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Form N-CSRS AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND, For: Apr 30

July 1, 2022 12:05 PM EDT

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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM N-CSR

 

 

CERTIFIED SHAREHOLDER REPORT OF REGISTERED

MANAGEMENT INVESTMENT COMPANIES

Investment Company Act file number: 811-00126

 

 

AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in charter)

 

 

1345 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York 10105

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)

 

 

Joseph J. Mantineo

AllianceBernstein L.P.

1345 Avenue of the Americas

New York, New York 10105

(Name and address of agent for service)

 

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (800) 221-5672

Date of fiscal year end: October 31, 2022

Date of reporting period: April 30, 2022

 

 

 


ITEM 1. REPORTS TO STOCKHOLDERS.

 


APR    04.30.22

LOGO

SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT

AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND

 

LOGO

 

As of January 1, 2021, as permitted by new regulations adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Fund’s annual and semi-annual shareholder reports are no longer sent by mail, unless you specifically requested paper copies of the reports. Instead, the reports are made available on a website, and you will be notified by mail each time a report is posted and provided with a website address to access the report.

You may elect to receive all future reports in paper form free of charge. If you invest through a financial intermediary, you can contact your financial intermediary to request that you continue to receive paper copies of your shareholder reports; if you invest directly with the Fund, you can call the Fund at (800) 221 5672. Your election to receive reports in paper form will apply to all funds held in your account with your financial intermediary or, if you invest directly, to all AB Mutual Funds you hold.


 

 

 
Investment Products Offered  

  Are Not FDIC Insured May Lose Value Are Not Bank Guaranteed

Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses of the Fund carefully before investing. For copies of our prospectus or summary prospectus, which contain this and other information, visit us online at www.abfunds.com or contact your AB representative. Please read the prospectus and/or summary prospectus carefully before investing.

This shareholder report must be preceded or accompanied by the Fund’s prospectus for individuals who are not current shareholders of the Fund.

You may obtain a description of the Fund’s proxy voting policies and procedures, and information regarding how the Fund voted proxies relating to portfolio securities during the most recent 12-month period ended June 30, without charge. Simply visit AB’s website at www.abfunds.com, or go to the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (the “Commission”) website at www.sec.gov, or call AB at (800) 227 4618.

The Fund files its complete schedule of portfolio holdings with the Commission for the first and third quarters of each fiscal year as an exhibit to its reports on Form N-PORT. The Fund’s Form N-PORT reports are available on the Commission’s website at www.sec.gov. AB publishes full portfolio holdings for the Fund monthly at www.abfunds.com.

AllianceBernstein Investments, Inc. (ABI) is the distributor of the AB family of mutual funds. ABI is a member of FINRA and is an affiliate of AllianceBernstein L.P., the Adviser of the funds.

The [A/B] logo is a registered service mark of AllianceBernstein and AllianceBernstein® is a registered service mark used by permission of the owner, AllianceBernstein L.P.


 

FROM THE PRESIDENT    LOGO

Dear Shareholder,

We’re pleased to provide this report for the AB Relative Value Fund (the “Fund”). Please review the discussion of Fund performance, the market conditions during the reporting period and the Fund’s investment strategy.

At AB, we’re striving to help our clients achieve better outcomes by:

 

+   

Fostering diverse perspectives that give us a distinctive approach to navigating global capital markets

 

+   

Applying differentiated investment insights through a connected global research network

 

+   

Embracing innovation to design better ways to invest and leading-edge mutual-fund solutions

Whether you’re an individual investor or a multibillion-dollar institution, we’re putting our knowledge and experience to work for you every day.

For more information about AB’s comprehensive range of products and shareholder resources, please log on to www.abfunds.com.

Thank you for your investment in AB mutual funds—and for placing your trust in our firm.

Sincerely,

 

LOGO

Onur Erzan

President and Chief Executive Officer, AB Mutual Funds

 

abfunds.com  

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SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT

 

June 2, 2022

This report provides management’s discussion of fund performance for the AB Relative Value Fund for the semi-annual reporting period ended April 30, 2022.

The Fund’s investment objective is long-term growth of capital.

NAV RETURNS AS OF APRIL 30, 2022 (unaudited)

 

     6 Months      12 Months  
AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND      
Class A Shares      -2.95%        3.30%  
Class C Shares      -3.32%        2.61%  
Advisor Class Shares1      -2.82%        3.52%  
Class R Shares1      -3.03%        3.02%  
Class K Shares1      -2.81%        3.37%  
Class I Shares1      -2.80%        3.47%  
Class Z Shares1      -2.71%        3.57%  
Russell 1000 Value Index      -3.94%        1.32%  

 

1

Please note that these share classes are for investors purchasing shares through accounts established under certain fee-based programs sponsored and maintained by certain broker-dealers and financial intermediaries, institutional pension plans and/or investment advisory clients of, and certain other persons associated with, the Adviser and its affiliates or the Fund.

INVESTMENT RESULTS

The table above shows the Fund’s performance compared to its benchmark, the Russell 1000 Value Index, for the six- and 12-month periods ended April 30, 2022.

During both periods, all share classes of the Fund outperformed the benchmark, before sales charges. Overall security selection contributed to outperformance, relative to the benchmark, while sector selection detracted. During the six-month period, security selection within the materials and industrials sectors contributed, while selection within real estate and consumer staples detracted. Underweights to financials and communication services contributed, but were offset by an underweight to energy and an overweight to consumer discretionary.

During the 12-month period, security selection within consumer discretionary and industrials contributed, while selection within financials and consumer staples detracted. Underweights to communication services and financials contributed, but were offset by an underweight to energy and an overweight to consumer discretionary.

 

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The Fund did not utilize derivatives during the six- or 12-month periods.

MARKET REVIEW AND INVESTMENT STRATEGY

US, international and emerging-market stocks lost ground during the six-month period ended April 30, 2022. Early in the period, equities continued to benefit from accommodative monetary policy that underpinned an accelerating global economic recovery. Volatility increased as rapidly rising inflation triggered a hawkish shift among most major central banks. Inflation worsened after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine caused energy and agricultural prices to surge and China’s pledge to enforce its zero-COVID policy raised new supply-chain concerns. The US Federal Reserve raised interest rates in March and signaled that it would move aggressively to harness inflation. The growing risk of recession led to sharp declines across global equity markets. Against a backdrop of rising rates, growth stocks came under pressure, triggering a rotation into value-oriented stocks. Within large-cap markets, value stocks outperformed growth stocks by a wide margin, although both declined in absolute terms. Large-cap stocks outperformed small-cap stocks on a relative basis, but both declined in absolute terms.

The Fund’s Senior Investment Management Team (the “Team”) remains committed to using bottom-up research to build a Fund composed of well-managed companies that are attractively valued relative to their long-term earnings power. The Team’s objective is to find companies that stand out and deploy capital wisely, allowing these companies to grow dividends and enhance the long-term value of their shares.

INVESTMENT POLICIES

The Fund invests primarily in the equity securities of US companies that the Adviser believes are trading at attractive valuations that have strong or improving business models. The Adviser monitors the fundamental performance of the Fund’s investments for signs of future financial success. The Adviser relies heavily upon the fundamental analysis and research of its dedicated investment team for the Fund in conducting research and making investment decisions. The team initially screens a primary research universe of largely US companies for attractive security valuation and business model characteristics. Once appropriate candidates have been identified for further analysis, the team conducts fundamental research to better understand the company’s business model. In evaluating a company for potential inclusion in the Fund, the Adviser takes into account many factors that it believes bear on the company’s ability to perform in the future, including attractive free cash flow valuations, high levels of profitability, stable-to-improving balance sheets, and management teams that are good stewards of shareholder capital.

 

(continued on next page)

 

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AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    3


The Adviser recognizes that the perception of “value” is relative and often defined by the future economic performance of the company. As a result of how individual companies are valued in the market, the Fund may be attracted to investments in companies with different market capitalizations (i.e., large-, mid- or small-capitalization) or companies engaged in particular types of businesses, although the Fund does not intend to concentrate in any particular sectors or industries. At any period in time, the Fund’s portfolio emphasis upon particular industries or sectors will be a by-product of the stock selection process rather than the result of assigned targets or ranges.

The Fund may enter into derivatives transactions, such as options, futures contracts, forwards and swaps. The Fund may use options strategies involving the purchase and/or writing of various combinations of call and/or put options, including on individual securities and stock indices, futures contracts (including futures contracts on individual securities and stock indices) or shares of exchange-traded funds. These transactions may be used, for example, in an effort to earn extra income, to adjust exposure to individual securities or markets, or to protect all or a portion of the Fund’s portfolio from a decline in value, sometimes within certain ranges.

 

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DISCLOSURES AND RISKS

 

Benchmark Disclosure

The Russell 1000® Value Index is unmanaged and does not reflect fees and expenses associated with the active management of a mutual fund portfolio. The Russell 1000 Value Index represents the performance of large-cap value companies within the US. An investor cannot invest directly in an index or average, and their results are not indicative of the performance for any specific investment, including the Fund.

A Word About Risk

Market Risk: The value of the Fund’s investments will fluctuate as the stock or bond market fluctuates. The value of its investments may decline, sometimes rapidly and unpredictably, simply because of economic changes or other events, including public health crises (including the occurrence of a contagious disease or illness) and regional and global conflicts, that affect large portions of the market. It includes the risk that a particular style of investing, such as the Fund’s value approach, may be underperforming the market generally.

Capitalization Risk: Investments in small- and mid-capitalization companies may be more volatile than investments in large-capitalization companies. Investments in small- and mid-capitalization companies may have additional risks because these companies may have limited product lines, markets or financial resources.

Derivatives Risk: Derivatives may be difficult to price or unwind and leveraged so that small changes may produce disproportionate losses for the Fund. Derivatives, especially over-the-counter derivatives, are also subject to counterparty risk, which is the risk that the counterparty (the party on the other side of the transaction) on a derivative transaction will be unable or unwilling to honor its contractual obligations to the Fund.

Management Risk: The Fund is subject to management risk because it is an actively managed investment fund. The Adviser will apply its investment techniques and risk analyses in making investment decisions, but there is no guarantee that its techniques will produce the intended results. Some of these techniques may incorporate, or rely upon, quantitative models, but there is no guarantee that these models will generate accurate forecasts, reduce risk or otherwise perform as expected.

These risks are fully discussed in the Fund’s prospectus. As with all investments, you may lose money by investing in the Fund.

 

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AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    5


 

DISCLOSURES AND RISKS (continued)

 

An Important Note About Historical Performance

The investment return and principal value of an investment in the Fund will fluctuate, so that shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost. Performance shown in this report represents past performance and does not guarantee future results. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance information shown. You may obtain performance information current to the most recent month-end by visiting www.abfunds.com.

All fees and expenses related to the operation of the Fund have been deducted. Net asset value (“NAV”) returns do not reflect sales charges; if sales charges were reflected, the Fund’s quoted performance would be lower. SEC returns reflect the applicable sales charges for each share class: a 4.25% maximum front-end sales charge for Class A shares and a 1% 1-year contingent deferred sales charge for Class C shares. Returns for the different share classes will vary due to different expenses associated with each class. Performance assumes reinvestment of distributions and does not account for taxes.

 

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HISTORICAL PERFORMANCE

 

AVERAGE ANNUAL RETURNS AS OF APRIL 30, 2022 (unaudited)

 

    NAV Returns     SEC Returns
(reflects applicable
sales charges)
 
CLASS A SHARES    
1 Year     3.30%       -1.14%  
5 Years     10.51%       9.57%  
10 Years     11.38%       10.91%  
CLASS C SHARES    
1 Year     2.61%       1.67%  
5 Years     9.70%       9.70%  
10 Years1     10.57%       10.57%  
ADVISOR CLASS SHARES2    
1 Year     3.52%       3.52%  
5 Years     10.74%       10.74%  
10 Years     11.67%       11.67%  
CLASS R SHARES2    
1 Year     3.02%       3.02%  
5 Years     10.21%       10.21%  
10 Years     11.12%       11.12%  
CLASS K SHARES2    
1 Year     3.37%       3.37%  
5 Years     10.51%       10.51%  
10 Years     11.44%       11.44%  
CLASS I SHARES2    
1 Year     3.47%       3.47%  
5 Years     10.75%       10.75%  
10 Years     11.72%       11.72%  
CLASS Z SHARES2    
1 Year     3.57%       3.57%  
5 Years     10.82%       10.82%  
Since Inception3     10.39%       10.39%  

The Fund’s current prospectus fee table shows the Fund’s total annual operating expense ratios as 0.95%, 1.70%, 0.70%, 1.35%, 1.01%, 0.70% and 0.61% for Class A, Class C, Advisor Class, Class R, Class K, Class I and Class Z shares, respectively, gross of any fee waivers or expense reimbursements. Contractual fee waivers and/or expense reimbursement agreements reduced the Fund’s total annual operating expenses to 0.90%, 1.65%, 0.65%, 1.15%, 0.90% and 0.65% for Class A, Class C, Advisor Class, Class R, Class K and Class I shares, respectively. These waivers/reimbursements may not be terminated prior to February 28, 2023, and may be extended by the Adviser for additional one-year terms. Absent reimbursements or waivers, performance would have been lower. The Financial Highlights section of this report sets forth expense ratio data for the current reporting period; the expense ratios shown above may differ from the expense ratios in the Financial Highlights section since they are based on different time periods.

