Form SD ABB LTD

May 24, 2022 6:49 AM EDT

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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

______________________

FORM SD

SPECIALIZED DISCLOSURE REPORT

  

Commission file number: 001-16429

______________________

ABB Ltd

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Switzerland

(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

Affolternstrasse 44

CH-8050 Zurich

Switzerland

(Address of principal executive offices)

Richard A. Brown

Affolternstrasse 44

CH-8050 Zurich

Switzerland

Telephone: +41-43-317-7111

Facsimile: +41-43-317-7992

(Name, Telephone, E-mail and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)

    

 

Check the appropriate box to indicate the rule pursuant to which this form is being filed, and provide the period to which the information in this form applies:

Rule 13p-1 under the Securities Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13p-1) for the reporting period from January 1 to December 31, 2021.


 

Introduction

ABB Ltd is a corporation organized under the laws of Switzerland. In this Form SD and the attached Conflict Minerals Report (included as Exhibit 1.01), “ABB”, the “Company”, “we”, and “our” refer to ABB Ltd and its consolidated subsidiaries. ABB is a foreign private issuer as defined under Rule 405 of Regulation C under the Securities Act of 1933 and Rule 3b-4 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Our shares are currently listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange, the NASDAQ OMX Stockholm Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange (in the form of American Depositary Shares).

Conflict minerals are defined as cassiterite, columbite-tantalite and wolframite, and their derivatives, which are limited to tin, tantalum and tungsten, as well as gold (3TG). The functionality of a substantial portion of our global product portfolio relies on the use of direct materials, especially electronic components, which include amounts of tin, tantalum, tungsten or gold (necessary conflict minerals). For example, tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold are each contained respectively in weld wire, capacitors, electronic contacts and electrical connection coatings, each of which are components in many of our products. Our operating businesses and their products are described in more detail below.

In 2021, we operated our business through four businesses based on products and services. These businesses included: Electrification, Motion, Process Automation, and Robotics & Discrete Automation. We also have certain business operations relating to our remaining engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) contracts, which are being wound down and managed in a separate business unit outside of those businesses. The description of our businesses and their main products in 2021 is as follows:

·         Electrification: manufactures and sells electrical products and solutions which are designed to provide safe, smart and sustainable electrical flow from the substation to the socket. The portfolio of increasingly digital and connected solutions includes electric vehicle charging infrastructure, renewable power solutions, modular substation packages, distribution automation products, switchboard and panelboards, switchgear, UPS solutions, circuit breakers, measuring and sensing devices, control products, wiring accessories, enclosures and cabling systems and intelligent home and building solutions, designed to integrate and automate lighting, heating, ventilation, security and data communication networks.

 

·         Motion: manufactures and sells drives, motors, generators, traction converters and mechanical power transmission products that are driving the low-carbon future for industries, cities, infrastructure and transportation. These products, digital technology and related services enable industrial customers to increase energy efficiency, improve safety and reliability, and achieve precise control of their processes.

 

·         Process Automation: develops and sells a broad range of industry-specific, integrated automation and electrification and digital systems and solutions, as well as digital solutions, lifecycle services, advanced industrial analytics and artificial intelligence applications and suites for the process, marine and hybrid industries. Products and solutions include process and discrete control technologies, advanced process control software and manufacturing execution systems, sensing, measurement and analytical instrumentation, marine propulsion systems and large turbochargers. In addition, the business offers a comprehensive range of services ranging from repair to advanced services such as remote monitoring, preventive maintenance, asset performance management, emission monitoring and cybersecurity services.

 

·         Robotics & Discrete Automation: delivers its products, solutions and services through two operating divisions: Robotics and Machine Automation. Robotics includes: industrial robots, software, robotic solutions and systems, field services, spare parts, and digital services. Machine Automation specializes in solutions based on its programmable logic controllers (PLC), industrial PCs (IPC), servo motion, transport systems and machine vision. Both divisions offer engineering and simulation software as well as a comprehensive range of digital solutions.


 

As ABB files reports with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission under Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and is a user of necessary conflict minerals to produce its manufactured products, ABB is subject to Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (17 CFR Parts 240 and 249b). ABB’s Policy on Conflict Minerals can be found at https://global.abb/group/en/about/supplying/material-compliance/conflict-minerals-policy

 

The content of any website referred to in this Form SD is included for general information only and is not incorporated by reference in this Form SD.

Section 1 - Conflict Minerals Disclosures

a.     We have concluded that during the 2021 calendar year:

 

                   i.     based on an analysis of our global product offering, we manufactured products containing conflict minerals and have determined that the use of these minerals was necessary to the functionality or production of these products.

 

                 ii.     based on the Reasonable Country of Origin Inquiry (RCOI) conducted (see below), we have reason to believe that a portion of the Company’s necessary conflict minerals originated or may have originated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) or an adjoining country1 (collectively the “covered countries”) and may not be from recycled or scrap sources.

 

b.     Description of RCOI

We are a large organization and have manufacturing facilities located around the world. In 2021, we manufactured products in more than 500 product lines and had approximately 50,000 unique direct material suppliers.

To assess whether the necessary conflict minerals in our products originated from the covered countries, we performed a RCOI by identifying direct suppliers of products likely to contain 3TG and surveying a sample of these suppliers using the Conflict Minerals Reporting Template (CMRT) as developed and issued by the Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) of the Responsible Business Alliance (RBA) and the Global eSustainability Initiative (GeSI).

During 2021, we focused on continuing to increase the quality of responses from the sample of suppliers selected for surveying. We continue to utilize customized systems to track the link between the components purchased from our suppliers and our products allowing us to make a focused selection of the relevant suppliers of 3TG. We continue to require a high level of quality supplier response to be accepted. The response rate from our suppliers was more than 90% in both 2021 and 2020 as we continue to execute a structured due diligence process and provide training to our suppliers where needed. We also commenced due diligence procedures on our products containing cobalt and included this material in the scope of our supplier surveys.

