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Form 10-Q HALLMARK FINANCIAL SERVI For: Sep 30

November 14, 2022 5:32 PM EST

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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the

(Mark One) Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2022

Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Commission file number 001-11252

Hallmark Financial Services, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Nevada

87-0447375

(State or other jurisdiction of

(I.R.S. Employer

Incorporation or organization)

Identification No.)

5420 Lyndon B. Johnson Freeway, Suite 1100, Dallas, Texas

75240

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (817) 348-1600

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.18 par value

HALL

Nasdaq Global Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes        No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer,  a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,”  “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 15(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes No

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: Common Stock, par value $0.18 per share –18,184,824 shares outstanding as of November 14, 2022.

PART I

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.   Financial Statements

INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Page
Number

Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30, 2022 (unaudited) and December 31, 2021

3

Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited) for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021

4

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income (unaudited) for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021

5

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited) for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021

6

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021

7

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

8

2

Hallmark Financial Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Balance Sheets

($ in thousands, except par value)

September 30,

December 31,

2022

2021

(unaudited)

ASSETS

  

 

  

Investments:

  

 

  

Debt securities, available-for-sale, at fair value (amortized cost; $426,870 in 2022 and $288,175 in 2021)

$

417,053

$

290,073

Equity securities (cost; $42,858 in 2022 and $42,120 in 2021)

 

41,002

 

48,695

Total investments

 

458,055

 

338,768

Cash and cash equivalents

 

129,468

 

352,867

Restricted cash

 

8,845

 

3,810

Ceded unearned premiums

 

30,473

 

29,207

Premiums receivable

 

74,920

 

90,621

Accounts receivable

 

5,749

 

6,914

Receivable from reinsurer

62,028

Receivable for securities

 

883

 

1,326

Reinsurance recoverable

 

542,818

 

549,964

Deferred policy acquisition costs

 

5,341

 

6,811

Intangible assets, net

 

441

 

819

Federal income tax recoverable

2,378

18,217

Deferred federal income taxes, net

 

 

8,906

Prepaid pension

172

Prepaid expenses

 

2,320

 

2,173

Other assets

 

25,671

 

25,119

Assets held-for-sale

132,444

118,076

Total assets

$

1,482,006

$

1,553,598

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

  

 

  

Liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Senior unsecured notes due 2029 (less unamortized debt issuance cost of $672 in 2022 and $746 in 2021)

$

49,328

$

49,254

Subordinated debt securities (less unamortized debt issuance cost of $704 in 2022 and $744 in 2021)

 

55,998

 

55,959

Reserves for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses

 

858,888

 

816,681

Unearned premiums

 

86,595

 

82,736

Reinsurance payable

 

97,065

 

117,908

Pension liability

 

 

174

Payable for securities

 

 

3,280

Accounts payable and other liabilities

 

52,836

 

49,442

Liabilities held-for-sale

215,528

202,643

Total liabilities

 

1,416,238

 

1,378,077

Commitments and contingencies (Note 18)

 

 

  

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

  

Common stock, $.18 par value, authorized 33,333,333 shares; issued 20,872,831 shares in 2022 and 2021

 

3,757

 

3,757

Additional paid-in capital

 

122,959

 

122,844

(Accumulated deficit) retained earnings

 

(26,086)

 

74,703

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(10,228)

 

(1,035)

Treasury stock (2,688,007 shares in 2022 and 2,700,364 in 2021), at cost

 

(24,634)

 

(24,748)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

65,768

 

175,521

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

1,482,006

$

1,553,598

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements

3

Hallmark Financial Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

($ in thousands, except per share amounts)

    

Three Months Ended September 30, 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 

    

2022

    

2021

    

2022

    

2021

Gross premiums written

$

52,520

$

55,128

$

167,857

$

185,738

Ceded premiums written

 

(15,902)

 

(21,588)

 

(52,532)

 

(61,009)

Net premiums written

 

36,618

 

33,540

 

115,325

 

124,729

Change in unearned premiums

 

(238)

 

9,163

 

(2,593)

 

26,614

Net premiums earned

 

36,380

 

42,703

 

112,732

 

151,343

Investment income, net of expenses

 

3,721

 

2,213

 

8,700

 

7,576

Investment (losses) gains, net

 

(2,821)

 

(533)

 

(6,764)

 

9,122

Finance charges

 

937

 

1,076

 

2,900

 

3,318

Commission and fees

 

1

 

2

 

3

 

