Form 10-Q Ventas, Inc. For: Mar 31

May 7, 2021 5:04 PM EDT

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Exhibit 10.1

FIRST AMENDMENT
THIS FIRST AMENDMENT dated as of January 29, 2021 (this “Amendment”) to that certain Credit and Guaranty Agreement referenced below is by and among VENTAS REALTY, LIMITED PARTNERSHIP, a Delaware limited partnership (the “Borrower”), VENTAS, INC., a Delaware corporation (“Ventas”), as guarantor, the Lenders identified on the signature pages hereto, and BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., as administrative agent (in such capacity, the “Administrative Agent”).
WITNESSETH
WHEREAS, a term loan facility was established in favor of the Borrower pursuant to the terms of that certain Credit and Guaranty Agreement, dated as of July 26 2018, among the Borrower, Ventas, the financial institutions party thereto from time to time as lenders (the “Lenders”), and the Administrative Agent (as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified prior to the effectiveness of this Amendment, the “Existing Credit Agreement”);
WHEREAS, the parties hereto have agreed to amend the Existing Credit Agreement as set forth herein;
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of these premises and other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the parties hereto agree as follows:
PART 1
DEFINITIONS
Unless otherwise defined herein or the context otherwise requires, terms used in this Amendment, including its preamble and recitals, have the meanings provided in the Existing Credit Agreement.
PART 2
AMENDMENTS TO EXISTING CREDIT AGREEMENT
Effective on (and subject to the occurrence of) the Effective Date (as defined below), each of the parties hereto agrees that (i) the Existing Credit Agreement (other than the Schedules and Exhibits thereto (except as described in clause (ii)) is amended to incorporate the changes reflected in the copy of the Credit and Guaranty Agreement attached as Exhibit A hereto (as so amended, the “Amended Credit Agreement”) and (ii) the Existing Credit Agreement is further amended to include as Exhibit F thereto the Form of Notice of Loan Prepayment attached as Exhibit B hereto.
PART 3
CONDITIONS TO EFFECTIVENESS
This Amendment shall be and become effective as of the date hereof (the “Effective Date”) when all of the following conditions shall have been satisfied:
SUBPART 3.1 Execution of Counterparts of Amendment. The Administrative Agent shall have received counterparts of this Amendment, which collectively shall have been duly executed on behalf of the Borrower, Ventas, the Required Lenders and the Administrative Agent.
SUBPART 3.2 Beneficial Ownership. Upon the reasonable request of any Lender made at least ten (10) days prior to the First Amendment Effective Date, the Borrower shall have provided to such Lender, and such Lender shall be reasonably satisfied with, the documentation and other information so requested in connection with applicable “know your customer” and anti-money-laundering rules and



regulations, including, without limitation, the Patriot Act, in each case at least five (5) days prior to the First Amendment Effective Date. At least five days prior to the First Amendment Effective Date, if the Borrower qualifies as a “legal entity customer” under the Beneficial Ownership Regulation it shall deliver to each Lender that so requests, in a form acceptable to such Lender, a Beneficial Ownership Certification in relation to the Borrower.
PART 4
MISCELLANEOUS
SUBPART 4.1 Representations and Warranties. The Credit Parties affirm that, immediately before and immediately after giving effect to this Amendment, (a) the representations and warranties of the Credit Parties contained in Article V of the Amended Credit Agreement or any other Loan Document are true and correct in all material respects (or, in the case of the representations and warranties in Section 5.22 or any representation and warranty that is qualified by materiality, in all respects) on and as of the date hereof (other than the representations in Section 5.05(c) and Section 5.18 of the Amended Credit Agreement, which shall be made only as of the Closing Date), except to the extent that such representations and warranties specifically refer to an earlier date, in which case they shall be true and correct in all material respects (or, in the case of the representations and warranties in Section 5.22 of the Amended Credit Agreement or any representation and warranty that is qualified by materiality, in all respects) as of such earlier date, and except that for purposes of this Amendment, the representations and warranties contained in subsections (a) and (b) of Section 5.05 of the Amended Credit Agreement shall be deemed to refer to the most recent statements furnished pursuant to clauses (a) and (b), respectively, of Section 6.01 of the Amended Credit Agreement, and (b) no Default exists.
SUBPART 4.2 Ventas Acknowledgment. Ventas hereby (a) acknowledges and consents to all of the terms and conditions of this Amendment and (b) reaffirms that it guarantees the prompt payment and performance of its obligations as provided in Article XI of the Amended Credit Agreement.
SUBPART 4.3 References in Other Credit Documents. On and after the Effective Date, all references to the “Credit Agreement” in each of the Loan Documents shall hereafter mean the Existing Credit Agreement as amended by this Amendment. Except as specifically amended hereby, the Existing Credit Agreement is hereby ratified and confirmed and shall remain in full force and effect (subject to the amendments contained herein) according to its terms. The parties hereto confirm that this Amendment is a Loan Document and that all provisions of the Amended Credit Agreement pertaining to Loan Documents apply hereto.
SUBPART 4.4 Counterparts; Delivery. This Amendment may be executed in any number of counterparts, each of which when so executed and delivered shall be deemed an original, and it shall not be necessary in making proof of this Amendment to produce or account for more than one such counterpart. Delivery by any party hereto of an executed counterpart of this Amendment by facsimile or other electronic means shall be effective as such party's original executed counterpart and shall constitute a representation that such party's original executed counterpart will be delivered upon request by the Administrative Agent.
SUBPART 4.5 Governing Law. THIS AMENDMENT SHALL BE GOVERNED BY, AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH, THE LAW OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, WITHOUT REGARD TO CONFLICTS OF LAWS PRINCIPLES THAT WOULD REQUIRE THE APPLICATION OF THE LAWS OF ANOTHER JURISDICTION.
SUBPART 4.6 No Implied Amendment, Waiver or Consent. This Amendment shall be limited precisely as written and, except as expressly provided herein, shall not be deemed to (i) be a consent granted pursuant to, or a waiver, modification or forbearance of, any term or condition of the Existing Credit Agreement or any other Loan Document or a waiver of any Default or Event of Default under the Existing Credit Agreement, whether or not known to the Administrative Agent or any of the Lenders or (ii) prejudice any right or remedy which the Administrative Agent or any of the Lenders may now have or
2


have in the future against any Person under or in connection with the Existing Credit Agreement, the Amended Credit Agreement or any other Loan Document.
[remainder of page intentionally left blank]
3


IN WITNESS WHEREOF, each of the parties hereto has caused a counterpart of this Amendment to be duly executed and delivered as of the day and the year first above written.
BORROWER:    VENTAS REALTY, LIMITED PARTNERSHIP
By:    Ventas, Inc., its General Partner
By:    /s/ Robert F. Probst    
    Name:    Robert F. Probst
    Title:    Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer


GUARANTOR:    VENTAS, INC.
By:    /s/ Robert F. Probst    
    Name:    Robert F. Probst
    Title:    Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT:    BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.,
as Administrative Agent
By:        /s/ Maurice Washington            
    Name:    Maurice Washington
    Title:    Vice President

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment



LENDERS:        BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Yinghua Zhang            
    Name:    Yinghua Zhang
    Title:    Director

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A.,
as a Lender
By:        /s/ Cody A. Canafax            
    Name:    Cody A. Canafax
    Title:    Vice President

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Sabrina Washington            
    Name:    Sabrina Washington
    Title:    Director
Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Arjun P. Talwalkar            
    Name:    Arjun P. Talwalkar
    Title:    Director

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    CITIBANK, N.A.,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Tina Lin                
    Name:    Tina Lin
    Title:    Vice President

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    CREDIT AGRICOLE CORPORATE AND INVESTMENT BANK,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Gordon Yip                
    Name:    Gordon Yip
    Title:    Director


By:        /s/ Myra Luz Martinez            
    Name:    Myra Luz Martinez
    Title:    Vice President

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    ROYAL BANK OF CANADA, NEW YORK BRANCH, as a Lender


By:        /s/ Brian Gross                
    Name:    Brian Gross
    Title:    Authorized Signatory
Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    TD BANK, N.A.,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Sean C Dunne            
    Name:    Sean C Dunne
    Title:    Vice President

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    BBVA USA,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Brian Tuerff                    
    Name:    Brian Tuerff
    Title:    Senior Vice President

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


BMO HARRIS BANK NA,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Lloyd Baron                
    Name:    Lloyd Baron
    Title:    Managing Director

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    CITY NATIONAL BANK
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Bob Besser                
    Name:    Bob Besser
    Title:    Senior Vice President

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    PNC BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Laura Auwerda                
    Name:    Laura Auwerda
    Title:    Executive Vice President

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Andrea Chen                
    Name:    Andrea Chen
    Title:    Managing Director

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    MIZUHO BANK USA,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Donna DeMagistris            
    Name:    Donna DeMagistris
    Title:    Executive Director
Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    CAPITAL ONE, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Danny Moore            
    Name:    Danny Moore
    Title:    Authorized Signatory

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    FIFTH THIRD BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ James Beltz                
    Name:    James Beltz
    Title:    Vice President

Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    THE NORTHERN TRUST COMPANY,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Timothy S McDonald        
    Name:    Timothy S McDonald
    Title:    Senior Vice President


Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    MUFG BANK, LTD.,
    as a Lender


By:        /s/ Reema Sharma            
    Name:    Reema Sharma
    Title:    Authorized Signatory



Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


    TRUIST BANK, f/k/a Branch Banking and
Trust Company,
as a Lender


By:        /s/ Ryan Almond            
    Name:    Ryan Almond
    Title:    Director



Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment


EXHIBIT A

AMENDED VENTAS TERM LOAN CREDIT AND GUARANTY AGREEMENT

(see attached)
Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership
First Amendment

Published Deal CUSIP Number: 92276LBG1
Published Term A-1 CUSIP: 92276LBH9
Published Term A-2 CUSIP: 92276LBJ5
CREDIT AND GUARANTY AGREEMENT
Dated as of July 26, 2018

among

VENTAS REALTY, LIMITED PARTNERSHIP,
as Borrower,

VENTAS, INC., as Guarantor,

THE LENDERS PARTY HERETO FROM TIME TO TIME,

BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.,
as Administrative Agent,

MERRILL LYNCH, PIERCE, FENNER & SMITH INCORPORATEDBofA SECURITIES INC., and
JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A.,
as Joint Bookrunners

MERRILL LYNCH, PIERCE, FENNER & SMITH INCORPORATED
BofA SECURITIES INC.,
JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., CITIBANK, N.A.,
CREDIT AGRICOLE CORPORATE AND INVESTMENT BANK, MUFG BANK, LTD., PNC BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, ROYAL BANK OF CANADA, TD BANK, N.A., and WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
as Joint Lead Arrangers

JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A.,
as Syndication Agent

CITIBANK, N.A., CREDIT AGRICOLE CORPORATE AND INVESTMENT BANK,
MUFG BANK, LTD., PNC BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
ROYAL BANK OF CANADA, TD BANK, N.A., and
WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
as Co-Documentation Agents,

THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA, THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON,
BMO HARRIS BANK, N.A., BRANCH BANKING AND TRUST COMPANY,
MIZUHO BANK (USA), MORGAN STANLEY SENIOR FUNDING, INC., and
SUMITOMO MITSUI BANKING CORPORATION,
as Senior Managing Agents


US:162974527


TABLE OF CONTENTS
SectionPage
Article I. DEFINITIONS AND ACCOUNTING TERMS1
1.01Defined Terms.1
1.02Other Interpretive Provisions.
2627
1.03Accounting Terms.
2628
1.04Rounding.
2729
1.05Electronic Execution of Assignments and Certain Other Documents.
2729
1.06Times of Day; Rates.
2730
Article II. THE COMMITMENTS AND BORROWINGS
2830
2.01Commitments.
2830
2.02Borrowings, Conversions and Continuations of Loans.
2830
2.03[Reserved].
2932
2.04[Reserved].
2932
2.05[Reserved].
2932
2.06Prepayments.
3032
2.07Termination or Reduction of Commitments.
3032
2.08Repayment.
3032
2.09Interest.
3133
2.10Fees.
3134
2.11Computation of Interest and Fees.
3234
2.12Evidence of Debt.
3234
2.13Payments Generally; Administrative Agent’s Clawback.
3234
2.14Sharing of Payments by Lenders.
3436
2.15[Reserved].
3436
2.16Increase in Facilities.
3436
2.17[Reserved].
3739
2.18Defaulting Lenders.
3739
Article III. TAXES, YIELD PROTECTION AND ILLEGALITY
3840
3.01Taxes.
3840
3.02Illegality.
4244
3.03Inability to Determine Rates.
4345
3.04Increased Costs; Reserves on Eurocurrency Rate Loans.
4345
3.05Compensation for Losses.
4547
3.06Mitigation Obligations; Replacement of Lenders.
4548
3.07LIBOR Successor Rate.
4648
3.08Survival.
4749
Article IV. CONDITIONS PRECEDENT TO BORROWINGS
4749
4.01Conditions of Initial Borrowing.
4749
4.02Conditions to All Borrowings.
4951
i


Article V. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
4951
5.01Existence, Qualification and Power.
4951
5.02Authorization; No Contravention.
5052
5.03Governmental Authorization; Other Consents.
5052
5.04Binding Effect.
5052
5.05Financial Statements; No Material Adverse Effect.
5052
5.06Litigation.
5153
5.07[Reserved].
5153
5.08Ownership of Property and Valid Leasehold Interests; Liens.
5153
5.09Environmental Compliance.
5153
5.10Insurance.
5153
5.11Taxes.
5153
5.12ERISA Compliance.
5254
5.13Margin Regulations; Investment Company Act; REIT Status.
5254
5.14Disclosure.
5355
5.15Compliance with Laws.
5355
5.16Sanctions Concerns.
5355
5.17Use of Proceeds.
5355
5.18Solvency.
5355
5.19Taxpayer Identification Number.
5456
5.20
EEAAffected Financial Institutions
5456
5.21Anti-Money Laundering; Anti-Corruption Laws
5456
5.22Beneficial Ownership
5456
Article VI. AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS
5456
6.01Financial Statements.
5456
6.02Certificates; Other Information.
5557
6.03Notices.
5759
6.04Payment of Taxes.
5759
6.05Preservation of Existence, Etc.
5759
6.06Maintenance of Properties.
5860
6.07Maintenance of Insurance.
5860
6.08Compliance with Laws.
5860
6.09Books and Records.
5860
6.10Inspection Rights.
5860
6.11Use of Proceeds.
5961
6.12REIT Status.
5961
6.13Employee Benefits.
5961
6.14Anti-Corruption
5961
Article VII. NEGATIVE COVENANTS
5961
7.01Liens.
5961
7.02Investments.
6163
7.03Indebtedness.
6163
ii


7.04Fundamental Changes.
6163
7.05[Reserved].
6264
7.06Restricted Payments.
6264
7.07Change in Nature of Business.
6264
7.08Transactions with Affiliates.
6365
7.09Sanctions; Anti-Money Laundering; Anti-Corruption.
6365
7.10Financial Covenants.
6365
Article VIII. EVENTS OF DEFAULT AND REMEDIES
6466
8.01Events of Default.
6466
8.02Remedies Upon Event of Default.
6668
8.03Application of Funds.
6769
Article IX. ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT
6769
9.01Appointment and Authority.
6769
9.02Rights as a Lender.
6870
9.03Exculpatory Provisions.
6870
9.04Reliance by Administrative Agent.
6971
9.05Delegation of Duties.
6971
9.06Resignation of Administrative Agent.
6972
9.07Non-Reliance on Administrative Agent and Other Lenders.
7072
9.08No Other Duties, Etc.
7073
9.09Administrative Agent May File Proofs of Claim.
7173
9.10Collateral and Guaranty Matters.
7173
9.11
Lender Representations RegardingCertain ERISA Matters.
7274
Article X. MISCELLANEOUS
7375
10.01Amendments, Etc.
7375
10.02Notices; Effectiveness; Electronic Communication.
7677
10.03No Waiver; Cumulative Remedies.
7879
10.04Expenses; Indemnity; Damage Waiver.
7880
10.05Payments Set Aside.
8082
10.06Successors and Assigns.
8182
10.07Treatment of Certain Information; Confidentiality.
8687
10.08Right of Setoff.
8788
10.09Interest Rate Limitation.
8789
10.10Counterparts; Integration; Effectiveness.
8789
10.11Survival of Representations and Warranties.
8889
10.12Severability.
8889
10.13Replacement of Lenders.
8890
10.14Governing Law; Jurisdiction; Etc.
8991
10.15Waiver of Jury Trial.
9092
10.16No Advisory or Fiduciary Responsibility.
9092
10.17USA Patriot Act Notice.
9192
10.18Delivery of Signature Page.
9193
iii


10.19ENTIRE AGREEMENT
9193
10.20
Acknowledgment and Consent to Bail-In of EEAAffected Financial Institutions
9193
10.21Acknowledgement Regarding Any Supported QFCs93
Article XI. GUARANTY
9294
11.01The Guaranty.
9294
11.02Obligations Unconditional.
9295
11.03Reinstatement.
9396
11.04Certain Waivers.
9496
11.05Remedies.
9496
11.06Guaranty of Payment; Continuing Guaranty.
9497

iv


SCHEDULES
2.01    Commitments and Applicable Percentages
5.19    Taxpayer Identification Numbers
10.02    Administrative Agent’s Office; Certain Addresses for Notices
EXHIBITS
A    Form of Assignment and Assumption
B    Committed Loan Notice
C    Compliance Certificate
D-1    Term A-1 Note
D-2    Term A-2 Note
E    U.S. Tax Compliance Certificates
F    Notice of Loan Prepayment

v



CREDIT AND GUARANTY AGREEMENT
This CREDIT AND GUARANTY AGREEMENT, dated as of July 26, 2018 (as amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, this “Agreement”), among VENTAS REALTY, LIMITED PARTNERSHIP, a Delaware limited partnership (“Ventas Realty” or the “Borrower”), VENTAS, INC., a Delaware corporation (“Ventas”), as guarantor, the lending institutions party hereto from time to time (each, a “Lender” and collectively, the “Lenders”), and BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., as Administrative Agent.
WHEREAS, the Borrower has requested that the Lenders provide a term loan facility pursuant to the terms of this Agreement and the Lenders are willing to do so on the terms and conditions set forth herein; and
WHEREAS, to provide assurance for the repayment of the Obligations hereunder, the Borrower will, among other things, provide or cause to be provided to the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the holders of the Obligations so guaranteed, a guaranty of the Obligations by Ventas pursuant to Article XI hereof.
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual covenants and agreements herein contained, the parties hereto covenant and agree as follows:
ARTICLE I.

DEFINITIONS AND ACCOUNTING TERMS
1.01    Defined Terms.
As used in this Agreement, the following terms shall have the meanings set forth below:
Administrative Agent” means Bank of America in its capacity as administrative agent under any of the Loan Documents, or any successor administrative agent.
Administrative Agent’s Office” means the Administrative Agent’s address and, as appropriate, account as set forth on Schedule 10.02, or such other address or account as the Administrative Agent may from time to time notify to the Borrower and the Lenders.
Administrative Questionnaire” means an Administrative Questionnaire in a form supplied by the Administrative Agent.
Affected Eurocurrency Rate Loan” has the meaning specified in Section 3.02.
Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, another Person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, Controls or is Controlled by or is under common Control with the Person specified.
Agent Parties” has the meaning specified in Section 10.02(c).



Agents” means the Administrative Agent, the Arrangers, the Bookrunners, the Syndication Agent, the Co-Documentation Agents and the Senior Managing Agents.
Agreement” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph hereto.
Annual Financial Statements” means the consolidated balance sheet of the Guarantor and its Subsidiaries for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 included in the Guarantor’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 9, 2018, and the related consolidated statements of income or operations, equity and cash flows for such fiscal year of the Guarantor and its Subsidiaries, including the notes thereto.
Anti-Money Laundering Law” means (i) all applicable requirements of the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act of 1970 (31 U.S.C. 5311 et. seq., (the Bank Secrecy Act)), as amended by Title III of the USA Patriot Act, (ii) the Trading with the Enemy Act, (iii) Executive Order No. 13224 on Terrorist Financing, effective September 24, 2001 (66 Fed. Reg. 49079), any other enabling legislation, executive order or regulations issued pursuant or relating thereto and (iv) other applicable federal, foreign, state or local laws relating to “know your customer” or anti-money laundering rules and regulations.
Applicable Percentage” means, (a) in respect of the Term A-1 Facility, with respect to any Term A-1 Lender at any time, the percentage (carried out to the ninth decimal place) of the Term A-1 Facility represented by (i) on or prior to the Closing Date, such Lender’s Term Commitment at such time and (ii) thereafter, the principal amount of the Term A-1 Loan held by such Term A-1 Lender at such time, (b) in respect of the Term A-2 Facility, with respect to any Term A-2 Lender at any time, the percentage (carried out to the ninth decimal place) of the Term A-2 Facility represented by (i) on or prior to the Closing Date, such Lender’s Term Commitment at such time and (ii) thereafter, the principal amount of the Term A-2 Loan held by such Term A-2 Lender at such time, (c) in respect of each Incremental Term Loan Facility, with respect to any Term Lender at any time, the percentage (carried out to the ninth decimal place) of such Incremental Term Loan Facility represented by (i) on or prior to the applicable Increase Effective Date, such Lender’s allocated portion of such Incremental Term Loan Facility and (ii) thereafter, the principal amount of the Term Loans made under such Incremental Term Loan Facility and held by such Term Lender at such time and (d) in respect of all Facilities, with respect to any Lender at any time, the percentage (carried out to the ninth decimal place) of the Facilities represented by the aggregate principal amount of such Lender’s Term Loans at such time. The initial Applicable Percentage of each Lender in respect of each Facility and all Facilities is set forth opposite the name of such Lender on Schedule 2.01 (or, in the case of an Incremental Term Facility, in the Incremental Term Loan Facility Documents applicable thereto) or in the Assignment and Assumption or New Lender Joinder Agreement pursuant to which such Lender becomes a party hereto, as applicable.
Applicable Rate” means,
(a)    for Term A-1 Loans and Term A-2 Loans, from time to time the number of basis points per annum set forth in the following table based upon the Debt RatingRatings as set forth below:
2


Term Loans
Pricing Level
Debt Ratings
(S&P and Fitch/ Moody’s)
Applicable Rate for Eurocurrency Rate LoansApplicable Rate for Base Rate Loans
1
≥A+ / ≥A1
75.0 bps0.0 bps
2A / A280.0 bps0.0 bps
3A- / A385.0 bps0.0 bps
4BBB+ / Baa190.0 bps0.0 bps
5BBB / Baa2100.0 bps0.0 bps
6BBB- / Baa3125.0 bps25.0 bps
7<BBB- / <Baa3 or non-rated

