Form 10-Q Milestone Pharmaceutical For: Mar 31

May 17, 2021 7:01 AM EDT

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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549


FORM 10-Q


(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                     to

Commission File Number: 001-38899


Milestone Pharmaceuticals Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)


Quebec

    

Not applicable

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

1111 Dr. Frederik-Philips Boulevard, Suite 420

Montréal, Québec CA H4M 2X6

(514) 336-0444

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

    

Trading Symbol(s)

    

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Shares

MIST

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

As of May 3, 2021, the registrant had 29,846,000 common shares, no par value per share, outstanding.


Table of Contents

Page

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

1

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

3

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

3

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

3

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Loss and Comprehensive Loss

4

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity and Convertible Preferred Shares

5

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

6

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

7

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

12

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

22

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

23

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

24

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

24

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

24

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

24

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

24

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

24

Item 5.

Other Information

25

Item 6.

Exhibits

25


“Milestone Pharmaceuticals” and the Milestone logo appearing in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are unregistered trademarks of Milestone Pharmaceuticals Inc. All other trademarks, trade names and service marks appearing in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are the property of their respective owners. Solely for convenience, the trademarks and trade names in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may be referred to without the ® and ™ symbols, but such references should not be construed as any indicator that their respective owners will not assert their rights thereto.

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains references to United States dollars and Canadian dollars. All dollar amounts referenced, unless otherwise indicated, are expressed in United States dollars. References to “$” are to United States dollars and references to “C$” are to Canadian dollars.

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements about us and our industry that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including statements regarding our strategy, future financial condition, future operations, projected costs, prospects, plans, objectives of management and expected market growth, are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as "aim," "anticipate," "assume," "believe," "contemplate," "continue," "could," "design," "due," "estimate," "expect," "goal," "intend," "may," "objective," "plan," "predict," "positioned," "potential," "seek," "should," "target," "will," "would" and other similar expressions that are predictions of or indicate future events and future trends, or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology.

We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy and financial needs. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including risks described in the section titled "Risk Factors" and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, regarding, among other things:

the initiation, timing, progress and results of our current and future clinical trials of etripamil, including our Phase 3 clinical trials of etripamil for the treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, our Phase 2 clinical trial of etripamil for the treatment of atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular rate, and of our research and development programs;
uncertain impacts that the COVID-19 pandemic may have on our business, strategy, clinical trial progress and research and development efforts;
our plans to develop and commercialize etripamil and any future product candidates;
our estimates regarding expenses, future revenue, capital requirements and needs for additional financing;
our ability to establish collaborations or obtain additional funding, including our proposed license agreement with Ji Xing Pharmaceuticals to develop and, if approved by regulatory authorities, commercialize etripamil in China and Taiwan;
our ability to establish collaborations or obtain additional funding;
our ability to obtain regulatory approval of our current and future product candidates;
our expectations regarding the potential market size and the rate and degree of market acceptance of etripamil and any future product candidates;
our ability to fund our working capital requirements and expectations regarding the sufficiency of our capital resources;

1


the implementation of our business model and strategic plans for our business, etripamil and any future product candidates;
our intellectual property position and the duration of our patent rights;
developments or disputes concerning our intellectual property or other proprietary rights;
our expectations regarding government and third-party payer coverage and reimbursement;
our ability to compete in the markets we serve;
the impact of government laws and regulations;
developments relating to our competitors and our industry; and
the factors that may impact our financial results.

The foregoing list of risks is not exhaustive. Other sections of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the section titled "Risk Factors" previously disclosed in Part I, Item 1A. in our Annual Report on Form 10-K may include additional factors that could harm our business and financial performance. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for our management to predict all risk factors nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in, or implied by, any forward-looking statements.

In light of the significant uncertainties in these forward-looking statements, you should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. Although we believe that we have a reasonable basis for each forward-looking statement contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we cannot guarantee that the future results, levels of activity, performance or events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will be achieved or occur at all. You should refer to the section titled "Risk Factors" previously disclosed in Part I, Item 1A. in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on March 29, 2021, for a discussion of important factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by our forward-looking statements. Furthermore, if our forward-looking statements prove to be inaccurate, the inaccuracy may be material. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

2


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

Milestone Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

(in thousands of US dollars, except share data)

    

March 31, 2021

    

December 31, 2020

Assets

  

 

  

Current assets

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

71,859

 

$

72,310

Short-term investment (note 3)

58,000

70,000

Research and development tax credits receivable

816

 

725

Prepaid expenses

6,292

 

5,428

Other receivables

277

 

223

Total current assets

137,244

 

148,686

Operating lease right-of-use assets

914

980

Property and equipment

285

 

308

Total assets

$

138,443

 

$

149,974

Liabilities

  

 

  

Current liabilities

  

 

  

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (note 4)

$

5,564

 

$

5,914

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

252

 

245

Total current liabilities

5,816

 

6,159

Operating lease liabilities

635

 

696

Total liabilities

6,451

 

6,855

Shareholders’ Equity (note 5)

  

 

  

Share capital

  

 

  

Common shares, no par value, unlimited shares authorized 29,846,000 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021, 29,827,997 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020

251,716

 

251,682

Pre-funded warrants - 11,417,034 issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and as of December 31, 2020

48,007

48,007

Additional paid-in capital

9,883

 

8,530

Cumulative translation adjustment

(1,634)

 

(1,634)

Accumulated deficit

(175,980)

 

(163,466)

Total shareholders’ equity

131,992

 

143,119

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

$

138,443

 

$

149,974

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


Milestone Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Loss and Comprehensive Loss

(Unaudited)

(thousands of US dollars, except share and per share data)

Three months ended March 31, 

   

2021

   

2020

Operating expenses

  

 

  

Research and development, net of tax credits

$

8,595

 

$

11,872

General and administrative

2,633

 

2,703

Commercial

1,366

 

2,183

Loss from operations

$

(12,594)

 

$

(16,758)

Interest income, net of bank charges

80

 

415

Net loss and comprehensive loss for the period

$

(12,514)

 

$

(16,343)

Weighted average number of shares and pre-funded warrants outstanding, basic and diluted

41,256,248

24,548,777

Net loss per share, basic and diluted (note 6)

$

(0.30)

 

$

(0.67)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


Milestone Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

(thousands of US dollars, except per share data)

Common Shares

Pre-funded warrants

    

Number
of shares

    

Amount

    

Number
of warrants

    

Amount

    

Additional
paid-in
capital

    

Cumulative
translation
adjustment

    

Accumulated
deficit

    

Total

Balance as of December 31, 2019

24,505,748

$

226,245

$

$

3,805

$

(1,634)

(113,499)

$

114,917

Transactions in 2020

Net loss and comprehensive loss

(16,343)

(16,343)

Exercise of stock options (note 5)

53,722

133

(56)

77

Share-based compensation (note 5)

981

981

Balance as of March 31, 2020

24,559,470

$

226,378

$

$

4,730

$

(1,634)

$

(129,842)

$

99,632

Balance as of December 31, 2020

29,827,997

$

251,682

11,417,034

$

48,007

$

8,530

$

(1,634)

$

(163,466)

$

143,119

Transactions in 2021

Net loss and comprehensive loss

(12,514)

(12,514)

Exercise of stock options (note 5)

18,003

34

(15)

19

Share-based compensation (note 5)

1,368

1,368

Balance as of March 31, 2021

29,846,000

$

251,716

11,417,034

$

48,007

$

9,883

$

(1,634)

