Cellectar Biosciences (CLRB) Updates on Two Cohorts of CLR 131 Phase 1; Says Median Survival Continues Improving
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Cellectar Biosciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: CLRB) provides a data update on the first two cohorts of the company’s Phase I clinical study of CLR 131 in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.
The clinical benefit rate for this study is 80 percent despite patients receiving an average of four prior treatments, including stem cell transplant and triple drug combinations. The patients in Cohort 1 received a single 12.5 mCi/m2 dose and patients in Cohort 2 received a single 18.75 mCi/m2 dose. At this time, Cohort 1 and Cohort 2 patients have demonstrated post treatment median survival of 11.9 months and 4.9 months, respectively. The median survival for all evaluable patients in both cohorts continues to increase and will be followed to determine overall survival benefit. Currently, the median overall survival (mOS) for each cohort is not yet evaluable. All evaluable patients in the clinical study experienced progression free survival (PFS). In Cohort 1, patients averaged 88.5 days of PFS. While patients in Cohort 2 have already achieved an average PFS of 127 days, the average PFS in Cohort 2 continues to increase as one of the four patients is still experiencing PFS. It is important to note that overall survival of 11.9 months and PFS of 127 days in this heavily pretreated patient population is better than or equivalent to that reported by several recently approved multiple myeloma drugs.
“The efficacy observed with CLR 131 at the 12.5 and 18.75 mCi/m2 single dose compares favorably to drugs recently approved for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. We believe that the 18.75 mCi/m2 dose could represent an acceptable single dose or multi-dose regimen for future studies,” said Jim Caruso, president and CEO of Cellectar Biosciences. “Combined with its clean safety profile, we are optimistic regarding the potential of CLR 131 and look forward to seeing results from our recently initiated Cohort 3 at a single 25mCi/m2 dose.” An evaluation of adverse events between Cohort 1 and Cohort 2 reveal a similar profile. Patients in Cohort 1 experienced an average of 4.75 adverse events per patient while patients in Cohort 2 experienced an average of 4.25 events per patient. The median severity grade of the adverse events in both cohorts was 2.0 (mild to moderate), as graded by the National Cancer Institute’s Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE).
In the multi-center, open label Phase I dose escalation study, CLR 131 was administered as a single dose, 30-minute intravenous infusion on Day 1 with 40 mg dexamethasone orally weekly for 12 weeks. The primary study objective is to characterize the safety and tolerability of CLR 131 with and without dexamethasone in patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma. Secondary study objectives include establishment of a recommended Phase II dose, both with and without dexamethasone, as well as an assessment of therapeutic activity, including progression-free survival (PFS) and additional efficacy endpoints.
Dose-escalation in this study uses a minimally modified, standard 3+3 schema with dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) assessed through day 85 post-infusion. Each cohort consisted of four evaluable patients (three men, one woman in Cohort 1 and two men, two women in Cohort 2). Patients in both cohorts received an average of 4 prior treatments. All patients received and were relapsed or refractory to proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory drugs prior to enrollment, and all patients had received triple combination therapy as a single line of therapy at least once. One patient in Cohort 1 and three in Cohort 2 received autologous stem cell transplantation and three Cohort 1 patients and one Cohort 2 patient each received the latest approved drugs for multiple myeloma prior to enrollment. Patient’s ages range between 55-76 (Cohort 1) and 55-85 (Cohort 2) and averages were essentially identical at 68 and 69 years of age, respectively.
The company is currently enrolling patients into the study’s third cohort at a single 25 mCi/m2 dose and plans to provide an additional data update in the first half of 2017.
About CLR 131
CLR 131 is an investigational compound under development for a range of hematologic malignancies. It is currently being evaluated in a Phase I clinical trial in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. The company plans to initiate a Phase II clinical study to assess efficacy in a range of B-cell malignancies in the first quarter of 2017. Based upon pre-clinical and interim Phase I study data, treatment with CLR 131 provides a novel approach to treating hematological diseases and may provide patients with therapeutic benefits, including overall response rate (ORR), an improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) and overall quality of life. CLR 131 utilizes the company’s patented PDC tumor targeting delivery platform to deliver a cytotoxic radioisotope, iodine-131 directly to tumor cells. The FDA has granted Cellectar an orphan drug designation for CLR 131 in the treatment of multiple myeloma.
About Phospholipid Drug Conjugates (PDCs)
Cellectar’s product candidates are built upon its patented cancer cell-targeting delivery and retention platform of optimized phospholipid ether-drug conjugates (PDCs). The company deliberately designed its phospholipid ether (PLE) carrier platform to be coupled with a variety of payloads to facilitate both therapeutic and diagnostic applications. The basis for selective tumor targeting of our PDC compounds lies in the differences between the plasma membranes of cancer cells compared to those of normal cells. Cancer cell membranes are highly enriched in lipid rafts, which are glycolipoprotein microdomains of the plasma membrane of cells that contain high concentrations of cholesterol and sphingolipids, and serve to organize cell surface and intracellular signaling molecules. PDCs have been tested in over 70 different xenograft models of cancer.
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