% of finance receivables.
Corporate Items and Eliminations
Expense for corporate items and eliminations was $361 million in the third quarter of 2020, an increase of $19 million from the third quarter of 2019, primarily due to higher restructuring costs and an unfavorable change in fair value adjustments related to deferred compensation plans, partially offset by lower corporate costs and segment reporting methodology differences.
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Notes
i.Glossary of terms is included on the Caterpillar website at https://investors.caterpillar.com/overview/default.aspx.
ii.End-user demand is demonstrated by the company’s Rolling 3 Month Retail Sales Statistics filed in a Form 8-K on Tuesday, October 27, 2020.
iii.Information on non-GAAP financial measures is included in the appendix on page 11.
iv.Some amounts within this report are rounded to the millions or billions and may not add.
v.Caterpillar will conduct a teleconference and live webcast, with a slide presentation, beginning at 7:30 a.m. Central Time on Tuesday, October 27, 2020, to discuss its 2020 third-quarter results. The accompanying slides will be available before the webcast on the Caterpillar website at https://investors.caterpillar.com/events-presentations/default.aspx.
About Caterpillar
Since 1925, Caterpillar Inc. has been helping our customers build a better world – making sustainable progress possible and driving positive change on every continent. With 2019 sales and revenues of $53.8 billion, Caterpillar is the world’s leading manufacturer of construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines, industrial gas turbines and diesel-electric locomotives. Services offered throughout the product life cycle, cutting-edge technology and decades of product expertise set Caterpillar apart, providing exceptional value to help our customers succeed. The company principally operates through three primary segments – Construction Industries, Resource Industries and Energy & Transportation – and provides financing and related services through its Financial Products segment. For more information, visit caterpillar.com. To connect on social media, visit caterpillar.com/social-media.
Caterpillar’s latest financial results are also available online:
https://investors.caterpillar.com/overview/default.aspx
https://investors.caterpillar.com/financials/quarterly-results/default.aspx (live broadcast/replays of quarterly conference call)
Caterpillar investor relations contact: Jennifer Driscoll, +1 224-551-4382 or Driscoll_Jennifer@cat.com
Caterpillar media contact: Kate Kenny, +1 309-361-9333 or Kenny_Kate@cat.com
Forward-Looking Statements
Certain statements in this press release relate to future events and expectations and are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “believe,” “estimate,” “will be,” “will,” “would,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “forecast,” “target,” “guide,” “project,” “intend,” “could,” “should” or other similar words or expressions often identify forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements regarding our outlook, projections, forecasts or trend descriptions. These statements do not guarantee future performance and speak only as of the date they are made, and we do not undertake to update our forward-looking statements.
Caterpillar’s actual results may differ materially from those described or implied in our forward-looking statements based on a number of factors, including, but not limited to: (i) global and regional economic conditions and economic conditions in the industries we serve; (ii) commodity price changes, material price increases, fluctuations in demand for our products or significant shortages of material; (iii) government monetary or fiscal policies; (iv) political and economic risks, commercial instability and events beyond our control in the countries in which we operate; (v) international trade policies and their impact on demand for our products and our competitive position, including the imposition of new tariffs or changes in existing tariff rates; (vi) our ability to develop, produce and market quality products that meet our customers’ needs; (vii) the impact of the highly competitive environment in which we operate on our sales and pricing; (viii) information technology security threats and computer crime; (ix) inventory management decisions and sourcing practices of our dealers and our OEM customers; (x) a failure to realize, or a delay in realizing, all of the anticipated benefits of our acquisitions, joint ventures or divestitures; (xi) union disputes or other employee relations issues; (xii) adverse effects of unexpected events; (xiii) disruptions or volatility in global financial markets limiting our sources of liquidity or the liquidity of our customers, dealers and suppliers; (xiv) failure to maintain our credit ratings and potential resulting increases to our cost of borrowing and adverse effects on our cost of funds, liquidity, competitive position and access to capital markets; (xv) our Financial Products segment’s risks associated with the financial services industry; (xvi) changes in interest rates or market liquidity conditions; (xvii) an increase in delinquencies, repossessions or net losses of Cat Financial’s customers; (xviii) currency fluctuations; (xix) our or Cat Financial’s compliance with financial and other restrictive covenants in debt agreements; (xx) increased pension plan funding obligations; (xxi) alleged or actual violations of trade or anti-corruption laws and regulations; (xxii) additional tax expense or exposure, including the impact of U.S. tax reform; (xxiii) significant legal proceedings, claims, lawsuits or government investigations; (xxiv) new regulations or changes in financial services regulations; (xxv) compliance with environmental laws and regulations; (xxvi) the duration and geographic spread of, business disruptions caused by, and the overall global economic impact of, the COVID-19 pandemic; and (xxvii) other factors described in more detail in Caterpillar’s Forms 10-Q, 10-K and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
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11

