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Form 10-K CASEYS GENERAL STORES For: Apr 30

June 24, 2022 11:54 AM EDT

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casy-20220430
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United States
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
FORM 10-K
 
Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the Fiscal Year Ended April 30, 2022
OR
 
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Commission File Number 001-34700 
CASEY’S GENERAL STORES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
 
Iowa 42-0935283
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
ONE SE CONVENIENCE BLVD., Ankeny, Iowa
(Address of principal executive offices)
50021
(Zip Code)
(515) 965-6100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities Registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act 
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, no par value per shareCASYThe NASDAQ Global Select Market

Securities Registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act
NONE 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.    Yes       No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes    No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act
 
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.   
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s common stock held by non-affiliates as of October 31, 2021, was approximately $7.1 billion based on the closing sales price ($191.54 per share) as quoted on the NASDAQ Global Select Market.
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s class of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 
Class Outstanding at June 13, 2022
Common Stock, no par value per share 37,188,314 shares
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Certain information called for by Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III is hereby incorporated by reference from the definitive Proxy Statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with the Annual Meeting of Shareholders, which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission not later than 120 days after April 30, 2022.



FORM 10-K

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART IITEM 1.
ITEM 1A.
ITEM 1B.
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
PART IIITEM 5.
ITEM 6.
ITEM 7.
ITEM 7A.
ITEM 8.
ITEM 9.
ITEM 9A.
ITEM 9B.
PART IIIITEM 10.
ITEM 11.
ITEM 12.
ITEM 13.
ITEM 14.
PART IVITEM 15.
ITEM 16.
3