(footnotes continued on next page)

 

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AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    7


 

HISTORICAL PERFORMANCE (continued)

 

1

Assumes conversion of Class C shares into Class A shares after eight years.

 

2

These share classes are offered at NAV to eligible investors and their SEC returns are the same as their NAV returns. Please note that these share classes are for investors purchasing shares through accounts established under certain fee-based programs sponsored and maintained by certain broker-dealers and financial intermediaries, institutional pension plans and/or investment advisory clients of, and certain other persons associated with, the Adviser and its affiliates or the Fund.

 

3

Inception date: 10/15/2013.

 

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HISTORICAL PERFORMANCE (continued)

 

SEC AVERAGE ANNUAL RETURNS

AS OF THE MOST RECENT CALENDAR QUARTER-END

MARCH 31, 2022 (unaudited)

 

     SEC Returns
(reflects applicable
sales charges)
 
CLASS A SHARES   
1 Year      7.77%  
5 Years      10.64%  
10 Years      11.35%  
CLASS C SHARES   
1 Year      10.70%  
5 Years      10.80%  
10 Years1      11.04%  
ADVISOR CLASS SHARES2   
1 Year      12.79%  
5 Years      11.89%  
10 Years      12.13%  
CLASS R SHARES2   
1 Year      12.15%  
5 Years      11.35%  
10 Years      11.57%  
CLASS K SHARES2   
1 Year      12.48%  
5 Years      11.64%  
10 Years      11.89%  
CLASS I SHARES2   
1 Year      12.77%  
5 Years      11.88%  
10 Years      12.18%  
CLASS Z SHARES2   
1 Year      12.90%  
5 Years      11.96%  
Since Inception3      11.10%  

 

1

Assumes conversion of Class C shares into Class A shares after eight years.

 

2

Please note that these share classes are for investors purchasing shares through accounts established under certain fee-based programs sponsored and maintained by certain broker-dealers and financial intermediaries, institutional pension plans and/or investment advisory clients of, and certain other persons associated with, the Adviser and its affiliates or the Fund.

 

3

Inception date: 10/15/2013.

 

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AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    9


 

EXPENSE EXAMPLE

(unaudited)

 

As a shareholder of the Fund, you incur two types of costs: (1) transaction costs, including sales charges (loads) on purchase payments, contingent deferred sales charges on redemptions and (2) ongoing costs, including management fees; distribution (12b-1) fees; and other Fund expenses. This example is intended to help you understand your ongoing costs (in dollars) of investing in the Fund and to compare these costs with the ongoing costs of investing in other mutual funds.

The Example is based on an investment of $1,000 invested at the beginning of the period and held for the entire period as indicated below.

Actual Expenses

The table below provides information about actual account values and actual expenses. You may use the information, together with the amount you invested, to estimate the expenses that you paid over the period. Simply divide your account value by $1,000 (for example, an $8,600 account value divided by $1,000 = 8.6), then multiply the result by the number under the heading entitled “Expenses Paid During Period” to estimate the expenses you paid on your account during this period.

Hypothetical Example for Comparison Purposes

The table below also provides information about hypothetical account values and hypothetical expenses based on the Fund’s actual expense ratio and an assumed annual rate of return of 5% before expenses, which is not the Fund’s actual return. The hypothetical account values and expenses may not be used to estimate the actual ending account balance or expenses you paid for the period. You may use this information to compare the ongoing costs of investing in the Fund and other funds by comparing this 5% hypothetical example with the 5% hypothetical examples that appear in the shareholder reports of other funds.

Please note that the expenses shown in the table are meant to highlight your ongoing costs only and do not reflect any transactional costs, such as sales charges (loads), or contingent deferred sales charges on redemptions. Therefore, the hypothetical example is useful in comparing ongoing costs only, and will not help you determine the relative total costs of owning different funds. In addition, if these transactional costs were included, your costs would have been higher.

 

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EXPENSE EXAMPLE (continued)

 

    Beginning
Account Value
November 1, 2021
    Ending
Account Value
April 30, 2022
    Expenses Paid
During Period*
    Annualized
Expense Ratio*
 

Class A

     

Actual

  $     1,000     $     970.50     $ 4.40       0.90

Hypothetical**

  $ 1,000     $ 1,020.33     $ 4.51       0.90

Class C

       

Actual

  $ 1,000     $ 966.80     $ 8.05       1.65

Hypothetical**

  $ 1,000     $ 1,016.61     $ 8.25       1.65

Advisor Class

       

Actual

  $ 1,000     $ 971.80     $ 3.18       0.65

Hypothetical**

  $ 1,000     $ 1,021.57     $ 3.26       0.65

Class R

       

Actual

  $ 1,000     $ 969.70     $ 5.62       1.15

Hypothetical**

  $ 1,000     $ 1,019.09     $ 5.76       1.15

Class K

       

Actual

  $ 1,000     $ 971.90     $ 4.40       0.90

Hypothetical**

  $ 1,000     $ 1,020.33     $ 4.51       0.90

Class I

       

Actual

  $ 1,000     $ 972.00     $ 3.18       0.65

Hypothetical**

  $ 1,000     $ 1,021.57     $ 3.26       0.65

Class Z

       

Actual

  $ 1,000     $ 972.90     $ 2.98       0.61

Hypothetical**

  $ 1,000     $     1,021.77     $     3.06       0.61

 

*

Expenses are equal to each classes’ annualized expense ratios, multiplied by the average account value over the period, multiplied by 181/365 (to reflect the one-half year period).

 

**

Assumes 5% annual return before expenses.

 

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AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    11


 

PORTFOLIO SUMMARY

APRIL 30, 2022 (unaudited)

 

PORTFOLIO STATISTICS

Net Assets ($mil): $1,959.5

 

 

 

LOGO

TEN LARGEST HOLDINGS2

 

Company    U.S. $ Value      Percent of
Net Assets
 
Wells Fargo & Co.    $ 85,077,409        4.3
Anthem, Inc.      80,956,290        4.1  
Berkshire Hathaway, Inc. – Class B      75,803,712        3.9  
Philip Morris International, Inc.      75,020,000        3.8  
Raytheon Technologies Corp.      53,209,868        2.7  
Amgen, Inc.      52,250,884        2.7  
Target Corp.      51,526,277        2.6  
Roche Holding AG (Sponsored ADR)      50,140,397        2.6  
Comcast Corp. – Class A      49,580,680        2.5  
Walmart, Inc.      46,577,499        2.4  
   $   620,143,016        31.6

 

1

All data are as of April 30, 2022. The Fund’s sector breakdown is expressed as a percentage of total investments and may vary over time.

 

2

Long-term investments.

Please note: The sector classifications presented herein are based on the Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS) which was developed by Morgan Stanley Capital International and Standard & Poor’s. The components are divided into sector, industry group, and industry sub-indices as classified by the GICS for each of the market capitalization indices in the broad market. These sector classifications are broadly defined. The “Portfolio of Investments” section of the report reflects more specific industry information and is consistent with the investment restrictions discussed in the Fund’s prospectus.

 

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PORTFOLIO OF INVESTMENTS

April 30, 2022 (unaudited)

 

Company    Shares     U.S. $ Value  

 

 

COMMON STOCKS – 95.7%

 

Industrials – 18.3%

 

Aerospace & Defense – 5.9%

 

Curtiss-Wright Corp.

     128,789     $ 18,405,236  

Hexcel Corp.

     132,116       7,181,826  

Raytheon Technologies Corp.

     560,635       53,209,868  

Textron, Inc.

     529,358       36,658,041  
    

 

 

 
       115,454,971  
    

 

 

 

Air Freight & Logistics – 1.0%

    

Expeditors International of Washington, Inc.

     186,830       18,509,248  
    

 

 

 

Airlines – 0.6%

 

Alaska Air Group, Inc.(a)

     210,480       11,448,007  
    

 

 

 

Construction & Engineering – 0.8%

 

EMCOR Group, Inc.

     155,060       16,510,789  
    

 

 

 

Electrical Equipment – 2.5%

 

Acuity Brands, Inc.(b)

     82,654       14,256,162  

Emerson Electric Co.

     394,491       35,575,198  
    

 

 

 
       49,831,360  
    

 

 

 

Machinery – 3.1%

 

Altra Industrial Motion Corp.

     228,890       8,926,710  

Middleby Corp. (The)(a)

     50,990       7,846,851  

Toro Co. (The)

     166,665       13,354,866  

Westinghouse Air Brake Technologies Corp.(b)

     339,180       30,495,674  
    

 

 

 
       60,624,101  
    

 

 

 

Professional Services – 1.4%

 

Robert Half International, Inc.

     273,190       26,857,309  
    

 

 

 

Road & Rail – 1.9%

 

Knight-Swift Transportation Holdings, Inc.

     775,814       37,153,733  
    

 

 

 

Trading Companies & Distributors – 1.1%

 

MSC Industrial Direct Co., Inc. – Class A

     264,057       21,879,763  
    

 

 

 
       358,269,281  
    

 

 

 

Health Care – 17.1%

 

Biotechnology – 3.4%

 

Amgen, Inc.(b)

     224,070       52,250,884  

Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.(a)(b)

     22,630       14,915,659  
    

 

 

 
       67,166,543  
    

 

 

 

Health Care Providers & Services – 6.7%

 

Anthem, Inc.

     161,290       80,956,290  

Cigna Corp.(b)

     162,072       39,996,128  

Quest Diagnostics, Inc.

     82,520       11,044,477  
    

 

 

 
       131,996,895  
    

 

 

 

 

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AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    13


 

PORTFOLIO OF INVESTMENTS (continued)

 

Company    Shares     U.S. $ Value  

 

 

Life Sciences Tools & Services – 3.0%

 

Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. – Class A(a)

     49,730     $ 25,464,744  

PerkinElmer, Inc.(b)

     222,550       32,628,055  
    

 

 

 
       58,092,799  
    

 

 

 

Pharmaceuticals – 4.0%

 

Pfizer, Inc.

     560,390       27,498,337  

Roche Holding AG (Sponsored ADR)

     1,085,760       50,140,397  
    

 

 

 
       77,638,734  
    

 

 

 
       334,894,971  
    

 

 

 

Financials – 16.1%

 

Banks – 6.0%

 

JPMorgan Chase & Co.

     279,840       33,401,703  

Wells Fargo & Co.

     1,949,975       85,077,409  
    

 

 

 
       118,479,112  
    

 

 

 

Capital Markets – 3.6%

 

Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. (The)

     145,500       44,448,795  

Northern Trust Corp.

     264,190       27,224,779  
    

 

 

 
       71,673,574  
    

 

 

 

Consumer Finance – 0.9%

 

Capital One Financial Corp.

     136,822       17,050,758  
    

 

 

 

Diversified Financial Services – 3.9%

 

Berkshire Hathaway, Inc. – Class B(a)

     234,810       75,803,712  
    

 

 

 

Insurance – 1.7%

 

Aflac, Inc.

     121,179       6,941,133  

Allstate Corp. (The)

     204,050       25,820,487  
    

 

 

 
       32,761,620  
    

 

 

 
       315,768,776  
    

 

 

 

Consumer Discretionary – 11.8%

 

Auto Components – 0.7%

 

BorgWarner, Inc.

     386,630       14,239,583  
    

 

 

 

Distributors – 2.1%

 

LKQ Corp.(b)

     823,710       40,880,727  
    

 

 

 

Household Durables – 1.9%

 

DR Horton, Inc.

     531,320       36,974,559  
    

 

 

 

Multiline Retail – 2.6%

 

Target Corp.(b)

     225,350       51,526,277  
    

 

 

 

Specialty Retail – 4.1%

 

AutoZone, Inc.(a)

     12,070       23,602,523  

Lowe’s Cos., Inc.

     143,790       28,431,597  

Murphy USA, Inc.(b)

     49,860       11,647,296  

Ulta Beauty, Inc.(a)

     38,620       15,324,416  
    

 

 

 
       79,005,832  
    

 

 

 

 

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PORTFOLIO OF INVESTMENTS (continued)

 

Company    Shares     U.S. $ Value  

 

 

Textiles, Apparel & Luxury Goods – 0.4%

 

Deckers Outdoor Corp.(a)

     28,210     $ 7,496,808  
    

 

 

 
       230,123,786  
    

 

 

 

Information Technology – 9.1%

 

Communications Equipment – 2.5%

 

Ciena Corp.(a)

     405,414       22,366,690  

Cisco Systems, Inc.

