Form 497K FAIRHOLME FUNDS INC
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THE FAIRHOLME FUND (FAIRX)
A no-load, non-diversified fund seeking long-term growth of capital
March 27, 2020
A series of
FAIRHOLME FUNDS, INC.
FAIRHOLME CAPITAL MANAGEMENT
Before you invest, you may want to review the Funds Prospectus,
which contains more information about the Fund and its risks.
The Funds Prospectus and Statement of Additional Information,
both dated March 27, 2020, as may be amended or supplemented,
are incorporated by reference into this Summary Prospectus. For
free paper or electronic copies of the Funds Prospectus
and other information about the Fund, go to
www.fairholmefunds.com/prospectus, email a request to
firstname.lastname@example.org, call (866) 202-2263, or ask any
financial advisor, bank, or broker-dealer who offers shares of the Fund.
Beginning March 29, 2021, as permitted by regulations adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission, paper copies of the Funds annual and semi-annual shareholder reports will no longer be sent by mail, unless you specifically request paper copies of the reports from the Fund or from your financial intermediary, such as a broker-dealer or bank. Instead, the reports will be made available on a website, and you will be notified by mail each time a report is posted and provided with a website link to access the report.
If you already elected to receive shareholder reports electronically, you will not be affected by this change and you need not take any action. You may elect to receive shareholder reports and other communications from the Fund or your financial intermediary electronically at any time by contacting your financial intermediary (such as a broker-dealer or bank) or, if you are a direct investor, by calling the Fund at (866) 202-2263.
You may elect to receive all future reports in paper form free of charge. If you invest through a financial intermediary, you can contact your financial intermediary to request that you continue to receive paper copies of your shareholder reports; if you invest directly with the Fund, you can call the Fund at (866) 202-2263. Your election to receive reports in paper form will apply to all funds held in your account with your financial intermediary or, if you invest directly, to all funds held with Fairholme Funds, Inc.
(The Fairholme Fund)
The Fairholme Funds investment objective is long-term growth of capital.
The following table describes the fees and expenses you may pay if you buy and hold shares of The Fairholme Fund. You may be required to pay commissions and/or other forms of compensation to a broker for transactions in shares of The Fairholme Fund, which are not reflected in the tables or the Example below.
|(Fees Paid Directly From Your Investment)|
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Purchases (as a percentage of offering price)
Maximum Deferred Sales Charge (Load) (as a percentage of amount redeemed)
Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Reinvested Dividends and Other Distributions (as a percentage of amount reinvested)
Redemption Fee Paid to the Fund (as a percentage of amount redeemed within 60 days of purchase, if applicable)
|ANNUAL FUND OPERATING EXPENSES|
|(Expenses That You Pay Each Year As A Percentage Of The
Value Of Your Investment In The Fairholme Fund)
Distribution (12b-1) Fees
Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses(a)
This table does not reflect the application of the management fee waiver discussed in the section of the Prospectus entitled Investment Management, pursuant to which the Manager (defined below) has agreed to waive, on a voluntary basis, a portion of the management fee of The Fairholme Fund to the extent necessary to limit the management fee paid to the Manager by The Fairholme Fund to an annual rate of 0.80% of the daily average net asset value of The Fairholme Fund (Undertaking). This Undertaking may be terminated by the Manager upon 60 days written notice to The Fairholme Fund.
For more information about the management fee, see the Investment Management section of the Prospectus. Please note that the Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses in the table above does not correlate to the Ratio of Net Expenses to Average Net Assets found within the Financial Highlights section of the Prospectus, which reflects the actual operating expenses of The Fairholme Fund for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2019.
This Example is intended to help you compare the cost of investing in The Fairholme Fund with the cost of investing in other mutual funds.
The Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in The Fairholme Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that The Fairholme Funds operating expenses remain the same. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based on these assumptions your costs would be:
|1 Year||3 Years||5 Years||10 Years|
The amounts shown do not reflect the application of the Undertaking.