PART I

ITEM 1.BUSINESS
The Company
As of April 30, 2022, Casey’s General Stores, Inc. and its direct and indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries operate convenience stores primarily under the names "Casey's" and “Casey’s General Store" (collectively, with the stores below referenced as "GoodStop" or "Bucky's", referred to as "Casey's" or the "Company") throughout 16 states, primarily in Iowa, Missouri, and Illinois. All convenience stores carry a broad selection of food items (including, but not limited to, freshly prepared foods such as regular and breakfast pizza, donuts, hot breakfast items, and hot and cold sandwiches), beverages, tobacco and nicotine products, health and beauty aids, automotive products, and other nonfood items. As of April 30, 2022, 212 store locations offered car washes. In addition, all but four offer fuel for sale on a self-service basis.
During the fiscal year, the Company introduced certain stores branded or rebranded as "GoodStop (by Casey’s)". Similar to most of our store footprint, the "GoodStop" locations offer fuel for sale on a self-serve basis, and a broad selection of snacks, beverages, tobacco products, and other essentials. However, these locations typically do not have a kitchen and have limited prepared food offerings. As of April 30, 2022, 46 stores operate under the "GoodStop" brand.
The Company is also temporarily operating certain locations acquired from Buchanan Energy during the fiscal year under the name, "Bucky's." The Company is in the process of transitioning all "Bucky's" locations to either the "Casey's" or "GoodStop" brand. These locations typically have similar offerings to the “Casey’s” branded stores. The Company also operates two stores selling primarily tobacco and nicotine products, one liquor-only store, and one grocery store.
The Company acquired a dealer network from Buchanan Energy during the 2022 fiscal year. As of April 30, 2022, there were 76 dealer locations where Casey’s manages fuel wholesale supply agreements to these stores. These locations are not operated by Casey's and are not included in our overall store count in the paragraph below.
On April 30, 2022, there were a total of 2,452 stores in operation. There were 21 stores newly constructed in fiscal 2022, and we closed 20 stores in fiscal 2022. We also acquired 207 stores in fiscal 2022; 204 of those stores were opened in fiscal 2022, and 3 will be opened during the 2023 fiscal year. Finally, we opened 4 stores purchased in the prior year.
Approximately 51% of all stores in the Company were opened in areas with populations of fewer than 5,000 persons, while approximately 25% of our stores were opened in communities with populations of more than 20,000 persons. The Company competes on the basis of price, as well as on the basis of traditional features of convenience store operations such as location, extended hours, product offerings, and quality of service.
The Company operates three distribution centers - in Ankeny, Iowa adjacent, to our corporate headquarters, which we refer to as our Store Support Center, in Terre Haute, Indiana and in Joplin, Missouri - from which certain grocery and general merchandise items are supplied to our stores, primarily by our Company-operated delivery fleet. The Company also self-distributes the majority of fuel to our stores. The Company has a fleet of 365 tractors used for grocery and fuel distribution.
Our fiscal year runs from May 1 through April 30 of each year.
The Company’s internet address is www.caseys.com. We make available through our website all of our SEC filings, including current reports on Form 8-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, our annual report on Form 10-K, and amendments to those reports, free of charge as soon as reasonably practicable after they have been electronically filed with the SEC. Additionally, you can go to our website to read our Financial Code of Ethics for the CEO and Senior Financial Officers, Corporate Governance Guidelines, Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, and committee charters. In the event of a waiver to the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, any required disclosure will be posted to our website.
Casey’s, with its principal business office, and Store Support Center located at One SE Convenience Blvd., Ankeny, Iowa 50021-8045 (telephone 515-965-6100), was incorporated in Iowa in 1967.
General
Casey's corporate purpose is to make the lives of our guests and communities better every day. Many of the smaller communities in which we operate often are not served by national-chain convenience stores. We have succeeded in operating stores in smaller towns by offering, at competitive prices, a broader selection of products than does a typical convenience store. We have also succeeded in meeting the needs of residents in larger communities with these same offerings. We currently own most of our real estate, including substantially all of our stores, all three distribution centers (see discussion of ownership structure of the distribution center in Joplin, Missouri in Note 7), a construction and support services facility located in Ankeny, Iowa, and the Store Support Center facility.
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The Company derives its revenue primarily from the retail sale of fuel and the products offered in our stores. Our sales historically have been strongest during the first and second fiscal quarters (May through October) relative to the third and fourth fiscal quarters (November through April). In warmer weather, guests tend to purchase greater quantities of fuel and certain convenience items such as beer, sports drinks, water, soft drinks, and ice.
Corporate Subsidiaries
Casey's Marketing Company ("CMC") and Casey's Services Company ("CSC") were organized as Iowa corporations in March 1995. Casey’s Retail Company ("CRC") was organized as an Iowa corporation in April 2004. CGS Stores, LLC was organized as an Iowa limited liability company in April 2019. Heartland Property Company, LLC was organized as a Delaware limited liability company in September 2019. CMC, CSC, and CRC are wholly-owned subsidiaries of Casey’s, while CGS Stores, LLC and Heartland Property Company, LLC are wholly-owned subsidiaries of CMC.
In addition, the acquisition of Buchanan Energy during the fiscal year (see Note 2 to the consolidated financial statement) resulted in the addition of several subsidiaries to the Company’s corporate structure, including Bucks, LLC, a Nebraska limited liability company, Buchanan Energy (N), LLC and Buchanan Energy (S), LLC, each Delaware limited liability companies, Buck’s, LLC of Collinsville, an Illinois limited liability company, and C.T. Jewell Company, Inc., a Nebraska corporation. However, the Company is in the process of merging these subsidiaries into the applicable Company legacy entities, described above.
CRC owns and/or operates certain stores in Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota and Michigan, holds the rights to the Company's trademarks, service marks, trade names, and other intellectual property, and performs most “corporate” functions of the enterprise. CMC owns and/or operates stores in Arkansas, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Wisconsin, and is responsible for all of our wholesale operations, including all three distribution centers and management of the wholesale fuel network. CGS Stores, LLC owns and/or operates stores in Tennessee. Bucks, LLC owns and/or operates certain of the acquired Bucky’s locations in Iowa, Illinois, Missouri and Nebraska, and Buchanan Energy (N), LLC and Buchanan Energy (S), LLC own and/or operate certain of such stores in Illinois. CSC provides a variety of construction, maintenance and transportation services for all stores.
Store Operations
Products Offered
The Company designs, develops and delivers value to its guests through a differentiated product assortment where the right products are optimally placed, priced and promoted to drive traffic, revenue and profit. It is our practice to continually make additions to the Company’s product line, especially products with higher gross profit margins such as prepared food and our new private label offerings, described below. To facilitate many of these items, we have installed full kitchens in almost all of our stores, other than those branded as “GoodStop”.
The Company's flagship product is its handmade pizza, which we began preparing and selling in 1984. It was available in 2,332 stores (95.1%) as of April 30, 2022. In addition, we have expanded our prepared food offerings, which currently includes made to order cheesy breadsticks, sandwiches and wraps, chicken wings, chicken tenders, breakfast croissants and biscuits, breakfast pizza, breakfast burritos, hash browns, burgers, and other seasonal items. Of note, during the fiscal year, the Company launched a new lineup of breakfast items, including new bacon and egg croissants, new loaded breakfast burritos, and a breakfast handheld called the “Toastwich.” The rollout of the new breakfast menu was accompanied by the installation of bean-to-cup coffee machines across the bulk of the Company's footprint. Finally, as of April 30, 2022, the Company was selling donuts in 2,350 (95.8%) of our stores in addition to cookies, brownies, and other bakery items.
The growth in our prepared food program reflects the Company’s strategy to promote high-margin products that are compatible with convenience store operations. In the last three fiscal years, retail sales of nonfuel items have generated about 40% of our total revenue, but they have resulted in approximately 68% of our revenue less cost of goods sold (excluding depreciation and amortization). Revenue less cost of goods sold (excluding depreciation and amortization) as a percentage of revenue on prepared food items averaged approximately 60% for the three fiscal years ended April 30, 2022—substantially higher than the impact of retail sales of fuel, which averaged approximately 12%.
Each Casey’s store typically carries over 3,000 food and non-food items. The selection is a blend of differentiated private label products (which now includes over 250 items and as of April 30, 2022), as well as favored national and regional brands, many of which can be found in larger format stores. Our assortment includes product across the following categories:
non-alcoholic beverages (soft drinks, energy, water, sports drinks, juices, coffee, tea & dairy)
alcoholic beverages (beer, wine and spirits)
packaged foods (snacks, candy, packaged bakery & other food items)
tobacco & nicotine products
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frozen foods (ice, ice cream, meals & appetizers)
non-foods (health & beauty aids, automotive, electronic accessories, housewares and pet supplies)
services (lotto/lottery & prepaid cards)
All but four stores offer retail motor fuel products for sale on a self-service basis. Gasoline and diesel fuel are sold under the Casey’s name at the majority of our locations.
The Company offers the Casey's Rewards program to bring value to guests and improve the digital guest experience. As part of this program, guests can earn points from online, in-store, or at the pump purchases. Points earned can be redeemed for donations to a local school of the guest's choice, fuel discounts, or Casey's Cash, which can be used on most products. The Rewards program is delivered through Casey’s mobile application. In addition to earning points, guests receive other program benefits such as special offers, bonus points, as well as getting a free large pizza after purchasing 10 large pizzas. In early May 2022, the Company surpassed 5 million members enrolled in the program.
Store Design
Casey’s constructs stores that are primarily freestanding and, with a few exceptions to accommodate local conditions, conform to standard construction specifications. The current larger store design measures approximately 2,450 square feet devoted to sales area, 550 square feet to kitchen space, 400 square feet to storage, and 2 large multi-stall public restrooms. There is also a smaller store design that is generally designated for smaller communities that measures approximately 1,350 square feet devoted to sales area with the remaining areas similar in size, and 2 single user restrooms. Store lots have sufficient frontage and depth to permit adequate drive-in parking facilities on one or more sides of each store. Each new store typically includes 4 to 8 islands of fuel dispensers and storage tanks with capacity for 60,000 to 70,000 gallons of fuel. The merchandising display follows a standard layout designed to encourage a flow of guest traffic through all sections of every store. All stores are air-conditioned and have modern refrigeration equipment. Nearly all locations feature a bright sign which displays the Casey’s or GoodStop name and trade/service marks.
Almost all stores remain open at least sixteen hours per day, seven days a week. Hours of operation may be adjusted on a store-by-store basis to accommodate guest traffic patterns. As of April 30, 2022, we operated 551 stores on a 24-hour basis, and another 1,694 have expanded hours. Store hours have continued to shift back to pre-COVID 19 levels, as we temporarily reduced hours at many locations in response to the pandemic.
Store Locations
The Company historically has located many of its stores in smaller towns not served by national-chain convenience stores. It believes that a Casey’s store provides a service generally not otherwise available in smaller towns and that a convenience store in an area with limited population can be profitable if it stresses sales volume and competitive prices. Our store-site selection criteria emphasize the population of the immediate area and daily highway traffic volume.
Retail Fuel Operations
Retail fuel sales are an important part of our revenue and earnings. Approximately 64% of total revenue for the year ended April 30, 2022 was derived from the retail sale of fuel. The following table summarizes (dollars and gallons in thousands) retail fuel sales for the last three fiscal years ended April 30: 
 Year ended April 30,
 202220212020
Number of gallons sold2,579,179 2,180,772 2,293,609 
Total retail fuel sales$8,312,038 $4,825,466 $5,517,412 
Percentage of total revenue64.2 %55.4 %60.1 %
Percentage of revenue less cost of goods sold (excluding depreciation and amortization and credit card fees)11.2 %15.8 %11.1 %
Average retail price per gallon$3.22 $2.21 $2.41 
Average revenue less cost of goods sold per gallon (excluding depreciation and amortization and credit card fees)36.01 ¢34.91 ¢26.81 ¢
Average number of gallons sold per store*1,047 981 1,055 
*Includes only those stores in operation at least one full year on April 30 of the fiscal year indicated.
Average retail prices of fuel during the year increased 45.7% from prior year. Fuel prices have recently reached record highs due to overall supply issues, as refiners cut production levels in response to a slowing economy during the COVID-19 pandemic and Russia's invasion of Ukraine resulted in a United States ban of Russian crude oil imports. Regardless, with the
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Company's centralized fuel team and the procurement improvements implemented, we believe we are well positioned to navigate any potential future fuel price volatility.
The total number of gallons sold during this period increased by 18.3%. Gallons sold were positively impacted by a growing store count as we operate 209 more stores than the prior year and increasing store traffic. Average revenue less cost of goods sold (excluding depreciation and amortization and credit card fees) per gallon increased by 3.2%. Our centralized fuel team, coupled with fuel procurement improvements, continues to grow profitability and has been instrumental in sustaining higher than normal average revenue less cost of goods sold per gallon (excluding depreciation and amortization and credit card fees).
Percentage of revenue less cost of goods sold (excluding depreciation and amortization and credit card fees) represents the fuel gross profit divided by the gross fuel sales dollars. As retail fuel prices fluctuate in a period of consistent gross margin per gallon, the percentage will also fluctuate in an inverse relationship to fuel price. For additional information concerning the Company’s fuel operations, see Item 7, below.
Distribution and Wholesale Arrangements
CMC supplies all stores with groceries, food, health and beauty aids, and general merchandise from our three distribution centers. The stores place orders for merchandise electronically to the Store Support Center, and the orders are filled with shipments in Company-operated delivery trucks from one of the distribution centers, based on route optimization for the fleet network. Most of our existing and proposed stores are within the three distribution centers' optimum efficiency range—a radius of approximately 500 miles around each distribution center.
In fiscal 2022, a majority of the food and nonfood items supplied to stores through the distribution centers were purchased directly from manufacturers. While we consider long-term contracts for potential favorability against short-term contracts, long-term supply contracts are not typically entered into with the suppliers of products sold by our stores. We believe the practice enables us to respond to changing market conditions with minimal impact on margins.
In addition to the products discussed above, CMC supplies the majority of fuel to our stores. We have entered into various purchase agreements related to our fuel supply, which include varying volume commitments. Prices included in the purchase agreements are indexed to market prices. Additionally, during the fiscal year we acquired a fuel wholesale network from Buchanan Energy. As part of the dealer network, the Company procures and provides fuel on a wholesale basis to 76 locations.
Human Capital
Our employees, who we refer to as Team Members, are critical to our business operations and the success of the Company. As of April 30, 2022, we had 20,451 full-time, and 22,030 part-time, Team Members. Approximately 40,032 are store Team Members, approximately 263 are field management and related Team Members, approximately 555 work in and support our three distribution centers, approximately 470 are fuel or grocery drivers and approximately 1,161 work out of the Store Support Center, or perform Store Support Center functions which support the organization.
During the 2022 fiscal year, the Company held two large-scale hiring events to support its store footprint, each of which was designed to hire up to 5,000 Team Members. These events led to a significant addition of talent to our store Team Member base in an ever-challenging and competitive labor environment.
We are not a party to any collective bargaining agreements with our Team Members and believe the working relationship with our Team Members is good.
Core Values
During the 2022 fiscal year, the Company unveiled its new core values to its Team Members, as part of its evolution to build a culture of commitment – Casey’s CARES:
C – Commitment: We work hard to be the best and have a good time doing it.
A – Authenticity: We’re true to our roots by being high integrity and low ego.
R – Respect: We treat people the way they want to be treated.
E – Evolving: We’re driven to build a better future for ourselves and for our business.
S – Service: We put service first and take pride in caring for our guests, our communities, and each other.
We believe these core values serve as a solid foundation for how we treat our Team Members, how they treat one another and how we operate our business as a whole.
Total Rewards
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We believe that the future success of the Company depends in large part on our ability to attract, train, retain, and motivate qualified Team Members. As such, we are committed to providing market-competitive pay and benefits for all positions and offer performance-based compensation opportunities to a large portion of our full-time Team Member base. In addition, the Company offers a 401(k) plan to eligible Team Members, with a generous 6% match made in the form of Company stock, and all full-time and part-time associates are eligible for competitive health and welfare benefits, including medical, dental, vision, disability, life insurance and other benefits. In addition, during the 2022 fiscal year, we enhanced our already competitive benefits offerings to include paid bonding leave, a new college tuition discount program with certain higher-education partners, and launched the Casey's Team Support Fund, which is designed to help team members facing financial hardships due to catastrophic circumstances.
Diversity and Inclusion
The Company is committed to building a diverse and inclusive workforce across the organization, which it believes is set by example with its Board of Directors and extended leadership team. The Board consists of twelve members, five (or 42%) of which are diverse as to gender, and three (or 25%) of which are diverse to race and/or ethnicity. The extended leadership team, which includes all of our Vice-President level executives and above, consists of thirty-two members, almost 60% of which are diverse as to gender, race and/or ethnicity. Across our entire Team Member base, 60% of our Team Members are female and 15% are diverse as to race and/or ethnicity. In addition, we have a strict Anti Harassment and Discrimination Policy of which all Team Members are trained and expected to follow and we have several mechanisms, including an Ethics and Compliance Hotline, under which Team Members and guests can report incidents confidentially or anonymously and without fear of retaliation. During the 2022 fiscal year, the Company also established a formal Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Committee to enhance its already strong culture of belonging and empowerment for all Team Members.
Education and Training
The Company, including its established Learning and Development Department, which serves all levels of the organization, invests significant time and resources in educating and training Team Members by providing them with educational, development and leadership opportunities. These opportunities are provided through a mix of formal onboarding training, safety training, in-person classes, virtual modules and “on-the-job” learning. For example, through its virtual modules, the Company offers over 200 hours of educational opportunities through over 400 classes, for which there were over 1.5 million enrollments during the 2022 fiscal year. In addition, the Company has a formal leadership development program – our Leadership Excellence Certification – which seeks to provide Team Members across the organization with skills necessary for leading their teams and advancing in their careers at the Company. To date, the Company has had nearly 200 Team Members certified through this program.
Competition
Our business is highly competitive. Food, including prepared foods, and nonfood items similar or identical to those sold by the Company are generally available from various competitors in the communities served by Casey’s and by certain online retailers. We believe our stores located in smaller towns compete principally with other local grocery and convenience stores, similar retail outlets, and, to a lesser extent, prepared food outlets, restaurants, and expanded fuel stations offering a more limited selection of grocery and food items for sale. Stores located in more heavily populated communities may compete with local and national grocery and drug store chains, quick serve restaurants, expanded fuel stations, supermarkets, discount food stores, and traditional convenience stores.
In addition to our inside store products, the fuel business is also highly competitive. The Company competes on the basis of brand, price, and convenience of our fuel products. We believe our locations in smaller towns are well-positioned. Similar to inside, stores compete with larger store chains with expanded fuel offerings and increased buying power in more heavily populated communities.
Examples of convenience store chains competing in the larger towns served by Casey’s include Quik Trip, Kwik Trip, Kum & Go, and other regional chains. These competitive factors are discussed further in Item 7 of this Form 10-K.
Trademarks and Service Marks
The Company regularly evaluates its portfolio of intellectual property and takes steps to review potential new trademarks and service marks and to renew existing marks. The names "Casey’s", “Casey’s General Store”, and "GoodStop (by Casey's)", the marks consisting of the Casey’s design logos (with the words “Casey’s” and “Casey’s General Store”), the weather vane, and certain of our private label product names, are registered trademarks and service marks under federal law. We believe these marks are of material importance in promoting and advertising the Company’s business. In addition, the Company has a number of other registered and unregistered trademarks and service marks that are significant to the Company from an operational and branding perspective (e.g. "Casey’s Pizza", "Casey's Here for Good", “Casey’s Rewards”, “Casey’s Cash”, "GoodStop (by Casey's)" etc.).
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Government Regulation (dollars in thousands)
Underground Storage Tanks
The United States Environmental Protection Agency and several states, including Iowa, have established requirements for owners and operators of underground fuel storage tanks (USTs) with regard to (i) maintenance of leak detection, corrosion protection, and overfill/spill protection systems; (ii) upgrade of existing tanks; (iii) actions required in the event of a detected leak; (iv) prevention of leakage through tank closings; and (v) required fuel inventory record keeping. Since 1984, our new stores have been equipped with noncorroding fiberglass USTs, including some with double-wall construction, overfill protection, and electronic tank monitoring. We believe that all capital expenditures for electronic monitoring, cathodic protection, and overfill/spill protection to comply with the existing UST regulations have been completed. Additional regulations or amendments to the existing UST regulations could result in future expenditures.
The majority of states in which we do business have trust fund programs with provisions for sharing or reimbursing corrective action or remediation costs incurred by UST owners, including the Company. For the years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, we spent approximately $577 and $849, respectively, for assessments and remediation. Substantially all of these expenditures were submitted for reimbursement from state-sponsored trust fund programs. The payments are typically subject to statutory provisions requiring repayment of the reimbursed funds for noncompliance with upgrade provisions or other applicable laws. None of the reimbursements received are currently expected to be repaid by the Company to the trust fund programs. At April 30, 2022, we had an accrued liability of $274 for estimated expenses related to anticipated corrective actions or remediation efforts, including relevant legal and consulting costs. We believe we have no material joint and several environmental liability with other parties.
Age Restricted Products
Almost all of our stores sell a variety age-restricted products, which may include beer, liquor, tobacco and other nicotine products. The sale of these products are subject to significant regulations and require the Company to procure special sales licenses from local and/or state agencies, which govern their sale. While the costs to procure such licenses is not material, the failure to comply with the conditions of the licenses, or other age-restricted products laws, could result in the suspension or revocation of such licenses, or fines related thereto. In addition to these products, the Company is also subject to rules governing lottery and lotto sales as determined by state lottery commissions in each state in which we make such sales.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
You should carefully consider the risks described in this report before making a decision to invest in our securities. If any of such risks actually occur, our business, financial condition, and/or results of operations could be materially adversely affected. In that case, the trading price of our securities could decline and you might lose all or part of your investment.
Risks Related to Our Business Operations
Our business and our reputation could be adversely affected by a cyber or data security incident or the failure to protect sensitive guest, Team Member or supplier data, or the failure to comply with applicable regulations relating to data security and privacy.
In the normal course of our business, we obtain, are provided and have access to large amounts of personal data, including but not limited to credit and debit card information, personally identifiable information and other data from and about our guests, Team Members, and suppliers. While we invest significant resources in the protection of such data and information, our IT systems, and incident response programs, and maintain what we believe are adequate security controls, a compromise or a breach in our systems, or another data security or privacy incident that results in the loss, unauthorized release, disclosure or acquisition of such data or information, or other sensitive data or information, or other internal or external cyber or data security threats, including but not limited to viruses, denial-of-service attacks, phishing attacks, ransomware attacks and other intentional or unintentional disruptions, could nonetheless occur and have a material adverse effect on our operations and ability to operate, reputation, operating results and financial condition. In addition, similar events at vendors, third-party service providers or other market participants, whether or not we are directly impacted, could negatively affect our business and supply chain or lead to a general loss of guest confidence, which could result in reduced guest traffic and sales.
A data security or privacy incident of any kind could expose us to risk in terms of the loss, unauthorized release, disclosure or acquisition of sensitive guest, Team Member or supplier data, and could result in litigation or other regulatory action being brought against us and damages, monetary and other claims made by or on behalf of the payment card brands, guests, Team Members, shareholders, financial institutions and governmental agencies, or monetary demands or other extortion attempts from cybercriminals. Such events could give rise to substantial monetary damages and/or losses which are not covered, or in some instances fully covered, by our insurance policies and which could adversely affect our reputation, results
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of operations, financial condition and liquidity. Moreover, a data security or privacy incident could require that we expend significant additional resources on mitigation efforts and to further upgrade the security and other measures that we employ to guard against, and respond to, such incidents.
Food-safety issues and food-borne illnesses, whether actual or reported, or the failure to comply with applicable regulations relating to the transportation, storage, preparation or service of food, could adversely affect our business and reputation.
Instances or reports of food-safety issues, such as food-borne illnesses, food tampering, food contamination or mislabeling, either during growing, manufacturing, packaging, transportation, storage, preparation or service, have in the past significantly damaged the reputations and impacted the sales of companies in the food processing, grocery, quick service and “fast casual” restaurant sectors, and could affect us as well. Any instances of, or reports linking us to, food-borne illnesses or food tampering, contamination, mislabeling or other food-safety issues could damage the value of our brand and severely hurt sales of our prepared or other food products and possibly lead to product liability and personal injury claims, litigation (including class actions), government agency investigations and damages. In addition, guest preferences and store traffic could be adversely impacted by food-safety issues, health concerns or negative publicity about the consumption of our products, which could damage our reputation and cause a decline in demand for those products and adversely impact our sales. In addition, we rely on our suppliers to provide quality ingredients and to comply with applicable food and food safety laws and industry standards. A failure of one of our suppliers to comply with such laws, to meet our quality standards, or to meet food industry standards, could also disrupt our supply chain, damage our reputation and adversely impact our sales.
Pandemics or disease outbreaks, such as COVID-19, responsive actions taken by governments and others to mitigate their spread, and guest behavior in response to these events, have, and may in the future, adversely affect our business operations, supply chain and financial results.
Pandemics or disease outbreaks such as COVID-19 and its variants (collectively, “COVID-19”) have had, and may continue to have, adverse impacts on the Company’s business. These include, but are not limited to, decreased store traffic and changed guest behavior, decreased demand for our fuel, prepared food and other convenience offerings, decreased or slowed unit/store growth, issues with our supply chain including difficulties delivering products to our stores and obtaining certain items sold at our stores, issues with respect to our Team Members’ health, working hours and/or ability to perform their duties, and increased costs to the Company in response to these conditions and to protect the health and safety of our Team Members and guests.