     556,030       27,234,350  
    

 

 

 
       49,601,040  
    

 

 

 

Electronic Equipment, Instruments & Components – 1.6%

    

IPG Photonics Corp.(a)

     84,260       7,960,885  

Keysight Technologies, Inc.(a)

     168,830       23,681,784  
    

 

 

 
       31,642,669  
    

 

 

 

IT Services – 4.3%

 

Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp. – Class A

     516,770       41,806,693  

FleetCor Technologies, Inc.(a)

     136,643       34,095,161  

Maximus, Inc.(b)

     104,980       7,650,943  
    

 

 

 
       83,552,797  
    

 

 

 

Semiconductors & Semiconductor Equipment – 0.7%

    

MKS Instruments, Inc.(b)

     122,280       13,937,474  
    

 

 

 
       178,733,980  
    

 

 

 

Consumer Staples – 6.2%

 

Food & Staples Retailing – 2.4%

 

Walmart, Inc.

     304,448       46,577,499  
    

 

 

 

Tobacco – 3.8%

    

Philip Morris International, Inc.

     750,200       75,020,000  
    

 

 

 
       121,597,499  
    

 

 

 

Energy – 5.2%

 

Energy Equipment & Services – 0.8%

 

Helmerich & Payne, Inc.(b)

     325,711       14,992,477  
    

 

 

 

Oil, Gas & Consumable Fuels – 4.4%

    

Chevron Corp.

     94,090       14,741,080  

ConocoPhillips

     190,752       18,220,631  

EOG Resources, Inc.

     259,210       30,265,360  

Phillips 66

     272,710       23,660,320  
    

 

 

 
       86,887,391  
    

 

 

 
       101,879,868  
    

 

 

 

Communication Services – 4.8%

 

Diversified Telecommunication
Services – 4.8%

    

Comcast Corp. – Class A

     1,246,999       49,580,680  

Verizon Communications, Inc.

     961,950       44,538,285  
    

 

 

 
       94,118,965  
    

 

 

 

 

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AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    15


 

PORTFOLIO OF INVESTMENTS (continued)

 

Company    Shares     U.S. $ Value  

 

 

Real Estate – 4.0%

 

Equity Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) – 1.7%

    

Weyerhaeuser Co.

     819,690     $ 33,787,622  
    

 

 

 

Real Estate Management &
Development – 2.3%

    

CBRE Group, Inc. – Class A(a)

     528,830       43,914,043  
    

 

 

 
       77,701,665  
    

 

 

 

Materials – 2.2%

 

Chemicals – 0.7%

 

Mosaic Co. (The)(b)

     205,800       12,846,036  
    

 

 

 

Metals & Mining – 1.5%

    

BHP Group Ltd. (Sponsored ADR)

     242,550       16,245,999  

Steel Dynamics, Inc.

     156,980       13,461,035  
    

 

 

 
       29,707,034  
    

 

 

 
       42,553,070  
    

 

 

 

Utilities – 0.9%

 

Electric Utilities – 0.9%

 

IDACORP, Inc.

     175,670       18,476,971  
    

 

 

 

Total Common Stocks
(cost $1,555,191,986)

       1,874,118,832  
    

 

 

 
    

SHORT-TERM INVESTMENTS – 4.8%

 

Investment Companies – 4.8%

 

AB Fixed Income Shares, Inc. – Government Money Market Portfolio – Class AB, 0.22%(c)(d)(e)
(cost $94,271,535)

     94,271,535       94,271,535  
    

 

 

 

Total Investments – 100.5%
(cost $1,649,463,521)

       1,968,390,367  

Other assets less liabilities – (0.5)%

       (8,882,595
    

 

 

 

Net Assets – 100.0%

     $ 1,959,507,772  
    

 

 

 

 

(a)

Non-income producing security.

 

(b)

Represents entire or partial securities out on loan. See Note E for securities lending information.

 

(c)

Affiliated investments.

 

(d)

The rate shown represents the 7-day yield as of period end.

 

(e)

To obtain a copy of the fund’s shareholder report, please go to the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov, or call AB at (800) 227-4618.

Glossary:

ADR – American Depositary Receipt

REIT – Real Estate Investment Trust

See notes to financial statements.

 

16    |    AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND

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STATEMENT OF ASSETS & LIABILITIES

April 30, 2022 (unaudited)

 

Assets

 

Investments in securities, at value

 

Unaffiliated issuers (cost $1,555,191,986)

   $ 1,874,118,832 (a) 

Affiliated issuers (cost $94,271,535)

     94,271,535  

Receivable for investment securities sold

     6,607,963  

Unaffiliated dividends receivable

     2,460,520  

Receivable for capital stock sold

     1,248,593  

Affiliated dividends receivable

     16,433  
  

 

 

 

Total assets

         1,978,723,876  
  

 

 

 
Liabilities

 

Payable for investment securities purchased

     14,612,565  

Payable for capital stock redeemed

     2,825,849  

Advisory fee payable

     902,751  

Distribution fee payable

     335,809  

Transfer Agent fee payable

     133,713  

Administrative fee payable

     31,865  

Directors’ fees payable

     3,887  

Accrued expenses

     369,665  
  

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     19,216,104  
  

 

 

 

Net Assets

   $ 1,959,507,772  
  

 

 

 
Composition of Net Assets

 

Capital stock, at par

   $ 3,125,010  

Additional paid-in capital

     1,518,261,029  

Distributable earnings

     438,121,733  
  

 

 

 

Net Assets

   $ 1,959,507,772  
  

 

 

 

Net Asset Value Per Share—27 billion shares of capital stock authorized, $.01 par value

 

Class   Net Assets        Shares
Outstanding
       Net Asset
Value
 

 

 
A   $   1,370,351,824          219,262,492        $ 6.25

 

 
C   $ 27,951,527          4,466,165        $ 6.26  

 

 
Advisor   $ 442,162,149          70,030,840        $ 6.31  

 

 
R   $ 5,850,332          951,051        $ 6.15  

 

 
K   $ 15,806,975          2,559,363        $ 6.18  

 

 
I   $ 43,299,374          6,763,985        $ 6.40  

 

 
Z   $ 54,085,591          8,467,080        $   6.39  

 

 

 

(a)

Includes securities on loan with a value of $85,938,750 (see Note E).

 

*

The maximum offering price per share for Class A shares was $6.53 which reflects a sales charge of 4.25%.

See notes to financial statements.

 

abfunds.com  

AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    17


 

STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS

Six Months Ended April 30, 2022 (unaudited)

 

Investment Income     

Dividends

    

Unaffiliated issuers (net of foreign taxes withheld of $187,905)

   $     19,783,993    

Affiliated issuers

     26,837    

Securities lending income

     104,313     $ 19,915,143  
  

 

 

   
Expenses     

Advisory fee (see Note B)

     5,595,916    

Distribution fee—Class A

     1,791,380    

Distribution fee—Class C

     139,876    

Distribution fee—Class R

     15,347    

Distribution fee—Class K

     21,060    

Transfer agency—Class A

     696,365    

Transfer agency—Class C

     14,099    

Transfer agency—Advisor Class

     218,572    

Transfer agency—Class R

     7,981    

Transfer agency—Class K

     16,848    

Transfer agency—Class I

     25,258    

Transfer agency—Class Z

     7,119    

Custody and accounting

     82,673    

Registration fees

     78,080    

Printing

     55,149    

Administrative

     43,992    

Audit and tax

     24,450    

Directors’ fees

     21,364    

Legal

     20,649    

Miscellaneous

     33,039    
  

 

 

   

Total expenses

     8,909,217    

Less: expenses waived and reimbursed by the Adviser (see Notes B & E)

     (370,881  
  

 

 

   

Net expenses

       8,538,336  
    

 

 

 

Net investment income

       11,376,807  
    

 

 

 
Realized and Unrealized Gain (Loss) on Investment Transactions     

Net realized gain on investment transactions

       116,707,396  

Net change in unrealized appreciation/depreciation of investments

       (187,176,337
    

 

 

 

Net loss on investment transactions

       (70,468,941
    

 

 

 

Net Decrease in Net Assets from Operations

     $       (59,092,134
    

 

 

 

See notes to financial statements.

 

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STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN NET ASSETS

 

     Six Months Ended     Year Ended  
     April 30, 2022
(unaudited)
    October 31,
2021
 
Increase (Decrease) in Net Assets from Operations     

Net investment income

   $ 11,376,807     $ 15,556,837  

Net realized gain on investment transactions

     116,707,396       245,584,217  

Net change in unrealized appreciation/depreciation of investments

     (187,176,337     421,265,403  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets from operations

     (59,092,134     682,406,457  

Distributions to Shareholders

    

Class A

     (136,386,986     (14,506,533

Class C

     (2,451,273     (80,240

Advisor Class

     (41,574,707     (3,917,719

Class R

     (578,744     (59,896

Class K

     (1,593,163     (289,510

Class I

     (4,259,346     (528,941

Class Z

     (5,122,650     (580,278
Capital Stock Transactions     

Net increase (decrease)

     173,070,069       (34,278,832
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total increase (decrease)

     (77,988,934     628,164,508  
Net Assets     

Beginning of period

     2,037,496,706       1,409,332,198  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

End of period

   $     1,959,507,772     $     2,037,496,706  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to financial statements.

 

abfunds.com  

AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    19


 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

April 30, 2022 (unaudited)

 

NOTE A

Significant Accounting Policies

AB Relative Value Fund, Inc. (the “Fund”) is registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 as a diversified, open-end management investment company. The Fund offers Class A, Class C, Advisor Class, Class R, Class K, Class I and Class Z shares. Class B and Class T shares have been authorized but currently are not offered. Class A shares are sold with a front-end sales charge of up to 4.25% for purchases not exceeding $1,000,000. With respect to purchases of $1,000,000 or more, Class A shares redeemed within one year of purchase may be subject to a contingent deferred sales charge of 1%. Class C shares are subject to a contingent deferred sales charge of 1% on redemptions made within the first year after purchase, and 0% after the first year of purchase. Effective May 31, 2021, Class C shares automatically convert to Class A shares eight years after the end of the calendar month of purchase. Prior to May 31, 2021, Class C shares automatically converted to Class A shares 10 years after the end of the calendar month of purchase. Class R and Class K shares are sold without an initial or contingent deferred sales charge. Advisor Class, Class I and Class Z shares are sold without an initial or contingent deferred sales charge and are not subject to ongoing distribution expenses. All nine classes of shares have identical voting, dividend, liquidation and other rights, except that the classes bear different distribution and transfer agency expenses. Each class has exclusive voting rights with respect to its distribution plan. The financial statements have been prepared in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”), which require management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Fund is an investment company under U.S. GAAP and follows the accounting and reporting guidance applicable to investment companies. The following is a summary of significant accounting policies followed by the Fund.

1. Security Valuation

Portfolio securities are valued at their current market value determined on the basis of market quotations or, if market quotations are not readily available or are deemed unreliable, at “fair value” as determined in accordance with procedures established by and under the general supervision of the Fund’s Board of Directors (the “Board”).

In general, the market values of securities which are readily available and deemed reliable are determined as follows: securities listed on a national securities exchange (other than securities listed on the NASDAQ Stock

 

20    |    AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

Market, Inc. (“NASDAQ”)) or on a foreign securities exchange are valued at the last sale price at the close of the exchange or foreign securities exchange. If there has been no sale on such day, the securities are valued at the last traded price from the previous day. Securities listed on more than one exchange are valued by reference to the principal exchange on which the securities are traded; securities listed only on NASDAQ are valued in accordance with the NASDAQ Official Closing Price; listed or over the counter (“OTC”) market put or call options are valued at the mid level between the current bid and ask prices. If either a current bid or current ask price is unavailable, AllianceBernstein L.P. (the “Adviser”) will have discretion to determine the best valuation (e.g., last trade price in the case of listed options); open futures are valued using the closing settlement price or, in the absence of such a price, the most recent quoted bid price. If there are no quotations available for the day of valuation, the last available closing settlement price is used; U.S. Government securities and any other debt instruments having 60 days or less remaining until maturity are generally valued at market by an independent pricing vendor, if a market price is available. If a market price is not available, the securities are valued at amortized cost. This methodology is commonly used for short term securities that have an original maturity of 60 days or less, as well as short term securities that had an original term to maturity that exceeded 60 days. In instances when amortized cost is utilized, the Valuation Committee (the “Committee”) must reasonably conclude that the utilization of amortized cost is approximately the same as the fair value of the security. Factors the Committee will consider include, but are not limited to, an impairment of the creditworthiness of the issuer or material changes in interest rates. Fixed-income securities, including mortgage-backed and asset-backed securities, may be valued on the basis of prices provided by a pricing service or at a price obtained from one or more of the major broker-dealers. In cases where broker-dealer quotes are obtained, the Adviser may establish procedures whereby changes in market yields or spreads are used to adjust, on a daily basis, a recently obtained quoted price on a security. Swaps and other derivatives are valued daily, primarily using independent pricing services, independent pricing models using market inputs, as well as third party broker-dealers or counterparties. Open-end mutual funds are valued at the closing net asset value per share, while exchange traded funds are valued at the closing market price per share.

