Form 8-K CARMAX INC For: Jun 25

June 25, 2021 6:58 AM EDT

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CARMAX REPORTS RECORD FIRST QUARTER FISCAL 2022 RESULTS

Richmond, Va., June 25, 2021 – CarMax, Inc. (NYSE:KMX), the nation’s largest and most profitable retailer of used cars, today reported results for the first quarter ended May 31, 2021.

Highlights:

Diversified business model delivered record net revenues of $7.70 billion, up 138.4% compared with the prior year first quarter and up 43% over a record first quarter fiscal year 2020.

Net earnings per diluted share of $2.63, up from $0.03 per diluted share a year ago and up 65% over a record first quarter fiscal year 2020.

Sold 452,188 units through our retail and wholesale channels combined, up 128% from the prior year quarter and up 31% over a record first quarter in fiscal year 2020, primarily driven by significant demand for used autos and solid execution supported by our rapidly evolving omni-channel experience.
Retail used unit sales increased 100.6% to 270,799 vehicles; comparable store units increased 99.1% compared with a year ago and two-year comparable units grew 16.0%(1).
Wholesale units increased 186.6% to 181,389 from the prior year first quarter and 50.2% versus the first quarter of fiscal year 2020.

Bought 341,275 vehicles from consumers in the first quarter, a 236% increase versus the prior year quarter and 77% increase versus the first quarter of fiscal year 2020. We believe CarMax became the largest online buyer of used vehicles from consumers as a result of our nationwide online instant appraisal offerings, with approximately 163,000 vehicles bought in the quarter.

Gross profit per retail used unit was $2,205 and wholesale gross profit per unit was $1,025, a $268 and $47 per unit increase, respectively, when compared with the first quarter last year.

CarMax Auto Finance (CAF) income increased to $241.7 million due to the combined effects of favorable loan loss performance, higher net interest margin and an increase in average managed receivables.


CEO Commentary:

“We delivered exceptional results in the first quarter thanks to excellent execution by our team in a high demand environment,” said Bill Nash, president and chief executive officer. “Our strong performance, which included record net revenues and profitability, reflects the strength of our omni-channel experience and diversified business model across retail, wholesale and CAF.

“I am also pleased to report we completed our acquisition of Edmunds on June 1, 2021, welcoming an extremely talented set of associates into the CarMax family. While Edmunds will continue to operate as an independent business within CarMax, we look forward to extending and enhancing the success of our partnership, including market leading products like our online instant appraisal offering.
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“As I said at our analyst day in May, we are really excited about our future,” concluded Nash. “With the most customer-centric experience in our industry, a highly profitable operating and financial model, and significant opportunities to grow our existing businesses and expand across the broader used auto ecosystem, we remain confident in our ability to meet our long-term targets of revenue growth, total unit growth and market share gains.”


First Quarter Business Performance Review:

Sales. Combined retail and wholesale used vehicle unit sales were 452,188, an increase of 128% from the prior year’s first quarter. Compared with the first quarter of fiscal 2020, combined retail and wholesale used vehicle unit sales increased 31%. Online retail sales(2) accounted for 8% of first quarter retail unit sales and revenue from online transactions(3), including retail and wholesale revenues, was $1.9 billion, or approximately 24% of net revenues.

Retail used vehicle unit sales were 270,799, an increase of 100.6% from the prior year’s first quarter, and an increase of 20.7% compared with the first quarter of fiscal 2020. Comparable store used unit sales increased 99.1% from the prior year’s first quarter. On a two-year basis, comparable used unit sales growth for the quarter, excluding stores that were opened in FY20 or later, was 16.0%. In addition to the effects from COVID on our prior year results, we believe several factors contributed to our strong comparable store sales growth on both a one-year and two-year basis, including a robust used auto demand environment, supported by federal stimulus checks as well as a shift in the timing of customer tax refunds, and solid execution supported by the adoption of our rapidly evolving omni-channel customer experience. Total used vehicle revenues increased 121.0% compared with the prior year’s first quarter due to the increase in units sold and average retail selling prices rising more than $2,000. This increase largely reflected higher vehicle acquisition costs resulting from strong wholesale industry valuations.