In addition, the general economic and other impacts related to responsive actions taken by governments and others to mitigate the spread of COVID-19, or in the future other pandemics or disease outbreaks, including but not limited to stay-at-home, shelter-in-place and other travel restrictions, social distancing requirements, mask mandates, limitations on certain businesses’ hours and operations, limits on public gatherings and other events, and restrictions on what, and in certain cases how, certain products can be sold and offered to our guests, have, and may continue to, result in similar declines in store traffic and overall demand, increased operating costs, and decreased or slower unit/store growth. Further, although the Company’s business was deemed an “essential service” by many public authorities throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, allowing our operations to continue (in some cases in a modified manner), there are no guarantees the designation will continue, or be applied during a future pandemic or COVID-19 outbreak, which would require us to reduce our operations and potentially close stores for an undetermined period of time.
We cannot predict the extent and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, the severity and duration of its impact to the general economy, our guests or our operating results; however, its effects could continue to be material and last for an extended period of time.
A significant disruption to our distribution network, to the capacity of the distribution centers, or timely receipt of inventory could adversely impact our sales or increase our transaction costs, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.
We rely on our distribution and transportation network, which includes our drivers and distribution center Team Members, and the networks of our vendors and direct store delivery partners, to provide products to our distribution centers and stores in a timely and cost-effective manner. Any disruption, unanticipated or unusual expense or operational failure related to this process, including our inability, or that of our delivery partners, to hire and/or retain enough qualified drivers and distribution center Team Members to meet demand, could affect our store operations negatively.
We also depend on regular deliveries of products to and from our facilities and stores that meet our specifications. In addition, we may have a single supplier or limited number of suppliers for certain products. While we believe there are adequate reserve quantities and alternative suppliers available, shortages or interruptions in the receipt or supply of products caused by unanticipated or changing demand, such as has occurred as a result of and during the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, problems in production or distribution, financial or other difficulties of suppliers, inclement weather or other
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economic conditions, including the availability of qualified drivers and distribution center Team Members, again as had occurred as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and has continued as a result of it and other macroeconomic factors, could adversely affect the availability, quality and cost of products, and our operating results.
We could be adversely affected if we experience difficulties in, or are unable to recruit, hire or retain, members of our leadership team and other distribution, field and store Team Members.
We are dependent on the continued knowledge and efforts of our leadership team and other key Team Members. If, for any reason, our leadership team does not continue to be active in management, or we lose such persons, or other key Team Members, or we fail to identify and/or recruit for current or future leadership positions, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be adversely affected.
We also rely on our ability to recruit, hire and retain qualified drivers, distribution center Team Members, field management and store Team Members. Recent difficulties and shortages in the general labor market for such individuals, in particular hourly Team Members and drivers, and the failure to continue to attract and retain these individuals, especially at reasonable compensation levels in the current rising wage environment, could have a material adverse effect on the operation of individual stores, distribution network, our business and results of operations.
Any failure to anticipate and respond to changes in consumer preferences, or to introduce and promote innovative technology for guest interaction, could adversely affect our financial results.
Our continued success depends on our ability to remain relevant with respect to consumer needs and wants, attitudes toward our industry, and our guests’ preferences for ways of doing business with us, particularly with respect to digital engagement, contactless delivery, curbside pick-up and other non-traditional ordering and delivery platforms. We must continually work to develop, produce and market new products, maintain and enhance the recognition of our brands, offer a favorable mix of products, and refine our approach as to how and where we market, sell and deliver our products. This risk is compounded by the increasing use of digital media by consumers and the speed by which information and opinions are shared. If we are unable to anticipate and respond to sudden challenges that we may face in the marketplace, trends in the market for our products and changing consumer demands and sentiment, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We rely on our information technology systems, and a number of third-party software providers, to manage numerous aspects of our business, and a disruption of these systems could adversely affect our business.
We are increasingly dependent on our information technology (IT) systems, and a large number of third-party software providers and platforms, to manage and operate numerous aspects of our business, develop our financial statements, provide analytical information to management and serve as a platform for our business continuity plan. Our IT systems, and the software and other technology platforms provided by our vendors, are an essential component of our business operations and growth strategies, and a serious disruption to any of these could significantly limit our ability to manage and operate our business efficiently. These systems are vulnerable to, among other things, damage and interruption, computer system and network failures, loss of telecommunications services, physical and electronic loss of, or loss of access to, data and information, security breaches or other security incidents, computer viruses or attacks and obsolescence. Any disruption could cause our business and competitive position to suffer and cause our operating results to be reduced.
Increased credit card expenses could lead to higher operating expenses and other costs for the Company.
A significant percentage of our sales are made with the use of credit cards. Because the interchange and other fees we pay when credit cards are used to make purchases, which the Company has little control over, are based on transaction amounts, higher fuel prices at the pump, including record fuel prices that were seen at the end of our 2022 fiscal year and beyond, higher gallon movement and other increases in price and sales directly result in higher credit card expenses. These additional fees directly increase operating expenses. Higher operating expenses that result from higher credit card fees may decrease our overall profit and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Total credit card fees paid in fiscal 2022, 2021, and 2020, were approximately $203 million, $147 million, and $145 million, respectively.
In addition, credit card providers now mandate that any fraudulent activity and related losses at fuel dispensers that do not accept certain chip technology (referred to as EMV) be borne by the retailers accepting those cards. While the Company has invested, and will continue to invest, a significant amount of resources in upgrading its fuel dispensers to accept EMV, and has implemented other fraud mitigation strategies, not all of its fuel dispensers have, or in the near future may, be upgraded to such technology. As such, it is possible that credit card providers could attempt to pass the costs of certain fraudulent activity at the non-upgraded dispensers to the Company, which if significant, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our operations present hazards and risks which may not be fully covered by insurance, if insured.
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The scope and nature of our operations present a variety of operational hazards and risks that must be managed through continual oversight and control. As protection against hazards and risks, we maintain insurance against many, but not all, potential losses or liabilities arising from such risks. Uninsured or underinsured losses and liabilities from operating risks could reduce the funds available to us for capital and investment spending and could have a material adverse impact on the results of operations.
The dangers inherent in the storage and transport of fuel could cause disruptions and could expose to us potentially significant losses, costs or liabilities.
We store fuel in storage tanks at our retail locations. Additionally, a significant portion of fuel is transported in our own trucks, instead of by third-party carriers. Our operations are subject to significant hazards and risks inherent in transporting and storing motor fuel. These hazards and risks include, but are not limited to, fires, explosions, traffic accidents, spills, discharges and other releases, any of which could result in distribution difficulties and disruptions, environmental pollution, governmentally-imposed fines or clean-up obligations, personal injury or wrongful death claims and other damage to our properties and the properties of others. As a result, any such event could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Consumer or other litigation could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Our retail operations are characterized by a high volume of guest traffic and by transactions involving a wide array of product selections, including prepared food. Retail operations, and in particular our distribution and food-related operations, carry a higher exposure to consumer litigation risk when compared to the operations of companies operating in many other industries. Consequently, we may become a party to personal injury, food safety, product liability, accessibility, data security and privacy and other legal actions in the ordinary course of our business. While these actions are generally routine in nature, incidental to the operation of our business and immaterial in scope, if our assessment of any action or actions should prove inaccurate, our financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Additionally, we are occasionally exposed to industry-wide or class-action claims arising from the products we carry, industry-specific business practices or other operational matters, including wage-and-hour and other employment related individual and class-action claims. Our defense costs and any resulting damage awards or settlement amounts may be significant and not be covered, or in some instances fully covered, by our insurance policies. Thus, an unfavorable outcome or settlement of one or more of these lawsuits could have a material adverse effect on our financial position, liquidity and results of operations.
Covenants in our senior notes and credit facility agreements require us to comply with certain covenants and meet financial maintenance tests. Failure to comply with these requirements could have a material impact to us.
We are required to comply with certain financial and non-financial covenants under our existing senior notes and credit facility agreements. A breach of any covenant, even if unintentional, could result in a default under such agreements, which could, if not timely cured, permit lenders to declare all amounts outstanding to be immediately due and payable, and to terminate such instruments, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our business, liquidity, financial condition and results of operation.
Risks Related to Governmental Actions, Regulations, and Oversight
Compliance with and changes in tax laws could adversely affect our performance.
We are subject to extensive tax liabilities imposed by multiple jurisdictions, including but not limited to state and federal income taxes, indirect taxes (excise, sales/use, and gross receipts taxes), payroll taxes, property taxes, and tobacco taxes. Tax laws and regulations are dynamic and subject to change as new laws are passed, new administrations are elected and new interpretations of existing laws are issued and applied. For example, the current administration's desire to raise the federal tax rate for corporations, or to impose additional taxes or surcharges on companies in the oil and gas industries, each of which could directly result in higher taxes being incurred by the Company and which could impact the prices of important inputs to the products we sell. In addition, as the federal government and certain states face economic and other pressures, they may seek revenue in the form of additional income, sales and other taxes and related fees. These activities could result in increased expenditures for tax liabilities in the future. Many of these liabilities are subject to periodic audits by the respective taxing authorities. Subsequent changes to our tax liabilities as a result of these audits may subject us to interest and penalties.
We are subject to extensive governmental regulations.
Our business is subject to extensive governmental laws and regulations that include, but are not limited to, those relating to environmental protection and remediation; the preparation, transportation, storage, sale and labeling of food; minimum wage, overtime and other employment and labor laws and regulations; compliance with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act; legal restrictions on the sale of alcohol, tobacco and nicotine products, money
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orders, lottery/lotto and other age-restricted products; compliance with the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards and similar requirements; compliance with the Federal Motor Carriers Safety Administration regulations; and, securities laws and Nasdaq listing standards. These, and other laws and regulations, are dynamic and subject to change as new laws are passed, new interpretations of existing laws are issued and applied and as political administrations and majorities change over time. The effects created by these, including the costs of compliance with these laws and regulations, is substantial, and a violation of or change in such laws and/or regulations could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
State laws regulate the sale of alcohol, tobacco and nicotine products, lottery/lotto products and other age-restricted products. A violation or change of these laws could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations because state and local regulatory agencies have the power to approve, revoke, suspend, or deny applications for and renewals of permits and licenses relating to the sale of certain of these products or to seek other remedies.
Any appreciable increase in wages, overtime pay, or the statutory minimum salary requirements, minimum wage rate, mandatory scheduling or scheduling notification laws, or the adoption of additional mandated healthcare or paid-time-off benefits would result in an increase in our labor costs. For example, recent state-mandated minimum wage increases, along with general labor market shortages and wage pressures, have increased our operating expenses significantly. Such cost increases, or the penalties for failing to comply, could adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations. State or federal lawmakers or regulators may also enact new laws or regulations applicable to us that may have a material adverse and potentially disparate impact on our business.
Governmental action and campaigns to discourage tobacco and nicotine use and other tobacco products may have a material adverse effect on our revenues and gross profit.
Congress has given the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) broad authority to regulate tobacco and nicotine products, including e-cigarettes and vapor products, and the FDA has enacted numerous regulations restricting the sale of such products. These governmental actions, as well as national, state and local campaigns and regulations to discourage tobacco and nicotine use and limit the sale of such products, including but not limited to tax increases related to such products and certain actions taken to increase the minimum age in order to purchase such products, have resulted or may in the future result in, reduced industry volume and consumption levels, and could materially affect the retail price of cigarettes, unit volume and revenues, gross profit, and overall guest traffic, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Wholesale cost and tax increases relating to tobacco and nicotine products could affect our operating results.
Sales of tobacco and nicotine products have averaged approximately 11% of our total revenue over the past three fiscal years, and our tobacco and nicotine revenue less cost of goods sold excluding depreciation and amortization accounted for approximately 10% of the total revenue less cost of goods sold excluding depreciation and amortization for the same period. Any significant increases in wholesale cigarette and related product costs or tax increases on tobacco or nicotine products may have a materially adverse effect on unit demand for cigarettes (or related products). Currently, major cigarette and tobacco and nicotine manufacturers offer significant rebates to retailers, although there can be no assurance that such rebate programs will continue. We include these rebates as a component of cost of goods sold, which affects our gross margin from sales of cigarettes and related products. In the event these rebates are no longer offered or decreased, our wholesale cigarette and related product costs will increase accordingly. In general, we attempt to pass price increases on to our guests. Due to competitive pressures in our markets, however, we may not always be able to do so. These factors could adversely affect our retail price of cigarettes and related products, cigarette or related product unit volume and revenues, merchandise revenue less cost of goods sold excluding depreciation and amortization, and overall guest traffic, and in turn have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Risks Related to Our Industry
General economic and political conditions that are largely out of the Company’s control may adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
General economic and political conditions, including social and political causes and movements, higher interest rates, higher fuel and other energy costs, inflation, increases or fluctuations in commodity prices such as cheese and coffee, higher levels of unemployment, unemployment benefits and related stimulus provided as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, higher consumer debt levels and lower consumer discretionary spending, higher tax rates and other changes in tax laws or other economic factors may affect the operations of our stores, input costs, consumer spending, buying habits and labor markets generally, and could adversely affect the costs of the products we sell in our stores, the consumer demand for such products and the labor costs of transporting, storing and selling those products. For example, the recent conflict in Ukraine has resulted in historically high oil and other commodity prices, which, coupled with a recent period of high inflation, has significantly increased the cost of fuel and other products we sell. These events and their impacts can be unpredictable, and we may not
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always be able to recapture these higher input costs through pricing strategies or otherwise. In addition, unfavorable economic conditions, especially those affecting the agricultural industry, higher fuel prices, and unemployment levels can affect consumer confidence, spending patterns, and miles driven, and can cause guests to “trade down” to lower priced products in certain categories when these conditions exist. These factors can lead to sales declines, and in turn have an adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Developments related to fuel efficiency, fuel conservation practices, climate change, and changing consumer preferences may decrease the demand for motor fuel.
Technological advances and consumer behavior in reducing fuel use, governmental mandates to improve fuel efficiency and consumer desire or regulations to lower carbon emissions could lessen the demand for our largest revenue product, petroleum-based motor fuel, which may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operation. Changes in our climate, including the effects of carbon emissions in the environment, may lessen demand for fuel or lead to additional government regulation. In addition, a shift toward electric, hydrogen, natural gas or other alternative fuel-powered vehicles, including driverless motor vehicles, could fundamentally change the shopping and driving habits of our guests or lead to new forms of fueling destinations or new competitive pressures. Any of these outcomes could potentially result in fewer guest visits to our stores, decreases in sales revenue across all categories or lower profit margins, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Unfavorable weather conditions can adversely affect our business.
The vast majority of our stores are located in the Midwest region of the United States, which is susceptible to tornadoes, thunderstorms, extended periods of rain or unseasonably cold temperatures, flooding, ice storms, and heavy snow. Inclement weather conditions could damage our facilities or could have a significant impact on consumer behavior, travel, and convenience store traffic patterns as well as our ability to operate our locations. In addition, we typically generate higher revenues and gross margins during warmer weather months, which fall within our first and second fiscal quarters. When weather conditions are not favorable during a particular period, our operating results and cash flow from operations could be adversely affected.
The volatility of wholesale petroleum costs could adversely affect our operating results.
Our net income is significantly affected by changes in the margins we receive on our retail fuel sales. Over the past three fiscal years, on average our fuel revenues accounted for approximately 61% of total revenue and our fuel revenue less cost of goods sold excluding depreciation and amortization accounted for approximately 32% of the total revenue less cost of goods sold excluding depreciation and amortization. Crude oil and domestic wholesale petroleum markets are currently, and in the recent past have been, marked by significant volatility, starting with the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects and more recently with the conflict in Ukraine. General political conditions, threatened or actual acts of war or terrorism, instability or other changes in oil producing regions, historically in the Middle East and South America but recently in Europe with the conflict in Ukraine, and trade, economic or other disagreements between oil producing nations, can, and recently have, significantly affected crude oil supplies and wholesale petroleum costs. In addition, the supply of fuel and wholesale purchase costs could be adversely affected in the event of a shortage, which could result from, among other things, severe weather events in oil producing regions, the lack of capacity at United States oil refineries or, in our case, the level of fuel contracts that we have that guarantee an uninterrupted, unlimited supply of fuel. Increases in the retail price of petroleum products have resulted and could in the future adversely affect consumer demand for fuel and other discretionary purchases. This volatility makes it difficult to predict the impact that future wholesale cost fluctuations will have on our operating results and financial condition in future periods. Any significant change in one or more of these factors could materially affect the number of fuel gallons sold, fuel revenue less cost of goods sold excluding depreciation and amortization and overall guest traffic, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The convenience store industry is highly competitive.
The convenience store and retail fuel industries in which we operate are highly competitive and characterized by ease of entry and constant change in the number and type of retailers offering the products and services found in our stores. We compete with many other convenience store chains, gasoline stations, supermarkets, drugstores, discount stores, club stores, fast food outlets, and mass merchants, and a variety of other retail companies, including retail gasoline companies that have more extensive retail outlets, greater brand name recognition and more established fuel supply arrangements. Several non-traditional retailers such as supermarkets, club stores, and mass merchants have affected the convenience store industry by entering the retail fuel business and have obtained a share of the fuels market. Certain of these non-traditional retailers may use more extensive promotional pricing or discounts, both at the fuel pump and in the store, to encourage in-store merchandise sales and gasoline sales. In some of our markets, our competitors have been in existence longer and have greater financial, marketing, and other resources than we do. As a result, our competitors may have a greater ability to bear the economic risks inherent in our industry and may be able to respond better to changes in the economy and new opportunities within the industry, including
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those related to electric vehicle charging stations. This intense competition could adversely affect our revenues and profitability and have a material adverse impact on our business and results of operations.
Risks Related to Our Growth Strategies
We may experience difficulties implementing and realizing the results of our long-term strategic plan.
In January 2020, the Company unveiled an updated, long-term/strategic plan, centered around four strategic objectives: reinvent hospitality and the guest experience; be where the guest is; best-in-class efficiencies; and, invest in our people and culture. While we have invested, and will continue to invest, significant resources in our team and in planning, development, project management, and implementation of the plan, it is possible that we may experience significant delays, increased costs and other difficulties that are not presently contemplated. Further, the intended results of the plan may not be realized as anticipated. Any such issues could adversely affect our operations and negatively impact our business, results of operations and financial condition.
We may not be able to identify, acquire, and integrate new properties and stores, which could adversely affect our ability to grow our business.
An important part of our growth strategy has been to purchase properties on which to build our stores, and in other instances, acquire other convenience stores that complement our existing stores or broaden our geographic presence. We expect to continue pursuing acquisition opportunities, which involve risks that could cause our actual growth or operating results to differ materially from our expectations or the expectations of securities analysts. These risks include, but are not limited to, the inability to identify and acquire suitable sites at advantageous prices; competition in targeted market areas; difficulties in obtaining favorable financing for larger acquisitions or construction projects; difficulties during the acquisition process in discovering some of the liabilities of the businesses that we acquire; difficulties associated with our existing financial controls, information systems, management resources and human resources needed to support our future growth; difficulties with hiring, training and retaining skilled personnel; difficulties in adapting distribution and other operational and management systems to an expanded network of stores; difficulties in adopting, adapting to or changing the business practices, models or processes of stores or chains we acquire; difficulties in obtaining governmental and other third-party consents, permits and licenses needed to operate additional stores; difficulties in obtaining the cost savings and financial improvements we anticipate from future acquired stores; the potential diversion of our management’s attention from focusing on our core business due to an increased focus on acquisitions; and, challenges associated with the consummation and integration of any future acquisition.
Risks Relating to Our Common Stock
The market price for our common stock has been and may in the future be volatile, which could cause the value of your investment to decline.
Securities markets worldwide experience significant price and volume fluctuations. This market volatility could significantly affect the market price of our common stock without regard to our operating performance. In addition, the price of our common stock could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to these, and other factors: a deviation in our results from the expectations of public market analysts and investors; statements by research analysts about our common stock, company, or industry; changes in market valuations of companies in our industry and market evaluations of our industry generally; additions or departures of key personnel; actions taken by our competitors; sales or repurchases of common stock by the Company or other affiliates; and, other general economic, political, or market conditions, many of which are beyond our control.
The market price of our common stock will also be affected by our quarterly operating results and same store sales results, which may be expected to fluctuate. Some of the factors that may affect our quarterly results and same store sales include general, regional, and national economic conditions; competition; unexpected costs; changes in retail pricing, consumer trends, and the number of stores we open and/or close during any given period; and the costs of compliance with corporate governance and other legal requirements. Other factors are discussed throughout Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. You may not be able to resell your shares of our common stock at or above the price you pay.
Any issuance of shares of our common stock in the future could have a dilutive effect on your investment.
We could issue additional shares for investment, acquisition, or other business purposes. Even if there is not an immediate need for capital, we may choose to issue securities to sell in public or private equity markets, if and when conditions are favorable. Raising funds by issuing securities would dilute the ownership interests of our existing shareholders. Additionally, certain types of equity securities we may issue in the future could have rights, preferences, or privileges senior to the rights of existing holders of our common stock.
Iowa law and provisions in our charter documents may have the effect of preventing or hindering a change in control and adversely affecting the market price of our common stock.
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Our articles of incorporation give the Company’s board of directors the authority to issue up to one million shares of preferred stock and to determine the rights and preferences of the preferred stock without obtaining shareholder approval. The existence of this preferred stock could make it more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control of the Company by means of a tender offer, merger, proxy contest, or otherwise. Furthermore, this preferred stock could be issued with other rights, including economic rights, senior to our common stock, thereby having a potentially adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.
In addition, provisions of Iowa corporate law could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire us or remove our directors by means of a proxy contest, even if doing so would be beneficial to our shareholders. For example, the Iowa Business Corporation Act (the “Act”) prohibits publicly held Iowa corporations to which it applies from engaging in a business combination with an interested shareholder for a period of three years after the date of the transaction in which the person became an interested shareholder unless the business combination is approved in a prescribed manner. Further, the Act permits a board of directors, in the context of a takeover proposal, to consider not only the effect of a proposed transaction on shareholders, but also on a corporation’s Team Members, suppliers, guests, creditors, and on the communities in which the corporation operates. These provisions could discourage others from bidding for our shares and could, as a result, reduce the likelihood of an increase in our stock price that would otherwise occur if a bidder sought to buy our stock.
We may, in the future, adopt other measures (such as a shareholder rights plan or “poison pill”) that could have the effect of delaying, deferring, or preventing an unsolicited takeover, even if such a change in control were at a premium price or favored by a majority of unaffiliated shareholders. These measures may be adopted without any further vote or action by our shareholders.

