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Form N-CSRS PUTNAM MUNICIPAL OPPORTU For: Oct 31

December 28, 2021 10:38 AM EST

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM N-CSR

CERTIFIED SHAREHOLDER REPORT OF REGISTERED
MANAGEMENT INVESTMENT COMPANIES




Investment Company Act file number: (811-07626)
Exact name of registrant as specified in charter: Putnam Municipal Opportunities Trust
Address of principal executive offices: 100 Federal Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02110
Name and address of agent for service: Stephen Tate, Vice President
100 Federal Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02110
Copy to:         Bryan Chegwidden, Esq.
Ropes & Gray LLP
1211 Avenue of the Americas
New York, New York 10036
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (617) 292-1000
Date of fiscal year end: April 30, 2022
Date of reporting period: May 1, 2021 – October 31, 2021



Item 1. Report to Stockholders:

The following is a copy of the report transmitted to stockholders pursuant to Rule 30e-1 under the Investment Company Act of 1940:




Putnam Municipal
Opportunities
Trust


Semiannual report
10 | 31 | 21

 

The fund has adopted a managed distribution policy (the “Distribution Policy”) with the goal of providing shareholders with a consistent, although not guaranteed, monthly distribution. In accordance with the Distribution Policy, the fund currently expects to make monthly distributions to common shareholders at a distribution rate per share of $0.0531. Distributions may include ordinary and/or tax-exempt income, net capital gains, and/or a return of capital of your investment in the fund. You should not draw any conclusions about the fund’s investment performance from the amount of this distribution or from the terms of the Distribution Policy. The Distribution Policy provides that the Board of Trustees may amend or terminate the Distribution Policy at any time without prior notice to fund shareholders.



Message from the Trustees

December 15, 2021

Dear Fellow Shareholder:

In 2021, the stock market had another above-average year. Corporate earnings rose as the economy reopened and stimulus policies helped increase demand. Bonds, on the other hand, had a subpar year amid higher inflation. To respond to inflation risk, in part, the U.S. Federal Reserve has begun to reduce its monthly asset purchases, a program put in place during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Changes and opportunities lie ahead. In November, Congress passed the bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act. It will increase funding for roads, ports, rail, and other projects in the coming decade.

As companies continue to adapt to the pandemic, many of them face new challenges, like rebuilding supply chains, hiring workers, and addressing climate risk. Amid all of it, Putnam’s researchers will be actively looking for potential investments to meet the goals of your fund.

Thank you for investing with Putnam.





Putnam Municipal Opportunities Trust has the flexibility to invest in municipal bonds issued by any U.S. state or territory. As a closed-end fund, it shares some common characteristics with open-end mutual funds, but there are some key differences that investors should understand as they consider their portfolio.


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Looking at a closed-end fund’s performance

You will usually see that the NAV and the market price differ. The market price can be influenced by several factors that cause it to vary from the NAV, including fund distributions, changes in supply and demand for the fund’s shares, changing market conditions, and investor perceptions of the fund or its investment manager.


A mix of credit qualities

In addition to its flexible geographical focus, Putnam Municipal Opportunities Trust combines bonds of differing credit quality. The fund invests in high-quality bonds, but also includes an allocation to lower-rated bonds, which may offer higher income in return for more risk.

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Data are historical. Past performance does not guarantee future results. More recent returns may be less or more than those shown. Investment return and net asset value will fluctuate, and you may have a gain or a loss when you sell your shares. Performance assumes reinvestment of distributions and does not account for taxes. Fund returns in the bar chart are at NAV. See below and pages 10–11 for additional performance information, including fund returns at market price. Index and Lipper results should be compared with fund performance at NAV. Fund results reflect the use of leverage, while index results are unleveraged and Lipper results reflect varying use of, and methods for, leverage.

All Bloomberg indices provided by Bloomberg Index Services Limited.

Lipper peer group average provided by Lipper, a Refinitiv company.


This comparison shows your fund’s performance in the context of broad market indexes for the six months ended 10/31/21. See above and pages 10–11 for additional fund performance information. Index descriptions can be found on page 13.

All Bloomberg are indices provided by Bloomberg Index Services Limited.

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Paul, how did municipal bonds perform during the reporting period?

Municipal bonds encountered headwinds but delivered slightly positive performance. Mixed economic data, inflation fears, and a spike in Covid-19 cases due to the Delta variant weighed on the asset class in the later months of the period.

Municipal credit fundamentals continued to improve during the period. President Biden’s signing of the $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan [ARP] in March 2021, which provided a windfall of $350 billion in direct aid to states and local governments, remained a tailwind for the asset class. This aid, coupled with the fact that state budgets have generally outperformed conservative forecasts, has improved our outlook for some of the largest credits in the municipal bond market. Furthermore, local municipalities have benefited from a strong housing market and higher revenue from local property taxes.

The asset class also benefited from favorable supply/demand dynamics, which tightened credit spreads. [Credit spreads reflect the difference in yield between higher- and lower-rated municipal bonds.] Demand was particularly strong and helped to support prices. This was

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Credit qualities are shown as a percentage of the fund’s net assets (common and preferred shares) as of 10/31/21. A bond rated BBB or higher (SP-3 or higher, for short-term debt) is considered investment grade. This chart reflects the highest security rating provided by one or more of Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, and Fitch. Ratings may vary over time.

Cash and net other assets, if any, represent the market value weights of cash, derivatives, and short-term securities in the portfolio. The fund itself has not been rated by an independent rating agency.


Top 10 state allocations are shown as a percentage of the fund’s net assets (common and preferred shares) as of 10/31/21. As of 10/31/21, the fund did not have any investments in Puerto Rico. Summary information may differ from the portfolio schedule included in the financial statements due to the differing treatment of interest accruals, the floating-rate portion of tender option bonds, derivative securities, if any, and the use of different classifications of securities for presentation purposes. Holdings and allocations may vary over time.

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due to Treasury yields sitting at historically low levels, which pushed investors to seek alternative income opportunities. The pace of inflows into municipal bond mutual funds increased considerably as a result. Given the heightened demand, the 2021 calendar year will be the largest inflow year on record, according to Lipper, a Refinitiv company. Supply has been consistent with that of 2020. However, the composition of supply is a bit different, with more tax-exempt issuance coming to market than taxable issuance. We believe this was due to the tax policy uncertainty in Washington, D.C., in the first half of 2021.

In September 2021, the Federal Reserve’s messaging became more hawkish when it stated it might begin tapering asset purchases as early as November 2021. Interest rates moved higher in response to the announcement and inflation fears, weighing on the performance of rate-sensitive fixed income securities. The inflation concerns were stoked by the prospect of higher prices due to supply chain disruptions, rising labor costs, and higher commodity prices. After telegraphing its intentions for months, the Fed announced its long-awaited decision in early November 2021, just after the close of the period. It would reduce its monthly purchases of Treasury bonds by $10 billion and mortgage-backed securities by $5 billion per month beginning that month.

How did the fund perform during the reporting period?

For the six months ended October 31, 2021, the fund outperformed its municipal benchmark but underperformed the average return of its Lipper peer group, General & Insured Municipal Debt Funds [leveraged closed-end].

Note, the Lipper peer group contains funds with a range of investment strategies. Some funds use forms of leverage or other return-enhancing methods that would have improved their returns in the recent period, when tax-exempt bonds generally performed well, and lifted the category’s average return significantly above that of the benchmark index, which does not benefit from such return-enhancing strategies.


What strategies influenced the fund’s performance during the period?

At period-end, the fund held an overweight exposure to investment-grade bonds rated A and BBB, which are at the lower end of the investment-grade spectrum, and an underweight exposure to high-yield bonds relative to its Lipper peer group. From a sector- or industry-positioning perspective, we favored state-backed, continuing-care retirement community, and charter school bonds relative to the fund’s Lipper peer group. Duration positioning, a measure of the fund’s interest-rate sensitivity, was generally neutral relative to the level of its Lipper peer group at period-end.

Regarding our strategy for state debt, the fund held an overweight exposure to Illinois relative to the Lipper peer group. We believe Illinois’s financial profile continues to stabilize, and its flexibility and credit fundamentals appear to have improved since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic in the United States. During the period, we decreased the overweight position slightly as credit spreads tightened due to improving municipal credit fundamentals and strong market technicals.

We remain cautious about Puerto Rico due to what we believe to be its seemingly fragile economy, weak demographic trends, poor-quality infrastructure, volatile political environment, and history of fiscal

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mismanagement. As such, the fund, which didn’t have any investments in Puerto Rico at period-end, remained underweight in its exposure to Puerto Rico municipal debt relative to its Lipper peer group. We continue to monitor the Commonwealth’s ongoing restructuring efforts for potential opportunities.

How did you use derivatives during the period?

We utilized swaps to hedge or gain exposure to interest-rate and term-structure risk and to hedge or gain exposure to inflation.

What is your outlook for the municipal bond market as 2022 begins?

The recent infusions under the ARP, fiscal stimulus, and a pickup in economic activity should help many state and local governments enter their 2022 budget sessions with enough cash on hand to help absorb the economic stress of the pandemic, in our view. In August 2021, the Senate passed a $1.2 trillion bipartisan infrastructure bill to repair the nation’s deteriorating roads and bridges, fund new broadband and climate initiatives, and modernize the power grid. [The House subsequently passed the infrastructure bill in November 2021.] Depending on the details of the infrastructure bill, we believe it would likely be a positive development for many municipal borrowers, particularly state and local governments, transit agencies, airports, and other entities that typically finance transportation infrastructure. In our view, federal grants for these projects would reduce the need for municipal borrowers to issue debt to cover these essential services. This could increase fiscal flexibility for these borrowers while avoiding higher tax burdens.

We believe the current uncertainties surrounding the path of inflation and the course of the pandemic could lead to increased interest-rate volatility. The pandemic-related supply chain and labor market disruptions have been more persistent than we had initially expected, leading to delays and output shortages that could be with us for some time. The near-term result is an elevated inflation backdrop that, in our view, will likely weigh on consumer sentiment and erode demand or encourage the Fed to tighten monetary policy


This chart shows how the fund’s top weightings have changed over the past six months. Allocations are shown as a percentage of the fund’s net assets (common and preferred shares). Current period summary information may differ from the information in the portfolio schedule notes included in the financial statements due to the inclusion of derivative securities, any interest accruals, the timing of matured security transactions, the use of different classifications of securities for presentation purposes, and rounding. Holdings and allocations may vary over time.

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more quickly. In either case, our near-term outlook is for slower growth than previously expected and modestly elevated inflation.

Municipals were one of the best-performing fixed income asset classes during the first half of 2021. Given this result, we believe municipal bond returns in the second half of 2021 are unlikely to match the relatively strong results of the first half. With current valuations at rich levels versus history, we would view any rate volatility or a market sell-off as a potential buying opportunity. We believe the lower tiers of the investment-grade municipal market, particularly BBB-rated securities, and the high-yield market represent some of the best income and return opportunities today, but we are being selective.

We continue to believe municipals offer a high-quality, tax-free strategy to garner income in today’s historically low rate environment.

Thank you, Paul, for your time and insights today.

The views expressed in this report are exclusively those of Putnam Management and are subject to change. They are not meant as investment advice.

Please note that the holdings discussed in this report may not have been held by the fund for the entire period. Portfolio composition is subject to review in accordance with the fund’s investment strategy and may vary in the future. Current and future portfolio holdings are subject to risk. Statements in the Q&A concerning the fund’s performance or portfolio composition relative to those of the fund’s Lipper peer group may reference information produced by Lipper Inc. or through a third party.

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Your fund’s performance

This section shows your fund’s performance, price, and distribution information for periods ended October 31, 2021, the end of the first half of its current fiscal year. In accordance with regulatory requirements for mutual funds, we also include performance information as of the most recent calendar quarter-end. Performance should always be considered in light of a fund’s investment strategy. Data represent past performance. Past performance does not guarantee future results. More recent returns may be less or more than those shown. Investment return, net asset value, and market price will fluctuate, and you may have a gain or a loss when you sell your shares.

Fund performance Total return and comparative index results for periods ended 10/31/21

  Annual                 
  average                 
  Life of                 
  fund                 
  (since    Annual    Annual    Annual     
  5/28/93)  10 years  average  5 years  average  3 years  average  1 year  6 months 
NAV  6.16%  90.33%  6.65%  29.82%  5.36%  25.96%  8.00%  7.40%  0.47% 
Market price  6.09  100.35  7.20  40.24  7.00  44.51  13.06  11.42  0.36 
Bloomberg Municipal                   
Bond Index  4.99  46.27  3.88  18.28  3.41  16.34  5.17  2.64  0.01 
Lipper General & Insured                   
Municipal Debt Funds                   
(leveraged closed-end)                   
category average*  5.99  85.20  6.32  25.07  4.56  23.29  7.21  7.59  0.71 

 

Performance assumes reinvestment of distributions and does not account for taxes.

Index and Lipper results should be compared with fund performance at net asset value. Fund results reflect the use of leverage, while index results are unleveraged and Lipper results reflect varying use of, and methods for, leverage.

All Bloomberg indices are provided by Bloomberg Index Services Limited.

* Over the 6-month, 1-year, 3-year, 5-year, 10-year, and life-of-fund periods ended 10/31/21, there were 59, 58, 51, 50, 45, and 23 funds, respectively, in this Lipper category.

Performance includes the deduction of management fees and administrative expenses.

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Fund price and distribution information For the six-month period ended 10/31/21

Distributions       
Number    6   
Income1    $0.3186   
Capital gains2       
Total    $0.3186   
  Series B    Series C 
Distributions — Preferred shares  (2,876 shares)    (2,673 shares) 
Number       
Income1  $10.83    $10.71 
Capital gains2       
Total  $10.83    $10.71 
Share value  NAV    Market price 
4/30/21  $13.95    $13.72 
10/31/21  13.70    13.46 
Current dividend rate (end of period)  NAV    Market price 
Current dividend rate3  4.65%    4.73% 
Taxable equivalent4  7.85    7.99 

 

The classification of distributions, if any, is an estimate. Final distribution information will appear on your year-end tax forms.

1 For some investors, investment income may be subject to the federal alternative minimum tax. Income from federally exempt funds may be subject to state and local taxes.

2 Capital gains, if any, are taxable for federal and, in most cases, state purposes.

3 Most recent distribution, including any return of capital and excluding capital gains, annualized and divided by NAV or market price at end of period.

4 Assumes maximum 40.80% federal tax rate for 2021. Results for investors subject to lower tax rates would not be as advantageous.

Fund performance as of most recent calendar quarter Total return for periods ended 9/30/21

  Annual                 
  average                 
  Life of                 
  fund (since    Annual    Annual    Annual     
  5/28/93)  10 years  average  5 years  average  3 years  average  1 year  6 months 
NAV  6.20%  90.44%  6.65%  28.08%  5.07%  25.22%  7.79%  7.47%  2.51% 
Market price  6.16  103.93  7.39  33.44  5.94  40.90  12.11  11.68  4.59 

 

See the discussion following the fund performance table on page 10 for information about the calculation of fund performance.

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Consider these risks before investing

Lower-rated bonds may offer higher yields in return for more risk. Bond investments are subject to interest-rate risk (the risk of bond prices falling if interest rates rise) and credit risk (the risk of an issuer defaulting on interest or principal payments). Interest-rate risk is generally greater for longer-term bonds, and credit risk is generally greater for below-investment-grade bonds. Unlike bonds, funds that invest in bonds have fees and expenses.

The value of investments in the fund’s portfolio may fall or fail to rise over extended periods of time for a variety of reasons, including general economic, political, or financial market conditions; investor sentiment and market perceptions; government actions; geopolitical events or changes; and factors related to a specific issuer, geography, industry, or sector. These and other factors may lead to increased volatility and reduced liquidity in the fund’s portfolio holdings. The fund’s shares trade on a stock exchange at market prices, which may be lower than the fund’s net asset value.

Our investment techniques, analyses, and judgments may not produce the outcome we intend. The investments we select for the fund may not perform as well as other securities that we do not select for the fund. We, or the fund’s other service providers, may experience disruptions or operating errors that could have a negative effect on the fund. You can lose money by investing in the fund.

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Terms and definitions

Important terms

Total return shows how the value of the fund’s shares changed over time, assuming you held the shares through the entire period and reinvested all distributions in the fund.

Net asset value (NAV) is the value of all your fund’s assets, minus any liabilities, divided by the number of outstanding shares.

Market price is the current trading price of one share of the fund. Market prices are set by transactions between buyers and sellers on exchanges such as the New York Stock Exchange.

Fixed-income terms

Current rate is the annual rate of return earned from dividends or interest of an investment. Current rate is expressed as a percentage of the price of a security, fund share, or principal investment.

Yield curve is a graph that plots the yields of bonds with equal credit quality against their differing maturity dates, ranging from shortest to longest. It is used as a benchmark for other debt, such as mortgage or bank lending rates.

Comparative indexes

Bloomberg Municipal Bond Index is an unmanaged index of long-term fixed-rate investment-grade tax-exempt bonds.

Bloomberg U.S. Aggregate Bond Index is an unmanaged index of U.S. investment-grade fixed-income securities.

ICE BofA (Intercontinental Exchange Bank of America) U.S. 3-Month Treasury Bill Index is an unmanaged index that seeks to measure the performance of U.S. Treasury bills available in the marketplace.

S&P 500® Index is an unmanaged index of common stock performance.

Indexes assume reinvestment of all distributions and do not account for fees. Securities and performance of a fund and an index will differ. You cannot invest directly in an index.

BLOOMBERG®  is a trademark and service mark of Bloomberg Finance L.P. and its affiliates (collectively “Bloomberg”). Bloomberg or Bloomberg’s licensors own all proprietary rights in the Bloomberg Indices. Neither Bloomberg nor Bloomberg’s licensors approve or endorse this material, or guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information herein, or make any warranty, express or implied, as to the results to be obtained therefrom, and to the maximum extent allowed by law, neither shall have any liability or responsibility for injury or damages arising in connection therewith.

ICE Data Indices, LLC (“ICE BofA”), used with permission. ICE BofA permits use of the ICE BofA indices and related data on an “as is” basis; makes no warranties regarding same; does not guarantee the suitability, quality, accuracy, timeliness, and/or completeness of the ICE BofA indices or any data included in, related to, or derived therefrom; assumes no liability in connection with the use of the foregoing; and does not sponsor, endorse, or recommend Putnam Investments, or any of its products or services.

Lipper, a Refinitiv company, is a third-party industry-ranking entity that ranks mutual funds. Its rankings do not reflect sales charges. Lipper rankings are based on total return at net asset value relative to other funds that have similar current investment styles or objectives as determined by Lipper. Lipper may change a fund’s category assignment at its discretion. Lipper category averages reflect performance trends for funds within a category.

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Other information for shareholders

Important notice regarding share repurchase program

In September 2021, the Trustees of your fund approved the renewal of a share repurchase program that had been in effect since 2005. This renewal allows your fund to repurchase, in the 365 days beginning October 1, 2021, up to 10% of the fund’s common shares outstanding as of September 30, 2021.

Important notice regarding delivery of shareholder documents

In accordance with Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulations, Putnam sends a single notice of internet availability, or a single printed copy, of annual and semiannual shareholder reports, prospectuses, and proxy statements to Putnam shareholders who share the same address, unless a shareholder requests otherwise. If you prefer to receive your own copy of these documents, please call Putnam at 1-800-225-1581, and Putnam will begin sending individual copies within 30 days.

Proxy voting

Putnam is committed to managing our mutual funds in the best interests of our shareholders. The Putnam funds’ proxy voting guidelines and procedures, as well as information regarding how your fund voted proxies relating to portfolio securities during the 12-month period ended June 30, 2021, are available in the Individual Investors section of putnam.com and on the SEC’s website, www.sec.gov. If you have questions about finding forms on the SEC’s website, you may call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. You may also obtain the Putnam funds’ proxy voting guidelines and procedures at no charge by calling Putnam’s Shareholder Services at 1-800-225-1581.

Fund portfolio holdings

The fund will file a complete schedule of its portfolio holdings with the SEC for the first and third quarters of each fiscal year on Form N-PORT within 60 days of the end of such fiscal quarter. Shareholders may obtain the fund’s Form N-PORT on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

Prior to its use of Form N-PORT, the fund filed its complete schedule of its portfolio holdings with the SEC on Form N-Q, which is available online at www.sec.gov.