165.0 bps

65.0 bps
For purposes hereof, the term “Debt Rating” refers to the long-term senior unsecured, non-credit enhanced debt rating of the Borrower by S&P, Moody’s or Fitch. If at any time when the Borrower has only two (2) Debt Ratings, and such Debt Ratings are split, then: (i) if the difference between such Debt Ratings is one ratings category (e.g. Baa2 by Moody's and BBB- by S&P or Fitch), the higher of the Debt Ratings shall apply; and (ii) if the difference between such Debt Ratings is two or more ratings categories (e.g. Baa1 by Moody's and BBB- by S&P or Fitch), the median of the applicable Debt Ratings shall apply. If at any time when the Borrower has three (3) Debt Ratings, and such Debt Ratings are split, then: (i) if the difference between the highest and the lowest such Debt Ratings is one ratings category (e.g. Baa2 by Moody's and BBB- by S&P or Fitch), the highest of the Debt Ratings shall apply; and (ii) if the difference between such Debt Ratings is two or more ratings categories (e.g. Baa1 by Moody's and BBB- by S&P or Fitch), the average of the two (2) highest Debt Ratings shall apply, provided that if such average is not a recognized rating category, then the second highest Debt Rating of the three shall apply.)
Initially, the Applicable Rate for the Term A-1 Loans and Term A-2 Loans shall be determined based upon the Debt Rating specified in the certificate delivered pursuant to Section 4.01(a)(vi). Thereafter, each change in the Applicable Rate shall occur on the first Business Day following the effective change in the Debt Rating.
(b)    For any Incremental Term Loans, the applicable rate per annum in effect at such time with respect to such Incremental Term Loans shall be as agreed by the Borrower and the Appropriate Lenders in the Incremental Term Loan Facility Documents with respect to the applicable Incremental Term Loan Facility.
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Appropriate Lender” means, at any time, (a) with respect to the Term A-1 Facility, a Term A-1 Lender, (b) with respect to the Term A-2 Facility, a Term A-2 Lender, and (c) with respect to any Incremental Term Loan Facility, a Lender holding Term Loans of such Incremental Term Loan Facility.
Approved Fund” means any Fund that is administered or managed by (a) a Lender, (b) an Affiliate of a Lender or (c) an entity or an Affiliate of an entity that administers or manages a Lender.
Arrangers” means MLPFSBofA Securities, Inc., JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Citibank, N.A., Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank, MUFG Bank, Ltd., PNC Bank, National Association, Royal Bank of Canada, TD Bank, N.A., and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, each in its capacity as a joint lead arranger.
Assignee Group” means two or more Eligible Assignees that are Affiliates of one another or two or more Approved Funds managed by the same investment advisor.
Assignment and Assumption” means an assignment and assumption entered into by a Lender and an Eligible Assignee (with the consent of any party whose consent is required by Section 10.06(b)), and accepted by the Administrative Agent, in substantially the form of Exhibit A or any other form (including electronic documentation generated by use of an electronic platform) approved by the Administrative Agent.
Attributable Indebtedness” means, on any date, (a) in respect of any capital lease of any Person, the capitalized amount thereof that would appear on a balance sheet of such Person prepared as of such date in accordance with GAAP, and (b) in respect of any Synthetic Lease Obligation, the capitalized amount of the remaining lease payments under the relevant lease that would appear on a balance sheet of such Person prepared as of such date in accordance with GAAP if such lease were accounted for as a capital lease.
Bail-In Action” means the exercise of any Write-Down and Conversion Powers by the applicable EEA Resolution Authority in respect of any liability of an EEAAffected Financial Institution.
Bail-In Legislation” means, (a) with respect to any EEA Member Country implementing Article 55 of Directive 2014/59/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union, the implementing law, rule, regulation or requirement for such EEA Member Country from time to time which is described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule, and (b) with respect to the United Kingdom, Part I of the United Kingdom Banking Act 2009 (as amended from time to time) and any other law, regulation or rule applicable in the United Kingdom relating to the resolution of unsound or failing banks, investment firms or other financial institutions or their affiliates (other than through liquidation, administration or other insolvency proceedings).
Bank of America” means Bank of America, N.A. and its successors.
Bankruptcy Code” means the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1978, as heretofore and hereafter amended, as codified at 11 U.S.C. § 101 et seq., and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, or any successor provision thereto.
Bankruptcy Plan” has the meaning specified in Section 10.06(g)(iv).
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Base Rate” means for any day a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the highest of (a) the Federal Funds Rate plus 1/2½ of 1%, (b) the rate of interest in effect for such day as publicly announced from time to time by Bank of America as its “prime rate,” and (c) the Eurocurrency Rate (as defined in clause (b) of the definition thereof) plus 1.00%1%; and if Base Rate shall be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed zero. The “prime rate” is a rate set by Bank of America based upon various factors including Bank of America’s costs and desired return, general economic conditions and other factors, and is used as a reference point for pricing some loans, which may be priced at, above, or below such announced rate. Any change in such prime rate announced by Bank of America shall take effect at the opening of business on the day specified in the public announcement of such change. If the Base Rate is being used as an alternate rate of interest pursuant to Section 3.03 or Section 3.07 hereof, then the Base Rate shall be the greater of clauses (a) and (b) above and shall be determined without reference to clause (c) above.
Base Rate Loan” means a Loan that bears interest based on the Base Rate.
Beneficial Ownership Certification” means a certification regarding beneficial ownership required by the Beneficial Ownership Regulation.
Beneficial Ownership Regulation” means 31 C.F.R. § 1010.230.
“Benefit Plan” means any of (a) an “employee benefit plan” (as defined in ERISA) that is subject to Title I of ERISA, (b) a “plan” as defined in and subject to Section 4975 of the Code or (c) any Person whose assets include (for purposes of ERISA Section 3(42) or otherwise for purposes of Title I of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code) the assets of any such “employee benefit plan” or “plan”.
Bookrunners” means MLPFSBofA Securities, Inc. and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., each in its capacity as a joint bookrunner.
Borrower” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph hereto.
Borrower Materials” has the meaning specified in Section 6.02.
Borrowing” means a Term Borrowing.
Business Day” means any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks are authorized to close under the Laws of, or are in fact closed in, the state of New York or where the Administrative Agent’s Office is located and, if such day relates to any Eurocurrency Rate Loan, means any such day that is also a London Banking Day.
Capitalization Rate” means 9.0% for all properties that were owned as of April 17, 2002, and that continue to be owned as of the date of determination, by any member of the Consolidated Group.
Change in Law” means the occurrence, after the date of this Agreement, and with respect to any Person in particular, after the date such Person becomes a party to this Agreement, of any of the following: (a) the adoption or taking effect of any law, rule, regulation or treaty, (b) any change in any law, rule, regulation or treaty or in the administration, interpretation, implementation or application thereof by any Governmental Authority or (c) the making or issuance of any request, rule, guideline or directive (whether or not having the force of law) by any Governmental Authority; provided that notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, (x) the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and all requests, rules, guidelines or directives thereunder or issued in connection
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therewith and (y) all requests, rules, guidelines or directives promulgated by the Bank for International Settlements, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (or any successor or similar authority) or a United States Governmental Authority, in each case pursuant to Basel III, shall in each case be deemed to be a “Change in Law”, regardless of the date enacted, adopted or, issued or implemented.
Change of Control” means an event or series of events by which:
(a)    any “person” or “group” (as such terms are used in Sections 13(d) and 14(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, but excluding any employee benefit plan of such person or its subsidiaries, and any person or entity acting in its capacity as trustee, agent or other fiduciary or administrator of any such plan) becomes the “beneficial owner” (as defined in Rules 13d-3 and 13d-5 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, except that a person or group shall be deemed to have “beneficial ownership” of all securities that such person or group has the right to acquire, whether such right is exercisable immediately or only after the passage of time (such right, an “option right”)), directly or indirectly, of thirty-five percent (35%) or more of the equity securities of Ventas entitled to vote for members of the board of directors or equivalent governing body of Ventas on a fully-diluted basis (and taking into account all such securities that such person or group has the right to acquire pursuant to any option right) and the Borrower shall not have repaid all of the outstanding Obligations in full in cash within forty-five (45) days after such Person or Affiliated Group shall have acquired such percentage of such stock; or
(b)    Ventas ceases to be the sole general partner of Ventas Realty or Ventas ceases to own, directly or indirectly, more than fifty percent (50%) of the Equity Interests in Ventas Realty; or
(c)    during any period of 12 consecutive months, a majority of the members of the board of directors or other equivalent governing body of Ventas cease to be composed of individuals (i) who were members of that board or equivalent governing body on the first day of such period, (ii) whose election or nomination to that board or equivalent governing body was approved by individuals referred to in clause (i) above constituting at the time of such election or nomination at least a majority of that board or equivalent governing body or (iii) whose election or nomination to that board or other equivalent governing body was approved by individuals referred to in clauses (i) and (ii) above constituting at the time of such election or nomination at least a majority of that board or equivalent governing body.
Class” when used with respect to Loans or a Borrowing, refers to whether such Loans, or the Loans comprising such Borrowing, are Term A-1 Loans, Term A-2 Loans or Loans under an Incremental Term Loan Facility.
Closing Date” means the first date on which all conditions precedent in Section 4.01 are satisfied or waived in accordance with Section 10.01.
Co-Documentation Agents” means each of Citibank, N.A., Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment Bank, MUFG Bank, Ltd., PNC Bank, National Association, Royal Bank of Canada, TD Bank, N.A., and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, in the capacity as Co-Documentation Agent.
Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
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Committed Loan Notice” means a notice of (a) a Term Borrowing, (b) a conversion of Loans from one Type to the other, or (c) a continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, in each case provided to the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 2.02(a), which shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit B or such other form as may be approved by the Administrative Agent (including any form on an electronic platform or electronic transmission system as shall be approved by the Administrative Agent, which as of the Closing Date includes Bank of America’s CashPro Credit Portal), appropriately completed and signed by a Responsible Officer of the Borrower.
Commitments” means, collectively, the Term A-1 Commitments and the Term A-2 Commitments.
Compliance Certificate” means a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit C.
Connection Income Taxes” means Other Connection Taxes that are imposed on or measured by net income (however denominated) or that are franchise Taxes or branch profits Taxes.
Consolidated Adjusted Net Worth” means, as of any day for the Consolidated Group, the sum of (a) total shareholders’ equity or net worth plus (b) accumulated depreciation and accumulated amortization, in each case, determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP; but excluding, in any event, for purposes hereof, unrealized gains and losses on Swap Contracts reported on a consolidated balance sheet as accumulated other comprehensive income or loss.
Consolidated EBITDA” means, for any period for the Consolidated Group, the sum of Consolidated Net Income plus, without duplication, to the extent deducted in computing Consolidated Net Income, (a) amortization and depreciation expense, (b) other non-cash charges, (c) Consolidated Interest Expense, (d) provision for taxes, and (e) minority interest expense attributable to non-wholly owned Subsidiaries, in each case determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP; but excluding, in any event, (i) extraordinary gains and losses and related tax effects thereon, (ii) non-cash impairment charges, (iii) non-cash stock or option based compensation, (iv) other non-cash gains and losses and related tax effects thereon, and (v) merger-related expenses and deal costs, including transition and integration expenses related to consummated transactions and costs related to acquisitions and investments not permitted to be capitalized pursuant to GAAP.
Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio” means, on the last day of any fiscal quarter, the ratio of (a) Consolidated EBITDA for the four (4) consecutive fiscal quarters ending on such date to (b) Consolidated Fixed Charges for the four (4) consecutive fiscal quarters ending on such date.
Consolidated Fixed Charges” means, for any period for the Consolidated Group, the sum of, without duplication, (a) Consolidated Interest Expense, plus (b) scheduled principal payments on Consolidated Total Indebtedness (excluding any balloon or final payment) during the applicable period, plus (c) cash dividends and distributions on preferred stock of Ventas, if any, in each case determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP; but excluding, in any event, (i) gains and losses from unwinding or break-funding of Swap Contracts, (ii) write-offs of unamortized deferred financing fees, (iii) prepayment fees, premiums and penalties, and (iv) other unusual or non-recurring items as are reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and the Required Lenders.
Consolidated Gross Asset Value” means, as of any day for the Consolidated Group, the sum of (a) the book value of all assets (prior to deduction for accumulated depreciation and accumulated amortization, but including the effect of any impairment charges, as reflected in the consolidated financial
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statements of the Consolidated Group prepared as of such date in accordance with GAAP) excluding properties that were owned as of April 17, 2002, and that continue to be owned as of the date of determination, by any member of the Consolidated Group, plus (b) an amount equal to the quotient of Consolidated EBITDA for the period of four (4) consecutive fiscal quarters most recently ended attributable to properties that were owned as of April 17, 2002, and that continue to be owned as of the date of determination, by any member of the Consolidated Group divided by the Capitalization Rate, minus (c) goodwill and other Intangible Assets.
Consolidated Group” means Ventas and its Subsidiaries determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP.
Consolidated Interest Expense” means, for any period for the Consolidated Group, interest expense determined in accordance with GAAP, but including, in any event, the interest component under capital leases and the implied interest component under securitization transactions and excluding, in any event, amortization of deferred financing fees, amortization of debt discounts and swap breakage costs.
Consolidated Net Income” means, for any period for the Consolidated Group, net income or loss determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP; but excluding, in any event and without duplication, (a) the income or loss of any Person that is not a member of the Consolidated Group in which any member of the Consolidated Group has an equity investment or comparable interest, except to the extent of the amount of dividends or other distributions actually paid to members of the Consolidated Group by such Person during such period, (b) the income or loss of any Person accrued prior to the date that it became a member of the Consolidated Group or that such Person’s assets were acquired by a member of the Consolidated Group (except as otherwise required in connection with Section 1.03), (c) any net after tax gains or losses attributable to sales of non-current assets out of the ordinary course of business and write-downs of non-current assets in anticipation of losses to the extent they have decreased net income and (d) gains and losses from dispositions of depreciable real estate investments, impairment charges, the early extinguishment of debt and transaction costs of acquisitions not permitted to be capitalized pursuant to GAAP and other non-recurring items, including, without limitation, charges resulting from settlement of options to repurchase remarketable bonds and other similar charges.
Consolidated Secured Debt” means the aggregate principal amount of Consolidated Total Indebtedness that is secured by a mortgage, deed of trust, lien, pledge, encumbrance or other security interest on assets owned or leased by a member of the Consolidated Group.
Consolidated Secured Debt Leverage Ratio” means, on the last day of any fiscal quarter, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Secured Debt outstanding on such date to (b) Consolidated Gross Asset Value as of such date. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, for the purposes of this ratio, (i) Consolidated Secured Debt on any date shall be adjusted by deducting therefrom an amount equal to the lesser of (x) the aggregate amount of Consolidated Secured Debt outstanding on such date that by its terms is scheduled to mature on or before the date that is twenty-four (24) months following such date and (y) the aggregate amount of all unrestricted cash and cash equivalents on such date and escrow and other deposits to the extent available for the repayment of Consolidated Secured Debt of the type described in clause (x) (excluding any such unrestricted cash and cash equivalents and escrow and other deposits used to determine the Consolidated Unsecured Leverage Ratio as of such date) and (ii) Consolidated Gross Asset Value shall be adjusted by deducting therefrom the amount by which Consolidated Secured Debt is adjusted under clause (i).
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Consolidated Total Indebtedness” means, as of any day for the Consolidated Group, the Indebtedness of the Consolidated Group; provided that Consolidated Total Indebtedness shall not include security deposits, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and prepaid rents, any intracompany debt, or dividends and distributions declared but not payable, each as defined in accordance with GAAP.
Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio” means, on the last day of any fiscal quarter, the ratio of (a) Consolidated Total Indebtedness outstanding on such date to (b) Consolidated Gross Asset Value as of such date. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, for the purposes of this ratio, (i) Consolidated Total Indebtedness on any date shall be adjusted by deducting therefrom an amount equal to the lesser of (x) the aggregate amount of Consolidated Total Indebtedness outstanding on such date that by its terms is scheduled to mature on or before the date that is twenty-four (24) months following such date and (y) the aggregate amount of all unrestricted cash and cash equivalents on such date and escrow and other deposits to the extent available for the repayment of Consolidated Total Indebtedness of the type described in clause (x) and (ii) Consolidated Gross Asset Value shall be adjusted by deducting therefrom the amount by which Consolidated Total Indebtedness is adjusted under clause (i).
Consolidated Unencumbered Assets” means, for the Consolidated Group, net real estate investments, plus, without duplication, loans receivable and marketable securities of the Consolidated Group, in each case, that are free of any liens, encumbrances, pledges or negative pledges used to secure, or otherwise provide credit support for, Indebtedness. For purposes hereof, the term “negative pledge” shall exclude (i) a covenant that establishes a maximum ratio of unsecured debt to unencumbered assets, or of secured debt to total assets, or that otherwise conditions the ability of a member of the Consolidated Group to encumber its assets upon the maintenance of one or more specified ratios that limit such member’s ability to encumber its assets but that do not generally prohibit the encumbrance of its assets, or the encumbrance of specific assets, (ii) a requirement that an obligation be secured on an “equal and ratable basis” to the extent that Indebtedness under the Facilities is secured and (iii) a covenant relating to the sale of an asset that limits the creation of any lien pending the closing of the sale thereof.
Consolidated Unencumbered EBITDA” means, for any period for the Consolidated Group, the portion of Consolidated EBITDA that is generated by Consolidated Unencumbered Assets.
Consolidated Unencumbered Gross Asset Value” means an amount, determined as of the end of each fiscal quarter, equal to the sum of (a) the book value of all Consolidated Unencumbered Assets (prior to deduction for accumulated depreciation and accumulated amortization, but including the effect of any impairment charges, as reflected in the consolidated financial statements of the Consolidated Group prepared as of such date in accordance with GAAP) excluding unencumbered properties that were owned as of April 17, 2002, and that continue to be owned as of the date of determination, by any member of the Consolidated Group, plus (b) the quotient of Consolidated Unencumbered EBITDA from unencumbered properties that were owned as of April 17, 2002, and that continue to be owned as of the date of determination, by any member of the Consolidated Group divided by the Capitalization Rate; provided that the aggregate amount of Consolidated Unencumbered Gross Asset Value arising from loans receivable and marketable securities shall be excluded from the calculation of Consolidated Unencumbered Gross Asset Value to the extent that such amounts exceed, in the aggregate, 20% of Consolidated Unencumbered Gross Asset Value.
Consolidated Unsecured Debt” means, at any time, the portion of Consolidated Total Indebtedness that is not Consolidated Secured Debt.
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Consolidated Unsecured Leverage Ratio” means, on the last day of any fiscal quarter, the ratio of (i) Consolidated Unsecured Debt outstanding on such date to (ii) Consolidated Unencumbered Gross Asset Value as of such date. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, for the purposes of this ratio, (i) Consolidated Unsecured Debt on any date shall be adjusted by deducting therefrom an amount equal to the lesser of (x) the aggregate amount of Consolidated Unsecured Debt outstanding on such date that by its terms is scheduled to mature on or before the date that is twenty-four (24) months following such date and (y) the aggregate amount of all unrestricted cash and cash equivalents on such date and escrow and other deposits to the extent available for the repayment of Consolidated Unsecured Debt of the type described in clause (x) (excluding any such unrestricted cash and cash equivalents and escrow and other deposits used to determine the Consolidated Secured Debt Leverage Ratio as of such date) and (ii) Consolidated Unencumbered Gross Asset Value shall be adjusted by deducting therefrom the amount by which Consolidated Unsecured Debt is adjusted under clause (i).
Contractual Obligation” means, as to any Person, any provision of any security issued by such Person or of any agreement, instrument or other undertaking to which such Person is a party or by which it or any of its property is bound.
Control” means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of a Person, whether through the ability to exercise voting power, by contract or otherwise. “Controlling” and “Controlled” have meanings correlative thereto.
“Covered Entity” has the meaning specified in Section 10.21(b).
Credit Party” means each of the Borrower and the Guarantor.
Debt Rating” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Applicable Rate.”
Debtor Relief Laws” means the Bankruptcy Code of the United States and all other liquidation, conservatorship, bankruptcy, assignment for the benefit of creditors, moratorium, rearrangement, receivership, insolvency, reorganization, or similar debtor relief Laws of the United States or other applicable jurisdictions from time to time in effect and affecting the rights of creditors generally.
Default” means any event or condition that constitutes an Event of Default or that, with the giving of any notice, the passage of time, or both, would be an Event of Default.
Default Rate” means an interest rate equal to (i) the Base Rate plus (ii) the Applicable Rate, if any, applicable to Base Rate Loans plus (iii) 2% per annum; provided, however, that with respect to a Eurocurrency Rate Loan, the Default Rate shall be an interest rate equal to the interest rate otherwise applicable to such Loan plus 2% per annum.
Defaulting Lender” means, subject to Section 2.18(b), any Lender that (a) has failed to (i) perform any of its funding obligations hereunder within two (2) Business Days of the date required to be funded by it hereunder, unless such Lender notifies the Administrative Agent and the Borrower in writing that such failure is the result of such Lender’s reasonable determination that one or more condition precedentsconditions precedent to funding (each of which conditions precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such writing) has not been satisfied or (ii) pay to the Administrative Agent or any Lender any other amount required to be paid by it hereunder within two (2) Business Days of the date when due, (b) has notified the Borrower or the Administrative Agent that it does not intend to comply with its funding obligations or has made a public statement to that effect with
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respect to its funding obligations hereunder (unless such notice or public statement relates to such Lender’s obligation to fund a Term Loan hereunder and states that such position is based on such Lender’s reasonable determination that a condition precedent to funding (which condition precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such notice or public statement) cannot be satisfied), (c) has failed, within three (3) Business Days after written request by the Administrative Agent or the Borrower, to confirm in writing to the Administrative Agent and the Borrower that it will comply with its prospective funding obligations hereunder (provided that such Lender shall cease to be a Defaulting Lender pursuant to this clause (c) upon receipt of such written confirmation by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower), or (d) has, or has a direct or indirect parent company that has, (i) become the subject of a proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law, (ii) had appointed for it a receiver, custodian, conservator, trustee, administrator, assignee for the benefit of creditors or similar Person charged with reorganization or liquidation of its business or assets, including the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other state or federal regulatory authority acting in such a capacity or (iii) become the subject of a Bail-In Action; provided that a Lender shall not be a Defaulting Lender solely by virtue of the ownership or acquisition of any equity interest in that Lender or any direct or indirect parent company thereof by a Governmental Authority so long as such ownership interest does not result in or provide such Lender with immunity from the jurisdiction of courts within the United States or from the enforcement of judgments or writs of attachment on its assets or permit such Lender (or such Governmental Authority) to reject, repudiate, disavow or disaffirm any contracts or agreements made with such Lender. Any determination by the Administrative Agent that a Lender is a Defaulting Lender under one of more of clauses (a) through (d) above, and of the effective date of such status, shall be conclusive and binding absent manifest error, and such Lender shall be deemed to be a Defaulting Lender (subject to Section 2.18(b)) upon delivery ofas of the date established therefor by the Administrative Agent in a written notice of such determination, which shall be delivered by the Administrative Agent to the Borrower and the Administrative Agenteach Lender promptly following such determination.
Designated Jurisdiction” means any country, region or territory to the extent that such country, region or territory itself is the subject of any Sanction.
Disposition” or “Dispose” means the sale, transfer or assignment (including any sale and leaseback transaction) of any property by any Person, including any sale, assignment, transfer or other disposal (in one transaction or in a series of transactions and whether effected pursuant to a Division or otherwise), with or without recourse, of any notes or accounts receivable or any rights and claims associated therewith, in any case other than sales or other dispositions of assets in the ordinary course of business.
Disqualified Institution” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Eligible Assignee”.
“Dividing Person” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Division”.
“Division” means the division of the assets, liabilities and/or obligations of a Person (the “Dividing Person”) among two or more Persons (whether pursuant to a “plan of division” or similar arrangement), which may or may not include the Dividing Person and pursuant to which the Dividing Person may or may not survive.
“Division Successor” means any Person that, upon the consummation of a Division of a Dividing Person, holds all or any portion of the assets, liabilities and/or obligations previously held by such Dividing Person immediately prior to the consummation of such Division. A Dividing Person which
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retains any of its assets, liabilities and/or obligations after a Division shall be deemed a Division Successor upon the occurrence of such Division.
Dollar” and “$” mean lawful money of the United States.
DQ List” has the meaning specified in Section 10.06(g)(v).
EEA Financial Institution” means (a) any credit institution or investment firm established in any EEA Member Country which is subject to the supervision of an EEA Resolution Authority, (b) any entity established in an EEA Member Country which is a parent of an institution described in clause (a) of this definition, or (c) any financial institution established in an EEA Member Country which is a Subsidiary of an institution described in clauses (a) or (b) of this definition and is subject to consolidated supervision with its parent.
EEA Member Country” means any of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway.
EEA Resolution Authority” means any public administrative authority or any Person entrusted with public administrative authority of any EEA Member Country (including any delegee) having responsibility for the resolution of any EEA Financial Institution.
“Electronic Record” has the meaning specified in Section 1.05.
“Electronic Signature” has the meaning specified in Section 1.05.
Eligible Assignee” means any Person that meets the requirements to be an assignee under Section 10.06(b)(iii), (v), (vi) and (vii) (subject to such consents, if any, as may be required under Section 10.06(b)(iii)); provided that notwithstanding the foregoing, “Eligible Assignee” shall not include (A) any Competitor (as defined below), including Kindred Healthcare, Inc., Sunrise Senior Living, LLC, Atria Senior Living, Inc., Brookdale Senior Living Inc., Ardent Health Partners, LLC, Eclipse Senior Living, Inc. and any Person that is specifically identified by name as a Competitor by the Borrower in a list generally available to the Lenders on the Closing Date, which list may be updated from time to time after the Closing Date by the Borrower (but no such update shall become effective until the second Business Day after it is provided by the Borrower to the Administrative Agent for dissemination to the Lenders, and no such update shall apply retroactively to a Person that already acquired and continues to hold (or has and remains committed to acquire, without giving retroactive effect to any such commitment) an assignment or participation interest in the Facilities); (B) a prospective assignee or successor administrative agent (other than a Lender or an Affiliate of a Lender) which is or has been an adverse party in litigation or other legal proceedings with, or has threatened, litigation or other legal proceedings against, any Credit Party and (C) any Affiliate of any Person listed in clause (A) or (B) above that is either identified to the Administrative Agent in writing from time to time for distribution to the Lenders, or clearly identifiable on the basis of such Affiliate’s name (any such Person under this proviso, a “Disqualified Institution”). For purposes hereof, “Competitor” means a real estate investment trust investing primarily in healthcare and/or seniors housing properties, any tenant under a Material Lease, or any other manager of a property owned or leased by a member of the Consolidated Group. Neither the Administrative Agent nor any Lender shall have any liability in the event of an assignment to any Person not then actually known by the Administrative Agent or such Lender to be a Competitor or a Disqualified Institution under clause (B) of the first sentence of this definition.
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Engagement Letter” means that certain letter agreement dated as of June 22, 2018, among the Borrower, Bank of America and the Arrangers.
Environmental Laws” means any and all Federal, state, local, and foreign statutes, laws, regulations, ordinances, rules, judgments, orders, decrees, permits, concessions, grants, franchises, licenses, agreements or governmental restrictions relating to pollution and the protection of the environment or the release of any materials into the environment, including those related to hazardous substances or wastes, air emissions and discharges to waste or public systems.
Environmental Liability” means any liability, contingent or otherwise (including any liability for damages, costs of environmental remediation, fines, penalties or indemnities), of the Credit Parties or any Subsidiary directly or indirectly resulting from or based upon (a) violation of any Environmental Law, (b) the generation, use, handling, transportation, storage, treatment or disposal of any Hazardous Materials, (c) exposure to any Hazardous Materials, (d) the release or threatened release of any Hazardous Materials into the environment or (e) any contract, agreement or other consensual arrangement pursuant to which liability is assumed or imposed with respect to any of the foregoing.
Equity Interests” means, with respect to any Person, all of the shares of capital stock of (or other ownership or profit interests in) such Person and all of the warrants or options for the purchase or acquisition from such Person of shares of capital stock of (or other ownership or profit interests in) such Person (but excluding any debt security that is convertible into or exchangeable for capital stock).
ERISA” means the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974.
ERISA Affiliate” means any trade or business (whether or not incorporated) under common control with Ventas Realty within the meaning of Section 414(b) or (c) of the Code (and Sections 414(m) and (o) of the Code for purposes of provisions relating to Section 412 of the Code).
ERISA Event” means (a) a Reportable Event with respect to a Pension Plan; (b) a withdrawal by Ventas Realty or any ERISA Affiliate from a Pension Plan subject to Section 4063 of ERISA during a plan year in which it was a substantial employer (as defined in Section 4001(a)(2) of ERISA) or a cessation of operations that is treated as such a withdrawal under Section 4062(e) of ERISA; (c) a complete or partial withdrawal by Ventas Realty or any ERISA Affiliate from a Multiemployer Plan or notification that a Multiemployer Plan is in reorganization; (d) the filing of a notice of intent to terminate, the treatment of an amendment to a Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan as a termination under Section 4041 or 4041A of ERISA, or the commencement of proceedings by the PBGC to terminate a Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan; (e) an event or condition which constitutes grounds under Section 4042 of ERISA for the termination of, or the appointment of a trustee to administer, any Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan; or (f) the imposition of any liability under Title IV of ERISA, other than for PBGC premiums due but not delinquent under Section 4007 of ERISA, upon Ventas Realty or any ERISA Affiliate in excess of the Threshold Amount.
EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule” means the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule published by the Loan Market Association (or any successor person), as in effect from time to time.
Eurocurrency Rate means:
(a)    with respect to any Borrowing (other than a Base Rate Loan) for any Interest Period, the rate per annum equal to the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or a
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comparable or successor rate, which rate is approved by the Administrative Agent, as published on the applicable Bloomberg screen page (or such other commercially available source providing such quotations as may be designated by the Administrative Agent from time to time) at approximately 11:00 a.m., London time, two Business Days prior to the commencement of such Interest Period, for Dollar deposits (for delivery on the first day of such Interest Period) with a term equivalent to such Interest Period; and
(b)    for any interest rate calculation with respect to a Base Rate Loan on any date, the rate per annum equal to LIBOR, at or about 11:00 a.m., London time determined two Business Days prior to such date for U.S. Dollar deposits with a term of one month commencing that day;
provided that to the extent a comparable or successor rate is approved by the Administrative Agent in connection with any rate set forth in this definition, the approved rate shall be applied in a manner consistent with market practice; provided, further that to the extent such market practice is not administratively feasible for the Administrative Agent, such approved rate shall be applied in a manner as otherwise reasonably determined by the Administrative Agent; and if the Eurocurrency Rate shall be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed zero for purposes of this Agreement.
Eurocurrency Rate Loan” means a Loan that bears interest at a rate based on clause (a) of the definition of the Eurocurrency Rate.
Event of Default” has the meaning specified in Section 8.01.
Excluded Taxes” means, with respect to any Recipient of any payment to be made by or on account of any obligation of the Credit Parties hereunder, (a) Taxes imposed on or measured by its net income (however denominated), franchise taxes, and branch profits Taxes, in each case (i) imposed as a result of such Recipient being organized under the laws of, or having its principal office or, in the case of any Lender, its applicable Lending Office located in, the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (or any political subdivision thereof) or (ii) that are Other Connection Taxes, (b) in the case of a Recipient (other than an assignee pursuant to a request by the Borrower under Section 10.13), any U.S. withholding Tax that is imposed on amounts payable to such Recipient pursuant to a law in effect at the time such Recipient becomes a party hereto (or designates a new Lending Office) or is attributable to such Recipient’s failure or inability (other than as a result of a Change in Law) to comply with Section 3.01(e), except to the extent that such Recipient (or its assignor, if any) was entitled, at the time of designation of a new Lending Office (or assignment), to receive additional amounts from the Credit Parties with respect to such withholding Tax pursuant to Section 3.01(a), (c) [reserved], (d) Taxes attributable to such Recipient’s failure to comply with Section 3.01(e), and (e) any Taxes imposed under FATCA.
Existing Credit Agreement” means the Second Amended and Restated Credit and Guaranty Agreement, dated as of April 25, 2017, among Ventas Realty, the other borrowers party thereto, the guarantors and lenders party thereto and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent.
Existing Term Loan Agreement” means the Credit and Guaranty Agreement, dated as of August 3, 2015, among Ventas Realty, Ventas, the lenders party thereto and Bank of America, as administrative agent.
Facility” means the Term A-1 Facility, the Term A-2 Facility and each Incremental Term Loan Facility, as the context may require.
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FASB ASC” means the Accounting Standards Codification of the Financial Accounting Standards Board.
FATCA” means Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Code, as of the date of this Agreement (or any amended or successor version that is substantively comparable and not materially more onerous to comply with), any current or future regulations promulgated thereunder or official interpretations thereof, any agreements entered into pursuant to Section 1471(b)(1) of the Code (or any amended or successor version described in the first parenthetical above), and any fiscal or regulatory legislation, rules or practices implementing anadopted pursuant to any intergovernmental agreement, treaty or convention among Governmental Authorities entered into in connection with the implementation of such Sections of the Codeforegoing.
Federal Funds Rate” means, for any day, the rate per annum equal to the weighted average of the rates on overnight Federal funds transactions with members of the Federal Reserve System, as published by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York on the Business Day next succeeding such day; provided that (a) if such day is not a Business Day, the Federal Funds Rate for such day shall be such rate on such transactions on the next preceding Business Day as so published on the next succeeding Business Day, and (b) if no such rate is so published on such next succeeding Business Day, the Federal Funds Rate for such day shall be the average rate (rounded upward, if necessary, to a whole multiple of 1/100 of 1%) charged to Bank of America on such day on such transactions as determined by the Administrative Agent.
Fitch” means Fitch Ratings, Inc. and any successor thereto.
Foreign Lender” means any Lender that is organized under the Laws of a jurisdiction other than that in which the Borrower to which such Lender has made any Loan hereunder is a resident for tax purposes. For purposes of this definition, the United States, each State thereof and the District of Columbia shall be deemed to constitute a single jurisdiction.
FRB” means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System of the United States.
Fund” means any Person (other than a natural person) that is (or will be) engaged in making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans and similar extensions of credit in the ordinary course of its activities.
GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States set forth in the opinions and pronouncements of the Accounting Principles Board and the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and statements and pronouncements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board or such other principles as may be approved by a significant segment of the accounting profession in the United States, that are applicable to the circumstances as of the date of determination, consistently applied.
Governmental Authority” means the government of the United States or any other nation, or of any political subdivision thereof, whether state or local, and any agency, authority, instrumentality, regulatory body, court, central bank or other entity exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative powers or functions of or pertaining to government (including any supra-national bodies such as the European Union or the European Central Bank).
Guarantee” means, as to any Person, (a) any obligation, contingent or otherwise, of such Person guaranteeing or having the economic effect of guaranteeing any Indebtedness or other obligation payable
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or performable by another Person (the “primary obligor”) in any manner, whether directly or indirectly, and including any payment obligation of such Person, direct or indirect, (i) to purchase or pay (or advance or supply funds for the purchase or payment of) such Indebtedness or other obligation, (ii) to purchase or lease property, securities or services for the purpose of assuring the obligee in respect of such Indebtedness or other obligation of the payment or performance of such Indebtedness or other obligation, (iii) to maintain working capital, equity capital or any other financial statement condition or liquidity or level of income or cash flow of the primary obligor so as to enable the primary obligor to pay such Indebtedness or other obligation, or (iv) entered into for the purpose of assuring in any other manner the obligee in respect of such Indebtedness or other obligation of the payment or performance thereof or to protect such obligee against loss in respect thereof (in whole or in part), or (b) any Lien on any assets of such Person securing any Indebtedness or other obligation of any other Person, whether or not such Indebtedness or other obligation is assumed by such Person (or any right, contingent or otherwise, of any holder of such Indebtedness to obtain any such Lien). The amount of any Guarantee shall be deemed to be an amount equal to the stated or determinable amount of the related primary obligation, or portion thereof, in respect of which such Guarantee is made or, if not stated or determinable, the maximum reasonably anticipated liability in respect thereof as determined by the guaranteeing Person in good faith. The term “Guarantee” as a verb has a corresponding meaning.
Guaranteed Obligations” has the meaning given to such term in Section 11.01.
Guarantor” means Ventas and any other Person that guarantees the Obligations.
Guaranty” means the guaranty of the Obligations by the Guarantor pursuant to Article XI hereof.
Hazardous Materials” means all explosive or radioactive substances or wastes and all hazardous or toxic substances, wastes or other pollutants, including petroleum or petroleum distillates, asbestos or asbestos-containing materials, polychlorinated biphenyls, radon gas, infectious or medical wastes and all other substances or wastes of any nature regulated pursuant to any Environmental Law.
Increase Effective Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.16(d).
Incremental Facilities” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.16(a).
Incremental Term A-1 Increase” has the meaning specified in Section 2.16(a).
Incremental Term A-2 Increase” has the meaning specified in Section 2.16(a).
Incremental Term Loan Facility” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.16(a).
Incremental Term Loan Facility Documents” means, with respect to any Incremental Term Loan Facility, each agreement, instrument and other document evidencing, securing, guaranteeing, or otherwise relating to such Incremental Term Loan Facility, including any applicable New Lender Joinder Agreement.
Indebtedness” means (without duplication), at any time and with respect to any Person, all of the following, whether or not included as indebtedness or liabilities in accordance with GAAP:
(a)    all obligations of such Person for borrowed money, whether secured or unsecured, and all obligations of such Person evidenced by bonds, debentures, notes, loan
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agreements or other similar instruments including, without limitation, recourse and non-recourse mortgage debt;
(b)    all direct or contingent obligations of such Person arising under letters of credit (including standby and commercial), bankers’ acceptances, bank guaranties, surety bonds and similar instruments;