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ITEM 1B.UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
Not applicable.

ITEM 2.PROPERTIES
We own the Store Support Center (built in 1990) and all three distribution centers. Located on an approximately 57-acre site in Ankeny, Iowa, the Store Support Center includes office space, our first distribution center, and our fleet services maintenance center. The Store Support Center provides approximately 490,000 square feet of available space, including approximately 290,000 square feet related to the distribution center. We also own a building near the Store Support Center where our construction and support services departments operate. In February 2016, we opened our second distribution center, located in Terre Haute, Indiana. This second distribution center has approximately 340,000 square feet of total space. In April 2021, we opened a third distribution center located in Joplin, Missouri (see Note 7 for discussion of ownership structure). The third distribution center provides approximately 300,000 square feet of total space.
On April 30, 2022, we leased a combination of land and/or building at 114 locations. Most of the leases provide for the payment of a fixed rent plus property taxes, insurance, and maintenance costs. Generally, the leases are for terms of ten to twenty years with options to renew for additional periods or options to purchase the leased premises at the end of the lease period. The Company owns the land and building at all of our other store locations. Additionally, the Company regularly has land held for development, land under construction for new stores, and land held for sale as a result of store closures.
ITEM 3.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
The information required to be set forth under this heading is incorporated by reference from Note 10, Contingencies, to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8.

ITEM 4.MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
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PART II

ITEM 5.MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS, AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Common Stock
Casey’s common stock trades on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol CASY. The 37,111,667 shares of common stock outstanding at April 30, 2022 had a market value of approximately $7.5 billion. On that date, there were 1,679 shareholders of record.
Common Stock Market Prices
Calendar 2020HighLowCalendar 2021HighLowCalendar 2022HighLow
Q1$181.99 $114.01 Q1$221.29 $175.02 Q1$202.50 $170.82 
Q2$174.40 $117.25 Q2$229.18 $192.33 
Q3$183.45 $145.48 Q3$208.19 $185.96 
Q4$196.58 $165.38 Q4$203.72 $181.25 
Dividends
We began paying cash dividends during fiscal 1991. The dividends declared in fiscal 2022 totaled $1.39 per share. The dividends declared in fiscal 2021 totaled $1.32 per share. At its June meeting, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.38 per share payable August 15, 2022, to shareholders of record on August 1, 2022.
The cash dividends declared during the calendar years 2020 through 2022 were as follows:
Calendar 2020Cash
dividend
declared
Calendar 2021Cash
dividend
declared
Calendar 2022Cash
dividend
declared
Q1$0.320 Q1$0.340 Q1$0.350 
Q20.320 Q20.340 Q20.380 
Q30.320 Q30.350 
Q40.340 Q40.350 
1.300 1.380 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The following table sets forth information with respect to the Company's repurchases of common stock during the quarter ended April 30, 2022:
PeriodTotal Number of Shares PurchasedAverage Price Paid Per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs Maximum Dollar Value of Shares That May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (1)
Fourth Quarter:
February 1-28, 2022— $— — $300,000,000 
March 1-31, 2022— — — 400,000,000 
April 1-30, 2022— — — 400,000,000 
Total— $— — $400,000,000 


(1)    On March 7, 2018, the Company announced a share repurchase program, whereby the Company was authorized to repurchase up to an aggregate of $300 million of the Company’s outstanding common stock (the "Prior Repurchase
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Program"). No repurchases were made under the Prior Repurchase Program and it was set to expire on April 30, 2022. On, and effective as of, March 3, 2022, the Board authorized an extension and expansion of the Prior Repurchase Program by $100 million, for a total amount of up to $400 million, exclusive of fees, commissions or other expenses, under which the Company may repurchase its outstanding common stock from time-to-time (the "Updated Repurchase Program"). The Updated Repurchase Program has no set expiration date. The timing and number of repurchase transactions under the Updated Repurchase Program depends on a variety of factors including, but not limited to, market conditions, corporate considerations, business opportunities, debt agreements, and regulatory requirements. The Updated Repurchase Program can be suspended or discontinued at any time.

ITEM 6.[Reserved]