Trustee and employee fund ownership

Putnam employees and members of the Board of Trustees place their faith, confidence, and, most importantly, investment dollars in Putnam mutual funds. As of October 31, 2021, Putnam employees had approximately $584,000,000 and the Trustees had approximately $82,000,000 invested in Putnam mutual funds. These amounts include investments by the Trustees’ and employees’ immediate family members as well as investments through retirement and deferred compensation plans.

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Summary of Putnam closed-end funds’ amended
and restated dividend reinvestment plans

Putnam Managed Municipal Income Trust, Putnam Master Intermediate Income Trust, Putnam Municipal Opportunities Trust and Putnam Premier Income Trust (each, a “Fund” and collectively, the “Funds”) each offer a dividend reinvestment plan (each, a “Plan” and collectively, the “Plans”). If you participate in a Plan, all income dividends and capital gain distributions are automatically reinvested in Fund shares by the Fund’s agent, Putnam Investor Services, Inc. (the “Agent”). If you are not participating in a Plan, every month you will receive all dividends and other distributions in cash, paid by check and mailed directly to you.

Upon a purchase (or, where applicable, upon registration of transfer on the shareholder records of a Fund) of shares of a Fund by a registered shareholder, each such shareholder will be deemed to have elected to participate in that Fund’s Plan. Each such shareholder will have all distributions by a Fund automatically reinvested in additional shares, unless such shareholder elects to terminate participation in a Plan by instructing the Agent to pay future distributions in cash. Shareholders who were not participants in a Plan as of January 31, 2010, will continue to receive distributions in cash but may enroll in a Plan at any time by contacting the Agent.

If you participate in a Fund’s Plan, the Agent will automatically reinvest subsequent distributions, and the Agent will send you a confirmation in the mail telling you how many additional shares were issued to your account.

To change your enrollment status or to request additional information about the Plans, you may contact the Agent either in writing, at P.O. Box 8383, Boston, MA 02266-8383, or by telephone at 1-800-225-1581 during normal East Coast business hours.

How you acquire additional shares through a Plan If the market price per share for your Fund’s shares (plus estimated brokerage commissions) is greater than or equal to their net asset value per share on the payment date for a distribution, you will be issued shares of the Fund at a value equal to the higher of the net asset value per share on that date or 95% of the market price per share on that date.

If the market price per share for your Fund’s shares (plus estimated brokerage commissions) is less than their net asset value per share on the payment date for a distribution, the Agent will buy Fund shares for participating accounts in the open market. The Agent will aggregate open-market purchases on behalf of all participants, and the average price (including brokerage commissions) of all shares purchased by the Agent will be the price per share allocable to each participant. The Agent will generally complete these open-market purchases within five business days following the payment date. If, before the Agent has completed open-market purchases, the market price per share (plus estimated brokerage commissions) rises to exceed the net asset value per share on the payment date, then the purchase price may exceed the net asset value per share, potentially resulting in the acquisition of fewer shares than if the distribution had been paid in newly issued shares.

How to withdraw from a Plan Participants may withdraw from a Fund’s Plan at any time by notifying the Agent, either in writing or by telephone. Such withdrawal will be effective immediately if notice is received by the Agent with sufficient time prior to any distribution record date; otherwise, such withdrawal will be effective with respect to any subsequent distribution following notice of withdrawal. There is no penalty for withdrawing from or not participating in a Plan.

Plan administration The Agent will credit all shares acquired for a participant under a Plan to the account in which the participant’s common shares are held. Each participant will

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be sent reasonably promptly a confirmation by the Agent of each acquisition made for his or her account.

About brokerage fees Each participant pays a proportionate share of any brokerage commissions incurred if the Agent purchases additional shares on the open market, in accordance with the Plans. There are no brokerage charges applied to shares issued directly by the Funds under the Plans.

About taxes and Plan amendments

Reinvesting dividend and capital gain distributions in shares of the Funds does not relieve you of tax obligations, which are the same as if you had received cash distributions. The Agent supplies tax information to you and to the IRS annually. Each Fund reserves the right to amend or terminate its Plan upon 30 days’ written notice. However, the Agent may assign its rights, and delegate its duties, to a successor agent with the prior consent of a Fund and without prior notice to Plan participants.

If your shares are held in a broker or nominee name If your shares are held in the name of a broker or nominee offering a dividend reinvestment service, consult your broker or nominee to ensure that an appropriate election is made on your behalf. If the broker or nominee holding your shares does not provide a reinvestment service, you may need to register your shares in your own name in order to participate in a Plan.

In the case of record shareholders such as banks, brokers or nominees that hold shares for others who are the beneficial owners of such shares, the Agent will administer the Plan on the basis of the number of shares certified by the record shareholder as representing the total amount registered in such shareholder’s name and held for the account of beneficial owners who are to participate in the Plan.

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Trustee approval of management contract

General conclusions

The Board of Trustees of The Putnam Funds oversees the management of each fund and, as required by law, determines annually whether to approve the continuance of your fund’s management contract with Putnam Investment Management, LLC (“Putnam Management”) and the sub-management contract with respect to your fund between Putnam Management and its affiliate, Putnam Investments Limited (“PIL”). The Board, with the assistance of its Contract Committee, requests and evaluates all information it deems reasonably necessary under the circumstances in connection with its annual contract review. The Contract Committee consists solely of Trustees who are not “interested persons” (as this term is defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”)) of The Putnam Funds (“Independent Trustees”).

At the outset of the review process, members of the Board’s independent staff and independent legal counsel considered any possible changes to the annual contract review materials furnished to the Contract Committee during the course of the previous year’s review and, as applicable, identified those changes to Putnam Management. Following these discussions and in consultation with the Contract Committee, the Independent Trustees’ independent legal counsel requested that Putnam Management and its affiliates furnish specified information, together with any additional information that Putnam Management considered relevant, to the Contract Committee. Over the course of several months ending in June 2021, the Contract Committee met on a number of occasions with representatives of Putnam Management, and separately in executive session, to consider the information that Putnam Management provided. Throughout this process, the Contract Committee was assisted by the members of the Board’s independent staff and by independent legal counsel for The Putnam Funds and the Independent Trustees.

In May 2021, the Contract Committee met in executive session to discuss and consider its recommendations with respect to the continuance of the contracts. At the Trustees’ June 2021 meeting, the Contract Committee met in executive session with the other Independent Trustees to review a summary of the key financial, performance and other data that the Contract Committee considered in the course of its review. The Contract Committee then presented its written report, which summarized the key factors that the Committee had considered and set forth its recommendations. The Contract Committee recommended, and the Independent Trustees approved, the continuance of your fund’s management and sub-management contracts, effective July 1, 2021. (Because PIL is an affiliate of Putnam Management and Putnam Management remains fully responsible for all services provided by PIL, the Trustees have not attempted to evaluate PIL as a separate entity, and all subsequent references to Putnam Management below should be deemed to include reference to PIL as necessary or appropriate in the context.)

The Independent Trustees’ approval was based on the following conclusions:

• That the fee schedule in effect for your fund represented reasonable compensation in light of the nature and quality of the services being provided to the fund, the fees paid by competitive funds and the costs incurred by Putnam Management in providing services to the fund; and

• That the fee schedule in effect for your fund represented an appropriate sharing between fund shareholders and Putnam Management of any economies of scale as may exist in the management of the fund at current asset levels.

These conclusions were based on a comprehensive consideration of all information provided to the Trustees and were not the result of any single factor. Some of the factors that figured particularly in the Trustees’ deliberations and how the Trustees considered these factors are described below, although individual Trustees may have evaluated the information presented differently, giving different weights to various factors. It is also important to recognize that the management arrangements for your fund and the other Putnam funds are the result of many years of review and discussion between the Independent Trustees and Putnam Management, that some aspects of the arrangements may receive greater scrutiny in some years than others and that the Trustees’ conclusions may be based, in part, on their consideration of fee arrangements in previous years.

Municipal Opportunities Trust 17 

 



Management fee schedules and total expenses

The Trustees reviewed the management fee schedules in effect for all Putnam funds, including fee levels and breakpoints. Under its management contract, your fund has the benefit of breakpoints in its management fee schedule that provide shareholders with reduced fee rates as the fund’s assets under management increase. The Trustees noted, however, that because your fund is a closed-end management investment company, it has relatively stable levels of assets under management and is not expected to be affected significantly by breakpoints in its management fee schedule. The Trustees also reviewed the total expenses of each Putnam fund, recognizing that in most cases management fees represented the major, but not the sole, determinant of total costs to fund shareholders. (Two funds have implemented so-called “all-in” management fees covering substantially all routine fund operating costs.)

In reviewing fees and expenses, the Trustees generally focus their attention on material changes in circumstances — for example, changes in assets under management, changes in a fund’s investment strategy, changes in Putnam Management’s operating costs or profitability, or changes in competitive practices in the mutual fund industry — that suggest that consideration of fee changes might be warranted. The Trustees concluded that the circumstances did not indicate that changes to the management fee schedule for your fund would be appropriate at this time.

The Trustees reviewed comparative fee and expense information for a custom group of competitive funds selected by Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc. (“Broadridge”). This comparative information included your fund’s percentile ranking for effective management fees and total expenses, which provides a general indication of your fund’s relative standing. In the custom peer group, your fund ranked in the first quintile in effective management fees (determined for your fund and the other funds in the custom peer group based on fund asset size and the applicable contractual management fee schedule) and in the third quintile in total expenses as of December 31, 2020. The first quintile represents the least expensive funds and the fifth quintile the most expensive funds. The fee and expense data reported by Broadridge as of December 31, 2020 reflected the most recent fiscal year-end data available in Broadridge’s database at that time.

In connection with their review of fund management fees and total expenses, the Trustees also reviewed the costs of the services provided and the profits realized by Putnam Management and its affiliates from their contractual relationships with the funds. This information included trends in revenues, expenses and profitability of Putnam Management and its affiliates relating to the investment management, investor servicing and distribution services provided to the funds. In this regard, the Trustees also reviewed an analysis of the revenues, expenses and profitability of Putnam Management and its affiliates, allocated on a fund-by-fund basis, with respect to the funds’ management, distribution and investor servicing contracts. For each fund, the analysis presented information about revenues, expenses and profitability for each of the agreements separately and for the agreements taken together on a combined basis. The Trustees concluded that, at current asset levels, the fee schedules in place for the Putnam funds, including the fee schedule for your fund, represented reasonable compensation for the services being provided and represented an appropriate sharing between fund shareholders and Putnam Management of any economies of scale as may exist in the management of the Putnam funds at that time.

The information examined by the Trustees in connection with their annual contract review for the Putnam funds included information regarding services provided and fees charged by Putnam Management and its affiliates to other clients, including defined benefit pension and profit-sharing plans, sub-advised mutual funds, private funds sponsored by affiliates of Putnam Management, model-only separately managed accounts and Putnam Management’s newly launched exchange-traded funds. This information included, in cases where a product’s investment strategy corresponds with a fund’s strategy, comparisons of those fees with fees charged to the Putnam funds, as well as an assessment of the differences in the services provided to these clients as compared to the services provided to the Putnam funds. The Trustees observed that the differences in fee rates between these clients and the Putnam funds are by no means uniform when examined by individual asset sectors, suggesting that differences in the pricing of investment management services to these types of clients may reflect, among other things, historical competitive forces operating in separate marketplaces. The

18 Municipal Opportunities Trust 

 



Trustees considered the fact that in many cases fee rates across different asset classes are higher on average for mutual funds than for other clients, and the Trustees also considered the differences between the services that Putnam Management provides to the Putnam funds and those that it provides to its other clients. The Trustees did not rely on these comparisons to any significant extent in concluding that the management fees paid by your fund are reasonable.

Investment performance

The quality of the investment process provided by Putnam Management represented a major factor in the Trustees’ evaluation of the quality of services provided by Putnam Management under your fund’s management contract. The Trustees were assisted in their review of Putnam Management’s investment process and performance by the work of the investment oversight committees of the Trustees and the full Board of Trustees, which meet on a regular basis with individual portfolio managers and with senior management of Putnam Management’s Investment Division throughout the year. The Trustees concluded that Putnam Management generally provides a high-quality investment process — based on the experience and skills of the individuals assigned to the management of fund portfolios, the resources made available to them and in general Putnam Management’s ability to attract and retain high-quality personnel — but also recognized that this does not guarantee favorable investment results for every fund in every time period.

The Trustees considered that, in the aggregate, The Putnam Funds generally performed well in 2020, which Putnam Management characterized as a challenging year with significant volatility and varied market dynamics. On an asset-weighted basis, the Putnam funds ranked in the second quartile of their peers as determined by Lipper Inc. (“Lipper”) for the year ended December 31, 2020 and, on an asset-weighted-basis, delivered a gross return that was 2.3% ahead of their benchmarks in 2020. In addition to the performance of the individual Putnam funds, the Trustees considered, as they had in prior years, the performance of The Putnam Fund complex versus competitor fund complexes. In this regard, the Trustees observed that The Putnam Funds’ relative performance, as reported in the Barron’s/Lipper Fund Families survey, continued to be exceptionally strong over the long term, with The Putnam Funds ranking as the 3rd best performing mutual fund complex out of 44 complexes for the ten-year period, with 2020 marking the fourth consecutive year that The Putnam Funds have ranked in the top ten fund complexes for the ten-year period. The Trustees noted that The Putnam Funds’ performance was solid over the one- and five-year periods, with The Putnam Funds ranking 22nd out of 53 complexes and 14th out of 50 complexes, respectively. In addition to the Barron’s/Lipper Fund Families Survey, the Trustees also considered the funds’ ratings assigned by Morningstar Inc., noting that 26 of the funds were four- or five-star rated at the end of 2020 (representing an increase of four funds year-over-year) and that this included seven funds that had achieved a five-star rating (representing an increase of two funds year-over-year). They also noted, however, the disappointing investment performance of some funds for periods ended December 31, 2020 and considered information provided by Putnam Management regarding the factors contributing to the underperformance and actions being taken to improve the performance of these particular funds. The Trustees indicated their intention to continue to monitor closely the performance of those funds and evaluate whether additional actions to address areas of underperformance may be warranted.

For purposes of the Trustees’ evaluation of the Putnam funds’ investment performance, the Trustees generally focus on a competitive industry ranking of each fund’s total net return over a one-year, three-year and five-year period. For a number of Putnam funds with relatively unique investment mandates for which Putnam Management informed the Trustees that meaningful competitive performance rankings are not considered to be available, the Trustees evaluated performance based on their total gross and net returns and comparisons of those returns to the returns of selected investment benchmarks. In the case of your fund, the Trustees considered that its common share cumulative total return performance at net asset value was in the following quartiles of its Lipper peer group (Lipper General & Insured Municipal Debt Funds (Leveraged) (closed-end)) for the one-year, three-year and five-year periods ended December 31, 2020 (the first quartile representing the best-performing funds and the fourth quartile the worst-performing funds):

One-year period  1st 
Three-year period  1st 
Five-year period  1st 

 

Municipal Opportunities Trust 19 

 



For the one-year and three-year periods ended December 31, 2020, your fund’s performance was in the top decile of its Lipper peer group. Over the one-year, three-year and five-year periods ended December 31, 2020, there were 64, 59 and 59 funds, respectively, in your fund’s Lipper peer group. (When considering performance information, shareholders should be mindful that past performance is not a guarantee of future results.)

The Trustees considered Putnam Management’s continued efforts to support fund performance through certain initiatives, including structuring compensation for portfolio managers to enhance accountability for fund performance, emphasizing accountability in the portfolio management process and affirming its commitment to a fundamental-driven approach to investing. The Trustees noted further that Putnam Management had made selective hires and internal promotions in 2020 to strengthen its investment team.

Brokerage and soft-dollar allocations; investor servicing

The Trustees considered various potential benefits that Putnam Management may receive in connection with the services it provides under the management contract with your fund. These include benefits related to brokerage allocation and the use of soft dollars, whereby a portion of the commissions paid by a fund for brokerage may be used to acquire research services that are expected to be useful to Putnam Management in managing the assets of the fund and of other clients. Subject to policies established by the Trustees, soft dollars generated by these means are used predominantly to acquire brokerage and research services (including third-party research and market data) that enhance Putnam Management’s investment capabilities and supplement Putnam Management’s internal research efforts. The Trustees indicated their continued intent to monitor regulatory and industry developments in this area with the assistance of their Brokerage Committee. In addition, with the assistance of their Brokerage Committee, the Trustees indicated their continued intent to monitor the allocation of the Putnam funds’ brokerage in order to ensure that the principle of seeking best price and execution remains paramount in the portfolio trading process.

Putnam Management may also receive benefits from payments that the funds make to Putnam Management’s affiliates for investor services. In conjunction with the annual review of your fund’s management and sub-management contracts, the Trustees reviewed your fund’s investor servicing agreement with PSERV, which is an affiliate of Putnam Management. The Trustees concluded that the fees payable by the funds to PSERV for such services are fair and reasonable in relation to the nature and quality of such services, the fees paid by competitive funds and the costs incurred by PSERV in providing such services. Furthermore, the Trustees were of the view that the investor services provided by PSERV were required for the operation of the funds, and that they were of a quality at least equal to those provided by other providers.

20 Municipal Opportunities Trust 

 



Financial statements

These sections of the report, as well as the accompanying Notes, constitute the fund’s financial statements.

The fund’s portfolio lists all the fund’s investments and their values as of the last day of the reporting period. Holdings are organized by asset type and industry sector, country, or state to show areas of concentration and diversification.

Statement of assets and liabilities shows how the fund’s net assets and share price are determined. All investment and non-investment assets are added together. Any unpaid expenses and other liabilities are subtracted from this total. The result is divided by the number of shares to determine the net asset value per share. (For funds with preferred shares, the amount subtracted from total assets includes the liquidation preference of preferred shares.)

Statement of operations shows the fund’s net investment gain or loss. This is done by first adding up all the fund’s earnings — from dividends and interest income — and subtracting its operating expenses to determine net investment income (or loss). Then, any net gain or loss the fund realized on the sales of its holdings — as well as any unrealized gains or losses over the period — is added to or subtracted from the net investment result to determine the fund’s net gain or loss for the fiscal period.

Statement of changes in net assets shows how the fund’s net assets were affected by the fund’s net investment gain or loss, by distributions to shareholders, and by changes in the number of the fund’s shares. It lists distributions and their sources (net investment income or realized capital gains) over the current reporting period and the most recent fiscal year-end. The distributions listed here may not match the sources listed in the Statement of operations because the distributions are determined on a tax basis and may be paid in a different period from the one in which they were earned. Dividend sources are estimated at the time of declaration. Actual results may vary. Any non-taxable return of capital cannot be determined until final tax calculations are completed after the end of the fund’s fiscal period.

Statement of cash flows shows changes in the fund’s cash balance during the period as results of cash flows from operating and financing activities.

Financial highlights provide an overview of the fund’s investment results, per-share distributions, expense ratios, net investment income ratios, and portfolio turnover in one summary table, reflecting the five most recent reporting periods. In a semiannual report, the highlights table also includes the current reporting period.

