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Ryerson Inc. (NYSE: RYI) Reports Q4 and FY 2023 Results

February 21, 2024 7:16 PM EST

Ryerson Holding Corporation (NYSE: RYI), a leading value-added processor and distributor of industrial metals, today reported results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2023.

Highlights:

  • Achieved fourth quarter Net Income attributable to Ryerson Holding Corporation of $26 million and Adjusted EBITDA1, excluding LIFO of $26 million
  • Delivered fourth quarter Diluted Earnings Per Share of $0.74 on revenue of $1.1 billion
  • Generated fourth quarter Operating Cash Flow of $90 million and Free Cash Flow of $65 million
  • Acquired three businesses in the fourth quarter, two value-added processors, Norlen Incorporated ("Norlen") and TSA Processing ("TSA"), as well as a tool steel processor and distributor, Hudson Tool Steel Corporation ("Hudson")
  • Published 2023 Sustainability Report
  • Announced first quarter 2024 dividend of $0.1875 per share, our tenth consecutive dividend increase
  • Maintained fourth-quarter Net Leverage ratio within target range at 1.7x, with debt of $436 million and net debt2 of $382 million as of December 31, 2023
  • Earned full-year Net Income attributable to Ryerson Holding Corporation of $146 million and Adjusted EBITDA1, excluding LIFO of $231 million
  • Delivered full-year Diluted Earnings Per Share of $4.10 on revenue of $5.1 billion
  • Generated full-year Operating Cash Flow of $365 million and Free Cash Flow of $244 million
  • Completed second year of an investment cycle in next-stage operating model growth and shareholder returns through cumulative investments of $422 million in acquisitions and capex and returns to shareholders of $209 million in share buybacks and dividends since 2022

$ in millions, except tons (in thousands), average selling prices, and earnings per share

Financial Highlights:

Q4 2023

Q3 2023

Q4 2022

QoQ

YoY

2023

2022

YoY

Revenue

$1,112.4

$1,246.7

$1,288.2

(10.8) %

(13.6) %

$5,108.7

$6,323.6

(19.2) %

Tons shipped

450

478

465

(5.9) %

(3.2) %

1,943

2,029

(4.2) %

Average selling price/ton

$2,472

$2,608

$2,770

(5.2) %

(10.8) %

$2,629

$3,117

(15.7) %

Gross margin

22.2 %

20.0 %

12.7 %

220 bps

950 bps

20.0 %

20.7 %

-70 bps

Gross margin, excl. LIFO

16.9 %

17.3 %

15.3 %

-40 bps

160 bps

18.1 %

19.8 %

-170 bps

Warehousing, delivery, selling, general, and
administrative expenses

$203.7

$193.0

$190.5

5.5 %

6.9 %

$793.5

$735.2

7.9 %

As a percentage of revenue

18.3 %

15.5 %

14.8 %

280 bps

350 bps

15.5 %

11.6 %

390 bps

Net income (loss) attributable to Ryerson
Holding Corporation

$25.8

$35.0

$(24.1)

(26.3) %

(207.1) %

$145.7

$391.0

(62.7) %

Diluted earnings (loss) per share

$0.74

$1.00

$(0.65)

$(0.26)

$1.39

$4.10

$10.21

$(6.11)

Adjusted diluted earnings (loss) per share

$0.73

$1.00

$(0.65)

$(0.27)

$1.38

$4.08

$10.54

$(6.46)

Adj. EBITDA, excl. LIFO

$25.9

$45.0

$28.7

(42.4) %

(9.8) %

$231.1

$582.0

(60.3) %

Adj. EBITDA, excl. LIFO margin

2.3 %

3.6 %

2.2 %

-130 bps

10 bps

4.5 %

9.2 %

-470 bps

Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Highlights:

Total debt

$436.5

$365.9

$367.0

19.3 %

18.9 %

$436.5

$367.0

18.9 %

Cash and cash equivalents

$54.3

$37.4

$39.2

45.2 %

38.5 %

$54.3

$39.2

38.5 %

Net debt

$382.2

$328.5

$327.8

16.3 %

16.6 %

$382.2

$327.8

16.6 %

Net debt / LTM Adj. EBITDA, excl. LIFO

1.7x

1.4x

0.6x

0.3x

1.1x

1.7x

0.6x

1.1x

Cash conversion cycle (days)

84.6

78.3

91.6

6.3

(7.0)

79.3

80.9

(1.6)

Net cash provided by (used in) operating
activities

$90.1

$79.3

$181.6

$10.8

$(91.5)

$365.1

$501.2

$(136.1)

A reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to the comparable GAAP measure is included below in this news release.

