Form 424B2 TORONTO DOMINION BANK

May 24, 2022 3:39 PM EDT

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The information in this pricing supplement is not complete and may be changed. This pricing supplement is not an offer to sell nor does it seek an offer to buy these Notes in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.
Subject to Completion, dated May 24, 2022.
Pricing Supplement dated , 2022 to the
Product Supplement MLN-EI-1 dated March 4, 2022 and
Prospectus dated March 4, 2022
Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2)
Registration Statement No. 333-262557
 
The Toronto-Dominion Bank
$
Dual Directional Buffered Notes Linked to the S&P 500® Index Due on or about May 31, 2024
Senior Debt Securities, Series E
 

General
The Notes are designed for investors who (i) seek unleveraged exposure to a limited range of the percentage appreciation of the S&P 500® Index (the Reference Asset”) during the term of the Notes, (ii) seek unleveraged inverse exposure to a limited range of the percentage decline in the level of the Reference Asset, but only if the arithmetic average of the Closing Level of the Reference Asset on each Averaging Date (the “Final Level”) is greater than or equal to the Buffer Level, (iii) are willing to accept the risk of losing some or all of their Principal Amount and (iv) are willing to forgo interest and any dividend payments or other distributions on the stocks comrpising the Reference Asset (the “Reference Asset Constituents”).
If the Final Level is less than the Initial Level by more than 20.00%, investors will lose 1.25% of the Principal Amount of the Notes for each 1% decrease from the Initial Level to the Final Level of more than 20.00%, and may lose their entire Principal Amount.
Any payments on the Notes, including any repayment of principal, are subject to our credit risk.
Key Terms
Issuer:
The Toronto-Dominion Bank (“TD”)
Reference Asset:
The S&P 500® Index (Bloomberg ticker: SPX)
Principal Amount:
$1,000 per Note, subject to a minimum investment of $10,000 and integral multiples of $1,000 in excess thereof.
Term:
Approximately 2 years. In the event that we make any change to the expected Pricing Date or Issue Date, the Calculation Agent may adjust each Averaging Date (including the Final Averaging Date) and the Maturity Date to ensure that the stated term of the Notes remains the same.
Pricing Date:
Expected to be May 27, 2022
Issue Date:
Expected to be June 2, 2022, which is the third DTC settlement day following the Pricing Date. See “Supplemental Plan of Distribution (Conflicts of Interest)” herein.
Maturity Date:
Expected to be May 31, 2024, subject to postponement as described further under “Additional Terms — Market Disruption Events” herein. If such day is not a Business Day, the Maturity Date will be the next succeeding Business Day.
Payment at Maturity:
On the Maturity Date, we will pay a cash payment, if anything, per Note equal to:
•   If the Final Level is greater than or equal to the Initial Level:
Principal Amount + (Principal Amount × Percentage Change), subject to the Maximum Upside Return.
In this scenario, you will receive a positive 1% return on the Notes for each 1% that the Final Level is greater than the Initial Level. This return will not exceed 23.47%.
•   If the Final Level is less than the Initial Level, but greater than or equal to the Buffer Level:
Principal Amount + (Principal Amount × Contingent Absolute Return).
In this scenario, you will receive a positive 1% return on the Notes for each 1% that the Final Level is less than the Initial Level. This return will not exceed 20.00%.
•   If the Final Level is less than the Buffer Level:
Principal Amount + [Principal Amount × (Percentage Change + Buffer Amount) × Downside Leverage Factor].
If the Final Level is less than Buffer Level, you will receive less than the Principal Amount of the Notes at maturity and may lose some or all of your investment in the Notes. Specifically, you will lose 1.25% of the Principal Amount of the Notes for each 1% that the Final Level is less than the Initial Level in excess of the Buffer Amount and, because of the Downside Leverage Factor, may lose your entire Principal Amount. Any payments on the Notes are subject to our credit risk.
All amounts used in or resulting from any calculation relating to the Payment at Maturity will be rounded upward or downward as appropriate, to the nearest cent.
Percentage Change:
The quotient, expressed as a percentage, of the following formula:
Final Level – Initial Level
Initial Level
Maximum Upside
Return:
23.47%. If the Percentage Change is greater than or equal to 23.47%, you will receive the Maximum Upside Return of 23.47%, which entitles you to a Payment at Maturity of $1,234.70 per Note.
Contingent Absolute
Return:
The absolute value of the Percentage Change, expressed as a percentage. For example, if the Percentage Change is -5%, the Contingent Absolute Return will equal 5%.
Buffer Amount:
20.00%, which is equal to the percentage by which the Buffer Level is less than the Initial Level
Downside Leverage
Factor:
The quotient of 1 / (1 – Buffer Amount), which is equal to 1.25.
Initial Level:
The Closing Level of the Reference Asset on the Pricing Date, as determined by the Calculation Agent.
Final Level:
The arithmetic average of the Closing Level of the Reference Asset on each of the “Averaging Dates” specified below, as determined by the Calculation Agent.
Averaging Dates:
Expected to be May 21, 2024, May 22, 2024, May 23, 2024, May 24, 2024 and May 28, 2024 (such day may be referred to as the “Final Averaging Date”). Each “Averaging Date” is a “Valuation Date” for the purposes of the product supplement and is subject to postponement as described under “Additional Terms — Market Disruption Events” herein. If such day is not a Trading Day, the relevant Averaging Date will be the next succeeding Valid Date as described under “Additional Terms — Market Disruption Events” herein.
Buffer Level:
80.00% of the Initial Level (to be determined on the Pricing Date), as determined by the Calculation Agent.
CUSIP / ISIN:
89114Y3S8 / US89114Y3S82
The estimated value of your Notes at the time the terms of your Notes are set on the Pricing Date is expected to be between $940.00 and $980.00 per Note, as discussed further under “Additional Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Estimated Value and Liquidity” beginning on page P-5 and “Additional Information Regarding the Estimated Value of the Notes” on page P-22 of this pricing supplement. The estimated value is expected to be less than the public offering price of the Notes.
The Notes are unsecured and are not savings accounts or insured deposits of a bank. The Notes are not insured or guaranteed by the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation, the U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other governmental agency or instrumentality.The Notes will not be listed or displayed on any securities exchange or any electronic communications network.
The Notes have complex features and investing in the Notes involves a number of risks. See “Additional Risk Factors” beginning on page P-3 of this pricing supplement, “Additional Risk Factors Specific to the Notes” beginning on page PS-7 of the product supplement MLN-EI-1 dated March 4, 2022, (the “product supplement”) and “Risk Factors” on page 1 of the prospectus dated March 4, 2022 (the “prospectus”). Neither the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these Notes or determined that this pricing supplement, the product supplement or the prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
 
Public Offering Price1
Underwriting Discount2
Proceeds to TD2
Per Note
$1,000.00
$15.00
$985.00
Total
$
$
$
1
The public offering price for investors purchasing the Notes in fiduciary accounts may be as low as $985.00 (98.50%) per Note.
2
TD Securities (USA) LLC (“TDS” or the “Agent”) will receive a commission of $15.00 (1.50%) per $1,000.00 Principal Amount of the Notes sold in this offering. J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, which we refer to as JPMS LLC, and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. will act as placement agents for the Notes and, from the commission to TDS, will receive a placement fee of $15.00 for each Note they sell in this offering to accounts other than fiduciary accounts. TDS and the placement agents will forgo a commission and placement fee for sales to fiduciary accounts. See “Supplemental Plan of Distribution (Conflicts of Interest)” in this pricing supplement for additional information.
The public offering price, underwriting discount and proceeds to TD listed above relate to the Notes we issue initially. We may decide to sell additional Notes after the date of the final pricing supplement, at public offering prices and with underwriting discounts and proceeds to TD that differ from the amounts set forth above. The return (whether positive or negative) on your investment in the Notes will depend in part on the public offering price you pay for such Notes.

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-1

Additional Terms of Your Notes
You should read this preliminary pricing supplement (this “pricing supplement”) together with the prospectus, as supplemented by the product supplement MLN-EI-1 (the “product supplement”), relating to our Senior Debt Securities, Series E, of which these Notes are a part. Capitalized terms used but not defined in this pricing supplement will have the meanings given to them in the product supplement. In the event of any conflict the following hierarchy will govern: first, this pricing supplement; second, the product supplement; and last, the prospectus. The Notes vary from the terms described in the product supplement in several important ways. You should read this pricing supplement carefully.
This pricing supplement, together with the documents listed below, contains the terms of the Notes and supersedes all prior or contemporaneous oral statements as well as any other written materials including preliminary or indicative pricing terms, correspondence, trade ideas, structures for implementation, sample structures, brochures or other educational materials of ours. You should carefully consider, among other things, the matters set forth in “Additional Risk Factors” herein, “Additional Risk Factors Specific to the Notes” in the product supplement and “Risk Factors” in the prospectus, as the Notes involve risks not associated with conventional debt securities. We urge you to consult your investment, legal, tax, accounting and other advisors concerning an investment in the Notes. You may access these documents on the SEC website at www.sec.gov as follows (or if that address has changed, by reviewing our filings for the relevant date on the SEC website):

Product Supplement MLN-EI-1 dated March 4, 2022:

Our Central Index Key, or CIK, on the SEC website is 0000947263. As used in this pricing supplement, the “Bank,” “we,” “us,” or “our” refers to The Toronto-Dominion Bank and its subsidiaries.
We reserve the right to change the terms of, or reject any offer to purchase, the Notes prior to their issuance. In the event of any changes to the terms of the Notes, we will notify you and you will be asked to accept such changes in connection with your purchase. You may also choose to reject such changes, in which case we may reject your offer to purchase.

