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Form S-3 Applied UV, Inc.

July 5, 2022 11:08 AM EDT

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As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 1, 2022

Registration No. 333-

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM S-3
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

APPLIED UV, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware   84-4373308

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

 

150 N. Macquesten Parkway

Mount Vernon, NY 10550

(914) 665-6100


(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of Registrant’s principal executive offices)

John F. Andrews

Chief Executive Officer
Applied UV, Inc.
150 N. Macquesten Parkway

Mount Vernon, NY 10550

(914) 665-6100


(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

Copies to:
Ross D. Carmel
Jeffrey P. Wofford
Carmel. Milazzo & Feil LLP
55 West 39th Street, 18th Floor
New York, New York 10018

212 658-0458

 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after this registration statement becomes effective.

If the only securities being registered on this form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box. ☐

If any of the securities being registered on this form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), other than securities offered only in connection with dividend or interest reinvestment plans, check the following box. ☒

If this form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

If this form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ☐

If this form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.D. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, please check the following box. ☒

If this form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.D. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company
      Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act. ☐

  

 

 

The Registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine. 

EXPLANATION OF THE FILING

This shelf registration statement will provide our company with the flexibility to issue and sell securities if and when deemed appropriate and in the best interest of our stockholders. We may or may not issue and sell any securities under this registration statement. Filing this registration statement merely gives us flexibility to issue registered securities if and when we deem doing so is appropriate and in the best interest of our stockholders, without any unnecessary delays. This registration statement helps us maintain an optimal state of readiness at all times.

This registration statement contains two prospectuses:

  a base prospectus that covers the potential offering, issuance, and sale from time to time of our common stock, preferred stock, warrants, debt securities, and units in one or more offerings with a total value of up to $50,000,000; and
  a sales agreement prospectus covering the potential offering, issuance, and sale from time to time of shares of our common stock having an aggregate gross sales price of up to $9,000,000 pursuant to a equity distribution agreement with Maxim Group LLC..

The base prospectus immediately follows this explanatory note. The specific terms of any securities to be offered pursuant to the base prospectus will be specified in a prospectus supplement to the base prospectus. The equity distribution agreement prospectus, which specifies the terms of our common stock to be sold under the equity distribution agreement, immediately follows the base prospectus. The common stock that may be offered, issued, and sold under the equity distribution agreement prospectus is included in the $50,000,000 of securities that may be offered, issued, and sold under the base prospectus. Upon termination of the equity distribution agreement, any portion of the $9,000,000 included in the sales agreement prospectus that is not sold pursuant to the sales agreement will be available for sale in other offerings pursuant to the base prospectus.

  

 

The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED JULY 1, 2022

PROSPECTUS

$50,000,000

Applied UV, Inc. 

Common Stock
Preferred Stock
Warrants
Debt Securities
Rights

Units

 

This prospectus will allow us to issue, from time to time at prices and on terms to be determined at or prior to the time of the offering, up to $50,000,000 of any combination of the securities described in this prospectus, either individually or in units. We may also offer common stock or preferred stock upon conversion of or exchange for the debt securities; common stock upon conversion of or exchange for the preferred stock; common stock, preferred stock or debt securities upon the exercise of warrants, rights or performance of purchase contracts; or any combination of these securities upon the performance of purchase contracts.

This prospectus describes the general terms of these securities and the general manner in which these securities will be offered. We will provide you with the specific terms of any offering in one or more supplements to this prospectus. The prospectus supplements will also describe the specific manner in which these securities will be offered and may also supplement, update or amend information contained in this document. You should read this prospectus and any prospectus supplement, as well as any documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus or any prospectus supplement, carefully before you invest.

Our securities may be sold directly by us to you, through agents designated from time to time or to or through underwriters or dealers. For additional information on the methods of sale, you should refer to the section entitled “Plan of Distribution” in this prospectus and in the applicable prospectus supplement. If any underwriters or agents are involved in the sale of our securities with respect to which this prospectus is being delivered, the names of such underwriters or agents and any applicable fees, commissions or discounts and over-allotment options will be set forth in a prospectus supplement. The price to the public of such securities and the net proceeds that we expect to receive from such sale will also be set forth in a prospectus supplement.

Our common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “AUVI.” On June 30, 2022, the last reported sale price of our common stock was $2.27 per share. Our 10.5% Series A Cumulative Perpetual Preferred is listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “AUVIP.” On June 30, 2022, the last reported sale price of such preferred stock was $24.76 per share. The applicable prospectus supplement will contain information, where applicable, as to any other listing, if any, on The Nasdaq Capital Market or any securities market or other securities exchange of the securities covered by the prospectus supplement. Prospective purchasers of our securities are urged to obtain current information as to the market prices of our securities, where applicable.

 

  

 

 

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. Before deciding whether to invest in our securities, you should consider carefully the risks that we have described on page 6 of this prospectus under the caption “Risk Factors.” We may include specific risk factors in supplements to this prospectus under the caption “Risk Factors.” This prospectus may not be used to sell our securities unless accompanied by a prospectus supplement.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

Currently, we are an “emerging growth company” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and are subject to reduced public company reporting requirements. Please read “Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company.”

You should read carefully and consider the “Risk Factors” referenced on page 6 of this prospectus, as well as those contained in the applicable prospectus supplement and in the documents that are incorporated by reference herein or the applicable prospectus supplement.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

The date of this prospectus is  , 2022.

  

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  Page
ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS 1
CAUTIONARY NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS 1
THE COMPANY 2
RISK FACTORS 7
USE OF PROCEEDS 7
SELLING SECURITY HOLDERS 7
DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES 8
DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES 8
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION 29
LEGAL MATTERS 30
EXPERTS 31
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION 31
INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE 31

  

 

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), using a “shelf” registration process for the delayed offering and sale of securities pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act. Under the shelf process, we may, from time to time, sell any of the securities described in this prospectus in one or more offerings and selling security holders may offer such securities owned by them from time to time.

This prospectus provides you with a general description of the securities we may offer. Each time we or selling security holders sell securities, we will provide one or more prospectus supplements that will contain specific information about the terms of the offering. The prospectus supplement may also add, update, or change information contained in this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and the accompanying prospectus supplement together with the additional information described under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information.”

We have not authorized anyone to provide you with any additional information. This prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement do not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any securities other than the securities described in the accompanying prospectus supplement or an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy such securities in any circumstances in which such offer or solicitation is unlawful. You should assume that the information appearing in this prospectus, any prospectus supplement, the documents incorporated by reference, and any related free writing prospectus is accurate only as of their respective dates. Our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects may have changed materially since those dates.

As used in this prospectus, unless the context otherwise requires, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” and “our company” mean, collectively, Applied UV, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

CAUTIONARY NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus, the documents incorporated by reference herein and therein, and other written and oral statements we make from time to time contain certain “forward-looking” statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). You can identify these forward-looking statements by the fact they use words such as “could,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “target,” “may,” “project,” “guidance,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “will,” “potential,” “opportunity,” “future,” and other words and terms of similar meaning and expression in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance. You can also identify forward-looking statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Such forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and involve inherent risks and uncertainties, including factors that could delay, divert, or change any of them, and could cause actual outcomes to differ materially from current expectations. These statements are likely to relate to, among other things, our business strategy, our research and development, our product development efforts, our ability to commercialize our product candidates, the activities of our licensees, our prospects for initiating partnerships or collaborations, the timing of the introduction of products, the effect of new accounting pronouncements, uncertainty regarding our future operating results and our profitability, anticipated sources of funds as well as our plans, objectives, expectations, and intentions.

We have included more detailed descriptions of these risks and uncertainties and other risks and uncertainties applicable to our business that we believe could cause actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statement in the “Risk Factors” sections of this prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference herein including, but not limited to, the risk factors incorporated by reference from our filings with the SEC. We encourage you to read those descriptions carefully. Although we believe we have been prudent in our plans and assumptions, no assurance can be given that any goal or plan set forth in forward-looking statements can be achieved. We caution investors not to place significant reliance on forward-looking statements; such statements need to be evaluated in light of all the information contained and incorporated by reference in this prospectus. Furthermore, the statements speak only as of the date of each document, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise these statements.

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PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

 

The following is a summary of selected information contained elsewhere or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. It does not contain all of the information that you should consider before investing in our securities. You should read this entire prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement carefully, especially the section entitled “Risk Factors” contained herein and therein and the documents incorporated by reference herein and therein, as well as the consolidated financial statements and the notes to the consolidated financial statements incorporated in this prospectus by reference. Each of the risk factors could adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition, as well as adversely affect the value of an investment in our securities.

 The Company

Overview

Applied UV is focused on the development, acquisition and commercialization of technology that address air purification and infection control in the cannabis, food preservation, winery, healthcare, hospitality, schools, correctional facilities, dental and long-term care, dairy, and consumer markets. The Company offers science-based solutions and products in air purification under the Airocide and Scientific Air Management brand and label and disinfection of hard surfaces under the Lumicide brand and label. MunnWorks, our subsidiary focuses on the hospitality market, manufactures and supplies furniture, fine decorative framed mirrors, framed art, and vanities. MunnWorks provides us cross-selling opportunities for our Airocide and Lumicide products. Applied UV is a holding company. Our current operating companies are SteriLumen and MunnWorks.

Air Purification Solutions: Airocide Air Purification

On February 8, 2021 we acquired substantially all of the assets of Akida Holdings LLC (“Akida”), which owned the Airocide™ system of air purification technologies for $7.88 million, consisting of $0.76 million in cash and 1.375 million shares of our Common Stock (the “Acquisition”) with a fair market value of $7.12 million. Prior to the Acquisition, Akida granted KES Science & Technology, Inc. (“KES”) a non-exclusive irrevocable royalty free license (the “KES License”) to manufacture and sell products based on Airocide™ technology in the United States and Canada for use in the commercial food preservation and preparation market, and the cannabis/hemp market. KES also manufactures, distributes and provides technical support for our Airocide™ products pursuant to certain service agreements (the “KES Service Agreements”). At the closing of the KES Acquisition, the KES Service Agreements were assigned to us and we assumed all of the obligations under the KES Service Agreements.

On September 28, 2021, we acquired substantially all of the assets of KES, including the assignment of contracts related to the supply chain management and sale of the Airocide™ system of air purification technologies, for $4.3 million in cash and 300,000 shares of our common stock with a fair market value of $1,959,000 (the “KES Acquisition”). The KES Acquisition along with the Acquisition provides us with all of the rights, title and interest to the Airocide™ system of air purification technologies, including all of the rights KES had under the KES Service Agreements.

The Airocide™ system of air purification technologies, originally developed for the National Aeronatuics and Space Administration (“NASA”) with assistance from the University of Wisconsin at Madison, uses a combination of UVC and a proprietary, titanium dioxide based photocatalyst to eliminate airborne bacteria, mold, fungi, viruses, volatile organic compounds and many odors. We believe Airocide™ can provide solutions to accelerate the reopening of the global economy with applications in the hospitality, hotel, healthcare, nursing homes, grocer, wine, commercial buildings and retail sectors. The Airocide™ system has been used by brands such as DelMonte, Kroger, Opus One, and in March 2021 the Boston Red Sox agreed with SteriLumen to install an Airocide™ system at Fenway Park and JetBlue Park.

The core Airocide™ technology has been in use on the International Space Station and is based on photo-catalytic oxidation (PCO), a bioconversion process that continuously converts damaging molds, microorganisms, dangerous pathogens, destructive volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) and biological gasses into harmless water vapor.

Unlike other air purification systems that provide “active” air cleaning, ozone producing systems, ionization or “photo-electrochemical oxidation”, Airocide’s nanocoating technology permanently bonds titanium dioxide to the surface of the catalytic bed. This permits the perpetual generation of surface-bound (OH-) radicals over the large surface area created by their advanced geometric design and prevents the generation and release of ozone and other harmful byproducts. The proprietary formulation and methods for creating the catalyst are the basis of Airocide’s competitive advantage, making it the only consistently robust, highly effective, ozone free PCO technology on the market.

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Airocide™ has been tested over the past 12 years by governmental agencies such as NASA, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, independent universities including the University of Wisconsin, Texas Tech University and Texas A&M, and air quality science laboratories. Airocide technology is listed as a FDA class II medical device, making it suitable for providing medical grade air purification in critical hospital use cases. Airocide® product lines include: APS (consumer units) and the GCS and HD lines (commercial units) and will enable the commercial units with the SteriLumen App to bring connectivity, reporting and asset management to our air purification products.

The APS series provides true choice, low maintenance filter-less PCO or a filtered air purification option ideal for restaurants, conference rooms, residential and small business or home office spaces. The GCS series is suitable for larger public spaces and enclosed rooms that may have high occupancy such as offices, waiting rooms and hotel lobbies, and airport gate areas. The HD series is the most powerful, providing two-stage purification for fast sanitization of larger or industrial spaces such as sporting venues and locker rooms, airports, museums, winery cellars, warehouses and food-processing facilities. All Airocide™ products also extend the life of any perishables like fruit, produce or flowers.

Scientific Air

On October 13, 2021, we acquired substantially all of the assets of Old SAM Partners, LLC F/K/A Scientific Air Management, LLC (“Old SAM”), which owned a line of air purification technologies (“Scientific Air”) for a purchase price of $9.5 million in cash and 200,000 fully vested shares of our Common Stock (the “Vested Shares”) and 200,000 shares of our Common Stock that are subject to vesting (the “Earnout Shares”) (the “’SciAir’ Acquisition”). The number of shares of Common Stock included in the purchase price was based on a per share value of $10.00. With respect to the Vested Shares and the Earnout Shares, the Acquisition agreement provided that we would pay additional cash compensation to Scientific Air if the if the 20 day average price of our common stock was below $10.00 on April 14, 2022, in the case of the Vested Shares or March 31, 2023, in the case of the Earnout Shares. Such amounts were payable only if Old SAM or its affiliates owned Vested Shares or Earnout Shares on the applicable determination date. As described below, Old SAM and certain of its affiliates have relinquished their right to all 400,000 Vested Shares and Earnout Shares.

On March 31, 2022 we entered into a Settlement Agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) with Old SAM and the members thereof who executed the Settlement Agreement (collectively, the “Old SAM Parties”), pursuant to which the Old SAM Parties relinquished all of their right, title and interest in any of the Vested Shares and the Earnout Shares and no longer have the right to any additional cash consideration as described above. The Settlement Agreement also contains a mutual release of all claims we and the Old SAM parties have against each other, other than claims related to certain consulting agreements executed in connection with Acquisition. The Settlement Agreement was not the result of any litigation, and no claims were filed by us against any of the Old SAM Parties or by any of the Old SAM Parties against us.

The Scientific Air product line uses a combination of UVC and a proprietary, patented system to eliminate airborne bacteria, mold, fungi, viruses, volatile organic compounds and many odors without producing any harmful by- products. Scientific Air’s products are well suited for larger spaces within a facility due to the higher air flow of these units. The units are also mobile with industrial grade casters, allowing for movement throughout a facility to address increased bio burden from larger meetings or increased human traffic. Both of these key items extend our Airocide line, creating a comprehensive air disinfection portfolio that spans from small to large spaces and mobile applications. 

Scientific Air’s products are currently sold predominantly in North America and into the healthcare market. We see a number of bidirectional synergies. First, we look to leverage Airocide’s global distribution capabilities to start distributing Scientific Air’s products internationally. Second, we look to leverage Scientific Air’s strength in healthcare to pull through existing Airocide units, creating a broad healthcare product line, from small clinics, patient rooms and doctor’s offices to larger spaces such as nursing stations, waiting rooms and cafeterias. Scientific Air currently leverages one of the largest healthcare distributors in North America, which is a relationship we intend to further develop to increase our customer base and revenue. Finally, we look to implement our IoT integration to our platform for connecting all our units via the SteriLumen App, creating smart asset management, reporting, and control across enterprises.

Both our Airocide and Scientific Air Management brands are sold globally in 52 countries through approximately 52 distribution channels including master distributors, dealers, and sales representatives.

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Market Opportunity

Our goal is to build a company that successfully designs, develops and markets our air and surface disinfection solutions that will enable US and global economies to re-open and provide safe environments during and following the pandemic. We will seek to achieve this goal by having our products actively involved in the following activities:

•   Focus on key target verticals that have proven business use cases including:

Cannabis
Food Preservation
Healthcare
Winery
Hospitality
Schools
Correctional Facilities
Dental and Long-Term Care
Consumer Markets

In addition to further developing Airocide, Scientific Air, and Lumicide specific sales efforts, we intend to leverage the Company’s hospitality business (MunnWorks) for cross-selling opportunities of our air purification and surface disinfectant solutions and products. Our initial research indicates that the key stakeholders in this market value the asset management and reporting capabilities of our platform and provide key points of differentiation.
Expand our global distributor channels into new markets not currently served.
Continue scientific validation through lab testing and data from real world deployments; publish case studies in peer reviewed journals.
Leverage domestic contract manufacture to eliminate the global supply chain and logistics disruption.

We are also prioritizing our opportunities in additional market segments:

Cruise Line Bathrooms. Because of the close quarters inside most cruise line cabins, pathogens can easily be spread amongst passengers, especially on long voyages where cruise line bathrooms have more use and may not be cleaned before the end of the trip. Our SteriLumen App could provide an important means for disinfecting cruise line bathrooms, keeping track of cleanliness during voyages, and decreasing the spread of germs in the cruise liner.

Restaurants. Given the need to prevent foodborne illness, restaurants are constantly urging staff to wash their hands and are required by public health authorities to keep their premises as clean and germ-free as possible. There is an opportunity to become part of upscale restaurants’ strategy to demonstrate dedication and commitment to customers and health department to reduce the spread of infections within their establishment.

Consumer. We look to expand our consumer marketplace reach with our Airocide brand and we plan to expand digital marketing activities to gain greater market share.

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Surface Disinfection Solutions: Lumicide

The Company’s Lumicide brand of products are unique, patented, and automated disinfecting systems that rely on LEDs in the “C” range of the ultraviolet spectrum (UVC). Lumicide offers configurable options for placement of the UVC LEDs in a wide variety of fixtures including but not limited to vanities, restrooms, above desks or along countertops. Lumicide disinfects hard surfaces within 12 to 24 inches of the unit, generating adequate energy required to kill pathogens in a typical disinfection cycle at extremely low power measured in milliwatts. Lumicide has been tested by ResInnova Laboratories, an International Antimicrobial Council certified BSL-2 testing facility (“ResInnova”).

Our product platform includes the following attributes:

Focus on high-contamination surfaces Focuses on pathogens that accumulate on the sink area, including handles, faucets, backsplash and in the drain.
Germicidal UVC LEDs. The UVC LEDs in our devices have demonstrated destruction of the most clinically relevant pathogens causing HAIs as well as destruction of SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing COVID-19.
Automatic operation. A built-in programmable controller within the unit ensures operation for the appropriate UVC dosage required to conduct four logs pathogen destruction and is not dependent on manual operation. Its functionality is expandable and may become a source for recurring income through additional data reporting, leasing and maintenance of add-on elements.
Continuous operation. Works in pre-programmed cycles that can be managed by an on-board programmable controller. The motion detectors enclosed within each device allow continuous disinfection of high contamination areas as long as room occupants are outside a safe distance of the device. Research has shown that microbes can rebound to pre-disinfection levels within two hours following manual cleaning and disinfection. Lumicide products operating continuously mitigate pathogen regeneration.
Safety. Built-in redundant motion sensors automatically shut off when movement is detected within range of the UVC light, or failure of motion sensors on the unit, eliminating safety concerns about UVC exposure. Once there is no movement in the room for programmed time period, Lumcide comes back on to restart and continue its cycle.

We currently have five product lines incorporating Lumicide including:

(i) disinfecting drain device (in market);

(ii) disinfecting shelf, is a ribbon that can be installed above a sink, beneath an existing bathroom mirror, or above other high-contamination risk surfaces (in market);

(iii) disinfecting back-lit mirror (in development);

The Company has pursued validation of its platform in both laboratory and real clinical settings. Devices were independently tested in 2017, before the pandemic, and again in 2020 at ResInnova Laboratories, an International Antimicrobial Council certified BSL-2 testing facility. The disinfecting mirror and disinfecting drain devices were found to be effective in killing (3-4 log reductions) the most infectious and clinically important pathogens including C. difficile, methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), E. Coli, and OC43 human coronavirus, a strain structurally and genetically similar to SARS-CoV-2 and accepted as a surrogate for that virus. The Company is also sponsoring a study at Mount Sinai and its Icahn School of Medicine on the effectiveness of Lumicide in patient bathrooms in a New York hospital in the Mount Sinai system. Mount Sinai has agreed to provide the results of their study in a report to be issued in the third quarter of 2022 as well as publishing their results in an academic, peer reviewed journal.

Integrating Our Solutions Through Our SteriLumen App

The SteriLumen application enables IoT connectivity using Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and other RF technology for continuous transmission of use and functionality data for collection and analysis. The SteriLumen App provides remote asset management and full visibility into the operation of our devices as well as efficacy reporting on the cycles that have run and subsequent cleanliness status. The application also enables Smart Maintenance, with LED cartridge lifecycle alerts, fault detection/reports and other automatic system updates. We expect to launch the SteriLumen App in Q4 2022.

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Hospitality Segment

Through our subsidiary, MunnWorks, we manufacture, and supply furniture, custom designed decorative framed mirrors, framed art, and bathroom vanities primarily to the hospitality market. We supply the major hotel brands in North America including hotel chains such as Hilton Hotels & Resorts, the various Hyatt branded hotels, the various Marriott branded hotels, Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts and the subsidiary hotel brands for each of these major brands. We have a national sales force and an established distribution network for hotels and restaurants in every major market in the United States and have begun to develop a distribution network for the assisted living market. These distribution networks will also be a significant asset for cross selling and recommending our Airocide and Lumicide products and solutions, as those networks will be utilized for marketing and sales. On March 25, 2022 MunnWorks acquired substantially all of the assets of VisionMark, LLC, which in the business of manufacturing and selling furniture to the hospitality industry. This acquisition will expand our offerings beyond fine mirrors to include furnishings and enable MunnWorks to compete head-to-head in new construction and remodeling in the luxury hospitality market.

Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company

We qualify as an “emerging growth company” as the term is used in The Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and therefore, we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various public company reporting requirements, including:

a requirement to only have two years of audited financial statements and only two years of related selected financial data and management’s discussion and analysis;
exemption from the auditor attestation requirement on the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting;
reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation; and
exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory stockholder vote on executive compensation and any golden parachute payments.

We may take advantage of these provisions for up to five years or such earlier time that we are no longer an emerging growth company. We would cease to be an emerging growth company if we have more than $1.07 billion in annual revenues, have more than $700.0 million in market value of our capital stock held by non-affiliates, or issue more than $1.07 billion of non-convertible debt over a three-year period. So long as we remain an emerging growth company, we may choose to take advantage of some, but not all, of the available benefits of the JOBS Act. In addition, the JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies. We have elected to avail ourselves of this exemption from new or revised accounting standards and, therefore, we will not be subject to the same new or revised accounting standards as other public companies that are not emerging growth companies.

Corporate Information

Our principal executive offices are located at 150 N. Macquesten Parkway, Mount Vernon, NY 10550. Our website address is www.applieduvinc.com. We do not incorporate the information on or accessible through our website into this prospectus. We have included our website address in this prospectus solely as an inactive textual reference.

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RISK FACTORS

Investing in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described in the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus and any prospectus supplement, as well as other information we include or incorporate by reference into this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement, before making an investment decision. Our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected by the materialization of any of these risks. The trading price of our securities could decline due to the materialization of any of these risks, and you may lose all or part of your investment. This prospectus and the documents incorporated herein by reference also contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including the risks described in the documents incorporated herein by reference, including (i) our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on April 7, 2022 (after filing Form NT 10-K on April 1, 20220 and incorporated herein by reference, and (ii) our most recent quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2022 filed with the SEC on May 23, 2022 (after filing Form NT 10-Q on May 12, 2022) and incorporated herein by reference, and (iii) our current reports on Form 8-K and other documents we file with the SEC from time to time that are deemed incorporated by reference into this prospectus. For a description of these reports and documents, and information about where you can find them, see “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Documents by Reference.” Additional risks not presently known or that we presently consider to be immaterial could subsequently materially and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, business, and prospects.

USE OF PROCEEDS

We intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of the securities from offerings under this prospectus for capital expenditures, repayment and refinancing of debt, research and development expenditures, acquisitions of additional companies or technologies, investments and general corporate purposes, including working capital unless the applicable prospectus supplement states otherwise. General corporate purposes may include working capital,. We may temporarily invest the net proceeds in investment-grade, interest-bearing securities until they are used for their stated purpose. We have not determined the amount of net proceeds to be used specifically for such purposes. As a result, we will retain broad discretion over the allocation of net proceeds. We would not receive proceeds from sales by our security holders.

SELLING SECURITY HOLDERS

Selling security holders are persons or entities that, directly or indirectly, have acquired or will from time to time acquire from us, our securities in various private transactions. Such selling security holders may be parties to registration rights agreements with us, or we otherwise may have agreed or will agree to register their securities for sale. Certain holders of our securities, as well as their transferees, pledgees, donees, or successors, all of whom we refer to as “selling security holders,” may from time to time offer and sell the securities pursuant to this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement.

The applicable prospectus supplement will set forth the name of each selling security holder and the number of and type of securities beneficially owned by such selling security holder that are covered by such prospectus supplement. The applicable prospectus supplement will also disclose whether any of the selling security holders have held any position or office with, have been employed by, or otherwise have had a material relationship with us during the three years prior to the date of the prospectus supplement.

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DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES

The descriptions of the securities contained in this prospectus, together with the applicable prospectus supplements, summarize the material terms and provisions of the various types of securities that we may offer. We will describe in the applicable prospectus supplement relating to any securities the particular terms of the securities offered by that prospectus supplement. If we so indicate in the applicable prospectus supplement, the terms of the securities may differ from the terms we have summarized below. We will also include in the prospectus supplement information, where applicable, about material U.S. federal income tax considerations relating to the securities, and the securities exchange, if any, on which the securities will be listed.

We may sell from time to time common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, warrants to purchase any such securities, or any combination of the foregoing.

In this prospectus, we refer to the common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, and warrants to be sold by us collectively as “securities.”

If we issue debt securities at a discount from their original stated principal amount, then we will use the issue price, and not the principal amount, of such debt securities for purposes of calculating the total dollar amount of all securities issued under this prospectus.

This prospectus may not be used to consummate a sale of securities unless it is accompanied by a prospectus supplement.

DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES

The following summary description of our common stock is based on the provisions of our amended certificate of incorporation and bylaws and the applicable provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law (the “DGCL”). This information is qualified entirely by reference to the applicable provisions of our amended certificate of incorporation and bylaws. For information on how to obtain copies of our amended certificate of incorporation and bylaws, which are exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, see the sections titled “Where You Can Find Additional Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference” in this prospectus. In this section entitled “Description of Securities,” references to “we,” “us,” “our,” and “our company” refer only to Applied UV, Inc. and not to its consolidated subsidiaries. Also, in this section, references to “holders” mean those who own warrants or other rights registered in their own names, on the books that we or any applicable trustee or warrant or rights agent maintain for this purpose, and not those who own beneficial interests in securities registered in street name or in warrants issued in book-entry form through one or more depositaries.

General

Our authorized capital stock consists of 150,000,000 shares of our common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, and 20,000,000 shares of preferred stock, $0.0001 par value per share, including 1,250,000 shares designated as 10.5% Series A Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred Stock”) and 10,000 shares designated as Series X Super Voting Preferred Stock (the “Super Voting Preferred Stock”). As of March 31, 2022, there were 12,888,174 shares of our common stock outstanding, 552,000 shares of our Series A Preferred Stock outstanding and 2,000 shares of our Super Voting Preferred Stock outstanding.

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Common Stock

Voting Rights

Each stockholder is entitled to one vote for each share of common stock held on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Our certificate of incorporation, as amended, does not provide for cumulative voting for the election of directors, which means that the holders of a majority of the shares voted can elect all of the directors then standing for election. The common stock is not entitled to preemptive rights and is not subject to conversion or redemption. Each outstanding share of common stock offered by this prospectus will, when issued, be fully paid and nonassessable.

Dividends

Holders of common stock are entitled to share ratably in any dividends declared by our Board of Directors, subject to any preferential dividend rights of any outstanding preferred stock. We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our common stock. We do not intend to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future.