In 2021, we selected approximately 2,900 suppliers to be surveyed based on the identification of components containing 3TG within ABB products. We continue to refine the selection process by reducing the numbers of suppliers invited that do not supply ABB with 3TG. We believe our current RCOI and the number of surveyed suppliers provides a sufficient level of coverage that could allow us to appropriately assess the conflict status of our products.

 

__________________________________

1                      Adjoining countries of the Democratic Republic of the Congo are: Angola, Burundi, Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.  

 


As part of our RCOI, suppliers provided us the names of the original smelters/refiners used to process 3TG contained in their products. Based on the list of processing facilities we have compiled and based on smelter/refiner-specific country sourcing information we have received through our membership in the RMI, we believe that some of the necessary conflict minerals in our products may have originated from the covered countries and were not from recycled or scrap sources. Although most suppliers who responded to our survey were able to provide us with a list of the original smelters/refiners that they identified as being used to process 3TG contained in their products, most of our suppliers were unable to identify and represent which smelters/refiners were specifically used for the 3TG in the products or materials supplied to ABB. Therefore, the lists of smelters/refiners provided by suppliers may contain facilities that were not used to process 3TG contained in the components they provided to us.

 

c.     Disclosure of this Form and the Conflict Minerals report

In accordance with Rule 13p-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this Specialized Disclosure Form (Form SD) and the associated Conflict Minerals Report are available on our website at https://global.abb/group/en/investors  under “Quarterly results & annual reports”, “2021”, “SEC & XBRL filings”.

 

Section 2 - Exhibits

 

Exhibit 1.01 - Conflict Minerals Report as required by Items 1.01 and 1.02 of this Form.


SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the duly authorized undersigned.

 

 

ABB LTD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Timo Ihamuotila

Date: May 24, 2022

 

Name:

Timo Ihamuotila

 

 

Title:

Executive Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Richard A. Brown

Date: May 24, 2022

 

Name:

Richard A. Brown

 

 

Title:

Group Senior Vice President and
Chief Counsel Corporate & Finance

 


 

                 

Exhibit 1.01

Conflict Minerals Report

 ABB Ltd

For the year ended December 31, 2021

 

This Conflict Minerals Report (CMR) of ABB Ltd for the calendar year 2021 has been prepared pursuant to Rule 13p-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Rule 13p-1” or the “Rule”). The Rule was adopted by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to implement reporting and disclosure requirements related to conflict minerals as directed by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010. The Rule imposes certain reporting obligations on SEC registrants whose manufactured products contain conflict minerals which are necessary to the functionality or production of such products. Conflict minerals are defined as cassiterite, columbite-tantalite and wolframite, and their derivatives, which are limited to tin, tantalum and tungsten, as well as gold (3TG). These requirements apply to SEC registrants whatever the geographic origin of the conflict minerals and whether or not they fund armed conflict.

 

The functionality of a substantial portion of our global product portfolio relies on the use of direct materials, especially electronic components, which include amounts of tin, tantalum, tungsten or gold (necessary conflict minerals). If a registrant can establish that their necessary conflict minerals originated from sources other than from a covered country1, or are from recycled or scrap sources, they must submit a Form SD which describes their determination and the Reasonable Country of Origin Inquiry (RCOI) performed.

 

If a registrant has reason to believe that any of the conflict minerals in their supply chain may have originated in the covered countries and are not from recycled or scrap sources, or if they are unable to determine the country of origin of those conflict minerals, then the registrant must exercise due diligence on the conflict minerals’ source and chain of custody. The registrant must submit a Form SD together with a CMR annually to the SEC that includes a description of those due diligence measures.

 

Numerous terms in this report are defined in Rule 13p-1 and the associated Form SD and the reader is invited to refer to those sources. The report presented herein is not audited. The content of any website referred to in this report is included for general information only and is not incorporated by reference in this Report.

 

Section 1: Due diligence framework

 

In accordance with Rule 13p-1, we undertook due diligence efforts, including the RCOI described in the associated Form SD, to determine whether the 3TG in our products originated from sources (e.g. suppliers, smelters, refiners, mines) that did not or do not directly or indirectly finance or benefit armed groups in the covered countries. We designed our due diligence measures to be in conformity, in all material respects, with the internationally recognized due diligence framework set forth in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas: Third Edition (2016) (the OECD Framework) and related supplements and its five-step framework.

 

 

_____________________________

1 The Democratic Republic of the Congo and its adjoining countries (Angola, Burundi, Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, or Zambia).

 


Section 2: Due diligence measures undertaken

 

Our due diligence measures to identify the sources of 3TG contained in our products continue to progress and improve. In 2021, our due diligence efforts concentrated on selecting a focused list of relevant suppliers and improving the quality of the supplier responses while maintaining the other existing company-wide measures. Our customized supply chain systems permit us to identify our suppliers of 3TG and therefore increase the efficiency of the RCOI process. Our due diligence efforts included the following five steps, consistent with the OECD Framework:

 

Step 1: Establish strong company management systems

 

We undertook the following measures to establish strong company management systems per Step 1 of the OECD Framework:

 

Our commitment

·         We continued to promote awareness of the conflict minerals program within ABB through a number of channels including targeted communications to specific employee groups as well as the maintenance of articles and videos on the Company’s intranet.

·         We maintained an external website dedicated to material compliance, including a statement on our position on conflict minerals. The “ABB Policy on Conflict Minerals” with respect to the sourcing of 3TG is published online at https://global.abb/group/en/about/supplying/material-compliance/conflict-minerals-policy

 

Supplier Engagement

·         We maintained and communicated our “Supplier Code of Conduct” which requires our suppliers to implement a policy regarding conflict minerals, to exercise due diligence in investigating the source of these minerals, and to respond in a timely manner to ABB’s requests for evidence of their compliance with these requirements.