3

Other income

 

14

 

15

 

42

 

50

Total revenues

 

38,232

 

45,476

 

117,613

 

171,412

Losses and loss adjustment expenses

 

49,141

 

27,549

 

161,168

 

111,570

Operating expenses

 

17,816

 

18,558

 

51,967

 

59,114

Interest expense

 

1,528

 

1,245

 

4,158

 

3,743

Amortization of intangible assets

 

7

 

7

 

21

 

21

Total expenses

 

68,492

 

47,359

 

217,314

 

174,448

(Loss) income from continuing operations before tax

 

(30,260)

 

(1,883)

 

(99,701)

 

(3,036)

Income tax (benefit) expense from continuing operations

 

(1,007)

 

161

 

5,242

 

828

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

$

(29,253)

$

(2,044)

$

(104,943)

$

(3,864)

Discontinued operations:

Total pretax income from discontinued operations

$

2,801

$

6,274

$

10,573

$

17,644

Income tax expense on discontinued operations

1,701

785

6,419

2,209

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

$

1,100

$

5,489

$

4,154

$

15,435

Net (loss) income

$

(28,153)

$

3,445

$

(100,789)

$

11,571

Net (loss) income per share basic:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Net loss from continuing operations

$

(1.61)

$

(0.11)

$

(5.77)

$

(0.21)

Net income from discontinued operations

0.06

0.30

0.23

0.85

Basic net (loss) income per share

$

(1.55)

$

0.19

$

(5.54)

$

0.64

Net (loss) income per share diluted:

Net loss from continuing operations

$

(1.61)

$

(0.11)

$

(5.77)

$

(0.21)

Net income from discontinued operations

0.06

0.30

0.23

0.85

Diluted net (loss) income per share

$

(1.55)

$

0.19

$

(5.54)

$

0.64

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements

4

Hallmark Financial Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive (Loss) Income

(Unaudited)

($ in thousands)

    

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

    

2022

    

2021

    

2022

    

2021

Net (loss) income

$

(28,153)

$

3,445

$

(100,789)

$

11,571

Other comprehensive (loss) income:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Change in net actuarial gain

 

25

 

43

 

78

 

130

Tax effect on change in net actuarial gain

 

(5)

 

(9)

 

(16)

 

(27)

Unrealized holding (losses) gains arising during the period

 

(2,362)

 

276

 

(10,048)

 

3,063

Tax effect on unrealized holding losses (gains) arising during the period

 

496

 

(58)

 

2,110

 

(643)

Reclassification adjustment for gains included in net (loss) income

 

(504)

 

(1,059)

 

(1,667)

 

(5,288)

Tax effect on reclassification adjustment for gains included in net loss (income)

 

106

 

222

 

350

 

1,110

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

(2,244)

 

(585)

 

(9,193)

 

(1,655)

Comprehensive (loss) income

$

(30,397)

$

2,860

$

(109,982)

$

9,916

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements

5

Hallmark Financial Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

($ in thousands)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

September 30, 

    

2022

    

2021

    

2022

    

2021

Common Stock

    

  

    

  

    

  

    

  

Balance, beginning of period

$

3,757

$

3,757

$

3,757

$

3,757

Balance, end of period

 

3,757

 

3,757

 

3,757

 

3,757

Additional Paid-In Capital

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

Balance, beginning of period

 

123,166

 

122,782

 

122,844

 

122,893

Equity based compensation

 

(203)

 

4

 

233

 

158

Shares issued under employee benefit plans

 

(4)

 

(13)

 

(118)

 

(278)

Balance, end of period

 

122,959

 

122,773

 

122,959

 

122,773

Retained Earnings

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Balance, beginning of period

 

2,067

 

73,825

 

74,703

 

65,699

Net (loss) income

 

(28,153)

 

3,445

 

(100,789)

 

11,571

Balance, end of period

 

(26,086)

 

77,270

 

(26,086)

 

77,270

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Balance, beginning of period

 

(7,984)

 

(687)

 

(1,035)

 

383

Additional minimum pension liability, net of tax

 

20

 

34

 

62

 

103

Unrealized holding (losses) gains arising during period, net of tax

 

(1,866)

 

218

 

(7,938)

 

2,420

Reclassification adjustment for gains included in net (loss) income, net of tax

 

(398)

 

(837)

 

(1,317)

 

(4,178)

Balance, end of period

 

(10,228)

 

(1,272)

 

(10,228)