Preemptive Rights

Holders of common stock do not have any preemptive rights with respect to any shares that we may issue in the future. Thus, we may sell shares of our common stock without first offering them to the then holders of common stock.

Liquidation

In the event of any liquidation or dissolution of our company, whether voluntary or involuntary, the holders of our common stock would be entitled to receive pro rata, after payment of all our debts and liabilities, all of our assets available for distribution, subject to the rights of the holders of any preferred stock which may be issued with a priority in liquidation or dissolution over the holders of common stock.

Listing

Our common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “AUVI.”

Exclusive Forum

Our Certificate of Incorporation, as amended provides that, unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware shall be the sole and exclusive forum for (a) any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of the Company, (b) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director, officer, employee or agent of the Company to the Company or the Company’s stockholders, (c) any action asserting a claim arising pursuant to any provision of the Delaware General Corporation Law, the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation or the Bylaws, or (d) any action asserting a claim governed by the internal affairs doctrine, in each case subject to said Court of Chancery having personal jurisdiction over the indispensable parties named as defendants therein. This exclusive forum provision may limit the ability of our stockholders to bring a claim in a judicial forum that such stockholders find favorable for disputes with us or our directors or officers, which may discourage lawsuits against us or our directors or officers. Our Certificate of Incorporation also provides that this choice of forum provision does not apply to claims arising under federal securities laws.

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Anti-Takeover Provisions

Statutory Business Combination Provision. Delaware has adopted a “business combination” statute (Section 203 of the DGCL) that may also have additional anti-takeover effects to provisions in our certificate of incorporation, as amended, and by-laws. Section 203 of the DGCL, which, subject to certain exceptions, prohibits a Delaware corporation from engaging in any “business combination” with an “interested stockholder” for a period of three years following the time that such stockholder became an interested stockholder, unless:

the board of directors of the corporation approves either the business combination or the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, prior to the time the interested stockholder attained that status;
upon the closing of the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 85% of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction commenced, excluding, for purposes of determining the number of shares outstanding, those shares owned by persons who are directors and also officers and by employee stock plans in which employee participants do not have the right to determine confidentially whether shares held subject to the plan will be tendered in a tender or exchange offer; or
at or subsequent to such time, the business combination is approved by the board of directors and authorized at an annual or special meeting of stockholders, and not by written consent, by the affirmative vote of at least 66 2/3% of the outstanding voting stock that is not owned by the interested stockholder.

With certain exceptions, an “interested stockholder” is a person or group who or which owns 15% or more of the corporation’s outstanding voting stock (including any rights to acquire stock pursuant to an option, warrant, agreement, arrangement, or understanding, or upon the exercise of conversion or exchange rights, and stock with respect to which the person has voting rights only), or is an affiliate or associate of the corporation and was the owner of 15% or more of such voting stock at any time within the previous three years.

In general, Section 203 defines a business combination to include:

any merger or consolidation involving the corporation and the interested stockholder;
any sale, transfer, pledge, or other disposition of 10% or more of the assets of the corporation involving the interested stockholder;
subject to certain exceptions, any transaction that results in the issuance or transfer by the corporation of any stock of the corporation to the interested stockholder;
any transaction involving the corporation that has the effect of increasing the proportionate share of the stock or any class or series of the corporation beneficially owned by the interested stockholder; or
the receipt by the interested stockholder of the benefit of any loans, advances, guarantees, pledges, or other financial benefits provided by or through the corporation.

A Delaware corporation may “opt out” of this provision with an express provision in its original certificate of incorporation or an express provision in its amended and restated certificate of incorporation or bylaws resulting from a stockholders’ amendment approved by at least a majority of the outstanding voting shares. However, we have not “opted out” of this provision. Section 203 could prohibit or delay mergers or other takeover or change-in-control attempts and, accordingly, may discourage attempts to acquire our company.

Size of the Board and Vacancies. Our by-laws provide that the exact number of directors is determined by resolution of the Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors has the right to fill any vacancies resulting from death, resignation, disqualification, or removal, as well as any newly created directorships arising from an increase in the size of the Board of Directors.

Amendment of Charter Provisions. The affirmative vote of the holders of at least a majority of the voting power of all then outstanding shares of our voting stock, voting together as a single class, is required to, among other things, amend, alter, change, or repeal certain provisions of our certificate of incorporation, as amended. Our by-laws may only be amended (or new by-laws adopted) by the Board of Directors or the affirmative vote of the holders of at least a majority of the voting power of all then outstanding shares of our voting stock represented in person or by proxy at the meeting at which the amendment is voted on.

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Undesignated Preferred Stock. Following the filing of the amended and restated certificate of incorporation, we could issue preferred stock that could have other rights, including economic rights senior to our common stock, so that the issuance of the preferred stock could adversely affect the market value of our common stock. The issuance of the preferred stock may also have the effect of delaying, deferring, or preventing a change in control of our company without any action by the stockholders. The effects of issuing preferred stock could include one or more of the following:

restricting dividends on the common stock;
diluting the voting power of the common stock;
impairing the liquidation rights of the common stock; or
discouraging, delaying, or preventing changes in control or management of our company.

Transfer Agent and Registrar

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is VStock Transfer, LLC.

Preferred Stock

This section describes the general terms and provisions of the preferred stock that we may offer by this prospectus. The prospectus supplement will describe the specific terms of the series of the preferred stock offered through that prospectus supplement. Those terms may differ from the terms discussed below. Any series of preferred stock that we issue will be governed by our certificate of incorporation, as amended, including the certificate of designations relating to such series of preferred stock, and our by-laws. In this section entitled “Description of Preferred Stock,” references to “we,” “us,” “our,” and “our company” refer only to Applied UV, Inc. and not to its consolidated subsidiaries.

The following descriptions of our capital stock does not purport to be complete and is qualified in all respects by reference to our certificate of incorporation, as amended, our by-laws, and the DGCL.

As of March 31, 2022, 1,250,000 shares of preferred stock have been designated as Series A Preferred Stock of which 552,000 shares were issued to investors in an underwritten public offering in July of 2021 at a public offering price of $25.00 per share and 10,000 shares of preferred stock have been designated as Super Voting Preferred Stock, of which 2,000 are issued and outstanding and beneficially owned by a trust, the trustee of which is our President, Max Munn, and 18,740,000 shares of preferred stock were authorized but remain undesignated and unissued. The Series A Preferred Stock are listed on Nasdaq under the trading symbol “AUVIP.” We may amend from time to time our certificate of incorporation, as amended, to increase the number of authorized shares of preferred stock, which would require the approval of a majority of the voting power of all then outstanding shares of our voting stock, voting together as a single class. Our board of directors, without the approval of our shareholders, may designate any number of authorized but undesignated shares of preferred stock with such rights and preferences as they deem appropriate and issue any number of designated but unissued shares of our preferred stock.

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We will fix the rights, preferences, privileges, and restrictions of the preferred stock of each series in the certificate of designations relating to that series. We will incorporate by reference as an exhibit to the registration statement that includes this prospectus the form of any certificate of designations that describes the terms of the series of preferred stock we are offering before the issuance of the related series of preferred stock. This description will include the following, to the extent applicable:

the title and stated value;
the number of shares we are offering;
the liquidation preference per share;
the purchase price;
the dividend rate, period and payment date, and method of calculation for dividends, if any;
whether any dividends will be cumulative or non-cumulative and, if cumulative, the date from which dividends will accumulate;
the provisions for a sinking fund, if any;
the provisions for redemption or repurchase, if applicable, and any restrictions on our ability to exercise those redemption and repurchase rights;
any listing of the preferred stock on any securities exchange or market;
whether the preferred stock will be convertible into our common stock and, if applicable, the conversion price, or how it will be calculated, and the conversion period;
whether the preferred stock will be exchangeable into debt securities and, if applicable, the exchange price, or how it will be calculated, and the exchange period;
voting rights, if any, of the preferred stock;
preemptive rights, if any;
restrictions on transfer, sale, or other assignment, if any;
whether interests in the preferred stock will be represented by depositary shares;
a discussion of any material or special U.S. federal income tax considerations applicable to the preferred stock;
the relative ranking and preferences of the preferred stock as to dividend rights and rights if we liquidate, dissolve, or wind up our affairs; any limitations on issuance of any class or series of preferred stock ranking senior to or on a parity with the series of preferred stock as to dividend rights and rights if we liquidate, dissolve, or wind up our affairs; and
any other specific terms, preferences, rights, or limitations of, or restrictions on, the preferred stock.

 

When we issue shares of preferred stock under this prospectus, the shares, when issued in accordance with the terms of the applicable agreement, will be validly issued, fully paid, and non-assessable and will not have, or be subject to, any preemptive or similar rights.

Section 242 of DGCL provides that the holders of each class or series of stock will have the right to vote separately as a class on certain amendments to our certificate of incorporation, as amended, that would affect the class or series of preferred stock, as applicable. This right is in addition to any voting rights that may be provided for in the applicable certificate of designation.

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Series A Preferred Stock

The following is a summary of the material terms of our Series A Preferred Stock.

Ranking. The Series A Preferred Stock, as to dividend rights and rights upon our liquidation, dissolution or winding-up, ranks: (i) senior to all classes or series of our common stock and to all other equity securities issued by us expressly designated as ranking junior to the Series A Preferred Stock; (ii) on parity with any future class or series of our equity securities expressly designated as ranking on parity with the Series A Preferred Stock; (iii) junior to all equity securities issued by us with terms specifically providing that those equity securities rank senior to the Series A Preferred Stock with respect to the payment of dividends and the distribution of assets upon our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, none of which exists on the date hereof; and (iv) effectively junior to all our existing and future indebtedness (including indebtedness convertible into our common stock or preferred stock) and to the indebtedness and other liabilities of (as well as any preferred equity interests held by others in) our existing or future subsidiaries.

Dividends. Holders of our Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to receive, when and as declared by our Board of Directors, out of funds legally available for the payment of dividends, cumulative cash dividends at the rate of 10.5% of the $25.00 liquidation preference per year (equivalent to $2.625 per year), payable monthly in arrears on the 15th day of each month. Dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock accumulate whether or not we are able to pay such dividends under certain of our agreements or even if such dividends are legally restricted or prohibited. We will not pay or declare and set apart for payment any dividends (other than a dividend paid in common stock or other stock ranking junior to the Series A Preferred Stock) on our common stock or other stock that ranks junior to or on parity with the Series A Preferred Stock unless we also have either paid or declared and set apart for payment full cumulative dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock for all past dividend periods.

In the event we owe accumulated dividends on our Series A Preferred Stock equal to at least twelve full months of dividends (and sufficient cash or securities have not been deposited with a paying agent for the payment of the accumulated dividends), the number of directors constituting our Board of Directors will be increased by the amount of directors (which we refer to as the “New Preferred Directors”) that when added to the then current number of directors will constitute a majority of the Board of Directors. The term of the New Preferred Directors will last for so long as we are in arrears on our dividends. The ability of the holders of Preferred Stock to elect the New Preferred Directors will also terminate, subject to reinstatement, once we have a dividend payment date on which we are no longer in arrears on our dividends to the extent described above. We established a segregated account that we pre-funded for the first twelve (12) monthly dividend payments.

Liquidation Preference. In the event of any voluntary or involuntary liquidation, dissolution or winding up of our affairs, the holders of our Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to be paid out of our assets legally available for distribution to our shareholders a liquidation preference of $25.00, plus an amount equal to any accumulated and unpaid dividends to the date of payment, before any distribution or payment may be made to holders of shares of common stock or any other class or series of our equity securities ranking junior to the Series A Preferred Stock.

Optional Redemption. The Series A Preferred Stock is generally not redeemable prior to July 16, 2022, subject to certain exceptions. On and after July 16, 2022, the first anniversary of July 16, 2021, to but excluding the second anniversary, the shares of Series A Preferred Stock will be redeemable at our option, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to $30.00 per share, plus any accrued and unpaid dividends. On and after July 16, 2023, the second anniversary of July 16, 2021, to but excluding the third anniversary, the shares of Series A Preferred Stock will be redeemable at our option, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to $28.00 per share, plus any accrued and unpaid dividends. On and after July 16, 2024, the third anniversary of July 16, 2021, to but excluding the fourth anniversary, the shares of Series A Preferred Stock will be redeemable at our option, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to $27.00, plus any accrued and unpaid dividends. On and after July 16, 2025, the fourth anniversary of July 16, 2021, to but excluding the fifth anniversary, the shares of Series A Preferred Stock will be redeemable at our option, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to $26.00, plus any accrued and unpaid dividends. On and after July 16, 2026, the fifth anniversary of July 16, 2021, the shares of Series A Preferred Stock will be redeemable at our option, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to $25.00 per share, plus any accrued and unpaid dividends.

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Unless full cumulative dividends on all shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall have been or contemporaneously are declared and paid or declared and a sum sufficient for the payment thereof has been or contemporaneously is set apart for payment for all past dividend periods, no shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall be redeemed unless all outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock are simultaneously redeemed and we shall not purchase or otherwise acquire directly or indirectly any shares of Series A Preferred Stock (except by exchanging it for our capital stock ranking junior to the Series A Preferred Stock as to dividends and upon liquidation); provided, however, that the we will not be prevented from purchasing or acquiring shares of Series A Preferred Stock pursuant to a purchase or exchange offer made on the same terms to holders of all outstanding Series A Preferred Stock.

Special Optional Redemption and Conversion. If the Series A Preferred Stock is no longer listed on Nasdaq or another national exchange and we are no longer subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act or if a change of control of the Company occurs, we may, at our option (i) redeem the Series A Preferred Stock, in whole or in part, at a redemption price of $25.00 per share, plus any accumulated and unpaid dividends or (ii) convert some or all of the Series A Preferred Stock into a number of shares of our common stock based on a formula contained in the Series A Preferred Stock certificate of designations.

Limited Voting Rights. The holders of our Series A Preferred Stock generally have no voting rights, except on matters that materially and adversely affect the rights of the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock.

Super Voting Preferred Stock

The following is a summary of the material terms of our Super Voting Preferred Stock

Voting Rights. Each share of our Super Voting Preferred Stock entitles its holder to 1,000 votes per share and votes with our common stock as a single class on all matters to be voted or consented upon by the stockholders.

Dividend Rights. The holders of our Super Voting Preferred Stock are not entitled to any dividend rights.

Liquidation Rights. The holders of the Super Voting Preferred Stock are not entitled to any liquidation preference.

Other Matters. The holders of our Series A Preferred Stock have no subscription, redemption or conversion privileges and are not subject to redemption. Our Series A Preferred Stock does not entitle its holders to preemptive rights. All of the outstanding shares of our Super Voting Preferred Stock are fully paid and non-assessable.

Warrants

As of March 31, 2022, warrants to purchase approximately 192,419 shares of our common stock with a weighted average exercise price per share of $5.84 were outstanding.

The following description of warrants does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the description of a particular series of warrants contained in an applicable prospectus supplement. For information relating to our capital stock, see “Description of Securities—Common Stock,” and “Description of Securuties—Preferred Stock.”

We may offer by means of this prospectus warrants for the purchase of our common stock or preferred stock. We may issue warrants separately or together with any other securities offered by means of this prospectus, and the warrants may be attached to or separate from such securities. Each series of warrants will be issued under a separate warrant agreement to be entered into between us and a warrant agent specified therein. The warrant agent will act solely as our agent in connection with the warrants of such series and will not assume any obligation or relationship of agency or trust for or with any holders or beneficial owners of warrants.

Agreements

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any warrants we issue pursuant to this prospectus. Each series of warrants may be evidenced by certificates and may be issued under a separate indenture, agreement, or other instrument to be entered into between us and a bank that we select as agent with respect to such series. The agent, if any, will have its principal office in the United States and have a combined capital and surplus of at least $50,000,000. Warrants in book-entry form will be represented by a global security registered in the name of a depositary, which will be the holder of all the securities represented by the global security. Those who own beneficial interests in a global security will do so through participants in the depositary’s system, and the rights of these indirect owners will be governed solely by the applicable procedures of the depositary and its participants.

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General Terms of Warrants

The prospectus supplement relating to a series of warrants will identify the name and address of the warrant agent, if any. The prospectus supplement will describe the following terms, where applicable, of the warrants in respect of which this prospectus is being delivered:

the title and issuer of the warrants;
the aggregate number of warrants;
the price or prices at which the warrants will be issued;
the currencies in which the price or prices of the warrants may be payable;
the designation, amount, and terms of the securities purchasable upon exercise of the warrants;
the designation and terms of the other securities with which the warrants are issued and the number of warrants issued with each such security or each principal amount of security;
if applicable, the date on and after which the warrants and any related securities will be separately transferable;
any securities exchange or quotation system on which the warrants or any securities deliverable upon exercise of such securities may be listed;
the price or prices at which and currency or currencies in which the securities purchasable upon exercise of the warrants may be purchased;
the date on which the right to exercise the warrants shall commence and the date on which such right shall expire;
the minimum or maximum amount of warrants that may be exercised at any one time;
whether the warrants will be issued in fully registered for or bearer form, in global or non-global form, or in any combination of these forms;
information with respect to book-entry procedures, if any;
a discussion of certain U.S. federal income tax considerations; and
any other material terms of the warrants, including terms, procedures, and limitations relating to the exchange and exercise of the warrants.

 

Exercise of Warrants

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any warrants we issue pursuant to this prospectus. If any warrant is exercisable for other securities or other property, the following provisions will apply. Each such warrant may be exercised at any time up to any expiration date and time mentioned in the prospectus supplement relating to those warrants. After the close of business on any applicable expiration date, unexercised warrants will become void.

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Warrants may be exercised by delivery of the certificate representing the securities to be exercised, or in the case of global securities by delivery of an exercise notice for those warrants, together with certain information, and payment to any agent in immediately available funds, as provided in the prospectus supplement, of the required purchase amount, if any. Upon receipt of payment and the certificate or exercise notice properly executed at the office indicated in the prospectus supplement, we will, in the time period the relevant agreement provides, issue and deliver the securities or other property purchasable upon such exercise. If fewer than all of the warrants represented by such certificates are exercised, a new certificate will be issued for the remaining amount of warrants.

If mentioned in the prospectus supplement, securities may be surrendered as all or part of the exercise price for warrants.

Antidilution Provisions

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any warrants we issue pursuant to this prospectus. In the case of warrants to purchase common stock, the exercise price payable and the number of shares of common stock purchasable upon warrant exercise may be adjusted in certain events, including:

the issuance of a stock dividend to common stockholders or a combination, subdivision, or reclassification of common stock;
the issuance of rights, warrants, or options to all common and preferred stockholders entitling them to purchase common stock for an aggregate consideration per share less than the current market price per share of common stock;
any distribution to our common stockholders of evidences of our indebtedness of assets, excluding cash dividends or distributions referred to above; and
any other events mentioned in the prospectus supplement.

 

The prospectus supplement will describe which, if any, of these provisions shall apply to a particular series of warrants. Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, no adjustment in the number of shares purchasable upon warrant exercise will be required until cumulative adjustments require an adjustment of at least 1% of such number and no fractional shares will be issued upon warrant exercise, but we will pay the cash value of any fractional shares otherwise issuable.

Modification

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any warrants we issue pursuant to this prospectus. We and any agent for any series of warrants may amend any warrant or rights agreement and the terms of the related warrants by executing a supplemental agreement, without any such warrant holders’ consent, for the purpose of:

curing any ambiguity, any defective or inconsistent provision contained in the agreement, or making any other corrections to the agreement that are not inconsistent with the provisions of the warrant certificates;
evidencing the succession of another corporation to us and its assumption of our covenants contained in the agreement and the securities;
appointing a successor depository, if the securities are issued in the form of global securities;
evidencing a successor agent’s acceptance of appointment with respect to any securities;
adding to our covenants for the benefit of securityholders or surrendering any right or power we have under the agreement;
issuing warrants in definitive form, if such securities are initially issued in the form of global securities; or
amending the agreement and the warrants as we deem necessary or desirable and that will not adversely affect the interests of the applicable warrant holders in any material respect.

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We and any agent for any series of warrants may also amend any agreement and the related warrants by a supplemental agreement with the consent of the holders of a majority of the warrants of any series affected by such amendment, for the purpose of adding, modifying, or eliminating any of the agreement’s provisions or of modifying the rights of the holders of warrants. However, no such amendment that:

reduces the number or amount of securities receivable upon any exercise of any such security;
shortens the time period during which any such security may be exercised;
otherwise adversely affects the exercise rights of warrant holders in any material respect; or
reduces the number of securities the consent of holders of which is required for amending the agreement or the related warrants;

 

may be made without the consent of each holder affected by that amendment.

Consolidation, Merger, and Sale of Assets

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any warrants we issue pursuant to this prospectus. Any agreement with respect to warrants will provide that we are generally permitted to merge or consolidate with another corporation or other entity. Any such agreement will also provide that we are permitted to sell our assets substantially as an entirety to another corporation or other entity or to have another entity sell its assets substantially as an entirety to us. With regard to any series of warrants, however, we may not take any of these actions unless all of the following conditions are met:

if we are not the successor entity, the person formed by the consolidation or into or with which we merge or the person to which our properties and assets are conveyed, transferred, or leased must be an entity organized and existing under the laws of the United States, any state, or the District of Columbia and must expressly assume the performance of our covenants under any relevant indenture, agreement, or other instrument; and
we or that successor corporation must not immediately be in default under that agreement.

 

Enforcement by Holders of Warrants

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any warrants we issue pursuant to this prospectus. Any agent for any series of warrants will act solely as our agent under the relevant agreement and will not assume any obligation or relationship of agency or trust for any securityholder. A single bank or trust company may act as agent for more than one issue of securities. Any such agent will have no duty or responsibility in case we default in performing our obligations under the relevant agreement or warrant, including any duty or responsibility to initiate any legal proceedings or to make any demand upon us. Any securityholder may, without the agent’s consent or consent of any other securityholder, enforce by appropriate legal action its right to exercise any warrant exercisable for any property.

Replacement of Certificates

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any warrants we issue pursuant to this prospectus. We will replace any destroyed, lost, stolen, or mutilated warrant or rights certificate upon delivery to us and any applicable agent of satisfactory evidence of the ownership of that certificate and of its destruction, loss, theft or mutilation, and (in the case of mutilation) surrender of that certificate to us or any applicable agent, unless we have, or the agent has, received notice that the certificate has been acquired by a bona fide purchaser. That securityholder will also be required to provide indemnity satisfactory to us and the relevant agent before a replacement certificate will be issued.

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Title

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any warrants we issue pursuant to this prospectus. We, any agents for any series of warrants, and any of their agents may treat the registered holder of any certificate as the absolute owner of the securities evidenced by that certificate for any purpose and as the person entitled to exercise the rights attaching to the warrants so requested, despite any notice to the contrary.

Debt Securities

Any debt securities we may issue, offered by this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement, will be issued under an indenture to be entered into between our company and the trustee identified in the applicable prospectus supplement. The terms of the debt securities will include those stated in the indenture and those made part of the indenture by reference to the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as in effect on the date of the indenture. We have filed a copy of the form of indenture as an exhibit to the registration statement in which this prospectus is included. The indenture will be subject to and governed by the terms of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939.

Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, the debt securities will represent direct, unsecured obligations of our company and will rank equally with all of our other unsecured indebtedness.

The following statements relating to the debt securities and the indenture are summaries, qualified in their entirety to the detailed provisions of the indenture.

General

We may issue the debt securities in one or more series with the same or various maturities, at par, at a premium, or at a discount. We will describe the particular terms of each series of debt securities in a prospectus supplement relating to that series, which we will file with the SEC.

The prospectus supplement will set forth, to the extent required, the following terms of the debt securities in respect of which the prospectus supplement is delivered:

the title of the series;
the aggregate principal amount;
the issue price or prices, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate principal amount of the debt securities;
any limit on the aggregate principal amount;
the date or dates on which principal is payable;
the interest rate or rates (which may be fixed or variable) or, if applicable, the method used to determine such rate or rates;
the date or dates from which interest, if any, will be payable and any regular record date for the interest payable;
the place or places where principal and, if applicable, premium and interest, is payable;
the terms and conditions upon which we may, or the holders may require us to, redeem or repurchase the debt securities;
the denominations in which such debt securities may be issuable, if other than denominations of $1,000, or any integral multiple of that number;
whether the debt securities are to be issuable in the form of certificated debt securities (as described below) or global debt securities (as described below);
the portion of principal amount that will be payable upon declaration of acceleration of the maturity date if other than the principal amount of the debt securities;
the currency of denomination;
the designation of the currency, currencies, or currency units in which payment of principal and, if applicable, premium and interest, will be made;
if payments of principal and, if applicable, premium or interest, on the debt securities are to be made in one or more currencies or currency units other than the currency of denomination, the manner in which the exchange rate with respect to such payments will be determined;
if amounts of principal and, if applicable, premium and interest may be determined by reference to an index based on a currency or currencies, or by reference to a commodity, commodity index, stock exchange index, or financial index, then the manner in which such amounts will be determined;
the provisions, if any, relating to any collateral provided for such debt securities;
any addition to or change in the covenants and/or the acceleration provisions described in this prospectus or in the indenture;
any events of default, if not otherwise described below under “Events of Default”;
the terms and conditions, if any, for conversion into or exchange for shares of common stock or preferred stock;
any depositaries, interest rate calculation agents, exchange rate calculation agents, or other agents; and
the terms and conditions, if any, upon which the debt securities shall be subordinated in right of payment to other indebtedness of our company.

 

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We may issue discount debt securities that provide for an amount less than the stated principal amount to be due and payable upon acceleration of the maturity of such debt securities in accordance with the terms of the indenture. We may also issue debt securities in bearer form, with or without coupons. If we issue discount debt securities or debt securities in bearer form, we will describe material U.S. federal income tax considerations and other material special considerations which apply to these debt securities in the applicable prospectus supplement.

We may issue debt securities denominated in or payable in a foreign currency or currencies or a foreign currency unit or units. If we do, we will describe the restrictions, elections, and general tax considerations relating to the debt securities and the foreign currency or currencies or foreign currency unit or units in the applicable prospectus supplement.

Exchange and/or Conversion Rights

We may issue debt securities that can be exchanged for or converted into shares of common stock or preferred stock. If we do, we will describe the terms of exchange or conversion in the prospectus supplement relating to these debt securities.

Transfer and Exchange

We may issue debt securities that will be represented by either:

“book-entry securities,” which means that there will be one or more global securities registered in the name of a depositary or a nominee of a depositary; or
“certificated securities,” which means that they will be represented by a certificate issued in definitive registered form.

 

We will specify in the prospectus supplement applicable to a particular offering whether the debt securities offered will be book-entry or certificated securities.

Certificated Debt Securities

Those who hold certificated debt securities may transfer or exchange such debt securities at the trustee’s office or at the paying agent’s office or agency in accordance with the terms of the indenture. There will be no service charge for any transfer or exchange of certificated debt securities, but there may be a requirement to pay an amount sufficient to cover any tax or other governmental charge payable in connection with such transfer or exchange.

Those who hold certificated debt securities may effect the transfer of certificated debt securities and of the right to receive the principal of, premium, and/or interest, if any, on the certificated debt securities only by surrendering the certificate representing the certificated debt securities and having us or the trustee issue a new certificate to the new holder.

Global Securities

If we decide to issue debt securities in the form of one or more global securities, then we will register the global securities in the name of the depositary for the global securities or the nominee of the depositary, and the global securities will be delivered by the trustee to the depositary for credit to the accounts of the holders of beneficial interests in the debt securities.

The prospectus supplement will describe the specific terms of the depositary arrangement for debt securities of a series that are issued in global form. None of us, the trustee, any payment agent, or the security registrar will have any responsibility or liability for any aspect of the records relating to or payments made on account of beneficial ownership interests in a global debt security or for maintaining, supervising, or reviewing any records relating to these beneficial ownership interests.

No Protection in the Event of Change of Control

The indenture does not have any covenants or other provisions providing for a put or increased interest or otherwise that would afford holders of debt securities additional protection in the event of a recapitalization transaction, a change of control of our company, or a highly leveraged transaction. If we offer any covenants or provisions of this type with respect to any debt securities covered by this prospectus, we will describe them in the applicable prospectus supplement.

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Covenants

Unless otherwise indicated in this prospectus or a prospectus supplement, the debt securities will not have the benefit of any covenants that limit or restrict our business or operations, the pledging of our assets, or the incurrence by us of indebtedness. We will describe in the applicable prospectus supplement any material covenants in respect of a series of debt securities.