·         As part of our supplier onboarding and evaluation process, we invite all new suppliers to take an ABB-specific web-based training course on conflict minerals that covers the highlights of the relevant law and the importance of ethical sourcing to the industry and communicates ABB’s policy on conflict minerals. The training also includes guidance for our suppliers on how to complete the Conflict Minerals Reporting Template (CMRT) as developed and issued by the Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) of the Responsible Business Alliance (RBA) and the Global eSustainability Initiative (GeSI). In addition, all new suppliers are required to make an initial conflict minerals self-assessment which indicates if the supplier has taken this training course or an equivalent training.

·         We require suppliers to adhere to the “ABB General Terms and Conditions for Purchase of Goods” which requires our suppliers to provide requested information regarding the use of 3TG in their products supplied to ABB. In addition (as described on our website), these terms and conditions require our suppliers to:

        work towards ensuring that they do not have 3TG sourced from conflict mines in products supplied to ABB,

        comply with the ABB Supplier Code of Conduct, including the sections relating to conflict minerals compliance,

        take the necessary steps to demonstrate that any 3TG contained in the products supplied to ABB do not originate from mines that support or fund conflict within the covered countries, and

        extend their search further down their supply chain, if necessary, to determine the source of specified minerals.

·         For suppliers who continued to provide us with inaccurate or incomplete responses we enhanced our supplier due diligence process by providing these suppliers with additional training in the form of webinars and other follow-up communications to assist in improving the response quality of such suppliers.


 

Internal Management Systems

·         Within our global organization, our operating businesses are directly responsible for executing our conflict minerals activities with support from a central project management team including representatives from legal and finance. The representatives from each of our operating businesses come from various backgrounds and have access to the full resources within their respective businesses, including the research and development, the engineering and the production departments. During 2021, managers from each of the group’s four businesses were responsible for the execution of the program. The program was overseen by a cross-functional Steering Committee and sponsored at the Group Executive Committee level.

·         We provide ABB-specific web-based training courses to relevant employees. These are customized for specific employee groups (management, buyers, engineering, research and development, product sales and other). Each operating business’s conflict minerals leader identifies key conflict minerals personnel to undergo mandatory training on conflict minerals.

 

Company Level Grievance Mechanism

·         We maintained our company-wide integrity reporting channels, such as the ABB Business Ethics Helpline, which is available for the reporting of any violations of our Supplier Code of Conduct including in relation to conflict minerals. The service provides a grievance mechanism and is maintained by an independent third party. It can be used by ABB employees as well as parties outside ABB, such as suppliers. The service allows for online reporting at www.compliancestakeholder.com and also provides a country-specific telephone number if this method of reporting is preferred.

 

Step 2: Identify and assess risks in the supply chain

 

To identify risks in the supply chain, we performed the following:

 

Use best efforts to identify the smelters/refiners in the supply chain

 

In 2021, we aimed to identify the smelters/refiners in our supply chain through the survey of approximately 2,900 relevant suppliers as described below. These suppliers identified 339 smelters/refiners of 3TG that were potentially in their supply chains. Our list of these smelters/refiners is included in Annex I, including a summary of their validation status under RMI’s Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP).

 

Identify the scope of the risk assessment of the 3TG supply chain

 

In 2021, we utilized our customized systems to track the link between the components purchased from our suppliers and our products allowing us to make a focused selection of the relevant suppliers of 3TG. Purchased components were evaluated, using ABB experts, including product engineers, material experts and research and development personnel, to determine if the component was likely to contain 3TG. These identified components were then categorized into different levels of risk, depending on the likelihood of 3TG content, the volume of transactions with the supplier and the total value of the components purchased. Based on these evaluations, and the enhanced data available from our information systems, we identified the relevant suppliers and prioritized which suppliers to survey, focusing on the highest-risk suppliers in terms of 3TG content and amount of products purchased. These suppliers were surveyed using the CMRT, as part of the RCOI described in Form SD.

 

Assess whether the suppliers have carried out all the elements of due diligence for responsible supply chains of 3TG from conflict-affected and high-risk areas

 

We have a structured process to send and receive supplier surveys, follow up on non-responses, summarize survey results, and identify and respond to red flags. Using the CMRT, we surveyed the selected suppliers to gather information about smelters/refiners in their supply chain and provide us with a list of those smelters/refiners. For most of our


businesses, we have a dedicated team, in a global shared service center, who reviews the completeness of supplier responses and assesses whether suppliers appeared to have carried out their own appropriate supply chain due diligence. The review team assesses each response for “red flags” (as described in the OECD Framework) and then further assesses the completeness of the supplier response. To perform the survey process, one of our businesses utilizes a third-party service provider.

 

Our review process assessed the completeness and accuracy of the list of smelters/refiners provided in the survey responses. This included verifying the name and smelter status by checking against the Smelter Look-up tab list of the RMI’s CMRT and the RMI’s Conformant Smelter List.

 

Although the suppliers who responded to our survey were able to provide us with a list of the original smelters/refiners they identified as being used to process 3TG contained in their products, most of our suppliers were unable to identify and represent which smelters/refiners were specifically used for 3TG in the products or materials supplied to ABB. Our list of smelters/refiners identified to be processing or refining 3TG in our products is based on the responses received from our suppliers.

 

Where suppliers did not respond to the initial survey request, additional follow-up inquiries were made. Follow-up inquiries were also made on incomplete or inconsistent supplier responses, requesting additional information or clarification. In certain cases, the follow up was made by product buyers, who worked with suppliers to try to resolve insufficient responses.

 

For completed surveys, responses were evaluated against a pre-defined list of red flags to determine what corrective action, if any, was required for the identified risk. A corrective action plan was implemented for the identified red flags, including insufficient responses. Ultimately, the corrective action could include the discontinuation of sourcing from a supplier. Our red flag review process is based on guidance from the OECD Framework. When evaluating ongoing supplier relationships, the conflict minerals compliance status of the supplier was considered when determining the continued us of a supplier.