$

(175,980)

$

131,992

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


Milestone Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

(thousands of US dollars)

Three months ended March 31, 

2021

    

2020

Cash flows from

Operating activities

Net loss for the period

$

(12,514)

$

(16,343)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

Amortization of property and equipment

23

24

Share-based compensation expense (note 5)

1,368

981

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

Other receivables

(54)

(1)

Research and development tax credits receivable

(91)

(106)

Prepaid expenses

(864)

280

Operating lease right of use asset, net

12

(87)

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

(350)

(2,827)

Net cash used in operating activities

(12,470)

(18,079)

Investing Activities

Maturity of short-term investments

12,000

Cash used in investing activities

12,000

Financing activities

Issuance of common shares on exercise of share options (note 5)

19

77

Cash provided by financing activities

19

77

Net (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents during the period

(451)

(18,002)

Cash and cash equivalents – Beginning of period

72,310

119,818

Cash and cash equivalents – End of period

$

71,859

$

101,816

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


1    Organization and nature of operations

Milestone Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Milestone or the Company) is a biopharmaceutical company incorporated under the Business Corporations Act of Québec. Milestone is focused on the development and commercialization of cardiovascular medicines. Milestone’s lead product candidate, etripamil, is a novel, potent short-acting calcium channel blocker that the Company designed and is developing as a rapid-onset nasal spray to be administered by patients. The Company is developing etripamil to treat paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, and other cardiovascular indications.

2     Summary of significant accounting policies

a)  Basis of consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and Milestone Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated.

b)  Basis of presentation and use of accounting estimates

These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (US GAAP) and on a basis consistent with those accounting principles followed by the Company and disclosed in note 2 of its most recent annual consolidated financial statements. Certain information, in particular the accompanying notes normally included in the annual financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP have been omitted or condensed.  Accordingly, the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all the information required for full annual financial statements, and therefore, should be read in conjunction with the annual consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2020.

In the opinion of the Company's management, the accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of its balance sheet as of  March 31, 2021, and its statements of loss and comprehensive loss, shareholders’ equity and of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020, was derived from audited annual consolidated financial statements, but does not contain all of the footnote disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements are presented in US dollars, which is the Company’s functional currency.

The preparation of unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements with US GAAP requires the Company to make estimates and judgments that affect certain reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the period. The Company bases its estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience and various other factors that it believes are reasonable under the circumstances, to determine the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Significant estimates and judgments include, but are not limited to, research and development tax credits recoverable, progress of activities performed by the CROs and CMOs which are used to calculate the research and development expense incurred, and share-based compensation. Accordingly, actual results may differ from those estimates and such differences may be material.

c) Significant Risks and Uncertainties

The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on our business, operations and clinical development timelines. Government orders and restrictions in order to control the spread of the disease have impacted patient recruitment, enrollment and follow-up visits at clinical sites. With the global spread of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the

7


Company has implemented business continuity plans designed to address and mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its business. The Company anticipates that the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to have an impact on the development timelines for its clinical programs. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact its business, its clinical development and regulatory efforts, its corporate development objectives and the value of and market for its common shares will depend on future developments that remain highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence at this time, such as the ultimate duration of the pandemic, travel restrictions, quarantines, social distancing and business closure requirements in the U.S., Europe and other countries, and the effectiveness of actions taken globally to contain and treat the disease. The global economic slowdown, the overall disruption of global healthcare systems and the other risks and uncertainties associated with the pandemic could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition, results of operations and growth prospects.

In addition, the Company is subject to other challenges and risks specific to its business and its ability to execute on its strategy, as well as risks and uncertainties common to companies in the pharmaceutical industry, including, without limitation, risks and uncertainties associated with: obtaining regulatory approval of its product candidate; delays or problems in the supply of its study drug or failure to comply with manufacturing regulations; identifying, acquiring or in-licensing product candidates; pharmaceutical product development and the inherent uncertainty of clinical success; and the challenges of protecting and enhancing its intellectual property rights; and complying with applicable regulatory requirements.

d) Sources of Liquidity and Funding Requirements

Since inception, the Company incurred significant operating losses. Prior to May 2019, the Company financed its operations primarily through sales of convertible preferred shares to accredited investors generating net proceeds of $138.8 million. In May 2019, the Company received net proceeds of $85.4 million from its Initial Public Offering (IPO). In July 2020, the Company received $24.8 million of net proceeds from the private placement of pre-funded warrants to existing shareholders. In October 2020, the Company concluded an offering of common shares and pre-funded warrants for net proceeds of $48.2 million.

The Company has incurred operating losses and experienced negative operating cash flows since its inception and anticipates to continue to incur losses for at least the next several years. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $129.9 million and an accumulated deficit of $176.0 million.

3 Short-term investments

Short-term investments are comprised of term deposits issued in US currency. These short term investments are in scope of ASC 320, Investments - Debt Securities. The short term investments maturity is greater than 90 days but less than one year, they are classified as held to maturity, recorded as current assets and are accounted for at amortized cost.

4     Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities comprised the following:

    

March 31, 2021

December 31, 2020

Trade accounts payable

 

$

3,412

$

4,641

Accrued research and development liabilities

 

982

152

Other accrued liabilities

 

654

164

Accrued compensation and benefits payable

 

516

957

 

$

5,564

$

5,914

8


5      Shareholders’ equity

Authorized share capital

An unlimited number of common shares, voting and participating, without par value.

On January 1, 2021 the number of the Company’s common shares reserved for issuance under the Employee Stock Purchase Plans (ESPP) increased by 298,279 [2020 – 245,057].  As of March 31, 2021, there were 822,100 common shares available for issuance under the ESPP and no common shares have been issued.

During the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, the Company issued a total of 18,003 common shares [2020 –53,722] for a total cash consideration of $19 [2020 - $77] pursuant to the exercise of 18,003 stock options [2020 – 53,722] at an average exercise price of US$1.08 per option [2020 – US$1.44]. As a result, an amount of $15 [2020 - $56] previously included in additional paid-in capital related to the exercised options has been credited to share capital and deducted from additional paid-in capital.

Additional paid-in capital

Three months ended March 31, 

2021

    

2020

Opening balance

$

8,530

 

$

3,805

Share-based compensation expense

1,368

 

981

Exercise of stock options

(15)

 

(56)

Closing balance

$

9,883

 

$

4,730

Share-based compensation

Under the Company’s 2019 Equity Incentive Plan (the 2019 Plan) and the Company’s Stock Option Plan (the 2011 Plan), unless otherwise decided by the Board of Directors, options vest and are exercisable as follows: 25% vest and are exercisable on the one year anniversary of the grant date and one thirty-sixth (1/36th) of the remaining options vest and are exercisable each month thereafter, such that options are vested in full on four-year anniversary of the grant date.

On January 1, 2021, the number of the Company’s common shares reserved for issuance under the 2019 Plan increased by 1,193,119 [2020 - 980,229] common shares. In addition, 72,186 options have been forfeited under the 2011 Plan after adoption of the 2019 Plan and became available for issuance under the 2019 Plan. As of March 31, 2021, there were 4,562,467 [2020 - 3,316,239] shares available for issuance under the 2019 Plan, of which 992,327 shares were available for future grants.