Total wholesale vehicle unit sales were 181,389, an increase of 186.6% compared with the prior year’s first quarter and an increase of 50.2% compared with the first quarter of fiscal 2020. Our wholesale sales benefited from: (i) the large increase in appraisal volume from online offerings; (ii) a record buy rate, aided by market prices; (iii) comparing to a COVID-impacted quarter last year; and (iv) an extra auction day when compared with the first quarter last year. Total wholesale revenue increased 300.9% compared with the prior year’s first quarter due to the increase in units sold and average wholesale selling prices rising more than $2,000.

Other sales and revenues increased 66.4% compared with the first quarter of fiscal 2021, reflecting an increase of $66.2 million in other revenues. The increase in other revenues was largely driven by an increase in extended protection plan (EPP) revenues primarily reflecting strong used unit growth and the renegotiated fee structures with our Tier 2 and Tier 3 third-party finance providers.

Gross Profit. Total gross profit increased to $924.5 million, an increase of 161.0% versus last year’s first quarter. Retail used vehicle gross profit rose 128.3%, reflecting the increase in total used unit sales and a strong pricing environment. Retail used vehicle gross profit per unit increased to $2,205 compared with $1,937 in the prior year’s quarter. Wholesale vehicle gross profit increased 200.1% versus the prior year’s quarter, largely reflecting an increase in volume, strong pricing, and an extra auction day in the current year’s quarter. Wholesale vehicle gross profit of $1,025 per unit was up from $978 in the prior year quarter. Other gross profit increased 361.0%, reflecting EPP growth from sales volume, the impact of normalizing service operations when compared with the COVID-related service inefficiencies during the prior year quarter and renegotiated net third-party finance provider fees.

SG&A. Compared with the first quarter of fiscal 2021, SG&A expenses increased 70.5% to $554.1 million. Contributing factors included a planned increase in advertising expense and continued spending to advance our technology platforms and support our core and omni-channel strategic initiatives. In the prior year’s first quarter we took cost reduction actions in response to the pandemic, saw reductions in variable expenses and experienced location closures and occupancy restrictions. Additionally, we saw a decrease in stock-based compensation expense related to changes in the company’s share price. Fiscal 2021 also included a one-time
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benefit of $40.3 million from the receipt of settlement proceeds in a class action lawsuit related to the economic loss associated with vehicles containing Takata airbags.

With strong sales in the first quarter and disciplined cost management, SG&A as a percent of gross profit was 59.9%, down from 91.7% in the prior year’s first quarter and comparable to the first quarter of fiscal 2020.

CarMax Auto Finance.(4) CAF income increased to $241.7 million, primarily reflecting the $24.4 million loan loss provision income compared with the $122.0 million provision expense in the same period last year, along with an increase in net interest margin and average managed receivables. This favorable provision for loan losses was the result of improved loss experience in the first quarter versus the expectations we set at the end of the fourth quarter, as well as our outlook on future losses. As of May 31, 2021, the allowance for loan losses of $379.5 million was 2.62% of ending managed receivables, down from 2.97% as of February 28, 2021.

CAF’s total interest margin percentage, which represents the spread between interest and fees charged to consumers and our funding costs, improved to 6.9% of average managed receivables from 5.9% in the prior year’s first quarter, due to lower funding costs and higher interest and fees from consumers. After the effect of 3-day payoffs, CAF financed 43.7% of units sold in the current quarter, up from 36.1% in the prior year’s first quarter and 41.4% in first quarter fiscal 2020. During the first quarter of last year, CAF adjusted its origination strategy due to the uncertainty of the macro environment from the impact of COVID.

During the first quarter, CAF progressively increased its targeted Tier 3 share to a rate of 10% of loans by the end of the first quarter, up from 5% in previous quarters. We will continue to evaluate the lending environment and will consider future adjustments to the target if and when we believe changes are sustainable and in the best interest of our long-term business goals.

Share Repurchase Activity. We repurchased 1.0 million shares of common stock for $124.5 million pursuant to our share repurchase program during the first quarter of fiscal 2022. As of May 31, 2021, we had $1.21 billion remaining available for repurchase under the outstanding authorization.

Other (Income) Expense. Other income was $25.6 million in the first quarter of fiscal year 2022 compared with expense of $3.3 million in the first quarter of fiscal year 2021. The increase was primarily due to an unrealized gain on an equity investment recorded during the first quarter of fiscal year 2022.

Store Openings. During the first quarter of fiscal 2022, we opened two new locations, both in existing Florida markets. In fiscal year 2022, we plan to open a total of 10 new locations.