APPENDIX
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
The following definitions are provided for the non-GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures have no standardized meaning prescribed by U.S. GAAP and therefore are unlikely to be comparable to the calculation of similar measures for other companies. Management does not intend these items to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the related GAAP measures.
Adjusted Profit Per Share
The company believes it is important to separately quantify the profit impact of a significant item in order for the company’s results to be meaningful to readers. This item is remeasurement losses resulting from the settlements of pension obligations in the third quarter of 2020. The company does not consider this item indicative of earnings from ongoing business activities and believes the non-GAAP measure provides investors with useful perspective on underlying business results and trends and aids with assessing the company’s period-over-period results. The company intends to discuss adjusted profit per share for the fourth quarter and full-year 2020, excluding mark-to-market gains or losses for remeasurement of pension and other postemployment benefit plans along with any other discrete items.
Reconciliations of adjusted profit per share to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, diluted profit per share, are as follows:
Third Quarter
20202019
Profit per share$1.22 $2.66 
Per share remeasurement losses of pension obligations1
$0.12 $— 
Adjusted profit per share$1.34 $2.66 
1 At statutory tax rates.
Note: On March 26, 2020, the company withdrew its previous financial outlook due to the continued global economic uncertainty related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Supplemental Consolidating Data
The company is providing supplemental consolidating data for the purpose of additional analysis. The data has been grouped as follows:
Consolidated – Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries.
Machinery, Energy & Transportation (ME&T) – The company defines ME&T as it is presented in the supplemental data as Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries, excluding Financial Products. ME&T’s information relates to the design, manufacturing and marketing of its products.
Financial Products – The company defines Financial Products as it is presented in the supplemental data as its finance and insurance subsidiaries, primarily Cat Financial and Insurance Services. Financial Products’ information relates to the financing to customers and dealers for the purchase and lease of Caterpillar and other equipment.
Consolidating Adjustments – Eliminations of transactions between ME&T and Financial Products.
The nature of the ME&T and Financial Products businesses is different, especially with regard to the financial position and cash flow items. Caterpillar management utilizes this presentation internally to highlight these differences. The company believes this presentation will assist readers in understanding its business.
Pages 12 to 22 reconcile ME&T and Financial Products to Caterpillar Inc. consolidated financial information.
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Caterpillar Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Results of Operations
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions except per share data)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2020201920202019
Sales and revenues:  
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation$9,228 $11,974 $28,452 $38,369 
Revenues of Financial Products653 784 2,061 2,287 
Total sales and revenues9,881 12,758 30,513 40,656 
Operating costs:  
Cost of goods sold6,919 8,569 21,298 27,513 
Selling, general and administrative expenses1,126 1,251 3,426 3,879 
Research and development expenses344 431 1,041 1,307 
Interest expense of Financial Products137 189 461 571 
Other operating (income) expenses370 298 1,114 946 
Total operating costs
8,896 10,738 27,340 34,216 
Operating profit985 2,020 3,173 6,440 
Interest expense excluding Financial Products136 103 384 309 
Other income (expense)14 88 265 316 
Consolidated profit before taxes863 2,005 3,054 6,447 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes187 518 839 1,470 
Profit of consolidated companies676 1,487 2,215 4,977 
Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies(5)20 
Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies671 1,494 2,223 4,997 
Less: Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests— 
Profit 1
$668 $1,494 $2,218 $4,995 
Profit per common share$1.23 $2.69 $4.08 $8.84 
Profit per common share — diluted 2
$1.22 $2.66 $4.05 $8.75 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding (millions)  
– Basic542.3 556.3 543.9 565.2 
– Diluted 2
546.4 561.2 547.8 570.8 
1Profit attributable to common shareholders.
2Diluted by assumed exercise of stock-based compensation awards using the treasury stock method.
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Caterpillar Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position
(Unaudited)
(Millions of dollars)
September 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
Assets  
Current assets: 
Cash and short-term investments$9,315 $8,284 
Receivables – trade and other6,969 8,568 
Receivables – finance8,966 9,336 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets1,831 1,739 
Inventories11,453 11,266 
Total current assets38,534 39,193 
Property, plant and equipment – net12,232 12,904 
Long-term receivables – trade and other1,149 1,193 
Long-term receivables – finance12,209 12,651 
Noncurrent deferred and refundable income taxes1,440 1,411 
Intangible assets1,363 1,565 
Goodwill6,304 6,196 
Other assets3,510 3,340 
Total assets$76,741 $78,453 
Liabilities 
Current liabilities: 
Short-term borrowings: 
-- Machinery, Energy & Transportation$— $
-- Financial Products2,660 5,161 
Accounts payable5,193 5,957 
Accrued expenses3,510 3,750 
Accrued wages, salaries and employee benefits1,069 1,629 
Customer advances1,209 1,187 
Dividends payable— 567 
Other current liabilities1,978 2,155 
Long-term debt due within one year:  
-- Machinery, Energy & Transportation1,397 16 
-- Financial Products7,962 6,194 
Total current liabilities24,978 26,621 
Long-term debt due after one year: 
-- Machinery, Energy & Transportation9,742 9,141 
-- Financial Products16,365 17,140 
Liability for postemployment benefits6,254 6,599 
Other liabilities4,408 4,323 
Total liabilities61,747 63,824 
Shareholders’ equity 
Common stock6,204 5,935 
Treasury stock(25,315)(24,217)
Profit employed in the business35,508 34,437 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(1,448)(1,567)
Noncontrolling interests45 41 
Total shareholders’ equity14,994 14,629 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$76,741 $78,453 

