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Form 10-K Keurig Dr Pepper Inc. For: Dec 31

February 22, 2024 9:07 AM EST
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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED December 31, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                     TO             
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 001-33829
kdpa13.jpg
Keurig Dr Pepper Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware98-0517725
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. employer identification number)
53 South Avenue
Burlington, Massachusetts 01803
(Address of principal executive offices)
(781) 418-7000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes     No 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes     No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes    No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company", and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
Large Accelerated Filer Accelerated Filer Non-Accelerated Filer Smaller Reporting Company Emerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant's executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to § 240.10D-1(b).
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934).Yes    No 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common stockKDPThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
As of June 30, 2023, the aggregate market value of the registrant's common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $31.3 billion (based on the closing sales price of the registrant's common stock on that date). As of February 20, 2024, there were 1,387,591,010 shares of the registrant's common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrant's definitive proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with the registrant's Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference in Part III.


KEURIG DR PEPPER INC.
FORM 10-K
FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2023
  Page



KEURIG DR PEPPER INC.
FORM 10-K
FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2023

MASTER GLOSSARY
TermDefinition
2009 Incentive PlanKeurig Dr Pepper Inc. Omnibus Incentive Plan of 2009 (formerly known as the Dr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc. Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan of 2009)
2019 Incentive PlanKeurig Dr Pepper Inc. Omnibus Incentive Plan of 2019
2021 364-Day Credit AgreementThe Company's $1,500 million credit agreement, which was entered into on March 26, 2021 and contains a term-out option
2022 Revolving Credit AgreementKDP’s $4 billion revolving credit agreement, which was executed in February 2022 and replaced the 2021 364-Day Credit Agreement and the KDP Revolver
2022 Strategic RefinancingA series of transactions in April 2022, whereby KDP issued the 2029 Notes, the 2032 Notes, and the 2052 Notes, and voluntarily prepaid and retired the remaining 2023 Merger Notes and tendered portions of the 2025 Merger Notes, the 2028 Merger Notes, the 2038 Merger Notes, and the 2048 Merger Notes
ABCThe American Bottling Company, a wholly-owned subsidiary of KDP
ABIAnheuser-Busch InBev SA/NV
AcceleratorAccelerator Active Energy LLC, an equity method investment of KDP and a brand of energy drinks (formerly known as A Shoc)
AOCIAccumulated other comprehensive income or loss
ASUAccounting Standards Update
Athletic BrewingAthletic Brewing Holding Company, LLC, an equity method investment of KDP
BedfordBedford Systems, LLC, an equity method investment of KDP and the maker of Drinkworks
BoardThe Board of Directors of KDP
BodyArmorBA Sports Nutrition, LLC
bpsbasis points
Central StatesThe Central States, Southeast and Southwest Areas Pension Fund
CEOChief Executive Officer
ChobaniFHU US Holdings LLC, an equity method investment of KDP
CISOChief Information Security Officer
Coca-ColaThe Coca-Cola Company
CODMChief Operating Decision Maker
CSDCarbonated soft drink
DIODays inventory outstanding
DPODays of payables outstanding
DPSDr Pepper Snapple Group, Inc.
DPS Merger
The combination of the business operations of Keurig and DPS as of July 9, 2018
DSDDirect Store Delivery, KDP’s route-to-market whereby finished beverages are delivered directly to retailers
DSODays sales outstanding
EPSEarnings per share
ESGEnvironmental, social, and governance
Exchange ActSecurities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
FASBFinancial Accounting Standards Board
FXForeign exchange
ITInformation technology
IRAInflation Reduction Act of 2022
IRSInternal Revenue Service
JABJAB Holding Company S.a.r.l., and affiliates
JPMorganJPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A.
KDP RevolverThe Company's $2,400 million revolving credit facility, which was entered into on February 28, 2018
i

KEURIG DR PEPPER INC.
FORM 10-K
FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2023

TermDefinition
KeurigKeurig Green Mountain, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of KDP, and the brand of our brewers
La ColombeLa Colombe Holdings, Inc.
LRBLiquid refreshment beverages
NasdaqThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
NotesCollectively, the Company's senior unsecured notes
NutraboltWoodbolt Holdings LLC, d/b/a Nutrabolt, an equity method investment of KDP
PCI StandardPayment Card Industry Data Security Standard
PepsiCoPepsiCo, Inc.
Peet'sPeet's Coffee & Tea, Inc.
PETPolyethylene terephthalate, which is used to make the Company's plastic bottles
PFASPer- and polyfluoroalkyl substances
PRMBPost-retirement medical benefit
Proxy Statement
The definitive proxy statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the SEC within 120 days of December 31, 2023, pursuant to Regulation 14A under the Exchange Act
PSUPerformance stock unit
ReviveRevive Brands, a wholly-owned subsidiary of KDP
rPETPost-consumer recycled PET
RSURestricted stock unit
RTDReady to drink
RVGResidual value guarantee
S&PStandard & Poor’s
SECSecurities and Exchange Commission
SG&ASelling, general and administrative
SOFRSecured Overnight Financing Rate
TractorTractor Beverages, Inc., an equity method investment of KDP
U.S. GAAPAccounting principles generally accepted in the U.S.
Veyron SPEsSpecial purpose entities with a single sponsor, Veyron Global
VIEVariable interest entity
Vita CocoThe Vita Coco Company, Inc.
WalmartWalmart Inc.
WDWarehouse Direct, KDP’s route-to-market whereby finished beverages are shipped to retailer warehouses, and then delivered by the retailer through its own delivery system to its stores
WIPWork-in-process
References throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K to "we", "our", "KDP" or "the Company" refer to Keurig Dr Pepper Inc. and all wholly-owned subsidiaries included in our audited Consolidated Financial Statements.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our audited Consolidated Financial Statements and the related Notes thereto included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. This discussion contains forward-looking statements that are based on management's current expectations, estimates, and projections about our business and operations. Our actual results may differ materially from those currently anticipated and expressed in such forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including the factors described under "Risk Factors" within Item 1A and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and subsequent filings with the SEC.
ii

PART I
ITEM 1. BUSINESS
OUR COMPANY
Keurig Dr Pepper Inc. is a leading beverage company in North America that manufactures, markets, distributes and sells hot and cold beverages and single serve brewing systems. KDP has a broad portfolio of iconic beverage brands, including Dr Pepper, Canada Dry, Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, Snapple, Mott's, The Original Donut Shop, Clamato, and Core Hydration, as well as the Keurig brewing system. We have some of the most recognized beverage brands in North America, with significant consumer awareness levels and long histories that evoke strong emotional connections with consumers. We offer more than 125 owned, licensed, and partner brands, available nearly everywhere people shop and consume beverages through our sales and distribution network.
KDP was created on July 9, 2018, through the combination of the business operations of Keurig, a leading producer of innovative single serve brewing systems and specialty coffee in the U.S. and Canada, and DPS, a company built over time through a series of strategic acquisitions that brought together iconic beverage brands in North America. Today, we trade on Nasdaq under the symbol KDP, and we are a member of the Nasdaq 100 Index.
OUR STRENGTHS AND STRATEGY
Our scalable business model provides a platform for future growth, focused on:
Strong, balanced portfolio of leading, consumer-preferred brands with proven ability to expand via innovation, renovation and partnerships. We own a diverse portfolio of well-known beverage brands. Many of our brands enjoy high levels of consumer awareness, preference, and loyalty rooted in their rich heritage. This portfolio provides our customers with a wide variety of products to meet consumers' needs and provides us with a platform for growth and profitability.
We drive growth in our business through investments in innovation, renovation, and marketing to support our portfolio of owned brands and partnerships with other leading beverage brands. We have a robust innovation program, which is designed to meet consumers' changing flavor and beverage preferences and to grow our share of beverage occasions. We have cultivated relationships with leading beverage brands to create long-term partnerships that enable us and our partners to benefit equitably in future value creation, and where appropriate, we bring these partner brands into our owned portfolio through acquisitions. We continually evaluate making investments in companies that fill in whitespace in our portfolio.
Flexible and scalable route-to-market network, with unique e-commerce expertise. We have strategically-located distribution capabilities, which enable us to better align our operations with our customers and our sales channels, to ensure our products are available to meet consumer demand, to reduce transportation costs, and to have greater control over the timing and coordination of new product launches. We actively manage transportation of our products using our fleet (owned and leased) of approximately 6,900 vehicles in the U.S. and 2,000 in Mexico, as well as third party logistics providers.
With our Keurig.com website, we have a leading direct-to-consumer e-commerce platform which provides us insights and expertise in the e-commerce channel. We have been able to translate those insights and experiences to our cold business as the number of fulfillment options that are better suited economically for beverages has evolved, leading to growth in the e-commerce channel.
High-performing team driving better, faster decisions, enabled by technology. We believe that our team and the culture we have created are a competitive advantage. When we approach our customers, we do so as a modern beverage company, strengthened through our use of data and technology.
Bold ESG commitments and collaborations making positive impacts. We have worked diligently to embed conscious and responsible business practices into the foundation of our company. Our holistic ESG strategy is positioned to drive tangible and scalable solutions in service of doing more and better for our people, our environment and our communities.
Highly efficient business model, driving significant cash flow and investments. Our highly efficient business model, both from a cost and a cash perspective, gives us optionality to invest internally and pursue investments, partnerships, acquisitions, or other opportunities to continue to drive growth and create value.
1

OUR PRODUCTS AND OPERATING STRUCTURE
We are a leading integrated brand owner, manufacturer, and distributor of beverages in the U.S., Canada, Mexico and the Caribbean. We have a portfolio of brands with the ability to satisfy every consumer need, anytime and anywhere – hot or cold, at home or on-the-go, at work, or at play.
Operating and Reportable Segments
As of December 31, 2023, our operating structure consists of three operating and reportable segments: U.S. Refreshment Beverages, U.S. Coffee, and International. Segment financial data, including financial information about foreign and domestic operations, is included in Note 7 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements.
U.S. Refreshment Beverages
Our U.S. Refreshment Beverages segment is a brand owner, manufacturer, and distributor of liquid refreshment beverages, or LRBs, in the U.S. In this segment, we manufacture and distribute beverage concentrates, syrups, and finished beverages of our brands to third-party bottlers, distributors, retailers, and, ultimately, the end consumer.
We manufacture beverage concentrates and syrups, which we then sell throughout the U.S. to third party bottlers or use them in our own manufacturing systems. Beverage concentrates, which are highly concentrated proprietary flavors, are combined with carbonation, water, sweeteners, and other ingredients, packaged in aluminum cans, PET bottles, and glass bottles, and sold as a packaged beverage to retailers and, ultimately, the end consumer. Beverage concentrates are also manufactured into syrup, which is shipped to fountain customers, such as fast food restaurants, who mix the syrup with water and carbonation to create a finished beverage at the point of sale to consumers. Dr Pepper represents most of our fountain channel volume.
We manufacture and distribute finished beverages of our own beverage brands. Additionally, in order to maximize the size and scale of our manufacturing and distribution operations, we also distribute finished beverages for our partner brands and manufacture finished beverages for other third parties, including partners and private labels. We partner with other brands seeking effective route-to-market capabilities, including national selling and distribution scale. These brands can also give us exposure in certain markets to fast growing segments of the beverage industry in a capital-efficient manner. We sell finished beverages through our DSD and our WD systems, both of which include sales to all major retail channels.
Key brands in this segment include Dr Pepper, Canada Dry, Mott’s, Snapple, A&W, 7UP, Sunkist soda, Squirt, Hawaiian Punch, Core Hydration, Bai, C4 Energy, Clamato, Evian, Yoo-Hoo, Big Red, and Vita Coco.
U.S. Coffee
Our U.S. Coffee segment is primarily a brand owner, manufacturer, and distributor of innovative single serve brewers, specialty coffee (including hot and iced varieties), and RTD coffee in the U.S. Our Keurig single serve brewers are aimed at changing the way consumers prepare and enjoy coffee and other beverages both at home and away from home in places such as offices, hotels, restaurants, cafeterias, and convenience stores. We create value by developing and selling our Keurig single serve brewers and by expanding Keurig brewer household adoption, which enables sales of specialty coffee and a variety of other specialty beverages in K-Cup pods (including hot and iced teas, hot cocoa, and other beverages) for use with Keurig brewers. We also compete in the broader coffee category through traditional whole bean and ground coffee in other package types, including bags, fractional packages, and cans, as well as RTD coffee beverages. We, together with our partners, are able to bring consumers high-quality coffee and other beverage experiences from the brands they love, all through the one-touch simplicity and convenience of Keurig brewers. We manufacture approximately 80% of the pods in the single serve format in the U.S. on a dollar share basis.
2

We manufacture and sell 100% of the K-Cup pods of certain brands, including Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, The Original Donut Shop, and McCafé, to retailers, away from home channel participants, and end-use consumers. We also manufacture K-Cup pods for our partner brands, who in turn sell them to retailers and consumers. Our partner brands include Starbucks, Dunkin', Folgers, Peet's, Newman’s Own Organics, Caribou Coffee, and Community Coffee, among others. We also participate in private label manufacturing arrangements. Generally, we are able to sell these brands to our away from home channel participants and directly to consumers through our website at www.keurig.com. We also have agreements for manufacturing, distributing, and selling K-Cup pods for tea under brands such as Celestial Seasonings and Bigelow. We also produce and sell K-Cup pods for cocoa, including through a licensing agreement for the Swiss Miss brand, and hot apple cider, including under our own brand, Mott's.
Our U.S. Coffee segment manufactures K-Cup pods using freshly roasted and ground coffee as well as tea, cocoa, and other products. We offer high-quality, responsibly sourced coffee, including certified single-origin, organic, flavored, limited edition, and proprietary blends. We carefully select our coffee beans and roast them to optimize their taste and flavor differences. We engineer and design most of our single serve brewers and utilize third-party contract manufacturers located in various countries in Asia for brewer appliance manufacturing. We distribute our brewers using third-party distributors, retail partners and directly to consumers through our website at www.keurig.com.
International
Our International segment includes:
Sales in Canada, Mexico, and other international markets from the manufacture and distribution of branded concentrates, syrup, and finished beverages, including sales of the Company's own brands and third-party brands, to third-party bottlers, distributors, and retailers. Key beverage brands include Peñafiel, Clamato, Squirt, Canada Dry, Dr Pepper, Mott’s, and Crush.
Sales in Canada from the manufacture and distribution of finished goods relating to the Company's single serve brewers, K-Cup pods, and other coffee products to partners and retailers. Key K-Cup pod brands include Van Houtte, Tim Hortons, and McCafé, as well as other partner and private label brands.
Product Innovation and New Partnerships
We are focused on a robust innovation pipeline within our portfolio of products to build household penetration of our business. We regularly launch new brewers with new features and benefits, technological advances, sustainable attributes, and changes in aesthetics to provide a variety of options to suit individual consumer preferences. We also continuously innovate and renovate our portfolio of K-Cup pods and beverages to provide an expansive array of flavors.
During 2023, we launched our Keurig K-Iced family of brewers, featuring an innovative brew over ice process that allows consumers to brew both hot and iced beverages with a single coffeemaker. In addition, we expanded our ICED K-Cup pod offerings to include a variety of options that can be brewed over ice and are compatible with all Keurig models. We launched a limited edition “Start Me Up” iced coffee kit in collaboration with The Rolling Stones, which featured a custom-designed K-Iced brewer and a customized coffee blend.
We launched Dr Pepper Strawberries & Cream and Dr Pepper Strawberries & Cream Zero Sugar. We also expanded our Core Hydration enhanced water portfolio with Core Hydration+, a nutrient enhanced water with real fruit extracts and essences, in Vibrance (grapefruit), Immunity (lemon), and Calm (cucumber). In Mexico, we elevated our mineral water portfolio with Peñafiel Soft, which has no calories or sugar. Finally, we joined forces with Blue Bell Creameries to create Dr Pepper Float ice cream, which provides us a royalty from these sales.
We entered into a new partnership with Philz Coffee to provide two unique coffee blends in K-Cup pod format. We invested in, and simultaneously entered into a long-term strategic partnership with, La Colombe, which enables us to sell and distribute La Colombe shelf-stable varieties of RTD coffee and to license, manufacture, and distribute La Colombe branded K-Cup pods, both of which began in the fourth quarter of 2023. We also entered into a long-term agreement with Grupo PiSA to sell, distribute and merchandise Electrolit, a premium hydration beverage, across the U.S, beginning in early 2024.
3