Securities for which market quotations are not readily available (including restricted securities) or are deemed unreliable are valued at fair value as deemed appropriate by the Adviser. Factors considered in making this determination may include, but are not limited to, information obtained by contacting the issuer, analysts, analysis of the issuer’s financial statements or other available documents. In addition, the Fund may use fair value

 

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AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    21


 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

pricing for securities primarily traded in non-U.S. markets because most foreign markets close well before the Fund values its securities at 4:00 p.m., Eastern Time. The earlier close of these foreign markets gives rise to the possibility that significant events, including broad market moves, may have occurred in the interim and may materially affect the value of those securities. To account for this, the Fund generally values many of its foreign equity securities using fair value prices based on third party vendor modeling tools to the extent available.

2. Fair Value Measurements

In accordance with U.S. GAAP regarding fair value measurements, fair value is defined as the price that the Fund would receive to sell an asset or pay to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. U.S. GAAP establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability (including those valued based on their market values as described in Note A.1 above). Inputs may be observable or unobservable and refer broadly to the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. Observable inputs reflect the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Fund. Unobservable inputs reflect the Fund’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best information available in the circumstances. Each investment is assigned a level based upon the observability of the inputs which are significant to the overall valuation. The three-tier hierarchy of inputs is summarized below.

 

   

Level 1—quoted prices in active markets for identical investments

   

Level 2—other significant observable inputs (including quoted prices for similar investments, interest rates, prepayment speeds, credit risk, etc.)

   

Level 3—significant unobservable inputs (including the Fund’s own assumptions in determining the fair value of investments)

Where readily available market prices or relevant bid prices are not available for certain equity investments, such investments may be valued based on similar publicly traded investments, movements in relevant indices since last available prices or based upon underlying company fundamentals and comparable company data (such as multiples to earnings or other multiples to equity). Where an investment is valued using an observable input, such as another publicly traded security, the investment will be classified as Level 2. If management determines that an adjustment is appropriate based on restrictions on resale, illiquidity or uncertainty, and such adjustment is a significant component of the valuation, the investment will be

 

22    |    AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

classified as Level 3. An investment will also be classified as Level 3 where management uses company fundamentals and other significant inputs to determine the valuation.

The following table summarizes the valuation of the Fund’s investments by the above fair value hierarchy levels as of April 30, 2022:

 

Investments in
Securities:

   Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total  

Assets:

 

Common Stocks(a)

   $ 1,874,118,832     $ – 0  –    $ – 0  –    $ 1,874,118,832  

Short-Term Investments

     94,271,535       – 0  –      – 0  –      94,271,535  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Investments in Securities

     1,968,390,367       – 0  –      – 0  –      1,968,390,367  

Other Financial Instruments(b)

     – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  – 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

   $   1,968,390,367     $   – 0  –    $   – 0  –    $   1,968,390,367  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a)

See Portfolio of Investments for sector classifications.

 

(b)

Other financial instruments are derivative instruments, such as futures, forwards and swaps, which are valued at the unrealized appreciation/(depreciation) on the instrument. Other financial instruments may also include swaps with upfront premiums, options written and swaptions written which are valued at market value.

3. Taxes

It is the Fund’s policy to meet the requirements of the Internal Revenue Code applicable to regulated investment companies and to distribute all of its investment company taxable income and net realized gains, if any, to shareholders. Therefore, no provisions for federal income or excise taxes are required. The Fund may be subject to taxes imposed by countries in which it invests. Such taxes are generally based on income and/or capital gains earned or repatriated. Taxes are accrued and applied to net investment income, net realized gains and net unrealized appreciation/depreciation as such income and/or gains are earned.

In accordance with U.S. GAAP requirements regarding accounting for uncertainties in income taxes, management has analyzed the Fund’s tax positions taken or expected to be taken on federal and state income tax returns for all open tax years (the current and the prior three tax years) and has concluded that no provision for income tax is required in the Fund’s financial statements.

4. Investment Income and Investment Transactions

Dividend income is recorded on the ex-dividend date or as soon as the Fund is informed of the dividend. Interest income is accrued daily. Investment transactions are accounted for on the date the securities are purchased or sold. Investment gains or losses are determined on the

 

abfunds.com  

AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    23


 

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

identified cost basis. The Fund amortizes premiums and accretes discounts as adjustments to interest income. The Fund accounts for distributions received from REIT investments or from regulated investment companies as dividend income, realized gain, or return of capital based on information provided by the REIT or the investment company.

5. Class Allocations

All income earned and expenses incurred by the Fund are borne on a pro-rata basis by each outstanding class of shares, based on the proportionate interest in the Fund represented by the shares of such class, except for class specific expenses which are allocated to the respective class. Realized and unrealized gains and losses are allocated among the various share classes based on respective net assets.

6. Dividends and Distributions

Dividends and distributions to shareholders, if any, are recorded on the ex-dividend date. Income dividends and capital gains distributions are determined in accordance with federal tax regulations and may differ from those determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP. To the extent these differences are permanent, such amounts are reclassified within the capital accounts based on their federal tax basis treatment; temporary differences do not require such reclassification.

NOTE B

Advisory Fee and Other Transactions with Affiliates

Under the terms of the investment advisory agreement, the Fund pays the Adviser an advisory fee at an annual rate of .55% of the first $2.5 billion, .45% of the next $2.5 billion and .40% in excess of $5 billion, of the Fund’s average daily net assets. The fee is accrued daily and paid monthly. The Adviser has agreed to waive its fees and bear certain expenses to the extent necessary to limit total operating expenses (excluding acquired fund fees and expenses other than the advisory fees of any AB mutual funds in which the Fund may invest, interest expense, taxes, extraordinary expenses, and brokerage commissions and other transaction costs) on an annual basis (the “Expense Caps”) to .90%, 1.65%, .65%, 1.15%, .90%, .65% and .65% of the daily average net assets for the Class A, Class C, Advisor Class, Class R, Class K, Class I and Class Z shares, respectively. The Expense Caps will remain in effect until February 28, 2023 and then may be extended by the Adviser for additional one-year terms. For the six months ended April 30, 2022, such reimbursements/waivers amounted to $338,920.

Pursuant to the investment advisory agreement, the Fund may reimburse the Adviser for certain legal and accounting services provided to the Fund by the Adviser. For the six months ended April 30, 2022, the reimbursement for such services amounted to $43,992.

 

24    |    AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

The Fund compensates AllianceBernstein Investor Services, Inc. (“ABIS”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Adviser, under a Transfer Agency Agreement for providing personnel and facilities to perform transfer agency services for the Fund. ABIS may make payments to intermediaries that provide omnibus account services, sub-accounting services and/or networking services. Such compensation retained by ABIS amounted to $356,859 for the six months ended April 30, 2022.

AllianceBernstein Investments, Inc. (the “Distributor”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Adviser, serves as the distributor of the Fund’s shares. The Distributor has advised the Fund that it has retained front-end sales charges of $10,691 from the sale of Class A shares and received $488 and $370 in contingent deferred sales charges imposed upon redemptions by shareholders of Class A and Class C shares, respectively, for the six months ended April 30, 2022.

The Fund may invest in AB Government Money Market Portfolio (the “Government Money Market Portfolio”) which has a contractual annual advisory fee rate of .20% of the portfolio’s average daily net assets and bears its own expenses. The Adviser has contractually agreed to waive .10% of the advisory fee of Government Money Market Portfolio (resulting in a net advisory fee of .10%) until February 28, 2023. In connection with the investment by the Fund in Government Money Market Portfolio, the Adviser has contractually agreed to waive its advisory fee from the Fund in an amount equal to the Fund’s pro rata share of the effective advisory fee of Government Money Market Portfolio, as borne indirectly by the Fund as an acquired fund fee and expense. For the six months ended April 30, 2022, such waiver amounted to $31,716.

A summary of the Fund’s transactions in AB mutual funds for the six months ended April 30, 2022 is as follows:

 

Fund

  Market Value
10/31/21
(000)
    Purchases
at Cost
(000)
    Sales
Proceeds
(000)
    Market Value
4/30/22
(000)
    Dividend
Income
(000)
 

Government Money Market Portfolio

  $     138,222     $     295,703     $     339,653     $     94,272     $     27  

Government Money Market Portfolio*

    11,850       58,429       70,279       – 0  –      2  
       

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

        $ 94,272     $ 29  
       

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

*

Investments of cash collateral for securities lending transactions (see Note E).

 

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

NOTE C

Distribution Services Agreement

The Fund has adopted a Distribution Services Agreement (the “Agreement”) pursuant to Rule 12b-1 under the Investment Company Act of 1940. Under the Agreement, the Fund pays distribution and servicing fees to the Distributor at an annual rate of up to .30% of the Fund’s average daily net assets attributable to Class A shares, 1% of the Fund’s average daily net assets attributable to Class C shares, .50% of the Fund’s average daily net assets attributable to Class R shares and .25% of the Fund’s average daily net assets attributable to Class K shares. There are no distribution and servicing fees on the Advisor Class, Class I and Class Z shares. The fees are accrued daily and paid monthly. Payments under the Agreement in respect of Class A shares are currently limited to an annual rate of .25% of Class A shares’ average daily net assets. The Agreement provides that the Distributor will use such payments in their entirety for distribution assistance and promotional activities. Since the commencement of the Fund’s operations, the Distributor has incurred expenses in excess of the distribution costs reimbursed by the Fund in the amounts of $11,892,949, $284,205 and $234,290 for Class C, Class R and Class K shares, respectively. While such costs may be recovered from the Fund in future periods so long as the Agreement is in effect, the rate of the distribution and servicing fees payable under the Agreement may not be increased without a shareholder vote. In accordance with the Agreement, there is no provision for recovery of unreimbursed distribution costs incurred by the Distributor beyond the current fiscal year for Class A shares. The Agreement also provides that the Adviser may use its own resources to finance the distribution of the Fund’s shares.

NOTE D

Investment Transactions

Purchases and sales of investment securities (excluding short-term investments) for the six months ended April 30, 2022 were as follows:

 

     Purchases     Sales  

Investment securities (excluding U.S. government securities)

   $     579,515,609     $     547,574,055  

U.S. government securities

     – 0  –      – 0  – 

The cost of investments for federal income tax purposes was substantially the same as the cost for financial reporting purposes. Accordingly, gross unrealized appreciation and unrealized depreciation are as follows:

 

Gross unrealized appreciation

   $ 358,002,492  

Gross unrealized depreciation

     (39,075,646
  

 

 

 

Net unrealized appreciation

   $     318,926,846  
  

 

 

 

 

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

1. Derivative Financial Instruments

The Fund may use derivatives in an effort to earn income and enhance returns, to replace more traditional direct investments, to obtain exposure to otherwise inaccessible markets (collectively, “investment purposes”), or to hedge or adjust the risk profile of its portfolio.

The Fund did not engage in derivatives transactions for the six months ended April 30, 2022.

2. Currency Transactions

The Fund may invest in non-U.S. Dollar-denominated securities on a currency hedged or unhedged basis. The Fund may seek investment opportunities by taking long or short positions in currencies through the use of currency-related derivatives, including forward currency exchange contracts, futures and options on futures, swaps, and other options. The Fund may enter into transactions for investment opportunities when it anticipates that a foreign currency will appreciate or depreciate in value but securities denominated in that currency are not held by the Fund and do not present attractive investment opportunities. Such transactions may also be used when the Adviser believes that it may be more efficient than a direct investment in a foreign currency-denominated security. The Fund may also conduct currency exchange contracts on a spot basis (i.e., for cash at the spot rate prevailing in the currency exchange market for buying or selling currencies).

NOTE E

Securities Lending

The Fund may enter into securities lending transactions. Under the Fund’s securities lending program, all loans of securities will be collateralized continually by cash collateral and/or non-cash collateral. Non-cash collateral will include only securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government or its agencies or instrumentalities. The Fund cannot sell or repledge any non-cash collateral, such collateral will not be reflected in the portfolio of investments. If a loan is collateralized by cash, the Fund will be compensated for the loan from a portion of the net return from the income earned on cash collateral after a rebate is paid to the borrower (in some cases, this rebate may be a “negative rebate” or fee paid by the borrower to the Fund in connection with the loan), and payments are made for fees of the securities lending agent and for certain other administrative expenses. If the Fund receives non-cash collateral, the Fund will receive a fee from the borrower generally equal to a negotiated percentage of the market value of the loaned securities. The Fund will have the right to call a loan and obtain the securities loaned at any time on notice to the borrower within the normal and customary settlement time for the securities. While the securities are on loan, the borrower is obligated to pay the Fund amounts equal

 

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

to any dividend income or other distributions from the securities; however, these distributions will not be afforded the same preferential tax treatment as qualified dividends. The Fund will not be able to exercise voting rights with respect to any securities during the existence of a loan, but will have the right to regain ownership of loaned securities in order to exercise voting or other ownership rights. Collateral received and securities loaned are marked to market daily to ensure that the securities loaned are secured by collateral. The lending agent currently invests the cash collateral received in Government Money Market Portfolio, an eligible money market vehicle, in accordance with the investment restrictions of the Fund, and as approved by the Board. The collateral received on securities loaned is recorded as an asset as well as a corresponding liability in the statement of assets and liabilities. The collateral will be adjusted the next business day to maintain the required collateral amount. The amounts of securities lending income from the borrowers and Government Money Market Portfolio are reflected in the statement of operations. When the Fund earns net securities lending income from Government Money Market Portfolio, the income is inclusive of a rebate expense paid to the borrower. In connection with the cash collateral investment by the Fund in Government Money Market Portfolio, the Adviser has agreed to waive a portion of the Fund’s share of the advisory fees of Government Money Market Portfolio, as borne indirectly by the Fund as an acquired fund fee and expense. When the Fund lends securities, its investment performance will continue to reflect changes in the value of the securities loaned. A principal risk of lending portfolio securities is that the borrower may fail to return the loaned securities upon termination of the loan and that the collateral will not be sufficient to replace the loaned securities. The lending agent has agreed to indemnify the Fund in the case of default of any securities borrower.