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-2

Selected Purchase Considerations
Potential for Unleveraged Exposure to Upside Appreciation, subject to the Maximum Upside Return – The Notes provide unleveraged exposure to a limited range of appreciation in the level of the Reference Asset over the term of the Notes. However, the opportunity to participate in the possible increases in the level of the Reference Asset through an investment in the Notes is limited because the return on the Notes resulting from any increase in the level of the Reference Asset will not exceed the Maximum Upside Return.
Potential for Unleveraged Contingent Absolute Return, with Potential for Full Downside Exposure – The Notes provide inverse exposure to a limited range of decline in the level of the Reference Asset over the term of the Notes. However, the opportunity to receive inverse exposure to any decline in the level of the Reference Asset through an investment in the Notes is limited by the Buffer Level. If the Final Level is less than the Buffer Level, investors will lose 1.25% of the Principal Amount of the Notes for each 1% that the Final Level is less than the Initial Level in excess of the Buffer Amount, and because of this Downside Leverage Factor, may lose their entire investment in the Notes. Any payments on the Notes, including any repayment of principal, are subject to our credit risk.
Additional Risk Factors
The Notes involve risks not associated with an investment in conventional debt securities. This section describes the most significant risks relating to the terms of the Notes. For additional information as to these risks, please see “Additional Risk Factors Specific to the Notes” in the product supplement and “Risk Factors” in the prospectus.
Investors should consult their investment, legal, tax, accounting and other advisors as to the risks entailed by an investment in the Notes and the suitability of the Notes in light of their particular circumstances.
Risks Relating to Return Characteristics
Your Investment in the Notes May Result in a Loss.
The Notes do not guarantee the return of the Principal Amount and investors may lose up to their entire investment in the Notes. Your investment will be exposed to a loss on a leveraged basis if the Final Level is less than the Buffer Level. Specifically, if the Final Level is less than the Buffer Level, investors will lose 1.25% of the Principal Amount of the Notes for each 1% that the Final Level is less than the Initial Level in excess of the Buffer Amount, and may lose their entire Principal Amount.
The Notes Do Not Pay Interest and Your Return May Be Less than the Return on a Conventional Debt Security of Comparable Maturity.
There will be no periodic interest payments on the Notes as there would be on a conventional fixed-rate or floating-rate debt security of comparable maturity. The return that you will receive on the Notes, which could be negative, may be less than the return you could earn on other investments. The Notes do not provide for interest payments. Even if your return is positive, your return may be less than that of a conventional, interest-bearing senior debt security of TD of comparable maturity. Your investment may not reflect the full opportunity cost to you when you take into account factors that affect the time value of money.
Your Potential Return on Any Positive Percentage Change Will be Limited by the Maximum Upside Return and May be Less Than the Return on a Hypothetical Direct Investment in the Reference Asset.
The opportunity to participate in any appreciation in the level of the Reference Asset through an investment in the Notes will be limited because the return on the Notes resulting from any positive Percentage Change will not exceed the Maximum Upside Return. Therefore, you will not benefit from any positive Percentage Change that exceeds the Maximum Upside Return, regardless of how much the Reference Asset appreciates. Accordingly, your return on the Notes may be less than your return would be if you made a hypothetical direct investment in the Reference Asset, a direct investment in the Reference Asset Constituents or in a security directly linked to the positive performance of the Reference Asset or the Reference Asset Constituents.
Your Potential Return From the Contingent Absolute Return Will be Limited by the Buffer Level and the Contingent Absolute Return Feature is Not the Same as Taking a Short Position Directly in the Reference Asset Constituents.
The opportunity to benefit from any decline in the level of the Reference Asset through an investment in the Notes will be limited because of the Buffer Level, and you will not benefit from any decline in the level of the Reference Asset below the Buffer Level. Further, even if the Percentage Change is negative and the Final Level is greater than or equal to the Buffer Level, the return on the Notes will not reflect the return you would realize if you actually took a short position directly in the Reference Asset Constituents. For example, to maintain a short position in a Reference Asset Constituent, you would have to pay dividend payments (if any) to the entity that lends you the Reference Asset Constituent for your short sale, and you could receive certain interest payments (the short interest rebate) from the lender.

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-3

The Return on Your Notes May Change Significantly Despite Only a Small Change in the Final Level.
If the Final Level of the Reference Asset is less than the Buffer Level, you will receive less than the Principal Amount of your Notes and you will lose some or all of your investment in the Notes. This means that while a Final Level that is less than the Initial Level but greater than or equal to the Buffer Level will result in a positive return equal to the Contingent Absolute Return, any additional decrease in the Final Level of the Reference Asset below the Buffer Level will instead result in a loss of 1.25% of the Principal Amount of the Notes for each 1% that the Final Level is less than the Initial Level in excess of the Buffer Amount, up to the entire Principal Amount of your Notes.
The Amount Payable on the Notes, if Any, is not Linked to the Level of the Reference Asset at any Time Other than the Averaging Dates.
Any payment on the Notes will be based on the Final Level, which will be the arithmetic average of the Closing Level of the Reference Asset on each of the Averaging Dates (including the Final Averaging Date). If the level of the Reference Asset prior to the Averaging Dates remains greater than or equal to the Initial Level, or less than the Initial Level but greater than or equal to the Buffer Level, but then adversely changes as of the Averaging Dates, the Payment at Maturity, if any, may be significantly less than it would have been had the Payment at Maturity been linked to the level of the Reference Asset prior to such change. Although the actual level of the Reference Asset on the Final Averaging Date or at other times during the term of the Notes may be higher than the Final Level, the Payment at Maturity, if any, will be based solely on the arithmetic average of the Closing Levels of the Reference Asset on each of the Averaging Dates as compared to the Initial Level.
The Amount Payable on the Notes, if Any, is Based on the Arithmetic Average of the Closing Level of the Reference Asset on each of the Averaging Dates, and Therefore the Payment at Maturity, if Any, may be Less Than if it were Based Solely on the Closing Level of the Reference Asset on a Single Valuation Date.
The Payment at Maturity, if any, will be calculated by reference to the Final Level, which will be equal to the arithmetic average of the Closing Level of the Reference Asset on each of the Averaging Dates listed herein. Therefore, in calculating the Final Level, the performance of the Reference Asset on one or more Averaging Dates that would lead to a positive return on the Notes may be moderated, wholly offset or even reversed by changes in the level of the Reference Asset on one or more of the other Averaging Dates. Therefore, even if the Reference Asset performs favorably to you on certain Averaging Dates (including the Final Averaging Date), the return on the Notes will be negative if the arithmetic average of the Closing Level on each of the Averaging Dates is less than the Buffer Level.
Risks Relating to Characteristics of the Reference Asset
There Are Market Risks Associated with the Reference Asset.
The level of the Reference Asset can rise or fall sharply due to factors specific to such Reference Asset, the Reference Asset Constituents and their issuers (the “Reference Asset Constituent Issuers”), such as stock price volatility, earnings, financial conditions, corporate, industry and regulatory developments, management changes and decisions and other events, as well as general market factors, such as general stock and commodity market volatility and levels, interest rates and economic and political conditions. In addition, recently, the coronavirus infection has caused volatility in the global financial markets and a slowdown in the global economy. Coronavirus or any other communicable disease or infection may adversely affect the Reference Asset Constituent Issuers and, therefore, the Reference Asset. You, as an investor in the Notes, should make your own investigation into the Reference Asset. For additional information, see “Information Regarding the Reference Asset” herein.
The Reference Asset Reflects Price Return, Not Total Return.
The return on your Notes is based on the performance of the Reference Asset, which reflects the changes in the market prices of its Reference Asset Constituents. The Reference Asset is not a “total return” index or strategy, which, in addition to reflecting those price returns, would also reflect any dividends paid on the Reference Asset Constituents. The return on your Notes will not include such a total return feature or dividend component.
We Have No Affiliation with the Index Sponsor and Will Not Be Responsible for Any Actions Taken by the Index Sponsor.
The index sponsor as specified under “Information Regarding the Reference Asset” herein (the “Index Sponsor”) is not an affiliate of ours and will not be involved in any offerings of the Notes in any way. Consequently, we have no control of any actions of the Index Sponsor, including any actions of the type that could adversely affect the level of the Reference Asset or any amount payable on the Notes. The Index Sponsor does not have any obligation of any sort with respect to the Notes. Thus, the Index Sponsor has no obligation to take your interests into consideration for any reason, including in taking any actions that might affect the value of, or return on, the Notes. None of our proceeds from any issuance of the Notes will be delivered to the Index Sponsor, except to the extent that we are required to pay the Index Sponsor licensing fees with respect to the Reference Asset.
Changes that Affect the Reference Asset May Adversely Affect the Market Value of, and Return on, the Notes.
The policies of the Index Sponsor concerning the calculation of the Reference Asset, additions, deletions or substitutions of the Reference Asset Constituents and the manner in which changes affecting those Reference Asset Constituents, such as stock dividends, reorganizations or mergers, may be reflected in the Reference Asset and could adversely affect the market value of, and return on, the Notes. The market value of, and return on, the Notes could also be affected if the Index Sponsor changes these policies, for example, by changing the manner in which it calculates the Reference Asset, or if the Index Sponsor discontinues or suspends calculation or publication of the Reference Asset. If events such as these occur, the Calculation Agent may select a successor index or take other actions as discussed in the product supplement and, notwithstanding these adjustments, the market value of, and return on, the Notes may be adversely affected.