Management Commentary
Eddie Lehner, Ryerson's President and Chief Executive Officer, said, "Reflecting on the fourth quarter, and full-year 2023, I want to start by thanking my Ryerson teammates for prioritizing operating safely throughout our entire organization as safety is always our first priority. As far as our over-all business performance, 2023 marked the second year of Ryerson's longest and most significant investment cycle in more than a generation. We are taking big steps to create our next-generation operating model and the industry's best customer experience. Over the past year, we invested in the modernization, integration and expansion of our network of interconnected intelligent service centers, highlighted by an Enterprise Resource Planning ("ERP") conversion across our largest business unit, new and expanding facilities at Centralia, WA, University Park, IL, Las Vegas, NV, and Shelbyville, KY, as well as welcoming four excellent additions to the Family of Companies in BLP Holdings, LLC, Norlen Incorporated, TSA Processing, and Hudson Tool Steel Corporation. We finished the year with approximately two-thirds of our operating cash flow allocated to growth-oriented projects while increasing our dividend over four consecutive quarters and buying back approximately $114 million of Ryerson shares for the full-year.

Over the fourth quarter and the entire year, as we carried out our investments in modernization, integration, and expansion, our business operated against a backdrop of slowing manufacturing activity. You could say the sun wasn't shining on our addressable markets as full-year industry stainless volumes corrected down 14% and nickel traded down by more than 40%, while other industrial metal-consuming verticals to which we have less exposure performed better, such as automotive, aerospace, defense and non-residential construction. Fourth quarter volumes decreased across most of our end-markets due to holiday seasonality and ongoing destocking across non-ferrous product lines. For the full-year 2023, our end-market volumes mainly increased in our commercial ground transportation and oil & gas end-markets, while decreasing across most other industrial and consumer end-markets. Despite moving through a counter-cyclical bottom across the majority of our commercial book of business, we continue to believe that our aforementioned investments in our next-gen operating model will position us to deliver higher thru-the-cycle earnings to our shareholders with less volatility as we inflect to an anticipated industry upturn as well as expected longer-term secular growth drivers in North American manufacturing."

Fourth Quarter Results
Ryerson generated revenue of $1.1 billion in the fourth quarter of 2023, a decrease of 10.8% compared to the third quarter of 2023. Revenue during the period was influenced by seasonally lower volumes and easing average selling prices, which decreased 5.9% to 450,000 tons and 5.2% to $2,472 per ton, respectively, compared to the third quarter of 2023.

Gross margin expanded sequentially by 220 basis points to 22.2% in the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to 20.0% in the third quarter. Gross margins reflected LIFO income of $59.3 million, as average inventory costs were impacted by decreases in commodity price for our metals products sales mix. Excluding the impact of LIFO, gross margin contracted 40 basis points to 16.9% in the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to 17.3% in the third quarter. The compression in gross margins, excluding LIFO, was primarily driven by a decrease in prices of our aluminum and stainless-steel product mix due to above normal inventories in the channel that put downward pressure on average selling prices.

Warehousing, delivery, selling, general and administrative expenses increased 5.5% to $203.7 million in the fourth quarter, compared to $193.0 million in the third quarter, primarily driven by higher depreciation expense, increased operating expenses from recent acquisitions, as well as reorganization expenses related to our ERP system conversion and start-up costs associated with the University Park, Illinois service center, partially offset by lower personnel-related expenses, lower delivery expenses, and lower fixed and variable operating expenses.

Net income attributable to Ryerson Holding Corporation for the fourth quarter of 2023 was $25.8 million, or $0.74 per diluted share, compared to net income of $35.0 million, or $1.00 per diluted share in the previous quarter. Ryerson generated Adjusted EBITDA, excluding LIFO of $25.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to the third quarter Adjusted EBITDA, excluding LIFO of $45.0 million. For the full-year 2023, Ryerson generated $5.1 billion in revenue and earned $145.7 million in net income and $231.1 million in Adjusted EBITDA, excluding LIFO.

