Form N-CSRS WESTERN ASSET HIGH INCOM For: Mar 31

May 25, 2022 1:13 PM EDT

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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM N-CSR

 

 

CERTIFIED SHAREHOLDER REPORT OF REGISTERED

MANAGEMENT INVESTMENT COMPANIES

Investment Company Act file number 811-07920

 

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in charter)

 

 

620 Eighth Avenue, 47th Floor, New York, NY 10018

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)

 

 

George P. Hoyt

Franklin Templeton

100 First Stamford Place

Stamford, CT 06902

(Name and address of agent for service)

 

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 1-888-777-0102

Date of fiscal year end: September 30

Date of reporting period: March 31, 2022

 

 

 


ITEM 1.

REPORT TO STOCKHOLDERS.

The Semi-Annual Report to Stockholders is filed herewith.


LOGO

 

Semi-Annual Report  

March 31, 2022

WESTERN ASSET

HIGH INCOME OPPORTUNITY FUND INC. (HIO)

 

 

 

LOGO

 

INVESTMENT PRODUCTS: NOT FDIC INSURED • NO BANK GUARANTEE • MAY LOSE VALUE


What’s inside      
Letter from the chairman     III  
Performance review     V  
Fund at a glance     1  
Schedule of investments     2  
Statement of assets and liabilities     17  
Statement of operations     18  
Statements of changes in net assets     19  
Financial highlights     20  
Notes to financial statements     22  
Additional shareholder information     35  
Dividend reinvestment plan     36  

Fund objectives

The Fund seeks high current income. Capital appreciation is a secondary objective.

In seeking to fulfill its investment objectives, the Fund invests, under normal market conditions, at least 80% of its net assets in high-yield securities and up to 20% in common stock equivalents, including options, warrants and rights.

 

 

II

   Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.


Letter from the chairman

 

LOGO

 

Dear Shareholder,

We are pleased to provide the semi-annual report of Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. for the six-month reporting period ended March 31, 2022. Please read on for Fund performance information during the Fund’s reporting period.

As always, we remain committed to providing you with excellent service and a full spectrum of investment choices. We also remain committed to supplementing the support you receive from your financial advisor. One way we accomplish this is through our website, www.franklintempleton.com. Here you can gain immediate access to market and investment information, including:

 

 

Fund prices and performance,

 

 

Market insights and commentaries from our portfolio managers, and

 

 

A host of educational resources.

We look forward to helping you meet your financial goals.

Sincerely,

 

LOGO

Jane Trust, CFA

Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

April 29, 2022

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.  

 

III


Performance review

 

For the six months ended March 31, 2022, Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. returned -6.36% based on its net asset value (“NAV”)i and -10.68% based on its New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) market price per share. The Fund’s unmanaged benchmark, the Bloomberg U.S. Corporate High Yield — 2% Issuer Cap Indexii, returned -4.16% for the same period. The Lipper High Yield Closed-End Funds Category Averageiii returned -2.01% over the same time frame. Please note that Lipper performance returns are based on each fund’s NAV.

The Fund has a practice of seeking to maintain a relatively stable level of distributions to shareholders. This practice has no impact on the Fund’s investment strategy and may reduce the Fund’s NAV. The Fund’s manager believes the practice helps maintain the Fund’s competitiveness and may benefit the Fund’s market price and premium/discount to the Fund’s NAV.

During this six-month period, the Fund made distributions to shareholders totaling $0.18 per share. As of March 31, 2022, the Fund estimates that 89% of the distributions were sourced from net investment income and 11% constituted a return of capital.*The performance table shows the Fund’s six-month total return based on its NAV and market price as of March 31, 2022. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

 

Performance Snapshot as of March 31, 2022 (unaudited)  
Price Per Share   6-Month
Total Return**
 
$ 4.93 (NAV)     -6.36 %† 
$ 4.47 (Market Price)     -10.68 %‡ 

All figures represent past performance and are not a guarantee of future results. Performance figures for periods shorter than one year represent cumulative figures and are not annualized.

** Total returns are based on changes in NAV or market price, respectively. Returns reflect the deduction of all Fund expenses, including management fees, operating expenses, and other Fund expenses. Returns do not reflect the deduction of brokerage commissions or taxes that investors may pay on distributions or the sale of shares.

† Total return assumes the reinvestment of all distributions, including returns of capital, if any, at NAV.

‡ Total return assumes the reinvestment of all distributions, including returns of capital, if any, in additional shares in accordance with the Fund’s Dividend Reinvestment Plan.

Looking for additional information?

The Fund is traded under the symbol “HIO” and its closing market price is available in most newspapers under the NYSE listings. The daily NAV is available online under the symbol

 

*

These estimates are not for tax purposes. The Fund will issue a Form 1099 with final composition of the distributions for tax purposes after year-end. A return of capital is not taxable and results in a reduction in the tax basis of a shareholder’s investment. For more information about a distribution’s composition, please refer to the Fund’s distribution press release or, if applicable, the Section 19 notice located in the press release section of our website, www.franklintempleton.com.

 

 

IV

  

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.


Performance review (cont’d)

 

“XHIOX” on most financial websites. Barron’s and The Wall Street Journal’s Monday edition both carry closed-end fund tables that provide additional information. In addition, the Fund issues a quarterly press release that can be found on most major financial websites as well as www.franklintempleton.com.

In a continuing effort to provide information concerning the Fund, shareholders may call 1-888-777-0102 (toll free), Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Eastern Time, for the Fund’s current NAV, market price and other information.

Thank you for your investment in Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. As always, we appreciate that you have chosen us to manage your assets and we remain focused on achieving the Fund’s investment goals.

Sincerely,

 

LOGO

Jane Trust, CFA

Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

April 29, 2022

RISKS: The Fund is a diversified closed-end management investment company designed primarily as a long-term investment and not as a trading vehicle. The Fund is not intended to be a complete investment program and, due to the uncertainty inherent in all investments, there can be no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objectives. The Fund’s common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange. Similar to stocks, the Fund’s share price will fluctuate with market conditions and, at the time of sale, may be worth more or less than the original investment. Shares of closed-end funds often trade at a discount to their net asset value. Diversification does not assure against market loss. The Fund’s investments are subject to a number of risks, such as credit risk, inflation risk and interest rate risk. The Fund may invest in lower-rated high-yield bonds, commonly known as “junk bonds,” which are subject to greater credit risk (risk of default) and liquidity risk than higher-rated obligations. The Fund is also permitted purchases of equity securities. Equity securities generally have greater price volatility than fixed income securities. As interest rates rise, bond prices fall, reducing the value of the Fund’s holdings. The Fund may use derivatives, such as options and futures, which can be illiquid, may disproportionately increase losses, and have a potentially large impact on Fund performance. In addition, the Fund may invest in foreign securities, which are subject to certain risks of overseas investing, including currency fluctuations and changes in political, social and economic conditions, which could result in significant fluctuations. These risks are magnified in emerging markets. Emerging market countries tend to have economic, political, and legal systems that are less developed and are less stable than those of more developed countries. The Fund may also invest in money market funds, including funds affiliated with the Fund’s manager and subadvisers.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.  

 

V


All investments are subject to risk including the possible loss of principal. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. All index performance reflects no deduction for fees, expenses or taxes. Please note that an investor cannot invest directly in an index.

 

 

Net asset value (“NAV”) is calculated by subtracting total liabilities, including liabilities associated with financial leverage (if any), from the closing value of all securities held by the Fund (plus all other assets) and dividing the result (total net assets) by the total number of the common shares outstanding. The NAV fluctuates with changes in the market prices of securities in which the Fund has invested. However, the price at which an investor may buy or sell shares of the Fund is the Fund’s market price as determined by supply of and demand for the Fund’s shares.

 

ii 

The Bloomberg U.S. Corporate High Yield—2% Issuer Cap Index is an index of the 2% Issuer Cap component of the Bloomberg U.S. Corporate High Yield Index, which covers the U.S. dollar-denominated, non-investment grade, fixed-rate, taxable corporate bond market.

 

iii 

Lipper, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Refinitiv, provides independent insight on global collective investments. Returns are based on the six-month period ended March 31, 2022, including the reinvestment of all distributions, including returns of capital, if any, calculated among the 10 funds in the Fund’s Lipper category.

 

 

VI

   Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.


Fund at a glance (unaudited)

 

Investment breakdown (%) as a percent of total investments

 

LOGO

 

The bar graph above represents the composition of the Fund’s investments as of March 31, 2022 and September 30, 2021 and does not include derivatives, such as forward foreign currency contracts. The Fund is actively managed. As a result, the composition of the Fund’s investments is subject to change at any time.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

1

 


Schedule of investments (unaudited)

March 31, 2022

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate    

Maturity

Date

   

Face

Amount†

    Value  
Corporate Bonds & Notes — 92.2%                                
Communication Services — 16.3%                                

Diversified Telecommunication Services — 2.7%

                               

Altice Financing SA, Senior Secured Notes

    5.750     8/15/29       2,600,000     $ 2,367,274  (a) 

Altice France Holding SA, Senior Notes

    6.000     2/15/28       2,100,000       1,815,418  (a)  

Altice France Holding SA, Senior Secured Notes

    10.500     5/15/27       3,590,000       3,761,243  (a)  

Altice France SA, Senior Secured Notes

    8.125     2/1/27       2,573,000       2,655,825  (a)  

Altice France SA, Senior Secured Notes

    5.125     7/15/29       2,230,000       2,001,648  (a)  

Total Diversified Telecommunication Services

                            12,601,408  

Entertainment — 0.2%

                               

Netflix Inc., Senior Notes

    5.875     11/15/28       703,000       776,674  

Media — 9.4%

                               

CCO Holdings LLC/CCO Holdings Capital Corp., Senior Notes

    5.125     5/1/27       3,321,000       3,330,299  (a)  

CCO Holdings LLC/CCO Holdings Capital Corp., Senior Notes

    5.000     2/1/28       12,669,000       12,560,173  (a) 

CCO Holdings LLC/CCO Holdings Capital Corp., Senior Notes

    4.500     8/15/30       380,000       357,199  (a)  

Clear Channel Outdoor Holdings Inc., Senior Notes

    7.500     6/1/29       1,680,000       1,678,371  (a)  

Directv Financing LLC/Directv Financing Co-Obligor Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    5.875     8/15/27       6,390,000       6,294,629  (a)  

DISH DBS Corp., Senior Notes

    5.875     11/15/24       9,670,000       9,659,025  

DISH DBS Corp., Senior Notes

    7.750     7/1/26       8,126,000       8,083,298  

Univision Communications Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    9.500     5/1/25       2,070,000       2,176,346  (a)  

Total Media

                            44,139,340  

Wireless Telecommunication Services — 4.0%

                               

CSC Holdings LLC, Senior Notes

    5.375     2/1/28       1,870,000       1,818,239  (a)  

CSC Holdings LLC, Senior Notes

    6.500     2/1/29       490,000       494,836  (a)  

CSC Holdings LLC, Senior Notes

    5.750     1/15/30       3,791,000       3,380,530  (a)  

CSC Holdings LLC, Senior Notes

    4.625     12/1/30       1,100,000       921,437  (a)  

CSC Holdings LLC, Senior Notes

    5.000     11/15/31       1,820,000       1,528,254  (a)  

Sprint Capital Corp., Senior Notes

    6.875     11/15/28       2,190,000       2,541,517  

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

 

2

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


 