The Fairholme Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or turns over its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when The Fairholme Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual fund operating expenses or in the example, affect The Fairholme Funds performance. During the most recent fiscal year, The Fairholme Funds portfolio turnover rate was 8.05% of the average value of its portfolio.
Fairholme Capital Management, L.L.C. (the Manager), the investment adviser to The Fairholme Fund, attempts, under normal circumstances, to achieve The Fairholme Funds investment objective by investing in a focused portfolio of equity and fixed-income securities. The proportion of The Fairholme Funds assets invested in each type of asset class will vary from time to time based upon the Managers assessment of general market and economic conditions. The Fairholme Fund may invest in, and may shift frequently among, asset classes and market sectors.
The equity securities in which The Fairholme Fund may invest include common and preferred stock (including convertible preferred stock), partnership interests, business trust shares, depository receipts, rights and warrants to subscribe for the purchase of equity securities, and interests in real estate investment trusts (REITs).
The fixed-income securities in which The Fairholme Fund may invest include U.S. corporate debt securities, non-U.S. corporate debt securities, bank debt (including bank loans and participations), U.S. Government and agency debt securities (including U.S. Treasury bills), short-term debt obligations of foreign governments and foreign money market instruments.
The Fairholme Fund may also invest in special situations, which are situations when the securities of a company are expected to appreciate over time due to company-specific developments rather than general business conditions or movements of the market as a whole.
The Manager uses fundamental analysis to identify certain attractive characteristics of companies. Such characteristics may include: high free cash flow yields in relation to market values and risk-free rates; sensible capital allocation policies; strong competitive positions; solid balance sheets; liquidity and leverage; stress-tested owner/managers; participation in stressed industries having reasonable prospects for recovery; potential for long-term growth; significant tangible assets in relation to enterprise values; high returns on invested equity and capital; and the production of essential services and products. The Manager defines free cash flow as the cash a company would generate annually from operations after all cash outlays necessary to maintain the business in its current condition.
Although The Fairholme Fund normally holds a focused portfolio of equity and fixed-income securities, The Fairholme Fund is not required to be fully invested in such securities and may maintain a significant portion of its total assets in cash and securities generally considered to be cash equivalents. In certain market conditions, the Manager may determine that it is appropriate for The Fairholme Fund to hold a significant cash position for an extended period of time.
The Fairholme Fund invests in commercial paper, which consists of short-term (usually from 1 to 270 days) unsecured promissory notes issued by entities in order to finance their current operations.
The Fairholme Fund may also use other investment strategies and invest its assets in other types of investments, which are described in the section in the Prospectus entitled Additional Information about the Funds Investments and Risks, and in The Fairholme Funds Statement of Additional Information (SAI).
General/Market Risks. The market values of securities or other investments that The Fairholme Fund holds may fall, sometimes rapidly or unpredictably, or fail to rise for various reasons including changes or potential or perceived changes in U.S. or foreign economies, financial markets, interest rates, the liquidity of investments and other factors including terrorism, war, natural disasters and public health events and crises, including disease/virus outbreaks and epidemics. The resulting short-term and long-term effects and consequences of such events and factors on global and local economies and specific countries, regions, businesses, industries, and companies cannot necessarily be foreseen or predicted. From time to time, certain market segments (such as equity or fixed income), investment styles (such as growth or value), or other investment categories, may fall out of favor which may impair the value of an investment in The Fairholme Fund. An investment in The Fairholme Fund could lose money over short or long periods.
Equity Risk. The Fairholme Fund is subject to the risk that stock and other equity security prices may fall over short or extended periods of time. Historically, the equity markets have moved in cycles, and the value of The Fairholme Funds equity securities may fluctuate drastically from day to day. Individual companies may report poor results or be negatively affected by industry and/or economic trends and developments. The prices of securities issued by such companies may suffer a decline in response. These factors contribute to price volatility.