ITEM 7.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
(Dollars and gallons in thousands, except per share amounts)
Please read the following discussion of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with the selected historical consolidated financial data and consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes presented elsewhere in this Form 10-K.
Overview
The Company primarily operates convenience stores under the names "Casey's" and “Casey’s General Store” throughout 16 states, primarily in Iowa, Illinois, and Missouri. On April 30, 2022, there were a total of 2,452 stores in operation. All convenience stores carry a broad selection of food (including freshly prepared foods such as pizza, donuts and sandwiches), beverages, tobacco and nicotine products, health and beauty aids, automotive products and other non-food items. As of April 30, 2022, 212 store locations offered car washes. We derive our revenue from the retail sale of fuel and the products offered in our stores.
During the fiscal year, the Company introduced certain stores branded or rebranded as "GoodStop (by Casey’s)". Similar to most of our store footprint, the "GoodStop" locations offer fuel for sale on a self-serve basis, and a broad selection of snacks, beverages, tobacco products, and other essentials. However, these locations typically do not have a kitchen and have limited prepared food offerings. As of April 30, 2022, 46 stores operate under the "GoodStop" brand.
The Company is also temporarily operating certain locations acquired from Buchanan Energy during the fiscal year under the name, "Bucky's." The Company is in the process of transitioning all "Bucky's" locations to either the "Casey's" or "GoodStop" brand. These locations typically have similar offerings to the “Casey’s” branded stores. The Company also operates two stores selling primarily tobacco and nicotine products, one liquor-only store, and one grocery store.
The Company acquired a dealer network from Buchanan Energy during the 2022 fiscal year. As of April 30, 2022, there were 76 dealer locations where Casey’s manages fuel wholesale supply agreements to these stores. These locations are not operated by Casey's. Approximately 2% of total revenue for the year-ended April 30, 2022 relates to this dealer network.
Approximately 51% of all Casey’s were opened in areas with populations of fewer than 5,000 people, while approximately 25% of all stores were opened in communities with populations of more than 20,000 persons. CMC operates three distribution centers, through which certain grocery and general merchandise, and prepared food and dispensed beverage items, are supplied to our stores. One is adjacent to the Store Support Center facility in Ankeny, Iowa. The other two distribution centers are located in Terre Haute, Indiana (opened in February 2016) and Joplin, Missouri (opened in April 2021). At April 30, 2022, the Company leased the combination of land and/or building at 114 locations.
The Company’s business is seasonal, and generally experiences higher sales and profitability during the first and second fiscal quarters (May-October), when guests tend to purchase greater quantities of fuel and certain convenience items such as beer, sports drinks, water, soft drinks and ice.
The following table represents the roll forward of store growth throughout fiscal 2022:
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Store Count
Stores at April 30, 20212,243
New store construction21
Acquisitions207
Acquisitions not opened(3)
Prior acquisitions opened4
Closed(20)
Stores at April 30, 20222,452
Acquisitions in the table above include, in part, 89 stores which were acquired from Buchanan Energy in May, 2021. The table excludes three sites that were included in the transaction, but were divested by the Company shortly after closing as part of a consent order with the Federal Trade Commission. Additionally, it includes 48 stores from the Circle K transaction that closed in June and 40 stores from the Pilot transaction that closed in December. For additional discussion, refer to Note 2 in the consolidated financial statements.
For further general descriptive information on the Company’s business and operations, see Item 1, above, which is incorporated herein by reference.
Long-Term Strategic Plan
The Company announced an updated, long-term strategic plan in January 2020 focused on four strategic objectives: reinvent hospitality and the guest experience; be where the guest is by accelerating unit growth; create capacity through best-in-class efficiencies; and, invest in our people and culture. The Company's plan is based on building on our proud heritage and distinct advantages to become more contemporary through new capabilities, technology, data, and processes. We believe this will best position the Company to address rapidly evolving shifts in consumer habits and other macro retail trends.
The Company made significant progress towards its strategic plan goals during the 2022 fiscal year. Examples include:
Grew our store count through a number of strategic acquisitions, including 89 stores from Buchanan Energy, 48 stores from Circle K, and 40 stores from Pilot, resulting in the largest unit growth year in the Company's history
Rolled out a successful breakfast menu relaunch with innovative new items and bean-to-cup coffee
Expanded our private label products by over 100 items and continued to expand the program's market share, exiting the fourth quarter at 5% sales penetration of the grocery and general merchandise category
Introduced a fuel wholesale network through the acquisition of Buchanan Energy, which is made up of 76 locations as of April 30, 2022
Stood up new fuel technology to optimize fuel procurement efforts
Continued to expand our digital offerings and have increased our Casey's Rewards enrollment to approximately 5 million members, an increase of 1.3 million during the fiscal year
Improved the efficiency of our distribution network with the new distribution center in Joplin, Missouri, which opened in the prior fiscal year
COVID-19 and Related Impacts
Throughout fiscal year 2022, the Company continued to adapt to the challenges caused or contributed to by COVID-19 and its new and unpredictable variants. In general, reported COVID-19 cases across our footprint were down, although we did see a slight uptick at the end of the fiscal year. Overall, this has led to fewer staffing challenges due to illness, temporary store closures and special cleaning costs. On the other hand, the ongoing challenges included, but were not limited to, a stressed labor market, as it became increasingly challenging to find, hire and retain store Team Members. In response, the Company held two large-scale hiring events during the year, each of which led to the onboarding of a significant number of Team Members to support our stores. In addition, the Company saw increasing wage pressure, as wages across the convenience store, restaurant and retail industries in general continued to rise, which directly contributes to increased operating expenses. The Company expects to see these labor challenges continue throughout the 2023 fiscal year. COVID-19 also continues to pressure our supply chain, and the supply chains of our suppliers. While the Company has been successful in hiring and retaining drivers, some supplier networks have been challenged by a lack of drivers, which in some cases has led to delays in deliveries to our distribution centers and stores. Other supply chain challenges have included the unavailability of certain products from our suppliers, which has led to these products being out of stock or not available at all. The Company also expects these issues to continue throughout the 2023 fiscal year. Finally, the initial onset of COVID-19 in early 2020 caused a significant decrease in store traffic across our entire footprint. While store traffic has markedly increased as the economy has reopened over the past two or so years, the Company has not seen a full return to store traffic levels experienced prior to the pandemic. The Company believes this is largely contributed to the increased prevalence and acceptance across all industries of working from home, a trend which the Company expects to continue into the foreseeable future. While COVID-19 will continue to bring challenges
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and uncertainty to our operating environment, we believe that our resilient business model and the strength of our brand and balance sheet position us well to navigate the pandemic and its impacts.
Fuel Volatility
Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the price of crude oil, and in turn the wholesale cost of fuel, has been volatile. Initially, at the outset of the pandemic, oil and fuel prices fell dramatically; however, as the economy in general began to emerge from the COVID-19 pandemic, prices began to modestly increase over time. More recently, during the end of the Company’s 2022 fiscal year, and continuing thereafter, oil and fuel prices have seen a quick and dramatic increase, in part, as a result of the conflict in Ukraine, as well as other macroeconomic conditions, which also directly impacts the retail price of fuel that we sell at our stores. Although the Company has not seen a material reduction in demand to-date, as the retail price of fuel increases to over four dollars, and in some instances, five dollars per gallon, it is possible that the Company may begin to see demand decline for fuel or other discretionary items it sells inside its stores. In addition, since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company, and the fuel industry as a whole, has experienced historically high average revenue less cost of goods sold per gallon (excluding depreciation and amortization and credit card fees). Although this has remained relatively consistent since that time on a longer-term basis, this metric can fluctuate significantly, and sometimes unpredictably, in the short-term. While the Company believes that its average revenue less cost of goods sold per gallon (excluding depreciation and amortization and credit card fees) will remain elevated from pre-COVID-19 pandemic levels for the foreseeable future, it is possible that increased oil and fuel prices, rising interest rates, macroeconomic conditions and/or continuing conflicts or disruptions involving oil producing countries may materially impact the performance of this metric.
Electric Vehicles and Renewable Fuels
Casey's is in the early stages of developing a more robust electric vehicle ("EV") strategy and our management team remains committed to understanding if and how the increase demand for, and usage of, EVs impacts consumer behavior across our store footprint and beyond. The Company has installed 114 charging stations at 25 stores, across 8 states. Our current implementation strategy is designed to selectively install charging stations in locations within our footprint where we see higher levels of consumer EV usage. To date, consumer EV demand within our Midwest footprint has been comparatively lower than the levels along the coasts. As EV demand from our guests increases, we are prepared to integrate charging station options at our nearby stores.
The Company also remains committed to offering renewable fuel options at our stores. Currently, 100% of our stores offer fuel with at least 10% of blended ethanol and 44% of our stores offer biodiesel. Every new store has the capability to sell higher blended ethanol, and we aim to continue growing sales of renewable fuels throughout our footprint. At the end of the 2022 fiscal year, the Biden administration announced plans for an emergency waiver to allow the sale of gasoline blended with 15% ethanol during the summer period and as a result, we expect to see an increase in the sales volumes of ethanol blended fuels compared to what we would generally expect during this period.
Fiscal 2022 Compared with Fiscal 2021
Total revenue for fiscal 2022 increased 48.8% ($4,245,405) to $12,952,594. Retail fuel sales for the fiscal year were $8,312,038, a increase of 72.3% primarily due to a 45.7% increase in the average price of fuel. Fuel gallons sold increased 18.3% to 2.6 billion gallons, which increased fuel revenue by an additional $1,282,871. Additionally, the Company saw a $534,106 increase to $4,345,627 (14.0%) in grocery and general merchandise and prepared food and dispensed beverage revenue, due to operating 209 more stores than one year ago, price increases responding to the rising cost of inputs, and improved sales in pizza slices, breakfast sandwiches, packaged beverages, and salty snacks.
Total revenue less cost of goods sold (excluding depreciation and amortization) was 21.3% for fiscal 2022 compared with 27.1% for the prior year. Fuel cents per gallon increased to 36.0 cents in fiscal 2022 from 34.9 cents in fiscal 2021. The grocery and general merchandise revenue less related cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) increased to 32.7% from 32.0% during fiscal 2022 compared to fiscal 2021. Grocery and general merchandise revenue less related cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) was positively impacted by mix shift, including gaining market share on the private label program, procurement initiatives, and price increases, offset by inflationary pressures. The prepared food and dispensed beverage revenue less related cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) decreased to 59.2% from 60.1% during fiscal 2022 compared to the prior year, primarily due to inflationary pressures.
Operating expenses increased 19.8% ($324,282) in fiscal 2022 primarily due to operating 209 more stores than one year ago inclusive of $15.0 million of one-time deal and integration costs, as well as a 7.5% increase in same-store labor rates, and a 23% increase in same-store credit card fees driven by higher fuel pricing. The majority of all operating expenses are wages and wage-related costs.
Depreciation and amortization expense increased 14.5% ($38,346) to $303,541 in fiscal 2022 from $265,195 in fiscal 2021. The increase was due primarily to acquisitions and capital expenditures made in fiscal 2022 and fiscal 2021.
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The effective tax rate decreased to 22.9% in fiscal 2022 from 23.2% in fiscal 2021. The decrease in the effective tax rate was driven by a one-time benefit from adjusting the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities for state law changes enacted during the year, offset by a one-time expense to update the state deferred tax rate following the Buchanan Energy transaction.
Net income increased to $339,790 in fiscal 2022 from $312,900 in fiscal 2021. The increase was primarily due to increased fuel and grocery contribution attributable to increasing store traffic, operating 209 more stores than one year ago, offset by increased operating expenses and depreciation.
Please refer to the Form 10-K related to the fiscal year ended April 30, 2021, filed on June 25, 2021, for comparison of Fiscal 2021 to Fiscal 2020.
COMPANY TOTAL REVENUE AND REVENUE LESS COST OF GOODS SOLD (EXCLUDING DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION) BY CATEGORY (1)
 
 Years ended April 30,
 202220212020
Total revenue by category
Fuel$8,312,038 $4,825,466 $5,517,412 
Grocery and general merchandise3,141,527 2,724,374 2,498,966 
Prepared food and dispensed beverage1,204,100 1,087,147 1,097,207 
Other (2)294,929 70,202 61,711 
$12,952,594 $8,707,189 $9,175,296 
Revenue less cost of goods sold (excluding depreciation and amortization) by category
Fuel$928,868 $761,247 $614,847 
Grocery and general merchandise1,027,477 872,573 800,140 
Prepared food and dispensed beverage712,352 653,689 668,092 
Other (2)94,017 68,926 61,605 
$2,762,714 $2,356,435 $2,144,684 
(1)Note that we have changed the names of the "grocery and other merchandise" category to "grocery and general merchandise" and the "prepared food and fountain" category to "prepared food and dispensed beverage" to better reflect the composition of the category. There have been no changes to the makeup of the categories, and they remain directly comparable to prior periods.
(2)The 'Other' category historically has primarily consisted of lottery, which is presented net of applicable costs, and car wash. As a result of the Buchanan Energy acquisition, we acquired a dealer network where Casey’s manages fuel wholesale supply agreements to these stores. The activity related to this dealer network is included in the 'Other' category and is presented gross of applicable costs.
INDIVIDUAL STORE COMPARISONS (1)
 
 Years ended April 30,
 202220212020
Average retail sales$5,206 $3,894 $4,203 
Average retail inside sales (2)1,840 1,720 1,659 
Average revenue less cost of goods sold (excluding depreciation and amortization) on inside sales (2)723 655 647 
Average retail sales of fuel3,366 2,174 2,544 
Average revenue less cost of goods sold (excluding depreciation and amortization) on fuel 363 338 280 
Average operating income (3)367 338 291 
Average number of gallons sold1,047 981 1,055 
 
(1)Individual store comparisons include only those stores that had been in operation for at least one full year and remained open on April 30 of the fiscal year indicated.
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(2)Inside sales is comprised of sales related to the grocery and general merchandise and prepared food and dispensed beverage categories.
(3)Average operating income represents retail sales less cost of goods sold and operating expenses attributable to a particular store; it excludes interest, federal and state income taxes, and Company operating expenses not attributable to a particular store.


SAME STORE SALES BY CATEGORY (1)
 Years ended April 30,
 202220212020
Fuel gallons (2) 4.4 %(8.1)%(5.1)%
Grocery and general merchandise (3)6.3 %6.6 %1.9 %
Prepared food and dispensed beverage (3)7.4 %(2.1)%(1.5)%
 