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate    

Maturity

Date

   

Face

Amount†

    Value  

Wireless Telecommunication Services — continued

                               

Sprint Capital Corp., Senior Notes

    8.750     3/15/32       5,910,000     $ 7,971,910  

Sprint Corp., Senior Notes

    7.875     9/15/23       360,000       382,948  

Total Wireless Telecommunication Services

                            19,039,671  

Total Communication Services

                            76,557,093  
Consumer Discretionary — 17.3%                                

Auto Components — 2.5%

                               

Adient Global Holdings Ltd., Senior Notes

    4.875     8/15/26       3,529,000       3,364,743  (a) 

Adient US LLC, Senior Secured Notes

    9.000     4/15/25       1,080,000       1,127,396  (a) 

American Axle & Manufacturing Inc., Senior Notes

    6.500     4/1/27       4,523,000       4,479,330  

JB Poindexter & Co. Inc., Senior Notes

    7.125     4/15/26       2,728,000       2,776,872  (a) 

Total Auto Components

                            11,748,341  

Automobiles — 1.7%

                               

Ford Motor Co., Senior Notes

    9.000     4/22/25       3,280,000       3,759,700  

Ford Motor Credit Co. LLC, Senior Notes

    4.250     9/20/22       1,955,000       1,969,330  

Ford Motor Credit Co. LLC, Senior Notes

    5.125     6/16/25       1,650,000       1,685,013  

General Motors Co., Senior Notes

    6.125     10/1/25       380,000       408,295  

Total Automobiles

                            7,822,338  

Diversified Consumer Services — 1.4%

                               

Service Corp. International, Senior Notes

    7.500     4/1/27       1,975,000       2,172,984  

StoneMor Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    8.500     5/15/29       4,320,000       4,285,332  (a) 

Total Diversified Consumer Services

                            6,458,316  

Hotels, Restaurants & Leisure — 10.0%

                               

Carnival Corp., Senior Notes

    7.625     3/1/26       670,000       675,159  (a)  

Carnival Corp., Senior Notes

    5.750     3/1/27       3,130,000       2,989,150  (a) 

Carnival Corp., Senior Notes

    6.000     5/1/29       2,950,000       2,783,826  (a) 

Carrols Restaurant Group Inc., Senior Notes

    5.875     7/1/29       3,390,000       2,769,444  (a) 

Full House Resorts Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    8.250     2/15/28       1,430,000       1,463,848  (a) 

IRB Holding Corp., Senior Secured Notes

    7.000     6/15/25       1,230,000       1,281,014  (a) 

Melco Resorts Finance Ltd., Senior Notes

    5.750     7/21/28       1,067,000       944,829  (a) 

Melco Resorts Finance Ltd., Senior Notes

    5.375     12/4/29       2,410,000       2,054,525  (a) 

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

3

 


Schedule of investments (unaudited) (cont’d)

March 31, 2022

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate    

Maturity

Date

   

Face

Amount†

    Value  

Hotels, Restaurants & Leisure — continued

                               

Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd., Senior Notes

    5.375     7/15/27       4,808,000     $ 4,626,522  (a) 

Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd., Senior Notes

    5.500     4/1/28       350,000       334,133  (a)  

Saga PLC, Senior Notes

    3.375     5/12/24       1,310,000  GBP      1,619,349  (b) 

Saga PLC, Senior Notes

    5.500     7/15/26       2,780,000  GBP      3,460,220  (b) 

Viking Cruises Ltd., Senior Notes

    5.875     9/15/27       991,000       905,189  (a)  

Viking Cruises Ltd., Senior Notes

    7.000     2/15/29       4,060,000       3,743,076  (a)  

Viking Cruises Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    13.000     5/15/25       1,200,000       1,335,618  (a)  

Viking Ocean Cruises Ship VII Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    5.625     2/15/29       2,160,000       1,975,725  (a)  

VOC Escrow Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    5.000     2/15/28       830,000       773,676  (a)  

Wheel Bidco Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    6.750     7/15/26       3,050,000  GBP      3,776,612  (a) 

Wynn Macau Ltd., Senior Notes

    4.875     10/1/24       590,000       553,635  (a)  

Wynn Macau Ltd., Senior Notes

    5.500     1/15/26       995,000       906,510  (a)  

Wynn Macau Ltd., Senior Notes

    5.500     10/1/27       4,490,000       3,892,583  (a)  

Wynn Macau Ltd., Senior Notes

    5.125     12/15/29       700,000       594,619  (a)  

Wynn Resorts Finance LLC/Wynn

                               

Resorts Capital Corp., Senior Notes

    7.750     4/15/25       2,840,000       2,952,024  (a)  

Yum! Brands Inc., Senior Notes

    7.750     4/1/25       640,000       664,800  (a)  

Total Hotels, Restaurants & Leisure

                            47,076,086  

Specialty Retail — 1.5%

                               

Guitar Center Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    8.500     1/15/26       1,000,000       1,021,950  (a)  

Michaels Cos. Inc., Senior Notes

    7.875     5/1/29       2,200,000       1,886,489  (a)  

Michaels Cos. Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    5.250     5/1/28       580,000       533,241  (a) 

Party City Holdings Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    8.750     2/15/26       1,680,000       1,604,400  (a)  

PetSmart Inc./PetSmart Finance Corp., Senior Notes

    7.750     2/15/29       500,000       516,860  (a) 

Sally Holdings LLC/Sally Capital Inc., Senior Notes

    5.625     12/1/25       1,590,000       1,612,856  

Total Specialty Retail

                            7,175,796  

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

 

4

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


 

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate    

Maturity

Date

   

Face

Amount†

    Value  

Textiles, Apparel & Luxury Goods — 0.2%

                               

Hanesbrands Inc., Senior Notes

    4.875     5/15/26       756,000     $ 761,670  (a)  

Hanesbrands Inc., Senior Notes

    4.875     5/15/26       300,000       302,250  (b) 

Total Textiles, Apparel & Luxury Goods

                            1,063,920  

Total Consumer Discretionary

                            81,344,797  
Consumer Staples — 2.2%                                

Food Products — 1.9%

                               

Bellis Finco PLC, Senior Notes

    4.000     2/16/27       1,000,000  GBP      1,170,023  (a) 

Kraft Heinz Foods Co., Senior Notes

    5.000     6/4/42       165,000       176,443  

Kraft Heinz Foods Co., Senior Notes

    5.200     7/15/45       3,480,000       3,771,450  

Pilgrim’s Pride Corp., Senior Notes

    5.875     9/30/27       3,620,000       3,659,621  (a)  

Total Food Products

                            8,777,537  

Household Products — 0.3%

                               

Spectrum Brands Inc., Senior Notes

    5.750     7/15/25       1,210,000       1,234,381  

Tobacco — 0.0%††

                               

Vector Group Ltd., Senior Notes

    10.500     11/1/26       230,000       235,633  (a)  

Total Consumer Staples

                            10,247,551  
Energy — 18.7%                                

Energy Equipment & Services — 0.4%

                               

Sunnova Energy Corp., Senior Notes

    5.875     9/1/26       2,000,000       1,916,180  (a)  

Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels — 18.3%

                               

Apache Corp., Senior Notes

    5.100     9/1/40       1,480,000       1,494,038  

Blue Racer Midstream LLC/Blue Racer Finance Corp., Senior Notes

    7.625     12/15/25       730,000       764,679  (a)  

Continental Resources Inc., Senior Notes

    3.800     6/1/24       300,000       301,445  

Continental Resources Inc., Senior Notes

    4.375     1/15/28       220,000       223,370  

Continental Resources Inc., Senior Notes

    4.900     6/1/44       1,050,000       1,041,056  

Ecopetrol SA, Senior Notes

    6.875     4/29/30       1,380,000       1,450,504  

Energy Transfer LP, Junior Subordinated Notes (6.500% to 11/15/26 then 5 year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate + 5.694%)

    6.500     11/15/26       440,000       433,532  (c)(d)  

Energy Transfer LP, Junior Subordinated Notes (6.625% to 2/15/28 then 3 mo. USD LIBOR + 4.155%)

    6.625     2/15/28       3,110,000       2,795,113  (c)(d) 

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

5

 


Schedule of investments (unaudited) (cont’d)

March 31, 2022

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate    

Maturity

Date

   

Face

Amount†

    Value  

Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels — continued

                               

Energy Transfer LP, Junior Subordinated Notes (7.125% to 5/15/30 then 5 year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate + 5.306%)

    7.125     5/15/30       7,030,000     $ 6,871,825  (c)(d) 

EQM Midstream Partners LP, Senior Notes

    6.500     7/1/27       640,000       669,501  (a)  

EQT Corp., Senior Notes

    3.900     10/1/27       2,440,000       2,436,535  

Howard Midstream Energy Partners LLC, Senior Notes

    6.750     1/15/27       1,010,000       990,906  (a)  

Kinder Morgan Inc., Senior Notes

    7.750     1/15/32       6,920,000       8,934,860  

MEG Energy Corp., Secured Notes

    6.500     1/15/25       262,000       266,258  (a) 

NGPL PipeCo LLC, Senior Notes

    7.768     12/15/37       1,520,000       1,913,215  (a) 

Oasis Petroleum Inc., Senior Notes

    6.375     6/1/26       2,000,000       2,052,570  (a) 

Occidental Petroleum Corp., Senior Notes

    2.900     8/15/24       1,330,000       1,322,166  

Occidental Petroleum Corp., Senior Notes

    5.875     9/1/25       4,970,000       5,286,241  

Occidental Petroleum Corp., Senior Notes

    5.550     3/15/26       750,000       795,885  

Occidental Petroleum Corp., Senior Notes

    6.125     1/1/31       800,000       901,244  

Occidental Petroleum Corp., Senior Notes

    6.200     3/15/40       1,070,000       1,189,915  

Petrobras Global Finance BV, Senior Notes

    5.750     2/1/29       7,740,000       8,055,482  

Petrobras Global Finance BV, Senior Notes

    6.750     1/27/41       5,120,000       5,226,470  

Petroleos Mexicanos, Senior Notes

    5.500     6/27/44       1,000,000       755,815  

Range Resources Corp., Senior Notes

    5.000     8/15/22       405,000       405,770  

Range Resources Corp., Senior Notes

    5.000     3/15/23       750,000       756,375  

Range Resources Corp., Senior Notes

    4.875     5/15/25       790,000       800,954  

Range Resources Corp., Senior Notes

    8.250     1/15/29       620,000       680,338  

Rockies Express Pipeline LLC, Senior Notes

    6.875     4/15/40       1,140,000       1,129,153  (a) 

Summit Midstream Holdings LLC/ Summit Midstream Finance Corp., Secured Notes

    8.500     10/15/26       790,000       754,691  (a)  

Targa Resources Partners LP/Targa Resources Partners Finance Corp., Senior Notes

    5.875     4/15/26       490,000       505,643  

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

 

6

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


 

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate    

Maturity

Date

   

Face

Amount†

    Value  

Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels — continued

                               

Targa Resources Partners LP/Targa Resources Partners Finance Corp., Senior Notes

    6.500     7/15/27       670,000     $ 706,046  

Targa Resources Partners LP/Targa Resources Partners Finance Corp., Senior Notes

    6.875     1/15/29       450,000       483,620  

Transportadora de Gas del Sur SA, Senior Notes

    6.750     5/2/25       1,620,000       1,475,974  (a)  