Liquidity & Debt Management
Ryerson generated $90.1 million of cash from operations in the fourth quarter of 2023, supported by net income attributable to Ryerson Holding of $25.8 million and working capital release of $15.1 million. The Company ended the fourth quarter of 2023 with $436.5 million of debt and $382.2 million of net debt, an increase of $69.5 million and $54.4 million, respectively, compared to the fourth quarter of 2022. Ryerson's leverage ratio as of the fourth quarter was 1.7x, which remains within the Company's target leverage range. Ryerson's global liquidity, composed of cash and cash equivalents and availability on its revolving credit facilities, was $656 million as of December 31, 2023.

Shareholder Return Activity

Dividends. On February 21, 2024, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.1875 per share of common stock, payable on March 21, 2024, to stockholders of record as of March 7, 2024. During the fourth quarter of 2023, Ryerson paid a quarterly dividend in the amount of $0.1850 per share, amounting to a cash return of approximately $6.3 million. For the full-year 2023, Ryerson paid dividends of approximately $0.72 per share, which resulted in a return of $24.8 million to shareholders.

Share Repurchase. Ryerson repurchased 219,614 shares for $6.3 million in the open market during the fourth quarter of 2023. Ryerson made these repurchases in accordance with its share repurchase authorization, which allows the Company to acquire up to an aggregate amount of $100.0 million of the Company's common stock through April of 2025. For the full-year 2023, the Company repurchased 3.3 million shares, resulting in a return of $113.9 million to shareholders. As of December 31, 2023, $39.4 million of the $100.0 million remained under the existing share repurchase authorization.

Outlook Commentary
For the first quarter of 2024, Ryerson expects normal seasonal demand conditions, with customer shipments expected to increase approximately 8% to 10%, quarter-over-quarter. The Company anticipates first-quarter revenue to be in the range of $1.21 to $1.25 billion, with average selling prices increasing 1% to 3%. LIFO income in the first quarter of 2024 is expected to be zero. We expect Adjusted EBITDA, excluding LIFO in the range of $58 million to $62 million and earnings per diluted share in the range of $0.24 to $0.34.

Fourth Quarter 2023 Major Product Metrics

Net Sales (millions)

Q4 2023

Q3 2023

Q4 2022

Quarter-over-
quarter

Year-over-year

Carbon Steel

$

575

$

647

$

684

(11.1) %

(15.9) %

Aluminum

$

241

$

273

$

269

(11.7) %

(10.4) %

Stainless Steel

$

271

$

304

$

313

(10.9) %

(13.4) %

Tons Shipped (thousands)

Q4 2023

Q3 2023

Q4 2022

Quarter-over-
quarter

Year-over-year

Carbon Steel

347

371

365

(6.5) %

(4.9) %

Aluminum

48

49

45

(2.0) %

6.7 %

Stainless Steel

52

55

52

(5.5) %

Average Selling Prices (per ton)

Q4 2023

Q3 2023

Q4 2022

Quarter-over-
quarter

Year-over-year

Carbon Steel

$

1,657

$

1,744

$

1,874

(5.0) %

(11.6) %

Aluminum

$

5,021

$

5,571

$

5,978

(9.9) %

(16.0) %

Stainless Steel

$

5,212

$

5,527

$

6,019

(5.7) %

(13.4) %

Full Year 2023 Major Product Metrics

Net Sales (millions)

2023

2022

Year-over-year

Carbon Steel

$

2,597

$

3,371

(23.0) %

Aluminum

$

1,121

$

1,235

(9.2) %

Stainless Steel

$

1,291

$

1,625

(20.6) %

Tons Shipped (thousands)

2023

2022

Year-over-year

Carbon Steel

1,504

1,583

(5.0) %

Aluminum

200

195

2.6 %

Stainless Steel

229

242

(5.4) %

Average Selling Prices (per ton)

2023

2022

Year-over-year

Carbon Steel

$

1,727

$

2,130

(18.9) %

Aluminum

$

5,605

$

6,333

(11.5) %

Stainless Steel

$

5,638

$

6,715

(16.0) %

Earnings Call Information
Ryerson will host a conference call to discuss fourth quarter and full-year 2023 financial results for the period ended December 31, 2023, on Thursday, February 22, 2024, at 10 a.m. Eastern Time. The live online broadcast will be available on the Company's investor relations website, ir.ryerson.com. A replay will be available at the same website for 90 days.



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