(1)Same-store sales is a common metric used in the convenience store industry. We define same-store sales as the total sales increase (or decrease) for stores open during the full time of the periods being presented. The store must be open for each entire fiscal year being compared. Remodeled stores that remained open or were closed for just a very brief period of time (less than a week) during the period being compared remain in the same store sales comparison. If a store is replaced, either at the same location (razed and rebuilt) or relocated to a new location, it is removed from the comparison until the new store has been open for each entire period being compared. Newly constructed and acquired stores do not enter the calculation until they are open for each entire period being compared as well.
(2)The increase in fuel gallons in fiscal 2022 as compared to fiscal 2021 was primarily due to increased demand as store traffic improved throughout the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic.
(3)The increase in same-store sales for prepared food and dispensed beverage and grocery and general merchandise for 2022 as compared to 2021 was primarily due to increased demand as store traffic improved throughout the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, price increases relating to inflationary pressures, as well as improved sales in pizza slices, breakfast items related to the breakfast menu relaunch, packaged beverages, and salty snacks.
Use of Non-GAAP Measures
We define EBITDA as net income before net interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA further adjusts EBITDA by excluding the gain or loss on disposal of assets as well as impairment charges. Neither EBITDA nor Adjusted EBITDA are presented in accordance with GAAP.
We believe EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are useful to investors in evaluating our operating performance because securities analysts and other interested parties use such calculations as a measure of financial performance and debt service capabilities, and they are regularly used by management for internal purposes including our capital budgeting process, evaluating acquisition targets, and assessing store performance.
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not recognized terms under GAAP and should not be considered as a substitute for net income, cash flows from operating activities or other income or cash flow statement data. These measures have limitations as analytical tools, and should not be considered in isolation or as substitutes for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. We strongly encourage investors to review our financial statements and publicly filed reports in their entirety and not to rely on any single financial measure.
Because non-GAAP financial measures are not standardized, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA, as defined by us, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies. It therefore may not be possible to compare our use of these non-GAAP financial measures with those used by other companies.
The following table contains a reconciliation of net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the three months and years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively: 
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 Three months endedYears ended
 April 30, 2022April 30, 2021April 30, 2022April 30, 2021
Net income59,777 $41,698 $339,790 $312,900 
Interest, net15,291 11,168 56,972 46,679 
Depreciation and amortization77,866 69,897 303,541 265,195 
Federal and state income taxes12,905 11,921 100,938 94,470 
EBITDA$165,839 $134,684 $801,241 $719,244 
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets and impairment charges(333)5,872 (1,201)9,680 
Adjusted EBITDA$165,506 $140,556 $800,040 $728,924 
For the three months ended April 30, 2022, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA increased 23.1% and 17.8% respectively, when compared to the same period a year ago. For the year ended April 30, 2022, EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA increased 11.4% and 9.8%, respectively. The increase was due to increased fuel and grocery contribution attributable to increasing store traffic, operating 209 more stores than one year ago, partially offset by increased operating expenses.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Critical accounting policies are those accounting policies that management believes are important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations and require management’s most difficult, subjective judgments, often because of the need to estimate the effects of inherently uncertain factors.
Business Combinations
The Company uses the acquisition method of accounting for transactions meeting the definition of a business combination. The acquisitions are recorded in the financial statements by allocating the purchase price to the assets acquired, including intangible assets, and liabilities assumed, based on their estimated fair values at the acquisition date as determined by both third party appraisals or internal estimates. The more significant assets acquired include buildings, equipment, and land. The Company primarily values buildings and equipment using the cost method and land using comparable land sales. The purchase price is determined based upon the fair value of consideration transferred to the seller. Fair values are typically determined using Level 3 inputs (see Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements). Given these estimates often are based upon unobservable inputs, the estimates require significant judgment when determining the overall value and actual results could differ from the estimates originally established. The excess of the cost of the acquisition over the net amounts assigned to the fair value of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed is recorded as goodwill if the acquisition is considered to be a business combination. During a one-year period from the acquisition date, amounts are allowed to be provisional for areas that are expected to be adjusted to their final amounts during the measurement period. These provisional adjustments are for when the buyer obtains additional information about the facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date. Subsequent adjustments recorded to provisional balances within the measurement period are recorded in the period in which the adjustment is identified. Acquisition-related transaction costs are recognized as period costs as incurred.
Inventory
Inventories, which consist of merchandise and fuel, are stated at the lower of cost or market. For fuel, cost is determined through the use of the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. For merchandise inventories, cost is determined through the use of the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method. Inventory valued using the LIFO method of inventory requires judgement when making the determination of appropriate indices to be used for determining price level changes.
Long-lived Assets
The Company monitors closed and underperforming stores for an indication that the carrying amount of assets may not be recoverable. If the sum of the expected future undiscounted cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the assets, an impairment loss is recognized to the extent carrying value of the assets exceeds their estimated fair value. Fair value is based on management’s estimate of the price that would be received to sell an asset in an orderly transaction between market participants. The estimate is derived from offers, actual sale or disposition of assets subsequent to year-end, and other indications of fair value, which are considered Level 3 inputs (see Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements). In determining whether an asset is impaired, assets are grouped at the lowest level for which there are identifiable cash flows that are largely independent of the cash flows of other groups of assets, which for the Company is generally on a store-by-store basis. The Company incurred impairment charges of $1,056 in fiscal 2022, $3,846 in fiscal 2021, and $1,177 in fiscal 2020. Impairment charges are a component of operating expenses.
Self-insurance
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The Company is primarily self-insured for Team Member healthcare, workers’ compensation, general liability, and automobile claims. The self-insurance claim liability for workers’ compensation, general liability, and automobile claims is determined actuarially at each year-end based on claims filed and an estimate of claims incurred but not yet reported. Actuarial projections of the losses are employed due to the potential of variability in the liability estimates. Some factors affecting the uncertainty of claims include the development time frame, settlement patterns, litigation and adjudication direction, and medical treatment and cost trends. The liability is not discounted. The balances of our self-insurance reserves were $53,752 and $50,526 for the years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Refer to Note 1 of the consolidated financial statements for a description of new accounting pronouncements applicable to the Company.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Due to the nature of our business, cash provided by operations is our primary source of liquidity. The Company finances our inventory purchases primarily from normal trade credit aided by relatively rapid inventory turnover. This turnover allows us to conduct operations without large amounts of cash and working capital. As of April 30, 2022, the Company’s ratio of current assets to current liabilities was 0.80 to 1. The ratio at April 30, 2021 and at April 30, 2020 was 1.18 to 1 and 0.36 to 1, respectively. The decrease in the ratio from the prior year is partially attributable to a decrease in cash and cash equivalents associated with payments for the acquisitions of Buchanan Energy, 48 stores from Circle K and 40 stores from Pilot, offset by an increase in inventory due to operating 209 more stores than a year ago and higher fuel pricing. Additionally, current liabilities have increased partially related to accounts payable, due to increasing store count, an increase in fuel prices, as well as an effort to better manage payment terms.
We believe our current $450,000 unsecured revolving credit facility, our $25,000 unsecured bank line of credit, current cash and cash equivalents, and the future cash flow from operations will be sufficient to satisfy the working capital needs of our business.
Net cash provided by operating activities decreased $15,347 (1.9%) for the year ended April 30, 2022, primarily due to increases in income tax receivable, inventories, and accrued expenses. Cash used in investing activities in the year ended April 30, 2022 increased $713,655 (160.6%) primarily due to cash paid for the acquisition of Buchanan Energy for $566,750, 48 Circle K stores for $41,416, and 40 Pilot stores for $226,529, net of cash acquired. Refer to Note 2 of the consolidated financial statements for additional discussion. Cash flows provided by financing activities increased $293,065, primarily due to $450,000 in draws on the Company's term loan facilities, offset by $188,537 of payments long-term debt, including $167,500 of prepayments due to strong free cash flow. Refer to Note 3 of the consolidated financial statements for additional discussion.
Purchases of property and equipment and payments for acquisitions of businesses typically represent the single largest use of Company funds. Management believes that by acquiring, building, and reinvesting in stores, the Company will be better able to respond to competitive challenges and increase operating efficiencies. During fiscal 2022, we expended $1,228,113 for property and equipment, primarily for construction, acquisition, and remodeling of stores compared with $450,608 in the prior year, primarily due to the acquisition activity discussed previously. In fiscal 2023, we anticipate spending approximately $450-$500 million in capital expenditures, including approximately $135 million in one-time store remodel costs for recently acquired stores.
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As of April 30, 2022, we had long-term debt and finance lease obligations consisting of:
Finance lease liabilities (Note 7)74,234 
3.67% Senior notes (Series A) due in 7 installments beginning June 17, 2022, and ending June 15, 2028150,000 
3.75% Senior notes (Series B) due in 7 installments beginning December 17, 2022 and ending December 18, 202850,000 
3.65% Senior notes (Series C) due in 7 installments beginning May 2, 2025 and ending May 2, 203150,000 
3.72% Senior notes (Series D) due in 7 installments beginning October 28, 2025 and ending October 28, 203150,000 
3.51% Senior notes (Series E) due June 13, 2025150,000 
3.77% Senior notes (Series F) due August 22, 2028250,000 
2.85% Senior notes (Series G) due August 7, 2030325,000 
2.96% Senior notes (Series H) due August 6, 2032325,000 
Variable rate Term Loan Facilities, due January 6, 2026265,625 
Debt issuance costs(1,990)
1,687,869 
Less current maturities24,466 
1,663,403 
Interest on the 3.67% Senior notes Series A and 3.75% Senior notes Series B is payable on the 17th day of each June and December. Principal on the Senior notes Series A and Series B is payable in various installments beginning June 17, 2022 (Series A) and December 17, 2022 (Series B) through December 2028. We may prepay the 3.67% and 3.75% Senior notes in whole or in part at any time in an amount of not less than $2,000 at a redemption price calculated in accordance with the Note Agreement dated June 17, 2013, as amended, between the Company and the purchasers of the Senior notes Series A and Series B.
Interest on the 3.65% Senior notes Series C is payable on the 2nd day of each May and November, while the interest on the 3.72% Senior notes Series D is payable on the 28th day of each April and October. Principal on the Senior notes Series C and Series D is payable in various installments beginning May 2, 2025 (Series C) and October 28, 2025 (Series D) through October 2031. We may prepay the 3.65% and 3.72% Senior notes in whole or in part at any time in an amount of not less than $2,000 at a redemption price calculated in accordance with the Note Agreement dated May 2, 2016, as amended, between the Company and the purchasers of the Senior notes Series C and Series D.
Interest on the 3.51% Senior notes Series E is payable on the 13th day of each June and December, while the interest on the 3.77% Senior notes Series F is payable on the 22nd day of each February and August. Principal on the Senior notes Series E and Series F is payable in full on June 13, 2025 (Series E) and August 22, 2028 (Series F), respectively. We may prepay the 3.51% and 3.77% Senior notes in whole or in part at any time in an amount of not less than $2,000 at a redemption price calculated in accordance with the Note Agreement dated June 13, 2017, as amended, between the Company and the purchasers of the Senior notes Series E and Series F.
Interest on the 2.85% Senior notes Series G and 2.96% Senior notes Series H is payable on the 7th day of each February and August. Principal on the Senior notes Series G and Series H is payable in full on August 7, 2030 (Series G) and August 6, 2032 (Series H), respectively. We may prepay the 2.85% and 2.96% Senior notes in whole or in part at any time in an amount of not less than $2,000 at a redemption price calculated in accordance with the Note Purchase Agreement dated June 30, 2020, between the Company and the purchasers of the Senior notes Series G and Series H.
Amounts borrowed under the Company's term loan facilities bear interest at variable rates based upon, at the Company’s option, either: (i) the Adjusted LIBO Rate, plus a margin ranging from 1.55% to 2.60%; or (ii) the ABR, plus a margin ranging from 0.20% to 1.60%. The Company currently has elected the Adjusted LIBO Rate, and there is an option to elect either rate in subsequent interest periods. The applicable margins are dependent upon the Company's Consolidated Leverage Ratio, as defined in the credit agreement establishing the Company's term loan facilities as calculated quarterly. Interest is payable at the end of each calendar quarter. We have the right at any time to prepay all or a portion of the outstanding balance without premium or penalty, with prior notice given. During the fourth quarter of the fiscal year, the Company made prepayments of $167,500 on its term loan facilities.
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To date, we have funded capital expenditures primarily through funds generated from operations, the proceeds of the sale of common stock, issuance of debt, and existing cash. Future capital required to finance operations, improvements, and the anticipated growth in the number of stores is expected to come from cash generated by operations, its $450,000 committed unsecured revolving credit facility, its additional $25,000 unsecured bank line of credit, and additional long-term debt or other securities as circumstances may dictate. We do not expect such capital needs to adversely affect liquidity.
The table below presents our significant contractual obligations, including interest, at April 30, 2022: 
Contractual obligationsPayments due by period
 TotalLess than
1 year
1-3 years3-5 yearsMore than
5 years
Senior notes (1)$1,925,775 $64,362 $149,737 $577,894 $1,133,782 
Finance lease obligations107,566 7,235 12,246 10,408 77,677 
Operating lease obligations153,277 7,875 14,997 14,527 115,878 
Unrecognized tax benefits10,259 — — — — 
Deferred compensation14,156 — — — — 
Total$2,211,033 $79,472 $176,980 $602,829 $1,327,337 
(1)The Senior notes portion of the table above excludes interest payments related to the Company's term loan facilities, due to the variable nature of the required interest payments.
Unrecognized tax benefits relate to uncertain tax positions and since we are not able to reasonably estimate the timing of the payments or the amount by which the liability will increase or decrease over time, the related timing of the payment of the balances have not been reflected in the above “Payments due by period” table.
At April 30, 2022, the Company had a total of $10,259 in gross unrecognized tax benefits. Of this amount, $8,105 represents the amount of unrecognized tax benefits that, if recognized, would impact our effective tax rate. The total amount of accrued interest and penalties for such unrecognized tax benefits was $371 as of April 30, 2022. Interest and penalties related to income taxes are classified as income tax expense in our consolidated financial statements. The federal statute of limitations remains open for the tax years 2018 and forward. Tax years 2012 and forward are subject to audit by state tax authorities depending on open statute of limitations waivers and the tax code of each state.
A number of years may elapse before an uncertain tax position is audited and ultimately settled. It is difficult to predict the ultimate outcome or the timing of resolution for uncertain tax positions. It is reasonably possible that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits could significantly increase or decrease within the next twelve months. These changes could result from the expiration of the statute of limitations, examinations or other unforeseen circumstances. The Company has no ongoing federal or state income tax examinations. At this time, management believes it is reasonably possible the aggregate amount of unrecognized tax benefits will decrease by $2,100 within the next 12 months. This expected decrease is due to the expiration of statute of limitations related to certain federal and state income tax filing positions.
Included in long-term liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet at April 30, 2022, was a $12,746 obligation for deferred compensation. Additionally, $1,040 was recognized in current liabilities as of April 30, 2022 related to deferred compensation. As the specific payment dates for a portion of the deferred compensation outstanding are unknown due to the unknown retirement dates of many of the participants, the related timing of the payment of the balances have not been reflected in the above “Payments due by period” table. However, known payments of $10,418 will be due during the next 5 years.
At April 30, 2022, we were partially self-insured for workers’ compensation claims in all 16 states of our marketing territory; we also were partially self-insured for general liability and auto liability under an agreement that provides for annual stop-loss limits equal to or exceeding $2,000 for auto liability and $1,000 for workers' compensation and general liability. To facilitate this agreement, letters of credit approximating $5,492 were issued and outstanding at April 30, 2022, on the insurance company’s behalf. We renew the letters of credit on an annual basis.

