Form 497K Collaborative Investment
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GREENWICH IVY LONG-SHORT FUND
Institutional Class Ticker Symbol: GIVYX
Primary Listing Exchange for the Fund: New York Stock Exchange
February 1, 2023
Greenwich Ivy Capital LLC
50 Sound View Drive, Suite 1S,
Greenwich, CT 06830
Before you invest, you may want to review the Fund’s prospectus, which contains more information about the Fund and its risks. The Fund’s prospectus and statement of additional information dated February 1, 2023, are incorporated by reference into this summary prospectus. You can obtain these documents and other information about the Fund online at www.greenwichivyfunds.com or by calling 1-800-869-1679. These securities have not been approved or disapproved by the Securities and Exchange Commission nor has the Securities and Exchange Commission passed upon the accuracy or adequacy of this Prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
Investment Objectives: The Greenwich Ivy Long-Short Fund’s (the “Fund”) investment objective is long-term capital appreciation.
Fees and Expenses of the Fund: This table describes the fees and expenses that you may pay if you buy, hold, and sell shares of the Fund.
|(fees paid directly from your investment)||Institutional Class|
|Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Purchases (as a % of offering price)||None|
|Deferred Sales Charge (Load) (as a % of original purchase price)||None|
|Maximum Sales Charge (Load) Imposed on Reinvested Dividends and other Distributions||None|
|Redemption Fee (as a % of amount redeemed, if sold within 60 days)||None|
|Annual Fund Operating Expenses|
|(expenses that you pay each year as a percentage of the value of your investment)||Institutional Class|
|Distribution and/or Service (12b-1) Fees||None|
|Interest and Dividend Expenses Related to Short Selling||0.82%|
|Remaining Other Expenses||1.23%|
|Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses(1)||0.13%|
|Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses||3.68%|
|Fee Waiver and/or Expense Reimbursement(2)||(0.88)%|
|Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses After Fee Waiver and/or Expense Reimbursement||2.80%%|
|(1)||Acquired Fund Fees and Expenses are the indirect costs of investing in other investment companies.|
|(2)||The Fund’s adviser, Greenwich Ivy Capital LLC (the “Adviser”) has contractually agreed to reduce its fees and to reimburse expenses, at least through January 31, 2024, to ensure that total annual Fund operating expenses after fee waiver and reimbursement (exclusive of any front-end or contingent deferred loads, taxes, leverage interest, borrowing interest, brokerage commissions, expenses incurred in connection with any merger or reorganization, dividend expense on securities sold short, acquired (underlying) fund fees and expenses or extraordinary expenses such as litigation) will not exceed 1.85% of the average daily net assets attributable to the Institutional Class shares. These fee waivers and expense reimbursements are subject to possible recoupment from the Fund within three years of the date on which the waiver or reimbursement occurs, if such recoupment can be achieved within the lesser of the foregoing expense limits and the expense limits in place at the time of recoupment. This agreement may be terminated only by the Fund’s Board of Trustees, on 60 days’ written notice to the Adviser.|
Example: This Example assumes that you invest $10,000 in the Fund for the time periods indicated and then redeem all of your shares at the end of those periods. The Example also assumes that your investment has a 5% return each year and that the Fund’s operating expenses remain the same. The Example further assumes that the Fund’s operating expense limitation agreement will only be in place for the term specified above. Although your actual costs may be higher or lower, based upon these assumptions your costs would be:
|1 year||3 Years||5 years||10 years|
PORTFOLIO TURNOVER: The Fund pays transaction costs, such as commissions, when it buys and sells securities (or “turns over” its portfolio). A higher portfolio turnover rate may indicate higher transaction costs and may result in higher taxes when Fund shares are held in a taxable account. These costs, which are not reflected in annual operating expenses or in the Example, affect the Fund’s performance. The Fund’s portfolio turnover rate for the fiscal period ended September 30, 2022 was 808.79%.
PRINCIPAL INVESTMENT STRATEGIES:
In pursuing its investment objective of long-term capital appreciation, the Fund invests in equity securities and exchange-traded funds (“ETFs”) that primarily invest in equity securities. Equity securities will include those that are issued by U.S., foreign, and emerging market companies and may be of any capitalization. The Fund may invest in micro-capitalization companies which the Fund defines as those that at the time of purchase: (i) have a market capitalization between $100 million and $750 million or (ii) are within the capitalization range of the Russell Microcap Index as of its most recent reconstitution date. The Fund may also sell short individual equity securities or shares of ETFs. The Fund also may invest in inverse ETFs. During periods of market volatility, the Fund may assume a temporary defensive position by investing up to 70% of its assets in cash or cash equivalents such as money market funds and U.S. Treasury Securities.
