VBL Therapeutics (VBLT) Announces Topline Data from VB-111 Phase 2; OS Benefit Noted
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VBL Therapeutics (Nasdaq: VBLT), announced top-line results from its exploratory Phase 2 study of VB-111 (ofranergene obadenovec) in patients with advanced, differentiated thyroid cancer. As previously announced, this trial met its primary endpoint, which was defined as 25% progression-free survival at 6 months (PFS-6), in heavily-pretreated patients with late-stage disease. A dose-dependent response was seen, with 35% of patients reaching PFS-6 in the therapeutic dose cohort, versus 25% in a low-dose cohort. Given this positive clinical response, the Company continued to follow patients for overall survival (OS) data, which was not a primary endpoint. Although the trial included a small number of patients and was not powered to show OS differences, the new data show a dose-response and evidence of an overall survival benefit in the cohort of patients treated with multiple therapeutic doses of VB-111, compared to patients who received a single low dose of VB-111 (mOS 761 days versus 469 days; p=0.096). Only one patient remained alive in the low-dose cohort, compared to a tail of about 50% in the high dose group.
A photo accompanying this release is available at http://www.globenewswire.com/NewsRoom/AttachmentNg/37de2b1f-1875-448f-a865-025fc63f92e7
“The appearance of dose-dependent superior overall survival provides encouragement, especially given that this trial enrolled patients with late-stage disease whose tumors were resistant to multiple lines of previous therapies,” said Keith C. Bible, MD, PhD, Professor of Oncology, Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Oncology, and Endocrine Malignancies Disease Oriented Group, Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, and Primary Investigator for this trial.
“This is the third indication in which we have seen profound clinical responses and evidence of an overall survival benefit with VB-111,” said Dror Harats, MD, Chief Executive Officer of VBL Therapeutics. “Following our Phase 2 OS data in recurrent GBM and platinum-resistant ovarian cancer, this trial, which evaluated VB-111 as monotherapy, reinforces the potential of VB-111 and its unique mechanism of action, for multiple solid tumor indications. We are continuing to focus on completion of our clinical program, and potentially commercialization, of VB-111 for rGBM, and to advance our ovarian cancer clinical program. Based on the current data, we may expand our program to additional indications, such as thyroid cancer, either independently in the future, or earlier in collaboration with a strategic partner," added Prof. Harats.
The open-label dose-escalating study enrolled patients with advanced, recently-progressive, differentiated thyroid cancer that is unresponsive to radioactive iodine, in two cohorts. The majority of patients had tumors which had failed on several therapeutic lines, including tyrosine kinase inhibitors, prior to enrollment. In the first cohort twelve patients received a single intravenous infusion of VB-111 at a low dose of 3X1012 viral particles (VPs). The second cohort included seventeen patients, who received VB-111 at a therapeutic dose of 1013 VPs every two months until disease progression. The company previously reported that 35% of patients in the therapeutic dose cohort (n=17) met the primary endpoint of 6-month progression-free survival using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), compared to 25% of patients in the low dose cohort. PFS at 12 months was 25% in the VB-111 high dose cohort, versus 0% in the low dose cohort. Continued follow-up now indicates further survival benefit for the multiple-dose therapeutic cohort, with median OS of 761 versus 469 in the low-dose cohort (p=0.096). VB-111 was well-tolerated in this study, with no signs of clinically significant safety issues.
About Thyroid Cancer Thyroid cancer occurs in the thyroid gland, a hormone-producing organ at the base of the neck that regulates heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and weight. According to the National Cancer Institute, there are an estimated 535,000 people currently living with thyroid cancer in the United States, with an estimated 60,000 new cases each year and an estimated 1,850 annual deaths as a result of the disease. The type of treatment depends on the cancer cell type, tumor size and severity of the disease. First-line treatment is surgical removal of the thyroid gland, and is recommended for most patients. Treatment with radioactive iodine after surgery to destroy any remaining thyroid tissue may be recommended for more advanced disease. If radioactive iodine is ineffective, other treatments are prescribed, such tyrosine kinase inhibitors and systemic chemotherapy. However, if such treatments are unsuccessful, the therapeutic options for patients are currently very limited.
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