Consolidation, Merger, and Sale of Assets

We will agree in the indenture that we will not consolidate with or merge into any other person, or convey, transfer, sell, or lease our properties and assets substantially as an entirety to any person, unless:

the person formed by the consolidation or into or with which we are merged or the person to which our properties and assets are conveyed, transferred, sold, or leased, is a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the United States, any state, or the District of Columbia, or a corporation or comparable legal entity organized under the laws of a foreign jurisdiction and, if we are not the surviving person, the surviving person has expressly assumed all of our obligations, including the payment of the principal of, and premium, if any, and interest on the debt securities and the performance of the other covenants under the indenture; and
immediately after giving effect to the transaction, no event of default, and no event which, after notice or lapse of time or both, would become an event of default, has occurred and is continuing under the indenture.

 

Events of Default

Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following events will be events of default under the indenture with respect to debt securities of any series:

we fail to pay any principal or premium, if any, when it becomes due and such default is not cured within 5 business days;
we fail to pay any interest within 30 days after it becomes due;
we fail to comply with any other covenant in the debt securities or the indenture for 60 days after written notice specifying the failure from the trustee or the holders of not less than 25% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of that series; and
certain events involving bankruptcy, insolvency, or reorganization of our company or any of our significant subsidiaries.

 

The trustee may withhold notice to the holders of the debt securities of any series of any default, except in payment of principal of, or premium, if any, or interest on the debt securities of a series, if the trustee considers it to be in the best interest of the holders of the debt securities of that series to do so.

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If an event of default (other than an event of default resulting from certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency, or reorganization) occurs, and is continuing, then the trustee or the holders of not less than 25% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of any series may accelerate the maturity of the debt securities. If this happens, the entire principal amount, plus the premium, if any, of all the outstanding debt securities of the affected series plus accrued interest to the date of acceleration will be immediately due and payable. At any time after the acceleration, but before a judgment or decree based on such acceleration is obtained by the trustee, the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of outstanding debt securities of such series may rescind and annul such acceleration if:

all events of default (other than nonpayment of accelerated principal, premium, or interest) have been cured or waived;
all lawful interest on overdue interest and overdue principal has been paid; and
the rescission would not conflict with any judgment or decree.

 

In addition, if the acceleration occurs at any time when we have outstanding indebtedness which is senior to the debt securities, the payment of the principal amount of outstanding debt securities may be subordinated in right of payment to the prior payment of any amounts due under the senior indebtedness, in which case the holders of debt securities will be entitled to payment under the terms prescribed in the instruments evidencing the senior indebtedness and the indenture.

If an event of default resulting from certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency, or reorganization occurs, the principal, premium, and interest amount with respect to all of the debt securities of any series will be due and payable immediately without any declaration or other act on the part of the trustee or the holders of the debt securities of that series.

The holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of a series will have the right to waive any existing default or compliance with any provision of the indenture or the debt securities of that series and to direct the time, method, and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the trustee, subject to certain limitations specified in the indenture.

No holder of any debt security of a series will have any right to institute any proceeding with respect to the indenture or for any remedy under the indenture, unless:

the holder gives to the trustee written notice of a continuing event of default;
the holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of the affected series make a written request and offer reasonable indemnity to the trustee to institute a proceeding as trustee;
the trustee fails to institute a proceeding within 60 days after such request; and
the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding debt securities of the affected series do not give the trustee a direction inconsistent with such request during such 60-day period.

 

These limitations do not, however, apply to a suit instituted for payment on debt securities of any series on or after the due dates expressed in the debt securities.

Modification and Waiver

From time to time, we and the trustee may, without the consent of holders of the debt securities of one or more series, amend the indenture or the debt securities of one or more series, or supplement the indenture, for certain specified purposes, including:

to provide that the surviving entity following a change of control of our company permitted under the indenture will assume all of our obligations under the indenture and debt securities;
to provide for certificated debt securities in addition to uncertificated debt securities;
to comply with any requirements of the SEC under the Trust Indenture Act of 1939;
to cure any ambiguity, defect, or inconsistency, or make any other change that does not materially and adversely affect the rights of any holder; and
to appoint a successor trustee under the indenture with respect to one or more series.

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From time to time, we and the trustee may, with the consent of holders of at least a majority in principal amount of the outstanding debt securities, amend or supplement the indenture or the debt securities, or waive compliance in a particular instance by us with any provision of the indenture or the debt securities. We may not, however, without the consent of each holder affected by such action, modify or supplement the indenture or the debt securities, or waive compliance with any provision of the indenture or the debt securities in order to:

reduce the amount of debt securities whose holders must consent to an amendment, supplement, or waiver to the indenture or such debt security;
reduce the rate of or change the time for payment of interest;
reduce the principal of or change the stated maturity of the debt securities;
make any debt security payable in money other than that stated in the debt security;
change the amount or time of any payment required, or reduce the premium payable upon any redemption, or change the time before which no such redemption may be made;
waive a default in the payment of the principal of, premium, if any, or interest on the debt securities or a redemption payment; or
take any other action otherwise prohibited by the indenture to be taken without the consent of each holder affected by the action.

 

Defeasance of Debt Securities and Certain Covenants in Certain Circumstances

The indenture will permit us, at any time, to elect to discharge our obligations with respect to one or more series of debt securities by following certain procedures described in the indenture. These procedures will allow us either:

to defease and be discharged from any and all of our obligations with respect to any debt securities except for the following obligations (which discharge is referred to as “legal defeasance”):

 

(1) to register the transfer or exchange of such debt securities;

 

(2) to replace temporary or mutilated, destroyed, lost, or stolen debt securities;

 

(3) to compensate and indemnify the trustee; or

 

(4) to maintain an office or agency in respect of the debt securities and to hold monies for payment in trust; or

 

to be released from our obligations with respect to the debt securities under certain covenants contained in the indenture, as well as any additional covenants which may be contained in the applicable supplemental indenture (which release is referred to as “covenant defeasance”).

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In order to exercise either defeasance option, we must deposit with the trustee or other qualifying trustee, in trust for that purpose:

money;
U.S. Government Obligations (as described below) or Foreign Government Obligations (as described below), which through the scheduled payment of principal and interest in accordance with their terms will provide money; or
a combination of money and/or U.S. Government Obligations and/or Foreign Government Obligations sufficient in the written opinion of a nationally-recognized firm of independent accountants to provide money;

 

which in each case specified above, provides a sufficient amount to pay the principal of, premium, if any, and interest, if any, on the debt securities of the series, on the scheduled due dates, or on a selected date of redemption in accordance with the terms of the indenture.

In addition, defeasance may be effected only if, among other things:

in the case of either legal or covenant defeasance, we deliver to the trustee an opinion of counsel, as specified in the indenture, stating that as a result of the defeasance neither the trust nor the trustee will be required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940;
in the case of legal defeasance, we deliver to the trustee an opinion of counsel stating that we have received from, or there has been published by, the Internal Revenue Service a ruling to the effect that, or there has been a change in any applicable federal income tax law with the effect that (and the opinion shall confirm that), the holders of outstanding debt securities will not recognize income, gain, or loss for U.S. federal income tax purposes solely as a result of such legal defeasance and will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on the same amounts, in the same manner, including as a result of prepayment, and at the same times as would have been the case if legal defeasance had not occurred;
in the case of covenant defeasance, we deliver to the trustee an opinion of counsel to the effect that the holders of the outstanding debt securities will not recognize income, gain, or loss for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a result of covenant defeasance and will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on the same amounts, in the same manner, and at the same times as would have been the case if covenant defeasance had not occurred; and
certain other conditions described in the indenture are satisfied.

 

If we fail to comply with our remaining obligations under the indenture and applicable supplemental indenture after a covenant defeasance of the indenture and applicable supplemental indenture, and the debt securities are declared due and payable because of the occurrence of any undefeased event of default, the amount of money and/or U.S. Government Obligations and/or Foreign Government Obligations on deposit with the trustee could be insufficient to pay amounts due under the debt securities of the affected series at the time of acceleration. We will, however, remain liable in respect of these payments.

The term “U.S. Government Obligations” as used in the above discussion means securities that are direct obligations of or non-callable obligations guaranteed by the United States of America for the payment of which obligation or guarantee the full faith and credit of the United States of America is pledged.

The term “Foreign Government Obligations” as used in the above discussion means, with respect to debt securities of any series that are denominated in a currency other than U.S. dollars (1) direct obligations of the government that issued or caused to be issued such currency for the payment of which obligations its full faith and credit is pledged or (2) obligations of a person controlled or supervised by or acting as an agent or instrumentality of such government the timely payment of which is unconditionally guaranteed as a full faith and credit obligation by that government, which in either case under clauses (1) or (2), are not callable or redeemable at the option of the issuer.

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Regarding the Trustee

We will identify the trustee with respect to any series of debt securities in the prospectus supplement relating to the applicable debt securities. You should note that if the trustee becomes a creditor of our company, the indenture and the Trust Indenture Act of 1939 limit the rights of the trustee to obtain payment of claims in certain cases, or to realize on certain property received in respect of any such claim, as security or otherwise. The trustee and its affiliates may engage in, and will be permitted to continue to engage in, other transactions with us and our affiliates. If, however, the trustee acquires any “conflicting interest” within the meaning of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, it must eliminate such conflict or resign.

The holders of a majority in principal amount of the then outstanding debt securities of any series may direct the time, method, and place of conducting any proceeding for exercising any remedy available to the trustee. If an event of default occurs and is continuing, the trustee, in the exercise of its rights and powers, must use the degree of care and skill of a prudent person in the conduct of his or her own affairs. Subject to that provision, the trustee will be under no obligation to exercise any of its rights or powers under the indenture at the request of any of the holders of the debt securities, unless they have offered to the trustee reasonable indemnity or security.

Rights

General

We may issue rights to our stockholders to purchase shares of our common stock, preferred stock or the other securities described in this prospectus. We may offer rights separately or together with one or more additional rights, debt securities, preferred stock, common stock or warrants, or any combination of those securities in the form of units, as described in the applicable prospectus supplement. Each series of rights will be issued under a separate rights agreement to be entered into between us and a bank or trust company, as rights agent. The rights agent will act solely as our agent in connection with the certificates relating to the rights of the series of certificates and will not assume any obligation or relationship of agency or trust for or with any holders of rights certificates or beneficial owners of rights. The following description sets forth certain general terms and provisions of the rights to which any prospectus supplement may relate. The particular terms of the rights to which any prospectus supplement may relate and the extent, if any, to which the general provisions may apply to the rights so offered will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement. To the extent that any particular terms of the rights, rights agreement or rights certificates described in a prospectus supplement differ from any of the terms described below, then the terms described below will be deemed to have been superseded by that prospectus supplement. We encourage you to read the applicable rights agreement and rights certificate for additional information before you decide whether to purchase any of our rights. We will provide in a prospectus supplement the following terms of the rights being issued:

the date of determining the stockholders entitled to the rights distribution;
the aggregate number of shares of common stock, preferred stock or other securities purchasable upon exercise of the rights;
the exercise price;
the aggregate number of rights issued;
whether the rights are transferrable and the date, if any, on and after which the rights may be separately transferred;
the date on which the right to exercise the rights will commence, and the date on which the right to exercise the rights will expire;
the method by which holders of rights will be entitled to exercise;
the conditions to the completion of the offering, if any;
the withdrawal, termination and cancellation rights, if any;
whether there are any backstop or standby purchaser or purchasers and the terms of their commitment, if any;
whether stockholders are entitled to oversubscription rights, if any;
any applicable material United States federal income tax considerations; and
any other terms of the rights, including terms, procedures and limitations relating to the distribution, exchange and exercise of the rights, as applicable.

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Each right will entitle the holder of rights to purchase for cash the principal amount of shares of common stock, preferred stock or other securities at the exercise price provided in the applicable prospectus supplement. Rights may be exercised at any time up to the close of business on the expiration date for the rights provided in the applicable prospectus supplement.

Holders may exercise rights as described in the applicable prospectus supplement. Upon receipt of payment and the rights certificate properly completed and duly executed at the corporate trust office of the rights agent or any other office indicated in the prospectus supplement, we will, as soon as practicable, forward the shares of common stock, preferred stock or other securities, as applicable, purchasable upon exercise of the rights. If less than all of the rights issued in any rights offering are exercised, we may offer any unsubscribed securities directly to persons other than stockholders, to or through agents, underwriters or dealers or through a combination of such methods, including pursuant to standby arrangements, as described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

Rights Agent

The rights agent for any rights we offer will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement.

Units

This section outlines some of the provisions of the units and the unit agreements that we may enter into. This information may not be complete in all respects and is qualified entirely by reference to the unit agreement with respect to the units of any particular series. The specific terms of any series of units will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement. If so described in a particular supplement, the specific terms of any series of units may differ from the general description of terms presented below.

We may issue units comprised of one or more debt securities, shares of common stock, shares of preferred stock, and warrants in any combination. Each unit will be issued so that the holder of the unit is also the holder of each security included in the unit. Thus, the holder of a unit will have the rights and obligations of a holder of each included security. The unit agreement under which a unit is issued may provide that the securities included in the unit may not be held or transferred separately, at any time or at any time before a specified date.

The applicable prospectus supplement may describe:

the designation and terms of the units and of the securities comprising the units, including whether and under what circumstances those securities may be held or transferred separately;
any provisions of the governing unit agreement that differ from those described below; and
any provisions for the issuance, payment, settlement, transfer, or exchange of the units or of the securities comprising the units.

 

The provisions described in this section, as well as those described under “Description of Common Stock,” “Description of Preferred Stock,” “Description of Warrants,” and “Description of Debt Securities” will apply to the securities included in each unit, to the extent relevant.

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Issuance in Series

We may issue units in such amounts and in as many distinct series as we wish. This section summarizes terms of the units that apply generally to all series. Most of the financial and other specific terms of your series will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

Unit Agreements

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any units we issue pursuant to this prospectus. We will issue the units under one or more unit agreements to be entered into between us and a bank or other financial institution, as unit agent. We may add, replace, or terminate unit agents from time to time. We will identify the unit agreement under which each series of units will be issued and the unit agent under that agreement in the applicable prospectus supplement.

The following provisions will generally apply to all unit agreements unless otherwise stated in the applicable prospectus supplement.

 Enforcement of Rights

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any units we issue pursuant to this prospectus. The unit agent under a unit agreement will act solely as our agent in connection with the units issued under that agreement. The unit agent will not assume any obligation or relationship of agency or trust for or with any holders of those units or of the securities comprising those units. The unit agent will not be obligated to take any action on behalf of those holders to enforce or protect their rights under the units or the included securities.

Except as indicated in the next paragraph, a holder of a unit may, without the consent of the unit agent or any other holder, enforce its rights as holder under any security included in the unit, in accordance with the terms of that security and the indenture, warrant agreement, rights agreement or other instrument under which that security is issued. Those terms are described elsewhere in this prospectus under the sections relating to debt securities, preferred stock, common stock, or warrants, as relevant.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, a unit agreement may limit or otherwise affect the ability of a holder of units issued under that agreement to enforce its rights, including any right to bring a legal action, with respect to those units or any securities, other than debt securities, that are included in those units. Limitations of this kind will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

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Modification without Consent of Holders. Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any units we issue pursuant to this prospectus. We and the applicable unit agent may amend any unit or unit agreement without the consent of any holder:

to cure any ambiguity;
to correct or supplement any defective or inconsistent provision; or
to make any other change that we believe is necessary or desirable and will not adversely affect the interests of the affected holders in any material respect.

 

We do not need any approval to make changes that affect only units to be issued after the changes take effect. We may also make changes that do not adversely affect a particular unit in any material respect, even if they adversely affect other units in a material respect. In those cases, we do not need to obtain the approval of the holder of the unaffected unit; we need only obtain any required approvals from the holders of the affected units.

Modification with Consent of Holders. Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any units we issue pursuant to this prospectus. We may not amend any particular unit or a unit agreement with respect to any particular unit unless we obtain the consent of the holder of that unit, if the amendment would:

impair any right of the holder to exercise or enforce any right under a security included in the unit if the terms of that security require the consent of the holder to any changes that would impair the exercise or enforcement of that right; or
reduce the percentage of outstanding units or any series or class the consent of whose holders is required to amend that series or class, or the applicable unit agreement with respect to that series or class, as described below.

 

Any other change to a particular unit agreement and the units issued under that agreement would require the following approval:

if the change affects only the units of a particular series issued under that agreement, the change must be approved by the holders of a majority of the outstanding units of that series; or
if the change affects the units of more than one series issued under that agreement, it must be approved by the holders of a majority of all outstanding units of all series affected by the change, with the units of all the affected series voting together as one class for this purpose.

 

These provisions regarding changes with majority approval also apply to changes affecting any securities issued under a unit agreement, as the governing document.

In each case, the required approval must be given by written consent.

Unit Agreements Will Not Be Qualified Under Trust Indenture Act. No unit agreement will be qualified as an indenture, and no unit agent will be required to qualify as a trustee, under the Trust Indenture Act. Therefore, holders of units issued under unit agreements will not have the protections of the Trust Indenture Act with respect to their units.

Mergers and Similar Transactions Permitted; No Restrictive Covenants or Events of Default

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any units we issue pursuant to this prospectus. The unit agreements will not restrict our ability to merge or consolidate with, or sell our assets to, another corporation or other entity or to engage in any other transactions. If at any time we merge or consolidate with, or sell our assets substantially as an entirety to, another corporation or other entity, the successor entity will succeed to and assume our obligations under the unit agreements. We will then be relieved of any further obligation under these agreements.

The unit agreements will not include any restrictions on our ability to put liens on our assets, including our interests in our subsidiaries, nor will they restrict our ability to sell our assets. The unit agreements also will not provide for any events of default or remedies upon the occurrence of any events of default.

Governing Law

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any units we issue pursuant to this prospectus. The unit agreements and the units will be governed by Delaware or New York law as decided by the Company at the time of issuance.

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Form, Exchange, and Transfer

Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the following provisions will apply to any units we issue pursuant to this prospectus. We will issue each unit in global—that is, book-entry—form only. Units in book-entry form will be represented by a global security registered in the name of a depositary, which will be the holder of all the units represented by the global security. Those who own beneficial interests in a unit will do so through participants in the depositary’s system, and the rights of these indirect owners will be governed solely by the applicable procedures of the depositary and its participants.

In addition, we will issue each unit in registered form, unless we say otherwise in the applicable prospectus supplement. Bearer securities would be subject to special provisions, as we describe below under “Securities Issued in Bearer Form.”

Each unit and all securities comprising the unit will be issued in the same form.

If we issue any units in registered, non-global form, the following will apply to them.

The units will be issued in the denominations stated in the applicable prospectus supplement. Holders may exchange their units for units of smaller denominations or combined into fewer units of larger denominations, as long as the total amount is not changed.

Holders may exchange or transfer their units at the office of the unit agent. Holders may also replace lost, stolen, destroyed, or mutilated units at that office. We may appoint another entity to perform these functions or perform them ourselves.
Holders will not be required to pay a service charge to transfer or exchange their units, but they may be required to pay for any tax or other governmental charge associated with the transfer or exchange. The transfer or exchange, and any replacement, will be made only if our transfer agent is satisfied with the holder’s proof of legal ownership. The transfer agent may also require an indemnity before replacing any units.
If we have the right to redeem, accelerate, or settle any units before their maturity, and we exercise our right as to less than all those units or other securities, we may block the exchange or transfer of those units during the period beginning 15 days before the day we mail the notice of exercise and ending on the day of that mailing, in order to freeze the list of holders to prepare the mailing. We may also refuse to register transfers of or exchange any unit selected for early settlement, except that we will continue to permit transfers and exchanges of the unsettled portion of any unit being partially settled. We may also block the transfer or exchange of any unit in this manner if the unit includes securities that are or may be selected for early settlement.

 

Only the depositary will be entitled to transfer or exchange a unit in global form, since it will be the sole holder of the unit.

Payments and Notices

In making payments and giving notices with respect to our units, we will follow the procedures we plan to use with respect to our debt securities, where applicable.

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PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

We and any selling security holders may sell the securities covered by this prospectus directly to purchasers or through underwriters, broker-dealers, or agents, who may receive compensation in the form of discounts, concessions, or commissions from us. These discounts, concessions, or commissions as to any particular underwriter, broker-dealer, or agent may be in excess of those customary in the types of transactions involved. In addition, we may issue the securities as a dividend or distribution or in a subscription rights offering to our existing security holders.

The securities may be sold in one or more transactions at fixed prices, at prevailing market prices at the time of sale, at varying prices determined at the time of sale, or at negotiated prices. These sales may be effected in transactions which may involve crosses or block transactions.

If underwriters are used in an offering of securities, such offered securities may be resold in one or more transactions:

on any national securities exchange or quotation service on which the common stock or the preferred stock may be listed or quoted at the time of sale, including, as of the date of this prospectus, the Nasdaq Capital Market in the case of the common stock;
in the over-the-counter market;
in transactions otherwise than on these exchanges or services or in the over-the-counter market; or
through the writing of options, whether the options are listed on an options exchange or otherwise.

 

Each prospectus supplement will state the terms of the offering, including, but not limited to:

the names of any underwriters, dealers, or agents;
the public offering or purchase price of the securities and the net proceeds that we will receive from the sale;
any underwriting discounts and commissions or other items constituting underwriters’ compensation;
any discounts, commissions, or fees allowed or paid to dealers or agents; and
any securities exchange on which the offered securities may be listed.

 

If we sell securities to underwriters, we will execute an underwriting agreement with them at the time of the sale and will name them in the applicable prospectus supplement. In connection with these sales, the underwriters may be deemed to have received compensation in the form of underwriting discounts and commissions. The underwriters also may receive commissions from purchasers of securities for whom they may act as agent. Unless we specify otherwise in the applicable prospectus supplement, the underwriters will not be obligated to purchase the securities unless the conditions set forth in the underwriting agreement are satisfied, and if the underwriters purchase any of the securities offered by such prospectus supplement, they will be required to purchase all of such offered securities. The underwriters may acquire the securities for their own account and may resell the securities from time to time in one or more transactions, including negotiated transactions, at a fixed public offering price or varying prices determined at the time of sale. The underwriters may sell the securities to or through dealers, and those dealers may receive discounts, concessions, or commissions from the underwriters as well as from the purchasers for whom they may act as agent.

We may designate agents who agree to use their reasonable efforts to solicit purchasers for the period of their appointment or to sell securities on a continuing basis. We may also sell securities directly to one or more purchasers without using underwriters or agents.

Under agreements entered into with us, underwriters and agents may be entitled to indemnification by us against certain civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act, or to contribution for payments the underwriters or agents may be required to make. The underwriters, agents, and their affiliates may engage in financial or other business transactions with us and our subsidiaries in the ordinary course of business.

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The aggregate proceeds to us from the sale of the securities will be the purchase price of the securities less discounts and commissions, if any.

In order to comply with the securities laws of certain states, if applicable, any securities covered by this prospectus must be sold in such jurisdictions only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers. In addition, in certain states securities may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the applicable state or an exemption from the registration or qualification requirement is available and is complied with.

In order to facilitate the offering of the securities, any underwriters may engage in transactions that stabilize, maintain, or otherwise affect the price of the securities or any other securities the prices of which may be used to determine payments on such securities. Specifically, any underwriters may overallot in connection with the offering, creating a short position for their own accounts. In addition, to cover overallotments or to stabilize the price of the securities or of any such other securities, the underwriters may bid for, and purchase, the securities or any such other securities in the open market. Finally, in any offering of the securities through a syndicate of underwriters, the underwriting syndicate may reclaim selling concessions allowed to an underwriter or a dealer for distributing the securities in the offering if the syndicate repurchases previously distributed securities in transactions to cover syndicate short positions, in stabilization transactions, or otherwise. Any of these activities may stabilize or maintain the market price of the securities above independent market levels. Any such underwriters are not required to engage in these activities and may end any of these activities at any time.

The applicable prospectus supplement may provide that the original issue date for your securities may be more than three scheduled business days after the trade date for your securities. Accordingly, in such a case, if you wish to trade securities on any date prior to the third business day before the original issue date for your securities, you will be required, by virtue of the fact that your securities initially are expected to settle in more than three scheduled business days after the trade date for your securities, to make alternative settlement arrangements to prevent a failed settlement.

The securities may be new issues of securities and may have no established trading market. The securities may or may not be listed on a national securities exchange. We can make no assurance as to the liquidity of or the existence of trading markets for any of the securities.

In order to comply with the securities laws of some states, if applicable, the shares of common stock offered by this prospectus must be sold in such jurisdictions only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers. In addition, in some states the shares of common stock may not be sold unless they have been registered or qualified for sale in the applicable state or an exemption from the registration or qualification requirement is available and is complied with.

To the extent required, this prospectus may be amended or supplemented from time to time to describe a specific plan of distribution.

Transfer Agent and Registrar

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is VStock Transfer, LLC.

LEGAL MATTERS

The validity of the securities that may be offered hereby will be passed upon for us by Carmel, Milazzo & Feil LLP, New York, New York. Additional legal matters may be passed upon for us or any underwriters, dealers, or agents by counsel that we will name in the applicable prospectus supplement.

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EXPERTS

The consolidated financial statements of Applied UV, Inc. as of and for the year ended December 31, 2021 have been incorporated by reference herein and in the registration statement in reliance upon the reports of Mazars USA LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.

The consolidated financial statements of Applied UV, Inc. as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020 have been incorporated by reference herein and in the registration statement in reliance upon the reports of Adeptus Partners, LLC, an independent registered public accounting firm, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

We are subject to the information requirements of the Exchange Act and file annual, quarterly, and special reports, proxy statements, and other information with the SEC. Our SEC filings are available to you on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Documents we have filed with the SEC are also available on our website through the investors link at www.applieduvinc.com. Information contained on our website does not constitute a part of this prospectus and is not incorporated by reference herein.

INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE

The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” in this prospectus the information we file with the SEC. This helps us disclose certain important information to you by referring you to the documents we file. The information we incorporate by reference is an important part of this prospectus. Because we are incorporating by reference future filings with the SEC, this prospectus is continually updated and those future filings may modify or supersede some of the information included or incorporated in this prospectus. This means that you must look at all of the SEC filings that we incorporate by reference to determine if any of the statements in this prospectus or in any document previously incorporated by reference have been modified or superseded. We incorporate by reference each of the documents listed below.

our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on April 7, 2022;
our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on May 23, 2022;
our Current Reports on Form 8-K (other than information furnished rather than filed) filed with the SEC on January 3, 2022, January 18, 2022, February 23, 2022, March 31, 2022, April 8, 2022, April 22, 2022 and May 23, 2022;
our Current Reports on Form 8-K (other than information furnished rather than filed) filed with the SEC on January 3, 2022, January 18, 2022, February 23, 2022, March 31, 2022, April 8, 2022, April 22, 2022 and May 23, 2022.

 

All filings by our company pursuant to the Exchange Act subsequent to the date hereof and prior to effectiveness of this registration statement are incorporated in this registration statement and deemed to be a part hereof from the date of filing of such documents or reports. In addition, all documents and reports filed by our company subsequent to the date hereof pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14, and 15(d) of the Exchange Act prior to the filing of a post-effective amendment which indicates that all securities offered have been sold or which deregisters all securities remaining unsold, shall be deemed to be incorporated by reference in this registration statement and to be a part hereof from the date of filing of such documents or reports. Any statement contained in a document incorporated by reference herein shall be deemed to be modified or superseded to the extent that a statement contained herein or in any other subsequently filed document which also is incorporated by reference herein modifies or supersedes such statement. Statements in this prospectus concerning any document we filed as an exhibit to the registration statement or that we otherwise filed with the SEC are not intended to be comprehensive and are qualified by reference to these filings. You should review the complete document to evaluate these statements.

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We will provide each person to whom this prospectus is delivered a copy of all of the information that has been incorporated by reference in this prospectus but not delivered with this prospectus. You may obtain copies of these filings, at no cost, through the “Investor” section of our website (www.applieduvinc.com), and you may request copies of these filings, at no cost, by writing or telephoning us at:

Applied UV, Inc.
Attention: Secretary
150 N. Macquesten Parkway

Mount Vernon, NY 10550

Telephone: (914) 665-6100

 

The information contained on our website is not a part of this prospectus.

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APPLIED UV, INC.