 

Step 3: Design and implement a strategy to respond to identified risks

 

Report findings to designated senior management

 

Throughout the supplier survey process, a management reporting dashboard was available to the conflict minerals senior management team on a real-time basis. This provided timely summary statistics on the supplier survey responses as well as the status of our overall risk assessment process. The dashboard also provided a summary of the number of responses requiring an escalation process to resolve response deficiencies or address identified red flags. The content of the dashboard was reviewed regularly by a central project team including a review of the progress on addressing responses subject to escalation. These results were reported to the Steering Committee which evaluated the appropriateness of risk mitigation measures.

 

Devise and adopt a risk management plan

 

In 2021, we contacted our suppliers who were identified to be sourcing 3TG from high-risk smelters/refiners. We sent each such supplier a letter requesting them: (1) to confirm whether the identified high-risk smelters/refiners are in their supply chain and if materials from the identified high-risk smelters/refiners were in products supplied to ABB, (2) to encourage these smelters/refiners to participate in RMI’s RMAP, and (3) to develop a plan to remove any identified high-risk smelters/refiners from their supply chain if those smelters/refiners refuse to participate in the RMI’s RMAP.

 


Step 4: Carry out independent third-party audit of smelter/refiner due diligence practices

 

We are a downstream consumer of 3TG. Generally, we do not purchase raw minerals or ores, and are normally several steps removed from smelters/refiners within our supply chain. Therefore, we do not perform direct audits of those smelters/refiners. We do support the RBA and GeSI’s RMI which is a measure contemplated by the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas, the internationally recognized standard on which our Company’s systems (described in Step 1 above) are based. The data on which we relied for certain statements in this CMR was obtained through our membership in the RMI, using the Reasonable Country of Origin Inquiry report for member “ASEA”.

 

Step 5: Report annually on supply chain due diligence

 

This report and the associated Form SD are available online at https://global.abb/group/en/investors  under “Quarterly results & annual reports”, “2021”, “SEC & XBRL filings”.

 

Section 3: Results of due diligence

 

In 2021, we received and accepted completed reporting templates from 89% of our surveyed suppliers (85% in 2020). The higher acceptance rates reflect the improvements in our supplier engagement efforts and escalation of non-responsive suppliers to the appropriate levels when needed.

 

Our suppliers are generally several tiers removed from the smelters/refiners of raw materials within their supply chain, and therefore have challenges in performing their due diligence. As a result, the information provided by our suppliers is often incomplete or is not verified, and we are therefore unable to verify with certainty the source and chain of custody of all the 3TG minerals in our supply chain.

 

In 2021, our supplier responses identified 339 smelters/refiners as being the source of 3TG in their products (333 in 2020). The complete lists of identified smelters/refiners are included in Annex I of this CMR. However, the suppliers only provided the country of origin of the 3TG in a limited number of cases. We obtained further sourcing information through our membership in the RMI which allows us access to the names of the countries of origin for 3TG processed by certain smelters/refiners.

 

The following table provides the number of smelters/refiners identified in our supply chain.

  

 

Identified Smelters/Refiners

 

 

 

RMAP Conformant Smelters/Refiners(1)

RMAP Participating Smelters/Refiners(2)

Other Smelters/Refiners(3)

Total identified

 

 

 

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

2020

2021

 

 

Gold

 108  

 102  

 6  

 6  

 58  

 65  

 172  

 173  

 

 

Tantalum

 37  

 35  

 -    

 -    

 -    

 -    

 37  

 35  

 

 

Tin

 54  

 55  

 12  

 9  

 12  

 17  

 78  

 81  

 

 

Tungsten

 38  

 42  

 6  

 4  

 2  

 4  

 46  

 50  

 

 

Total

 237  

 234  

 24  

 19  

 72  

 86  

 333  

 339  

 

(1)      Audited and have been found to be conformant with the RMI’s Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP conformant).

(2)      In the process of being audited (RMAP Active). This category also includes smelters and refiners who are in communication but have not commenced the validation audit.

(3)      Have not commenced the RMAP validation audit.

  

 

Through our continued interaction with the RMI, we benefited from their activities, including their efforts to validate smelters as ‘RMAP conformant’ in line with current global standards. The percentage of the identified smelters/refiners which were designated as RMAP conformant in 2021 is 69% compared to 71% in 2020. The generally high percentage of RMAP conformant smelters/refiners reflects the strong participation of smelters/refiners in the RMI/RMAP audit process.

 

We have not been able to determine the conflict status for all smelters/refiners used in our supply chain. However, based on the information that we have received from our suppliers, we have not identified any smelters/refiners in our supply chain which are known to be sourcing 3TG that directly or indirectly finances or benefits armed groups in the covered countries.

 

As allowed by the Statement on the Effect of the Recent Court of Appeals Decision on the Conflict Minerals Rule, issued by the SEC on April 29, 2014, ABB has not described its products as “DRC conflict free” or “having not been found to be ‘DRC conflict free’”.

 

Section 4: Continuous improvement efforts to mitigate risk

 

 

During 2022, we plan to take the following steps as part of our conflict minerals due diligence program:

 

·         continue to work with suppliers to explain smelter and refinery OECD-aligned audit status for responsible sourcing as well as encouraging suppliers to work directly with smelters and refiners,

·         provide additional Conflict Minerals training and continuous support throughout the year for queries related to responsible sourcing and conflict minerals requirements,

·         inform suppliers about the changes in the RMI smelters status during the program,

·         continue to support the RMI and the membership initiatives to work with smelters and refiners to have them undergo the OECD-aligned audit for responsible sourcing,

·         conduct smelter and refiner visits to provide face-to-face support,

·         continue to lead the RMI Asia smelter engagement team and the gold outreach in India which involves working with gold refiners in India to educate and encourage them to undergo OECD-aligned responsible sourcing audits,


 

·         continue to follow OECD due diligence guidance and attend industry events to support responsible sourcing,

·         engage with suppliers reporting non-conformant smelters and refiners so as to encourage them to work with their upstream supply chain for a mission towards responsible sourcing,

·         encourage businesses internally to work with suppliers that consistently report non-conformant smelters or refiners,

·         continue to perform due diligence on our cobalt supply chain and work with cobalt refiners directly, where possible.