Western Midstream Operating LP, Senior Notes

    4.550     2/1/30       2,900,000       2,890,850  

Western Midstream Operating LP, Senior Notes

    5.300     3/1/48       1,070,000       1,061,317  

Western Midstream Operating LP, Senior Notes

    5.750     2/1/50       9,585,000       9,363,251  

Williams Cos. Inc., Senior Notes

    3.700     1/15/23       530,000       533,533  

Williams Cos. Inc., Senior Notes

    4.550     6/24/24       1,030,000       1,058,821  

Williams Cos. Inc., Senior Notes

    7.500     1/15/31       620,000       771,774  

Williams Cos. Inc., Senior Notes

    5.750     6/24/44       3,190,000       3,684,061  

YPF SA, Senior Notes

    8.500     7/28/25       1,600,000       1,370,744  (a)  

YPF SA, Senior Notes

    6.950     7/21/27       1,530,000       1,147,898  (a) 

Total Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels

                            85,753,438  

Total Energy

                            87,669,618  
Financials — 13.4%                                

Banks — 8.1%

                               

Banco Mercantil del Norte SA, Junior Subordinated Notes (7.625% to 1/10/28 then 10 year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate + 5.353%)

    7.625     1/10/28       2,260,000       2,274,927  (a)(c)(d) 

Bank of America Corp., Junior Subordinated Notes (6.500% to 10/23/24 then 3 mo. USD LIBOR + 4.174%)

    6.500     10/23/24       1,760,000       1,843,600  (c)(d) 

Barclays Bank PLC, Subordinated Notes

    7.625     11/21/22       488,000       500,366  

Barclays PLC, Junior Subordinated Notes (8.000% to 6/15/24 then 5 year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate + 5.672%)

    8.000     6/15/24       950,000       1,006,050  (c)(d) 

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

7

 


Schedule of investments (unaudited) (cont’d)

March 31, 2022

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate    

Maturity

Date

   

Face

Amount†

    Value  

Banks — continued

                               

BBVA Bancomer SA, Subordinated Notes (5.125% to 1/17/28 then 5 year Treasury Constant Maturity Rate + 2.650%)

    5.125     1/18/33       3,910,000     $ 3,697,433  (a)(d) 

BNP Paribas SA, Junior Subordinated Notes (7.375% to 8/19/25 then USD 5 year ICE Swap Rate + 5.150%)

    7.375     8/19/25       1,470,000       1,584,947  (a)(c)(d) 

Citigroup Inc., Junior Subordinated Notes (5.950% to 5/15/25 then 3 mo. USD LIBOR + 3.905%)

    5.950     5/15/25       2,740,000       2,796,307  (c)(d) 

Citigroup Inc., Junior Subordinated Notes (6.300% to 5/15/24 then 3 mo. USD LIBOR + 3.423%)

    6.300     5/15/24       5,510,000       5,552,702  (c)(d) 

Credit Agricole SA, Junior Subordinated Notes (8.125% to 12/23/25 then USD 5 year ICE Swap Rate + 6.185%)

    8.125     12/23/25       2,290,000       2,553,694  (a)(c)(d) 

HSBC Holdings PLC, Junior Subordinated Notes (6.000% to 5/22/27 then USD 5 year ICE Swap Rate + 3.746%)

    6.000     5/22/27       710,000       724,200  (c)(d)  

Intesa Sanpaolo SpA, Subordinated Notes

    5.017     6/26/24       3,630,000       3,661,362  (a)  

Intesa Sanpaolo SpA, Subordinated Notes

    5.710     1/15/26       4,610,000       4,715,251  (a)  

JPMorgan Chase & Co., Junior Subordinated Notes (6.100% to 10/1/24 then 3 mo. USD LIBOR + 3.330%)

    6.100     10/1/24       2,520,000       2,584,575  (c)(d) 

TC Ziraat Bankasi AS, Senior Notes

    5.125     9/29/23       2,040,000       2,008,254  (a)  

UniCredit SpA, Subordinated Notes (7.296% to 4/2/29 then USD 5 year ICE Swap Rate + 4.914%)

    7.296     4/2/34       2,270,000       2,408,030  (a)(d) 

Total Banks

                            37,911,698  

Capital Markets — 2.0%

                               

Credit Suisse Group AG, Junior Subordinated Notes (7.250% to 9/12/25 then USD 5 year ICE Swap Rate + 4.332%)

    7.250     9/12/25       4,320,000       4,369,248  (a)(c)(d) 

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

 

8

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


 

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate    

Maturity

Date

   

Face

Amount†

    Value  

Capital Markets — continued

                               

Goldman Sachs Group Inc., Subordinated Notes

    6.750     10/1/37       1,880,000     $ 2,375,628  

UBS Group AG, Junior Subordinated Notes (7.000% to 1/31/24 then USD 5 year ICE Swap Rate + 4.344%)

    7.000     1/31/24       2,690,000       2,808,373  (a)(c)(d) 

Total Capital Markets

                            9,553,249  

Consumer Finance — 0.5%

                               

Navient Corp., Senior Notes

    5.875     10/25/24       1,080,000       1,103,220  

Navient Corp., Senior Notes

    6.750     6/15/26       1,400,000       1,429,736  

Total Consumer Finance

                            2,532,956  

Diversified Financial Services — 2.5%

                               

GE Capital International Funding Co. Unlimited Co., Senior Notes

    3.373     11/15/25       600,000       604,006  

Global Aircraft Leasing Co. Ltd., Senior Notes (6.500% Cash or 7.250% PIK)

    6.500     9/15/24       7,047,928       6,412,205  (a)(e) 

Huarong Finance 2017 Co. Ltd., Senior Notes (3 mo. USD LIBOR + 1.325%)

    2.287     7/3/23       880,000       861,300  (b)(d)  

Huarong Finance 2019 Co. Ltd., Senior Notes

    2.500     2/24/23       1,220,000       1,206,275  (b)  

Huarong Finance 2019 Co. Ltd., Senior Notes

    2.125     9/30/23       1,090,000       1,057,300  (b)  

Huarong Finance II Co. Ltd., Senior Notes

    4.625     6/3/26       700,000       685,125  (b)  

Huarong Finance II Co. Ltd., Senior Notes

    4.875     11/22/26       650,000       645,125  (b)  

Total Diversified Financial Services

                            11,471,336  

Insurance — 0.3%

                               

MetLife Capital Trust IV, Junior Subordinated Notes

    7.875     12/15/37       1,010,000       1,206,950  (a)  

Total Financials

                            62,676,189  
Health Care — 7.6%                                

Health Care Providers & Services — 2.5%

                               

CHS/Community Health Systems Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    8.000     3/15/26       1,300,000       1,355,360  (a)  

HCA Inc., Senior Notes

    7.690     6/15/25       490,000       542,452  

HCA Inc., Senior Notes

    7.500     11/15/95       6,265,000       7,549,325  

Tenet Healthcare Corp., Secured Notes

    6.250     2/1/27       2,500,000       2,569,250  (a)  

Total Health Care Providers & Services

 

                    12,016,387  

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

9

 


Schedule of investments (unaudited) (cont’d)

March 31, 2022

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate    

Maturity

Date

   

Face

Amount†

    Value  

Pharmaceuticals — 5.1%

                               

Bausch Health Americas Inc., Senior Notes

    8.500     1/31/27       490,000     $ 489,167  (a)  

Bausch Health Cos. Inc., Senior Notes

    6.125     4/15/25       5,178,000       5,226,544  (a)  

Bausch Health Cos. Inc., Senior Notes

    9.000     12/15/25       2,200,000       2,281,620  (a)  

Bausch Health Cos. Inc., Senior Notes

    6.250     2/15/29       670,000       550,475  (a)  

Bausch Health Cos. Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    6.125     2/1/27       880,000       886,640  (a)  

Cidron Aida Finco Sarl, Senior Secured Notes

    6.250     4/1/28       750,000  GBP      922,429  (a)  

Endo Luxembourg Finance Co. I Sarl/ Endo US Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    6.125     4/1/29       920,000       840,609  (a)  

Teva Pharmaceutical Finance Co. BV, Senior Notes

    2.950     12/18/22       3,980,000       3,961,572  

Teva Pharmaceutical Finance Netherlands III BV, Senior Notes

    2.800     7/21/23       2,460,000       2,429,496  

Teva Pharmaceutical Finance Netherlands III BV, Senior Notes

    6.000     4/15/24       3,510,000       3,602,067  

Teva Pharmaceutical Finance Netherlands III BV, Senior Notes

    3.150     10/1/26       2,890,000       2,621,808  

Total Pharmaceuticals

                            23,812,427  

Total Health Care

                            35,828,814  
Industrials — 8.3%                                

Aerospace & Defense — 0.8%

                               

TransDigm Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    8.000     12/15/25       3,710,000       3,884,036  (a)  

Airlines — 5.2%

                               

American Airlines Inc./AAdvantage Loyalty IP Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    5.750     4/20/29       1,730,000       1,725,891  (a)  

Delta Air Lines Inc., Senior Notes

    3.800     4/19/23       4,660,000       4,694,065  

Delta Air Lines Inc., Senior Notes

    2.900     10/28/24       2,580,000       2,526,065  

Delta Air Lines Inc., Senior Notes

    7.375     1/15/26       720,000       782,712  

Delta Air Lines Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    7.000     5/1/25       6,330,000       6,785,341  (a)  

Mileage Plus Holdings LLC/Mileage Plus Intellectual Property Assets Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    6.500     6/20/27       2,620,000       2,734,625  (a) 

Spirit Loyalty Cayman Ltd./Spirit IP Cayman Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    8.000     9/20/25       3,965,999       4,230,690  (a) 

United Airlines Holdings Inc., Senior Notes

    5.000     2/1/24       800,000       794,736  

Total Airlines

                            24,274,125  

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

 

10

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


 

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate     Maturity
Date
    Face
Amount†
    Value  

Building Products — 0.6%

                               

Standard Industries Inc., Senior Notes

    5.000     2/15/27       2,951,000     $ 2,930,756  (a) 

Commercial Services & Supplies — 1.3%

                               

CoreCivic Inc., Senior Notes

    8.250     4/15/26       4,880,000       5,034,940  

CoreCivic Inc., Senior Notes

    4.750     10/15/27       1,410,000       1,231,572  

Total Commercial Services & Supplies

 

                    6,266,512  

Machinery — 0.2%

                               

Titan International Inc., Senior Secured Notes

    7.000     4/30/28       850,000       853,621  

Trading Companies & Distributors — 0.2%

 

                       

United Rentals North America Inc., Senior Notes

    5.500     5/15/27       750,000       776,595  

Total Industrials

                            38,985,645  
Information Technology — 1.7%                                

Communications Equipment — 1.0%

                               

CommScope Inc., Senior Notes

    8.250     3/1/27       4,760,000       4,634,598  (a)  

CommScope Technologies LLC, Senior Notes

    6.000     6/15/25       60,000       56,897  (a) 

Total Communications Equipment

                            4,691,495  

Software — 0.0%††

                               

Interface Special Holdings Inc., Senior Notes (19.000% PIK)

    19.000     11/1/23       2,734,286       0  *(e)(f)(g)(h)(i) 

Technology Hardware, Storage & Peripherals — 0.7%

 

                       