In making investments for the Fund’s portfolio, the Adviser employs a fundamental research approach that evaluates the investment merits of equity securities and ETFs. The Adviser also considers overall global equity market trends in managing the Fund’s portfolio. If the Adviser considers equity market conditions to be unfavorable or uncertain, the Fund may sell short individual equity securities or shares of ETFs, invest in inverse ETFs or allocate a significant amount of its assets to cash or cash equivalent positions.
The Fund is a non-diversified fund which means that it may invest in fewer issuers than a diversified fund. Because of the tactical nature of the Adviser’s strategy, the Fund may engage in frequent trading of its portfolio which will result in a higher portfolio turnover rate.
PRINCIPAL RISKS: As with all mutual funds, there is the risk that you could lose money through your investment in the Fund. The Fund is not intended to be a complete investment program. Many factors affect the Fund’s net asset value and performance. The Fund is subject to the risks associated with the global stock and bond markets, any of which could cause an investment to lose money.
|●||Currency Risk. If the Fund invests in securities that trade in, and receive revenues in, foreign currencies, it will be subject to the risk that those currencies will decline in value relative to the U.S. dollar, or, in the case of hedging positions, that the U.S. dollar will decline in value relative to the currency being hedged. As a result, the Fund’s investments in foreign currency-denominated securities may reduce the Fund’s returns.|
|●||Emerging Markets Risk. Investing in emerging markets involves not only the risks described below with respect to investing in foreign securities, but also other risks, including exposure to economic structures that are generally less diverse and mature, limited availability and reliability of information material to an investment decision, and exposure to political systems that can be expected to have less stability than those of developed countries. The typically small size of the markets of securities of issuers located in emerging markets and the possibility of a low or nonexistent volume of trading in those securities may also result in a lack of liquidity and in price volatility of those securities.|
|●||Equity Risk. The net asset value of the Fund will fluctuate based on changes in the value of the U.S. and/or foreign equity securities held by the Fund. Equity prices can fall rapidly in response to developments affecting a specific company or industry, or to changing economic, political or market conditions.|
|●||Exchange Traded Fund Risk. The cost of investing in the Fund will be higher than the cost of investing directly in the ETFs in which it invests and may be higher than other mutual funds that invest directly in stocks and bonds. Each ETF is subject to specific risks, depending on the nature of the ETF. ETF shares may trade at a discount to or a premium above net asset value if there is a limited market in such shares. ETFs in which the Fund invests will not be able to replicate exactly the performance of the indices they track, if any, because the total return generated by the securities will be reduced by transaction costs incurred in adjusting the actual balance of the securities.|
|o||Inverse ETF Risk. Inverse ETFs seek to provide the inverse daily return of a particular index or group of securities. Over time, the Inverse ETF’s returns may differ dramatically from the returns of the underlying index or group of securities. Longer holding periods and market volatility will exacerbate the differences in the Inverse ETF’s returns compared to those of the index or group of securities. It is possible that an Inverse ETF may decline in value even when the value of the index or group of securities falls.|
|●||Foreign Investment Risk. Foreign investing involves risks not typically associated with U.S. investments, including adverse fluctuations in foreign currency values, adverse political, social and economic developments, less liquidity, greater volatility, less developed or less efficient trading markets, political instability and differing auditing and legal standards. Investing in emerging markets imposes risks different from, or greater than, risks of investing in foreign developed countries.|
|●||Limited History of Operations Risk. The Fund is a new mutual fund and has a limited history of operations for investors to evaluate.|
|●||Management Risk. The portfolio manager’s judgments about the attractiveness, value and potential appreciation of particular stocks or other securities in which the Fund invests or sells short may prove to be incorrect and there is no guarantee that the portfolio manager’s judgment will produce the desired results.|
|●||Market and Geopolitical Risk. The increasing interconnectivity between global economies and financial markets increases the likelihood that events or conditions in one region or financial market may adversely impact issuers in a different country, region or financial market. Securities in the Fund’s portfolio may underperform due to inflation (or expectations for inflation), interest rates, global demand for particular products or resources, natural disasters, pandemics, epidemics, terrorism, regulatory events and governmental or quasi-governmental actions. The occurrence of global events similar to those in recent years, such as terrorist attacks around the world, natural disasters, social and political discord or debt crises and downgrades, among others, may result in market volatility and may have long term effects on both the U.S. and global financial markets. It is difficult to predict when similar events affecting the U.S. or global financial markets may occur, the effects that such events may have and the duration of those effects. Any such event(s) could have a significant adverse impact on the value and risk profile of the Fund’s portfolio. The current novel