CUSTOMERS
We primarily serve the following types of customers:
Retailers
Retailers include supermarkets, hypermarkets, mass merchandisers, club stores, e-commerce retailers, office superstores, vending machines, fountains, grocery and drug stores, convenience stores, and other small outlets. Retailers purchase finished beverages, K-Cup pods, appliances, and accessories directly from us. Our portfolio of strong brands, operational scale and experience in the beverage industry has enabled us to maintain strong relationships with major retailers throughout the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. Our largest retailer, Walmart, represented approximately 17% of our consolidated net sales in 2023. Net sales to Walmart are included in all reportable segments.
Bottlers and Distributors
In the U.S. and Canada, we generally grant manufacturing and distribution licenses for our carbonated soft drinks to bottlers for specific geographic areas that are exclusive and long-term, and they have historically been perpetual in many cases. These bottlers may be affiliated with Coca-Cola or with PepsiCo, or they may be independent. These agreements prohibit bottlers and distributors from selling the licensed products outside their exclusive territory and from selling any imitative products in that territory. Generally, we may terminate bottling and distribution agreements only for cause, change in control, or breach of agreements, and the bottler or distributor may terminate without cause upon giving certain specified notice and complying with other applicable conditions. These bottlers and distributor agreements may also contain provisions for fountain distribution rights, which are not exclusive for a territory, but generally do restrict bottlers from carrying imitative product in the territory.
Certain other brands, such as Snapple, Bai, and Core, are licensed for distribution in various territories to bottlers and a number of smaller distributors such as beer wholesalers, wine and spirit distributors, independent distributors, and retail brokers.
Partners
We have differentiated ourselves and the Keurig brand through our ability to create and sustain partnerships with other leading coffee, tea, and beverage brand companies through multi-year licensing and manufacturing agreements that best suit each brand's interests and strengths. Typically, we manufacture K-Cup pods on behalf of our partners, who in turn sell them to retailers.
Away from Home Channel Participants
We distribute brewers, accessories, and K-Cup pods (owned, licensed, and partner brands) to away from home channel participants, which include office coffee distributors and hotel chains.
End-use Consumers
We have a robust e-commerce platform at www.keurig.com where end-use consumers can purchase brewers, accessories, K-Cup pods, and other coffee products, such as bagged traditional coffee and cold brew.
COMPETITORS
The beverage industry is highly competitive and continues to evolve in response to changing consumer preferences. Competition is generally based on brand recognition, taste, quality, price, availability, selection and convenience, as well as factors related to corporate responsibility and sustainability. We compete with multinational corporations with significant financial resources. In our bottling and manufacturing operations, we also compete with a number of smaller bottlers and distributors and a variety of smaller, regional, and private label manufacturers.
Our primary competitors include Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, Starbucks Corporation, The J.M. Smucker Company, The Kraft Heinz Company, and Nestlé S.A. Although these companies offer competing brands in categories we participate in, many are also our partners or customers, as they purchase beverage concentrates or K-Cup pods directly from us.
4

MATERIAL RESOURCES
Raw Materials
The principal raw materials we use in our business, which we commonly refer to as ingredients and materials, represent approximately 55% of our cost of sales and include green coffee, water, aluminum cans and ends, PET bottles and caps, including both virgin and rPET, CO2, sweeteners, paper products, K-Cup pod packaging materials, fruit, glass bottles and enclosures, cocoa, teas, juices, and other ingredients. We also use post-consumer recycled materials in the manufacturing of our single serve brewers.
The availability, quality, and costs of many of these materials have fluctuated, and may continue to fluctuate, over time. Additionally, under many of our supply arrangements for these raw materials, the price we pay fluctuates along with certain changes in indirect commodity costs, such as aluminum in the case of cans and ends, natural gas in the case of glass bottles, resin in the case of K-Cup pods, PET bottles and caps, corn in the case of sweeteners, and pulp in the case of paperboard packaging.
When appropriate, we mitigate the exposure to volatility in the prices of certain commodities used in our production process and transportation to our customers through the use of various commodity derivative contracts or supplier pricing agreements. The intent of the contracts and agreements is to provide a certain level of predictability in our operating margins and our overall cost structure, while remaining in what we believe to be a competitive cost position.
Green Coffee
We develop and pursue direct relationships with farms, estates, cooperatives, cooperative groups, and exporters in order to purchase green coffee and to support our broader traceability and sustainable supply chain initiatives. We also purchase green coffee through outside brokers.
Energy and Transportation Costs
In addition to ingredients and packaging costs, we are significantly impacted by changes in fuel costs, which can also fluctuate substantially, due to the large truck fleet we operate in our distribution operations (reflected within SG&A expenses) and the energy costs consumed in the production process (reflected within cost of sales).
We are also significantly impacted by changes in other transportation costs, such as ocean freight and tariffs. Transportation costs associated with the transportation and import of certain raw materials and finished goods to our manufacturing and distribution facilities are reflected within cost of sales.
Intellectual Property
Trademarks and Patents
We possess a variety of intellectual property rights that are important to our business. We rely on a combination of trademarks, copyrights, patents, and trade secrets to safeguard our proprietary rights, including our brands, our technologies, and ingredient and production formulas for our products.
We own numerous trademarks in our portfolio within the U.S., Canada, Mexico, and other countries. Depending upon the jurisdiction, trademarks are valid as long as they are in use and/or their registrations are properly maintained.
In many countries outside the U.S., Canada and Mexico, the manufacturing and distribution rights to many of our CSD brands, including our Dr Pepper trademark and formula, are owned by third parties, including, in certain cases, competitors such as Coca-Cola.
We hold U.S. and international patents related to Keurig brewers and K-Cup pod technology. Of these, a majority are utility patents and the remainder are design patents. We view these patents as valuable assets but we do not view any single patent as critical to our success. We also have pending patent applications associated with Keurig brewers and K-Cup pod technology. We take steps that we believe are appropriate to protect such innovation.
5

Licensing Arrangements
We license various trade names from our partners in order to manufacture K-Cup pods. Although these licenses vary in length and other terms, they generally are long-term, cover the entire U.S. and/or Canada, and may include royalty payments, upfront payments, or some combination of the two, to the partner in order to use their trade names to manufacture and/or distribute the K-Cup pods.
We license various trademarks from third parties, which generally allow us to manufacture and distribute certain products or brands throughout the U.S. and/or Canada and Mexico. For example, we license trademarks for Sunkist soda, Rose's, and Margaritaville from third parties. Although these licenses vary in length and other terms, they generally are long-term, cover the entire U.S. and/or Canada and Mexico and generally include a royalty payment to the licensor.
For beverages in emerging and fast growing categories where we may not currently have a brand presence, we license various trademarks from third party partners, which generally allow us to sell and distribute certain products or brands throughout the U.S., Canada, or Mexico. These partners view us as a distributor with strong route-to-market resources to grow their brands. Although these licenses vary in length and other terms, they generally are long-term and require a payment from the partner if the licensing agreement is terminated. In some instances, we make investments in these companies, which may include a path to acquire the company. As of December 31, 2023, our portfolio of partner brands included, but was not limited to, C4 energy drinks, evian water, Vita Coco coconut water, Polar Beverages seltzer water, Accelerator energy drinks, La Colombe shelf-stable RTD coffee, and Peet's RTD coffee.
SEASONALITY
The beverage market is subject to some seasonal variations. Our cold beverage sales are generally higher during the warmer months, while hot beverage sales are generally higher during the cooler months. Overall beverage sales can also be influenced by the timing of holidays and weather fluctuations. Sales of brewers and related accessories are generally higher during the second half of the year due to the holiday shopping season.
HUMAN CAPITAL RESOURCES
Our Employees
We have approximately 28,100 employees, primarily located in North America. In the U.S., we have approximately 21,700 employees, of which approximately 5,000 employees are covered by union collective bargaining agreements. In Mexico, we have approximately 4,800 employees, of which approximately 3,600 are covered by union collective bargaining agreements. In Canada, we have approximately 1,400 employees, with approximately 500 covered by union collective bargaining agreements. We also have approximately 200 employees in Europe and Asia.
Our collective bargaining agreements generally address working conditions, as well as wage rates and benefits, and expire over varying terms over the next several years. We generally believe that these agreements can be renegotiated on terms satisfactory to us as they expire and that we have good relationships with our employees and any representative organizations for our unionized employees.
Our compensation programs are designed to ensure that we attract and retain the right talent. We generally review and consider median market pay levels when assessing total compensation, but pay decisions are based on a more comprehensive set of considerations such as company performance, individual performance, experience, and internal equity. We continually monitor key talent metrics including employee engagement and employee turnover.
Our employee benefits programs strive to deliver competitive benefits that are effective in attracting and retaining talent, that create a culture of well-being and inclusiveness, and that meet the diverse needs of our employees. Our total package of benefits is designed to support the physical, mental, and financial health of our employees, and we currently provide access to medical, dental, vision, life insurance, retirement benefits,and disability benefits, as well as assistance with major life activities such as adoption, childbirth, and eldercare, among other benefits.
6

Our Culture
Together with our employees, we created a set of core values that are a unifying force for our team and are the cornerstone of KDP's culture. These core values are:
Team First. Win together. Be the kind of person you want on your team.
Deliver Big. Achieve our commitments. Then push beyond the expected.
Think Bold. Challenge the usual. Dare to try something new.
Be Fearless and Fair. Tell the truth with courage. Listen and act with respect.
Additionally, we have adopted a corporate code of conduct that applies to all of our employees, officers and our Board, which lays the foundation for ethical behavior for our team. Our code of conduct is available on our website at http://www.keurigdrpepper.com.
Employee Health and Safety
KDP uses a wide variety of strategies and programs to support the health and safety of our employees. From training on risks from non-routine tasks, such as unexpected maintenance on equipment, to installing automated systems to prevent trailers from shifting during loading and unloading, our Environmental Health & Safety team considers all aspects of what our employees may encounter and works to minimize risk. Key to these efforts are data and preventive actions. KDP measures Lost Time Incident Rate, a reliable indication of Total Recordable Injuries Rate severity, and uses a risk reduction process that thoroughly analyzes injuries and near misses.
Diversity and Inclusion
Innovative ideas come from a diverse workforce, and KDP is committed to both. Just as each of our brands brings its own personality to our product portfolio, each KDP employee brings their own unique set of experiences, perspectives, and background to our business. KDP is embracing those differences to drive rapid change, inspire innovation, and better connect with our customers and consumers. To focus our efforts on diversity and inclusion at KDP, we have established executive-level governance, including participation by our CEO, as well as a Diversity and Inclusion leadership team, comprised of committed leaders from across KDP to help set priorities and lead two-way dialogue throughout the organization, including in our Employee Resource Groups.
In 2020, we set representation goals for management at or above the Director level, known as Director+. As of December 31, 2023, our global workforce was approximately 21% female, while our global Director+ workforce was approximately 32%, as compared to our baseline of 26% in 2020. Approximately 48% of our U.S. workforce was comprised of people of color, with our U.S. Director+ workforce comprised of approximately 19% of people of color, as compared to our baseline of 17% in 2020.
GOVERNMENTAL REGULATIONS ON OUR BUSINESS
In the normal course of our business, we are subject to a variety of federal, state, and local laws and regulations in the countries in which we do business. Regulations in the U.S., as well as jurisdictions including Canada, Mexico, and the European Union, apply to many aspects of our business, including our products and their ingredients, manufacturing, safety, labeling, transportation, packaging, advertising, and sale. For example, our products and their manufacturing, labeling, marketing and sale in the U.S. are subject to various aspects of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Federal Trade Commission Act, the Robinson-Patman Act, the Clayton Act, the Sherman Act, the Lanham Act, state consumer protection laws, and state warning and labeling laws, such as the state of California’s Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986.
Various countries, states, provinces, and other authorities have enacted eco-taxes, extended producer responsibility laws, deposit or reuse/refill mandates, fees on certain products or packaging, restrictions or bans on the use of certain types of packaging, including single-use plastics, and regulations on PFAS, and other chemicals of concern. Certain cities and municipalities within the U.S. have also passed various taxes on the distribution of sugar-sweetened and diet beverages, which are at different stages of enactment. We expect that legislation or regulations like those described above will continue to be proposed in the future at local, state and federal levels, both in the U.S. and elsewhere.
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CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY
We are committed to acting responsibly, and our ambition is to ensure our beverages make a positive impact with every drink. Drink Well. Do Good. is our corporate responsibility platform. Under this platform, we focus on our greatest opportunities for impact in our supply chain, the environment, our people and communities, and on the health and well-being of our consumers. We are committed to transparency and disclosure of corporate responsibility strategies, programs, progress, and governance. Our Corporate Responsibility Report, which is issued annually, is available on our website at www.keurigdrpepper.com.
Environment
Circular Economy
Sustainable packaging is a top priority for us, and we continue to innovate for circular solutions across our portfolio. We aim to reduce the use of unnecessary materials and offer packaging that is compatible with recycling, reuse, and composting systems. We also aim to use more post-consumer recycled content across our packaging portfolio.
Improving packaging solutions for product quality, consumer use, recoverability, and reuse requires collaboration of all parties along the value chain. Using our strength in forming partnerships, we collaborate closely with a number of stakeholders, including industry groups, non-governmental organizations, and coalitions, to move our commitments beyond independent ambitions to collective action.
Climate Change
KDP is working to address climate change and build the resilience of our business and supply chain. Our approach includes a corporate policy, governance structures and transparency. Our climate goals provide a path for us to reduce our share of greenhouse gas emissions from our 2018 baseline through continuation of existing efforts, like improving energy efficiency in our operations, and the development of new focus areas, such as packaging improvements and value chain engagement. We report non-financial data annually on our climate efforts to CDP Climate.
Water Stewardship
Water is a precious natural resource that is essential to our business. As water is the primary ingredient in most of our beverages, we have a particular responsibility to be good stewards of water use in our operations, our communities and throughout our supply chain. Our water stewardship goals are focused on safeguarding water resources and building healthy communities resilient to climate change.
We conduct periodic water risk assessments of our operations and supply chain. To refine our understanding of challenges for our high water-risk sites, we assess each site in the context of the surrounding watershed, the local water issues and other local entities’ interest and perspective on those issues. We last conducted a water risk assessment of our operations and supply chain in 2021. We have public goals and programs to both increase operational efficiency and to replenish water through conservation and restoration projects with conservation organizations in communities where we operate that have high water risk based on our periodic assessments. We report non-financial data annually on our water stewardship efforts to CDP Water.
Supply Chain
KDP cross-functional teams collaborate to source materials and inputs that meet our established quality requirements and sustainability goals. We identify key suppliers, farmers and business partners to encourage sustainable practices across our supply chain. We are committed to responsibly sourcing coffee, cocoa, and other priority crops, relying on third-party certification or verification programs to foster social, environmental and economic protections. We aim to responsibly source manufactured products by prioritizing and engaging key suppliers to implement and maintain effective social and environmental management systems in their own operations. We continue to focus on supporting regenerative agriculture and conservation in our supply chains, as well as advancing inclusion and improving livelihoods for the people in KDP’s upstream supply chain.
8