9


The total outstanding and exercisable options from the 2011 Plan and 2019 Plan as at March 31 were as follows:

2021

2020

Weighted

Weighted

Number

average

Number

average

of shares

exercise

of shares

exercise

    

2019 Plan

   

2011 Plan

   

Total

   

price

   

2019 Plan

   

2011 Plan

   

Total

   

price

Outstanding at beginning of year - 2011 Plan

 

2,080,087

2,080,087

$

2.15

 

2,364,526

2,364,526

$

2.15

Outstanding at beginning of year - 2019 Plan

1,706,190

1,706,190

13.55

220,140

220,140

20.78

Granted - 2019 Plan

1,863,950

1,863,950

6.31

765,160

765,160

21.49

Exercised - 2011 Plan

(16,753)

(16,753)

0.88

(53,722)

(53,722)

1.44

Exercised - 2019 Plan

(1,250)

(1,250)

3.74

Forfeited - 2011 Plan

 

 

(4,978)

(4,978)

2.12

Forfeited - 2019 Plan

(2,750)

(2,750)

21.48

Outstanding at end of period

 

3,568,890

2,063,334

5,632,224

$

6.99

 

982,550

2,305,826

3,288,376

$

7.89

Outstanding at end of period - Weighted average exercise price

$

9.77

$

2.16

$

21.33

$

2.17

Exercisable at end of period

591,885

1,613,229

2,205,114

$

4.86

5,660

1,327,637

1,333,297

$

1.92

Exercisable at end of period - Weighted average exercise price

 

$

12.55

$

2.05

 

$

18.43

$

1.85

As of  March 31, 2021, the weighted average remaining contractual life was 8.4 for outstanding options [2020 – 8.2 years]. The weighted average remaining contractual life was 7.1 years for vested options [2020 – 7.0 years]. There were no options forfeited or cancelled for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021. There were 7,728 options forfeited and nil cancelled for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020.

Options granted are valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Amortization of the fair value of the options over vesting years has been expensed and credited to additional paid-in capital in shareholders’ equity. The weighted average fair values of options granted in the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 was $4.79 per share [2020 - $15.19]. Share-based compensation expense recognized for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 was $1,368 [2020 - $981].

As of March 31, 2021, there was $20,573 [2020 - $17,442] of total unrecognized compensation cost, related to non-vested share options, which is expected to be recognized over a remaining weighted average vesting period of 3.1 years [2020 - 2.9 years].

The non-vested options as at March 31 were as follows:

2021

2020

Number

Weighted

Number

Weighted

of options

average

of options

average

    

2019 Plan

2011 Plan

    

Total

    

fair value

    

    

2019 Plan

2011 Plan

    

Total

    

fair value

Non-vested share options at beginning of year - 2011 Plan

 

543,192

543,192

 

$

1.81

 

 

1,152,300

1,152,300

 

$

1.88

Non-vested share options at beginning of year - 2019 Plan

1,438,026

1,438,026

 

$

10.28

218,975

218,975

 

$

14

Granted - 2019 Plan

 

1,863,950

1,863,950

4.79

 

765,160

765,160

15.19

Vested, outstanding 2011 Plan

(93,087)

(93,087)

 

1.61

 

(169,133)

(169,133)

 

5.81

Vested, outstanding 2019 Plan

(324,971)

(324,971)

11.38

(4,495)

(4,495)

12.85

Forfeited - 2011 Plan

 

 

 

 

(4,978)

(4,978)

 

1.52

Forfeited - 2019 Plan

(2,750)

(2,750)

15.25

Non-vested share options at end of period

 

2,977,005

450,105

3,427,110

 

$

6.08

 

 

976,890

978,189

1,955,079

 

$

8.12

Non-vested share options at end of period - Weighted average fair value

$

6.72

$

1.85

$

11.80

$

1.21

The fair value of share-based payment transaction is measured using Black-Scholes valuation model. This model also requires assumptions, including expected option life, volatility, risk-free interest rate and dividend yield, which greatly affect the calculated values.

10


The fair value of options granted was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, resulting in the following weighted average assumptions for the options granted for the three months ended March 31:

2021

    

2020

 

Exercise price

$

6.31

 

$

21.41

Share price

$

6.31

 

$

21.41

Volatility

 

94

%  

82

%

Risk-free interest rate

 

1.06

%  

1.60

%

Expected life

 

6.10 years

 

6.24 years

Dividend

 

0

%  

0

%

Expected volatility is determined using comparable companies for which the information is publicly available. The risk-free interest rate is determined based on the U.S. sovereign rates benchmark in effect at the time of grant with a remaining term equal to the expected life of the option. Expected option life is determined based on the simplified method as the Company does not have sufficient historical exercise data to provide a reasonable basis upon which to estimate expected term. The simplified method is an average of the contractual term of the options and its ordinary vesting period. Dividend yield is based on the share option’s exercise price and expected annual dividend rate at the time of grant.

The Company recognized share-based compensation expense as follows for the three months ended March 31:

    

2021

    

2020

    

Administration

 

$

573

$

399

Research and development

 

580

386

Commercial activities

 

215

196

 

$

1,368

$

981

6     Net loss per share

Basic and diluted net loss per common share is determined by dividing net loss applicable to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares and pre-funded warrants outstanding during the period. Share-based compensation options have been excluded from the calculation because their effects would be anti-dilutive. Therefore, the weighted average number of shares used to calculate both basic and diluted loss per share are the same.

The following potentially dilutive securities have been excluded from the computation of diluted weighted average shares outstanding as of March 31 as they would be anti-dilutive:

    

2021

    

2020

Share options

 

5,632,224

 

3,288,376

Amounts above reflect the common share equivalents of the noted instruments.

7     Subsequent events

On May 15, 2021, the Company signed an exclusive license and collaboration agreement with Ji Xing Pharmaceuticals (Ji Xing) , a company backed by RTW Investments, LP (“RTW”), to develop and, if approved by regulatory authorities, commercialize etripamil for PSVT and other indications in China and Taiwan (the Territory). Milestone will receive an upfront payment consisting of $15 million in cash and a $5 million equity investment by RTW. In addition, Milestone is eligible to receive milestone payments and royalties on future sales of etripamil in the Territory. Milestone will supply etripamil and delivery devices to Ji Xing. Ji Xing will be responsible for development and commercialization costs in the Territory.

11


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following information should be read in conjunction with the unaudited financial information and the notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the audited financial information and the notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, on March 29, 2021. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those discussed in “Risk Factors” and in other parts of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Overview

We are a biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of innovative cardiovascular medicines. Our lead product candidate etripamil is a novel, potent and short-acting calcium channel blocker that we designed as a rapid-onset nasal spray to be self-administered by patients. We are developing etripamil to treat paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, or PSVT, atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular rate, or AFib-RVR, and other cardiovascular indications.

Etripamil - Pivotal Clinical Program in PSVT

PSVT is a rapid heart rate condition characterized by episodes of supraventricular tachycardia, or SVT, that start and stop without warning. Episodes of SVT are often experienced by patients with symptoms including palpitations, sweating, chest pressure or pain, shortness of breath, sudden onset of fatigue, lightheadedness or dizziness, fainting and anxiety. Calcium channel blockers have long been approved for the treatment of PSVT as well as other cardiac conditions. Calcium channel blockers available in oral form are frequently used prophylactically to control the frequency and duration of future episodes of SVT. For treatment of episodes of SVT, approved calcium channel blockers are administered intravenously under medical supervision, usually in the emergency department. The combination of convenient nasal-spray delivery, rapid-onset and short duration of action of etripamil has the potential to shift the current treatment paradigm for episodes of SVT away from the burdensome and costly emergency department setting. If approved, we believe that etripamil will be the first self-administered therapy for the rapid termination of episodes of SVT wherever and whenever they occur.