Municipal Opportunities Trust 21 

 



The fund’s portfolio 10/31/21 (Unaudited)

Key to holding’s abbreviations

ABAG Association Of Bay Area Governments 
AGM Assured Guaranty Municipal Corporation 
AMBAC AMBAC Indemnity Corporation 
BAM Build America Mutual 
FRB Floating Rate Bonds: the rate shown is the current interest rate at the close of the reporting period. Rates may be subject to a cap or floor. For certain securities,  
the rate may represent a fixed rate currently in place at the close of the reporting period. 
G.O. Bonds General Obligation Bonds 
NATL National Public Finance Guarantee Corporation 
PSFG Permanent School Fund Guaranteed 
Q-SBLF Qualified School Board Loan Fund 
U.S. Govt. Coll. U.S. Government Collateralized 

 


MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* Rating** Principal amount Value
Alabama (1.1%)
Jefferson Cnty., Swr. Rev. Bonds, Ser. D, 6.50%, 10/1/53 BBB   $2,000,000 $2,303,489
Jefferson, Cnty. Rev. Bonds, (Refunding warrants)        
5.00%, 9/15/34 AA   2,075,000 2,488,847
5.00%, 9/15/33 AA   275,000 329,974
5,122,310
Alaska (1.4%)
AK State Indl. Dev. & Export Auth. Rev. Bonds, (Tanana Chiefs Conference), Ser. A        
4.00%, 10/1/49 A+/F   1,500,000 1,665,107
4.00%, 10/1/44 A+/F   4,180,000 4,668,096
6,333,203
Arizona (3.4%)
AZ Indl. Dev. Auth. Student Hsg. Rev. Bonds,
(NCCU Properties, LLC Central U.), BAM, 5.00%, 6/1/49
AA   2,000,000 2,399,729
AZ State Indl. Dev. Auth. Rev. Bonds,
(Equitable School Revolving Fund, LLC Oblig. Group), 4.00%, 11/1/50
A   2,855,000 3,227,286
AZ State Indl. Dev. Auth. Ed. Rev. Bonds,
(KIPP New York, Inc., Jerome Fac.), Ser. B
       
4.00%, 7/1/61 BBB−   1,380,000 1,447,462
4.00%, 7/1/41 BBB−   720,000 764,947
AZ State Indl. Dev. Auth. Ed. 144A Rev. Bonds,
(BASIS Schools, Inc.), Ser. D, 5.00%, 7/1/51
BB   510,000 582,128
Maricopa Cnty., Indl. Dev. Auth. Ed. Rev. Bonds        
(Reid Traditional Schools Painted Rock Academy), 5.00%, 7/1/36 Baa3   350,000 396,124
(Horizon Cmnty. Learning Ctr.), 5.00%, 7/1/35 BB+   750,000 818,557
Phoenix, Indl. Dev. Auth. Ed. Rev. Bonds,
(Great Hearts Academies), 3.75%, 7/1/24
BBB−   300,000 313,271
Phoenix, Indl. Dev. Auth. Ed. 144A Rev. Bonds, (BASIS Schools, Inc.), 5.00%, 7/1/35 BB   1,000,000 1,108,442
Salt Verde, Fin. Corp. Gas Rev. Bonds, 5.50%, 12/1/29 A3   1,350,000 1,742,927
Yavapai Cnty., Indl. Dev. Auth. Hosp. Fac. Rev.
Bonds, (Yavapai Regl. Med. Ctr.), 5.00%, 8/1/34
A2   500,000 581,060
Yuma, Indl. Dev. Auth. Hosp. Rev. Bonds,
(Yuma Regl. Med. Ctr.), Ser. A, 5.00%, 8/1/32
A   2,065,000 2,300,398
15,682,331


22 Municipal Opportunities Trust



MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
California (10.2%)
ABAG Fin. Auth. for Nonprofit Corps. Rev. Bonds, (Episcopal Sr. Cmntys.), Ser. A, 5.00%, 7/1/32 (Prerefunded 7/1/22) A−/F   $550,000 $567,610
CA Cmnty. Hsg. Agcy. Essential Hsg. 144A Rev. Bonds        
(Aster Apt.), Ser. A-1, 4.00%, 2/1/56 BB+/P   550,000 580,905
(Stoneridge Apt.), Ser. A, 4.00%, 2/1/56 BB/P   2,125,000 2,225,352
CA Hsg. Fin. Agcy. Muni. Certif. Rev. Bonds, Ser. 21-1, Class A, 3.50%, 11/20/35 BBB+   2,082,535 2,402,128
CA State G.O. Bonds 4.00%, 11/1/33 T Aa2   10,000,000 11,689,018
CA State Muni. Fin. Auth Mobile Home Park Rev. Bonds, (Caritas Affordable Hsg., Inc.), 5.25%, 8/15/39 A−   400,000 432,440
CA State Muni. Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds,
(HumanGood CA Oblig. Group), 4.00%, 10/1/49
A−/F   2,200,000 2,525,499
CA State Poll. Control Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds,
(San Jose Wtr. Co.)
       
5.10%, 6/1/40 A   3,500,000 3,511,261
4.75%, 11/1/46 A   750,000 844,054
CA State Pub. Wks. Board Rev. Bonds,
(Various Cap. Projects.), Ser. A, 5.00%, 8/1/33 ###
Aa3   3,000,000 3,873,355
CA Statewide Cmnty. Dev. Auth. Rev. Bonds        
(899 Charleston, LLC), Ser. A, 5.25%, 11/1/44 BB/P   450,000 478,949
(Front Porch Cmnty. & Svcs. Oblig. Group), Ser. A, 3.00%, 4/1/51 A−   3,440,000 3,496,010
CSCDA Cmnty. Impt. Auth. Rev. Bonds,
(Pasadena Portfolio), Ser. A-2, 3.00%, 12/1/56
BBB−/P   1,635,000 1,520,606
CSCDA Cmnty. Impt. Auth. 144A Rev. Bonds        
(City of Orange Portfolio), 3.00%, 3/1/57 BBB−/P   650,000 602,420
(Essential Hsg.), Ser. A-2, 3.00%, 2/1/57 BBB−/P   1,900,000 1,748,196
Golden State Tobacco Securitization Corp. Rev. Bonds, Ser. A-2, 5.00%, 6/1/47 BB/P   2,500,000 2,560,028
Los Angeles, Cmnty. Fac. Dist. No. 11 Special Tax, 4.00%, 9/1/38 BB/P   1,000,000 1,149,826
Mount Diablo Unified School Dist. G.O. Bonds, Ser. B        
4.00%, 6/1/37 ### Aa3   1,625,000 1,903,869
4.00%, 8/1/34 ### Aa3   2,745,000 3,256,080
North Natomas, Cmnty. Fac. Special Tax Bonds, (Dist. No. 4), Ser. E, 5.00%, 9/1/30 BBB+   1,250,000 1,339,461
San Bernardino Cnty., FRB, Ser. C, 0.316%, 8/1/23 AA+   1,125,000 1,115,008
47,822,075
Colorado (3.0%)
CO State Hlth. Fac. Auth. Rev. Bonds        
(Valley View Hosp. Assn.), 5.00%, 5/15/40 A−   1,000,000 1,129,755
(Covenant Retirement Cmnty.), Ser. A, 5.00%, 12/1/35 A−/F   1,000,000 1,113,645
CO State Hlth. Fac. Auth. Hosp. Rev. Bonds        
(Christian Living Neighborhood), 5.00%, 1/1/37 BB/P   550,000 588,104
(Covenant Living Cmnty. and Svcs. Oblig. Group), 4.00%, 12/1/50 A−/F   2,700,000 3,054,153
Park Creek, Metro. Dist. Tax Allocation Bonds,
(Sr. Ltd. Property Tax Supported), Ser. A, 5.00%, 12/1/45
A/F   200,000 225,541


Municipal Opportunities Trust 23



MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
Colorado cont.
Pub. Auth. for CO Energy Rev. Bonds,
(Natural Gas Purchase), 6.50%, 11/15/38
A2   $2,250,000 $3,419,723
Regl. Trans. Dist. Rev. Bonds,
(Denver Transit Partners, LLC)
       
4.00%, 7/15/38 Baa1   800,000 932,467
3.00%, 7/15/37 Baa1   850,000 893,313
Sterling Ranch Cmnty. Auth. Board Rev. Bonds, (Metro. Dist. No. 2), Ser. A, 4.25%, 12/1/50 BB/P   550,000 606,105
Vauxmont, Metro. Dist. G.O. Bonds, AGM        
5.00%, 12/1/33 AA   255,000 322,754
5.00%, 12/15/32 AA   160,000 183,018
5.00%, 12/15/31 AA   135,000 154,625
5.00%, 12/1/30 AA   215,000 272,956
5.00%, 12/1/29 AA   210,000 267,765
5.00%, 12/15/28 AA   130,000 149,559
5.00%, 12/1/28 AA   210,000 262,873
5.00%, 12/1/27 AA   200,000 245,019
5.00%, 12/15/26 AA   135,000 156,086
5.00%, 12/1/26 AA   190,000 227,552
14,205,013
Connecticut (1.3%)
CT State Special Tax, 4.00%, 5/1/39 AA−   1,700,000 1,996,354
CT State Hlth. & Edl. Fac. Auth. Rev. Bonds, (Stamford Hosp. Oblig. Group (The)), Ser. M        
5.00%, 7/1/34 ### BBB+   1,900,000 2,401,268
4.00%, 7/1/41 ### BBB+   580,000 658,121
Harbor Point Infrastructure Impt. Dist. 144A Tax Alloc. Bonds, (Harbor Point Ltd.), 5.00%, 4/1/39 BB/P   1,000,000 1,137,374
6,193,117
District of Columbia (2.4%)
DC Rev. Bonds        
(Ingleside at Rock Creek), Ser. A, 5.00%, 7/1/52 BB−/P   500,000 531,775
(Two Rivers Pub. Charter School, Inc.), 5.00%, 6/1/50 Baa3   1,500,000 1,708,239
(Latin American Montessori Bilingual Pub. Charter School Oblig. Group), 5.00%, 6/1/40 BB+   2,000,000 2,353,529
(Two Rivers Pub. Charter School, Inc.), 5.00%, 6/1/40 Baa3   1,500,000 1,733,202
Metro. Washington DC, Arpt. Auth. Dulles Toll Rd. Rev. Bonds        
(Dulles Metrorail & Cap. Impt. Proj.), Ser. B, 4.00%, 10/1/44 T A−   1,285,000 1,448,702
(Dulles Metrorail & Cap. Impt. Proj.), 4.00%, 10/1/53 T A−   1,290,000 1,439,742
Metro. Washington, Arpt. Auth. Dulles Toll Rd. Rev. Bonds, (Metrorail), Ser. A, zero %, 10/1/37 A−   3,700,000 2,143,489
11,358,678
Florida (4.9%)
FL State Higher Edl. Fac. Financial Auth. Rev. Bonds        
(St. Leo U.), 5.00%, 3/1/44 BBB−   1,500,000 1,719,123
(Florida Inst. of Tech., Inc.), 4.00%, 10/1/39 BBB−   800,000 879,631


24 Municipal Opportunities Trust



MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
Florida cont.
Halifax Hosp. Med. Ctr. Rev. Bonds, 5.00%, 6/1/36 A−   $2,250,000 $2,606,963
Lakeland, Hosp. Syst. Rev. Bonds,
(Lakeland Regl. Hlth.), 5.00%, 11/15/40
A2   1,350,000 1,517,684
Miami-Dade Cnty., Aviation Rev. Bonds, Ser. A        
5.00%, 10/1/36 A2   5,000,000 5,595,580
5.00%, 10/1/32 A2   3,790,000 4,244,947
Orange Cnty., Hlth. Fac. Auth. Rev. Bonds, (Presbyterian Retirement Cmntys.), 5.00%, 8/1/34 A−/F   1,350,000 1,487,702
Pinellas Cnty., Indl. Dev. Auth. Rev. Bonds,
(2017 Foundation for Global Understanding, Inc.), 5.00%, 7/1/39
AAA/P   500,000 565,800
Southeast Overtown Park West Cmnty. Redev. Agcy. 144A Tax Alloc. Bonds, Ser. A-1, 5.00%, 3/1/30 BBB+   360,000 390,270
Village, 144A Special Assmt., (Village Cmnty. Dev. Dist. No. 13), 3.00%, 5/1/35 BB−/P   2,495,000 2,583,040
Volusia Cnty., Edl. Fac. Auth. Rev. Bonds,
(Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Inc.), Ser. A
       
4.00%, 10/15/39 A2   600,000 685,439
4.00%, 10/15/36 A2   500,000 575,007
22,851,186
Georgia (2.7%)
Atlanta, Tax Alloc. Bonds, (Atlantic Station), 5.00%, 12/1/22 A3   1,625,000 1,704,106
Atlanta, Arpt. Rev. Bonds, (Dept. of Aviation), Ser. C, 4.00%, 7/1/42 Aa3   800,000 929,549
Gainesville & Hall Cnty., Dev. Auth. Edl. Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Riverside Military Academy), 5.00%, 3/1/37 BB/F   1,100,000 1,106,056
Geo L Smith II GA Congress Ctr. Rev. Bonds,
(Signia Hotel Mgt., LLC.), 4.00%, 1/1/54
BBB−   1,600,000 1,793,781
Muni. Election Auth. of GA Rev. Bonds,
(Plant Vogtle Units 3 & 4)
       
Ser. A, 5.50%, 7/1/60 A   3,500,000 4,011,799
AGM, 5.00%, 1/1/62 AA   1,000,000 1,212,170
5.00%, 1/1/56 BBB+   650,000 775,031
4.00%, 1/1/51 A2   500,000 555,380
4.00%, 1/1/51 BBB+   425,000 468,769
12,556,641
Hawaii (0.5%)
HI State Harbor Syst. Rev. Bonds        
Ser. C, 4.00%, 7/1/40 Aa3   300,000 353,861
Ser. A, 4.00%, 7/1/35 Aa3   1,700,000 1,996,550
2,350,411
Illinois (20.5%)
Chicago, G.O. Bonds        
Ser. A, 6.00%, 1/1/38 BBB+   1,920,000 2,331,918
Ser. G-07, 5.50%, 1/1/35 BBB+   3,175,000 3,555,812
Ser. A, 5.00%, 1/1/27 BBB+   1,850,000 2,196,948
Chicago, Board of Ed. G.O. Bonds        
Ser. C, 5.25%, 12/1/39 BB   2,250,000 2,480,214
Ser. H, 5.00%, 12/1/36 BB   500,000 589,669
(School Reform), Ser. B-1, NATL, zero %, 12/1/21 Baa2   3,500,000 3,498,702


Municipal Opportunities Trust 25



MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
Illinois cont.
Chicago, Motor Fuel Tax Rev. Bonds, 5.00%, 1/1/29 BBB−   $500,000 $532,449
Chicago, O’Hare Intl. Arpt. Rev. Bonds        
Ser. C, 5.375%, 1/1/39 A2   1,250,000 1,317,103
Ser. C, 5.25%, 1/1/28 A2   1,320,000 1,391,334
Ser. C, 5.25%, 1/1/27 A2   2,125,000 2,240,093
Ser. A, 5.00%, 1/1/38 A   100,000 121,048
Ser. A, 5.00%, 1/1/37 A   300,000 363,799
Chicago, Trans. Auth. Sales Tax Rev. Bonds, 5.25%, 12/1/49 AA   3,000,000 3,404,026
Chicago, Waste Wtr. Transmission Rev. Bonds        
Ser. C, 5.00%, 1/1/39 A   900,000 1,014,006
(2nd Lien), 5.00%, 1/1/39 A   1,835,000 1,999,547
Ser. A, NATL, zero %, 1/1/24 A+   1,600,000 1,577,327
IL State G.O. Bonds        
5.50%, 7/1/38 Baa2   2,280,000 2,452,397
5.50%, 5/1/30 Baa2   1,250,000 1,599,311
5.00%, 11/1/41 Baa2   1,000,000 1,148,150
5.00%, 1/1/41 Baa2   500,000 575,068
5.00%, 2/1/39 Baa2   300,000 325,825
Ser. A, 5.00%, 5/1/38 Baa2   1,500,000 1,756,946
5.00%, 1/1/35 Baa2   1,000,000 1,152,993
Ser. A, 5.00%, 12/1/31 Baa2   5,750,000 6,776,416
Ser. C, 5.00%, 11/1/29 Baa2   1,850,000 2,192,579
5.00%, 2/1/29 Baa2   1,425,000 1,669,117
Ser. A, 5.00%, 12/1/28 Baa2   2,500,000 2,983,575
Ser. D, 5.00%, 11/1/28 Baa2   2,250,000 2,683,844
Ser. D, 5.00%, 11/1/27 Baa2   1,000,000 1,199,641
Ser. A, 4.00%, 3/1/40 Baa2   1,500,000 1,694,171
IL State Fin. Auth. Mandatory Put Bonds (9/1/22), (Field Museum of Natural History), 0.559%, 11/1/34 A2   3,865,000 3,864,751
IL State Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds        
(Lifespace Cmntys, Inc.), Ser. A, 5.00%, 5/15/35 BBB/F   1,025,000 1,132,424
(Riverside Hlth. Syst.), 4.00%, 11/15/34 A+   500,000 556,467
IL State Fin. Auth. Academic Fac. Rev. Bonds,
(U. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), Ser. A
       
5.00%, 10/1/44 A1   1,100,000 1,338,373
5.00%, 10/1/36 A1   600,000 744,316
5.00%, 10/1/34 A1   500,000 622,543
IL State Fin. Auth. Student Hsg. & Academic Fac. Rev. Bonds        
(U. of IL Chicago), 5.00%, 2/15/50 Baa3   2,000,000 2,263,120
(U. of IL-CHF-Chicago, LLC), Ser. A, 5.00%, 2/15/37 Baa3   1,000,000 1,146,044
Lake Cnty., Cmnty. Cons. School Dist. No. 73 Hawthorn G.O. Bonds, NATL, zero %, 12/1/21 AA+   1,300,000 1,299,497
Metro. Pier & Exposition Auth. Rev. Bonds, (McCormick Place Expansion)        
4.00%, 12/15/42 ### BBB+   1,000,000 1,125,645
Ser. B, stepped-coupon zero % (4.700%, 6/15/31), 12/15/37 †† BBB+   1,000,000 841,437


26 Municipal Opportunities Trust



MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
Illinois cont.
Metro. Pier & Exposition Auth. Dedicated State Tax Rev. Bonds, (McCormick), Ser. A, NATL, zero %, 12/15/30 BBB+   $12,000,000 $9,932,418
Metro. Wtr. Reclamation Dist. of Greater Chicago G.O. Bonds, (Green Bond), Ser. E, 5.00%, 12/1/30 AA   1,310,000 1,583,368
Railsplitter Tobacco Settlement Auth. Rev. Bonds, 5.00%, 6/1/24 A   1,500,000 1,670,369
Sales Tax Securitization Corp. Rev. Bonds        
Ser. C, 5.50%, 1/1/36 AA−   3,500,000 4,411,161
Ser. A, 5.00%, 1/1/36 AA−   1,400,000 1,756,322
Ser. A, 4.00%, 1/1/39 AA−   2,000,000 2,321,066
Ser. A, 4.00%, 1/1/38 AA−   500,000 581,549
Southern IL U. Rev. Bonds, (Hsg. & Auxiliary), Ser. A, NATL, zero %, 4/1/25 Baa2   1,870,000 1,757,955
95,772,853
Indiana (1.6%)
Hammond, Multi-School Bldg. Corp. Rev. Bonds, 5.00%, 7/15/38 AA+   1,750,000 2,101,224
IN State Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds, (BHI Sr. Living), 5.75%, 11/15/41 (Prerefunded 11/15/21) BBB/F   1,000,000 1,001,987
IN State Fin. Auth. Hosp. Mandatory Put Bonds (11/1/26), (Goshen Hlth. Oblig. Group), Ser. B, 2.10%, 11/1/49 A−   2,700,000 2,818,194
Silver Creek, School Bldg. Corp. Rev. Bonds, 3.00%, 1/15/42 AA+   1,600,000 1,723,414
7,644,819
Iowa (0.8%)
IA State Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds, (Lifespace Cmnty., Inc. Oblig. Group), Ser. A, 4.00%, 5/15/53 BBB/F   2,000,000 2,159,611
IA Tobacco Settlement Auth. Rev. Bonds, Ser. B-1, Class 2, 4.00%, 6/1/49 BBB   1,250,000 1,384,124
3,543,735
Kentucky (3.0%)
KY Pub. Trans. Infrastructure Auth. Rev. Bonds,
(1st Tier Downtown Crossing), Ser. A, 6.00%, 7/1/53 (Prerefunded 7/1/23)
Baa2   1,000,000 1,095,232
KY State Property & Bldg. Comm. Rev. Bonds        
(No. 119), 5.00%, 5/1/36 A1   1,000,000 1,219,082
(No. 122), Ser. A, 4.00%, 11/1/34 A1   750,000 878,305
KY State Pub. Energy Auth. Gas Supply        
Mandatory Put Bonds (6/1/25), Ser. C-1, 4.00%, 12/1/49 A1   5,500,000 6,088,966
Mandatory Put Bonds (1/1/25), Ser. B, 4.00%, 1/1/49 A1   3,000,000 3,293,050
Louisville, Regl. Arpt. Auth. Syst. Rev. Bonds, Ser. A        
5.00%, 7/1/32 A   1,030,000 1,143,832
5.00%, 7/1/31 A   385,000 427,873
14,146,340