Forward-Looking Statements

This Form 10-K, including but not limited to the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The words “may,” “will,” "should," “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “project,” “continue,” and similar expressions are used to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements represent the Company’s current expectations or beliefs concerning future events and trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, liquidity and related sources and needs, supply chain, results of operations and performance at our stores, business strategy, strategic
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plans, growth opportunities, integration of acquisitions, acquisition synergies, short-term and long-term business operations and objectives including our long-term strategic plan, wholesale fuel, inventory and ingredient costs and the potential effects of the conflict in Ukraine and COVID-19 on our business.  The Company cautions that these statements are further qualified by important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, the following risk factors described more completely above in Item 1A entitled “Risk Factors”:

Business Operations; Our business and our reputation could be adversely affected by a cyber or data security incident or the failure to protect sensitive guest, Team Member or supplier data, or the failure to comply with applicable regulations relating to data security and privacy; food-safety issues and food-borne illnesses, whether actual or reported, or the failure to comply with applicable regulations relating to the transportation, storage, preparation or service of food, could adversely affect our business and reputation; pandemics or disease outbreaks, such as COVID-19, responsive actions taken by governments and others to mitigate their spread, and guest behavior in response to these events, have, and may in the future, adversely affect our business operations, supply chain and financial results; a significant disruption to our distribution network, to the capacity of the distribution centers, or timely receipt of inventory could adversely impact our sales or increase our transaction costs, which could have a material adverse effect on our business; we could be adversely affected if we experience difficulties in, or are unable to recruit, hire or retain, members of our leadership team and other distribution, field and store Team Members; any failure to anticipate and respond to changes in consumer preferences, or to introduce and promote innovative technology for guest interaction, could adversely affect our financial results; we rely on our information technology systems, and a number of third-party software providers, to manage numerous aspects of our business, and a disruption of these systems could adversely affect our business; increased credit card expenses could lead to higher operating expenses and other costs for the Company; our operations present hazards and risks which may not be fully covered by insurance, if insured; the dangers inherent in the storage and transport of fuel could cause disruptions and could expose to us potentially significant losses, costs or liabilities; consumer or other litigation could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations; and, covenants in our senior notes and credit facility agreements require us to comply with certain covenants and meet financial maintenance tests and the failure to comply with these requirements could have a material impact to us.

Governmental Actions, Regulations, and OversightCompliance with and changes in tax laws could adversely affect our performance; we are subject to extensive governmental regulations; governmental action and campaigns to discourage tobacco and nicotine use and other tobacco products may have a material adverse effect on our revenues and gross profit; and, wholesale cost and tax increases relating to tobacco and nicotine products could affect our operating results.

IndustryGeneral economic and political conditions that are largely out of the Company’s control may adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations; developments related to fuel efficiency, fuel conservation practices, climate change, and changing consumer preferences may decrease the demand for motor fuel; unfavorable weather conditions can adversely affect our business; the volatility of wholesale petroleum costs could adversely affect our operating results; and, the convenience store industry is highly competitive.

Growth StrategiesWe may experience difficulties implementing and realizing the results of our long-term strategic plan; and, we may not be able to identify, acquire, and integrate new properties and stores, which could adversely affect our ability to grow our business.

Common StockThe market price for our common stock has been and may in the future be volatile, which could cause the value of your investment to decline; any issuance of shares of our common stock in the future could have a dilutive effect on your investment; and, Iowa law and provisions in our charter documents may have the effect of preventing or hindering a change in control and adversely affecting the market price of our common stock.

Although we have attempted to list the important factors that presently affect the Company’s business and operating results, we further caution you that other factors we have not identified may in the future prove to be important in affecting our business and results of operations. We ask you not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements because they speak only of our views as of the statement dates. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.
ITEM 7A.QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
The Company’s exposure to market risk for changes in interest rates relates primarily to our investment portfolio and floating rate long-term debt obligations. We place our investments with high-quality credit issuers and, by policy, limit the amount of credit exposure to any one issuer. Our first priority is to reduce the risk of principal loss. Consequently, we seek to preserve our invested funds by attempting to limit default risk, market risk, and reinvestment risk. We attempt to mitigate
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default risk by investing in only high-quality credit securities that we believe to be low risk and by positioning our portfolio to respond appropriately to a significant reduction in a credit rating of any investment issuer or guarantor. The portfolio includes only marketable securities with active secondary or resale markets to ensure portfolio liquidity. Based upon the outstanding balance of the Company's term loan facilities as of April 30, 2022, an immediate 100-basis-point move in interest rates would have an approximate annualized impact of $2.7 million on interest expense.
We do, from time to time, participate in a forward buy of certain commodities. These are not accounted for as derivatives under the normal purchase and sale exclusions under the applicable accounting guidance.
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ITEM 8.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
The Shareholders and Board of Directors
Casey’s General Stores, Inc.:
Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Casey's General Stores, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of April 30, 2022 and 2021, the related consolidated statements of income, shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended April 30, 2022, and the related notes (collectively, the consolidated financial statements). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of April 30, 2022 and 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended April 30, 2022, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of April 30, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, and our report dated June 24, 2022 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
Basis for Opinion
These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.
Assessment of the self-insurance claim liability for workers’ compensation
As discussed in Notes 1 and 10 to the consolidated financial statements, at April 30, 2022, the Company was primarily self-insured for workers’ compensation claims. The self-insurance claim liability for workers’ compensation is determined actuarially based on claims filed and an estimate of claims incurred but not yet reported. Factors affecting the uncertainty of the claim liability include the (1) loss development factors, which include the development time frame and settlement patterns, and (2) expected loss rates, which include litigation and adjudication direction, and medical treatment and cost trends. As discussed in Notes 1 and 10 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company reported a self-insurance claim liability of $53,752 thousand, which included the self-insurance claim liability for workers’ compensation.
We identified the assessment of the self-insurance claim liability for workers’ compensation as a critical audit matter. The evaluation of the key assumptions used to estimate the liability, specifically the loss development factors and expected loss
30


rates, required complex auditor judgment due to the significant measurement uncertainty. Specialized skill and knowledge was necessary to evaluate the methods and key assumptions used to determine the liability.
The following are the primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter. We evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of certain internal controls related to the Company’s process to determine the self-insurance claim liability for workers’ compensation. This included controls related to the selection of the methods used to determine the liability, and the evaluation of the loss development factors and expected loss rates. We involved actuarial professionals with specialized skill and knowledge, who assisted in:
assessing the methods used by the Company by comparing them to generally accepted actuarial methods
evaluating the loss development factors and expected loss rates used by the Company by comparing them to industry trends.
Evaluation of the value allocated to land in certain business combinations
As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company acquired Buchanan Energy and several stores from Pilot Corporation during the year ended April 30, 2022. These acquisitions met the criteria to be recorded as business combinations. The significant assets acquired include buildings, equipment, and land. The Company primarily values buildings and equipment using the cost method and land using comparable land sales. The Company assigned $306,818 thousand and $67,365 thousand to property and equipment in the Buchanan Energy and Pilot acquisitions, which includes the value allocated to land.
We identified the evaluation of the fair value of land acquired in the Buchanan Energy and Pilot business combinations as a critical audit matter. A high degree of subjective auditor judgment was required to evaluate the relevance of comparable land sales that were used to determine the fair value of the acquired land. This matter required the assistance of valuation professionals with specialized skills and knowledge.
The following are the primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter. We evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of certain internal controls related to the Company’s land value estimation process in business combinations. This included controls related to the identification and selection of the publicly available comparable land sales. For a sample of land acquired we involved valuation professionals with specialized skills and knowledge, who assisted in developing independent ranges of fair value estimates using publicly available land sales and comparing them to the Company’s fair value estimates.
/s/ KPMG LLP
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 1987.
Des Moines, Iowa
June 24, 2022
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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
The Shareholders and Board of Directors
Casey’s General Stores, Inc.:
Opinion on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
We have audited Casey's General Stores, Inc. and subsidiaries' (the Company) internal control over financial reporting as of April 30, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of April 30, 2022, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of April 30, 2022 and 2021, the related consolidated statements of income, shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended April 30, 2022, and the related notes (collectively, the consolidated financial statements), and our report dated June 24, 2022 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.
The Company acquired Buchanan Energy, Circle K Stores Inc., and Pilot Corporation during fiscal year 2022, and management excluded from its assessment of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of April 30, 2022, Buchanan Energy, Circle K Stores Inc., and Pilot Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting associated with assets of 18% and revenues of 9% of the total assets and total revenues included in the consolidated financial statements of the Company as of and for the year ended April 30, 2022. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting of the Company also excluded an evaluation of the internal control over financial reporting of Buchanan Energy, Circle K Stores Inc., and Pilot Corporation.
Basis for Opinion
The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
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/s/ KPMG LLP
Des Moines, Iowa
June 24, 2022

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CASEY’S GENERAL STORES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (In thousands, except share data)
 April 30,
 20222021
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$158,878 $336,545 
Receivables108,028 79,698 
Inventories396,199 286,598 
Prepaid expenses17,859 11,214 
Income taxes receivable44,071 9,578 
Total current assets725,035 723,633 
Property and equipment, at cost
Land1,097,985 938,199 
Buildings and leasehold improvements2,445,509 2,162,261 
Machinery and equipment2,695,366 2,478,404 
Finance lease right-of-use assets75,060 22,413 
Construction in process92,331 98,587 
6,406,251 5,699,864 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization2,425,709 2,206,405 
Net property and equipment3,980,542 3,493,459 
Other assets, net of amortization187,219 82,147 
Goodwill612,934 161,075 
Total assets$5,505,730 $4,460,314 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Current maturities of long-term debt and finance lease obligations$24,466 $2,354 
Accounts payable588,783 355,471 
Accrued expenses
Wages and related taxes87,022 69,226 
Property taxes47,556 39,399 
Insurance accruals25,795 24,287 
Other131,056 122,012 
Total current liabilities904,678 612,749 
Long-term debt and finance lease obligations, net of current maturities1,663,403 1,361,395 
Deferred income taxes520,472 439,721 
Deferred compensation12,746 15,094 
Insurance accruals, net of current portion 27,957 26,239 
Other long-term liabilities135,636 72,437 
Total liabilities3,264,892 2,527,635 
Commitments and contingencies
Shareholders’ equity
Preferred stock, no par value, none issued
  
Common stock, no par value, 37,111,667 and 36,949,878 shares issued and outstanding at April 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively
79,412 58,951 
Retained earnings2,161,426 1,873,728 
Total shareholders’ equity2,240,838 1,932,679 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$5,505,730 $4,460,314 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 Years ended April 30,
 202220212020
Total revenue$12,952,594 $8,707,189 $9,175,296 
Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization, shown separately below) (a)10,189,880 6,350,754 7,030,612 
Operating expenses1,961,473 1,637,191 1,498,043 
Depreciation and amortization303,541 265,195 251,174 
Interest, net56,972 46,679 53,419 
Income before income taxes440,728 407,370 342,048 
Federal and state income taxes100,938 94,470 78,202 
Net income$339,790 $312,900 $263,846 
Net income per common share
Basic$9.14 $8.44 $7.14 
Diluted$9.10 $8.38 $7.10 
Dividends declared per share
$1.39 $1.32 $1.28 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In thousands, except per share and share amounts)
 
Shares OutstandingCommon
stock
Retained
earnings
Shareholders' Equity
Balance at April 30, 201936,664,521 $15,600 $1,393,169 $1,408,769 
Net income— — 263,846 263,846 
Dividends declared ($1.28 per share)
— — (47,096)(47,096)
Exercise of stock options66,638 2,958 — 2,958 
Stock-based compensation (net of tax withholding on employee share-based awards)75,166 14,728 — 14,728 
Balance at April 30, 202036,806,325 $33,286 $1,609,919 $1,643,205 
Net income— — 312,900 312,900 
Dividends declared ($1.32 per share)
— — (49,091)(49,091)
Exercise of stock options40,189 1,784 — 1,784 
Stock-based compensation (net of tax withholding on employee share-based awards)103,364 23,881 — 23,881 
Balance at April 30, 202136,949,878 $58,951 $1,873,728 $1,932,679 
Net income  339,790 339,790 
Dividends declared ($1.39 per share)
  (52,092)(52,092)
Exercise of stock options3,000 133  133 
Stock-based compensation (net of tax withholding on employee share-based awards)158,789 20,328  20,328 
Balance at April 30, 202237,111,667 $79,412 $2,161,426 $2,240,838 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
 Years ended April 30,
 202220212020
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income$339,790 $312,900 $263,846 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization303,541 265,195 251,174 
Amortization of debt issuance costs2,527 1,603  
Stock-based compensation37,976 31,986 18,129 
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets and impairment charges(1,201)9,680 3,495 
Deferred income taxes82,721 4,123 49,810 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Receivables(33,025)(26,278)(10,644)
Inventories(76,730)(50,342)37,713 
Prepaid expenses(6,376)(1,413)(2,308)
Accounts payable165,893 166,546 (140,151)
Accrued expenses23,574 65,497 26,400 
Income taxes(35,716)5,714 15,783 
          Other, net(14,233)18,877 (8,933)
Net cash provided by operating activities788,741 804,088 504,314 
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchase of property and equipment(326,475)(441,252)(438,977)
Payments for acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired(901,638)(9,356)(32,706)
Proceeds from sales of property and equipment70,118 6,268 5,041 
Net cash used in investing activities(1,157,995)(444,340)(466,642)
Cash flows from financing activities
Proceeds from long-term debt450,000 650,000  
Repayments of long-term debt(188,537)(571,661)(17,476)
Net (payments) borrowings of short-term debt (120,000)45,000 
Payment of debt issuance costs(1,149)(5,525) 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options133 1,784 2,958 
Payments of cash dividends(51,212)(47,971)(45,951)
Tax withholdings on employee stock-based awards(17,648)(8,105)(7,224)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities191,587 (101,478)(22,693)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents(177,667)258,270 14,979 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year336,545 78,275 63,296 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year$158,878 $336,545 $78,275 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOWS INFORMATION
       Cash paid during the year for interest, net of amount capitalized$54,499 $48,508 $54,277 
Cash paid for income taxes, net49,565 80,916 9,364 
Noncash investing and financing activities
Noncash additions from adoption of ASC 842  22,635 
Purchased property and equipment in accounts payable46,659 9,204 5,328 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
1. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Operations: Casey’s General Stores, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the Company/Casey’s) operate 2,452 convenience stores in 16 states, primarily in the Midwest. Many of the stores are located in smaller communities, often with populations of less than 5,000.
Principles of consolidation: The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of Casey’s General Stores, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All material intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP") requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Cash equivalents: We consider all highly liquid investments with a maturity at purchase of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Included in cash equivalents are money market funds and credit card, debit card and electronic benefits transfer transactions that process within three days.
Receivables: Receivables is primarily comprised of balances outstanding from credit card companies which are not processed within three days and balances outstanding from vendor rebates. The Company records credit card receivables at the time of the related sale to the guest. Vendor rebates are recorded based upon the applicable agreements. Uncollectible accounts were immaterial during the periods presented. Below is a summary of the accounts receivable values at April 30, 2022 and 2021:
Years ended April 30,
20222021
Credit cards$57,724 $28,471 
Vendor rebates40,045 40,222 
Other10,259 11,005 
Total$108,028 $79,698 
Inventories: Inventories, which consist of merchandise and fuel, are stated at the lower of cost or market. For fuel, cost is determined through the use of the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. For merchandise inventories, cost is determined through the use of the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method.
The excess of replacement cost over the stated LIFO value was $114,731 and $93,158 at April 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. There were no material LIFO liquidations during the periods presented. Below is a summary of the inventory values at April 30, 2022 and 2021:
 
Years ended April 30,
20222021
Fuel$131,823 $63,018 
Merchandise264,376 223,580 
Total inventory$396,199 $286,598 
The Company often receives vendor allowances on the basis of quantitative contract terms that vary by product and vendor or directly on the basis of purchases made. Vendor allowances include rebates and other funds received from vendors to promote their products. These amounts are recognized in the period earned based on the applicable rebate agreement. Reimbursements of an operating expense (e.g., advertising) are recorded as reductions of the related expense.