Long-Term Targets. In May, we introduced long-term targets of $33 billion in revenue and 2 million units sold per year through our retail and wholesale channels by fiscal year 2026. We also expect to grow our market share of national used auto market of cars 0-10 years old to more than 5% by calendar year 2025.

(1)    Two-year comparable store units excludes stores opened in fiscal year 2020 or later.
(2)    Online retail units sold is defined as a sale where the customer completes all four of these major transactional activities remotely: reserving the vehicle; financing the vehicle, if needed; trading-in or opting out of a trade in; and, creating a remote sales order.
(3)    Revenue from online transactions is defined as revenue from retail sales that qualify for an online retail sale, as well as any EPP and third-party finance contribution, and wholesale sales where the winning bid was an online bid.
(4)    Although CAF benefits from certain indirect overhead expenditures, we have not allocated indirect costs to CAF to avoid making subjective allocation decisions.
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Supplemental Financial Information
Amounts and percentage calculations may not total due to rounding.


Sales Components
Three Months Ended May 31
(In millions)20212020Change
Used vehicle sales$6,157.3 $2,786.2 121.0 %
Wholesale vehicle sales1,374.4 342.9 300.9 %
Other sales and revenues:
Extended protection plan revenues134.2 73.4 83.0 %
Third-party finance fees, net(4.6)(10.7)57.2 %
Other36.3 37.0 (2.3)%
Total other sales and revenues165.9 99.7 66.4 %
Total net sales and operating revenues$7,697.6 $3,228.8 138.4 %


Unit Sales
Three Months Ended May 31
20212020Change
Used vehicles270,799135,028100.6 %
Wholesale vehicles181,38963,295186.6 %


Average Selling Prices
Three Months Ended May 31
20212020Change
Used vehicles$22,533 $20,346 10.7 %
Wholesale vehicles$7,266 $5,110 42.2 %


Vehicle Sales Changes
Three Months Ended May 31
20212020
Used vehicle units100.6 %(39.8)%
Used vehicle revenues121.0 %(38.6)%
Wholesale vehicle units186.6 %(47.6)%
Wholesale vehicle revenues300.9 %(48.2)%









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Comparable Store Used Vehicle Sales Changes (1)
Three Months Ended May 31
20212020
Used vehicle units99.1 %(41.8)%
Used vehicle revenues120.6 %(40.8)%


(1)    Stores are added to the comparable store base beginning in their fourteenth full month of operation. Comparable store calculations include results for a set of stores that were included in our comparable store base in both the current and corresponding prior year periods.


Used Vehicle Financing Penetration by Channel (Before the Impact of 3-day Payoffs) (1)
Three Months Ended May 31
20212020
CAF (2)
46.7 %38.2 %
Tier 2 (3)
22.8 %28.5 %
Tier 3 (4)
10.0 %14.5 %
Other (5)
20.5 %18.8 %
Total100.0 %100.0 %

(1)     Calculated as used vehicle units financed for respective channel as a percentage of total used units sold.
(2)    Includes CAF's Tier 3 loan originations, which represent less than 1% of total used units sold.
(3)     Third-party finance providers who generally pay us a fee or to whom no fee is paid.
(4)     Third-party finance providers to whom we pay a fee.
(5)     Represents customers arranging their own financing and customers that do not require financing.


Selected Operating Ratios
Three Months Ended May 31
(In millions)2021
% (1)
2020
% (1)
Net sales and operating revenues$7,697.6 100.0 $3,228.8 100.0 
Gross profit$924.5 12.0 $354.2 11.0 
CarMax Auto Finance income$241.7 3.1 $51.0 1.6 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses
$554.1 7.2 $324.9 10.1 
Interest expense$20.5 0.3 $24.0 0.7 
Earnings before income taxes$567.3 7.4 $4.2 0.1 
Net earnings$436.8 5.7 $5.0 0.2 



(1)Calculated as a percentage of net sales and operating revenues.










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Gross Profit
Three Months Ended May 31
(In millions)20212020Change
Used vehicle gross profit$597.0 $261.5 128.3 %
Wholesale vehicle gross profit185.8 61.9 200.1 %
Other gross profit141.7 30.8 361.0 %
Total$924.5 $354.2 161.0 %


Gross Profit per Unit
Three Months Ended May 31
20212020
$ per unit(1)
%(2)
$ per unit(1)
%(2)
Used vehicle gross profit$2,205 9.7 $1,937 9.4 
Wholesale vehicle gross profit$1,025 13.5 $978 18.1 
Other gross profit$523 85.4 $228 30.8 
Total gross profit$3,414 12.0 $2,623 11.0 



(1)    Calculated as category gross profit divided by its respective units sold, except the other and total categories, which are divided by total used units sold.
(2)    Calculated as a percentage of its respective sales or revenue.