Municipal Opportunities Trust 27



MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
Louisiana (1.3%)
LA State Offshore Term. Auth. Deepwater Port Mandatory Put Bonds (12/1/23), (Loop, LLC), Ser. A, 1.65%, 9/1/33 A3   $1,600,000 $1,631,582
St. John The Baptist Parish Mandatory Put Bonds (7/1/26), (Marathon Oil Corp.), Ser. A-3, 2.20%, 6/1/37 Baa3   3,010,000 3,134,962
Tangipahoa Parish, Hosp. Svcs. Rev. Bonds,
(North Oaks Hlth. Syst.), 4.00%, 2/1/42
BBB+   1,250,000 1,430,974
6,197,518
Maryland (0.4%)
Gaithersburg, Econ. Dev. Rev. Bonds,
(Asbury, Oblig. Group), Ser. A, 5.00%, 1/1/36
BBB/F   450,000 497,423
MD Econ. Dev. Corp. Rev. Bonds, (Morgan State U.), 4.25%, 7/1/50 BBB−   1,350,000 1,516,192
2,013,615
Massachusetts (4.6%)
MA State Dev. Fin. Agcy. Rev. Bonds        
(Milford Regl. Med. Ctr. Oblig. Group), Ser. F, 5.75%, 7/15/43 BB+   500,000 528,340
(Loomis Cmntys.), Ser. A, 5.75%, 1/1/28 BBB   1,100,000 1,174,632
(Intl. Charter School), 5.00%, 4/15/33 BBB−   1,000,000 1,108,106
(Atrius Hlth. Oblig. Group), Ser. A, 4.00%, 6/1/49 BBB   5,470,000 6,093,049
(Lasell U.), 4.00%, 7/1/45 BB+   1,200,000 1,328,650
(Linden Ponds, Inc.), Ser. B, zero %, 11/15/56 B−/P   187,307 118,437
MA State Dev. Fin. Agcy. 144A Rev. Bonds,
(Linden Ponds, Inc. Fac.), 5.00%, 11/15/38
BB/F   1,410,000 1,557,941
MA State Edl. Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds,
(Ed. Loan — Issue 1)
       
5.00%, 1/1/27 AA   800,000 901,606
4.375%, 1/1/32 AA   100,000 102,911
MA State Trans. Fund Rev. Bonds,
(Rail Enhancement & Accelerated
Bridge Program), 5.00%, 6/1/48 T
Aa1   7,000,000 8,599,736
21,513,408
Michigan (9.0%)
Detroit, G.O. Bonds, AMBAC, 5.25%, 4/1/24 A−/P   222,425 222,646
Detroit, City School Dist. G.O. Bonds, Ser. A, AGM, 6.00%, 5/1/29 Aa1   1,000,000 1,222,879
Kentwood, Economic Dev. Rev. Bonds,
(Holland Home Oblig. Group), 5.00%, 11/15/37
BBB−/F   1,750,000 1,964,610
MI State Bldg. Auth. Rev. Bonds, Ser. I, 4.00%, 10/15/49 Aa2   4,630,000 5,347,971
MI State Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds        
Ser. H-1, 5.00%, 10/1/39 (Prerefunded 10/1/24) AA−   1,575,000 1,761,734
(MidMichigan Hlth.), 5.00%, 6/1/39 (Prerefunded 6/1/24) A+   1,000,000 1,120,439
(Local Govt. Loan Program — Detroit Wtr. & Swr. Dept. (DWSD)), Ser. C, 5.00%, 7/1/35 A+   1,100,000 1,262,233
(Local Govt. Loan Program — Detroit Wtr. & Swr. Dept. (DWSD)), Ser. C, 5.00%, 7/1/34 A+   1,900,000 2,180,962
(Trinity Health Corp. Oblig. Group), Ser. A, 4.00%, 12/1/49 T AA−   2,575,000 2,946,817


28 Municipal Opportunities Trust



MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
Michigan cont.
MI State Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds        
(Local Govt. Loan Program — Detroit Wtr. & Swr. Dept. (DWSD)), Ser. D-2, 5.00%, 7/1/34 A+   $1,000,000 $1,147,875
(Local Govt. Program Detroit Wtr. & Swr.), Ser. D4, 5.00%, 7/1/34 AA−   100,000 111,502
(Detroit Wtr. & Swr.), Ser. C-6, 5.00%, 7/1/33 AA−   850,000 948,483
(Detroit), Ser. C-3, 5.00%, 4/1/27 Aa2   750,000 907,300
MI State Hosp. Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds, (Trinity Health Corp. Oblig. Group), Ser. A, U.S. Govt. Coll, 5.00%, 12/1/47 (Prerefunded 12/1/22) T Aa3   8,500,000 8,941,351
MI State Hsg. Dev. Auth. Rev. Bonds, (Rental Hsg.), Ser. D, 3.95%, 10/1/37 (Prerefunded 4/1/22) AA   1,050,000 1,066,168
Pontiac City, G.O. Bonds,
(Pontiac School Dist.), Q-SBLF
       
4.00%, 5/1/45 T Aa1   4,423,529 5,149,725
4.00%, 5/1/50 T Aa1   4,976,471 5,785,401
42,088,096
Mississippi (0.4%)
MS State Bus. Fin. Corp. Rev. Bonds, (System Energy Resources, Inc.), 2.375%, 6/1/44 A   2,025,000 1,887,253
1,887,253
Missouri (3.6%)
Kansas City, Indl. Dev. Auth. Arpt. Special Oblig. Rev. Bonds        
(Kansas City Intl. Arpt. Terminal), Ser. B, 5.00%, 3/1/36 A2   5,000,000 6,092,528
AGM, 4.00%, 3/1/57 AA   6,000,000 6,686,335
MO State Dev. Fin. Board Infrastructure Fac. Rev. Bonds, (City of Independence), 4.00%, 3/1/51 BBB+   1,500,000 1,659,604
St. Louis, Muni. Fin. Corp. Rev. Bonds, AGM, 5.00%, 10/1/45 AA   2,000,000 2,458,903
16,897,370
Nebraska (0.5%)
Central Plains Energy Project Gas Supply Mandatory Put Bonds (8/1/25), 4.00%, 12/1/49 Aa2   2,150,000 2,408,252
2,408,252
Nevada (1.2%)
North Las Vegas, G.O. Bonds, AGM, 4.00%, 6/1/34 AA   3,600,000 4,172,597
Sparks, Tourism Impt. Dist. No. 1 144A Rev. Bonds, Ser. A        
2.75%, 6/15/28 Ba2   1,200,000 1,234,470
2.50%, 6/15/24 Ba2   330,000 334,499
5,741,566
New Hampshire (2.1%)
National Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds, (Caritas Acquisitions VII, LLC), Ser. A        
4.50%, 8/15/55 BBB/P   2,540,000 2,650,550
4.25%, 8/15/46 BBB/P   1,210,000 1,254,438
4.125%, 8/15/40 BBB/P   1,070,000 1,112,226


Municipal Opportunities Trust 29



MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
New Hampshire cont.
NH State Hlth. & Ed. Fac. Auth. Rev. Bonds        
(Catholic Med. Ctr.), 5.00%, 7/1/44 BBB+   $1,000,000 $1,147,583
(Elliot Hosp.), 5.00%, 10/1/38 A3   500,000 580,560
(Southern NH Med. Ctr.), 5.00%, 10/1/37 A−   2,500,000 2,903,976
9,649,333
New Jersey (8.0%)
Bayonne, G.O. Bonds, (Qualified Gen. Impt.), BAM, 5.00%, 7/1/39 (Prerefunded 7/1/26) AA   1,300,000 1,560,218
NJ State Econ. Dev. Auth. Rev. Bonds        
(NYNJ Link Borrower, LLC), 5.375%, 1/1/43 BBB   500,000 549,763
Ser. WW, 5.25%, 6/15/32 Baa1   1,500,000 1,732,041
Ser. EEE, 5.00%, 6/15/48 Baa1   3,000,000 3,576,710
Ser. AAA, 5.00%, 6/15/36 Baa1   750,000 880,456
(Biomedical Research), Ser. A, 5.00%, 7/15/29 Baa1   400,000 470,395
Ser. B, 5.00%, 11/1/26 Baa1   4,500,000 5,396,926
5.00%, 6/15/26 Baa2   500,000 512,862
NJ State Econ. Dev. Auth. Special Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Port Newark Container Term., LLC), 5.00%, 10/1/37 Baa3   2,000,000 2,323,335
NJ State Hlth. Care Fac. Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds,
(St. Peter’s U. Hosp.), 5.75%, 7/1/37
BBB−   1,500,000 1,504,539
NJ State Trans. Trust Fund Auth. Rev. Bonds        
Ser. AA, 5.00%, 6/15/38 Baa1   1,225,000 1,484,538
Ser. AA, 5.00%, 6/15/37 ### Baa1   600,000 750,380
Ser. A, 5.00%, 12/15/36 Baa1   1,000,000 1,217,026
Ser. A, 5.00%, 12/15/34 Baa1   4,920,000 6,007,499
(Federal Hwy. Reimbursement Notes), 5.00%, 6/15/30 A+   1,900,000 2,224,249
Ser. A, 4.00%, 6/15/42 ### Baa1   1,000,000 1,132,213
Ser. A, 4.00%, 6/15/39 ### Baa1   1,500,000 1,713,401
Ser. A, 4.00%, 6/15/38 ### Baa1   3,750,000 4,296,138
37,332,689
New Mexico (0.5%)
Sante Fe, Retirement Fac. Rev. Bonds        
(El Castillo Retirement Residences), Ser. A, 5.00%, 5/15/44 BB+/F   975,000 1,088,878
(El Castillo Retirement Res.), 5.00%, 5/15/42 BB+/F   1,460,000 1,476,957
2,565,835
New York (11.6%)
Metro. Trans. Auth. Rev. Bonds        
(Green Bond), Ser. C-1, 5.00%, 11/15/50 A3   1,500,000 1,785,037
Ser. C-1, 4.00%, 11/15/35 A3   1,000,000 1,107,092
Metro. Trans. Auth. Dedicated Tax Mandatory Put Bonds (6/1/22), Ser. A-2A, 0.50%, 11/1/26 AA   2,810,000 2,813,897
NY City, Transitional Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds        
Ser. C-1, 5.00%, 5/1/41 AAA   1,000,000 1,265,618
(Future Tax), Ser. C-1, 4.00%, 5/1/40 AAA   500,000 583,009
(Future Tax), Ser. C-1, 4.00%, 5/1/40 T AAA   11,825,000 13,787,844
Ser. C-1, 4.00%, 5/1/39 AAA   500,000 584,198
4.00%, 5/1/38 AAA   700,000 819,843


30 Municipal Opportunities Trust



MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
New York cont.
NY State Dorm. Auth. Personal Income Tax Rev. Bonds, Ser. D        
4.00%, 2/15/47 Aa2   $4,750,000 $5,461,127
4.00%, 2/15/40 Aa2   1,500,000 1,748,325
4.00%, 2/15/39 Aa2   1,200,000 1,401,321
NY State Dorm. Auth. Sales Tax Rev. Bonds,
(Group C), Ser. A, 5.00%, 3/15/42 T
Aa2   10,845,000 13,008,298
NY State Liberty Dev. Corp. 144A Rev. Bonds, (3 World Trade Ctr., LLC), Class 1-3, 5.00%, 11/15/44 BB−/P   2,000,000 2,182,058
NY State Trans. Special Fac. Dev. Corp. Rev. Bonds        
(Laguardia Arpt. Term. B Redev. Program), Ser. A, 5.00%, 7/1/41 Baa3   1,000,000 1,109,056
(Delta Air Lines, Inc.), 5.00%, 10/1/40 Baa3   2,000,000 2,457,516
Port Auth. of NY & NJ Rev. Bonds, Ser. 207, 5.00%, 9/15/31 Aa3   3,150,000 3,848,468
53,962,707
North Carolina (0.9%)
NC State Cap. Fac. Fin. Agcy. Edl. Fac. Rev. Bonds, (High Point U.), 4.00%, 5/1/34 A−   900,000 1,056,433
NC State Med. Care Comm. Hlth. Care Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Lutheran Svcs. for the Aging, Inc. Oblig. Group), 4.00%, 3/1/51 BB/P   2,250,000 2,412,909
NC State Med. Care Comm. Retirement Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Maryfield, Inc. Oblig. Group), 5.00%, 10/1/45 BB/P   500,000 556,813
4,026,155
Ohio (8.8%)
Akron, Income Tax Rev. Bonds        
4.00%, 12/1/37 AA−   525,000 588,963
4.00%, 12/1/36 AA−   655,000 736,168
4.00%, 12/1/35 AA−   1,260,000 1,418,114
Buckeye, Tobacco Settlement Fin. Auth. Rev. Bonds        
Ser. B-2, Class 2, 5.00%, 6/1/55 BB/P   5,155,000 5,788,715
Ser. A-2, Class 1, 4.00%, 6/1/48 BBB+   1,250,000 1,383,792
Cleveland-Cuyahoga Cnty., Port Auth. Cultural Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Playhouse Square Foundation), 5.50%, 12/1/53 BB+   500,000 577,124
Franklin Cnty., Hlth. Care Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Ohio Living)        
6.00%, 7/1/35 (Prerefunded 7/1/22) BBB/F   1,060,000 1,099,688
6.00%, 7/1/35 (Prerefunded 7/1/22) AAA/P   65,000 67,434
Franklin Cnty., Hosp. Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Nationwide Children’s Hosp.), Ser. A, 4.00%, 11/1/44 Aa2   2,050,000 2,334,975
Lancaster, Port Auth. Mandatory Put Bonds (2/1/25), Ser. A, 5.00%, 8/1/49 Aa2   2,850,000 3,243,558
Northeast Ohio Regl. Swr. Dist. Rev. Bonds,
U.S. Govt. Coll., 5.00%, 11/15/44
(Prerefunded 11/15/24) T
Aa1   10,000,000 11,402,816
OH State Higher Edl. Fac. Comm. Rev. Bonds        
(John Carroll U.), 4.00%, 10/1/50 A3   3,500,000 3,901,923
(Kenyon College 2020), 4.00%, 7/1/44 A2   3,555,000 4,041,346
OH State Private Activity Rev. Bonds, (Portsmouth Bypass), AGM, 5.00%, 12/31/35 AA   1,125,000 1,269,945


Municipal Opportunities Trust 31



MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
Ohio cont.
Scioto Cnty., Hosp. Rev. Bonds,
(Southern OH Med. Ctr.)
       
5.00%, 2/15/33 A3   $605,000 $701,452
5.00%, 2/15/32 A3   745,000 865,235
Southeastern OH Port Auth. Hosp. Fac. Rev. Bonds        
5.75%, 12/1/32 BB−/F   625,000 648,079
(Memorial Hlth. Syst. Oblig. Group), 5.50%, 12/1/43 BB−/F   120,000 129,007
Warren Cnty., Hlth. Care Fac. Rev. Bonds,
(Otterbein Homes Oblig. Group)
       
5.00%, 7/1/33 A   500,000 544,912
5.00%, 7/1/32 A   250,000 272,658
41,015,904
Oregon (1.5%)
Clackamas Cnty., Hosp. Fac. Auth. Rev. Bonds,
(Rose Villa, Inc.), Ser. A, 5.25%, 11/15/50
BB/P   1,000,000 1,095,825
Gilliam Cnty., Solid Waste Disp. Mandatory Put Bonds (5/2/22), (Waste Management, Inc.), Ser. A, 2.40%, 7/1/38 A−   2,250,000 2,270,642
Keizer, Special Assmt. Bonds, (Keizer Station), Ser. A, 5.20%, 6/1/31 Aa3   1,195,000 1,199,559
Multnomah Cnty., Hosp. Fac. Auth. Rev. Bonds, (Terwilliger Plaza, Inc.), 5.00%, 12/1/36 BB+/F   650,000 731,361
Salem, Hosp. Fac. Auth. Rev. Bonds, (Salem Hlth.), Ser. A, 5.00%, 5/15/33 A+   1,500,000 1,745,778
7,043,165
Pennsylvania (5.2%)
Allegheny Cnty., Arpt. Auth. Rev. Bonds, Ser. A, 4.00%, 1/1/56 AA   6,500,000 7,259,028
Cumberland Cnty., Muni. Auth. Rev. Bonds,
(Diakon Lutheran Social Ministries)
       
5.00%, 1/1/32 BBB+/F   200,000 226,074
5.00%, 1/1/31 BBB+/F   1,000,000 1,133,386
Lancaster Cnty., Hosp. & Hlth. Ctr. Auth. Rev. Bonds, (St. Anne’s Retirement Cmnty.)        
5.00%, 3/1/50 BB+/F   500,000 559,016
5.00%, 3/1/40 BB+/F   500,000 564,320
Lancaster Cnty., Hosp. Auth. Hlth. Care Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Moravian Manors, Inc.), Ser. A, 5.00%, 6/15/44 BB+/F   1,000,000 1,118,270
PA State Econ. Dev. Fin. Auth. Exempt Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Amtrak), Ser. A, 5.00%, 11/1/32 A1   1,000,000 1,041,824
PA State Econ. Dev. Fin. Auth. Solid Waste Disp. Mandatory Put Bonds (8/1/24), (Waste Management, Inc.), Ser. A, 1.75%, 8/1/38 A−   5,000,000 5,128,485
PA State Higher Edl. Fac. Auth. Rev. Bonds, (Gwynedd Mercy College), Ser. KK1, 5.375%, 5/1/42 BBB   500,000 508,768
PA State Tpk. Comm. Rev. Bonds, zero %, 12/1/44 A2   4,385,000 4,999,091
Philadelphia, Gas Wks. Rev. Bonds, 5.00%, 8/1/32 A   1,000,000 1,154,243
Westmoreland Cnty., Muni. Auth. Rev. Bonds, BAM, 5.00%, 8/15/27 AA   450,000 524,214
24,216,719


32 Municipal Opportunities Trust



MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
Rhode Island (0.6%)
Tobacco Settlement Fin. Corp. Rev. Bonds, Ser. B, 5.00%, 6/1/50 BBB−/P   $2,750,000 $3,015,273
3,015,273
South Carolina (2.5%)
SC State Pub. Svcs. Auth. Rev. Bonds        
Ser. A, 5.50%, 12/1/54 A2   4,000,000 4,474,622
Ser. E, 5.50%, 12/1/53 A2   1,025,000 1,124,828
Ser. B, 5.00%, 12/1/56 A2   210,000 246,476
Ser. A, 5.00%, 12/1/55 A2   2,000,000 2,272,206
Ser. C, 5.00%, 12/1/46 A2   1,120,000 1,260,154
Ser. A, 5.00%, 12/1/36 A2   2,000,000 2,343,178
11,721,464
South Dakota (0.2%)
Lincoln Cnty., Econ. Dev. Rev. Bonds,
(Augustana College Assn. (The)), 4.00%, 8/1/51
BBB−   1,000,000 1,096,178
1,096,178
Tennessee (0.5%)
Metro. Govt. Nashville & Davidson Cnty., Hlth. & Edl. Fac. Board Rev. Bonds, (Blakeford at Green Hills Oblig. Group), Ser. A, 4.00%, 11/1/45 BBB−/F   2,250,000 2,384,646
2,384,646
Texas (10.4%)
Arlington, Higher Ed. Fin. Corp. Rev. Bonds,
(Uplift Ed.), Ser. A
       