 

Section 5: Independent audit

 

                As ABB has not concluded on the DRC conflict status for any of its products, this CMR does not require an independent private sector audit.


Annex I – Lists of smelters/refiners

 

The lists of smelters/refiners were produced by consolidating information we have received from our suppliers. We have provided conflict minerals training to our suppliers and independently verified the status of the smelters/refiners using RMI and other data, but we cannot guarantee that the data we have been provided is accurate or complete. In most cases suppliers have not been able to confirm that these smelters/refiners have been used in the products they have supplied to us because they were not able to provide their CMRTs at the product level. Therefore it is possible that the lists contain smelters/refiners which were not used to process 3TG contained in our products.

 

We generally do not have direct business relationships with any of the smelters/refiners listed below. In general, we are several tiers removed from smelters/refiners and therefore unable to exert direct influence over smelters/refiners. Due to the size of our supplier base and the complexity of global supply chains, we are also unable to clearly trace at what stage individual smelters/refiners enter the supply chain of our direct suppliers.

 

RMAP conformant smelters/refiners

 

Metal

Smelter Name

Country

Gold

L'Orfebre S.A.

Andorra

Gold

Western Australian Mint (T/a The Perth Mint)

Australia

Gold

Ogussa Osterreichische Gold- und Silber-Scheideanstalt GmbH

Austria

Gold

Umicore S.A. Business Unit Precious Metals Refining

Belgium

Gold

AngloGold Ashanti Corrego do Sitio Mineracao

Brazil

Gold

Marsam Metals

Brazil

Gold

Asahi Refining Canada Ltd.

Canada

Gold

CCR Refinery - Glencore Canada Corporation

Canada

Gold

Royal Canadian Mint

Canada

Gold

Planta Recuperadora de Metales SpA

Chile

Gold

Daye Non-Ferrous Metals Mining Ltd.

China

Gold

Gold Refinery of Zijin Mining Group Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Great Wall Precious Metals Co., Ltd. of CBPM

China

Gold

Heraeus Metals Hong Kong Ltd.

China

Gold

Inner Mongolia Qiankun Gold and Silver Refinery Share Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Jiangxi Copper Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Metalor Technologies (Hong Kong) Ltd.

China

Gold

Metalor Technologies (Suzhou) Ltd.

China

Gold

Shandong Gold Smelting Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Shandong Zhaojin Gold & Silver Refinery Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Sichuan Tianze Precious Metals Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Zhongyuan Gold Smelter of Zhongjin Gold Corporation

China

Gold

SAFINA A.S.

Czechia

Gold

SAAMP

France

Gold

Agosi AG

Germany

Gold

Aurubis AG

Germany

Gold

C. Hafner GmbH + Co. KG

Germany

 


Metal

Smelter Name

Country

Gold

DODUCO Contacts and Refining GmbH

Germany

Gold

Heimerle + Meule GmbH

Germany

Gold

Heraeus Germany GmbH Co. KG

Germany

Gold

WIELAND Edelmetalle GmbH

Germany

Gold

Bangalore Refinery

India

Gold

MMTC-PAMP India Pvt., Ltd.

India

Gold

PT Aneka Tambang (Persero) Tbk

Indonesia

Gold

8853 S.p.A.

Italy

Gold

Chimet S.p.A.

Italy

Gold

Italpreziosi

Italy

Gold

Safimet S.p.A

Italy

Gold

T.C.A S.p.A

Italy

Gold

Aida Chemical Industries Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Asahi Pretec Corp.

Japan

Gold

Asaka Riken Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Chugai Mining

Japan

Gold

Dowa

Japan

Gold

Eco-System Recycling Co., Ltd. East Plant

Japan

Gold

Eco-System Recycling Co., Ltd. North Plant

Japan

Gold

Eco-System Recycling Co., Ltd. West Plant

Japan

Gold

Ishifuku Metal Industry Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Japan Mint

Japan

Gold

JX Nippon Mining & Metals Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Kojima Chemicals Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Matsuda Sangyo Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Mitsubishi Materials Corporation

Japan

Gold

Mitsui Mining and Smelting Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Nihon Material Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Ohura Precious Metal Industry Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo K.K.

Japan

Gold

Tokuriki Honten Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Yamakin Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Yokohama Metal Co., Ltd.

Japan

Gold

Kazzinc

Kazakhstan

Gold

TOO Tau-Ken-Altyn

Kazakhstan

Gold

DSC (Do Sung Corporation)

Korea, Republic of

Gold

Korea Zinc Co., Ltd.

Korea, Republic of

Gold

LS-NIKKO Copper Inc.

Korea, Republic of

 


 

Metal

Smelter Name

Country

Gold

LT Metal Ltd.

Korea, Republic of

Gold

NH Recytech Company

Korea, Republic of

Gold

Samduck Precious Metals

Korea, Republic of

Gold

SungEel HiMetal Co., Ltd.

Korea, Republic of

Gold

Torecom

Korea, Republic of

Gold

Metalurgica Met-Mex Penoles S.A. De C.V.

Mexico

Gold

REMONDIS PMR B.V.

Netherlands

Gold

Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (Central Bank of the Philippines)

Philippines

Gold

KGHM Polska Miedz Spolka Akcyjna

Poland

Gold

Metalor Technologies (Singapore) Pte., Ltd.

Singapore

Gold

Metal Concentrators SA (Pty) Ltd.

South Africa

Gold

Rand Refinery (Pty) Ltd.

South Africa

Gold

SEMPSA Joyeria Plateria S.A.

Spain

Gold

Boliden AB

Sweden

Gold

Argor-Heraeus S.A.