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-4

Risks Relating to Estimated Value and Liquidity
The Estimated Value of Your Notes Is Expected To Be Less Than the Public Offering Price of Your Notes.
The estimated value of your Notes on the Pricing Date is expected to be less than the public offering price of your Notes. The difference between the public offering price of your Notes and the estimated value of the Notes reflects costs and expected profits associated with selling and structuring the Notes, as well as hedging our obligations under the Notes. Because hedging our obligations entails risks and may be influenced by market forces beyond our control, this hedging may result in a profit that is more or less than expected, or a loss.
The Estimated Value of Your Notes Is Based on Our Internal Funding Rate.
The estimated value of your Notes on the Pricing Date is determined by reference to our internal funding rate. The internal funding rate used in the determination of the estimated value of the Notes generally represents a discount from the credit spreads for our conventional fixed-rate debt securities and the borrowing rate we would pay for our conventional fixed-rate debt securities. This discount is based on, among other things, our view of the funding value of the Notes as well as the higher issuance, operational and ongoing liability management costs of the Notes in comparison to those costs for our conventional fixed-rate debt, as well as estimated financing costs of any hedge positions, taking into account regulatory and internal requirements. If the interest rate implied by the credit spreads for our conventional fixed-rate debt securities, or the borrowing rate we would pay for our conventional fixed-rate debt securities were to be used, we would expect the economic terms of the Notes to be more favorable to you. Additionally, assuming all other economic terms are held constant, the use of an internal funding rate for the Notes is expected to increase the estimated value of the Notes at any time.
The Estimated Value of the Notes Is Based on Our Internal Pricing Models, Which May Prove to Be Inaccurate and May Be Different from the Pricing Models of Other Financial Institutions.
The estimated value of your Notes on the Pricing Date is based on our internal pricing models when the terms of the Notes are set, which take into account a number of variables, such as our internal funding rate on the Pricing Date, and are based on a number of subjective assumptions, which are not evaluated or verified on an independent basis and may or may not materialize. Further, our pricing models may be different from other financial institutions’ pricing models and the methodologies used by us to estimate the value of the Notes may not be consistent with those of other financial institutions that may be purchasers or sellers of Notes in the secondary market. As a result, the secondary market price of your Notes may be materially less than the estimated value of the Notes determined by reference to our internal pricing models. In addition, market conditions and other relevant factors in the future may change, and any assumptions may prove to be incorrect.
The Estimated Value of Your Notes Is Not a Prediction of the Prices at Which You May Sell Your Notes in the Secondary Market, If Any, and Such Secondary Market Prices, If Any, Will Likely be Less Than the Public Offering Price of Your Notes and May Be Less Than the Estimated Value of Your Notes.
The estimated value of the Notes is not a prediction of the prices at which the Agent, other affiliates of ours or third parties may be willing to purchase the Notes from you in secondary market transactions (if they are willing to purchase, which they are not obligated to do). The price at which you may be able to sell your Notes in the secondary market at any time, if any, will be influenced by many factors that cannot be predicted, such as market conditions, and any bid and ask spread for similar sized trades, and may be substantially less than the estimated value of the Notes. Further, as secondary market prices of your Notes take into account the levels at which our debt securities trade in the secondary market, and do not take into account our various costs and expected profits associated with selling and structuring the Notes, as well as hedging our obligations under the Notes, secondary market prices of your Notes will likely be less than the public offering price of your Notes. As a result, the price at which the Agent, other affiliates of ours or third parties may be willing to purchase the Notes from you in secondary market transactions, if any, will likely be less than the price you paid for your Notes, and any sale prior to the Maturity Date could result in a substantial loss to you.
The Temporary Price at Which the Agent May Initially Buy the Notes in the Secondary Market May Not Be Indicative of Future Prices of Your Notes.
Assuming that all relevant factors remain constant after the Pricing Date, the price at which the Agent may initially buy or sell the Notes in the secondary market (if the Agent makes a market in the Notes, which it is not obligated to do) may exceed the estimated value of the Notes on the Pricing Date, as well as the secondary market value of the Notes, for a temporary period after the Issue Date of the Notes, as discussed further under “Additional Information Regarding the Estimated Value of the Notes.” The price at which the Agent may initially buy or sell the Notes in the secondary market may not be indicative of future prices of your Notes.
The Agent Discount, Offering Expenses and Certain Hedging Costs Are Likely to Adversely Affect Secondary Market Prices.
Assuming no changes in market conditions or any other relevant factors, the price, if any, at which you may be able to sell the Notes will likely be less than the public offering price. The public offering price includes, and any price quoted to you is likely to exclude, the underwriting discount paid in connection with the initial distribution, offering expenses as well as the cost of hedging our obligations under the Notes. In addition, any such price is also likely to reflect dealer discounts, mark-ups and other transaction costs, such as a discount to account for costs associated with establishing or unwinding any related hedge transaction.

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-5

There May Not Be an Active Trading Market for the Notes — Sales in the Secondary Market May Result in Significant Losses.
There may be little or no secondary market for the Notes. The Notes will not be listed or displayed on any securities exchange or any electronic communications network. The Agent or another of our affiliates may make a market for the Notes; however, they are not required to do so and may stop any market-making activities at any time. Even if a secondary market for the Notes develops, it may not provide significant liquidity or trade at prices advantageous to you. We expect that transaction costs in any secondary market would be high. As a result, the difference between bid and ask prices for your Notes in any secondary market could be substantial. If you sell your Notes before the Maturity Date, you may have to do so at a substantial discount from the public offering price irrespective of the level of the Reference Asset at such time, and as a result, you may suffer substantial losses.
If the Level of the Reference Asset Changes, the Market Value of Your Notes May Not Change in the Same Manner.
Your Notes may trade quite differently from the performance of the Reference Asset. Changes in the level of the Reference Asset may not result in a comparable change in the market value of your Notes. Even if the level of the Reference Asset remains greater than or equal to the Initial Level, or less than the Initial Level but greater than or equal to the Buffer Level, during the term of the Notes, the market value of your Notes may not increase and could decline.
Risks Relating to Hedging Activities and Conflicts of Interest
There Are Potential Conflicts of Interest Between You and the Calculation Agent.
The Calculation Agent will, among other things, determine the Payment at Maturity, if any, on the Notes. We will serve as the Calculation Agent and may appoint a different Calculation Agent after the Issue Date without notice to you. The Calculation Agent will exercise its judgment when performing its functions. For example, the Calculation Agent may have to determine whether a Market Disruption Event affecting the Reference Asset has occurred, which may, in turn, depend on the Calculation Agent’s judgment as to whether the event has materially interfered with our ability or the ability of one of our affiliates to unwind our hedge positions. Because this determination by the Calculation Agent may affect the amount payable on the Notes, the Calculation Agent may have a conflict of interest if it needs to make a determination of this kind. For additional information as to the Calculation Agent’s role, see “General Terms of the Notes — Role of Calculation Agent” in the product supplement.
Any Averaging Date (including the Final Averaging Date) and the Maturity Date are Subject to Market Disruption Events and Postponement.
Each Averaging Date (including the Final Averaging Date), and therefore the Maturity Date, are subject to postponement as described herein and in the product supplement due to the occurrence of one or more Market Disruption Events, which, among other events, may occur if the Calculation Agent determines that an event materially interferes with our or any of our affiliates ability to maintain or unwind all or a material portion of a hedge with respect to the Notes that we or our affiliates have effected or may effect. For a description of what constitutes a Market Disruption Event as well as the consequences of that Market Disruption Event, see “Additional Terms — Market Disruption Events” herein and “General Terms of the Notes — Market Disruption Events” in the product supplement.
Trading and Business Activities by TD or its Affiliates May Adversely Affect the Market Value of, and Any Amount Payable on, the Notes.
We, the Agent and/or one or more of our other affiliates may hedge our obligations under the Notes by purchasing securities, futures, options or other derivative instruments with returns linked or related to changes in the level of the Reference Asset or one or more Reference Asset Constituents, and we may adjust these hedges by, among other things, purchasing or selling at any time any of the foregoing assets. It is possible that we and/or one or more of our affiliates could receive substantial returns from these hedging activities while the market value of, and any amount payable on, the Notes declines. We, and/or one or more of our affiliates may also issue or underwrite other securities or financial or derivative instruments with returns linked or related to changes in the performance of the Reference Asset or one or more Reference Asset Constituents.
These trading activities may present a conflict between the holders’ interest in the Notes and the interests we and/or our affiliates will have in our or their proprietary accounts, in facilitating transactions, including options and other derivatives transactions, for our and/or their customers’ accounts and in accounts under our and/or their management. These trading activities could be adverse to the interests of the holders of the Notes.
We, the Agent and/or another of our affiliates may, at present or in the future, engage in business with one or more Reference Asset Constituent Issuers, including making loans to or providing advisory services to those companies. These services could include investment banking and merger and acquisition advisory services. These business activities may present a conflict between our and/or one or more of our affiliates’ (including the Agent’s) obligations, and your interests as a holder of the Notes. Moreover, we, the Agent and/or another of our affiliates may have published, and in the future expect to publish, research reports with respect to the Reference Asset or one or more Reference Asset Constituent Issuers. This research is modified from time to time without notice and may express opinions or provide recommendations that are inconsistent with purchasing or holding the Notes. Any of these activities by us, the Agent and/or another of our affiliates may affect the level of the Reference Asset and, therefore, the market value of, and any amount payable on, the Notes.

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-6

Risks Relating to General Credit Characteristics
Investors Are Subject to TD’s Credit Risk, and TD’s Credit Ratings and Credit Spreads May Adversely Affect the Market Value of the Notes.
Although the return on the Notes will be based on the performance of the Reference Asset, the payment of any amount due on the Notes is subject to TD’s credit risk. The Notes are TD’s senior unsecured debt obligations. Investors are dependent on TD’s ability to pay all amounts due on the Notes on the Maturity Date and, therefore, investors are subject to the credit risk of TD and to changes in the market’s view of TD’s creditworthiness. Any decrease in TD’s credit ratings or increase in the credit spreads charged by the market for taking TD’s credit risk is likely to adversely affect the market value of the Notes. If TD becomes unable to meet its financial obligations as they become due, investors may not receive any amounts due under the terms of the Notes.
Risks Relating to Canadian and U.S. Federal Income Taxation
Significant Aspects of the Tax Treatment of the Notes Are Uncertain.
Significant aspects of the U.S. tax treatment of the Notes are uncertain. You should consult your tax advisor about your tax situation and should read carefully the section entitled “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” in the product supplement, and the section entitled “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” below. You should consult your tax advisor as to the U.S. federal income tax consequences of your investment in the Notes.
For a discussion of the Canadian federal income tax consequences of investing in the Notes, please see the discussion in the product supplement under “Supplemental Discussion of Canadian Tax Consequences.”
If you are not a Non-resident Holder (as that term is defined in the prospectus) for Canadian federal income tax purposes or if you acquire the Notes in the secondary market, you should consult your tax advisor as to the consequences of acquiring, holding and disposing of the Notes and receiving the payments that might be due under the Notes.

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Dual Directional Buffered Notes
Linked to the S&P 500® Index
Due on or about May 31, 2024
   

Additional Terms
The information in this “Additional Terms” section supplements, and to the extent inconsistent supersedes, the information set forth in the product supplement and the prospectus.
Issue:
Senior Debt Securities, Series E
Type of Note:
Dual Directional Buffered Notes
Agent:
TDS
Currency:
U.S. Dollars
Monitoring Period:
For purposes of the determination of the Final Level, the Calculation Agent will observe the Closing Level on each Averaging Date.
Market Disruption Events:
 
If a Market Disruption Event occurs or is continuing on an Averaging Date (including the Final Averaging Date), the affected Averaging Date will be postponed to the next Valid Date. A “Valid Date” is a Trading Day (i) on which no Market Disruption Event occurs or is continuing and (ii) which is not otherwise scheduled to be an Averaging Date. If the first succeeding Valid Date has not occurred as of the close of trading on the eighth Trading Day immediately following the original date such that, but for the occurrence of another Averaging Date or a Market Disruption Event, would have been the final Averaging Date, then (1) that eighth Trading Day shall be deemed to be the Averaging Date (irrespective of whether that eighth Trading Day is already an Averaging Date), and (2) the Calculation Agent shall determine the Closing Level on such day as specified above. If the Calculation Agent postpones the determination of the Closing Level on an Averaging Date (and therefore postpones the determination of the Final Level), the Maturity Date will be postponed to maintain the same number of Business Days between the final Averaging Date and the Maturity Date as existed prior to the postponement(s).
Each Averaging Date is a “Valuation Date” for purposes of the product supplement. See “General Terms of the Notes — Market Disruption Events” in the product supplement for events that constitute a Market Disruption Event.
Canadian Tax Treatment:
Please see the discussion in the product supplement under “Supplemental Discussion of Canadian Tax Consequences,” which applies to the Notes.
Business Day:
Any day that is a Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday or Friday that is neither a legal holiday nor a day on which banking institutions are authorized or required by law to close in New York City.
Calculation Agent:
TD
Listing:
The Notes will not be listed or displayed on any securities exchange or electronic communications network.
Canadian Bail-in:
The Notes are not bail-inable debt securities (as defined in the prospectus) under the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation Act.
Change in Law Event:
Not applicable, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the product supplement.