 

(1,272)

Treasury Stock

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Balance, beginning of period

 

(24,634)

 

(24,761)

 

(24,748)

 

(25,026)

Shares issued under employee benefit plans

 

 

13

 

114

 

278

Balance, end of period

 

(24,634)

 

(24,748)

 

(24,634)

 

(24,748)

Total Stockholders' Equity

$

65,768

$

177,780

$

65,768

$

177,780

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements

6

Hallmark Financial Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

($ in thousands)

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2022

2021

Cash flows from operating activities:

  

 

  

 

Net (loss) income

$

(100,789)

$

11,571

Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to cash used in operating activities:

 

 

  

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

(4,154)

(15,435)

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

2,323

 

2,523

Deferred federal income taxes expense

 

11,350

 

(163)

Investment losses (gains), net

 

6,764

 

(9,122)

Share-based payments expense

 

233

 

158

Change in ceded unearned premiums

 

(1,266)

 

11,714

Change in premiums receivable

 

15,701

 

35,155

Change in accounts receivable

 

1,165

 

(628)

Change in receivable from reinsurer

(62,028)

Change in deferred policy acquisition costs

 

1,470

 

7,346

Change in reserves for losses and loss adjustment expenses

 

42,207

 

25,613

Change in unearned premiums

 

3,859

 

(32,876)

Change in reinsurance recoverable

 

7,146

 

(17,242)

Change in reinsurance balances payable

 

(20,843)

 

10,083

Change in federal income tax recoverable

 

15,839

 

7,344

Change in all other liabilities

 

3,161

 

(2,157)

Change in all other assets

 

1,035

 

996

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities- continuing operations

 

(76,827)

 

34,880

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities- discontinued operations

2,671

12,468

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

(74,156)

47,348

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

  

 

  

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(2,148)

 

(1,632)

Purchases of investment securities

 

(273,828)

 

(120,276)

Maturities, sales and redemptions of investment securities

 

131,768

 

295,878

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

 

(144,208)

 

173,970

(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(218,364)

 

221,318

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

356,677

 

108,308

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period

$

138,313

$

329,626

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements

7

Hallmark Financial Services, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

1. General

Hallmark Financial Services, Inc. (“Hallmark” and, together with subsidiaries, the “Company”, “we,” “us” or “our”) is an insurance holding company that, through its subsidiaries, engages in the sale of property/casualty insurance products to businesses and individuals. Our business involves marketing, distributing, underwriting and servicing our insurance products, as well as providing other insurance related services.  We market, distribute, underwrite and service our property/casualty insurance products primarily through business units organized by products and distribution channels. Our business units are supported by our insurance company subsidiaries.  

Our Commercial Accounts business unit offers package and monoline property/casualty and, until exited in 2016, occupational accident insurance products and services.  Our Aviation business unit offers general aviation insurance. Our former Workers Compensation operating unit specialized in small and middle market workers compensation business until discontinued during 2015. Our Specialty Personal Lines business unit offers non-standard personal automobile and renters insurance products and services.  Our Specialty Runoff business unit consists of the senior care facilities professional liability insurance and services previously reported as part of our Professional Liability business unit; the contract binding line of the primary automobile insurance products and services previously reported as part of our Commercial Auto business unit; and the satellite launch property/casualty insurance products and services, as well as certain specialty programs, previously reported as part of our Aerospace & Programs business unit.  The lines of business comprising the Specialty Runoff business unit were discontinued at various times during 2020 through 2022 and are presently in runoff.

These business units are segregated into three reportable industry segments for financial accounting purposes. The Standard Commercial Segment consists of the Commercial Accounts business unit, the Aviation business unit, and the runoff from our former Workers Compensation operating unit. The Personal Segment consists solely of our Specialty Personal Lines business unit and the Runoff Segment consists solely of the Specialty Runoff business unit.  The Runoff Segment was previously reported as part of our former Specialty Commercial Segment.

Our discontinued operations consist of our Commercial Auto business unit (excluding the exited contract binding line) which offered primary and excess commercial vehicle insurance products and services; our E&S Casualty business unit which offered primary and excess liability, excess public entity liability, E&S package and garage liability insurance products and services; our E&S Property business unit which offered primary and excess commercial property insurance for both catastrophe and non-catastrophe exposures; and our Professional Liability business unit (excluding the exited senior care facilities line) which offered healthcare and financial lines professional liability insurance products and services primarily for businesses, medical professionals and medical facilities.  Our Discontinued Operations business units, which were sold in October 2022, were previously reported as part of our former Specialty Commercial Segment.  (See, Note 3.)  