Seagate HDD Cayman, Senior Notes

    4.750     6/1/23       1,370,000       1,392,872  

Seagate HDD Cayman, Senior Notes

    4.750     1/1/25       670,000       690,989  

Seagate HDD Cayman, Senior Notes

    4.875     6/1/27       400,000       409,818  

Vericast Corp., Senior Secured Notes

    11.000     9/15/26       650,000       637,000  (a) 

Total Technology Hardware, Storage & Peripherals

 

            3,130,679  

Total Information Technology

                            7,822,174  
Materials — 4.9%                                

Containers & Packaging — 1.4%

                               

ARD Finance SA, Senior Secured Notes (6.500% Cash or 7.250% PIK)

    6.500     6/30/27       4,363,000       3,997,337  (a)(e) 

Ardagh Packaging Finance PLC/Ardagh Holdings USA Inc., Senior Notes

    5.250     8/15/27       1,500,000       1,388,258  (a) 

Trivium Packaging Finance BV, Senior Notes

    8.500     8/15/27       980,000       976,717  (a)  

Total Containers & Packaging

                            6,362,312  

Metals & Mining — 3.5%

                               

ArcelorMittal SA, Senior Notes

    7.000     10/15/39       2,960,000       3,481,685  

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

11

 


Schedule of investments (unaudited) (cont’d)

March 31, 2022

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate     Maturity
Date
    Face
Amount†
    Value  

Metals & Mining — continued

                               

First Quantum Minerals Ltd., Senior Notes

    7.250     4/1/23       1,710,000     $ 1,709,196  (a) 

Freeport-McMoRan Inc., Senior Notes

    3.875     3/15/23       730,000       738,881  

Freeport-McMoRan Inc., Senior Notes

    5.450     3/15/43       4,280,000       4,801,304  

Teck Resources Ltd., Senior Notes

    6.000     8/15/40       1,050,000       1,208,762  

Vale Overseas Ltd., Senior Notes

    6.875     11/21/36       2,320,000       2,802,954  

Vale Overseas Ltd., Senior Notes

    6.875     11/10/39       1,500,000       1,833,923  

Total Metals & Mining

                            16,576,705  

Total Materials

                            22,939,017  
Real Estate — 0.8%                                

Equity Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) — 0.2%

 

                       

Diversified Healthcare Trust, Senior Notes

    9.750     6/15/25       700,000       737,597  

Real Estate Management & Development — 0.6%

 

                       

China Aoyuan Group Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    7.950     2/19/23       770,000       128,975  *(b)(f)  

China Aoyuan Group Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    7.950     6/21/24       1,000,000       157,500  *(b)(f)  

Country Garden Holdings Co. Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    8.000     1/27/24       2,016,000       1,736,179  (b)  

Times China Holdings Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    6.750     7/8/25       1,230,000       504,608  (b)  

Yuzhou Group Holdings Co. Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    6.000     10/25/23       650,000       99,125  (b)  

Yuzhou Group Holdings Co. Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    8.500     2/26/24       750,000       103,125  *(b)(f)  

Yuzhou Group Holdings Co. Ltd., Senior Secured Notes

    8.375     10/30/24       1,250,000       172,500  (b)  

Total Real Estate Management & Development

 

                    2,902,012  

Total Real Estate

                            3,639,609  
Utilities — 1.0%                                

Electric Utilities — 0.2%

                               

Pampa Energia SA, Senior Notes

    7.500     1/24/27       1,100,000       966,900  (a) 

Gas Utilities — 0.8%

                               

Suburban Propane Partners LP/ Suburban Energy Finance Corp., Senior Notes

    5.875     3/1/27       3,750,000       3,806,644  

Total Utilities

                            4,773,544  

Total Corporate Bonds & Notes (Cost — $398,229,267)

 

            432,484,051  

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

 

12

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


 

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate     Maturity
Date
   

Face

Amount†

    Value  
Sovereign Bonds — 3.9%                                

Argentina — 0.8%

                               

Argentine Republic Government International Bond, Senior Notes

    1.000     7/9/29       280,362     $ 96,464  

Provincia de Buenos Aires, Senior Notes, Step bond (3.900% to 9/1/22 then 5.250%)

    3.900     9/1/37       926,221       398,053  (a)  

Provincia de Cordoba, Senior Notes, Step bond (5.000% to 6/10/22 then 6.875%)

    5.000     12/10/25       1,500,000       1,176,450  (b) 

Provincia de Cordoba, Senior Notes, Step bond (5.000% to 6/10/22 then 6.875%)

    5.000     12/10/25       500,000       392,150  (a)  

Provincia de Cordoba, Senior Notes, Step bond (5.000% to 6/1/22 then 6.990%)

    5.000     6/1/27       2,660,000       1,768,926  (a) 

Total Argentina

                            3,832,043  

Bahamas — 0.3%

                               

Bahamas Government International Bond, Senior Notes

    8.950     10/15/32       1,630,000       1,316,649  (a) 

Dominican Republic — 0.2%

                               

Dominican Republic International Bond, Senior Notes

    6.000     2/22/33       1,060,000       1,038,546  (a) 

Ecuador — 0.3%

                               

Ecuador Government International Bond, Senior Notes

    0.000     7/31/30       1,798,000       1,004,651  (a) 

Ecuador Government International Bond, Senior Notes, Step bond (5.000% to 7/31/22 then 5.500%)

    5.000     7/31/30       517,000       434,285  (a)  

Total Ecuador

                            1,438,936  

Ghana — 0.2%

                               

Ghana Government International Bond, Senior Notes

    8.125     3/26/32       1,000,000       724,875  (a)  

Indonesia — 0.5%

                               

Indonesia Treasury Bond

    6.500     2/15/31       36,017,000,000  IDR      2,468,415  

Mexico — 1.5%

                               

Mexican Bonos, Bonds

    5.750     3/5/26       149,470,000  MXN      6,840,474  

Russia — 0.1%

                               

Russian Federal Bond — OFZ

    7.750     9/16/26       315,370,000  RUB      194,074  *(f) 

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

13

 


Schedule of investments (unaudited) (cont’d)

March 31, 2022

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security   Rate     Maturity
Date
   

Face

Amount†

    Value  

Russia — continued

                               

Russian Federal Bond — OFZ

    7.050     1/19/28       198,450,000  RUB    $ 122,123  *(f) 

Russian Federal Bond — OFZ

    6.900     5/23/29       121,280,000  RUB      74,634  *(f)  

Total Russia

                            390,831  

Total Sovereign Bonds (Cost — $26,397,253)

 

                    18,050,769  
Convertible Bonds & Notes — 0.9%                                
Communication Services — 0.5%                                

Media — 0.5%

                               

DISH Network Corp., Senior Notes

    3.375     8/15/26       2,800,000       2,525,600  
Industrials — 0.4%                                

Airlines — 0.4%

                               

Spirit Airlines Inc., Senior Notes

    1.000     5/15/26       2,090,000       1,885,180  

Total Convertible Bonds & Notes (Cost — $4,316,379)

 

            4,410,780  
Asset-Backed Securities — 0.7%                                

Magnetite XII Ltd., 2015-12A ER (3 mo. USD LIBOR + 5.680%) (Cost — $3,355,101)

    5.921     10/15/31       3,400,000       3,268,368  (a)(d) 
Senior Loans — 0.4%                                
Communication Services — 0.4%                                

Media — 0.4%

                               

DIRECTV Financing LLC, Closing Date Term Loan (the greater of 1 mo. USD LIBOR or 0.750% + 5.000%) (Cost — $2,031,773)

    5.750     8/2/27       2,050,976       2,051,376  (d)(j)(k) 
                   Shares         
Convertible Preferred Stocks — 0.3%                                
Energy — 0.3%                                

Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels — 0.3%

                               

Targa Resources Corp., Non Voting Shares (Cost — $1,298,250)

    9.500             1,250       1,349,411  
            Expiration
Date
    Warrants         
Warrants — 0.0%††                                
Financials — 0.0%††                                

Capital Markets — 0.0%††

                               

EG Acquisition Corp., Class A Shares (Cost — $20,515)

            5/28/28       21,426       4,928  * 

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

 

14

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


 

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

(Percentages shown based on Fund net assets)

 

Security                 Shares     Value  
Common Stocks — 0.0%††                                
Energy — 0.0%††                                

Energy Equipment & Services — 0.0%††

                               

KCAD Holdings I Ltd. (Cost — $3,494,813)

                    427,421,041     $ 0  *(g)(h)(i)  

Total Investments before Short-Term Investments (Cost — $439,143,351)

 

    461,619,683  
     Rate                       
Short-Term Investments — 0.6%                                

Western Asset Premier Institutional Government Reserves, Premium Shares (Cost — $2,841,679)

    0.195             2,841,679       2,841,679  (l)  

Total Investments — 99.0% (Cost — $441,985,030)

 

    464,461,362  

Other Assets in Excess of Liabilities — 1.0%

 

    4,673,610  

Total Net Assets — 100.0%

 

  $ 469,134,972  

 

Face amount denominated in U.S. dollars, unless otherwise noted.

††

Represents less than 0.1%.

*

Non-income producing security.

 

(a)

Security is exempt from registration under Rule 144A of the Securities Act of 1933. This security may be resold in transactions that are exempt from registration, normally to qualified institutional buyers. This security has been deemed liquid pursuant to guidelines approved by the Board of Directors.

 

(b)

Security is exempt from registration under Regulation S of the Securities Act of 1933. Regulation S applies to securities offerings that are made outside of the United States and do not involve direct selling efforts in the United States. This security has been deemed liquid pursuant to guidelines approved by the Board of Directors.

 

(c)

Security has no maturity date. The date shown represents the next call date.

 

(d)

Variable rate security. Interest rate disclosed is as of the most recent information available. Certain variable rate securities are not based on a published reference rate and spread but are determined by the issuer or agent and are based on current market conditions. These securities do not indicate a reference rate and spread in their description above.

 

(e)

Payment-in-kind security for which the issuer has the option at each interest payment date of making interest payments in cash or additional securities.

 

(f)

The coupon payment on this security is currently in default as of March 31, 2022.

 

(g)

Security is valued in good faith in accordance with procedures approved by the Board of Directors (Note 1).

 

(h)

Security is valued using significant unobservable inputs (Note 1).

 

(i)

Value is less than $1.

 

(j)

Interest rates disclosed represent the effective rates on senior loans. Ranges in interest rates are attributable to multiple contracts under the same loan.

 

(k)

Senior loans may be considered restricted in that the Fund ordinarily is contractually obligated to receive approval from the agent bank and/or borrower prior to the disposition of a senior loan.

 

(l)

In this instance, as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940, an “Affiliated Company” represents Fund ownership of at least 5% of the outstanding voting securities of an issuer, or a company which is under common ownership or control with the Fund. At March 31, 2022, the total market value of investments in Affiliated Companies was $2,841,679 and the cost was $2,841,679 (Note 8).