Switzerland

Gold

Cendres + Metaux S.A.

Switzerland

Gold

Metalor Technologies S.A.

Switzerland

Gold

PAMP S.A.

Switzerland

Gold

PX Precinox S.A.

Switzerland

Gold

Valcambi S.A.

Switzerland

Gold

Singway Technology Co., Ltd.

Taiwan, Province of China

Gold

Solar Applied Materials Technology Corp.

Taiwan, Province of China

Gold

Umicore Precious Metals Thailand

Thailand

Gold

Istanbul Gold Refinery

Turkey

Gold

Nadir Metal Rafineri San. Ve Tic. A.S.

Turkey

Gold

Al Etihad Gold Refinery DMCC

United Arab Emirates

Gold

Emirates Gold DMCC

United Arab Emirates

Gold

Advanced Chemical Company

United States of America

Gold

Asahi Refining USA Inc.

United States of America

Gold

Geib Refining Corporation

United States of America

Gold

Kennecott Utah Copper LLC

United States of America

Gold

Materion

United States of America

Gold

Metalor USA Refining Corporation

United States of America

Gold

United Precious Metal Refining, Inc.

United States of America

Gold

Almalyk Mining and Metallurgical Complex (AMMC)

Uzbekistan

Gold

Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combinat

Uzbekistan

Tantalum

AMG Brasil

Brazil

Tantalum

Mineracao Taboca S.A.

Brazil

Tantalum

Resind Industria e Comercio Ltda.

Brazil

 


Metal

Smelter Name

Country

Tantalum

Changsha South Tantalum Niobium Co., Ltd.

China

Tantalum

F&X Electro-Materials Ltd.

China

Tantalum

FIR Metals & Resource Ltd.

China

Tantalum

Hengyang King Xing Lifeng New Materials Co., Ltd.

China

Tantalum

Jiangxi Dinghai Tantalum & Niobium Co., Ltd.

China

Tantalum

Jiangxi Tuohong New Raw Material

China

Tantalum

JiuJiang JinXin Nonferrous Metals Co., Ltd.

China

Tantalum

Jiujiang Tanbre Co., Ltd.

China

Tantalum

Jiujiang Zhongao Tantalum & Niobium Co., Ltd.

China

Tantalum

Ningxia Orient Tantalum Industry Co., Ltd.

China

Tantalum

RFH Yancheng Jinye New Material Technology Co., Ltd.

China

Tantalum

XIMEI RESOURCES (GUANGDONG) LIMITED

China

Tantalum

XinXing HaoRong Electronic Material Co., Ltd.

China

Tantalum

Yanling Jincheng Tantalum & Niobium Co., Ltd.

China

Tantalum

NPM Silmet AS

Estonia

Tantalum

H.C. Starck Hermsdorf GmbH

Germany

Tantalum

TANIOBIS GmbH

Germany

Tantalum

TANIOBIS Smelting GmbH & Co. KG

Germany

Tantalum

Metallurgical Products India Pvt., Ltd.

India

Tantalum

Global Advanced Metals Aizu

Japan

Tantalum

Mitsui Mining and Smelting Co., Ltd.

Japan

Tantalum

Taki Chemical Co., Ltd.

Japan

Tantalum

TANIOBIS Japan Co., Ltd.

Japan

Tantalum

Ulba Metallurgical Plant JSC

Kazakhstan

Tantalum

KEMET de Mexico

Mexico

Tantalum

Solikamsk Magnesium Works OAO

Russian Federation

Tantalum

TANIOBIS Co., Ltd.

Thailand

Tantalum

D Block Metals, LLC

United States of America

Tantalum

Global Advanced Metals Boyertown

United States of America

Tantalum

H.C. Starck Inc.

United States of America

Tantalum

QuantumClean

United States of America

Tantalum

Telex Metals

United States of America

Tin

Metallo Belgium N.V.

Belgium

Tin

EM Vinto

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Tin

Operaciones Metalurgicas S.A.

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

Tin

Estanho de Rondonia S.A.

Brazil

Tin

Fabrica Auricchio Industria e Comercio Ltda.

Brazil

Tin

Magnu's Minerais Metais e Ligas Ltda.

Brazil

Tin

Mineracao Taboca S.A.

Brazil

 


Metal

Smelter Name

Country

Tin

Resind Industria e Comercio Ltda.

Brazil

Tin

Soft Metais Ltda.

Brazil

Tin

White Solder Metalurgia e Mineracao Ltda.

Brazil

Tin

Chenzhou Yunxiang Mining and Metallurgy Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

Chifeng Dajingzi Tin Industry Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

China Tin Group Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

Gejiu Non-Ferrous Metal Processing Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

Gejiu Yunxin Nonferrous Electrolysis Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

Gejiu Zili Mining And Metallurgy Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

Guangdong Hanhe Non-Ferrous Metal Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

HuiChang Hill Tin Industry Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

Jiangxi New Nanshan Technology Ltd.

China

Tin

Ma'anshan Weitai Tin Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

Tin Smelting Branch of Yunnan Tin Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

Yunnan Chengfeng Non-ferrous Metals Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

PT Artha Cipta Langgeng

Indonesia

Tin

PT ATD Makmur Mandiri Jaya

Indonesia

Tin

PT Babel Inti Perkasa

Indonesia

Tin

PT Babel Surya Alam Lestari

Indonesia

Tin

PT Bangka Serumpun

Indonesia

Tin

PT Cipta Persada Mulia

Indonesia

Tin

PT Menara Cipta Mulia

Indonesia

Tin

PT Mitra Stania Prima

Indonesia

Tin

PT Prima Timah Utama

Indonesia

Tin

PT Rajawali Rimba Perkasa

Indonesia

Tin

PT Refined Bangka Tin

Indonesia

Tin

PT Sariwiguna Binasentosa

Indonesia

Tin

PT Stanindo Inti Perkasa

Indonesia

Tin

PT Timah Tbk Kundur

Indonesia

Tin

PT Timah Tbk Mentok

Indonesia

Tin

PT Tinindo Inter Nusa

Indonesia

Tin

Dowa

Japan

Tin

Mitsubishi Materials Corporation

Japan

Tin

Malaysia Smelting Corporation (MSC)

Malaysia

Tin

Minsur

Peru

Tin

O.M. Manufacturing Philippines, Inc.