Small- to Medium-Capitalization Risk. Investments in small- and mid-capitalization companies may be more volatile than investments in large-capitalization companies. Investments in small- to mid-cap companies may have additional risks because, among other things, these companies have limited product lines, markets or financial resources.
Focused Portfolio and Non-Diversification Risks. The Fairholme Fund may have more volatility and is considered to have more risk than a fund that invests in securities of a greater number of issuers because changes in the value of a single issuers security may have a more significant effect, either negative or positive, on The Fairholme Funds net asset value (NAV). To the extent that The Fairholme Fund invests its assets in the securities of fewer issuers, The Fairholme Fund will be subject to greater risk of loss if any of those securities decreases in value or becomes impaired. To the extent that The Fairholme Funds investments are focused in a particular issuer, region, country, market, industry, asset class or other category, The Fairholme Fund may be susceptible to loss due to adverse occurrences affecting that issuer, region, country, market, industry, asset class or other category.
Control and Substantial Positions Risk. The Fairholme Fund may invest in the securities of a company for the purpose of affecting the management or control of the company or may have or acquire a substantial position in the securities of a company, subject to applicable legal restrictions with respect to the investment. Such an investment imposes additional risks for The Fairholme Fund other than a possible decline in the value of the investment. These additional risks include: the application of statutory, regulatory and other requirements to The Fairholme Fund, or to the Manager and its affiliates, could restrict activities contemplated by The Fairholme Fund, or by the Manager and its affiliates, with respect to a portfolio company or limit the time and the manner in which The Fairholme Fund is able to dispose of its holdings or hedge such holdings; The Fairholme Fund, or the Manager and its affiliates, may be required to obtain relief from the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC) or its staff prior to engaging in certain activities with respect to a portfolio company that could be deemed a joint arrangement under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the 1940 Act); The Fairholme Fund may incur substantial expenses and costs when taking control or other substantial positions in a company, including paying market prices for securities whose value The Fairholme Fund is required to discount when computing the NAV of The Fairholme Funds shares, and there is no guarantee that such expenses and costs can be recouped; and The Fairholme Fund could be exposed to various legal claims by governmental entities, or by a portfolio company, its security holders and its creditors, arising from, among other things, The Fairholme Funds status as an insider or control person of a portfolio company or from the Managers designation of directors to serve on the board of directors of a portfolio company.
Commercial Paper Risk. The value of commercial paper may be affected by changes in the credit rating or financial condition of the issuing entity and tends to fall when interest rates rise and increase when interest rates fall. Maturing commercial paper issuances are usually repaid by the issuer from the proceeds of new commercial paper issuances. Consequently, investments in commercial paper are subject to the risk the issuer cannot issue enough new commercial paper or utilize other sources of cash to satisfy its outstanding commercial paper, which is also known as rollover risk.
Industry/Sector Risk. To the extent The Fairholme Fund invests or maintains a significant portion of its assets in one or more issuers in a particular industry or industry sector, The Fairholme Fund will be subject to a greater degree to the risks particular to that industry or industry sector. Market or economic factors affecting issuers in that industry, group of related industries or sector could have a major effect on the value of The Fairholme Funds investments and NAV. As of the date of the Prospectus, the securities of an issuer in the real estate sector comprise a significant portion of The Fairholme Funds assets. This investment exposes The Fairholme Fund to the risks of the real estate and real estate related sectors generally, and of that issuer, including risks relating to real estate investments and development in Northwest Florida, hospitality, and forestry. In this regard, the securities of a single real estate related issuer or a group of real estate issuers may underperform the market as a whole due to legislative or regulatory changes, adverse market conditions and/or increased competition affecting the real estate sector.
Special Situation Risk. Investments in special situations may involve greater risks when compared to The Fairholme Funds other strategies due to a variety of factors. Mergers, reorganizations, liquidations or recapitalizations may fail or not be completed on the terms originally contemplated, and expected developments may not occur in a timely manner, or at all.