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Hypothetical Returns
The examples and table set out below are included for illustration purposes only and are hypothetical examples only: amounts below may have been rounded for ease of analysis. The hypothetical Percentage Changes of the Reference Asset used to illustrate the calculation of the hypothetical Payment at Maturity are not estimates or forecasts of the actual Initial Level, the Final Level or the level of the Reference Asset on any Trading Day prior to the Maturity Date. All examples assume a Buffer Level of 80.00% of the Initial Level (corresponding to a Buffer Amount of 20.00%), a Maximum Upside Return of 23.47%, a Downside Leverage Factor of 1.25, that a holder purchased Notes with Principal Amount of $1,000 and that no market disruption event occurs on any Averaging Date, including the Final Averaging Date. The actual terms of the Notes will be set forth in the final pricing supplement.

Example 1 —
Calculation of the Payment at Maturity where the Final Level is greater than or equal to the Initial Level and the Payment at Maturity is not subject to the Maximum Upside Return.

Percentage Change:
4.00%
 
Payment at Maturity:
 
= $1,000.00 + ($1,000.00 × 4.00%), subject to the Maximum Upside Return of 23.47%
= $1,000.00 + $40.00
= $1,040.00.
 
On a $1,000.00 investment, a Percentage Change of 4.00% results in a Payment at Maturity of $1,040.00, a return of 4.00% on the Notes.


Example 2 —
Calculation of the Payment at Maturity where the Final Level is greater than or equal to the Initial Level and the Payment at Maturity is subject to the Maximum Upside Return.
 
Percentage Change:
25.00%
 
Payment at Maturity:
= $1,000.00 + ($1,000.00 × 25.00%), subject to the Maximum Upside Return of 23.47%
= $1,000.00 + $234.70
= $1,234.70.
 
On a $1,000.00 investment, a Percentage Change of 25.00% results in a Payment at Maturity of $1,234.70, a return of 23.47% on the Notes.

Example 3 —
Calculation of the Payment at Maturity where the Final Level is less than the Initial Level but greater than or equal to the Buffer Level.
 
Percentage Change:
-5.00%
 
Payment at Maturity:
 
= $1,000.00 + ($1,000.00 × |-5.00|%)
= $1,000.00 + $50.00
= $1,050.00.
 
On a $1,000.00 investment, a Percentage Change of -5.00% results in a Payment at Maturity of $1,050.00, a return of 5.00% on the Notes.

Example 4 —
Calculation of the Payment at Maturity where the Final Level is less than the Buffer Level.
 
Percentage Change:
-40.00%
 
Payment at Maturity:
$1,000.00 + [$1,000.00 × (-40.00% + 20.00%) × (1 / 0.80)] = $1,000.00 - $250.00 = $750.00
 
On a $1,000.00 investment, a Percentage Change of -40.00% results in a Payment at Maturity of $750.00, a return of -25.00% on the Notes.

The following table illustrates hypothetical payments per Note that may be realized at maturity for a range of hypothetical Final Levels of the Reference Asset.

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The hypothetical payments set forth below are based on the hypothetical terms set forth above, a hypothetical Initial Level of 100.00 and hypothetical Final Levels shown below, which do not represent the actual Initial Level or Final Levels, respectively, of the Reference Asset. The hypothetical total returns set forth below are for illustrative purposes only and may not be the actual returns applicable to a purchaser of the Notes. The numbers appearing in the following table may have been rounded for ease of analysis.
Hypothetical
Final Level*
Hypothetical
Percentage
Change
Payment at
Maturity
Return on the
Notes
140.00
40.00%
$1,234.70
23.47%
130.00
30.00%
$1,234.70
23.47%
125.00
25.00%
$1,234.70
23.47%
123.47
23.47%
$1,234.70
23.47%
120.00
20.00%
$1,200.00
20.00%
115.00
15.00%
$1,150.00
15.00%
110.00
10.00%
$1,100.00
10.00%
105.00
5.00%
$1,050.00
5.00%
100.00
0.00%
$1,000.00
0.00%
95.00
-5.00%
$1,050.00
5.00%
90.00
-10.00%
$1,100.00
10.00%
85.00
-15.00%
$1,150.00
15.00%
80.00
-20.00%
$1,200.00
20.00%
75.00
-25.00%
$937.50
-6.25%
70.00
-30.00%
$875.00
-12.50%
60.00
-40.00%
$750.00
-25.00%
50.00
-50.00%
$625.00
-37.50%
25.00
-75.00%
$312.50
-68.75%
0.00
-100.00%
$0.00
-100.00%
*Represents the arithmetic average of the Closing Level of the Reference Asset on each of the Averaging Dates.


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Information Regarding the Reference Asset
All disclosures contained in this document regarding the Reference Asset, including, without limitation, its make-up, method of calculation, and changes in any Reference Asset Constituents, have been derived from publicly available sources. The information reflects the policies of, and is subject to change by, the Index Sponsor. The Index Sponsor, owns the copyright and all other rights to the Reference Asset, has no obligation to continue to publish, and may discontinue publication of, the Reference Asset. None of the websites referenced in the Reference Asset description below, or any materials included in those websites, are incorporated by reference into this document or any document incorporated herein by reference.
The graph below sets forth the information relating to the historical performance of the Reference Asset for the period specified. We obtained the information regarding the historical performance of the Reference Asset in the graph below from Bloomberg Professional® service (“Bloomberg”).
We have not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the information obtained from Bloomberg. The historical performance of the Reference Asset should not be taken as an indication of its future performance, and no assurance can be given as to the Closing Level or Final Level of the Reference Asset on any Averaging Date. We cannot give you any assurance that the performance of the Reference Asset will result in a positive return on your initial investment.

S&P 500® Index
The S&P 500® Index (the “SPX”) includes a representative sample of 500 companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy. The 500 companies are not the 500 largest companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) and not all 500 companies are listed on the NYSE. The Index Sponsor, S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC, chooses companies for inclusion in the SPX with an aim of achieving a distribution by broad industry groupings that approximates the distribution of these groupings in the common stock population of the U.S. equity market. Although the SPX contains 500 constituent companies, at any one time it may contain greater than 500 constituent trading lines since some companies included in the SPX prior to July 31, 2017 may be represented by multiple share class lines in the SPX. The SPX is calculated, maintained and published by the Index Sponsor and is part of the S&P Dow Jones Indices family of indices. Additional information (including sectors and sector weights and top constituents) is available on the following website: spglobal.com/spdji/en/indices/equity/sp-500. We are not incorporating by reference the websites or any material they include in this document or any document incorporated herein by reference.
The Index Sponsor intends for the SPX to provide a performance benchmark for the large-cap U.S. equity markets. Index additions and deletions are made on an as-needed basis and there is no schedule for constituent reviews. Constituent changes are announced with at least three business days advance notice. Less than three business days’ notice may be given at the discretion of the S&P Index Committee. Relevant criteria for additions to the SPX that are employed by the Index Sponsor include: the company proposed for addition should have an unadjusted company market capitalization of $14.6 billion or more and a security level float-adjusted market capitalization  of at least 50% of such threshold  (for spin-offs, eligibility is determined using when-issued prices, if available); using composite pricing and volume, the ratio of annual dollar value traded (defined as average closing price over the period multiplied by historical volume) in the proposed constituent to float-adjusted market capitalization of that company should be at least 1.00 and the stock should trade a minimum of 250,000 shares in each of the six months leading up to the evaluation date; the company must be a U.S. company (characterized as a Form 10-K filer with its U.S. portion of fixed assets and revenues constituting a plurality of the total and with a primary listing of the common stock on the NYSE, NYSE Arca, NYSE American (formerly NYSE MKT), Nasdaq Global Select Market, Nasdaq Select Market, Nasdaq Capital Market, Cboe BZX (formerly Bats BZX), Cboe BYX (formerly Bats BYX), Cboe EDGA (formerly Bats EDGA) or Cboe EDGX (formerly Bats EDGX) (each, an “eligible exchange”)); the proposed constituent has an investable weight factor (“IWF”) of 10% or more; the inclusion of the company will contribute to sector balance in the SPX relative to sector balance in the market in the relevant market capitalization range; financial viability (the sum of the most recent four consecutive quarters’ Generally Accepted Accounting Principles earnings (net income excluding discontinued operations) should be positive as should the most recent quarter); and, for initial public offerings, the company must be traded on an eligible exchange for at least twelve months (spin-offs or in-specie distributions from existing constituents do not need to be traded on an eligible exchange for twelve months prior to their inclusion in the SPX). In addition, constituents of the S&P MidCap 400® Index and the S&P SmallCap 600® Index can be added to the SPX provided they meet the unadjusted company level market capitalization eligibility criteria for the SPX. Migrations from the S&P MidCap 400® Index or the S&P SmallCap 600® Index do not need to meet the financial viability, liquidity, or 50% of the SPX’s unadjusted company level minimum market capitalization threshold criteria. Further, constituents of the S&P Total Market Index Ex S&P Composite 1500 (which includes all eligible U.S. common equities except for those included in the SPX, the S&P MidCap 400® Index and the S&P SmallCap 600® Index) that acquire a constituent of the SPX, the S&P MidCap 400® Index or the S&P SmallCap 600® Index that do not fully meet the financial viability or IWF criteria may still be added to the SPX at the discretion of the S&P Index Committee if the S&P Index Committee determines that the addition could minimize turnover and enhance the representativeness of the SPX as a market benchmark. Certain types of organizational structures and securities are always excluded, including, but not limited to, business development companies, limited partnerships, master limited partnerships, limited liability companies, OTC bulletin board issues, closed-end funds, exchange-traded funds (“ETFs”), exchange-traded notes, royalty trusts, tracking stocks, special purpose acquisition companies, preferred stock and convertible preferred stock, unit trusts, equity warrants, convertible bonds, investment trusts, rights and American depositary receipts. SPX constituents are deleted from the SPX when they are involved in mergers, acquisitions or significant restructurings such that they no longer meet the inclusion criteria, and when they substantially violate one or more of the addition criteria. SPX constituents that are delisted or moved to the pink sheets or the OTC bulletin board are removed, and those that experience a trading halt may be retained or removed in the Index Sponsor’s discretion. The Index Sponsor evaluates additions and deletions with a view to maintaining SPX continuity.

