Theravance Biopharma (TBPH) Announces Positive Data from TD-0714 Phase 1 MAD Trial
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Theravance Biopharma, Inc. (Nasdaq: TBPH) announced positive results, including biomarker data, from its Phase 1 multiple-ascending dose (MAD) clinical trial of TD-0714, the lead molecule in the Company's neprilysin (NEP) inhibitor program for the treatment of a range of major cardiovascular and renal diseases. The trial in healthy adult (50, 100, 200 mg and 10 mg) and elderly (100 mg) volunteers was designed to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of TD-0714 administered once daily for 14 days, as well as to measure biomarker evidence of target engagement and the amount of the drug that is eliminated via the kidneys.
Study results were consistent with data from the Company's previously completed single-ascending dose (SAD) trial of TD-0714, which showed robust and sustained inhibition of the NEP target over a 24-hour period. The biological effect was demonstrated by dose-related increases in the levels of cyclic GMP (a well-precedented biomarker of NEP target engagement). The 50 mg, 100 mg and 200 mg doses (including the elderly cohort) produced maximal increases, while 10 mg was sub-maximal, thereby providing a more complete assessment of the dose response for cGMP target engagement for TD-0714. Theravance Biopharma believes that these findings showing the sustained nature of the drug's biological activity support the potential for once-daily dosing with TD-0714.
This trial also confirmed the low levels of renal elimination for TD-0714 reported in the SAD study, which showed that less than one percent of the total TD-0714 dose was eliminated through the kidneys.
All doses in the study were generally well-tolerated and no serious adverse events were reported at any dose in the study. One subject in the 10 mg dose group had a transient increase in certain liver function enzymes, and this subject's dosing was discontinued as a precaution. The same subject was subsequently re-dosed with 10 mg once daily for the full 14 days with no changes in liver enzymes, suggesting that factors other than treatment with TD-0714 were likely implicated in the initial findings. The subject remained asymptomatic during both dosing periods. There were no clinically relevant changes seen in any laboratory measures (including liver function enzymes) in any other subjects in the study.
"Consistent with our previously reported SAD data, these MAD study results met our target product profile for TD-0714. We are encouraged by the sustained levels of NEP inhibition after repeat dosing, which continues to build clinical support for the drug's potential for once-daily dosing. We have also confirmed that TD-0714 is not dependent on the kidney for its elimination, suggesting that dose adjustment may not be needed in patients with low or variable renal function and differentiating TD-0714 from current NEP-inhibitor-based therapy which is cleared by the kidneys and requires dose adjustment in these patients," said Brett Haumann, MD, Chief Medical Officer at Theravance Biopharma. "An additional potential advantage for TD-0714 is the flexibility that we believe it may provide in combination with other important treatments, including angiotensin receptor blockers and therapies with complimentary mechanisms of action. This product attribute also has the potential of increasing the number and type of patients that may be appropriate for treatment with TD-0714. These include patients with acute decompensated heart failure, for whom an IV NEP inhibitor may be beneficial. As a result, we expect to progress the IV formulation of TD-0714 into a Phase 1 study in the first half of 2017."
About the Multiple-Ascending Dose Study
The Phase 1 clinical trial of TD-0714 was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple-ascending dose study. The study investigated the safety and tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics (as defined by biomarker target engagement) of oral doses of TD-0714 (50, 100, 200 and 10 mg) administered once-daily for 14 days in 50 healthy adult and elderly volunteers. The study was designed to allow for the addition of the 10 mg dose group to characterize the bottom of the dose response curve for target engagement, once it had been confirmed that the 50, 100 and 200 mg doses produced maximal responses.
About Neprilysin (NEP) Inhibition
Neprilysin (NEP) is an enzyme that degrades natriuretic peptides. These peptides exert protective cardiac and renal effects including vasodilation, diuresis, natriuresis, reversal of maladaptive changes in heart, blood vessels and kidney, prevention of fibrosis, and prevention of end-organ damages. By elevating levels of natriuretic peptides, NEP inhibitors may have the potential to treat a range of major cardiovascular and renal diseases, including acute and chronic heart failure and chronic kidney disease. Roughly 26 million Americans suffer from chronic kidney disease, including diabetic nephropathy. In the U.S. alone, there are six million patients diagnosed with chronic heart failure and approximately one million hospitalizations annually for acute heart failure.1
About Theravance Biopharma
Theravance Biopharma is a diversified biopharmaceutical company with the core purpose of creating medicines that make a difference in the lives of patients suffering from serious illness.
Our pipeline of internally discovered product candidates includes potential best-in-class medicines to address the unmet needs of patients being treated for serious conditions primarily in the acute care setting. VIBATIV® (telavancin), our first commercial product, is a once-daily dual-mechanism antibiotic approved in the U.S., Europe and certain other countries for certain difficult-to-treat infections. Revefenacin (TD-4208) is a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) being developed as a potential once-daily, nebulized treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Our neprilysin (NEP) inhibitor program is designed to develop selective NEP inhibitors for the treatment of a range of major cardiovascular and renal diseases, including acute and chronic heart failure, hypertension and chronic kidney diseases, such as diabetic nephropathy. Our research efforts are focused in the areas of inflammation and immunology, with the goal of designing medicines that provide targeted drug delivery to tissues in the lung and intestinal tract in order to maximize patient benefit and minimize risk. The first program to emerge from this research is designed to develop intestinally restricted pan-Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors for the treatment of a range of inflammatory intestinal diseases.
In addition, we have an economic interest in future payments that may be made by Glaxo Group Limited or one of its affiliates (GSK) pursuant to its agreements with Innoviva, Inc. relating to certain drug development programs, including the Closed Triple (the combination of fluticasone furoate, umeclidinium, and vilanterol), currently in development for the treatment of COPD and asthma.
For more information, please visit www.theravance.com.
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