Health and Well-Being
We are committed to providing a balanced portfolio of beverage options and the resources consumers need to make informed choices. Over the past few years, we have expanded our product offerings that deliver nutritional and functional benefits, as well as reducing sugar and calories. We have transformed our portfolio over the past decade, offering a low- or no-calorie option for virtually every full-calorie brand in our portfolio, and we have also added smaller portion-size offerings. Our KDP Product Facts website, found at www.kdpproductfacts.com, contains important nutrition, certification, and allergen information to empower consumers to make informed decisions and find products that meet their needs. To advance our transparency and rigor around our marketing practices and standards, we published a new Responsible Marketing Policy for the U.S. in 2023. Employees and media agencies with primary responsibility for adhering to the Responsible Marketing Policy are required to complete mandatory training on our marketing standards.
OTHER INFORMATION
Our website address is www.keurigdrpepper.com. Information on our website is not incorporated by reference in this document. We make available, free of charge through this website, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to the Exchange Act, as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC.
MARKET AND INDUSTRY DATA
The market and industry data in this Annual Report on Form 10-K is from Circana, an independent industry source, and is based on retail dollar sales and sales volumes in 2023. Although we believe that this independent source is reliable, we have not verified the accuracy or completeness of this data or any assumptions underlying such data. Circana is a market information provider, primarily serving consumer packaged goods manufacturers and retailers. We use Circana data as our primary management tool to track market performance because it has broad and deep data coverage, is based on consumer transactions at retailers, and is reported to us weekly. Circana data provides measurement and analysis of marketplace trends such as market share, retail pricing, promotional activity, and distribution across various channels, retailers, and geographies. Measured categories provided to us by Circana include K-Cup pods, carbonated soft drinks, RTD teas and coffee, single serve and multi-serve juice and juice drinks, sports drinks, energy drinks, still waters, carbonated waters, and non-alcoholic mixers. Circana also provides data on other food items such as apple sauce. Circana data we present in this report is compiled from scanner transactions in key retail channels, including grocery stores, mass merchandisers (including Walmart), club stores (excluding Costco), drug chains, convenience stores, and gas stations. However, this data does not include the fountain or vending channels, or small independent retail outlets, which together represent a meaningful portion of the U.S. beverage market. This data does not include certain customers and e-commerce sales which represents a significant portion of our Coffee Systems segment. Our market share data for our brewers is also based on information provided by Circana. The data presented is based upon Circana’s Consumer Tracking Service for Coffeemakers in the U.S. and represents the twelve month period ended December 31, 2023.
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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
RISKS RELATED TO OUR OPERATIONS
Disruption of our manufacturing and distribution operations or supply chain, including increased commodity, raw material, packaging, energy, transportation, and other input costs may adversely affect our financial condition or results of operations.
We have experienced, and could continue to experience, disruptions in our supply chain and our manufacturing and distribution operations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business. Some raw materials and supplies used in the production of our products, including packaging materials, are available from a limited number of suppliers or from a sole supplier or are in short supply when seasonal demand is at its peak. Certain raw materials and supplies used directly or indirectly in the production of our products are sourced from countries experiencing civil unrest, political instability, or unfavorable economic conditions. Adverse weather conditions may affect the supply of agricultural commodities from which key ingredients for our products are derived. We may not be able to maintain favorable arrangements and relationships with suppliers, and our contingency plans may not be effective to mitigate disruptions that may arise from shortages or discontinuation of any raw materials and other supplies that we use in the manufacture and distribution of our products. In order to ensure a continuous supply of high-quality raw materials, some of our inventory purchase obligations include long-term purchase commitments for certain strategic raw materials; the timing of these may not always coincide with the period in which we need the supplies to fulfill customer demand. Any sustained or significant disruption to the manufacturing or sourcing of raw materials could increase our costs and interrupt product supply, which could adversely impact our business.
The raw materials and other supplies, including agricultural commodities (such as coffee, apples, and corn), fuel and packaging materials, transportation, and other supply chain inputs that we use for the manufacturing, production, and distribution of our products are subject to price volatility and fluctuations in availability caused by many factors, which include changes in supply and demand; supplier capacity constraints; inflation; weather conditions (including the effects of climate change); wildfires and other natural disasters; disease or pests; agricultural uncertainty; cost increases in farm inputs; health epidemics, pandemics, or other contagious outbreaks; labor shortages, strikes, or work stoppages; changes in or the enactment of new laws and regulations; governmental actions or controls (including import/export restrictions, such as new or increased tariffs, sanctions, quotas, or trade barriers); port congestion or delays; transport capacity constraints; cybersecurity incidents or other disruptions; political uncertainties; acts of terrorism; governmental instability; speculation in global trading of commodities, such as coffee; or fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. We have been affected by a number of these factors, led by inflationary pressures on input and other costs, which may continue.
Many of our raw materials and supplies are purchased in the open market, and the prices we pay for such items are subject to fluctuation. Under many of our supply arrangements, the price we pay for raw materials fluctuates along with certain changes in underlying commodities costs. This could lead to higher and more variable inventory levels or higher raw material costs for us. In our coffee business, the quality of the coffee we seek tends to trade on a negotiated basis at a premium above the “C” price of coffee. This premium depends upon the supply and demand at the time of purchase, and the amount of the premium can vary significantly. Volatility in coffee prices can impact our ability to enter into fixed-price purchase commitments, and we frequently enter into “price-to-be-fixed” supply contracts in which the quality, quantity, delivery period, and other negotiated terms are agreed upon, but the date, and therefore price, at which the base coffee commodity price component will be fixed has not yet been established.
When input prices increase unexpectedly or significantly, we may be unwilling or unable to increase our product prices or unable to effectively hedge against price increases to offset these increased costs without suffering reduced volume, revenue, margins, and operating results. To the extent that price increases are not sufficient to offset higher costs adequately or in a timely manner, or if they result in significant decreases in sales volume, our financial condition or results of operations may be adversely affected. In addition, price decreases in commodities that we have effectively hedged could also increase our cost of goods sold for mark-to-market changes in the derivative instruments.
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We operate in intensely competitive categories, and our potential inability to compete effectively could adversely impact our business.
The beverage industry is highly competitive and continues to evolve in response to changing consumer preferences. We compete with multinational corporations that can rapidly respond to competitive pressures and changes in consumer preferences by introducing new products, changing their route to market, reducing prices, or increasing promotional activities. We also compete with various smaller or regional companies and private label manufacturers, which may be more innovative, better able to bring new products to market, and better able to quickly serve niche markets. Additionally, we compete for contract manufacturing with other bottlers and manufacturers.
A significant portion of our business is attributable to sales of K-Cup pods for use with Keurig brewing systems. Continued acceptance of Keurig brewers to further increase household penetration is a significant factor in our growth plans. Any substantial or sustained decline in the sale of Keurig brewers could materially and adversely affect our business. Keurig brewers compete against all sellers and types of coffeemakers, as well as cafes and coffee shops. Our competitive position may be weakened if we do not succeed in differentiating Keurig brewers from our competitors’ products.
Our sales of beverages, Keurig brewers, K-Cup pods, and other products may be negatively affected by numerous factors including our inability to maintain or increase prices, our inability to effectively promote our products, new entrants into the market, the decision of wholesalers, retailers, or consumers to purchase competitors' products instead of ours, increased marketing costs, and higher in-store placement and slotting fees driven by our competitors' willingness to spend aggressively. In addition, the rapid growth of e-commerce may create additional consumer price deflation by, among other things, facilitating comparison shopping, and could potentially threaten the value of some of our legacy route-to-market strategies and thus negatively affect revenues. If we are unable to effectively compete, our business and our financial results would be negatively affected.
We may not effectively respond to changing consumer preferences and shopping behavior, which could impact our financial results.
Consumers’ preferences continually evolve due to a variety of factors, including changing demographics of the population, social trends, changes in consumer lifestyles and consumption patterns, concerns or perceptions regarding the health effects or environmental impact of our products or packaging, concerns regarding the location of origin or source of ingredients and products, changes in consumers' spending habits, negative publicity, economic downturn, or other factors. If we do not effectively anticipate and respond to changing trends and consumer beverage preferences, including through innovation and renovation, our sales and growth could suffer.
Addressing changes in consumer preferences may require successful development, introduction, and marketing of new products and line extensions. There are inherent risks associated with new product or packaging innovation, including uncertainties about trade and consumer acceptance or potential impacts on our existing product offerings. Successful innovation may depend on our ability to obtain, protect, and maintain necessary intellectual property rights and to avoid infringing upon the intellectual property rights of others. Failure to innovate successfully could compromise our competitive position and impact our product sales, financial condition, and operating results.
Consumers are increasingly focused on sustainability, with particular attention to the recyclability or reuse of product packaging, reducing consumption of single-use plastics and non-recyclable materials and the environmental impact of manufacturing operations. If we do not meet consumer demands by continuing to provide sustainable packaging options and focusing on sustainability throughout our manufacturing operations, our sales could suffer.
Consumer shopping behavior is also rapidly evolving. Changes in mobility, travel, and leisure activity patterns, the acceleration of e-commerce and other methods of purchasing products, inflation and economic uncertainty, and pandemics, epidemics or other disease outbreaks, among others, have impacted and could continue to impact consumer shopping behavior and demand for our products. If we are unable to meet the consumer where and when they desire their products or if we are unable to respond to changes in distribution channels, our financial results could be adversely impacted.
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Concerns about the safety, quality, or health effects of our products could negatively affect our business.
The success of our business depends in part on our ability to maintain consumer confidence in the safety and quality of all of our products, including beverage products, their ingredients, their packaging, and our brewers. A failure or perceived failure to meet our quality, health, or safety standards, particularly as we expand our product offerings through innovation, partnerships or acquisitions into new beverage categories, including product contamination or tampering, undeclared allergens or allegations of mislabeling, whether actual or perceived, could occur in our operations or those of our bottlers, manufacturers, distributors or suppliers. This could result in time-consuming and expensive production interruptions, recalls, market withdrawals, product liability claims, and negative publicity. It could also result in the destruction of product inventory, lost sales due to the unavailability of product for a period of time, fines from applicable regulatory agencies, and higher-than-anticipated rates of warranty returns and other returns of goods. Moreover, negative publicity may result from false, unfounded, or nominal liability claims or limited recalls.
In addition, adverse public opinion, third-party studies, or other allegations, whether or not valid, regarding the perceived or potential negative health effects of ingredients in our beverage products, such as concerns about the caloric intake associated with soft drinks or the use of artificial sweeteners in our beverages, or chemicals of concern or other substances in our ingredients or materials, may contribute to actual or threatened legal action against us, negative consumer perception of our products, additional government regulation, or new or increased taxes on our products, any of which could result in decreased demand for our products or reformulations of existing products to remove such ingredients or substances, which may be costly and reduce their appeal.
Any or all of these events may lead to a loss of consumer confidence and trust, could damage the reputation of our brands and may cause consumers to choose other products and could negatively affect our business and financial performance.
Damage to our reputation or brand image can adversely affect our business.
Our ability to maintain our reputation and the brand image of our products is important to our success. Our corporate image and reputation has in the past been, and could in the future be, adversely impacted by a variety of factors, including: any failure by us or our business partners to achieve goals or maintain high standards relating to ethical, business and environmental, social and governance practices, including with respect to human rights, child labor laws, diversity, equity and inclusion, workplace conditions, employee health and safety, the nutrition profile of our products, packaging, water use and impact on the environment; any failure to address health or other concerns about our products, products we distribute or particular ingredients in our products, including concerns regarding whether certain of our products contribute to obesity or an increase in public health costs; our research and development efforts; any product quality or safety issues, including the recall of any of our products; any failure to comply with laws and regulations; consumer perception of our advertising campaigns, sponsorship arrangements, marketing programs, use of social media and our response to political and social issues or catastrophic events; or any failure to effectively respond to negative or inaccurate comments about us on social media or otherwise regarding any of the foregoing. Damage to our reputation or brand image could decrease demand for our products, thereby adversely affecting our business.
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If we do not successfully manage our acquisitions of and investments in new businesses or brands, our operating results may adversely be affected.
From time to time, we acquire or invest in businesses or brands, form joint ventures, and enter into licensing and distribution agreements. In evaluating such endeavors, we are required to make difficult judgments regarding the value of business strategies, opportunities, technologies and other assets, and the risks and cost of potential liabilities. Furthermore, we may incur unforeseen liabilities and obligations in connection with any such transactions, including in connection with the integration or management of the businesses or brands, and may encounter unexpected difficulties and costs in integrating them into our operating, governance and internal control structures. In the past we have been, and in the future we may be, unable to realize the expected benefits of acquisitions, investments or licensing or distribution agreements; it may also take longer than expected to realize the expected benefits. We may also experience delays in extending our respective internal control over financial reporting to new acquisitions or investments, which may increase the risk of misstatements in our financial records and in our consolidated financial statements. In addition, our quality management protocols, which are designed to ensure product quality and safety, may not be sufficiently robust to fully manage the expanded range of product offerings introduced through new investments, licensing or distribution agreements, which may increase our costs or subject us to negative publicity. Any acquisitions, investments or ventures may also disrupt ongoing business activity or result in the diversion of management attention and resources from other initiatives and operations. Our ability to manage and improve the performance of acquired businesses or brands and our other investments and ventures will impact our financial performance. We may not achieve the strategic and financial objectives for such transactions. If we are unable to achieve such objectives, our consolidated results could be negatively affected.
Failure to realize benefits or successfully manage the potential negative consequences of our productivity initiatives can adversely affect our financial performance.
We pursue strategic initiatives that are transformative in nature and are expected to generate significant cost savings, or productivity, over time. These strategic initiatives have included investments in new technologies and optimization of certain processes and of our manufacturing footprint. Some of our productivity initiatives may result in unintended consequences, such as business disruptions, distraction of management and employees, reduced morale and productivity, inability to obtain expected savings to reinvest into the business, an inability to attract or retain employees, negative publicity and disruption of the internal control structures of the affected business operations. If we are unable to successfully implement our productivity initiatives as planned or do not achieve expected savings as a result of these initiatives, we may not realize all or any of the anticipated benefits, resulting in adverse effects on our financial performance.
Our facilities and operations may require substantial investment and upgrading, including investments in new technologies and digital transformation, and such investments may not achieve the intended financial benefits.
We continue to incur significant costs to maintain or upgrade various technologies, facilities, and equipment or restructure our operations, including closing existing facilities or opening new ones. We invest in new and emerging technologies, including the use of automation, connected data, robotics, and artificial intelligence throughout our operations, including in our manufacturing and distribution facilities and our sales organization.
If the cost of our investments is higher than anticipated, the investments and upgrades are not sufficient to meet our near-term future business needs, our business does not develop as anticipated to appropriately utilize new or upgraded facilities, or third parties fail to complete the construction or renovation of facilities or production equipment in a timely manner or in accordance with our specifications, we may be delayed in realizing the intended benefits or our costs and financial performance could be negatively affected.
We have ongoing programs to invest and upgrade our manufacturing, distribution and other facilities, including expansive investments in manufacturing facilities in Spartanburg, South Carolina and Allentown, Pennsylvania. These investments require us to rely on third parties for the construction and renovation of our facilities and manufacturing of our production equipment. We have experienced delays related to the production equipment contained within our manufacturing facilities, including delays in receiving the equipment or in operating the equipment according to specifications outlined by the manufacturer, which have led to increased costs, and we may continue to experience such delays and cost increases.
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Increases in our cost of employee benefits in the future could reduce our profitability.
Our profitability is substantially affected by costs for employee health care, pension and other retirement programs and other benefits. In recent years, these costs have increased significantly due to factors such as increases in health care costs, declines in investment returns on pension assets, and changes in discount rates used to calculate pension and related liabilities. These factors will continue to put pressure on our business and financial performance. There can be no assurance that we will succeed in limiting future cost increases, and continued upward cost pressure could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial performance.
We depend on key information systems, and our use of information technology exposes us to business disruptions that could adversely affect us.
Our information systems contain proprietary and other confidential information related to our business. These systems and services are vulnerable to interruptions or other failures resulting from, among other things, natural disasters, terrorist attacks, software, equipment or telecommunications failures, processing errors, computer viruses, other security issues or supplier defaults. Security, backup and disaster recovery measures may not be adequate or implemented properly to avoid such disruptions or failures. Any disruption or failure of these systems or services could cause substantial errors, processing inefficiencies, security breaches, inability to use the systems or process transactions, loss of customers or other business disruptions, all of which could negatively affect our business and financial performance. Our users’ data and customer information may be improperly accessed, used or disclosed if we fail to adopt or adhere to adequate information security practices, or fail to comply with their respective online policies, or in the event of a breach of our networks, which could subject us to legal action, reputational harm, or otherwise negatively impact our business and financial performance.
Substantial disruption at our manufacturing and distribution facilities could occur.
A disruption at our manufacturing and distribution facilities could have a material adverse effect on our business, as could a disruption at the facilities of our bottlers, contract manufacturers or distributors. Disruptions could occur for many reasons, including fire, natural disasters, weather, water scarcity, manufacturing problems, disease, widespread illness, strikes, labor shortages, transportation or supply interruption, contractual dispute, government regulation, cybersecurity attacks or terrorism. Moreover, if demand increases beyond our production capabilities, we would need to expand our capabilities internally or acquire additional capacity. Alternative facilities with sufficient capacity or capabilities may not be available, may cost substantially more than existing facilities or may take a significant time to start production, each of which could negatively affect our business and financial performance.
Our intellectual property rights could be infringed or we could infringe the intellectual property rights of others, and adverse events regarding licensed intellectual property could harm our business.
We possess intellectual property that is important to our business. This intellectual property includes ingredient formulas, trademarks, copyrights, patents, business processes and other trade secrets. We cannot be certain that the legal steps taken to protect our rights will be sufficient or that others will not infringe or misappropriate our rights. If we fail to adequately protect our intellectual property rights, or if changes in laws diminish or remove the current legal protections available to them, the competitiveness of our products may be eroded and our business could suffer. We and third parties, including competitors, could come into conflict over intellectual property rights, resulting in disruptive and expensive litigation. If we are unable to protect our intellectual property rights, our brands, products and business could be harmed.
We also license various trademarks from third parties and license our trademarks to third parties. In some countries, third parties own certain trademarks and related intellectual property that we own in other countries. For example, the Dr Pepper trademark and formula is owned by Coca-Cola in some countries outside North America. Adverse events affecting those third parties or their products could also negatively impact our brands.
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Failure to attract, retain, develop and motivate a highly skilled and diverse workforce, or failure to effectively manage changes in our workforce such as labor shortages, employee turnover and increases in wages, could significantly impact our operations.
The labor market has experienced and may continue to experience labor shortages, inflation in labor costs and increased employee turnover, which has impacted and may continue to impact our ability to attract and retain a highly skilled and diverse workforce. Competition in the labor market for qualified employees has increased alongside current and prospective employees’ changing expectations for compensation, benefits, and flexible work models. Unplanned turnover or failure to develop and implement succession plans for senior management and other key personnel, including our CEO, could deplete our institutional knowledge base and erode our competitiveness. Failure to attract, retain, develop, and motivate a highly skilled and diverse workforce, including employees with specialized capabilities, or to maintain a culture that fosters inclusivity and diversity, including by increasing representation of underrepresented communities, can damage our business results and our reputation.
We may not be able to renew collective bargaining agreements on satisfactory terms, or we could experience union activity, including new unionization, labor disputes or work stoppages.
Many of our employees that are involved in the manufacturing or distribution of our products are covered by collective bargaining agreements. Additional employees have sought and may continue to seek to be covered by collective bargaining agreements, which may be facilitated by changing labor laws and regulations. These agreements typically expire every three to four years at various dates. We may not be able to renew our existing collective bargaining agreements on satisfactory terms or at all. This could result in labor disputes, strikes, or work stoppages, which could impair our ability to manufacture and distribute our products and result in a substantial loss of sales. The terms of existing, renewed or expanded agreements could also significantly increase our costs or negatively affect our ability to increase operational efficiency.
RISKS RELATED TO OUR FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE
We negotiate with our suppliers to optimize our terms and conditions, including payment terms, and reductions in our payment terms with our suppliers could adversely affect our liquidity.
As part of ongoing efforts to decrease our cash conversion cycle and manage our working capital, we negotiate with our suppliers to optimize our terms and conditions, which includes the consideration of payment terms. As part of this process, we strive to seek extended payment terms in commercial negotiations with potential suppliers. Excluding our suppliers who require cash at date of purchase or sale, our current payment terms with our suppliers generally range from 10 to 360 days.
The length of our payment terms has been reduced in recent periods and will continue to be reduced, including as a result of a supplier being replaced, renegotiation of a supplier’s contract during the procurement process, through efforts to increase the overall pool of potential suppliers for selection, or in order to receive favorable pricing or other terms during commercial negotiations. Reductions in our payment terms have negatively affected, and could continue to negatively affect, our liquidity and our ability to maintain our cash conversion cycle to maximize our working capital. Reduced payment terms have contributed to, and could continue to contribute to, our need to utilize various financing arrangements for short-term liquidity.

