Corvus Pharma (CRVS) Issues Prelim. Data from CPI-444 Combo Phase 1/1b in PD-L1

November 11, 2016 7:06 AM EST
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Corvus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: CRVS) announced preliminary clinical safety and efficacy data from the dose-selection phase of its ongoing Phase 1/1b study of CPI-444 as a single agent and in combination with Genentech’s Tecentriq® (atezolizumab),‎ a fully humanized monoclonal antibody targeting protein programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1). CPI-444 is a selective and potent inhibitor of the adenosine A2A receptor. The data were presented today in a poster session by John Powderly II, M.D., founder and president of the Carolina BioOncology Institute, at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer’s (SITC) 31st Annual Meeting & Associated Programs in National Harbor, Maryland. The poster can be accessed online here.

“Although the data is early, we are seeing encouraging evidence of clinical activity with CPI-444 as a monotherapy and in combination with Tecentriq in patients with advanced refractory cancers,” said Richard A. Miller an oncologist and co-founder, president and chief executive officer of Corvus. "We are excited about these preliminary data which show that several patients have achieved stable disease, one of the trial’s primary endpoints, with ongoing responses in cohorts receiving single agent and combination therapy. Tumor regression has been seen in patients who were naïve and refractory to prior treatments with anti-PD-1 or PD-L1 antibodies.”

Initial safety and efficacy data from the first 46 patients enrolled in the dose-selection phase of the Phase 1/1b trial with a median follow up of two months were presented at the conference. All patients had failed all approved therapies for their disease, with a median of four prior treatment regimens (range: 1-5). Fifty-two percent of patients were refractory to prior treatment with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies. Enrolled patients had the following cancers: non-small cell lung (NSCLC), N=10; triple negative breast (TNBC), N=10; bladder, N=6; renal, N=5; melanoma, N=7; colorectal, N=3; prostate, N=2; and head and neck, N=3. The primary endpoints of the study are response rate and duration of clinical benefit (defined as complete response, partial response or stable disease). Patients are treated until disease progression or evidence of grade 3 or 4 toxicity.

Results presented showed:

  • Of the 32 patients who reached the first efficacy assessment at two months, 12 have shown stable disease and 20 have shown disease progression. Fourteen patients have not yet reached the two-month assessment. Six of the patients with disease progression remain on treatment based on investigator judgement that there is clinical benefit. Overall, 32 patients continue to receive treatment in the study and 14 have discontinued therapy.
  • Of the 12 patients with stable disease, several have shown ongoing tumor regression (1-20 percent reduction of the volume of indicator tumor lesions) by CT scan but have not yet reached the criteria for partial response (>30 percent reduction in tumor size per RECIST criteria). Seven of the 12 patients with stable disease received CPI-444 as a single agent.
  • Of the 10 patients with NSCLC, seven received single agent CPI-444. Five of seven evaluable patients have stable disease at two or more months (three of whom received single agent therapy). Nine patients remain on treatment and one patient has discontinued.
  • Of the five patients with renal cancer, four received single agent CPI-444. Four patients remain on treatment and three of four evaluable patients have stable disease.
  • Two of four evaluable patients with bladder cancer showed stable disease at first assessment, both of whom received single agent CPI-444.
  • Of the ten patients with TNBC, one of seven evaluable patients showed stable disease. Eight patients remain on treatment.
  • One of four evaluable patients with melanoma has stable disease with regression of cutaneous tumor lesions; this patient received single agent CPI-444.
  • One of two evaluable patients with prostate cancer treated with combination therapy has stable disease and showed a decrease in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) at 29 weeks; this patient has gained weight and requires significantly less narcotics for pain management.
  • CPI-444 has been well tolerated to date, with one patient treated with combination therapy experiencing a possibly drug-related serious adverse event. This patient developed autoimmune hemolytic anemia that resolved upon discontinuation of therapy.
  • Patients receiving CPI-444 100 mg twice daily had sustained, complete blockade of A2A receptor activity in peripheral blood immune cells.

“The data generated in this trial confirms the value of the protocol design and could provide us with an efficient route to future registration trials of CPI-444, particularly as a monotherapy or in combination with anti-PD1/PD-L1 in patients who are refractory to previous treatment with PD1/PD-L1 antibodies," said Ginna G. Laport, M.D., vice president, Clinical Development, at Corvus. “This initial part of the trial identified the optimum dose of CPI-444 that is being used in the second part of the trial, which is currently enrolling patients.”

In a separate poster presentation (available online here), Corvus reported on the effects of treatment with CPI-444 on circulating blood immune cells and T-cell clonality. These results indicate:

  • Single agent treatment with CPI-444 leads to activation of T-cells in peripheral blood as well as increases in memory T-cells, key mediators of T-cell mediated immune responses.
  • Consistent with this observation, single agent CPI-444 leads to changes in the repertoire of T-cell clones in peripheral blood, consistent with induction of T-cell mediated immune responses. Limited changes in T-cell repertoires were seen in patients who progressed on treatment with either CPI-444 alone or in combination with atezolizumab.
  • Changes in T-cell repertoires were observed in anti-PD-1/PD-L1 treatment-naïve patients and in patients that were refractory to prior treatment with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies.

“The biomarker program is generating a wealth of information and we are encouraged by early data that suggest that CPI-444 treatment results in induction of T-cell mediated immune response in patients,” said Ian McCaffery Ph.D., vice president, Translational Sciences, at Corvus. “Our goal is to understand the mechanisms of action and changes in patient immune status and these data suggest that we may be able to identify biomarkers to help define and identify the patients most likely to respond to CPI-444.”

About the Phase 1/1b Trial The Phase 1/1b trial is designed to examine the activity of CPI-444 as a single agent and in combination with Genentech’s Tecentriq (atezolizumab), an anti-PD-L1 antibody. Patients with non-small cell lung cancer, melanoma, renal cell cancer, triple-negative breast cancer, colorectal cancer, head and neck cancer, bladder cancer and prostate cancer who have failed all standard therapies are eligible.

The first part of the study (dose-selection) included four cohorts of 12 patients each (N=48) – three cohorts treated with single agent CPI-444 (100 mg twice daily for 14 days; 100 mg twice daily for 28 days; 200 mg once daily for 14 days) and one cohort treated with the combination (CPI-444 50 mg or 100 mg twice daily for 14 days combined with Tecentriq). A treatment cycle is 28 days. Based on biomarker analyses showing sustained, complete blockade of the adenosine A2A receptor in peripheral blood lymphocytes, and evidence of immune activation in circulating lymphocytes, an optimum single agent and combination dose of 100 mg twice a day for 28 days was selected. The second part of the study is currently evaluating CPI-444 as a single agent in five disease-specific cohorts, and CPI-444 in combination with Tecentriq in five additional matched disease-specific cohorts. Corvus expects that each of these 10 cohorts will initially enroll 14 patients, but each cohort may be expanded based on efficacy.

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