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

15

 


Schedule of investments (unaudited) (cont’d)

March 31, 2022

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

 

Abbreviation(s) used in this schedule:

GBP   — British Pound
ICE   — Intercontinental Exchange
IDR   — Indonesian Rupiah
LIBOR   — London Interbank Offered Rate
MXN   — Mexican Peso
OFZ   — Obligatsyi Federal’novo Zaima (Russian Federal Loan Obligation)
PIK   Payment-In-Kind
RUB   — Russian Ruble
USD   — United States Dollar

At March 31, 2022, the Fund had the following open forward foreign currency contracts:

 

Currency

Purchased

    

Currency

Sold

     Counterparty      Settlement
Date
     Unrealized
Appreciation
 
USD      809,406      EUR      715,174        Citibank N.A.        4/19/22      $ 17,808  
USD      9,263,577      GBP      6,832,287        Goldman Sachs Group Inc.        4/19/22        289,512  
CAD      470      USD      369        Morgan Stanley & Co. Inc.        4/19/22        7  
Total                                             $ 307,327  

 

Abbreviation(s) used in this table:

CAD   — Canadian Dollar
EUR   — Euro
GBP   — British Pound
USD   — United States Dollar

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

 

16

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


Statement of assets and liabilities (unaudited)

March 31, 2022

 

 

Assets:         

Investments in unaffiliated securities, at value (Cost — $439,143,351)

   $ 461,619,683  

Investments in affiliated securities, at value (Cost — $2,841,679)

     2,841,679  

Foreign currency, at value (Cost — $758,395)

     731,807  

Cash

     822,580  

Interest receivable

     7,420,575  

Receivable for securities sold

     4,434,810  

Unrealized appreciation on forward foreign currency contracts

     307,327  

Dividends receivable from affiliated investments

     328  

Prepaid expenses

     100  

Total Assets

     478,178,889  
Liabilities:         

Payable for securities purchased

     5,695,856  

Distributions payable

     2,852,976  

Investment management fee payable

     317,881  

Directors’ fees payable

     27,004  

Accrued expenses

     150,200  

Total Liabilities

     9,043,917  
Total Net Assets    $ 469,134,972  
Net Assets:         

Par value ($0.001 par value; 95,099,215 shares issued and outstanding; 500,000,000 shares authorized)

   $ 95,099  

Paid-in capital in excess of par value

     599,467,747  

Total distributable earnings (loss)

     (130,427,874)  
Total Net Assets    $ 469,134,972  
Shares Outstanding      95,099,215  
Net Asset Value    $ 4.93  

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

17

 


Statement of operations (unaudited)

For the Six Months Ended March 31, 2022

 

Investment Income:         

Interest

   $ 17,435,838  

Dividends from unaffiliated investments

     47,465  

Dividends from affiliated investments

     561  

Less: Foreign taxes withheld

     (11,884)  

Total Investment Income

     17,471,980  
Expenses:         

Investment management fee (Note 2)

     1,985,930  

Transfer agent fees

     95,801  

Directors’ fees

     77,740  

Legal fees

     32,935  

Audit and tax fees

     26,710  

Stock exchange listing fees

     21,440  

Shareholder reports

     7,744  

Custody fees

     4,971  

Fund accounting fees

     3,989  

Insurance

     1,887  

Interest expense

     678  

Miscellaneous expenses

     5,184  

Total Expenses

     2,265,009  

Less: Fee waivers and/or expense reimbursements (Note 2)

     (956)  

Net Expenses

     2,264,053  
Net Investment Income      15,207,927  
Realized and Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Investments, Forward Foreign Currency Contracts and Foreign Currency Transactions (Notes 1, 3 and 4):         

Net Realized Gain (Loss) From:

        

Investment transactions in unaffiliated securities

     (3,408,915)  

Forward foreign currency contracts

     136,390  

Foreign currency transactions

     (17,407)  

Net Realized Loss

     (3,289,932)  

Change in Net Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation) From:

        

Investments in unaffiliated securities

     (43,732,646)  

Forward foreign currency contracts

     115,147  

Foreign currencies

     (14,325)  

Change in Net Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation)

     (43,631,824)  
Net Loss on Investments, Forward Foreign Currency Contracts and Foreign Currency Transactions      (46,921,756)  
Decrease in Net Assets From Operations    $ (31,713,829)  

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

 

18

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


Statements of changes in net assets

 

For the Six Months Ended March 31, 2022 (unaudited)

and the Year Ended September 30, 2021

   2022      2021  
Operations:                  

Net investment income

   $ 15,207,927      $ 31,490,321  

Net realized gain (loss)

     (3,289,932)        13,036,540  

Change in net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)

     (43,631,824)        11,899,904  

Increase (Decrease) in Net Assets From Operations

     (31,713,829)        56,426,765  
Distributions to Shareholders From (Note 1):                  

Total distributable earnings

     (17,117,859)        (30,044,235)  

Return of capital

            (6,410,464)  

Decrease in Net Assets From Distributions to Shareholders

     (17,117,859)        (36,454,699)  
Fund Share Transactions:                  

Cost of shares repurchased through tender offer (0 and 31,699,738 shares repurchased, respectively) (Note 5)

            (170,227,593)  

Decrease in Net Assets From Fund Share Transactions

            (170,227,593)  

Decrease in Net Assets

     (48,831,688)        (150,255,527)  
Net Assets:                  

Beginning of period

     517,966,660        668,222,187  

End of period

   $ 469,134,972      $ 517,966,660  

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

19

 


Financial highlights

 

For a share of capital stock outstanding throughout each year ended September 30, unless otherwise noted:  
     20221,2     20211     20201     20191     20181     20171  
Net asset value, beginning of period     $5.45       $5.27       $5.50       $5.44       $5.65       $5.55  
Income (loss) from operations:            

Net investment income

    0.16       0.32       0.34       0.35       0.33       0.35  

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss)

    (0.50)       0.22       (0.20)       0.04       (0.21)       0.12  

Total income (loss) from operations

    (0.34)       0.54       0.14       0.39       0.12       0.47  
Less distributions from:            

Net investment income

    (0.18) 3       (0.30)       (0.31)       (0.34)       (0.33)       (0.36)  

Return of capital

          (0.07)       (0.07)                   (0.01)  

Total distributions

    (0.18)       (0.37)       (0.38)       (0.34)       (0.33)       (0.37)  

Anti-dilutive impact of repurchase plan

                0.01 4       0.01 4       0.00 4,5       

Anti-dilutive impact of tender offer

          0.01 6                          

Capital contributions

                0.00 5                    
Net asset value, end of period     $4.93       $5.45       $5.27       $5.50       $5.44       $5.65  
Market price, end of period     $4.47       $5.19       $4.90       $5.05       $4.76       $5.13  

Total return, based on NAV7,8

    (6.36)     10.73     3.13 %9      7.63     2.15     8.81

Total return, based on Market Price10

    (10.68)     13.92     5.05     13.72     (0.84)     9.28
Net assets, end of period (millions)     $469       $518       $668       $703       $703       $730  
Ratios to average net assets:            

Gross expenses

    0.91 %11      0.91     1.01 %12      0.88     0.89     0.92 %13 

Net expenses14

    0.91 11,15      0.89 15      0.99 12,15      0.86 15      0.89       0.92 13 

Net investment income

    6.13 11       5.82       6.35       6.46       6.00       6.19  
Portfolio turnover rate     27     46     63     83     104     79

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

 

20

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


 

1 

Per share amounts have been calculated using the average shares method.

 

2 

For the six months ended March 31, 2022 (unaudited).

 

3 

The actual source of the Fund’s current fiscal year distributions may be from net investment income, return of capital or a combination of both. Shareholders will be informed of the tax characteristics of the distributions after the close of the fiscal year.

 

4 

The repurchase plan was completed at an average repurchase price of $3.67 for 1,150,582 shares and $4,227,008 for the year ended September 30, 2020, an average repurchase price of $4.53 for 1,186,747 shares and $5,381,207 for the year ended September 30, 2019 and an average repurchase price of $4.82 for 95,929 shares and $462,283 for the year ended September 30, 2018.

 

5 

Amount represents less than $0.005 per share.

 

6 

The tender offer was completed at a price of $5.37 for 31,699,738 shares and $170,227,593 for the year ended September 30, 2021.

 

7 

Performance figures may reflect compensating balance arrangements, fee waivers and/or expense reimbursements. In the absence of compensating balance arrangements, fee waivers and/or expense reimbursements, the total return would have been lower. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Total returns for periods of less than one year are not annualized.

 

8 

The total return calculation assumes that distributions are reinvested at NAV. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Total returns for periods of less than one year are not annualized.

 

9 

Includes the effect of a capital contribution. Absent the capital contribution, the total return would have been unchanged.

 

10 

The total return calculation assumes that distributions are reinvested in accordance with the Fund’s dividend reinvestment plan. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Total returns for periods of less than one year are not annualized.

 

11 

Annualized.

 

12 

Included in the expense ratios are certain non-recurring legal and transfer agent fees that were incurred by the Fund during the period. Without these fees, the gross and net expense ratios would have been 0.92% and 0.90%, respectively.

 

13

Included in the expense ratios are certain non-recurring reorganization fees that were incurred by the Fund during the period. Without these fees, the gross and net expense ratios would both have been 0.90%.

 

14 

The manager has agreed to waive the Fund’s management fee to an extent sufficient to offset the net management fee payable in connection with any investment in an affiliated money market fund.

 

15 

Reflects fee waivers and/or expense reimbursements.

 

See Notes to Financial Statements.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

21

 


Notes to financial statements (unaudited)

 

1. Organization and significant accounting policies

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. (the “Fund”) was incorporated in Maryland and is registered as a diversified, closed-end management investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”). The Fund seeks high current income. Capital appreciation is a secondary objective. In seeking to fulfill its investment objectives, the Fund invests, under normal market conditions, at least 80% of its net assets in high-yield securities and up to 20% in common stock equivalents, including options, warrants and rights.

The following are significant accounting policies consistently followed by the Fund and are in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). Estimates and assumptions are required to be made regarding assets, liabilities and changes in net assets resulting from operations when financial statements are prepared. Changes in the economic environment, financial markets and any other parameters used in determining these estimates could cause actual results to differ. Subsequent events have been evaluated through the date the financial statements were issued.

(a) Investment valuation. The valuations for fixed income securities (which may include, but are not limited to, corporate, government, municipal, mortgage-backed, collateralized mortgage obligations and asset-backed securities) and certain derivative instruments are typically the prices supplied by independent third party pricing services, which may use market prices or broker/dealer quotations or a variety of valuation techniques and methodologies. The independent third party pricing services typically use inputs that are observable such as issuer details, interest rates, yield curves, prepayment speeds, credit risks/spreads, default rates and quoted prices for similar securities. Investments in open-end funds are valued at the closing net asset value per share of each fund on the day of valuation. Equity securities for which market quotations are available are valued at the last reported sales price or official closing price on the primary market or exchange on which they trade. When the Fund holds securities or other assets that are denominated in a foreign currency, the Fund will normally use the currency exchange rates as of 4:00 p.m. (Eastern Time). If independent third party pricing services are unable to supply prices for a portfolio investment, or if the prices supplied are deemed by the manager to be unreliable, the market price may be determined by the manager using quotations from one or more broker/dealers or at the transaction price if the security has recently been purchased and no value has yet been obtained from a pricing service or pricing broker. When reliable prices are not readily available, such as when the value of a security has been significantly affected by events after the close of the exchange or market on which the security is principally traded, but before the Fund calculates its net asset value, the Fund values these securities as determined in accordance with procedures approved by the Fund’s Board of Directors.

The Board of Directors is responsible for the valuation process and has delegated the supervision of the daily valuation process to the Global Fund Valuation Committee (the

 

 

22

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


“Valuation Committee”). The Valuation Committee, pursuant to the policies adopted by the Board of Directors, is responsible for making fair value determinations, evaluating the effectiveness of the Fund’s pricing policies, and reporting to the Board of Directors. When determining the reliability of third party pricing information for investments owned by the Fund, the Valuation Committee, among other things, conducts due diligence reviews of pricing vendors, monitors the daily change in prices and reviews transactions among market participants.