(c)    aggregate net obligations of such Person under Swap Contracts;
(d)    all obligations of such Person to pay the deferred purchase price of property or services (other than trade accounts payable in the ordinary course of business), excluding liabilities with respect to earnouts, reimbursements, true-ups and other similar obligations incurred in connection with the purchase or sale of assets except to the extent such liabilities are required to appear on a balance sheet prepared in accordance with GAAP;
(e)    indebtedness (excluding prepaid interest thereon) secured by a Lien on property owned or purchased by such Person (including indebtedness arising under conditional sales or other title retention agreements), whether or not such indebtedness shall have been assumed by such Person or is limited in recourse, to the extent of the value of the property encumbered by such Lien;
(f)    capital leases and Synthetic Lease Obligations;
(g)    all obligations of such Person to purchase, redeem, retire, defease or otherwise make any payment in respect of any Equity Interest in such Person at any time prior to the date that is six months after the latest Maturity Date at such time (other than obligations that can solely be satisfied by delivery of Equity Interests of such Person), valued, in the case of a redeemable preferred interest, at the liquidation preference thereof, and
(h)    all Guarantees of such Person in respect of any of the foregoing.
For all purposes hereof, (i) the amount of any net obligation under any Swap Contract on any date shall be deemed to be the Swap Termination Value thereof as of such date (which shall be a positive number if such amount would be owed by a member of the Consolidated Group and a negative number if such amount would be owed to a member of the Consolidated Group) and the net obligations under Swap Contracts shall not be less than zero and (ii) the amount of any capital lease or Synthetic Lease Obligation as of any date shall be deemed to be the amount of Attributable Indebtedness in respect thereof as of such date. Any liability will be excluded so long as it is (1) secured by a letter of credit issued for the benefit of a Credit Party or other member of the Consolidated Group in form and substance and from a financial institution reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent, but only to the extent no Credit Party or other member of the Consolidated Group has liability therefor, (2) any obligation (including obligations under so called “sandwich leases”) against which a third party indemnified any Credit Party or other member of the Consolidated Group, or guarantees all loss suffered by any Credit Party or other member of the Consolidated Group on account thereof, to the extent the indemnitor or guarantor has the financial wherewithal to satisfy its obligation, or (3) is otherwise acceptable as a “Covered Liability” in the reasonable discretion of the Administrative Agent and the Required Lenders.
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Indemnified Taxes” means (a) Taxes, other than Excluded Taxes, imposed on or with respect to any payment made by or on account of any obligation of any Credit Party under any Loan Document and (b) to the extent not otherwise described in (a), Other Taxes.
Indemnitee” has the meaning specified in Section 10.04(b).
Intangible Assets” means assets of a Person and its Subsidiaries that are classified as intangible assets under GAAP, but excluding interests in real estate that are classified as intangible assets in accordance with GAAP.
Interest Payment Date” means, (a) as to any Loan other than a Base Rate Loan, the last day of each Interest Period applicable to such Loan and the applicable Maturity Date; provided, however, that if any Interest Period for a Eurocurrency Rate Loan exceeds three months, the respective dates that fall every three months after the beginning of such Interest Period shall also be Interest Payment Dates; and (b) as to any Base Rate Loan, the last Business Day of each calendar quarter and the applicable Maturity Date.
Interest Period” means, as to each Eurocurrency Rate Loan, the period commencing on the date such Eurocurrency Rate Loan is disbursed or converted to or continued as a Eurocurrency Rate Loan and ending on the date one, two, three or six months or one week thereafter, as selected by the Borrower in the applicable Committed Loan Notice, or such other period that is twelve months or less requested by the Borrower and consented to by all the Lenders providing such Eurocurrency Rate Loan; provided that:
(i)    any Interest Period that would otherwise end on a day that is not a Business Day shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day unless such Business Day falls in another calendar month, in which case such Interest Period shall end on the next preceding Business Day;
(ii)    any Interest Period that begins on the last Business Day of a calendar month (or on a day for which there is no numerically corresponding day in the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period) shall end on the last Business Day of the calendar month at the end of such Interest Period; and
(iii)    with respect to any Interest Period of one month or greater, the Borrower may specify in the applicable Committed Loan Notice an alternative date as the last day of such Interest Period, which date shall be a Business Day not more than three (3) Business Days prior to or following the date that such Interest Period would otherwise end pursuant to the preceding clauses (i) and (ii) (but in no event shall such alternative date be a date in a later calendar month); and
(iv)    no Interest Period shall, with respect to any Loan, extend beyond the applicable Maturity Date.
Investment” means, as to any Person, any direct or indirect acquisition or investment by such Person, whether by means of (a) the purchase or other acquisition of capital stock or other securities of another Person, (b) a loan, advance or capital contribution to, Guarantee or assumption of debt of, or purchase or other acquisition of any other debt or equity participation or interest in, another Person, including any partnership or joint venture interest in such other Person and any arrangement pursuant to which the investor Guarantees Indebtedness of such other Person, or (c) the purchase or other acquisition
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(in one transaction or a series of transactions) of assets of another Person that constitute a business unit. For purposes of covenant compliance, the amount of any Investment shall be the amount actually invested, without adjustment for subsequent increases or decreases in the value of such Investment.
IRS” means the United States Internal Revenue Service.
Joint Venture” means any Person in which any member of the Consolidated Group directly or indirectly has an ownership interest but is not a Subsidiary.
Laws” means, collectively, all international, foreign, Federal, state, provincial, territorial and local statutes, treaties, rules, guidelines, regulations, ordinances, codes, executive orders and administrative or judicial precedents or authorities, including the interpretation or administration thereof by any Governmental Authority charged with the enforcement, interpretation or administration thereof, and all applicable administrative orders, directed duties, requests, licenses, authorizations and permits of, and agreements with, any Governmental Authority, in each case whether or not having the force of law.
Lender” has the meaning specified in the introductory paragraph hereto. The term “Lender” may also be used to refer to a Term A-1 Lender, a Term A-2 Lender or a Lender under an Incremental Term Loan Facility.
Lending Office” means, as to any Lender, the office or offices of such Lender described as such in such Lender’s Administrative Questionnaire, or such other office or offices as a Lender may from time to time notify the Borrower and the Administrative Agent, which office may include any Affiliate of such Lender or any domestic or foreign branch of such Lender or such Affiliate. Unless the context otherwise requires each reference to a Lender shall include its applicable Lending Office.
LIBOR” has the meaning specified in the definition of Eurocurrency Rate.
LIBOR Screen Rate” means the LIBOR quote on the applicable screen page the Administrative Agent designates to determine LIBOR (or such other commercially available source providing such quotations as may be designated by the Administrative Agent from time to time).
LIBOR Successor Rate” has the meaning specified in Section 3.07.
LIBOR Successor Rate Conforming Changes” means, with respect to any proposed LIBOR Successor Rate, any conforming changes to (a) the definitions of Base Rate, Interest Period and/or Applicable Rate, (b) timing and frequency of determining rates and making payments of interest and (c) other administrative matters as may be appropriate, in the discretion of the Administrative Agent, to (i) reflect the adoption of such LIBOR Successor Rate and (ii) permit the administration thereof by the Administrative Agent in a manner substantially consistent with market practice (or, if the Administrative Agent determines that adoption of any portion of such market practice is not administratively feasible or that no market practice for the administration of such LIBOR Successor Rate exists, in such other manner of administration as the Administrative Agent determines in consultation with the Borrower).
Lien” means any mortgage, pledge, hypothecation, assignment, deposit arrangement, encumbrance, lien (statutory or other), charge, or preference, priority or other security interest or preferential arrangement in the nature of a security interest of any kind or nature whatsoever (including any conditional sale or other title retention agreement, any easement, right of way or other encumbrance
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on title to real property, and any financing lease having substantially the same economic effect as any of the foregoing).
Loan” means an extension of credit by a Lender to the Borrower under Article II in the form of a Term Loan.
Loan Documents” means this Agreement, each Note and the Engagement Letter, and any amendments, modifications or supplements hereto or to any other Loan Document or waivers hereof or to any other Loan Document.
London Banking Day” means any day on which dealings in Dollar deposits are conducted by and between banks in the London interbank eurodollar market.
Master Agreement” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Swap Contract”.
Material Adverse Effect” means any event or condition that (a) has a material adverse effect on the business, assets, properties, operations or financial condition of the Credit Parties and their Subsidiaries taken as a whole or (b) materially impairs the ability of the Credit Parties as a whole to perform their material obligations under any Loan Document; provided, however, that any event or condition will be deemed to have a “Material Adverse Effect” if such event or condition when taken together with all other events and conditions occurring or in existence at such time (including all other events and conditions which, but for the fact that a representation, warranty or covenant is subject to a “Material Adverse Effect” exception, would cause such representation or warranty contained herein to be untrue or such covenant to be breached) would result in a “Material Adverse Effect”, even though, individually, such event or condition would not do so.
Material Group” has the meaning specified in the definition of “Material Subsidiary.”
Material Lease” means any lease in which any member of the Consolidated Group is the landlord that individually or together with such tenant’s other leases in which any member of the Consolidated Group is the landlord, requires annual base rent to be paid to the Consolidated Group in excess of $100,000,000.
Material Recourse Indebtedness” means any Indebtedness of a Credit Party and/or any Subsidiary (other than Indebtedness hereunder and Indebtedness under Swap Contracts) that (a) does not constitute Non-Recourse Indebtedness, and (b) individually or in the aggregate, has a principal amount (including, without duplication, undrawn committed or available amounts and amounts owing to all creditors under any combined or syndicated credit arrangement) of more than the Threshold Amount.
Material Subsidiary” means each Subsidiary or any group of Subsidiaries (i) which, as of the most recent fiscal quarter of the Guarantor for which financial statements have been delivered pursuant to Section 6.01, contributed greater than $100,000,000 of Consolidated EBITDA for the period of four consecutive fiscal quarters then ended or (ii) which contributed greater than $300,000,000 of Consolidated Gross Asset Value as of such date. A group of Subsidiaries (a “Material Group”) each of which is not otherwise a Material Subsidiary (defined in the foregoing sentence) shall constitute a Material Subsidiary if the group taken as a single entity satisfies the requirements of the foregoing sentence.
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Maturity Date” means (a) with respect to the Term A-1 Facility, the Term A-1 Maturity Date, (b) with respect to the Term A-2 Facility, the Term A-2 Maturity Date and/or (c) with respect to any Incremental Term Loan Facility, subject to Section 2.16(a), the date set forth in the applicable Incremental Term Loan Facility Documents as the “Maturity Date” for such Term Facility or, if the applicable Incremental Term Loan Facility Documents fail to specify a “Maturity Date”, the Maturity Date shall be the latest Maturity Date (giving effect to any available extension options) of any then existing Facility; provided, however, that, in each case, if such date is not a Business Day, the Maturity Date of such Incremental Term Loan Facility shall be the next preceding Business Day.
Maximum Rate” has the meaning specified in Section 10.09.
MLPFS” means Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated (or any other registered broker-dealer wholly-owned by Bank of America Corporation to which all or substantially all of Bank of America Corporation’s or any of its subsidiaries’ investment banking, commercial lending services or related businesses may be transferred following the Closing Date).
Moody’s” means Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and any successor thereto.
Multiemployer Plan” means any employee benefit plan of the type described in Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA, to which Ventas Realty or any ERISA Affiliate makes or is obligated to make contributions, or during the preceding five plan years, has made or been obligated to make contributions.
New Lender Joinder Agreement” has the meaning specified in Section 2.16(c).
Non-Recourse Indebtedness” of a Person means any Indebtedness of such Person, the recourse for which is limited to assets of such Person securing such Indebtedness (and, if applicable, in the event such Person owns no assets other than real estate that secures such Indebtedness and assets incident to ownership of such real estate (e.g., personal property) and has no other Indebtedness, to such Person and/or such Person’s Equity Interests), other than in respect of environmental liabilities, fraud, misrepresentation and other similar matters.
Notes” means, collectively, the Term A-1 Notes, the Term A-2 Notes and any promissory notes made by the Borrower in favor of a Term Lender under an Incremental Term Loan Facility evidencing the Term Loans made by such Term Lender under such Incremental Term Loan Facility in a form agreed among the Borrower, the Administrative Agent and the Appropriate Lenders, as the context may require, and “Note” means any of them individually.
“Notice of Loan Prepayment” means a notice of prepayment with respect to a Loan, which shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit F or such other form as may be approved by the Administrative Agent (including any form on an electronic platform or electronic transmission system as shall be approved by the Administrative Agent), appropriately completed and signed by a Responsible Officer.
Obligations” means all advances to, and debts, liabilities, obligations, covenants and duties of the Borrower arising under any Loan Document or otherwise with respect to any Loan, whether direct or indirect (including those acquired by assumption), absolute or contingent, due or to become due, now existing or hereafter arising and including interest and fees that accrue after the commencement by or against the Borrower or any Affiliate thereof of any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Laws naming such Person as the debtor in such proceeding, regardless of whether such interest and fees are allowed claims in such proceeding. Without limiting the foregoing, the Obligations include (a) the obligation to
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pay principal, interest, charges, expenses, fees, indemnities and other amounts payable by any Credit Party under any Loan Document and (b) the obligation of the Credit Parties to reimburse any amount in respect of any of the foregoing that the Administrative Agent or any Lender, in each case to the extent permitted under this Agreement or any other Loan Document, may elect to pay or advance on behalf of the Credit Parties.
OFAC” means the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the United States Department of the Treasury.
Organization Documents” means, (a) with respect to any corporation, the certificate or articles of incorporation and the bylaws (or equivalent or comparable constitutive documents with respect to any non-U.S. jurisdiction); (b) with respect to any limited liability company, the certificate or articles of formation or organization and operating agreement; and (c) with respect to any partnership, joint venture, trust or other form of business entity, the partnership, joint venture or other applicable agreement of formation or organization and any agreement, instrument, filing or notice with respect thereto filed in connection with its formation or organization with the applicable Governmental Authority in the jurisdiction of its formation or organization and, if applicable, any certificate or articles of formation or organization of such entity.
Other Connection Taxes” means Taxes imposed as a result of a present or former connection between a Recipient and the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (other than connections arising from such Recipient having executed, delivered, become a party to, performed its obligations under, received payments under, received or perfected a security interest under, engaged in any other transaction pursuant to or enforced any Loan Document, or sold or assigned an interest in any Loan or Loan Document).
Other Taxes” means all present or future stamp, court or documentary, intangible, recording, filing or similar Taxes arising from any payment made hereunder or under any other Loan Document or from the execution, delivery, performance, enforcement or registration of, or from the receipt or perfection of a security interest under, or otherwise with respect to, this Agreement or any other Loan Document except any such Taxes that are Other Connection Taxes (other than an assignment made pursuant to Section 3.06(b)).
Outstanding Amount” means, with respect to the Term Loans on any date, the aggregate outstanding principal amount thereof after giving effect to any borrowings and prepayments or repayments of Loans, as the case may be, occurring on such date.
Overnight Rate” means, for any day, the greater of (a) the Federal Funds Rate and (b) an overnight rate determined by the Administrative Agent in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation.
Participant” has the meaning specified in Section 10.06(d).
Participant Register” has the meaning specified in Section 10.06(d).
Patriot Act” has the meaning specified in Section 10.17.
PBGC” means the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.
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Pension Plan” means any “employee pension benefit plan” (as such term is defined in Section 3(2) of ERISA), other than a Multiemployer Plan, that is subject to Title IV of ERISA and is sponsored or maintained by Ventas Realty or any ERISA Affiliate or to which Ventas Realty or any ERISA Affiliate contributes or has an obligation to contribute, or in the case of a multiple employer or other plan described in Section 4064(a) of ERISA, has made contributions at any time during the immediately preceding five plan years.
Person” means any natural person, corporation, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, association, company, partnership, Governmental Authority or other entity.
Plan” means any “employee benefit plan” (as such term is defined in Section 3(3) of ERISA) established by Ventas Realty or, with respect to any such plan that is subject to Section 412 of the Code or Title IV of ERISA, any ERISA Affiliate.
Platform” has the meaning specified in Section 6.02.
Pro Forma Basis” means, for purposes of determining Consolidated EBITDA, Consolidated Fixed Charges, Consolidated Interest Expense, Consolidated Net Income and any financial covenant hereunder, that the subject transaction shall be deemed to have occurred as of the first day of the period of four (4) consecutive fiscal quarters ending as of the end of the most recent fiscal quarter for which annual or quarterly financial statements shall have been delivered in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement. Further, for purposes of making calculations on a “Pro Forma Basis” hereunder, (a) in the case of a Disposition, (i) income statement items (whether positive or negative) attributable to the property, entities or business units that are the subject of such Disposition shall be excluded to the extent relating to any period prior to the date of the subject transaction, and (ii) Indebtedness paid or retired in connection with the subject transaction shall be deemed to have been paid and retired as of the first day of the applicable period; (b) in the case of an acquisition, development or redevelopment, (i) income statement items (whether positive or negative) attributable to the property, entities or business units that are the subject of such acquisition, development or redevelopment shall be included to the extent relating to any period prior to the date of the subject transaction, and (ii) Indebtedness incurred in connection with the subject transaction shall be deemed to have been incurred as of the first day of the applicable period (and interest expense shall be imputed for the applicable period utilizing the actual interest rates thereunder or, if actual rates are not ascertainable, assuming prevailing interest rates hereunder) and (c) in the case of the issuance or exercise of Equity Interests, Indebtedness paid or retired in connection therewith shall be deemed to have been paid and retired as of the first day of the applicable period.
PTE” means a prohibited transaction class exemption issued by the U.S. Department of Labor, as any such exemption may be amended from time to time.
Public Lender” has the meaning specified in Section 6.02.
Rate Determination Date” means two (2) Business Days prior to the commencement of the applicable Interest Period (or such other day as is generally treated as the rate fixing day by market practice in such interbank market, as determined by the Administrative Agent); provided that to the extent such market practice is not administratively feasible for the Administrative Agent, then “Rate Determination Date” means such other day as otherwise reasonably determined by the Administrative Agent.
Recipient” means (a) the Administrative Agent or (b) any Lender, as applicable.
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Register” has the meaning specified in Section 10.06(c).
REIT” means a real estate investment trust as defined in Sections 856-860 of the Code.
Related Parties” means, with respect to any Person, such Person’s Affiliates and the partners, directors, officers, employees, agents , trustees, administrators, managers, advisors, auditors (including internal auditors), attorneysconsultants, service providers and representatives of such Person and of such Person’s Affiliates.
Reportable Event” means any of the events set forth in Section 4043(c) of ERISA, other than events for which the 30-day notice period has been waived.
Request for Borrowing” means, with respect to a Term Borrowing or a conversion or continuation of Loans, a Committed Loan Notice.
Required Incremental Term Loan Facility Lenders” means, as of any date of determination, with respect to any Incremental Term Loan Facility, Lenders holding more than 50% of the Outstanding Amount of Loans under such Incremental Term Loan Facility on such date; provided that the portion of such Incremental Term Loan Facility held by any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Incremental Term Loan Facility Lenders.
Required Lenders” means, as of any date of determination, Lenders holding more than 50% of the Outstanding Amount of the Term Facilities on such date; provided that the portion of the Term Facilities held by any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Lenders.
Required Term A-1 Lenders” means, as of any date of determination, Term A-1 Lenders holding more than 50% of the Outstanding Amount of the Term A-1 Facility on such date; provided that the portion of the Term A-1 Facility held by any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Term A-1 Lenders.
Required Term A-2 Lenders” means, as of any date of determination, Term A-2 Lenders holding more than 50% of the Outstanding Amount of the Term A-2 Facility on such date; provided that the portion of the Term A-2 Facility held by any Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Term A-2 Lenders.
“Resolution Authority” means an EEA Resolution Authority or, with respect to any UK Financial Institution, a UK Resolution Authority.
Responsible Officer” means the chief executive officer, any executive vice president, any vice president, and the treasurer of any Credit Party or any entity authorized to act on behalf of a Credit Party, solely for purposes of the delivery of incumbency certificates pursuant to Section 4.01, the secretary of a Credit Party or any entity authorized to act on behalf of a Credit Party and, solely for purposes of notices given pursuant to Article II, any other officer or employee of the applicable Credit Party or entity authorized to act on behalf of a Credit Party so designated by any of the foregoing officers in a notice to the Administrative Agent or any other officer or employee of the applicable Credit Party or entity authorized on behalf of such Credit Party designated in or pursuant to an agreement between the applicable Credit Party or entity authorized on behalf of such Credit Party and the Administrative Agent. Any document delivered hereunder that is signed by a Responsible Officer shall be conclusively
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presumed to have been authorized by all necessary corporate, partnership and/or other action on the part of such Credit Party and such Responsible Officer shall be conclusively presumed to have acted on behalf of such Credit Party. Unless otherwise specified, all references herein to a “Responsible Officer” shall refer to a Responsible Officer of the Borrower.
Restricted Payment” means any payment (whether in cash, securities or other property), including any sinking fund or similar deposit, on account of the purchase, redemption, retirement, acquisition, cancellation or termination of the Guarantor’s Equity Interests, or on account of any return of capital to the Guarantor’s stockholders, partners or members (or the equivalent Person thereof); provided that dividends to the extent in the form of Equity Interests shall not constitute Restricted Payments.
S&P” means S&P Global RatingsStandard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC, a divisionsubsidiary of S&P Global Inc., and any successor thereto.
Same Day Funds” means immediately available funds.
Sanction(s)” means any international economic sanction administered or enforced by the United States Government (including, without limitation, OFAC), the Canadian Government, the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, Her Majesty’s Treasury or other relevant sanctions authority.
Scheduled Unavailability Date” has the meaning specified in Section 3.07(a)(ii).
SEC” means the Securities and Exchange Commission, or any Governmental Authority succeeding to any of its principal functions.
Senior Managing Agents” means The Bank of Nova Scotia, The Bank of New York Mellon, BMO Harris Bank, N.A., Branch Banking and Trust Company, Mizuho Bank (USA), Morgan Stanley Senior Funding, Inc., and Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, in their capacity as Senior Managing Agents.
Significant Acquisition” means the acquisition (in one or a series of related transactions) of all or substantially all of the assets or Equity Interests of a Person or any division, line of business or business unit of a Person for an aggregate consideration in excess of $450,000,000.
Subsidiary” of a Person means a corporation, partnership, joint venture, limited liability company or other business entity the accounts of which are consolidated with the accounts of such Person in the Person’s consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. Unless otherwise specified, all references herein to a “Subsidiary” or to “Subsidiaries” shall refer to a Subsidiary or Subsidiaries of Ventas.
Swap Contract” means (a) any and all rate swap transactions, basis swaps, credit derivative transactions, forward rate transactions, commodity swaps, commodity options, forward commodity contracts, equity or equity index swaps or options, bond or bond price or bond index swaps or options or forward bond or forward bond price or forward bond index transactions, interest rate options, forward foreign exchange transactions, cap transactions, floor transactions, collar transactions, currency swap transactions, cross-currency rate swap transactions, currency options, spot contracts, or any other similar transactions or any combination of any of the foregoing (including any options to enter into any of the foregoing), whether or not any such transaction is governed by or subject to any Master Agreement (as defined below), and (b) any and all transactions of any kind, and the related confirmations, which are
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subject to the terms and conditions of, or governed by, any form of master agreement published by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc., any International Foreign Exchange Master Agreement, or any other master agreement (any such master agreement, together with any related schedules, a “Master Agreement”), including any such obligations or liabilities under any Master Agreement.
Swap Termination Value” means, in respect of any one or more Swap Contracts, after taking into account the effect of any legally enforceable netting agreement relating to such Swap Contracts, (a) for any date on or after the date such Swap Contracts have been closed out and termination value(s) determined in accordance therewith, such termination value(s), and (b) for any date prior to the date referenced in clause (a), the amount(s) determined as the mark-to-market value(s) for such Swap Contracts, as determined based upon one or more mid-market or other readily available quotations provided by any recognized dealer in such Swap Contracts (which may include a Lender or any Affiliate of a Lender).
Syndication Agent” means JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. in its capacity as Syndication Agent.
Synthetic Lease Obligation” means the monetary obligation of a Person under (a) a so-called synthetic, off-balance sheet or tax retention lease or (b) any similar off-balance sheet financing product that is considered borrowed money indebtedness for tax purposes but classified as an operating lease under GAAP.
Taxes” means all present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings (including backup withholding), assessments, fees or other charges imposed by any Governmental Authority, including any interest, additions to tax or penalties applicable thereto.
Term A-1 Borrowing” means a borrowing consisting of simultaneous Term A-1 Loans of the same Type and, in the case of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, having the same Interest Period made by each of the Term A-1 Lenders pursuant to Section 2.01(b)(i).
Term A-1 Commitment” means, as to each Term A-1 Lender, its obligation to make Term A-1 Loans to the Borrower pursuant to Section 2.01(b)(i) in an aggregate principal amount at any one time outstanding not to exceed the amount set forth opposite such Term A-1 Lender’s name on Schedule 2.01 under the caption “Term A-1 Commitment” or in the Assignment and Assumption or New Lender Joinder Agreement pursuant to which such Term A-1 Lender became a party hereto, as such amount may be adjusted from time to time in accordance with this Agreement. The initial aggregate Term A-1 Commitments for all Term A-1 Lenders is $300,000,000.
Term A-1 Facility” means, at any time, (a) on or prior to the Closing Date, the aggregate amount of the Term A-1 Commitments at such time and (b) thereafter, the aggregate principal amount of the Term A-1 Loans of all Term A-1 Lenders outstanding at such time.
Term A-1 Lender” means at any time any Lender that holds Term A-1 Loans at such time.
Term A-1 Loan” means an advance made by any Term A-1 Lender under the Term A-1 Facility.
Term A-1 Maturity Date” means January 31, 2023.
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Term A-1 Note” means a promissory note made by the Borrower in favor of a Term A-1 Lender, evidencing Term A-1 Loans made by such Term A-1 Lender, substantially in the form of Exhibit D-1.
Term A-2 Borrowing” means a borrowing consisting of simultaneous Term A-2 Loans of the same Type and, in the case of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, having the same Interest Period made by each of the Term A-2 Lenders pursuant to Section 2.01(b)(ii).
Term A-2 Commitment” means, as to each Term A-2 Lender, its obligation to make Term A-2 Loans to the Borrower pursuant to Section 2.01(b)(ii) in an aggregate principal amount at any one time outstanding not to exceed the amount set forth opposite such Term A-2 Lender’s name on Schedule 2.01 under the caption “Term A-2 Commitment” or in the Assignment and Assumption or New Lender Joinder Agreement pursuant to which such Term A-2 Lender became a party hereto, as such amount may be adjusted from time to time in accordance with this Agreement. The initial aggregate Term A-2 Commitments for all Lenders is $600,000,000.
Term A-2 Facility” means, at any time, (a) on or prior to the Closing Date, the aggregate amount of the Term A-2 Commitments at such time and (b) thereafter, the aggregate principal amount of the Term A-2 Loans of all Term A-2 Lenders outstanding at such time.
Term A-2 Lender” means at any time any Lender that holds Term A-2 Loans at such time.
Term A-2 Loan” means an advance made by any Term A-2 Lender under the Term A-2 Facility.
Term A-2 Maturity Date” means January 31, 2024.
Term A-2 Note” means a promissory note made by the Borrower in favor of a Term A-2 Lender, evidencing Term A-2 Loans made by such Term A-2 Lender, substantially in the form of Exhibit D-2.
Term Borrowing” means a Term A-1 Borrowing, a Term A-2 Borrowing or a borrowing consisting of simultaneous Term Loans under an Incremental Term Loan Facility of the same Type and, in the case of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, having the same Interest Period made by each of the Term Lenders participating in such Incremental Term Loan Facility.
Term Facilities” means the Term A-1 Facility, the Term A-2 Facility and each Incremental Term Loan Facility.
Term Lender” means a Term A-1 Lender, a Term A-2 Lender or any Lender that holds a Term Loan under an Incremental Term Loan Facility.
Term Loan” means a Term A-1 Loan, a Term A-2 Loan and, unless otherwise specified, each term loan made in connection with any Incremental Term Loan Facility.
Threshold Amount” means $125,000,000.
Type” means, with respect to a Term Loan, its character as a Base Rate Loan or a Eurocurrency Rate Loan.
“UK Financial Institution” means any BRRD Undertaking (as such term is defined under the PRA Rulebook (as amended form time to time) promulgated by the United Kingdom Prudential Regulation Authority) or any person subject to IFPRU 11.6 of the FCA Handbook (as amended from time
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to time) promulgated by the United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority, which includes certain credit institutions and investment firms, and certain affiliates of such credit institutions or investment firms.
“UK Resolution Authority” means the Bank of England or any other public administrative authority having responsibility for the resolution of any UK Financial Institution.
Unfunded Pension Liability” means the excess of a Pension Plan’s benefit liabilities under Section 4001(a)(16) of ERISA, over the current value of that Pension Plan’s assets, determined in accordance with the assumptions used for funding the Pension Plan pursuant to Section 412 of the Code for the applicable plan year.
United States” and “U.S.” mean the United States of America.
Ventas” means Ventas, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its permitted successors.
Ventas Realty” means Ventas Realty, Limited Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership.
Wholly-Owned Subsidiary” means any wholly-owned Subsidiary of the Guarantor that is not a special purpose entity.
Write-Down and Conversion Powers” means, (a) with respect to any EEA Resolution Authority, the write-down and conversion powers of such EEA Resolution Authority from time to time under the Bail-In Legislation for the applicable EEA Member Country, which write-down and conversion powers are described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule, and (b) with respect to the United Kingdom, any powers of the applicable Resolution Authority under the Bail-In Legislation to cancel, reduce, modify or change the form of a liability of any UK Financial Institution or any contract or instrument under which that liability arises, to convert all or part of that liability into shares, securities or obligations of that person or any other person, to provide that any such contract or instrument is to have effect as if a right had been exercised under it or to suspend any obligation in respect of that liability or any of the powers under that Bail-In Legislation that are related to or ancillary to any of those powers.
1.02    Other Interpretive Provisions.
With reference to this Agreement and each other Loan Document, unless otherwise specified herein or in such other Loan Document:
(a)    The definitions of terms herein shall apply equally to the singular and plural forms of the terms defined. Whenever the context may require, any pronoun shall include the corresponding masculine, feminine and neuter forms. The words “include,” “includes” and “including” shall be deemed to be followed by the phrase “without limitation.” The word “will” shall be construed to have the same meaning and effect as the word “shall.” Unless the context requires otherwise, (i) any definition of or reference to any agreement, instrument or other document (including any Organization Document) shall be construed as referring to such agreement, instrument or other document as from time to time amended, supplemented or otherwise modified (subject to any restrictions on such amendments, supplements or modifications set forth herein or in any other Loan Document), (ii) any reference herein to any Person shall be construed to include such Person’s successors and assigns, (iii) the words “hereto,” “herein,” “hereof” and “hereunder,” and words of similar import when used in any Loan Document, shall be construed to refer to such Loan Document in its entirety and not to any particular provision thereof, (iv) all references in a Loan Document to Articles, Sections, Exhibits and Schedules shall be construed to
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refer to Articles and Sections of, and Exhibits and Schedules to, the Loan Document in which such references appear, (v) any reference to any law shall include all statutory and regulatory provisions consolidating, amending, replacing or interpreting such law and any reference to any law, rule or regulation shall, unless otherwise specified, refer to such law, rule or regulation as amended, modified or supplemented from time to time, and (vi) the words “asset” and “property” shall be construed to have the same meaning and effect and to refer to any and all tangible and intangible assets and properties, including cash, securities, accounts and contract rights.
(b)    In the computation of periods of time from a specified date to a later specified date, the word “from” means “from and including;” the words “to” and “until” each mean “to but excluding;” and the word “through” means “to and including.”
(c)    Section headings herein and in the other Loan Documents are included for convenience of reference only and shall not affect the interpretation of this Agreement or any other Loan Document.
(d)    Any reference herein to a merger, transfer, consolidation, amalgamation, assignment, sale, disposition or transfer, or similar term, shall be deemed to apply to a Division as if it were a merger, transfer, consolidation, amalgamation, assignment, sale, disposition or transfer, or similar term, as applicable, to, of or with a separate Person. Any Division Successor shall constitute a separate Person hereunder (and each Division of any Person that is a Subsidiary, joint venture or any other like term shall also constitute such a Person or entity).
(e)    For purposes of any assets, liabilities or entities located in the Province of Québec and for all other purposes pursuant to which the interpretation or construction of this Agreement may be subject to the laws of the Province of Québec or a court or tribunal exercising jurisdiction in the Province of Québec, (a) “personal property” shall include “movable property”, (b) “real property” or “real estate” shall include “immovable property”, (c) “tangible property” shall include “corporeal property”, (d) “intangible property” shall include “incorporeal property”, (e) “security interest”, “mortgage” and “lien” shall include a “hypothec”, “right of retention”, “prior claim”, “reservation of ownership” and a resolutory clause, (f) all references to filing, perfection, priority, remedies, registering or recording under the Uniform Commercial Code or the Personal Property Security Act shall include publication under the Civil Code of Québec and all references to releasing or terminating any Lien shall be deemed to include a release, discharge and mainlevée of a hypothec, (g) all references to “perfection” of or “perfected” liens or security interest shall include a reference to an “opposable” or “set up” hypothec as against third parties, (h) any “right of offset”, “right of setoff” or similar expression shall include a “right of compensation”, (i) “goods” shall include “corporeal movable property” other than chattel paper, documents of title, instruments, money and securities, (j) an “agent” shall include a “mandatary”, (k) “construction liens” or “mechanics, materialmen, repairmen, construction contractors or other like Liens” shall include “legal hypothecs” and “legal hypothecs in favor of persons having taken part in the construction or renovation of an immovable”, (l) “joint and several” shall include “solidary”, (m) “gross negligence or willful misconduct” shall be deemed to be “intentional or gross fault”, (n) “beneficial ownership” shall include “ownership on behalf of another as mandatary”, (o) “easement” shall include “servitude”, (p) “priority” shall include “rank” or “prior claim”, as applicable, (q) “survey” shall include “certificate of location and plan”, (r) “state” shall include “province”, (s) “fee simple title” shall include “absolute ownership” and “ownership” (including ownership under a right of superficies), (t) “accounts” shall include “claims”, (u) “legal title” shall include “holding title on behalf of an owner as mandatory or prête-nom”, (v) “ground lease” shall include “emphyteusis” or a “lease with a right of superficies”, as applicable, (w) “leasehold interest” shall include a “valid lease”, (x) “lease” shall include a “leasing
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contract”, (y) “guarantee” and “guarantor” shall include “suretyship” and “surety”, respectively, and (z) “foreclosure” shall include “the exercise of a hypothecary right”.
1.03    Accounting Terms.
(a)    Generally. All accounting terms not specifically or completely defined herein shall be construed in conformity with, and all financial data (including financial ratios and other financial calculations) required to be submitted pursuant to this Agreement shall be prepared in conformity with, GAAP applied on a consistent basis, as in effect from time to time, applied in a manner consistent with that used in preparing the Annual Financial Statements, except as otherwise specifically prescribed herein. Notwithstanding the foregoing, for purposes of determining compliance with any covenant (including the computation of any financial covenant) contained herein, Indebtedness of the Consolidated Group shall be deemed to be carried in accordance with GAAP, excluding the effects of FASB ASC 825 on financial liabilities.
(b)    Changes in GAAP. If at any time any change in GAAP would affect the computation of any financial ratio or requirement set forth in any Loan Document, and either the Borrower or the Required Lenders shall so request, the Administrative Agent, the Lenders and the Borrower shall negotiate in good faith to amend such ratio or requirement to preserve the original intent thereof in light of such change in GAAP (subject to the approval of the Required Lenders); provided that, until so amended, (i) such ratio or requirement shall continue to be computed in accordance with GAAP prior to such change therein and (ii) the Borrower shall provide to the Administrative Agent financial statements and other documents required under this Agreement or as reasonably requested hereunder setting forth a reconciliation between calculations of such ratio or requirement made before and after giving effect to such change in GAAP. Without limiting the foregoing, leases shall continue to be classified and accounted for on a basis consistent with that reflected in the Annual Financial Statements for all purposes of this Agreement, notwithstanding any change in GAAP relating thereto, unless the parties hereto shall enter into a mutually acceptable amendment addressing such changes, as provided for above.
(c)    Pro Forma Basis. Determinations of compliance with the financial covenants hereunder shall be made on a Pro Forma Basis.
1.04    Rounding.
Any financial ratios required to be maintained by the Credit Parties pursuant to this Agreement shall be calculated by dividing the appropriate component by the other component, carrying the result to one place more than the number of places by which such ratio is expressed herein and rounding the result up or down to the nearest number (with a rounding-up if there is no nearest number).
1.05    Electronic Execution of Assignments and Certain Other Documents.
TheThis Agreement and any document to be signed in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby (including, without limitation, Assignments and Assumptions, amendments or other modifications, Committed Loan Notices, waivers and consents) may be in the form of an Electronic Record and may be executed using Electronic Signatures, and the words “delivery,” “execute,” “execution,” “signed,” “signature,” and words of like import in or relating to any Loan Document or any other document executed in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby (including Assignment and Assumptions, amendments or other modifications, Committed Loan Notices, waivers and consents) shall be deemed to include electronic
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signaturesElectronic Signatures, the electronic matching of assignment terms and contract formations on electronic platforms approved by the Administrative Agent, or deliveries or the keeping of records in electronic form, each of which shall be of the same legal effect, validity or enforceability as a manually executed signature, physical delivery thereof or the use of a paper-based recordkeeping system, as the case may be, to the extent and as provided for in any applicable Law, including the Federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, the New York State Electronic Signatures and Records Act, or any other similar state laws based on the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act; provided that notwithstanding anything contained herein to the contrary, but subject to the agreements set forth in Section 10.02, neither the Administrative Agent nor any Lender is under any obligation to agree to accept electronic signatures in any form or in any format unless expressly agreed to by the Administrative Agent or such Lender pursuant to procedures approved by it; and provided further, that, without limiting the foregoing, (i) to the extent the Administrative Agent or any Lender has agreed to accept such Electronic Signature, the Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders shall be entitled to rely on any such Electronic Signature purportedly given by or on behalf of any Credit Party without further verification and (ii) upon the request of any party, any electronic signatureElectronic Signature shall be promptly followed by such manually executed counterpart. For purposes hereof, “Electronic Record” and “Electronic Signature” shall have the meanings assigned to them, respectively, by 15 USC §7006, as it may be amended from time to time.