Our insurance company subsidiaries supporting these business units are American Hallmark Insurance Company of Texas (“AHIC”), Hallmark Insurance Company (“HIC”), Hallmark Specialty Insurance Company (“HSIC”), Hallmark County Mutual Insurance Company (“HCM”), Hallmark National Insurance Company (“HNIC”) and Texas Builders Insurance Company (“TBIC”).

 

2. Basis of Presentation

Our unaudited consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and include our accounts and the accounts of our subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial reporting. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated

8

financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2021 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC.

The interim financial data as of September 30, 2022 and 2021 is unaudited. However, in the opinion of management, the interim financial data includes all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods. The results of operations for the periods ended September 30, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results to be expected for the full year.

Subsequent Event

On October 7, 2022 the Company consummated the sale of substantially all of its excess and surplus  lines operations to Core Specialty Insurance Holdings, Inc. (“Core Specialty”), a specialty property and casualty insurer, for $40.0 million cash consideration, plus an estimated $19.2 million consideration for the acquisition costs associated with certain net unearned premium reserves.  The transaction was comprised of all or portions of nine business units within the Company’s former Specialty Commercial  Segment, certain related assets and liabilities, and the immediate transition to Core Specialty of approximately 200 employees who produce and support these lines of businesses. Core Specialty’s acquisition and assumption of the Company’s excess and surplus lines of business and the related assets and liabilities was made  effective as of September 30, 2022.

Use of Estimates in the Preparation of the Financial Statements

Our preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect our reported amounts of assets and liabilities and our disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our consolidated financial statements, as well as our reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Refer to “Critical Accounting Estimates and Judgments” under Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 for information on accounting policies that we consider critical in preparing our consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair value estimates are made at a point in time based on relevant market data as well as the best information available about the financial instruments. Fair value estimates for financial instruments for which no or limited observable market data is available are based on judgments regarding current economic conditions, credit and interest rate risk. These estimates involve significant uncertainties and judgments and cannot be determined with precision. As a result, such calculated fair value estimates may not be realizable in a current sale or immediate settlement of the instrument. In addition, changes in the underlying assumptions used in the fair value measurement technique, including discount rate and estimates of future cash flows, could significantly affect these fair value estimates.

Cash and Cash Equivalents:  The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for these instruments approximate their fair values.

Restricted Cash:  The carrying amount for restricted cash reported in the consolidated balance sheets approximates the fair value.

Senior Unsecured Notes Due 2029:  Our senior unsecured notes payable due in 2029 had a carrying value of $49.3 million and a fair value of $43.2 million as of September 30, 2022.   Our senior unsecured notes payable would be included in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy if they were reported at fair value.

Subordinated Debt Securities:  Our trust preferred securities had a carrying value of $56.0 million and a fair value of $35.6 million as of September 30, 2022. Our trust preferred securities would be included in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy if they were reported at fair value.

9

For accounts receivable, reinsurance balances, premiums receivable, federal income tax recoverable and other assets, the carrying amounts are held at net realizable value which approximates fair value because of the short maturity of such financial instruments.

Variable Interest Entities

On June 21, 2005, we formed Hallmark Statutory Trust I (“Trust I”), an unconsolidated trust subsidiary, for the sole purpose of issuing $30.0 million in trust preferred securities. Trust I used the proceeds from the sale of these securities and our initial capital contribution to purchase $30.9 million of subordinated debt securities from Hallmark. The debt securities are the sole assets of Trust I, and the payments under the debt securities are the sole revenues of Trust I.

On August 23, 2007, we formed Hallmark Statutory Trust II (“Trust II”), an unconsolidated trust subsidiary, for the sole purpose of issuing $25.0 million in trust preferred securities. Trust II used the proceeds from the sale of these securities and our initial capital contribution to purchase $25.8 million of subordinated debt securities from Hallmark. The debt securities are the sole assets of Trust II, and the payments under the debt securities are the sole revenues of Trust II.

We evaluate on an ongoing basis our investments in Trust I and Trust II (collectively the “Trusts”) and have determined that we do not have a variable interest in the Trusts. Therefore, the Trusts are not included in our consolidated financial statements.