The Valuation Committee will consider pricing methodologies it deems relevant and appropriate when making fair value determinations. Examples of possible methodologies include, but are not limited to, multiple of earnings; discount from market of a similar freely traded security; discounted cash-flow analysis; book value or a multiple thereof; risk premium/yield analysis; yield to maturity; and/or fundamental investment analysis. The Valuation Committee will also consider factors it deems relevant and appropriate in light of the facts and circumstances. Examples of possible factors include, but are not limited to, the type of security; the issuer’s financial statements; the purchase price of the security; the discount from market value of unrestricted securities of the same class at the time of purchase; analysts’ research and observations from financial institutions; information regarding any transactions or offers with respect to the security; the existence of merger proposals or tender offers affecting the security; the price and extent of public trading in similar securities of the issuer or comparable companies; and the existence of a shelf registration for restricted securities.

For each portfolio security that has been fair valued pursuant to the policies adopted by the Board of Directors, the fair value price is compared against the last available and next available market quotations. The Valuation Committee reviews the results of such back testing monthly and fair valuation occurrences are reported to the Board of Directors quarterly.

The Fund uses valuation techniques to measure fair value that are consistent with the market approach and/or income approach, depending on the type of security and the particular circumstance. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable securities. The income approach uses valuation techniques to discount estimated future cash flows to present value.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

23

 


Notes to financial statements (unaudited) (cont’d)

 

GAAP establishes a disclosure hierarchy that categorizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to value assets and liabilities at measurement date. These inputs are summarized in the three broad levels listed below:

 

 

Level 1 — quoted prices in active markets for identical investments

 

 

Level 2 — other significant observable inputs (including quoted prices for similar investments, interest rates, prepayment speeds, credit risk, etc.)

 

 

Level 3 — significant unobservable inputs (including the Fund’s own assumptions in determining the fair value of investments)

The inputs or methodologies used to value securities are not necessarily an indication of the risk associated with investing in those securities.

The following is a summary of the inputs used in valuing the Fund’s assets carried at fair value:

 

ASSETS

 
Description   Quoted Prices
(Level 1)
    Other Significant
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
    Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
    Total  
Long-Term Investments†:                                

Corporate Bonds & Notes:

                               

Information Technology

        $ 7,822,174     $  0   $ 7,822,174  

Other Corporate Bonds & Notes

          424,661,877             424,661,877  

Sovereign Bonds

          18,050,769             18,050,769  

Convertible Bonds & Notes

          4,410,780             4,410,780  

Asset-Backed Securities

          3,268,368             3,268,368  

Senior Loans

          2,051,376             2,051,376  

Convertible Preferred Stocks

          1,349,411             1,349,411  

Warrants

  $ 4,928                   4,928  

Common Stocks

                0     0
Total Long-Term Investments     4,928       461,614,755       0     461,619,683  
Short-Term Investments†     2,841,679                   2,841,679  
Total Investments   $ 2,846,607     $ 461,614,755     $ 0   $ 464,461,362  
Other Financial Instruments:                                

Forward Foreign Currency Contracts††

        $ 307,327           $ 307,327  
Total   $ 2,846,607     $ 461,922,082     $ 0   $ 464,768,689  

 

See Schedule of Investments for additional detailed categorizations.

 

*

Amount represents less than $1.

 

††

Reflects the unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of the instruments.

 

 

24

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


(b) Forward foreign currency contracts. The Fund enters into a forward foreign currency contract to hedge against foreign currency exchange rate risk on its non-U.S. dollar denominated securities or to facilitate settlement of a foreign currency denominated portfolio transaction. A forward foreign currency contract is an agreement between two parties to buy and sell a currency at a set price with delivery and settlement at a future date. The contract is marked-to-market daily and the change in value is recorded by the Fund as an unrealized gain or loss. When a forward foreign currency contract is closed, through either delivery or offset by entering into another forward foreign currency contract, the Fund recognizes a realized gain or loss equal to the difference between the value of the contract at the time it was opened and the value of the contract at the time it is closed.

Forward foreign currency contracts involve elements of market risk in excess of the amounts reflected on the Statement of Assets and Liabilities. The Fund bears the risk of an unfavorable change in the foreign exchange rate underlying the forward foreign currency contract. Risks may also arise upon entering into these contracts from the potential inability of the counterparties to meet the terms of their contracts.

(c) Loan participations. The Fund may invest in loans arranged through private negotiation between one or more financial institutions. The Fund’s investment in any such loan may be in the form of a participation in or an assignment of the loan. In connection with purchasing participations, the Fund generally will have no right to enforce compliance by the borrower with the terms of the loan agreement related to the loan, or any rights of off-set against the borrower and the Fund may not benefit directly from any collateral supporting the loan in which it has purchased the participation.

The Fund assumes the credit risk of the borrower, the lender that is selling the participation and any other persons interpositioned between the Fund and the borrower. In the event of the insolvency of the lender selling the participation, the Fund may be treated as a general creditor of the lender and may not benefit from any off-set between the lender and the borrower.

(d) Foreign currency translation. Investment securities and other assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into U.S. dollar amounts based upon prevailing exchange rates on the date of valuation. Purchases and sales of investment securities and income and expense items denominated in foreign currencies are translated into U.S. dollar amounts based upon prevailing exchange rates on the respective dates of such transactions.

The Fund does not isolate that portion of the results of operations resulting from fluctuations in foreign exchange rates on investments from the fluctuations arising from changes in market prices of securities held. Such fluctuations are included with the net realized and unrealized gain or loss on investments.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

25

 


Notes to financial statements (unaudited) (cont’d)

 

Net realized foreign exchange gains or losses arise from sales of foreign currencies, including gains and losses on forward foreign currency contracts, currency gains or losses realized between the trade and settlement dates on securities transactions, and the difference between the amounts of dividends, interest, and foreign withholding taxes recorded on the Fund’s books and the U.S. dollar equivalent of the amounts actually received or paid. Net unrealized foreign exchange gains and losses arise from changes in the values of assets and liabilities, other than investments in securities, on the date of valuation, resulting from changes in exchange rates.

Foreign security and currency transactions may involve certain considerations and risks not typically associated with those of U.S. dollar denominated transactions as a result of, among other factors, the possibility of lower levels of governmental supervision and regulation of foreign securities markets and the possibility of political or economic instability.

(e) Credit and market risk. The Fund invests in high-yield and emerging market instruments that are subject to certain credit and market risks. The yields of high-yield and emerging market debt obligations reflect, among other things, perceived credit and market risks. The Fund’s investments in securities rated below investment grade typically involve risks not associated with higher rated securities including, among others, greater risk related to timely and ultimate payment of interest and principal, greater market price volatility and less liquid secondary market trading. The consequences of political, social, economic or diplomatic changes may have disruptive effects on the market prices of investments held by the Fund. The Fund’s investments in non-U.S. dollar denominated securities may also result in foreign currency losses caused by devaluations and exchange rate fluctuations.

(f) Foreign investment risks. The Fund’s investments in foreign securities may involve risks not present in domestic investments. Since securities may be denominated in foreign currencies, may require settlement in foreign currencies or may pay interest or dividends in foreign currencies, changes in the relationship of these foreign currencies to the U.S. dollar can significantly affect the value of the investments and earnings of the Fund. Foreign investments may also subject the Fund to foreign government exchange restrictions, expropriation, taxation or other political, social or economic developments, all of which affect the market and/or credit risk of the investments.

(g) Counterparty risk and credit-risk-related contingent features of derivative instruments. The Fund may invest in certain securities or engage in other transactions where the Fund is exposed to counterparty credit risk in addition to broader market risks. The Fund may invest in securities of issuers, which may also be considered counterparties as trading partners in other transactions. This may increase the risk of loss in the event of default or bankruptcy by the counterparty or if the counterparty otherwise fails to meet its contractual obligations. The Fund’s subadviser attempts to mitigate counterparty risk by (i)

 

 

26

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


periodically assessing the creditworthiness of its trading partners, (ii) monitoring and/or limiting the amount of its net exposure to each individual counterparty based on its assessment and (iii) requiring collateral from the counterparty for certain transactions. Market events and changes in overall economic conditions may impact the assessment of such counterparty risk by the subadviser. In addition, declines in the values of underlying collateral received may expose the Fund to increased risk of loss.

With exchange traded and centrally cleared derivatives, there is less counterparty risk to the Fund since the exchange or clearinghouse, as counterparty to such instruments, guarantees against a possible default. The clearinghouse stands between the buyer and the seller of the contract; therefore, the credit risk is limited to failure of the clearinghouse. While offset rights may exist under applicable law, the Fund does not have a contractual right of offset against a clearing broker or clearinghouse in the event of a default of the clearing broker or clearinghouse.

The Fund has entered into master agreements, such as an International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc. Master Agreement (“ISDA Master Agreement”) or similar agreement, with certain of its derivative counterparties that govern over-the-counter (“OTC”) derivatives and provide for general obligations, representations, agreements, collateral posting terms, netting provisions in the event of default or termination and credit related contingent features. The credit related contingent features include, but are not limited to, a percentage decrease in the Fund’s net assets or net asset value per share over a specified period of time. If these credit related contingent features were triggered, the derivatives counterparty could terminate the positions and demand payment or require additional collateral.

Under an ISDA Master Agreement, the Fund may, under certain circumstances, offset with the counterparty certain derivative financial instruments’ payables and/or receivables with collateral held and/or posted and create one single net payment. However, absent an event of default by the counterparty or a termination of the agreement, the terms of the ISDA Master Agreements do not result in an offset of reported amounts of financial assets and financial liabilities in the Statement of Assets and Liabilities across transactions between the Fund and the applicable counterparty. The enforceability of the right to offset may vary by jurisdiction.

Collateral requirements differ by type of derivative. Collateral or margin requirements are set by the broker or exchange clearinghouse for exchange traded derivatives while collateral terms are contract specific for OTC traded derivatives. Cash collateral that has been pledged to cover obligations of the Fund under derivative contracts, if any, will be reported separately in the Statement of Assets and Liabilities. Securities pledged as collateral, if any, for the same purpose are noted in the Schedule of Investments.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

27

 


Notes to financial statements (unaudited) (cont’d)

 

As of March 31, 2022, the Fund did not have any open OTC derivative transactions with credit related contingent features in a net liability position.

(h) Security transactions and investment income. Security transactions are accounted for on a trade date basis. Interest income (including interest income from payment-in-kind securities), adjusted for amortization of premium and accretion of discount, is recorded on the accrual basis. Paydown gains and losses on mortgage- and asset-backed securities are recorded as adjustments to interest income. Dividend income is recorded on the ex-dividend date for dividends received in cash and/or securities. Foreign dividend income is recorded on the ex-dividend date or as soon as practicable after the Fund determines the existence of a dividend declaration after exercising reasonable due diligence. The cost of investments sold is determined by use of the specific identification method. To the extent any issuer defaults or a credit event occurs that impacts the issuer, the Fund may halt any additional interest income accruals and consider the realizability of interest accrued up to the date of default or credit event.

(i) Distributions to shareholders. Distributions from net investment income of the Fund, if any, are declared quarterly and paid on a monthly basis. The actual source of the Fund’s current fiscal year distributions may be from net investment income, return of capital or a combination of both. Shareholders will be informed of the tax characteristics of the distributions after the close of the fiscal year. Distributions of net realized gains, if any, are declared at least annually. Distributions to shareholders of the Fund are recorded on the ex-dividend date and are determined in accordance with income tax regulations, which may differ from GAAP.