1.06    Times of Day; Rates.
Unless otherwise specified, all references herein to times of day shall be references to Eastern time (daylight or standard, as applicable).
The Administrative Agent does not warrant, nor accept responsibility, nor shall the Administrative Agent have any liability with respect to the administration, submission or any other matter related to the establishment of the rates described in the definition of “Eurocurrency Rate” or with respect to any comparablerate that is an alternative or replacement for or successor rates theretoto such rate (including, without limitation, any LIBOR Successor Rate) or the effect of any of the foregoing, or of any LIBOR Successor Rate Conforming Changes, except to the extent that a court of competent jurisdiction determines in a final and non-appealable judgment that the Administrative Agent acted with gross negligence or willful misconduct.
ARTICLE II.

THE COMMITMENTS AND BORROWINGS
2.01    Commitments.
(a)    [Reserved].
(b)    Term Loans.
(i)    Term A-1 Loans. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, each Term A-1 Lender severally agrees to make a single loan to the Borrower on the Closing Date in Dollars in an amount not to exceed such Term A-1 Lender’s Term A-1 Commitment.
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(ii)    Term A-2 Loans. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, each Term A-2 Lender severally agrees to make a single loan to the Borrower on the Closing Date in Dollars in an amount not to exceed such Term A-2 Lender’s Term A-2 Commitment.
(iii)    Any Term Loans repaid or prepaid may not be reborrowed. Term Loans may be Base Rate Loans or Eurocurrency Rate Loans, as further provided herein. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, each Lender may, at its option, fulfill its obligations to make any Term Loan available to the Borrower by causing any foreign or domestic branch or Affiliate of such Lender to make such Loan; provided that the exercise of such option shall not affect the obligation of the Borrower to repay such Loan in accordance with the terms of this Agreement.
2.02    Borrowings, Conversions and Continuations of Loans.
(a)    Each Term Borrowing, each conversion of Loans from one Type to the other, and each continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be made upon the Borrower’s irrevocable notice to the Administrative Agent, which may be given by (A) telephone, or (B) a Committed Loan Notice; provided that any telephonic notice must be confirmed promptly by delivery to the Administrative Agent of a Committed Loan Notice. Each such notice must be received by the Administrative Agent not later than 12:00 Noon (i) three (3) Business Days prior to the requested date of any Borrowing of, conversion to, or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans or of any conversion of Eurocurrency Rate Loans to Base Rate Loans, and (ii) on the requested date of any Borrowing of Base Rate Loans; provided, however, that if the Borrower wishes to request Eurocurrency Rate Loans having an Interest Period other than one week or one, two, three or six months in duration as provided in the definition of “Interest Period,” the applicable notice must be received by the Administrative Agent not later than 11:00 a.m. four Business Days prior to the requested date of such Borrowing of, conversion to or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, whereupon the Administrative Agent shall give prompt notice to the Appropriate Lenders of such request and determine whether the requested Interest Period is acceptable to all of them. Not later than 11:00 a.m., three Business Days before the requested date of such Borrowing of, conversion to or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, the Administrative Agent shall notify the Borrower (which notice may be by telephone) whether or not the requested Interest Period has been consented to by all the Appropriate Lenders. Each Borrowing of, conversion to or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be in a minimum principal amount of $1,000,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof. Each Borrowing of or conversion to Base Rate Loans shall be in a minimum principal amount of $500,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof.
Each Committed Loan Notice shall specify (i) the name of the Borrower, (ii) whether the Borrower is requesting a Term Borrowing, a conversion of Loans from one Type to the other, or a continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans, (iii) the requested date of the Borrowing, conversion or continuation, as the case may be (which shall be a Business Day), (iv) the principal amount of Loans to be borrowed, converted or continued, (v) the Type and Class of Loans to be borrowed or continued or to which existing Loans are to be converted, and (vi) if applicable, the duration of the Interest Period with respect thereto. If the Borrower fails to specify a Type of Loan in a Committed Loan Notice with respect to a Term Borrowing or if the Borrower fails to give a timely notice requesting a conversion or continuation of a Term Borrowing, then the applicable Loans shall be made as, or continued as Eurocurrency Rate Loans with an Interest Period of one month. If the Borrower requests a Borrowing of, conversion to, or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans in any such Committed Loan Notice, but fails to specify an Interest Period, it will be deemed to have specified an Interest Period of one month.
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(b)    In the case of a Term Borrowing, each Appropriate Lender shall make the amount of its Loan available to the Administrative Agent in Same Day Funds at the Administrative Agent’s Office not later than 2:00 p.m. on the Business Day specified in the applicable Committed Loan Notice. Upon satisfaction or waiver of the applicable conditions set forth in Section 4.02 (and, if such Borrowing is the initial Borrowing, Section 4.01), the Administrative Agent shall make all funds so received available to the Borrower in like funds as received by the Administrative Agent either by (i) crediting the account of the Borrower on the books of Bank of America with the amount of such funds or (ii) wire transfer of such funds, in each case in accordance with instructions provided to (and reasonably acceptable to) the Administrative Agent by the Borrower.
(c)    Except as otherwise provided herein, a Eurocurrency Rate Loan may be continued or converted only on the last day of an Interest Period for such Eurocurrency Rate Loan. During the existence of an Event of Default, no Loans may be converted to or continued as Eurocurrency Rate Loans if the Administrative Agent has notified the Borrower that the Required Lenders have determined that such a continuation or conversion is not appropriate, and the Required Lenders may require that any or all of the then outstanding Eurocurrency Rate Loans be prepaid or converted into Base Rate Loans.
(d)    The Administrative Agent shall promptly notify the Borrower and the applicable Lenders of the interest rate applicable to any Interest Period for Eurocurrency Rate Loans upon determination of such interest rate.
(e)    After giving effect to all Term Borrowings, all conversions of Loans from one Type to the other, and all continuations of Loans as the same Type, there shall not be more than eight (8) Interest Periods in effect with respect to all Loans.
2.03    [Reserved].
2.04    [Reserved].
2.05    [Reserved].
2.06    Prepayments.
(a)    The Borrower may, upon notice by the Borrower to the Administrative Agent pursuant to delivery to the Administrative Agent of a Notice of Loan Prepayment, at any time or from time to time, voluntarily prepay Term Loans in whole or in part without premium or penalty; provided that (i) such notice must be in a form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and be received by the Administrative Agent not later than 11:00 a.m. (A) two (2) Business Days (or such shorter period as the Administrative Agent shall agree) prior to any date of prepayment of Eurocurrency Rate Loans and (B) on the date of prepayment of Base Rate Loans; (ii) any prepayment of Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be in a minimum principal amount of $500,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof; and (iii) any prepayment of Term Loans that are Base Rate Loans shall be in a minimum principal amount of $500,000 or a whole multiple of $100,000 in excess thereof, or in each case, if less, the entire principal amount thereof then outstanding. Each such notice shall specify the date and amount of such prepayment, the Facility and the Type(s) of Term Loans to be prepaid and, if Eurocurrency Rate Loans are to be prepaid, the Interest Period(s) of such Term Loans. The Administrative Agent will promptly notify each Appropriate Lender of its receipt of each such notice, and of the amount of such Lender’s Applicable Percentage of such prepayment. If such notice is given by the Borrower, the Borrower shall make such prepayment and the payment amount specified in such notice shall be due and payable on the date
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specified therein; provided, however, that a notice of voluntary prepayment may state that such notice is conditioned upon an event, such as the effectiveness of other credit facilities, the receipt of the proceeds from the issuance of Equity Interests or other Indebtedness or the receipt of the proceeds from a Disposition, in which case such notice of prepayment may be revoked by the Borrower if such condition is not satisfied. Any prepayment of Term Loans that are Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be accompanied by all accrued interest on the amount prepaid, together with any additional amounts required pursuant to Section 3.05. Subject to Section 2.18, each prepayment made pursuant to this clause (a) shall be made ratably among the Appropriate Lenders in accordance with their respective Applicable Percentages in respect of the applicable Facility.
(b)    [Reserved].
(c)    [Reserved].
(d)    [Reserved].
(e)    [Reserved].
(f)    [Reserved].
2.07    Termination or Reduction of Commitments.
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, immediately after funding of the Term Loans on the Closing Date, the Term Commitments shall be automatically and permanently reduced to zero.
2.08    Repayment.
(a)    [Reserved].
(b)    [Reserved].
(c)    The Borrower shall repay the Outstanding Amount of each Term A-1 Loan on the Term A-1 Maturity Date, unless accelerated sooner pursuant to Section 8.02, together with accrued but unpaid interest, fees and all other sums with respect thereto.
(d)    The Borrower shall repay the Outstanding Amount of each Term A-2 Loan on the Term A-2 Maturity Date, unless accelerated sooner pursuant to Section 8.02, together with accrued but unpaid interest, fees and all other sums with respect thereto.
(e)    The Borrower shall repay to the Term Lenders holding Term Loans of any Incremental Term Loan Facility on the Maturity Date for such Incremental Term Loan Facility the aggregate principal amount of all Term Loans of such Incremental Term Loan Facility outstanding on such date, unless accelerated sooner pursuant to Section 8.02, together with accrued but unpaid interest, fees and all other sums with respect thereto.
2.09    Interest.
(a)    Applicable Interest. Subject to the provisions of subsection (b) below, (i) each Eurocurrency Rate Loan shall bear interest on the outstanding principal amount thereof for each Interest Period applicable thereto at a rate per annum equal to the Eurocurrency Rate for such Interest Period plus
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the Applicable Rate; and (ii) each Base Rate Loan shall bear interest on the outstanding principal amount thereof from the applicable borrowing date at a rate per annum equal to the Base Rate plus the Applicable Rate.
(b)    Default Interest.
(i)    If any amount of principal of any Loan is not paid when due, whether at stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise, then upon the request of the Required Lenders, such amount shall thereafter bear interest at a fluctuating interest rate per annum at all times equal to the Default Rate to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Laws.
(ii)    If any amount (other than principal of any Loan) payable by the Borrower under any Loan Document is not paid when due (without regard to any applicable grace periods), whether at stated maturity, by acceleration or otherwise, then upon the request of the Required Lenders, such amount shall thereafter bear interest at a fluctuating interest rate per annum at all times equal to the Default Rate to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Laws.
(iii)    Upon the request of the Required Lenders, while any Event of Default exists, the Borrower shall pay interest on the principal amount of all outstanding Obligations hereunder at a fluctuating interest rate per annum at all times equal to the Default Rate to the fullest extent permitted by applicable Laws.
(iv)    Accrued and unpaid interest on past due amounts (including interest on past due interest) shall be due and payable upon demand.
(c)    Interest Payment Date. Interest on each Loan shall be due and payable in arrears on each Interest Payment Date applicable thereto and at such other times as may be specified herein. Interest hereunder shall be due and payable in accordance with the terms hereof before and after judgment, and before and after the commencement of any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law.
2.10    Fees.
The Borrower shall pay to the Bookrunners and the Administrative Agent for their own respective accounts, in Dollars, fees in the amounts and at the times specified in the Engagement Letter. Such fees shall be fully earned when paid and shall not be refundable for any reason whatsoever, absent manifest error.
2.11    Computation of Interest and Fees.
All computations of interest for Base Rate Loans (including Base Rate Loans determined by reference to the Eurocurrency Rate) shall be made on the basis of a year of 365 or 366 days, as the case may be, and actual days elapsed. All other computations of fees and interest shall be made on the basis of a 360-day year and actual days elapsed (which results in more fees or interest, as applicable, being paid than if computed on the basis of a 365-day year). Interest shall accrue on each Loan for the day on which the Loan is made, and shall not accrue on a Loan, or any portion thereof, for the day on which the Loan or such portion is paid, provided that any Loan that is repaid on the same day on which it is made shall, subject to Section 2.13(a), bear interest for one day. Each determination by the Administrative Agent of an interest rate or fee hereunder shall be conclusive and binding for all purposes, absent manifest error.
2.12    Evidence of Debt.
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The Borrowings made by each Lender shall be evidenced by one or more accounts or records maintained by such Lender and by the Administrative Agent in the ordinary course of business. Subject to the entries in the Register, which shall be controlling, the accounts or records maintained by the Administrative Agent and each Lender shall be conclusive absent manifest error of the amount of the Borrowings made by the Lenders to the Borrower and the interest and payments thereon. Any failure to so record or any error in doing so shall not, however, limit or otherwise affect the obligation of the Borrower hereunder to pay any amount owing with respect to the Obligations. In the event of any conflict between the accounts and records maintained by any Lender and the accounts and records of the Administrative Agent in respect of such matters, the accounts and records of the Administrative Agent shall control in the absence of manifest error. Upon the request of any Lender made through the Administrative Agent, the Borrower shall execute and deliver to such Lender (through the Administrative Agent) a Note, which shall evidence such Lender’s Loans in addition to such accounts or records. Each Lender may attach schedules to its Note and endorse thereon the date, Type (if applicable), amount and maturity of its Loans and payments with respect thereto.
2.13    Payments Generally; Administrative Agent’s Clawback.
(a)    General. All payments to be made by the Borrower shall be made without condition or deduction for any counterclaim, defense, recoupment or setoff. Subject to the following sentence, except as otherwise expressly provided herein, all payments by the Borrower hereunder shall be made to the Administrative Agent, for the account of the respectiveAppropriate Lenders to which such payment is owed, at the applicable Administrative Agent’s Office in Dollars and in Same Day Funds not later than 2:00 p.m. on the date specified herein. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Administrative Agent may require that any payments due under this Agreement be made in the United States. The Administrative Agent will promptly distribute to each Appropriate Lender its Applicable Percentage (or other applicable share as provided herein) of such payment in like funds as received by wire transfer to such Lender’s Lending Office. All payments received by the Administrative Agent after 2:00 p.m. shall be deemed received on the next succeeding Business Day and any applicable interest or fee shall continue to accrue. If any payment to be made by the Borrower shall come due on a date other than a Business Day, such due date shall be extended to the next following Business Day, and such extension of time shall be reflected in computing interest or fees, as the case may be.
(b)    (i)    Funding by Lenders; Presumption by Administrative Agent. Unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from a Lender prior to the proposed date of any Borrowing of Eurocurrency Rate Loans (or, in the case of any Borrowing of Base Rate Loans, prior to 2:00 p.m. on the date of such Borrowing) that such Lender will not make available to the Administrative Agent such Lender’s share of such Borrowing, the Administrative Agent may assume that such Lender has made such share available on such date in accordance with Section 2.02 (or, in the case of a Borrowing of Base Rate Loans, that such Lender has made such share available in accordance with and at the time required by Section 2.02) and may, in reliance upon such assumption, make available to the Borrower a corresponding amount. In such event, if a Lender has not in fact made its share of the applicable Borrowing available to the Administrative Agent, then the applicable Lender and the Borrower severally agree to pay to the Administrative Agent forthwith on demand (without duplication) such corresponding amount in Same Day Funds with interest thereon, for each day from and including the date such amount is made available to the Borrower to but excluding the date of payment to the Administrative Agent, at (A) in the case of a payment to be made by such Lender, the Overnight Rate plus any administrative, processing or similar fees customarily charged by the Administrative Agent in connection with the foregoing, and (B) in the case of a payment to be made by the Borrower, the interest rate applicable to the Loans constituting such Borrowing. If the Borrower and such Lender shall pay such
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interest to the Administrative Agent for the same or an overlapping period, the Administrative Agent shall promptly remit to the Borrower the amount of such interest paid by the Borrower for such period. In the event the Borrower pays such amount to the Administrative Agent, then such amount shall reduce the principal amount of such Borrowing. If such Lender pays its share of the applicable Borrowing to the Administrative Agent, then the amount so paid shall constitute such Lender’s Loan included in such Borrowing. Any payment by the Borrower shall be without prejudice to any claim the Borrower may have against a Lender that shall have failed to make such payment to the Administrative Agent.
(ii)     Payments by the Borrower; Presumptions by Administrative Agent. Unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from the Borrower prior to the date on which any payment is due to the Administrative Agent for the account of the applicable Lenders hereunder that the Borrower will not make such payment, the Administrative Agent may assume that the Borrower has made such payment on such date in accordance herewith and may, in reliance upon such assumption, distribute to the Appropriate Lenders the amount due. In such event, if the Borrower has not in fact made such payment, then each of the Appropriate Lenders severally agrees to repay to the Administrative Agent forthwith on demand the amount so distributed to such Lender, in Same Day Funds with interest thereon, for each day from and including the date such amount is distributed to it to but excluding the date of payment to the Administrative Agent, at the Overnight Rate.
A notice of the Administrative Agent to any Lender or the Borrower with respect to any amount owing under this subsection (b) shall be conclusive, absent manifest error.
(c)    Failure to Satisfy Conditions Precedent. If any Lender makes available to the Administrative Agent funds for any Loan to be made by such Lender as provided in the foregoing provisions of this Article II, and such funds are not made available to the Borrower by the Administrative Agent because the conditions to the applicable Borrowing set forth in Article IV are not satisfied or waived in accordance with the terms hereof, the Administrative Agent shall promptly return such funds (in like funds as received from such Lender) to such Lender, without interest.
(d)    Obligations of Lenders Several. The obligations of the Lenders hereunder to make Loans and to make payments pursuant to Section 10.04(c) are several and not joint. The failure of any Appropriate Lender to make any Loan shall not relieve any other Lender of its corresponding obligation to do so on such date, and no Lender shall be responsible for the failure of any other Lender to so make its Loan.
(e)    Funding Source. Nothing herein shall be deemed to obligate any Lender to obtain the funds for any Loan in any particular place or manner or to constitute a representation by any Lender that it has obtained or will obtain the funds for any Loan in any particular place or manner.
2.14    Sharing of Payments by Lenders.
If any Lender shall, by exercising any right of setoff or counterclaim or otherwise, obtain payment in respect of any principal of or interest on any Loans made by it resulting in such Lender’s receiving payment of a proportion of the aggregate amount of such Loans and accrued interest thereon greater than its pro rata share thereof as provided herein, then the Lender receiving such greater proportion shall (a) notify the Administrative Agent of such fact, and (b) purchase (for cash at face value) participations in the Loans of the other Lenders, or make such other adjustments as shall be equitable, so that the benefit of all such payments shall be shared by the Lenders ratably in accordance with the aggregate amount of principal of and accrued interest on their respective Loans or such other amounts owing them, as applicable, provided that:
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(i)    if any such participations or subparticipations are purchased and all or any portion of the payment giving rise thereto is recovered, such participations or subparticipations shall be rescinded and the purchase price restored to the extent of such recovery, without interest; and
(ii)    the provisions of this Section 2.14 shall not be construed to apply to (x) any payment made by or on behalf of the Borrower pursuant to and in accordance with the express terms of this Agreement (including the application of funds arising from the existence of a Defaulting Lender or Disqualified Institution), or (y) any payment obtained by a Lender as consideration for the assignment of or sale of a participation in any of its Loans to any assignee or participant, other than an assignment to the Borrower or any Subsidiary thereof (as to which the provisions of this Section 2.14 shall apply).
The Borrower consents to the foregoing and agrees, to the extent it may effectively do so under applicable Laws, that any Lender acquiring a participation pursuant to the foregoing arrangements may exercise against the Borrower’s rights of setoff and counterclaim with respect to such participation as fully as if such Lender were a direct creditor of the Borrower in the amount of such participation.
2.15    [Reserved].
2.16    Increase in Facilities.
(a)    Request for Increase. At any time prior to the applicable Maturity Date, upon written notice to the Administrative Agent by the Borrower, the Borrower shall have the right to request an increase in the aggregate amount of the Term Facilities to an amount not exceeding $1,500,000,000 in the aggregate after giving effect to such increase by requesting an increase in the Term A-1 Facility (each such increase, an “Incremental Term A-1 Increase”), requesting an increase in the Term A-2 Facility (each such increase, an “Incremental Term A-2 Increase”) or establishing a new (or increasing an existing) tranche of pari passu term loans (each an “Incremental Term Loan Facility”; each Incremental Term Loan Facility, Incremental Term A-1 Increase and Incremental Term A-2 Increase are collectively referred to as “Incremental Facilities”); provided that (i) no Default has occurred and is continuing, (ii) each Incremental Facility must be in a minimum amount of $10,000,000 and in integral multiples of $5,000,000 in excess thereof (or such other amounts as are agreed to by the Borrower and the Administrative Agent), (iii) all Incremental Term A-1 Increases and Incremental Term A-2 Increases shall be on the same terms as the Facility being increased, (iv) all incremental commitments and loans provided as part of an Incremental Term Loan Facility shall, subject to clause (i) of the second proviso to Section 10.01, be on terms agreed to by the Borrower and the Lenders providing such Incremental Term Loan Facility, provided, that (x) the final maturity date of an Incremental Term Loan Facility may not be earlier than the latest maturity date (including any available extension option) of any then existing Facility and (y) if the terms of such Incremental Term Loan Facility (other than final maturity) are not the same as the terms of the Term A-1 Facility, the Term A-2 Facility or a then existing Incremental Term Loan Facility, such new Incremental Term Loan Facility shall be on terms reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent, and (v) the conditions to the making of a Borrowing set forth in clause (e) of this Section 2.16 shall be satisfied or waived. At the time of sending notice to the Administrative Agent of the exercise of such right, the Borrower (in consultation with the Administrative Agent) shall specify the time period within which each Lender is requested to respond (which shall in no event be less than ten (10) Business Days from the date of delivery of such notice to the Lenders).
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(b)    Lender Elections. Each applicable Lender shall notify the Administrative Agent within the time period specified in Section 2.16(a) whether or not it agrees to participate in the requested Incremental Facility and, if so, whether by an amount equal to, greater than, or less than the portion of the Incremental Facility offered to it. Any Lender not responding within such time period shall be deemed to have declined to participate in the Incremental Facility. Neither the Arrangers, the Bookrunners nor the Administrative Agent shall have any responsibility for arranging any such Incremental Facility without their prior written consent, and no Lender shall be required to make term loans under the Incremental Facility to facilitate such Incremental Facility.
(c)    Notification by Administrative Agent; Additional Lenders. The Administrative Agent shall notify the Borrower and each applicable Lender of the Lenders’ responses to each request made hereunder. Subject to the approval of the Administrative Agent (which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed), the Borrower may also invite additional Eligible Assignees to become Lenders pursuant to a joinder agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and its counsel (a “New Lender Joinder Agreement”).
(d)    Effective Date and Allocations. The Administrative Agent and the Borrower shall determine the effective date (the “Increase Effective Date”) and the final allocation of any such Incremental Facility. The Administrative Agent shall promptly notify the Borrower and the applicable Lenders of the final allocation of such Incremental Facility and the Increase Effective Date.
(e)    Conditions to Effectiveness of Increase. As a condition precedent to each Incremental Facility:
(i)    the Borrower shall deliver to the Administrative Agent a certificate of the Borrower dated as of the Increase Effective Date signed by a Responsible Officer (x) certifying and attaching the resolutions adopted by each of the Credit Parties approving or consenting to such Incremental Facility, and (y) certifying that (1) the representations and warranties contained in Article V and in the other Loan Documents are true and correct in all material respects (or, in the case of the representations and warranties in Section 5.22 or any representation and warranty that is qualified by materiality, in all respects) on and as of the Increase Effective Date (other than the representations in Section 5.05(c) and Section 5.18, which shall be made only as of the Closing Date), except to the extent that such representations and warranties specifically refer to an earlier date, in which case they shall be true and correct in all material respects (or, in the case of the representations and warranties in Section 5.22 or any representation and warranty that isif qualified by materiality, in all respects) as of such earlier date, and except that for purposes of this Section 2.16, the representations and warranties contained in subsections (a) and (b) of Section 5.05 shall be deemed to refer to the most recent statements furnished pursuant to subsections (a) and (b), respectively, of Section 6.01, and (2) as of the Increase Effective Date, and immediately after giving effect to such Incremental Facility, no Default exists;
(ii)    the Administrative Agent shall have received (x) a New Lender Joinder Agreement duly executed by the Borrower and each Eligible Assignee, if any, that is becoming a Lender in connection with such Incremental Facility, which New Lender Joinder Agreement shall be acknowledged and consented to in writing by the Administrative Agent and (y) written confirmation from each existing Lender, if any, participating in such Incremental Facility of the amount by which its Commitments and/or Loans will be increased;
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(iii)    upon the reasonable request of any Lender made at least ten (10) days prior to the applicable Increase Effective Date, the Borrower shall have provided to such Lender the documentation and other information so requested in connection with applicable “know your customer” and anti-money-laundering rules and regulations, Anti-Money Laundering Law, including the Patriot Act and the Beneficial Ownership Regulation, in each case at least five (5) days prior to the applicable Increase Effective Date;
(iv)    if the Borrower qualifies as a “legal entity customer” under the Beneficial Ownership Regulation, the Borrower shall deliver to each Lender that is proposing to participate in such Incremental Facility and so requests, in a form reasonably acceptable to such Lender, a Beneficial Ownership Certification in relation to the Borrower at least five (5) days prior to the applicable Increase Effective Date;
(v)    the Borrower shall provide a Note to any new Lender joining on the Increase Effective Date, if requested;
(vi)    if requested by the Administrative Agent or any Lender participating in such Incremental Facility, the Administrative Agent shall have received a favorable opinion of counsel (which counsel shall be reasonably acceptable to Administrative Agent), addressed to Administrative Agent and each Lender, as to such customary matters concerning the increase in the aggregate amount of the Facilities as Administrative Agent may reasonably request;
(vii)    the Borrower shall pay such fees to the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Lenders providing such Incremental Facility as determined by the Borrower and the Lenders providing such Incremental Facility at the time of such Incremental Facility;
(viii)    such other assurances, certificates, documents, consents or opinions as the Administrative Agent or the Lenders providing such Incremental Facility reasonably may require; and
(ix)    such other conditions of the Lenders providing such Incremental Facility shall be satisfied or waived.
(f)    Settlement Procedures. On each Increase Effective Date, promptly following fulfillment of the conditions set forth in clause (e) of this Section 2.16, the Administrative Agent shall notify the Lenders of the occurrence of the Incremental Facility effected on such Increase Effective Date and each participating Lender shall, upon satisfaction or waiver of the applicable conditions set forth in Section 4.02, make a term loan to the Borrower equal to its allocated portion of such Incremental Facility.
(g)    Conflicting Provisions. This Section 2.16 shall supersede any provisions in Sections 2.14 or 10.01 to the contrary.
(h)    Amendments. If any amendment to this Agreement is reasonably requested to give effect to or to evidence any Incremental Term Loan Facility pursuant to and in accordance with this Section 2.16, then such amendment shall be effective if executed by the Credit Parties, each Lender providing such Incremental Term Loan Facility and the Administrative Agent.
2.17    [Reserved].
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2.18    Defaulting Lenders.
(a)    Adjustments. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, if any Lender becomes a Defaulting Lender, then, until such time as that Lender is no longer a Defaulting Lender, to the extent permitted by applicable Law:
(i)    Waivers and Amendments. That Defaulting Lender’s right to approve or disapprove any amendment, waiver or consent with respect to this Agreement shall be restricted as set forth in Section 10.01.
(ii)    Reallocation of Payments. Any payment of principal, interest, fees or other amounts received by the Administrative Agent for the account of that Defaulting Lender (whether voluntary or mandatory, at maturity, pursuant to Article VIII or otherwise, and including any amounts made available to the Administrative Agent by that Defaulting Lender pursuant to Section 10.08), shall be applied at such time or times as may be determined by the Administrative Agent as follows: first, to the payment of any amounts owing by that Defaulting Lender to the Administrative Agent hereunder; second, as the Borrower may request (so long as no Event of Default exists), to the funding of any Loan in respect of which such Defaulting Lender has failed to fund its portion thereof as required by this Agreement, as determined by the Administrative Agent; third, to the payment of any amounts owing to the Lenders as a result of any judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction obtained by any Lender against such Defaulting Lender as a result of that Defaulting Lender’s breach of its obligations under this Agreement; fourth, so long as no Event of Default exists, to the payment of any amounts owing to the Borrower as a result of any judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction obtained by the Borrower against such Defaulting Lender as a result of such Defaulting Lender’s breach of its obligations under this Agreement; and fifth, to such Defaulting Lender or as otherwise directed by a court of competent jurisdiction; provided that if (x) such payment is a payment of the principal amount of any Loans in respect of which such Defaulting Lender has not fully funded its appropriate share and (y) such Loans were made at a time when the conditions set forth in Section 4.02 were satisfied or waived, such payment shall be applied solely to pay the Loans of all non-Defaulting Lenders on a pro rata basis prior to being applied to the payment of any Loans of such Defaulting Lender. Any payments, prepayments or other amounts paid or payable to a Defaulting Lender that are applied (or held) to pay amounts owed by a Defaulting Lender pursuant to this Section 2.18(a)(ii) shall be deemed paid to and redirected by that Defaulting Lender, and each Lender irrevocably consents hereto.
(b)    Defaulting Lender Cure. If the Borrower and the Administrative Agent agree in writing in their sole discretion that a Defaulting Lender should no longer be deemed to be a Defaulting Lender, the Administrative Agent will so notify the parties hereto, whereupon as of the effective date specified in such notice and subject to any conditions set forth therein, such Lender will, to the extent applicable, purchase at par that portion of outstanding Loans of the other Lenders or take such other actions as the Administrative Agent may determine to be necessary to cause the Loans to be held on a pro rata basis by the Lenders in accordance with their Applicable Percentages, whereupon such Lender will cease to be a Defaulting Lender; provided that no adjustments will be made retroactively with respect to fees accrued or payments made by or on behalf of the Borrower while such Lender was a Defaulting Lender; and provided, further, that except to the extent otherwise expressly agreed by the affected parties, no change hereunder from Defaulting Lender to Lender will constitute a waiver or release of any claim of any party hereunder arising from such Lender’s having been a Defaulting Lender.
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ARTICLE III.

TAXES, YIELD PROTECTION AND ILLEGALITY
3.01    Taxes.
(a)    Payments Free of Taxes. (i) Any and all payments by or on account of any obligation of the Borrower hereunder or under any other Loan Document shall be made free and clear of and without reduction or withholding for any Taxes, except as required by applicable Laws. If any applicable Laws (as determined in the good faith discretion of the Administrative Agent or the Borrower, as applicable) require the deduction or withholding of any Tax from any such payment by the Administrative Agent or the Borrower, then the Administrative Agent or the Borrower shall be entitled to make such deduction or withholding, upon the basis of the information and documentation to be delivered pursuant to subsection (e) below.
(i)    If the Borrower or the Administrative Agent shall be required by the Code to withhold or deduct any Taxes, including both United States Federal backup withholding and withholding taxes, from any payment, then (A) the Administrative Agent shall withhold or make such deductions as are determined by the Administrative Agent to be required based upon the information and documentation it has received pursuant to Section 3.01(e), (B) the Administrative Agent shall timely pay the full amount withheld or deducted to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with the Code and (C) to the extent that the withholding or deduction is made on account of Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes, the sum payable by the Borrower shall be increased as necessary so that after any required withholding or the making of all required deductions (including deductions applicable to additional sums payable under this Section 3.01) of Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes the Administrative Agent or the applicable Lender, as the case may be, receives an amount equal to the sum it would have received had no such withholding or deduction been made.
(ii)    If the Borrower or the Administrative Agent shall be required by any applicable Laws other than the Code to withhold or deduct any Taxes from any payment, then (A) the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, as required by such Laws, shall withhold or make such deductions as are determined by it to be required based upon the information and documentation it has received pursuant to Section 3.01(e), (B) the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, to the extent required by such Laws, shall timely pay the full amount withheld or deducted to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with such Laws, and (C) to the extent that the withholding or deduction is made on account of Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes, the sum payable by the Borrower shall be increased as necessary so that after any required withholding or the making of all required deductions (including deductions applicable to additional sums payable under this Section 3.01) of Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes the Administrative Agent or the applicable Lender, as the case may be, receives an amount equal to the sum it would have received had no such withholding or deduction been made.
(b)    Payment of Other Taxes by the Borrower. Without limiting the provisions of subsection (a) above, the Borrower shall timely pay any Other Taxes to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with applicable Law.
(c)    Tax Indemnification.
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(i)    Without limiting the provisions of subsection (a) or (b) above, the Borrower shall, and does hereby, indemnify the Administrative Agent and each Lender, and shall make payment in respect thereof, within ten (10) Business Days after written demand therefor, for the full amount of any Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes (including Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes imposed or asserted on or attributable to amounts payable under this Section 3.01) paid by the Administrative Agent or such Lender, as the case may be, and any penalties, interest and reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, to the extent such Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes are payable in respect of any payments by or on account of any obligation of the Borrower hereunder or under any other Loan Document or otherwise with respect to any Loan Document or activities related thereto, whether or not such Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority. A certificate as to the amount of any such payment or liability delivered to the Borrower by a Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), or by the Administrative Agent on its own behalf or on behalf of a Lender, shall be conclusive absent manifest error. The Borrower shall, and does hereby, indemnify the Administrative Agent, and shall make payment in respect thereof within ten (10) Business Days after demand therefor, for any amount which a Lender for any reason fails to pay indefeasibly to the Administrative Agent as required pursuant to Section 3.01(c)(ii) below.
(ii)    Without limiting the provisions of subsection (a) or (b) above, each Lender shall, and does hereby, indemnify and shall make payment in respect thereof, within ten (10) Business Days after demand therefor, (x) the Administrative Agent against any Indemnified Taxes attributable to such Lender (but only to the extent that the Borrower has not already indemnified the Administrative Agent for such Indemnified Taxes and without limiting the obligation of the Borrower to do so), (y) the Administrative Agent and the Borrower, as applicable, any Taxes attributable to such Lender’s failure to comply with the provisions of Section 10.06(d) relating to the maintenance of a Participant Register and (z) the Administrative Agent and the Borrower, as applicable, against any Excluded Taxes attributable to such Lender, in each case, that are payable or paid by the Administrative Agent or the Borrower in connection with any Loan Document, and any reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority. A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to any Lender by the Administrative Agent shall be conclusive absent manifest error. Each Lender hereby authorizes the Administrative Agent to set off and apply any and all amounts at any time owing to such Lender under this Agreement or any other Loan Document against any amount due to the Administrative Agent under this clause (ii). The agreements in this clause (ii) shall survive the resignation and/or replacement of the Administrative Agent, any assignment of rights by, or the replacement of, a Lender, the termination of the Facilities and the repayment, satisfaction or discharge of all other Obligations.
(d)    Evidence of Payments. As soon as practicable after any payment of Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes by the Borrower to a Governmental Authority, the Borrower shall deliver to the Administrative Agent the original or a certified copy of a receipt issued by such Governmental Authority evidencing such payment, a copy of the return reporting such payment or other evidence of such payment reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.
(e)    Status of Lenders.
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(i)    Each Recipient shall deliver to the Borrower (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), at the time or times prescribed by applicable Law or reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, such properly completed and executed documentation prescribed by applicable Law or by the taxing authorities of any jurisdiction and such other reasonably requested information as will permit the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, as the case may be, to determine (A) whether or not payments made by the Borrower hereunder or under any other Loan Document are subject to Taxes, (B) if applicable, the required rate of withholding or deduction, and (C) such Recipient’s entitlement to any available exemption from, or reduction of, applicable Taxes in respect of all payments to be made to such Lender by the Borrower pursuant to this Agreement or otherwise to establish such Recipient’s status for withholding tax purposes in the applicable jurisdictions. Notwithstanding the previous sentence, the completion, execution and submission of such documentation (other than such documentation set forth in Sections 3.01(e)(ii)(A) and (ii)(B) below) shall not be required if in the Lender’s reasonable judgment such completion, execution or submission would materially prejudice the legal or commercial position of such Lender.
(ii)    Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, in the event that a Borrower is resident for tax purposes in the United States:
(A)    any Recipient that is a “United States person” within the meaning of Section 7701(a)(30) of the Code shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent executed copies of IRS Form W-9 or such other documentation or information prescribed by applicable Law or reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent as will enable the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, as the case may be, to determine that such Lender is not subject to backup withholding or information reporting requirements; and
(B)    each Foreign Lender shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the request of the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, but only if such Foreign Lender is legally entitled to do so), whichever of the following is applicable:
(I)    duly completed executed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN-E (or W-8BEN, as applicable) claiming eligibility for benefits of an income tax treaty to which the United States is a party,
(II)    duly completed executed copies of IRS Form W-8ECI,
(III)    in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of the exemption for portfolio interest under Section 881(c) of the Code, (x) a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit E-1 to the effect that such Foreign Lender is not (A) a “bank” within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(A) of the Code, (B) a “10 percent shareholder” of the Borrower within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(B) of the Code, or (C) a “controlled foreign corporation” described in Section 881(c)(3)(C) of
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the Code (a “U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate”) and (y) duly completed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN-E (or W-8BEN, as applicable),
(IV)    to the extent a Foreign Lender is not the beneficial owner of payments made under any Loan Documents, executed copies of IRS Form W-8IMY, accompanied by IRS Form W-8ECI, IRS Form W-8BEN-E (or W-8BEN, as applicable), a U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit E-2 or Exhibit E-3, IRS Form W-9, and/or other certification documents from each beneficial owner, as applicable; provided that if the Foreign Lender is a partnership and one or more direct or indirect partners of such Foreign Lender are claiming the portfolio interest exemption, such Foreign Lender may provide a U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit E-4 on behalf of each such direct and indirect partner, or
(V)    any other form prescribed by applicable Law as a basis for claiming exemption from or a reduction in withholding tax duly completed, together with such supplementary documentation as may be prescribed by applicable Law to permit the Borrower or the Administrative Agent to determine the withholding or deduction required to be made; and
(VI)    each Recipient shall deliver to the Administrative Agent and the Borrower at the time or times prescribed by applicable Law and at such time or times reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent such documentation prescribed by applicable Law or reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent or the Borrower sufficient for the Administrative Agent and the Borrower to comply with their obligations under FATCA and to determine whether payments to such Recipient are subject to withholding tax under FATCA or to determine the amount, if any, to deduct and withhold from such payment. Solely for purposes of this clause (VI), “FATCA” shall include any amendments made to FATCA after the date of this Agreement.
(iii)    Each Recipient shall promptly (A) notify the Borrower and the Administrative Agent of any change in circumstances that would modify or render invalid any claimed exemption or reduction, and (B) take such steps as shall not be materially disadvantageous to it, in the reasonable judgment of such Lender, and as may be reasonably necessary (including the re-designation of its Lending Office) to avoid any requirement of applicable Law of any jurisdiction that the Borrower or the Administrative Agent make any withholding or deduction for taxes from amounts payable to such Lender.
(iv)    Each Lender agrees that if any form or certification it previously delivered pursuant to this Section 3.01 expires or becomes obsolete or inaccurate in any respect, it shall update such form or certification or promptly notify the Borrower and the Administrative Agent in writing of its legal inability to do so.
(f)    Treatment of Certain Refunds. Unless required by applicable Law, at no time shall the Administrative Agent have any obligation to file for or otherwise pursue on behalf of a Lender, or have
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any obligation to pay to any Lender, any refund of Taxes withheld or deducted from funds paid for the account of such Lender. If the Administrative Agent or any Lender determines, in its sole discretion, that it has received a refund of any Taxes or Other Taxes as to which it has been indemnified by the Borrower or with respect to which the Borrower has paid additional amounts pursuant to this Section 3.01, it shall pay to the Borrower an amount equal to such refund (but only to the extent of indemnity payments made, or additional amounts paid, by the Borrower under this Section 3.01 with respect to the Taxes or Other Taxes giving rise to such refund), net of all out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the Administrative Agent or such Lender, as the case may be, and without interest (other than any interest paid by the relevant Governmental Authority with respect to such refund), provided that the Borrower, upon the request of the Administrative Agent or such Lender, agrees to repay the amount paid over to the Borrower (plus any penalties, interest or other charges imposed by the relevant Governmental Authority) to the Administrative Agent or such Lender in the event the Administrative Agent or such Lender is required to repay such refund to such Governmental Authority. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this subsection, in no event will the Administrative Agent or any Lender be required to pay any amount to a Credit Party pursuant to this subsection the payment of which would place the Administrative Agent or such Lender in a less favorable net after-Tax position than the Administrative Agent or such Lender would have been in if the Tax subject to indemnification and giving rise to such refund had not been deducted, withheld or otherwise imposed and the indemnification payments or additional amounts with respect to such Tax had never been paid. This subsection shall not be construed to require the Administrative Agent or any Lender to make available its tax returns (or any other information relating to its taxes that it deems confidential) to the Borrower or any other Person.
3.02    Illegality.
If any Lender determines that any Law has made it unlawful, or that any Governmental Authority has asserted that it is unlawful, for any Lender or its applicable Lending Office to perform any of its obligations hereunder or make, maintain or fund or charge interest with respect to any Loan or to determine or charge interest rates based upon the Eurocurrency Rate, or any Governmental Authority has imposed material restrictions on the authority of such Lender to purchase or sell, or to take deposits of, Dollars in the applicable interbank market (each an “Affected Eurocurrency Rate Loan”), then (a) such Lender shall promptly give written notice of such circumstances to the Borrower through the Administrative Agent, which notice shall be withdrawn whenever such circumstances no longer exist, (b) the obligation of such Lender hereunder to make, maintain, fund or charge interest with respect to Affected Eurocurrency Rate Loans, continue Affected Eurocurrency Rate Loans as such and to convert a Base Rate Loan to an Affected Eurocurrency Rate Loan shall forthwith be suspended and, until such time as it shall no longer be unlawful for such Lender to make, maintain, fund or charge interest with respect to such Affected Eurocurrency Rate Loans, such Lender shall then have a commitment only to make a Base Rate Loan when an Affected Eurocurrency Rate Loan is requested, (c) such Lender’s Loans then outstanding as Affected Eurocurrency Rate Loans, if any, shall be converted automatically to Base Rate Loans on the respective last days of the then current Interest Periods with respect to such Loans or within such earlier period as required by Law and (d) if such notice asserts the illegality of such Lender making or maintaining Base Rate Loans the interest rate on which is determined by reference to the Eurocurrency Rate component of the Base Rate, the interest rate on which Base Rate Loans of such Lender shall, if necessary to avoid such illegality, be determined by the Administrative Agent without reference to the Eurocurrency Rate component of the Base Rate, in each case until such Lender notifies the Administrative Agent and the Borrower that the circumstances giving rise to such determination no longer exist. If any such conversion or prepayment of an Affected Eurocurrency Rate Loan occurs on a day
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which is not the last day of the then current Interest Period with respect thereto, the Borrower shall pay to such Lender such amounts, if any, as may be required pursuant to Section 3.05.

3.03    Inability to Determine Rates.
If (a) in connection with any request for a Eurocurrency Rate Loan or a conversion to or continuation thereof, the Administrative Agent determines that (i) Dollar deposits are not being offered to banks in the London interbank market for the applicable amount and Interest Period of such Eurocurrency Rate Loan, or (ii) adequate and reasonable means do not exist for determining the Eurocurrency Rate for any requested Interest Period with respect to a proposed Eurocurrency Rate Loan (any such Eurocurrency Rate Loans, “Impacted Loans”), (b) in connection with an existing or proposed Base Rate Loan, the Administrative Agent determines that adequate and reasonable means do not exist for determining the Eurocurrency Rate component of the Base Rate, if any, or (c) the Required Lenders determine that for any reason the Eurocurrency Rate for any requested Interest Period with respect to a proposed Eurocurrency Rate Loan does not adequately and fairly reflect the cost to such Lenders of funding such Eurocurrency Rate Loan, the Administrative Agent will promptly so notify the Borrower and each Lender. Thereafter, (x) the obligation of the Lenders to make or maintain Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be suspended to the extent of the affected Eurocurrency Rate Loans or Interest Periods, and (y) in the event of a determination described in the preceding sentence with respect to the Eurocurrency Rate component of the Base Rate, the utilization of the Eurocurrency Rate component in determining the Base Rate, if any, shall be suspended, in each case until the Administrative Agent upon the instruction of the Required Lenders revokes such notice. Upon receipt of such notice, the Borrower may revoke any pending request for a Borrowing of, conversion to or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans (to the extent of the affected Eurocurrency Rate Loans or Interest Periods) or, failing that, will be deemed to have converted such request into a request for a Base Rate Loan in the amount specified therein.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Administrative Agent has made the determination described in clause (a) of this section, the Administrative Agent, in consultation with the Borrower and the affected Lenders, may establish an alternative interest rate for the Impacted Loans, in which case such alternative rate of interest shall apply with respect to the Impacted Loans until (1) the Administrative Agent revokes the notice delivered with respect to the Impacted Loans under clause (a) of this section, (2) the Required Lenders notify the Administrative Agent and the Borrower that such alternative interest rate does not adequately and fairly reflect the cost to such Lenders of funding the Impacted Loans, in which case the Administrative Agent, in consultation with the Borrower and the affected Lenders, may establish a different alternative interest rate for the Impacted Loans, or (3) any affected Lender determines that any Law has made it unlawful, or that any Governmental Authority has asserted that it is unlawful, for such Lender or its applicable Lending Office to make, maintain or fund Loans whose interest is determined by reference to such alternative rate of interest or to determine or charge interest rates based upon such rate or any Governmental Authority has imposed material restrictions on the authority of such Lender to do any of the foregoing and provides the Administrative Agent and the Borrower written notice thereof.
3.04    Increased Costs; Reserves on Eurocurrency Rate Loans.
(a)    Increased Costs Generally. If any Change in Law shall:
(i)    impose, modify or deem applicable any reserve, special deposit, compulsory loan, insurance charge or similar requirement against assets of, deposits with or for the account of, or credit extended or participated in by, any Lender (except any reserve requirement contemplated by Section 3.04(e));
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(ii)    subject any Lender to any Taxes of any kind whatsoever with respect to this Agreement or any Eurocurrency Rate Loan made by it, or change the basis of taxation of payments to such Lender in respect thereof (other than (A) Indemnified Taxes, (B) Taxes described in clauses (b), (d) and (e) of the definition of Excluded Taxes and (C) Connection Income Taxes);
(iii)    impose on any Lender or the applicable interbank market any other condition, cost or expense (other than Taxes) affecting this Agreement or Eurocurrency Rate Loans made by such Lender;
and the result of any of the foregoing shall be to increase the cost to such Lender of making, converting to, continuing or maintaining any Loan the interest on which is determined by reference to the Eurocurrency Rate (or of maintaining its obligation to make any such Loan), or to reduce the amount of any sum received or receivable by such Lender hereunder (whether of principal, interest or any other amount) then, upon request of such Lender, the Borrower will pay to such Lender such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Lender for such additional costs incurred or reduction suffered.
(b)    Capital Requirements. If any Lender determines that any Change in Law affecting such Lender or any Lending Office of such Lender or such Lender’s holding company, if any, regarding capital or liquidity requirements has or would have the effect of reducing the rate of return on such Lender’s capital or on the capital of such Lender’s holding company, if any, as a consequence of this Agreement, the Commitment of such Lender or the Loans made by such Lender to a level below that which such Lender or such Lender’s holding company could have achieved but for such Change in Law (taking into consideration such Lender’s policies and the policies of such Lender’s holding company with respect to capital adequacy and liquidity), then from time to time the Borrower will pay to such Lender such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Lender or such Lender’s holding company for any such reduction suffered. The Borrower shall not be required to pay such additional amounts unless such amounts are the result of requirements imposed generally on lenders similar to such Lender and not the result of some specific reserve or similar requirement imposed on such Lender as a result of such Lender’s special circumstances.
(c)    Certificates for Reimbursement. A certificate of a Lender setting forth in reasonable detail the basis for and calculation of the amount or amounts necessary to compensate such Lender or its holding company, as the case may be, as specified in subsection (a) or (b) of this Section 3.04 and delivered to the Borrower, in detail sufficient to enable the Borrower to verify the computation thereof, shall be conclusive absent manifest error. The Borrower shall pay such Lender the amount shown as due on any such certificate within ten (10) Business Days after receipt thereof. Any amounts requested to be payable pursuant to this Section 3.04 shall be requested in good faith (and not on an arbitrary and capricious basis) and consistent with similarly situated customers of the applicable Lender after consideration of factors as such Lender then reasonably determines to be relevant.
(d)    Delay in Requests. Failure or delay on the part of any Lender to demand compensation pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this Section 3.04 shall not constitute a waiver of such Lender’s right to demand such compensation, provided that the Borrower shall not be required to compensate a Lender pursuant to the foregoing provisions of this Section 3.04 for any increased costs incurred or reductions suffered more than three months prior to the date that such Lender notifies the Borrower of the Change in Law giving rise to such increased costs or reductions and of such Lender’s intention to claim compensation therefor (except that, if the Change in Law giving rise to such increased costs or reductions
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is retroactive, then the three month period referred to above shall be extended to include the period of retroactive effect thereof).
(e)    Additional Reserve Requirements. The Borrower shall pay to each Lender, (i) so long as such Lender shall be required to maintain reserves with respect to liabilities or assets consisting of or including Eurocurrency funds or deposits (currently known as “Eurocurrency liabilities”), additional interest on the unpaid principal amount of each Eurocurrency Rate Loan equal to the actual costs of such reserves allocated to such Loan by such Lender (as determined by such Lender in good faith, which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error), and (ii) so long as such Lender shall be required to comply with any reserve ratio requirement or analogous requirement of any other central banking or financial regulatory authority imposed in respect of the maintenance of the Commitments or the funding of the Eurocurrency Rate Loans, such additional costs (expressed as a percentage per annum and rounded upwards, if necessary, to the nearest five decimal places) equal to the actual costs allocated to such Commitment or Loan by such Lender (as determined by such Lender in good faith, which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error), which in each case shall be due and payable on each date on which interest is payable on such Loan, provided the Borrower shall have received at least ten (10) days’ prior notice (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) of such additional interest or costs from such Lender. If a Lender fails to give notice ten (10) days prior to the relevant Interest Payment Date, such additional interest or costs shall be due and payable ten (10) Business Days from receipt of such notice.
3.05    Compensation for Losses.
Upon demand of any Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent) from time to time, the Borrower shall promptly compensate such Lender for and hold such Lender harmless from any loss, cost or expense (other than loss of anticipated profits) incurred by it as a result of:
(a)    any continuation, conversion, payment or prepayment of any Eurocurrency Rate Loan on a day other than the last day of the Interest Period for such Loan (whether voluntary, mandatory, automatic, by reason of acceleration, or otherwise);
(b)    any failure by the Borrower (for a reason other than the failure of such Lender to make a Loan) to prepay, borrow, continue or convert any Eurocurrency Rate Loan on the date or in the amount notified by the Borrower; or
(c)    any assignment of a Eurocurrency Rate Loan on a day other than the last day of the Interest Period therefor as a result of a request by the Borrower pursuant to Section 10.13.
The Borrower shall also pay any customary administrative fees charged by such Lender in connection with the foregoing, including without limitation, any loss or expense arising from the termination of any foreign exchange contract.
For purposes of calculating amounts payable by the Borrower to the Lenders under this Section 3.05, each Lender shall be deemed to have funded each Eurocurrency Rate Loan made by it at the Eurocurrency Rate for such Loan by a matching deposit or other borrowing in the London interbank Eurodollar market for a comparable amount and for a comparable period, whether or not such Eurocurrency Rate Loan was in fact so funded.
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3.06    Mitigation Obligations; Replacement of Lenders.
(a)    Designation of a Different Lending Office. Each Lender may make any Loan to the Borrower through any Lending Office, provided that the exercise of this option shall not affect the obligation of the Borrower to repay the Loan in accordance with the terms of this Agreement. If any Lender requests compensation under Section 3.04, or the Borrower is required to pay any additional amount to any Lender or any Governmental Authority for the account of any Lender pursuant to Section 3.01, or if any Lender gives a notice pursuant to Section 3.02, then such Lender shall, as applicable, use reasonable efforts to designate a different Lending Office for funding or booking its Loans hereunder or to assign its rights and obligations hereunder to another of its offices, branches or affiliates, if, in the judgment of such Lender, such designation or assignment (i) would eliminate or reduce amounts payable pursuant to Section 3.01 or 3.04, as the case may be, in the future, or eliminate the need for the notice pursuant to Section 3.02, as applicable, and (ii) in each case, would not subject such Lender to any unreimbursed cost or expense and would not otherwise be disadvantageous to such Lender. The Borrower hereby agrees to pay all reasonable costs and expenses incurred by any Lender in connection with any such designation or assignment.
(b)    Replacement of Lenders. If any Lender requests compensation under Section 3.04, or if the Borrower is required to pay any additional amount to any Lender or any Governmental Authority for the account of any Lender pursuant to Section 3.01and, in each case, such Lender has declined or is unable to designate a different lending office in accordance with Section 3.06(a), the Borrower may replace such Lender in accordance with Section 10.13.
3.07    LIBOR Successor Rate.
(a)    Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement or any other Loan Documents, if the Administrative Agent determines (which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error), or the Borrower or Required Lenders notify the Administrative Agent (with, in the case of the Required Lenders, a copy to Borrower) that the Borrower or Required Lenders (as applicable) have determined, that:
(i)    adequate and reasonable means do not exist for ascertaining LIBOR for any requested Interest Period, including because the LIBOR Screen Rate is not available or published on a current basis and such circumstances are unlikely to be temporary; or
(ii)    the administrator of the LIBOR Screen Rate or a Governmental Authority having jurisdiction over the Administrative Agent has made a public statement identifying a specific date after which LIBOR or the LIBOR Screen Rate shall no longer be made available, or used for determining the interest rate of loans (such specific date, the “Scheduled Unavailability Date”), or
(iii)    syndicated loans currently being executed, or that include language similar to that contained in this Section 3.07, are being executed or amended (as applicable) to incorporate or adopt a new benchmark interest rate to replace LIBOR,
then, reasonably promptly after such determination by the Administrative Agent or receipt by the Administrative Agent of such notice, as applicable, the Administrative Agent and the Borrower may amend this Agreement to replace LIBOR with an alternate benchmark rate (including any mathematical or other adjustments to the benchmark (if any) incorporated therein), giving due consideration to any evolving or then existing convention for similar U.S. dollar denominated syndicated credit facilities for
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such alternative benchmarks (any such proposed rate, a “LIBOR Successor Rate”), together with any proposed LIBOR Successor Rate Conforming Changes and any such amendment shall become effective at 5:00 p.m. (New York time) on the fifth Business Day after the Administrative Agent shall have posted such proposed amendment to all Lenders and the Borrower unless, prior to such time, Lenders comprising the Required Lenders have delivered to the Administrative Agent written notice that such Required Lenders do not accept such amendment.
(b)    If no LIBOR Successor Rate has been determined and the circumstances under clause (i) above exist or the Scheduled Unavailability Date has occurred (as applicable), the Administrative Agent will promptly so notify the Borrower and each Lender. Thereafter, (x) the obligation of the Lenders to make or maintain Eurocurrency Rate Loans shall be suspended, (to the extent of the affected Eurocurrency Rate Loans or Interest Periods), and (y) the Eurocurrency Rate component shall no longer be utilized in determining the Base Rate. Upon receipt of such notice, the Borrower may revoke any pending request for a Borrowing of, conversion to or continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans (to the extent of the affected Eurocurrency Rate Loans or Interest Periods) or, failing that, will be deemed to have converted such request into a request for a Borrowing of Base Rate Loans (subject to the foregoing clause (y)) in the amount specified therein
Notwithstanding anything else herein, any LIBOR Successor Rate that is adopted in accordance herewith shall provide that in no event shall such rate be less than zero for purposes of this Agreement.
(c)    This Section 3.07 shall supersede any provisions in Section 10.01 to the contrary.
3.08    Survival.
All of the Borrower’s obligations under this Article III shall survive termination of the Facilities, repayment of all other Obligations hereunder and resignation of the Administrative Agent.
ARTICLE IV.

CONDITIONS PRECEDENT TO BORROWINGS
4.01    Conditions of Initial Borrowing.
The effectiveness of this Agreement and the obligation of each Lender to make its initial Loans hereunder on the Closing Date are subject to satisfaction or waiver of the following conditions precedent:
(a)    The Administrative Agent’s receipt of the following, each of which shall be originals or telecopies or electronic copies (followed promptly by originals) unless otherwise specified, each properly executed by a Responsible Officer, each dated the Closing Date (or, in the case of certificates of governmental officials, a recent date before the Closing Date) and each in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent:
(i)    executed counterparts of this Agreement, executed and delivered by the Administrative Agent, the Borrower, the Guarantor and each Lender listed on Schedule 2.01;
(ii)    a Term A-1 Note executed by the Borrower in favor of each Term A-1 Lender requesting a Term A-1 Note, and a Term A-2 Note executed by the Borrower in favor of each Term A-2 Lender requesting a Term A-2 Note;
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(iii)    such certificates of resolutions or other action, incumbency certificates and/or other certificates of Responsible Officers as the Administrative Agent may reasonably require evidencing the identity, authority and capacity of each Responsible Officer authorized to act as a Responsible Officer in connection with this Agreement and the other Loan Documents;
(iv)    such documents and certifications as the Administrative Agent may reasonably require to evidence that each Credit Party is duly organized or formed, and that each Credit Party is validly existing, in good standing and qualified to engage in business in its state of organization and in each jurisdiction where its ownership, lease or operation of properties or the conduct of its business requires such qualification, except to the extent that failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;
(v)    (A) favorable opinions of Latham & Watkins LLP, counsel to the Credit Parties, addressed to the Administrative Agent and each Lender and (B) favorable opinions of in-house counsel to Ventas, addressed to the Administrative Agent and each Lender;
(vi)    a certificate signed by a Responsible Officer certifying (A) that the conditions specified in Section 4.02 have been satisfied; (B) the current Debt Ratings; and (C) that, as of the date of the Closing Date, the Borrower is in pro forma compliance with the financial covenants contained in Section 7.10 (and attaching the computations in reasonable detail satisfactory to the Administrative Agent); and
(vii)    evidence that, substantially concurrently with the Closing Date, all Indebtedness and other obligations under or in connection with the Existing Term Loan Agreement (including without limitation all unpaid principal, interest, fees, expenses and other amounts owing thereunder or in connection therewith) will be repaid in full and all commitments to lend thereunder will be terminated.
(b)    Any fees required to be paid by the Borrower on or prior to the Closing Date pursuant to the Loan Documents and all expenses required to be reimbursed by the Borrower on or prior to the Closing Date pursuant to the Loan Documents shall have been paid, provided that invoices (which invoice may be in summary form) for such expenses have been presented to the Borrower a reasonable period of time (and in any event not less than two (2) Business Days) prior to the Closing Date (including, unless waived by the Administrative Agent, all reasonable, documented, out-of-pocket fees, charges and disbursements of counsel (including any local counsel) to the Administrative Agent, plus such additional amounts of such fees, charges and disbursements as shall constitute its reasonable estimate of such fees, charges and disbursements incurred or to be incurred by it through the closing proceedings (provided that such estimate shall not thereafter preclude a final settling of accounts between the Borrower and the Administrative Agent)).
(c)    Upon the reasonable request of any Lender made at least ten (10) days prior to the Closing Date, the Borrower shall have provided to such Lender the documentation and other information so requested in connection with applicable “know your customer” and anti-money-laundering rules and regulations, including the Patriot Act, in each case at least five (5) days prior to the Closing Date.
(d)    If the Borrower qualifies as a “legal entity customer” under the Beneficial Ownership Regulation, the Borrower shall deliver to each Lender that so requests, in a form reasonably acceptable to such Lender, a Beneficial Ownership Certification in relation to the Borrower at least five (5) days prior to the Closing Date.
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Without limiting the generality of the provisions of the last paragraph of Section 9.03, for purposes of determining compliance with the conditions specified in this Section 4.01, each Lender that has signed this Agreement shall be deemed to have consented to, approved or accepted or to be satisfied with, (i) this Agreement and each other document to which it is a party or which it has reviewed or (ii) any other matter required thereunder to be consented to or approved by or acceptable or satisfactory to a Lender unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from such Lender prior to the proposed Closing Date specifying its objection thereto.
4.02    Conditions to All Borrowings.
The obligation of each Lender to honor any Request for Borrowing (other than a Committed Loan Notice requesting only a conversion of Loans to the other Type, or a continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans) is subject to the following conditions precedent:
(a)    The representations and warranties of the Credit Parties contained in Article V or any other Loan Document, or which are contained in any document required to be furnished at any time under or in connection herewith or therewith, shall be true and correct in all material respects (or, in the case of the representations and warranties in Section 5.22 or any representation and warranty that is qualified by materiality, in all respects) on and as of the date of such Borrowing (other than the representations in Section 5.05(c) and Section 5.18, which shall be made only as of the Closing Date), except to the extent that such representations and warranties specifically refer to an earlier date, in which case they shall be true and correct in all material respects (or, in the case of the representations and warranties in Section 5.22 or any representation and warranty that is qualified by materiality, in all respects) as of such earlier date, and except that for purposes of this Section 4.02, the representations and warranties contained in subsections (a) and (b) of Section 5.05 shall be deemed to refer to the most recent statements furnished pursuant to clauses (a) and (b), respectively, of Section 6.01.
(b)    No Default shall exist on the date of such Borrowing, or would result from such proposed Borrowing or from the application of the proceeds thereof.
(c)    The Administrative Agent shall have received a Request for Borrowing in accordance with the requirements hereof.
Each Request for a Borrowing (other than a Committed Loan Notice requesting only a conversion of Loans to the other Type or a continuation of Eurocurrency Rate Loans) submitted by the Borrower shall be deemed to be a representation and warranty that the conditions specified in Sections 4.02(a) and (b) have been satisfied on and as of the date of the applicable Borrowing.
ARTICLE V.

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
The Credit Parties represent and warrant to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders that:
5.01    Existence, Qualification and Power.
Each Credit Party and its Subsidiaries (a) is duly organized or formed, validly existing and in good standing under the Laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or organization, (b) has all requisite
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power and authority and all requisite governmental licenses, authorizations, consents and approvals to (i) own its assets and carry on its business and (ii) execute, deliver and perform its obligations under the Loan Documents to which it is a party and (c) is duly qualified to do business and in good standing under the Laws of each jurisdiction where its ownership, lease or operation of properties or the conduct of its business requires such qualification; except in each case referred to in clause (a) (solely as to Subsidiaries that are not the Borrower), (b)(i) or (c), to the extent that failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
5.02    Authorization; No Contravention.
The execution, delivery and performance by each Credit Party of each Loan Document to which it is a party has been duly authorized by all necessary corporate or other organizational action, and do not and will not (a) contravene the terms of such Credit Party’s Organization Documents; (b) conflict with or result in any breach or contravention of, or the creation of any Lien under, or require any payment to be made under (i) any Contractual Obligation to which such Credit Party is party or affecting such Credit Party or the properties of such Credit Party or any of its Subsidiaries or (ii) any order, injunction, writ or decree of any Governmental Authority or any arbitral award to which such Credit Party or its property is subject; or (c) violate any Law; except in each case referred to in clause (b) or (c), as contemplated hereunder or to the extent such conflict, breach, contravention or violation, or creation of any such Lien or required payment could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
5.03    Governmental Authorization; Other Consents.
No approval, consent, exemption, authorization, or other action by, or notice to, or filing with, any Governmental Authority or any other Person is necessary or required in connection with the execution, delivery or performance by, or enforcement against, the Credit Parties of this Agreement or any other Loan Document, except for such approvals, consents, exemptions, authorizations or other actions or notices or filings which have already been completed or obtained.
5.04    Binding Effect.
This Agreement has been, and each other Loan Document, when delivered hereunder, will have been, duly executed and delivered by the Credit Parties party thereto. This Agreement constitutes, and each other Loan Document when so delivered will constitute, a legal, valid and binding obligation of the Credit Parties party thereto, enforceable against such Credit Parties in accordance with its terms, except as such enforcement may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium, or other similar laws, now or hereafter in effect, relating to or affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights generally and except that the remedy of specific performance and other equitable remedies are subject to judicial discretion.
5.05    Financial Statements; No Material Adverse Effect.
(a)    The Annual Financial Statements (i) were prepared in accordance with GAAP consistently applied throughout the period covered thereby, except as otherwise expressly noted therein; (ii) fairly present the financial condition of the Consolidated Group as of the date thereof and its results of operations for the period covered thereby in accordance with GAAP consistently applied throughout the period covered thereby, except as otherwise expressly noted therein; and (iii) show all material indebtedness and other material liabilities, direct or contingent, of the Guarantor and its Subsidiaries as of
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the date thereof, including liabilities for taxes, material commitments and material Indebtedness, in each case, to the extent required by GAAP.
(b)    In respect of anyThe unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Consolidated Group delivered hereunder after the Closing Datedated September 30, 2020 and the related unaudited consolidated statements of income or operations, equity and cash flows for the fiscal quarter ended on such date, such financial statements (i) were prepared in accordance with GAAP consistently applied throughout the period covered thereby, except as otherwise expressly noted therein or as otherwise permitted pursuant to Section 1.03, (ii) fairly present the financial condition of the Consolidated Group as of the date thereof and its results of operations for the period covered thereby, subject, in the case of clauses (i) and (ii), to the absence of footnotes and to normal year-end audit adjustments and (iii) show all material indebtedness and other material liabilities, direct or contingent, of the Guarantor and its Subsidiaries as of the date thereof, including liabilities for taxes, material commitments and material Indebtedness, in each case, to the extent required by GAAP.
(c)    Since the date of the Annual Financial Statements, there has been no event or circumstancecondition, either individually or in the aggregate, that has had or would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
5.06    Litigation.
There are no actions, suits, proceedings, claims, investigations or disputes pending or, to the knowledge of the Credit Parties, threatened or contemplated, at law, in equity, in arbitration or before any Governmental Authority, by or against a Credit Party or any Subsidiary or against any of their properties or revenues that (a) affect or pertain to this Agreement or any other Loan Document, or any of the transactions contemplated hereby, or (b) as to which there is a reasonable possibility of an adverse determination, and, if so adversely determined, either individually or in the aggregate, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
5.07    [Reserved].
5.08    Ownership of Property and Valid Leasehold Interests; Liens.
(a)    Each of the Credit Parties and each Subsidiary has good record and marketable title in fee simple to, or valid leasehold interests in, all real property necessary or used in the ordinary conduct of its business, except for such defects in title or valid leasehold interests as could not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(b)    The property of the Credit Parties and their Subsidiaries is subject to no Liens, other than Liens permitted by Section 7.01.
5.09    Environmental Compliance.
There are no existing violations of Environmental Laws or claims alleging potential liability or responsibility for the violation of any Environmental Law that could, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
5.10    Insurance.
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The Credit Parties and their Subsidiaries maintain or require the tenants or managers of their owned properties to maintain insurance with respect to their owned properties with insurance companies, in such amounts, with such deductibles and covering such risks as are customarily carried under similar circumstances by companies engaged in similar businesses and owning similar properties in localities where the Credit Parties or the applicable Subsidiary operates.
5.11    Taxes.
The Credit Parties and their Subsidiaries have filed all Federal and other material tax returns and reports required to be filed, and have paid all Federal and other material taxes, assessments, fees and other governmental charges levied or imposed upon them or their properties, income or assets otherwise due and payable, except those which are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted and for which adequate reserves with respect thereto, to the extent required by GAAP, are maintained on the books of the applicable Person, or except where the failure to take any of the foregoing actions could not reasonably be expected to cause, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect. To the knowledge of the Credit Parties, there is no proposed tax assessment against any Credit Party or any Subsidiary that would, if made, have a Material Adverse Effect.
5.12    ERISA Compliance.
Except as has resulted in, or would not reasonably be expected to have, a Material Adverse Effect:.
(a)    Each Plan is in compliance with the applicable provisions of ERISA, the Code and other Federal or state Laws. Each Plan that is intended to qualify under Section 401(a) of the Code has received a favorable determination or opinion letter from the IRS or an application for such a letter is currently being processed by the IRS with respect thereto and, to the knowledge of the Borrower, nothing has occurred that could reasonably be expected to prevent, or cause the loss of, such qualification. The Borrower and each ERISA Affiliate have made all required contributions to each Plan subject to Section 412 of the Code, and no application for a funding waiver or an extension of any amortization period pursuant to Section 412 of the Code has been made with respect to any Plan.
(b)    There are no pending or, to the knowledge of the Borrower, threatened claims, actions or lawsuits, or action by any Governmental Authority, with respect to any Plan. There has been no prohibited transaction or violation of the fiduciary responsibility rules with respect to any Plan.
(c)    (i) No ERISA Event has occurred or is reasonably expected to occur; (ii) no Pension Plan has any Unfunded Pension Liability; (iii) neither the Borrower nor any ERISA Affiliate has incurred, or reasonably expects to incur, any liability under Title IV of ERISA with respect to any Pension Plan (other than premiums due and not delinquent under Section 4007 of ERISA); (iv) neither the Borrower nor any ERISA Affiliate has incurred, or reasonably expects to incur, any liability (and no event has occurred that, with the giving of notice under Section 4219 of ERISA, would result in such liability) under Sections 4201 or 4243 of ERISA with respect to a Multiemployer Plan; and (v) neither the Borrower nor any ERISA Affiliate has engaged in a transaction that could be subject to Sections 4069 or 4212(c) of ERISA.
(d)    Neither the Borrower nor any Guarantor is or will be using “plan assets” (within the meaning of 29 CFR § 2510.3-101, as modified by Section 3(42) of ERISA) of one or more Benefit Plans in connection with the Loans or the Commitments.
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5.13    Margin Regulations; Investment Company Act; REIT Status.
(a)    No Credit Party is engaged nor will any Credit Party engage, principally or as one of its important activities, in the business of purchasing or carrying margin stock (within the meaning of Regulation U issued by the FRB), or extending credit for the purpose of purchasing or carrying margin stock.
(b)    No Credit Party is, nor is any Credit Party required to be, registered as an “investment company” under the Investment Company Act of 1940.
(c)    The Guarantor qualifies as a REIT.
5.14    Disclosure.
No report, financial statement, certificate or other information, in each case, furnished in writing by or on behalf of any Credit Party or any Subsidiary to the Administrative Agent or any Lender in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby and the negotiation of this Agreement or delivered hereunder or under any other Loan Document (in each case, as modified or supplemented by other information so furnished), contains, as of the date of delivery of such report, financial statement, certificate or other information, any material misstatement of fact or omits to state any material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided that, with respect to projected financial information, the Credit Parties represent only that such information was prepared in good faith based upon assumptions believed to be reasonable at the time (it being understood that actual results may differ materially from projections).
5.15    Compliance with Laws.
Each of the Credit Parties and each Subsidiary is in compliance in all material respects with the requirements of all Laws and all orders, writs, injunctions and decrees applicable to it or to its properties, except in such instances in which (a) such requirement of Law or order, writ, injunction or decree is being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted or (b) the failure to comply therewith, either individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
5.16    Sanctions Concerns.
No Credit Party, nor any Subsidiary, nor, to the knowledge of the chief executive officer, chief financial officer or general counsel of the Guarantor, any director, officer or employee thereof is an individual or entity that is (a) currently the subject or target of any Sanctions, (b) included on OFAC’s List of Specially Designated Nationals, HMT’s Consolidated List of Financial Sanctions Targets and the Investment Ban List or (c) with respect to any Credit Party or Subsidiary, located, organized or resident in a Designated Jurisdiction and with respect to any individual, resident in any Designated Jurisdiction.
5.17    Use of Proceeds.
The proceeds of the Loans hereunder will be used solely for the purposes specified in Section 6.11. No proceeds of the Loans hereunder will be used for the acquisition of another Person unless the board of directors (or other comparable governing body) or stockholders (or other equity owners), as appropriate, of such other Person has approved such acquisition.
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5.18    Solvency.
Immediately after giving effect to the Borrowing made on the Closing Date, (a) the fair value of the assets of the Credit Parties, taken as a whole, will exceed their debts and liabilities, subordinated, contingent or otherwise; (b) the present fair saleable value of the property of the Credit Parties, taken as a whole, will be greater than the amount that will be required to pay the probable liability of their debts and other liabilities, subordinated, contingent or otherwise, as such debts and other liabilities become absolute and mature; and (c) no Credit Party will have unreasonably small capital with which to conduct the business in which it is engaged as such business is now conducted and is proposed to be conducted following the Closing Date.
5.19    Taxpayer Identification Number.
Each Credit Party’s true and correct U.S. taxpayer identification number, if any, is set forth on Schedule 5.19.
5.20    EEAAffected Financial Institutions
.
No Credit Party is an EEAAffected Financial Institution.
5.21    Anti-Money Laundering; Anti-Corruption Laws
.
(a)    Each Credit Party, its Subsidiaries and, to the knowledge of the chief executive officer, chief financial officer or general counsel of the Guarantor, each director, officer or employee thereof are in compliance in all material respects with any applicable Anti-Money Laundering Law, except in such instances in which the failure to comply therewith could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
(b)    To the knowledge of the chief executive officer, chief financial officer or general counsel of the Guarantor, for the past two years, each Credit Party and its Subsidiaries have conducted their businesses in compliance in all material respects with the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, the UK Bribery Act 2010, the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act (Canada) and other similar anti-corruption legislation in other jurisdictions to the extent applicable to, and binding on, the Credit Parties, and the Guarantor has instituted and maintains policies and procedures required, in its reasonable judgment, to comply in all material respects with such laws.
5.22    Beneficial Ownership
.
As of the Closing Date and each Increase Effective Date, the information included in each Beneficial Ownership Certification delivered to the Administrative Agent and/or any Lender pursuant to Section 4.01(d) or Section 2.16(e)(iv), as applicable, is true and correct in all respects.
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ARTICLE VI.

AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS
So long as any Lender shall have any Commitment hereunder or any Loan or other Obligation hereunder shall remain unpaid or unsatisfied, each Credit Party shall (or, solely in the case of the covenant set forth in Section 6.12, the Guarantor shall), and shall (except in the case of the covenants set forth in Sections 6.01, 6.02, 6.03 and 6.12) cause each Subsidiary to:
6.01    Financial Statements.
Deliver to the Administrative Agent (for distribution to each Lender):
(a)    as soon as available, but in any event within five (5) Business Days following the date the Guarantor is required to file its Form 10-K with the SEC (without giving effect to any extension of such due date, whether obtained by filing the notification permitted by Rule 12b-25 or any successor provision thereto or otherwise) (commencing with the fiscal year ending December 31, 2018), a consolidated balance sheet of the Consolidated Group as at the end of such fiscal year, and the related consolidated statements of income or operations, equity and cash flows for such fiscal year, setting forth in each case in comparative form the figures for the previous fiscal year, all in reasonable detail and prepared in accordance with GAAP, such consolidated statements to be audited and accompanied by a report and opinion of an independent certified public accountant of nationally recognized standing, which report and opinion shall be prepared in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and applicable securities laws; and
(b)    as soon as available, but in any event within five (5) Business Days following the date the Guarantor is required to file its Form 10-Q with the SEC (without giving effect to any extension of such due date, whether obtained by filing the notification permitted by Rule 12b-25 or any successor provision thereto or otherwise) (commencing with the fiscal quarter ending June 30, 2018), an unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Consolidated Group as at the end of such fiscal quarter, and the related unaudited consolidated statements of income or operations for such fiscal quarter and for the portion of the Guarantor’s fiscal year then ended, and the related unaudited statements of stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the portion of the Guarantor’s fiscal year then ended, setting forth in each case in comparative form the figures for the corresponding fiscal quarter of the previous fiscal year and the corresponding portion of the previous fiscal year, as applicable, all in reasonable detail, such consolidated statements to be certified by a Responsible Officer as fairly presenting the financial condition, results of operations, equity and cash flows of the Guarantor and its Subsidiaries in accordance with GAAP, subject only to normal year-end audit adjustments and the absence of footnotes.
As to any information contained in materials furnished pursuant to Section 6.02(c), the Credit Parties shall not be separately required to furnish such information under clause (a) or (b) above, but the foregoing shall not be in derogation of the obligation of the Credit Parties to furnish the information and materials described in clauses (a) and (b) above at the times specified therein.
6.02    Certificates; Other Information.
Deliver to the Administrative Agent (for distribution to each Lender):
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(a)    concurrently with the delivery of the financial statements referred to in Sections 6.01(a) and (b) (commencing with the delivery of the financial statements for the fiscal quarter ending June 30, 2018), a duly completed Compliance Certificate signed by a Responsible Officer;
(b)    promptly after any request by the Administrative Agent, copies of any management letters submitted to the board of directors (or the audit committee of the board of directors) of the Guarantor by independent accountants in connection with an audit of the accounts of the Guarantor (which delivery may, unless the Administrative Agent, or a Lender requests executed originals, be by electronic communication including fax or email and shall be deemed to be an original authentic counterpart thereof for all purposes);
(c)    promptly after the same are available, copies of each annual report, proxy or financial statement or other report or communication sent to the stockholders of the Guarantor, and copies of all annual, regular, periodic and special reports and registration statements that the Guarantor may file or be required to file with the SEC under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and not otherwise required to be delivered to the Administrative Agent pursuant hereto;
(d)    promptly, and in any event within five (5) Business Days after receipt thereof by the Guarantor or any Subsidiary thereof, copies of each notice or other correspondence received from the SEC (or comparable agency in any applicable non-U.S. jurisdiction) concerning any investigation by such agency regarding financial or other operational results of the Guarantor or any Subsidiary thereof;
(e)    promptly following any request therefor, information and documentation reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent or any Lender for purposes of compliance with applicable “know your customer” and anti-money-laundering rules and regulations and Anti-Money Laundering Law, including the Patriot Act and the Beneficial Ownership Regulation; and
(f)    promptly, such additional information regarding the business, financial or corporate affairs of the Guarantor or any Subsidiary, or compliance with the terms of the Loan Documents, as the Administrative Agent may from time to time reasonably request.
Documents required to be delivered pursuant to Section 6.01(a) or (b) or Section 6.02(c) (to the extent any such documents are included in materials otherwise filed with the SEC) may be delivered electronically and if so delivered, shall be deemed to have been delivered on the date (i) on which the Guarantor posts such documents, or provides a link thereto, on the Guarantor’s website on the Internet at the website address listed on Schedule 10.02; or (ii) on which such documents are posted on the Guarantor’s behalf on an Internet or intranet website, if any, to which each Lender and the Administrative Agent have access (whether a commercial, third-party website or whether sponsored by the Administrative Agent); provided that: (i) the Borrower shall deliver paper copies of such documents to the Administrative Agent or any Lender that requests such paper copies until a written request to cease delivering paper copies is given by the Administrative Agent or such Lender and (ii) the Borrower shall notify the Administrative Agent (by telecopier or electronic mail), which shall notify each Lender, of the posting of any such documents and, upon request, provide to the Administrative Agent by electronic mail electronic versions (i.e., soft copies) of such documents. The Administrative Agent shall have no obligation to request the delivery or to maintain copies of the documents referred to above, and in any event shall have no responsibility to monitor compliance by the Borrower with any such request for delivery, and each Lender shall be solely responsible for requesting delivery to it or maintaining its copies of such documents.
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The Credit Parties hereby acknowledge that (a) the Administrative Agent, the Bookrunners and/or the Arrangers will make available to the Lenders materials and/or information provided by or on behalf of the Credit Parties hereunder (collectively, “Borrower Materials”) by posting the Borrower Materials on IntraLinks, Syndtrak, Clear Par or a similar electronic transmission system (the “Platform”) and (b) certain of the Lenders (each, a “Public Lender”) may have personnel that do not wish to receive material non-public information with respect to the Credit Parties or their Affiliates, or the respective securities of any of the foregoing, and who may be engaged in investment and other market-related activities with respect to such Persons’ securities. The Credit Parties hereby agree that so long as any Credit Party is the issuer of any outstanding debt or equity securities that are registered or issued pursuant to a private offering or is actively contemplating issuing any such securities (w) all Borrower Materials that are to be made available to Public Lenders shall be clearly and conspicuously marked “PUBLIC” which, at a minimum, shall mean that the word “PUBLIC” shall appear prominently on the first page thereof, (x) by marking Borrower Materials “PUBLIC,” the Credit Parties shall be deemed to have authorized the Administrative Agent, the Bookrunners, the Arrangers and the Lenders to treat such Borrower Materials as not containing any material non-public information with respect to the Credit Parties or their securities for purposes of United States Federal and state securities laws (provided, however, that to the extent such Borrower Materials constitute Information, they shall be treated as set forth in Section 10.07) (y) all Borrower Materials marked “PUBLIC” are permitted to be made available through a portion of the Platform designated “Public Investor;” and (z) the Administrative Agent, the Bookrunners and the Arrangers shall treat any Borrower Materials that are not marked “PUBLIC” or that are marked “PRIVATE” as being suitable only for posting on a portion of the Platform not designated “Public Investor.” Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Credit Parties shall be under no obligation to mark any Borrower Materials “PUBLIC.”
6.03    Notices.
Promptly following knowledge thereof by a Responsible Officer, notify the Administrative Agent (which shall notify each Lender) of:
(a)    the occurrence of any Default;
(b)    any matter that has resulted or could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect;
(c)    the information set forth in Section 6.13 at the times required therein;
(d)    any material change in accounting policies or financial reporting practices by the Guarantor or any Subsidiary; and
(e)    any announcement by Moody’s, S&P or Fitch of any change or possible adverse change in a Debt Rating.
Each notice pursuant to this Section 6.03 (other than Section 6.03(e)) shall be accompanied by a statement of a Responsible Officer setting forth details of the occurrence referred to therein and stating what action the Credit Parties have taken and propose to take with respect thereto. Each notice pursuant to Section 6.03(a) shall describe with particularity any and all provisions of this Agreement and any other Loan Document that have been breached.
6.04    Payment of Taxes.
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Pay and discharge as the same shall become due and payable, all of its Federal and other material tax liabilities, assessments and governmental charges or levies upon it or its properties or assets, unless the same are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted and adequate reserves with respect thereto, to the extent required by GAAP, are maintained on the books of the applicable Person, in each case in this Section 6.04 except where the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
6.05    Preservation of Existence, Etc.
(a)    Preserve, renew and maintain in full force and effect its legal existence and good standing under the Laws of the jurisdiction of its organization except in a transaction not prohibited by Section 7.04, or to the extent that failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;
(b)    take all reasonable action to maintain all rights, privileges, permits, licenses and franchises necessary or desirable in the normal conduct of its business, except to the extent that failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; and
(c)    preserve or renew all of its registered patents, trademarks, trade names and service marks, the non-preservation of that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
6.06    Maintenance of Properties.
(a)    Maintain, preserve and protect, or make contractual or other provisions to cause to maintain, preserve or protect, all of its properties and equipment necessary in the operation of its business in good working order and condition, ordinary wear and tear excepted, in each case except where the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; and
(b)    make, or make contractual or other provisions to cause to be made, all necessary repairs thereto and renewals and replacements thereof except where the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
6.07    Maintenance of Insurance.
Maintain or use reasonable efforts to cause the tenants under all leases to which it is a party as landlord or the manager of its properties to maintain insurance with respect to its owned properties and business against loss or damage of the kinds customarily insured against by Persons engaged in the same or similar business, of such types and in such amounts as are customarily carried under similar circumstances by such other Persons (including with respect to any captive insurance subsidiary or self-insurance, a system or systems of self-insurance and reinsurance which accords with the practices of similar businesses).
6.08    Compliance with Laws.
Comply in all material respects with the requirements of all Laws (including, without limitation, Environmental Laws) and all orders, writs, injunctions and decrees applicable to it or to its business or property, except in such instances in which (a) such requirement of Law or order, writ, injunction or decree is being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted; or (b) the failure to comply therewith could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.
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6.09    Books and Records.
Maintain proper books of record and account, in which full, true and correct entries in conformity with GAAP consistently applied shall be made of all financial transactions and matters involving the assets and business of such Credit Party or Subsidiary, as the case may be.
6.10    Inspection Rights.
Subject to (x) rights of tenants, (y) applicable health and safety laws, and (z) except to the extent disclosure could reasonably be expected to contravene attorney client privilege or similar protection or violate any confidentiality or privacy obligation or otherwise contravene applicable law, permit representatives and independent contractors of the Administrative Agent and each Lender (in each case of a Lender, coordinated through the Administrative Agent) to visit and inspect any of its properties, to examine its corporate, financial and operating records, and make copies thereof or abstracts therefrom, and to discuss its affairs, finances and accounts with its directors, officers, and independent public accountants (provided that the Guarantor and Borrower shall have the right to participate in any such discussions), all at such reasonable times during normal business hours and as often as may be reasonably desired, upon reasonable advance notice to the Borrower; provided, however, that (i) absent an Event of Default, the Credit Parties shall only be required to pay for one such visit and inspection in any twelve (12) month period and (ii) when an Event of Default exists the Administrative Agent or any Lender (or any of their respective representatives or independent contractors) may do any of the foregoing at the expense of the Borrower at any time during normal business hours and without advance notice.
6.11    Use of Proceeds.
Use proceeds from the Loans (a) to refinance existing Indebtedness and (b) for working capital, capital expenditures, and other general corporate purposes, including Investments permitted by Section 7.02, dividends and distributions, and acquisitions and developments, not in contravention of any of the Loan Documents or any applicable Law.
6.12    REIT Status.
Maintain Ventas’ status as a REIT under the Code.
6.13    Employee Benefits.
(a)    Comply with the applicable provisions of ERISA and the Code with respect to each Plan, except where the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, and (b) furnish to the Administrative Agent (x) within five (5) Business Days after any Responsible Officer or any ERISA Affiliate knows or has reason to know that an ERISA Event has occurred that, alone or together with any other ERISA Event, could reasonably be expected to result in liability of Ventas Realty or any of its ERISA Affiliates in an aggregate amount exceeding the Threshold Amount or the imposition of a Lien, a statement setting forth details as to such ERISA Event and the action, if any, that Ventas Realty or ERISA Affiliate proposes to take with respect thereto, and (y) upon request by the Administrative Agent, copies of (1) each Schedule B (Actuarial Information) to the annual report (Form 5500 Series) filed by Ventas Realty or any ERISA Affiliate with the IRS with respect to each Pension Plan; (2) the most recent actuarial valuation report for each Pension Plan; (3) all notices received by Ventas Realty or any ERISA Affiliate from a Multiemployer Plan sponsor or any governmental agency
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concerning an ERISA Event; and (4) such other documents or governmental reports or filings relating to any Plan as the Administrative Agent shall reasonably request.
6.14    Anti-Corruption
.
    Conduct its businesses in compliance in all material respects with the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, the UK Bribery Act 2010, and other similar anti-corruption legislation in other jurisdictions to the extent applicable to, and binding on, the Credit Parties and maintain policies and procedures required, in its reasonable judgment, to comply in all material respects with such laws.
ARTICLE VII.

NEGATIVE COVENANTS
So long as any Lender shall have any Commitment hereunder, any Loan or other Obligation hereunder shall remain unpaid or unsatisfied, each Credit Party shall not, nor shall it permit any Subsidiary (except that Section 7.09 shall apply only to Wholly-Owned Subsidiaries) to, directly or indirectly:
7.01    Liens.
Create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Lien upon any of its property, assets or revenues, whether now owned or hereafter acquired, other than the following:
(a)    Liens pursuant to any Loan Document;
(b)    Liens securing Indebtedness permitted under Section 7.03;
(c)    Liens for Taxes not yet due or that are being contested in good faith and by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted, if adequate reserves with respect thereto, to the extent required by GAAP, are maintained on the books of the applicable Person;
(d)    carriers’, warehousemen’s, mechanics’, materialmen’s, repairmen’s or other like Liens arising in the ordinary course of business that are not overdue for a period of more than thirty (30) days or that are being contested in good faith and by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted, if adequate reserves with respect thereto, to the extent required by GAAP, are maintained on the books of the applicable Person;
(e)    pledges or deposits or other Liens arising in the ordinary course of business in connection with workers’ compensation, unemployment insurance and other social security legislation, or to secure statutory obligations, other than any Lien imposed by ERISA;
(f)    Liens and rights of setoff of banks and securities intermediaries in respect of deposit accounts and securities accounts maintained in the ordinary course of business;
(g)    the interests of lessees and lessors under leases or subleases of, and the interest of managers or operators with respect to, real or personal property made in the ordinary course of business;
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(h)    Liens on property where such Credit Party or Subsidiary is insured against such Liens by title insurance;
(i)    Liens on property acquired by a Credit Party or any Subsidiary after the date hereof and that are in place at the time such properties are so acquired and not created in contemplation of such acquisition;
(j)    Liens securing assessments or charges payable to a property owner association or similar entity, which assessments are not yet due and payable or that are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted, and for which adequate reserves with respect thereto, to the extent required by GAAP, are maintained on the books of the applicable Person;
(k)    Liens securing assessment bonds, so long as such Credit Party or Subsidiary is not in default under the terms thereof;
(l)    deposits to secure the performance of bids, trade contracts and leases (other than Indebtedness), statutory obligations, surety bonds (other than bonds related to judgments or litigation), performance bonds and other obligations of a like nature incurred in the ordinary course of business;
(m)    easements, rights-of-way, restrictions and other similar encumbrances affecting real property that, in the aggregate, are not substantial in amount, and that do not in any case materially detract from the value of the property subject thereto or materially interfere with the ordinary conduct of the business of the applicable Person;
(n)    Liens securing judgments for the payment of money not constituting an Event of Default under Section 8.01(h) or securing appeal or other surety bonds related to such judgments;
(o)    Liens solely on any cash earnest money deposits made by a Credit Party or any Subsidiary in connection with any letter of intent or purchase agreement;
(p)    assignments to a reverse Section 1031 exchange trust;
(q)    licenses of intellectual property granted in the ordinary course of business;
(r)    Liens on assets of a Credit Party or any Subsidiary securing obligations under Swap Contracts; and
(s)    precautionary UCC filings in respect of operating leases; and
(t)    any movable hypothec in favor of lessors, provided that such movable hypothec charges only the corporeal movable property of any of the Credit Parties or of any Subsidiary thereof situated in premises located in the Province of Québec and leased to any one of them and secures only the obligations under the relevant lease.
7.02    Investments.
Make or allow Investments consisting of:
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(a)    unimproved land holdings and construction in progress to exceed, in the aggregate, for all Investments under this clause (a) at any one time outstanding, thirty-five percent (35%) of Consolidated Gross Asset Value; and
(b)    Investments in Joint Ventures to exceed, in the aggregate, for all Investments under this clause (b) at any one time outstanding, twenty-five percent (25%) of Consolidated Gross Asset Value.
For purposes of this Section 7.02, the aggregate Investment in Joint Ventures will be valued at book value as shown on the consolidated balance sheet of the Guarantor, as determined in accordance with GAAP.
7.03    Indebtedness.
Create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Indebtedness, except:
(a)    Indebtedness under the Loan Documents; and
(b)    other Indebtedness; provided that (i) at the time of the incurrence of such Indebtedness and after giving effect thereto (including any Liens associated therewith) no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing or would result therefrom and (ii) with respect to obligations of a Credit Party in respect of Swap Contracts, such Swap Contracts shall be entered into in order to manage existing or anticipated risk and not for speculative purposes.
7.04    Fundamental Changes.
Merge, dissolve, liquidate, amalgamate, consolidate with or into another Person, except that, so long as no Default exists or would result therefrom:
(a)    any Person (other than the Borrower) may merge with or into the Guarantor in a transaction in which the Guarantor shall be the continuing or surviving Person;
(b)    any Person (other than the Guarantor) may merge with or into, consolidate with or amalgamate with the Borrower in a transaction in which the Borrower shall be the continuing or surviving Person;
(c)    any Person may merge with or into, consolidate with or amalgamate with any Subsidiary (other than the Borrower) in a transaction in which the continuing or surviving Person shall be a Subsidiary;
(d)    any Subsidiary (other than the Borrower) may merge with or into, consolidate with or amalgamate with any Person in order to consummate an Investment permitted by Section 7.02 or a Disposition;
(e)    any Subsidiary (other than the Borrower) may merge into the Guarantor or any other Subsidiary; and
(f)    any Subsidiary may liquidate or dissolve if the Credit Parties determine in good faith that such liquidation or dissolution is in the best interests of the Credit Parties and is not materially disadvantageous to the Lenders.
7.05    [Reserved].
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7.06    Restricted Payments.
Declare or make, directly or indirectly, any Restricted Payment, or incur any obligation (contingent or otherwise) to do so; provided that,
(a)    the Guarantor and each Subsidiary may declare or make, directly or indirectly, any Restricted Payment required to qualify and maintain the Guarantor’s qualification as a REIT;
(b)    the Guarantor and each Subsidiary may declare or make, directly or indirectly, any Restricted Payment required to avoid the payment of Federal or state income or excise tax;
(c)    so long as no Default shall have occurred and be continuing or would result therefrom, the Guarantor and each Subsidiary may purchase, redeem, retire, acquire, cancel or terminate the Guarantor’s Equity Interests so long as after giving effect thereto the Credit Parties are in compliance on a Pro Forma Basis with the requirements of Section 7.10(e);
(d)    any Subsidiary may at any time make Restricted Payments to any member of the Consolidated Group and, solely to the extent distributions to other holders of its Equity Interests are required by its Organization Documents, to such other holders of Equity Interests;
(e)    any member of the Consolidated Group may at any time declare and make dividend payments or other distributions payable solely in the common stock or other common Equity Interests in such Person;
(f)    so long as no Default shall have occurred and be continuing or would result therefrom, the Guarantor and each Subsidiary may make any payment on account of any return of capital to the Guarantor’s stockholders, partners or members (or the equivalent Person thereof); and
(g)    the Guarantor and each Subsidiary may declare or make, directly or indirectly, any Restricted Payment within sixty days after the date of declaration thereof, if on the date of declaration of such payment, such payment would have been permitted pursuant to another clause of this Section 7.06 and no Default under Section 8.01(a), (f) or (g) shall have occurred and be continuing.
7.07    Change in Nature of Business.
Engage in any material line of business substantially different from those lines of business conducted by the Credit Parties and their Subsidiaries on the date hereof or any business substantially related or incidental thereto.
7.08    Transactions with Affiliates.
Enter into any transaction of any kind with any Affiliate of a Credit Party, whether or not in the ordinary course of business, except:
(a)    transactions on fair and reasonable terms substantially as favorable to the Credit Party or such Subsidiary as would be obtainable by the Credit Party or such Subsidiary at the time in a comparable arm’s-length transaction with a Person other than an Affiliate;
(b)    payments of compensation, perquisites and fringe benefits arising out of any employment or consulting relationship in the ordinary course of business;
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(c)    payments of Restricted Payments permitted by this Agreement;
(d)    transactions between or among the Guarantor, the Borrower and any Wholly-Owned Subsidiary; or
(e)    transactions in the ordinary course of business that comply with the requirements of the North American Securities Administrators Association’s Statement of Policy of Real Estate Investment Trusts.
7.09    Sanctions; Anti-Money Laundering; Anti-Corruption.
(a)    Use any Borrowing or the proceeds of any Borrowing, or lend, contribute or otherwise make available such Borrowing or the proceeds of any Borrowing to any Person, for the purpose of funding any activities of or business with any Person, or in any Designated Jurisdiction, that, at the time of such funding, is the subject of Sanctions, in each case, except to the extent permitted for a Person required to comply with Sanctions.
(b)    Knowingly engage in any transaction, investment, undertaking or activity that conceals the identity, source or destination of the proceeds from any category of prohibited offenses designated in any law, regulation or other binding measure by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (solely to the extent such organization has jurisdiction over the Credit Parties and such law, regulation or other measure is applicable to, and binding on, the Credit Parties) or violate in any material respect these laws or any other applicable Anti-Money Laundering Law or knowingly engage in these actions.
(c)    Use the proceeds of any Loan for any purpose which would breach in any material respect the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, the UK Bribery Act 2010, and other similar anti-corruption legislation in other jurisdictions to the extent applicable to, and binding on, the Credit Parties.
7.10    Financial Covenants.
(a)    Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio. Permit the Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio to be greater than sixty percent (60%) as of the end of any fiscal quarter. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Credit Parties shall be permitted to increase the maximum Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio to sixty five percent (65%) for any fiscal quarter in which a Significant Acquisition occurs and for the three consecutive full fiscal quarters immediately thereafter; provided that in no event shall the Consolidated Total Leverage Ratio exceed sixty five percent (65%) at any time or exceed sixty percent (60%) for more than four consecutive fiscal quarters in any consecutive five fiscal quarter period.
(b)    Consolidated Secured Debt Leverage Ratio. Permit the Consolidated Secured Debt Leverage Ratio to be greater than forty percent (40%) as of the end of any fiscal quarter.
(c)    Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio. Permit the Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio to be less than 1.50 to 1.00 as of the end of any fiscal quarter.
(d)    Consolidated Unsecured Leverage Ratio. Permit the Consolidated Unsecured Leverage Ratio to be greater than sixty percent (60%) as of the end of any fiscal quarter. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Credit Parties shall be permitted to increase the maximum Consolidated Unsecured
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Leverage Ratio to sixty five percent (65%) for any fiscal quarter in which a Significant Acquisition occurs and for the three consecutive full fiscal quarters immediately thereafter; provided that in no event shall the Consolidated Unsecured Leverage Ratio exceed sixty five percent (65%) at any time or exceed sixty percent (60%) for more than four consecutive fiscal quarters in any consecutive five fiscal quarter period.
(e)    Consolidated Adjusted Net Worth. Permit the Consolidated Adjusted Net Worth to be, as of the end of any fiscal quarter, less than $11,564,707,00013,448,207,250.
ARTICLE VIII.

EVENTS OF DEFAULT AND REMEDIES
8.01    Events of Default.
Any of the following shall constitute an Event of Default:
(a)    Non-Payment. The Credit Parties fail to pay in Dollars (i) when and as required to be paid herein, any amount of principal of any Loan, or (ii) within five (5) Business Days after the same becomes due, any interest on any Loan, or any fee due hereunder, or (iii) within five (5) Business Days after the same becomes due, any other amount payable hereunder or under any other Loan Document; or
(b)    Specific Covenants. The Credit Parties or any of their Subsidiaries fail to perform or observe any term, covenant or agreement contained in any of (i) Section 6.03(b) or Section 6.05 (solely with respect to the Borrower or the Guarantor) or Article VII and such failure continues for five (5) Business Days, (ii) Section 6.02(e) and such failure continues for ten (10) Business Days or (iii) Section 6.03(a) or Section 6.03(d) and such failure continues for fifteen (15) Business Days; or
(c)    Other Defaults. The Credit Parties or any of their Subsidiaries fail to perform or observe any other covenant or agreement (not specified in subsection (a) or (b) above) contained in any Loan Document on its part to be performed or observed and such failure continues for thirty (30) days after the first to occur of (i) the date upon which a Responsible Officer of any Credit Party obtains knowledge of such failure or (ii) receipt by the Borrower of written notice of such failure from the Administrative Agent (which notice will be given at the request of any Lender); provided that if such failure is of such a nature that can be cured but cannot with reasonable effort be completely cured within thirty (30) days, then such thirty (30) day period shall be extended for such additional period of time (not exceeding ninety (90) additional days) as may be reasonably necessary to cure such failure so long as the Credit Parties or their Subsidiaries, as applicable, commence such cure within such thirty (30) day period and diligently prosecute same until completion; or
(d)    Representations and Warranties. Any representation, warranty, certification or statement of fact made or deemed made by or on behalf of any Credit Party herein, in any other Loan Document, or in any document delivered in connection herewith or therewith shall be incorrect in any material respect when made or deemed made (or, in the case of the representations and warranties in Section 5.22 or any representation and warranty that is qualified by materiality, shall be incorrect in any respect when made or deemed made) and, with respect to any representation, warranty, certification or statement (other than the representations and warranties in Section 5.22) not known by such Credit Party at the time made or deemed made to be incorrect, the defect causing such representation or warranty to be incorrect when made or deemed made is not removed within thirty (30) days after the first to occur of (i) the date upon
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which a Responsible Officer of any Credit Party obtains knowledge thereof or (ii) receipt by the Borrower of written notice thereof from the Administrative Agent (which notice will be given at the request of any Lender); or
(e)    Cross-Default. (i) Any Credit Party or any Subsidiary (x) fails (after giving effect to any notice or grace periods applicable thereto) to make any required payment when due (whether by scheduled maturity, required prepayment, acceleration, demand, or otherwise) in respect of any Material Recourse Indebtedness or (y) fails to observe or perform any other agreement or condition relating to any such Material Recourse Indebtedness contained in any instrument or agreement evidencing, securing or relating thereto, or any other event occurs, the effect of which default or other event is to cause, with the giving of notice if required, such Material Recourse Indebtedness pursuant to the terms thereof to be demanded or to become due or to require such Credit Party or Subsidiary to repurchase, prepay, defease or redeem (automatically or otherwise) or make an offer to repurchase, prepay, defease or redeem such Material Recourse Indebtedness pursuant to the terms thereof, prior to its stated maturity; or (ii) there occurs under any Swap Contract an Early Termination Date (as defined in such Swap Contract) resulting from (A) any event of default under such Swap Contract as to which any Credit Party or any Subsidiary is the Defaulting Party (as defined in such Swap Contract) or (B) any Termination Event (as so defined) under such Swap Contract as to which any Credit Party or any Subsidiary is an Affected Party (as so defined) and, in either event, the Swap Termination Value owed by a Credit Party or such Subsidiary as a result thereof is greater than the Threshold Amount; provided that this clause (e) shall not apply to (i) secured Indebtedness that becomes due and payable as a result of the voluntary sale or transfer of the property or assets securing such Indebtedness, if such sale or transfer is permitted hereunder and under the documents providing for such Indebtedness and such Indebtedness is assumed or repaid in full when required under the documents providing for such Indebtedness, (ii) any redemption, repurchase, conversion or settlement with respect to any convertible debt security which is consummated in accordance with the terms of such convertible debt security, unless such redemption, repurchase, conversion or settlement results from a default thereunder or an event of the type that constitutes an Event of Default or (iii) any early payment requirement or unwinding or termination with respect to any Swap Contract (A) not arising out of a default by any Credit Party and (B) to the extent that such Swap Termination Value owed has been paid in full by such Credit Party when due; or
(f)    Insolvency Proceedings, Etc. Any Credit Party or any Material Subsidiary institutes or consents to the institution of any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law, or makes an assignment for the benefit of creditors; or applies for or consents to the appointment of any receiver, trustee, custodian, conservator, liquidator, rehabilitator or similar officer for it or for all or any material part of its property; or any receiver, trustee, custodian, conservator, liquidator, rehabilitator or similar officer is appointed without the application or consent of such Person and the appointment continues undischarged, undismissed or unstayed for sixty (60) calendar days; or any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law relating to any such Person or to all or any material part of its property is instituted without the consent of such Person and continues undischarged, undismissed or unstayed for sixty (60) calendar days, or an order for relief is entered in any such proceeding; or
(g)    Inability to Pay Debts; Attachment. (i) Any Credit Party or any Material Subsidiary becomes unable or admits in writing its inability or fails generally to pay its debts as they become due, or (ii) any writ or warrant of attachment or execution or similar process is issued or levied against all or any material part of the property of any such Person and is not released, vacated or fully bonded within thirty (30) days after its issue or levy; or
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(h)    Judgments. There is entered against any Credit Party or any Material Subsidiary (i) a final non-appealable judgment or order that has not been discharged for the payment of money in an aggregate amount exceeding the Threshold Amount (to the extent (x) not covered by independent third-party insurance as to which the insurer does not dispute coverage or (y) for which the applicable Credit Party or Material Subsidiary has not been indemnified), or (ii) any one or more non-monetary final non-appealable judgments that have not been discharged and that have, or could reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect and, in either case, (A) enforcement proceedings are commenced by any creditor upon such judgment or order, or (B) there is a period of thirty (30) consecutive days during which a stay of enforcement of such judgment, by reason of a pending appeal or otherwise, is not in effect; or
(i)    ERISA. An ERISA Event occurs with respect to a Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan that has resulted or could reasonably be expected to result in liability of a Credit Party under Title IV of ERISA to the Pension Plan, Multiemployer Plan or the PBGC in an aggregate amount in excess of the Threshold Amount; or
(j)    Invalidity of Loan Documents. Any material provision of any Loan Document, at any time after its execution and delivery and for any reason other than as expressly permitted hereunder or thereunder or satisfaction in full of all of the Obligations, ceases to be in full force and effect; or any Credit Party or any other Person contests in any manner the validity or enforceability of any material provision of any Loan Document; or any Credit Party denies that it has any or further liability or obligation under any Loan Document, or purports to revoke, terminate or rescind any material provision of any Loan Document; or
(k)    Change of Control. There occurs any Change of Control; or
(l)    Event of Default under Existing Credit Agreement. There occurs any Event of Default under the Existing Credit Agreement (as such term is defined therein).
For purposes of clauses (f), (g), and (h) above, no Event of Default shall be deemed to have occurred with respect to a Material Group unless the type of event specified therein has occurred with respect to each Subsidiary that is a member of such Material Group.
8.02    Remedies Upon Event of Default.
If any Event of Default occurs and is continuing, the Administrative Agent shall, at the request of, or may, with the consent of, the Required Lenders, take any or all of the following actions:
(a)    declare the commitment of each Lender to make Loans to be terminated, whereupon such commitments and obligation shall be terminated;
(b)    declare the unpaid principal amount of all outstanding Loans, all interest accrued and unpaid thereon, and all other amounts owing or payable hereunder or under any other Loan Document to be immediately due and payable, without presentment, demand, protest or other notice of any kind, all of which are hereby expressly waived by the Credit Parties; and
(c)    exercise on behalf of itself and the Lenders all rights and remedies available to it and the Lenders under the Loan Documents;
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provided, however, that upon the occurrence of an Event of Default with respect to any Credit Party pursuant to Section 8.01(f) or (g) or the occurrence of an actual or deemed entry of an order for relief with respect to any Credit Party under the Bankruptcy Code of the United States or any comparable provisions of any Debtor Relief Laws, the obligation of each Lender to make Loans shall automatically terminate, the unpaid principal amount of all outstanding Loans and all interest and other amounts as aforesaid shall automatically become due and payable, in each case without further act of the Administrative Agent or any Lender.
8.03    Application of Funds.
After the exercise of remedies provided for in Section 8.02 (or after the Loans have automatically become immediately due and payable as set forth in the proviso to Section 8.02), any amounts received on account of the Obligations shall, subject to the provisions of Sections 2.17 and 2.18, be applied by the Administrative Agent in the following order:
First, to payment of that portion of the Obligations constituting fees, indemnities, expenses and other amounts (including fees, charges and disbursements of counsel to the Administrative Agent and amounts payable under Article III) payable to the Administrative Agent in its capacity as such;
Second, to payment of that portion of the Obligations constituting fees, indemnities, expenses and other amounts (other than principal and interest) payable to the Lenders (including fees, charges and disbursements of counsel to the respective Lenders and amounts payable under Article III), ratably among them in proportion to the amounts described in this clause Second payable to them;
Third, to payment of that portion of the Obligations constituting accrued and unpaid interest on the Loans ratably among the Lenders in proportion to the respective amounts described in this clause Third payable to them;
Fourth, to payment of that portion of the Obligations constituting unpaid principal of the Loans ratably among the Lenders in proportion to the respective amounts described in this clause Fourth held by them; and
Last, the balance, if any, after all of the Obligations have been indefeasibly paid in full, to the Credit Parties or as otherwise required by Law.
ARTICLE IX.

ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT
9.01    Appointment and Authority.
Each of the Lenders hereby irrevocably appoints Bank of America to act on its behalf as the Administrative Agent hereunder and under the other Loan Documents and authorizes the Administrative Agent to take such actions on its behalf and to exercise such powers as are delegated to the Administrative Agent by the terms hereof or thereof, together with such actions and powers as are reasonably incidental thereto. Except as otherwise expressly set forth herein, the provisions of this
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Article are solely for the benefit of the Administrative Agent and the Lenders, and none of the Credit Parties shall have rights as a third party beneficiary of any of such provisions. It is understood and agreed that the use of the term “agent” herein or in any other Loan Documents (or any other similar term) with reference to the Administrative Agent is not intended to connote any fiduciary or other implied (or express) obligations arising under agency doctrine of any applicable Law. Instead such term is used as a matter of market custom, and is intended to create or reflect only an administrative relationship between contracting parties.
9.02    Rights as a Lender.
The Person serving as the Administrative Agent hereunder shall have the same rights and powers in its capacity as a Lender as any other Lender and may exercise the same as though it were not the Administrative Agent and the term “Lender” or “Lenders” shall, unless otherwise expressly indicated or unless the context otherwise requires, include the Person serving as the Administrative Agent hereunder in its individual capacity. Such Person and its Affiliates may accept deposits from, lend money to, own securities of, act as the financial advisor or in any other advisory capacity for and generally engage in any kind of business with a Credit Party or any Subsidiary or other Affiliate thereof as if such Person were not the Administrative Agent hereunder and without any duty to account therefor to the Lenders.
9.03    Exculpatory Provisions.
The Administrative Agent shall not have any duties or obligations except those expressly set forth herein and in the other Loan Documents, and its duties hereunder shall be administrative in nature. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Administrative Agent or the Arrangers, as applicable, and their Related Parties:
(a)    shall not be subject to any fiduciary or other implied duties, regardless of whether a Default has occurred and is continuing;
(b)    shall not have any duty to take any discretionary action or exercise any discretionary powers, except discretionary rights and powers expressly contemplated hereby or by the other Loan Documents that the Administrative Agent is required to exercise as directed in writing by the Required Lenders (or such other number or percentage of the Lenders as shall be expressly provided for herein or in the other Loan Documents), provided that the Administrative Agent shall not be required to take any action that, in its opinion or the opinion of its counsel, may expose the Administrative Agent to liability or that is contrary to any Loan Document or applicable Law, including for the avoidance of doubt any action that may be in violation of the automatic stay under any Debtor Relief Law or that may effect a forfeiture, modification or termination of property of a Defaulting Lender in violation of any Debtor Relief Law; and
(c)    shall not, except as expressly set forth herein and in the other Loan Documents, have any duty or responsibility to disclose, and shall not be liable for the failure to disclose, anyto any Lender, any credit or other information relating toconcerning the business, prospects, operations, property, financial and other condition or creditworthiness of any of the Credit PartyParties or any of itstheir Affiliates, that is communicated to or, obtained byor in the Person serving aspossession of, the Administrative Agent, any Arranger or any of its Affiliatestheir Related Parties in any capacity.
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The, except for notices, reports and other documents expressly required to be furnished to the Lenders by the Administrative Agent herein;
(d)    shall not be liable for any action taken or not taken by it (i) with the consent or at the request of the Required Lenders (or such other number or percentage of the Lenders as shall be necessary, or as the Administrative Agent shall believe in good faith shall be necessary, under the circumstances as provided in Sections 10.01 and 8.02) or (ii) in the absence of its own gross negligence or willful misconduct as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction in a final, non-appealable judgment. The Administrative Agent shall be deemed not to have knowledge of any Default unless and until notice describing such Default is given in writing to the Administrative Agent by the Borrower or a Lender.; and
(e)    The Administrative Agent shall not be responsible for or have any duty to ascertain or inquire into (i) any statement, warranty or representation made in or in connection with this Agreement or any other Loan Document or in any other document delivered hereunder or thereunder or in connection herewith or therewith, (ii) the contents of any certificate, report or other document delivered hereunder or thereunder or in connection herewith or therewith, (iii) the performance or observance of any of the covenants, agreements or other terms or conditions set forth herein or therein or the occurrence of any Default, (iv) the validity, enforceability, effectiveness or genuineness of this Agreement, any other Loan Document or any other agreement, instrument or document or (v) the satisfaction of any condition set forth in Article IV or elsewhere herein, other than to confirm receipt of items expressly required to be delivered to the Administrative Agent.
9.04    Reliance by Administrative Agent.
The Administrative Agent shall be entitled to rely upon, and shall not incur any liability for relying upon, any notice, request, certificate, consent, statement, instrument, document or other writing (including any electronic message, Internet or intranet website posting or other distribution) believed by it to be genuine and to have been signed, sent or otherwise authenticated by the proper Person. The Administrative Agent also may rely upon any statement made to it orally or by telephone and believed by it to have been made by the proper Person, and shall not incur any liability for relying thereon. In determining compliance with any condition hereunder to the making of a Loan that by its terms must be fulfilled to the satisfaction of a Lender, the Administrative Agent may presume that such condition is satisfactory to such Lender unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice to the contrary from such Lender prior to the making of such Loan. The Administrative Agent may consult with legal counsel (who may be counsel for the Credit Parties), independent accountants and other experts selected by it, and shall not be liable for any action taken or not taken by it in accordance with the advice of any such counsel, accountants or experts.
9.05    Delegation of Duties.
The Administrative Agent may perform any and all of its duties and exercise its rights and powers hereunder or under any other Loan Document by or through any one or more sub-agents appointed by the Administrative Agent. The Administrative Agent and any such sub-agent may perform any and all of its duties and exercise its rights and powers by or through their respective Related Parties. The exculpatory provisions of this Article shall apply to any such sub-agent and to the Related Parties of the Administrative Agent and any such sub-agent, and shall apply to their respective activities in connection with the syndication of the credit facilities provided for herein as well as activities as the Administrative Agent. The Administrative Agent shall not be responsible for the negligence or misconduct of any sub-agents except to the extent that a court of competent jurisdiction determines in a final and non-appealable
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judgment that the Administrative Agent acted with gross negligence or willful misconduct in the selection of such sub-agents.
9.06    Resignation of Administrative Agent.
The Administrative Agent may at any time give notice of its resignation to the Lenders and the Borrower. Upon receipt of any such notice of resignation, the Required Lenders shall have the right, subject to the approval (not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed) of the Borrower (unless an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing), to appoint a successor, which shall be a bank with an office in the United States, or an Affiliate of any such bank with an office in the United States; provided that if any such potential successor is not classified as a “U.S. person” and a “financial institution” within the meaning of Treasury Regulation Section 1.1441-1, then the Borrower shall have the right to prohibit such potential successor from becoming the Administrative Agent in its reasonable discretion. If no such successor shall have been so appointed by the Required Lenders and shall have accepted such appointment within thirty (30) days after the retiring Administrative Agent gives notice of its resignation, then the retiring Administrative Agent may on behalf of the Lenders (and subject to the approval (not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed) of the Borrower (unless an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing)), appoint a successor Administrative Agent meeting the qualifications set forth above; provided that if any such potential successor is not classified as a “U.S. person” and a “financial institution” within the meaning of Treasury Regulation Section 1.1441-1, then the Borrower shall have the right to prohibit such potential successor from becoming the Administrative Agent in its reasonable discretion; provided, further that if the retiring Administrative Agent shall notify the Borrower and the Lenders that no qualifying Person has accepted such appointment, then such resignation shall nonetheless become effective in accordance with such notice and (1) the retiring Administrative Agent shall be discharged from its duties and obligations hereunder and under the other Loan Documents (except that in the case of any collateral security held by the Administrative Agent on behalf of the Lenders under any of the Loan Documents, the retiring Administrative Agent shall continue to hold such collateral security on behalf of the Lenders until such time as a successor Administrative Agent is appointed hereunder) and (2) all payments, communications and determinations provided to be made by, to or through the Administrative Agent (other than such amounts then owed to the retiring Administrative Agent) shall instead be made by or to each Lender directly, until such time as the Required Lenders appoint a successor Administrative Agent as provided for above in this Section 9.06. Upon the acceptance of a successor’s appointment as Administrative Agent hereunder, such successor shall succeed to and become vested with all of the rights, powers, privileges and duties of the retiring (or retired) Administrative Agent (other than as provided in Section 3.083.01(g) and other than such amounts then owed to the retiring (or retired) Administrative Agent), and the retiring Administrative Agent shall be discharged from all of its duties and obligations hereunder or under the other Loan Documents (if not already discharged therefrom as provided above in this Section 9.06). The fees payable by the Borrower to a successor Administrative Agent shall be the same as those payable to its predecessor unless otherwise agreed between the Borrower and such successor. After the retiring Administrative Agent’s resignation hereunder and under the other Loan Documents, the provisions of this Article and Section 10.04 shall continue in effect for the benefit of such retiring Administrative Agent, its sub-agents and their respective Related Parties in respect of any actions taken or omitted to be taken by any of them while the retiring Administrative Agent was acting as Administrative Agent.
9.07    Non-Reliance on Administrative Agent and Other Lenders.
Each Lender acknowledges that it has, independently and without reliance upon the Administrative Agent or any other Lender or any of their Related Parties and based on such documents
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and information as it has deemed appropriate, made its own credit analysis and decision to enter into this Agreement. Each Lender also acknowledges that it will, independently and without reliance upon the Administrative Agent or any other Lender or any of their Related Parties and based on such documents and information as it shall from time to time deem appropriate, continue to make its own decisions in taking or not taking action under or based upon this Agreement, any other Loan Document or any related agreement or any document furnished hereunder or thereunder.
9.08    No Other Duties, Etc.
Anything herein to the contrary notwithstanding, none of the Arrangers, Bookrunners, Syndication Agent, Co-Documentation Agents or Senior Managing Agents listed on the cover page hereof shall have any powers, duties or responsibilities under this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents, except in its capacity, as applicable, as the Administrative Agent or a Lender hereunder.
9.09    Administrative Agent May File Proofs of Claim.
In case of the pendency of any receivership, insolvency, liquidation, bankruptcy, reorganization, arrangement, adjustment, composition or other judicial proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law relative to a Credit Party, the Administrative Agent (irrespective of whether the principal of any Loan shall then be due and payable as herein expressed or by declaration or otherwise and irrespective of whether the Administrative Agent shall have made any demand on the Borrower) shall be entitled and empowered, by intervention in such proceeding or otherwise:
(a)    to file and prove a claim for the whole amount of the principal and interest owing and unpaid in respect of the Loans and all other Obligations that are owing and unpaid and to file such other documents as may be necessary or advisable in order to have the claims of the Lenders and the Administrative Agent (including any claim for the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Lenders and the Administrative Agent and their respective agents and counsel and all other amounts due the Lenders and the Administrative Agent under Sections 2.10 and 10.04) allowed in such judicial proceeding; and
(b)    to collect and receive any monies or other property payable or deliverable on any such claims and to distribute the same;
and any custodian, receiver, assignee, trustee, liquidator, sequestrator or other similar official in any such judicial proceeding is hereby authorized by each Lender to make such payments to the Administrative Agent and, in the event that the Administrative Agent shall consent to the making of such payments directly to the Lenders, to pay to the Administrative Agent any amount due for the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Administrative Agent and its agents and counsel, and any other amounts due the Administrative Agent under Sections 2.10 and 10.04.
Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to authorize the Administrative Agent to authorize or consent to or accept or adopt on behalf of any Lender any plan of reorganization, arrangement, adjustment or composition affecting the Obligations or the rights of any Lender or to authorize the Administrative Agent to vote in respect of the claim of any Lender in any such proceeding.
9.10    Collateral and Guaranty Matters.
The Lenders irrevocably authorize the Administrative Agent:
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(a)    to release any Lien on any property granted to or held by the Administrative Agent under any Loan Document (i) upon termination of the Facilities and payment in full of all Obligations (other than contingent indemnification obligations), (ii) that is transferred or to be transferred as part of or in connection with any Disposition, or (iii) as approved in accordance with Section 10.01; and
(b)    to release the Guarantor from its obligations under the Guaranty as approved in Section 10.01.
Upon request by the Administrative Agent at any time, the Required Lenders will confirm in writing the Administrative Agent’s authority to release or subordinate its interest in particular types or items of property, or to release the Guarantor from its obligations under the Guaranty, pursuant to this Section 9.10.
Without limiting the foregoing, none of such Lenders shall have or be deemed to have a fiduciary relationship with any other Lender. The Lenders are not partners or co-venturers, and no Lender shall be liable for the acts or omissions of, or (except as otherwise set forth herein in case of the Administrative Agent) authorized to act for, any other Lender. The Administrative Agent shall have the exclusive right on behalf of the Lenders to enforce the payment of the principal of and interest on any Loan after the date such principal or interest has become due and payable pursuant to the terms of this Agreement.
9.11    Lender Representations RegardingCertain ERISA Matters.
(a)    Each Lender (x) represents and warrants, as of the date such Person became a Lender party hereto, to, and (y) covenants, from the date such Person became a Lender party hereto to the date such Person ceases being a Lender party hereto, for the benefit of, the Administrative Agent and each Arranger and their respective Affiliates, and not, for the avoidance of doubt, to or for the benefit of the Borrower or any other Credit Party, that at least one of the following is and will be true:
(i)    such Lender is not using “plan assets” (within the meaning of 29 CFR § 2510.3-101, as modified by Section 3(42) of ERISA or otherwise) of one or more Benefit Plans in connection with respect to such Lender’s entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans or, the Commitments or this Agreement,
(ii)    the transaction exemption set forth in one or more PTEs, such as PTE 84-14 (a class exemption for certain transactions determined by independent qualified professional asset managers), PTE 95-60 (a class exemption for certain transactions involving insurance company general accounts), PTE 90-1 (a class exemption for certain transactions involving insurance company pooled separate accounts), PTE 91-38 (a class exemption for certain transactions involving bank collective investment funds) or PTE 96-23 (a class exemption for certain transactions determined by in-house asset managers), is applicable with respect to such Lender’s entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement,
(iii)    (A) such Lender is an investment fund managed by a “Qualified Professional Asset Manager” (within the meaning of Part VI of PTE 84-14), (B) such Qualified Professional Asset Manager made the investment decision on behalf of such Lender to enter into, participate in, administer and perform the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement, (C) the entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this
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Agreement satisfies the requirements of sub-sections (b) through (g) of Part I of PTE 84-14 and (D) to the best knowledge of such Lender, the requirements of subsection (a) of Part I of PTE 84-14 are satisfied with respect to such Lender’s entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement, or
(iv)    such other representation, warranty and covenant as may be agreed in writing between the Administrative Agent, in its sole discretion, and such Lender.
(b)    In addition, unless either (1) sub-clause (i) in the immediately preceding clause (a) is true with respect to a Lender or such(2) a Lender has not provided another representation, warranty and covenant as provided in accordance with sub-clause (iv) in the immediately preceding clause (a), such Lender further (x) represents and warrants, as of the date such Person became a Lender party hereto, to, and (y) covenants, from the date such Person became a Lender party hereto to the date such Person ceases being a Lender party hereto, for the benefit of, the Administrative Agent and each Arranger and their respective Affiliates, and not, for the avoidance of doubt, to or for the benefit of the Borrower or any other Credit Party, that:(i) none of the Administrative Agent or any Arranger or any of their respective Affiliates is a fiduciary with respect to the assets of such Lender involved in such Lender’s entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement (including in connection with the reservation or exercise of any rights by the Administrative Agent under this Agreement, any Loan Document or any documents related to hereto or thereto),
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(ii)    the Person making the investment decision on behalf of such Lender with respect to the entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement is independent (within the meaning of 29 CFR § 2510.3-21) and is a bank, an insurance carrier, an investment adviser, a broker-dealer or other person that holds, or has under management or control, total assets of at least $50 million, in each case as described in 29 CFR § 2510.3-21(c)(1)(i)(A)-(E),
(iii)    the Person making the investment decision on behalf of such Lender with respect to the entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement is capable of evaluating investment risks independently, both in general and with regard to particular transactions and investment strategies (including in respect of the Obligations),
(iv)    the Person making the investment decision on behalf of such Lender with respect to the entrance into, participation in, administration of and performance of the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement is a fiduciary under ERISA or the Code, or both, with respect to the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement and is responsible for exercising independent judgment in evaluating the transactions hereunder, and
(v)    no fee or other compensation is being paid directly to the Administrative Agent or any Arranger or any their respective Affiliates for investment advice (as opposed to other services) in connection with the Loans, the Commitments or this Agreement.
(c)    The Administrative Agent and each Arranger hereby informs the Lenders that each such Person is not undertaking to provide impartial investment advice, or to give advice in a fiduciary capacity, in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby, and that such Person has a financial interest in the transactions contemplated hereby in that such Person or an Affiliate thereof (i) may receive interest or other payments with respect to the Loans, the Commitments and this Agreement, (ii) may recognize a gain if it extended the Loans or the Commitments for an amount less than the amount being paid for an interest in the Loans or the Commitments by such Lender or (iii) may receive fees or other payments in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby, the Loan Documents or otherwise, including structuring fees, commitment fees, arrangement fees, facility fees, upfront fees, underwriting fees, ticking fees, agency fees, administrative agent or collateral agent fees, utilization fees, minimum usage fees, letter of credit fees, fronting fees, deal-away or alternate transaction fees, amendment fees, processing fees, term out premiums, banker’s acceptance fees, breakage or other early termination fees or fees similar to the foregoing.
ARTICLE X.

MISCELLANEOUS
10.01    Amendments, Etc.
No amendment or waiver of any provision of this Agreement or any other Loan Document, and no consent to any departure by the Credit Parties therefrom, shall be effective unless in writing signed by the Required Lenders (or such other number or percentage of the Lenders as shall be expressly provided for herein or in the other Loan Documents) and the applicable Credit Parties, as the case may be, and acknowledged by the Administrative Agent, and each such waiver or consent shall be effective only in the specific instance and for the specific purpose for which given; provided, however, that
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(a)    only the written consent of each Lender directly affected thereby shall be required to the extent such amendment, waiver or consent shall:
(i)    extend the expiration date or increase the amount of the Commitment of any Lender (or reinstate any Commitment terminated pursuant to Section 8.02);
(ii)    postpone any date fixed by this Agreement or any other Loan Document for any payment or mandatory prepayment of principal, interest, fees or other amounts due to the Lenders (or any of them) hereunder or under any other Loan Document; or
(iii)    reduce the principal of, or the rate of interest specified herein on, any Loan, or (subject to clause (ii) of the second proviso to this Section 10.01) any fees or other amounts payable hereunder (including pursuant to Section 2.06) or under any other Loan Document; provided, however, that only the consent of the Required Lenders shall be necessary to amend the definition of “Default Rate” or to waive any obligation of the Borrower to pay interest at the Default Rate; and
(b)    the written consent of each Lender shall be required to the extent such amendment, waiver or consent shall:
(i)    change Section 2.14 or Section 8.03 in a manner that would alter the pro rata sharing of payments required thereby;
(ii)    change any provision of this Section 10.01 or the definition of “Required Lenders” or any other provision hereof specifying the number or percentage of Lenders required to amend, waive or otherwise modify any rights hereunder or make any determination or grant any consent hereunder, without the written consent of each Lender;
(iii)    release the Borrower or Guarantor from any Loan Document; or
(iv)    waive any condition set forth in Section 4.01(a); and
(c)    only the written consent of each Lender under the applicable Facility shall be required to the extent such amendment, waiver or consent shall change the definition of “Required Term A-1 Lenders”, “Required Term A-2 Lenders” or “Required Incremental Term Loan Facility Lenders”;
(d)    only the written consent of (i) the Required Term A-1 Lenders shall be required to the extent such amendment, waiver or consent shall (x) amend, waive or otherwise modify any of the conditions precedent set forth in Section 4.02 with respect to any Term A-1 Loan or (y) impose any greater restriction on the ability of any Term A-1 Lender to assign any of its rights or obligations hereunder, (ii) the Required Term A-2 Lenders shall be required to the extent such amendment, waiver or consent shall (x) amend, waive or otherwise modify any of the conditions precedent set forth in Section 4.02 with respect to any Term A-2 Loan or (y) impose any greater restriction on the ability of any Term A-2 Lender to assign any of its rights or obligations hereunder, and (iii) the Required Incremental Term Loan Facility Lenders shall be required to the extent such amendment, waiver or consent shall (x) amend, waive or otherwise modify any of the conditions precedent set forth in Section 4.02 with respect to any Term Loan to be made under such Incremental Term Loan Facility or (y) impose any greater restriction on the ability of any Lender participating in such Incremental Term Loan Facility to assign any of its rights or obligations hereunder;
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and provided, further, that (i) no amendment, waiver or consent shall, unless in writing and signed by the Administrative Agent in addition to the Lenders required above, (x) affect the rights or duties of the Administrative Agent under this Agreement or any other Loan Document or (y) amend or waive, or consent to any departure from, the definitions of LIBOR, LIBOR Screen Rate, LIBOR Successor Rate, LIBOR Successor Rate Conforming Changes or Scheduled Unavailability Date or the provisions of Section 3.07 and (ii) the Engagement Letter may only be amended, and the rights or privileges thereunder may only be waived, in a writing executed by each of the parties thereto.
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein,
(i)    no Defaulting Lender shall have any right to approve or disapprove any amendment, waiver or consent hereunder (and any amendment, waiver or consent which by its terms requires the consent of all Lenders or each affected Lender may be effected with the consent of the applicable Lenders other than Defaulting Lenders), except that (x) the Commitment of any Defaulting Lender may not be increased or extended without the consent of such Defaulting Lender and (y) any waiver, amendment or modification requiring the consent of all Lenders or each affected Lender that by its terms affects any Defaulting Lender more adversely than other affected Lenders shall require the consent of such Defaulting Lender; and
(ii)    the Administrative Agent and the Borrower may, with the consent of the other (but without the consent of any other Person), amend, modify or supplement any Loan Document to correct, amend or cure any ambiguity, inconsistency, omission, mistake or defect or correct any obvious error or any error or omission of an administrative or technical nature so long as such amendment, modification or supplement does not impose additional obligations on any Lender; provided that the Administrative Agent shall promptly give the Lenders notice of any such amendment, modification or supplement.
Notwithstanding the fact that the consent of all of the Lenders is required in certain circumstances as set forth above, (x) each Lender is entitled to vote as such Lender sees fit on any reorganization plan that affects the Loans, and each Lender acknowledges that the provisions of Section 1126(c) of the Bankruptcy Code supersede the unanimous consent provisions set forth herein and (y) the Required Lenders may consent to allow the Borrower to use cash collateral in the context of a bankruptcy or insolvency proceeding.
In addition, notwithstanding the foregoing, the Borrower may, by written notice to the Administrative Agent from time to time, make one or more offers (each, a “Loan Modification Offer”) to all the Lenders to make one or more amendments or modifications to (A) allow the maturity of the Loans of the Accepting Lenders (as defined below) to be extended, (B) modify the Applicable Rate and/or fees payable with respect to the Loans of the Accepting Lenders, (C) modify any covenants or other provisions or add new covenants or provisions that are agreed between the Borrower, the Administrative Agent and the Accepting Lenders; provided that such modified or new covenants and provisions are applicable only during periods after the applicable Maturity Date that is in effect on the effective date of such Permitted Amendment, and (D) any other amendment to a Loan Document required to give effect to the Permitted Amendments described in clauses (A), (B) and (C) of this paragraph (“Permitted Amendments”, and any amendment to this Agreement to implement Permitted Amendments, a “Loan Modification Agreement”) pursuant to procedures reasonably specified by the Administrative Agent and reasonably acceptable to the Borrower. Such notice shall set forth (i) the terms and conditions of the requested Permitted Amendments and (ii) the date on which such Permitted Amendments are requested to become effective. Permitted Amendments shall become effective only with respect to the Loans of the Lenders that accept
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the applicable Loan Modification Offer (such Lenders, the “Accepting Lenders”) and, in the case of any Accepting Lender, only with respect to such Lender’s Loans as to which such Lender’s acceptance has been made. The Borrower, each other Credit Party and each Accepting Lender shall execute and deliver to the Administrative Agent a Loan Modification Agreement and such other documentation as the Administrative Agent shall reasonably specify to evidence the acceptance of the Permitted Amendments and the terms and conditions thereof, and the Credit Parties shall also deliver such resolutions, opinions and other documents as reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent. The Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each Lender as to the effectiveness of each Loan Modification Agreement. Each of the parties hereto hereby agrees that (1) upon the effectiveness of any Loan Modification Agreement, this Agreement shall be deemed amended to the extent (but only to the extent) necessary to reflect the existence and terms of the Permitted Amendments evidenced thereby and only with respect to the Loans of the Accepting Lenders as to which such Lenders’ acceptance has been made, and (2) any applicable Lender who is not an Accepting Lender may be replaced by the Borrower in accordance with Section 10.13.
Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, this Agreement may be amended in connection with any Incremental Term Loan Facility, as set forth in Section 2.16(h).
10.02    Notices; Effectiveness; Electronic Communication.
(a)    Notices Generally. Except in the case of notices and other communications expressly permitted to be given by telephone (and except as provided in subsection (b) below), all notices and other communications provided for herein shall be in writing and shall be delivered by hand or overnight courier service, mailed by certified or registered mail or sent by telecopierfacsimile or electronic mail as follows, and all notices and other communications expressly permitted hereunder to be given by telephone shall be made to the applicable telephone number, as follows:
(i)    if to the Credit Parties or the Administrative Agent, to the address, telecopierfacsimile number, email address or telephone number specified for such Person on Schedule 10.02; and
(ii)    if to any other Lender, to the address, telecopier number, electronic mail address or telephone number specified in its Administrative Questionnaire (including, as appropriate, notices delivered solely to the Person designated by a Lender on its Administrative Questionnaire then in effect for the delivery of notices that may contain material non-public information relating to the Credit Parties).
Notices and other communications sent by hand or overnight courier service, or mailed by certified or registered mail, shall be deemed to have been given when received; notices and other communications sent by telecopier shall be deemed to have been given when sent (except that, if not given during normal business hours for the recipient, shall be deemed to have been given at the opening of business on the next business day for the recipient). Notices and other communications delivered through electronic communications to the extent provided in subsection (b) below, shall be effective as provided in such subsection (b).
(b)    Electronic Communications. Notices and other communications to the Lenders hereunder may be delivered or furnished by electronic communication (including e-mailemail, FpML messaging, and Internet or intranet websites) pursuant to procedures approved by the Administrative Agent, provided that the foregoing shall not apply to notices to any Lender provided pursuant to Article II
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if such Lender, as applicable, has notified the Administrative Agent that it is incapable of receiving notices under such Article by electronic communication. The Administrative Agent or the Borrower may, in its discretion, agree to accept notices and other communications to it hereunder by electronic communications pursuant to procedures approved by it, provided that approval of such procedures may be limited to particular notices or communications.
Unless the Administrative Agent otherwise prescribes, (i) notices and other communications sent to an e-mailemail address shall be deemed received upon the sender’s receipt of an acknowledgement from the intended recipient (such as by the “return receipt requested” function, as available, return e-mailemail or other written acknowledgement), provided that if such notice or other communication is not sent during the normal business hours of the recipient, such notice or communication shall be deemed to have been sent at the opening of business on the next business day for the recipient, and (ii) notices or communications posted to an Internet or intranet website shall be deemed received upon the deemed receipt by the intended recipient at its e-mailemail address as described in the foregoing clause (i) of notification that such notice or communication is available and identifying the website address therefor, provided that for both clauses (i) and (ii), if such notice, email or other communication is not sent during the normal business hours of the recipient, such notice, email or communication shall be deemed to have been sent at the opening of business on the next business day for the recipient.
(c)    The Platform. THE PLATFORM IS PROVIDED “AS IS” AND “AS AVAILABLE.” THE AGENT PARTIES (AS DEFINED BELOW) DO NOT WARRANT THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE BORROWER MATERIALS OR THE ADEQUACY OF THE PLATFORM, AND EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM LIABILITY FOR ERRORS IN OR OMISSIONS FROM THE BORROWER MATERIALS. NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NON-INFRINGEMENT OF THIRD PARTY RIGHTS OR FREEDOM FROM VIRUSES OR OTHER CODE DEFECTS, IS MADE BY ANY AGENT PARTY IN CONNECTION WITH THE BORROWER MATERIALS OR THE PLATFORM. In no event shall the Administrative Agent or any of its Related Parties (collectively, the “Agent Parties”) have any liability to the Credit Parties, any Lender or any other Person for losses, claims, damages, liabilities or expenses of any kind (whether in tort, contract or otherwise) arising out of any Credit Party’s or the Administrative Agent’s transmission of Borrower Materials or notices through the Platform, any other electronic platform or electronic messaging service, or through the Internet, except to the extent that such losses, claims, damages, liabilities or expenses are determined by a court of competent jurisdiction by a final and non-appealable judgment to have resulted from the gross negligence or willful misconduct of such Agent Party; provided, however, that in no event shall any Agent Party have any liability to any Credit Party, any Lender or any other Person for indirect, special, incidental, consequential or punitive damages (as opposed to direct or actual damages).
(d)    Change of Address, Etc. Each of the Credit Parties and the Administrative Agent may change its address, telecopier or telephone number for notices and other communications hereunder by notice to the other parties hereto. Each other Lender may change its address, telecopier or telephone number for notices and other communications hereunder by notice to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent. In addition, each Lender agrees to notify the Administrative Agent from time to time to ensure that the Administrative Agent has on record (i) an effective address, contact name, telephone number, telecopier number and electronic mail address to which notices and other communications may be sent and (ii) accurate wire instructions for such Lender. Furthermore, each Public Lender agrees to cause at least one individual at or on behalf of such Public Lender to at all times have selected the “Private Side Information” or similar designation on the content declaration screen of
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the Platform in order to enable such Public Lender or its delegate, in accordance with such Public Lender’s compliance procedures and applicable Law, including United States Federal and state securities Laws, to make reference to Borrower Materials that are not made available through the “Public Side Information” portion of the Platform and that may contain material non-public information with respect to a Credit Party or its securities for purposes of United States Federal or state securities Laws.
(e)    Reliance by Administrative Agent and Lenders. The Administrative Agent and the Lenders shall be entitled to rely and act upon any notices (including telephonic or electronic notices and Committed Loan Notices) purportedly given by or on behalf of the Borrower even if (i) such notices were not made in a manner specified herein, were incomplete or were not preceded or followed by any other form of notice specified herein, or (ii) the terms thereof, as understood by the recipient, varied from any confirmation thereof. The Borrower shall indemnify the Administrative Agent, each Lender and the Related Parties of each of them from all losses, costs, expenses and liabilities resulting from the reliance by such Person on each notice purportedly given by or on behalf of the Borrower in accordance with Section 10.02. All telephonic notices to and other telephonic communications with the Administrative Agent may be recorded by the Administrative Agent, and each of the parties hereto hereby consents to such recording.
10.03    No Waiver; Cumulative Remedies.
No failure by any Lender or the Administrative Agent to exercise, and no delay by any such Person in exercising, any right, remedy, power or privilege hereunder shall operate as a waiver thereof nor shall any single or partial exercise of any right, remedy, power or privilege hereunder preclude any other or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other right, remedy, power or privilege. The rights, remedies, powers and privileges herein provided are cumulative and not exclusive of any rights, remedies, powers and privileges provided by law.
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein or in any other Loan Document, the authority to enforce rights and remedies hereunder and under the other Loan Documents against a Credit Party and its Subsidiaries or any of them shall be vested exclusively in, and all actions and proceedings at law in connection with such enforcement shall be instituted and maintained exclusively by, the Administrative Agent in accordance with Section 8.02 for the benefit of all of the Lenders; provided, however, that the foregoing shall not prohibit (a) the Administrative Agent from exercising on its own behalf the rights and remedies that inure to its benefit (solely in its capacity as Administrative Agent) hereunder and under the other Loan Documents, (b) any Lender from enforcing payments of amounts payable to such Lender pursuant to Sections 3.01, 3.04, 3.05 and 10.04 or from exercising setoff rights in accordance with Section 10.08 (subject to the terms of Section 2.14), or (c) any Lender from filing proofs of claim or appearing and filing pleadings on its own behalf during the pendency of a proceeding relative to any Credit Party or any Subsidiary under any Debtor Relief Law; and provided, further, that if at any time there is no Person acting as Administrative Agent hereunder and under the other Loan Documents, then (i) the Required Lenders shall have the rights otherwise ascribed to the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 8.02 and (ii) in addition to the matters set forth in clauses (b) and (c) of the preceding proviso and subject to Section 2.14, any Lender may, with the consent of the Required Lenders, enforce any rights and remedies available to it and as authorized by the Required Lenders.
10.04    Expenses; Indemnity; Damage Waiver.
(a)    Costs and Expenses. The Borrower shall pay (i) all reasonable and documented out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the Administrative Agent, the Bookrunners and the Arrangers (including the
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reasonable fees, charges and disbursements of one counsel, and, if applicable, one local counsel in each material jurisdiction, for the Administrative Agent), in connection with the syndication of the credit facilities provided for herein, due diligence, the preparation, negotiation, execution, delivery and administration of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents or any amendments, modifications or waivers of the provisions hereof or thereof (whether or not the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby shall be consummated) and (ii) all documented out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the Administrative Agent and any Lender (including the fees, charges and disbursements of counsel for the Administrative Agent or any Lender; provided that reimbursement for fees, charges and disbursements of additional counsel of the Lenders will be limited to one additional counsel for all of the Lenders (and one additional counsel per specialty area and one local counsel per applicable jurisdiction), plus additional counsel as necessary in the event of an actual or potential conflict of interest among the Lenders), in connection with the enforcement or protection of its rights (A) in connection with this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, including its rights under this Section 10.04, or (B) in connection with the Loans made hereunder, including all such reasonable and documented out-of-pocket expenses incurred during any workout, restructuring or negotiations in respect of such Loans.
(b)    Indemnification by the Borrower. The Borrower shall indemnify the Administrative Agent (and any sub-agent thereof), each Lender, the Agents and their Affiliates and each Related Party of any of the foregoing Persons (each such Person being called an “Indemnitee”) against, and hold each Indemnitee harmless from, any and all losses, claims, damages, penalties, liabilities and related expenses (including the reasonable and documented fees, charges and disbursements of any counsel for any Indemnitee), incurred by any Indemnitee or asserted against any Indemnitee by any third party or by a Credit Party arising out of, in connection with, or as a result of (i) the execution or delivery of this Agreement, any other Loan Document or any agreement or instrument contemplated hereby or thereby, the performance by the parties hereto of their respective obligations hereunder or thereunder, the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby (including, without limitation, each Lender’s agreement to make Loans or the use or intended use of the proceeds thereof) or, in the case of the Administrative Agent (and any sub-agent thereof) and its Related Parties only, the administration of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents (including in respect of any matters addressed in Section 3.01), including any Indemnitee’s reliance on any document (including this Agreement), amendment, approval, consent, information, notice, certificate, request, statement, disclosure or authorization related to this Agreement executed using an Electronic Signature, or in the form of an Electronic Record, that such Indemnitee reasonably believes is made by the Borrower or any other Credit Party or any other party to this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents,, (ii) any Loan or the use or proposed use of the proceeds therefrom, (iii) any actual or alleged presence or release of Hazardous Materials on or from any property owned or operated by a Credit Party or any Subsidiary, or any Environmental Liability related in any way to a Credit Party or any Subsidiary, or (iv) any actual or prospective claim, litigation, investigation or proceeding relating to any of the foregoing, whether based on contract, tort or any other theory, whether brought by a third party or by a Credit Party, and regardless of whether any Indemnitee is a party thereto, IN ALL CASES, WHETHER OR NOT CAUSED BY OR ARISING, IN WHOLE OR IN PART, OUT OF THE COMPARATIVE, CONTRIBUTORY OR SOLE NEGLIGENCE OF THE INDEMNITEE; provided that such indemnity shall not, as to any Indemnitee, be available to the extent that such losses, claims, damages, penalties, liabilities or related expenses (w) are determined by a court of competent jurisdiction by final and non-appealable judgment to have resulted from the gross negligence or willful misconduct of such Indemnitee or (x) result from a claim brought by a Credit Party against an Indemnitee for breach in bad faith or a material breach of such Indemnitee’s obligations hereunder or under any other Loan Document, if such Credit Party has obtained a final and non-appealable judgment in its favor on such claim as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction or (y)
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result from any litigation in which an Indemnitee and one or more Credit Parties are adverse to each other, and in which the Credit Parties prevail on their claims and the Indemnitee does not prevail on its defenses or its counterclaims interposed in such litigation and such Credit Party has obtained a final and non-appealable judgment in its favor on such claim as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction or (z) arise from any claim, actions, suits, inquiries, litigation, investigation or proceeding that does not involve an act or omission of any Credit Party or any Affiliate thereof and that is brought by an Indemnitee against any other Indemnitee (other than any claim, actions, suits, inquiries, litigation, investigation or proceeding against any of the Agents in its capacity as such)). Without limiting the provisions of Section 3.01(c), this Section 10.04(b) shall not apply with respect to Taxes, other than any Taxes that represent losses, claims, damages, etc. arising from any non-Tax claim.
(c)    Reimbursement by Lenders. To the extent that the Borrower for any reason fails to indefeasibly pay any amount required under subsection (a) or (b) of this Section 10.04 to be paid by it to the Administrative Agent (or any sub-agent thereof) or any Related Party of any of the foregoing and without relieving the Borrower of its obligations with respect thereto, each Lender severally agrees to pay to the Administrative Agent (or any such sub-agent) or such Related Party, as the case may be, such Lender’s Applicable Percentage (determined as of the time that the applicable unreimbursed expense or indemnity payment is sought) of such unpaid amount, provided that the unreimbursed expense or indemnified loss, claim, damage, liability or related expense, as the case may be, was incurred by or asserted against the Administrative Agent (or any such sub-agent) in its capacity as such, or against any Related Party of any of the foregoing acting for the Administrative Agent (or any such sub-agent). The obligations of the Lenders under this subsection (c) are subject to the provisions of Section 2.13(d).
(d)    Waiver of Consequential Damages, Etc. To the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, no Credit Party shall assert, and each Credit Party hereby waives, and acknowledges that no other Person shall have, any claim against any Indemnitee, on any theory of liability, for special, indirect, consequential or punitive damages (as opposed to direct or actual damages) arising out of, in connection with, or as a result of, this Agreement, any other Loan Document or any agreement or instrument contemplated hereby, the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby, any Loan or the use of the proceeds thereof. No Indemnitee referred to in subsection (b) above shall be liable for any damages arising from the use by unintended recipients of any information or other materials distributed by it through telecommunications, electronic or other information transmission systems in connection with this Agreement or the other Loan Documents or the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby, except to the extent of such Indemnitee’s gross negligence or willful misconduct as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction in a final, non-appealable judgment.
(e)    Payments. All amounts due under this Section 10.04 shall be payable not later than ten (10) Business Days after demand therefor (accompanied by backup documentation to the extent available).
(f)    Survival. The agreements in this Section 10.04 shall survive the resignation of the Administrative Agent, the replacement of any Lender, the termination of the Facilities and the repayment, satisfaction or discharge of all other Obligations.
10.05    Payments Set Aside.
To the extent that any payment by or on behalf of the Borrower is made to the Administrative Agent or any Lender, or the Administrative Agent or any Lender exercises its right of setoff, and such payment or the proceeds of such setoff or any part thereof is subsequently invalidated, declared to be
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fraudulent or preferential, set aside or required (including pursuant to any settlement entered into by the Administrative Agent or such Lender in its discretion) to be repaid to a trustee, receiver or any other party, in connection with any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law or otherwise, then (a) to the extent of such recovery, the obligation or part thereof originally intended to be satisfied shall be revived and continued in full force and effect as if such payment had not been made or such setoff had not occurred, and (b) each Lender severally agrees to pay to the Administrative Agent upon demand its applicable share (without duplication) of any amount so recovered from or repaid by the Administrative Agent, plus interest thereon from the date of such demand to the date such payment is made at a rate per annum equal to the applicable Overnight Rate from time to time in effect. The obligations of the Lenders under clause (b) of the preceding sentence shall survive the payment in full of the Obligations and the termination of this Agreement.
10.06    Successors and Assigns.
(a)    Successors and Assigns Generally. The provisions of this Agreement shall be binding upon and inure to the benefit of the parties hereto and their respective successors and assigns permitted hereby, except that the Borrower may not assign or otherwise transfer any of its rights or obligations hereunder (except in a transaction not prohibited by Section 7.04) without the prior written consent of the Administrative Agent and each Lender and no Lender may assign or otherwise transfer any of its rights or obligations hereunder except (i) to an assignee in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of this Section 10.06, (ii) by way of participation in accordance with the provisions of subsection (d) of this Section 10.06, or (iii) by way of pledge or assignment or grant of a security interest subject to the restrictions of subsection (f) of this Section 10.06 (and any other attempted assignment or transfer by any party hereto shall be null and void). Nothing in this Agreement, expressed or implied, shall be construed to confer upon any Person (other than the parties hereto, their respective successors and assigns permitted hereby, Participants to the extent provided in subsection (d) of this Section 10.06 and, to the extent expressly contemplated hereby, the Related Parties of each of the Administrative Agent and the Lenders) any legal or equitable right, remedy or claim under or by reason of this Agreement.
(b)    Assignments by Lenders. Any Lender may at any time assign to one or more Eligible Assignees all or a portion of its rights and obligations under this Agreement (including all or a portion of its Commitments and the Loans at the time owing to it); provided that (in each case with respect to any Facility) any such assignment shall be subject to the following conditions:
(i)    Minimum Amounts.
(A)    in the case of an assignment of the entire remaining amount of the assigning Lender’s Commitment under any Facility and/or the Loans at the time owing to it (in each case with respect to any Facility) or in the case of an assignment to a Lender, an Affiliate of a Lender or an Approved Fund, no minimum amount need be assigned; and
(B)    in any case not described in subsection (b)(i)(A) of this Section 10.06, the aggregate amount of the applicable Commitment (which for this purpose includes Loans outstanding thereunder) or, if the applicable Commitment is not then in effect, the principal outstanding balance of the Loans of the assigning Lender subject to each such assignment, determined as of the date the Assignment and Assumption with respect to such assignment is delivered to the Administrative Agent or, if “Trade Date” is specified in the
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Assignment and Assumption, as of the Trade Date, shall not be less than $5,000,000 in the case of any assignment in respect of a Facility unless each of the Administrative Agent and, so long as no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, the Borrower otherwise consents (each such consent not to be unreasonably withheld or delayed); provided, however, that concurrent assignments to members of an Assignee Group and concurrent assignments from members of an Assignee Group to a single assignee (or to an assignee and members of its Assignee Group) will be treated as a single assignment for purposes of determining whether such minimum amount has been met.
(ii)    Proportionate Amounts. Each partial assignment shall be made as an assignment of a proportionate part of all of the assigning Lender’s rights and obligations under this Agreement with respect to the Loans or the Commitment assigned, except that this clause (ii) shall not apply to prohibit any Lender from assigning all or a portion of its rights and obligations among separate Facilities on a non-pro rata basis.
(iii)    Required Consents. No consent shall be required for any assignment except to the extent required by subsection (b)(i)(B) of this