$50,000,000

Common Stock
Preferred Stock
Warrants
Debt Securities

Rights
Units

 

PROSPECTUS

 , 2022

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The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED JULY 1, 2022

PROSPECTUS

Up to $9,000,000

Applied UV, Inc.

Common Stock

We have entered into an Equity Distribution Agreement (“ATM Sales Agreement”) with Maxim Group LLC (the “Sales Agent”) dated July 1, 2022, pursuant to which we may, from time to time, issue and sell the shares of our common stock covered by this prospectus from time to time through or to the Sales Agent, acting as our agent or principal.

An At-the-Market (“ATM”) program will allow us to raise capital by selling shares of our common stock in open market transactions at our discretion. Unlike in underwritten public offerings, sales under ATM programs are not marketed, they are made at prevailing market prices, and they are generally less dilutive to stockholders than marketed offerings that generate the same net proceeds because (i) they are typically less expensive to transact than marketed offerings and (ii) they can be executed without a discount to the prevailing market price of the stock that is typical in marketed offerings. Our Board of Directors has concluded that, at this time, it is in our best interest to have an ATM program available and to be used at our discretion for capital raising, since it enables us to determine the timing, quantity, and pricing of sales. Under the ATM Sales Agreement, we are not obligated to sell any shares, but we may issue and sell shares of our common stock having an aggregate gross sales price of up to $50,000,000 through the Sales Agent.

Our common stock trades on the Nasdaq Capital Market (“Nasdaq”) under the symbol “AUVI.” The last reported sale price of our common stock on Nasdaq on June 30, 2022 was $2.27 per share.

Shares of our common stock covered by this prospectus may be sold by any method deemed to be an “at the market offering” as defined in Rule 415(a)(4) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). When they receive a sale order from us, the Sales Agents have agreed to use commercially reasonable efforts consistent with normal trading and sales practices to execute the order on mutually agreed terms. There is no arrangement for funds to be received in any escrow, trust, or similar arrangement.

The compensation payable to the Sales Agent for sales of common stock sold pursuant to the ATM Sales Agreement will be 3% of the gross proceeds of the sales price of common stock sold. We anticipate no other commissions or material expenses for sales under the ATM Sales Agreement. The orders will be executed at price limits imposed by us.

Even though this prospectus does not relate to a marketed offering of our common stock, in connection with the sale of common stock under the ATM Sales Agreement, the Sales Agents will each be deemed to be an “underwriter” within the meaning of the Securities Act, and the compensation of the Sales Agent will be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts. We have agreed to indemnify the Sales Agent against certain civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act. See the section titled “Plan of Distribution” on page 50 of this prospectus.

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Currently, we are an “emerging growth company” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and are subject to reduced public company reporting requirements. Please read “Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company.”

You should read carefully and consider the “Risk Factors” referenced on page 45 of this prospectus and the risk factors described in other documents incorporated by reference herein.

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 Maxim Group LLC

The date of this prospectus is  , 2022.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

PROSPECTUS

  Page
ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS 37
PROSPECTUS SUMMARY 38
THE OFFERING 44
RISK FACTORS 45
CAUTIONARY NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS 46
USE OF PROCEEDS 47
DILUTION 47
DESCRIPTION OF COMMON STOCK 48
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION 50
LEGAL MATTERS 51
EXPERTS 51
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION 51
INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE 52

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ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) utilizing a “shelf” registration process on July 1, 2022. Under the shelf registration process, we may offer shares of our common stock from time to time under this prospectus at prices and on terms to be determined by market conditions at the time of offering. This prospectus and the documents incorporated herein by reference include important information about us, the shares being offered, and other information you should know before investing in our common stock.

You should rely only on this prospectus and the information incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference in this prospectus. We have not, and the Sales Agents have not, authorized anyone to provide you with information that is in addition to or different from that contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. We are not, and the Sales Agents are not, offering to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted. You should not assume that the information contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus is accurate as of any date other than as of the date of this prospectus or in the case of the documents incorporated by reference, the date of such documents regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or any sale of our common stock. Our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, and prospects may have changed since those dates.

As used in this prospectus, unless the context otherwise requires, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” and “our company” mean, collectively, Applied UV, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

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PROSPECTUS SUMMARY

The following is a summary of selected information contained elsewhere or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. It does not contain all of the information that you should consider before investing in our securities. You should read this entire prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement carefully, especially the section entitled “Risk Factors” contained herein and therein and the documents incorporated by reference herein and therein, as well as the consolidated financial statements and the notes to the consolidated financial statements incorporated in this prospectus by reference. Each of the risk factors could adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition, as well as adversely affect the value of an investment in our securities.

 

Overview

Applied UV is focused on the development, acquisition and commercialization of technology that address air purification and infection control in the cannabis, food preservation, winery, healthcare, hospitality, schools, correctional facilities, dental and long-term care, dairy, and consumer markets. The Company offers science-based solutions and products in air purification under the Airocide and Scientific Air Management brand and label and disinfection of hard surfaces under the Lumicide brand and label. MunnWorks, our subsidiary focuses on the hospitality market, manufactures and supplies furniture, fine decorative framed mirrors, framed art, and vanities. MunnWorks provides us cross-selling opportunities for our Airocide and Lumicide products. Applied UV is a holding company. Our current operating companies are SteriLumen and MunnWorks.

Air Purification Solutions: Airocide Air Purification

On February 8, 2021 we acquired substantially all of the assets of Akida Holdings LLC (“Akida”), which owned the Airocide™ system of air purification technologies for $7.88 million, consisting of $0.76 million in cash and 1.375 million shares of our Common Stock (the “Acquisition”) with a fair market value of $7.12 million. Prior to the Acquisition, Akida granted KES Science & Technology, Inc. (“KES”) a non-exclusive irrevocable royalty free license (the “KES License”) to manufacture and sell products based on Airocide™ technology in the United States and Canada for use in the commercial food preservation and preparation market, and the cannabis/hemp market. KES also manufactures, distributes and provides technical support for our Airocide™ products pursuant to certain service agreements (the “KES Service Agreements”). At the closing of the KES Acquisition, the KES Service Agreements were assigned to us and we assumed all of the obligations under the KES Service Agreements.

On September 28, 2021, we acquired substantially all of the assets of KES, including the assignment of contracts related to the supply chain management and sale of the Airocide™ system of air purification technologies, for $4.3 million in cash and 300,000 shares of our common stock with a fair market value of $1,959,000 (the “KES Acquisition”). The KES Acquisition along with the Acquisition provides us with all of the rights, title and interest to the Airocide™ system of air purification technologies, including all of the rights KES had under the KES Service Agreements.

The Airocide™ system of air purification technologies, originally developed for the National Aeronatuics and Space Administration (“NASA”) with assistance from the University of Wisconsin at Madison, uses a combination of UVC and a proprietary, titanium dioxide based photocatalyst to eliminate airborne bacteria, mold, fungi, viruses, volatile organic compounds and many odors. We believe Airocide™ can provide solutions to accelerate the reopening of the global economy with applications in the hospitality, hotel, healthcare, nursing homes, grocer, wine, commercial buildings and retail sectors. The Airocide™ system has been used by brands such as DelMonte, Kroger, Opus One, and in March 2021 the Boston Red Sox agreed with SteriLumen to install an Airocide™ system at Fenway Park and JetBlue Park.

The core Airocide™ technology has been in use on the International Space Station and is based on photo-catalytic oxidation (PCO), a bioconversion process that continuously converts damaging molds, microorganisms, dangerous pathogens, destructive volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) and biological gasses into harmless water vapor.

Unlike other air purification systems that provide “active” air cleaning, ozone producing systems, ionization or “photo-electrochemical oxidation”, Airocide’s nanocoating technology permanently bonds titanium dioxide to the surface of the catalytic bed. This permits the perpetual generation of surface-bound (OH-) radicals over the large surface area created by their advanced geometric design and prevents the generation and release of ozone and other harmful byproducts. The proprietary formulation and methods for creating the catalyst are the basis of Airocide’s competitive advantage, making it the only consistently robust, highly effective, ozone free PCO technology on the market.

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Airocide™ has been tested over the past 12 years by governmental agencies such as NASA, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, independent universities including the University of Wisconsin, Texas Tech University and Texas A&M, and air quality science laboratories. Airocide technology is listed as a FDA class II medical device, making it suitable for providing medical grade air purification in critical hospital use cases. Airocide® product lines include: APS (consumer units) and the GCS and HD lines (commercial units) and will enable the commercial units with the SteriLumen App to bring connectivity, reporting and asset management to our air purification products.

The APS series provides true choice, low maintenance filter-less PCO or a filtered air purification option ideal for restaurants, conference rooms, residential and small business or home office spaces. The GCS series is suitable for larger public spaces and enclosed rooms that may have high occupancy such as offices, waiting rooms and hotel lobbies, and airport gate areas. The HD series is the most powerful, providing two-stage purification for fast sanitization of larger or industrial spaces such as sporting venues and locker rooms, airports, museums, winery cellars, warehouses and food-processing facilities. All Airocide™ products also extend the life of any perishables like fruit, produce or flowers.

Scientific Air

On October 13, 2021, we acquired substantially all of the assets of Old SAM Partners, LLC F/K/A Scientific Air Management, LLC (“Old SAM”), which owned a line of air purification technologies (“Scientific Air”) for a purchase price of $9.5 million in cash and 200,000 fully vested shares of our Common Stock (the “Vested Shares”) and 200,000 shares of our Common Stock that are subject to vesting (the “Earnout Shares”) (the “’SciAir’ Acquisition”). The number of shares of Common Stock included in the purchase price was based on a per share value of $10.00. With respect to the Vested Shares and the Earnout Shares, the Acquisition agreement provided that we would pay additional cash compensation to Scientific Air if the if the 20 day average price of our common stock was below $10.00 on April 14, 2022, in the case of the Vested Shares or March 31, 2023, in the case of the Earnout Shares. Such amounts were payable only if Old SAM or its affiliates owned Vested Shares or Earnout Shares on the applicable determination date. As described below, Old SAM and certain of its affiliates have relinquished their right to all 400,000 Vested Shares and Earnout Shares.

On March 31, 2022 we entered into a Settlement Agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) with Old SAM and the members thereof who executed the Settlement Agreement (collectively, the “Old SAM Parties”), pursuant to which the Old SAM Parties relinquished all of their right, title and interest in any of the Vested Shares and the Earnout Shares and no longer have the right to any additional cash consideration as described above. The Settlement Agreement also contains a mutual release of all claims we and the Old SAM parties have against each other, other than claims related to certain consulting agreements executed in connection with Acquisition. The Settlement Agreement was not the result of any litigation, and no claims were filed by us against any of the Old SAM Parties or by any of the Old SAM Parties against us.

The Scientific Air product line uses a combination of UVC and a proprietary, patented system to eliminate airborne bacteria, mold, fungi, viruses, volatile organic compounds and many odors without producing any harmful by- products. Scientific Air’s products are well suited for larger spaces within a facility due to the higher air flow of these units. The units are also mobile with industrial grade casters, allowing for movement throughout a facility to address increased bio burden from larger meetings or increased human traffic. Both of these key items extend our Airocide line, creating a comprehensive air disinfection portfolio that spans from small to large spaces and mobile applications. 

Scientific Air’s products are currently sold predominantly in North America and into the healthcare market. We see a number of bidirectional synergies. First, we look to leverage Airocide’s global distribution capabilities to start distributing Scientific Air’s products internationally. Second, we look to leverage Scientific Air’s strength in healthcare to pull through existing Airocide units, creating a broad healthcare product line, from small clinics, patient rooms and doctor’s offices to larger spaces such as nursing stations, waiting rooms and cafeterias. Scientific Air currently leverages one of the largest healthcare distributors in North America, which is a relationship we intend to further develop to increase our customer base and revenue. Finally, we look to implement our IoT integration to our platform for connecting all our units via the SteriLumen App, creating smart asset management, reporting, and control across enterprises.

Both our Airocide and Scientific Air Management brands are sold globally in 52 countries through approximately 52 distribution channels including master distributors, dealers, and sales representatives.

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 Market Opportunity

Our goal is to build a company that successfully designs, develops and markets our air and surface disinfection solutions that will enable US and global economies to re-open and provide safe environments during and following the pandemic. We will seek to achieve this goal by having our products actively involved in the following activities:

•   Focus on key target verticals that have proven business use cases including:

Cannabis
Food Preservation
Healthcare
Winery
Hospitality
Schools
Correctional Facilities
Dental and Long-Term Care
Consumer Markets

In addition to further developing Airocide, Scientific Air, and Lumicide specific sales efforts, we intend to leverage the Company’s hospitality business (MunnWorks) for cross-selling opportunities of our air purification and surface disinfectant solutions and products. Our initial research indicates that the key stakeholders in this market value the asset management and reporting capabilities of our platform and provide key points of differentiation.
Expand our global distributor channels into new markets not currently served.
Continue scientific validation through lab testing and data from real world deployments; publish case studies in peer reviewed journals.
Leverage domestic contract manufacture to eliminate the global supply chain and logistics disruption.

We are also prioritizing our opportunities in additional market segments:

Cruise Line Bathrooms. Because of the close quarters inside most cruise line cabins, pathogens can easily be spread amongst passengers, especially on long voyages where cruise line bathrooms have more use and may not be cleaned before the end of the trip. Our SteriLumen App could provide an important means for disinfecting cruise line bathrooms, keeping track of cleanliness during voyages, and decreasing the spread of germs in the cruise liner.

Restaurants. Given the need to prevent foodborne illness, restaurants are constantly urging staff to wash their hands and are required by public health authorities to keep their premises as clean and germ-free as possible. There is an opportunity to become part of upscale restaurants’ strategy to demonstrate dedication and commitment to customers and health department to reduce the spread of infections within their establishment.

Consumer. We look to expand our consumer marketplace reach with our Airocide brand and we plan to expand digital marketing activities to gain greater market share.

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Surface Disinfection Solutions: Lumicide

The Company’s Lumicide brand of products are unique, patented, and automated disinfecting systems that rely on LEDs in the “C” range of the ultraviolet spectrum (UVC). Lumicide offers configurable options for placement of the UVC LEDs in a wide variety of fixtures including but not limited to vanities, restrooms, above desks or along countertops. Lumicide disinfects hard surfaces within 12 to 24 inches of the unit, generating adequate energy required to kill pathogens in a typical disinfection cycle at extremely low power measured in milliwatts. Lumicide has been tested by ResInnova Laboratories, an International Antimicrobial Council certified BSL-2 testing facility (“ResInnova”).

Our product platform includes the following attributes:

Focus on high-contamination surfaces Focuses on pathogens that accumulate on the sink area, including handles, faucets, backsplash and in the drain.
Germicidal UVC LEDs. The UVC LEDs in our devices have demonstrated destruction of the most clinically relevant pathogens causing HAIs as well as destruction of SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing COVID-19.
Automatic operation. A built-in programmable controller within the unit ensures operation for the appropriate UVC dosage required to conduct four logs pathogen destruction and is not dependent on manual operation. Its functionality is expandable and may become a source for recurring income through additional data reporting, leasing and maintenance of add-on elements.
Continuous operation. Works in pre-programmed cycles that can be managed by an on-board programmable controller. The motion detectors enclosed within each device allow continuous disinfection of high contamination areas as long as room occupants are outside a safe distance of the device. Research has shown that microbes can rebound to pre-disinfection levels within two hours following manual cleaning and disinfection. Lumicide products operating continuously mitigate pathogen regeneration.
Safety. Built-in redundant motion sensors automatically shut off when movement is detected within range of the UVC light, or failure of motion sensors on the unit, eliminating safety concerns about UVC exposure. Once there is no movement in the room for programmed time period, Lumcide comes back on to restart and continue its cycle.

We currently have five product lines incorporating Lumicide including:

(i) disinfecting drain device (in market);

(ii) disinfecting shelf, is a ribbon that can be installed above a sink, beneath an existing bathroom mirror, or above other high-contamination risk surfaces (in market);

(iii) disinfecting back-lit mirror (in development);

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The Company has pursued validation of its platform in both laboratory and real clinical settings. Devices were independently tested in 2017, before the pandemic, and again in 2020 at ResInnova Laboratories, an International Antimicrobial Council certified BSL-2 testing facility. The disinfecting mirror and disinfecting drain devices were found to be effective in killing (3-4 log reductions) the most infectious and clinically important pathogens including C. difficile, methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), E. Coli, and OC43 human coronavirus, a strain structurally and genetically similar to SARS-CoV-2 and accepted as a surrogate for that virus. The Company is also sponsoring a study at Mount Sinai and its Icahn School of Medicine on the effectiveness of Lumicide in patient bathrooms in a New York hospital in the Mount Sinai system. Mount Sinai has agreed to provide the results of their study in a report to be issued in the third quarter of 2022 as well as publishing their results in an academic, peer reviewed journal.

Integrating Our Solutions Through Our SteriLumen App

The SteriLumen application enables IoT connectivity using Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and other RF technology for continuous transmission of use and functionality data for collection and analysis. The SteriLumen App provides remote asset management and full visibility into the operation of our devices as well as efficacy reporting on the cycles that have run and subsequent cleanliness status. The application also enables Smart Maintenance, with LED cartridge lifecycle alerts, fault detection/reports and other automatic system updates. We expect to launch the SteriLumen App in Q4 2022.

Hospitality Segment

Through our subsidiary, MunnWorks, we manufacture, and supply furniture, custom designed decorative framed mirrors, framed art, and bathroom vanities primarily to the hospitality market. We supply the major hotel brands in North America including hotel chains such as Hilton Hotels & Resorts, the various Hyatt branded hotels, the various Marriott branded hotels, Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts and the subsidiary hotel brands for each of these major brands. We have a national sales force and an established distribution network for hotels and restaurants in every major market in the United States and have begun to develop a distribution network for the assisted living market. These distribution networks will also be a significant asset for cross selling and recommending our Airocide and Lumicide products and solutions, as those networks will be utilized for marketing and sales. On March 25, 2022 MunnWorks acquired substantially all of the assets of VisionMark, LLC, which in the business of manufacturing and selling furniture to the hospitality industry. This acquisition will expand our offerings beyond fine mirrors to include furnishings and enable MunnWorks to compete head-to-head in new construction and remodeling in the luxury hospitality market.

Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company

We qualify as an “emerging growth company” as the term is used in The Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and therefore, we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various public company reporting requirements, including:

a requirement to only have two years of audited financial statements and only two years of related selected financial data and management’s discussion and analysis;
exemption from the auditor attestation requirement on the effectiveness of our internal controls over financial reporting;
reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation; and
exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory stockholder vote on executive compensation and any golden parachute payments.

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We may take advantage of these provisions for up to five years or such earlier time that we are no longer an emerging growth company. We would cease to be an emerging growth company if we have more than $1.07 billion in annual revenues, have more than $700.0 million in market value of our capital stock held by non-affiliates, or issue more than $1.07 billion of non-convertible debt over a three-year period. So long as we remain an emerging growth company, we may choose to take advantage of some, but not all, of the available benefits of the JOBS Act. In addition, the JOBS Act provides that an emerging growth company can delay adopting new or revised accounting standards until such time as those standards apply to private companies. We have elected to avail ourselves of this exemption from new or revised accounting standards and, therefore, we will not be subject to the same new or revised accounting standards as other public companies that are not emerging growth companies.

Corporate Information

Our principal executive offices are located at 150 N. Macquesten Parkway, Mount Vernon, NY 10550. Our website address is www.applieduvinc.com.

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THE OFFERING

The following summary contains basic information about our common stock and the offering and is not intended to be complete. It does not contain all the information that may be important to you. For a more complete understanding of our common stock, you should read the section entitled “Description of Common Stock.”

Common stock offered by us   Shares of common stock having an aggregate gross sales price of up to $9,000,000
     
Common stock outstanding after this offering   Up to 16,852,932 shares, assuming sales of 3,964,758 shares of our common stock in this offering at an offering price of $2.27 per share, which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on Nasdaq on June 30, 2022. The actual number of shares issued will vary depending on how many shares we choose to sell and the sales price under this offering.
     
Plan of Distribution   “At the market offering” that may be made from time to time for our common stock in the United States through the Sales Agent, acting as sales agent or principal. See the section entitled “Plan of Distribution” below.
     
Use of Proceeds   We intend to use the net proceeds from this offering for We intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of the securities from offerings under this prospectus for capital expenditures, repayment and refinancing of debt, research and development expenditures, acquisitions of additional companies or technologies, investments and general corporate purposes, including working capital unless the applicable prospectus supplement states otherwise. General corporate purposes may include working capital,. We may temporarily invest the net proceeds in investment-grade, interest-bearing securities until they are used for their stated purpose. We have not determined the amount of net proceeds to be used specifically for such purposes. As a result, we will retain broad discretion over the allocation of net proceeds.
     
Risk factors   Your investment in shares of our common stock involves substantial risks. You should consider the “Risk Factors” included and incorporated by reference in this prospectus, including the risk factors incorporated by reference from our filings with the SEC.
     
Nasdaq symbol   AUVI

The number of shares of our common stock to be outstanding after this offering is based on approximately 12,888,174 shares of our common stock outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and does not include:

192,419 shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding warrants with a weighted-average exercise price of $5.84 per share; and
833,314 shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options with a weighted-average exercise price of $5.95 per share.

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RISK FACTORS

Before purchasing any of the securities you should carefully consider the risk factors relating to our company described below and incorporated by reference in this prospectus from our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, as well as the risks, uncertainties, and additional information set forth in our reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q, and 8-K filed with the SEC, and in the other documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus. For a description of these reports and documents, and information about where you can find them, see “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Documents By Reference.” Additional risks not presently known or that we presently consider to be immaterial could subsequently materially and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations, business, and prospects.

Additional Risks Relating to this Offering

We may allocate the net proceeds from this offering in ways that you and other stockholders may not approve.

We currently intend to use the net proceeds of this offering, if any, for general corporate purposes, which may include working capital, capital expenditures, repayment and refinancing of debt, research and development expenditures, acquisitions of additional companies or technologies, and investments. This expected use of the net proceeds from this offering represents our intentions based upon our current plans and business conditions. The amounts and timing of our actual expenditures may vary significantly depending on numerous factors. Because of the number and variability of factors that will determine our use of the proceeds from this offering, their ultimate use may vary substantially from their currently intended use. As a result, we will retain broad discretion over the allocation of the net proceeds from this offering and could spend the proceeds in ways that do not necessarily improve our operating results or enhance the value of our common stock. See “Use of Proceeds.”

If you purchase our common stock in this offering, you will incur immediate and substantial dilution in the book value of your shares.

The public offering price of our common stock is substantially higher than the net tangible book value per share of our common stock. Therefore, if you purchase shares of our common stock in this offering, you will pay a price per share that substantially exceeds our net tangible book value per share after this offering. Assuming the sale of shares of our common stock in this offering in the aggregate amount of $50,000,000, based on the assumed public offering price of $2.27 per share, which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on Nasdaq on June 30, 2022, and net tangible book value per share of our common stock of $0.76 as of March 31, 2022, if you purchase shares in this offering, you will suffer immediate and substantial dilution of $1.18 per share in the net tangible book value of common stock purchased. To the extent shares are issued under outstanding options or warrants, you will incur further dilution. See “Dilution” for a more detailed description of the dilution to new investors in the offering.

The sale of our common stock in this offering and any future sales of our common stock may depress our stock price and our ability to raise funds in new stock offerings.

We may issue common stock from time to time in connection with this offering. This issuance from time to time of these new shares of our common stock, or our ability to issue these shares of common stock in this offering, could result in resales of our common stock by our current stockholders concerned about the potential dilution of their holdings. In addition, sales of our common stock in the public market following this offering could lower the market price of our common stock. Sales may also make it more difficult for us to sell equity securities or equity-related securities in the future at a time and price that our management deems acceptable, or at all. We cannot predict the number of these shares that might be resold or the effect that future sales of our shares of common stock would have on the market price of our shares of common stock.

We plan to sell shares of our common stock in “at the market offerings” and investors who buy shares of our common stock at different times will likely pay different prices.

Investors who purchase shares of our common stock in this offering at different times will likely pay different prices and may experience different outcomes in their investment results. We will have discretion, subject to the effect of market conditions, to vary the timing, prices, and numbers of shares sold in this offering. Investors may experience a decline in the value of their shares of our common stock. The trading price of our common stock has been volatile and subject to wide fluctuations. Many factors could have an impact on the market price of our common stock, including the factors described above and in the accompanying prospectus and those incorporated by reference herein and therein.

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We cannot predict the actual number of shares of our common stock that we will sell under the ATM Sales Agreement, or the gross proceeds resulting from those sales.

Subject to certain limitations in the ATM Sales Agreement and compliance with applicable law, we have the discretion to deliver a placement notice to the Sales Agents at any time throughout the term of the ATM Sales Agreement. The number of shares of our common stock that are sold through the Sales Agents will fluctuate based on a number of factors, including the market price of our common stock during the sales period, the limits we set with the Sales Agents in any applicable placement notice, and the demand for our common stock during the sales period. Because the price per share of each share sold will fluctuate during the sales period, it is not possible to predict the number of shares that will be sold or the gross proceeds we will raise in connection with those sales.

We have never paid dividends on our common stock and we do not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future.

We have never paid dividends on any of our common stock and currently intend to retain any future earnings to fund the growth of our business. Any determination to pay dividends in the future will be at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on our financial condition, operating results, capital requirements, general business conditions and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant. As a result, capital appreciation, if any, of our common stock will be the sole source of gain for the foreseeable future.

CAUTIONARY NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus, the documents incorporated by reference herein and therein, and other written and oral statements we make from time to time contain certain “forward-looking” statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). You can identify these forward-looking statements by the fact they use words such as “could,” “would,” “should,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “target,” “may,” “project,” “guidance,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “will,” “potential,” “opportunity,” “future,” and other words and terms of similar meaning and expression in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance. You can also identify forward-looking statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Such forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and involve inherent risks and uncertainties, including factors that could delay, divert, or change any of them, and could cause actual outcomes to differ materially from current expectations. These statements are likely to relate to, among other things, our business strategy, our research and development, our product development efforts, our ability to commercialize our product candidates, the activities of our licensees, our prospects for initiating partnerships or collaborations, the timing of the introduction of products, the effect of new accounting pronouncements, uncertainty regarding our future operating results and our profitability, anticipated sources of funds as well as our plans, objectives, expectations, and intentions.

We have included more detailed descriptions of these risks and uncertainties and other risks and uncertainties applicable to our business that we believe could cause actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statement in the “Risk Factors” sections of this prospectus and the documents incorporated by reference herein including, but not limited to, the risk factors incorporated by reference from our filings with the SEC. We encourage you to read those descriptions carefully. Although we believe we have been prudent in our plans and assumptions, no assurance can be given that any goal or plan set forth in forward-looking statements can be achieved. We caution investors not to place significant reliance on forward-looking statements; such statements need to be evaluated in light of all the information contained and incorporated by reference in this prospectus. Furthermore, the statements speak only as of the date of each document, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise these statements.

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USE OF PROCEEDS

We intend to use the net proceeds from this offering for We intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of the securities from offerings under this prospectus for capital expenditures, repayment and refinancing of debt, research and development expenditures, acquisitions of additional companies or technologies, investments and general corporate purposes, including working capital unless the applicable prospectus supplement states otherwise. General corporate purposes may include working capital, We may temporarily invest the net proceeds in investment-grade, interest-bearing securities until they are used for their stated purpose. We have not determined the amount of net proceeds to be used specifically for such purposes. As a result, we will retain broad discretion over the allocation of net proceeds.

DILUTION

If you invest in our common stock, your ownership interest will be diluted to the extent of the difference between the public offering price per share and the as-adjusted net tangible book value per share after this offering. We calculate net tangible book value per share by dividing the net tangible book value, which is tangible assets less total liabilities, by the number of outstanding shares of our common stock. Dilution with respect to net tangible book value per share represents the difference between the amount per share paid by purchasers of shares of common stock in this offering and the net tangible book value per share of our common stock immediately after this offering. The net tangible book value of our common stock on March 31, 2022, was $9,776,316, or approximately $0.76 per share of common stock.