Income Taxes

We file a consolidated federal income tax return. Deferred federal income taxes reflect the future tax consequences of differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their financial reporting amounts at each year end. We account for income taxes under the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred taxes for temporary differences between the financial statement and tax return basis of assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets generally represent items that can be used as a tax deduction or credit in future years for which we have already recorded the tax benefit in our income statement. Deferred tax liabilities generally represent tax expense recognized in our financial statements for which payment has been deferred or expenditures for which we have already taken a deduction in our tax return but have not yet been recognized in our financial statements.

Under GAAP, we are required to evaluate the recoverability of our deferred tax assets and establish a valuation allowance if necessary to reduce our deferred tax assets to an amount that is more likely than not to be realized. Significant judgment is required in determining whether valuation allowances should be established, as well as the amount of such allowances.  We establish or adjust valuation allowances for deferred tax assets when we estimate that it is more likely than not that future taxable income will be insufficient to realize the value of the deferred tax assets. We evaluate all significant available positive and negative evidence as part of our analysis. Negative evidence includes the existence of losses in recent years. Positive evidence includes the forecast of future taxable income and tax-planning strategies that would result in the realization of deferred tax assets. The underlying assumptions we use in forecasting future taxable income require significant judgment and take into account our recent performance. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets depends on the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which temporary differences are deductible or creditable. If actual experience differs from these estimates and assumptions, the recognized deferred tax asset value may not be fully realized, resulting in an increase to income tax expense in our results of operations.  

As of September 30, 2022, the Company maintained  a full valuation allowance of $30.4 million against its deferred tax assets because we determined that it is more likely than not that these assets will not be recoverable. If, in the future, we determine we can support the recoverability of all or a portion of the deferred tax assets under the guidance, the tax benefits relating to any reversal of the valuation allowance on deferred tax assets will be accounted for as a reduction of income tax expense and result in an increase in equity.  Changes in tax laws and rates may affect recorded deferred tax assets and liabilities and our effective tax rate in the future.

The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. There were no uncertain tax positions at September 30, 2022.

10

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform ("ASU 2020-04"). ASU 2020-04 provides optional guidance for a limited period of time to ease potential accounting impact associated with transitioning away from reference rates that are expected to be discontinued, such as the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR"). The amendments in this ASU apply only to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued. The amendments in ASU 2020-04 could be adopted as of March 12, 2020 and are effective through December 31, 2024. We do not currently have any contracts that have been changed to a new reference rate and do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial position or liquidity.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments” (Topic 326). ASU 2016-13 requires organizations to estimate credit losses on certain types of financial instruments, including receivables and available-for-sale debt securities, by introducing an approach based on expected losses. The expected loss approach will require entities to incorporate considerations of historical information, current information and reasonable and supportable forecasts. As a smaller reporting company, ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years of the Company beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years.  ASU 2016-13 requires a modified retrospective transition method and early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this standard will have on our financial results and disclosures.

3. Discontinued Operations and Held for Sale Classification

On October 7, 2022 the Company consummated the sale of substantially all of its excess and surplus  lines operations to Core Specialty Insurance Holdings, Inc. (“Core Specialty”), a specialty property and casualty insurer, for $40.0 million cash consideration, plus an estimated $19.2 million consideration for the acquisition costs associated with certain net unearned premium reserves.  The Company retained the related loss and loss adjustment expenses (“LAE”) reserves of its excess and surplus lines businesses and will experience future cash outflows and change in estimates for these reserves until all claims have been settled. As of September 30, 2022 the expected net liability amount recorded related to these future outflows are  $209.5 million, which are included in reserves for unpaid losses and LAE and reinsurance recoverable in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. At this time, a date in which all claims will be settled is not known. The transaction was comprised of substantially all of nine business units within the Company’s former Specialty Commercial Segment, certain related assets and liabilities, and the immediate transition to Core Specialty of approximately 200 employees who produce and support these lines of businesses. This transaction met the criteria for held-for-sale and discontinued operations accounting. As a result, the  results of operations for the affected excess and surplus lines are included in discontinued operations in our Consolidated Statement of Operations for all periods shown and the corresponding assets and liabilities are presented separately as single line items in the asset and liability sections of the Consolidated Balance Sheet at September 30, 2022.