In March 2020, we reported topline results of the first part of the NODE-301 pivotal trial of etripamil for the treatment of PSVT, which is a placebo-controlled Phase 3 safety and efficacy trial. The first part of NODE-301, which enrolled a total of 431 patients across 65 sites in the United States and Canada, did not meet its primary endpoint of time to conversion of SVT to sinus rhythm compared to placebo over the five hour period in which patients wore a cardiac monitor following study drug administration.

In July 2020, we announced that we received guidance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, on our proposal to alter the size and design of our ongoing RAPID trial as well as the overall program based on the data from the NODE-301 trial. The FDA indicated that the two trials, the RAPID trial and the completed NODE-301 trial, could potentially fulfill the efficacy requirement for our planned NDA for etripamil in patients with PSVT.

Under an updated statistical analysis plan, or SAP, the primary efficacy endpoint for both the RAPID and NODE-301 trials will be defined as time to conversion over the first 30 minutes, with a target p-value of less than 0.05 for each trial. This endpoint supports the desire of patients to rapidly address their PSVT symptoms during an episode and ideally avoid visiting the emergency department. Later and earlier time points will also be assessed as part of secondary analyses to fully characterize the efficacy profile of etripamil.

When employing the updated SAP retrospectively to the NODE-301 data, the analysis results in 54% of etripamil patients vs. 35% of placebo patients converted within 30 minutes (HR 1.87, p=0.02). We also discussed the clinical benefit of 54% conversion rate with the FDA. We believe, based on interactions with PSVT treating physicians and cardiovascular thought leaders, that a 50% conversion rate within 60 minutes is a clinically-meaningful outcome given the symptomatic nature of SVT episodes and the lack of approved at-home treatments.

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Based on discussions with the FDA regarding maximizing the treatment effect of etripamil, the RAPID trial will allow for repeat administration of study drug (either 70 mg of etripamil or placebo) for patients who have not experienced symptom relief within ten minutes of the first study drug administration. This repeat dose regimen, which is similar to current PSVT treatment practices in the emergency department setting, is tailored to the pharmacokinetic profile of etripamil to deliver increased exposure over approximately the first 30 minutes following initial administration. We expect that the repeat administration could benefit a broader group of patients, including those with more persistent episodes.

The RAPID study, which was originally designed to collect double-blind data from randomized patients who had not yet experienced an SVT event after the NODE-301 study reached its target number of adjudicated SVT events, will be amended and expanded to serve as a pivotal efficacy and safety study should the RAPID study meet its primary objective. The study will include the 170 patients who are already enrolled, although many of those patients have been enrolled in the study for more than one year without reporting an SVT event. The study will be completed after a total of 180 confirmed SVT events are reached, including those that have already occurred in the study. Additional patients to be enrolled in the RAPID study will be randomized 1:1.

The FDA agreed that the single and repeat administrations of etripamil could be pooled and compared to placebo for the primary analysis, resulting in no increase in the study’s sample size.

We initiated the RAPID study in the second half of 2020 and enrolled the first new patient in November of 2020. In the fourth quarter of 2020, we took initiatives to increase the number of clinical trial sites in North America but also planned for more clinical sites in European countries to diversify and better protect the study recruitment against COVID’s geographical resurgences. We expect the majority of planned clinical trial sites in Europe will be initiated through the first three quarters of 2021. While our newly initiated clinical sites have provided benefits in enrollment, we believe the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have impacted the study and in particular have made clinical trial site start-up and patient enrollment challenging and we expect such challenges to continue. In light of the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and our evaluation of the impact of our additional trial sites, we are revising our guidance and now expect topline data in the second half of 2022.

Etripamil - Safety Studies in PSVT

NODE-302 is our Phase 3 open-label safety extension of the NODE-301 trial. Patients who completed NODE-301 could enroll in NODE-302 and receive up to an additional 11 doses of etripamil. NODE-302 is a multi- center, open label study designed to evaluate the safety of etripamil nasal spray when self-administered by patients without medical supervision for spontaneous episodes of SVT in an outpatient setting. Eligibility was also contingent on satisfying all inclusion and exclusion criteria, including not experiencing a serious adverse event related to the study drug or the study procedure that precludes the self-administration of etripamil. We completed NODE-302 in late 2020 with a data set of 245 episodes with 105 patients dosed at least once out of 169 patients enrolled. Trial results will contribute to the etripamil NDA safety database.

NODE-303 is a Phase 3, multi-center, open-label safety trial, evaluating the safety of etripamil when self-administered without medical supervision, and evaluating the treatment safety and efficacy of etripamil on multiple SVT episodes. We originally designed this trial to enroll enough patients to collect data on 1,000 patients taking etripamil in an at-home setting. With the expanded size of the RAPID trial, we expect the size of the NODE-303 study to be reduced. We will determine a more accurate sizing of the trial following future discussions with the FDA and other regulatory authorities. Based on a review of the NODE-301 safety data available in June 2019, the FDA and multiple European and Latin American regulatory authorities agreed to allow patient enrollment in NODE-303 without an in-office safety test dose, which is required in the NODE-301 trial, and in a broad patient population including patients taking concomitant beta blockers and calcium channel blockers. In a manner similar to that used in starting NODE-303 based on safety data from the NODE-301 trial, we have engaged in discussion with the FDA about allowing the etripamil repeat dose regimen (70 mg etripamil administered ten minutes after the initial dose if symptoms persist), currently used in RAPID, to be offered in NODE-303. Based on a review of the RAPID test dose safety data available until March 2021, the FDA has agreed to allow future patients enrolled in NODE-303 to utilize

13


the repeat dose regimen. We will implement the repeat dose regimen in NODE-303 in the United States and will seek regulatory approval to do the same in territories outside the United States where NODE-303 is also active.

We have initiated and continue to expand patient access programs that have as their primary objective providing further access to etripamil to patients who have participated in the clinical development registration trials to treat future SVT episodes. These programs are tailored to meet the regulatory requirements in the territories in which the clinical sites are located.

Etripamil: Atrial Fibrillation with Rapid Ventricular Rate

As with PSVT, calcium channel blockers are also approved for use in intravenous form for the treatment of some episodes of atrial fibrillation in which patients experience rapid ventricular rates. We began enrollment in a Phase 2 proof-of-concept clinical trial, titled ReVeRA, in the first quarter of 2021 to evaluate the ability of etripamil to reduce ventricular rate in AFib-RVR episodes. The Phase 2 double blind, placebo controlled, proof-of-concept study is being conducted in Canada in collaboration with the Montreal Heart Institute and other research centers, and is expected to enroll approximately 50 patients randomized 1:1 to receive either 70 mg of etripamil nasal spray or placebo. The primary endpoint will assess reduction in ventricular rate, with key secondary endpoints including the time to achieve the maximum reduction in rate and the duration of the effect.The trial is being conducted in the hospital or emergency department setting under medical supervision. We anticipate reporting data from this study following disclosure of top line results of the RAPID trial.