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We cannot guarantee that our share repurchase program will be fully consummated or that our share repurchase program will enhance long-term stockholder value.
In October 2021, our Board authorized the Company to repurchase up to $4 billion of our outstanding common stock over a four-year period, beginning on January 1, 2022, potentially enabling us to return value to shareholders. Our repurchase program does not obligate us to repurchase any specific dollar amount or to acquire any specific number of shares. Under the terms of our share repurchase program, shares may be repurchased from time to time in open market transactions at prevailing market prices, in privately negotiated transactions, or by other means (including through the use of trading plans intended to qualify under Rule 10b5-1 under the Exchange Act) in accordance with federal securities laws. We may fund our share repurchases through a combination of cash flow from operations, borrowings, a combination of the two, or other sources of liquidity. The actual manner, timing, amount, value and counterparties of any repurchases under the program will be determined in our discretion and will depend on a number of factors, including the market price of our common stock, trading volume, other capital management objectives and opportunities, applicable legal requirements, applicable tax effects, and general market and economic conditions.
We cannot guarantee that we will repurchase shares (or the terms or amount of any such repurchase) or conduct future share repurchase programs, and we cannot guarantee that any such programs will result in long-term increases to shareholder value. The existence of our stock repurchase program could also cause the price of our common stock to be higher than it would be in the absence of such a program and could potentially reduce the market liquidity for our common stock. Additionally, significant changes in laws or regulations may reduce our ability or inclination to take advantage of our share repurchase program.
Determinations in the future that a significant impairment of the value of our goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets has occurred could have a material adverse effect on our financial performance.
As of December 31, 2023, we had $52,130 million of total assets, of which $20,202 million were goodwill and $23,287 million were other intangible assets. Intangible assets include both definite and indefinite-lived intangible assets in connection with brands, trade names, acquired technology, customer relationships, and contractual arrangements. We conduct impairment tests on goodwill and all indefinite-lived intangible assets annually, as of October 1, or more frequently if circumstances indicate that all or a portion of the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. In addition, definite-lived intangible assets and property, plant and equipment are evaluated for impairment or accelerated depreciation as circumstances indicate.
The impairment tests require us to make an estimate of the fair value of our reporting units and other intangible assets. We have in the past recorded impairments and could do so again as a result of changes in assumptions, estimates or circumstances, some of which are beyond our control. Factors which could result in an impairment include changes in our financial and operating outlook and changes in our discount rates, which could change due to factors such as movement in risk free interest rates, changes in general market interest rates and market beta volatility, and changes to management's view of forecasted risk, among others. Since a number of factors may influence determinations of fair value of intangible assets, we are unable to predict whether impairments of goodwill or other indefinite-lived intangibles will occur in the future. Any such impairment would result in us recognizing a non-cash charge in our Consolidated Statements of Income, which could adversely affect our results of operations and increase our effective tax rate.
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RISKS RELATING TO OUR RELATIONSHIPS WITH THIRD PARTIES
We depend on third-party bottling and distribution companies for a significant portion of our business.
We license rights to third parties to bottle and distribute our products. A portion of our income from operations is generated from sales of beverage concentrates to third-party bottling companies that we do not own. Some of these bottlers are also our direct competitors, or also bottle and distribute products for our competitors. In addition, some of the finished products we manufacture are distributed by third parties. As independent companies, these bottlers and distributors may have the right to determine whether, and to what extent, they produce and distribute our products, our competitors’ products and their own products. They may devote more resources to other products, prioritize their own products, or take other actions detrimental to our brands.
In most cases, they are able to terminate their bottling and distribution arrangements with us without cause. In some cases, the license agreements include buy-out rights that allow us to exit for a fee, and we may have additional limited termination rights. The termination of any material license arrangement could adversely affect our business and financial performance, and any disputes could be costly and divert management attention. We may need to increase support for our brands in certain territories to maintain our route to market and may not be able to pass price increases through to third-party bottlers and distributors. Deteriorating economic conditions could negatively impact the financial viability of third-party bottlers.
Changes in the retail landscape or in sales to any key customer can adversely affect our business.
The retail industry is experiencing continued consolidation of ownership and purchasing power, resulting in large retailers or buying groups with increased purchasing power, which impacts our ability to compete. Retailers may seek lower prices from us, may demand increased marketing or promotional expenditures in support of their businesses, and may be more likely to use their distribution networks to introduce and develop private-label brands, any of which could negatively affect our profitability. In addition, our industry is being affected by rapid growth in discount retailers and in e-commerce retailers, including traditional retailers who are expanding their e-commerce capabilities, and our business will be adversely affected if we are unable to maintain and develop successful relationships with such retailers. Further, we must maintain mutually beneficial relationships with our key customers to compete effectively. Any inability to resolve a significant dispute with any of our key customers, a change in the business condition (financial or otherwise) of any of our key customers, even if unrelated to us, a significant reduction in sales to any key customer, or the loss of any of our key customers may adversely affect our business.
Failure to maintain strategic relationships with brand owners and private label brands could adversely impact our future growth and business, potentially resulting in the termination of those agreements.
We regularly enter into strategic relationships for the manufacturing, distribution, and sale of K-Cup pods with partner customers, as well as with retailers for their private label brands. As independent companies, our strategic partners make their own business decisions which may not align with our interests. If we are unable to provide an appropriate mix of incentives to our strategic partners through a combination of premium performance and service, pricing, and marketing and advertising support, or if these strategic partners are not satisfied with our technological or other development efforts, they may take actions that adversely impact us, including entering into agreements with competing contract manufacturers or vertically integrating to manufacture their own Keurig-compatible pods. Increasing competition among Keurig-compatible pod manufacturers and moving to vertical integration may result in price compression, which could have an adverse effect on our gross margins. The loss of strategic partners could also adversely impact our future profitability and growth, awareness of Keurig brewers, our ability to attract additional brands or private label parties to do business with us or our ability to attract new consumers to buy Keurig brewers.
We also regularly enter into strategic relationships for the manufacture and/or distribution of beverage products from partner brand owners, including in emerging or fast-growing segments in which we may not currently have a brand presence. If our partner brands terminate their agreements with us, it could negatively affect our revenues and results of operations.
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Equity method investments are managed independently of us and may have different interests than we do. Their decisions could impact our financial performance.
We regularly review our product portfolio and evaluate strategic transactions, such as equity method investments, to gain entry into categories where we do not participate or to expand our presence in areas where our participation is currently limited. The success of these transactions is dependent upon, among other things, our ability to realize the full extent of the expected returns and benefits as a result of the transaction, within the anticipated time frame, or at all. As these equity method investments are managed independently, we may be impacted by their business decisions or other actions, as they may have different interests than we do. We recognize a portion of our investees’ financial results within our net income based upon our ownership interest, unless the investment agreement indicates an alternative allocation of earnings or losses.
We also assess our equity method investments as and when required by GAAP to determine whether they are impaired and, if they are, we record appropriate impairment charges. Our equity method investees also perform similar recoverability and impairment tests, and we record our share of impairment charges recorded by them, if any, adjusted, as appropriate, for the impact of items such as basis differences, deferred taxes and deferred gains. It is possible that we may be required to record significant impairment charges or our proportionate share of significant impairment charges recorded by equity method investees in the future and, if we do so, our net income could be materially adversely affected.
The use of information technology by our third party commercial partners and service providers exposes us to business disruptions or other negative impacts that could adversely affect us.
We rely on third-party service providers, including cloud data service and other information technology service providers, suppliers, distributors, contractors and other business partners, for certain areas of our business, including certain finance, accounting, and IT functions, workforce management, and payroll processing. Some of our commercial partners may also receive or store information provided by us or our users through their websites, including information entrusted to them by customers. Our users’ data and customer information may be improperly accessed, used or disclosed if these third-party commercial partners fail to adopt or adhere to adequate information security practices, or fail to comply with their respective online policies, or in the event of a breach of our networks. If any of these third-party service providers or vendors do not perform effectively, or if we fail to adequately monitor their performance (including compliance with service level agreements or regulatory or legal requirements), we may experience business disruption, systems performance degradation, processing inefficiencies or other systems disruptions, the loss of or damage to intellectual property or sensitive data through security breaches or otherwise, incorrect or adverse effects on financial reporting, litigation, claims, legal or regulatory proceedings, inquiries or investigations, fines or penalties, remediation costs, damage to our reputation, a negative impact on employee morale or the loss of current or potential customers, all of which can adversely affect our business.
These third parties are subject to similar risks as we are relating to cybersecurity, privacy violations, business interruption, and systems and employee failures, and are subject to legal, regulatory and market risks of their own. While we have procedures in place for assessing risk along with selecting, managing and monitoring our relationships with third-party service providers and other business partners, we do not have control over their business operations or governance and compliance systems, practices and procedures, which increases our financial, legal, reputational and operational risk. We have in the past, and may in the future, experience indirect impacts of events that take place at our third-party service providers and other business partners. If we are unable to effectively manage our third-party relationships, or for any reason our third-party service providers or business partners fail to satisfactorily fulfill their commitments and responsibilities, our financial results could suffer.
We rely on the performance of a limited number of suppliers and manufacturers for our brewers, and a limited number of order fulfillment companies for our brewers, beverage concentrates and syrups.
A small number of companies, located primarily in Asia, co-manufacture the vast majority of our brewers. Our manufacturers may not be able to scale their manufacturing operations to match increasing consumer demand for our brewers at competitive costs. If our manufacturers were to cease or interrupt production or otherwise fail to supply brewers to us as agreed, we would be unable to obtain brewers for an indeterminate period of time, which could adversely affect our product sales and operating results.
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The majority of the distribution of our brewers, beverage concentrates and syrups is handled by third-party order fulfillment companies in the U.S. Our third-party manufacturers and order fulfillment companies are subject to disruption, including as a result of health epidemics, natural disasters, information technology failures, commercial or international trade disputes, governmental regulatory and enforcement actions, labor stoppages or strikes, financial issues, or otherwise. These issues could delay importation and increase the cost of products, delay the fulfillment of the brewers, beverage concentrates and syrups to our customers or require us to locate alternative manufacturers or order fulfillment companies to avoid disruption, which could adversely affect our product sales and operating results.
GENERAL RISK FACTORS
Our financial results may be negatively impacted by recession, financial and credit market disruptions and other political, social or economic conditions.
Changes in economic and financial conditions in the U.S., Canada, Mexico or other geographies where we do business may negatively impact consumer confidence and consumer spending, which could result in a reduction in our sales volume and/or switching to lower price offerings. Similarly, disruptions in financial and credit markets worldwide may impact our ability to manage normal commercial relationships with customers, suppliers and creditors. These disruptions could have a negative impact on the ability of our customers to timely pay their obligations, the ability of our vendors to supply materials timely, or the risk of counterparty default, each of which could reduce our cash flow.
We cannot predict how current or future economic conditions will affect our business partners, including financial institutions with whom we do business, and any negative impact on any of the foregoing may also have an adverse impact on our business. Disruptions in financial and credit markets could also have a negative effect on our ability to raise capital through the issuance of unsecured commercial paper or senior notes. In addition, declines in the securities and credit markets could affect our pension and PRMB assets and obligations, which in turn could increase our funding requirements.
Unstable geopolitical conditions or events in certain markets, including civil unrest, acts of war, terrorism or governmental changes, or changes in international relations could undermine global consumer confidence and reduce consumers’ purchasing power, thereby reducing demand for our products. Restrictions on business activities, which have been or may be imposed or expanded as a result of political and economic instability, deterioration of economic relations between countries or otherwise, could impact our profitability.
We have no operations in Russia, Ukraine, or the Middle East, but due to the impact of the conflicts on the global economy, we have experienced and may continue to experience supply chain constraints; inflation in input costs, logistics, manufacturing and labor costs; volatility in fuel and commodity prices and fluctuations in foreign exchange rates and interest rates, any of which could adversely impact our results of operations.
U.S. and international laws and regulations could adversely affect our business.
We are subject to a variety of federal, state and local laws and regulations in the U.S., Canada, Mexico and other countries in which we conduct business. These laws and regulations apply to many aspects of our business, including the manufacture, safety, sourcing, labeling, storing, transportation, marketing, advertising, distribution, pricing and sale of our products. Other laws and regulations that may impact our business relate to competition and antitrust, the environment, relations with distributors and retailers, employment, privacy, health, and trade practices. Our expanding international business will also expose us to economic factors, regulatory requirements, increasing competition and other risks associated with doing business in foreign countries. Our international business is also subject to U.S. laws, regulations and policies, including anti-corruption and export laws and regulations.
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Any significant change in laws or regulations or their interpretation, in any of these jurisdictions, or the introduction of higher standards or more stringent laws or regulations, could result in increased compliance costs or capital expenditures or significant challenges to our ability to continue to produce and sell products that generate a significant portion of our sales and profits. Certain jurisdictions in which our products are sold have either imposed, or are considering imposing, new or increased taxes on the manufacture, distribution or sale of certain of our products, particularly our beverages, as a result of ingredients (including sweeteners or alcohol) or packaging and packaging materials, which could increase the cost of certain of our products, reduce overall consumption of our products or lead to negative publicity, resulting in an adverse effect on our business and financial performance. Increasing governmental and societal attention to environmental, social and governance matters has resulted and could continue to result in new laws or regulatory requirements, including new or expanded disclosure requirements that are expected to continue to expand the nature, scope and complexity of matters on which we are required to report. In addition, the entry into new markets or categories has resulted in and could continue to result in our business being subject to additional regulations resulting in higher compliance costs. Violations of laws or regulations could damage our reputation and/or result in criminal, civil or administrative actions with substantial financial penalties and operational limitations.
Litigation or legal proceedings could expose us to significant liabilities and damage our reputation.
We have been, and in the future may be, a party to various litigation, claims, legal (including regulatory) proceedings, inquiries and investigations that may include employment, tort, contract, real estate, antitrust, environmental, recycling/sustainability, intellectual property, commercial, securities, false advertising, packaging, product labeling, consumer protection, discriminatory pricing, privacy, tax, insurance and other claims. We have been, and in the future may be, a defendant in class action litigation, including litigation regarding employment practices, product labeling, including under California’s “Proposition 65,” public statements and disclosures under securities laws, antitrust, advertising, consumer protection and wage and hour laws. Plaintiffs in class action litigation may seek to recover amounts that are large and may be indeterminable for some period of time. We evaluate litigation claims and legal proceedings to assess the likelihood of unfavorable outcomes and estimate, if possible, the amount of potential losses, and we establish a reserve as appropriate based upon assessments and estimates in accordance with our accounting policies. We base our assessments, estimates and disclosures on the information available to us at the time and rely on legal and management judgment. Actual outcomes or losses may differ materially from assessments and estimates. Costs to defend litigation claims and legal proceedings and the cost and any required actions arising out of actual settlements, judgments or resolutions of these claims and legal proceedings may negatively affect our business and financial performance. Any adverse publicity resulting from allegations made in litigation claims or legal proceedings may also adversely affect our reputation, which in turn could adversely affect our results of operations.
Increased concerns related to the use or disposal of plastics or other packaging materials can adversely affect our business and financial performance.
We rely on diverse packaging solutions to safely deliver products to our customers and consumers. Concern has grown with respect to the use or disposal of plastics and their potential impact on health and the environment, which may contribute to actual or threatened legal action against us, negative consumer perception of our products, additional government regulation, or new or increased taxes on our products. Various jurisdictions in which our products are sold have imposed or are considering imposing laws, regulations or policies intended to encourage the use of sustainable packaging, waste reduction or increased recycling rates or to restrict the sale of products utilizing certain packaging. These laws, regulations and policies vary in form and scope between jurisdictions and include extended producer responsibility policies, plastic or packaging taxes, restrictions on certain products and materials, requirements for bottle caps to be tethered to bottles, restrictions or bans on the use of certain types of packaging, including single-use plastics and packaging containing PFAS, or other chemicals of concern, restrictions on labeling related to recyclability and requirements to charge deposit fees. These laws and regulations have in the past and could continue to increase the cost of our products, impact demand for our products, result in negative publicity and require us and our business partners to increase capital expenditures to invest in reducing the amount of virgin plastic or other materials used in our packaging, to develop alternative packaging or product formats or to revise product labeling, all of which can adversely affect our business and financial performance. Changes in legislation restricting the sale of K-Cup pods could reduce our sales and profits.
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Significant additional labeling or warning requirements or limitations on the marketing or sale of our products may inhibit sales of affected products.
Various jurisdictions have adopted and may seek to adopt significant additional product labeling or warning requirements or limitations on the marketing or sale of our products because of what they contain or allegations that they cause adverse health effects. For example, under one such law in California, known as Proposition 65, if the state has determined that a substance causes cancer or harms human reproduction or development, a warning must be provided for any product sold in the state that exposes consumers to that substance, unless the exposure falls under an established safe harbor level or another exemption is applicable. If we were required to add Proposition 65 warnings on the labels of one or more of our products produced for sale in California, the resulting consumer reaction to the warnings and potential adverse publicity could negatively affect our sales both in California and in other markets. The imposition or proposed imposition of additional limitations on the marketing or sale of our products has in the past and could continue to reduce overall consumption of our products, lead to negative publicity or leave consumers with the perception that our products do not meet their health and wellness needs, resulting in an adverse effect on our business and financial performance.
Our use of information technology and third-party service providers exposes us to cybersecurity breaches and other business disruptions that could adversely affect us.
We use information technology and third-party service providers to support our global business processes and activities, including supporting critical business operations; communicating with our suppliers, customers and employees; maintaining financial information and effective accounting processes and financial and disclosure controls; engaging in mergers and acquisitions and other corporate transactions; conducting research and development activities; meeting regulatory, legal and tax requirements; and executing various digital marketing and consumer promotion activities. Global shared service centers managed by third parties provide an increasing amount of services to conduct our business, including a number of accounting, internal control, information technology, human resources and computing functions. Continuity of business applications and services has been, and may in the future be, disrupted by events such as infection by viruses or malware. In addition, our continuity of business applications and operations has been, and may in the future be, disrupted by other issues, including cybersecurity attacks (which may include social engineering, business email compromise, cyber extortion, denial of service, attempts to exploit vulnerabilities, hacking, website defacement, theft of passwords and other credentials or unauthorized use of computing resources for digital currency mining); issues with or errors in systems’ maintenance or security; migration of applications to the cloud; power outages; hardware or software failures; telecommunication failures; natural disasters; terrorist attacks; unintentional or malicious actions of employees or contractors; and fires and other catastrophic occurrences and other cyber incidents.
Like most major corporations, we are regularly subject to cyberattacks and other cyber incidents, including the types of attacks and incidents described above. If we do not allocate and effectively manage the resources necessary to continue building and maintaining our information technology infrastructure, or if we fail to timely identify or appropriately respond to cyberattacks or other cyber incidents, including with respect to third-party service providers, our business has been and can continue to be adversely affected, which has resulted in and can continue to result in some or all of the following: business disruption, systems performance degradation, processing inefficiencies or other systems disruptions, the loss of or damage to intellectual property or sensitive data (including confidential information that we process and maintain about our employees or consumers through our e-commerce platform) through security breaches or otherwise, incorrect or adverse effects on financial reporting, litigation, claims, legal or regulatory proceedings, inquiries or investigations, fines or penalties, remediation costs, damage to our reputation or a negative impact on employee morale or the loss of current or potential customers, all of which can adversely affect our business. In addition, these risks also exist in acquired businesses, joint ventures or companies we invest in or partner with that use separate information systems or that have not yet been fully integrated into our information systems.
Similar risks exist with respect to our third-party service providers, including cloud data service and other information technology service providers, suppliers, distributors, contractors and other business partners, that we rely upon for certain areas of our business, including payroll processing, health and benefit plan administration and certain finance and accounting functions. When risks such as these materialize, the need for us to coordinate with various third-party service providers, including with respect to timely notification and access to personnel and information concerning an incident, and for third party service providers to coordinate amongst themselves might make it more challenging to resolve the related issues. As a result, we are subject to the risk that the activities associated with our third-party service providers can adversely affect our business even if the attack or breach does not directly impact our systems or information.
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Although the cybersecurity incidents that we have experienced to date, as well as those reported to us by our third-party service providers, have not had a material effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations, such incidents could have a material adverse effect on us in the future. We continue to devote resources to network security, backup and disaster recovery, upgrading systems and networks, enhanced training and other security measures to protect our systems and data; we are also in the process of enhancing the monitoring and detection of threats in our environment. However, security measures cannot guarantee that we will be successful in preventing or responding to all cyber incidents, systems disruptions, system compromises or misuses of data. In addition, due to the constantly evolving nature of security threats, we cannot predict the form and impact of any future incident, and the cost and operational expense of implementing, maintaining and enhancing protective measures to guard against increasingly complex and sophisticated cyber threats could increase significantly. Although we maintain insurance coverage that may, subject to policy terms and conditions, cover certain aspects of a breach or disruption, such insurance coverage may be insufficient to cover all losses.
Failure to comply with personal data protection and privacy laws can adversely affect our business.
We are subject to a variety of continuously evolving and developing laws and regulations in numerous jurisdictions regarding privacy, data protection and data security, including those related to the collection, storage, handling, use, disclosure, transfer and security of personal data. Privacy and data protection laws may be interpreted and applied differently from one jurisdiction to another and may create inconsistent or conflicting requirements. In addition, new legislation in this area may be enacted in other jurisdictions at any time. Our efforts to comply with privacy and data protection laws may impose significant costs and challenges that are likely to increase over time, and we could experience substantial penalties, litigation, claims, legal or regulatory proceedings, inquiries or investigations, damage to our reputation and fines or penalties related to violation of existing or future data privacy laws and regulations.
Further, as a retailer accepting debit and credit cards for payment, as well as other digital payment tools, we are subject to industry data protection standards and protocols such as the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard. In certain circumstances, our contracts with payment card processors and payment card networks (such as Visa, Mastercard, American Express and Discover) generally require us to adhere to payment card network rules which could make us liable to payment card issuers and others if information in connection with payment cards and payment card transactions that we process is compromised, which liabilities could be substantial.
Climate change or related legislation could adversely affect our business.
Climate change may increase the frequency or severity of natural disasters and other extreme weather conditions, which could pose physical risks to our facilities, impair our production capabilities, disrupt our supply chain or impact demand for our products. Climate change is already affecting the agricultural sector, and disruptions to crop growing conditions are expected to increase with extreme weather events, increasing temperatures and changing water availability. Disruptions to crop growing conditions can cause changes in geographical ranges of crops, as well as weeds, diseases and pests that affect those crops. These impacts have in the past and may in the future limit availability or increase the price volatility of key agricultural commodities, such as coffee, corn, citrus, cocoa, and apples, which are important sources of ingredients for our products.
Concern over climate change, including global warming, has led to legislative and regulatory initiatives limiting greenhouse gas emissions and increasing disclosure obligations. Increased compliance costs due to legal or regulatory requirements, along with initiatives to meet our sustainability goals, may cause higher costs associated with, or disruptions in, the manufacturing and distribution of our beverage products. As a result, the effects of climate change and legal or regulatory initiatives to address climate change could have an adverse impact on our business and results of operations. In addition, any failure to achieve or properly report on our goals with respect to reducing our impact on the environment or perception of a failure to act responsibly with respect to the environment or to effectively respond to regulatory requirements concerning climate change can lead to adverse publicity, which could result in reduced demand for our products, damage to our reputation or increase the risk of litigation. Any of the foregoing can adversely affect our business.
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Water scarcity and quality could adversely affect our business.
Water is the primary ingredient in many of our products and is used across our operations. The competition for water among domestic, agricultural and manufacturing users is increasing in the countries where we operate. Even where water is widely available, water purification and waste treatment infrastructure limitations and regulations could increase costs or constrain our operations. As water becomes scarcer, the quality of the water deteriorates, including due to the effects of climate change, or requirements on water purification or filtration increase, we may experience increased production costs; manufacturing constraints; supply chain disruption; higher compliance costs; increased capital expenditures; the interruption or cessation of operations at, or relocation of, our facilities or the facilities of our business partners; challenges to efficiency gains due to higher water usage in compliance with more stringent water quality standards; failure to achieve our water efficiency and conservation goals; perception of our failure to act responsibly with respect to water use or to effectively respond to legal or regulatory requirements concerning water scarcity and quality; or damage to our reputation, any of which can adversely affect our business.
Fluctuations in our effective tax rate may result in volatility in our financial results.
We are subject to income taxes and non-income-based taxes in many U.S. and certain foreign jurisdictions. Tax legislation may be enacted, domestically or abroad, that impacts our effective tax rate. Changes in tax laws, regulations, related interpretations, and tax accounting standards in the U.S. and various foreign jurisdictions in which we operate may impact our effective tax rate and adversely affect our financial results. In addition, our effective tax rate in any given financial statement period may be significantly impacted by changes in the mix and level of earnings or by changes to existing accounting rules, tax regulations or interpretations of existing law. Significant judgment is required in determining our annual income tax expense and in evaluating our tax positions. Although we believe our tax estimates, including intercompany transfer pricing policies, are reasonable, the final determination of tax audits and any related disputes could be materially different from our historical income tax provisions, estimates and accruals. The results of audits or related disputes could have a material adverse effect on our financial statements for the period or periods for which the applicable final determinations are made and for periods for which the statute of limitations is open.
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ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.
ITEM 1C. CYBERSECURITY
We use information technology and third-party service providers to support our global business processes and activities, which exposes us to cybersecurity risks. KDP’s risk management strategy includes ongoing cybersecurity risk assessment and reporting, incident management, and a diligence and risk management process for third-party service providers. Employees with network access participate in ongoing phishing, social engineering, and cybersecurity awareness training efforts, and we also conduct periodic tabletop exercises led by external consultants.
Our cybersecurity risk assessment and reporting process leverages the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s Cybersecurity Framework and is managed by our CISO, whose team comprises both internal personnel and third-party cybersecurity consultants. The CISO provides periodic reports to management, including our CEO, as well as other executive leadership members, and to the Audit and Finance Committee of our Board, which has oversight for cybersecurity risk management. These reports include updates on critical cybersecurity risks and the threat landscape; updates on the status of ongoing cybersecurity improvement initiatives, the internal control environment, and ongoing internal audit activities; and, if relevant, the status of actions taken with respect to certain cybersecurity incidents identified during the period.
We have an overall incident management plan, which is intended to provide guidance and protocols to facilitate timely notification and communication to key internal and external stakeholders during an incident. A subset of this incident management plan is our Security Incident Response Plan, or SIRP, which is based on leading cybersecurity incident response practices. Incidents may be escalated to the CISO, our Chief Information Officer, our Chief Legal Officer, or other members of management or the Board, depending on the severity of the incident, and are handled according to the SIRP protocols, which includes incident detection and analysis; containment, eradication and recovery; and post-incident monitoring. We have developed a framework for assessing the materiality of any such incidents, including a committee responsible for determining whether the incident is material for disclosure. The committee includes our CISO, our Chief Information Officer, our Chief Legal Officer, our Senior Vice President and Controller (Principal Accounting Officer), our head of Internal Audit, and other members of management with relevant subject matter expertise.
Our CISO has more than 25 years of experience in cybersecurity and information technology, including, prior to joining KDP in 2019, more than 11 years as a principal in Ernst & Young’s cybersecurity practice. Our CISO reports directly to our Chief Information Officer, who also has over 36 years of experience in information technology and cybersecurity.
To date, we have not identified any risks from cybersecurity threats, including as a result of any previous cybersecurity incidents, which have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect us, including our business strategy, results of operations, or financial condition. For additional description of cybersecurity risks and potential related impacts on us, refer to the risk factors captioned “Our use of information technology and third-party service providers exposes us to cybersecurity breaches and other business disruptions that could adversely affect us” and “The use of information technology by our third party commercial partners and service providers exposes us to business disruptions or other negative impacts that could adversely affect us” in Item 1A, Risk Factors, in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
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ITEM 2. PROPERTIES
We have two global corporate headquarters, located in Burlington, Massachusetts and Frisco, Texas, both of which are leased.
The following table summarizes our principal manufacturing plants and principal warehouse and distribution facilities by geography and reportable segment as of December 31, 2023:
U.S. Refreshment BeveragesU.S. CoffeeInternationalTotal
OwnedLeasedOwnedLeasedOwnedLeasedOwnedLeased
United States
Production facilities12 — — 17 
Warehouse and distribution facilities27 61 — — — 27 69 
International
Production facilities— — — 
Warehouse and distribution facilities— — — — 63 63 
Total34 73 13 65 43 151 
We believe our facilities are well-maintained and adequate, that they are being appropriately utilized, except for our next-generation coffee production facility in Spartanburg, South Carolina, and that they have sufficient production capacity for their present intended purposes. The extent of utilization of such facilities varies based on seasonal demand for our products and the status of our investments to maintain or upgrade various technologies or equipment within such facilities. As of December 31, 2023, the facility that we are establishing in Spartanburg, South Carolina was significantly underutilized due to delays in the manufacture and installation of certain manufacturing lines, as well as delays exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.
We periodically review our space requirements, and we look to consolidate and dispose or sublet facilities we no longer need as appropriate.
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
We are occasionally subject to litigation or other legal proceedings relating to our business. Refer to Note 17 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements related to commitments and contingencies, which is incorporated herein by reference.
The Staff of the SEC (the “Staff”) is investigating certain statements by the Company regarding the recyclability of our K-Cup pods, including statements in prior Exchange Act reports. We have been cooperating with this investigation and responding to the Staff’s various requests for information. In the course of cooperating with this investigation, we have reviewed our prior statements about the recyclability of K-Cup pods, and we continue to believe they were appropriate, accurate and in compliance with the securities laws. We cannot predict the timing or eventual outcome of this investigation, but do not expect it to have a material impact on the Company.
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
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PART II
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Our common stock is listed on Nasdaq's Global Select Market under the ticker symbol "KDP". As of December 31, 2023, there were 8,315 stockholders of record of our common stock. KDP's Board has declared a regular quarterly cash dividend and expects to continue to pay such dividends on a quarterly basis.
Information on securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans has been omitted and will be incorporated by reference, when filed, from our Proxy Statement.
COMPARISON OF TOTAL STOCKHOLDER RETURN
The following performance graph compares the cumulative total returns of KDP for a five-year period with the cumulative total returns of the S&P 500 Index and the S&P Food and Beverage Select Industry Index. We believe that these indices convey an accurate assessment of our performance as compared to the industry.
The graph assumes that $100 was invested on December 31, 2018, with dividends reinvested quarterly.
1950