5.00%, 12/1/36 BBB−   500,000 576,449
PSFG, 5.00%, 12/1/35 AAA   500,000 597,968
Austin-Bergstrom Landhost Enterprises, Inc. Rev. Bonds        
5.00%, 10/1/35 A3   1,045,000 1,195,848
5.00%, 10/1/34 A3   530,000 607,129
Central TX Regl. Mobility Auth. Rev. Bonds, (Sr. Lien), Ser. A, 5.00%, 1/1/33 (Prerefunded 1/1/23) A3   425,000 448,325
Clifton, Higher Ed. Fin. Corp. Rev. Bonds        
(Intl. Leadership), Ser. D, 6.125%, 8/15/48 BB−/P   1,150,000 1,316,671
(IDEA Pub. Schools), 5.00%, 8/15/28 A−   300,000 352,005
Harris Cnty., Cultural Ed. Fac. Fin. Corp. Rev. Bonds        
(YMCA of the Greater Houston Area), Ser. A, 5.00%, 6/1/38 Baa2   1,500,000 1,534,494
(Brazos Presbyterian Homes, Inc.), 5.00%, 1/1/37 BBB−/F   1,000,000 1,103,644
(YMCA of the Greater Houston Area), Ser. A, 5.00%, 6/1/33 Baa2   800,000 821,877
Love Field Arpt. Modernization Corp. Rev. Bonds, AGM, 4.00%, 11/1/37 AA   4,680,000 5,501,183
Love Field, Gen. Arpt. Modernization Corp. Rev. Bonds, 5.00%, 11/1/35 A1   1,000,000 1,153,269
Lower CO River Auth. Rev. Bonds, AGM        
5.00%, 5/15/39 ## AA   1,730,000 2,162,654
5.00%, 5/15/38 ## AA   1,265,000 1,586,358
Matagorda Cnty., Poll. Control Rev. Bonds,
(Dist. No. 1), Ser. A, AMBAC, 4.40%, 5/1/30
A−   1,500,000 1,789,125


Municipal Opportunities Trust 33



MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
Texas cont.
New Hope, Cultural Ed. Fac. Fin. Corp. Rev. Bonds        
(Wesleyan Homes, Inc.), 5.50%, 1/1/43 BB−/P   $500,000 $519,791
(TX Woman’s U. CHF-Collegiate Hsg. Dining), Ser. B-1, AGM, 4.125%, 7/1/53 AA   1,000,000 1,111,431
(Woman’s U.-Collegiate Hsg. Denton, LLC), Ser. A-1, AGM, 4.125%, 7/1/53 AA   1,000,000 1,111,431
(Children’s Hlth. Syst. of TX), Ser. A, 4.00%, 8/15/34 Aa3   600,000 678,395
North TX, Tollway Auth. Rev. Bonds, (1st Tier), Ser. I, 6.50%, 1/1/43 (Prerefunded 1/1/25) A1   4,000,000 4,754,959
Tarrant Cnty., Cultural Ed. Fin. Corp. Retirement Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Buckner Retirement Svcs.), Ser. B, 5.00%, 11/15/40 A/F   2,000,000 2,297,784
TX Private Activity Surface Trans. Corp. Rev. Bonds, (Segment 3C), 5.00%, 6/30/58 Baa3   3,000,000 3,570,529
TX State Private Activity Bond Surface Trans. Corp. Rev. Bonds, (Blueridge Trans. Group, LLC
(SH 288 Toll Lane)), 5.00%, 12/31/50
Baa3   2,000,000 2,221,484
TX State Transportation Commission G.O. Bonds, 5.00% 10/1/44 (Prerefunded 10/1/24) T AAA   9,855,000 11,171,803
Uptown Dev. Auth. Tax Alloc. Bonds, Ser. A, 5.00%, 9/1/40 BBB   300,000 337,162
48,521,768
Utah (0.4%)
Mida Mountain Village Pub. Infrastructure Dist. 144A Special Assmt. Bonds, (Mountain Village Assmt. Area No. 2), 4.00%, 8/1/50 B/P   1,625,000 1,664,070
1,664,070
Virginia (1.2%)
Fairfax Cnty., Econ. Dev. Auth. Res. Care Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Goodwin House, Inc.), Ser. A, 5.00%, 10/1/42 BBB+/F   425,000 470,470
Small Bus. Fin. Auth. Private Activity Rev. Bonds, (Transform 66-P3), 5.00%, 12/31/52 Baa3   4,250,000 5,006,303
5,476,773
Washington (2.1%)
King Cnty., Public Hosp. Dist. No. 1 G.O. Bonds, (Valley Med. Ctr.), 5.00%, 12/1/38 A2   2,365,000 2,910,289
Port of Seattle, Rev. Bonds, Ser. C, 5.00%, 4/1/40 A1   875,000 969,599
Tobacco Settlement Auth. of WA Rev. Bonds, 5.25%, 6/1/32 A−   1,310,000 1,322,362
WA State Hlth. Care Fac. Auth. Mandatory Put Bonds (7/1/22), (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Ctr.), Ser. B, 1.158%, 1/1/42 A+   1,500,000 1,501,473
WA State Hsg. Fin. Comm. Rev. Bonds,
(Social Certif.), Ser. A-1, 3.50%, 12/20/35
BBB+   2,689,250 3,086,773
9,790,496
Wisconsin (2.4%)
Pub. Fin. Auth. Arpt. Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Sr. Oblig. Group), 5.25%, 7/1/28 BBB+   350,000 358,909
Pub. Fin. Auth. Conference Ctr. & Hotel Rev. Bonds, (U. of NC Charlotte Foundation), Ser. A, 4.00%, 9/1/56 BB+/P   1,000,000 1,045,330


34 Municipal Opportunities Trust




MUNICIPAL BONDS AND NOTES (136.7%)* cont. Rating** Principal amount Value
Wisconsin cont.
Pub. Fin. Auth. Higher Ed. Fac. Rev. Bonds,
(Gannon U.), 5.00%, 5/1/42
BBB+   $1,100,000 $1,268,740
Pub. Fin. Auth. Student Hsg. Fac. Rev. Bonds, (Appalachian State U.), Ser. A, AGM        
4.00%, 7/1/50 AA   700,000 776,711
4.00%, 7/1/45 AA   600,000 668,301
4.00%, 7/1/40 AA   500,000 562,196
4.00%, 7/1/38 AA   435,000 491,944
4.00%, 7/1/36 AA   340,000 385,989
4.00%, 7/1/34 AA   300,000 341,880
WI State Hlth. & Edl. Fac. Auth. Rev. Bonds        
(Hmong American Peace Academy, Ltd.), 5.00%, 3/15/50 BBB   1,000,000 1,183,461
(Three Pillars Sr. Living), 5.00%, 8/15/33 (Prerefunded 8/15/23) BBB+/F   430,000 466,196
(Advocate Aurora Hlth. Oblig. Group), Ser. A, 4.00%, 8/15/35 AA   3,000,000 3,472,278
WI State Pub. Fin. Auth Sr. Living 144A Rev. Bonds, (Mary’s Woods at Marylhurst), Ser. A, 5.25%, 5/15/37 BB/F   250,000 272,530
11,294,465
Total municipal bonds and notes (cost $596,163,675) $639,107,430

SHORT-TERM INVESTMENTS (9.5%)* Principal amount/
shares
Value
Putnam Short Term Investment Fund Class P 0.09% L Shares 43,135,524 $43,135,524
U.S. Treasury Bills 0.049%, 3/24/22 # ∆ $400,000 399,906
U.S. Treasury Bills 0.035%, 4/21/22 # § 800,000 799,763
Total short-term investments (cost $44,335,314) $44,335,193

TOTAL INVESTMENTS
Total investments (cost $640,498,989) $683,442,623
Notes to the fund’s portfolio
Unless noted otherwise, the notes to the fund’s portfolio are for the close of the fund’s reporting period, which ran from May 1, 2021 through October 31, 2021 (the reporting period). Within the following notes to the portfolio, references to “Putnam Management” represent Putnam Investment Management, LLC, the fund’s manager, an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Putnam Investments, LLC and references to “ASC 820” represent Accounting Standards Codification 820 Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.
* Percentages indicated are based on net assets of $467,416,420.
** The Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s or Fitch ratings indicated are believed to be the most recent ratings available at the close of the reporting period for the securities listed. Ratings are generally ascribed to securities at the time of issuance. While the agencies may from time to time revise such ratings, they undertake no obligation to do so, and the ratings do not necessarily represent what the agencies would ascribe to these securities at the close of the reporting period. Securities rated by Fitch are indicated by “/F.” Securities rated by Putnam are indicated by “/P.” The Putnam rating categories are comparable to the Standard & Poor’s classifications. If a security is insured, it will usually be rated by the ratings organizations based on the financial strength of the insurer.
†† The interest rate and date shown parenthetically represent the new interest rate to be paid and the date the fund will begin accruing interest at this rate.
# This security, in part or in entirety, was pledged and segregated with the broker to cover margin requirements for futures contracts at the close of the reporting period. Collateral at period end totaled $255,943 and is included in Investments in securities on the Statement of assets and liabilities (Notes 1 and 10).


Municipal Opportunities Trust 35




This security, in part or in entirety, was pledged and segregated with the custodian for collateral on certain derivative contracts at the close of the reporting period. Collateral at period end totaled $130,974 and is included in Investments in securities on the Statement of assets and liabilities (Notes 1 and 10).
§ This security, in part or in entirety, was pledged and segregated with the custodian for collateral on the initial margin on certain centrally cleared derivative contracts at the close of the reporting period. Collateral at period end totaled $716,785 and is included in Investments in securities on the Statement of assets and liabilities (Notes 1 and 10).
### When issued security (Note 1).
## Forward commitment, in part or in entirety (Note 1).
L Affiliated company (Note 6). The rate quoted in the security description is the annualized 7-day yield of the fund at the close of the reporting period.
T Underlying security in a tender option bond transaction. This security has been segregated as collateral for financing transactions.
At the close of the reporting period, the fund maintained liquid assets totaling $138,811,881 to cover certain derivative contracts, tender option bonds and the settlement of certain securities.
Unless otherwise noted, the rates quoted in Short-term investments security descriptions represent the weighted average yield to maturity.
144A after the name of an issuer represents securities exempt from registration under Rule 144A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. These securities may be resold in transactions exempt from registration, normally to qualified institutional buyers.
The dates shown parenthetically on prerefunded bonds represent the next prerefunding dates.
The dates shown on debt obligations are the original maturity dates.
The fund had the following sector concentrations greater than 10% at the close of the reporting period (as a percentage of net assets):
Health care 21.3%
State debt 19.9
Transportation 18.8
Tax bonds 16.0
Utilities 13.1
Education 11.9
Local debt 10.7

FUTURES CONTRACTS OUTSTANDING at 10/31/21 (Unaudited)
Number of
contracts
Notional
amount
Value Expiration
date
Unrealized
appreciation/
(depreciation)
U.S. Treasury Note 5 yr (Short) 279 $33,968,250 $33,968,250 Dec-21 $442,037
U.S. Treasury Note Ultra 10 yr (Short) 23 3,335,719 3,335,719 Dec-21 6,776
Unrealized appreciation 448,813
Unrealized (depreciation)
Total $448,813


36 Municipal Opportunities Trust




OTC TOTAL RETURN SWAP CONTRACTS OUTSTANDING at 10/31/21 (Unaudited)
Swap counterparty/
Notional amount
Value Upfront
premium
received
(paid)
Termination
date
Payments
received (paid)
by fund
Total return
received by
or paid by fund
Unrealized
appreciation/
(depreciation)
Morgan Stanley & Co. International PLC
  $5,000,000 $35,425 $— 11/18/21 1.16% minus Municipal Market Data Index AAA municipal yields 10 Year rate — At maturity $(35,425)
  5,000,000 40,425 11/18/21 1.15% minus Municipal Market Data Index AAA municipal yields 10 Year rate — At maturity (40,425)
  6,500,000 114,069 11/2/21 1.00% minus Municipal Market Data Index AAA municipal yields 10 Year rate — At maturity (114,068)
  2,500,000 9,735 11/18/21 1.70% minus Municipal Market Data Index AAA municipal yields 30 Year rate — At maturity 9,735
  2,500,000 9,735 11/18/21 1.70% minus Municipal Market Data Index AAA municipal yields 30 Year rate — At maturity 9,735
Upfront premium received Unrealized appreciation 19,470
Upfront premium (paid) Unrealized (depreciation) (189,918)
Total $— Total $(170,448)

CENTRALLY CLEARED TOTAL RETURN SWAP CONTRACTS OUTSTANDING at 10/31/21 (Unaudited)
Notional amount Value Upfront
premium
received
(paid)
Termination
date
Payments
received (paid)
by fund
Total return
received by
or paid by fund
Unrealized
appreciation/
(depreciation)
  $28,158,000 $590,755 $(3,319) 9/21/26 2.725% — At maturity USA Non-revised Consumer Price Index-Urban (CPI-U) — At maturity $(594,074)
Total $(3,319) $(594,074)


Municipal Opportunities Trust 37



ASC 820 establishes a three-level hierarchy for disclosure of fair value measurements. The valuation hierarchy is based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of the fund’s investments. The three levels are defined as follows:

Level 1: Valuations based on quoted prices for identical securities in active markets.

Level 2: Valuations based on quoted prices in markets that are not active or for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly.

Level 3: Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement.

The following is a summary of the inputs used to value the fund’s net assets as of the close of the reporting period:

Valuation inputs
Investments in securities: Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Municipal bonds and notes $— $639,107,430 $—
Short-term investments 44,335,193
Totals by level $— $683,442,623 $—
Valuation inputs
Other financial instruments: Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Futures contracts $448,813 $— $—
Total return swap contracts (761,203)
Totals by level $448,813 $(761,203) $—


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.


38 Municipal Opportunities Trust



Statement of assets and liabilities 10/31/21 (Unaudited)

ASSETS   
Investment in securities, at value (Notes 1 and 10):   
Unaffiliated issuers (identified cost $597,363,465)  $640,307,099 
Affiliated issuers (identified cost $43,135,524) (Notes 1 and 6)  43,135,524 
Cash  119,173 
Interest and other receivables  7,440,525 
Receivable for investments sold  625,000 
Receivable for variation margin on centrally cleared swap contracts (Note 1)  53,076 
Unrealized appreciation on OTC swap contracts (Note 1)  19,470 
Prepaid assets  36,761 
Total assets  691,736,628 
 
LIABILITIES   
Payable for investments purchased  284 
Payable for purchases of delayed delivery securities (Note 1)  24,743,436 
Payable for compensation of Manager (Note 2)  869,070 
Payable for custodian fees (Note 2)  3,793 
Payable for investor servicing fees (Note 2)  39,437 
Payable for Trustee compensation and expenses (Note 2)  197,733 
Payable for administrative services (Note 2)  658 
Payable for floating rate notes issued (Note 1)  57,602,173 
Payable for variation margin on futures contracts (Note 1)  10,151 
Distributions payable to shareholders  1,816,879 
Distributions payable to preferred shareholders (Note 1)  2,750 
Unrealized depreciation on OTC swap contracts (Note 1)  189,918 
Preferred share remarketing agent fees  28,323 
Other accrued expenses  90,603 
Total liabilities  85,595,208 
Series B remarketed preferred shares : (2,876 shares authorized and issued at $25,000 per   
share) (Note 4)  71,900,000 
Series C remarketed preferred shares: (2,673 shares authorized and issued at $25,000 per   
share) (Note 4)  66,825,000 
Net assets  $467,416,420 
 
REPRESENTED BY   
Paid-in capital — common shares (Unlimited shares authorized) (Notes 1 and 5)  $416,260,879 
Total distributable earnings (Note 1)  51,155,541 
Total — Representing net assets applicable to common shares outstanding  $467,416,420 
 
COMPUTATION OF NET ASSET VALUE   
Net asset value per common share ($467,416,420 divided by 34,127,342 shares)  $13.70 

 

*Redemption price per share is equal to net asset value less any applicable contingent deferred sales charge.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

Municipal Opportunities Trust 39 

 



Statement of operations Six months ended 10/31/21 (Unaudited)

INVESTMENT INCOME   
Interest (including interest income of $12,622 from investments in affiliated issuers) (Note 6)  $10,083,268 
Total investment income  10,083,268 
 
EXPENSES   
Compensation of Manager (Note 2)  1,710,019 
Investor servicing fees (Note 2)  119,704 
Custodian fees (Note 2)  8,759 
Trustee compensation and expenses (Note 2)  8,807 
Administrative services (Note 2)  4,026 
Interest and fees expense (Note 2)  185,778 
Preferred share remarketing agent fees  106,356 
Other  200,071 
Total expenses  2,343,520 
Expense reduction (Note 2)  (24) 
Net expenses  2,343,496 
 
Net investment income  7,739,772 
 
REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAIN (LOSS)   
Net realized gain (loss) on:   
Securities from unaffiliated issuers (Notes 1 and 3)  4,648,003 
Futures contracts (Note 1)  (109,649) 
Swap contracts (Note 1)  (1,090,526) 
Total net realized gain  3,447,828 
Change in net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on:   
Securities from unaffiliated issuers  (9,020,596) 
Futures contracts  432,003 
Swap contracts  (467,192) 
Total change in net unrealized depreciation  (9,055,785) 
 
Net loss on investments  (5,607,957) 
 
Net increase in net assets resulting from operations  2,131,815 
 
Distributions to Series B and C remarketed preferred shareholders ( Note 1):   
From ordinary income   
Tax exempt net investment income  (59,781) 
Net increase in net assets resulting from operations (applicable to common shareholders)  $2,072,034 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

40 Municipal Opportunities Trust 

 



Statement of changes in net assets

INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS  Six months ended 10/31/21*  Year ended 4/30/21 
Operations     
Net investment income  $7,739,772  $16,353,163 
Net realized gain on investments  3,447,828  7,671,455 
Change in net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)     
of investments  (9,055,785)  52,364,668 
Net increase in net assets resulting from operations  2,131,815  76,389,286 
 
Distributions to Series B and C remarketed preferred shareholders (Note 1):   
From ordinary income     
Tax exempt net investment income  (59,781)  (257,870) 
Net increase in net assets resulting from operations     
(applicable to common shareholders)  2,072,034  76,131,416 
 
Distributions to common shareholders (Note 1):     
From ordinary income     
Taxable net investment income    (941,521) 
From tax exempt net investment income  (10,870,157)  (21,738,009) 
From net realized short-term gains on investments    (596,920) 
From net realized long-term gains on investments    (2,998,241) 
Increase from issuance of common shares in connection     
with reinvestment of distributions  249,127   
Total increase (decrease) in net assets  (8,548,996)  49,856,725 
 
NET ASSETS     
Beginning of period  475,965,416  426,108,691 
End of period  $467,416,420  $475,965,416 
 
NUMBER OF FUND SHARES     
Common shares outstanding at beginning of period  34,109,686  34,109,686 
Shares issued in connection with reinvestment     
of dividends (Note 5)  17,656   
Common shares outstanding at end of period  34,127,342  34,109,686 
 
Series B Remarketed preferred shares outstanding at     
beginning and end of period  2,876  2,876 
 
Series C Remarketed preferred shares outstanding at     
beginning and end of period  2,673  2,673 

 

*Unaudited.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

Municipal Opportunities Trust 41 

 



Statement of cash flows Six months ended 10/31/21

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES   
Net increase in net assets from operations  $2,131,815 
 
Adjustments to reconcile net increase in net assets from operations to net cash used   
in operating activities:   
Purchase of investment securities  $(77,872,368) 
Proceeds from disposition of investment securities  93,338,357 
Purchase of short-term investment securities, net  (32,779,206) 
Premium amortization  2,664,877 
Accretion discount  (683,390) 
(Increase) decrease in interest and other receivables  784,610 
(Increase) decrease in receivable for investments sold  217,109 
Increase (decrease) in payable for investments purchased  18,472,218 
(Increase) decrease in prepaid asset  (4,435) 
Increase (decrease) in payable for compensation of Manager  14,087 
Increase (decrease) in payable for custodian fees  (3,952) 
Increase (decrease) in payable for investor servicing  54 
Increase (decrease) in payable for Trustee compensation and expenses  6,751 
Increase (decrease) in payable for administrative services  (767) 
Increase (decrease) in payable for preferred share remarketing fees  9,248 
Increase (decrease) in payable for other accrued expenses  (30,907) 
Net realized gain (loss) on investments  (4,648,003) 
Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on OTC swap contracts during the year  152,673 
Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments during the year  9,020,596 
Net cash used in operating activities  8,657,552 
 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES   
Increase from dividends reinvested  249,127 
Distribution to common shareholders  (10,869,452) 
Distribution to preferred shareholders  (57,943) 
Net cash provided by financing activities  (10,678,268) 
Net increase in cash  111,099 
Cash balance, beginning of year  8,074 
Cash balance, end of year  $119,173 
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information   
Interest expense during the period  $20,293 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

42 Municipal Opportunities Trust 

 



Financial highlights (For a common share outstanding throughout the period)

PER-SHARE OPERATING PERFORMANCE             
  Six months      Year ended     
  ended**           
  10/31/21  4/30/21  4/30/20  4/30/19  4/30/18  4/30/17 
Net asset value, beginning of period             
(common shares)  $13.95  $12.49  $13.26  $12.92  $12.98  $13.72 
Investment operations:             
Net investment income a  .23  .48  .54  .61  .64  .69 
Net realized and unrealized             
gain (loss) on investments  (.16)  1.76  (.56)  .36  (.14)  (.70) 
Total from investment operations  .07  2.24  (.02)  .97  .50  (.01) 
Distributions to preferred shareholders:           
From net investment income  f  (.01)  (.07)  (.07)  (.07)  (.05) 
From capital gains      (.05)  (.03)     
Total from investment operations             
(applicable to common shareholders)  .07  2.23  (.14)  .87  .43  (.06) 
Distributions to common shareholders:           
From net investment income  (.32)  (.66)  (.28)  (.47)  (.63)  (.68) 
From capital gains    (.11)  (.36)  (.17)     
Total distributions  (.32)  (.77)  (.64)  (.64)  (.63)  (.68) 
Increase from shares repurchased      .01  .11  .03  f 
Increase from preferred shares             
tender offer          .11   
Net asset value, end of period             
(common shares)  $13.70  $13.95  $12.49  $13.26  $12.92  $12.98 
Market price, end of period             
(common shares)  $13.46  $13.72  $11.63  $12.24  $11.57  $12.27 
Total return at market price (%)             
(common shares)b  0.36*  24.88  (0.19)  11.74  (0.80)  (1.19) 
Total return at net asset value (%)             
(common shares)b  0.47*  18.13  (1.22)  7.85  4.36  (0.45) 
 
RATIOS AND SUPPLEMENTAL DATA             
Net assets, end of period             
(common shares)(in thousands)  $467,416  $475,965  $426,109  $456,588  $481,134  $494,523 
Ratio of expenses to average             
net assets (including interest             
expense) (%)c,d,e  .49*  .97g  1.02g  1.14g  1.12h  1.12i 
Ratio of net investment income             
to average net assets (%)d  1.60*  3.46  3.51  4.13  4.31  4.80 
Portfolio turnover (%)  12*  22  48  41  38  22 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

Municipal Opportunities Trust 43 

 



Financial highlights cont.