Operations Overview

Since the commencement of our operations in 2003, we have devoted substantially all of our resources to performing research and development activities in support of our product development efforts, hiring personnel, raising capital to support and expand such activities, providing general and administrative support for these operations and, more recently preparing for commercialization. We operate our business using a significant outsourcing model. As such, our team is composed of a relatively smaller core of employees who direct a significantly larger number of team members who are outsourced in the forms of vendors and consultants to enable execution of our operational plans. We do not currently have any products approved for sale, and we continue to incur significant research and development and general administrative expenses related to our operations.

Since inception, we have incurred significant operating losses. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we recorded net losses of $12.5 million and $16.3 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2021, we had an accumulated deficit of $176.0 million. We expect to continue to incur significant losses for the foreseeable future. We anticipate that a substantial portion of our capital resources and efforts in the foreseeable future will be focused on completing the necessary development activities required for obtaining regulatory approval and preparing for potential commercialization of our product candidates. We had $129.9 million of cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments at March 31, 2021.

Although we implemented certain cost-cutting measures in 2020, we nevertheless expect to continue to incur significant expenses and increasing operating losses for at least the next several years. Our net losses may fluctuate significantly from period to period, depending on the timing of our planned clinical trials and expenditures on other research and development activities. We expect our expenses will increase substantially over time as we:

continue our ongoing and planned development of etripamil, including our Phase 3 clinical trials of etripamil for the treatment of PSVT and our Phase 2 proof-of-concept clinical trial of etripamil for the treatment of AFib-RVR;

seek marketing approvals for etripamil for the treatment of PSVT, AFib-RVR and other cardiovascular indications;

14


establish a sales, marketing, manufacturing and distribution capability, either directly or indirectly through third parties, to commercialize etripamil or any future product candidate for which we may obtain marketing approval;

build a portfolio of product candidates through development, or the acquisition or in-license of drugs, product candidates or technologies;

initiate preclinical studies and clinical trials for etripamil for any additional indications we may pursue, including the clinical trials for the treatment of atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular rate as well as other areas of unmet medical need, and for any additional product candidates that we may pursue in the future;

maintain, protect and expand our intellectual property portfolio;

hire additional clinical, regulatory and scientific personnel;

add operational, financial and management information systems and personnel, including personnel to support our product development and planned future commercialization efforts; and

incur additional legal, accounting, insurance and other expenses associated with operating as a public company.

COVID-19 Business Update

The global economic slowdown, the overall disruption of global healthcare systems and the other risks and uncertainties associated with the pandemic could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and growth prospects. Our global workforce is working remotely and this may adversely impact our business (see below for discussion on Clinical Development impacts). In addition, working at home policies could increase cybersecurity risk and communication disruptions. Governments have also implemented and continually adjusted restrictions as the spread and severity of the COVID-19 virus has impacted their territories. We continue to closely monitor the COVID-19 situation as we evolve our business continuity plans and response strategy.

Clinical Development

With respect to clinical development, we have taken measures to maintain patient safety and trial continuity and to preserve study integrity. For our clinical development programs, we have experienced disruptions or delays in our ability to initiate trial sites and enroll and assess patients, and such disruptions or delays may continue. Since the filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, the COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact patient enrollment rates in our NODE-303 study. While COVID resurgences around the world impact different geographies and clinical sites to varying degrees and at different times, the NODE-303 average overall enrollment rate has stabilized over the first quarter of 2021. The COVID-19 pandemic has delayed the initiation of many proposed RAPID clinical trial sites as some health care institutions have prioritized their resources for pandemic related activities with some precluding the initiation of new clinical trials. It has also delayed the initiation of enrollment for our ReVeRA trial of etripamil for AFib-RVR due to closures of clinical sites. Given the uncertainty and differing and evolving restrictions applicable to clinical trial sites and participants, additional disruptions and delays are possible. We will continue to monitor the impact of COVID-19 on our planned clinical sites and patient enrollment activities. We could also see an impact on the ability to supply study drug, report trial results, or interact with regulators, ethics committees or other important agencies due to limitations in regulatory authority employee resources or otherwise. In addition, we rely on contract research organizations or other third parties to assist us with clinical trials, and we cannot guarantee that they will continue to perform their contractual duties in a timely and satisfactory manner as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. If the COVID-19 pandemic continues and persists for an extended period of time, and if phased reopenings stall or are limited due to continued spread of COVID-19, including variants, we could experience further significant disruptions to our clinical development timelines, which would adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and growth prospects.

Corporate Development

15


We expect that our current operating plan and existing cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments will be sufficient to fund our operations and we do not envision any events or conditions that may cast substantial doubt on our ability to continue as a going concern for at least the next 12 months.

During the first quarter of 2021, we continued to focus our efforts on the development of etripamil PSVT program, and have expanded our development activities with respect to our etripamil AFib-RVR program. Our operating plan may further change as a result of many factors currently unknown to us, and we may need to seek additional funds sooner than planned, through public or private equity or debt financings, third-party funding, marketing and distribution arrangements, as well as other collaborations, strategic alliances and licensing arrangements, or any combination of these approaches. Furthermore, the COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve and has resulted in a significant disruption of global financial markets. It is not possible to reliably estimate the length and severity of this disruption. If the disruption persists and deepens, we could experience an inability to access additional capital, which could in the future negatively affect our operations.

Other Financial and Corporate Impacts

While we expect the COVID-19 pandemic to continue to affect our business operations and financial results, the extent of the impact on our clinical development and regulatory efforts, our corporate development objectives and the value of and market for our common shares, will depend on future developments that are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence at this time, such as the ultimate duration of the pandemic, travel restrictions, quarantines, social distancing and business closure requirements in the United States, Canada, Europe and other countries, and the effectiveness of actions taken globally to contain and treat the disease.

Components of Results of Operations

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses consist primarily of salaries and fees paid to external service providers and also include personnel costs, including share-based compensation expense and other related compensation expenses. We expense research and development costs in the periods in which they are incurred. Costs for certain development activities are recognized based on an evaluation of the progress to completion of specific tasks using information and data provided to us by our vendors, collaborators and third-party service providers.

To date, substantially all of our research and development expenses have been related to the preclinical and clinical development of etripamil. As we advance etripamil or other product candidates for other indications, we expect to allocate our direct external research and development costs across each of the indications or product candidates. Further, while we expect our research and development costs for the development of etripamil in atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular rate to increase for initiation of the ReVeRA clinical trial, we expect our research and development expenses related to the development of etripamil for PSVT to remain a very large majority of our total research and development expenses.

The following table shows our research and development expenses by type of activity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Three months ended March 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2021

    

2020

Clinical and pre-clinical

$

6,789

$

9,711

Drug manufacturing and formulation

 

1,416

 

1,624

Regulatory and other costs

 

481

 

643

Less: investment tax credits

 

(91)

 

(106)

Total research and development expenses

$

8,595

$

11,872

We expect our research and development expenses to increase as we continue the development of etripamil and prepare to pursue regulatory approval. The process of conducting the necessary clinical research to obtain regulatory approval is costly and time-consuming and is subject to uncertainties and delays, including as a result of the ongoing COVID-19

16


pandemic. As a result of the uncertainties discussed above, we are unable to determine the duration and completion costs of our research and development projects or when and to what extent we will generate revenue from the commercialization and sale of our product candidates, if at all.

We recognize the benefit of Canadian research and development tax credits as a reduction of research and development costs for fully refundable investment tax credits.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses include personnel and related compensation costs, expenses for outside professional services, lease expense, insurance expense and other general administrative expenses. Personnel costs consist of salaries, bonuses, benefits, related payroll taxes and share-based compensation. Outside professional services consist of legal, accounting and audit services and other consulting fees.