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ISSUER REPURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
On October 1, 2021, our Board authorized a share repurchase program of up to $4 billion of our outstanding common stock, potentially enabling us to return value to shareholders. The $4 billion authorization is effective for four years, beginning on January 1, 2022 and expiring on December 31, 2025, and does not require the purchase of any minimum number of shares. The following table summarizes shares repurchased by us under this program during the fourth quarter of 2023:
PeriodTotal Number of Shares PurchasedAverage Price Paid per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced ProgramMaximum Amount of Dollars that May Yet be Used to Purchase Shares Under the Program
October 1 to October 312,000,000 $29.95 2,000,000 $3,103,859,210 
November 1 to November 306,120,798 30.77 6,120,798 2,915,505,309 
December 1 to December 3110,900 31.22 10,900 2,915,165,022 
Total8,131,698 $30.57 8,131,698 $2,915,165,022 
ITEM 6. [Reserved]
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ITEM 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 
This section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K generally discusses the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 and year-over-year comparisons between the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022. As a result of the change in our operating and reportable segments effective January 1, 2023, this section also presents year-over-year comparisons between the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021 on a revised segment basis.
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains the names of some of our owned or licensed trademarks, trade names and service marks, which we refer to as our brands. All of the product names included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are either our registered trademarks or those of our licensors.
OVERVIEW
KDP is a leading beverage company in North America that manufactures, markets, distributes and sells hot and cold beverages and single serve brewing systems. KDP has a broad portfolio of iconic beverage brands, including Dr Pepper, Canada Dry, Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, Snapple, Mott's, The Original Donut Shop, Clamato, and Core Hydration, as well as the Keurig brewing system. KDP has some of the most recognized beverage brands in North America, with significant consumer awareness levels and long histories that evoke strong emotional connections with consumers. We offer more than 125 owned, licensed, and partner brands, available nearly everywhere people shop and consume beverages through our sales and distribution network.
KDP operates as an integrated brand owner, manufacturer, and distributor. We believe our integrated business model strengthens our route-to-market and provides opportunities for net sales and profit growth through the alignment of the economic interests of our brand ownership and our manufacturing and distribution businesses through both our DSD system and our WD system. We market and sell our products to retailers, including supermarkets, mass merchandisers, club stores, pure-play e-commerce retailers, and office superstores; to restaurants, hotel chains, office product and coffee distributors, and partner brand owners; and directly to consumers through our website. Our integrated business model enables us to be more flexible and responsive to the changing needs of our large retail customers and allows us to more fully leverage our scale and reduce costs by creating greater geographic manufacturing and distribution coverage.
SEGMENTS
Effective January 1, 2023, we revised our segment structure to align with how our CODM manages the business, assesses performance and allocates resources. Our operating and reportable segments consist of the following:
The U.S. Refreshment Beverages segment reflects sales in the U.S. from the manufacture and distribution of branded concentrates, syrup, and finished beverages, including the sales of our own brands and third-party brands, to third-party bottlers, distributors, and retailers.
The U.S. Coffee segment reflects sales in the U.S. from the manufacture and distribution of finished goods relating to our K-Cup pods, single serve brewers, and other coffee products to partners, retailers, and directly to consumers through our Keurig.com website.
The International segment reflects sales in international markets, including the following:
Sales in Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean, and other international markets from the manufacture and distribution of branded concentrates, syrup, and finished beverages, including sales of our own brands and third-party brands, to third-party bottlers, distributors, and retailers.
Sales in Canada from the manufacture and distribution of finished goods relating to our single serve brewers, K-Cup pods, and other coffee products.