* Not annualized.

** Unaudited.

a Per share net investment income has been determined on the basis of the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period.

b Total return assumes dividend reinvestment.

c Includes amounts paid through expense offset arrangements, if any (Note 2).

d Ratios reflect net assets available to common shares only; net investment income ratio also reflects reduction for dividend payments to preferred shareholders.

e Includes interest and fee expense associated with borrowings which amounted to:

October 31, 2021  0.04% 
April 30, 2021  0.08 
April 30, 2020  0.16 
April 30, 2019  0.25 
April 30, 2018  0.19 
April 30, 2017  0.10 

 

f Amount represents less than $0.01 per share.

g Reflects waiver of certain fund expenses in connection with the fund’s remarketing preferred shares during the period. As a result of such waivers, the expenses of the fund for the periods noted below (Note 2):

April 30, 2021  0.03% 
April 30, 2020  0.04 
April 30, 2019  0.01 

 

h Includes 0.04% of increased proxy solicitation and legal fees related to the 2018 annual shareholder meeting.

i Includes 0.10% of increased proxy solicitation and legal fees related to the 2017 annual shareholder meeting.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

44 Municipal Opportunities Trust 

 



Notes to financial statements 10/31/21 (Unaudited)

Within the following Notes to financial statements, references to “State Street” represent State Street Bank and Trust Company, references to “the SEC” represent the Securities and Exchange Commission, references to “Putnam Management” represent Putnam Investment Management, LLC, the fund’s manager, an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Putnam Investments, LLC and references to “OTC”, if any, represent over-the-counter. Unless otherwise noted, the “reporting period” represents the period from May 1, 2021 through October 31, 2021.

Putnam Municipal Opportunities Trust (the fund) is a Massachusetts business trust, which is registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, as a non-diversified closed-end management investment company. The fund is currently operating as a diversified fund. In the future, the fund may operate as a non-diversified fund to the extent permitted by applicable law. Under current law, shareholder approval would be required before the fund could operate as a non-diversified fund. The goal of the fund is to seek as high a level of current income exempt from federal income tax as Putnam Management believes is consistent with the preservation of capital. The fund intends to achieve its objective by investing in a portfolio of investment-grade and some below investment-grade municipal bonds selected by Putnam Management. The fund also uses leverage, primarily by issuing preferred shares in an effort to enhance the returns for the common shareholders. The fund’s shares trade on a stock exchange at market prices, which may be lower than the fund’s net asset value. The fund also uses leverage which involves risk and may increase the volatility of the fund’s net asset value.

The fund’s shares trade on a stock exchange at market prices, which may be lower than the fund’s net asset value.

In the normal course of business, the fund enters into contracts that may include agreements to indemnify another party under given circumstances. The fund’s maximum exposure under these arrangements is unknown as this would involve future claims that may be, but have not yet been, made against the fund. However, the fund’s management team expects the risk of material loss to be remote.

The fund has entered into contractual arrangements with an investment adviser, administrator, transfer agent and custodian, who each provide services to the fund. Unless expressly stated otherwise, shareholders are not parties to, or intended beneficiaries of these contractual arrangements, and these contractual arrangements are not intended to create any shareholder right to enforce them against the service providers or to seek any remedy under them against the service providers, either directly or on behalf of the fund.

Under the fund’s Amended and Restated Agreement and Declaration of Trust, any claims asserted against or on behalf of the Putnam Funds, including claims against Trustees and Officers, must be brought in state and federal courts located within the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Note 1: Significant accounting policies

The following is a summary of significant accounting policies consistently followed by the fund in the preparation of its financial statements. The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the reported amounts of increases and decreases in net assets from operations. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Subsequent events after the Statement of assets and liabilities date through the date that the financial statements were issued have been evaluated in the preparation of the financial statements.

Security valuation Portfolio securities and other investments are valued using policies and procedures adopted by the Board of Trustees. The Trustees have formed a Pricing Committee to oversee the implementation of these procedures and have delegated responsibility for valuing the fund’s assets in accordance with these procedures to Putnam Management. Putnam Management has established an internal Valuation Committee that is responsible for making fair value determinations, evaluating the effectiveness of the pricing policies of the fund and reporting to the Pricing Committee.

Tax-exempt bonds and notes are generally valued on the basis of valuations provided by an independent pricing service approved by the Trustees. Such services use information with respect to transactions in bonds, quotations from bond dealers, market transactions in comparable securities and various relationships between securities in determining value. These securities will generally be categorized as Level 2.

Investments in open-end investment companies (excluding exchange-traded funds), if any, which can be classified as Level 1 or Level 2 securities, are valued based on their net asset value. The net asset value of such investment companies equals the total value of their assets less their liabilities and divided by the number of their outstanding shares.

Municipal Opportunities Trust 45 

 



Certain investments, including certain restricted and illiquid securities and derivatives, are also valued at fair value following procedures approved by the Trustees. To assess the continuing appropriateness of fair valuations, the Valuation Committee reviews and affirms the reasonableness of such valuations on a regular basis after considering all relevant information that is reasonably available. Such valuations and procedures are reviewed periodically by the Trustees. These valuations consider such factors as significant market or specific security events such as interest rate or credit quality changes, various relationships with other securities, discount rates, U.S. Treasury, U.S. swap and credit yields, index levels, convexity exposures, recovery rates, sales and other multiples and resale restrictions. These securities are classified as Level 2 or as Level 3 depending on the priority of the significant inputs. The fair value of securities is generally determined as the amount that the fund could reasonably expect to realize from an orderly disposition of such securities over a reasonable period of time. By its nature, a fair value price is a good faith estimate of the value of a security in a current sale and does not reflect an actual market price, which may be different by a material amount.

Security transactions and related investment income Security transactions are recorded on the trade date (the date the order to buy or sell is executed). Gains or losses on securities sold are determined on the identified cost basis.

Interest income, net of any applicable withholding taxes, if any, and including amortization and accretion of premiums and discounts on debt securities, is recorded on the accrual basis.

Securities purchased or sold on a when-issued, forward commitment or delayed delivery basis may be settled at a future date beyond customary settlement time; interest income is accrued based on the terms of the securities. Losses may arise due to changes in the fair value of the underlying securities or if the counterparty does not perform under the contract.

Futures contracts The fund uses futures contracts for hedging treasury term structure risk and for yield curve positioning.

The potential risk to the fund is that the change in value of futures contracts may not correspond to the change in value of the hedged instruments. In addition, losses may arise from changes in the value of the underlying instruments, if there is an illiquid secondary market for the contracts, if interest or exchange rates move unexpectedly or if the counterparty to the contract is unable to perform. With futures, there is minimal counterparty credit risk to the fund since futures are exchange traded and the exchange’s clearinghouse, as counterparty to all exchange traded futures, guarantees the futures against default. Risks may exceed amounts recognized on the Statement of assets and liabilities. When the contract is closed, the fund records a realized gain or loss equal to the difference between the value of the contract at the time it was opened and the value at the time it was closed.

Futures contracts are valued at the quoted daily settlement prices established by the exchange on which they trade. The fund and the broker agree to exchange an amount of cash equal to the daily fluctuation in the value of the futures contract. Such receipts or payments are known as “variation margin.”

Futures contracts outstanding at period end, if any, are listed after the fund’s portfolio.

Total return swap contracts The fund entered into OTC and/or centrally cleared total return swap contracts, which are arrangements to exchange a market-linked return for a periodic payment, both based on a notional principal amount, for hedging and gaining exposure to term structure risk.

To the extent that the total return of the security, index or other financial measure underlying the transaction exceeds or falls short of the offsetting interest rate obligation, the fund will receive a payment from or make a payment to the counterparty. OTC and/or centrally cleared total return swap contracts are marked to market daily based upon quotations from an independent pricing service or market maker. Any change is recorded as an unrealized gain or loss on OTC total return swaps. Daily fluctuations in the value of centrally cleared total return swaps are settled through a central clearing agent and are recorded in variation margin on the Statement of assets and liabilities and recorded as unrealized gain or loss. Payments received or made are recorded as realized gains or losses. Certain OTC and/or centrally cleared total return swap contracts may include extended effective dates. Payments related to these swap contracts are accrued based on the terms of the contract. The fund could be exposed to credit or market risk due to unfavorable changes in the fluctuation of interest rates or in the price of the underlying security or index, the possibility that there is no liquid market for these agreements or that the counterparty may default on its obligation to perform. The fund’s maximum risk of loss from counterparty risk or central clearing risk is the fair value of the contract. This risk may be mitigated for OTC total return swap contracts by having a master netting arrangement between the fund and the counterparty and for centrally cleared total return swap contracts through the daily exchange of variation margin. There is minimal counterparty risk with respect to centrally cleared total return swap contracts due to the clearinghouse guarantee fund and

46 Municipal Opportunities Trust 

 



other resources that are available in the event of a clearing member default. Risk of loss may exceed amounts recognized on the Statement of assets and liabilities.

OTC and/or centrally cleared total return swap contracts outstanding, including their respective notional amounts at period end, if any, are listed after the fund’s portfolio.

Master agreements The fund is a party to ISDA (International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc.) Master Agreements (Master Agreements) with certain counterparties that govern OTC derivative and foreign exchange contracts entered into from time to time. The Master Agreements may contain provisions regarding, among other things, the parties’ general obligations, representations, agreements, collateral requirements, events of default and early termination. With respect to certain counterparties, in accordance with the terms of the Master Agreements, collateral pledged to the fund is held in a segregated account by the fund’s custodian and, with respect to those amounts which can be sold or repledged, is presented in the fund’s portfolio.

Collateral pledged by the fund is segregated by the fund’s custodian and identified in the fund’s portfolio. Collateral can be in the form of cash or debt securities issued by the U.S. Government or related agencies or other securities as agreed to by the fund and the applicable counterparty. Collateral requirements are determined based on the fund’s net position with each counterparty.

Termination events applicable to the fund may occur upon a decline in the fund’s net assets below a specified threshold over a certain period of time. Termination events applicable to counterparties may occur upon a decline in the counterparty’s long-term and short-term credit ratings below a specified level. In each case, upon occurrence, the other party may elect to terminate early and cause settlement of all derivative and foreign exchange contracts outstanding, including the payment of any losses and costs resulting from such early termination, as reasonably determined by the terminating party. Any decision by one or more of the fund’s counterparties to elect early termination could impact the fund’s future derivative activity.

At the close of the reporting period, the fund had a net liability position of $170,448 on open derivative contracts subject to the Master Agreements. Collateral pledged by the fund at period end for these agreements totaled $130,974 and may include amounts related to unsettled agreements.

Tender option bond transactions The fund may participate in transactions whereby a fixed-rate bond is transferred to a tender option bond trust (TOB trust) sponsored by a broker. The TOB trust funds the purchase of the fixed rate bonds by issuing floating-rate bonds to third parties and allowing the fund to retain the residual interest in the TOB trust’s assets and cash flows, which are in the form of inverse floating rate bonds. The inverse floating rate bonds held by the fund give the fund the right to (1) cause the holders of the floating rate bonds to tender their notes at par, and (2) to have the fixed-rate bond held by the TOB trust transferred to the fund, causing the TOB trust to collapse. The fund accounts for the transfer of the fixed-rate bond to the TOB trust as a secured borrowing by including the fixed-rate bond in the fund’s portfolio and including the floating rate bond as a liability in the Statement of assets and liabilities. At the close of the reporting period, the fund’s investments with a value of $95,371,254 were held by the TOB trust and served as collateral for $57,602,173 in floating-rate bonds outstanding. For the reporting period ended, the fund incurred interest expense of $20,293 for these investments based on an average interest rate of 0.07%.

Federal taxes It is the policy of the fund to distribute all of its income within the prescribed time period and otherwise comply with the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the Code), applicable to regulated investment companies. It is also the intention of the fund to distribute an amount sufficient to avoid imposition of any excise tax under Section 4982 of the Code.

The fund is subject to the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification 740 Income Taxes (ASC 740). ASC 740 sets forth a minimum threshold for financial statement recognition of the benefit of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. The fund did not have a liability to record for any unrecognized tax benefits in the accompanying financial statements. No provision has been made for federal taxes on income, capital gains or unrealized appreciation on securities held nor for excise tax on income and capital gains. Each of the fund’s federal tax returns for the prior three fiscal years remains subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service.

Tax cost of investments includes adjustments to net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) which may not necessarily be final tax cost basis adjustments, but closely approximate the tax basis unrealized gains and losses that may be realized and distributed to shareholders. The aggregate identified cost on a tax basis is $640,445,976, resulting in gross unrealized appreciation and depreciation of $49,805,610 and $7,121,353, respectively, or net unrealized appreciation of $42,684,257.

Municipal Opportunities Trust 47 

 



Distributions to shareholders Distributions to common and preferred shareholders from net investment income are recorded by the fund on the ex-dividend date. Distributions from capital gains, if any, are recorded on the ex-dividend date and paid at least annually. The fund used targeted distribution rates to its common shareholders. Distributions are sourced first from tax-exempt and ordinary income. The balance of the distributions, if any, comes next from capital gain and then will constitute a return of capital. A return of capital is not taxable; rather it reduces a shareholder’s tax basis in their shares of the fund. The fund may make return of capital distributions to achieve the targeted distribution rates. Dividends on remarketed preferred shares become payable when, as and if declared by the Trustees. Each dividend period for the remarketed preferred shares is generally a 7 day period. The applicable dividend rate for the remarketed preferred shares on October 31, 2021 was 0.079% for Series B and 0.088% for Series C shares. The amount and character of income and gains to be distributed are determined in accordance with income tax regulations, which may differ from generally accepted accounting principles. Dividend sources are estimated at the time of declaration. Actual results may vary. Any non-taxable return of capital cannot be determined until final tax calculations are completed after the end of the fund’s fiscal year. Reclassifications are made to the fund’s capital accounts to reflect income and gains available for distribution (or available capital loss carryovers) under income tax regulations.

During the reporting period, the fund has experienced unsuccessful remarketings of its remarketed preferred shares. As a result, dividends to the remarketed preferred shares have been paid at the“maximum dividend rate,” pursuant to the fund’s by-laws, which, based on the current credit quality of the remarketed preferred shares, equals 110% of the higher of the 30-day “AA” composite commercial paper rate and the taxable equivalent of the short-term municipal bond rate.

Determination of net asset value Net asset value of the common shares is determined by dividing the value of all assets of the fund, less all liabilities and the liquidation preference (redemption value of preferred shares, plus accumulated and unpaid dividends) of any outstanding remarketed preferred shares, by the total number of common shares outstanding as of period end.

Note 2: Management fee, administrative services and other transactions

The fund pays Putnam Management for management and investment advisory services quarterly based on the average net assets of the fund, including assets attributable to preferred shares. Such fee is based on the following annual rates based on the average weekly net assets attributable to common and preferred shares.

The lesser of (i) 0.550% of average net assets attributable to common and preferred shares outstanding, or (ii) the following rates:

  of the first $500 million of average    of the next $5 billion of average weekly 
0.650%  weekly net assets,  0.425%  net assets, 
  of the next $500 million of average    of the next $5 billion of average weekly 
0.550%  weekly net assets,  0.405%  net assets, 
  of the next $500 million of average    of the next $5 billion of average weekly 
0.500%  weekly net assets,  0.390%  net assets and 
  of the next $5 billion of average weekly  0.380%  of any excess thereafter. 
0.450%  net assets,     

 

For the reporting period, the management fee represented an effective rate (excluding the impact from any expense waivers in effect) of 0.277% of the fund’s average net assets attributable to common and preferred shares outstanding.

If dividends payable on remarketed preferred shares during any dividend payment period plus any expenses attributable to remarketed preferred shares for that period exceed the fund’s gross income attributable to the proceeds of the remarketed preferred shares during that period, then the fee payable to Putnam Management for that period will be reduced by the amount of the excess (but not more than the effective management fees rate under the contract multiplied by the liquidation preference of the remarketed preferred shares outstanding during the period). Any amount in excess of the fee payable to Putnam Management for a given period will be used to reduce any subsequent fee payable to Putnam Management, as may be necessary. For the reporting period, Putnam Management did not reimburse monies to the fund.

Putnam Investments Limited (PIL), an affiliate of Putnam Management, is authorized by the Trustees to manage a separate portion of the assets of the fund as determined by Putnam Management from time to time. PIL did not manage any portion of the assets of the fund during the reporting period. If Putnam Management were to engage

48 Municipal Opportunities Trust 

 



the services of PIL, Putnam Management would pay a quarterly sub-management fee to PIL for its services at an annual rate of 0.40% of the average net assets of the portion of the fund managed by PIL.

The fund reimburses Putnam Management an allocated amount for the compensation and related expenses of certain officers of the fund and their staff who provide administrative services to the fund. The aggregate amount of all such reimbursements is determined annually by the Trustees.

Custodial functions for the fund’s assets are provided by State Street. Custody fees are based on the fund’s asset level, the number of its security holdings and transaction volumes.

Putnam Investor Services, Inc., an affiliate of Putnam Management, provides investor servicing agent functions to the fund. Putnam Investor Services, Inc. was paid a monthly fee for investor servicing at an annual rate of 0.05% of the fund’s average daily net assets. The amounts incurred for investor servicing agent functions during the reporting period are included in Investor servicing fees in the Statement of operations.

The fund has entered into expense offset arrangements with Putnam Investor Services, Inc. and State Street whereby Putnam Investor Services, Inc.’s and State Street’s fees are reduced by credits allowed on cash balances. For the reporting period, the fund’s expenses were reduced by $24 under the expense offset arrangements.

Each Independent Trustee of the fund receives an annual Trustee fee, of which $311, as a quarterly retainer, has been allocated to the fund, and an additional fee for each Trustees meeting attended. Trustees also are reimbursed for expenses they incur relating to their services as Trustees.

The fund has adopted a Trustee Fee Deferral Plan (the Deferral Plan) which allows the Trustees to defer the receipt of all or a portion of Trustees fees payable on or after July 1, 1995. The deferred fees remain invested in certain Putnam funds until distribution in accordance with the Deferral Plan.