SG&A Expenses (1)

Three Months Ended May 31
(In millions)20212020Change
Compensation and benefits:
Compensation and benefits, excluding share-based compensation expense
$284.2 $191.2 48.6 %
Share-based compensation expense38.4 23.7 62.5 %
Total compensation and benefits (2)
$322.6 $214.9 50.1 %
Store occupancy costs50.6 45.8 10.5 %
Advertising expense72.5 34.5 110.0 %
Other overhead costs (3)
108.4 29.7 264.8 %
Total SG&A expenses$554.1 $324.9 70.5 %
SG&A as % of gross profit59.9 %91.7 %(31.8)%


(1)    Depreciation and amortization previously included in SG&A expenses is now separately presented and is excluded from this table. Prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation.
(2)    Excludes compensation and benefits related to reconditioning and vehicle repair service, which are included in cost of sales.
(3)    Includes IT expenses, non-CAF bad debt, insurance, preopening and relocation costs, charitable contributions, travel and other administrative expenses.







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Components of CAF Income and Other CAF Information
Three Months Ended May 31
(In millions)2021
% (1)
2020
% (1)
Interest margin:
Interest and fee income$310.3 8.8 $282.5 8.4 
Interest expense(65.8)(1.9)(84.6)(2.5)
Total interest margin244.5 6.9 197.9 5.9 
Provision for loan losses24.4 0.7 (122.0)(3.6)
Total interest margin after provision for loan losses
268.9 7.6 75.9 2.3 
Total other expense— — (1.9)(0.1)
Total direct expenses(27.2)(0.8)(23.0)(0.7)
CarMax Auto Finance income$241.7 6.8 $51.0 1.5 
Total average managed receivables$14,148.7 $13,408.5 
Net loans originated$2,483.4 $992.3 
Net penetration rate43.7 %36.1 %
Weighted average contract rate9.0 %8.4 %
Ending allowance for loan losses$379.5 $437.2 
Warehouse facility information:
Ending funded receivables
$2,856.9 $1,949.7 
Ending unused capacity
$1,068.1 $1,550.3 


(1)Annualized percentage of total average managed receivables.


Earnings Highlights
Three Months Ended May 31
(In millions except per share data)20212020Change
Net earnings$436.8 $5.0 8,673.7 %
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
166.3 163.5 1.7 %
Net earnings per diluted share$2.63 $0.03 8,666.7 %



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Conference Call Information

We will host a conference call for investors at 9:00 a.m. ET today, June 25, 2021. Domestic investors may access the call at 1-888-298-3261 (international callers dial 1-706-679-7457). The conference I.D. for both domestic and international callers is 3576577. A live webcast of the call will be available on our investor information home page at investors.carmax.com.

A replay of the webcast will be available on the company’s website at investors.carmax.com through September 29, 2021, or via telephone (for approximately one week) by dialing 1-855-859-2056 (or 1-404-537-3406 for international access) and entering the conference ID 3576577.


Second Quarter Fiscal 2022 Earnings Release Date

We currently plan to release results for the second quarter ending August 31, 2021, on Thursday, September 30, 2021, before the opening of trading on the New York Stock Exchange. We plan to host a conference call for investors at 9:00 a.m. ET on that date. Information on this conference call will be available on our investor information home page at investors.carmax.com in September 2021.


About CarMax

CarMax, the nation’s largest retailer of used autos, revolutionized the automotive retail industry by driving integrity, honesty and transparency in every interaction. The company offers a truly personalized experience with the option for customers to do as much, or as little, online and in-store as they want. CarMax also provides a variety of vehicle delivery methods, including home delivery, contactless curbside pickup and appointments in its stores. During the fiscal year ending February 28, 2021, CarMax sold more than 750,000 used vehicles and more than 425,000 wholesale vehicles at its in-store and virtual auctions. In addition, CarMax Auto Finance originated more than $6 billion in receivables during fiscal year 2021, adding to its near $14 billion portfolio. CarMax has more than 220 stores, approximately 27,000 Associates, and is proud to have been recognized for 17 consecutive years as one of the Fortune 100 Best Companies to Work For®. For more information, visit www.carmax.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