(j) Compensating balance arrangements. The Fund has an arrangement with its custodian bank whereby a portion of the custodian’s fees is paid indirectly by credits earned on the Fund’s cash on deposit with the bank.

(k) Federal and other taxes. It is the Fund’s policy to comply with the federal income and excise tax requirements of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (the “Code”), as amended, applicable to regulated investment companies. Accordingly, the Fund intends to distribute its taxable income and net realized gains, if any, to shareholders in accordance with timing requirements imposed by the Code. Therefore, no federal or state income tax provision is required in the Fund’s financial statements.

Management has analyzed the Fund’s tax positions taken on income tax returns for all open tax years and has concluded that as of September 30, 2021, no provision for income tax is required in the Fund’s financial statements. The Fund’s federal and state income and federal excise tax returns for tax years for which the applicable statutes of limitations have not expired are subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service and state departments of revenue.

 

 

28

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


Under the applicable foreign tax laws, a withholding tax may be imposed on interest, dividends and capital gains at various rates.

(l) Reclassification. GAAP requires that certain components of net assets be reclassified to reflect permanent differences between financial and tax reporting. These reclassifications have no effect on net assets or net asset value per share.

2. Investment management agreement and other transactions with affiliates

Legg Mason Partners Fund Advisor, LLC (“LMPFA”) is the Fund’s investment manager. Western Asset Management Company, LLC (“Western Asset”) and Western Asset Management Company Limited (“Western Asset Limited”) are the Fund’s subadvisers. LMPFA, Western Asset and Western Asset Limited are indirect, wholly-owned subsidiaries of Franklin Resources, Inc. (“Franklin Resources”).

LMPFA provides administrative and certain oversight services to the Fund. The Fund pays LMPFA an investment management fee, calculated daily and paid monthly, at an annual rate of 0.80% of the Fund’s average daily net assets.

The manager has agreed to waive the Fund’s management fee to an extent sufficient to offset the net management fee payable in connection with any investment in an affiliated money market fund.

During the six months ended March 31, 2022, fees waived and/or expenses reimbursed amounted to $956, all of which was an affiliated money market fund waiver.

LMPFA delegates to Western Asset the day-to-day portfolio management of the Fund. Western Asset Limited provides certain subadvisory services to the Fund relating to currency transactions and investments in non-U.S. dollar denominated debt securities. Western Asset Limited does not receive any compensation from the Fund and is paid by Western Asset for its services to the Fund. For its services, LMPFA pays Western Asset a fee monthly, at an annual rate equal to 70% of the net management fee it receives from the Fund. In turn, Western Asset pays Western Asset Limited a monthly subadvisory fee in an amount equal to 100% of the management fee paid to Western Asset on the assets that Western Asset allocates to Western Asset Limited to manage.

All officers and one Director of the Fund are employees of Franklin Resources or its affiliates and do not receive compensation from the Fund.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

29

 


Notes to financial statements (unaudited) (cont’d)

 

3. Investments

During the six months ended March 31, 2022, the aggregate cost of purchases and proceeds from sales of investments (excluding short-term investments) and U.S. Government & Agency Obligations were as follows:

 

        Investments        U.S. Government &
Agency Obligations
 
Purchases      $ 126,940,971        $ 4,549,854  
Sales        132,503,278          4,505,195  

 

At March 31, 2022, the aggregate cost of investments and the aggregate gross unrealized appreciation and depreciation of investments for federal income tax purposes were substantially as follows:

 

      Cost      Gross
Unrealized
Appreciation
     Gross
Unrealized
Depreciation
     Net
Unrealized
Appreciation
 
Securities    $ 441,985,030      $ 42,707,631      $ (20,231,299)      $ 22,476,332  
Forward foreign currency contracts             307,327               307,327  

 

4. Derivative instruments and hedging activities

Below is a table, grouped by derivative type, that provides information about the fair value and the location of derivatives within the Statement of Assets and Liabilities at March 31, 2022.

 

ASSET DERIVATIVES1

      Foreign
Exchange Risk
 
Forward foreign currency contracts    $ 307,327  

 

1 

Generally, the balance sheet location for asset derivatives is receivables/net unrealized appreciation and for liability derivatives is payables/net unrealized depreciation.

The following tables provide information about the effect of derivatives and hedging activities on the Fund’s Statement of Operations for the six months ended March 31, 2022. The first table provides additional detail about the amounts and sources of gains (losses) realized on derivatives during the period. The second table provides additional information about the change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) resulting from the Fund’s derivatives and hedging activities during the period.

 

AMOUNT OF REALIZED GAIN (LOSS) ON DERIVATIVES RECOGNIZED
      Foreign
Exchange Risk
 
Forward foreign currency contracts    $ 136,390  

 

 

30

   

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


 

CHANGE IN UNREALIZED APPRECIATION (DEPRECIATION) ON DERIVATIVES RECOGNIZED
      Foreign
Exchange Risk
 
Forward foreign currency contracts    $ 115,147  

During the six months ended March 31, 2022, the volume of derivative activity for the Fund was as follows:

 

        Average Market
Value
 
Forward foreign currency contracts (to buy)      $ 243,231  
Forward foreign currency contracts (to sell)        9,986,325  

The following table presents the Fund’s OTC derivative assets and liabilities by counterparty net of amounts available for offset under an ISDA Master Agreement and net of the related collateral pledged (received) by the Fund as of March 31, 2022.

 

Counterparty    Gross Assets
Subject to
Master
Agreements1
     Gross
Liabilities
Subject to
Master
Agreements
     Net Assets
(Liabilities)
Subject to
Master
Agreements
     Collateral
Pledged
(Received)
     Net
Amount2
 
Citibank N.A.    $ 17,808             $ 17,808             $ 17,808  
Goldman Sachs Group Inc.      289,512               289,512               289,512  
Morgan Stanley & Co. Inc.      7               7               7  
Total    $ 307,327             $ 307,327             $ 307,327  

 

1 

Absent an event of default or early termination, derivative assets and liabilities are presented gross and not offset in the Statement of Assets and Liabilities.

 

2 

Represents the net amount receivable (payable) from (to) the counterparty in the event of default.

5. Tender offer

On June 22, 2020, the Fund’s Board of Directors authorized (subject to certain conditions) a cash tender offer for up to 25% of the Fund’s outstanding shares at a price per share equal to 99.5% of the Fund’s net asset value per share as of the business day immediately following the expiration date of the tender offer. On October 19, 2020, the Fund commenced its tender offer, which expired on November 16, 2020. On November 19, 2020, the Fund announced the final results of the tender offer. A total of 60,615,942 shares were duly tendered and not withdrawn. Because the number of shares tendered exceeded 31,699,738 shares, the tender offer was oversubscribed. Therefore, in accordance with the terms and conditions specified in the tender offer, the Fund purchased shares from all tendering stockholders on a pro rata basis, disregarding fractions. Accordingly, on a pro rata basis approximately 52.30% of shares for each stockholder who properly tendered shares were accepted for payment. The shares accepted for tender were repurchased at a price of $5.37 equal to 99.5% of the per share net asset value, $5.40, as of the close of the regular trading

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

31

 


Notes to financial statements (unaudited) (cont’d)

 

session of the New York Stock Exchange on November 17, 2020. Payment for such shares was made on November 19, 2020. Shares that were not tendered remain outstanding.

6. Distributions subsequent to March 31, 2022

The following distributions have been declared by the Fund’s Board of Directors and are payable subsequent to the period end of this report:

 

Record Date      Payable Date        Amount  
3/24/2022        4/1/2022        $ 0.0300  
4/22/2022        5/2/2022        $ 0.0300  
5/23/2022        6/1/2022        $ 0.0300  
6/23/2022        7/1/2022        $ 0.0300  
7/22/2022        8/1/2022        $ 0.0300  
8/24/2022        9/1/2022        $ 0.0300  

7. Stock repurchase program

On November 16, 2015, the Fund announced that the Fund’s Board of Directors (the “Board”) had authorized the Fund to repurchase in the open market up to approximately 10% of the Fund’s outstanding common stock when the Fund’s shares are trading at a discount to net asset value. The Board has directed management of the Fund to repurchase shares of common stock at such times and in such amounts as management reasonably believes may enhance stockholder value. The Fund is under no obligation to purchase shares at any specific discount levels or in any specific amounts. During the six months ended March 31, 2022, the Fund did not repurchase any shares.

Since the commencement of the stock repurchase program through March 31, 2022, the Fund repurchased 2,433,258 shares or 1.88% of its common shares outstanding for a total amount of $10,070,498.

8. Transactions with affiliated company

As defined by the 1940 Act, an affiliated company is one in which the Fund owns 5% or more of the outstanding voting securities, or a company which is under common ownership or control with the Fund. The following company was considered an affiliated company for all or some portion of the six months ended March 31, 2022. The following transactions were effected in such company for the six months ended March 31, 2022.

 

    Affiliate
Value at
September 30, 2021
    Purchased   Sold  
     Cost   Shares   Cost     Shares  
Western Asset Premier Institutional Government Reserves, Premium Shares   $ 702,057     $56,949,304   56,949,304   $ 54,809,682       54,809,682  

 

 

32

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


 

(cont’d)   Realized
Gain (Loss)
    Dividend
Income
  Net Increase
(Decrease) in
Unrealized
Appreciation
(Depreciation)
  Affiliate
Value at
March 31,
2022
 
Western Asset Premier Institutional Government Reserves, Premium Shares         $561     $ 2,841,679  

9. Deferred capital losses

As of September 30, 2021, the Fund had deferred capital losses of $139,939,256, which have no expiration date, that will be available to offset future taxable capital gains.

10. Recent accounting pronouncement

In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) – Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. In January 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-01, with further amendments to Topic 848. The amendments in the ASUs provide optional temporary accounting recognition and financial reporting relief from the effect of certain types of contract modifications due to the planned discontinuation of the LIBOR and other interbank-offered based reference rates as of the end of 2021 and 2023. The ASUs are effective for certain reference rate-related contract modifications that occur during the period March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. Management has reviewed the requirements and believes the adoption of these ASUs will not have a material impact on the financial statements.

11. Other matters

The outbreak of the respiratory illness COVID-19 (commonly referred to as “coronavirus”) has continued to rapidly spread around the world, causing considerable uncertainty for the global economy and financial markets. The ultimate economic fallout from the pandemic, and the long-term impact on economies, markets, industries and individual issuers, are not known. The COVID-19 pandemic could adversely affect the value and liquidity of the Fund’s investments and negatively impact the Fund’s performance. In addition, the outbreak of COVID-19, and measures taken to mitigate its effects, could result in disruptions to the services provided to the Fund by its service providers.

***

The Fund’s investments, payment obligations, and financing terms may be based on floating rates, such as the London Interbank Offered Rate, or “LIBOR,” which is the offered rate for short-term Eurodollar deposits between major international banks. On March 5, 2021, the ICE Benchmark Administration, the administrator of LIBOR, stated that it will cease the publication of the overnight and one-, three-, six- and twelve-month USD LIBOR settings immediately following the LIBOR publication on Friday, June 30, 2023. All other LIBOR

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report    

 

 

33

 


Notes to financial statements (unaudited) (cont’d)

 

settings, including the one-week and two-month USD LIBOR settings, have ceased publication as of January 1, 2022. There remains uncertainty regarding the nature of any replacement rate and the impact of the transition from LIBOR on the Fund’s transactions and the financial markets generally. As such, the potential effect of a transition away from LIBOR on the Fund or the Fund’s investments cannot yet be determined.