coronavirus (COVID-19) global pandemic and the aggressive responses taken by many governments, including closing borders, restricting international and domestic travel, and the imposition of prolonged quarantines or similar restrictions, as well as the forced or voluntary closure of, or operational changes to, many retail and other businesses, has had negative impacts, and in many cases severe negative impacts, on markets worldwide. It is not known how long such impacts, or any future impacts of other significant events described above, will or would last, but there could be a prolonged period of global economic slowdown, which may impact your Fund investment. Therefore, the Fund could lose money over short periods due to short-term market movements and over longer periods during more prolonged market downturns. During a general market downturn, multiple asset classes may be negatively affected. Changes in market conditions and interest rates can have the same impact on all types of securities and instruments. In times of severe market disruptions you could lose your entire investment.|
|●||Micro Capitalization Risk. Micro capitalization companies may be newly formed or have limited product lines, distribution channels and financial and managerial resources. The risks associated with those investments are generally greater than those associated with investments in the securities of larger, more established companies. This may cause the Fund’s net asset value to be more volatile when compared to investment companies that focus only on large capitalization companies.|
|●||Non-Diversification Risk. The Fund’s portfolio may focus on a limited number of investments and will be subject to the potential for more volatility than a diversified fund.|
|●||Portfolio Turnover Risk. A higher portfolio turnover will result in higher transactional and brokerage costs.|
|●||Short Selling Risk. If a security sold short or other instrument increases in price, the Fund may have to cover its short position at a higher price than the short sale price, resulting in a loss. Because losses on short sales arise from increases in the value of the security sold short, such losses are theoretically unlimited. The Fund may not be able to successfully implement its short sale strategy due to limited availability of desired securities or for other reasons.|
|●||Small Capitalization Stock Risk. The earnings and prospects of small sized companies are more volatile than larger companies and may experience higher failure rates than larger companies. Small sized companies normally have a lower trading volume than larger companies, which may tend to make their market price fall more disproportionately than larger companies in response to selling pressures and may have limited markets, product lines, or financial resources and lack management experience.|
PERFORMANCE: The bar chart and performance table below show the variability of the Fund’s returns over time, which is some indication of the risks of investing in the Fund. The bar chart shows performance of the Fund’s Institutional Class shares for each full calendar year since the Fund’s inception. The performance table compares the performance of the Fund’s shares over time to the performance of a broad-based market index. You should be aware that the Fund’s past performance (before and after taxes) may not be an indication of how the Fund will perform in the future. Updated performance information will be available at no cost by calling 1-800-869-1679 and may also be available at www.greenwichivyfunds.com.
Performance Bar Chart For Calendar Year Ended December 31, 2022
Average Annual Total Returns
Best quarter: 12/31/2020 31.75%
Worst quarter: 3/31/2020 -11.35%
of the Fund (12-04-19)
|Institutional Class Return before taxes||-4.11%||9.58%|
|Institutional Class Return after taxes on distributions||-7.73%||5.03%|
|Institutional Class Return after taxes on distributions and sale of fund shares||-1.20%||6.58%|
|S&P 500 Total Return Index(1)||-15.50%||6.84%|
|(1) The S&P 500 Total Return Index is an unmanaged composite of 500 large capitalization companies and includes the reinvestment of dividends. This index is widely used by professional investors as a performance benchmark for large-cap stocks. You cannot invest directly in an index.|
Investment Adviser: Greenwich Ivy Capital LLC.
Portfolio Manager: Chetan Jindal has served as the Fund’s portfolio manager since the Fund’s inception in December 2019. Mr. Jindal founded and has served as the chief executive officer for Greenwich Ivy Capital LLC since 2018.
Purchase and Sale of Fund Shares: You may purchase and redeem shares of the Fund on any day that the New York Stock Exchange is open for trading. You may redeem shares by written request, telephone or through a financial intermediary. The minimum initial and subsequent investment for Institutional Class shares is $1,000 and $100, respectively, for all accounts. However, the Fund or the Adviser may waive any minimum investment requirement at its discretion.
Tax Information: Dividends and capital gain distributions you receive from the Fund, whether you reinvest your distributions in additional Fund shares or receive them in cash, are taxable to you at either ordinary income or capital gains tax rates unless you are investing through a tax-deferred plan such as an IRA or 401(k) plan. However, such distributions may be taxed later upon withdrawal of monies from the plan.
Payments to Broker-Dealers and Other Financial Intermediaries: If you purchase the Fund through a broker-dealer or other financial intermediary (such as a bank), the Adviser may pay the intermediary for the sale of Fund shares and related services. These payments may create a conflict of interest by influencing the broker-dealer or other intermediary and your salesperson to recommend the Fund over another investment. Ask your salesperson or visit your financial intermediary’s website for more information.
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