A summary of the Fund’s transactions surrounding securities lending for the six months ended April 30, 2022 is as follows:

 

                        Government Money
Market Portfolio
 
Market
Value of
Securities

on Loan*
    Cash
Collateral*
    Market
Value of
Non-Cash
Collateral*
    Income from
Borrowers
    Income
Earned
    Advisory Fee
Waived
 
$     85,938,750     $     – 0  –    $     89,744,647     $     102,728     $     1,585     $     245  

 

*

As of April 30, 2022.

 

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

NOTE F

Capital Stock

Each class consists of 3,000,000,000 authorized shares. Transactions in capital shares for each class were as follows:

 

             
     Shares           Amount        
     Six Months Ended
April 30, 2022
(unaudited)
     Year Ended
October 31,
2021
          Six Months Ended
April 30, 2022
(unaudited)
    Year Ended
October 31,
2021
       
  

 

 

   
Class A              

Shares sold

     6,385,494        7,273,843       $ 42,533,295     $ 47,436,456    

 

   

Shares issued in reinvestment of dividends and distributions

     18,664,995        2,206,521         120,202,564       12,466,843    

 

   

Shares converted from Class C

     300,415        1,681,772         2,018,014       11,247,302    

 

   

Shares redeemed

     (10,561,964      (27,303,182       (70,031,693     (170,627,238  

 

   

Net increase (decrease)

     14,788,940        (16,141,046     $ 94,722,180     $ (99,476,637  

 

   
             
Class C              

Shares sold

     823,799        977,449       $ 5,430,172     $ 6,419,223    

 

   

Shares issued in reinvestment of dividends and distributions

     356,319        12,504         2,305,384       71,022    

 

   

Shares converted to Class A

     (300,125      (1,679,927       (2,018,014     (11,247,302  

 

   

Shares redeemed

     (440,408      (808,798       (2,939,252     (5,145,172  

 

   

Net increase (decrease)

     439,585        (1,498,772     $ 2,778,290     $ (9,902,229  

 

   
             
Advisor Class              

Shares sold

     14,309,747        24,956,557       $ 95,420,359     $ 162,485,738    

 

   

Shares issued in reinvestment of dividends and distributions

     5,528,564        578,765         35,935,669       3,293,174    

 

   

Shares redeemed

     (10,103,235      (12,275,400       (67,142,929     (80,101,245  

 

   

Net increase

     9,735,076        13,259,922       $ 64,213,099     $ 85,677,667    

 

   
             
Class R              

Shares sold

     104,653        167,373       $ 678,038     $ 1,064,404    

 

   

Shares issued in reinvestment of dividends and distributions

     91,284        10,773         578,744       59,896    

 

   

Shares redeemed

     (185,795      (442,169       (1,220,820     (2,769,390  

 

   

Net increase (decrease)

     10,142        (264,023     $ 35,962     $ (1,645,090  

 

   

 

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

             
     Shares           Amount        
     Six Months Ended
April 30, 2022
(unaudited)
     Year Ended
October 31,
2021
          Six Months Ended
April 30, 2022
(unaudited)
    Year Ended
October 31,
2021
       
  

 

 

   
Class K              

Shares sold

     150,459        562,443       $ 982,845     $ 3,661,861    

 

   

Shares issued in reinvestment of dividends and distributions

     250,497        51,883         1,593,157       289,510    

 

   

Shares redeemed

     (266,587      (2,602,959       (1,734,197     (15,731,013  

 

   

Net increase (decrease)

     134,369        (1,988,633     $ 841,805     $ (11,779,642  

 

   
             
Class I              

Shares sold

     532,370        1,573,209       $ 3,623,519     $ 10,180,826    

 

   

Shares issued in reinvestment of dividends and distributions

     646,335        91,671         4,259,346       528,941    

 

   

Shares redeemed

     (591,812      (2,037,976       (3,987,144     (13,380,478  

 

   

Net increase (decrease)

     586,893        (373,096     $ 3,895,721     $ (2,670,711  

 

   
             
Class Z              

Shares sold

     1,219,069        2,639,960       $ 8,142,620     $ 17,438,114    

 

   

Shares issued in reinvestment of dividends and distributions

     777,571        100,743         5,108,642       580,278    

 

   

Shares redeemed

     (987,091      (1,915,754       (6,668,250     (12,500,582  

 

   

Net increase

     1,009,549        824,949       $ 6,583,012     $ 5,517,810    

 

   

NOTE G

Risks Involved in Investing in the Fund

Market Risk—The value of the Fund’s investments will fluctuate as the stock or bond market fluctuates. The value of its investments may decline, sometimes rapidly and unpredictably, simply because of economic changes or other events, including public health crises (including the occurrence of a contagious disease or illness) and regional and global conflicts, that affect large portions of the market. It includes the risk that a particular style of investing, such as the Fund’s value approach, may be underperforming the market generally.

Capitalization Risk—Investments in small- and mid-capitalization companies may be more volatile than investments in large-capitalization companies. Investments in small- and mid-capitalization companies have additional risks because these companies may have limited product lines, markets or financial resources.

 

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

Derivatives Risk—Derivatives may be difficult to price or unwind and leveraged so that small changes may produce disproportionate losses for the Fund. Derivatives, especially over-the-counter derivatives, are also subject to counterparty risk, which is the risk that the counterparty (the party on the other side of the transaction) on a derivative transaction will be unable or unwilling to honor its contractual obligations to the Fund.

LIBOR Transition and Associated Risk—A Fund may be exposed to debt securities, derivatives or other financial instruments that are tied to the London Interbank Offered Rate, or “LIBOR,” as a “benchmark” or “reference rate” for various interest rate calculations. In 2017, the United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”), which regulates LIBOR, announced a desire to phase out the use of LIBOR by the end of 2021. The FCA and LIBOR’s administrator, ICE Benchmark Administration, have since announced that most LIBOR settings (which reflect LIBOR rates quoted in different currencies over various time periods) will no longer be published after the end of 2021 but that the most widely used U.S. dollar LIBOR settings will continue to be published until June 30, 2023. However, banks were strongly encouraged to cease entering into agreements with counterparties referencing LIBOR by the end of 2021. It is possible that a subset of LIBOR settings will be published after these dates on a “synthetic” basis, but any such publications would be considered non-representative of the underlying market. The U.S. Federal Reserve, based on the recommendations of the New York Federal Reserve’s Alternative Reference Rate Committee (comprised of major derivative market participants and their regulators), has begun publishing a Secured Overnight Funding Rate (referred to as SOFR), which is intended to replace U.S. dollar LIBOR. Proposals for alternative reference rates for other currencies have also been announced or have already begun publication. Markets are slowly developing in response to these new rates.

The elimination of LIBOR or changes to other reference rates or any other changes or reforms to the determination or supervision of reference rates could have an adverse impact on the market for, or value of, any securities or payments linked to those reference rates, which may adversely affect a Fund’s performance and/or net asset value. Uncertainty and risk also remain regarding the willingness and ability of issuers and lenders to include revised provisions in new and existing contracts or instruments. Consequently, the transition away from LIBOR to other reference rates may lead to increased volatility and illiquidity in markets that are tied to LIBOR, fluctuations in values of LIBOR-related investments or investments in issuers that utilize LIBOR, increased difficulty in borrowing or refinancing and diminished effectiveness of hedging strategies, potentially adversely affecting a Fund’s performance. Furthermore, the risks associated with the expected discontinuation of LIBOR and transition may be exacerbated if

 

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

the work necessary to effect an orderly transition to an alternative reference rate is not completed in a timely manner. The potential effects of a phase out of LIBOR on LIBOR-based investments are currently unknown.

Indemnification Risk—In the ordinary course of business, the Fund enters into contracts that contain a variety of indemnifications. The Fund’s maximum exposure under these arrangements is unknown. However, the Fund has not had prior claims or losses pursuant to these indemnification provisions and expects the risk of loss thereunder to be remote. Therefore, the Fund has not accrued any liability in connection with these indemnification provisions.

Management Risk—The Fund is subject to management risk because it is an actively-managed investment fund. The Adviser will apply its investment techniques and risk analyses in making investment decisions, but there is no guarantee that its techniques will produce the intended results. Some of these techniques may incorporate, or rely upon, quantitative models, but there is no guarantee that these models will generate accurate forecasts, reduce risk or otherwise perform as expected.

NOTE H

Joint Credit Facility

A number of open-end mutual funds managed by the Adviser, including the Fund, participate in a $325 million revolving credit facility (the “Facility”) intended to provide short-term financing related to redemptions and other short term liquidity requirements, subject to certain restrictions. Commitment fees related to the Facility are paid by the participating funds and are included in miscellaneous expenses in the statement of operations. The Fund did not utilize the Facility during the six months ended April 30, 2022.

NOTE I

Distributions to Shareholders

The tax character of distributions to be paid for the year ending October 31, 2022 will be determined at the end of the current fiscal year. The tax character of distributions paid during the fiscal years ended October 31, 2021 and October 31, 2020 were as follows:

 

     2021     2020  

Distributions paid from:

    

Ordinary income

   $ 19,963,117     $ 23,212,624  

Net long-term capital gains

     – 0  –      58,985,606  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total taxable distributions

   $     19,963,117     $     82,198,230  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (continued)

 

As of October 31, 2021, the components of accumulated earnings/(deficit) on a tax basis were as follows:

 

Undistributed ordinary income

   $ 25,066,638  

Undistributed capital gains

     165,675,398 (a) 

Unrealized appreciation/(depreciation)

         498,438,700 (b) 
  

 

 

 

Total accumulated earnings/(deficit)

   $ 689,180,736  
  

 

 

 

 

(a)

During the fiscal year, the Fund utilized $58,707,296 of capital loss carry forwards to offset current year net realized gains.

 

(b)

The differences between book-basis and tax-basis unrealized appreciation/(depreciation) are attributable primarily to the tax deferral of losses on wash sales.

For tax purposes, net realized capital losses may be carried over to offset future capital gains, if any. Funds are permitted to carry forward capital losses for an indefinite period, and such losses will retain their character as either short-term or long-term capital losses. As of October 31, 2021, the Fund did not have any capital loss carryforwards.

NOTE J

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued an Accounting Standards Update, ASU 2020-04, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) – Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting.” ASU 2020-04 provides optional guidance to ease the potential accounting burden due to the discontinuation of the LIBOR and other interbank-offered based reference rates. ASU 2020-04 is effective as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. Management is currently evaluating the impact, if any, of applying ASU 2020-04.

NOTE K

Subsequent Events

Management has evaluated subsequent events for possible recognition or disclosure in the financial statements through the date the financial statements are issued. Management has determined that there are no material events that would require disclosure in the Fund’s financial statements through this date.

 

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FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

Selected Data For A Share Of Capital Stock Outstanding Throughout Each Period

 

    Class A  
   

Six Months
Ended
April 30,
2022

(unaudited)

    Year Ended October 31,  
    2021     2020     2019     2018     2017  
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, beginning of period

    $  7.11       $  4.82       $  5.65       $  5.94       $  6.24       $  5.49  
 

 

 

 

Income From Investment Operations

           

Net investment income(a)(b)

    .04       .05       .06       .06       .06        .05  

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) on investment transactions

    (.23     2.31       (.64     .38       .38       1.09  

Capital contributions

    – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      .00 (c)      – 0  – 
 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net asset value from operations

    (.19     2.36       (.58     .44       .44       1.14  
 

 

 

 

Less: Dividends and Distributions

           

Dividends from net investment income

    (.05     (.07     (.07     (.06     (.05     (.10

Distributions from net realized gain on investment transactions

    (.62     – 0  –      (.18     (.67     (.69     (.29
 

 

 

 

Total dividends and distributions

    (.67     (.07     (.25     (.73     (.74     (.39
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, end of period

    $  6.25       $  7.11       $  4.82       $  5.65       $  5.94       $  6.24  
 

 

 

 

Total Return

           

Total investment return based on net asset value(d)*

    (2.95 )%      49.27  %      (10.85 )%      9.29  %      7.39  %       21.54  % 

Ratios/Supplemental Data

           

Net assets, end of period (000,000’s omitted)

    $1,370       $1,454       $1,061       $1,333       $1,325       $1,379  

Ratio to average net assets of:

           

Expenses, net of waivers/reimbursements(e)

    .90  %^      .90  %      .89  %      .89  %      .88  %      .87  % 

Expenses, before waivers/reimbursements(e)

    .93  %^      .95  %      .98  %      .97  %      .97  %      .98  % 

Net investment income(b)

    1.06  %^      .79  %      1.27  %      1.17  %      .92  %       .82  % 

Portfolio turnover rate

    28  %      55  %      55  %      77  %      110  %      85  % 
           
 

  Expense ratios exclude the estimated acquired fund fees of the affiliated/unaffiliated underlying

   

portfolios

    .00  %^      .00  %      .01  %      .01  %      .02  %      .03  % 

See footnote summary on page 41.