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For constituents included in the SPX prior to July 31, 2017, all publicly listed multiple share class lines are included separately in the SPX, subject to, in the case of any such share class line, that share class line satisfying the liquidity and float criteria discussed above and subject to certain exceptions.  It is possible that one listed share class line of a company may be included in the SPX while a second listed share class line of the same company is excluded.  For companies that issue a second publicly traded share class to SPX share class holders, the newly issued share class line is considered for inclusion if the event is mandatory and the market capitalization of the distributed class is not considered to be de minimis.
As of July 31, 2017, companies with multiple share class lines are no longer eligible for inclusion in the SPX. Only common shares are considered when determining whether a company has a multiple share class structure. Constituents of the SPX prior to July 31, 2017 with multiple share class lines will be grandfathered in and continue to be included in the SPX. If a SPX constituent reorganizes into a multiple share class line structure, that company will be reviewed for continued inclusion in the SPX at the discretion of the S&P Index Committee.
Calculation of the SPX
The SPX is calculated using a base-weighted aggregative methodology. The level of the SPX on any day for which a level is published is determined by a fraction, the numerator of which is the aggregate of the market price of each SPX constituent times the number of shares of such SPX constituent, and the denominator of which is the divisor, which is described more fully below. The “market value” of any SPX constituent is the product of the market price per share of that SPX constituent times the number of the then-outstanding shares of such SPX constituent that are then included in the SPX.
The SPX is also sometimes called a “base-weighted aggregative index” because of its use of a divisor. The “divisor” is a value calculated by the Index Sponsor that is intended to maintain conformity in SPX levels over time and is adjusted for all changes in the SPX constituents’ share capital after the “base date” as described below. The level of the SPX reflects the total market value of all SPX constituents relative to the SPX’s base date of 1941-43.
In addition, the SPX is float-adjusted, meaning that the share counts used in calculating the SPX reflect only those shares available to investors rather than all of a company’s outstanding shares. The Index Sponsor seeks to exclude shares held by long-term, strategic shareholders concerned with the control of a company, a group that generally includes the following: officers and directors and related individuals whose holdings are publicly disclosed, private equity, venture capital, special equity firms, asset managers and insurance companies with board of director representation, publicly traded companies that hold shares in another company, holders of restricted shares (except for shares held as part of a lock-up agreement), company-sponsored employee share plans/trusts, defined contribution plans/savings, investment plans, foundations or family trusts associated with the company, government entities at all levels (except government retirement or pension funds), sovereign wealth funds and any individual person listed as a 5% or greater stakeholder in a company as reported in regulatory filings (collectively, “strategic holders”). To this end, the Index Sponsor excludes all share-holdings (other than depositary banks, pension funds (including government pension and retirement funds), mutual funds, ETF providers, investment funds, asset managers that do not have direct board of director representation (including stakeholders who may have the right to appoint a board of director member but choose not to do so, stakeholders who have exercised a right to appoint a board of director “observer” even if that observer is employed by the stakeholder and stakeholders who have exercised a right to appoint an independent director who is not employed by the stakeholder), investment funds of insurance companies and independent foundations not associated with the company) with a position greater than 5% of the outstanding shares of a company from the float-adjusted share count to be used in SPX calculations.
The exclusion is accomplished by calculating an IWF for each SPX constituent that is part of the numerator of the float-adjusted index fraction described above:
IWF = (available float shares)/(total shares outstanding)
where available float shares is defined as total shares outstanding less shares held by strategic holders. In most cases, an IWF is reported to the nearest one percentage point. For companies with multiple share class lines, a separate IWF is calculated for each share class line. In most cases, an IWF is reported to the nearest one percentage point.
Maintenance of the SPX
In order to keep the SPX comparable over time the Index Sponsor engages in an index maintenance process. The SPX maintenance process involves changing the constituents as discussed above, and also involves maintaining quality assurance processes and procedures, adjusting the number of shares used to calculate the SPX, monitoring and completing the adjustments for company additions and deletions, adjusting for stock splits and stock dividends and adjusting for other corporate actions. In addition to its daily governance of indices and maintenance of the SPX methodology, at least once within any 12 month period, the S&P Index Committee reviews the SPX methodology to ensure the SPX continues to achieve the stated objective, and that the data and methodology remain effective. The S&P Index Committee may at times consult with investors, market participants, security issuers included in or potentially included in the SPX, or investment and financial experts.

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Divisor Adjustments
The two types of adjustments primarily used by the Index Sponsor are divisor adjustments and adjustments to the number of shares (including float adjustments) used to calculate the SPX. Set forth below is a table of certain corporate events and their resulting effect on the divisor and the share count. If a corporate event requires an adjustment to the divisor, that event has the effect of altering the market value of the affected SPX constituent and consequently of altering the aggregate market value of the SPX constituents following the event. In order that the level of the SPX not be affected by the altered market value (which could be an increase or decrease) of the affected SPX constituent, the Index Sponsor generally derives a new divisor by dividing the post-event market value of the SPX constituents by the pre-event SPX level, which has the effect of reducing the SPX’s post-event level to the pre-event level.
Changes to the Number of Shares of a Constituent
The index maintenance process also involves tracking the changes in the number of shares included for each of the index companies. Changes as a result of mandatory events, such as mergers or acquisition driven share/IWF changes, stock splits and mandatory distributions are not subject to a minimum threshold for implementation and are implemented when the transaction occurs. At the Index Sponsor’s discretion, however, de minimis merger and acquisition changes may be accumulated and implemented with the updates made with the quarterly share updates as described below. Material share/IWF changes resulting from certain non-mandatory corporate actions follow the accelerated implementation rule. Non-material share/IWF changes are implemented quarterly.
Accelerated Implementation Rule
1. Public offerings. Public offerings of new company-issued shares and/or existing shares offered by selling shareholders, including block sales and spot secondaries, will be eligible for accelerated implementation treatment if the size of the event meets the materiality threshold criteria:
(a)
at least US $150 million, and
(b)
at least 5% of the pre-event total shares.
In addition to the materiality threshold, public offerings must satisfy the following conditions:
be underwritten.
have a publicly available prospectus, offering document, or prospectus summary filed with the relevant authorities.
have a publicly available confirmation from an official source that the offering has been completed.
For public offerings that involve a concurrent combination of new company shares and existing shares offered by selling shareholders, both events are implemented if either of the public offerings represent at least 5% of total shares and $150 million. Any concurrent share repurchase by the affected company will also be included in the implementation.
2. Dutch Auctions, self-tender offer buybacks, and split-off exchange offers. These nonmandatory corporate action types will be eligible for accelerated implementation treatment regardless of size once their results are publicly announced and verified by S&P.
Exception to the Accelerated Implementation Rule
For non-mandatory corporate actions subject to the accelerated implementation rule with a size of at least US $1 billion, S&P will apply the share change, and any resulting IWF change, using the latest share and ownership information publicly available at the time of the announcement, even if the offering size is below the 5% threshold. This exception ensures that very large events are recognized in a timely manner using the latest available information.
All non-mandatory events not covered by the accelerated implementation rule (including but not limited to private placements, acquisition of private companies, and conversion of non-index share lines) will be implemented quarterly coinciding with the third Friday of the third month in each calendar quarter. In addition, events that were not implemented under the accelerated implementation rule but were found to have been eligible, (e.g. due to lack of publicly available information at the time of the event) are implemented as part of a quarterly rebalancing.
Announcement Policy
For accelerated implementation, the Index Sponsor will generally provide two (2) business days’ notice for all non-U.S. listed stocks and U.S. listed depositary receipts, and one (1) business days’ notice for all non-depositary receipt U.S. listed stocks.
IWF Updates
Accelerated implementation for events less than $1 billion will include an adjustment to the company’s IWF only to the extent that such an IWF change helps the new float share total mimic the shares available in the offering. To minimize unnecessary turnover, these IWF changes do not need to meet any minimum threshold requirement for implementation. Any IWF change resulting in an IWF of 0.96 or greater is rounded up to 1.00 at the next annual IWF review.
IWF changes will only be made at the quarterly review if the change represents at least 5% of total current shares outstanding and is related to a single corporate action that did not qualify for the accelerated implementation rule, regardless if there is an associated share change.
Quarterly share change events resulting from the conversion of derivative securities, acquisitions of private companies, or acquisitions of non-index companies that do not trade on a major exchange are considered to be available to investors unless there is explicit information stating that the new owner is a strategic holder.
Other than the situations described above, please note that IWF changes are only made at the annual IWF review.