We caution readers that the statements contained in this release about our future business plans, operations, challenges, opportunities or prospects, including without limitation any statements or factors regarding strategic transactions, expected operating capacity, sales, inventory, market share, revenue, margins, expenses, liquidity, capital expenditures, debt obligations, tax rates or earnings, are forward-looking statements made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. You can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “outlook,” “plan,” “positioned,” “predict,” “should,” “will” and other similar expressions, whether in the negative or affirmative. Such forward-looking statements are based upon management’s current knowledge and assumptions about future events and involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from anticipated results. Among the factors that could cause actual results and outcomes to differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statements are the following:

The effect and consequences of the Coronavirus public health crisis on matters including U.S. and local economies; our business operations and continuity; the availability of corporate and consumer financing; the health and productivity of our associates; the ability of third-party providers to continue uninterrupted service; and the regulatory environment in which we operate.
Changes in general or regional U.S. economic conditions.
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Changes in the availability or cost of capital and working capital financing, including changes related to the asset-backed securitization market.
Changes in the competitive landscape and/or our failure to successfully adjust to such changes.
Events that damage our reputation or harm the perception of the quality of our brand.
Our inability to realize the benefits associated with our omni-channel initiatives.
Our inability to realize the expected benefits of strategic transactions, including our acquisition of Edmunds.
Our inability to recruit, develop and retain associates and maintain positive associate relations.
The loss of key associates from our store, regional or corporate management teams or a significant increase in labor costs.
Security breaches or other events that result in the misappropriation, loss or other unauthorized disclosure of confidential customer, associate or corporate information.
Significant changes in prices of new and used vehicles.
Changes in economic conditions or other factors that result in greater credit losses for CAF’s portfolio of auto loans receivable than anticipated.
A reduction in the availability of or access to sources of inventory or a failure to expeditiously liquidate inventory.
Changes in consumer credit availability provided by our third-party finance providers.
Changes in the availability of extended protection plan products from third-party providers.
Factors related to the regulatory and legislative environment in which we operate.
Factors related to geographic and sales growth, including the inability to effectively manage our growth.
The failure of or inability to sufficiently enhance key information systems.
The performance of the third-party vendors we rely on for key components of our business.
The effect of various litigation matters.
Adverse conditions affecting one or more automotive manufacturers, and manufacturer recalls.
The failure or inability to realize the benefits associated with our strategic investments.
The inaccuracy of estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of our financial statements, or the effect of new accounting requirements or changes to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
The volatility in the market price for our common stock.
The failure or inability to adequately protect our intellectual property.
The occurrence of severe weather events.
Factors related to the geographic concentration of our stores.

For more details on factors that could affect expectations, see our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 28, 2021, and our quarterly or current reports as filed with or furnished to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Our filings are publicly available on our investor information home page at investors.carmax.com. Requests for information may also be made to the Investor Relations Department by email to investor_relations@carmax.com or by calling (804) 747-0422 x7865. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date they are made, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Contacts:

Investors:    
    Stacy Frole, Vice President, Investor Relations    
    investor_relations@carmax.com, (804) 747-0422 x7865

Media:
    pr@carmax.com, (855) 887-2915

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CARMAX, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS
(UNAUDITED)




Three Months Ended May 31
(In thousands except per share data)2021
% (1)
2020
% (1)
SALES AND OPERATING REVENUES:
Used vehicle sales$6,157,344 80.0 $2,786,202 86.3 
Wholesale vehicle sales1,374,357 17.9 342,852 10.6 
Other sales and revenues165,898 2.2 99,728 3.1 
NET SALES AND OPERATING REVENUES7,697,599 100.0 3,228,782 100.0 
COST OF SALES:
Used vehicle cost of sales5,560,337 72.2 2,524,676 78.2 
Wholesale vehicle cost of sales1,188,513 15.4 280,922 8.7 
Other cost of sales24,240 0.3 69,001 2.1 
TOTAL COST OF SALES6,773,090 88.0 2,874,599 89.0 
GROSS PROFIT 924,509 12.0 354,183 11.0 
CARMAX AUTO FINANCE INCOME 241,731 3.1 50,950 1.6 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses
554,069 7.2 324,891 10.1 
Depreciation and amortization (2)
49,890 0.6 48,825 1.5 
Interest expense20,534 0.3 23,958 0.7 
Other (income) expense(25,577)(0.3)3,295 0.1 
Earnings before income taxes567,324 7.4 4,164 0.1 
Income tax provision130,568 1.7 (814)— 
NET EARNINGS $436,756 5.7 $4,978 0.2 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES:
Basic163,151 162,673 
Diluted166,295 163,537 
NET EARNINGS PER SHARE:
Basic$2.68 $0.03 
Diluted$2.63 $0.03 

(1)    Percents are calculated as a percentage of net sales and operating revenues and may not total due to rounding.
(2)     Depreciation and amortization previously included in Selling, general, and administrative expenses is now separately presented. Prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation.


