JPMorgan (JPM) beats in Q1 but shares slide on NII guidance

April 12, 2024 7:05 AM EDT
(Updated - April 12, 2024 8:10 AM EDT)

JPMorgan (NYSE: JPM) reported first-quarter earnings that surpassed Wall Street estimates, with a notable beat on both earnings per share (EPS) and revenue. The bank announced an EPS of $4.63, which was $0.44 higher than the analyst consensus of $4.19. Revenue for the quarter was also strong at $42.5 billion, exceeding the consensus estimate of $41.84 billion. Despite these positive results, JPMorgan's stock price declined by 2% as NII guidance missed estimates.

The company's reported revenue of $41.9 billion and managed revenue of $42.5 billion reflect a robust financial position. However, expenses rose to $22.8 billion, impacted by a $725 million increase to the estimated Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) special assessment. This increase contributed to a 2% rise in the overhead ratio. Credit costs totaled $1.9 billion, including $2.0 billion of net charge-offs and a $72 million net reserve release. The bank experienced a 16% increase in average loans, or a 3% rise excluding First Republic, while average deposits grew by 2%, or remained flat when excluding First Republic.

NII was $23.1 billion in the first quarter, and the company expects to earn $89 billion in NII for the year. While $1 billion higher than prior guidance, this is below the consensus of $90.68 billion.

"Beat on top and bottom line and we saw a lot of the typically strong JPMorgan metrics to point to, though we’d expected the NII trend and commentary to steal the show for a minute and think the most bullish JPM fans were hoping for a bigger upside guide than we got – as Jamie has been telling us, the beat & raise party had to end at some point," analysts at Evecore ISI said following the results. "To that end, NII was right in line with Street estimates but at down 4% q/q due to margin compression and lower deposit compression. While JPM raised their NII ex markets guide for the year by $1bn to $89bn, we think the bulls were hoping for more and mgmt. reiterated that it expects normalization to continue for both NII & credit costs."

Morgan Stanley analysts echoed the sentiment on NII guidance, saying the flat NII guidance is a "modest disappointment" for investors.

Jamie Dimon, Chairman and CEO, commented on the results, stating, "We reported strong results in the first quarter, delivering net income of $13.4 billion, or $14.0 billion excluding a $725 million increase to the FDIC special assessment." Dimon highlighted the bank's capacity to reinvest for growth while maintaining an attractive capital-return profile, underpinned by a high CET1 capital ratio of 15.0% and leading returns.

Despite the strong first-quarter results, the stock's downward movement reflects investor sentiment possibly swayed by broader economic concerns. Dimon acknowledged the challenges ahead, citing geopolitical tensions, persistent inflationary pressures, and the unprecedented impact of quantitative tightening. He emphasized JPMorgan's readiness to prepare for a wide range of potential economic scenarios.

In terms of business performance, Dimon noted strong underlying performance across various segments. Client investment assets in the Consumer & Community Banking (CCB) division were up 25% excluding First Republic, and Investment Banking (IB) fees increased by 21%. The Corporate & Investment Bank (CIB) saw growth in Payments fees and new client relationships, while Asset & Wealth Management (AWM) reported a 14% increase in asset management fees.

JPMorgan's results demonstrate the bank's ability to deliver for shareholders, with a focus on customer growth, positioning for the future, maintaining its "fortress principles," and raising the dividend. The bank also played a significant role in driving economic growth by extending credit and raising capital totaling more than $655 billion. Despite the positive earnings and revenue figures, investor reaction as reflected in the stock price suggests a cautious outlook for the banking giant.

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JPMorgan, Morgan Stanley, Jamie Dimon, FDIC, Earnings