Oncosec Medical (ONCS) Reports Clinical Observations Related To Triple Negative Breast Cancer Study
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OncoSec Medical Incorporated (NASDAQ: ONCS), a company developing intratumoral cancer immunotherapies, today announced preliminary clinical observations related to its pilot biomarker OMS-I140 clinical trial of ImmunoPulse® IL-12 in patients with metastatic Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC). The study is designed to assess whether a single cycle of ImmunoPulse IL-12 increases TNBC tumor immunogenicity by driving a pro-inflammatory cascade of events including activation of cytotoxic tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs).
To date, five patients with TNBC have been treated with a single cycle of ImmunoPulse IL-12 (intratumoral pIL-12 [tavokinogene telseplasmid or "tavo"] with electroporation). Two of these five patients were subsequently treated with single agent nivolumab (Opdivo®) - an anti-PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor treatment - as their immediate next therapy. Both of these patients, who were heavily pretreated metastatic TNBC patients with chemotherapy refractory disease, experienced robust objective responses in both ImmunoPulse IL-12 treated and untreated lesions. These clinical observations have prompted the Company to further commit to a more definitive evaluation of the combined therapies.
"Metastatic TNBC is a heterogeneous cancer with a poor prognosis where less than five percent of pre-treated patients achieve an objective response to PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint treatments," explained Sharron Gargosky, Chief Clinical and Regulatory Officer of OncoSec. "The marked synergy shown in these patients strongly suggests that IL-12 may have primed the tumor microenvironment, impacting the clinical result. The combination of ImmunoPulse IL-12 and checkpoint inhibition represents a highly promising new therapeutic approach for TNBC and warrants a formal evaluation given the extremely low response rate in women who have failed multiple prior therapies."
Previous studies have demonstrated that breast cancer patients whose tumors are associated with markers of inflammation, such as the presence of TILs, achieve better clinical outcomes. In addition, the density of TILs is a key requirement for the anti-tumor activity of immune checkpoint inhibitors like anti-PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies. By augmenting the expansion of CD8+ tumor infilatrating T cells, ImmunoPulse IL-12 may be an ideal candidate to combine with checkpoint inhibitors, which has demonstrated low and variable activity as a monotherapy in TNBC.
Immunological examination of samples from all patients are currently being analyzed. These data, along with the full information regarding clinical observations and safety data, will be submitted for presentation at an upcoming medical meeting in 2018.
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