 

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FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS (continued)

Selected Data For A Share Of Capital Stock Outstanding Throughout Each Period

 

    Class C  
   

Six Months
Ended
April 30,
2022

(unaudited)

    Year Ended October 31,  
    2021     2020     2019     2018     2017  
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, beginning of period

    $  7.10       $  4.80       $  5.62       $  5.90       $  6.20       $  5.45  
 

 

 

 

Income From Investment Operations

           

Net investment income(a)(b)

    .01       .00 (c)      .03       .02       .01        .01  

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) on investment transactions

    (.23     2.31       (.66     .39       .38       1.08  

Capital contributions

    – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      .00 (c)      – 0  – 
 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net asset value from operations

    (.22     2.31       (.63     .41       .39       1.09  
 

 

 

 

Less: Dividends and Distributions

           

Dividends from net investment income

    – 0  –      (.01     (.01     (.02     – 0  –      (.05

Distributions from net realized gain on investment transactions

    (.62     – 0  –      (.18     (.67     (.69     (.29
 

 

 

 

Total dividends and distributions

    (.62     (.01     (.19     (.69     (.69     (.34
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, end of period

    $  6.26       $  7.10       $  4.80       $  5.62       $  5.90       $  6.20  
 

 

 

 

Total Return

           

Total investment return based on net asset value(d)*

    (3.32 )%      48.30  %      (11.61 )%      8.54  %      6.53  %       20.77  % 

Ratios/Supplemental Data

           

Net assets, end of period (000’s omitted)

    $27,952       $28,571       $26,515       $42,996       $56,237       $63,674  

Ratio to average net assets of:

           

Expenses, net of waivers/reimbursements(e)

    1.65  %^      1.65  %      1.64  %      1.64  %      1.63  %      1.63  % 

Expenses, before waivers/reimbursements(e)

    1.69  %^      1.70  %      1.73  %      1.72  %      1.72  %      1.74  % 

Net investment income(b)

    .31  %^      .05  %      .54  %      .43  %      .18  %       .13  % 

Portfolio turnover rate

    28  %      55  %      55  %      77  %      110  %      85  % 
           
 

  Expense ratios exclude the estimated acquired fund fees of the affiliated/unaffiliated underlying

   

portfolios

    .00  %^      .00  %      .01  %      .01  %      .02  %      .03  % 

See footnote summary on page 41.

 

abfunds.com  

AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    35


 

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS (continued)

Selected Data For A Share Of Capital Stock Outstanding Throughout Each Period

 

    Advisor Class  
   

Six Months
Ended
April 30,
2022

(unaudited)

    Year Ended October 31,  
    2021     2020     2019     2018     2017  
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, beginning of period

    $  7.18       $  4.87       $  5.71       $  6.00       $  6.30       $  5.53  
 

 

 

 

Income From Investment Operations

           

Net investment income(a)(b)

    .04       .07       .08       .08       .07        .06  

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) on investment transactions

    (.23     2.32       (.66     .38       .39       1.11  

Capital contributions

    – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      .00 (c)      – 0  – 
 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net asset value from operations

    (.19     2.39       (.58     .46       .46       1.17  
 

 

 

 

Less: Dividends and Distributions

           

Dividends from net investment income

    (.06     (.08     (.08     (.08     (.07     (.11

Distributions from net realized gain on investment transactions

    (.62     – 0  –      (.18     (.67     (.69     (.29
 

 

 

 

Total dividends and distributions

    (.68     (.08     (.26     (.75     (.76     (.40
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, end of period

    $  6.31       $  7.18       $  4.87       $  5.71       $  6.00       $  6.30  
 

 

 

 

Total Return

           

Total investment return based on net asset value(d)*

    (2.82 )%      49.53  %      (10.68 )%      9.58  %      7.60  %       22.09  % 

Ratios/Supplemental Data

           

Net assets, end of period (000’s omitted)

    $442,162       $433,047       $228,842       $323,301       $212,812       $162,527  

Ratio to average net assets of:

           

Expenses, net of waivers/reimbursements(e)

    .65  %^      .65  %      .64  %      .64  %      .63  %      .62  % 

Expenses, before waivers/reimbursements(e)

    .68  %^      .70  %      .73  %      .73  %      .72  %      .73  % 

Net investment income(b)

    1.31  %^      1.03  %      1.53  %      1.41  %      1.17  %       1.05  % 

Portfolio turnover rate

    28  %      55  %      55  %      77  %      110  %      85  % 
           
 

  Expense ratios exclude the estimated acquired fund fees of the affiliated/unaffiliated underlying

   

portfolios

    .00  %^      .00  %      .01  %      .01  %      .02  %      .03  % 

See footnote summary on page 41.

 

36    |    AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND

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FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS (continued)

Selected Data For A Share Of Capital Stock Outstanding Throughout Each Period

 

    Class R  
   

Six Months
Ended
April 30,
2022

(unaudited)

    Year Ended October 31,  
    2021     2020     2019     2018     2017  
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, beginning of period

    $  6.98       $  4.73       $  5.55       $  5.84       $  6.14       $  5.40  
 

 

 

 

Income From Investment Operations

           

Net investment income(a)(b)

    .03       .03       .05       .05       .04        .03  

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) on investment transactions

    (.23     2.27       (.64     .37       .37       1.08  

Capital contributions

    – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      .00 (c)      – 0  – 
 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net asset value from operations

    (.20     2.30       (.59     .42       .41       1.11  
 

 

 

 

Less: Dividends and Distributions

           

Dividends from net investment income

    (.01     (.05     (.05     (.04     (.02     (.08

Distributions from net realized gain on investment transactions

    (.62     – 0  –      (.18     (.67     (.69     (.29
 

 

 

 

Total dividends and distributions

    (.63     (.05     (.23     (.71     (.71     (.37
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, end of period

    $  6.15       $  6.98       $  4.73       $  5.55       $  5.84       $  6.14  
 

 

 

 

Total Return

           

Total investment return based on net asset value(d)*

    (3.03 )%      48.90  %      (11.22 )%      9.06  %      7.02  %       21.45  % 

Ratios/Supplemental Data

           

Net assets, end of period (000’s omitted)

    $5,850       $6,569       $5,698       $6,588       $7,503       $7,305  

Ratio to average net assets of:

           

Expenses, net of waivers/reimbursements(e)

    1.15  %^      1.15  %      1.14  %      1.14  %      1.13  %      1.13  % 

Expenses, before waivers/reimbursements(e)

    1.34  %^      1.35  %      1.35  %      1.35  %      1.33  %      1.33  % 

Net investment income(b)

    .80  %^      .54  %      1.02  %      .93  %      .67  %       .60  % 

Portfolio turnover rate

    28  %      55  %      55  %      77  %      110  %      85  % 
           
 

  Expense ratios exclude the estimated acquired fund fees of the affiliated/unaffiliated underlying

   

portfolios

    .00  %^      .00  %      .01  %      .01  %      .02  %      .03  % 

See footnote summary on page 41.

 

abfunds.com  

AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    37


 

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS (continued)

Selected Data For A Share Of Capital Stock Outstanding Throughout Each Period

 

    Class K  
   

Six Months
Ended
April 30,
2022

(unaudited)

    Year Ended October 31,  
    2021     2020     2019     2018     2017  
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, beginning of period

    $  7.02       $  4.76       $  5.58       $  5.88       $  6.19       $  5.45  
 

 

 

 

Income From Investment Operations

           

Net investment income(a)(b)

    .03       .05       .06       .06       .05        .04  

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) on investment transactions

    (.21     2.28       (.63     .37       .39       1.09  

Capital contributions

    – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      .00 (c)      – 0  – 
 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net asset value from operations

    (.18     2.33       (.57     .43       .44       1.13  
 

 

 

 

Less: Dividends and Distributions

           

Dividends from net investment income

    (.04     (.07     (.07     (.06     (.06     (.10

Distributions from net realized gain on investment transactions

    (.62     – 0  –      (.18     (.67     (.69     (.29
 

 

 

 

Total dividends and distributions

    (.66     (.07     (.25     (.73     (.75     (.39
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, end of period

    $  6.18       $  7.02       $  4.76       $  5.58       $  5.88       $  6.19  
 

 

 

 

Total Return

           

Total investment return based on net asset value(d)*

    (2.81 )%      49.23  %      (10.85 )%      9.24  %      7.44  %       21.57  % 

Ratios/Supplemental Data

           

Net assets, end of period (000’s omitted)

    $15,807       $17,030       $20,989       $25,198       $23,947       $20,559  

Ratio to average net assets of:

           

Expenses, net of waivers/reimbursements(e)

    .90  %^      .90  %      .89  %      .89  %      .88  %      .87  % 

Expenses, before waivers/reimbursements(e)

    1.04  %^      1.01  %      1.03  %      1.02  %      1.00  %      1.03  % 

Net investment income(b)

    1.06  %^      .79  %      1.28  %      1.17  %      .92  %       .72  % 

Portfolio turnover rate

    28  %      55  %      55  %      77  %      110  %      85  % 
           
 

  Expense ratios exclude the estimated acquired fund fees of the affiliated/unaffiliated underlying

   

portfolios

    .00  %^      .00  %      .01  %      .01  %      .02  %      .03  % 

See footnote summary on page 41.

 

38    |    AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND

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FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS (continued)

Selected Data For A Share Of Capital Stock Outstanding Throughout Each Period

 

    Class I  
   

Six Months
Ended
April 30,
2022

(unaudited)

    Year Ended October 31,  
    2021     2020     2019     2018     2017  
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, beginning of period

    $  7.27       $  4.93       $  5.78       $  6.06       $  6.35       $  5.57  
 

 

 

 

Income From Investment Operations

           

Net investment income(a)(b)

    .04       .07       .08       .08       .07        .06  

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) on investment transactions

    (.23     2.35       (.67     .39       .40       1.12  

Capital contributions

    – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      .00 (c)      – 0  – 
 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net asset value from operations

    (.19     2.42       (.59     .47       .47       1.18  
 

 

 

 

Less: Dividends and Distributions

           

Dividends from net investment income

    (.06     (.08     (.08     (.08     (.07     (.11

Distributions from net realized gain on investment transactions

    (.62     – 0  –      (.18     (.67     (.69     (.29
 

 

 

 

Total dividends and distributions

    (.68     (.08     (.26     (.75     (.76     (.40
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, end of period

    $  6.40       $  7.27       $  4.93       $  5.78       $  6.06       $  6.35  
 

 

 

 

Total Return

           

Total investment return based on net asset value(d)*

    (2.80 )%      49.57  %      (10.73 )%      9.62  %      7.70  %       22.15  % 

Ratios/Supplemental Data

           

Net assets, end of period (000’s omitted)

    $43,299       $44,916       $32,266       $33,781       $32,720       $30,801  

Ratio to average net assets of:

           

Expenses, net of waivers/reimbursements(e)

    .65  %^      .65  %      .64  %      .64  %      .63  %      .62  % 

Expenses, before waivers/reimbursements(e)

    .70  %^      .70  %      .72  %      .71  %      .72  %      .71  % 

Net investment income(b)

    1.31  %^      1.03  %      1.50  %      1.43  %      1.17  %       1.07  % 

Portfolio turnover rate

    28  %      55  %      55  %      77  %      110  %      85  % 
           
 

  Expense ratios exclude the estimated acquired fund fees of the affiliated/unaffiliated underlying

   

portfolios

    .00  %^      .00  %      .01  %      .01  %      .02  %      .03  % 

See footnote summary on page 41.