11

The following table summarizes income (loss) from discontinued operations (in thousands):

    

Three Months Ended September 30, 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 

    

2022

    

2021

    

2022

    

2021

Gross premiums written

$

113,502

$

113,976

$

331,190

$

316,100

Ceded premiums written

 

(70,088)

 

(56,552)

 

(203,861)

 

(170,882)

Net premiums written

 

43,414

 

57,424

 

127,329

 

145,218

Change in unearned premiums

 

(1,463)

 

(5,780)

 

859

 

(3,778)

Net premiums earned

 

41,951

 

51,644

 

128,188

 

141,440

Commission and fees

 

241

 

230

 

810

 

739

Total revenues

 

42,192

 

51,874

 

128,998

 

142,179

Losses and loss adjustment expenses

 

31,244

 

36,157

 

95,174

 

98,104

Operating expenses

 

8,028

 

9,324

 

22,894

 

26,074

Amortization of intangible assets

 

119

 

119

 

357

 

357

Total expenses

 

39,391

 

45,600

 

118,425

 

124,535

Income (loss) from discontinued operations before tax

 

2,801

 

6,274

 

10,573

 

17,644

Income tax expense (benefit) from discontinued operations

 

1,701

 

785

 

6,419

 

2,209

Net income (loss) from discontinued operations

$

1,100

$

5,489

$

4,154

$

15,435

The following table summarizes assets and liabilities held for sale (in thousands):

September 30,

December 31,

2022

2021

(unaudited)

(unaudited)

ASSETS

Ceded unearned premiums

$

130,608

$

117,226

Prepaid expenses

985

216

Other assets

851

634

Total assets held-for-sale

$

132,444

$

118,076

LIABILITIES

Unearned premiums

$

214,216

$

201,691

Accounts payable and other liabilities

1,312

952

Total liabilities held-for-sale

$

215,528

$

202,643

12

4. Fair Value

ASC 820 defines fair value, establishes a consistent framework for measuring fair value and requires disclosure about fair value measurements. ASC 820, among other things, requires us to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. In addition, ASC 820 precludes the use of block discounts when measuring the fair value of instruments traded in an active market, which were previously applied to large holdings of publicly traded equity securities.

We determine the fair value of our financial instruments based on the fair value hierarchy established in ASC 820. In accordance with ASC 820, we utilize the following fair value hierarchy:

Level 1: quoted prices in active markets for identical assets;
Level 2: inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, inputs of identical assets for less active markets, and inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the instrument; and
Level 3: inputs to the valuation methodology that are unobservable for the asset or liability.

This hierarchy requires the use of observable market data when available.

Under ASC 820, we determine fair value based on the price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. It is our policy to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when developing fair value measurements, in accordance with the fair value hierarchy described above. Fair value measurements for assets and liabilities where there exists limited or no observable market data are calculated based upon our pricing policy, the economic and competitive environment, the characteristics of the asset or liability and other factors as appropriate. These estimated fair values may not be realized upon actual sale or immediate settlement of the asset or liability.

Where quoted prices are available on active exchanges for identical instruments, investment securities are classified within Level 1 of the valuation hierarchy. Level 1 investment securities include equity securities.

Level 2 investment securities include corporate bonds, collateralized corporate bank loans, municipal bonds, U.S. Treasury securities, other obligations of the U.S. Government and mortgage-backed securities for which quoted prices are not available on active exchanges for identical instruments. We use third-party pricing services to determine fair values for each Level 2 investment security in all asset classes. Since quoted prices in active markets for identical assets are not available, these prices are determined using observable market information such as quotes from less active markets and/or quoted prices of securities with similar characteristics, among other things. We have reviewed the processes used by the pricing services and have determined that they result in fair values consistent with the requirements of ASC 820 for Level 2 investment securities. We have not adjusted any prices received from third-party pricing sources. There were no transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 securities.

In cases where there is limited activity or less transparency around inputs to the valuation, investment securities are classified within Level 3 of the valuation hierarchy. Level 3 investments are valued based on the best available data in order to approximate fair value. This data may be internally developed and consider risk premiums that a market participant would require. Investment securities classified within Level 3 include other less liquid investment securities.

13

The following table presents, for each of the fair value hierarchy levels, assets that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 (in thousands):

As of September 30, 2022

    

Quoted Prices in

    

    

    

Active Markets for

Identical Assets

Other Observable

Unobservable

    

(Level 1)

    

Inputs (Level 2)

    

Inputs (Level 3)

    

Total

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. Government

$

$

41,132

$

$

41,132

Corporate bonds

 

 

257,409

 

 

257,409

Corporate bank loans

 

 

75,011

 

 

75,011

Municipal bonds