Philippines

Tin

Fenix Metals

Poland

Tin

Novosibirsk Processing Plant Ltd.

Russian Federation

Tin

Luna Smelter, Ltd.

Rwanda

 


Metal

Smelter Name

Country

Tin

CRM Synergies

Spain

Tin

Metallo Spain S.L.U.

Spain

Tin

Rui Da Hung

Taiwan, Province of China

Tin

O.M. Manufacturing (Thailand) Co., Ltd.

Thailand

Tin

Thaisarco

Thailand

Tin

Alpha

United States of America

Tin

Metallic Resources, Inc.

United States of America

Tin

Tin Technology & Refining

United States of America

Tin

Thai Nguyen Mining and Metallurgy Co., Ltd.

Viet Nam

Tungsten

Wolfram Bergbau und Hutten AG

Austria

Tungsten

ACL Metais Eireli

Brazil

Tungsten

Cronimet Brasil Ltda

Brazil

Tungsten

Chenzhou Diamond Tungsten Products Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

China Molybdenum Tungsten Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Chongyi Zhangyuan Tungsten Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Fujian Ganmin RareMetal Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Fujian Xinlu Tungsten Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Ganzhou Haichuang Tungsten Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Ganzhou Huaxing Tungsten Products Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Ganzhou Jiangwu Ferrotungsten Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Ganzhou Seadragon W & Mo Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Guangdong Xianglu Tungsten Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Hubei Green Tungsten Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Hunan Chenzhou Mining Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Hunan Chunchang Nonferrous Metals Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Jiangwu H.C. Starck Tungsten Products Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Jiangxi Gan Bei Tungsten Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Jiangxi Tonggu Non-ferrous Metallurgical & Chemical Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Jiangxi Xinsheng Tungsten Industry Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Jiangxi Yaosheng Tungsten Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Malipo Haiyu Tungsten Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Xiamen Tungsten (H.C.) Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Xiamen Tungsten Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Xinfeng Huarui Tungsten & Molybdenum New Material Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

H.C. Starck Tungsten GmbH

Germany

Tungsten

TANIOBIS Smelting GmbH & Co. KG

Germany

Tungsten

A.L.M.T. Corp.

Japan

Tungsten

Japan New Metals Co., Ltd.

Japan

Tungsten

KGETS Co., Ltd.

Korea, Republic of

 


 

Metal

Smelter Name

Country

Tungsten

Philippine Chuangxin Industrial Co., Inc.

Philippines

Tungsten

Hydrometallurg, JSC

Russian Federation

Tungsten

JSC "Kirovgrad Hard Alloys Plant"

Russian Federation

Tungsten

Moliren Ltd.

Russian Federation

Tungsten

Unecha Refractory metals plant

Russian Federation

Tungsten

Lianyou Metals Co., Ltd.

Taiwan, Province of China

Tungsten

Global Tungsten & Powders Corp.

United States of America

Tungsten

Kennametal Fallon

United States of America

Tungsten

Kennametal Huntsville

United States of America

Tungsten

Niagara Refining LLC

United States of America

Tungsten

Asia Tungsten Products Vietnam Ltd.

Viet Nam

Tungsten

Masan High-Tech Materials

Viet Nam

 

 


RMAP participating smelters/refiners

 

Metal

Smelter Name

Country

Gold

C.I Metales Procesados Industriales SAS

Colombia

Gold

Sancus ZFS (L'Orfebre, SA)

Colombia

Gold

WEEEREFINING

France

Gold

Augmont Enterprises Private Limited

India

Gold

GGC Gujrat Gold Centre Pvt. Ltd.

India

Gold

Alexy Metals

United States of America

Tin

CRM Fundicao De Metais E Comercio De Equipamentos Eletronicos Do Brasil Ltda

Brazil

Tin

Super Ligas

Brazil

Tin

CV Venus Inti Perkasa

Indonesia

Tin

PT Aries Kencana Sejahtera

Indonesia

Tin

PT Bukit Timah

Indonesia

Tin

PT Masbro Alam Stania

Indonesia

Tin

PT Mitra Sukses Globalindo

Indonesia

Tin

PT Sukses Inti Makmur

Indonesia

Tin

PT Timah Nusantara

Indonesia

Tungsten

Albasteel Industria e Comercio de Ligas Para Fundicao Ltd.

Brazil

Tungsten

NPP Tyazhmetprom LLC

Russian Federation

Tungsten

OOO "Technolom" 1

Russian Federation

Tungsten

OOO "Technolom" 2

Russian Federation

 

 


 

Other smelters/refiners

 

Metal

Smelter Name

Country

Gold

ABC Refinery Pty Ltd.

Australia

Gold

Industrial Refining Company

Belgium

Gold

Value Trading

Belgium

Gold

Guangdong Jinding Gold Limited

China

Gold

Guoda Safina High-Tech Environmental Refinery Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Hangzhou Fuchunjiang Smelting Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Hunan Chenzhou Mining Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Hunan Guiyang yinxing Nonferrous Smelting Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Lingbao Gold Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Lingbao Jinyuan Tonghui Refinery Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Luoyang Zijin Yinhui Gold Refinery Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Penglai Penggang Gold Industry Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Refinery of Seemine Gold Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Shandong Humon Smelting Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Shandong Tiancheng Biological Gold Industrial Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Shenzhen Zhonghenglong Real Industry Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Tongling Nonferrous Metals Group Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Yunnan Copper Industry Co., Ltd.

China

Gold

Degussa Sonne / Mond Goldhandel GmbH

Germany

Gold

Gold Coast Refinery

Ghana

Gold

CGR Metalloys Pvt Ltd.