Cash Position Risk. To the extent that The Fairholme Fund holds large positions in cash or cash equivalents, there is a risk of lower returns and potential lost opportunities to participate in market appreciation.
Interest Rate Risk. Changes in interest rates will affect the value of investments in fixed-income securities. When interest rates rise, the value of existing investments in fixed-income securities tends to fall and this decrease in value may not be offset by higher income from new investments. Interest rate risk is generally greater for fixed-income securities with longer maturities or durations, but increasing interest rates may have an adverse effect on the value of The Fairholme Funds investment portfolio as a whole, as investors and markets adjust expected returns relative to such increasing rates.
Credit Risk. The Fairholme Funds investments are subject to credit risk. An issuers credit quality depends on its ability to pay interest on and repay its debt and other obligations. Defaulted securities (or those expected to default) are subject to additional risks in that the securities may become subject to a plan or reorganization that can diminish or eliminate their value. The credit
risk of a security may also depend on the credit quality of any bank or financial institution that provides credit enhancement for the security. Changes in economic, tax and regulatory policies, interest rates, inflation rates and government instability, war or other political or economic actions or factors may have an adverse effect on the investments of The Fairholme Fund. The degree of risk for a particular security may be reflected in its credit rating. There is the possibility that the credit rating of a fixed-income security may be downgraded after purchase, which may adversely affect the value of the security. Investments in fixed-income securities with lower ratings tend to have a higher probability that an issuer will default or fail to meet its payment obligations. The Manager does not rely solely on third party credit ratings to select The Fairholme Funds portfolio securities.
Illiquid Investments Risk. The Fairholme Funds investments are subject to illiquid investments risk. This is the risk that the market for a security or other investment cannot accommodate an order to buy or sell the security or other investment in the desired timeframe, possibly preventing The Fairholme Fund from selling these securities at an advantageous price. This risk includes the risk that legal or contractual restrictions on the resale of a security may affect The Fairholme Funds ability to sell the security when deemed appropriate or necessary by the Manager. Derivatives and securities involving substantial market and credit risk tend to involve greater illiquid investments risk, and, in certain circumstances, illiquid investments risk may be greater for a particular security as a result of, among other things, changes in the markets relating to that security, increased selling of the security by market participants or increases in the size of the holding relative to other fund holdings or to the issuers total issuance. Over recent years illiquid investments risk has increased because the capacity of dealers in the secondary market for fixed-income securities to make markets in these securities has decreased, even as the overall bond market has grown significantly, due to, among other things, structural changes, additional regulatory requirements and capital and risk restraints that have led to reduced inventories. Illiquid investments risk may be higher in a rising interest rate environment, when the value and liquidity of fixed-income securities generally decline. This risk also includes the risk that trading on an exchange may be halted because of market conditions.
An investment in The Fairholme Fund is not a deposit of a bank and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other government agency. Further discussion about other risks of investing in The Fairholme Fund may be found in the section in the Prospectus entitled Additional Information about the Funds Investments and Risks, and in The Fairholme Funds SAI.
The bar chart and table set out below show The Fairholme Funds historical performance and provide some indication of the risks of investing in The Fairholme Fund by showing changes in The Fairholme Funds performance from year to year and by showing how The Fairholme Funds average annual total returns for 1-, 5-, and 10-year periods and since inception compare to the performance of the S&P 500 Index. The S&P 500 Index is a widely recognized, unmanaged index of 500 of the largest companies in the United States as measured by market capitalization. The S&P 500 Index assumes reinvestment of all dividends and distributions. Because indices cannot be invested in directly, these index returns do not reflect a deduction for fees, expenses or taxes. The Fairholme Funds past performance (before and after taxes) may not be an indication of how The Fairholme Fund will perform in the future. Updated performance information for The Fairholme Fund may be obtained by calling 1-866-202-2263.