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VOLUME
In evaluating our performance, we use different volume measures for LRB and for K-Cup pods and appliances.
For LRB, we measure our sales volume in 288 fluid ounce equivalent cases.
For beverage concentrates, we measure our sales volume as concentrate case sales for concentrates sold by us to our bottlers and distributors. A concentrate case is the amount of concentrate needed to make one case of 288 fluid ounces of finished beverage, the equivalent of 24 twelve ounce servings. It does not include any other component of the finished beverage other than concentrate.
For packaged beverages, we measure volume as case sales to customers. A case sale represents a unit of measurement equal to 288 fluid ounces of packaged beverage sold by us. Case sales include both our owned brands and certain brands licensed to and/or distributed by us.
For our K-Cup pods and appliances, we measure our sales volume as the number of appliances and the number of individual K-Cup pods sold to our customers.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Financial Overview
As Reported, in millions (except Diluted EPS)
7475
549755820012549755820013

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Key Events During and Subsequent to the Fourth Quarter of 2023
Strategic Partnership with Grupo PiSA
Effective October 23, 2023, we executed an agreement for a strategic partnership with Grupo PiSA to sell and distribute Electrolit instant hydration beverages within the U.S., which is expected to begin in early 2024.
Appointment of Chief Operating Officer
On November 6, 2023, we appointed Tim Cofer as Chief Operating Officer, reporting to Chairman and CEO, Bob Gamgort. Mr. Cofer will work side by side with Mr. Gamgort in the Chief Operating Officer capacity, with an expected transition to CEO in the second quarter of 2024. Mr. Gamgort will continue to serve as our Executive Chairman after the transition occurs.
Uncertainties and Trends Affecting Our Business
We believe the North American beverage market is influenced by certain key trends and uncertainties. Refer to Item 1A, Risk Factors, as well as the Uncertainties and Trends Affecting Liquidity section below, for more information about risks and uncertainties facing us. Some of these items have led to inflation in input costs, logistics, manufacturing, and labor costs, which has further led to fluctuation in interest rates. These impacts have created headwinds for our business that may continue into 2024. As a result of these inflationary pressures, we have increased the pricing on a number of our products across our portfolio. Consequently, we may incur a reduction of volume or net sales, which, combined with the inflationary pressures, could impact our margins and operating results.
Refer to Note 5 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements and Item 7A, Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk for management's discussion of how we manage our exposure to commodity risk.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
We eliminate from our financial results all intercompany transactions between entities included in our consolidated financial statements and the intercompany transactions with our equity method investees.
References in the financial tables to percentage changes that are not meaningful are denoted by "NM".
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For the Year Ended December 31, 2023 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2022:
Consolidated Operations
The following table sets forth our consolidated results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022:
 For the Year Ended December 31,DollarPercentage
(in millions, except per share amounts)20232022ChangeChange
Net sales$14,814 $14,057 $757 5.4 %
Cost of sales6,734 6,734 — — 
Gross profit8,080 7,323 757 10.3 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses4,912 4,645 267 5.7 
Impairment of intangible assets2 477 (475)NM
Gain on litigation settlement (299)299 NM
Other operating income, net(26)(105)79 NM
Income from operations3,192 2,605 587 22.5 
Interest expense, net496 693 (197)(28.4)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt 217 (217)NM
Gain on sale of equity method investment (50)50 NM
Impairment of investments and note receivable 12 (12)NM
Other (income) expense, net(61)14 (75)NM
Income before provision for income taxes2,757 1,719 1,038 60.4 
Provision for income taxes576 284 292 102.8 
Net income including non-controlling interest2,181 1,435 746 52.0 
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest (1)NM
Net income attributable to KDP$2,181 $1,436 $745 51.9 %
Earnings per common share:  
Basic$1.56 $1.01 $0.55 54.5 %
Diluted1.55 1.01 0.54 53.5 %
Gross margin54.5 %52.1 %240 bps
Operating margin21.5 %18.5 %300 bps
Effective tax rate20.9 %16.5 %440 bps
Sales Volume. The following table sets forth changes in sales volume for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to the prior year:
LRB(0.1)%
K-Cup pods(3.9)%
Appliances(9.4)%
Net Sales. Net sales increased $757 million, or 5.4%, to $14,814 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to $14,057 million in the prior year. This performance reflected favorable net price realization of 7.0% and favorable FX translation of 0.5%, partially offset by unfavorable volume/mix of 2.1%.
Gross Profit. Gross profit increased $757 million, or 10.3%, to $8,080 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to $7,323 million in the prior year. This performance primarily reflected the impact to gross profit of the strong growth in net sales (12 percentage points) and a favorable change in unrealized commodity mark-to-market impacts (2 percentage points), partially offset by net inflation in ingredients and materials (3 percentage points). Gross margin increased 240 bps versus the prior year to 54.5%.
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Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. SG&A expenses increased $267 million, or 5.7%, to $4,912 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to $4,645 million in the prior year. The increase reflected the impact of increased marketing investments (2 percentage points) and higher other operating costs, partially offset by lower restructuring and integration costs compared to the prior year (3 percentage points).
Impairment of Intangible Assets. Impairment of intangible assets primarily reflected the favorable comparison to non-cash impairment charges in the prior year. Refer to Note 3 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.
Gain on litigation settlement. Gain on litigation settlement reflects the portion of the settlement payment from BodyArmor which was allocated to the gain on the full settlement of the existing claims against BodyArmor in the prior year.
Other Operating Income, Net. Other operating income, net decreased $79 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to the prior year, primarily driven by the unfavorable year-over-year comparison for non-operational activity, including asset sale-leasebacks and a business interruption recovery.
Income from Operations. Income from operations increased $587 million, or 22.5%, to $3,192 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to $2,605 million in the prior year, primarily driven by increased gross profit, which was partially offset by higher SG&A expenses. Operating margin increased 300 bps versus the year ago period to 21.5%.
Interest Expense, Net. Interest expense, net decreased $197 million, or 28.4%, to $496 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to $693 million for the prior year. This change was primarily driven by the favorable comparison of activity associated with interest rate contracts (37 percentage points), which was partially offset by increased use of debt in the current year (9 percentage points).
Loss on Early Extinguishment of Debt. Loss on early extinguishment of debt reflected the favorable comparison to losses in the prior year related to our 2022 Strategic Refinancing and our early retirement of our 2038 Notes, the 2021 364-Day Credit Agreement and the KDP Revolver.
Gain on sale of equity method investment. Gain on sale of equity method investment reflects the portion of the settlement payment from BodyArmor that was allocated to the satisfaction of the holdback amount owed to us in the prior year.
Other (Income) Expense, net. Other (income) expense, net reflected a favorable change of $75 million from the prior year, driven by favorability in our investments in unconsolidated affiliates of $38 million, led by Nutrabolt’s preferred dividends, and mark-to-market on our Vita Coco investment of $13 million.
Effective Tax Rate. The effective tax rate increased 440 bps to 20.9% for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to 16.5% in the prior year, primarily driven by the revaluation of state deferred tax liabilities due to legislative changes in the prior year.
Net Income Attributable to KDP. Net income attributable to KDP increased $745 million, or 51.9%, to $2,181 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 as compared to $1,436 million in the prior year.
Diluted EPS. Diluted EPS increased 53.5% to $1.55 per diluted share as compared to $1.01 in the prior year, primarily driven by increased net income attributable to KDP.
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Results of Operations by Segment
The following tables set forth net sales and income from operations for our segments for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, as well as the other amounts necessary to reconcile our total segment results to our consolidated results presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP:
For the Year Ended December 31,
(in millions)20232022
Segment Results — Net sales
U.S. Refreshment Beverages$8,821 $8,083 
U.S. Coffee4,071 4,302 
International1,922 1,672 
Net sales$14,814 $14,057 
For the Year Ended December 31,
(in millions)20232022
Segment Results — Income from Operations  
U.S. Refreshment Beverages$2,483 $1,961 
U.S. Coffee1,158 1,215 
International475 373 
Unallocated corporate costs(924)(944)
Income from operations$3,192 $2,605 
U.S. Refreshment Beverages
The following table provides selected information for our U.S. Refreshment Beverages segment for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022:
For the Year Ended December 31,DollarPercentage
(in millions)20232022ChangeChange
Net sales$8,821 $8,083 $738 9.1 %
Income from operations2,483 1,961 522 26.6 %
Operating margin28.1 %24.3 %380 bps
Sales Volume. Sales volumes for the year ended December 31, 2023 decreased approximately 1.0% compared to the prior year period, as growth in Dr Pepper, as well as C4 Energy as a result of our sales and distribution partnership with Nutrabolt, was more than offset by softness in the rest of our portfolio, driven by category declines.
Net Sales. Net sales increased 9.1% to $8,821 million in the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to $8,083 million in the prior year period, driven by favorable net price realization of 9.6%, which was partially offset by unfavorable volume/mix impacts of 0.5%.
Income from Operations. Income from operations increased $522 million, or 26.6%, to $2,483 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to $1,961 million for the prior year period. Net sales growth provided a 35 percentage point impact to gross profit, which was partially offset by net inflation in ingredients and materials (7 percentage points), and increased marketing investments (5 percentage points). Other drivers included the favorable year-over-year comparison for non-cash impairment charges on intangible assets (24 percentage points), which was partially offset by the unfavorable comparison to the gain on the settlement of litigation with BodyArmor in the prior year (14 percentage points).
33

U.S. Coffee
The following table provides selected information for our U.S. Coffee segment for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022:
For the Year Ended December 31,DollarPercentage
(in millions)20232022ChangeChange
Net sales$4,071 $4,302 $(231)(5.4)%
Income from operations1,158 1,215 (57)(4.7)%
Operating margin28.4 %28.2 %20 bps
Sales Volume. K-Cup pod volume decreased 5.1% for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to the prior year period, reflecting softer at-home coffee category trends. Appliance volume decreased 10.3% in the year ended December 31, 2023, driven by category softness in small appliances and retailer inventory shifts. Changes in both K-Cup pod and appliance volumes were slightly impacted by the inclusion of the 53rd week in the prior year period.
Net Sales. Net sales decreased 5.4% to $4,071 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to $4,302 million in the prior year period, driven by volume/mix declines of 7.9% which were partially offset by favorable net price realization of 2.5%.
Income from Operations. Income from operations decreased $57 million, or 4.7%, to $1,158 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to $1,215 million in the prior year period, as a result of the impact to gross profit of the decrease in net sales (5 percentage points), unfavorable year-over-year comparisons for asset sale-leasebacks and a business interruption recovery (4 percentage points), and net inflation in ingredients and materials (1 percentage point), partially offset by decreases in other manufacturing costs (2 percentage points) and other operating costs. Operating margin improved 20 bps versus the year ago period to 28.4%.
International
The following table provides selected information for our International segment for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022:
For the Year Ended December 31,DollarPercentage
(in millions)20232022ChangeChange
Net sales$1,922 $1,672 $250 15.0 %
Income from operations475 373 102 27.3 %
Operating margin24.7 %22.3 %240 bps
Sales Volume. The following table provides the percentage change in sales volumes for the International segment compared to the prior year period:
Percentage Change
LRB4.1 %
K-Cup pods5.5 
Appliances(1.0)
Net Sales. Net sales increased 15.0% to $1,922 million in the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to $1,672 million in the prior year period, reflecting higher net price realization of 5.5%, volume/mix growth of 5.0%, and favorable FX translation effects of 4.5%.
Income from Operations. Income from operations increased $102 million, or 27.3%, to $475 million for the year ended December 31, 2023 compared to $373 million in the prior year period. This performance reflected the impact to gross profit of higher net price realization and volume/mix growth (34 percentage points) and favorable FX impacts (8 percentage points), partially offset by net inflation in ingredients and materials (13 percentage points). Operating margin increased 240 bps versus the year ago period to 24.7%.
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For the Year Ended December 31, 2022 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2021:
Consolidated Operations
The following table sets forth our consolidated results of operations for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021:
 For the Year Ended December 31,DollarPercentage
(in millions, except per share amounts)20222021ChangeChange
Net sales$14,057$12,683$1,374 10.8 %
Cost of sales6,7345,7061,028 18.0 
Gross profit7,3236,977346 5.0 
Selling, general and administrative expenses4,6454,153492 11.8 
Impairment of intangible assets477477 NM
Gain on litigation settlement(299)(299)NM
Other operating income, net(105)(70)(35)NM
Income from operations2,6052,894(289)(10.0)
Interest expense, net693500193 38.6 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt217105112 NM
Gain on sale of equity method investment(50)(524)474 NM
Impairment of investments and note receivable1217(5)NM
Other (income) expense, net14(2)16 NM
Income before provision for income taxes1,7192,798(1,079)(38.6)
Provision for income taxes284653(369)(56.5)
Net income including non-controlling interest1,4352,145(710)(33.1)
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interest(1)(1)— NM
Net income attributable to KDP$1,436$2,146$(710)(33.1)%
Earnings per common share:  
Basic$1.01$1.52$(0.51)(33.6)%
Diluted1.011.50(0.49)(32.7)%
Gross margin52.1 %55.0 %(290) bps
Operating margin18.5 %22.8 %(430) bps
Effective tax rate16.5 %23.3 %(680) bps
Sales Volume. The following table sets forth changes in sales volume for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to the prior year:
LRB1.4 %
K-Cup pods1.4 %
Appliances(5.2)%