After giving effect to the sale of 3,964,758 shares of our common stock pursuant to this prospectus in the aggregate amount of $9,000,000 at an assumed price of $2.27 per share, which was the last reported sale price of our common stock on Nasdaq on June 30, 2022, and after deducting commissions (estimated at 3.0% of the gross proceeds from each sale of our shares of common stock) and estimated offering expenses payable by us (estimated at $150,000), our as-adjusted net tangible book value as of March 31, 2022 would have been approximately $18,356,315, or approximately $1.09 per share. This represents an immediate increase in net tangible book value of approximately $0.33 per share of common stock to our existing stockholders and an immediate dilution in as-adjusted net tangible book value of approximately $1.18 per share to purchasers of our common stock in this offering, as illustrated by the following table:

 

Assumed offering price per share         $ 2.27 
Net tangible book value per share as of March 31, 2022 $ 9,776,316        
Increase in net tangible book value per share attributable to this offering   0.76         
As adjusted net tangible book value per share after giving effect to this offering           1.09 
Dilution per share to new investors participating in this offering         $ 1.18 

The above discussion and table are based on approximately 12,888,174 shares of our common stock outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and does not include:

192,419 shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding warrants with a weighted-average exercise price of $5.84 per share; and
833,314 shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options with a weighted-average exercise price of $5.95 per share.

 

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DESCRIPTION OF COMMON STOCK

General

Each share of our common stock has the same relative rights and is identical in all respects with each other share of common stock.

Voting Rights

Each stockholder is entitled to one vote for each share of common stock held on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Our certificate of incorporation, as amended, does not provide for cumulative voting for the election of directors, which means that the holders of a majority of the shares voted can elect all of the directors then standing for election. The common stock is not entitled to preemptive rights and is not subject to conversion or redemption. Each outstanding share of common stock offered by this prospectus will, when issued, be fully paid and nonassessable.

Dividends

Holders of common stock are entitled to share ratably in any dividends declared by our Board of Directors, subject to any preferential dividend rights of any outstanding preferred stock. We have never declared or paid cash dividends on our common stock. We do not intend to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future.

Preemptive Rights

Holders of common stock do not have any preemptive rights with respect to any shares that we may issue in the future. Thus, we may sell shares of our common stock without first offering them to the then holders of common stock.

Liquidation

In the event of any liquidation or dissolution of our company, whether voluntary or involuntary, the holders of our common stock would be entitled to receive pro rata, after payment of all our debts and liabilities, all of our assets available for distribution, subject to the rights of the holders of any preferred stock which may be issued with a priority in liquidation or dissolution over the holders of common stock.

Listing

Our common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “AUVI.”

Exclusive Forum

Our Certificate of Incorporation, as amended provides that, unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware shall be the sole and exclusive forum for (a) any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of the Company, (b) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director, officer, employee or agent of the Company to the Company or the Company’s stockholders, (c) any action asserting a claim arising pursuant to any provision of the Delaware General Corporation Law, the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation or the Bylaws, or (d) any action asserting a claim governed by the internal affairs doctrine, in each case subject to said Court of Chancery having personal jurisdiction over the indispensable parties named as defendants therein. This exclusive forum provision may limit the ability of our stockholders to bring a claim in a judicial forum that such stockholders find favorable for disputes with us or our directors or officers, which may discourage lawsuits against us or our directors or officers. Our Certificate of Incorporation also provides that this choice of forum provision does not apply to claims arising under federal securities laws.

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Anti-Takeover Provisions

Statutory Business Combination Provision. Delaware has adopted a “business combination” statute (Section 203 of the DGCL) that may also have additional anti-takeover effects to provisions in our certificate of incorporation, as amended, and by-laws. Section 203 of the DGCL, which, subject to certain exceptions, prohibits a Delaware corporation from engaging in any “business combination” with an “interested stockholder” for a period of three years following the time that such stockholder became an interested stockholder, unless:

the board of directors of the corporation approves either the business combination or the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, prior to the time the interested stockholder attained that status;
upon the closing of the transaction that resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 85% of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction commenced, excluding, for purposes of determining the number of shares outstanding, those shares owned by persons who are directors and also officers and by employee stock plans in which employee participants do not have the right to determine confidentially whether shares held subject to the plan will be tendered in a tender or exchange offer; or
at or subsequent to such time, the business combination is approved by the board of directors and authorized at an annual or special meeting of stockholders, and not by written consent, by the affirmative vote of at least 66 2/3% of the outstanding voting stock that is not owned by the interested stockholder.

 

With certain exceptions, an “interested stockholder” is a person or group who or which owns 15% or more of the corporation’s outstanding voting stock (including any rights to acquire stock pursuant to an option, warrant, agreement, arrangement, or understanding, or upon the exercise of conversion or exchange rights, and stock with respect to which the person has voting rights only), or is an affiliate or associate of the corporation and was the owner of 15% or more of such voting stock at any time within the previous three years.

In general, Section 203 defines a business combination to include:

any merger or consolidation involving the corporation and the interested stockholder;
any sale, transfer, pledge, or other disposition of 10% or more of the assets of the corporation involving the interested stockholder;
subject to certain exceptions, any transaction that results in the issuance or transfer by the corporation of any stock of the corporation to the interested stockholder;
any transaction involving the corporation that has the effect of increasing the proportionate share of the stock or any class or series of the corporation beneficially owned by the interested stockholder; or
the receipt by the interested stockholder of the benefit of any loans, advances, guarantees, pledges, or other financial benefits provided by or through the corporation.

A Delaware corporation may “opt out” of this provision with an express provision in its original certificate of incorporation or an express provision in its amended and restated certificate of incorporation or bylaws resulting from a stockholders’ amendment approved by at least a majority of the outstanding voting shares. However, we have not “opted out” of this provision. Section 203 could prohibit or delay mergers or other takeover or change-in-control attempts and, accordingly, may discourage attempts to acquire our company.

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Size of the Board and Vacancies. Our by-laws provide that the exact number of directors is determined by resolution of the Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors has the right to fill any vacancies resulting from death, resignation, disqualification, or removal, as well as any newly created directorships arising from an increase in the size of the Board of Directors.

Amendment of Charter Provisions. The affirmative vote of the holders of at least a majority of the voting power of all then outstanding shares of our voting stock, voting together as a single class, is required to, among other things, amend, alter, change, or repeal certain provisions of our certificate of incorporation, as amended. Our by-laws may only be amended (or new by-laws adopted) by the Board of Directors or the affirmative vote of the holders of at least a majority of the voting power of all then outstanding shares of our voting stock represented in person or by proxy at the meeting at which the amendment is voted on.

Undesignated Preferred Stock. Following the filing of the amended and restated certificate of incorporation, we could issue preferred stock that could have other rights, including economic rights senior to our common stock, so that the issuance of the preferred stock could adversely affect the market value of our common stock. The issuance of the preferred stock may also have the effect of delaying, deferring, or preventing a change in control of our company without any action by the stockholders. The effects of issuing preferred stock could include one or more of the following:

restricting dividends on the common stock;
diluting the voting power of the common stock;
impairing the liquidation rights of the common stock; or
discouraging, delaying, or preventing changes in control or management of our company.

Transfer Agent

The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is VStock Transfer, LLC.

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

Pursuant to the ATM Sales Agreement, we may issue and sell from time to time shares of our common stock having an aggregate gross sales price of up to $9,000,000 through the Sales Agent, acting as sales agent or principal, subject to certain limitations. The ATM Sales Agreement has been filed with the SEC and is incorporated by reference into this prospectus. This is a brief summary of the material terms of the ATM Sales Agreement and does not purport to be a complete statement of its terms and conditions.

Each time that we wish to sell common stock under the ATM Sales Agreement, we will provide an agent designated by the Company as sole executing agent with a placement notice describing the number or dollar value of shares to be issued, the time period during which sales are requested to be made, any limitation on the number of shares that may be sold in any one day, and any minimum price below which sales may not be made.

Upon receipt of a placement notice from us, and subject to the terms and conditions of the ATM Sales Agreement, the Sales Agent have agreed to use their commercially reasonable efforts consistent with their normal trading and sales practices and applicable state and federal laws, rules, and regulations, and the rules of Nasdaq to sell such shares up to the amount specified. The settlement between us and the Sales Agent of each sale will occur on the second trading day following the date on which the sale was made or on some other date that is agreed upon by us and the Sales Agents in connection with a particular transaction. The obligation of the Sales Agent under the ATM Sales Agreement to sell our common stock pursuant to a placement notice is subject to a number of conditions.

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We will pay the Sales Agent a commission of up to 3% of the gross proceeds of the sale price per share under the ATM Sales Agreement. The Sales Agent may also receive customary brokerage commissions from purchasers of the common stock in compliance with FINRA Rule 2121. The Sales Agent may effect sales to or through dealers, and such dealers may receive compensation in the form of discounts, concessions or commissions from the Sales Agents and/or purchasers of shares of common stock for whom they may act as agents or to whom they may sell as principal. In addition, we have agreed to reimburse legal expenses of the Sales Agent in an amount not to exceed $20,000 in connection with entering into the ATM Sales Agreement plus up to $3,000 per calendar quarter. We estimate that the total expenses for the offering, excluding compensation and reimbursements payable to the Sales Agent under the terms of the ATM Sales Agreement, will be approximately $150,000.

The actual proceeds to us will vary depending on the number of shares sold and the prices of such sales. Because there is no minimum offering amount required as a condition to close this offering, the actual total public offering amount, commissions, and proceeds to us, if any, are not determinable at this time.

In connection with the sale of our common stock contemplated in this prospectus, the Sales Agent will be deemed to be “underwriter” within the meaning of the Securities Act, and the compensation paid to the Sales Agent will be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts. We have agreed to indemnify the Sales Agent against certain civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act.

Sales of our common stock as contemplated in this prospectus will be settled through the facilities of The Depository Trust Company or by such other means as we and the Sales Agents may agree upon. There is no arrangement for funds to be received in escrow, trust, or similar arrangement.

The offering of our common stock pursuant to the ATM Sales Agreement will terminate on the earlier of (1) the issuance and sale of all of our common stock subject to the ATM Sales Agreement, or (2) termination of the ATM Sales Agreement by us or the Sales Agent.

LEGAL MATTERS

The validity of the securities that may be offered hereby will be passed upon for us by Carmel, Milazzo & Feil LLP, New York, New York. The Sales Agent is being represented by Pryor Cashman LLP, New York, New York.

EXPERTS

The consolidated financial statements of Applied UV, Inc. as of and for the year ended December 31, 2021 have been incorporated by reference herein and in the registration statement in reliance upon the reports of Mazars USA LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.

The consolidated financial statements of Applied UV, Inc. as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020 have been incorporated by reference herein and in the registration statement in reliance upon the reports of Adeptus Partners, LLC, an independent registered public accounting firm, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

We have filed with the SEC a registration statement on Form S-3 under the Securities Act with respect to the common stock we are offering by this prospectus. This prospectus does not contain all of the information included in the registration statement. For further information pertaining to us and our common stock, you should refer to the registration statement and to its exhibits. Whenever we make reference in this prospectus to any of our contracts, agreements, or other documents, the references are not necessarily complete, and you should refer to the exhibits attached to the registration statement for copies of the actual contract, agreement, or other document.

We are subject to the information requirements of the Exchange Act and file annual, quarterly, and special reports, proxy statements, and other information with the SEC. We file many of our documents electronically with the SEC, and you may access those documents over the Internet. The SEC maintains a web site that contains reports, proxy, and information statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. The address of the SEC’s website is www.sec.gov. Documents we have filed with the SEC are also available on our website through the investor link at www.applied uvinc.com. Information contained on our website does not constitute a part of this prospectus and is not incorporated by reference herein.

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INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE

The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” in this prospectus the information we file with the SEC. This helps us disclose certain important information to you by referring you to the documents we file. The information we incorporate by reference is an important part of this prospectus. Because we are incorporating by reference future filings with the SEC, this prospectus is continually updated and those future filings may modify or supersede some of the information included or incorporated in this prospectus. This means that you must look at all of the SEC filings that we incorporate by reference to determine if any of the statements in this prospectus or in any document previously incorporated by reference have been modified or superseded. We incorporate by reference each of the documents listed below.

our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on April 7, 2022;
our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on May 23, 2022;
our Current Reports on Form 8-K (other than information furnished rather than filed) filed with the SEC on January 3, 2022, January 18, 2022, February 23, 2022, March 31, 2022, April 8, 2022, April 22, 2022 and May 23, 2022.

All filings by our company pursuant to the Exchange Act subsequent to the date hereof and prior to effectiveness of this registration statement are incorporated in this registration statement and deemed to be a part hereof from the date of filing of such documents or reports. In addition, all documents and reports filed by our company subsequent to the date hereof pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14, and 15(d) of the Exchange Act prior to the filing of a post-effective amendment which indicates that all securities offered have been sold or which deregisters all securities remaining unsold, shall be deemed to be incorporated by reference in this registration statement and to be a part hereof from the date of filing of such documents or reports. Any statement contained in a document incorporated by reference herein shall be deemed to be modified or superseded to the extent that a statement contained herein or in any other subsequently filed document which also is incorporated by reference herein modifies or supersedes such statement. Statements in this prospectus concerning any document we filed as an exhibit to the registration statement or that we otherwise filed with the SEC are not intended to be comprehensive and are qualified by reference to these filings. You should review the complete document to evaluate these statements.

We will provide each person to whom this prospectus is delivered a copy of all of the information that has been incorporated by reference in this prospectus but not delivered with this prospectus. You may obtain copies of these filings, at no cost, through the “Investor” section of our website (www.applieduvinc.com), and you may request copies of these filings, at no cost, by writing or telephoning us at the following address:

Applied UV, Inc.
Attention: Secretary
150 N. Macquesten Parkway

Mount Vernon, NY 10550

Telephone: (914) 665-6100

 

The information contained on our website is not a part of this prospectus. We have included our website address in this prospectus solely as an inactive textual reference.

 

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$9,000,000

APPLIED UV, INC.

Common Stock

PROSPECTUS

Maxim Group LLC 

 , 2022

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PART II

INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS

Item 14. Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution

 

The following table sets forth the various expenses in connection with the registration of the securities offered hereby. We will bear all of these expenses. All amounts are estimated except for the SEC registration fee:

Item  Amount
SEC registration fee  $4,635 
FINRA filing fee  $* 
Legal fees and expenses  $115,000 
Accounting fees and expenses  $5,000 
Printing and related expenses  $1,500 
Miscellaneous   * 
Total  $* 

 

* Expenses cannot be estimated at this time.

 

Item 15. Indemnification of Directors and Officers

 

Section 145 of the Delaware General Corporation Law permits, in general, a Delaware corporation to indemnify any person who was or is a party to any proceeding (other than an action by, or in the right of, the corporation) by reason of the fact that he or she is or was a director or officer of the corporation, or served another business enterprise in any capacity at the request of the corporation, against liability incurred in connection with such proceeding, including the expenses (including attorney’s fees), judgments, fines, and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred in connection with such proceeding, if such person acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in, or not opposed to, the best interests of the corporation and, in criminal actions or proceedings, additionally had no reasonable cause to believe that his or her conduct was unlawful. A Delaware corporation’s power to indemnify applies to actions brought by or in the right of the corporation as well, but only to the extent of expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by the person in connection with the defense or settlement of the action or suit, provided that no indemnification shall be provided in such actions in the event of any adjudication of negligence or misconduct in the performance of such person’s duties to the corporation, unless a court believes that in light of all the circumstances indemnification should apply. Section 145 of the Delaware General Corporation Law also permits, in general, a Delaware corporation to purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director or officer of the corporation, or served another entity in any capacity at the request of the corporation, against liability incurred by such person in such capacity, whether or not the corporation would have the power to indemnify such person against such liability.

We have obtained insurance covering our directors and officers against losses and insuring us against certain of our obligations to indemnify our directors and officers.

Our by-laws provide that we shall indemnify each of our directors and officers, to the maximum extent permitted from time to time by law, against all expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines, and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by reason of the fact that he or she is a director or officer.

This right of indemnification conferred in our by-laws is not exclusive of any other right.

In addition, our certificate of incorporation, as amended, includes a provision that eliminates the personal liability of our directors for monetary damages for breach of their fiduciary duty as directors to the extent permitted by Section 102 of the Delaware General Corporation Law.

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These indemnification provisions may be sufficiently broad to permit indemnification of our directors and officers for liabilities (including reimbursement of expenses incurred) arising under the Securities Act.

Item 16. Exhibits

 

The following Exhibits are filed herewith or incorporated herein by reference:

EXHIBIT INDEX

No.     Exhibit No.
1.1* Form of Underwriting Agreement or Purchase Agreement
1.2 Equity Distribution Agreement, dated July 1, 2022 between the Registrant and Maxim Group LLC.
3.1 Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
3.2 Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
3.3 Bylaws of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
3.4 Certificate of Designation, Preferences and Rights of Series A Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.4 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
3.5 Certificate of Amendment of Certificate of Incorporation filed on June 17, 2020 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.5 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
3.6 Certificate of Amendment of Certificate of Incorporation filed on June 23, 2020 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.6 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
3.7 Certificate of Amendment of Certificate of Incorporation filed July 14, 2020 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.7 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
3.8 Certificate of Amendment to Certificate of Designation of Series A Preferred Stock, filed on June 17, 2021 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on July 19, 2021).
3.9 Certificate of Designation, Preferences and Rights of 10.5% Series A Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.9 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-257197) filed with the SEC as of June 25, 2021).
3.10 Certificate of Amendment to the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, filed on October 7, 2021
3.11 Certificate of Amendment to the Certificate of Designation of Series A Preferred Stock, filed on December 8, 2021
4.1** Form of Senior Indenture
4.2** Form of Subordinated Indenture
4.3** Form of Certificate of Designation
4.4** Form of Deposit Agreement
4.5** Form of Depositary Agreement
4.6** Form of Warrant Agreement
4.7** Form of Warrant
4.8** Form of Rights Agreement
4.9** Form of Unit Agreement
5.1* Opinion of Carmel, Milazzo & Feil LLP
10.1 Exchange Agreement, dated March 26, 2019 among the Registrant, SteriLumen, Inc. and each of the stockholders of SteriLumen, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
10.2 Exchange Agreement, dated March 27, 2019 among the Registrant, SteriLumen, Inc. and Laurie Munn (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
10.3 Exchange Agreement, dated July 1, 2019 among the Registrant, Munn Works, LLC and Laurie Munn (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
10.4 Warrant, dated April 1, 2020 issued to Max Munn (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
10.5 The Registrant’s 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
10.6 Form of Option Agreement and Grant issued under February 18, 2020 Board Approval (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.6 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
10.7 Agreement, dated April 20, 2020 between Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and SteriLumen, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.7 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
10.9 Common Stock Purchase Warrant, dated July 1, 2020 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.10 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
10.10 Common Stock Purchase Warrant, dated July 1, 2020 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.11 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
10.11 Form of Option issued to Medical Advisory Board members (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.12 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
10.12 Asset Purchase Agreement, dated as of February 8, 2021, by and among Applied UV, Inc., SteriLumen, Inc., Akida Holdings LLC, and members of Akida Holdings, LLC. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 of the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC as of February 11, 2021).
10.13 Contract Manufacturing Agreement, dated as of January 1, 2021, by and between KES Science & Technology, Inc. and Akida Holdings LLC.
10.14 Intellectual Property Assignment and License Agreement, dated as of January 1, 2021, by and among KES Science & Technology, Inc., KES Air Technologies, LLC and Akida Holdings LLC.
10.15 Management Services Agreement, dated as of January 1, 2021, by and between KES Science & Technology, Inc. and Akida Holdings LLC.
10.16 Employment Offer to Michael Riccio (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 of the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC as of April 20, 2021).
10.17 Employment Agreement, dated June 30, 2020 between the Registrant and Max Munn (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.9 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-239892) filed with the SEC as of July 16, 2020).
  Employment Agreement, dated April 11, 2022 between the Registrant and John F. Andrews (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 8, 2022)
21.1   List of Subsidiaries of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 21.1 of the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-
23.1   Consent of Mazars USA LLP

23.2

  Consent of Adeptus Partners, LLC
23.3*   Consent of Carmel, Milazzo & Feil LLP (contained in Exhibit 5.1)
24.1   Powers of Attorney (included on the signature page of Registration Statement)
25.1 * Form T-1 Statement of Eligibility to act as trustee under the Indenture.
107 Filing Fee Table
* To be filed by amendment
** To be filed, if necessary, by post-effective amendment to this registration statement or as an exhibit to a current report of the registrant on Form 8-K and incorporated herein by reference.

 

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Item 17. Undertakings

 

(a) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:

 

(1) To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:

 

(i) To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933;

 

(ii) To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in this registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than a 20 percent change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement;

 

(iii) To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in this registration statement;

Provided, however, That Paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (a)(1)(ii) and (a)(1)(iii) of this section do not apply if the registration statement is on Form S-3 or Form F-3 and the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the registrant pursuant to section 13 or section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is part of the registration statement.

(2) That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered herein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

 

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(3) To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.

 

(4) That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser:

 

(i) If the registrant is relying on Rule 430B:

 

(A) Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and

 

(B) Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5) or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415 (a)(1)(i), (vii) or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by section 10(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

 

Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date.

(5) That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities:

The undersigned registrant undertakes that in an offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:

(i) Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424;

(ii) Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;

(iii) The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and

(iv) Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.

 

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(b) The undersigned registrant hereby further undertakes that, for the purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to section 13(a) or section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s annual report pursuant to section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered herein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

 

(h) Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act of 1933 and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act of 1933 and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.

 

(j) The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes to file an application for the purpose of determining the eligibility of the trustee to act under subsection (a) of section 310 of the Trust Indenture Act (“Act”) in accordance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the Commission under section 305(b)(2) of the Act.

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form S-3 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized thereunto duly authorized in the city of New York, New York on this 1st day of July, 2022.

  APPLIED UV, INC.
     
  By: /s/ John F. Andrews
    John F. Andrews
    Chief Executive Officer

POWER OF ATTORNEY

KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each individual whose signature appears below hereby constitutes and appoints John F. Andrews, Max Munn and Michael Riccio, jointly and severally, his or her true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents with full powers of substitution, for him and in his name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all supplements amendments (including post-effective amendments) to this Registration Statement, and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and all documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in connection therewith, as fully to all intents and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or any of them, or their or his substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue thereof.

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this Registration Statement has been signed below on the dates indicated by the following persons in the capacities indicated.

SIGNATURE

 

TITLE

 

DATE

         
/s/ John F. Andrews   Chief Executive Officer and Director (Principal   July 1, 2022
John F. Andrews   Executive Officer)    
         
/s/ Michael Riccio   Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial and   July 1, 2022
Michael Riccio   Accounting Officer)    
         
/s/ Max Munn   Director and President   July 1, 2022
Max Munn        
         
/s/ Monica Woo   Director   July 1, 2022
Monica Woo        
         
/s/ Dr. Dallas C. Hack   Director   July 1, 2022
Dr. Dallas C. Hack        
         
/s/ Joseph Luhukay   Director   July 1, 2022
Joseph Luhukay        
         
/s/ Eugene Burleson.   Director   July 1, 2022
Eugene Burleson.        
         

 

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Exhibit 107

 

Filing Fee Table

Form S-3

(Form Type)

Applied UV, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Table 1: Newly Registered Securities

 

  Security Type Amount to be Registered Proposed Maximum Offering Price Proposed Maximum Aggregate Offering Price Amount of Registration Fee Fee Rate
Fees to be Paid

Unallocated (Universal) Shelf

• Common Stock

• Preferred Stock

• Warrants

• Debt Securities

• Rights

• Units

$50,000,000.00

$4,635.00

.0000927

Fees Previously Paid

 

Carry Forward Securities

Carry Forward Securities
Total
  Total Offering Amounts   $50,000,000.00 $4,635.00  
  Total Fees Previously Paid     $0  
  Total Fee Offsets     $0  
  Net Fee Due     $4,635.00  

___________________

i.Calculated pursuant to Rule 457(o), based on the Proposed Maximum Aggregate Offering Price.
ii.The proposed maximum offering price per share of common stock will be determined from time to time in connection with, and at the time of, the sale by the selling stockholders.

Exhibit 23.1 

Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

We hereby consent to the use in these Prospectuses constituting part of the Registration Statement on Form S-3 of our report dated April 7, 2022, on the consolidated financial statements of Applied UV, Inc. and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2021 and for the year then ended, which appears in such Prospectuses. We also consent to the reference to our Firm under the caption “Experts” in such Prospectuses.

 

/s/ Mazars USA LLP

Fort Washington, PA

July 1, 2022

CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

We hereby consent to the incorporation by reference on Form S-3 of Applied UV, Inc. and Subsidiaries for the year ended December 31, 2020 of our report dated March 30, 2021 relating to our audit of the consolidated financial statements of Applied UV, Inc. and Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2020, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ equity (deficit) and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2020, and the reference to us under the caption “Experts.”

 

/s/ Adeptus Partners, LLC 

Ocean, New Jersey

July 1, 2022

APPLIED UV, INC.

Up to US$9,000,000 of Common Stock

EQUITY DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENT

July 1, 2022

Maxim Group LLC
300 Park Avenue, 16th Floor
New York, New York 10022

Ladies and Gentlemen:

Applied UV, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), proposes to issue and sell through Maxim Group LLC (the “Agent”), as sales agent, common stock of the Company, par value $0.0001 per share (the “Common Stock”), having an aggregate offering price of up to US$9,000,000 of Common Stock (the Common Stock subject to this Equity Distribution Agreement (this “Agreement”) being referred to herein as the “Shares”) on terms set forth herein. The Shares consist entirely of authorized but unissued Common Stock to be issued and sold by the Company.

The Company hereby confirms its agreement with the Agent with respect to the sale of the Shares.

1.  Representations and Warranties of the Company.

(a)  The Company represents and warrants to, and agrees with, the Agent as follows:

(i)  A registration statement on Form S-3 (the “registration statement”) is being filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) on the date hereof under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act of 1933”), and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder (the “Rules and Regulations” and collectively with the Securities Act of 1933, the “Securities Act”). Except where the context otherwise requires, “Registration Statement,” as used herein, means the registration statement, as amended at the time of such registration statement’s effectiveness for purposes of Section 11 of the Securities Act, as such section applies to the Agent, including (1) all documents filed as a part thereof or incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference therein, (2) any information contained or incorporated by reference in a prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act, to the extent such information is deemed, pursuant to Rule 430B or Rule 430C under the Securities Act, to be part of the registration statement at such time, and (3) any registration statement filed to register the offer and sale of Shares pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act (the “462(b) Registration Statement”). Except where the context otherwise requires, “Base Prospectus,” as used herein, means the prospectus filed as part of the Registration Statement, together with any amendments or supplements thereto as of the date of this Agreement. Except where the context otherwise requires, “Prospectus Supplement,” as used herein, means the most recent prospectus supplement relating to the Shares, filed by the Company with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act and in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. Except where the context otherwise requires, “Prospectus,” as used herein, means the Prospectus Supplement together with the Base Prospectus attached to or used with the Prospectus Supplement, as may be amended or supplemented from time to time. “Permitted Free Writing Prospectus,” as used herein, means the documents, if any, listed on Schedule A attached hereto and, after the date hereof, any “issuer free writing prospectus” as defined in Rule 433 of the Securities Act, that is expressly agreed to by the Company and the Agent in writing to be a Permitted Free Writing Prospectus. Any reference herein to the Registration Statement, the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus Supplement, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus shall be deemed to refer to and include the documents, if any, incorporated by reference, or deemed to be incorporated by reference, therein pursuant to Item 6 of Form S-3 (the “Incorporated Documents”), including, unless the context otherwise requires, the documents, if any, filed as exhibits to such Incorporated Documents. For purposes of this Agreement, all references to the Registration Statement, the Rule 462(b) Registration Statement, the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any amendment or supplement to any of the foregoing shall be deemed to include the copy filed with the Commission pursuant to its Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval System (“EDGAR”). All references in this Agreement to financial statements and schedules and other information which is “described,” “contained,” “included” or “stated” in the Registration Statement, the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus (or other references of like import) shall be deemed to mean and include all such financial statements and schedules and other information which is incorporated by reference in or otherwise deemed by the Rules and Regulations to be a part of or included in the Registration Statement, the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or Permitted Free Writing Prospectus as the case may be. Any reference herein to the terms “amend,” “amendment” or “supplement” with respect to the Registration Statement, any Base Prospectus, the Prospectus, the Prospectus Supplement or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus shall be deemed to refer to and include the filing of any document under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder (collectively, the “Exchange Act”) on or after the initial effective date of the Registration Statement, or the date of such Base Prospectus, the Prospectus, the Prospectus Supplement or such Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, if any, as the case may be, and incorporated or deemed to be incorporated therein by reference pursuant to Item 6 of Form S-3. “Time of Sale” means each time a Share is purchased pursuant to this Agreement.

(ii)  (A) The Registration Statement will comply upon its effectiveness, complies as of the date hereof, and will comply upon the effectiveness of any amendment thereto and at each Time of Sale and each Settlement Date (as applicable), in all material respects, with the requirements of the Securities Act; at all times during which a prospectus is required by the Securities Act to be delivered (whether physically or through compliance with Rule 172 under the Securities Act or any similar rule) in connection with any sale of Shares (the “Prospectus Delivery Period”); the Registration Statement, as may be amended, will comply, in all material respects, with the requirements of the Securities Act; the conditions to the use of Form S-3 in connection with the offering and sale of the Shares as contemplated hereby (the “Offering”) have been satisfied; the Registration Statement meets, and the Offering complies with, the requirements of Rule 415 under the Securities Act (including, without limitation, Rule 415(a)(5)); the Registration Statement will not, as of the time of its effectiveness and as of the date hereof, and will not, as of the effective date of any amendment thereto, at each Time of Sale, if any, and at all times during a Prospectus Delivery Period, contain an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading.

(B)  The Prospectus, as of the date of the Prospectus Supplement, as of the date hereof (if filed with the Commission on or prior to the date hereof), at each Settlement Date and Time of Sale (as applicable), and at all times during a Prospectus Delivery Period, complied, complies or will comply, in all material respects, with the requirements of the Securities Act; and the Prospectus, and each supplement thereto, as of their respective dates, at each Settlement Date or Time of Sale (as applicable), and at all times during a Prospectus Delivery Period, did not and will not include an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.

(C)  Each Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, if any, as of its date and as of each Settlement Date and Time of Sale (as applicable), and at all times during a Prospectus Delivery Period (when taken together with the Prospectus at such time) will not include an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.

The representations and warranties set forth in subparagraphs (A), (B) and (C) above shall not apply to any statement contained in the Registration Statement, any Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus in reliance upon and in conformity with information concerning the Agent that is furnished in writing by or on behalf of the Agent expressly for use in the Registration Statement, such Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or such Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, if any, it being understood and agreed that only such information furnished by the Agent as of the date hereof consists of the information described in Section 5(b)(ii).

(iii)  Prior to the execution of this Agreement, the Company has not, directly or indirectly, offered or sold any Shares by means of any “prospectus” (within the meaning of the Securities Act) or used any “prospectus” (within the meaning of the Securities Act) in connection with the Offering, in each case other than the Base Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus; the Company has not, directly or indirectly, prepared, used or referred to any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus except in compliance with Rules 164 and 433 under the Securities Act; assuming that a Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, if any, is sent or given after the Registration Statement was filed with the Commission (and after such Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, if any, was, if required pursuant to Rule 433(d) under the Securities Act, filed with the Commission), the Company will satisfy the provisions of Rule 164 or Rule 433 necessary for the use of a free writing prospectus (as defined in Rule 405) in connection with the Offering; the conditions set forth in one or more of subclauses (i) through (iv), inclusive, of Rule 433(b)(1) under the Securities Act are satisfied, and the registration statement relating to the Offering, as initially filed with the Commission, includes a prospectus that, other than by reason of Rule 433 or Rule 431 under the Securities Act, satisfies the requirements of Section 10 of the Securities Act; neither the Company nor the Agent is disqualified, by reason of subsection (f) or (g) of Rule 164 under the Securities Act, from using, in connection with the Offering, “free writing prospectuses” (as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act) pursuant to Rules 164 and 433 under the Securities Act; the Company is not an “ineligible issuer” (as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act) as of the eligibility determination date for purposes of Rules 164 and 433 under the Securities Act with respect to the offering of the Shares contemplated by the Registration Statement; the parties hereto agree and understand that the content of any and all “road shows” (as defined in Rule 433 under the Securities Act) related to the Offering is solely the property of the Company.

(iv)  Each Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, as of its issue date, each Time of Sale and each Settlement Date occurring after such issue date and at all subsequent times through the Prospectus Delivery Period (as defined below) or until any earlier date that the Company notified or notifies the Agent as described in Section 3(c)(iii), did not, does not and will not include any information that conflicted, conflicts or will conflict with the information contained in the Registration Statement, any Base Prospectus or the Prospectus. The foregoing sentence does not apply to statements in or omissions from any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus based upon and in conformity with written information furnished to the Company by the Agent specifically for use therein, it being understood and agreed that only such information furnished by the Agent as of the date hereof consist of the information described in Section 5(b)(ii).

(v)  The consolidated financial statements of the Company and the Subsidiaries (as defined below), together with the related notes, set forth or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus comply in all material respects with the requirements of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act and fairly present in all material respects the financial condition of the Company and the Subsidiaries, as a whole, as of the dates indicated and the results of operations and changes in cash flows for the periods therein specified in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles consistently applied throughout the periods involved. The selected financial data and the summary financial information included in the documents in the Registration Statement and in the Prospectus constitute a fair summary of the information purported to be summarized and have been compiled on a basis consistent with that of the audited financial statements included in the Registration Statement. No other financial statements or supporting schedules are required to be included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus under the Securities Act except as so included or incorporated by reference. All disclosures contained in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus or incorporated by reference therein regarding “non GAAP financial measures” (as such term is defined by the applicable rules and regulations of the Commission) comply with Regulation G of the Exchange Act and Item 10 of Regulation S-K of the Securities Act to the extent applicable. To the Company’s knowledge, Mazars USA LLP, and which has reviewed the unaudited financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and Adeptus Partners LLC, which has expressed its opinion with respect to the audited financial statements and schedules, if any, for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 (collectively, the “Incorporated Financial Statements”), filed as a part of the Registration Statement and included in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, are each a registered public accounting firm within the meaning of the Securities Act, and in the performance of its work for the Company has not been in violation of the auditor independence requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”).

(vi)  The Company has been duly organized and is validly existing as a corporation under the laws of its jurisdiction of incorporation. The Company and each of the Subsidiaries has full corporate power and authority to own its respective properties and conduct its business as currently being carried on and as described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, and is duly qualified to do business as a foreign corporation in good standing in each jurisdiction in which it owns or leases real property or in which the conduct of its business makes such qualification necessary and in which the failure to so qualify would have a material adverse effect upon the results of operations, business, management, properties, prospects, conditions (financial or otherwise) or operations, of the Company and the Subsidiaries, either individually or taken as a whole (“Material Adverse Effect”).

(vii)  Except as disclosed in the Prospectus, subsequent to the dates as of which information is given in the Prospectus, the Company (including its Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis) has not incurred any material liabilities or obligations, direct or contingent, or entered into any material transactions, or declared or paid any dividends or made any distribution of any kind with respect to the capital stock of the Company; and there has not been any change in the capital stock of the Company, or issuance of options, warrants, convertible securities or other rights to purchase the capital stock of the Company, or any material change in the short-term or long-term debt of the Company (other than as a result of the exercise of any currently outstanding options or warrants that are disclosed in the Prospectus), or any Material Adverse Effect or any development that would reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. Since the date of the latest balance sheet presented in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, neither the Company nor any Subsidiary has entered into any transactions, including any acquisition or disposition of any business or asset, which are material to the Company and the Subsidiaries taken as a whole, except for transactions which are disclosed in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus.

(viii)  Except as set forth in the Prospectus, there is not pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened or contemplated, any action, suit or proceeding to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or of which any property or assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is the subject before or by any court or governmental agency, authority or body, or any arbitrator or mediator, which, individually or in the aggregate, would reasonably be expected to result in any Material Adverse Effect.

(ix)  There are no statutes, regulations, contracts or documents that are required to be described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus or be filed as exhibits to the Registration Statement by the Securities Act that have not been so described or filed.

(x)  This Agreement has been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company, and constitutes a valid, legal and binding obligation of the Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with its terms, except as rights to indemnity hereunder may be limited by federal or state securities laws and except as such enforceability may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally and subject to general principles of equity. The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the consummation of the transactions herein contemplated will not result in a breach or violation of any of the terms and provisions of, or constitute a default under, (i) any law, rule or regulation to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is subject, (ii) any agreement or instrument to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or by which it is bound or to which any of its property is subject, (iii) the Company’s Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws, each as amended, or the organizational documents of any of its Subsidiaries, or (iv) any order, rule, regulation or decree of any court or governmental agency or body having jurisdiction over the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any of its properties, except, in the case of clauses (i), (ii) and (iv), for such breaches, violations or defaults that would not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect; no consent, approval, authorization or order of, or filing with, any court or governmental agency or body is required for the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement or for the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, including the issuance or sale of the Shares by the Company, except for such consents, approvals, authorizations, orders or filings as have been obtained or made or as may be required under the Securities Act or state securities or blue sky laws; and the Company has and will have full power and authority to enter into this Agreement and to authorize, issue and sell the Shares as contemplated hereby and thereby.

(xi)  All of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Company, including the outstanding Common Stock, are duly authorized and validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable, have been issued in compliance with all applicable foreign, federal and state securities laws, were not issued in violation of or subject to any preemptive rights or other rights to subscribe for or purchase securities that have not been waived in writing, and the holders thereof are not subject to personal liability by reason of being such holders; all of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of each of the Subsidiaries are duly authorized and validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable, and are owned by the Company, directly or through wholly-owned Subsidiaries, free and clear of any security interest, mortgage, pledge, lien, encumbrance, claim or equity except for those arising under any credit facility or loan agreement (“Credit Facilities”) to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party or their assets are bound as disclosed in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, have been issued in compliance with all applicable foreign, federal and state securities laws, were not issued in violation of or subject to any preemptive rights or other rights to subscribe for or purchase securities that have not been waived in writing, and the holders thereof are not subject to personal liability by reason of being such holders; the Shares which may be sold under this Agreement by the Company have been duly authorized and, when issued, delivered and paid for in accordance with the terms of this Agreement will have been validly issued and will be fully paid and nonassessable, and the holders thereof will not be subject to personal liability solely by reason of being such holders; and the capital stock of the Company, including the Common Stock, conforms in all material respects to the description thereof in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus. Except as otherwise stated in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, there are no preemptive rights or other rights to subscribe for or to purchase, or any restriction upon the voting or transfer of, any Common Stock pursuant to the Company’s Articles of Incorporation, as amended, or any agreement or other instrument to which the Company is a party or by which the Company is bound. Neither the filing of the Registration Statement nor the Offering gives rise to any rights for or relating to the registration of any Common Stock or other securities of the Company, except for such registration rights as have been duly waived. Except as described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, there are no options, warrants, agreements, contracts or other rights in existence to purchase or acquire from the Company any shares of the capital stock of the Company. The Company has an authorized and outstanding capitalization as set forth in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as of the dates set forth therein.

(xii)  The Company and each of its Subsidiaries holds, and is operating in compliance with all grants, authorizations, licenses, permits, consents, certificates and orders of any governmental or self-regulatory body required for the conduct of its respective businesses and all such grants, authorizations, licenses, permits, consents, certifications and orders are valid and in full force and effect, except for such noncompliance or failures to be in full force and effect that would not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect; and neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received notice of any revocation or modification of any such grant, authorization, license, permit, consent, certification or order or has reason to believe that any such grant, authorization, license, permit, consent, certification or order will not be renewed in the ordinary course; and the Company and each of its Subsidiaries is in compliance with all applicable federal, state, local and foreign laws, regulations, orders and decrees, except for such noncompliance that would not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. No approval, authorization, consent or order of or filing with any foreign, federal, state or local governmental or regulatory commission, board, body, authority or agency is required in connection with the issuance and sale of the Shares or the consummation by the Company of the transactions contemplated hereby, other than (i) registration of the Shares under the Securities Act, (ii) any necessary qualification under the securities or blue sky laws of the various jurisdictions in which the Shares are being offered by the Agent, (iii) the filing of any reports under the Exchange Act, (iv) such approvals as may be required by the Conduct Rules of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”), (v) approval of the listing of the Shares by the NASDAQ Capital Market or (vi) such approvals as have been obtained or made as of the Time of Sale.

(xiii)  The Company and each of its Subsidiaries has good and marketable title to all property (whether real or personal) described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as being owned by it, in each case free and clear of all liens, claims, security interests, other encumbrances or defects except such as are described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, except as would not materially impair the use or value thereof. The property held under lease by the Company and each of its Subsidiaries is held by it under valid, subsisting and enforceable leases with only such exceptions with respect to any particular lease as do not interfere in any material respect with the conduct of the business of the Company or such Subsidiary.

(xiv)  The Company and each of its Subsidiaries owns, possesses, or can acquire on reasonable terms, all Intellectual Property (as defined below) necessary for the conduct of their respective businesses as now conducted or as described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus to be conducted. Except as would not result in a Material Adverse Effect, (A) there are no rights of third parties to any such Intellectual Property owned by the Company, except as otherwise disclosed to the Agent in writing by the Company prior to the date hereof; (B) to the knowledge of the Company, there is no infringement, misappropriation or violation by third parties of any such Intellectual Property; (C) there is no pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened, action, suit, proceeding or claim by others challenging the Company’s or any Subsidiary’s rights in or to any such Intellectual Property, and the Company is unaware of any facts which would form a reasonable basis for any such claim; (D) the Intellectual Property owned by the Company and each of the Subsidiaries, and to the knowledge of the Company, the Intellectual Property licensed to the Company, each of the Subsidiaries, has not been adjudged invalid or unenforceable, in whole or in part, and there is no pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened action, suit, proceeding or claim by others challenging the validity or scope of any such Intellectual Property, and the Company is unaware of any facts which would form a reasonable basis for any such claim; (E) there is no pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened action, suit, proceeding or claim by others that the Company or any of its Subsidiaries infringes, misappropriates or otherwise violates any Intellectual Property or other proprietary rights of others, and neither the Company nor any of the Subsidiaries has received any written notice of such claim; and (F) to the Company’s knowledge, no employee of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is in or has ever been in violation of any term of any employment contract, patent disclosure agreement, invention assignment agreement, non-competition agreement, non-solicitation agreement, nondisclosure agreement or any restrictive covenant to or with a former employer where the basis of such violation relates to such employee’s employment with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or actions undertaken by the employee while employed with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries. “Intellectual Property” shall mean all patents, patent applications, trade and service marks, trade and service mark registrations, trade names, copyrights, licenses, inventions, trade secrets, domain names, technology, know-how and other intellectual property.

(xv)  Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is (A) in violation of its articles of incorporation or similar organizational documents, or (B) in breach of or otherwise in default, and no event has occurred which, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute such a default in the performance of any material obligation, agreement or condition contained in any bond, debenture, note, indenture, loan agreement, mortgage, deed of trust or any other material contract, lease or other instrument to which it is subject or by which any of them may be bound, or to which any of the material property or assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is subject (collectively, the “Material Contracts”); or (C) in violation of any law or statute or any judgment, order, rule or regulation of any court or arbitrator or governmental or regulatory authority, except in the case of (B) and (C) above, as could not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(xvi)  The Company and each of the Subsidiaries has timely filed all applicable federal, state, local, foreign and other income and franchise tax returns required to be filed and are not in default in the payment of any taxes which were payable pursuant to said returns or any assessments with respect thereto, other than any which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is contesting in good faith. There is no pending dispute with any taxing authority relating to any of such returns, and the Company has no knowledge of any proposed liability for any tax to be imposed upon the properties or assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries for which there is not an adequate reserve reflected in the Company’s financial statements included in the Registration Statement. There are no documentary, stamp or other issuance or transfer taxes or duties or similar fees or charges under U.S. federal law or the laws of any U.S. state, required to be paid in connection with the execution and delivery of this Agreement or the issuance, sale and delivery by the Company of the Shares.

(xvii)  The Company has not distributed and will not distribute any prospectus or other offering material in connection with the Offering other than the Registration Statement and the Prospectus or other materials permitted by the Securities Act to be distributed by the Company; provided, however, that the Company has not made and will not make any offer relating to the Shares that would constitute a “free writing prospectus” as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act, except in accordance with the provisions of Section 3(p) of this Agreement.

(xviii)  The issuance and sale of the Shares as contemplated in this Agreement does not contravene the rules and regulations of the NASDAQ Capital Market. The Common Stock are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act and are listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market and the Company has taken no action designed to, or likely to have the effect of, terminating the registration of the Common Stock under the Exchange Act or delisting the Common Stock from the NASDAQ Capital Market nor, except as disclosed in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, has the Company received any notification that the Commission or the NASDAQ Capital Market is contemplating terminating such registration or listing. The Company has complied in all material respects with the applicable requirements of the NASDAQ Capital Market for maintenance of the listing of the Common Stock thereon. The Company has filed an application to include the Shares on the NASDAQ Capital Market.

(xix)  The Company has no subsidiaries other than those described in the Prospectus (collectively, the “Subsidiaries”). The Company does not own, directly or indirectly, any shares of stock or any other equity or long-term debt securities of any other corporation or have any equity interest in any other corporation, partnership, joint venture, association, trust or other entity.

(xx)  The Company and each of its Subsidiaries have established and maintain systems of internal accounting controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurances that (A) transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization; (B) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles and to maintain accountability for assets; (C) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization; and (D) amounts reflected on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet for assets are compared with existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences. Except as described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, since the filing of the annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, there has been (i) no new material weakness identified to the Company’s board of directors (or committee thereof) in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (whether or not remediated) and (ii) no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

(xxi)  Except as described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, the Company and each of the Subsidiaries: (A) is and at all times since January 1, 2022 has been in material compliance with all United States (federal, state and local) and foreign statutes, rules, regulations, treaties, or guidance applicable to the Company or the Subsidiaries (“Applicable Laws”); (B) since January 1, 2022 has not received any notice of adverse finding, warning letter, untitled letter or other correspondence or notice from any Governmental Authority (as defined below) alleging or asserting noncompliance with any Applicable Laws or any licenses, certificates, approvals, clearances, authorizations, permits and supplements or amendments thereto required by any such Applicable Laws (“Authorizations”); (C) since January 1, 2022 has not received notice of any claim, action, suit, proceeding, hearing, enforcement, investigation, arbitration or other action from any Governmental Authority or third party alleging that any product operation or activity is in violation of any Applicable Laws or Authorizations and has no knowledge that any such Governmental Authority or third party intends to assert any such claim, litigation, arbitration, action, suit, investigation or proceeding; (D) since January 1, 2022 has not received notice that any Governmental Authority has taken, is taking or intends to take action to limit, suspend, modify or revoke any Authorizations and the Company has no knowledge that any such Governmental Authority is considering such action; and (E) has filed, obtained, maintained or submitted all material reports, documents, forms, notices, applications, records, claims, submissions and supplements or amendments as required by any Applicable Laws or Authorizations and that all such reports, documents, forms, notices, applications, records, claims, submissions and supplements or amendments were complete and correct in all material respects on the date filed (or were corrected or supplemented by a subsequent submission). “Governmental Authority” means any federal, provincial, state, local, foreign or other governmental or quasi-governmental agency or body or any other type of regulatory authority or body, including, without limitation, the NASDAQ Capital Market. The aggregate of all pending legal or governmental proceedings to which the Company or any Subsidiary is a party or of which any of their respective property or assets is the subject which are not described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, including ordinary routine litigation incidental to the business, would not result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(xxii)  Other than as contemplated by this Agreement, the Company has not incurred any liability for any finder’s or broker’s fee or agent’s commission in connection with the execution and delivery of this Agreement or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby. The Company has not entered into any other sales agency agreements or other similar arrangements with any agent or any other representative in respect of “at the market” offerings of the Shares in accordance with Rule 415 under the Securities Act.

(xxiii)  The Company and each of the Subsidiaries carries, or is covered by, insurance in such amounts and covering such risks the Company reasonably believes are adequate for the conduct of its respective business and the value of its properties and as is customary for companies engaged in similar businesses in similar industries; all policies of insurance and any fidelity or surety bonds insuring the Company, each of its Subsidiaries and their respective businesses, assets, employees, officers and directors are in full force and effect; the Company and each of its Subsidiaries is in compliance with the terms of such policies and instruments in all material respects; there are no claims by the Company or any of the Subsidiaries under any such policy or instrument as to which any insurance company is denying liability or defending under a reservation of rights clause; neither the Company nor any of the Subsidiaries has been refused any insurance coverage sought or applied for; and the Company has no reason to believe that it will not be able to renew its existing insurance coverage as and when such coverage expires or to obtain similar coverage from similar insurers as may be necessary to continue its business at a cost that would not have a Material Adverse Effect.

(xxiv)  The Company is not (and is not an affiliate of), and immediately after receipt of payment for the Shares, will not be (and will not be an affiliate of), an “investment company” within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. The Company currently intends to conduct its business in a manner so that it will not become subject to the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.

(xxv)  The Incorporated Documents, at the time they were or hereinafter are filed with the Commission, conformed and will conform in all material respects to the requirements of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act, and were filed on a timely basis with the Commission and no Incorporated Document contained or will contain an untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided, that, no representation is made herein regarding the representations, warranties and covenants, or any descriptions thereof, contained in any agreements or documents included as exhibits to the Incorporated Documents. There is no material document required to be described in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus or to be filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement which was not described or filed as required. All material agreements of the Company and all agreements governing or evidencing any and all related party transactions have been filed with the Commission to the extent required and applicable under the Exchange Act. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiaries has sent or received any communication regarding termination of, or intent not to renew, any of the contracts or agreements referred to or described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, or referred to or described in, or filed as an exhibit to, the Registration Statement or any Incorporated Document, and no such termination or non-renewal has been threatened by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or, to the Company's knowledge, any other party to any such contract or agreement. Any descriptions of the terms of any of the foregoing contracts and agreements that are contained in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus are accurate and complete in all material respects.

(xxvi)  The Company is in compliance in all material respects with all applicable provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder.

(xxvii)  Except as described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus, the Company has established and maintains disclosure controls and procedures (within the meaning of Rule 13a-15(e) of the Exchange Act) and such controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Commission and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. The Company has utilized such controls and procedures in preparing and evaluating the disclosures in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus.

(xxviii)  To the knowledge of the Company, neither the Company, the Subsidiaries, nor any director, officer, agent, employee or affiliate of the Company or any Subsidiary, has taken any action directly or indirectly, that would result in a violation by such persons of the FCPA (as defined below), including, without limitation, making use of the mails or any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce corruptly in furtherance of an offer, payment, promise to pay or authorization of the payment of any money, or other property, gift, promise to give, or authorization of the giving of anything of value to any “Foreign official” (as such term is defined in the FCPA) or any foreign political party or official thereof or any candidate for foreign political office, in contravention of the FCPA, and the Company and each of its Subsidiaries has conducted its business in compliance with the FCPA and has instituted and maintains policies and procedures designed to ensure, and which are reasonably expected to continue to ensure, continued compliance therewith. “FCPA” means the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder.

(xxix)  The Company and each of its Subsidiaries have complied in all material respects with the money laundering statutes of applicable jurisdictions, the rules and regulations thereunder and any related or similar rules, regulations or guidelines, issued, administered or enforced by applicable governmental agencies (collectively, the “Money Laundering Laws”), and no action, suit or proceeding by or before any court or governmental agency, authority or body or any arbitrator involving the Company or any of its Subsidiaries with respect to the Money Laundering Laws is pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened.

(xxx)  Neither the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, nor, to the knowledge of the Company, any director, officer, employee, representative, agent, or affiliate of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is currently subject to any U.S. sanctions administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

(xxxi)  No transaction has occurred or agreement or understanding entered into between or among the Company or any of its Subsidiaries on the one hand, and any officer, director or five percent (5%) or greater stockholder of the Company or any Subsidiary of the Company or any affiliate or affiliates of any such officer, director or five percent (5%) or greater stockholder that is required to be described that is not so described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has, directly or indirectly, extended or maintained credit, or arranged for the extension of credit, or renewed an extension of credit, in the form of a personal loan to or for any of its directors or executive officers in violation of applicable laws, including Section 402 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

(xxxii)  (a) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is in violation of any applicable international, national, state or local convention, law, regulation, order, governmental license, convention, treaty (including those promulgated by the International Maritime Organization) or other requirement relating to pollution or protection of human health or safety (as they relate to exposure to Materials of Environmental Concern (as defined below)) or protection of the environment (including, without limitation, ambient air, surface water, groundwater, land surface or subsurface strata) or protection of natural resources, including without limitation, conventions, laws or regulations relating to emissions, discharges, releases or threatened releases of chemicals, pollutants, contaminants, wastes, toxic substances, hazardous substances, petroleum, petroleum products or other hydrocarbons (collectively, “Materials of Environmental Concern”), or otherwise relating to the manufacture, processing, distribution, use, treatment, storage, disposal, transport or handling of Materials of Environmental Concern (collectively, “Environmental Laws”), nor has the Company or any Subsidiary received any written communication, whether from a Governmental Authority, citizens group, employee or otherwise, that alleges that the Company or any such Subsidiary is in violation of any Environmental Law or governmental license required pursuant to Environmental Law; except, in each case, as would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect; (b) there is no claim, action or cause of action filed with a court or Governmental Authority and no investigation, or other action with respect to which the Company or any Subsidiary has received written notice alleging potential liability for investigatory costs, cleanup costs, governmental response costs, natural resources damages, property damages, personal injuries, attorneys' fees or penalties arising out of, based on or resulting from the presence, or release into the environment, of any Material of Environmental Concern at any location owned, leased or operated by the Company or any Subsidiary, now or in the past, or from any vessel owned, leased or operated by the Company or any Subsidiary, now or in the past (collectively, “Environmental Claim”), pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened against the Company or any Subsidiary or any person or entity whose liability for any Environmental Claim the Company or any Subsidiary has retained or assumed either contractually or by operation of law, except as would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect; (c) to the knowledge of the Company, there are no past or present actions, activities, circumstances, conditions, events or incidents, including, without limitation, the release, emission, discharge, presence or disposal of any Material of Environmental Concern, that reasonably would be expected to result in a violation of any Environmental Law, require expenditures to be incurred pursuant to Environmental Law, or form the basis of an Environmental Claim against the Company, any Subsidiary or against any person or entity whose liability for any Environmental Claim the Company or any Subsidiary has retained or assumed either contractually or by operation of law, except as would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect (for the avoidance of doubt, the operation of vessels in the ordinary course of business shall not be deemed, by itself, an action, activity, circumstance or condition set forth in this clause (c)); and (d) none of the Company or any Subsidiary is subject to any pending proceeding under Environmental Law to which a Governmental Authority is a party and which the Company reasonably believes is likely to result in monetary sanctions of US$100,000 or more. The Company has reasonably concluded that any existing compliance and remediation costs and liabilities arising under Environmental Laws and resulting from the business, operations or properties of the Company or any Subsidiary would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, except as set forth in or contemplated in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus. In the ordinary course of its business, the Company conducts a periodic review of the effect of Environmental Laws on the business, operations and properties of the Company and the Subsidiaries, in the course of which it identifies and evaluates associated costs and liabilities (including, without limitation, any capital or operating expenditures required for clean-up, closure of properties or compliance with Environmental Laws or any permit, license or approval, any related constraints on operating activities and any potential liabilities to third parties). No facts or circumstances have come to the Company's attention that could result in costs or liabilities that could be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(xxxiii)  The Company and each of the Subsidiaries (A) is in compliance, in all material respects, with applicable foreign, federal, state and local laws, rules, regulations, statutes and codes promulgated by applicable governmental authorities (including pursuant to the Occupational Health and Safety Act) relating to the protection of human health and safety in the workplace (“Occupational Laws”); (B) has received all material permits, licenses or other approvals required of it under applicable Occupational Laws to conduct its business as currently conducted; and (C) is in compliance, in all material respects, with all terms and conditions of such permit, license or approval. No action, proceeding, revocation proceeding, writ, injunction or claim is pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries relating to Occupational Laws, and the Company does not have knowledge of any facts, circumstances or developments relating to its operations or cost accounting practices that could reasonably be expected to form the basis for or give rise to such actions, suits, investigations or proceedings.

(xxxiv) No material labor problem or dispute with the employees of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries exists or, to the knowledge of the Company, is threatened or imminent.