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Share Updates
For companies with multiple share class lines, the criteria specified under the heading “Accelerated Implementation Rule” above apply to each individual multiple share class line rather than total company shares.
Exceptions:
Any non- fully paid or non-fully settled offering such as forward sales agreements are not eligible for accelerated implementation. Share updates resulting from completion of subscription receipts terms or the settlement of forward sale agreements are updated at a future quarterly share rebalance.
Rebalancing Guidelines – Share/IWF Reference Date & Freeze Period
A reference date, after the market close five weeks prior to the third Friday in March, June, September, and December, is the cutoff for publicly available information used for quarterly shares outstanding and IWF changes. All shares outstanding and ownership information contained in public filings and/or official sources dated on or before the reference date are included in that quarter’s update. In addition, there is a freeze period on a quarterly basis for any changes that result from the accelerated implementation rules.
Pro-forma files for float-adjusted market capitalization indices are generally released after the market close on the first Friday, two weeks prior to the rebalancing effective date. Pro-forma files for capped and alternatively weighted indices are generally released after the market close on the second Friday, one week prior to the rebalancing effective date. For illustration purposes, if rebalancing pro-forma files are scheduled to be released on Friday, March 5, the share/IWF freeze period will begin after the close of trading on Tuesday, March 9 and will end after the close of trading the following Friday, March 19 (i.e. the third Friday of the rebalancing month).
During the share/IWF freeze period, shares and IWFs are not changed and the accelerated implementation rule is suspended, except for mandatory corporate action events (such as merger activity, stock splits, and rights offerings). The suspension includes all  changes that qualify for accelerated implementation  and would typically be announced or effective during the share/IWF freeze period . At the end of the freeze period all suspended changes will be announced on the third Friday of the rebalancing month, and implemented five business days after the quarterly rebalancing effective date.
Adjustments for Corporate Actions
There is a large range of corporate actions that may affect companies included in the SPX. Certain corporate actions require the Index Sponsor to recalculate the share count or the float adjustment or to make an adjustment to the divisor to prevent the level of the SPX from changing as a result of the corporate action. This helps ensure that the movement of the SPX does not reflect the corporate actions of individual companies in the SPX.
Spin-Offs
As a general policy, a spin-off security is added to the SPX on the ex-date at a price of zero (with no divisor adjustment) and will remain in the SPX for at least one trading day. The spin-off security will remain in the SPX if it meets all eligibility criteria. If the spin-off security is determined ineligible to remain in the SPX, it will generally be removed after at least one day of regular way trading (with a divisor adjustment). The weight of the spin-off being deleted is reinvested across all the SPX constituents proportionately such that the relative weights of all SPX constituents are unchanged. The net change in SPX market capitalization will cause a divisor change.
Companies that are spun off from a SPX constituent do not need to meet the eligibility criteria for new constituents, but they should be considered U.S. domiciled for SPX purposes. At the discretion of the S&P Index Committee, a spin-off company may be retained in the SPX if the S&P Index Committee determines it has a total market capitalization representative of the SPX. If the spin-off company’s estimated market capitalization is below the minimum unadjusted company market capitalization for the SPX but there are other SPX constituents that have a significantly lower total market capitalization than the spin-off company, the S&P Index Committee may decide to retain the spin-off company in the SPX.
Several additional types of corporate actions, and their related treatment, are listed in the table below.

Corporate Action
 
Treatment
 
 
SPX constituent addition/deletion
 
 
Addition
SPX constituents are added at the float market capitalization weight. The net change to the SPX market capitalization causes a divisor adjustment.
Deletion
The weights of all SPX constituents in the SPX will proportionally change. Relative weights will stay the same. The divisor will change due to the net change in the SPX market capitalization.
 

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Change in shares outstanding
 
Increasing (decreasing) the shares outstanding increases (decreases) the market capitalization of the SPX. The change to the SPX market capitalization causes a divisor adjustment.
 
 
Split/reverse split
 
Shares outstanding are adjusted by split ratio. Stock price is adjusted by split ratio. There is no change to the SPX market capitalization and no divisor adjustment.
 
 
Change in IWF
 
Increasing (decreasing) the IWF increases (decreases) the market capitalization of the index. A net change to the SPX market capitalization causes a divisor adjustment.
 
 
Ordinary dividend
 
When a company pays an ordinary cash dividend, the SPX does not make any adjustments to the price or shares of the stock. As a result there are no divisor adjustments to the SPX.
 
 
Special dividend
 
The stock price is adjusted by the amount of the special dividend. The net change to the SPX market capitalization causes a divisor adjustment.
 
 
Rights Offering
 
All rights offerings that are in-the-money on the ex-date are applied under the assumption the rights are fully subscribed. The stock price is adjusted by the value of the rights and the shares outstanding are increased by the rights ratio. The net change in market capitalization causes a divisor adjustment.
 

Any company that is removed from the SPX, the S&P MidCap 400® Index or the S&P SmallCap 600® Index must wait a minimum of one year from its removal date before being reconsidered as a replacement candidate for the SPX.
Recalculation Policy
The Index Sponsor reserves the right to recalculate and republish the SPX at its discretion in the event one of the following issues has occurred: (1) incorrect or revised closing price of one or more constituent securities; (2) missed or misapplied corporate action; (3) incorrect application of SPX methodology; (4) late announcement of a corporate action; or (5) incorrect calculation or data entry error. The decision to recalculate the SPX is made at the discretion of the index manager and/or index committee, as further discussed below. The potential market impact or disruption resulting from a  recalculation is considered when making any such decision. In the event of an incorrect closing price, a missed or  misapplied corporate action, a late announcement of a corporate action , or an incorrect calculation or data entry error that is discovered within two trading days of its occurrence, generally the SPX is recalculated. In the event any such event is discovered beyond the two trading day period, the index committee shall decide whether the SPX should be recalculated. In the event of an incorrect application of the methodology that results in the incorrect composition and/or weighting of SPX constituents, the index committee shall determine whether or not to recalculate the SPX following specified guidelines. In the event that the SPX is recalculated, it shall be done within a reasonable timeframe following the detection and review of the issue.
Calculations and Pricing Disruptions
Closing levels for the SPX are calculated by the Index Sponsor based on the closing price of the individual constituents of the SPX as set by their primary exchange. Closing prices are received by the Index Sponsor from one of its third party vendors and verified by comparing them with prices from an alternative vendor. The vendors receive the closing price from the primary exchanges. Real-time intraday prices are calculated similarly without a second verification. Official end-of-day calculations are based on each stock’s primary market closing price. Prices used for the calculation of real time SPX levels are based on the “Consolidated Tape”. The Consolidated Tape is an aggregation of trades for each constituent over all regional exchanges and trading venues and includes the primary exchange. If there is a failure or interruption on one or more exchanges, real-time calculations will continue as long as the “Consolidated Tape” is operational.
If an interruption is not resolved prior to the market close, official closing prices will be determined by following the hierarchy set out in NYSE Rule 123C. A notice is published on the Index Sponsor website at spdji.com indicating any changes to the prices used in SPX calculations. In extreme circumstances, the Index Sponsor may decide to delay SPX adjustments or not publish the SPX. Real-time indices are not restated.

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-15

Unexpected Exchange Closures
An unexpected market/exchange closure occurs when a market/exchange fully or partially fails to open or trading is temporarily halted. This can apply to a single exchange or to a market as a whole, when all of the primary exchanges are closed and/or not trading. Unexpected market/exchange closures are usually due to unforeseen circumstances, such as natural disasters, inclement weather, outages, or other events.
To a large degree, the Index Sponsor is dependent on the exchanges to provide guidance in the event of an unexpected exchange closure. The Index Sponsor’s decision making is dependent on exchange guidance regarding pricing and mandatory corporate actions.
NYSE Rule 123C provides closing contingency procedures for determining an official closing price for listed securities if the exchange is unable to conduct a closing transaction in one or more securities due to a system or technical issue.
3:00 PM ET is the deadline for an exchange to determine its plan of action regarding an outage scenario. As such, the Index Sponsor also uses 3:00 PM ET as the cutoff.
If all major exchanges fail to open or unexpectedly halt trading intraday due to unforeseen circumstances, the Index Sponsor will take the following actions:
Market Disruption Prior to Open of Trading:

(i)
If all exchanges indicate that trading will not open for a given day, the Index Sponsor will treat the day as an unscheduled market holiday. The decision will be communicated to clients as soon as possible through the normal channels. Indices containing multiple markets will be calculated as normal, provided that at least one market is open that day. Indices which only contain closed markets will not be calculated.

(ii)
If exchanges indicate that trading, although delayed, will open for a given day, the Index Sponsor will begin index calculation when the exchanges open.
Market Disruption Intraday:

(i)
If exchanges indicate that trading will not resume for a given day, the SPX level will be calculated using prices determined by the exchanges based on NYSE Rule 123C. Intraday SPX levels will continue to use the last traded composite price until the primary exchange publishes official closing prices.
License Agreement
S&P® is a registered trademark of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC and Dow Jones® is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC (“Dow Jones”). These trademarks have been licensed for use by the Index Sponsor. “Standard & Poor’s®,” “S&P 500®” and “S&P®” are trademarks of Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC. These trademarks have been sublicensed for certain purposes by us. The S&P 500® Index is a product of the Index Sponsor and/or its affiliates and has been licensed for use by us.
The Notes are not sponsored, endorsed, sold or promoted by the Index Sponsor, Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC or any of their respective affiliates (collectively, “S&P Dow Jones Indices”). S&P Dow Jones Indices make no representation or warranty, express or implied, to the holders of the Notes or any member of the public regarding the advisability of investing in securities generally or in the Notes particularly or the ability of the S&P 500® Index to track general market performance. S&P Dow Jones Indices’ only relationship to us with respect to the S&P 500® Index is the licensing of the S&P 500® Index and certain trademarks, service marks and/or trade names of S&P Dow Jones Indices and/or its third party licensors. The S&P 500® Index is determined, composed and calculated by S&P Dow Jones Indices without regard to us or the Notes. S&P Dow Jones Indices have no obligation to take our needs or the needs of holders of the Notes into consideration in determining, composing or calculating the S&P 500® Index. S&P Dow Jones Indices are not responsible for and have not participated in the determination of the prices, and amount of the Notes or the timing of the issuance or sale of the Notes or in the determination or calculation of the equation by which the Notes are to be converted into cash. S&P Dow Jones Indices have no obligation or liability in connection with the administration, marketing or trading of the Notes. There is no assurance that investment products based on the S&P 500® Index will accurately track S&P 500® Index performance or provide positive investment returns. S&P and its subsidiaries are not investment advisors. Inclusion of a security or futures contract within an index is not a recommendation by S&P Dow Jones Indices to buy, sell, or hold such security or futures contract, nor is it considered to be investment advice. Notwithstanding the foregoing, CME Group Inc. and its affiliates may independently issue and/or sponsor financial products unrelated to the Notes currently being issued by us, but which may be similar to and competitive with the Notes. In addition, CME Group Inc. and its affiliates may trade financial products which are linked to the performance of the S&P 500® Index. It is possible that this trading activity will affect the value of the Notes.
S&P DOW JONES INDICES DO NOT GUARANTEE THE ADEQUACY, ACCURACY, TIMELINESS AND/OR THE COMPLETENESS OF THE S&P 500® INDEX OR ANY DATA RELATED THERETO OR ANY COMMUNICATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ORAL OR WRITTEN COMMUNICATION (INCLUDING ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS) WITH RESPECT THERETO. S&P DOW JONES INDICES SHALL NOT BE SUBJECT TO ANY DAMAGES OR LIABILITY FOR ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS, OR DELAYS THEREIN. S&P DOW JONES INDICES MAKE NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, AND EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE OR AS TO RESULTS TO BE OBTAINED BY US, HOLDERS OF THE NOTES, OR ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY FROM THE USE OF THE S&P 500® INDEX OR WITH RESPECT TO ANY DATA RELATED THERETO. WITHOUT LIMITING ANY OF THE FOREGOING, IN NO EVENT WHATSOEVER SHALL S&P DOW JONES INDICES BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO, LOSS OF PROFITS, TRADING LOSSES, LOST TIME OR GOODWILL, EVEN IF THEY HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR OTHERWISE. THERE ARE NO THIRD PARTY BENEFICIARIES OF ANY AGREEMENTS OR ARRANGEMENTS BETWEEN S&P DOW JONES INDICES AND US, OTHER THAN THE LICENSORS OF S&P DOW JONES INDICES.