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Net Sales. Net sales increased $1,374 million, or 10.8%, to $14,057 million for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to $12,683 million in the year ended December 31, 2021. This performance reflected favorable net price realization across all segments totaling 10.6% and volume/mix growth of 0.5%, slightly offset by unfavorable FX translation of 0.3%.
Gross Profit. Gross profit increased $346 million, or 5.0%, to $7,323 million for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to $6,977 million in the year ended December 31, 2021. This performance primarily reflected the impact of strong growth in net sales (18 percentage points), partially offset by net inflation in ingredients and materials (9 percentage points), increases in other manufacturing costs (2 percentage points), and an unfavorable change in unrealized commodity mark-to-market impacts (2 percentage points). Gross margin decreased 290 bps versus the year ago period to 52.1%.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. SG&A expenses increased $492 million, or 11.8%, to $4,645 million for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to $4,153 million in the year ended December 31, 2021. The increase reflected the impact of higher transportation and warehousing costs (7 percentage points), driven by both inflation and volume/mix impacts, an unfavorable comparison of unrealized mark-to-market losses on commodity contracts (1 percentage points), and increased other operating costs.
Impairment of Intangible Assets. Impairment of intangible assets reflected non-cash impairment charges of $477 million, primarily driven by Bai and Schweppes. Refer to Note 3 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.
Gain on Litigation Settlement. Gain on litigation settlement of $299 million reflects the portion of the settlement payment from BodyArmor which was allocated to the gain on the full settlement of the existing claims against BodyArmor in 2022.
Other Operating Income, Net. Other operating income, net increased $35 million to $105 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, compared to $70 million in the year ended December 31, 2021, primarily driven by the impact of non-operational activity, led by a business interruption insurance recovery and a favorable comparison of year-over-year sale-leaseback activity.
Income from Operations. Income from operations decreased $289 million, or 10.0%, to $2,605 million for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to $2,894 million in the year ended December 31, 2021, primarily driven by the non-cash impairment charges of $477 million, which were partially offset by the non-recurring gain on the litigation settlement of $299 million. The decrease in income from operations also reflected the impact of increased SG&A expenses, which were partially offset by benefit of increased gross profit. Operating margin decreased 430 bps versus the year ago period to 18.5%.
Interest Expense, Net. Interest expense, net increased $193 million, or 38.6%, to $693 million for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to $500 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, primarily driven by the impact of unfavorable comparison of unrealized mark-to-market losses on interest rate contracts (51 percentage points), which was partially offset by the impact of reduced interest expense on our senior unsecured notes resulting from our strategic refinancing initiatives (10 percentage points).
Loss on Early Extinguishment of Debt. Loss on early extinguishment of debt reflected an unfavorable change of $112 million, with a loss of $217 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 related to our 2022 Strategic Refinancing and our early retirement of our 2038 Notes, the 2021 364-Day Credit Agreement and the KDP Revolver, as compared to a loss of $105 million in the prior year associated with our 2021 strategic refinancing.
Gain on Sale of Equity Method Investment. For the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, we recorded $50 million and $524 million, respectively, for the sale of our equity method investment in BodyArmor. The amount recorded in 2022 represents the portion of the settlement payment from BodyArmor that was allocated to the satisfaction of the holdback amount owed to us.
Other (income) expense, net. Other (income) expense, net of $14 million reflected an unfavorable change of $16 million from the year ended December 31, 2021, primarily driven by unfavorable FX translation impacts of $8 million and net losses on our investments in equity securities of $5 million.
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Effective Tax Rate. The effective tax rate decreased 680 bps to 16.5% for the year ended December 31, 2022, compared to 23.3% in the year ended December 31, 2021, primarily driven by the revaluation of state deferred tax liabilities (450 percentage points) and the favorable mix of our incremental income in low tax jurisdictions in the year (360 percentage points). Refer to Note 13 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.
Net Income Attributable to KDP. Net income attributable to KDP decreased $710 million, or 33.1%, to $1,436 million for the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to $2,146 million in the year ended December 31, 2021.
Diluted EPS. Diluted EPS decreased 32.7% to $1.01 per diluted share as compared to $1.50 in the year ended December 31, 2021, driven by the decrease in net income attributable to KDP.
Results of Operations by Segment
The following tables set forth net sales and income from operations for our segments for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, as well as the other amounts necessary to reconcile our total segment results to our consolidated results presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP:
For the Year Ended December 31,
(in millions)20222021
Segment Results — Net sales
U.S. Refreshment Beverages$8,083 $7,120 
U.S. Coffee4,302 4,089 
International1,672 1,474 
Net sales$14,057 $12,683 
For the Year Ended December 31,
(in millions)20222021
Segment Results — Income from Operations  
U.S. Refreshment Beverages$1,961 $1,961 
U.S. Coffee1,215 1,306 
International373 382 
Unallocated corporate costs(944)(755)
Income from operations$2,605 $2,894 
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U.S. Refreshment Beverages
The following table provides selected information for our U.S. Refreshment Beverages segment for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021:
For the Year Ended December 31,DollarPercentage
(in millions)20222021ChangeChange
Net sales$8,083 $7,120 $963 13.5 %
Income from operations1,961 1,961 — — %
Operating margin24.3 %27.5 %(320) bps
Sales Volume. Sales volume for the year ended December 31, 2022 increased 1.6% compared to the year ended December 31, 2021. Growth in our branded portfolio, particularly in Dr Pepper, Canada Dry, Mott’s, and Core, was mostly offset by reductions in contract manufacturing and softness in Bai, Schweppes, Crush, Polar, and Hawaiian Punch.
Net Sales. Net sales increased 13.5% to $8,083 million for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to $7,120 million in the year ended December 31, 2021, driven by favorable net price realization of 12.9% and volume/mix growth of 0.6%.
Income from Operations. Income from operations of $1,961 million for the year ended December 31, 2022 was flat compared to the year ended December 31, 2021, primarily driven by the impact of non-cash impairment charges (24 percentage points), led by Bai and Schweppes, which were partially offset by impact of the non-recurring gain on the settlement of litigation with BodyArmor (14 percentage points). Other recurring factors included the impact to gross profit of the benefits of net sales growth (45 percentage points), offset by the impact of net inflation in ingredients and materials (12 percentage points), net increases in transportation and warehousing costs (12 percentage points), and increases in other manufacturing costs (7 percentage points) and other operating costs. Operating margin decreased 320 bps versus the year ended December 31, 2021 to 24.3%.
U.S. Coffee
The following table provides selected information for our U.S. Coffee segment for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021:
For the Year Ended December 31,DollarPercentage
(in millions)20222021ChangeChange
Net sales$4,302 $4,089 $213 5.2 %
Income from operations1,215 1,306 (91)(7.0)%
Operating margin28.2 %31.9 %(370) bps
Sales Volume. Inclusive of the impact of the 53rd week, K-Cup pod volume increased 1.2% for the year ended December 31, 2022, which reflected the segment’s coffee recovery program to increase K-Cup pod manufacturing output and rebuild finished goods inventories to satisfy consumer demand and restore customer service levels. Appliance volume decreased 5.9% in the year ended December 31, 2022, driven by the unfavorable comparison to appliance shipment growth of 10.7% in the year ended December 31, 2021 as appliance household penetration growth rates returned to expected long-term trends.
Net Sales. Net sales increased 5.2% to $4,302 million in the year ended December 31, 2022, compared to $4,089 million in the year ended December 31, 2021, driven by favorable net price realization of 6.4%, partially offset by volume/mix declines of 1.2%.
Income from Operations. Income from operations decreased $91 million, or 7.0%, to $1,215 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, compared to $1,306 million in the year ended December 31, 2021, driven by the impacts to income from operations of net inflation in ingredients and materials (20 percentage points) and increased other operating costs, partially offset by the impact to gross profit of the benefits of net sales growth (16 percentage points). Operating margin declined 370 bps versus the year ended December 31, 2021 to 28.2%.
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International
The following table provides selected information for our International segment for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021:
For the Year Ended December 31,DollarPercentage
(in millions)20222021ChangeChange
Net sales$1,672 $1,474 $198 13.4 %
Income from operations373 382 (9)(2.4)%
Operating margin22.3 %25.9 %(360) bps
Sales Volume. The following table provides the percentage change in sales volumes for the International segment compared to the prior year period:
Percentage Change
LRB5.5 %
K-Cup pods3.3 %
Appliances2.4 %
Net Sales. Net sales increased 13.4% to $1,672 million in the year ended December 31, 2022, compared to $1,474 million in the year ended December 31, 2021, reflecting higher net price realization of 11.4% and volume/mix growth of 4.1%, slightly offset by unfavorable FX translation effects of 2.1%.
Income from Operations. Income from operations decreased $9 million, or 2.4%, to $373 million for the year ended December 31, 2022 compared to $382 million in the year ended December 31, 2021, reflecting the impacts to income from operations of net inflation in ingredients and materials (26 percentage points), net increases in transportation and warehousing costs (11 percentage points), and increases in other manufacturing costs (9 percentage points). These factors were partially offset by the impact to gross profit of the benefits of net sales growth (43 percentage points). Operating margin decreased 360 bps versus the year ended December 31, 2021 to 22.3%.
39

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Overview
We believe our financial condition and liquidity remain strong. We continue to manage all aspects of our business, including monitoring the financial health of our customers, suppliers, and other third-party relationships, implementing cost management strategies through our productivity initiatives, and developing new opportunities for growth such as innovation and agreements with partners to distribute brands that are accretive to our portfolio.
Cash generated by our foreign operations is generally repatriated to the U.S. periodically as working capital funding requirements, where allowed. We do not expect restrictions or taxes on repatriation of cash held outside the U.S. to have a material effect on our overall business, liquidity, financial condition or results of operations for the foreseeable future.
The following summarizes our cash activity for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022, and 2021:
571
Principal Sources of Capital Resources
Our principal sources of liquidity are our existing cash and cash equivalents, cash generated from our operations, and borrowing capacity currently available under our 2022 Revolving Credit Agreement. Additionally, we have an uncommitted commercial paper program where we can issue unsecured commercial paper notes on a private placement basis. Based on our current and anticipated level of operations, we believe that our operating cash flows will be sufficient to meet our anticipated obligations for the next twelve months and thereafter for the foreseeable future. To the extent that our operating cash flows are not sufficient to meet our liquidity needs, we may utilize cash on hand or amounts available under our financing arrangements, if necessary. At any time, and from time to time, we may seek additional deleveraging, refinancing or liquidity enhancing transactions, including entering into transactions to repurchase or redeem of outstanding indebtedness, increase the size of our commercial paper program, or otherwise seek transactions to reduce interest expense, extend debt maturities and improve our capital and liquidity structure.
Sources of Liquidity - Operations
Net cash provided by operating activities decreased $1,508 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2022. This was primarily driven by the reduction in accounts payable and the unfavorable year-over-year impact of the $349 million gain from BodyArmor in 2022, which were partially offset by a $745 million increase in net income attributable to KDP, reflecting the favorable comparison to non-cash impairment charges and losses on early extinguishment of debt in 2022.
40

Cash Conversion Cycle
Our cash conversion cycle is defined as DIO and DSO less DPO. The calculation of each component of the cash conversion cycle is provided below:
ComponentCalculation (on a trailing twelve month basis)
DIO(Average inventory divided by cost of sales) * Number of days in the period
DSO(Accounts receivable divided by net sales) * Number of days in the period
DPO(Accounts payable * Number of days in the period) divided by cost of sales and SG&A expenses
The following table summarizes our cash conversion cycle.
December 31,
20232022
DIO71 68 
DSO34 39 
DPO113 167 
Cash conversion cycle(8)(60)
Our cash conversion cycle increased 52 days to approximately (8) days as of December 31, 2023 as compared to (60) days as of December 31, 2022. The change was largely due the decrease in DPO, primarily driven by the reduction of payment terms for certain suppliers.
Accounts Payable Program
As part of our ongoing efforts to improve our cash flow and related liquidity, we work with our suppliers to optimize our terms and conditions, which includes payment terms. Excluding our suppliers who require cash at date of purchase or sale, our current payment terms with our suppliers generally range from 10 to 360 days. We also enter into agreements with third party administrators to allow participating suppliers to track payment obligations from us, and, if voluntarily elected by the supplier, sell payment obligations from us to financial institutions. Suppliers can sell one or more of our payment obligations at their sole discretion and our rights and obligations to our suppliers are not impacted. We have no economic interest in a supplier’s decision to enter into these agreements and no direct financial relationship with the financial institutions. Our obligations to our suppliers, including amounts due and scheduled payment terms, are not impacted. Refer to Note 2 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on our obligations to participating suppliers.
Sources of Liquidity - Financing
627
Refer to Note 4 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements for management's discussion of our financing arrangements.
We also have an active shelf registration statement, filed with the SEC on August 19, 2022, which allows us to issue an indeterminate number or amount of common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, and warrants from time to time in one or more offerings at the direction of our Board.
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Sources of Liquidity - Asset Sale-Leaseback Transactions
We have leveraged our strategic asset investment program to create value from certain assets to enable reinvestment in KDP. These transactions are accounted for as sale-leaseback transactions. We received $7 million, $168 million, and $102 million of net cash proceeds from our strategic asset investment program during the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022, and 2021, respectively, which are included in Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Debt Ratings
As of December 31, 2023, our credit ratings were as follows:
Rating AgencyLong-Term Debt RatingCommercial Paper RatingOutlook
Moody'sBaa1P-2Stable
S&PBBBA-2Stable
These debt and commercial paper ratings impact the interest we pay on our financing arrangements. A downgrade of one or both of our debt and commercial paper ratings could increase our interest expense and decrease the cash available to fund anticipated obligations. As of December 31, 2023, we were in compliance with all debt covenants and we have no reason to believe that we will be unable to satisfy these covenants.
Principal Uses of Capital Resources
Over the past several years, our principal uses of our capital resources were deleveraging, providing direct shareholder return through regular quarterly dividends, and investing in KDP to capture market share and drive growth through innovation and routes to market.
After meeting our post-merger goals at the end of 2021, we’ve established a long-term plan to further reduce our leverage ratio. We also plan to invest in value creation through mergers, acquisitions, or strategic partnerships, including portfolio expansion, distribution scale, geographic expansion, and new capabilities. In addition, we have repurchased shares of our outstanding common stock, as described below.
Regular Quarterly Dividends
We have declared total dividends of $0.830 per share, $0.775 per share, and $0.7125 per share for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022, and 2021.
Repurchases of Common Stock
Our Board authorized a four-year share repurchase program, ending December 31, 2025, of up to $4 billion of our outstanding common stock, potentially enabling us to return value to shareholders. We repurchased and retired $706 million and $379 million of common stock during the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022. As of December 31, 2023, $2,915 million remained available for repurchase under the authorized share repurchase program.
Capital Expenditures
We are investing in state-of-the-art manufacturing and warehousing facilities, including expansive investments in next-generation facilities in Spartanburg, South Carolina; and Allentown, Pennsylvania, in order to optimize our supply chain network.
Purchases of property, plant and equipment were $425 million, $353 million, and $423 million for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022, and 2021, respectively.
Capital expenditures, which includes both purchases of property, plant, and equipment and amounts included in accounts payable and accrued expenses, for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022, and 2021 primarily related to the manufacturing and warehousing facilities discussed above, as well as our Newbridge, Ireland facility in 2022 and 2021. Capital expenditures included in accounts payable and accrued expenses were $276 million, $213 million, and $189 million for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022, and 2021, respectively, which primarily related to these investments.
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Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates
From time to time, we expect to invest in beverage startup companies or in brand ownership companies to grow our presence in certain product categories, or enter into various licensing and distribution agreements to expand our product portfolio. Our investments in beverage startup companies generally involve acquiring a minority interest in equity securities of a company, in certain cases with a protected path to ownership at our future option. Our equity investments included $300 million in exchange for equity interests in Chobani during the year ended December 31, 2023, and $863 million for equity interests in Nutrabolt during the year ended December 31, 2022.
Purchases of Intangible Assets
We have invested in the expansion of our DSD network through transactions with strategic independent bottlers or third-party brand ownership companies to ensure competitive distribution scale for our brands. From time to time, we additionally acquire brand ownership companies to expand our portfolio. These transactions are generally accounted for as an asset acquisition, as the majority of the transaction price represents the acquisition of an intangible asset. Purchases of intangible assets were $56 million, $45 million, and $32 million for the years ended December 31, 2023, 2022, and 2021, respectively.
RESIDUAL VALUE GUARANTEES
We have a number of leasing arrangements and one licensing arrangement with the Veyron SPEs. Each one of these arrangements contain a residual value guarantee. As of December 31, 2023, we have not recorded any liabilities as it is not probable that we will have to make any payments required under the residual value guarantee. Refer to Note 18 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements for further information.
43