India

Gold

Emerald Jewel Industry India Limited (Unit 1)

India

Gold

Emerald Jewel Industry India Limited (Unit 2)

India

Gold

Emerald Jewel Industry India Limited (Unit 3)

India

Gold

Emerald Jewel Industry India Limited (Unit 4)

India

Gold

JALAN & Company

India

Gold

Kundan Care Products Ltd.

India

Gold

MD Overseas

India

Gold

Sai Refinery

India

Gold

Shirpur Gold Refinery Ltd.

India

Gold

Sovereign Metals

India

Gold

Kazakhmys Smelting LLC

Kazakhstan

Gold

HwaSeong CJ CO., LTD.

Korea, Republic of

Gold

Samwon Metals Corp.

Korea, Republic of

Gold

Kyrgyzaltyn JSC

Kyrgyzstan

Gold

State Research Institute Center for Physical Sciences and Technology

Lithuania

Gold

Modeltech Sdn Bhd

Malaysia

 


Metal

Smelter Name

Country

Gold

Sellem Industries Ltd.

Mauritania

Gold

Caridad

Mexico

Gold

Morris and Watson

New Zealand

Gold

K.A. Rasmussen

Norway

Gold

JSC Ekaterinburg Non-Ferrous Metal Processing Plant

Russian Federation

Gold

JSC Novosibirsk Refinery

Russian Federation

Gold

JSC Uralelectromed

Russian Federation

Gold

Kyshtym Copper-Electrolytic Plant ZAO

Russian Federation

Gold

Moscow Special Alloys Processing Plant

Russian Federation

Gold

OJSC "The Gulidov Krasnoyarsk Non-Ferrous Metals Plant" (OJSC Krastsvetmet)

Russian Federation

Gold

Prioksky Plant of Non-Ferrous Metals

Russian Federation

Gold

SOE Shyolkovsky Factory of Secondary Precious Metals

Russian Federation

Gold

L'azurde Company For Jewelry

Saudi Arabia

Gold

AU Traders and Refiners

South Africa

Gold

Sudan Gold Refinery

Sudan

Gold

Super Dragon Technology Co., Ltd.

Taiwan, Province of China

Gold

Atasay Kuyumculuk Sanayi Ve Ticaret A.S.

Turkey

Gold

African Gold Refinery

Uganda

Gold

Dijllah Gold Refinery FZC

United Arab Emirates

Gold

Fujairah Gold FZC

United Arab Emirates

Gold

International Precious Metal Refiners

United Arab Emirates

Gold

Kaloti Precious Metals

United Arab Emirates

Gold

Abington Reldan Metals, LLC

United States of America

Gold

Metallix Refining Inc.

United States of America

Gold

Pease & Curren

United States of America

Gold

QG Refining, LLC

United States of America

Gold

Sabin Metal Corp.

United States of America

Gold

Fidelity Printers and Refiners Ltd.

Zimbabwe

Tin

Melt Metais e Ligas S.A.

Brazil

Tin

Dongguan CiEXPO Environmental Engineering Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

Gejiu City Fuxiang Industry and Trade Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

Gejiu Kai Meng Industry and Trade LLC

China

Tin

Yunnan Yunfan Non-ferrous Metals Co., Ltd.

China

Tin

Precious Minerals and Smelting Limited

India

Tin

PT Belitung Industri Sejahtera

Indonesia

 


Metal

Smelter Name

Country

Tin

PT Panca Mega Persada

Indonesia

Tin

PT Tirus Putra Mandiri

Indonesia

Tin

PT Tommy Utama

Indonesia

Tin

Modeltech Sdn Bhd

Malaysia

Tin

Pongpipat Company Limited

Myanmar

Tin

An Vinh Joint Stock Mineral Processing Company

Viet Nam

Tin

Electro-Mechanical Facility of the Cao Bang Minerals & Metallurgy JSC

Viet Nam

Tin

Nghe Tinh Non-Ferrous Metals Joint Stock Company

Viet Nam

Tin

Tuyen Quang Non-Ferrous Metals Joint Stock Company

Viet Nam

Tin

VQB Mineral and Trading Group JSC

Viet Nam

Tungsten

CNMC (Guangxi) PGMA Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Jiangxi Minmetals Gao'an Non-ferrous Metals Co., Ltd.

China

Tungsten

Artek LLC

Russian Federation

Tungsten

LLC Vostok

Russian Federation

 


Based on country of origin information provided by the RMI for RMAP conformant processing facilities, countries of origin of the 3TG in our products may include:

Argentina

Guatemala

Portugal

Armenia

Guinea

Russian Federation

Australia

Guyana

Rwanda

Austria

Honduras

Saudi Arabia

Azerbaijan

India

Senegal

Belgium

Indonesia

Serbia

Benin

Ivory Coast

Sierra Leone

Bolivia

Japan

Singapore

Botswana

Kazakhstan

Slovakia

Brazil

Kenya

Solomon Islands

Bulgaria

Kyrgyzstan

South Africa

Burkina Faso

Laos

South Korea

Burundi

Liberia

Spain

Canada

Madagascar

Sudan

Chile

Malaysia

Suriname

China

Mali

Swaziland

Colombia

Mauritania

Sweden

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Mexico

Taiwan (Chinese Taipei)

Costa Rica

Mongolia

Tajikistan

Cuba

Montenegro

Tanzania

Cyprus

Morocco

Thailand

Dominican Republic

Mozambique

Turkey

Ecuador

Myanmar

Uganda

Eritrea

Namibia

United Kingdom

Ethiopia

New Zealand

United States of America

Fiji

Nicaragua

Uruguay

Finland

Niger

Uzbekistan

France

Nigeria

Venezuela

French Guiana

Oman

Vietnam

Georgia

Papua New Guinea

Zambia

Germany

Peru

Zimbabwe

Ghana

Philippines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




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