 

abfunds.com  

AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    39


 

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS (continued)

Selected Data For A Share Of Capital Stock Outstanding Throughout Each Period

 

    Class Z  
   

Six Months
Ended
April 30,
2022

(unaudited)

    Year Ended October 31,  
    2021     2020     2019     2018     2017  
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, beginning of period

    $  7.26       $  4.92       $  5.77       $  6.06       $  6.36       $  5.57  
 

 

 

 

Income From Investment Operations

           

Net investment income(a)(b)

    .05       .07       .08       .08       .08        .07  

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) on investment transactions

    (.23     2.36       (.66     .39       .38       1.12  

Capital contributions

    – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      – 0  –      .00 (c)      – 0  – 
 

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net asset value from operations

    (.18     2.43       (.58     .47       .46       1.19  
 

 

 

 

Less: Dividends and Distributions

           

Dividends from net investment income

    (.07     (.09     (.09     (.09     (.07     (.11

Distributions from net realized gain on investment transactions

    (.62     – 0  –      (.18     (.67     (.69     (.29
 

 

 

 

Total dividends and distributions

    (.69     (.09     (.27     (.76     (.76     (.40
 

 

 

 

Net asset value, end of period

    $  6.39       $  7.26       $  4.92       $  5.77       $  6.06       $  6.36  
 

 

 

 

Total Return

           

Total investment return based on net asset value(d)*

    (2.71 )%      49.78  %      (10.67 )%      9.57  %      7.60  %       22.18  % 

Ratios/Supplemental Data

           

Net assets, end of period (000’s omitted)

    $54,086       $54,161       $32,643       $75,553       $66,355       $75,777  

Ratio to average net assets of:

           

Expenses, net of waivers/reimbursements(e)

    .61  %^      .61  %      .61  %      .61  %      .59  %      .59  % 

Expenses, before waivers/reimbursements(e)

    .61  %^      .61  %      .62  %      .62  %      .61  %      .62  % 

Net investment income(b)

    1.35  %^      1.08  %      1.62  %      1.44  %      1.22  %       1.10  % 

Portfolio turnover rate

    28  %      55  %      55  %      77  %      110  %      85  % 
           
 

  Expense ratios exclude the estimated acquired fund fees of the affiliated/unaffiliated underlying

   

portfolios

    .00  %^      .00  %      .01  %      .01  %      .02  %      .03  % 

See footnote summary on page 41.

 

40    |    AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND

  abfunds.com


 

FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS (continued)

Selected Data For A Share Of Capital Stock Outstanding Throughout Each Period

 

(a)

Based on average shares outstanding.

 

(b)

Net of expenses waived/reimbursed by the Adviser.

 

(c)

Amount is less than $.005.

 

(d)

Total investment return is calculated assuming an initial investment made at the net asset value at the beginning of the period, reinvestment of all dividends and distributions at net asset value during the period, and redemption on the last day of the period. Initial sales charges or contingent deferred sales charges are not reflected in the calculation of total investment return. Total return does not reflect the deduction of taxes that a shareholder would pay on fund distributions or the redemption of fund shares. Total investment return calculated for a period of less than one year is not annualized.

 

(e)

In connection with the Fund’s investments in affiliated underlying portfolios, the Fund incurs no direct expenses, but bears proportionate shares of the fees and expenses (i.e., operating, administrative and investment advisory fees) of the affiliated underlying portfolios. The Adviser has contractually agreed to waive its fees from the Fund in an amount equal to the Fund’s pro rata share of certain acquired fund fees and expenses, and for the years ended October 31, 2020, October 31, 2019, October 31, 2018 and October 31, 2017 such waiver amounted to .01%, .01%, .02% and .02% respectively.

 

For the year ended October 31, 2017, the amount includes a refund for overbilling of prior years’ custody out of pocket fees as follows:

 

Net Investment
Income Per Share
   Net Investment
Income Ratio
   Total
Return
$.001    .01%    .01%

 

*

Includes the impact of proceeds received and credited to the Fund resulting from class action settlements, which enhanced the Fund’s performance for the years ended October 31, 2019, October 31, 2018 and October 31, 2017 by .15%, .03% and .64%, respectively.

 

 

Includes the impact of proceeds recorded and credited to the Fund resulting from regulatory settlement, which enhanced the Fund’s performance for the year ended October 31, 2018 by .12%

 

^

Annualized.

See notes to financial statements.

 

abfunds.com  

AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    41


 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

 

Marshall C. Turner, Jr.(1),

Chairman

Jorge A. Bermudez(1)

Michael J. Downey(1)

Onur Erzan, President and Chief Executive Officer

  

Nancy P. Jacklin(1)

Jeanette W. Loeb(1)

Carol C. McMullen(1)

Garry L. Moody(1)

OFFICERS

Frank V. Caruso(2), Senior Vice President

John H. Fogarty(2), Vice President

Vinay Thapar(2), Vice President

Emilie D. Wrapp, Secretary

Michael B. Reyes, Senior Vice President

  

Joseph J. Mantineo, Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer

Stephen M. Woetzel, Controller

Vincent S. Noto, Chief Compliance Officer

 

Custodian and Accounting Agent

State Street Bank and Trust

Company

State Street Corporation CCB/5

1 Iron Street

Boston, MA 02210

 

Principal Underwriter

AllianceBernstein Investments, Inc.

501 Commerce Street

Nashville, TN 37203

 

Legal Counsel

Seward & Kissel LLP

One Battery Park Plaza

New York, NY 10004

  

Transfer Agent

AllianceBernstein Investor

Services, Inc.

P.O. Box 786003

San Antonio, TX 78278

Toll-Free (800) 221-5672

 

Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Ernst & Young LLP

One Manhattan West

New York, NY 10001

 

1

Member of the Audit Committee, the Governance and Nominating Committee and the Independent Directors Committee.

 

2

The day-to-day management of, and investment decisions for, the Fund’s portfolio are made by the Adviser’s Relative Value Investment Team. Messrs. Caruso, Fogarty and Thapar are the investment professionals with the most significant responsibility for the day-to-day management of the Fund’s portfolio.

 

42    |    AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND

  abfunds.com


Operation and Effectiveness of the Fund’s Liquidity Risk Management Program:

In October 2016, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) adopted the open-end fund liquidity rule (the “Liquidity Rule”). In June 2018 the SEC adopted a requirement that funds disclose information about the operation and effectiveness of their Liquidity Risk Management Program (“LRMP”) in their reports to shareholders.

One of the requirements of the Liquidity Rule is for the Fund to designate an Administrator of the Fund’s Liquidity Risk Management Program. The Administrator of the Fund’s LRMP is AllianceBernstein L.P., the Fund’s investment adviser (the “Adviser”). The Adviser has delegated the responsibility to its Liquidity Risk Management Committee (the “Committee”).

Another requirement of the Liquidity Rule is for the Fund’s Board of Trustees (the “Fund Board”) to receive an annual written report from the Administrator of the LRMP, which addresses the operation of the fund’s LRMP and assesses its adequacy and effectiveness. The Adviser provided the Fund Board with such annual report during the first quarter of 2022, which covered the period January 1, 2021 through December 31, 2021 (the “Program Reporting Period”).

The LRMP’s principal objectives include supporting the Fund’s compliance with limits on investments in illiquid assets and mitigating the risk that the Fund will be unable to meet its redemption obligations in a timely manner.

Pursuant to the LRMP, the Fund classifies the liquidity of its portfolio investments into one of the four categories defined by the SEC: Highly Liquid, Moderately Liquid, Less Liquid, and Illiquid. These classifications are reported to the SEC on Form N-PORT.

During the Program Reporting Period, the Committee reviewed whether the Fund’s strategy is appropriate for an open-end structure, incorporating any holdings of less liquid and illiquid assets. If the Fund participated in derivative transactions, the exposure from such transactions were considered in the LRMP.

The Committee also performed an analysis to determine whether the Fund is required to maintain a Highly Liquid Investment Minimum (“HLIM”). The Committee also incorporated the following information when determining the Fund’s reasonably anticipated trading size for purposes of liquidity monitoring: historical net redemption activity, a Fund’s concentration in an issuer, shareholder concentration, investment performance, total net assets, and distribution channels.

The Adviser informed the Fund Board that the Committee believes the Funds’ LRMP is adequately designed, has been implemented as intended,

 

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AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND    |    43


and has operated effectively since its inception. No material exceptions have been noted since the implementation of the LRMP. During the Program Reporting Period, liquidity in all markets was significantly recovered and improved compared to the prior reporting period which included extreme levels of price volatility and relative illiquidity beginning in March 2020 with COVID 19 impacts. As such, the Program operated in a relatively robust and benign liquidity environment experienced in markets during the Program Reporting Period. There were no liquidity events that impacted the Fund or its ability to timely meet redemptions during the Program Reporting Period.

 

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Information Regarding the Review and Approval of the Fund’s Advisory Agreement

The disinterested directors (the “directors”) of AB Relative Value Fund, Inc. (the “Fund”) unanimously approved the continuance of the Fund’s Advisory Agreement with the Adviser at a meeting held by video conference on May 3-5, 2021 (the “Meeting”).

Prior to approval of the continuance of the Advisory Agreement, the directors had requested from the Adviser, and received and evaluated, extensive materials. They reviewed the proposed continuance of the Advisory Agreement with the Adviser and with experienced counsel who are independent of the Adviser, who advised on the relevant legal standards. The directors also reviewed additional materials, including comparative analytical data prepared by the Senior Analyst for the Fund. The directors also discussed the proposed continuance in private sessions with counsel.

The directors considered their knowledge of the nature and quality of the services provided by the Adviser to the Fund gained from their experience as directors or trustees of most of the registered investment companies advised by the Adviser, their overall confidence in the Adviser’s integrity and competence they have gained from that experience, the Adviser’s initiative in identifying and raising potential issues with the directors and its responsiveness, frankness and attention to concerns raised by the directors in the past, including the Adviser’s willingness to consider and implement organizational and operational changes designed to improve investment results and the services provided to the AB Funds. The directors noted that they have four regular meetings each year, at each of which they review extensive materials and information from the Adviser, including information on the investment performance of the Fund and the money market fund advised by the Adviser in which the Fund invests a portion of its assets.

The directors also considered all factors they believed relevant, including the specific matters discussed below. During the course of their deliberations, the directors evaluated, among other things, the reasonableness of the advisory fee. The directors did not identify any particular information that was all-important or controlling, and different directors may have attributed different weights to the various factors. The directors determined that the selection of the Adviser to manage the Fund and the overall arrangements between the Fund and the Adviser, as provided in the Advisory Agreement, including the advisory fee, were fair and reasonable in light of the services performed, expenses incurred and such other matters

 

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as the directors considered relevant in the exercise of their business judgment. The material factors and conclusions that formed the basis for the directors’ determinations included the following:

Nature, Extent and Quality of Services Provided

The directors considered the scope and quality of services provided by the Adviser under the Advisory Agreement, including the quality of the investment research capabilities of the Adviser and the other resources it has dedicated to performing services for the Fund. The directors noted that the Adviser from time to time reviews the Fund’s investment strategies and from time to time proposes changes intended to improve the Fund’s relative or absolute performance for the directors’ consideration. They also noted the professional experience and qualifications of the Fund’s portfolio management team and other senior personnel of the Adviser. The directors also considered that the Advisory Agreement provides that the Fund will reimburse the Adviser for the cost to it of providing certain clerical, accounting, administrative and other services to the Fund by employees of the Adviser or its affiliates. Requests for these reimbursements are made on a quarterly basis and subject to approval by the directors. Reimbursements, to the extent requested and paid, result in a higher rate of total compensation from the Fund to the Adviser than the fee rate stated in the Advisory Agreement. The directors noted that the methodology used to determine the reimbursement amounts had been reviewed by an independent consultant at the request of the directors. The quality of administrative and other services, including the Adviser’s role in coordinating the activities of the Fund’s other service providers, also was considered. The directors concluded that, overall, they were satisfied with the nature, extent and quality of services provided to the Fund under the Advisory Agreement.

Costs of Services Provided and Profitability

The directors reviewed a schedule of the revenues and expenses and related notes indicating the profitability of the Fund to the Adviser for calendar years 2019 and 2020 that had been prepared with an expense allocation methodology arrived at in consultation with an independent consultant at the request of the directors. The directors noted the assumptions and methods of allocation used by the Adviser in preparing fund-specific profitability data and understood that there are a number of potentially acceptable allocation methodologies for information of this type. The directors noted that the profitability information reflected all revenues and expenses of the Adviser’s relationship with the Fund, including those relating to its subsidiaries that provide transfer agency, distribution and brokerage services to the Fund. The directors recognized that it is difficult to make comparisons of the profitability of the Advisory Agreement with the profitability of fund advisory contracts for unaffiliated funds because comparative information is not generally publicly available and is affected by numerous factors. The directors focused on the profitability of the

 

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Adviser’s relationship with the Fund before taxes and distribution expenses. The directors noted that the Fund was not profitable to the Adviser in 2019 and concluded that the Adviser’s level of profitability from its relationship with the Fund in 2020 was not unreasonable.

Fall-Out Benefits

The directors considered the other benefits to the Adviser and its affiliates from their relationships with the Fund and the money market fund advised by the Adviser in which the Fund invests, including, but not limited to, benefits relating to soft dollar arrangements (whereby investment advisers receive brokerage and research services from brokers that execute agency transactions for their clients); 12b-1 fees and sales charges received by the Fund’s principal underwriter (which is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Adviser) in respect of certain classes of the Fund’s shares; brokerage commissions paid by the Fund to brokers affiliated with the Adviser; and transfer agency fees paid by the Fund to a wholly owned subsidiary of the Adviser. The directors recognized that the Fund’s recent profitability to the Adviser would be somewhat lower without these benefits. The directors understood that the Adviser also might derive reputational and other benefits from its association with the Fund.

Investment Results

In addition to the information reviewed by the directors in connection with the Meeting, the directors receive detailed performance information for the Fund at each regular Board meeting during the year.