    
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Renewable Identification Numbers (RINs) are recorded as a reduction in cost of goods sold in the period when the Company commits to a price and agrees to sell the RIN. The Company does not record an asset on the balance sheet related to RINs that have not been validated and contracted.
The Company includes in cost of goods sold the costs incurred to acquire fuel and merchandise, including excise taxes, less vendor allowances and rebates and RINs. Warehousing costs are recorded within operating expenses on the consolidated statements of income.
Capitalized software implementation costs: The Company capitalizes expenditures related to the implementation of software-as-a-service as incurred. These costs are expensed on a straight-line basis within operating expenses, typically over the contractual life of the related software. The useful lives utilized for capitalized software implementation costs range from 3-13 years. As of April 30, 2022 and April 30, 2021, the Company had recognized $41,337 and $42,881 of capitalized software implementation costs, respectively. The outstanding balance is recognized in other assets on the consolidated balance sheets.
Goodwill: Goodwill is tested for impairment at least annually. The Company assesses impairment at least annually at year-end using a qualitative approach. As of April 30, 2022 and 2021, there was $612,934 and $161,075 of goodwill recognized, respectively. The goodwill acquired during the year was primarily related to the acquisition of Buchanan Energy, 48 stores from Circle K, and 40 stores from Pilot (see Note 2 for additional discussion).
Management’s analysis of recoverability completed as of the fiscal year-end indicated no evidence of impairment for the years ended April 30, 2022, 2021, and 2020.
Contractual customer relationships: As the result of the current year acquisition of Buchanan Energy (see Note 2 for additional discussion), the Company recognized approximately $31,100 of contractual customer relationships. These assets were valued using the multi-period excess earnings method. The contractual customer relationships will be amortized on a straight-line basis over a useful life of 15 years and are included within other assets, net of amortization in the consolidated balance sheets as of April 30, 2022. As of April 30, 2022 there was $29,027 of contractual customer relationships recognized, which was net of accumulated amortization of $2,073. The Company expects to recognize $2,073 of annual amortization expense related to contractual customer relationships over the next 5-years.
Depreciation and amortization: Depreciation of property and equipment are computed using the straight-line method over the following estimated useful lives:
Buildings
25-40 years
Machinery and equipment
5-40 years
Finance lease right-of-use assetsLesser of term of lease or life of asset
Leasehold improvementsLesser of term of lease or life of asset
The Company monitors stores and will accelerate depreciation if the expected life of the asset is reduced due to the expected remaining operation of the store or the Company’s plans. Construction in process is reported at cost and not subject to depreciation until the related asset is placed in service.

Store closings and asset impairment: The Company writes down property and equipment of stores it is closing to estimated net realizable value at the time management commits to a plan to close such stores and begins actively marketing of the stores. The Company bases the estimated net realizable value of property and equipment on its experience in utilizing and/or disposing of similar assets, as well as estimates provided by its own and/or third-party real estate experts.
The Company monitors closed and underperforming stores for an indication that the carrying amount of assets may not be recoverable. If the sum of the expected future undiscounted cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the assets, an impairment loss is recognized to the extent carrying value of the assets exceeds their estimated fair value. Fair value is typically based on management’s estimate of the price that would be received to sell an asset in an orderly transaction between market participants. The estimate is derived from offers, actual sale or disposition of assets subsequent to year-end, and other indications of fair value, which are considered Level 3 inputs (see Note 3). In determining whether an asset is impaired, assets are grouped at the lowest level for which there are identifiable cash flows that are largely independent of the cash flows of other groups of assets, which for the Company, is generally on a store-by-store basis. The Company incurred impairment charges of $1,056 in fiscal 2022, $3,846 in fiscal 2021, and $1,177 in fiscal 2020. Impairment charges are a component of operating expenses.
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Income taxes: The Company uses the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. The Company calculates its current and deferred tax provision based on estimates and assumptions that could differ from actual results reflected in income tax returns filed in subsequent years. Adjustments based on filed returns are recorded when identified.
Revenue recognition: The Company recognizes retail sales of fuel, grocery and general merchandise, prepared food and dispensed beverage and other revenue at the time of the sale to the guest. Sales taxes collected from guests and remitted to the government are recorded on a net basis in the consolidated financial statements.
A portion of revenue from sales that include a redeemable digital box top coupon or points under our Casey’s Rewards program is deferred. The deferred portion of the sale represents the value of the estimated future redemption of the digital box top coupon or points. The amounts related to redeemable digital box top coupons and points are deferred until their redemption or expiration. Revenue related to the digital box top coupons and points issued is expected to be recognized less than one year from the original sale to the guest. As of April 30, 2022 and April 30, 2021, the Company recognized a contract liability of $41,577 and $30,719, respectively, related to the outstanding digital box top coupons and Casey's Rewards points, which is included in other accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheets.

    Gift card related revenue is recognized as the gift cards are used by the guest. Gift card breakage revenue is recognized based on the estimated gift card breakage rate over the pro rata usage of the card. As of April 30, 2022 and April 30, 2021, the Company recognized a liability of $15,509 and $13,096, respectively, related to outstanding gift cards, which is included in other accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheets.
Net income per common share: Basic earnings per share have been computed by dividing net income by the weighted average shares outstanding during each of the years. Unvested shares under equity awards are treated as common shares within the basic earnings per share calculation when a Team Member has met certain requirements in the award agreement. For example, if retirement provisions are satisfied which allow a Team Member to avoid forfeiture of the award upon a normal retirement from the Company, it is included in the basic earnings per share calculation. The calculation of diluted earnings per share treats stock options and unvested restricted stock units with time-based restrictions as potential common shares to the extent they are dilutive. The diluted earnings per share calculation does not take into effect any shares that have not met performance or market conditions as of the reporting period.
Asset retirement obligations: The Company recognizes the estimated future cost to remove underground storage tanks over the estimated useful life of the storage tank. The Company records a discounted liability for the fair value of an asset retirement obligation with a corresponding increase to the carrying value of a long-lived asset at the time an underground storage tank is installed. The Company depreciates the amount added to property and equipment on a straight-line basis and recognizes accretion expense in connection with the discounted liability over the remaining life of the tank. The estimates of the anticipated future costs for removal of an underground storage tank are based on our prior experience with removal. Because these estimates are subjective and are currently based on historical costs with adjustments for estimated future changes in the associated costs, we expect the dollar amount of these obligations to change as more information is obtained.

The discounted liability was $28,604 and $24,411 at April 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and is recorded in other long-term liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets.
Self-insurance: The Company is primarily self-insured for Team Member healthcare, workers’ compensation, general liability, and automobile claims. The self-insurance claim liability for workers’ compensation, general liability, and automobile claims is determined using actuarial methods at each year end based on claims filed and an estimate of claims incurred but not yet reported. Actuarial projections of the losses are employed due to the potential of variability in the liability estimates. Some factors affecting the uncertainty of the claim liability include the loss development factors, which includes the development time frame and settlement patterns, and expected loss rates, which includes litigation and adjudication direction, and medical treatment and cost trends. The liability is not discounted. The balance of our self-insurance reserves was $53,752 and $50,526 for the years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. See additional discussion in Note 10.
Environmental remediation liabilities: The Company accrues for environmental remediation liabilities when it is probable a liability has been incurred and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated.
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Derivative instruments: There were no options or futures contracts as of or during the years ended April 30, 2022, 2021, or 2020. From time to time, we participate in a forward buy of certain commodities - see further discussion in Note 9. These are not accounted for as derivatives under the normal purchases and sale exclusions within the applicable accounting guidance.
Stock-based compensation: Stock-based compensation is recorded based upon the fair value of the award on the grant date. The cost of the award is recognized ratably in the consolidated statements of income over the vesting period of the award, adjusted for certain retirement provisions. Additionally, certain awards include performance and market conditions. The majority of performance-based awards are based on either the achievement of a three-year average return on invested capital (ROIC) or a three-year cumulative earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation, and amortization. For these awards, stock-based compensation expense is estimated based on the probable outcome of shares to be awarded adjusted as necessary at each reporting period. Additionally, if the Company's relative total shareholder return over the performance period is in the bottom or top quartile of the applicable peer group, the performance-based shares included will be adjusted downward by 25%, or upward by 25%, respectively (the "TSR Modifier"). The market-based awards are achieved based on our relative performance to a pre-determined peer group. The fair value of these awards is determined using a Monte Carlo simulation as of the date of the grant. For market-based awards, the stock-based compensation expense will not be adjusted should the target awards vary from actual awards.  
Segment reporting: As of April 30, 2022, we operated 2,452 stores in 16 states. Our convenience stores offer a broad selection of merchandise, fuel and other products and services designed to appeal to the convenience needs of our guests. We manage the business on the basis of one operating segment and therefore, have only one reportable segment. Our stores sell similar products and services, use similar processes to sell those products and services, and sell their products and services to similar classes of guests. We make specific disclosures concerning the three broad merchandise categories of fuel, grocery and general merchandise, and prepared food and dispensed beverage because it makes it easier for us to discuss trends and operational initiatives within our business and industry. Although we can separate revenues and cost of goods sold within these categories (and further sub-categories), the operating expenses associated with operating a store that sells these products are not separable by these three categories.
Recent accounting pronouncements:
In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740) - Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. The standard includes changes that eliminate certain exceptions related to the approach for intraperiod tax allocation and the methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period. It also simplifies aspects of the accounting for franchise taxes, certain transactions that result in a step-up in the tax basis of goodwill, and enacted changes in tax laws or rates. The Company was required to adopt this guidance in the first quarter of this fiscal year. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) - Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. The standard included optional guidance for a limited period of time to help ease the burden in accounting for the effects of reference rate reform. The new standard is effective for all entities through December 31, 2022. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In November 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2022-10, Governmental Assistance (Topic 832) - Disclosures by Business Entities about Government Assistance. The standard is an effort to increase transparency of government assistance by requiring disclosures related to the type of assistance, the accounting treatment for the assistance, and the effect of the assistance on the financial statements. The new standard is effective for the Company on May 1, 2022. While the new standard could result in enhanced disclosures, we do not expect the new standard to materially impact the consolidated financial statements.
2. ACQUISITIONS
During the year ended April 30, 2022, the Company acquired 207 stores. Of the 207 stores acquired, 204 were re-opened as a Casey's store during the 2022 fiscal year, and the remaining 3 will be opened during the 2023 fiscal year. The majority of these acquisitions meet the criteria to be considered business combinations. The purchase price of the stores was determined using a discounted cash flow model on a location by location basis. The acquisitions were recorded in the financial statements by allocating the purchase price to the assets acquired, including intangible assets, and liabilities assumed, based on their estimated fair values at the acquisition date as determined by third party appraisals or internal estimates. Fair values were determined using Level 3 inputs (see Note 3). The excess of the cost of the acquisition over the net amounts assigned to the fair value of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed is recorded as goodwill if the acquisition is considered to be a business combination. Acquisition-related transaction costs are recognized as period costs as incurred.
We accounted for the Buchanan Energy, Circle K, and Pilot acquisitions as business combinations - see additional discussion below.
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Buchanan Energy
On May 13, 2021, the Company closed on the acquisition of 100% of the equity interest in Buchanan Energy (and certain of its related subsidiaries and affiliated entities), owner of Bucky’s Convenience Stores. The transaction included 92 retail locations (consisting of 24 stores in Nebraska, 56 in Illinois, five in Iowa, three in Missouri, and four in Texas), a dealer network of 81 stores where Casey’s will manage fuel wholesale supply agreements to these stores, as well as several parcels of land which may be used for new store construction. Three of the retail locations were divested shortly after closing as part of a consent order with the Federal Trade Commission. During the fourth quarter of the fiscal year, the Company sold four stores and one parcel of land in Texas for an aggregate sale price of $41,000, subject to customary post-closing adjustments. We did not record a material gain or loss related to the sale.
The Company expects to achieve certain synergies over time, in part, through the reduction of duplicate processes, improvements in purchasing power, installing our kitchens, and expanding merchandise offerings.
The aggregate purchase price for the acquisition totaled $571,842, which is net of a working capital adjustment of $5,400. Upon closing, $577,242 was paid in cash using available cash on hand, proceeds from the $300 million term loan (as discussed in Note 3) and a draw on its revolving credit facility. The draw on the revolving credit facility was repaid during the first quarter of the fiscal year. The working capital adjustment was received during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year.
The table below summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date. We utilized a third-party valuation specialist to assist in valuing the contractual customer relationships, leases, and property and equipment acquired.
Assets acquired:
Cash and cash equivalents$5,092 
Receivables225 
Inventories18,516 
Prepaid expenses