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-16

Historical Information
The graph below illustrates the performance of the Reference Asset from May 20, 2012 through May 20, 2022.
We obtained the information regarding the historical performance of the Reference Asset in the graph below from Bloomberg.
We have not independently verified the accuracy or completeness of the information obtained from Bloomberg. The historical performance of the Reference Asset should not be taken as an indication of its future performance, and no assurance can be given as to the Closing Level of the Reference Asset on any Averaging Date or that the performance of the Reference Asset will result in a positive return on your initial investment.

S&P 500® Index (SPX)
PAST PERFORMANCE IS NOT INDICATIVE OF FUTURE RESULTS.

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-17

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences
The U.S. federal income tax consequences of your investment in the Notes are uncertain. No statutory, regulatory, judicial or administrative authority directly discusses how the Notes should be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Some of these tax consequences are summarized below, but we urge you to read the more detailed discussion under “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” in the product supplement and discuss the tax consequences of your particular situation with your tax advisor. This discussion is based upon the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), final, temporary and proposed U.S. Department of the Treasury (the “Treasury”) regulations, rulings and decisions, in each case, as available and in effect as of the date hereof, all of which are subject to change, possibly with retroactive effect. Tax consequences under state, local and non-U.S. laws are not addressed herein. No ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) has been sought as to the U.S. federal income tax consequences of your investment in the Notes, and the following discussion is not binding on the IRS. Except as discussed under the heading “Non-U.S. Holders”, this discussion is applicable only to a U.S. holder that acquires Notes upon initial issuance and holds its Notes as a capital asset for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
U.S. Tax Treatment. Pursuant to the terms of the Notes, TD and you agree, in the absence of a statutory or regulatory change or an administrative determination or judicial ruling to the contrary, to characterize your Notes as prepaid derivative contracts with respect to the Reference Asset. Holders are urged to consult their tax advisors concerning the significance, and the potential impact, of the above considerations. If your Notes are so treated, upon the taxable disposition of a Note, you generally should recognize gain or loss in an amount equal to the difference between the amount realized on such taxable disposition and your tax basis in the Note. Your tax basis in a Note generally should equal your cost for the Note. Such gain or loss should generally be long-term capital gain or loss if you have held your Notes for more than one year (otherwise such gain or loss should be short-term capital gain or loss if held for one year or less). The deductibility of capital losses is subject to limitations.
Based on certain factual representations received from us, our special U.S. tax counsel, Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP, is of the opinion that it would be reasonable to treat your Notes in the manner described above. However, because there is no authority that specifically addresses the tax treatment of the Notes, it is possible that your Notes could alternatively be treated for tax purposes as a single contingent payment debt instrument, or pursuant to some other characterization, such that the timing and character of your income from the Notes could differ materially and adversely from the treatment described above, as described further under “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences — Alternative Treatments” in the product supplement. For example, there may be a risk that the IRS could assert that the Notes should not give rise to long-term capital gain or loss because the Notes offer, at least in part, short exposure to the Reference Asset.
Except to the extent otherwise required by law, TD intends to treat your Notes for U.S. federal income tax purposes in accordance with the treatment described above and under “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences” of the product supplement, unless and until such time as the Treasury and the IRS determine that some other treatment is more appropriate.
Notice 2008-2. In 2007, the IRS released a notice that may affect the taxation of holders of the Notes. According to Notice 2008-2, the IRS and the Treasury are actively considering whether a holder of an instrument such as the Notes should be required to accrue ordinary income on a current basis. It is not possible to determine what guidance they will ultimately issue, if any. It is possible, however, that under such guidance, holders of the Notes will ultimately be required to accrue income currently and this could be applied on a retroactive basis. The IRS and the Treasury are also considering other relevant issues, including whether additional gain or loss from such instruments should be treated as ordinary or capital, whether non-U.S. holders of such instruments should be subject to withholding tax on any deemed income accruals, and whether the special “constructive ownership rules” of Section 1260 of the Code should be applied to such instruments. Both U.S. and non-U.S. holders are urged to consult their tax advisors concerning the significance, and the potential impact, of the above considerations on their investments in the Notes.
Medicare Tax on Net Investment Income. U.S. holders that are individuals, estates or certain trusts are subject to an additional 3.8% tax on all or a portion of their “net investment income” or “undistributed net investment income” in the case of an estate or trust, which may include any income or gain realized with respect to the Notes, to the extent of their net investment income or undistributed net investment income (as the case may be) that, when added to their other modified adjusted gross income, exceeds $200,000 for an unmarried individual, $250,000 for a married taxpayer filing a joint return (or a surviving spouse), $125,000 for a married individual filing a separate return or the dollar amount at which the highest tax bracket begins for an estate or trust. The 3.8% Medicare tax is determined in a different manner than the regular income tax. U.S. holders should consult their tax advisors as to the consequences of the 3.8% Medicare tax.

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-18

Specified Foreign Financial Assets. Certain U.S. holders that own “specified foreign financial assets” in excess of an applicable threshold may be subject to reporting obligations with respect to such assets with their tax returns, especially if such assets are held outside the custody of a U.S. financial institution. U.S. holders are urged to consult their tax advisors as to the application of this legislation to their ownership of the Notes.
Non-U.S. Holders. If you are a non-U.S. holder, subject to Section 871(m) of the Code and FATCA, as discussed below, you should generally not be subject to U.S. withholding tax with respect to payments on your Notes or to generally applicable information reporting and backup withholding requirements with respect to payments on your Notes if you comply with certain certification and identification requirements as to your non-U.S. status including providing us (and/or the applicable withholding agent) a properly executed and fully completed applicable IRS Form W-8. Subject to Section 897 of the Code and Section 871(m) of the Code, as discussed below, gain realized from the taxable disposition of a Note generally should not be subject to U.S. tax unless (i) such gain is effectively connected with a trade or business conducted by you in the U.S., (ii) you are a non-resident alien individual and are present in the U.S. for 183 days or more during the taxable year of such taxable disposition and certain other conditions are satisfied or (iii) you have certain other present or former connections with the U.S.
Section 897. We will not attempt to ascertain whether any Reference Asset Constituent Issuer would be treated as a “United States real property holding corporation” (“USRPHC”) within the meaning of Section 897 of the Code. We also have not attempted to determine whether the Notes should be treated as “United States real property interests” (“USRPI”) as defined in Section 897 of the Code. If any such entity and the Notes were so treated, certain adverse U.S. federal income tax consequences could possibly apply, including subjecting any gain to a non-U.S. holder in respect of a Note upon a taxable disposition of the Note to U.S. federal income tax on a net basis, and the proceeds from such a taxable disposition to a 15% withholding tax. Non-U.S. Holders should consult their tax advisors regarding the potential treatment of any such entity as a USRPHC and the Notes as USRPI.
Section 871(m). A 30% withholding tax (which may be reduced by an applicable income tax treaty) is imposed under Section 871(m) of the Code on certain “dividend equivalents” paid or deemed paid to a non-U.S. holder with respect to a “specified equity-linked instrument” that references one or more dividend paying U.S. equity securities or indices containing U.S. equity securities. The withholding tax can apply even if the instrument does not provide for payments that reference dividends. Treasury regulations provide that the withholding tax applies to all dividend equivalents paid or deemed paid on specified equity-linked instruments that have a delta of one (“delta-one specified equity-linked instruments”) issued after 2016 and to all dividend equivalents paid or deemed paid on all other specified equity-linked instruments issued after 2017. However, the IRS has issued guidance that states that the Treasury and the IRS intend to amend the effective dates of the Treasury regulations to provide that withholding on dividend equivalents paid or deemed paid will not apply to specified equity-linked instruments that are not delta-one specified equity-linked instruments and are issued before January 1, 2023.
Based on our determination that the Notes are not “delta-one” with respect to the Reference Asset or any Reference Asset Constituent, our special U.S. tax counsel is of the opinion that the Notes should not be delta-one specified equity-linked instruments and thus should not be subject to withholding on dividend equivalents. Our determination is not binding on the IRS, and the IRS may disagree with this determination. Furthermore, the application of Section 871(m) of the Code will depend on our determinations on the date the terms of the Notes are set. If withholding is required, we will not make payments of any additional amounts.
Nevertheless, after the date the terms are set, it is possible that your Notes could be deemed to be reissued for tax purposes upon the occurrence of certain events affecting the Reference Asset, any Reference Asset Constituent or your Notes, and following such occurrence your Notes could be treated as delta-one specified equity-linked instruments that are subject to withholding on dividend equivalents. It is also possible that withholding tax or other tax under Section 871(m) of the Code could apply to the Notes under these rules if you enter, or have entered, into certain other transactions in respect of the Reference Asset, any Reference Asset Constituent or the Notes. If you enter, or have entered, into other transactions in respect of the Reference Asset, any Reference Asset Constituent or the Notes, you should consult your tax advisor regarding the application of Section 871(m) of the Code to your Notes in the context of your other transactions.
Because of the uncertainty regarding the application of the 30% withholding tax on dividend equivalents to the Notes, you are urged to consult your tax advisor regarding the potential application of Section 871(m) of the Code and the 30% withholding tax to an investment in the Notes.
Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act. The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (“FATCA”) was enacted on March 18, 2010, and imposes a 30% U.S. withholding tax on “withholdable payments” (i.e., certain U.S.-source payments, including interest (and original issue discount), dividends, other fixed or determinable annual or periodical income, and the gross proceeds from a disposition of property of a type that can produce U.S.-source interest or dividends) and “passthru payments” (i.e., certain payments attributable to withholdable payments) made to certain foreign financial institutions (and certain of their affiliates) unless the payee foreign financial institution agrees (or is required), among other things, to disclose the identity of any U.S. individual with an account at the institution (or the relevant affiliate) and to annually report certain information about such account. FATCA also requires withholding agents making withholdable payments to certain foreign entities that do not disclose the name, address, and taxpayer identification number of any substantial U.S. owners (or do not certify that they do not have any substantial U.S. owners) to withhold tax at a rate of 30%. Under certain circumstances, a holder may be eligible for refunds or credits of such taxes.