***

Russia’s military invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, the resulting responses by the United States and other countries, and the potential for wider conflict could increase volatility and uncertainty in the financial markets and adversely affect regional and global economies. The United States and other countries have imposed broad-ranging economic sanctions on Russia and certain Russian individuals, banking entities and corporations as a response to its invasion of Ukraine. The United States and other countries have also imposed economic sanctions on Belarus and may impose sanctions on other countries that support Russia’s military invasion. These sanctions, as well as any other economic consequences related to the invasion, such as additional sanctions, boycotts or changes in consumer or purchaser preferences or cyberattacks on governments, companies or individuals, may further decrease the value and liquidity of certain Russian securities and securities of issuers in other countries that are subject to economic sanctions related to the invasion. To the extent that the Fund has exposure to Russian investments or investments in countries affected by the invasion, the Fund’s ability to price, buy, sell, receive or deliver such investments was impaired. The Fund could determine at any time that certain of the most affected securities have little or no value. In addition, any exposure that the Fund may have to counterparties in Russia or in countries affected by the invasion could negatively impact the Fund’s portfolio. The extent and duration of Russia’s military actions and the repercussions of such actions (including any retaliatory actions or countermeasures that may be taken by those subject to sanctions) are impossible to predict, but could result in significant market disruptions, including in the oil and natural gas markets, and may negatively affect global supply chains, inflation and global growth. These and any related events could significantly impact the Fund’s performance and the value of an investment in the Fund, even beyond any direct exposure the Fund may have to Russian issuers or issuers in other countries affected by the invasion. At March 31, 2022, the Fund had 0.08% of its net assets invested in securities with significant economic risk or exposure to Russia.

 

 

34

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. 2022 Semi-Annual Report


Additional shareholder information (unaudited)

 

Results of annual meeting of shareholders

The Annual Meeting of Shareholders of Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc. was held on April 8, 2022 for the purpose of considering and voting upon the proposals presented at the Meeting. The following table provides information concerning the matters voted upon at the Meeting:

Election of directors

 

Nominees    Votes For      Votes Withheld      Abstain  
William R. Hutchinson      73,573,781        5,649,764        1,147,455  
Nisha Kumar      77,896,875        1,273,098        1,201,027  

As of April 8, 2022, in addition to William R. Hutchinson and Nisha Kumar, the other Directors of the Fund were as follows:

Robert D. Agdern

Carol L.Colman

Daniel P. Cronin

Paolo M. Cucchi

Eileen A. Kamerick

Jane Trust

Ratification of Selection of Independent Registered Public Accountants

To ratify the selection of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (“PwC”) as independent registered public accountants of the Fund for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2022.

 

For   Against   Abstain
78,716,892   539,208   1,114,900

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.    

 

 

35

 


Dividend reinvestment plan (unaudited)

 

Unless you elect to receive distributions in cash (i.e., opt-out), all dividends, including any capital gain dividends and return of capital distributions, on your Common Stock will be automatically reinvested by Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as agent for the stockholders (the “Plan Agent”), in additional shares of Common Stock under the Fund’s Dividend Reinvestment Plan (the “Plan”). You may elect not to participate in the Plan by contacting the Plan Agent. If you do not participate, you will receive all cash distributions paid by check mailed directly to you by Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as dividend paying agent.

If you participate in the Plan, the number of shares of Common Stock you will receive will be determined as follows:

(1) If the market price of the Common Stock (plus $0.03 per share commission) on the payment date (or, if the payment date is not a NYSE trading day, the immediately preceding trading day) is equal to or exceeds the net asset value per share of the Common Stock at the close of trading on the NYSE on the payment date, the Fund will issue new Common Stock at a price equal to the greater of (a) the net asset value per share at the close of trading on the NYSE on the payment date or (b) 95% of the market price per share of the Common Stock on the payment date.

(2) If the net asset value per share of the Common Stock exceeds the market price of the Common Stock (plus $0.03 per share commission) at the close of trading on the NYSE on the payment date, the Plan Agent will receive the dividend or distribution in cash and will buy Common Stock in the open market, on the NYSE or elsewhere, for your account as soon as practicable commencing on the trading day following the payment date and terminating no later than the earlier of (a) 30 days after the dividend or distribution payment date, or (b) the payment date for the next succeeding dividend or distribution to be made to the stockholders; except when necessary to comply with applicable provisions of the federal securities laws. If during this period: (i) the market price (plus $0.03 per share commission) rises so that it equals or exceeds the net asset value per share of the Common Stock at the close of trading on the NYSE on the payment date before the Plan Agent has completed the open market purchases or (ii) if the Plan Agent is unable to invest the full amount eligible to be reinvested in open market purchases, the Plan Agent will cease purchasing Common Stock in the open market and the Fund shall issue the remaining Common Stock at a price per share equal to the greater of (a) the net asset value per share at the close of trading on the NYSE on the day prior to the issuance of shares for reinvestment or (b) 95% of the then current market price per share.

Common Stock in your account will be held by the Plan Agent in non-certificated form. Any proxy you receive will include all shares of Common Stock you have received under the Plan. You may withdraw from the Plan (i.e., opt-out) by notifying the Plan Agent in writing at 462 South 4th Street, Suite 1600, Louisville, KY 40202 or by calling the Plan Agent at 1-888-888-0151. Such withdrawal will be effective immediately if notice is received by the Plan Agent not less than ten business days prior to any dividend or distribution record date;

 

 

36

    Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.


 

otherwise such withdrawal will be effective as soon as practicable after the Plan Agent’s investment of the most recently declared dividend or distribution on the Common Stock.

Plan participants who sell their shares will be charged a service charge (currently $5.00 per transaction) and the Plan Agent is authorized to deduct brokerage charges actually incurred from the proceeds (currently $0.05 per share commission). There is no service charge for reinvestment of your dividends or distributions in Common Stock. However, all participants will pay a pro rata share of brokerage commissions incurred by the Plan Agent when it makes open market purchases. Because all dividends and distributions will be automatically reinvested in additional shares of Common Stock, this allows you to add to your investment through dollar cost averaging, which may lower the average cost of your Common Stock over time. Dollar cost averaging is a technique for lowering the average cost per share over time if the Fund’s net asset value declines. While dollar cost averaging has definite advantages, it cannot assure profit or protect against loss in declining markets.

Automatically reinvesting dividends and distributions does not mean that you do not have to pay income taxes due upon receiving dividends and distributions. Investors will be subject to income tax on amounts reinvested under the Plan.

The Fund reserves the right to amend or terminate the Plan if, in the judgment of the Board of Directors, the change is warranted. The Plan may be terminated, amended or supplemented by the Fund upon notice in writing mailed to stockholders at least 30 days prior to the record date for the payment of any dividend or distribution by the Fund for which the termination or amendment is to be effective. Upon any termination, you will be sent cash for any fractional share of Common Stock in your account. You may elect to notify the Plan Agent in advance of such termination to have the Plan Agent sell part or all of your Common Stock on your behalf. Additional information about the Plan and your account may be obtained from the Plan Agent at 462 South 4th Street, Suite 1600, Louisville, KY 40202 or by calling the Plan Agent at 1-888-888-0151.

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.    

 

 

37

 


Western Asset

High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

 

Directors

Robert D. Agdern

Carol L. Colman

Daniel P. Cronin

Paolo M. Cucchi

William R. Hutchinson

Eileen A. Kamerick

Nisha Kumar

Jane Trust

Chairman

Officers

Jane Trust

President and Chief Executive Officer

Christopher Berarducci

Treasurer and Principal Financial Officer

Fred Jensen

Chief Compliance Officer

George P. Hoyt

Secretary and Chief Legal Officer

Thomas C. Mandia*

Senior Vice President

Jeanne M. Kelly

Senior Vice President

 

Western Asset High Income Opportunity Fund Inc.

620 Eighth Avenue

47th Floor

New York, NY 10018

Investment manager

Legg Mason Partners Fund Advisor, LLC

Subadvisers

Western Asset Management Company, LLC

Western Asset Management Company Limited

Custodian

The Bank of New York Mellon

Transfer agent

Computershare Inc.

462 South 4th Street, Suite 1600

Louisville, KY 40202

 

Independent registered public accounting firm

PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Baltimore, MD

Legal counsel

Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP

900 G Street NW

Washington, DC 20001

New York Stock Exchange Symbol

HIO

 

*

Effective February 10, 2022, Mr. Mandia became a Senior Vice President.

 


Legg Mason Funds Privacy and Security Notice

 

Your Privacy and the Security of Your Personal Information is Very Important to the Legg Mason Funds

This Privacy and Security Notice (the “Privacy Notice”) addresses the Legg Mason Funds’ privacy and data protection practices with respect to nonpublic personal information the Funds receive. The Legg Mason Funds include any funds sold by the Funds’ distributor, Franklin Distributors, LLC, as well as Legg Mason-sponsored closed-end funds. The provisions of this Privacy Notice apply to your information both while you are a shareholder and after you are no longer invested with the Funds.

The Type of Nonpublic Personal Information the Funds Collect About You

The Funds collect and maintain nonpublic personal information about you in connection with your shareholder account. Such information may include, but is not limited to:

 

 

Personal information included on applications or other forms;

 

 

Account balances, transactions, and mutual fund holdings and positions;

 

 

Bank account information, legal documents, and identity verification documentation;

 

 

Online account access user IDs, passwords, security challenge question responses; and

 

 

Information received from consumer reporting agencies regarding credit history and creditworthiness (such as the amount of an individual’s total debt, payment history, etc.).

How the Funds Use Nonpublic Personal Information About You

The Funds do not sell or share your nonpublic personal information with third parties or with affiliates for their marketing purposes, or with other financial institutions or affiliates for joint marketing purposes, unless you have authorized the Funds to do so. The Funds do not disclose any nonpublic personal information about you except as may be required to perform transactions or services you have authorized or as permitted or required by law.

The Funds may disclose information about you to:

 

 

Employees, agents, and affiliates on a “need to know” basis to enable the Funds to conduct ordinary business, or to comply with obligations to government regulators;

 

 

Service providers, including the Funds’ affiliates, who assist the Funds as part of the ordinary course of business (such as printing, mailing services, or processing or servicing your account with us) or otherwise perform services on the Funds’ behalf, including companies that may perform statistical analysis, market research and marketing services solely for the Funds;

 

 

Permit access to transfer, whether in the United States or countries outside of the United States to such Funds’ employees, agents and affiliates and service providers as required to enable the Funds to conduct ordinary business, or to comply with obligations to government regulators;

 

 

The Funds’ representatives such as legal counsel, accountants and auditors to enable the Funds to conduct ordinary business, or to comply with obligations to government regulators;

 

 

Fiduciaries or representatives acting on your behalf, such as an IRA custodian or trustee of a grantor trust.

 

NOT PART OF THE SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT


Legg Mason Funds Privacy and Security Notice (cont’d)

 

Except as otherwise permitted by applicable law, companies acting on the Funds’ behalf, including those outside the United States, are contractually obligated to keep nonpublic personal information the Funds provide to them confidential and to use the information the Funds share only to provide the services the F