The fund has adopted an unfunded noncontributory defined benefit pension plan (the Pension Plan) covering all Trustees of the fund who have served as a Trustee for at least five years and were first elected prior to 2004. Benefits under the Pension Plan are equal to 50% of the Trustee’s average annual attendance and retainer fees for the three years ended December 31, 2005. The retirement benefit is payable during a Trustee’s lifetime, beginning the year following retirement, for the number of years of service through December 31, 2006. Pension expense for the fund is included in Trustee compensation and expenses in the Statement of operations. Accrued pension liability is included in Payable for Trustee compensation and expenses in the Statement of assets and liabilities. The Trustees have terminated the Pension Plan with respect to any Trustee first elected after 2003.

Note 3: Purchases and sales of securities

During the reporting period, the cost of purchases and the proceeds from sales, excluding short-term investments, were as follows:

  Cost of purchases  Proceeds from sales 
Investments in securities (Long-term)  $77,872,368  $93,338,357 
U.S. government securities (Long-term)     
Total  $77,872,368  $93,338,357 

 

The fund may purchase or sell investments from or to other Putnam funds in the ordinary course of business, which can reduce the fund’s transaction costs, at prices determined in accordance with SEC requirements and policies approved by the Trustees. During the reporting period, purchases or sales of long-term securities from or to other Putnam funds, if any, did not represent more than 5% of the fund’s total cost of purchases and/or total proceeds from sales.

Note 4: Preferred Shares

The Series B (2,876) and C (2,673) Remarketed Preferred shares are redeemable at the option of the fund on any dividend payment date at a redemption price of $25,000 per share, plus an amount equal to any dividends accumulated on a daily basis but unpaid through the redemption date (whether or not such dividends have been declared) and, in certain circumstances, a call premium.

It is anticipated that dividends paid to holders of remarketed preferred shares will be considered tax-exempt dividends under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. To the extent that the fund earns taxable income and capital gains by the conclusion of a fiscal year, it may be required to apportion to the holders of the remarketed preferred shares throughout that year additional dividends as necessary to result in an after-tax equivalent to the applicable dividend rate for the period.

Municipal Opportunities Trust 49 

 



Under the Investment Company Act of 1940, the fund is required to maintain asset coverage of at least 200% with respect to the remarketed preferred shares. Additionally, the fund’s bylaws impose more stringent asset coverage requirements and restrictions relating to the rating of the remarketed preferred shares by the shares’ rating agencies. Should these requirements not be met, or should dividends accrued on the remarketed preferred shares not be paid, the fund may be restricted in its ability to declare dividends to common shareholders or may be required to redeem certain of the remarketed preferred shares. At period end, no such restrictions have been placed on the fund.

Note 5: Shares repurchased

In September 2021, the Trustees approved the renewal of the repurchase program to allow the fund to repurchase up to 10% of its outstanding common shares over the 365 day period ending September 30, 2022 (based on shares outstanding as of September 30, 2021). Prior to this renewal, the Trustees had approved a repurchase program to allow the fund to repurchase up to 10% of its outstanding common shares over the 365 day period ending September 30, 2021 (based on shares outstanding as of September 30, 2020). Repurchases are made when the fund’s shares are trading at less than net asset value and in accordance with procedures approved by the fund’s Trustees. At Putnam’s recommendation, the share repurchase program was temporarily suspended on March 24, 2020 and reinstated July 1, 2020.

For the reporting period, the fund did not repurchase any of its outstanding common shares. For the previous fiscal year, the fund did not repurchase any of its outstanding common shares.

At the close of the reporting period, Putnam Investments, LLC owned approximately 1,491 shares of the fund (0.004% of the fund’s shares outstanding), valued at $20,427 based on net asset value.

Note 6: Affiliated transactions

Transactions during the reporting period with any company which is under common ownership or control were as follows:

          Shares 
          outstanding 
          and fair 
  Fair value as  Purchase  Sale  Investment  value as 
Name of affiliate  of 4/30/21  cost  proceeds  income  of 10/31/21 
Short-term investments           
Putnam Short Term           
Investment Fund*  $9,451,627  $84,139,542  $50,455,645  $12,622  $43,135,524 
Total Short-term           
investments  $9,451,627  $84,139,542  $50,455,645  $12,622  $43,135,524 

 

* Management fees charged to Putnam Short Term Investment Fund have been waived by Putnam Management. There were no realized or unrealized gains or losses during the period.

Note 7: Market, credit and other risks

In the normal course of business, the fund trades financial instruments and enters into financial transactions where risk of potential loss exists due to changes in the market (market risk) or failure of the contracting party to the transaction to perform (credit risk). The fund may be exposed to additional credit risk that an institution or other entity with which the fund has unsettled or open transactions will default. The fund may invest in higher-yielding, lower-rated bonds that may have a higher rate of default.

On July 27, 2017, the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”), which regulates LIBOR, announced a desire to phase out the use of LIBOR by the end of 2021. On March 5, 2021, the FCA and LIBOR’s administrator, ICE Benchmark Administration, announced that most LIBOR settings will no longer be published after the end of 2021 and a majority of U.S. dollar LIBOR settings will no longer be published after June 30, 2023. LIBOR has historically been a common benchmark interest rate index used to make adjustments to variable-rate loans. It is used throughout global banking and financial industries to determine interest rates for a variety of financial instruments and borrowing arrangements. The transition process might lead to increased volatility and illiquidity in markets that currently rely on LIBOR to determine interest rates. It could also lead to a reduction in the value of some LIBOR-based investments and reduce the effectiveness of new hedges placed against existing LIBOR-based investments. While some LIBOR-based instruments may contemplate a scenario where LIBOR is no

50 Municipal Opportunities Trust 

 



longer available by providing for an alternative rate-setting methodology, not all may have such provisions and there may be significant uncertainty regarding the effectiveness of any such alternative methodologies. Since the usefulness of LIBOR as a benchmark could deteriorate during the transition period, these effects could occur prior to the date on which the applicable rate ceases to be published.

Beginning in January 2020, global financial markets have experienced, and may continue to experience, significant volatility resulting from the spread of a virus known as Covid–19. The outbreak of Covid–19 has resulted in travel and border restrictions, quarantines, supply chain disruptions, lower consumer demand, and general market uncertainty. The effects of Covid–19 have adversely affected, and may continue to adversely affect, the global economy, the economies of certain nations, and individual issuers, all of which may negatively impact the fund’s performance.

Note 8: Summary of derivative activity

The volume of activity for the reporting period for any derivative type that was held during the period is listed below and was based on an average of the holdings at the end of each fiscal quarter:

Futures contracts (number of contracts)  300 
OTC total return swap contracts (notional)  $22,300,000 
Centrally cleared total return swap contracts (notional)  $28,200,000 

 

The following is a summary of the fair value of derivative instruments as of the close of the reporting period:

Fair value of derivative instruments as of the close of the reporting period   
  ASSET DERIVATIVES LIABILITY DERIVATIVES
Derivatives not         
accounted for as  Statement of    Statement of   
hedging instruments  assets and    assets and   
under ASC 815  liabilities location  Fair value  liabilities location  Fair value 
Interest rate contracts  Receivables  $468,283*  Payables  $780,673* 
Total    $468,283    $780,673 

 

* Includes cumulative appreciation/depreciation of futures contracts and/or centrally cleared swaps as reported in the fund’s portfolio. Only current day’s variation margin is reported within the Statement of assets and liabilities.

The following is a summary of realized and change in unrealized gains or losses of derivative instruments in the Statement of operations for the reporting period (Note 1):

Amount of realized gain or (loss) on derivatives recognized in net gain or (loss) on investments   
Derivatives not accounted for as hedging       
instruments under ASC 815  Futures  Swaps  Total 
Interest rate contracts  $(109,649)  $(1,090,526)  $(1,200,175) 
Total  $(109,649)  $(1,090,526)  $(1,200,175) 
 
Change in unrealized appreciation or (depreciation) on derivatives recognized in net gain or (loss) 
on investments       
Derivatives not accounted for as hedging       
instruments under ASC 815  Futures  Swaps  Total 
Interest rate contracts  $432,003  $(467,192)  $(35,189) 
Total  $432,003  $(467,192)  $(35,189) 

 

Note 9: New accounting pronouncements

In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2020–04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) — Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. The amendments in ASU 2020–04 provide optional temporary financial reporting relief from the effect

Municipal Opportunities Trust 51 

 



of certain types of contract modifications due to the planned discontinuation of LIBOR and other interbank-offered based reference rates as of the end of 2021. The discontinuation of LIBOR was subsequently extended to June 30, 2023. ASU 2020–04 is effective for certain reference rate-related contract modifications that occur during the period March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. Management is currently evaluating the impact, if any, of applying this provision.

Note 10: Offsetting of financial and derivative assets and liabilities

The following table summarizes any derivatives, repurchase agreements and reverse repurchase agreements, at the end of the reporting period, that are subject to an enforceable master netting agreement or similar agreement. For securities lending transactions or borrowing transactions associated with securities sold short, if any, see Note 1. For financial reporting purposes, the fund does not offset financial assets and financial liabilities that are subject to the master netting agreements in the Statement of assets and liabilities.

  Credit Suisse       
  Securities (USA),    Morgan Stanley &   
  LLC (clearing  JPMorgan  Co. International   
  broker)  Securities LLC  PLC  Total 
Assets:         
OTC Total return swap contracts*#  $—  $—  $19,470  $19,470 
Centrally cleared total return  53,076      53,076 
swap contracts§         
Futures contracts§         
Total Assets  $53,076  $—  $19,470  $72,546 
Liabilities:         
OTC Total return swap contracts*#      189,918  189,918 
Centrally cleared total return         
swap contracts§         
Futures contracts§    10,151    10,151 
Total Liabilities  $—  $10,151  $189,918  $200,069 
Total Financial and Derivative  $53,076  $(10,151)  $(170,448)  $(127,523) 
Net Assets         
Total collateral received (pledged)†##  $—  $—  $(130,974)   
Net amount  $53,076  $(10,151)  $(39,474)   
Controlled collateral received         
(including TBA commitments)**  $—  $—  $—  $— 
Uncontrolled collateral received  $—  $—  $—  $— 
Collateral (pledged) (including         
TBA commitments)**  $—  $—  $(130,974)  $(130,974) 

 

* Excludes premiums, if any. Included in unrealized appreciation and depreciation on OTC swap contracts on the Statement of assets and liabilities.

** Included with Investments in securities on the Statement of assets and liabilities.

Additional collateral may be required from certain brokers based on individual agreements.

# Covered by master netting agreement (Note 1).

##Any over-collateralization of total financial and derivative net assets is not shown. Collateral may include amounts related to unsettled agreements.

§ Includes current day’s variation margin only as reported on the Statement of assets and liabilities, which is not collateralized. Cumulative appreciation/(depreciation) for futures contracts and centrally cleared swap contracts is represented in the tables listed after the fund’s portfolio. Collateral pledged for initial margin on futures contracts and centrally cleared swap contracts, which is not included in the table above, amounted to $255,943 and $716,785, respectively.

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Shareholder meeting results (Unaudited)

April 20, 2021 annual meeting

At the meeting, a proposal to fix the number of Trustees at 11 was approved as follows:

Votes for  Votes against  Abstentions 
27,410,769  724,663  538,893 

 

At the meeting, each of the nominees for Trustees was elected as follows:

  Votes for  Votes withheld 
Liaquat Ahamed  27,753,171  920,801 
Ravi Akhoury  27,801,071  872,902 
Barbara M. Baumann  23,790,395  4,883,578 
Catharine Bond Hill  27,796,090  877,883 
Paul L. Joskow  23,395,589  5,278,384 
Kenneth R. Leibler  23,723,257  4,950,716 
Robert L. Reynolds  27,973,517  700,456 
Manoj P. Singh  27,837,219  836,754 
Mona K. Sutphen  27,752,960  921,013 

 

A quorum was not present with respect to the matter of electing two Trustees to be voted on by the preferred shareholders voting as a separate class. As a result, in accordance with the fund’s Declaration of Trust and Bylaws, independent Trustees Katinka Domotorffy and George Putnam III remain in office and continue to serve as Trustees.

All tabulations are rounded to the nearest whole number.

Municipal Opportunities Trust 53 

 



Putnam family of funds

The following is a list of Putnam’s open-end mutual funds offered to the public. Investors should carefully consider the investment objective, risks, charges, and expenses of a fund before investing. For a prospectus, or a summary prospectus if available, containing this and other information for any Putnam fund or product, contact your financial advisor or call Putnam Investor Services at 1-800-225-1581. Please read the prospectus carefully before investing.

Blend  Income 
Emerging Markets Equity Fund  Convertible Securities Fund 
Focused Equity Fund  Diversified Income Trust 
Focused International Equity Fund  Floating Rate Income Fund 
International Capital Opportunities Fund  Global Income Trust 
International Equity Fund  Government Money Market Fund* 
Multi-Cap Core Fund  High Yield Fund 
Research Fund  Income Fund 
Money Market Fund 
Global Sector  Mortgage Opportunities Fund 
Global Health Care Fund  Mortgage Securities Fund 
Global Technology Fund  Short Duration Bond Fund 
Ultra Short Duration Income Fund 
Growth   
Growth Opportunities Fund  Tax-free Income 
Small Cap Growth Fund  Intermediate-Term Municipal Income Fund 
Sustainable Future Fund  Short-Term Municipal Income Fund 
Sustainable Leaders Fund  Strategic Intermediate Municipal Fund 
Tax Exempt Income Fund 
Value  Tax-Free High Yield Fund 
International Value Fund   
Large Cap Value Fund  State tax-free income funds: 
Small Cap Value Fund  California, Massachusetts, Minnesota, 
  New Jersey, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. 

 

54 Municipal Opportunities Trust 

 



Absolute Return  Asset Allocation (cont.) 
Fixed Income Absolute Return Fund  Putnam Retirement Advantage Maturity Fund 
Multi-Asset Absolute Return Fund  Putnam Retirement Advantage 2065 Fund 
  Putnam Retirement Advantage 2060 Fund 
Putnam PanAgora§  Putnam Retirement Advantage 2055 Fund 
Putnam PanAgora Risk Parity Fund  Putnam Retirement Advantage 2050 Fund 
  Putnam Retirement Advantage 2045 Fund 
Asset Allocation  Putnam Retirement Advantage 2040 Fund 
Dynamic Risk Allocation Fund  Putnam Retirement Advantage 2035 Fund 
George Putnam Balanced Fund  Putnam Retirement Advantage 2030 Fund 
  Putnam Retirement Advantage 2025 Fund 
Dynamic Asset Allocation Balanced Fund 
Dynamic Asset Allocation Conservative Fund  RetirementReady® Maturity Fund 
Dynamic Asset Allocation Growth Fund  RetirementReady® 2065 Fund 
  RetirementReady® 2060 Fund 
  RetirementReady® 2055 Fund 
  RetirementReady® 2050 Fund 
  RetirementReady® 2045 Fund 
  RetirementReady® 2040 Fund 
  RetirementReady® 2035 Fund 
  RetirementReady® 2030 Fund 
  RetirementReady® 2025 Fund 
 

 

* You could lose money by investing in the fund. Although the fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it cannot guarantee it will do so. An investment in the fund is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The fund’s sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the fund at any time.

You could lose money by investing in the fund. Although the fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it cannot guarantee it will do so. The fund may impose a fee upon sale of your shares or may temporarily suspend your ability to sell shares if the fund’s liquidity falls below required minimums because of market conditions or other factors. An investment in the fund is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The fund’s sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the fund at any time.

Not available in all states.

§ Sub-advised by PanAgora Asset Management.

Check your account balances and the most recent month-end performance in the Individual Investors section at putnam.com.

Municipal Opportunities Trust 55 

 



Fund information

Founded over 80 years ago, Putnam Investments was built around the concept that a balance between risk and reward is the hallmark of a well-rounded financial program. We manage funds across income, value, blend, growth, sustainable, asset allocation, absolute return, and global sector categories.

Investment Manager  Trustees  Jonathan S. Horwitz 
Putnam Investment  Kenneth R. Leibler, Chair  Executive Vice President, 
Management, LLC  Liaquat Ahamed  Principal Executive Officer, 
100 Federal Street  Ravi Akhoury  and Compliance Liaison 
Boston, Massachusetts 02110  Barbara M. Baumann   
  Katinka Domotorffy  Richard T. Kircher 
Investment Sub-Advisor  Catharine Bond Hill  Vice President and BSA 
Putnam Investments Limited  Paul L. Joskow  Compliance Officer 
16 St James’s Street  George Putnam, III 
London, England SW1A 1ER  Robert L. Reynolds  Susan G. Malloy 
Manoj P. Singh  Vice President and 
Marketing Services  Mona K. Sutphen  Assistant Treasurer 
Putnam Retail Management   
Limited Partnership  Officers  Denere P. Poulack 
100 Federal Street  Robert L. Reynolds  Assistant Vice President, 
Boston, Massachusetts 02110  President  Assistant Clerk, and 
    Assistant Treasurer 
Custodian  James F. Clark 
State Street Bank  Vice President, Chief Compliance  Janet C. Smith 
and Trust Company  Officer, and Chief Risk Officer  Vice President, 
Principal Financial Officer, 
Legal Counsel  Nancy E. Florek  Principal Accounting Officer, 
Ropes & Gray LLP  Vice President, Director of  and Assistant Treasurer 
  Proxy Voting and Corporate 
  Governance, Assistant Clerk,  Stephen J. Tate 
  and Assistant Treasurer  Vice President and 
    Chief Legal Officer 
  Michael J. Higgins 
  Vice President, Treasurer,  Mark C. Trenchard 
  and Clerk  Vice President 

 

56 Municipal Opportunities Trust 

 



Call 1-800-225-1581 Monday through Friday between 8:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time, or visit putnam.com anytime for up-to-date information about the fund’s NAV.




Item 2. Code of Ethics:
Not Applicable

Item 3. Audit Committee Financial Expert:
Not Applicable

Item 4. Principal Accountant Fees and Services:
Not Applicable

Item 5. Audit Committee
Not Applicable

Item 6. Schedule of Investments:
The registrant’s schedule of investments in unaffiliated issuers is included in the report to shareholders in Item 1 above.

Item 7. Disclosure of Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures For Closed-End Management Investment Companies:
Not applicable

Item 8. Portfolio Managers of Closed-End Management Investment Companies
(a) Not applicable

(b) There have been no changes to the list of the registrant’s identified portfolio managers included in the registrant’s report on Form N-CSR for the most recent completed fiscal year.

Item 9. Purchases of Equity Securities by Closed-End Management Investment Companies and Affiliated Purchasers:

Registrant Purchase of Equity Securities


Maximum
Total Number Number (or
of Shares Approximate
Purchased Dollar Value)
as Part of Shares
of Publicly that May Yet Be
Total Number Average Announced Purchased
of Shares Price Paid Plans or under the Plans
Period Purchased per Share Programs* or Programs**

May 1 —
May 31, 2021
3,410,969
June 1 —
June 30, 2021
3,410,969
July 1 —
July 31, 2021
3,410,969
August 1 —
August 31, 2021
3,410,969
September 1 —
September 30, 2021
3,410,969
October 1 —
October 31, 2021
3,412,734

*  In October 2005, the Board of Trustees of the Putnam Funds initiated the closed-end fund share repurchase program, which, as subsequently amended, authorized the fund to repurchase of up to 10% of its fund’s outstanding common shares over the two-years ending October 5, 2007. The Trustees have subsequently renewed the program on an annual basis. The program renewed by the Board in September 2020, which was in effect between October 1, 2020 and September 30, 2021, allowed the fund to repurchase up to 3,410,969 of its shares. The program renewed by the Board in September 2021, which is in effect between October 1, 2021 and September 30, 2022, allows the fund to repurchase up to 3,412,734 of its shares.

** Information prior to October 1, 2021, is based on the total number of shares eligible for repurchase under the program, as amended through September 2020. Information from October 1, 2021 forward is based on the total number of shares eligible for repurchase under the program, as amended through September 2021.

Item 10. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders:
Not applicable

Item 11. Controls and Procedures:
(a) The registrant’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded, based on their evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures as of a date within 180 days of the filing date of this report, that the design and operation of such procedures are generally effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by the registrant in this report is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms.