UNCERTAINTIES AND TRENDS AFFECTING LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Disruptions in financial and credit markets, including those caused by inflation due to global economic uncertainty and the associated rise in interest rates, may impact our ability to manage normal commercial relationships with our customers, suppliers, and creditors. These disruptions could have a negative impact on the ability of our customers to timely pay their obligations to us, thus reducing our cash flow, or the ability of our vendors to timely supply materials.
Customer and consumer demand for our products may also be impacted by the risk factors discussed under "Risk Factors" in Part 1, Item 1A in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as subsequent filings with the SEC, that could have a material effect on production, delivery and consumption of our products, which could result in a reduction in our sales volume.
We believe that the following events, trends and uncertainties may also impact liquidity:
Our ability to either repay existing debt maturities through cash flow from operations or refinance through future issuances of senior unsecured notes;
Our ability to access and/or renew our committed financing arrangements;
Our ability to issue unsecured uncommitted commercial paper notes on a private placement basis up to a maximum aggregate amount outstanding at any time of $4,000 million;
Future mergers, acquisitions, or debt or equity investments, which may include brand ownership companies, regional bottling companies, distributors, and/or distribution rights to further extend our geographic coverage;
Seasonality and other variability in our operating cash flows, which could impact short-term liquidity;
Our continued payment of regular quarterly dividends;
Future repurchases of our common stock or special dividends to drive total shareholder return;
Our continued capital expenditures;
Fluctuations in our tax obligations; and
A significant downgrade in our credit ratings could limit i) our ability to issue debt at terms that are favorable to us, or ii) a financial institution's willingness to participate in our accounts payable program and reduce the attractiveness of the accounts payable program to participating suppliers who may sell payment obligations from us to financial institutions, which could impact our accounts payable program.
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CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES
The process of preparing our consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the use of estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, and expenses. Critical accounting estimates are both fundamental to the portrayal of a company’s financial condition and results and require difficult, subjective or complex estimates and assessments. These estimates and judgments are based on historical experience, future expectations and other factors and assumptions we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. The most significant estimates and judgments are reviewed on an ongoing basis and revised when necessary. We have not made any material changes in the accounting methodology we use to assess or measure our critical accounting estimates. We have identified the items described below as our critical accounting estimates. We do not believe there is a reasonable likelihood that there will be a material change in the future estimates or assumptions we use in our critical accounting estimates. However, if actual results are not consistent with our estimates or assumptions, we may be exposed to gains or losses that could be material to our consolidated financial statements. See Note 2 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of these and other accounting policies.
Impairment Assessment of Goodwill and Other Indefinite Lived Intangible Assets
We conduct tests for impairment of our goodwill and our other indefinite lived intangible assets annually, as of October 1, or more frequently if events or circumstances indicate the carrying amount may not be recoverable. We use present value and other valuation techniques to make this assessment. If the carrying amount of goodwill or an intangible asset exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to that excess. For purposes of impairment testing, we assign goodwill to the reporting unit that benefits from the synergies arising from each business combination, and we also assign indefinite lived intangible assets to our reporting units.
Effective January 1, 2023, we revised our segment structure to more closely reflect how our CODM manages the business, assesses performance and allocates resources. This segment change also resulted in a revision to our reporting units. For the year ended December 31, 2023, our reportable segments were as follows:
U.S. Refreshment Beverages (reporting units: U.S. Beverage Concentrates, U.S. Warehouse Direct, and Direct Store Delivery)
U.S. Coffee (reporting unit: U.S. Coffee)
International (reporting units: Canada Beverage Concentrates, Canada Warehouse Direct, Canada Coffee, and Latin America Beverages)
For both goodwill and other indefinite lived intangible assets, we have the option to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether the fair value of either the reporting unit or indefinite lived intangible asset is "more likely than not" less than its carrying value, also known as a Step 0 analysis. If a quantitative analysis is required, the following would be required:
The impairment test for indefinite lived intangible assets encompasses calculating a fair value of an indefinite lived intangible asset and comparing the fair value to its carrying value. If the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value, impairment is recorded.
The impairment tests for goodwill include comparing fair value of the respective reporting unit with its carrying value, including goodwill and considering any indefinite lived intangible asset impairment charges.
As of October 1, 2023, we performed a quantitative analysis for goodwill and all of our indefinite lived brand assets, whereby we used an income approach, or in some cases a combination of income and market based approaches, to determine the fair value of our assets, as well as an overall consideration of market capitalization and enterprise value. These types of analyses contain uncertainties because they require management to make assumptions and to apply judgment to estimate industry and economic factors and the profitability of future business strategies. These assumptions could be negatively impacted by various risks discussed in Item 1A, Risk Factors, in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
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Critical assumptions for quantitative analyses include revenue growth and profit performance over the next five year period, as well as an appropriate discount rate and long-term growth rate, as applicable. Discount rates are based on a weighted average cost of equity and cost of debt, adjusted with various risk premiums. Long-term growth rates are based on the long-term inflation forecast, industry growth and the long-term economic growth potential.
The following table provides the range of rates used in the analysis as of October 1, 2023:
RateMinimumMaximum
Discount rates8.0 %13.5 %
Long-term growth rates— %4.0 %
Royalty rates1.0 %10.0 %
The following table shows the non-cash impairment charges that were recorded for indefinite lived brand assets for the years presented:
Year Ended December 31,
(in millions)202320222021
Non-cash impairment charges for indefinite lived brand assets$ $472 $— 
Sensitivity Analysis - Discount Rate
For goodwill, holding all other assumptions in the analysis constant, including the revenue and profit performance assumption, the effect of a 0.50% increase in the discount rate used to determine the fair value of the reporting units as of October 1, 2023, would not change our conclusion.
For the brand and trade name indefinite-lived intangible assets quantitatively assessed, holding all other assumptions in the analysis constant, including the revenue and profit performance assumption, the effect of a 0.50% increase in the discount rate used to determine the fair value of those assets as of October 1, 2023, would impact the amount of headroom over the carrying value of the following assets as follows (in millions):
Selected Discount RateDiscount Rate Increase of 0.50%
Headroom PercentageCarrying ValueFair ValueCarrying ValueFair Value
Brands
0%$— $— $28 $27 
Less than 25%2,274 2,493 4,445 4,903 
25 - 50%2,339 3,018 2,537 3,747 
In excess of 50%14,767 29,002 12,370 23,106 
Trade Names
In excess of 50%2,478 5,930 2,478 5,490 
.
Sensitivity Analysis - Long-Term Growth Rate
For goodwill, holding all other assumptions in the analysis constant, including the discrete period revenue and profit performance assumptions as well as the discount rates, the effect of a 0.50% decrease in the long-term growth rate used to determine the fair value of the reporting units as of October 1, 2023, would not change our conclusion.
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For the indefinite-lived priority brand assets quantitatively assessed, holding all other assumptions in the analysis constant, including the discrete period revenue and profit performance assumptions as well as the discount rates, the effect of a 0.50% decrease in the long-term revenue growth rate used to determine the fair value of those assets as of October 1, 2023, would impact the amount of headroom over the carrying value of the following assets as follows (in millions):
Selected Long-Term Growth RateLong-Term Growth Rate
 Decrease of 0.50%
Headroom PercentageCarrying ValueFair ValueCarrying ValueFair Value
Brands
0%$— $— $— $— 
Less than 25%2,246 2,465 3,858 4,265 
25 - 50%2,339 3,018 727 912 
In excess of 50%14,756 28,985 14,756 27,183 
.
Sensitivity Analysis - Royalty Rate
For the indefinite-lived trade names quantitatively assessed, holding all other assumptions in the analysis constant, including the discrete period revenue performance assumptions as well as the discount rates, the effect of a 0.50% decrease in the royalty rate used to determine the fair value of those trade names as of October 1, 2023, would impact the amount of headroom over the carrying value of those trade names as follows (in millions):
Selected Royalty RateRoyalty Rate Decrease of 0.50%
Headroom PercentageCarrying ValueFair ValueCarrying ValueFair Value
Trade Names
In excess of 50%2,478 5,930 2,478 5,580 
Refer to Note 3 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information about our impairment assessments.
Revenue Recognition
We recognize revenue when performance obligations under the terms of a contract with the customer are satisfied. Accruals for customer incentives, sales returns, and marketing programs are established for the expected payout based on contractual terms, volume-based metrics, and/or historical trends.
Our customer incentives, sales returns, and marketing accrual methodology contains uncertainties because it requires management to make assumptions and to apply judgment regarding our contractual terms in order to estimate our customer participation and volume performance levels which impact the revenue recognition. Our estimates are based primarily on a combination of known or historical transaction experiences. Differences between estimated revenue and actual revenue are normally insignificant and are recognized into earnings in the period differences are determined.
Additionally, judgment is required to ensure the classification of the spend is correctly recorded as either a reduction from gross sales or advertising and marketing expense, which is a component of our SG&A expenses.
A 10% change in the accrual for our customer incentives, sales returns and marketing programs would have affected our income from operations by $53 million for the year ended December 31, 2023.
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Income Taxes
We establish income tax liabilities to remove some or all of the income tax benefit of any of our income tax positions based upon one of the following:
the tax position is not “more likely than not” to be sustained,
the tax position is “more likely than not” to be sustained, but for a lesser amount, or
the tax position is “more likely than not” to be sustained, but not in the financial period in which the tax position was originally taken.
Our liability for uncertain tax positions contains uncertainties because management is required to make assumptions and to apply judgment to estimate the exposures associated with our various tax positions.
Our income tax returns, like those of most companies, are periodically audited by domestic and foreign tax authorities. These audits include questions regarding our tax positions, including the timing and amount of deductions and the allocation of income among various tax jurisdictions. As these audits progress, events may occur that cause us to change our liability for uncertain tax positions. To the extent we prevail in matters for which a liability for uncertain tax positions has been established, or are required to pay amounts in excess of our established liability, our effective tax rate in a given financial statement period could be materially affected. An unfavorable tax settlement generally would require use of our cash and may result in an increase in our effective tax rate in the period of resolution. A favorable tax settlement may be recognized as a reduction in our effective tax rate in the period of resolution.
Impairment Assessment of Equity Method Investments Without Readily Determinable Fair Values
Equity method investments are reviewed each reporting period to determine whether a significant event or change in circumstances has occurred that may have an adverse effect on the fair value of each investment. When such events or changes occur, we evaluate the fair value compared to our carrying value of the investment. We also perform this evaluation every reporting period for each investment for which our carrying value has exceeded the fair value. For investments in non-publicly traded companies, management’s assessment of fair value is based on various valuation methodologies, including the option pricing model when the investment is in a preferred class of security, discounted cash flows, market multiples, and the impact of our contractual terms with the investee, as appropriate. We consider the assumptions that we believe a market participant would use in evaluating estimated future cash flows when employing the discounted cash flow methodologies. The ability to accurately predict future cash flows, especially in emerging and developing markets, may impact the determination of fair value. In the event the fair value of an investment declines below our carrying value, management is required to determine if the decline in fair value is other than temporary. If management determines the decline is other than temporary, an impairment charge is recorded.
Investments in Variable Interest Entities
We have made equity investments in entities that are considered VIEs, including Nutrabolt and Chobani. We would consolidate a VIE for which we are determined to be the primary beneficiary.
To determine if we are the primary beneficiary of a VIE, we assess specific criteria and use judgment when determining if we have the power to direct the significant activities of the VIE and the obligation to absorb losses or receive benefits from the VIE that may be significant to the VIE. Factors considered include risk and reward sharing, voting rights, involvement in day-to-day capital and operating decisions, representation on a VIE’s governance structure, existence of unilateral kick-out rights exclusive of protective rights or voting rights, and level of economic disproportionality between us and the VIE’s other partner(s). We have determined that we are not the primary beneficiary of any VIEs. Refer to Note 18 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on our investments in VIEs.
EFFECT OF RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Refer to Note 2 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of recently issued accounting standards and recently adopted provisions of U.S. GAAP.
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SUPPLEMENTAL GUARANTOR FINANCIAL INFORMATION
The Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by certain of our direct and indirect subsidiaries (the "Guarantors"), as defined in the indentures governing the Notes. The Guarantors are 100% owned either directly or indirectly by us and jointly and severally guarantee, subject to the release provisions described below, our obligations under the Notes. None of our subsidiaries organized outside of the U.S., nor any of the subsidiaries held by Maple Parent Holdings Corp. prior to the DPS Merger, nor any of the subsidiaries acquired after the DPS Merger (collectively, the "Non-Guarantors") guarantee the Notes. The subsidiary guarantees with respect to the Notes are subject to release upon the occurrence of certain events, including the sale of all or substantially all of a subsidiary's assets, the release of the subsidiary's guarantee of our other indebtedness, our exercise of the legal defeasance option with respect to the Notes and the discharge of our obligations under the applicable indenture.
The following schedules present the summarized financial information for the Parent and the Guarantors on a combined basis after intercompany eliminations; the Parent and the Guarantors' amounts due from; amounts due to, and transactions with Non-Guarantors are disclosed separately. The consolidating schedules are provided in accordance with the reporting requirements of Rule 13-01 under SEC Regulation S-X for the issuer and guarantor subsidiaries.
The summarized financial information for the Parent and Guarantors were as follows:
(in millions)For the Year Ended December 31, 2023
Net sales$9,147 
Gross profit4,796 
Income from operations1,284 
Net income attributable to KDP2,181 
December 31,
(in millions)20232022
Current assets$1,957 $1,712 
Non-current assets48,029 45,721 
Total assets(1)
$49,986 $47,433 
Current liabilities$6,749 $4,797 
Non-current liabilities16,689 17,463 
Total liabilities(2)
$23,438 $22,260 
(1)Includes $56 million and $3 million of intercompany receivables due to the Parent and Guarantors from the Non-Guarantors as of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.
(2)Includes $1,399 million and $1,186 million of intercompany payables due to the Non-Guarantors from the Parent and Guarantors as of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.
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ITEM 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
We are exposed to market risks arising from changes in market rates and prices, including movements in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates, and commodity prices. We regularly enter into derivatives or other financial instruments to hedge or mitigate commercial risks. We do not enter into derivative instruments for speculative purposes. Refer to Note 5 of the Notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements for further information about our derivative instruments.
FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK
The majority of our net sales, expenses, and capital purchases are transacted in U.S. dollars. However, we have exposure with respect to foreign exchange rate fluctuations. Our primary exposure to foreign exchange rates is the Canadian dollar, the Mexican peso, and the Euro against the U.S. dollar. Exchange rate gains or losses related to foreign currency transactions are recognized as transaction gains or losses in earnings as incurred.
We use derivative instruments such as foreign exchange forward contracts to manage a portion of our exposure to changes in foreign exchange rates. As of December 31, 2023, we had derivative contracts outstanding with notional values of $1,135 million maturing at various dates through December 2024. The fair value of foreign currency derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting resulted in a net unrealized loss of $13 million as of December 31, 2023, and the impact of a 10% weakening in the U.S. dollar is estimated to decrease the fair value by approximately $49 million. The fair value of foreign currency derivatives that do not qualify for hedge accounting resulted in a net unrealized loss of $3 million as of December 31, 2023, and the impact of a 10% weakening in the U.S. dollar is estimated to decrease the fair value by approximately $40 million. Any increase or decrease in the value of the foreign currency derivatives would have an approximately offsetting change in the underlying hedged risk.
INTEREST RATE RISK
We centrally manage our debt portfolio through the use of interest rate contracts and monitor our mix of fixed-rate and variable-rate debt. As of December 31, 2023, the carrying value of our fixed-rate debt, excluding lease obligations, was $11,095 million, and our variable-rate debt was $2,096 million, comprised entirely of commercial paper. From time to time, we also enter into interest rate contracts that effectively result in variable-rate interest payments or receipts. These derivative instruments are generally based on SOFR and a credit spread. As of December 31, 2023, certain of our outstanding forward starting swaps, with a total notional value of $1,200 million, are expected to begin such payments or receipts in the first quarter of 2024.
We estimate that the potential impact to our interest rate expense associated with variable rate interest payments resulting from a hypothetical interest rate change of 1%, based on amounts outstanding as of December 31, 2023, would be an increase or decrease of approximately $33 million. Our estimate of the annual impact to interest expense reflects our assumption that SOFR will not fall below 0%.
COMMODITY RISK
We are subject to market risks with respect to commodities because our ability to recover increased costs through higher pricing may be limited by the competitive environment in which we operate. Our principal commodities risks relate to our purchases of coffee beans, PET, aluminum, diesel fuel, corn (for high fructose corn syrup), apple juice concentrate, sucrose, and natural gas (for use in processing and packaging).
We utilize commodities derivative instruments and supplier pricing agreements to hedge the risk of movements in commodity prices for limited time periods for certain commodities. As of December 31, 2023, we had derivative contracts outstanding with a notional value of $500 million maturing at various dates through December 2025. The fair market value of these contracts as of December 31, 2023 was a net liability of $52 million. As of December 31, 2023, a 10% change (up or down) in commodity prices is estimated to increase or decrease the fair value of these derivative instruments by approximately $45 million. Any increase or decrease in the value of the commodities derivatives instruments would have an approximately offsetting change in the underlying hedged risk.
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ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA