Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc. Reports Fourth Quarter 2019 Financial Results

February 19, 2020 4:15 PM EST

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ATLANTA, Feb. 19, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Invesco Mortgage Capital, Inc. (NYSE: IVR) (the "Company") today announced financial results for the quarter ended December 31, 2019.

(PRNewsfoto/Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc.)

Reported net income per common share

$0.75 compared to $0.57 per common share in Q3 2019

Increased core earnings* per common share

$0.52 compared to $0.47 per common share in Q3 2019

Raised common stock dividend

$0.50 compared to $0.45 in Q3 2019

Maintained stable book value per common share**

$16.29 compared to $16.31 per common share at Q3 2019

Generated an attractive

economic return***

2.9% for the quarter and 18.8% for the year ended December 31, 2019

Update from John Anzalone, Chief Executive Officer

"We are pleased to announce core earnings of $0.52 per common share for the fourth quarter of 2019. Core earnings exceeded our dividend for the fifth consecutive quarter as IVR benefits from an active portfolio management and hedging strategy. The 11.1% increase in our quarterly dividend to $0.50 per share drove an economic return of 2.9% for the quarter as book value remained stable.

"2019 was a strong year for Invesco Mortgage Capital's stockholders, as we raised the dividend 19.0% and improved book value per common share by 6.7%. As such, stockholders enjoyed an economic return of 18.8% for the year. Additionally, we raised over $500 million in common equity during the year, which allowed us to gain scale while investing in accretive assets.

"As always, active portfolio management and our hedging strategy have been key to our success. This was evident in our investment portfolio, where we focused on allocating capital to strategies that generate attractive returns while minimizing our exposure to prepayment risk. This was also evident in our hedging strategy, where we actively managed our hedges to protect book value and improve our effective interest rate margin. We enter 2020 on a strong note, having raised an additional $347 million in common equity earlier this month as we continue to build upon the positive momentum achieved in 2019."

* Core earnings (and by calculation, core earnings per common share) are non-Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") financial measures. Refer to the section entitled "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" for important disclosures and a reconciliation to the most comparable U.S. GAAP measures.

**Book value per common share is calculated as total stockholders' equity less the liquidation preference of our Series A Preferred Stock ($140.0 million), Series B Preferred Stock ($155.0 million) and Series C Preferred Stock ($287.5 million); divided by total common shares outstanding.

***Economic return for the quarter ended December 31, 2019 is defined as the change in book value per common share from September 30, 2019 to December 31, 2019 of $(0.02); plus dividends declared of $0.50 per common share; divided by the September 30, 2019 book value per common share of $16.31. Economic return for the year ended December 31, 2019 is defined as the change in book value per common share from December 31, 2018 to December 31, 2019 of $1.02; plus dividends declared of $1.85 per common share; divided by the December 31, 2018 book value per common share of $15.27.

Key performance indicators for the quarters ended December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019 are summarized in the table below.

($ in millions, except share amounts)

Q4 '19

Q3 '19

Variance

Average Balances

(unaudited)

(unaudited)

Average earning assets (at amortized cost)

$21,318.1

$20,963.1

$355.0

Average borrowings

$19,676.2

$19,326.9

$349.3

Average stockholders' equity

$2,595.3

$2,598.0

($2.7)

U.S. GAAP Financial Measures

Total interest income

$192.8

$196.3

($3.5)

Total interest expense

$106.8

$123.3

($16.5)

Net interest income

$86.0

$73.0

$13.0

Total expenses

$12.4

$10.6

$1.8

Net income attributable to common stockholders

$106.9

$77.9

$29.0

Average earning asset yields

3.62

%

3.75

%

(0.13)

%

Average cost of funds

2.17

%

2.55

%

(0.38)

%

Average net interest rate margin

1.45

%

1.20

%

0.25

%

Period-end weighted average asset yields*

3.86

%

3.87

%

(0.01)

%

Period-end weighted average cost of funds

2.09

%

2.47

%

(0.38)

%

Period-end weighted average net interest rate margin

1.77

%

1.40

%

0.37

%

Book value per common share**

$16.29

$16.31

($0.02)

Earnings per common share (basic)

$0.75

$0.57

$0.18

Earnings per common share (diluted)

$0.75

$0.57

$0.18

Debt-to-equity ratio

6.5

x

6.8

x

(0.3)

x

Non-GAAP Financial Measures***

Core earnings

$74.9

$63.7

$11.2

Effective interest income

$197.8

$201.5

($3.7)

Effective interest expense

$100.7

$117.5

($16.8)

Effective net interest income

$97.1

$84.0

$13.1

Effective yield

3.71

%

3.84

%

(0.13)

%

Effective cost of funds

2.04

%

2.43

%

(0.39)

%

Effective interest rate margin

1.67

%

1.41

%

0.26

%

Core earnings per common share

$0.52

$0.47

$0.05

Repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio

6.6

x

6.9

x

(0.3)

x

*Period-end weighted average yields are based on amortized cost as of period end and incorporate future prepayment and loss assumptions.

**Book value per common share is calculated as total stockholders' equity less the liquidation preference of our Series A Preferred Stock ($140.0 million), Series B Preferred Stock ($155.0 million) and Series C Preferred Stock ($287.5 million); divided by total common shares outstanding.

*** Core earnings (and by calculation, core earnings per common share), effective interest income (and by calculation, effective yield), effective interest expense (and by calculation, effective cost of funds), effective net interest income (and by calculation, effective interest rate margin), and repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio are non-GAAP financial measures. Refer to the section entitled "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" for important disclosures and a reconciliation to the most comparable U.S. GAAP measures of net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders (and by calculation, basic earnings (loss) per common share), total interest income (and by calculation, average earning asset yields), total interest expense (and by calculation, cost of funds), net interest income (and by calculation, net interest rate margin) and debt-to-equity ratio.

Financial Summary

Net income attributable to common stockholders for the fourth quarter of 2019 was $106.9 million, up $29.0 million compared to $77.9 million for the third quarter of 2019. Higher net income attributable to common stockholders was primarily due to a $17.8 million increase in other income and a $13.0 million increase in net interest income. Other income was driven by net gains on derivatives that totaled $191.6 million compared to net losses on derivatives of $177.2 million in the third quarter and net losses on investments that totaled $148.5 million in the fourth quarter compared to net gains on investments of $202.4 million in the third quarter. Net gains on derivatives and net losses on investments were driven by an increase in interest rates as the benchmark 10 year U.S. Treasury note rose 24 basis points to 1.92% as of December 31, 2019.

Book value per common share for the fourth quarter of 2019 was $16.29 compared to $16.31 in the third quarter reflecting the success of our active portfolio management and hedging strategy during the quarter. Higher interest rates negatively impacted most asset valuations during the quarter but were significantly offset by increases in the value of our interest rate swaps. Strong investor demand given declining volatility and attractive valuations drove significant spread tightening in Agency RMBS, as the sector posted modest gains for the quarter.

During the fourth quarter of 2019, the Company generated $74.9 million in core earnings, an increase of $11.2 million (17.6%) over the third quarter of 2019. Higher core earnings were driven by a $13.1 million increase in effective net interest income primarily due to a lower effective cost of funds during the quarter. Effective cost of funds was 2.04%, 39 basis points lower than the third quarter, primarily due to lower average repurchase agreement borrowing costs following the decrease in the federal funds target rate in September 2019 and the Federal Reserve's infusion of liquidity into the repurchase agreement market in the fourth quarter.

Total interest income decreased $3.5 million (1.8%) to $192.8 million during the fourth quarter and average earning asset yield decreased 13 basis points to 3.62%. Premium amortization increased $2.8 million to $21.4 million during the fourth quarter reflecting the impact of declining interest rates on prepayments of higher coupon Agency RMBS investments. Average earning assets increased $355.0 million (1.7%) to $21.3 billion in the fourth quarter reflecting trade settlement of approximately $1.2 billion of Agency CMBS securities purchased in the third quarter and sales of approximately $850 million of Agency RMBS. We continue to favor the prepayment protection embedded in Agency CMBS over Agency RMBS with less favorable prepayment characteristics.

The Company increased its average borrowings by $349.3 million (1.8%) in the fourth quarter of 2019 to $19.7 billion to finance its higher asset base. However, total interest expense decreased to $106.8 million compared to $123.3 million during the third quarter due to a 38 basis point decrease in average cost of funds to 2.17% from 2.55% during the third quarter.

The Company's debt-to-equity ratio was 6.5x as of December 31, 2019 compared to 6.8x at September 30, 2019. The Company's repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio was 6.6x as of December 31, 2019 compared to 6.9x as of September 30, 2019. The Company decreased leverage as of year end given elevated uncertainty surrounding prepayment speeds on our Agency MBS holdings and repurchase agreement funding levels.

Total expenses for the fourth quarter of 2019 increased to approximately $12.4 million compared to $10.6 million for the third quarter of 2019 primarily due to higher management fees. Total expenses include management fees and general and administrative expenses. The ratio of annualized total expenses to average stockholders' equity* increased to 1.91% compared to 1.63% for the third quarter of 2019.

As previously announced, the Company declared the following dividends on December 16, 2019: a common stock dividend of $0.50 per share paid on January 28, 2020 to its stockholders of record as of December 27, 2019 and a Series A preferred stock dividend of $0.4844 per share paid on January 27, 2020 to its stockholders of record as of January 1, 2020. The Company declared the following dividends on its Series B and Series C Preferred Stock on February 18, 2020 to its stockholders of record as of March 5, 2020: a Series B Preferred Stock dividend of $0.4844 per share payable on March 27, 2020 and a Series C Preferred Stock dividend of $0.46875 per share payable on March 27, 2020.

*The ratio of annualized total expenses to average stockholders' equity is calculated as the annualized sum of management fees plus general and administrative expenses divided by average stockholders' equity. Average stockholders' equity is calculated based on weighted month-end balance of total stockholders' equity excluding equity attributable to preferred stockholders.

About Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc.

Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc. is a real estate investment trust that primarily focuses on investing in, financing and managing residential and commercial mortgage-backed securities and mortgage loans. Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc. is externally managed and advised by Invesco Advisers, Inc., a registered investment adviser and an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Invesco Ltd., a leading independent global investment management firm.

Earnings Call

Members of the investment community and the general public are invited to listen to the Company's earnings conference call on Thursday, February 20, 2020, at 9:00 a.m. ET, by calling one of the following numbers:

North America Toll Free:  

800-857-7465

International:

1-312-470-0052

Passcode:

Invesco

An audio replay will be available until 5:00 pm ET on March 5, 2020 by calling:

888-562-7251 (North America) or 1-402-530-7628 (International)

The presentation slides that will be reviewed during the call will be available on the Company's website at www.invescomortgagecapital.com.

Cautionary Notice Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release, the related presentation and comments made in the associated conference call, may include statements and information that constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the U.S. securities laws as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, and such statements are intended to be covered by the safe harbor provided by the same. Forward-looking statements include our views on the risk positioning of our portfolio, domestic and global market conditions (including the residential and commercial real estate market), the market for our target assets, our financial performance, including our core earnings, economic return, comprehensive income and changes in our book value, our ability to continue performance trends, the stability of portfolio yields, interest rates, credit spreads, prepayment trends, financing sources, cost of funds, our leverage and equity allocation. In addition, words such as "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "intends," "plans," "estimates," "projects," "forecasts," and future or conditional verbs such as "will," "may," "could," "should," and "would" as well as any other statement that necessarily depends on future events, are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are not guarantees, and they involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. There can be no assurance that actual results will not differ materially from our expectations. We caution investors not to rely unduly on any forward-looking statements and urge you to carefully consider the risks identified under the captions "Risk Factors," "Forward-Looking Statements" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in our annual report on Form 10-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, which are available on the Securities and Exchange Commission's website at www.sec.gov.

All written or oral forward-looking statements that we make, or that are attributable to us, are expressly qualified by this cautionary notice. We expressly disclaim any obligation to update the information in any public disclosure if any forward-looking statement later turns out to be inaccurate.

Investor Relations Contact: Brandon Burke, 800-241-5477

 

INVESCO MORTGAGE CAPITAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIESCONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

$ in thousands, except share amounts

December 31, 2019

September 30,2019

December 31, 2018

December 31, 2019

December 31, 2018

(unaudited)

(unaudited)

(unaudited)

Interest Income

Mortgage-backed and credit risk transfer securities (1)

191,490

194,938

174,511

772,657

631,478

Commercial and other loans

1,291

1,353

1,593

5,710

11,538

Total interest income

192,781

196,291

176,104

778,367

643,016

Interest Expense

Repurchase agreements

97,993

112,851

91,057

430,697

301,794

Secured loans

8,808

10,413

10,565

41,623

35,453

Exchangeable senior notes

1,621

Total interest expense

106,801

123,264

101,622

472,320

338,868

Net interest income

85,980

73,027

74,482

306,047

304,148

Other Income (loss)

Gain (loss) on investments, net

(148,511)

202,413

76,957

624,466

(327,700)

Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated ventures

427

403

624

2,224

3,402

Gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net

188,682

(177,244)

(293,485)

(534,755)

(5,277)

Realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss), net

2,896

1

(9,026)

8,343

(151)

Net loss on extinguishment of debt

(26)

Other investment income (loss), net

909

1,005

850

3,950

2,860

Total other income (loss)

44,403

26,578

(224,080)

104,228

(326,892)

Expenses

Management fee – related party

10,529

8,740

10,294

38,173

40,722

General and administrative

1,882

1,862

2,116

8,001

7,070

Total expenses

12,411

10,602

12,410

46,174

47,792

Net income (loss)

117,972

89,003

(162,008)

364,101

(70,536)

Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest

(899)

254

Net income (loss) attributable to Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc.

117,972

89,003

(161,109)

364,101

(70,790)

Dividends to preferred stockholders

11,106

11,107

11,106

44,426

44,426

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

106,866

77,896

(172,215)

319,675

(115,216)

Earnings (loss) per share:

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

Basic

0.75

0.57

(1.54)

2.42

(1.03)

Diluted

0.75

0.57

(1.54)

2.42

(1.03)

(1)  The table below shows the components of mortgage-backed and credit risk transfer securities income for the periods presented.

 

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

$ in thousands

December 31, 2019

September 30, 2019

December 31, 2018

December 31, 2019

December 31, 2018

Coupon interest

212,887

213,546

183,059

833,376

689,240

Net premium amortization

(21,397)

(18,608)

(8,548)

(60,719)

(57,762)

Mortgage-backed and credit risk transfer securities interest income

191,490

194,938

174,511

772,657

631,478

 

INVESCO MORTGAGE CAPITAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIESCONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

$ in thousands

December 31, 2019

September 30, 2019

December 31, 2018

December 31, 2019

December 31,2018

(unaudited)

(unaudited)

(unaudited)

Net income (loss)

117,972

89,003

(162,008)

364,101

(70,536)

Other comprehensive income (loss):

Unrealized gain (loss) on mortgage-backed and credit risk transfer securities, net

(30,054)

14,482

10,376

83,965

(210,424)

Reclassification of unrealized (gain) loss on sale of mortgage-backed and credit risk transfer securities to gain (loss) on investments, net

(954)

39,756

9,072

193,162

Reclassification of amortization of net deferred (gain) loss on de-designated interest rate swaps to repurchase agreements interest expense

(5,981)

(5,981)

(5,980)

(23,729)

(25,839)

Currency translation adjustments on investment in unconsolidated venture

(852)

290

(119)

(1,158)

(447)

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

(36,887)

7,837

44,033

68,150

(43,548)

Comprehensive income (loss)

81,085

96,840

(117,975)

432,251

(114,084)

Less: Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interest

1,027

979

Less: Dividends to preferred stockholders

(11,106)

(11,107)

(11,106)

(44,426)

(44,426)

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

69,979

85,733

(128,054)

387,825

(157,531)

 

INVESCO MORTGAGE CAPITAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIESCONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

As of

December 31, 2019

December 31, 2018

$ in thousands, except share amounts

ASSETS

Mortgage-backed and credit risk transfer securities, at fair value (including pledged securities of $21,132,742 and $17,082,825, respectively)

21,771,786

17,396,642

Cash and cash equivalents

172,507

135,617

Restricted cash

116,995

Due from counterparties

32,568

13,500

Investment related receivable

67,976

66,598

Derivative assets, at fair value

18,533

15,089

Other assets

166,180

186,059

Total assets

22,346,545

17,813,505

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Liabilities:

Repurchase agreements

17,532,303

13,602,484

Secured loans

1,650,000

1,650,000

Derivative liabilities, at fair value

352

23,390

Dividends payable

74,841

49,578

Investment related payable

99,561

132,096

Accrued interest payable

43,998

37,620

Collateral held payable

170

18,083

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

1,560

1,694

Due to affiliate

11,861

11,863

Total liabilities

19,414,646

15,526,808

Commitments and contingencies (See Note 15) (1)

Stockholders' Equity:

Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share; 50,000,000 shares authorized:

7.75% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock: 5,600,000 shares issued and outstanding ($140,000 aggregate liquidation preference)

135,356

135,356

7.75% Fixed-to-Floating Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock: 6,200,000 shares issued and outstanding ($155,000 aggregate liquidation preference)

149,860

149,860

7.50% Fixed-to-Floating Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock: 11,500,000 shares issued and outstanding ($287,500 aggregate liquidation preference)

278,108

278,108

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share; 450,000,000 shares authorized; 144,256,357 and 111,584,996 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

1,443

1,115

Additional paid in capital

2,892,652

2,383,532

Accumulated other comprehensive income

288,963

220,813

Retained earnings (distributions in excess of earnings)

(814,483)

(882,087)

Total stockholders' equity

2,931,899

2,286,697

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

22,346,545

17,813,505

(1)

See Note 15 of the Company's consolidated financial statements filed in Part IV, Item 15 of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The Company uses the following non-GAAP financial measures to analyze its operating results and believes these financial measures are useful to investors in assessing the Company's performance as further discussed below:

  • core earnings (and by calculation, core earnings per common share),
  • effective interest income (and by calculation, effective yield),
  • effective interest expense (and by calculation, effective cost of funds),
  • effective net interest income (and by calculation, effective interest rate margin), and
  • repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio.

The most directly comparable U.S. GAAP measures are:

  • net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders (and by calculation, basic earnings (loss) per common share),
  • total interest income (and by calculation, earning asset yield),
  • total interest expense (and by calculation, cost of funds),
  • net interest income (and by calculation, net interest rate margin), and
  • debt-to-equity ratio.

The non-GAAP financial measures used by the Company's management should be analyzed in conjunction with U.S. GAAP financial measures and should not be considered substitutes for U.S. GAAP financial measures.  In addition, the non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled non-GAAP financial measures of its peer companies.

Core Earnings

The Company calculates core earnings as U.S. GAAP net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders adjusted for (gain) loss on investments, net; realized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net; unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net; realized and unrealized (gain) loss on GSE CRT embedded derivatives, net; (gain) loss on foreign currency transactions, net; amortization of net deferred (gain) loss on de-designated interest rate swaps; net loss on extinguishment of debt; and cumulative adjustments attributable to non-controlling interest. The Company may add and has added additional reconciling items to its core earnings calculation as appropriate.

The Company believes the presentation of core earnings provides a consistent measure of operating performance by excluding the impact of gains and losses described above from operating results. The Company excludes the impact of gains and losses because gains and losses are not accounted for consistently under U.S. GAAP.  Under U.S. GAAP, certain gains and losses are reflected in net income whereas other gains and losses are reflected in other comprehensive income. For example, a portion of the Company's mortgage-backed securities are classified as available-for-sale securities, and changes in the valuation of these securities are recorded in other comprehensive income on its condensed consolidated balance sheet. The Company elected the fair value option for its mortgage-backed securities purchased on or after September 1, 2016, and changes in the valuation of these securities are recorded in other income (loss) in the consolidated statement of operations.  In addition, certain gains and losses represent one-time events.

The Company believes that providing transparency into core earnings enables its investors to consistently measure, evaluate and compare its operating performance to that of its peers over multiple reporting periods. However, the Company cautions that core earnings should not be considered as an alternative to net income (determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP), or as an indication of the Company's cash flow from operating activities (determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP), a measure of the Company's liquidity, or an indication of amounts available to fund its cash needs, including its ability to make cash distributions.

The table below provides a reconciliation of U.S. GAAP net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders to core earnings for the following periods:

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

December 31,2019

September 30, 2019

December 31,2018

December 31,2019

December 31,2018

$ in thousands, except per share data

Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders

106,866

77,896

(172,215)

319,675

(115,216)

Adjustments:

(Gain) loss on investments, net

148,511

(202,413)

(76,957)

(624,466)

327,700

Realized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net (1)

(116,156)

173,607

252,323

597,077

2,830

Unrealized (gain) loss on derivative instruments, net (1)

(60,435)

15,352

40,533

(26,482)

(17,568)

Realized and unrealized (gain) loss on GSE CRT embedded derivatives, net (2)

2,091

5,195

14,595

12,490

22,629

(Gain) loss on foreign currency transactions,net (3)

(20)

14

(7)

(6)

930

Amortization of net deferred (gain) loss on de-designated interest rate swaps (4)

(5,981)

(5,981)

(5,980)

(23,729)

(25,839)

Net loss on extinguishment of debt

26

Subtotal

(31,990)

(14,226)

224,507

(65,116)

310,708

Cumulative adjustments attributable to non-controlling interest

(1,449)

(2,536)

Core earnings attributable to common stockholders

74,876

63,670

50,843

254,559

192,956

Basic earnings (loss) per common share

0.75

0.57

(1.54)

2.42

(1.03)

Core earnings per share attributable to common stockholders (7)

0.52

0.47

0.46

1.92

1.73

 

(1)

U.S. GAAP gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net on the consolidated statements of operations includes the following components:

 

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

December 31,2019

September 30, 2019

December 31,2018

December 31,2019

December 31,2018

$ in thousands

Realized gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net

116,156

(173,607)

(252,323)

(597,077)

(2,830)

Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net

60,435

(15,352)

(40,533)

26,482

17,568

Contractual net interest income (expense)

12,091

11,715

(629)

35,840

(20,015)

Gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net

188,682

(177,244)

(293,485)

(534,755)

(5,277)

 

(2)

U.S. GAAP realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss), net on the consolidated statements of operations includes the following components:

 

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

December 31,2019

September 30, 2019

December 31,2018

December 31,2019

December 31,2018

$ in thousands

Realized and unrealized gain (loss) on GSE CRT embedded derivatives, net

(2,091)

(5,195)

(14,595)

(12,490)

(22,629)

GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest

4,987

5,196

5,569

20,833

22,478

Realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss), net

2,896

1

(9,026)

8,343

(151)

 

(3)

U.S. GAAP other investment income (loss), net on the consolidated statements of operations includes the following components:

 

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

December 31,2019

September 30, 2019

December 31,2018

December 31,2019

December 31,2018

$ in thousands

Dividend income

889

1,019

843

3,944

3,790

Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions, net

20

(14)

7

6

(930)

Other investment income (loss), net

909

1,005

850

3,950

2,860

 

(4)

U.S. GAAP repurchase agreements interest expense on the consolidated statements of operations includes the following components:

 

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

December 31,2019

September 30, 2019

December 31,2018

December 31,2019

December 31,2018

$ in thousands

Interest expense on repurchase agreement borrowings

103,974

118,832

97,037

454,426

327,633

Amortization of net deferred (gain) loss on de-designated interest rate swaps

(5,981)

(5,981)

(5,980)

(23,729)

(25,839)

Repurchase agreements interest expense

97,993

112,851

91,057

430,697

301,794

 

(5)

Core earnings per share attributable to common stockholders is equal to core earnings divided by the basic weighted average number of common shares outstanding.

The components of core income for the three months and year ended December 31, 2019 are:

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

$ in thousands

December 31,2019

September 30,2019

December 31,2018

December 31,2019

December 31,2018

Effective net interest income (1)

97,077

83,957

73,441

338,991

280,772

Dividend income

889

1,019

843

3,944

3,790

Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated ventures

427

403

624

2,224

3,402

Total expenses

(12,411)

(10,602)

(12,410)

(46,174)

(47,792)

Total core earnings

85,982

74,777

62,498

298,985

240,172

Dividends to preferred stockholders

(11,106)

(11,107)

(11,106)

(44,426)

(44,426)

Core earnings attributable to non-controlling interest

(549)

(2,790)

Core earnings attributable to common stockholders

74,876

63,670

50,843

254,559

192,956

 

(1)

See below for a reconciliation of net interest income to effective net interest income, a non-GAAP measure.

 

Effective Interest Income/Effective Yield/Effective Interest Expense/Effective Cost of Funds/Effective Net Interest Income/Effective Interest Rate Margin

The Company calculates effective interest income (and by calculation, effective yield) as U.S. GAAP total interest income adjusted for GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest that is recorded as realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss), net. The Company includes its GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest in effective interest income because GSE CRT coupon interest is not accounted for consistently under U.S. GAAP. The Company accounts for GSE CRTs purchased prior to August 24, 2015 as hybrid financial instruments, but has elected the fair value option for GSE CRTs purchased on or after August 24, 2015. Under U.S. GAAP, coupon interest on GSE CRTs accounted for using the fair value option is recorded as interest income, whereas coupon interest on GSE CRTs accounted for as hybrid financial instruments is recorded as realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss). The Company adds back GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest to its total interest income because the Company considers GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest a current component of its total interest income irrespective of whether the Company has elected the fair value option for the GSE CRT or accounted for the GSE CRT as a hybrid financial instrument.

The Company calculates effective interest expense (and by calculation, effective cost of funds) as U.S. GAAP total interest expense adjusted for contractual net interest income (expense) on its interest rate swaps that is recorded as gain (loss) on derivative instruments, net and the amortization of net deferred gains (losses) on de-designated interest rate swaps that is recorded as repurchase agreements interest expense. The Company views its interest rate swaps as an economic hedge against increases in future market interest rates on its floating rate borrowings. The Company adds back the net payments it makes on its interest rate swap agreements to its total U.S. GAAP interest expense because the Company uses interest rate swaps to add stability to interest expense. The Company excludes the amortization of net deferred gains (losses) on de-designated interest rate swaps from its calculation of effective interest expense because the Company does not consider the amortization a current component of its borrowing costs.

The Company calculates effective net interest income (and by calculation, effective interest rate margin) as U.S. GAAP net interest income adjusted for contractual net interest income (expense) on its interest rate swaps that is recorded as gain (loss) on derivative instruments, amortization of net deferred gains (losses) on de-designated interest rate swaps that is recorded as repurchase agreements interest expense and GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest that is recorded as realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss), net.

The Company believes the presentation of effective interest income, effective yield, effective interest expense, effective cost of funds, effective net interest income and effective interest rate margin measures, when considered together with U.S. GAAP financial measures, provide information that is useful to investors in understanding the Company's borrowing costs and operating performance.

The following tables reconcile total interest income to effective interest income and yield to effective yield for the following periods:

Three Months Ended December 31, 2019

Three Months Ended September 30, 2019

Three Months Ended December 31, 2018

$ in thousands

Reconciliation

Yield/Effective Yield

Reconciliation

Yield/Effective Yield

Reconciliation

Yield/Effective Yield

Total interest income

192,781

3.62

%

196,291

3.75

%

176,104

3.88

%

Add: GSE CRT embedded derivative      coupon interest recorded as realized      and unrealized credit derivative      income (loss), net

4,987

0.09

%

5,196

0.09

%

5,569

0.12

%

Effective interest income

197,768

3.71

%

201,487

3.84

%

181,673

4.00

%

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

2019

2018

$ in thousands

Reconciliation

Yield/Effective Yield

Reconciliation

Yield/Effective Yield

Total interest income

778,367

3.78

%

643,016

3.55

%

Add: GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest recorded as      realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss), net

20,833

0.11

%

22,478

0.13

%

Effective interest income

799,200

3.89

%

665,494

3.68

%

 

The following tables reconcile total interest expense to effective interest expense and cost of funds to effective cost of funds for the following periods:

Three Months Ended December 31, 2019

Three Months Ended September 30, 2019

Three Months Ended December 31, 2018

$ in thousands

Reconciliation

Cost of Funds / Effective Cost of Funds

Reconciliation

Cost of Funds / Effective Cost of Funds

Reconciliation

Cost of Funds / Effective Cost of Funds

Total interest expense

106,801

2.17

%

123,264

2.55

%

101,622

2.57

%

Add: Amortization of net deferred      gain (loss) on de-designated interest      rate swaps

5,981

0.12

%

5,981

0.12

%

5,980

0.15

%

Add (Less): Contractual net interest      expense (income) on interest rate      swaps recorded as gain (loss) on      derivative instruments, net

(12,091)

(0.25)

%

(11,715)

(0.24)

%

629

0.02

%

Effective interest expense

100,691

2.04

%

117,530

2.43

%

108,231

2.74

%

 

Years Ended December 31,

2019

2018

$ in thousands

Reconciliation

Cost of Funds / Effective Cost of Funds

Reconciliation

Cost of Funds / Effective Cost of Funds

Total interest expense

472,320

2.52

%

338,868

2.16

%

Add: Amortization of net deferred gain (loss) on de-designated      interest rate swaps

23,729

0.13

%

25,839

0.16

%

Add (Less): Contractual net interest expense (income) on interest      rate swaps recorded as gain (loss) on derivative instruments,      net

(35,840)

(0.19)

%

20,015

0.13

%

Effective interest expense

460,209

2.46

%

384,722

2.45

%

 

The following tables reconcile net interest income to effective net interest income and net interest rate margin to effective interest rate margin for the following periods:

Three Months Ended December 31, 2019

Three Months Ended September 30, 2019

Three Months Ended December 31, 2018

$ in thousands

Reconciliation

Net Interest Rate Margin / Effective Interest Rate Margin

Reconciliation

Net Interest Rate Margin / Effective Interest Rate Margin

Reconciliation

Net Interest Rate Margin / Effective Interest RateMargin

Net interest income

85,980

1.45

%

73,027

1.20

%

74,482

1.31

%

Less: Amortization of net deferred (gain) loss on de-designated interest rate swaps

(5,981)

(0.12)

%

(5,981)

(0.12)

%

(5,980)

(0.15)

%

Add: GSE CRT embedded derivative      coupon interest recorded as      realized and unrealized credit      derivative income (loss), net

4,987

0.09

%

5,196

0.09

%

5,568

0.12

%

Add (Less): Contractual net interest      income (expense) on interest      rate swaps recorded as gain      (loss) on derivative instruments,      net

12,091

0.25

%

11,715

0.24

%

(629)

(0.02)

%

Effective net interest income

97,077

1.67

%

83,957

1.41

%

73,441

1.26

%

 

Years Ended December 31,

2019

2018

$ in thousands

Reconciliation

Net Interest Rate Margin /Effective Interest Rate Margin

Reconciliation

Net Interest Rate Margin / Effective Interest Rate Margin

Net interest income

306,047

1.26

%

304,148

1.39

%

Less: Amortization of net deferred (gain) loss on de-designated interest rate swaps

(23,729)

(0.13)

%

(25,839)

(0.16)

%

Add: GSE CRT embedded derivative coupon interest recorded      as realized and unrealized credit derivative income      (loss), net

20,833

0.11

%

22,478

0.13

%

Add (Less): Contractual net interest income (expense) on      interest rate swaps recorded as gain (loss) on derivative      instruments, net

35,840

0.19

%

(20,015)

(0.13)

%

Effective net interest income

338,991

1.43

%

280,772

1.23

%

 

Repurchase Agreement Debt-to-Equity Ratio

The following tables show the allocation of the Company's stockholders' equity to its target assets, the Company's debt-to-equity ratio, and the Company's repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio as of December 31, 2019 and September 30, 2019.  The Company's debt-to-equity ratio is calculated in accordance with U.S. GAAP and is the ratio of total debt (sum of repurchase agreements and secured loans) to total stockholders' equity. The Company presents a repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio, a non-GAAP financial measure of leverage, because the mortgage REIT industry primarily uses repurchase agreements, which typically mature within one year, to finance investments. The Company believes presenting the Company's repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio when considered together with its U.S. GAAP financial measure of debt-to-equity ratio, provides information that is useful to investors in understanding the Company's refinancing risks, and gives investors a comparable statistic to those other mortgage REITs who almost exclusively borrow using short-term repurchase agreements that are subject to refinancing risk.

December 31, 2019

$ in thousands

Agency RMBS

Agency CMBS

Commercial Credit (1)

Residential Credit (2)

Total

Mortgage-backed and credit risk transfer securities

11,301,037

4,767,930

3,829,031

1,873,788

21,771,786

Cash and cash equivalents (3)

73,927

27,881

51,092

19,607

172,507

Restricted cash (4)

81,830

34,441

724

116,995

Derivative assets, at fair value (4)

13,034

5,499

18,533

Other assets

94,525

12,460

110,122

49,617

266,724

Total assets

11,564,353

4,848,211

3,990,969

1,943,012

22,346,545

Repurchase agreements

9,666,964

4,246,359

2,041,968

1,577,012

17,532,303

Secured loans (5)

540,299

1,109,701

1,650,000

Derivative liabilities, at fair value (4)

352

352

Other liabilities

65,353

124,305

29,727

12,606

231,991

Total liabilities

10,272,616

4,370,664

3,181,748

1,589,618

19,414,646

Total stockholders' equity (allocated)

1,291,737

477,547

809,221

353,394

2,931,899

Adjustments to calculate repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio:

Net stockholders' equity in unsecured assets (6)

(46,053)

(46,053)

Collateral pledged against secured loans

(621,667)

(1,276,822)

(1,898,489)

Secured loans

540,299

1,109,701

1,650,000

Stockholders' equity related to repurchase agreement debt

1,210,369

477,547

596,047

353,394

2,637,357

Debt-to-equity ratio (7)

7.9

8.9

3.9

4.5

6.5

Repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio (8)

8.0

8.9

3.4

4.5

6.6

(1)

Investments in non-Agency CMBS, multifamily GSE CRT, commercial loans and unconsolidated joint ventures are included in commercial credit.

(2)

Investments in non-Agency RMBS, single family GSE CRT and a loan participation interest are included in residential credit.

(3)

Cash and cash equivalents is allocated based on a percentage of stockholders' equity for each asset class.

(4)

Restricted cash, derivative assets and derivative liabilities are allocated based on the hedging strategy for each class.

(5)

Secured loans are allocated based on amount of collateral pledged.

(6)

Net stockholders' equity in unsecured assets includes commercial loans and investments in unconsolidated joint ventures.

(7)

Debt-to-equity ratio is calculated as the ratio of total debt (sum of repurchase agreements and secured loans) to total stockholders' equity.

(8)

Repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio is calculated as the ratio of repurchase agreements to stockholders' equity related to repurchase agreement debt.

 

September 30, 2019

$ in thousands

Agency RMBS

Agency CMBS

Commercial Credit (1)

Residential Credit (2)

Total

Mortgage-backed and credit risk transfer securities

12,864,217

4,936,184

3,851,552

1,947,546

23,599,499

Cash and cash equivalents (3)

56,122

17,226

37,536

15,004

125,888

Restricted cash (4)

57,878

22,208

80,086

Derivative assets, at fair value (4)

2,557

981

589

4,127

Other assets

76,417

13,452

111,501

50,353

251,723

Total assets

13,057,191

4,990,051

4,001,178

2,012,903

24,061,323

Repurchase agreements

11,124,901

3,306,244

2,018,542

1,622,345

18,072,032

Secured loans (5)

547,149

1,102,851

1,650,000

Derivative liabilities, at fair value (4)

33,519

12,862

46,381

Other liabilities

56,160

1,272,761

40,999

11,958

1,381,878

Total liabilities

11,761,729

4,591,867

3,162,392

1,634,303

21,150,291

Total stockholders' equity (allocated)

1,295,462

398,184

838,786

378,600

2,911,032

Adjustments to calculate repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio:

Net stockholders' equity in unsecured assets (6)

(47,493)

(47,493)

Collateral pledged against secured loans

(633,350)

(1,276,599)

(1,909,949)

Secured loans

547,149

1,102,851

1,650,000

Stockholders' equity related to repurchase agreement debt

1,209,261

398,184

617,545

378,600

2,603,590

Debt-to-equity ratio (7)

9.0

8.3

3.7

4.3

6.8

Repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio (8)

9.2

8.3

3.3

4.3

6.9

(1)

Investments in non-Agency CMBS, commercial loans and unconsolidated joint ventures are included in commercial credit.

(2)

Investments in non-Agency RMBS, single family GSE CRT and a loan participation interest are included in residential credit.

(3)

Cash and cash equivalents is allocated based on a percentage of stockholders' equity for each asset class.

(4)

Restricted cash, derivative assets and derivative liabilities are allocated based on the hedging strategy for each class.

(5)

Secured loans are allocated based on amount of collateral pledged.

(6)

Net stockholders' equity in unsecured assets includes commercial loans and investments in unconsolidated joint ventures.

(7)

Debt-to-equity ratio is calculated as the ratio of total debt (sum of repurchase agreements and secured loans) to total stockholders' equity.

(8)

Repurchase agreement debt-to-equity ratio is calculated as the ratio of repurchase agreements to stockholders' equity related to repurchase agreement debt.

 

Average Earning Asset Balances

The table below presents information related to the Company's average earning assets for the following periods.

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

$ in thousands

December 31, 2019

September 30, 2019

December 31, 2018

December 31, 2019

December 31, 2018

Average Earning Asset Balances (1):

Agency RMBS:

15 year fixed-rate, at amortized cost

288,050

312,603

533,041

328,404

1,911,511

30 year fixed-rate, at amortized cost

10,852,691

11,837,640

10,438,730

11,757,662

8,867,942

Hybrid ARM, at amortized cost

57,182

66,671

936,312

129,396

1,531,077

Agency - CMO, at amortized cost

420,532

420,889

263,464

378,253

258,457

Agency CMBS, at amortized cost

4,185,558

2,796,732

781,557

2,522,256

339,816

Non-Agency CMBS, at amortized cost

3,685,198

3,607,381

3,296,258

3,532,202

3,226,174

Non-Agency RMBS, at amortized cost

873,774

946,446

1,051,883

980,775

1,055,682

GSE CRT, at amortized cost

885,571

905,062

760,318

863,080

767,220

Commercial loans, at amortized cost

24,099

24,233

31,624

25,007

110,461

Loan participation interest

45,419

45,465

51,468

49,220

20,503

Average earning assets

21,318,074

20,963,122

18,144,655

20,566,255

18,088,843

 

Average Earning Asset Yields (2):

Agency RMBS:

15 year fixed-rate

3.32

%

3.32

%

3.17

%

3.34

%

2.23

%

30 year fixed-rate

3.03

%

3.19

%

3.41

%

3.26

%

3.09

%

Hybrid ARM

3.27

%

3.22

%

2.66

%

3.27

%

2.40

%

Agency - CMO

3.50

%

3.40

%

3.34

%

3.41

%

3.01

%

Agency CMBS

3.14

%

3.44

%

3.19

%

3.32

%

3.30

%

Non-Agency CMBS

5.09

%

5.09

%

4.95

%

5.06

%

4.91

%

Non-Agency RMBS

7.18

%

6.54

%

7.07

%

6.73

%

7.11

%

GSE CRT (3)

3.03

%

3.33

%

3.67

%

3.39

%

3.40

%

Commercial loans

10.49

%

10.89

%

10.78

%

10.90

%

9.54

%

Loan participation interest

5.71

%

6.18

%

6.04

%

6.04

%

6.10

%

Average earning asset yields

3.62

%

3.75

%

3.88

%

3.78

%

3.55

%

(1)

Average earning asset balances for each period are based on weighted month-end average earning assets.

(2)

Average earning asset yields for the period are calculated by dividing interest income, including amortization of premiums and discounts, by average month-end earning assets based on the amortized cost of the investments. All yields are annualized.

(3)

GSE CRT average earning asset yields exclude coupon interest associated with embedded derivatives on securities not accounted for under the fair value option that is recorded as realized and unrealized credit derivative income (loss), net under U.S. GAAP.

 

Average Borrowings and Cost of Funds

The table below presents information related to the Company's average borrowings and average cost of funds.

Three Months Ended

Years Ended

$ in thousands

December 31, 2019

September 30, 2019

December 31, 2018

December 31, 2019

December 31, 2018

Average Borrowings (1):

Agency RMBS (2)

10,809,305

11,808,241

10,819,707

11,697,604

11,178,636

Agency CMBS

4,118,846

2,794,691

718,436

2,476,770

311,024

Non-Agency CMBS (2)

3,146,907

3,047,334

2,670,071

2,920,840

2,586,509

Non-Agency RMBS

808,299

865,961

900,036

865,353

887,132

GSE CRT

758,793

776,555

686,404

751,361

677,545

Exchangeable senior notes

28,646

Loan participation interest

34,064

34,099

38,601

36,915

15,377

Total average borrowings

19,676,214

19,326,881

15,833,255

18,748,843

15,684,869

Maximum borrowings during the period (3)

20,377,801

19,898,863

16,144,062

20,377,801

16,144,062

 

Average Cost of Funds (4):

Agency RMBS (2)

2.18

%

2.54

%

2.52

%

2.52

%

2.10

%

Agency CMBS

2.13

%

2.54

%

2.40

%

2.40

%

2.31

%

Non-Agency CMBS (2)

2.61

%

3.00

%

3.11

%

3.00

%

2.74

%

Non-Agency RMBS

2.82

%

3.26

%

3.49

%

3.28

%

3.25

%

GSE CRT

2.85

%

3.22

%

3.47

%

3.25

%

3.19

%

Exchangeable senior notes

%

%

%

%

5.58

%

Loan participation interest

3.61

%

4.03

%

4.04

%

3.99

%

4.04

%

Cost of funds

2.17

%

2.55

%

2.57

%

2.52

%

2.16

%

Interest rate swaps average fixed pay rate (5)

1.56

%

1.92

%

2.19

%

2.03

%

2.30

%

Interest rate swaps average floating receive rate (6)

(1.89)

%

(2.28)

%

(2.17)

%

(2.29)

%

(2.10)

%

Effective cost of funds (non-GAAP measure) (7)

2.04

%

2.43

%

2.74

%

2.46

%

2.45

%

Debt-to-equity ratio (as of period end)

6.5

x

6.8

x

6.7

x

6.5

x

6.7

x

(1)

Average borrowings for each period are based on weighted month-end balances; all percentages are annualized. 

(2)

Agency RMBS and non-Agency CMBS average borrowings and cost of funds include borrowings under repurchase agreements and secured loans.

(3)

Amount represents the maximum borrowings at month-end during each of the respective periods.

(4)

Average cost of funds is calculated by dividing annualized interest expense excluding amortization of net deferred gain (loss) on de-designated interest rate swaps by the Company's average borrowings.

(5)

Interest rate swaps average fixed pay rate is calculated by dividing annualized contractual swap interest expense by the Company's average notional balance of interest rate swaps.

(6)

Interest rate swaps average floating receive rate is calculated by dividing annualized contractual swap interest income by the Company's average notional balance of interest rate swaps.

(7)

For a reconciliation of cost of funds to effective cost of funds, see "Non-GAAP Financial Measures."

 

Brandon Burke, Investor Relations800-241-5477  

Cision View original content to download multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/invesco-mortgage-capital-inc-reports-fourth-quarter-2019-financial-results-301007899.html

SOURCE Invesco Mortgage Capital Inc.



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