(b) Changes in internal control over financial reporting: Not applicable

Item 12. Disclosures of Securities Lending Activities for Closed-End Investment Companies:
Not Applicable

Item 13. Exhibits:
(a)(1) Not applicable

(a)(2) Separate certifications for the principal executive officer and principal financial officer of the registrant as required by Rule 30a-2(a) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, are filed herewith.

(a)(3) 19(a) Notices to Beneficial Owners are filed herewith.

(b) The certifications required by Rule 30a-2(b) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, are filed herewith.

SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Investment Company Act of 1940, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

Putnam Municipal Opportunities Trust
By (Signature and Title):
/s/ Janet C. Smith
Janet C. Smith
Principal Accounting Officer

Date: December 28, 2021
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Investment Company Act of 1940, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

By (Signature and Title):
/s/ Jonathan S. Horwitz
Jonathan S. Horwitz
Principal Executive Officer

Date: December 28, 2021
By (Signature and Title):
/s/ Janet C. Smith
Janet C. Smith
Principal Financial Officer

Date: December 28, 2021


Certifications

I, Jonathan S. Horwitz, the Principal Executive Officer of the funds listed on Attachment A, certify that:

1. I have reviewed each report on Form N-CSR of the funds listed on Attachment A:

2. Based on my knowledge, each report does not contain any untrue statements of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by each report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in each report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations, changes in net assets, and cash flows (if the financial statements are required to include a statement of cash flows) of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in each report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 30a-3(c) under the Investment Company Act of 1940) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 30a-3(d) under the Investment Company Act of 1940) for the registrant and have:

a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which each report is being prepared;

b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of a date within 180 days prior to the filing date of each report based on such evaluation; and

d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal half-year that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed to each registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of each registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect each registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize, and report financial information; and

b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in each registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: December 28, 2021

/s/ Jonathan S. Horwitz
_______________________
Jonathan S. Horwitz
Principal Executive Officer














Certifications

I, Janet C. Smith, the Principal Financial Officer of the funds listed on Attachment A, certify that:

1. I have reviewed each report on Form N-CSR of the funds listed on Attachment A:

2. Based on my knowledge, each report does not contain any untrue statements of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by each report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in each report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations, changes in net assets, and cash flows (if the financial statements are required to include a statement of cash flows) of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in each report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 30a-3(c) under the Investment Company Act of 1940) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 30a-3(d) under the Investment Company Act of 1940) for the registrant and have:

a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which each report is being prepared;

b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of a date within 180 days prior to the filing date of each report based on such evaluation; and

d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal half-year that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed to each registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of each registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect each registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize, and report financial information; and

b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in each registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: December 28, 2021

/s/ Janet C. Smith
_______________________
Janet C. Smith
Principal Financial Officer















Attachment A

Period (s) ended October 31, 2021

               Putnam Convertible Securities Fund
               Putnam Fixed Income Absolute Return Fund
               Putnam Focused International Equity Fund
               Putnam Global Income Trust
               Putnam Income Fund
               Putnam Large Cap Value Fund
               Putnam Managed Municipal Income Trust
               Putnam Multi-Asset Absolute Return Fund
               Putnam Multi-Cap Core Fund
               Putnam Municipal Opportunities Trust
               Putnam Short Duration Bond Fund
               Putnam Sustainable Future Fund

Sources of fund distributions

19(a) Notice

The table below provides an estimate of the sources of the Fund’s current distribution and its cumulative distributions paid this fiscal year-to-date. Amounts are expressed on a per share of common stock basis, and as a percentage of the distribution amount.

        Estimated sources and percentages of distributions 
        Short-  Long-    Net  Short-  Long-   
    Per share  Net  term  term    invest-  term  term   
    distribution  investment  capital  capital  Return of  ment  capital  capital  Return of 
Ticker  Time period  (July)  income  gains  gains  capital  income  gains  gains  capital 
PMM                     
(FYE 10/31)  Current month  $0.0320  $0.0262  $0.0058  $—  $—  81.9%  18.1%  0.0%  0.0% 
  Fiscal YTD  $0.2880  $0.2387  $0.0238  $—  $0.0255  82.9%  8.3%  0.0%  8.9% 
PMO                     
(FYE 4/30)  Current month  $0.0531  $0.0531  $—  $—  $—  100.0%  0.0%  0.0%  0.0% 
  Fiscal YTD  $0.1593  $0.1593  $—  $—  $—  100.0%  0.0%  0.0%  0.0% 

 

The table below provides information regarding distributions and total return performance for various periods.

Data as of 6/30/21

  Annualized  Cumulative 
  5-year return  Current distribution  Fiscal YTD return  Fiscal YTD distribution 
Ticker  at NAV  rate at NAV*    at NAV  rate at NAV 
PMM (FYE 10/31)  5.22%  4.56%    9.93%  4.56% 
PMO (FYE 4/30)  5.18  4.52    1.84  4.52 

 

Performance includes the deduction of management fees and administrative expenses, assumes reinvestment of distributions, and does not account for taxes.

* Most recent distribution annualized and divided by NAV at the end of the period.

Total fiscal period distributions annualized and divided by NAV at the end of the period.

You should not draw any conclusions about the Fund’s investment performance from the amount of this distribution or from the terms of the Fund’s Distribution Policy.

The Fund estimates that it has distributed more than its income and net realized capital gains; therefore, a portion of your distribution may be a return of capital. A return of capital may occur, for example, when some or all of the money that you invested in the Fund is paid back to you. A return of capital distribution does not necessarily reflect the Fund’s investment performance and should not be confused with “yield” or “income.”

The amounts and sources of distributions reported in this 19(a) Notice are only estimates and are not being provided for tax reporting purposes. The actual amounts and sources of the amounts for tax reporting purposes will depend on the Fund’s investment experience during the remainder of its fiscal year and may be subject to changes based on tax regulations. The Fund will send you a Form 1099-Div for the calendar year that will tell you how to report these distributions for federal income tax purposes.

Please call your financial advisor with any questions.

SU006_BW 326885 7/21 

 



Sources of fund distributions

19(a) Notice

The table below provides an estimate of the sources of the Fund’s current distribution and its cumulative distributions paid this fiscal year-to-date. Amounts are expressed on a per share of common stock basis and as a percentage of the distribution amount.

        Estimated sources and percentages of distributions 
        Short-  Long-    Net  Short-  Long-   
    Per share  Net  term  term    invest-  term  term   
    distribution  investment  capital  capital  Return of  ment  capital  capital  Return of 
Ticker  Time period  (Aug)  income  gains  gains  capital  income  gains  gains  capital 
PMM (FYE                     
10/31)  Current month  $0.0320  $0.0255  $0.0065  $—  $—  79.7%  20.3%  0.0%  0.0% 
  Fiscal YTD  $0.3200  $0.2642  $0.0303  $—  $0.0255  82.6%  9.5%  0.0%  8.0% 
PMO (FYE                     
4/30)  Current month  $0.0531  $0.0531  $—  $—  $—  100.0%  0.0%  0.0%  0.0% 
  Fiscal YTD  $0.2124  $0.2124  $—  $—  $—  100.0%  0.0%  0.0%  0.0% 

 

The table below provides information regarding distributions and total return performance for various periods.

Data as of 7/31/21

  Annualized  Cumulative 
  5-year return  Current distribution  Fiscal YTD return  Fiscal YTD distribution 
Ticker  at NAV  rate at NAV*    at NAV  rate at NAV 
PMM (FYE 10/31)  5.41%  4.52%    11.13%  4.52% 
PMO (FYE 4/30)  5.41%  4.49%    2.95%  4.49% 

 

Performance includes the deduction of management fees and administrative expenses, assumes reinvestment of distributions, and does not account for taxes.

* Most recent distribution annualized and divided by NAV at the end of the period.

Total fiscal period distributions annualized and divided by NAV at the end of the period.

You should not draw any conclusions about the Fund’s investment performance from the amount of this distribution or from the terms of the Fund’s Distribution Policy.

The Fund estimates that it has distributed more than its income and net realized capital gains; therefore, a portion of your distribution may be a return of capital. A return of capital may occur, for example, when some or all of the money that you invested in the Fund is paid back to you. A return of capital distribution does not necessarily reflect the Fund’s investment performance and should not be confused with “yield” or “income.”

The amounts and sources of distributions reported in this 19(a) Notice are only estimates and are not being provided for tax reporting purposes. The actual amounts and sources of the amounts for tax reporting purposes will depend on the Fund’s investment experience during the remainder of its fiscal year and may be subject to changes based on tax regulations. The Fund will send you a Form 1099-Div for the calendar year that will tell you how to report these distributions for federal income tax purposes.

Please call your financial advisor with any questions.

SU006_BW 327070 8/21 

 



Sources of fund distributions

19(a) Notice

The table below provides an estimate of the sources of the Fund’s current distribution and its cumulative distributions paid this fiscal year-to-date. Amounts are expressed on a per share of common stock basis and as a percentage of the distribution amount.

        Estimated sources and percentages of distributions 
        Short-  Long-    Net  Short-  Long-   
    Per share  Net  term  term    invest-  term  term   
    distribution  investment  capital  capital  Return of  ment  capital  capital  Return of 
Ticker  Time period  (Sept)  income  gains  gains  capital  income  gains  gains  capital 
PMM (FYE                     
10/31)  Current month  $0.0320  $0.0253  $0.0067  $—  $—  79.1%  20.9%  0.0%  0.0% 
  Fiscal YTD  $0.3520  $0.2895  $0.0370  $—  $0.0255  82.2%  10.5%  0.0%  7.2% 
PMO (FYE                     
4/30)  Current month  $0.0531  $0.0531  $—  $—  $—  100.0%  0.0%  0.0%  0.0% 
  Fiscal YTD  $0.2655  $0.2655    $—  $—  100.0%  0.0%  0.0%  0.0% 

 

The table below provides information regarding distributions and total return performance for various periods.

Data as of 8/31/21

  Annualized  Cumulative 
  5-year return  Current distribution  Fiscal YTD return  Fiscal YTD distribution 
Ticker  at NAV  rate at NAV*    at NAV  rate at NAV 
PMM (FYE 10/31)  5.20%  4.57%    10.50%  4.57% 
PMO (FYE 4/30)  5.22%  4.54%    2.24%  4.54% 

 

Performance includes the deduction of management fees and administrative expenses, assumes reinvestment of distributions, and does not account for taxes.

* Most recent distribution annualized and divided by NAV at the end of the period.

Total fiscal period distributions annualized and divided by NAV at the end of the period.

You should not draw any conclusions about the Fund’s investment performance from the amount of this distribution or from the terms of the Fund’s Distribution Policy.

The Fund estimates that it has distributed more than its income and net realized capital gains; therefore, a portion of your distribution may be a return of capital. A return of capital may occur, for example, when some or all of the money that you invested in the Fund is paid back to you. A return of capital distribution does not necessarily reflect the Fund’s investment performance and should not be confused with “yield” or “income.”

The amounts and sources of distributions reported in this 19(a) Notice are only estimates and are not being provided for tax reporting purposes. The actual amounts and sources of the amounts for tax reporting purposes will depend on the Fund’s investment experience during the remainder of its fiscal year and may be subject to changes based on tax regulations. The Fund will send you a Form 1099-Div for the calendar year that will tell you how to report these distributions for federal income tax purposes.

Please call your financial advisor with any questions.

SU006_BW 327353 9/21 

 



Sources of fund distributions

19(a) Notice

The table below provides an estimate of the sources of the Fund’s current distribution and its cumulative distributions paid this fiscal year-to-date. Amounts are expressed on a per share of common stock basis and as a percentage of the distribution amount.

        Estimated sources and percentages of distributions 
        Short-  Long-    Net  Short-  Long-   
    Per share  Net  term  term    invest-  term  term   
    distribution  investment  capital  capital  Return of  ment  capital  capital  Return of 
Ticker  Time period  (Oct)  income  gains  gains  capital  income  gains  gains  capital 
PMM (FYE                     
10/31)  Current month  $0.0320  $0.0246  $0.0054  $0.0020  $—  76.9%  16.9%  6.2%  0.0% 
  Fiscal YTD  $0.3840  $0.3141  $0.0424  $0.0020  $0.0255  81.8%  11.0%  0.5%  6.6% 
PMO (FYE                     
4/30)  Current month  $0.0531  $0.0531  $—  $—  $—  100.0%  0.0%  0.0%  0.0% 
  Fiscal YTD  $0.3186  $0.3186  $—  $—  $—  100.0%  0.0%  0.0%  0.0% 

 

The table below provides information regarding distributions and total return performance for various periods.

Data as of 9/30/21

  Annualized  Cumulative 
  5-year return  Current distribution  Fiscal YTD return  Fiscal YTD distribution 
Ticker  at NAV  rate at NAV*    at NAV  rate at NAV 
PMM (FYE 10/31)  5.03%  4.64%    9.21%  4.64% 
PMO (FYE 4/30)  5.07%  4.61%    0.88%  4.61% 

 

Performance includes the deduction of management fees and administrative expenses, assumes reinvestment of distributions, and does not account for taxes.

* Most recent distribution annualized and divided by NAV at the end of the period.

Total fiscal period distributions annualized and divided by NAV at the end of the period.

You should not draw any conclusions about the Fund’s investment performance from the amount of this distribution or from the terms of the Fund’s Distribution Policy.

The Fund estimates that it has distributed more than its income and net realized capital gains; therefore, a portion of your distribution may be a return of capital. A return of capital may occur, for example, when some or all of the money that you invested in the Fund is paid back to you. A return of capital distribution does not necessarily reflect the Fund’s investment performance and should not be confused with “yield” or “income.”

The amounts and sources of distributions reported in this 19(a) Notice are only estimates and are not being provided for tax reporting purposes. The actual amounts and sources of the amounts for tax reporting purposes will depend on the Fund’s investment experience during the remainder of its fiscal year and may be subject to changes based on tax regulations. The Fund will send you a Form 1099-Div for the calendar year that will tell you how to report these distributions for federal income tax purposes.

Please call your financial advisor with any questions.

SU006_BW 327712 10/21 

 



Sources of fund distributions

19(a) Notice

The table below provides an estimate of the sources of the Fund’s current distribution and its cumulative distributions paid this fiscal year-to-date. Amounts are expressed on a per share of common stock basis and as a percentage of the distribution amount.

        Estimated sources and percentages of distributions 
        Short-  Long-    Net  Short-  Long-   
    Per share  Net  term  term    invest-  term  term   
    distribution  investment  capital  capital  Return of  ment  capital  capital  Return of 
Ticker  Time period  (Nov)  income  gains  gains  capital  income  gains  gains  capital 
PMM (FYE                     
10/31)  Current month  $0.0320  $0.0257  $—  $0.0063  $—  80.3%  0.0%  19.7%  0.0% 
  Fiscal YTD  $0.0320  $0.0257  $—  $0.0063  $—  80.3%  0.0%  19.7%  0.0% 
PMO (FYE                     
4/30)  Current month  $0.0531  $0.0531  $—  $—  $—  100.0%  0.0%  0.0%  0.0% 
  Fiscal YTD  $0.3717  $0.3717  $—  $—  $—  100.0%  0.0%  0.0%  0.0% 

 

The table below provides information regarding distributions and total return performance for various periods.

Data as of 10/31/21

  Annualized    Cumulative 
  5-year return  Current distribution  Fiscal YTD return  Fiscal YTD distribution 
Ticker  at NAV  rate at NAV*    at NAV  rate at NAV 
PMM (FYE 10/31)  5.18%  4.69%    8.44%  4.69% 
PMO (FYE 4/30)  5.36%  4.65%    0.47%  4.65% 

 

Performance includes the deduction of management fees and administrative expenses, assumes reinvestment of distributions, and does not account for taxes.

* Most recent distribution annualized and divided by NAV at the end of the period.

Total fiscal period distributions annualized and divided by NAV at the end of the period.

You should not draw any conclusions about the Fund’s investment performance from the amount of this distribution or from the terms of the Fund’s Distribution Policy.

The amounts and sources of distributions reported in this 19(a) Notice are only estimates and are not being provided for tax reporting purposes. The actual amounts and sources of the amounts for tax reporting purposes will depend on the Fund’s investment experience during the remainder of its fiscal year and may be subject to changes based on tax regulations. The Fund will send you a Form 1099-Div for the calendar year that will tell you how to report these distributions for federal income tax purposes.

Please call your financial advisor with any questions.

SU006_BW 327986 11/21 

 



Sources of fund distributions

19(a) Notice

The table below provides an estimate of the sources of the Fund’s current distribution and its cumulative distributions paid this fiscal year-to-date. Amounts are expressed on a per share of common stock basis and as a percentage of the distribution amount.

        Estimated sources and percentages of distributions 
        Short-  Long-    Net  Short-  Long-   
    Per share  Net  term  term    invest-  term  term   
    distribution  investment  capital  capital  Return of  ment  capital  capital  Return of 
Ticker  Time period  (Dec)  income  gains  gains  capital  income  gains  gains  capital 
PMM (FYE                     
10/31)  Current month  $0.0320  $0.0260  $—  $0.0060  $—  81.3%  0.0%  18.7%  0.0% 
  Fiscal YTD  $0.0640  $0.0517  $—  $0.0123  $—  80.8%  0.0%  19.2%  0.0% 
PMO (FYE                     
4/30)  Current month  $0.0531  $0.0531  $—  $—  $—  100.0%  0.0%  0.0%  0.0% 
  Fiscal YTD  $0.4248  $0.4248  $—  $—  $—  100.0%  0.0%  0.0%  0.0% 

 

The table below provides information regarding distributions and total return performance for various periods.

Data as of 11/30/21

  Annualized  Cumulative 
  5-year return  Current distribution  Fiscal YTD return  Fiscal YTD distribution 
Ticker  at NAV  rate at NAV*    at NAV  rate at NAV 
PMM (FYE 10/31)  6.64%  4.63%    1.61%  4.63% 
PMO (FYE 4/30)  6.93%  4.60%    1.88%  4.60% 

 

Performance includes the deduction of management fees and administrative expenses, assumes reinvestment of distributions, and does not account for taxes.

* Most recent distribution annualized and divided by NAV at the end of the period.

Total fiscal period distributions annualized and divided by NAV at the end of the period.

You should not draw any conclusions about the Fund’s investment performance from the amount of this distribution or from the terms of the Fund’s Distribution Policy.

The amounts and sources of distributions reported in this 19(a) Notice are only estimates and are not being provided for tax reporting purposes. The actual amounts and sources of the amounts for tax reporting purposes will depend on the Fund’s investment experience during the remainder of its fiscal year and may be subject to changes based on tax regulations. The Fund will send you a Form 1099-Div for the calendar year that will tell you how to report these distributions for federal income tax purposes.

Please call your financial advisor with any questions.

SU006_BW 328300 12/21 

 




Section 906 Certifications

I, Jonathan S. Horwitz, the Principal Executive Officer of the Funds listed on Attachment A, certify that, to my knowledge:

1. The form N-CSR of the Funds listed on Attachment A for the period ended October 31, 2021 fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

2. The information contained in the Form N-CSR of the Funds listed on Attachment A for the period ended October 31, 2021 fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Funds listed on Attachment A.

Date: December 28, 2021

/s/ Jonathan S. Horwitz
______________________
Jonathan S. Horwitz
Principal Executive Officer














Section 906 Certifications

I, Janet C. Smith, the Principal Financial Officer of the Funds listed on Attachment A, certify that, to my knowledge:

1. The form N-CSR of the Funds listed on Attachment A for the period ended October 31, 2021 fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

2. The information contained in the Form N-CSR of the Funds listed on Attachment A for the period ended October 31, 2021 fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Funds listed on Attachment A.

Date: December 28, 2021

/s/ Janet C. Smith
______________________
Janet C. Smith
Principal Financial Officer















Attachment A

Period (s) ended October 31, 2021

               Putnam Convertible Securities Fund
               Putnam Fixed Income Absolute Return Fund
               Putnam Focused International Equity Fund
               Putnam Global Income Trust
               Putnam Income Fund
               Putnam Large Cap Value Fund
               Putnam Managed Municipal Income Trust
               Putnam Multi-Asset Absolute Return Fund
               Putnam Multi-Cap Core Fund
               Putnam Municipal Opportunities Trust
               Putnam Short Duration Bond Fund
               Putnam Sustainable Future Fund


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