At the Meeting, the directors reviewed performance information prepared by an independent service provider (the “15(c) service provider”), showing the performance of the Class A Shares of the Fund against a group of similar funds (“peer group”) and a larger group of similar funds (“peer universe”), each selected by the 15(c) service provider, and information prepared by the Adviser showing performance of the Class A Shares against a broad-based securities market index, in each case for the 1-, 3-, 5- and 10-year periods ended February 28, 2021. Based on their review, the directors concluded that the Fund’s investment performance was acceptable.

Advisory Fees and Other Expenses

The directors considered the advisory fee rate payable by the Fund to the Adviser and information prepared by the 15(c) service provider concerning advisory fee rates payable by other funds in the same category as the Fund. The directors recognized that it is difficult to make comparisons of advisory fees because there are variations in the services that are included in the fees paid by other funds. The directors compared the Fund’s contractual effective advisory fee rate with a peer group median and took into account the impact on the advisory fee rate of the administrative expense reimbursement paid to the Adviser in the latest fiscal year.

 

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The directors also considered the Adviser’s fee schedule for other clients utilizing investment strategies similar to those of the Fund. For this purpose, they reviewed the relevant advisory fee information from the Adviser’s Form ADV and in a report from the Fund’s Senior Analyst and noted the differences between the Fund’s fee schedule, on the one hand, and the Adviser’s institutional fee schedule and the schedule of fees charged to any offshore funds and for services to any sub-advised funds utilizing investment strategies similar to those of the Fund, on the other. The directors noted that the Adviser may, in some cases, agree to fee rates with large institutional clients that are lower than those reviewed by the directors and that they had previously discussed with the Adviser its policies in respect of such arrangements. The directors also compared the advisory fee rate for the Fund with that for another fund advised by the Adviser utilizing similar investment strategies.

The Adviser reviewed with the directors the significantly greater scope of the services it provides to the Fund relative to institutional, offshore fund and sub-advised fund clients. In this regard, the Adviser noted, among other things, that, compared to institutional and offshore or sub-advisory accounts, the Fund (i) demands considerably more portfolio management, research and trading resources due to significantly higher daily cash flows; (ii) has more tax and regulatory restrictions and compliance obligations; (iii) must prepare and file or distribute regulatory and other communications about fund operations; and (iv) must provide shareholder servicing to retail investors. The Adviser also reviewed the greater legal risks presented by the large and changing population of Fund shareholders who may assert claims against the Adviser in individual or class actions, and the greater entrepreneurial risk in offering new fund products, which require substantial investment to launch, may not succeed, and generally must be priced to compete with larger, more established funds resulting in lack of profitability to the Adviser until a new fund achieves scale. In light of the substantial differences in services rendered by the Adviser to institutional, offshore fund and sub-advised fund clients as compared to the Fund, and the different risk profile, the directors considered these fee comparisons inapt and did not place significant weight on them in their deliberations.

In connection with their review of the Fund’s advisory fee, the directors also considered the total expense ratio of the Class A shares of the Fund in comparison to a peer group and a peer universe selected by the 15(c) service provider. The Class A expense ratio of the Fund was based on the Fund’s latest fiscal year and the directors considered the Adviser’s expense cap for the Fund. The directors noted that it was likely that the expense ratios of some of the other funds in the Fund’s category were lowered by waivers or reimbursements by those funds’ investment advisers, which in some cases might be voluntary or temporary. The directors view expense ratio information as relevant to their evaluation of the Adviser’s services because the Adviser is responsible for coordinating

 

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services provided to the Fund by others. Based on their review, the directors concluded that the Fund’s expense ratio was acceptable.

Economies of Scale

The directors noted that the advisory fee schedule for the Fund contains breakpoints that reduce the fee rates on assets above specified levels. The directors took into consideration prior presentations by an independent consultant on economies of scale in the mutual fund industry and for the AB Funds, and presentations from time to time by the Adviser concerning certain of its views on economies of scale. The directors also had requested and received from the Adviser certain updates on economies of scale in advance of the Meeting. The directors believe that economies of scale may be realized (if at all) by the Adviser across a variety of products and services, and not only in respect of a single fund. The directors noted that there is no established methodology for setting breakpoints that give effect to the fund-specific services provided by a fund’s adviser and to the economies of scale that an adviser may realize in its overall mutual fund business or those components of it which directly or indirectly affect a fund’s operations. The directors observed that in the mutual fund industry as a whole, as well as among funds similar to the Fund, there is no uniformity or pattern in the fees and asset levels at which breakpoints (if any) apply. The directors also noted that the advisory agreements for many funds do not have breakpoints at all. Having taken these factors into account, the directors concluded that the Fund’s shareholders would benefit from a sharing of economies of scale in the event the Fund’s net assets exceed a breakpoint in the future.

 

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This page is not part of the Shareholder Report or the Financial Statements.

 

 

AB FAMILY OF FUNDS

 

US EQUITY

CORE

Core Opportunities Fund

Select US Equity Portfolio

Sustainable US Thematic Portfolio1

GROWTH

Concentrated Growth Fund

Discovery Growth Fund

Growth Fund

Large Cap Growth Fund

Small Cap Growth Portfolio

VALUE

Discovery Value Fund

Equity Income Fund

Relative Value Fund

Small Cap Value Portfolio

Value Fund

INTERNATIONAL/ GLOBAL EQUITY

CORE

Global Core Equity Portfolio

International Strategic Core Portfolio

Sustainable Global Thematic Fund

Sustainable International Thematic Fund

Tax-Managed Wealth Appreciation Strategy

Wealth Appreciation Strategy

GROWTH

Concentrated International Growth Portfolio

VALUE

All China Equity Portfolio

International Value Fund

FIXED INCOME

MUNICIPAL

High Income Municipal Portfolio

Intermediate California Municipal Portfolio

Intermediate Diversified Municipal Portfolio

Intermediate New York Municipal Portfolio

Municipal Bond Inflation Strategy

Tax-Aware Fixed Income Opportunities Portfolio

National Portfolio

Arizona Portfolio

California Portfolio

Massachusetts Portfolio

Minnesota Portfolio

New Jersey Portfolio

New York Portfolio

Ohio Portfolio

Pennsylvania Portfolio

Virginia Portfolio

TAXABLE

Bond Inflation Strategy

Global Bond Fund

High Income Fund

High Yield Portfolio

Income Fund

Intermediate Duration Portfolio

Limited Duration High Income Portfolio

Short Duration Income Portfolio

Short Duration Portfolio

Sustainable Thematic Credit Portfolio

Total Return Bond Portfolio

ALTERNATIVES

All Market Real Return Portfolio

Global Real Estate Investment Fund

Select US Long/Short Portfolio

MULTI-ASSET

All Market Income Portfolio

All Market Total Return Portfolio

Emerging Markets Multi-Asset Portfolio

Global Risk Allocation Fund

Sustainable Thematic Balanced Portfolio1

Tax-Managed All Market Income Portfolio

CLOSED-END FUNDS

AllianceBernstein Global High Income Fund

AllianceBernstein National Municipal Income Fund

 

We also offer Government Money Market Portfolio, which serves as the money market fund exchange vehicle for the AB mutual funds. You could lose money by investing in the Fund. Although the Fund seeks to preserve the value of your investment at $1.00 per share, it cannot guarantee it will do so. The Fund may impose a fee upon sale of your shares or may temporarily suspend your ability to sell shares if the Fund’s liquidity falls below required minimums because of market conditions or other factors. An investment in the Fund is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. The Fund’s sponsor has no legal obligation to provide financial support to the Fund, and you should not expect that the sponsor will provide financial support to the Fund at any time.

Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses of the Fund carefully before investing. For copies of our prospectus or summary prospectus, which contain this and other information, visit us online at www.abfunds.com or contact your AB representative. Please read the prospectus and/or summary prospectus carefully before investing.

 

1

Prior to August 23, 2021, Sustainable US Thematic Portfolio was named FlexFee US Thematic Portfolio. Prior to December 1, 2021, Sustainable Thematic Balanced Portfolio was named Conservative Wealth Strategy.

 

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NOTES

 

 

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NOTES

 

 

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LOGO

AB RELATIVE VALUE FUND

1345 Avenue of the Americas

New York, NY 10105

800 221 5672

 

RV-0152-0422                 LOGO


ITEM 2. CODE OF ETHICS.

Not applicable when filing a semi-annual report to shareholders.

ITEM 3. AUDIT COMMITTEE FINANCIAL EXPERT.

Not applicable when filing a semi-annual report to shareholders.

ITEM 4. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES.

Not applicable when filing a semi-annual report to shareholders.

ITEM 5. AUDIT COMMITTEE OF LISTED REGISTRANTS.

Not applicable to the registrant.

ITEM 6. INVESTMENTS.

Please see Schedule of Investments contained in the Report to Shareholders included under Item 1 of this Form N-CSR.

ITEM 7. DISCLOSURE OF PROXY VOTING POLICIES AND PROCEDURES FOR CLOSED-END MANAGEMENT INVESTMENT COMPANIES.

Not applicable to the registrant.

ITEM 8. PORTFOLIO MANAGERS OF CLOSED-END MANAGEMENT INVESTMENT COMPANIES.

Not applicable to the registrant.

ITEM 9. PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY CLOSED-END MANAGEMENT INVESTMENT COMPANY AND AFFILIATED PURCHASERS.

Not applicable to the registrant.

ITEM 10. SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS.

There have been no material changes to the procedures by which shareholders may recommend nominees to the Fund’s Board of Directors since the Fund last provided disclosure in response to this item.


ITEM 11. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

(a) The registrant’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 30a-2(c) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended) are effective at the reasonable assurance level based on their evaluation of these controls and procedures as of a date within 90 days of the filing date of this document.

(b) There were no changes in the registrant’s internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the period that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

ITEM 12. DISCLOSURE OF SECURITIES LENDING ACTIVITIES FOR CLOSED-END MANAGEMENT INVESTMENT COMPANIES.

Not applicable to the registrant.

ITEM 13. EXHIBITS.

The following exhibits are attached to this Form N-CSR:

 

EXHIBIT NO.

 

DESCRIPTION OF EXHIBIT

12 (b) (1)   Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
12 (b) (2)   Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
12 (c)   Certification of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Investment Company Act of 1940, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

(Registrant): AB Relative Value Fund, Inc.

 

By:  

/s/ Onur Erzan

  Onur Erzan
  President
Date:   June 24, 2022

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Investment Company Act of 1940, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

By:  

/s/ Onur Erzan

  Onur Erzan
  President
Date:   June 24, 2022
By:  

/s/ Joseph J. Mantineo

  Joseph J. Mantineo
  Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer
Date:   June 24, 2022

 

Exhibit 12(b)(1)

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER

I, Onur Erzan, President of AB Relative Value Fund, Inc., certify that:

1. I have reviewed this report on Form N-CSR of AB Relative Value Fund, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations, changes in net assets, and cash flows (if the financial statements are required to include a statement of cash flows) of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officers and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 30a-3(c) under the Investment Company Act of 1940) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 30a-3(d) under the Investment Company Act of 1940) for the registrant and have:

 

a)

designed such disclosure controls and procedures to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

b)

designed such internal control over financial reporting to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c)

evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of a date within 90 days prior to the filing date of this report based on such evaluation ; and

 

d)

disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the second fiscal quarter of the period covered by this report that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and


5. The registrant’s other certifying officers and I have disclosed to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a)

all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize, and report financial information; and

 

b)

any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: June 24, 2022

 

/s/ Onur Erzan

Onur Erzan
President


Exhibit 12(b)(2)

CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER

I, Joseph J. Mantineo, Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer of AB Relative Value Fund, Inc., certify that:

1. I have reviewed this report on Form N-CSR of AB Relative Value Fund, Inc.;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations, changes in net assets, and cash flows (if the financial statements are required to include a statement of cash flows) of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officers and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 30a-3(c) under the Investment Company Act of 1940) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 30a-3(d) under the Investment Company Act of 1940) for the registrant and have:

 

a)

designed such disclosure controls and procedures to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

b)

designed such internal control over financial reporting to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

c)

evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of a date within 90 days prior to the filing date of this report based on such evaluation ; and

 

d)

disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the second fiscal quarter of the period covered by this report that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and


5. The registrant’s other certifying officers and I have disclosed to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

a)

all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize, and report financial information ; and

 

b)

any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: June 24, 2022

 

/s/ Joseph J. Mantineo

Joseph J. Mantineo
Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer

 

EXHIBIT 12(c)

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE

SARBANES-OXLEY ACT

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, each of the undersigned, being the Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer of AB Relative Value Fund, Inc. (the “Registrant”), hereby certifies that the Registrant’s report on Form N-CSR for the period ended April 30, 2022 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and that the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Registrant.

Date: June 24, 2022

 

By:  

/s/ Onur Erzan

  Onur Erzan
  President
By:  

/s/ Joseph J. Mantineo

  Joseph J. Mantineo
  Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer

This certification is being furnished solely pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and is not being filed as part of the Report or as a separate disclosure document.

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to the Registrant and will be retained by the Registrant and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.



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