(xxxv)  The Company has not, and to its knowledge no one acting on its behalf has, (a) taken, directly or indirectly, any action designed to cause or to result in the stabilization or manipulation of the price of any security of the Company to facilitate the sale or resale of any of the Shares, (b) sold, bid for, purchased, or paid any compensation for soliciting purchases of, any of the Shares or (c) paid or agreed to pay to any person any compensation for soliciting another to purchase any other securities of the Company, other than, in the case of clauses (b) and (c), compensation paid to the Agent in connection with the sale of the Shares.

(xxxvi) Other than the Agent, no person or entity has the right to act as a placement agent, underwriter or as a financial advisor in connection with the sale of the Shares contemplated hereby, and the Company is not a party to any agreement with an agent or underwriter for any other “at the market” offering or continuous equity transaction.

(xxxvii)  There is no transaction, arrangement or other relationship between the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and an unconsolidated or other off balance sheet entity that is required to be disclosed by the Company in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus and is not so disclosed or that otherwise could be reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(xxxviii)  None of the Company, its Subsidiaries, or any of their respective affiliates, nor any person or entity acting on their behalf (excluding the Agent) has, directly or indirectly, made any offers or sales of any security or solicited any offers to buy any security, under circumstances that would cause the transactions contemplated by this Agreement to require approval of stockholders of the Company under any applicable stockholder approval provisions, including, without limitation, under the rules and regulations of the NASDAQ Capital Market. None of the Company, its Subsidiaries, their affiliates nor any person or entity acting on their behalf will take any action or steps that would cause the offering of any of the Shares to be integrated with other offerings of securities of the Company.

(xxxix) Any statistical and market-related data included in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus are based on or derived from sources that the Company believes to be reliable and accurate and, to the extent required, the Company has obtained the written consent to the use of such data from such sources.

(xl)  The Registration Statement is not the subject of a pending proceeding or examination under Section 8(d) or 8(e) of the Securities Act, and the Company is not the subject of a pending proceeding under Section 8A of the Securities Act in connection with the offering of the Shares.

(xli)  Except as set forth in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, the Company and its board of directors have taken all necessary action, if any, in order to render inapplicable any control share acquisition, business combination, poison pill (including any distribution under a rights agreement) or other similar anti-takeover provision under the Company’s Articles of Incorporation, as amended, or the laws of the State of Delaware that is or could become applicable to the purchasers of the Shares.

(xlii)  There are no affiliations with any FINRA member firm among the Company’s officers, directors or, to the knowledge of the Company, any ten percent (10%) or greater stockholder of the Company, except as set forth in the Registration Statement or the Prospectus.

(xliii)  Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary or any of their respective properties or assets has any immunity from the jurisdiction of any court or from any legal process (whether through service or notice, attachment prior to judgment, attachment in aid of execution or otherwise) under the laws of the United States or any political subdivisions thereof.

(xliv)  The Company is not a “foreign private issuer” as defined in Rule 405 promulgated under the Securities Act.

(xlv)  The Company did not qualify as a “passive foreign investment company” within the meaning of Section 1297 of the United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, for its most recently completed taxable year, if any.

(xlvi)  Each “forward-looking statement” (within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act or Section 21E of the Exchange Act) contained in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus has been made or reaffirmed with a reasonable basis and has been disclosed in good faith.

(xlvii)  The interactive data in eXtensible Business Reporting Language included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement fairly presents the information called for in all material respects and has been prepared in accordance with the Commission's rules and guidelines applicable thereto.

(b)  Any certificate signed by any officer of the Company and delivered to the Agent or the Agent’s counsel shall be deemed a representation and warranty by the Company to the Agent as to the matters covered thereby.

(c)  At each Bringdown Date (as defined herein) and each Time of Sale, the Company shall be deemed to have affirmed each representation and warranty contained in or made pursuant to this Agreement as of such date as though made at and as of such date (except that such representations and warranties shall be deemed to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as amended and supplemented relating to such Shares on such date).

2.  Purchase, Sale and Delivery of Shares.

(a)  At the Market Sales. On the basis of the representations, warranties and agreements herein the Company agrees that, from time to time during the term of this Agreement, on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein, it may issue and sell through the Agent, acting as sales agent, the Shares up to an aggregate offering price of US$9,466,366; provided, however, that in no event shall the Company issue or sell through the Agent such number of Shares that (a) exceeds the number or dollar amount of Common Stock registered on the Registration Statement, pursuant to which the Offering is being made, (b) exceeds the number of authorized but unissued Common Stock or (c) would cause the Company or the offering of the Shares to not satisfy the eligibility and transaction requirements for use of Form S-3 (including, if applicable, General Instruction I.B.6 of Form S-3 (the lesser of (a), (b) and (c), the “Maximum Amount”)). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, the parties hereto agree that compliance with the limitations set forth in this Section 2(a) on the number and aggregate sales price of Shares issued and sold under this Agreement shall be the sole responsibility of the Company and that Agent shall have no obligation in connection with such compliance. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company agrees that it will provide the Agent with written notice no less than one (1) business day prior to the date on which it makes the initial sale of Shares under this Agreement. As used herein, the terms “business day” means any day (other than Saturday, Sunday or any federal holiday in the United States) in which commercial banks in New York, New York are open for business.

(i)  For purposes of selling the Shares through the Agent, the Company hereby appoints the Agent as exclusive agent of the Company for the purpose of soliciting purchases of the Shares from the Company pursuant to this Agreement and the Agent agrees to use its commercially reasonable efforts to sell the Shares on the terms and subject to the conditions stated herein.

(ii)  Each time the Company wishes to issue and sell the Shares hereunder (each, a “Transaction”), it will notify the Agent by telephone (confirmed promptly by facsimile or e-mail to the appropriate individual listed on Schedule D hereto, using a form substantially similar to that set forth on Schedule C hereto (a “Transaction Notice”) as to the maximum number of Shares to be sold by the Agent on such day and in any event not in excess of the amount available for issuance under the Prospectus and the currently effective Registration Statement, the time period during which sales are requested to be made, any limitation on the number of shares that may be sold in any one Trading Day (as defined below), and any minimum price below which sales may not be made. The Transaction Notice shall originate from any of the individuals from the Company set forth on Schedule B (with a copy to each of the other individuals from the Company listed on such Schedule), and shall be addressed to each of the individuals from the Agent set forth on Schedule D, as such Schedule D may be amended from time to time. Subject to the terms and conditions hereof and unless the sale of the Shares described therein has been declined, suspended, or otherwise terminated in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, the Agent shall promptly acknowledge the Transaction Notice by facsimile or e-mail (or by some other method mutually agreed to in writing by the parties) and shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to sell all of the Shares so designated by the Company in, and in accordance with the terms set forth in, the Transaction Notice; provided, however, that any obligation of the Agent to use such commercially reasonable efforts shall be subject to the continuing accuracy of the representations and warranties of the Company herein, to the performance by the Company of its obligations hereunder and to the continuing satisfaction of the additional conditions specified in Section 4 of this Agreement. The gross sales price of the Shares sold under this Section 2(a) shall be equal to the market price for the Common Stock sold by the Agent under this Section 2(a) on the NASDAQ Capital Market at the time of such sale. For the purposes hereof, “Trading Day” means any day on which Common Stock are purchased and sold on the principal market on which the Common Stock are listed or quoted.

(iii)  The Company or the Agent may, upon notice to the other party hereto by telephone (confirmed promptly by facsimile or e-mail to the respective individuals of the other party set forth on Schedule D hereto, which confirmation shall be promptly acknowledged by the other party), suspend the Offering for any reason and at any time, whereupon the Agent shall so suspend the offering of Shares until further notice is provided by the other party to the contrary; provided, however, that such suspension or termination shall not affect or impair the parties’ respective obligations with respect to the Shares sold hereunder prior to the receipt by the Agent of such notice. Each of the parties agrees that no such notice under this Section 2(a)(iii) shall be effective against the other unless it is made to one of the individuals named on Schedule D hereto, as such Schedule may be amended from time to time.

(iv)  The Company acknowledges and agrees that (A) there can be no assurance that the Agent will be successful in selling the Shares, (B) the Agent will incur no liability or obligation to the Company or any other person or entity if it does not sell Shares for any reason other than a failure by the Agent to use its commercially reasonable efforts consistent with its normal trading and sales practices and applicable law and regulations to sell such Shares as required under this Agreement, and (C) the Agent shall be under no obligation to purchase shares on a principal basis pursuant to this Agreement.

(v)  The Agent may sell Shares by any method permitted by law to be an “at the market offering” as defined in Rule 415 under the Securities Act, including, without limitation, sales made directly on the NASDAQ Capital Market, on any other existing trading market for the Common Stock or to or through a market maker. The Agent may also sell Shares in privately negotiated transactions (which, for the avoidance of doubt, shall not include block trades initiated on the NASDAQ Capital Market) with the Company’s prior written approval.

(vi)  The compensation to the Agent for sales of the Shares, as an agent of the Company, shall be a cash transaction fee equal to three percent (3%) (the “Transaction Fee”) of the gross sales price of all of Shares sold pursuant to this Section 2(a) . The remaining proceeds, after further deduction for any transaction or other fees imposed by any governmental or self-regulatory organization in respect of such sales, shall constitute the net proceeds to the Company for such Shares (the “Net Proceeds”). The Agent shall notify the Company as promptly as practicable if any deduction referenced in the preceding sentence will be required. In addition, to the extent not memorialized in any separate agreement between the Company and the Agent, the Agent shall be entitled to a Transaction Fee with respect to any public or private offering or other financing or capital-raising transactions of the Company or any Subsidiary to the extent such financing or capital is provided to the Company or any such Subsidiary by investors or lenders introduced to the Company by the Agent during the term of this Agreement (an “Alternative Transaction”), but only if such Alternative Transaction is closed during the term of this Agreement.

(vii)  The Agent shall provide written confirmation (which may be by facsimile or electronic mail) to the Company following the close of trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market each day in which the Shares are sold under this Section 2(a) setting forth the number of the Shares sold on such day, the aggregate gross sale proceeds, the Net Proceeds to the Company, and the compensation payable by the Company to the Agent with respect to such sales.

(viii)  All Shares sold pursuant to this Section 2(a) will be delivered by the Company to Agent for the accounts of the Agent on the second full business day following the date on which such Shares are sold, or at such other time and date as Agent and the Company determine pursuant to Rule 15c6-1(a) under the Exchange Act, each such time and date of delivery being herein referred to as a “Settlement Date.” On each Settlement Date, the Shares sold through the Agent for settlement on such date shall be issued and delivered by the Company to the Agent against payment of the Net Proceeds from the sale of such Shares. Settlement for all such Shares shall be effected by free delivery of the Shares by the Company or its transfer agent (i) to the Agent or its designee’s account (provided the Agent shall have given the Company written notice of such designee prior to the Settlement Date) at The Depository Trust Company (“DTC”) or (ii) by such other means of delivery as may be mutually agreed upon by the parties hereto, which in all cases (provided that such Shares were sold pursuant to the Registration Statement) shall be freely tradable, transferable, registered shares in good deliverable form, in return for payment in same day funds delivered to an account designated by the Company. If the Company or its transfer agent (if applicable) shall default on its obligation to deliver the Shares on any Settlement Date, the Company shall (A) indemnify and hold the Agent harmless against any loss, claim or damage arising from or as a result of such default by the Company and (B) pay the Agent any commission to which it would otherwise be entitled absent such default against payment of the Net Proceeds therefor by wire transfer of same day funds payable to the order of the Company at 9:00 a.m. New York City time. If the Agent breaches this Agreement by failing to deliver the Net Proceeds on any Settlement Date for the shares delivered by the Company, the Agent will pay the Company interest based on the effective prime rate until such proceeds, together with such interest, have been fully paid.

(ix)  Under no circumstances shall the Company cause or request the offer or sale of any Shares if, after giving effect to the sale of such Shares, the aggregate gross sales proceeds sold pursuant to this Agreement would exceed the lesser of (A) together with all sales of Shares under this Agreement, the Maximum Amount, (B) the amount available for offer and sale under the currently effective Registration Statement and (C) the amount authorized from time to time to be issued and sold under this Agreement by the Company’s board of directors, a duly authorized committee thereof or a duly authorized executive committee, and notified to the Agent in writing. Under no circumstances shall the Company cause or request the offer or sale of any Shares at a price lower than the minimum price authorized from time to time by the Company’s board of directors, duly authorized committee thereof or a duly authorized executive committee, and notified to the Agent in writing. Further, under no circumstances shall the aggregate offering amount of the Shares sold pursuant to this Agreement, including any separate underwriting or similar agreement covering principal transactions, exceed the Maximum Amount.

(x)  Unless the exceptive provisions set forth in Rule 101(c)(1) of Regulation M under the Exchange Act are satisfied with respect to the Shares, the Company shall give the Agent at least one business day’s prior notice of its intent to sell any Shares in order to allow the Agent time to comply with Regulation M.

(xi)  The Company agrees that during the term of this Agreement, any offer to sell, any solicitation of an offer to buy, or any sales of Shares in an “at the market offering” as defined in Rule 415 under the Securities Act, including pursuant to Section 3(o) of this Agreement, shall only be effected by or through the Agent; provided, however, that the foregoing limitation shall not apply to the exercise of any outstanding option or warrant described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus.

(b)  Nothing herein contained shall constitute the Agent an unincorporated association or partner with the Company. Under no circumstances shall any Shares be sold pursuant to this Agreement after the date which is three years after the Registration Statement is first declared effective by the Commission.

(c)  Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Agreement, the Company agrees that no sale of Shares shall take place, and the Company shall not request the sale of any Shares, and the Agent shall not be obligated to sell, during any period in which the Company is, or could be deemed to be, in possession of material non-public information or the Company’s insider trading policy would prohibit the purchase and sale of the Company’s Common Stock by its officers and directors.

3.  Covenants. The Company covenants and agrees with the Agent as follows:

(a)  After the date hereof and through any Prospectus Delivery Period, prior to amending or supplementing the Registration Statement (including any Rule 462(b) Registration Statement), Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, the Company shall furnish to the Agent for review a copy of each such proposed amendment or supplement, allow the Agent a reasonable amount of time to review and comment on such proposed amendment or supplement, and the Company shall not file any such proposed amendment or supplement to which the Agent or counsel to the Agent reasonably object; provided, that the foregoing shall not apply with regards to the filing by the Company of any Form 10-K, Form 10-Q or other Incorporated Document. Subject to this Section 3(a), immediately following execution of this Agreement, the Company will prepare a prospectus supplement describing the selling terms of the Shares hereunder, the plan of distribution thereof and such other information as may be required by the Securities Act or the Rules and Regulations or as the Agent and the Company may deem appropriate, and if requested by the Agent, a Permitted Free Writing Prospectus containing the selling terms of the Shares hereunder and such other information as the Company and the Agent may deem appropriate, and will file or transmit for filing with the Commission, in accordance with Rule 424(b) or Rule 433, as the case may be, copies of the Prospectus as supplemented and each such Permitted Free Writing Prospectus.

(b)  After the date of this Agreement, the Company shall promptly advise the Agent in writing (i) of the receipt of any comments of, or requests for additional or supplemental information from, the Commission or for any amendments or supplements to the Registration Statement, the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus (excluding any Incorporated Documents), (ii) of the time and date of any filing of any post-effective amendment to the Registration Statement or any amendment or supplement to any Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus(excluding any Incorporated Documents), (iii) of the time and date that any post-effective amendment to the Registration Statement becomes effective, (iv) of the issuance by the Commission of any stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or any post-effective amendment thereto or of any order preventing or suspending its use or the use of any Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, or (v) of any proceedings to remove, suspend or terminate from listing or quotation the Common Stock from any securities exchange upon which it is listed for trading or included or designated for quotation, or of the threatening or initiation of any proceedings for any of such purposes. If the Commission shall enter any such stop order at any time, the Company may terminate this Agreement. Additionally, the Company agrees that it shall comply with the provisions of Rules 424(b), 430B and 430C, as applicable, under the Securities Act and will use its reasonable efforts to confirm that any filings made by the Company under Rule 424(b), Rule 433 or Rule 462 were received in a timely manner by the Commission (without reliance on Rule 424(b)(8) or Rule 164(b)).

(c)  (i) From the date hereof through the later of (A) the termination of this Agreement and (B) the end of any applicable Prospectus Delivery Period, the Company will comply with all requirements imposed upon it by the Securities Act, as now and hereafter amended, and by the Rules and Regulations, as from time to time in force, and by the Exchange Act so far as necessary to permit the continuance of sales of or dealings in the Shares as contemplated by the provisions hereof, the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus and any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus. If during any applicable Prospectus Delivery Period any event occurs as a result of which the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus, or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus would include an untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances then existing, not misleading, or if during any applicable Prospectus Delivery Period it is necessary or appropriate in the opinion of the Company or its counsel or in the reasonable opinion of the Agent or counsel to the Agent to amend the Registration Statement or supplement the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, to comply with the Securities Act or to file under the Exchange Act any document which would be deemed to be incorporated by reference in the Prospectus in order to comply with the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, the Company will promptly notify Agent (or the Agent will notify the Company, as applicable), and the Agent shall suspend the offering and sale of any such Shares, and the Company will amend the Registration Statement or supplement the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus or file such document (at the expense of the Company) so as to correct such statement or omission or effect such compliance within the time period prescribed by the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.

(ii)  In case the Agent is required to deliver (whether physically or through compliance with Rule 172 under the Securities Act or any similar rule), in connection with the sale of the Shares, a Prospectus after the nine-month period referred to in Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act, or after the time a post-effective amendment to the Registration Statement is required pursuant to Item 512(a) of Regulation S-K under the Securities Act, the Company will prepare, at its expense, promptly upon request such amendment or amendments to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as may be necessary to permit compliance with the requirements of Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act or Item 512(a) of Regulation S-K under the Securities Act, as the case may be. The Company shall cause each amendment or supplement to any Base Prospectus or the Prospectus to be filed with the Commission as required pursuant to the applicable paragraph of Rule 424(b) of the Securities Act or, in the case of any document which would be deemed to be incorporated by reference therein, to be filed with the Commission as required pursuant to the Exchange Act, within the time period prescribed. The Company shall promptly notify the Agent if any Material Contract is terminated or if the other party thereto gives written notice of its intent to terminate any such Material Contract.

(iii)  If at any time following issuance of a Permitted Free Writing Prospectus there occurs an event or development as a result of which such Permitted Free Writing Prospectus would conflict with the information contained in the Registration Statement, the Base Prospectus or the Prospectus, or would include an untrue statement of a material fact or omitted or would omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances prevailing at that subsequent time, not misleading, the Company promptly will notify the Agent and will promptly amend or supplement, at its own expense, such Permitted Free Writing Prospectus to eliminate or correct such conflict, untrue statement or omission.

(d)  The Company shall use commercially reasonable efforts to take or cause to be taken all necessary action to qualify the Shares for sale under the securities laws of such jurisdictions as Agent reasonably designates, if applicable, and to continue such qualifications in effect so long as required for the distribution of the Shares, except that the Company shall not be required in connection therewith to qualify as a foreign corporation or to execute a general consent to service of process in any state. The Company shall promptly advise the Agent of the receipt by the Company of any notification with respect to the suspension of the qualification of the Shares for offer or sale in any jurisdiction or the initiation or threatening of any proceeding for such purpose.

(e)  The Company will furnish to the Agent and counsel for the Agent, to the extent requested, copies of the Registration Statement, the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus, any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, and all amendments and supplements to such documents, in each case as soon as available and in such quantities as the Agent may from time to time reasonably request.

(f)  The Company will make generally available to its security holders as soon as practicable an earnings statement (which need not be audited) covering a 12-month period that shall satisfy the provisions of Section 11(a) of the Securities Act and Rule 158 of the Rules and Regulations. If the Company makes any public announcement or release disclosing its results of operations or financial condition for a completed quarterly or annual fiscal period (each, an “Earnings Release”) and the Company has not yet filed an Annual Report on Form 10-K or a Form 10-Q with respect to such information, as applicable, then, prior to any sale of Shares, the Company shall be obligated to (x) file a prospectus supplement with the Commission under the applicable paragraph of Rule 424(b), which prospectus supplement shall include the applicable financial information or (y) file a Report on Form 8-K, which Form 8-K shall include the applicable financial information.

(g)  The Company, whether or not the transactions contemplated hereunder are consummated or this Agreement is terminated, will pay or cause to be paid (i) all expenses (including stock or transfer taxes and stamp or similar duties allocated to the respective transferees) incurred in connection with the registration, issue, sale and delivery of the Shares, (ii) all reasonable expenses and fees (including, without limitation, fees and expenses of the Company’s accountants and counsel) in connection with the preparation, printing, filing, delivery, and shipping of the Registration Statement (including the financial statements therein and all amendments, schedules, and exhibits thereto), the Base Prospectus, each Prospectus, any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, and any amendment thereof or supplement thereto, and the producing, word-processing, printing, delivery, and shipping of this Agreement and other closing documents, including Blue Sky Memoranda (covering the states and other applicable jurisdictions) prepared by counsel, if required, and including the cost to furnish copies of each thereof to the Agent, (iii) all filing fees, (iv) listing fees, if any, (v) the cost and expenses of the Company relating to investor presentations or any “roadshow” undertaken in connection with marketing of the Shares as agreed to by the Company, and (vi) all other costs and expenses of the Company incident to the performance of its obligations hereunder that are not otherwise specifically provided for herein. The Company shall reimburse the Agent upon request for its reasonable costs and out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with this Agreement, including the fees and disbursements of its legal counsel, not to exceed (except in the case of legal fees and disbursements as provided for below) US$20,000 without the approval of the Company (such approval not to be unreasonably withheld). In addition, the Company shall pay the Agent US$3,000 for its legal fees on each Bringdown Date. All such reimbursements under this Agreement shall be paid in U.S. dollars.

(h)  The Company will apply the net proceeds from the sale of the Shares in the manner set forth under the caption “Use of Proceeds” in the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus, and any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus.

(i)  The Company will not, without (i) giving the Agent at least five business days’ prior written notice specifying the nature of the proposed sale and the date of such proposed sale and (ii) the Agent’s suspending activity under this Agreement for such period of time as requested by the Company or as deemed appropriate by the Agent in light of the proposed sale, offer for sale, sell, contract to sell, pledge, grant any option for the sale of, enter into any transaction which is designed to, or might reasonably be expected to, result in the disposition (whether by actual disposition or effective economic disposition due to cash settlement or otherwise) by the Company or any Subsidiary, or otherwise issue or dispose of, directly or indirectly (or publicly disclose the intention to make any such offer, sale, pledge, grant, issuance or other disposition), of any Common Stock or any securities convertible into or exchangeable for, or any options or rights to purchase or acquire, Common Stock, or permit the registration under the Securities Act of any Common Stock, such securities, options or rights, except for (i) the registration of the Shares and the sales through the Agent pursuant to this Agreement (ii) the registration of Common Stock issued or issuable with respect to any currently outstanding options and warrants that are described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus and (iii) a registration statement on Form S-8 relating to employee benefit plans.

(j)  The Company shall not, at any time at or after the execution of this Agreement, offer or sell any Shares by means of any “prospectus” (within the meaning of the Securities Act), or use any “prospectus” (within the meaning of the Securities Act) in connection with the offer or sale of the Shares, in each case other than the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus.

(k)  Until the termination of this Agreement, the Company will not take, directly or indirectly, any action designed to or that would constitute or that might reasonably be expected to cause or result in, under the Exchange Act or otherwise, stabilization or manipulation in violation of the Securities Act, the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder of the price of any security of the Company to facilitate the sale or resale of the Shares or otherwise violate any provision of Regulation M under the Exchange Act.

(l)  The Company will not incur any liability for any finder’s or broker’s fee or agent’s commission in connection with the execution and delivery of this Agreement or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby, except as contemplated herein.

(m)  During any applicable Prospectus Delivery Period, the Company will file on a timely basis with the Commission such periodic and current reports as required by the Rules and Regulations.

(n)  Except as described in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021, the Company has maintained and will maintain, such controls and other procedures, including without limitation those required by Sections 302 and 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the applicable regulations thereunder, that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms, including without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive officer and its principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure, to ensure that material information relating to Company is made known to them by others within those entities.

(o)  Each of the Company and Agent represent and agree that, neither the Company nor the Agent has made or will make any offer relating to the Shares that would constitute an “issuer free writing prospectus,” as defined in Rule 433 under the Securities Act, or that would otherwise constitute a “free writing prospectus,” as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act, required to be filed with the Commission other than a Permitted Free Writing Prospectus. The Company represents that it has treated or agrees that it will treat each Permitted Free Writing Prospectus as an “issuer free writing prospectus,” as defined in Rule 433, and has complied and will comply with the requirements of Rule 433 applicable to any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, including timely Commission filing where required, legending and record keeping.

(p)  On the date hereof and each date when the Company (A) amends or supplements (other than a supplement to a Prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act relating solely to the offering of securities other than the Shares) the Registration Statement or Prospectus by means of a post-effective amendment, sticker, or supplement but not by means of incorporation of documents by reference into the Registration Statement or the Prospectus relating to the Shares, (B) files an annual report on Form 10-K under the Exchange Act (including any Form 10-K/A containing amended material financial information or a material amendment to the previously filed Form 10-K) or (C) files a report on Form 10-Q containing quarterly financial information that is incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement and Prospectus (each of the dates in (A) through (C) are referred to herein as a “Bringdown Date”), the Agent shall receive a favorable opinion of Carmel, Milazzo & Feil LLP, counsel for the Company, dated as of a date within ten (10) days after the applicable Bringdown Date, addressed to the Agent and modified as necessary to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as amended and supplemented to the time of delivery of such opinions. With respect to this Section 3(p), in lieu of delivering such opinions or letters for Bringdown Dates subsequent to the date hereof, such counsel may furnish agent with a letter (a “Reliance Letter”) to the effect that Agent may rely upon a prior opinion or letter delivered under this Section 3(p) to the same extent as if it were dated the date of such letter (except that statement in such prior opinion shall be deemed to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as amended or supplemented as of the date of such Reliance Letter); provided, however, the requirement to provide opinions and letters under this Section 3(p) is hereby waived for any Bringdown Date occurring at a time at which no Transaction Notice is pending, which waiver shall continue until the earlier to occur of the date the Company delivers a Transaction Notice hereunder and the next occurring Bringdown Date. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Company subsequently decides to sell Shares following a Bringdown Date when the Company relied on such waiver and did not provide Agent with opinions and letters under this Section 3(p), then before the Company delivers the Transaction Notice or Agent sells any Shares, the Company shall cause Carmel, Milazzo & Feil LLP to furnish to the Agent a written opinion or Reliance Letter dated the date of the Transaction Notice.

(q)  On the date hereof, and each date when the Company files an annual report on Form 10-K, or a report on Form 10-Q containing quarterly financial information that is incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement and Prospectus, the Company shall cause Mazars USA LLP, or other independent accountants satisfactory to the Agent, to deliver to the Agent (x) a letter, dated as of a date within ten (10) days after such date and addressed to Agent, in form and substance satisfactory to Agent (the first such letter, the “Initial Comfort Letter”), confirming that they are independent public accountants within the meaning of the Securities Act and are in compliance with the applicable requirements relating to the qualifications of accountants under Rule 2-01 of Regulation S-X of the Commission, and stating the conclusions and findings of said firm with respect to the financial information and other matters and (y) a letter updating the Initial Comfort Letter with any information that would have been included in the Initial Comfort Letter had it been given on such date and as modified as necessary to relate to the date of such letter (each such letter, a “Bringdown Comfort Letter”); provided, however, the requirement to provide a Bringdown Comfort Letter under this Section 3(q) is hereby waived for any Bringdown Date occurring at a time at which no Transaction Notice is pending, which waiver shall continue until the earlier to occur of the date the Company delivers a Transaction Notice hereunder and the next occurring Bringdown Date. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Company subsequently decides to sell Shares following a Bringdown Date when the Company relied on such waiver and did not provide Agent with a Bringdown Comfort Letter under this Section 3(q), then before the Company delivers the Transaction Notice or Agent sells any Shares, the Company shall cause Mazars USA LLP, or other independent accountants satisfactory to the Agent, to deliver to the Agent a Bringdown Comfort Letter dated the date of the Transaction Notice.