We expect to continue to incur expenses as a public company, including expenses related to compliance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, and those of any national securities exchange on which our securities are traded, additional insurance expenses, investor relations activities, and other administrative and professional services.

Commercial Expenses

Commercial expenses consist primarily of personnel and related compensation costs, market and health economic research, and market development activities for PSVT and, to a much lesser extent, atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular rate. The focus of these expenses is three-fold: first, we want to leverage rigorous primary and secondary research to fully understand our target disease states from the perspective of the patient, healthcare provider, and payer; second, we want to understand and document the burden of disease posed by PSVT and AFib-RVR from an epidemiology, healthcare resource use, and cost perspective; and third, we want to engage our target patient, physician, and payer stakeholders with evidence-based and compliant educational materials that serve to increase the awareness and understanding of the impact of PSVT and AFib-RVR on patients and the overall healthcare system.

Starting approximately one year before we file our new drug application, or NDA with the FDA, we anticipate our commercial expenses will increase substantially as we invest in the infrastructure, personnel, and operational expenses required to launch our first product in the United States, if approved.

Interest Income

Interest income primarily consists of interest income from our cash equivalents and short-term investments.

17


Results of Operations

Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

The following table summarizes our results of operations and changes:

Three months ended

 

March 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2021

    

2020

$Change

    

% Change

Operating expenses

Research and development, net of tax credits

$

8,595

$

11,872

$

(3,277)

 

(27.6)%

General and administrative

 

2,633

 

2,703

 

(70)

 

(2.6)%

Commercial

 

1,366

 

2,183

(817)

 

(37.4)%

Total operating expenses

 

12,594

 

16,758

 

(4,164)

 

(24.9)%

Loss from operations

 

(12,594)

 

(16,758)

 

4,164

 

(24.9)%

Interest income, net of bank charges

 

80

 

415

 

(335)

 

(80.7)%

Net loss and comprehensive loss

$

(12,514)

$

(16,343)

$

3,829

 

(23.4)%

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development, or R&D, expenses decreased by $3.3 million, or 28%, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020.  Spending during both periods was primarily related to advancing our Phase 3 efficacy and safety trials in etripamil for the treatment of PSVT. We spent $5.1 million on these programs in the first quarter of 2021 and recorded $3.6 million of R&D and personnel related costs, including non-cash compensation costs related to share-based compensation expense. During the same period of 2020, we recorded expenses of $7.8 million for the efficacy trial in etripamil for the treatment of PSVT and recorded $4.2 million of R&D and personnel related costs.We also recognized $0.1 million of reimbursable R&D investment tax credits provided by the provincial government of Québec in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.  Tax credits are recorded as a reduction of our R&D expenses.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses were relatively stable and decreased by $70,000, or 3%, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Commercial Expenses

Commercial expenses decreased by $0.8 million, or 37%, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 when compared to the same period in 2020. We reduced operating expenses in the second quarter of 2020 in order to focus our efforts on an optimized clinical development pathway for etripamil. The cuts primarily affected pre-commercialization activities.

Interest Income, Net

Interest income, net of bank charges was $0.1 million and $0.4 million for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The reduction in interest income is due to lower interest rates earned on investments in 2021 when compared to 2020.

18


Net Loss

For the foregoing reasons, we had net losses of $12.5 million and $16.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Sources of Liquidity

Prior to the IPO, we financed our operations primarily through sales of our convertible preferred shares to accredited investors generating net proceeds of $138.8 million. In May 2019, we received net proceeds of $85.4 million from the IPO.

We have incurred operating losses and experienced negative operating cash flows since our inception and anticipate continuing to incur losses for at least the next several years. As of March 31, 2021, we had cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $129.9 million and an accumulated deficit of $176.0 million.

In July 2020, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with affiliates of RTW Investments LP, an existing shareholder (the Purchasers), to sell and issue to the Purchasers in a private placement, pre-funded warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 6,655,131 of the our common shares, at a purchase price of $3.7465 per pre-funded warrant for aggregate proceeds of $25 million before deducting offering expenses.  The private placement closed on July 24, 2020.

On July 29, 2020, we entered into the Sales Agreement with Jefferies with respect to the ATM Program, under which we may issue and sell our common shares having an aggregate offering price of up to $50 million through Jefferies as our sales agent or principal. We have not yet sold any common shares under the ATM Program.

In addition, on October 22, 2020, we entered into an underwriting agreement with Jefferies and Piper Sandler & Co. as representatives of the Underwriters relating to the issuance and sale of (i) 5,095,897 common shares, without par value, at a price to the public of $5.25 per share, and (ii) pre-funded warrants to purchase 4,761,903 common shares at an exercise price equal to $0.01 per share, at a price to the public of $5.24 per Common Share underlying the pre-funded warrants. The gross proceeds were $51.7 million before deducting offering expenses, including proceeds from the exercise of the Underwriters' option to purchase additional shares. The securities were offered and sold pursuant to a base prospectus dated July 6, 2020 and the related prospectus supplement dated October 22, 2020 and a related registration statement (File No. 333-249623) filed on October 22, 2020 in accordance with Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The offering closed on October 27, 2020.

We have evaluated whether material uncertainties exist relating to clinical trials, the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact on market conditions. The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on our business, operations and clinical development timelines. Government orders and restrictions in order to control the spread of the disease have impacted patient recruitment, enrollment and follow-up visits at clinical sites. At the date of the publication of our quarterly report, it is not possible to reliably estimate the length and severity of these developments. We expect that our current operating plan, existing cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments and access to financing sources to be sufficient to fund our operations and determined that there are no events or conditions that may cast substantial doubt on our ability to continue as a going concern for at least the next 12 months from the date of this filing. Based on our cash, cash equivalents and short-term-investments as of March 31, 2021, including the upfront payment from Ji Xing and proceeds from the equity investment from RTW, we expect to be able to support our ongoing operations into mid-2023.

Funding Requirements

We use our cash primarily to fund research and development expenditures. We expect our research and development expenses to increase as we continue the development of etripamil and prepare to pursue regulatory approval. We expect to incur an increase in general and administrative expenses, and a continued increase in expenses related to commercial activities in 2021 as we focus our efforts on the clinical pathway and potential commercialization of etripamil. We

19


expect to incur increasing operating losses for the foreseeable future as we continue the clinical development of our product candidate. At this time, due to the inherently unpredictable nature of clinical development, we cannot reasonably estimate the costs we will incur and the timelines that will be required to complete development, obtain marketing approval, and commercialize etripamil or any future product candidates, if at all. For the same reasons, we are also unable to predict when, if ever, we will generate revenue from product sales or whether, or when, if ever, we may achieve profitability. Clinical and preclinical development timelines, the probability of success, and development costs can differ materially from expectations.

In addition, we have exclusive development and commercialization rights for etripamil for all indications that we may pursue and as such have the potential to license development and or commercialization rights for etripamil to a potential partner. We plan to establish commercialization and marketing capabilities using a direct sales force to commercialize etripamil in the United States. Outside of the United States, we are considering commercialization strategies that may include collaborations with other companies. For other new product candidates, our efforts are focused on licensing development and/or commercialization rights from potential partners. In the case of either in-licensing or out-licensing, we cannot forecast when such arrangements will be secured, if at all, and to what degree such arrangements would affect our development and commercialization plans and capital requirements.