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CARMAX, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)

As of
May 31February 28May 31
(In thousands except share data)202120212020
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents$377,954 $132,319 $658,022 
Restricted cash from collections on auto loans receivable549,578 496,415 480,565 
Accounts receivable, net413,219 239,070 145,018 
Inventory3,248,849 3,157,159 1,899,430 
Other current assets101,005 91,833 100,696 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS 4,690,605 4,116,796 3,283,731 
Auto loans receivable, net14,159,044 13,489,819 12,794,622 
Property and equipment, net3,076,173 3,055,563 3,064,738 
Deferred income taxes138,487 164,261 119,066 
Operating lease assets453,851 431,652 443,678 
Other assets314,729 283,450 266,697 
TOTAL ASSETS $22,832,889 $21,541,541 $19,972,532 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable$1,058,005 $799,333 $390,160 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities401,043 415,465 290,080 
Accrued income taxes96,624 218 — 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities30,836 30,953 30,881 
Short-term debt — 86 
Current portion of long-term debt10,210 9,927 9,744 
Current portion of non-recourse notes payable496,669 442,652 430,055 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES 2,093,387 1,698,548 1,151,006 
Long-term debt, excluding current portion1,320,208 1,322,415 1,693,888 
Non-recourse notes payable, excluding current portion13,840,787 13,297,504 12,722,292 
Operating lease liabilities, excluding current portion446,497 423,618 435,325 
Other liabilities428,529 434,843 391,711 
TOTAL LIABILITIES 18,129,408 17,176,928 16,394,222 
Commitments and contingent liabilities
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
Common stock, $0.50 par value; 350,000,000 shares authorized; 162,802,762 and 163,172,333 shares issued and outstanding as of May 31, 2021 and February 28, 2021, respectively81,401 81,586 81,378 
Capital in excess of par value1,527,876 1,513,821 1,358,428 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(115,754)(118,691)(165,405)
Retained earnings3,209,958 2,887,897 2,303,909 
TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY 4,703,481 4,364,613 3,578,310 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY $22,832,889 $21,541,541 $19,972,532 

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CARMAX, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
Three Months Ended May 31
(In thousands)20212020
OPERATING ACTIVITIES:  
Net earnings$436,756 $4,978 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization62,356 58,340 
Share-based compensation expense41,074 25,057 
Provision for loan losses(24,375)122,018 
Provision for cancellation reserves34,128 13,552 
Deferred income tax provision 24,751 25,041 
Other(21,037)5,386 
Net (increase) decrease in:
Accounts receivable, net(174,149)46,072 
Inventory(91,690)946,986 
Other current assets(9,873)(13,769)
Auto loans receivable, net(644,850)433,044 
Other assets(2,853)(3,247)
Net increase (decrease) in:
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other
  current liabilities and accrued income taxes315,784 (382,102)
Other liabilities(57,905)(31,797)
NET CASH (USED IN) PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES(111,883)1,249,559 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES:  
Capital expenditures(59,145)(62,871)
Proceeds from sale of business617 — 
Purchases of investments(4,701)(2,369)
Sales and returns of investments86 168 
NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES(63,143)(65,072)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES:  
Increase in short-term debt, net 46 
Proceeds from issuances of long-term debt388,600 977,500 
Payments on long-term debt(391,235)(1,062,578)
Cash paid for debt issuance costs(3,910)(2,610)
Payments on finance lease obligations(2,789)(1,370)
Issuances of non-recourse notes payable3,610,819 1,982,000 
Payments on non-recourse notes payable(3,014,131)(2,420,291)
Repurchase and retirement of common stock(133,838)(54,140)
Equity issuances21,589 1,706 
NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES475,105 (579,737)
Increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash300,079 604,750 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of year771,947 656,390 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH AT END OF PERIOD$1,072,026 $1,261,140 


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