(r)  On the date hereof and each Bringdown Date, the Company shall furnish to the Agent a certificate, dated as of a date within ten (10) days after the applicable Bringdown Date and addressed to Agent, signed by the chief executive officer and by the chief financial officer of the Company, to the effect that:

(i)  The representations and warranties of the Company in this Agreement are true and correct in all material respects as if made at and as of the date of the certificate, and the Company has complied in all material respects with all the agreements and satisfied all the conditions on its part to be performed or satisfied at or prior to the date of the certificate;

(ii)  No stop order or other order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or any part thereof or any amendment thereof or the qualification of the Shares for offering or sale or notice that would prevent use of the Registration Statement, nor suspending or preventing the use of the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, has been issued, and no proceeding for that purpose has been instituted or, to the best of their knowledge, is contemplated by the Commission or any state or regulatory body;

(iii)  The Shares to be sold on that date have been duly and validly authorized by the Company and all corporate action required to be taken for the authorization, issuance and sale of the Shares on that date has been validly and sufficiently taken;

(iv)  Subsequent to the respective dates as of which information is given in the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, as amended and supplemented, and except for pending transactions disclosed therein, the Company has not incurred any material liabilities or obligations, direct or contingent, or entered into any material transactions, not in the ordinary course of business, or declared or paid any dividends or made any distribution of any kind with respect to its capital stock, and there has not been any change in the capital stock or any issuance of options, warrants, convertible securities or other rights to purchase the capital stock (other than as a result of the exercise of any currently outstanding options or warrants that are disclosed in the Prospectus), or any material change in the short-term or long-term debt, of the Company, or any Material Adverse Effect or any development that would reasonably be likely to result in a Material Adverse Effect (whether or not arising in the ordinary course of business), or any material loss by strike, fire, flood, earthquake, accident or other calamity, whether or not covered by insurance, incurred by the Company; and

(v)  Except as stated in the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus, and any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, as amended and supplemented, there is not pending, or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened or contemplated, any action, suit or proceeding to which the Company is a party before or by any court or governmental agency, authority or body, or any arbitrator, which would reasonably be likely to result in any Material Adverse Effect; provided, however, the requirement to provide a certificate under this Section 3(r) is hereby waived for any Bringdown Date occurring at a time at which no Transaction Notice is pending, which waiver shall continue until the earlier to occur of the date the Company delivers a Transaction Notice hereunder and the next occurring Bringdown Date. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Company subsequently decides to sell Shares following a Bringdown Date when the Company relied on such waiver and did not provide Agent with a certificate under this Section 3(r), then before the Company delivers the Transaction Notice or Agent sells any Shares, the Company shall provide Agent with a certificate dated the date of the Transaction Notice.

(s)  A reasonable time prior to each Bringdown Date, the Company, if so requested by the Agent, shall conduct a due diligence session, in form and substance, satisfactory to the Agent, which shall include representatives of the management and the accountants of the Company.

(t)  The Company shall disclose in its annual report on Form 10-K and its reports on Form 10-Q with quarterly financial information the number of Shares sold through the Agent under this Agreement, the Net Proceeds to the Company and the compensation paid by the Company with respect to sales of the Shares pursuant to this Agreement.

(u)  The Company shall ensure that there are at all times sufficient Common Stock to provide for the issuance, free of any preemptive rights, out of its authorized but unissued Common Stock, of the maximum aggregate number of Shares authorized for issuance by the Company’s board of directors pursuant to the terms of this Agreement. The Company will use its reasonable best efforts to cause the Shares to be listed on the NASDAQ Capital Market, and to maintain such listing. The Company shall cooperate with Agent and use its reasonable efforts to permit Shares to be eligible for clearance and settlement through the facilities of DTC.

(v)  At any time during the term of this Agreement, the Company will advise the Agent promptly after it receives notice or obtains knowledge of any information or fact that would alter or affect any opinion, certificate, letter and other document provided to the Agent pursuant to Section 3 herein.

(w)  Subject to compliance with any applicable requirements of Regulation M under the Exchange Act and compliance with applicable securities laws, the Company consents to the Agent trading in Common Stock for the Agent’s own account and for the account of its clients (in compliance with all applicable laws) at the same time as sales of the Shares occur pursuant to this Agreement.

(x)  If to the knowledge of the Company, any condition set forth in Section 4 of this Agreement shall not have been satisfied on the applicable Settlement Date, the Company will offer to any person who has agreed to purchase the Shares on such Settlement Date from the Company as the result of an offer to purchase solicited by the Agent the right to refuse to purchase and pay for such Shares.

(y)  On the date hereof and each Bringdown Date, the Company shall furnish to the Agent an incumbency certificate, dated as of such date and addressed to Agent, signed by the secretary of the Company.

(z)  Each acceptance by the Company of an offer to purchase the Shares hereunder shall be deemed to be an affirmation to the Agent that the representations and warranties of the Company contained in or made pursuant to this Agreement are true and correct as of the date of such acceptance as though made at and as of such date, and an undertaking that such representations and warranties will be true and correct as of the Settlement Date for the Shares relating to such acceptance, as though made at and as of such date (except that such representations and warranties shall be deemed to relate to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus as amended and supplemented relating to such Shares).

(aa)  The Company shall ensure that there are at all times sufficient Common Stock to provide for the issuance, free of any preemptive rights, out of its authorized but unissued Common Stock or Common Stock held in treasury, of the maximum aggregate number of Shares authorized for issuance by the Company’s board of directors pursuant to the terms of this Agreement.

(bb)  During any period when the delivery of a prospectus relating to the Shares is required (including in circumstances where such requirement may be satisfied pursuant to Rule 172, 173 or any similar rule) to be delivered under the Securities Act, the Company will file all documents required to be filed with the Commission pursuant to the Exchange Act within the time periods required by the Exchange Act and the regulations thereunder.

(cc)  The Company shall cooperate with Agent and use its reasonable efforts to permit the Shares to be eligible for clearance and settlement through the facilities of DTC.

(dd)  The Company will apply the Net Proceeds from the sale of the Shares in the manner set forth in the Prospectus.

(ee)  To the extent that the Registration Statement is not available for the sales of the Shares as contemplated by this Agreement, the Company shall file a new registration statement with respect to any additional shares of Common Stock necessary to complete such sales of the Shares and shall cause such registration statement to become effective as promptly as practicable. After the effectiveness of any such registration statement, all references to “Registration Statement” included in this Agreement shall be deemed to include such new registration statement, including all documents incorporated by reference therein pursuant to Item 6 of Form S-3, and all references to “Base Prospectus” included in this Agreement shall be deemed to include the final form of prospectus, including all documents incorporated therein by reference, included in any such registration statement at the time such registration statement became effective.

4.  Conditions of Agent’s Obligations. The obligations of the Agent hereunder are subject to (i) the accuracy of, as of the date hereof, each Bringdown Date, and each Time of Sale (in each case, as if made at such date), and compliance with, all representations, warranties and agreements of the Company contained herein, (ii) the performance by the Company of its obligations hereunder and (iii) the following additional conditions:

(a)  If the filing of the Prospectus, or any amendment or supplement thereto, or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, is required under the Securities Act or the Rules and Regulations, the Company shall have filed the Prospectus (or such amendment or supplement) or such Permitted Free Writing Prospectus with the Commission in the manner and within the time period so required (without reliance on Rule 424(b)(8) or Rule 164(b)); the Registration Statement shall remain effective; no stop order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or any part thereof, any Rule 462(b) Registration Statement, or any amendment thereof, nor suspending or preventing the use of the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus shall have been issued; no proceedings for the issuance of such an order shall have been initiated or threatened; and any request of the Commission for additional information (to be included in the Registration Statement, the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus, any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus or otherwise) shall have been complied with to the Agent’s satisfaction.

(b)  The Agent shall not have advised the Company that the Registration Statement, the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus, or any amendment or supplement thereto, or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, contains an untrue statement of fact which, in the Agent’s opinion, is material, or omits to state a fact which, in the Agent’s opinion, is material and is required to be stated therein or is necessary to make the statements therein (i) with respect to the Registration Statement, not misleading and (ii) with respect to the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.

(c)  Except as set forth or contemplated in the Base Prospectus, the Prospectus and any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, subsequent to the respective dates as of which information is given therein, the Company shall not have incurred any material liabilities or obligations, direct or contingent, or entered into any material transactions, or declared or paid any dividends or made any distribution of any kind with respect to its capital stock and there shall not have been any change in the capital stock, or any issuance of options, warrants, convertible securities or other rights to purchase the capital stock (other than as a result of the exercise of any currently outstanding options or warrants that are disclosed in the Prospectus), or any material change in the short-term or long-term debt, of the Company, or any Material Adverse Effect or any development that would be reasonably likely to result in a Material Adverse Effect (whether or not arising in the ordinary course of business), or any material loss by strike, fire, flood, earthquake, accident or other calamity, whether or not covered by insurance, incurred by the Company, the effect of which, in any such case described above, in the Agent’s judgment, makes it impractical or inadvisable to offer or deliver the Shares.

(d)  The Company shall have performed each of its obligations under Section 3(q).

(e)  The Company shall have performed each of its obligations under Section 3(r).

(f)  The Company shall have performed each of its obligations under Section 3(s).

(g)  FINRA shall not have raised any objection to the fairness and reasonableness of the terms and arrangements under this Agreement.

(h)  All filings with the Commission required by Rule 424 under the Securities Act to have been filed by the Settlement Date shall have been made within the applicable time period prescribed for such filing by Rule 424.

(i)  The Company shall have furnished to Agent and the Agent’s counsel such additional documents, certificates and evidence as they may have reasonably requested.

(j)  Trading in the Common Stock shall not have been suspended on the NASDAQ Capital Market. The Shares shall have been listed and authorized for trading on the NASDAQ Capital Market prior to the first Settlement Date, and satisfactory evidence of such actions shall have been provided to the Agent and its counsel, which may include oral confirmation from a representative of the NASDAQ Capital Market.

(k)  The Company shall have in place a directors and officers insurance policy, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent.

All such opinions, certificates, letters and other documents will be in compliance with the provisions hereof only if they are reasonably satisfactory in form and substance to Agent and the Agent’s counsel. The Company will furnish Agent with such conformed copies of such opinions, certificates, letters and other documents as Agent shall reasonably request.

5.  Indemnification and Contribution.

(a)  (i) The Company agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Agent and each of the other Indemnified Parties (as defined below) from and against, and pay on demand for, any losses, claims, damages, obligations, penalties, judgments, awards, liabilities, costs, expenses and disbursements, and any and all actions, suits, proceedings and investigations in respect thereof and any and all legal and other costs, expenses and disbursements in giving testimony or furnishing documents in response to subpoena or otherwise (including, without limitation, the costs, expenses and disbursements, as and when incurred, of investigating, preparing, pursuing or defending any such action, suit, proceeding or investigation (whether or not in connection with litigation in which any Indemnified Party is a party)) (collectively, “Losses”), directly or indirectly, caused by, relating to, based upon, arising out of , or in connection with this Agreement, including, without limitation, any act or omission by the Agent in connection with its acceptance of or the performance or non-performance of its obligations under the Agreement, any breach by the Company of any representation, warranty, covenant or agreement contained in the Agreement (or in any instrument, document or agreement relating thereto, including any agency agreement), or the enforcement by the Agent of its rights under the Agreement or these indemnification provisions, except to the extent that any such Losses are found in a final judgment by a court of competent jurisdiction (not subject to further appeal) to have resulted primarily and directly from the gross negligence or willful misconduct of the Indemnified Party seeking indemnification hereunder. The Company also agrees that no Indemnified Party shall have any liability (whether direct or indirect, in contract or tort or otherwise) to the Company for or in connection with this Agreement for any other reason, except to the extent that any such liability is found in a final judgment by a court of competent jurisdiction (not subject to further appeal) to have resulted primarily and directly from such Indemnified Party’s gross negligence or willful misconduct This indemnity agreement will be in addition to any liability that the Company otherwise might have.

(ii)  These indemnification provisions shall extend to the following persons (collectively, the “Indemnified Parties”): the Agent, its present and former affiliated entities, managers, members, officers, employees, legal counsel, agents and controlling persons (within the meaning of the federal securities laws), and the officers, directors, partners, stockholders, members, managers, employees, legal counsel, agents and controlling persons of any of them. These indemnification provisions shall be in addition to any liability which the Company may otherwise have to any Indemnified Party.

(iii)  If any action, suit, proceeding or investigation is commenced, as to which an Indemnified Party proposes to demand indemnification, it shall notify the Company with reasonable promptness; provided, however, that any failure by an Indemnified Party to notify the Company shall not relieve the Company from its obligations hereunder except to the extent that the Company is actually and materially prejudiced by such failure to notify. An Indemnified Party shall have the right to retain counsel of its own choice to represent it, and the fees, expenses and disbursements of such counsel shall be borne by the Company. Any such counsel shall, to the extent consistent with its professional responsibilities, cooperate with the Company and any counsel designated by the Company. The Company shall be liable for any settlement of any claim against any Indemnified Party made with the Company’s written consent. The Company shall not, without the prior written consent of the Agent, settle or compromise any claim, or permit a default or consent to the entry of any judgment in respect thereof, unless such settlement, compromise or consent (i) includes, as an unconditional term thereof, the giving by the claimant to all of the Indemnified Parties of an unconditional release from all liability in respect of such claim, and (ii) does not contain any factual or legal admission by or with respect to an Indemnified Party or an adverse statement with respect to the character, professionalism, expertise or reputation of any Indemnified Party or any action or inaction of any Indemnified Party.

(iv)  In order to provide for just and equitable contribution, if a claim for indemnification pursuant to these indemnification provisions is made but it is found in a final judgment by a court of competent jurisdiction (not subject to further appeal) that such indemnification may not be enforced in such case, even though the express provisions hereof provide for indemnification in such case, then the Company shall contribute to the Losses to which any Indemnified Party may be subject (i) in accordance with the relative benefits received by the Company and its stockholders, subsidiaries and affiliates, on the one hand, and the Indemnified Party, on the other hand, and (ii) if (and only if) the allocation provided in clause (i) of this sentence is not permitted by applicable law, in such proportion as to reflect not only the relative benefits, but also the relative fault of the Company, on the one hand, and the Indemnified Party, on the other hand, in connection with the statements, acts or omissions which resulted in such Losses as well as any relevant equitable considerations. No person found liable for a fraudulent misrepresentation shall be entitled to contribution from any person who is not also found liable for fraudulent misrepresentation. The relative benefits received (or anticipated to be received) by the Company and its stockholders, subsidiaries and affiliates shall be deemed to be equal to the aggregate consideration payable or receivable by such parties in connection with the transaction or transactions to which the Agreement relates relative to the amount of fees actually received by the Agent in connection with such transaction or transactions. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall the amount contributed by all Indemnified Parties exceed the amount of fees previously received by the Agent pursuant to the Agreement.

(b)  (i) The Agent will indemnify and hold harmless the Company and its affiliates and directors and each officer of the Company who signed the Registration Statement and each person, if any, who controls the Company within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act (the “Company Indemnified Parties”) from and against any Losses to which the Company or the Company Indemnified Parties may become subject, under the Securities Act or otherwise (including in settlement of any litigation, if such settlement is effected with the written consent of the Agent), insofar as such losses, claims, damages or liabilities (or actions in respect thereof) arise out of or are based upon an untrue statement or omission or alleged untrue statement or omission of a material fact contained in the Registration Statement, any Base Prospectus, the Prospectus, or any amendment or supplement thereto or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus, but only and solely to the extent that such untrue statement or alleged untrue statement or omission or alleged omission was made in the Registration Statement, any Base Prospectus, the Prospectus, or any amendment or supplement thereto, or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus in reliance upon and in conformity with written information furnished to the Company by Agent expressly for use in the preparation thereof, it being understood and agreed that the only information furnished by the Agent consists of the information described as such in Section 5(b)(ii) hereof, by the Company in connection with investigating or defending against any such loss, claim, damage, liability or action.

(ii)  The Agent confirms and the Company acknowledges that as of the date hereof no information has been furnished in writing to the Company by or on behalf of the Agent specifically for inclusion in the Registration Statement, any Base Prospectus, the Prospectus or any Permitted Free Writing Prospectus.

(c)  If the indemnification provided for in this Section 5 is unavailable or insufficient to hold harmless an indemnified party under subsection (a) or (b) above, then each indemnifying party shall contribute to the amount paid or payable by such indemnified party as a result of the losses, claims, damages or liabilities referred to in subsection (a) or (b) above, (i) in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect the relative benefits received by the Company on the one hand and the Agent on the other from the Offering or (ii) if the allocation provided by clause (i) above is not permitted by applicable law, in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect not only the relative benefits referred to in clause (i) above but also the relative fault of the Company on the one hand and the Agent on the other in connection with the statements or omissions that resulted in such losses, claims, damages or liabilities, as well as any other relevant equitable considerations. The relative benefits received by the Company on the one hand and the Agent on the other shall be deemed to be in the same proportion as the total net proceeds from the Offering (before deducting expenses) received by the Company and the total underwriting discounts and commissions received by the Agent, bear to the total public offering price of the Shares. The relative fault shall be determined by reference to, among other things, whether the untrue or alleged untrue statement of a material fact or the omission or alleged omission to state a material fact relates to information supplied by the Company or the Agent and the parties’ relevant intent, knowledge, access to information and opportunity to correct or prevent such untrue statement or omission. The Company and the Agent agree that it would not be just and equitable if contributions pursuant to this subsection (c) were to be determined by pro rata allocation or by any other method of allocation which does not take account of the equitable considerations referred to in the first sentence of this subsection (c). The amount paid by an indemnified party as a result of the losses, claims, damages or liabilities referred to in the first sentence of this subsection (c) shall be deemed to include any legal or other expenses reasonably incurred by such indemnified party in connection with investigating or defending against any action or claim which is the subject of this subsection (c). Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection (c), the Agent shall not be required to contribute any amount in excess of the amount by which the total price at which the Shares underwritten by it and distributed to the public were offered to the public exceeds the amount of any damages that the Agent has otherwise been required to pay by reason of such untrue or alleged untrue statement or omission or alleged omission. No person guilty of fraudulent misrepresentation (within the meaning of Section 11(f) of the Securities Act) shall be entitled to contribution from any person who was not guilty of such fraudulent misrepresentation.

(d)  Neither termination of this Agreement nor completion of the Offering shall affect these indemnification provisions which shall remain operative and in full force and effect. The indemnification provisions shall be binding upon the Company and the Agent and their respective successors and assigns and shall inure to the benefit of the Indemnified Parties and the Company Indemnified Parties and their respective successors, assigns, heirs and personal representatives.

6.  Representations and Agreements to Survive Delivery. All representations and warranties of the Company herein or in certificates delivered pursuant hereto, and agreements of the Agent and the Company herein, including but not limited to the agreements of the Agent and the Company contained in Section 5 hereof, shall remain operative and in full force and effect regardless of any investigation made by or on behalf of the Agent or any controlling person thereof, or the Company or any of its officers, directors, or controlling persons, and shall survive delivery of, and payment for, the Shares to and by the Agent hereunder.

7.  Termination of this Agreement.

(a)  The Company shall have the right, by giving written notice as hereinafter specified, to terminate the provisions of this Agreement relating to the solicitation of offers to purchase the Shares in its sole discretion at any time upon thirty (30) days’ prior written notice. Any such termination shall be without liability of any party to any other party except that (i) if the Shares have been sold through the Agent for the Company, then Sections 3(g), 3(o) and 3(y) shall remain in full force and effect, (ii) with respect to any pending sale, through the Agent for the Company, the obligations of the Company with respect to such pending sale of Shares, including in respect of compensation of the Agent, shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding such termination and (iii) the provisions of Section 2(a)(vi), Section 3(g), Section 3(o), Section 5 and Section 6 of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding such termination.

(b)  The Agent shall have the right, by giving written notice as hereinafter specified, to terminate the provisions of this Agreement relating to the solicitation of offers to purchase the Shares in its sole discretion at any time. Any such termination shall be without liability of any party to any other party except that (i) the provisions of the last three sentences of Section 3(g) and the entirety of Section 3(o), Section 5 and Section 6 of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect notwithstanding such termination and (ii) the provisions of Section 3(g) other than the last three sentences thereof shall remain in full force and effect only if the Agent has terminated this Agreement as a result of the Company’s default of its obligations hereunder and its failure to cure any default within a reasonable period of time.

(c)  This Agreement shall remain in full force and effect for twelve (12) months from the date hereof unless terminated pursuant to Sections 7(a) or (b) above or otherwise by mutual agreement of the parties; provided that any such termination by mutual agreement shall in all cases be deemed to provide that Section 3(g), Section 3(o), Section 5 and Section 6 shall remain in full force and effect. This Agreement shall terminate automatically upon the issuance and sale of Shares having an aggregate offering price equal to the amount set forth in the first paragraph of this Agreement.

(d)  Any termination of this Agreement shall be effective on the date specified in such notice of termination; provided that such termination shall not be effective until the close of business on the date of receipt of such notice by the Agent or the Company, as the case may be. If such termination shall occur prior to the Settlement Date for any sale of the Shares, such sale shall settle in accordance with the provisions of Section 2(a) of this Agreement.

8.  Default by the Company. If the Company shall fail at any Settlement Date to sell and deliver the number of Shares which it is obligated to sell hereunder, then this Agreement shall terminate without any liability on the part of the Agent or, except as provided in Section 3(g) hereof, any non-defaulting party. No action taken pursuant to this Section 8 shall relieve the Company from liability, if any, in respect of such default, and the Company shall (A) hold the Agent harmless against any loss, claim or damage arising from or as a result of such default by the Company and (B) pay the Agent any commission to which it would otherwise be entitled absent such default.

9.  Notices. Except as otherwise provided herein, all communications under this Agreement shall be in writing and, if to the Agent, shall be mailed, delivered or sent by facsimile or email transmission to Maxim Group LLC, 300 Park Avenue, 16th Floor, New York, New York 10022, Attention: Clifford A. Teller, Executive Managing Director, Head of Investment Banking (fax: (212) 895-3783; email: [email protected]), with a required copy (which shall not constitute notice) to Pryor Cashman LLP, 7 Times Square, New York, New York 10036, Attention: M. Ali Panjwani, Esq. (fax: (212) 326-0806; email: [email protected]). Notices to the Company shall be given to it at 150 N. Macquesten Parkway, Mount Vernon, NY 10550, Attention: Max Munn (email: [email protected], with a required copy (which shall not constitute notice) to Carmel, Milazzo & Feil LLP, 55 West 39th Street, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10018, Attn: Jeffrey P. Wofford, Esq. (fax: 646-838-1314; email: [email protected]). Any party to this Agreement may change such address for notices by sending to the parties to this Agreement written notice of a new address for such purpose.

10.  Persons Entitled to Benefit of Agreement. This Agreement shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the parties hereto and their respective successors and assigns and the controlling persons, officers and directors referred to in Section 5. Nothing in this Agreement is intended or shall be construed to give to any other person, firm or corporation any legal or equitable remedy or claim under or in respect of this Agreement or any provision herein contained. The term “successors and assigns” as herein used shall not include any purchaser, as such purchaser, of any of the Shares from the Agent.

11.  Absence of Fiduciary Relationship. The Company acknowledges and agrees that: (a) the Agent has been retained solely to act as an sales agent and/or principal in connection with the sale of the Shares and that no fiduciary, advisory or agency relationship between the Company and the Agent has been created in respect of any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, irrespective of whether the Agent has advised or are advising the Company on other matters; (b) the price and other terms of the Shares set forth in this Agreement were established by the Company following discussions and arms-length negotiations with the Agent and the Company is capable of evaluating and understanding and understands and accepts the terms, risks and conditions of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement; (c) it has been advised that the Agent and its affiliates are engaged in a broad range of transactions which may involve interests that differ from those of the Company and that the Agent has no obligation to disclose such interest and transactions to the Company by virtue of any fiduciary, advisory or agency relationship; (d) it has been advised that the Agent is acting, in respect of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, solely for the benefit of the Agent, and not on behalf of the Company; and (e) it waives to the fullest extent permitted by law, any claims it may have against the Agent for breach of fiduciary duty or alleged breach of fiduciary duty in respect of any of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and agrees that the Agent shall have no liability (whether direct or indirect) to the Company in respect of such a fiduciary duty claim on behalf of or in right of the Company, including stockholders, employees or creditors of the Company.

12.  Governing Law. This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York, including Section 5-1401 of the General Obligations Law of the State of New York, but otherwise without regard to conflict of laws rules that would apply the laws of any other jurisdiction.

13.  Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in one or more counterparts and, if executed in more than one counterpart, the executed counterparts shall each be deemed to be an original and all such counterparts shall together constitute one and the same instrument.

14.  Adjustments for Stock Splits. The parties acknowledge and agree that all share-related numbers contained in this Agreement shall be adjusted to take into account any stock split, stock dividend or similar event effected with respect to the Shares.

15.  Entire Agreement; Amendment; Severability; Headings. This Agreement (including all schedules and exhibits attached hereto and transaction notices issued pursuant hereto) constitutes the entire agreement and supersedes all other prior and contemporaneous agreements and undertakings, both written and oral, among the parties hereto with regard to the subject matter hereof, except for that certain Engagement Letter between the Company and Agent, dated June 27, 2022, which shall remain in full force and effect. Neither this Agreement nor any term hereof may be amended except pursuant to a written instrument executed by the Company and the Agent. In the event that any one or more of the provisions contained herein, or the application thereof in any circumstance, is held invalid, illegal or unenforceable as written by a court of competent jurisdiction, then such provision shall be given full force and effect to the fullest possible extent that it is valid, legal and enforceable, and the remainder of the terms and provisions herein shall be construed as if such invalid, illegal or unenforceable term or provision was not contained herein, but only to the extent that giving effect to such provision and the remainder of the terms and provisions hereof shall be in accordance with the intent of the parties as reflected in this Agreement. The section headings used in this Agreement are for convenience only and shall not affect the construction hereof.

16.  Waiver of Jury Trial. Each of the Company and the Agent hereby waives any right it may have to a trial by jury in respect of any claim based upon or arising out of this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby.

17.  Submission to Jurisdiction. The Company irrevocably submits to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of any New York State or United States federal court sitting in The City of New York, Borough of Manhattan, over any suit, action or proceeding arising out of or relating to this Agreement, the Prospectus, the Registration Statement, or the offering of the Shares. The Company irrevocably waives, to the fullest extent permitted by law, any objection which it may now or hereafter have to the laying of venue of any such suit, action or proceeding brought in such a court and any claim that any such suit, action or proceeding brought in such a court has been brought in an inconvenient forum. To the extent that the Company has or hereafter may acquire any immunity (on the grounds of sovereignty or otherwise) from the jurisdiction of any court or from any legal process with respect to itself or its property, the Company irrevocably waives, to the fullest extent permitted by law, such immunity in respect of any such suit, action or proceeding including without limitation, any immunity pursuant to the U.S. Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976, as amended. Each of the Agent and the Company further agrees to accept and acknowledge service of any and all process which may be served in any such suit, action or proceeding in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, New York County, or in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York and agrees that service of process upon the Company mailed by certified mail or delivered by Federal Express via overnight delivery to the Company’s address shall be deemed in every respect effective service of process upon the Company in any such suit, action or proceeding, and service of process upon the Agent mailed by certified mail or delivered by Federal Express via overnight delivery to the Agent’s address shall be deemed in every respect effective service of process upon such Agent in any such suit, action or proceeding.

[Signature Page Follows]

 1 

 

 

If the foregoing is in accordance with your understanding of our agreement, please sign and return to the Company the enclosed duplicate of this Sales Agreement, whereupon this letter and your acceptance shall represent a binding agreement between the Company and the Agent in accordance with its terms.

Very truly yours,

APPLIED UV, INC.

By /s/ John F. Andrews
Name: John F. Andrews
Title:
Chief Executive Officer

Confirmed as of the date first
above mentioned.

MAXIM GROUP LLC

By: /s/ Cliff Teller
Name: Cliff Teller
Title:
Co-President

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Schedule A

Permitted Free Writing Prospectus

None.

 3 

 

Schedule B

Individuals Permitted to Authorize Sales of Shares

·
 4 

 

Schedule C

Form of Transaction Notice

From: Applied UV, Inc.

To: Maxim Group LLC

Subject: Transaction Notice

Date: [•], 202__

Ladies and Gentlemen:

Pursuant to the terms and subject to the conditions contained in the Sales Agreement between Applied UV, Inc. (the “Company”), and Maxim Group LLC (“Agent”), dated July [ ], 2022, the Company hereby requests that the Agent sell up to [•] of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, at a minimum market price of $[•] per share, during the time period beginning [month, day, time] and ending [month, day, time].

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Schedule D

Individual to Which Notice Can Be Given

·Grant Johnson
·Daniel Marks

 

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