Annual Returns for The Fairholme Fund for the Last 10 Calendar Years
|Best Quarter 1st Qtr 2012: +31.15%||Worst Quarter 3rd Qtr 2011: -25.47%|
Average Annual Total Returns for The Fairholme Fund (for the periods ended December 31, 2019)
|Portfolio Returns||1 Year||5 Years||10 Years||
Return Before Taxes
Return After Taxes on Distributions
Return After Taxes on Distributions and Sale of The Fairholme Fund Shares
S&P 500 Index (reflects no deduction for fees, expenses or taxes)
The theoretical after-tax returns shown in the table are calculated using the highest historical individual federal marginal income tax rates, and do not reflect the impact of state and local taxes. Your actual after-tax returns depend on your personal tax situation and may differ from the returns shown above. Also, after-tax return information is not relevant to shareholders who hold The Fairholme Fund shares through tax-deferred arrangements, such as 401(k) plans or individual retirement accounts (IRAs). The after-tax returns shown in the table reflect past tax effects and are not predictive of future tax effects.
The average annual total return after taxes on distributions and sale of The Fairholme Fund shares for the 5-year and 10-year periods are higher than the average annual total return after taxes on distributions for the same periods because of realized losses that would have been sustained upon the sale of The Fairholme Fund shares immediately after such 5-year and 10-year periods. In addition to the assumptions in the preceding paragraph, the calculation for the average annual total return after taxes on distributions and sale of The Fairholme Fund shares assumes that an investor would have been able to immediately utilize the full realized loss to reduce his or her federal tax liability. However, actual individual tax results may vary and investors should consult their tax advisors regarding their personal tax situations.
Fairholme Capital Management, L.L.C., the Manager, provides investment advisory services to The Fairholme Fund.
Bruce R. Berkowitz, Chief Investment Officer of the Manager, and the President and a Director of Fairholme Funds, Inc. (the Company), has been The Fairholme Funds lead portfolio manager since The Fairholme Funds inception. Mr. Berkowitz is responsible for the day-to-day management of The Fairholme Funds portfolio.
Purchases of shares of The Fairholme Fund are subject to the following minimum investment amounts (which may be waived by the Manager in its discretion):
To Open Account
for Regular Accounts
Minimum Subsequent Investment
(Non-Automatic Investment Plan Members)
|$1,000 for Regular Accounts and IRAs|
Minimum Subsequent Investment
(Automatic Investment Plan Members)
$250 per month minimum ($100 per month minimum for
The Fairholme Fund shareholders who became AIP members prior to September 1, 2008)
Shareholders eligible to purchase shares of The Fairholme Fund may do so through their financial intermediaries or by contacting The Fairholme Fund: (i) by telephone at 1-866-202-2263; or (ii) by mail addressed to c/o BNY Mellon Investment Servicing (US) Inc., P.O. Box 9692, Providence, RI 02940-9692; or (iii) by overnight delivery addressed to c/o BNY Mellon Investment Servicing (US) Inc., 4400 Computer Drive, Westborough, MA 01581-1722.
The Fairholme Fund reserves the right to limit the sale of shares to new investors and existing shareholders at any time. The Fairholme Fund may reject any order to purchase shares, and may withdraw the offering of shares at any time to any or all investors.
Shareholders may redeem shares of The Fairholme Fund through their financial intermediaries or by contacting The Fairholme Fund: (i) by telephone at 1-866-202-2263; (ii) by mail addressed to c/o BNY Mellon Investment Servicing (US) Inc., P.O. Box 9692, Providence, RI 02940-9692; or (iii) by overnight delivery addressed to c/o BNY Mellon Investment Servicing (US) Inc., 4400 Computer Drive, Westborough, MA 01581-1722.
The Fairholme Fund intends to make distributions that may be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains.
If you purchase shares of The Fairholme Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), The Fairholme Fund and its related companies may pay the intermediary for certain administrative and shareholder servicing functions. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other intermediary to recommend The Fairholme Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediarys website for more information.
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