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14

Caterpillar Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flow
(Unaudited)
(Millions of dollars)
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
20202019
Cash flow from operating activities:  
Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies$2,223 $4,997 
Adjustments for non-cash items:  
Depreciation and amortization1,815 1,933 
Net gain on remeasurement of pension obligations(55)— 
Provision (benefit) for deferred income taxes(38)(13)
Other919 627 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and divestitures:  
Receivables – trade and other1,473 427 
Inventories(139)(676)
Accounts payable(596)(669)
Accrued expenses(286)114 
Accrued wages, salaries and employee benefits(547)(858)
Customer advances13 169 
Other assets – net(15)19 
Other liabilities – net(512)(1,592)
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities4,255 4,478 
Cash flow from investing activities: 
Capital expenditures – excluding equipment leased to others(686)(723)
Expenditures for equipment leased to others(805)(1,133)
Proceeds from disposals of leased assets and property, plant and equipment550 812 
Additions to finance receivables(9,278)(9,453)
Collections of finance receivables9,656 9,144 
Proceeds from sale of finance receivables37 183 
Investments and acquisitions (net of cash acquired)(93)(6)
Proceeds from sale of businesses and investments (net of cash sold)13 
Proceeds from sale of securities239 281 
Investments in securities(512)(425)
Other – net(80)(37)
Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities(959)(1,354)
Cash flow from financing activities: 
Dividends paid(1,683)(1,564)
Common stock issued, including treasury shares reissued110 59 
Common shares repurchased(1,130)(3,283)
Proceeds from debt issued (original maturities greater than three months)9,418 8,827 
Payments on debt (original maturities greater than three months)(6,789)(6,062)
Short-term borrowings – net (original maturities three months or less)(2,138)(1,006)
Other – net(1)(2)
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities(2,213)(3,031)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(56)(47)
Increase (decrease) in cash and short-term investments and restricted cash1,027 46 
Cash and short-term investments and restricted cash at beginning of period8,292 7,890 
Cash and short-term investments and restricted cash at end of period$9,319 $7,936 
All short-term investments, which consist primarily of highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less, are considered to be cash equivalents.

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15

Caterpillar Inc.
Supplemental Data for Results of Operations
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
(Unaudited)
(Millions of dollars)
  Supplemental Consolidating Data
 ConsolidatedMachinery,
Energy &
Transportation
Financial
Products
Consolidating
Adjustments
Sales and revenues:    
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation$9,228 $9,228 $— $— 
Revenues of Financial Products653 — 740 (87)1
Total sales and revenues9,881 9,228 740 (87)
Operating costs:    
Cost of goods sold6,919 6,921 — (2)2
Selling, general and administrative expenses1,126 943 189 (6)2
Research and development expenses344 344 — — 
Interest expense of Financial Products137 — 137 — 
Other operating (income) expenses370 95 287 (12)2
Total operating costs8,896 8,303 613 (20)
Operating profit985 925 127 (67)
Interest expense excluding Financial Products136 136 — — 
Other income (expense)14 (62)67 3
Consolidated profit before taxes863 727 136 — 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes187 133 54 — 
Profit of consolidated companies676 594 82 — 
Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies(5)(4)— (1)4
Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies671 590 82 (1)
Less: Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests— (1)5
Profit 6
$668 $590 $78 $— 
1
Elimination of Financial Products’ revenues earned from ME&T.
2
Elimination of net expenses recorded by ME&T paid to Financial Products.
3
Elimination of discount recorded by ME&T on receivables sold to Financial Products and of interest earned between ME&T and Financial Products as well as dividends paid by Financial Products to ME&T.
4
Elimination of equity profit (loss) earned from Financial Products’ subsidiaries partially owned by ME&T subsidiaries.
5
Elimination of noncontrolling interest profit (loss) recorded by Financial Products for subsidiaries partially owned by ME&T subsidiaries.
6Profit attributable to common shareholders.

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16

Caterpillar Inc.
Supplemental Data for Results of Operations
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2019
(Unaudited)
(Millions of dollars)
  Supplemental Consolidating Data
 ConsolidatedMachinery,
Energy &
Transportation
Financial
Products
Consolidating
Adjustments
Sales and revenues:    
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation$11,974 $11,974 $— $— 
Revenues of Financial Products784 — 920 (136)1
Total sales and revenues12,758 11,974 920 (136)
Operating costs:    
Cost of goods sold8,569 8,569 — — 
Selling, general and administrative expenses1,251 1,095