The timing and amount of our operating expenditures will depend largely on:

the timing, progress and results of our ongoing and planned clinical trials and other development activities of etripamil in PSVT, AFib-RVR and other cardiovascular indications;
the scope, progress, results and costs of preclinical development, laboratory testing and clinical trials of etripamil for additional indications or any future product candidates that we may pursue;
our ability to establish collaborations on favorable terms, if at all;
the ability of vendors and third-party service providers to accurately forecast expenses and deliver on expectations;
the costs, timing and outcome of regulatory review of etripamil and any future product candidates;
the costs and timing of future commercialization activities, including product manufacturing, marketing, sales and distribution, for etripamil and any future product candidates for which we receive marketing approval;
the revenue, if any, received from commercial sales of etripamil and any future product candidates for which we receive marketing approval;
the costs and timing of preparing, filing and prosecuting patent applications, maintaining and enforcing our intellectual property rights and defending any intellectual property-related claims; and
the extent to which we acquire or in-license other product candidates and technologies.

Until such time, if ever, as we can generate substantial revenue from product sales, we expect to fund our operations and capital funding needs through equity and/or debt financing. We may also consider entering into collaboration arrangements or selectively partnering for clinical development and commercialization. The sale of additional equity would result in additional dilution to our shareholders. The incurrence of debt financing would result in debt service obligations and the instruments governing such debt could provide for operating and financing covenants that restrict our operations or our ability to incur additional indebtedness or pay dividends, among other items. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic continues to rapidly evolve and has already resulted in a significant disruption of global financial markets. If the disruption persists and deepens, we could experience an inability to access additional capital, which could in the future negatively affect our operations. If we are not able to secure adequate additional funding, we may be forced to

20


make reductions in spending, extend payment terms with suppliers, liquidate assets where possible, and/or suspend or curtail planned programs. Any of these actions could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

Cash Flows

The following table summarizes our cash flows for the periods indicated:

Three months ended

 

March 31, 

(in thousands)

    

2021

    

2020

    

$ Change

    

% Change

Net cash (used in) provided by:

Operating activities

 

(12,470)

(18,079)

5,609

 

(31.02)

%

Investing activities

12,000

12,000

 

%

Financing activities

 

19

77

(58)

 

(75.32)

%

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents during the period

 

(451)

 

(18,002)

17,551

 

  

Operating Activities

In the three months ended March 31, 2021, we used $12.5 million of cash in operating activities, which consisted of a net loss of $12.5 million and a net change of $1.4 million in our net operating liabilities and non-cash charges of $1.4 million related to share-based compensation expense for grants to employees, board directors and consultants. The change in our net operating assets and liabilities was mainly due to a decrease of $0.4 million for accounts payable and accrued liabilities and an increase of $0.9 million for prepaid expenses.

In the three months ended March 31, 2020, we used $18.1 million of cash in operating activities, which consisted of a net loss of $16.3 million and a net change of $2.7 million in our net operating liabilities and non-cash charges of $1.0 million. The non-cash charges primarily consist of share-based compensation expense for grants to employees. The change in our net operating assets and liabilities was due to a decrease of $2.8 million for accounts payable and accrued liabilities.

Investing Activities

In the three months ended March 31, 2021, we received $12.0 million of cash from maturities. In the same period in 2020, there were no investing activities.

Financing Activities

In the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, our financing activities provided $19 thousand and $77 thousand, respectively, which consisted of proceeds from the exercise of share options.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have not entered into off-balance sheet arrangements.

Contractual Obligations

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, there were no material changes to our contractual obligations and commitments described under "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on March 29, 2021.

21


Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our unaudited interim consolidated financial statements as at March 31, 2021, which have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles, or U.S. GAAP and on a basis consistent with those accounting principles followed by us and disclosed in Note 2 to our most recent annual audited consolidated financial statements. The preparation of these unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements requires our management to make judgments and estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported revenue generated and expenses incurred during the reporting periods. Our estimates are based on our historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Significant estimates and judgments include, but are not limited to, research and development tax credits recoverable, research and development expenses, and share-based compensation. Accordingly, actual results may differ from these judgments and estimates under different assumptions or conditions and any such differences may be material. We believe that the accounting policies discussed below are critical to understanding our historical and future performance, as these policies relate to the more significant areas involving management’s judgments and estimates.

We anticipate that the COVID-19 pandemic will have an impact on the development timelines of our clinical programs. Estimates and assumptions about future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty and therefore require the exercise of judgment. As of the date of issuance of these financial statements, we are not aware of any specific event or circumstance that would require the update of our estimates, assumptions and judgments. These estimates may change as new events occur and additional information is obtained and are recognized in the consolidated financial statements as soon as they become known. Actual results could differ from those estimates and any such differences may be material to our financial statements.

Other than as described under Note 2 of our unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements, there have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies from those described in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” included in our most recent annual consolidated financial statements.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Refer to Note 2, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies”, for a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements and to the notes to our audited consolidated financial statements as at December 31, 2020 appearing in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on March 29, 2021.

Emerging Growth Company Status

The Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 permits an “emerging growth company” such as us to take advantage of an extended transition period to comply with new or revised accounting standards applicable to public companies until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have irrevocably elected to “opt out” of this provision and, as a result, we comply with new or revised accounting standards when they are required to be adopted by public companies that are not emerging growth companies.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve principal and liquidity while maximizing income without significantly increasing risk. We are exposed to market risks in the ordinary course of our business. These risks primarily relate to interest rate risks. We had cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $129.9 million as of March 31, 2021, which consist primarily of bank deposits and guaranteed investment certificates. We do not enter into investments for trading or speculative purposes. Due to the short-term nature of our investment portfolio, we do not believe an immediate 10% increase or decrease in interest rates would have a material effect on the fair market value of

22


our portfolio, and accordingly we do not expect our operating results or cash flows to be materially affected by a sudden change in market interest rates.

We undertake certain transactions in Canadian dollars and as such are subject to risk due to fluctuations in exchange rates. Canadian dollar denominated payables are paid at the converted rate as due. We do not use derivative instruments to hedge exposure to foreign exchange rate risk due to the low volume of transactions denominated in foreign currencies. At March 31, 2021, our net monetary exposure denominated in Canadian dollars was $0.4 million.

Our operating results and financial position are reported in U.S. dollars in our consolidated financial statements. The fluctuation of the Canadian dollar in relation to the U.S. dollar might, consequently, have an impact upon our loss and may also affect the value of our assets and the amount of shareholders’ equity.

We do not believe that inflation and changing prices had a significant impact on our results of operations for any periods presented herein. We do not have a formal hedging program with respect to foreign currency. A 10% increase or decrease in current exchange rates would not have a material effect on our consolidated financial results.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

We maintain “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is (1) recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and (2) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2021. Based upon the evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at a reasonable assurance level.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. We have not experienced any material impact to our internal controls over financial reporting despite the fact that our employees are working remotely due to the COVID-19 pandemic. We are continually monitoring and assessing the COVID-19 situation on our internal controls to minimize the impact on their design and operating effectiveness.

Inherent Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls.

Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, believes that our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and are effective at the reasonable assurance level. However, our management does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control over financial reporting will prevent all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in

23


decision making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of a simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions; over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with policies or procedures may deteriorate. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

From time to time, we may become involved in legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of our business. We are not currently a party to any material legal proceedings, and we are not aware of any pending or threatened legal proceeding against us that we believe could have an adverse effect on our business, operating results or financial condition.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in Part I, Item 1A. in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on March 29, 2021.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities

None

Use of Proceeds from the IPO

On May 13, 2019, we completed the IPO and issued 6,325,000 common shares at an initial offering price of $15.00 per share (inclusive of 825,000 common shares pursuant to the full exercise of an overallotment option granted to the underwriters in connection with the offering). We received net proceeds from the IPO of $85.4 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions. None of the expenses associated with the IPO were paid to directors, officers, persons owning 10% or more of any class of equity securities, or to their associates. Jefferies LLC, Cowen and Company, LLC and Piper Jaffray & Co. acted as lead book-running managers. Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. acted as lead manager for the IPO.

Our common shares began trading on The Nasdaq Global Select Market on May 9, 2019. The offer and sale of the shares were registered under the Securities Act on Registration Statement on Form S-1 (Registration No. 333-230846), which was declared effective on May 8, 2019.

There has been no material change in the planned use of proceeds from the IPO as described in the prospectus used in connection therewith. We invested the funds received in cash equivalents and other short term investments in accordance with our investment policy. In July 2020, we started to use proceeds from the IPO for the development of etripamil and to pursue regulatory approval.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

Not applicable

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable

24


Item 5. Other Information.

Not applicable

Item 6. Exhibits.

Exhibit
Number

    

Description

3.1

Amended Articles of Incorporation of the Company (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-38899), filed with the SEC on May 15, 2019).

3.2

Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 001-38899), filed with the SEC on May 15, 2019).

10.1+

The Non-employee Director Compensation Policy, as amended.

31.1

Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2

Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.1*

Certification of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101.INS

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document


*        Furnished herewith and not deemed to be “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act (whether made before or after the date of the Form 10-Q), irrespective of any general incorporation language contained in such filing.

+

Indicates a management contract or compensatory plan.

25


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

MILESTONE PHARMACEUTICALS INC.

Date: May 17, 2021

By:

/s/ Joseph Oliveto

Joseph Oliveto

President and Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)

Date: May 17, 2021

By:

/s/ Amit Hasija

Amit Hasija

Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

26


Exhibit 10.1

Milestone Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Amended and Restated Non-Employee Director Compensation Policy

Each member of the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of Milestone Pharmaceuticals Inc. (the “Company”) who is not also serving as an employee of the Company or any of its subsidiaries (each such member, an “Eligible Director”) will receive the compensation described in this Non-Employee Director Compensation Policy (this “Policy”). An Eligible Director may decline all or any portion of his or her compensation by giving notice to the Company prior to the date cash is to be paid or equity awards are to be granted, as the case may be.  This Policy may be amended at any time in the sole discretion of the Board or the Compensation Committee of the Board.

Annual Cash Compensation

The annual cash compensation amount set forth below is payable to Eligible Directors in equal quarterly installments, payable in arrears on the last day of each fiscal quarter in which the service occurred. If an Eligible Director joins the Board or a committee of the Board at a time other than effective as of the first day of a fiscal quarter, each annual retainer set forth below will be pro-rated based on days served in the applicable fiscal year, with the pro-rated amount paid for the first fiscal quarter in which the Eligible Director provides the service, and regular full quarterly payments to be paid thereafter. All annual cash fees are vested upon payment.

1.

Annual Board Service Retainer:

a.All Eligible Directors: $35,000

b.Non-executive chairperson of the Board: $65,000 (inclusive of Annual Board Service Retainer)

2.Annual Committee Member Service Retainer:

a.Member of the Audit Committee: $7,500

b.Member of the Compensation Committee: $6,000

c.Member of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee: $4,000

d.Member of the Clinical Affairs Committee: $6,000


3.

Annual Committee Chair Service Retainer (inclusive of Committee Member Service Retainer):

a.Chairperson of the Audit Committee: $15,000

b.Chairperson of the Compensation Committee: $12,000

c.Chairperson of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee: $8,000

d.Chairperson of the Clinical Affairs Committee: $12,000

The Company will also reimburse each of the Eligible Directors for his or her travel expenses incurred in connection with his or her attendance at Board and committee meetings. Such reimbursements shall be paid on the same date as the annual cash fees are paid.

Equity Compensation

The equity compensation set forth below will be granted under the Company’s 2019 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Plan”), subject to the approval of the Plan by the Company’s shareholders. All stock options granted under this Policy will be nonstatutory stock options, with an exercise price per share equal to 100% of the Fair Market Value (as defined in the Plan) of the underlying common stock on the date of grant, and a term of 10 years from the date of grant (subject to earlier termination in connection with a termination of service as provided in the Plan).  

1.

Initial Grant: For each Eligible Director who is first elected or appointed to the Board following the effective date of this Policy, on the date of such Eligible Director’s initial election or appointment to the Board (or, if such date is not a market trading day, the first market trading day thereafter), the Eligible Director will be automatically, and without further action by the Board or Compensation Committee of the Board, granted a stock option to purchase a number of shares of the Company’s common stock equal to 41,000   shares of the Company’s common stock.  The shares subject to each such stock option will vest monthly over a three-year period, subject to the Eligible Director’s Continuous Service (as defined in the Plan) on each vesting date.

2.

Annual Grant: On the date of each annual shareholder meeting of the Company held after the Effective Date, each Eligible Director who continues to serve as a non-employee member of the Board following such shareholder meeting will be automatically, and without further action by the Board or Compensation Committee of the Board, granted a stock option to purchase 30,000 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Annual Grant”). The shares subject to the Annual Grant will vest in equal monthly installments over the 12 months following the date of grant, provided that the Annual Grant will in any case be fully vested on the date of Company’s next annual shareholder meeting, subject to


the Eligible Director’s Continuous Service (as defined in the Plan) through such vesting date and will vest in full upon a Change in Control (as defined in the Plan).

Approved: April 26, 2019

Effective: May 8, 2019

Amended: May 4, 2020

Amended: September 21, 2020

Amended and Restated: March 24, 2021


Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

RULES 13a-14(a) AND 15d-14(a) UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Joseph Oliveto, certify that:

1.           I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Milestone Pharmaceuticals Inc.;

2.           Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.           Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.           The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

(a)          Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

(b)          Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

(c)          Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

(d)          Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5.            The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

(a)          All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

(b)          Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: May 17, 2021

/s/ Joseph Oliveto

Joseph Oliveto

President and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)


Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

RULES 13a-14(a) AND 15d-14(a) UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Amit Hasija, certify that:

1.           I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Milestone Pharmaceuticals Inc.;

2.           Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.           Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.           The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

(a)          Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

(b)          Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

(c)          Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

(d)          Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5.            The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

(a)          All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

(b)          Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: May 17, 2021

/s/ Amit Hasija

Amit Hasija

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting

Officer)


Exhibit 32.1

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

Pursuant to the requirement set forth in Rule 13a-14(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the “Exchange Act”) and Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code (18 U.S.C. §1350), Joseph Oliveto, Chief Executive Officer of Milestone Pharmaceuticals Inc. (the “Company”), and Amit Hasija, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, each hereby certifies that, to the best of his or her knowledge:

1.            The Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2021, to which this Certification is attached as Exhibit 32.1 (the “Periodic Report”), fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act; and

2.            The information contained in the Periodic Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

Dated: May 17, 2021

    

/s/ Joseph Oliveto

/s/ Amit Hasija

Joseph Oliveto

Amit Hasija

Chief Executive Officer

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

(Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)




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