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-19

Pursuant to final and temporary Treasury regulations and other IRS guidance, the withholding and reporting requirements under FATCA will generally apply to certain “withholdable payments”, will not apply to gross proceeds on a sale or disposition and will apply to certain foreign passthru payments only to the extent that such payments are made after the date that is two years after final regulations defining the term “foreign passthru payment” are published. If withholding is required, we (or the applicable paying agent) will not be required to pay additional amounts with respect to the amounts so withheld. Foreign financial institutions and non-financial foreign entities located in jurisdictions that have an intergovernmental agreement with the U.S. governing FATCA may be subject to different rules.
Investors should consult their tax advisors about the application of FATCA, in particular if they may be classified as financial institutions (or if they hold their Notes through a foreign entity) under the FATCA rules.
Proposed Legislation. In 2007, legislation was introduced in Congress that, if it had been enacted, would have required holders of Notes purchased after the bill was enacted to accrue interest income over the term of the Notes despite the fact that there will be no interest payments over the term of the Notes.
Furthermore, in 2013, the House Ways and Means Committee released in draft form certain proposed legislation relating to financial instruments. If it had been enacted, the effect of this legislation generally would have been to require instruments such as the Notes to be marked to market on an annual basis with all gains and losses to be treated as ordinary, subject to certain exceptions.
It is impossible to predict whether any similar or identical bills will be enacted in the future, or whether any such bill would affect the tax treatment of your Notes. You are urged to consult your tax advisor regarding the possible changes in law and their possible impact on the tax treatment of your Notes.
Both U.S. and non-U.S. holders are urged to consult their tax advisors concerning the application of U.S. federal income tax laws to their particular situations, as well as any tax consequences of the purchase, beneficial ownership and disposition of the Notes arising under the laws of any state, local, non-U.S. or other taxing jurisdiction (including that of TD).

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-20

Supplemental Plan of Distribution (Conflicts of Interest)
We have appointed TDS, an affiliate of TD, as the Agent for the sale of the Notes. Pursuant to the terms of a distribution agreement, TDS will purchase the Notes from TD at the public offering price less a concession equal to the underwriting discount set forth on the cover page of this pricing supplement. J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, which we refer to as JPMS LLC, and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. will act as placement agents for the Notes and, from the commission to TDS, will receive a placement fee of $15.00 for each Note they sell in this offering to accounts other than fiduciary accounts. TDS and the placement agents will forgo a commission and placement fee for sales to fiduciary accounts.
TD will reimburse TDS for certain expenses in connection with its role in the offer and sale of the Notes, and TD will pay TDS a fee in connection with its role in the offer and sale of the Notes. Additionally, we or one of our affiliates will pay a fee to an unaffiliated broker-dealer for providing certain electronic platform services with respect to this offering.
We expect to deliver the Notes against payment therefor on the Issue Date, which is expected to be the third DTC settlement day following the Pricing Date. Under Rule 15c6-1 of the Exchange Act, trades in the secondary market generally are required to settle in two DTC settlement days (“T+2”), unless the parties to a trade expressly agree otherwise. Accordingly, purchasers who wish to trade the Notes in the secondary market on any date prior to two DTC settlement days before delivery of the Notes will be required, by virtue of the fact that each Note initially will settle in three DTC settlement days (“T+3”), to specify alternative settlement arrangements to prevent a failed settlement of the secondary market trade.
Conflicts of Interest. TDS is an affiliate of TD and, as such, has a “conflict of interest” in this offering within the meaning of Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”) Rule 5121. In addition, TD will receive the net proceeds from the initial public offering of the Notes, thus creating an additional conflict of interest within the meaning of FINRA Rule 5121. This offering of the Notes will be conducted in compliance with the provisions of FINRA Rule 5121. In accordance with FINRA Rule 5121, neither TDS nor any other affiliated agent of ours is permitted to sell the Notes in this offering to an account over which it exercises discretionary authority without the prior specific written approval of the account holder.
We, TDS, another of our affiliates or third parties may use this pricing supplement and any document incorporated herein by reference in the initial sale of the Notes. In addition, we, TDS, another of our affiliates or third parties may use this pricing supplement and any document incorporated herein by reference in a market-making transaction in the Notes after their initial sale. If a purchaser buys the Notes from us, TDS, another of our affiliates or a third party, this pricing supplement is being used in a market-making transaction unless we, TDS, another of our affiliates or such third party informs such purchaser otherwise in the confirmation of sale.

Prohibition of Sales to EEA and United Kingdom Retail Investors
The Notes are not intended to be offered, sold or otherwise made available to and should not be offered, sold or otherwise made available to any retail investor in the European Economic Area (“EEA”). For these purposes, a retail investor means a person who is one (or more) of: (i) a retail client as defined in point (11) of Article 4(1) of Directive 2014/65/EU, as amended (“MiFID II”); (ii) a customer within the meaning of Directive 2002/92/EC, as amended, where that customer would not qualify as a professional client as defined in point (10) of Article 4(1) of MiFID II; or (iii) not a qualified investor as defined in Directive 2003/71/EC, as amended. Consequently, no key information document required by Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 (as amended, the “EU PRIIPs Regulation”) for offering or selling the Notes or otherwise making them available to retail investors in the EEA has been prepared and therefore offering or selling the Notes or otherwise making them available to any retail investor in the EEA may be unlawful under the EU PRIIPs Regulation.
The Notes are not intended to be offered, sold or otherwise made available to and should not be offered, sold or otherwise made available to any retail investor in the United Kingdom (the “UK”). For these purposes, a retail investor in the UK means a person who is one (or more) of: (i) a retail client as defined in point (8) of Article 2 of Regulation (EU) No 2017/565 as it forms part of domestic law by virtue of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, subject to amendments made by the Markets in Financial Instruments (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2018 (SI 2018/1403), as may be amended or superseded from time to time (the “EUWA”); (ii) a customer within the meaning of the provisions of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (the “FSMA”) and any rules or regulations made under the FSMA to implement Directive (EU) 2016/97, where that customer would not qualify as a professional client, as defined in point (8) of Article 2(1) of Regulation (EU) No 600/2014 as it forms part of UK domestic law by virtue of the EUWA; or (iii) not a qualified investor as defined in Article 2 of the Prospectus Regulation as it forms part of domestic law by virtue of the EUWA (“UK Prospectus Regulation”). Consequently, no key information document required by the PRIIPs Regulation as it forms part of UK domestic law by virtue of the EUWA (the “UK PRIIPs Regulation”) for offering or selling the Notes or otherwise making them available to retail investors in the UK has been prepared and therefore offering or selling the Notes or otherwise making them available to any retail investor in the UK may be unlawful under the UK PRIIPs Regulation.

TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-21

Additional Information Regarding the Estimated Value of the Notes
The final terms for the Notes will be determined on the date the Notes are initially priced for sale to the public, which we refer to as the Pricing Date, based on prevailing market conditions, and will be communicated to investors in the final pricing supplement.
The economic terms of the Notes are based on our internal funding rate (which is our internal borrowing rate based on variables such as market benchmarks and our appetite for borrowing), and several factors, including any sales commissions expected to be paid to TDS or another affiliate of ours, any selling concessions, discounts, commissions or fees expected to be allowed or paid to non-affiliated intermediaries, the estimated profit that we or any of our affiliates expect to earn in connection with structuring the Notes, estimated costs which we may incur in connection with the Notes and the estimated cost which we may incur in hedging our obligations under the Notes. Because our internal funding rate generally represents a discount from the levels at which our benchmark debt securities trade in the secondary market, the use of an internal funding rate for the Notes rather than the levels at which our benchmark debt securities trade in the secondary market is expected to have an adverse effect on the economic terms of the Notes.
On the cover page of this pricing supplement, we have provided the estimated value range for the Notes. The estimated value range was determined by reference to our internal pricing models which take into account a number of variables and are based on a number of assumptions, which may or may not materialize, typically including volatility, interest rates (forecasted, current and historical rates), price-sensitivity analysis, time to maturity of the Notes, and our internal funding rate. For more information about the estimated value, see “Additional Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Estimated Value and Liquidity” herein. Because our internal funding rate generally represents a discount from the levels at which our benchmark debt securities trade in the secondary market, the use of an internal funding rate for the Notes rather than the levels at which our benchmark debt securities trade in the secondary market is expected, assuming all other economic terms are held constant, to increase the estimated value of the Notes. For more information see the discussion under “Additional Risk Factors — Risks Relating to Estimated Value and Liquidity — The Estimated Value of Your Notes Is Based on Our Internal Funding Rate.”
Our estimated value on the Pricing Date is not a prediction of the price at which the Notes may trade in the secondary market, nor will it be the price at which the Agent may buy or sell the Notes in the secondary market. Subject to normal market and funding conditions, the Agent or another affiliate of ours intends to offer to purchase the Notes in the secondary market but it is not obligated to do so.
Assuming that all relevant factors remain constant after the Pricing Date, the price at which the Agent may initially buy or sell the Notes in the secondary market, if any, may exceed our estimated value on the Pricing Date for a temporary period expected to be approximately 3 months after the Issue Date because, in our discretion, we may elect to effectively reimburse to investors a portion of the estimated cost of hedging our obligations under the Notes and other costs in connection with the Notes which we will no longer expect to incur over the term of the Notes. We made such discretionary election and determined this temporary reimbursement period on the basis of a number of factors, including the tenor of the Notes and any agreement we may have with the distributors of the Notes. The amount of our estimated costs which we effectively reimburse to investors in this way may not be allocated ratably throughout the reimbursement period, and we may discontinue such reimbursement at any time or revise the duration of the reimbursement period after the Issue Date of the Notes based on changes in market conditions and other factors that cannot be predicted.
We urge you to read the “Additional Risk Factors” beginning on page P-3 of this pricing supplement.


TD SECURITIES (USA) LLC
P-22



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